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lW ' ' THE SUN, MONDAY,. APRIL 10, 1809. ' If
; -
' MONDAY, AFHIL 10. 18nn.
J Subscriptions hy Hall, Postpaid,
j DilLV. per Month . ... 0 flO
J , lUir.T. per ear. .,., floo
j BONPAV, prTr .. 3 00
PAILT ANDBUMHT. rVr . 8 00
PAII.Y AND HI'MiAY, per Month . 70
f Postage to foreign countries added
' T Mr Bri. New Tork Our.
' relets- Mosque No 12. nfr flretid note, and
Klosiue No. in, Boulevard des e'spncines.
I oui frtnA e't Janr wi icila ittintit'npll Jr
B T'-AtU'lUtn . fiti tnhn r.;r.rf(ir(l'M ithirn1, lm
t: ' rtuitin allcat'l ttnl I'dnpinr Mat virpw.
J,'f: j 1 ' Tlir Mnrt ( ominlttoo.
HE r ' 'hntttrdny's ptoeoedlngs of thn committee
VM' ' ; j sent flown hv tho Legislature tolnvostlgnto
Mi i j municipal government In Now York Indl-
ijfilji' ' onto neither Irresolution of purpose nor
Ml ' j J poveity nf icMiuin's Novoi liffmo was
(j 3, ' llioro such n llrst day's session At th
.Sill very stmt Mm iviinniltloo imil Its rniii.ol
) 3( . j havo succeeded in living tlin public atteii-
j l j i t tlon ami stimulating u healthy puhlle Inter-
j I i, egttonn extent without painllel In tho his-
; ii 3; lory of similar beginnings
ill) Wo observe that the newspaper organ of
( i! i Tnmmaoy Hall nnil tho Pomocrntlo Club
1 I; 1 cllbmlsses the surprising disclosures of tho
' a! ; first day of tho Ma7ct Investigation with
a! iU the remark that they havo "resulted only
Jj Uj In tho creation of n sentiment of sympathy
' 3' for IUcHAiii) rnoKrn. whom tho attack was
S Ij' designed to Injuie" If that is really bo,
j. l f) we congratulate Mi CnoKKn
fit i) to-day the committee, resume Its laboiP,
' j b' tinder tho guidance of tho paino flnlshorl
It l artist who shaped tho course of Saturday's
)' a y investigation so singularly.
J Mr. William S. Drvmiv. Chinf of Polieo
a jjl In the OroaterNow York, testified on Satur
aj rig i day to his ignornnco of n great many things
8) 3f that nru within his province to know,
3( J among them tho exact location of Paresis
1 Si i f i Hall. TIiIh morning ho knows, at nnv rate,
' ijjt 1 1 ' exactly where Paresis Hall Is not It Is net
a g ' tho hall whpro tho Mazpt rommlttpc meets
ti i i for business.
W 1 1 Mako It Five.
' I Tho fund of $2,000,000 which the grad-
! aj I uates of Yalo I'nUorsitv hao leen asked
, A. 1 1 to raise as a birthday gift ought to
I H J i bo collected long befoio 1001. In fact,
J 3 ' I $225,000 of tho sum was pledged oven
1 i'( beforo the circular asking for subscriptions
I i j J j was sent out.
i SJ I : , 'a'n 'lns n Kreat numbet of successful
5. I' ! ' . nnf' wealthy business and professional men
Slj' j among her graduates, and wo aro surprised
! fj j j : I that the bI?o of tho funil was so pinched,
j ilijjij VQ million dollnrs would hao been
3j I ' ' modest enough. As for $2,000,000, tho
i ai j ' j How York Yalo men aro ablo to subscribe
i al , i , I 'w tho whole amount without going into
a! j ' 1 1 their Inside pockets,
i t j ' i ( Then tho West will wantto pome In for at
l j ' Ip'ast a pouplo of millions Connecticut has
.' S j! generous, heart to giatlfy. Two millions
3 ;'i Is altogether to pmall.
I l Mukoitfhe.
g I !
K Naming the Warships.
'; j I ,lt ih dear from Secretai y Lono's selection
1, j 1 of names for thu coming ships that there k
!! 1 1 some uncertainty and lack of system In
I lj I our naarnomenclature. The three new
Ul I ( armored crujhors are calleil West Virginia,
! If f Nebraska,, a'nd C.illfoinla, after States,
j ! , ' whereas theii ireile.essois, tho Brooklyn
l, ' and Now York, wpio named for cities. It
j; Bcemh'tous, howoer, that this depaituto
it fiomlheprecedentls right, slncebig 12,000-
J, j ton armoiclails aio cleaily " esseln of
U ! the first eluss" and conio within tho pro-
. islclncltholllwconcerningnanlesof States.
j I j; Thochango Is tho more commendable, be-
jKt i C'liusowe are now resuming tho construction
U'! S ofarraorex crulbets, and may hao many
Sfj'l of them, MirpaSblng in tonnage, as oui new
trio will, not only tho Texas, but all tho bat-
f f ! 4 tleehips of tho Indiana ( liws, and oen tho
f j J Kentiaky and Illinois classes.
i On the other hand, wo think It was a mls-
M I take to call tho now 2,700-ton monitor
If S Connecticut, Kloi Ida ami Wyoming. They
; nioarmoi-clad. It lb tine, and so possess
M 8. onodcsliab!orualltlcatlon for naming after
s. ! I f Btates, but they aio not llrbt ratps, liko all
jf'ffl' ' our other State-named steel ships, nor ou-n
liSp 8 second rates Hcsldcb, not ono of our other
30, uionltors, iilthough thcio aio nearly a seoro
ta':- oftheni, carries tho name of a State, so that
' f '"' W0 "r0 mert'i-' Introducing still another
J.ai ; j confusing element of nomenclature into a
i, H if class which already contains Indian nanips
' ji : ; f Ilko Mlantonomoh and Canonicus, classical
IS i t Uko Ajax and .lason, municipal llko Mon-
ijl: i terey, ami miscellaneous liko Puritan and
'! . Terror. Tho monitor class wasthusalioady
' jl. j BUlTlclently mixed in that respect, but tho
'! , cliiof objection Is to gling tho names or
' Btates to thiid-rato Missels, een If they
laf ' do carry armor
'a1 ; , In ohl tlmch the rating and nomenclature
1 i ' vrere based on the number of guns carried,
i S ami then on that combined witli tho iiboof
i j j eteam or sails a-, tho motho power. Itut
Iffli! when airaored ships began to substitute
a! H ' tWO 1,K ff"ns in n turrot fflr "rcs of little
lit if ' n,S '" ,)ro'"'','',c. ,nn mtlng by number of
I I ' RUIUi vnn,snr(l- "ml ,vl"' n" fighting ships
J , woio propelled b steam oui old statutoon
'1 n i that point also became obsolete Hating
J l and naming bv displacement followed, and
j W f at length, seeial years ngo.lt was pio-
' ii J posed that in oui nay, as in somo foieign
ijl I tbrvlces, tho charm ter of the cssol, for
"ti'it example, eruiscr, battlehlnp, or coast de.
:ii! I fender, should determine tho name, with
J (I out regard to displacement. Accordingly
A S wollnd oui three pioteeted cruiscis of tho
1' 1 fl'8t rnto" tllul is 0ic,0,linB .".Olio tons,
& j Homed Columbia, Minneapolis ami Olynipla,
jf t aftei cities, 'lhere was a good aigument
1 for bupIi u s stem, but on tho other hand
I , , IU drawback ni In nnxeyltig not the
f slightest Idea of tho size, sptjed or lighting
ijl eftlcienoy of thoes5el Htooklvn, fore.
aa ample. gUes Its name to .i ti,2 1 .".ton ni-
, 'fSf inoied ship, Minneapolh to a 7,;i7.".ton
' 'ftp uuurmored ship. Albany to another of :i,4.'I7
Hi tnu?' w"nilnKln to a light-draught gun-
- 1 boat of i,:wj and Annapolis and fhe otheis
Safj to composite craft of only l.onii tons each,
i2 barely within the thlid iate H was while.
j t this pwposed chango of the law fiom ton-
j 'J Is lugo to types was pending ami was ex-
KI'3 pected that tlie name Hronl,;n was con-
j jji) ferred on that ship A things ,ii, It would
j 'j Sjj perhaps le desirable to piescribn bv law
tbal hereafter tho naiufs of Mat s shall go
j jij only to esels that are lith armoied -
'jjl vrhcthei cruisers oi battleships and alo
, . J first rates in dlsplaiemeut Iho new mon-
i D ltors could then Ih lenaiucd
1 '3 Tor the rest It is noticeable that, true to
S the policy of the Naw Department, which
1 9 desires as hearty support for the licet from
8a the Interior aB from the coast, two out of
j j 4"! tho three States which furnish names for
),l thearmored cruisers are Inland, whllo Pen-
Mt Ter, DesMoinesandCl.attanoogaahare with
Oall l
the port of GaWeston, Tacoma and Cleve
land the honors of tho Bmallor craft. Penn
syhnnla and hor neighbor. New Jersey,
with Georgia, which havo long been candi
dates for commemoration, hao tho battle
ships, thus affording a striking examplo of
tho familiar oounBel, "Walt and get tho
best " New England Is noticeably out of
It this time, but she has had a full share of
honors In former groups.
Prof. Wooley on the Future of the
Philippine.
(In Friday and Saturday the association
which calls Itself the merlcan Acadpmy of
Political and Social Science held Its annual
meeting In Philadelphia On bothdavs tho
subject of discussion concerned the Philip
pine question, tho topic on Friday being
"'I ho Uopinment of Pepondpneips,' and
on Saturdav "Tho Pollllial Helatlonsoftho
I'nlled States with the KarKast "
Thepilnclpal speakei on Friday wan tho
Professor of International Law at Yale,
llr Wonr.HF.Y'fl address was In tho main
hopeful In Its tone, and It would hao
afforded little comfort to the personsas
sembled the other day In Tremout Templo
in Hoston to denounee Destiny and flefy
the Inevitable. The ultimate solution of tho
problems of go eminent In tho Philippines
Ib Ui come through such candid and patri
otic attention as Dr. Woolret bestows
upon Uio subject. We shall summarize
briefly tho main parts of his address.
Tho two broad theories of goernment
applicable to em h dependencies as Porto
Klco and the Philippines are, first, that
which considers them primarily as prop
erty from which on income 1b to be drawn,
as Illustrated by Dutch rule In Java; and,
Bieonilly, that which considers them as a
kind of trust, to be adminlsteied for tho
benefit of their Inhabitants. Generally
speaking, tho second theory has shaped
tho llritlsh Bystem of rulo In India
and elsewhere, and it is this which Prof.
Woot.sr.V rpgards as tho model for us to
copy Wheiedoes the profit come In, ho
asks, to tho State which undprtakes to ad
minister as a trust tho affairs of a distant
dependency ' It comes, ho replies, from
tho enlarged opportunities for the energies
of Its surplus outh, and In that stimulated
trade which follows the flag.
After separating tho case of Cuba, whereof
the sovereignty has notbeen directly trans
ferred to us, but is in suspense, Piof.
Wooi.skv pioeecds to mako a sharp dis
tinction between the future status of Porto
Iilco and that of tho Philippines. In Porto
Itico we are dealing with a sottlfjd hoi let',
largely of European stock, law abiding,
fairly prosperous, nnd In a healthful cli
mate, where our race can llo and woik,
and w hither it Is likely to migrate until tho
opportunities are filled. Here ho percehes
materials for a State of tho Union after
teirltorial apprenticeship has been under
gone. Wo quote his conclusions as to tho
future of Porto Klco:
"When CongrrHfl Men fit to lfgi"Ute, the Omern
ment of I'orto III. i rhmilil 1m laid an lanzelj- m pen.
ihle upon the nhouldem nf It" own people. Military
rule MinuM not be nereMar), and a carpet! as
ej-Heni wmild produce result which we can pretty
ileflnltclr forecast. Xatite officials, a natHe Lenin
lature.the existing laws and municipal regulations,
should te the Marline point. Upon the present
sjet-era should urnduallj-be engrafted those chanaes
which reason and experience, theirs ami ours, mar
ugRcst, and which Spain has heretofore prevented
Theiewillbe dlmculties, there may he failure, but
both are a tneam of education. And education lu
(heart of self government Is what we aim at gliing.
unlrss our poller and our professions are alike dis
regarded." Hut in tho Philippines thu conditions are
such as to require, in Prof. Woolset's opin
ion, nn indctlnlto protraction of military
administration. We shall need force, he
sas, to govern thoso islands ; the capacity
of their inhabitants for self-government is
not clear. After briefly sketching the de
velopment or Urltlsh mle in India, and de
fining It as a paternal, not a constitutional,
government, ho goes on to say:
"Tho results of British a linlnistration In India
hae been splendid. It lias Vfptthepeaie.prcserted
order, built ruad, laliroads and irrigation works,
brought Justin to the humblest, lessened famine
and pestilence, introduced Mate education, sanita
tion and dispensaries, freed trade from many bur
dens, simplified taxation, and has beguu to introduce
local self government A single deUll further la
pertinent. The Imperial revenue Is drawn chiefly
from salt and opium monopolies and from the land
tax. Its expenditure, excluding capital or construc
tion account, is about eiiual to its income
"ow, er muihof tls sj stem, particularly Its
basio Ideas, will repay our study in considering the
Philippines. We must praithe religious toleration
toward C hriatiau and Mohammedan alike, even to
the limit of ludifferentlara, j et not protectlngabuses.
We must keep a Arm hand on the so called civilized
natives, who constitute one half of the popula
tlon. and jet educate them to some meas
ure of local administration which they can in
time undertake themselves We must better com
munications and build public works. We must
radio revenue willfully and spend It moro and more
on the countrj. We must network outof anlndo
lent raic, without Slav en, ur Its equivalent In con
tract labor, probablj by introducing it to new wants
I ife Is necessarily indolent where existenco Is so ri
diculously easj Wo must guide the aavage half
with the stn nglh which It will respect and the cour
age which It will admire. Justice and pood faith are
essentia! In dealing with both classes , justice, Inex
pensive, swift and incorruptible, administered by a
perinan lit trained service with higher ideals than
personal advantago "
Prof. Wooi.snv next pointed out that tho
moriient I ongress began to legislate for tho
Philippines and to establish theio a civil
government, constitutional guarantees be
gin tooperate. The right of habeas corpus,
tho light of tiial bvjuiy, religious freedom,
free speech and n fteo press, the right of as
sembling and of petition, the right to bear
arras, secuiitv from unieasonable Bcaieh
nnd soi7uio, tho necessity of presentment
by n Grand Jury on a capital charge, are con
tained in tho body of the Const it tit Ion and Its
amendments Somouf these piovislonsnro
In terms which make it a question whether
they aio applicable to all territory of the
United Slate"., tho right to bear arms, for
example; but as to Jury tiial, indictment
by a Gtand Jury in any trial for an in
famous ciinie, and tho immunity of life,
lllierty and propotty without tluu process
of law, he has little doubt that theso
guaiantees would extend to tho Philippines
aftei tho establishment thereof an orderly
civil government. Hero Prof. Woolskv
finds a grnvo difficulty, considering tho
character of tho people of the islands:
Of sixty six provinces, nineteen under Spanish
nils had ilvil Oovrrnor, forty seven a military
one vet the civil Clovcrnnr was the head of car
hineers and police, of education, prisons health,
works, forests, mines, agriculture, malls, telegraph,
in charge t.i evervthtns but the puhln- funds, so
that he lould not have fallen fr Iwhlml his ml
ltarv cnlleagu. as a n servoir of f vrce Such are tha
doiocslHsted half The savage half range between
locilit) an 1 ferocltr, between innocency and pi
rao. nunj tribe having neTer yielded to tha
spanivrd
' Now if we plai such people as these In pnisra
einn of sin h constitutional rights as those men
tioned we have a rnlwtin ad akturrium. Flow can
we establish over them a civil government which
woul I b anything but a mockery. If we must con
rel'lndi tmeut bv drand lurv foriome crimes and
trial by lury for all ' It would mean the breakdown
e f an) criminal svslem to whl. h it waa applied, and
unchecked crime means administrative failure."
The author of this very interesting and
useful nddress is not urging In the Doston
eense what be believes to be the Constitu
tional difficulties la the tray of proper civil
administration In the Philippines. Ho Is
not calling a halt because he Bees hard
questions ahead. ITo is not demanding
that the experiment be abandoned and tho
flag withdrawn. For he goes on to eay :
" Ksverthelen, we need not despair of onr ability
to frame a suitable government for the Philippines,
even If, as I believe, a civil government, tinder our
Constitution, is and must be for the Indefinite future.
Inadmissible. We have still the military solution la
reserve, and to that ws have recourse by process of
exclusion
"Ovvrn we mnit. I Ivll government would mean
rhans If the personal guarantees go with It. Nr
Government can aucceed there which Is not based
upon force. We need to place a benevolent despot
In every district In the archipelago Therefore the
military government la the only one rosslbl And
this Is dependent upon the Inaction of Congress Its
Constitutional basis lies In the fact that the United
Slates as aovereign Is responsible for the mainte
nance of justice and order.for the defence of Its ter
ritory, for the protection of Its subjects' rights,"
And again
"In using the army officers for administrative
work, vve shonld be doing nothing new, The first
act relating to Tunisians, In I SOS, empowered the
President to appoint all civil, military and Judicial
offlcersof the new territory, define theirduties and
support them with the army and navy. 'It was, in
effect, the establishment of a military despotism
over Louisiana, and mav suffice as au example of tha
extent to which the sovereign power of the United
Btates ov cr territories might go. If a wiser rolicy were
not the rile,' writes At-rxAXDCit Jouiston."
The question as to Constitutional obsta
cles to any successful Rchome of civil gov
ernment In tho Philippines wbb met later,
and, wo think, conclusively, by Prof. Is S.
Itown of the University of Pennsylvania,
whose addresa wo print In itnother place.
That question, howover, will take care of
Itself, even If the Constitution has to bo
amended accordingly. Our main purpose
In dwelling upon Prof. Theodork S. Wooi.
hev'b icmarksattho Philadelphia meeting
is to applaud the spirit he shows through
out tho discussion.
Whatever may have been his vIpwb
originally nfl to the expediency of acquir
ing tho Philippines from Spain, nnd what
ever may lie his conception of diffleultlps
likely to arise In tho future, nnd his In
terpretation of Constitutional limitations
affecting the problem, his whole endeavor
now Is to contribute to the solution
of tho problem and to assist in tho
promotion of tho policy to which tho
nation is Irrevocably committed. He Is
lending aid to construction, not to ob
struction. Ho Is with McKtNl.nv, not
with Aot'iNAt,i)o. Ho Is for tho flag, not
for tho flag's humiliation. There Is not
one word In Prof. Woolsei'h nddress that
deplores tho enterprise in which wo havo
engoged in tho For East, pr that calls for
Its abandonment
hnt a contrast to the attitude of CAnii
Sciiur. who spoko the next day on "Mili
tarism and Democracy 1"
"We may havo our fill of military glory
and conquest," said tho pessimist from
I.lblar, the man who hasnover fully learned
to bo an American, " but with them other
things which In tho course of time will
make tho American people ruefully remem
ber how freo and great nnd happy they
onco wero with less military glory and
with no outlying dominions and subject
populations."
' Wo must use tho regular army," Bald
tho Yankco Professor from Connecticut,
"toobtnin order. I believe that wo can, and
must, uso it to maintain order and admin
ister justice. Our duty Is to respect tho
Constitution, patiently and loyally to do our
best under tho circumstances."
Some Common Mistakes In the School
Hooka and Klsewhere.
It was long proper to call Algeria a col
ony of France. Most text books still refer
to it in that way, though Its Government
Is no longer colonial. Some of tho most
recent school and reference books correctly
speak, of tho threo departments of Algeria
na bearing tho same relation to the cential
Governmental Paris that any department
of Trance bears. H. IS. Mill, for Instance,
says that "Algeria is politically a part of
France," and A. SconEL, In his "Geograph
Isches Handbuch," says, "Algeria is no
longer to bo regarded as a colony, but as a
part of France." All tho white residents of
Algeria havo the samo political rights as
tho citizens of Franco, and each depart
ment sends a Senator and two Deputies to
tho National Assembly at Paris. It Islikoly
to bo long beforo this chango lu the politi
cal status of Algeria Is fully recognized.
Not a few books published in tho past year
still speak of Algeria as a colony.
There is no telling how long the division
of the Lesser Antilles Into tho "Leeward"
nnd " Windward " Islands will bo perpetu
ated in books and maps, though theso ex
pressions are misleading and Inaccurate,
originating in a blunder ond having no
geographical meaning or valuo as applied
to theso Islands, outside the British colonial
Administration, which Is responsible for
them. The British Government misunder
stood tho reports of navigators, and ac
cordingly applied the expression Leeward
Islands to the northern part of tho Lessor
Antilles as far south as Dominica, whilo tho
southorn part from Martinique to Trinidad
was designated as tho Windward Islands.
Tho fact Is that all theso islands on tho
outer margin of tho Caribbean Sea aie ex
posed at every season of tho year to the
action of the trade winds, and accordingly
they aro nil Windward Islands. Many Ger
man and French mapraakera still follow
the lead of tho British in this erroneous
distinction between tho northern nnd south
ern part of 1 he Lesser Antilles, whilo somo
of tho most authoritative atlases apply tho
expression Windward Islands to tho entiro
chain, and designate tho Islands that hug
the South American coast within tho Car
ibbean as tho Leeward Islands.
A Westoi n newspapor. some weeks ago,
referred to Hudson Bay as being twice as
largo as the Gulf of Mexico. Indications
point unmistakably to tho souroo of this
writer's error. Ho had been consulting
that deltislvo cartographic product known
as a map of tho woild on tho Meicatoi
projection, a veiy convenient map for navi
gation and somo other useful puiposes.
though it greatly exaggoiates tho size of
all parts of thoearth'n surface thatarofar
from the equator. Bi Ight schoolboys often
find that ono map In their alios shows Hud
son Bay a'mut twice as largo as tho Gulf of
Mexico, while on another map tho bay ap
pears to bo only aliout half as large as the
Gulf When the apparent discrepancy Is
explained to them they havo learned a
valuable lesson In tho peculiarities of map
projections Hudson Bay proper, that is,
tho part of Hudson's Bay which Is south of
the strait, is only a little over half as largo
as the Gulf of Mexico.
Tho Scotch Flshorles Commission havo
been experimenting for ten or twelve years
on a theory that is now believed to be un
tenable, though, perhaps, just such work
as they did was necessary to settlo tho
mattct. They had an Idea that if tbey
pIospiI somo of tho first-class fishing
grounds off the Scotch coast for a series of
years, quiet havens and breeding grounds
would thus bo provided for a number of
very valuable varieties of Ash, and tho re
sult was likely to be a largo augmentation
of tho fish supply In tho coast waters. Ho
fishing was prohibited In Bomo of tho more
Important inlets, without tho slightest re
sult, however, upon the fisheries statistics
of the country. As ono of tho British
newspapers remarks, there are no more
fish nnd no less than when tho trawls
were dragged dally across tho bottom
of tho bays. The encouraging deduction Is
drawn that the fish aro bred In tho actual
pea and not In tho frlngo of ooast waters,
nnd that it Is Impossible, to exterminate fish
by nny mischief done to them along tho
shoros.-as the extinction of tho right whales
of tho Antarctic was hastened by the fact
that thcycamo tothocoasts toglvoblrth to
their ratvps. A mischlovous mistake has
been corrected and an Important addition
to knowlodgo made If It 1b clearly ascer
tained at last that It is not nocossary to re
strict fishing in coast wntoie, as tho Scotch
Commission Juib done forten years, In order
to protect the shore fisheries.
Tho classification of tho varietlpfl of man
kind now most gpnprnlly used Is that which
was mado by the French, who placed tho
human race In threo great groups, tho
black, yellow and whlto types. Mistakes
are often mado by students nnd others, bo
causo they do not boar In mind that thlB
classification Is made upon llngulstlo affini
ties nnd not upon tho color of the akin. For
Instance, the Haraltlo family of the white
typo Includes many peoples in North Africa
who resemble the black type In complexion,
and the Turks nnd Magyars of Europe, who
aro white, aro Included among tho races of
the yellow or Mongolian type. Tho most
striking phyBlcal characteristic of the races
is tho color of tho skin, and this has led to
naming tho threo groups Into which man
kind Is classified after tho predominating
color in each group, though tho other colors
may bo represented In them.
Tammany nnd Municipal Ownership.
The Tammany Hall General Committee
has obligingly passed a resolution Implor
ing tho Legislature to givo tho city the
right to build and operato a gas plant for
tho purpose of lighting nnd heating Itself.
Munlolpnl ownership of publlo franchises
and declamations against corporations are
a part of tho official Tammany programme.
Tho edifying attltudo of Tammany In re
gard to corporations and franchises hns
been Impressed upon tho community In tho
last few weeks. Corporations from which
Tammany is excluded are necessarily evils
to bo abated. On tho other hand, corpora
tions which aro leavened by Tammany are
necessarily freo from those ov ils and do not
need to bo intet fered with.
Municipal ownership, with Tammany to
do the managing nnd multiply tho offices,
would undoubtedly bo a dream nnd a de
light. Expensive, but who will grudge ox
penso when tho money goes to an apprecia
tive concern llko Tammany? Municipal
ownership may be expensive, but Tammany
believes it to be good.
There is a beautiful businesslike sim
plicity in this project as In most othor of
Tammany's projects. It Is ingenuous, but
it Is great.
Will tho fresh air headquarters of tho
Tollce Department, where citizens, "from the
meekest to the hlehost." hav e been accustomed
to go to consult the Chief from midnight to two
o'clock in the morning, now be removed from
under tho awning of Mr. Louonr.AN's saloon,
at the corner of Elghth-nvenuo and Twenty
eighth street?
Mr. TnostAB A. Fulton of West Ninety
ninth street asks us this question:
"Can the Legislature grant a franchise for over
twentv five jears. to which period, I understand,
the present city charter limits all publlo fran
chises?" The provision In tho cltychartor to which
our correspondent refers Is In section T.i:
" After the approval of this act no franchise or
right to use the streets, avenues, parkways, or high
win of the city shall ba granted by the Municipal
Assembly to any person or Corporation for a longer
period than twenty-five years, but such grant may,
at tho option of the city, provide for (dvlni the
grantee the right, on a fair revaluation or revalua
tions, to rrnewsls not exceeding in the aggregate
twenty five years "
But the charter likewise provides. In seo
tlon4f: "Nothing In this act contained shall repeal or af
fect lu any manner the provisions of the Rapid
Transit acta applicable to the corporation heretofore
known as the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of
the city of New York."
It Is under tho Itapld Transit acts, not under
tho now charter, that a franchise will be grant
ed. If one is granted. But even a charter pro
vision could bo alterod.by the same authority
which enacted tho charter, namely, the Legis
lature Mr. Fulton apparently confounds tho
charter with the Constitution of tho State.
Wo havo now satisfactory documentary
evldenoe showing that the Illinois Legislature
knows that the name of the distinguished
woman whose statue It Is going to ereot In tho
Cupltol at Washington was FnANCEs K. Wil
lard. and not FbancisE. WiLLAnD.orFnANCEg
E WlLLIABl).
In a despatch to TnE Scn from Berlin
yesterday an official of the Foreign Oflloe was
reported assaying to our correspondent:
"The Oerman member of the commission (the
Pamnan Joint Commission) has not yet been se
lected, but we shall send a man who will be emi
nently conciliatory, for we are determined to make
peace."
This cannot refer to Dr. Stukbel. formerly
Germany s Consul-General at Apia, more or
less idontlflod with formor German operations
in Samoa, and mentioned last week as likely
to be naniod now by Germany as a member of
the commission-
Pretty Sound Anirrlcnnlsm for Ctnli.
From thr Salt l.at Tnhvn:
The embittered Aprtngfitld ItipubUean says. "The
British chuckling over the dritt of the American
Administration into the bloody ways of Imperialism
Is clearly audible even at thie distance. They need
friendly company In the business of earth grabbing,
and they think now that they have got it. Hut thero
Is yet opportunity to disappoint them "
That sort of stuff will not find very much response
in this republic. Americans are not natural earth
grabbers, neither aro they a race that delights in
bloodshed. The lit publican was one of the fiercest
Journals tn Its Insisti nee that a war for humanit) '
aako should be Inaugurated against Spain, Hut
before It was finished in the West Indies and
by the time Manila was captured It began to
howl against ' imperialism," and has kept it
up ever since. The United Statea obtained the
Philippines much more fairly than the settlers of
Masssrhuseits obtained their lands. Thej hid been
Spanish territory for too years or more, Spsiu dls
posed of her sovereignty, and all the people tbeie,
except a faction of half-breeds, were content. The
man ho originated all the trouble had for a monej
consideration sold out bis people and deserted the
country, he was carried back In the American aqua-l
ron, and to leave those islands without first licking
hlmtoafiulsh would simply disgrace our nation
The ttpukhmn know s that his real grievance la that
he and his cutthroats were not permitted ti loot
Manila and pursue the unncombatants there with
rsplne and sword, but still It pictures ourOovern
ment and people dally aa mere bloody land stv ale rs
It ia a Journallstio disgrace
A New name In Kentucky.
Trert rte Haiti Grttn ITrrald
Croqnet la the most Interesting feature In the way
of games now In Harel (Ireen, and the young folks
art enjoying it Immensely,
WB CAIT TAKE CAMS OT TUB TUTCRK.
Trot. Bone of the University of Fennaylvanlsv
on tlmOovrrnmant of Dependencies,
An Atirttt Dthrtrii on Fndov Riftrt tStJraiimy
n mliliral and goeiat Stiene.
It Is no small task to add anything to the ad
mirable addresses we have heard this after
noon. In them we And exhausted tho possi
bilities of political organization In the manage
ment of dependencies, as well as the Constitu
tional difficulties that we are likely to encoun
ter Upon these two questions, of political or
ganization and Constitutional Interpretation. I
wish to say a few words
I have not the slightest doubt that so far as
tho organization of government In our new de
pendencies Is concerned wo shall be able
whether In Cuba, Porto Pico, or the Philippines
to adapt our standards to the needs and possi
bilities of tho Inhabitants of tho Islands Argu
ing from precedent, there Is reason to ho
llevo that our Government will bo ton despotic
rather than too freo. It Is a mistake to
suppose that tho extension of American rule
meansequallty of political rights. Through
out our history tho principle for which we havo
stood above all others Is the maintenance of
order and security To this end wo are pre
pared to subordinate all other political Ideals
and principles. The real dlmculties which wn
will encounter In the government of our now
possessions, cllfllculllcs which aro ns yet now
to us, lie In tho Hold of tho prlvato rather thnn
In that of the imbllo law In other words,
while weshtll In all likelihood bo ablo to de
velop a governmental oiganl7atlon strong
enough to meet any emergency, thero Is grave
danger that by suddenly undermining customs,
traditions and systems of law which do not
conform to the principles of the common law,
we shall destroy the fabrlo of social organiza
tion in the now territories. Incomplete and
Inadequato as such social organization may bo.
It Is the first step In orderly progressive devel
opment To destroy It Is to Invite disintegra
tion and decav.
This danger Isev idently v ory much greater in
the Philippines than In cither Cuba or Porto
Blco In tho latter our first and most Important
mission Istoreorganlzothe judlelalsystemand
the administration of law rather than its form.
In certain departments of legal procedure
particularly thit of land transfer glaring
abuses must bo corrected. Tho only Imme
diate chango necessary in the substantive law
Is to make It definite We onnotafTord to per
mit our Governor-General to Indulge In tho
arbitrary Interference with the form of law and
administration of justice which characterized
tho rulo of the Spanish Captain-Generals.
Under our rulo Cubans and Porto-lllcans must
be assured of equality beforo tho law as be
tween themselves as well as Its undisputed
sway abovo tho arbitrary poworof any official.
This does not mean, however, that we must
sweep away nil local customary law and estab
lish the codoof the civil law throughout tho
Islands, thus sacrificing efficiency to uniform
ity If wo will but keop In mind how easlls tho
legal fibre of n poople Is undermined, how
gradually permanent chances In legal stand
ards are offectod. we shall be spnred many
humiliating failures
Our policy In Cuba and Porto Ttico is compar
atively slmplo when compared with tho dlfll
cultlos which wo shall encounter In tho Philip
pines. Wo shall there require a combination
of firmness and forbearance which no nation
has as yet shown In Its dealings with Inforlor
races. Tor It must be remembered that It was
only after a series of bitter lossons that Eng
land acquired tho first rudimentary notions 09
to tho proper method of doallne with half
civ Hired peoples. In tho Philippines wo shall
havo to deal with almost every concolv
ablo form of primltivo institution from tho
patriarchal family to tho most pronounced
theocracy. Howover their system may vlo
lato our legal standards, wo must remem
ber that It cannot be suddenly changed with
out setting tho population adrift toward
anarchy and rebellion. For a long time wo
may have to tolerate Institutions that may
seem undesirable, even unjust to our eyes,
and yot which are absolutely necessary to
maintain the cohesion of tho present social
systom. Law of somo kind is bottorthan no
law at all. If wo endeavor to suddenly Inject
American Idoas IntoMalnv tribal relations, dis
integration nnd disorder are cortnln to result.
Tho most thafwe can hope to do at present Is
to prevent tho moro violent forms of tribal or
individual aggression, toestnbllsh an equltablo
sjstem of taxation and then allow theclvlllrlng
offectsof Industrial reorganization to nave tho
way for improvement In property and other
legal iclatlons. As Mr Lowell has well said,
wo shall probably mako many blunders, but it
Is asking too much to expect an easy solution
to so complex and dolicato a problom
A word before closing on the vexed question
of Constitutional Interpretation. In this re
spect I am Inclined to take qulto a different
vlow of tho situation from that outlinod by
Prof. Woolsey If. instead of analyzing tho let
ter of Constitutional Interpretation, we stop to
oxamlnc its spirit we find one cardinal princi
ple guiding tho court, viz. to avoid as far as
posslblo any Interference with tho political or
gans of tho Government on broad questions of
public policy. In order to carry out this prin
ciple, wo find the court resorting to casuistry
and legal fictions, as. lor instance, in the caso
of riemlng vs. Pago and Hamilton v s Dillon.
Thlsdesiro to avoid conflict with the political
organs of Government hns demanded a degree
of Belf-restralnt on the part of tho Judiciary
which has aroused tho admiration of every
student of politics This self-restraint has In
directly increased tho authority of tho courts,
for It has assured to them the respect and sup
port of tho poople In thoso cases In which the
courts havo seen fit to place checks upon
executive action. Traditions such js theso
make it seem tolerably cortatn that the courts
will not forco upon the political organs of the
Government a construction of the Constitution
which would mako good government In tho
Philippines Impossible. Hut what Is tho
nature of this construction for which rrof.
Woolsey contends? Because, in the caso
of Callan vs. Wilson, tho court held that
tho framors of the Constitution wero
anxious to securo the benefits of the common
law system tothe wholo people and extended
tho right of trial by jury to the Inhabitants of
tho District of Columbia, therofore.lt is argued
that this right must bo extended to all tho ter
ritory over which the United States may no.
quire dominion. This reasoning would apply
to the amendments as wellas to the body of the
Constitution. In order to avoid giving to tho
FlllpInOB the "right to keep and bear arms."
and to guard against tho dancers involved in
guaranteeing to them the common law jury
sjstrm.it is neeessarv to resort to n form of
casuistry w hlch can only bo regarded as a sub
terfuge Because in Cross vs. Harrison the
court held that the President ns Commandor
In.Chiuf of tho Army might govern nowly ac
quired territory nnd that such territory did not
become domestlcatod until Congtess had es.
tabllshed a civil government. It Is argued that
so long as the President governs tho Philip
pines under tho provisional form of mllltaiy
administration, thu Constitutional guarantees
will not attach to tho inhabitants.
In other words. If this modoof interpretation
be correct we aro driven to the conclusion that
in order to govern tho Philippines efficiently
we must establish irresponsible government
with Its attendant evil -civil government by
the military arm That is loi-ay. In order to
pieservoordei and to maintain real liberty wo
must create ono of tho worst forms of despot Ism
I elwell upon this point, fot it seems to mo to
Involve a serious menace to the orderly devel
opment of our Institutions. If wu must resoit
to such devices to "beat "tha Constitution. It
will not ba long before its authority, will l.e
seriously undermined Many of thoso who
believe that they are its ttnnchest supporters
are In reality fostering that form of Constitu
tional observance which abides hy the letter
but v lolates the spirit Is it not far better con
sciously to face the fact that the piccedents
cited aro precedents In form rather than In
substance? A precedent is a decision precise
ly, exactly or directly. In point, or a case of
which the facts cannot be distinguished In effect
from thoseof the prosentcase, Judged by these
standards can the proposition for a moment be
I
ii
erlonsly entertained that real legal precedents
exist for the Constitutional questions Involved
In the government of the Philippines: at alt
events so far as regards the applicability of the
Constitutional restrictions and the Constitu
tional guarantees? In every one of tho cases
cited tho question before the Court has been
whether the benefits of the Constitutional
guarantees, together with the common law
system which theylnelude.shonld be extended
to all territory contiguous to tho territory of
the Btates, settled by people of essentially tho
same training and traditions. Is It not natural
that with expediency nnd traditional policy In
harmony, the Supreme Court should havo fol
lowed the line of least resistance ?
But now the question has arisen under e.
sentlallrdlfforont conditions With a popula
tion of a totally different civilization, untrained
to tho common law- In fact, In many cases de
void of any legal systom are wo to follow
blindly rules of interpretation Intonded for es
sentially different application' The mere
statement of the possibility Is n reflection on
our political capacltyasa nation When wo bear
In mind tho splendid traditions of forbearanco
and self-restraint whlcrT the Judiciary hns ex
ercised, tho constant desire to removo rather
than to Increase the obstacles to efficient gov
crnment. there is, It nppears tome, hut little
danger that we shall have to choose between
inoftlelont government and Irresponsible rule
iritECKr.n is run south rAcivic.
The Missionary Schooner Itobert W. Logan
Lost In n ClnlewMlsslonnrlee Saved.
News has just been received in the offices of
the American Board of Commissioners for
Foreign Missions, this city, of the loss on
Nov. 30 last of tho schooner Robert W. I.oean,
on of the vessels belonslng to the missionary
fleet of the board which piles among the Ml
croneslan group of islands, In the Bouth Pa
cific. The Logan was a schooner of fUtv tons
burden and was built In Ban Francisco In Oc
tober. 1805. to replace a vessel of the same
name and dimensions, which was also lost nt
sea. T he first Bobrt W. Logan was con
structed In 1800. She left Yokohama In Au
gust. 181V). in charge of Capt. William Poulson,
nn American, nnd a crew of Japanese to go to
Bilk In the Carolines, and was never heard
from afterward She orobably"went down In
one of tie fierce storms which nt that season
of the year sweep the waters of tho; southern
ocean.
Hince the new Logan left Ran Francisco, in
Oc.ober. 1805. tho little craft did excellent
duty among the Mtcronslan islands until hr
loss Inst .Novomrer Hhe was caught inia rag
ing cale while cruising in the Mortlock group
and was driven ashore In the Hatoani Lagoon.
There wero on board the vesel on the dav of
the wreck the commanding officer, ('apt. fl. I.
Foster: Miss Beulah Lpgau, daugh'er of tho
late llev. Robert . Logan, a successful mis
sionary, nfterjwhom tho schooner wns named:
one of the missionaries attached to the station
nt Ituk and nbouCtwentv natlv e bovs and girls,
besides the crew. No lives wore lost and the
stranded passengers nnd sailors ware taken
on hoard i trading schooner nnd carried back
to Ruk, 175 miles distant, a few days later.
It Is probable that the Loganlwlll be re
placed by the construction of another vessel,
as soon as a new on can be built. Hho was
ho seventh vessel belonging to the missionary
fleet of tho American Board, beginning with
the Morning Htnr. which left Boston In the
winter of lWfl for tho South Pacific. Tho
money to build this first vessel was contrib
uted by the children in the Congregational
churches In tho Unite! btates.
rVGITIVE MUM CUISA'S EHIPItESS.
Kam Yu TTnl Rcnchra Victoria After Being
llrqtieftteel to Leave Jnpnti.
Seattle. Wash . April 0. Rang Yu Wai, the
first of the Chinese Emperor' reform party to
come to the United States since tbo resent Inter
nal upheaval, arrived yasterday on theldrumlr
Maru from Japan. Kung Yu Wai. according to
his visiting card, once was Imperial Commis
sioner of the Chinese Official Gazette and Sec
retary of tho Board of Works. He was car
ried away from Pekln by a British man-of.
rrarand finally landed with a whole skin In
Japin. Since thea he has been driven from
pillar to post, keeping outof tho way of tho
ClUnese assassins that are said to have been
put on his trail.
.The novernmentof Japan feaied that Kang
a Wai would be murdered if he remalnsd In
that country, and finally asked him to leave.
He left most of his fortune behind on account
o' hurried doparture. He landed at Victoria,
with a Japanese Interpreter and one servant.
He cannot talk Fngllsh. nnd his so-called in
terpreter understvnds but littlo Chinese. So
poor Kang has a hard time giving Interviews.
He thinks that China will never set out of tho
difficulties Into which alio was plunged by the
drastic action of tho Dowager Empress He
believes that tbo pewers will divide China
for that reason He has come to America to
learn fcreign customs. He expects to get a
place of prominence under some foreign Gov
ernment If h escnpes the assassins that ho
bolleves are following him.
Beyond this he has no ideas that can b ax
pressed by his alleged Interpreter.
To Erect a Monument to Memory of
Iteuhena Hyde Walworth.
Widespread interest Is felt in the effort to
erect a monument to tho memory of Reubenn
Hyde Walworth, the young woman who sacri
ficed her llfo In caring for sick and wounded
soldiers In the contnglon hospital at
Montauk Point. Tho Daughters of the
American Revolution hnvo taken this
matter up. and a committed has been ap
pointed. Miss Lillian 8 Montgomery. Chalr
jnnp. representing tho Mnry Washington Co
lonial Chapter ot Now York: Mrs. Jasper
Cairns. Vlce-Uialrman. representing Saratoga
Chapter; Mrs William Cummlnga Story. Re
cording Seeretary. representing Manhattan
Chapter of Now ork: SIlss Katherino Prime;
Corresponding (secretary, Kes-Iles-Rlok Chap
ter of Yonkers. nnd Miss Annn Maxwell Jones.
Treasurer, representing Saratoga Chapter.
Miss Jones lives at 222 West Twenty-third
street and to her all contributions may be sent.
New Car for California' nig Crop.
Sacramento, Cal . April 0 Crop reports and
returns from business centres in the State are
so favorable that tho Southern Pacific Com
pany has ordered .'1.000 new freight cars and
.Ml locomotives In tho shops here, which om
Ploy regularly 3,000 men, all will soon be
worked overtime to catch up with contracts.
It is exported that California will slilp tho
largest fruit crop to tho Ka6t ev er know n.
Whnt ffi the Golden Age of America i
Statesmanship?
To th Fpiioic or 'Ibe hLN Vir- In the recent
review of "The Jackronlan Epoch" In The SrwpaT
Srs there appeared a statement set forth aa a fact
whhh at least opens a door fur a wide ranee of ills
cusslon The statement 1 that the lacVsonlan
epoch "presents the most distinguished group of
public meu ever broucht, together In this country."
The relative creatness of Individual men or groups
of inenlu history is, of course, a mailer of opinion,
but Just as legal opinion determines the status of a
law or si ientitlc opinion determines tho status of a
newly evolved siientlllo theory, so the opinion of
thoso historians who have the broadest knowledge
of human history is usually considered to determine
the statua of men or events
Let us see, therefore, whst some of the best au
thorities have to say on this subject
lames llryie. In his "American Commonwealth,"
says "The generation to which J Q. Adams, Jack
son, Wibster. flay, Calhoun and Burton belonged
is less Impressive than that of the Itevolutlousry
period, perhapa becauae thej failed to ilvo a .ues
tlon which may have been too hsrd for any one to
solve, '
Cieorgo Tlcknor Curtis, in his Constitutional His.
tory.ravs "Thero were men In that assembly the
Constitutional convention nf 17H7I whom for pro
found speculation in all that relates to the sciencn of
government the world hss not seen overmatched. '
Prof r r Phelps says that Unconstitutional Con
vcntlon of TTwaa the ablest bodv of men wm
evcrsat In deliberative assembly.
It would bo difficult Indeed, I think, to Mud any
authoritative opinion which would decide otherwise
than that those statesmen who eomprieed our revo
lntlonary and onsiruclton period were the greatest
body of men which this country, and perhaps any
country, has ev er pro luced
lUtioinO, nou-oun.
Harttosp, Conn , Apnl S
Complaint Against Fonrth Avenue Cnn
flurtnrs. ToTBrKniroR of Tlir Si i-.Vir Can nothing be
done regarding the treatment of passengers on the
Fourth avenue electric line by the ronductora? The
brutal incivility, rapeclally to women, is tnrr
marked. The conductors take especial palna to
' snap the bell ' before pusengers are properly on
or off the steps This Is very notlceahle at the
Thirty fourth and Thirty-eighth street atops lu the
tunnel, He-monstrance ia met with still greater bru
tailty. I ride on this road four tlmea daily and have
been qnietly watching. Xuwrr junru stbect.
Ns Vox, April V.
xiudk mrn ovn isr,Axni. m-
Indication of n TVomlerful Development
Already Seen. I
WAsntsoTOK. April 0 Acting Secretarr of I
War Melklejohn gave out for iiubll-atlon ' I
day some interesting and valuable statist) I
regarding the trade of tho 1'nlted State w,u, I
, the Uland of Cuba. I'orto Rico Hnd the Phi p. I
I pines. In commenting upon tho tamo Mr.
Melklejohn calls attention totho tact that no, .
mal conditions of trad have not jet been full?
restored between the Islands named. Never,
thelsss. he believes that tho showing mn.'o
tufficlently flatterlng'to warrant cloao semtir t
on tbo part oKcommerelal men everywhere
The returns for the month of March are i. it
yet compiled But those for February slur
nn lacrease of Imports from tho Islands ii)
Ihls country amounting toSHT-l.-IOK and i
corr'spondlng Increase of oxports from the
I nlted States to the Islands of $iV"itn ,,
compared with the same month a yearnc
The trade of tho 1'nlted Stales with tl,,
Philippines begins to show tho natural gio,vli
duo to tho direction of tho more earnest utter,
tlon of American exportors to tho ntchltel.ic
IVhllo the exports from our ports to the l'ml t,.
pine Islands for February of Inst veil rr
amounted to ? 1,007, forthosamn month I v I
venr they nto more than nine time? mti h, 1
being $10,520 For tho eight months i-nd i u
with Feb. 2, 1S08, they wero oniv i i
while for the corresponding i etlod of the t rec
ent fiscal year thoy show a ciln of nevilv ,
per cent . reaching $117,021. Tho innri ,)
export trade to JInnll . Iiooover. stl.l hi I ..
fore It an era of wonderful dnvelortner
Amerlcnn vessels nre again nunclm: in
the .trade, nnd the exports will soon nin'ln
value our Imports from the Islands 1 his is
shown by our illtect Importations for 1 clini
ary, which wero worth $277.0 1 1, n ciln '!
nearly 50 per cent nvor the SlNl.!rK worth if H
goods Imported the same month list yoi ra
Notwithstanding the decline of Import n'v I
the United States from the Phllippintis during I
tho months of active vvsrfare. the Imports 'ir I
the eight months preceding March nn he.l I
$'2.I4I.175. as compared with t'2, 1 02. i.fcr ,i I
similar porlod tho year boforo
Our trade with Porto Blco likewise slnwv m
excess of Imports over exports to tint ll m I
For the eight months of the Use ii year the In
ports from Porto lileo to the L nlted Mutes
gained $00,000 In value over the formei iei .
being $iVrrW4. against Sr.25S.SI nf. th -i
gain more than ono half, or. to bo exact I .
rf2. was In tho month of Fehnitry when tin
Imports or 1M11 reached $124.tlM in value i,
against $M0.1Hil for lwa '1 he giln fur th -v
month alono rras 40 per cent Tho trade 1m
nnce between this country ami Porto Mc h
now In favor of our exporters, as for the -un
month the exports wero $2(17,010. oi $17 .1
in excess of 'hoso of IKON, when the retinue i
, value was only $07,074. 1-or tho eight niontns
of the fiscal year the oxports amounted ii
$l,:i'2tt.fMt. n handsome gain of $12.!!, de
veioped regsrdless of tho sever.il months when
thoiiortsof tho Island nere closed toour wires
nnd merchandise
Tr with Cuba has been In the p.isi sevetnl
time iitrgo as our trade nlth Porto Hie an I
the 1 iiiilnplnes combined. .et eoureit Is tin
latent power of the Island commerce tint Ii t
already showing wonderful gnim ov. i tho H
older figures. A year ago inlehiunrv. If- H
foro the war. we Imported from the island f U
Cuba goods valued at $2.0,"i0.72O, while f irltlis I
sumo month of the current year the hands, ma
increase of nearly a quarter of a million nr)ui:ht
the figures up to $2..I07,040, while Tor the le
rlod of July 1. 1808to leb. 2. 1K0 tho total
imports to United States Ports from Cuba wero
$0,178,777. against $J.41.'l.028forthe like pe
rlod a yent eurller This Increase of more th m
two anil three-quartor millions mainly
eurred during the last Tsoveral .months, when
tho crops were being shipped 1 ho exports t
Cuba have also prospered, thoso of January
and February showing nn iucreviso of over i
million dollars In valuo. For February. lNe.
tho merchandise exported from this countrr
to Cuba waa valued at S1.1ti1.744. while f r
tho same four weeks or 1800 tho figure wero
$1,071,840. The aggreeato worth of the ev
ports from tho first of last July to the iul ot
February is givu at $10,142,040. an inereci
of 113 per cent, over tho procedlug year
ICASSAS (MILS AT Tlir. FtOVT.
The Part They Ilnvo Home In theTrenche
In the Philippines.
fVont tae Kaniat City Journal.
When the deeds of courage, and valor In the
Philippines have become a part of familiar his
tory one of its brightest pages will be given to
the wives and maidens who bore a pirt m
nobly with tho Kansas troops. They wrrs
present in tho trenches, ready with their
bandages to givo first aid to nny stricken e I
dler, and about tho hospitals their cheerful
prcsenco and deft nursing gnvo comlort ti
many a wounded boy. In the letters written t
homo folk by tho Kansas wounded wo find mi n
tloned tho namos of Mrs Funston. wife of thv
Colonel: Mrs. Schlloman. wife of thoChjphln:
Mrs Buchan. wlfo of tho Kansas City Captain:
Mrs. Whitman, wife of the junior Major,
and perhaps moro frequently yet the nnnn 1
of Miss Bradncr nnd Miss Olllo O'Brien
Miss Bradncr went from Kansas to In In
sevornl years ago as a missionary With tin
breaking out of the Spanish war sho proceeded
to Hong Kong, and then, after Manlli hid
fallen, to the Philippine capital, where shea'
onco Installed hersolf as a nurse In tho Twen
tleth Kansas. Sho kept at tho front with the
boys all through tho late campaign and apt lied
tho first relief to all the wounded tint i.im
within her reach. It Is related by one hansis
boy that during ono of tho florce ongicemonti
this you lit woman sat by his side in the
trenches, coolly passing cartridges to him .is
fast as ho could flro.
Miss Olllo O'Brien IsnTopeka girl who went
to Manila last summer on pleasure bent Mm
accompanied Mrs htutensburg, wife of a regn
lararmy officer who is now s. rvlng with th t
volunteers from Nebraska When tho wound
ed commenced to come from the front she v l
unteered to go into tho hospital as a nur.
and she has attended to hor duties fiithtullv
nml well -Miss O'Brien Is u itui.illy of tin
nrmy When a bit of a bibe she was adopted
into the fnmlly of ("apt 31 O'llrlon. nnd tin
peoplo of Hnys City nimembor well tho prott
llltlo girl who used to flit about their town
when tho Captain w us btatlonod at tho nearby
fort.
Miss O'Brien Is tasting for tho first tlms m
her life the delight of being something In tho
world besides n social favmite. hhe writes tv
friends that thero Is no other wot d but "glori
ous " Sho Is learning to he thrilled by thecri-li
of guns, tho ti. mill nf men and the til mt f
buglo. The Hag is nolongei a pretty rag flut
tering In the whlluin breezes it Is thofiil vf
n nation, speaking Its serious thoughts. W hi
sho wraps tho wounds of patriots sho feels that
she Is southing the hurts of her count rv, nn I
tho strength and broadness of It Is enming to
her liken great light out of darkness Mi p'
this Miss O'Brien tells In her letters, and she
says she fs not shocked uoi grieving, 1 at
happy fiercely happy
Hire Tliivnt hy the '. F. I".
On motion of Delogate William A Perrineof
the Iron Moulders' I'nionthet entral Federated
Fnlon pledged itself yesterday to votoagiiti-t
any Assemblyman or Senator who nppr- i
tho I'mployers' 1, lability; bill now before tho
Legislature Tho bill was drafted by a law
vet hired by tho Iron moulders' unions and lu
boon Indorsed by tho V V V
I'nits for the Huston Totals.
from Iht Roehnttr Vtmrrral and Cnrrmtclt.
There Is no question of " nnuevlnu" the riulio- t
pines P
The Philippines have been eeded to the 1 ntte
Mates by Spain, as Alaska was ceded to the tnifl
Slateaby ltussla, and the Philippine are thspr'i
erty of the t'nlted States. There lias never been any
question of "annexing Alaska
Notwithstanding mir ownership of the Philip
pines, tho treasousble lesgue , if linatnu Is elAi -iug
to render the eiercise of sovereuntv there most
difficult by encouraging native teslstame If I 'is
treasonable league were to try that game in Alssk
Its agents would bo shot aud its prim l lis put lu
lort Warren
How llooins Are Ilenteil in sievlco rlty.
h mm Iht ittriean llttal I
Snangers sometimes mil 11) wonder whst newspa.
pers or sheets of blanl papi r aie tied on the n
dows or balconies rif certain houses for V sheet if
paper thus arranged is a slsn muanlii in.rll. t
are rooms to rent In the house on whh h II Is di--played,
and Is Just as significant In Ils Import si
three golden balls over a pawnbri ker a shop are lu
other countries.
Spring Proae in i'nnnertlrnt.
rone fAe .Vw Alien Vnlla1um
Purine the winter the silent forces ef nature cn
tlniie at work, and tho gaunt and hungry looking
trees are Vspt alive bv suftlcient sustenance troto.
the earth, hut when the lejuvenating touchea of
prlngarefelt the groves become temples aud tti
forest cathedrals, with the hluo dome at wive and th
gitta and flowered earth tor tho toasellated floors.
V
1 . t
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