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L. M H 'liPWKirJ 9W W'W W' Fail andvMimerjsotithwest winds. r'
::N0rT2. NEW YORK, THURSDAY, APRIL 1;7,1899.-C0PYU1GI1t" 1899, BY THE SUN PRINTING AND PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION. PRICE TWO CENTS. W AMBUSHED AT APIA i Samoans Kill Four Americans and Three British Sailors ON A GERMAN PLANTATION. Onr Forcp of 105 Men Fights Bravely Agniust 800 Mataafans. rlutatl" Manager, Onrnio, Cnder Ar- Lilforlncltinc the Attack-Went. Luk dalssnd Ensign Monahan of the Phlla- dslphla nrt I If ut. Freeman of the British Crul Tanrnngst Amone the KUled- lUlaafans Mutilate the Bodies-Jnm- ttluf of Machine Gun Hampers Onr Men -.Many of the Rbf1 Killed Belief That Ir.opi Are Xffdfd In Samoa English ud German Comment on the Situation. Stmtal Cstlt Duvite to Tni Bow. loxiox. April 12.-A despatch from Auck- Uai. N. Z.. states that advices have been neelTed thro from Apia. Samoa, say- Ijj that combined British and Amer- !ltia landing rarty was ambushed on a Otrman's plantation br a strongly superior ctmsrlcal force of the partisans of llataafa. and after a desperate light was oompelled to rititsttothebeaoh. whore they were proteoted lr the cunsot the British and American war- skip. Lieut. Fhlllp O.Lansdale and Ensign John R HonMban of the American cruiser Phila delphia and Lieut, Freeman of the British cruiser Tauranga were killed, as were also fosr sailors, Tho dead wero mutilated by the catUes. their heads being cut off. The manacer of the plantation has been ar retted and taken aboard the Tauranga upon affidavit that he was seen urging the Mataa lam to flsht Thfccjacment tool, place on April 1. The Brtlsh and Americans, who numbered 103 nen. were surrounded on three sides by 800 l'ataafans . number of Malieton Tanu's mon accompanied the whites, but they ran away as won aa the Bring began. The party ha I an automatic gun, but it was rendered useless at the beginning of the fight br becoming jammed Had it not beon for this the result of the fight would have been dif ferent Lieut I an'dale wm attempting to olear the run rthen he was hit In the leg. Enstsn Mon (tbsn was g illantly assisting him when he was Wed He remalnd! by the side of the fallen lieutenant too long, and was shoo just as ho iv lr the act of retiring. Lieut. Lansdalo ns subsequently murdored by the natives. Lieut Freeman, who was in command of the rarty. was shot through tho heart. It is not known what the native, losses were. hat it It estimated that at least fifty of them ere ki'led, while miny were wounded Th lodic of the ofllcers were recoered by frecdly mUics and were buried on Easter vocda7 with military honors at Mulinuu. a s.burb of vpla, where the King's hut Is lo "til 1 h.'lr lends were recovered later by onc Fren h priests, and the graves wore ro cpenedand tho heads buried with the bodies. The priests reported that they had buried thirty-elKht of tho Mataafans, and that there as evidence tint many more of them had been 1'1'eJ It Is reported that Mataafa would havesur rendred some time ago had he not been en couraced to resist In his rebellion by Herr Eoe the German Consul. Oneoftholiritlsh seamen reports that ha ""knocked senseless with a war club by a Mtlve.whothon cut oil one of his ears. He m lust beginning to cut off the other ear "hen a shell from one of the warships burst tr by and dro o the natives away. The sea man then made his way to the beach and re Wned his companions The situation when the despatches were sent u still warlike. It was believed that as soon "newiof the fighting reached England and th United States reinforcements would be wrled to Apia, and that efforts would be made loarm the many supporters of Malletoa Tanu. ho ar? ambus to fight for their King. Troops we certainly eipeoted at Apia from New South Wa'es 4DVIRAT KAVTZ'S DESPATCn. "' Says thx 1 nrres of Orf at Britain and " Inlted Mntes Were Ambuscaded. t.V.SI",NGiCOS- Apr" "-The first ofllclal W t "e'dlug In Samoa roaohed tho t!,Z I,1'wr'mnt ely this morning In a ,1?8pat-1' 'rom Bear Admiral Kautr. mmand.ng the Lnlted Mates forcos at Apia bf. .l'Pat,h" ,md reaohed this city long la... cnnts of Admiral hautz's mes eit.. , , mad" vuWe. ai,d considerable ex S ?Bama,,lfLStln lclal circles. The olng la the despatch from Admiral KauU: r.n. , " AtrKLiMi. April 11. 1800. " iefrifan, tfi, fiaiVi Wa$wgtn. I). C f IrieTTh !l.1,wh" u' combined foroes of ttMUlN btatcs under Lieut I'ioo Ari.',h " NaT''' were reconnoitring near tM r'r', anib"caded Ueeply regret WMnounto tha death of Lieut, Fhlllp V.Lans Jam., if" John U Monaghan. Coibwnln EdTil .J . ner 0f(5'''" Seaman Norman 1'.. PhC.? v.. e men 01I'"led belonglnK to tho maVB,b Th9 Ilrltl811 l0" ' killed two Th,l,L.l6Ut lre"sn Kau" Brl 1.1,, la'V,'f'artW6Dt has reouoste.l the to not lilt G?rmi,n embassies In Washington if nv nf ' rtment ns soon as convenlout OoTern,!rraat" n t,,0T mlXT recoivo from their Bents , ,n rUstiT9 ,0 ,,,e latest develop- Hrr.un r.xrnzsbKit i. jiriu.is. ' a .Inliit ( oiiniiltiton tn Samoa More "" Ely I rgfd. Blri '' " ' " ' '"""" t" Tiir Bnw. Uui'r,' 'r'1 1J '"ro'ound rogrot Is ox. ih Ham lal ciro,s hero t tlie nttuck of V " Tell c,"n,h0-lo-American force. It II 'h In?errd "rtorabU that the Eng. u nq rnerlcan commanders errone- ouBly estlmntori that tho forces nt their disposal worn tmfllelent to reestablish ordor among tlionutlu'a. who had become ex. asperated at their continuous bombardment. The moral drawn from tho occurrence In Ber lin is that tlu'ro Is nbsoluto necessity for send Ingto Hnmo.i without delay a joint commission of tho three powers to cause n cessutlon of hos tilities, establish tho responsibilities and calm the natives, The yortldruliiht Altormrlne 7nlunQ says that Germany has demanded that England stnto whother she still ubldca by tho Samoa treaty. Dr. Hamnn of tho Forolgn Ofllco states that Gorman) 's plan Is that th joint commission I assume tho reins of iiroxlsional Oovcrnment ns soon as It arrives In Samoa l'ngland's hesi tation, he Kays, endangers tho wliolo plar. England's reply Is expectod monieutarlly. antH If favorablo tho appointment of Baron Stem bunr as tho Gorman Commissioner will be ti -nicdlatoly announced An Important pronouncement on the filtra tion In Samoa will shortly bo made by IDorr onBuelow, Mlnlstor of l'orolgn Affairs, who has consentod tounswur -nn lntorpollatlcsn on tho subject In the llelchbtag. The ofllclal roports from tho commander ot tho Uormau warship FulUe hnn arrived from Samoa 1 hey do not refer to Admiral Uaut'b alleged attacks on Goruiuu honor, which aro regardcil in ofllclal Quartern as oxnggratlons. Sir Frank Lnscellcs. the BrltUh Ami ussador, had along conforenco this afternoon with Horr von Buelow. Minister ot Foreign Aft rs Tho pituatlou is regarded as Improved, dosplto the local happunlncs in Samoa. Only two cveiiluu papers hero made any moutlon ot tho events in Samoa, printing short despatches from London. The best opinion Is that the attltudo ot tho United States and Great Britain regarding tho Snmoccn Commis sion Is precisely similar. Tho Kreuz ZeitunQ seems to recognize this, and savs: "Wo took too optimistic a view when we drew the conclusion from Ambassa dor White's declarations that Great Britain and the United States would not adopt tho same attitude on tho Samoan (iiiestlon " A German ofllclal dnspatoh has been re ceived, dated Apia, April C, briefly recording thu disaster It sas that tho natives captured two light guns, and adds that tho adherents ot Malletoa 'lanunnd Mataafn are both looting foreign nroDorty. Losdov. April 13. Tho Berlin correspon dents ot tho English papers ull concur th.it tho regret expressed In ofllclal circles over the killing nud wounding f British anil Americans In Samoa is genuine. Thoy say that tho Government manifests the most friendly disposition toward tho United States and Great Britain, and Is doing everything posslblo o huppross nt tompts to excite public opinion. It is assorted that tho roports ot tho mishap to tho Anglo Americans wero not ullowed to appear In tho semi-official papers last even ing It is recalled that the ambush was apparently nt the place vvhern tho Germau landing party wero similarly tho victims in December. 1888 The olllclals express tho hopo that tin German planter will bo nblo to establish his innocence of the charge of in citing tho Mataafans to light. They say that in 1888 tho Mataafans were headed by nn American named Kleir on their attack on the Germuns. nniTisii wAnsiups ron apia. The Cruiser Wallaroo and the Gunboat Ooldflnoh Ordered There from Sydney. Setaal Callt DupattS It The Soy. 8TDS.KV. N. S W. April 12. -Tho cruiser Wallaroo, mounting eight guns, and the gun boat Goldfinch, six guns, have been ordered to proceed to Apia A nitlTISll COXFEltKXCK. Olllrlnl Despntrhrs from Snmoa DUrntied nt the l'nreign Ofllc. tptcial Cablt DtisalcK tr Tni Bcf . London. April II!. The Foreign Office has reelved despatches from Samoa confirming tho press udvhes regarding the ambuscade ot American and British sailors by Mataafans. Thcio linvo been several conferences at tho Foroign Ofllco between tho officials and mem bers of tho Cabinet. Mr Balfour. IlrstLord of tho Tro.isuri ; Sir Thomas Sanderson. Per manent Under Secretary to tho Foreign Ofllco, and others hold a discussion of the situation which lasted an hour. r a ui En Exai.isir commkxt. Some Papers Outspoken Against Germany, Others Counsel Modrrntlnn. .Szxnal CalU Dtipakh to The Rxn. London, April 13. The 5nndard. contend ing that the Samoan trouble ought to be discussed with calmness, says there Is as little occasion for tho dellance hurled by Congressman Hull at Germany as thore Is for tho menacing language ot somo Ger man newspapers toward Great Britain. Nevertheless, tho paper attributes respon sibility for the bloodshed to Herr Itoso'a furious partisanship and Dr. Baffel's studiously offensivo and provocative proceedings, tor there would never hnvo boon a rebellion It the Mataafans had not believed they could reckon on Gormnn assistanco. The Standard does not think Micro will be any trouble in settling the present serious dllllcultlob when tho matter Is removed from the hands of locnl officers, or that Gorniany will assume a pedantically un yielding attitude, for tho question is not one that can be allowed to involvo her in a serious quarrel with tho povvors with whom she lias tho strongest reason for wishing to remain on tonnsof umlty While tho Standard, which Is a leading Gov crnmont organ, counsels moderation, other Couhorvatlvo utteraims aro les restrained. TluiH the Mormwj JV.if declares that before Great Britain consents to tho German proposi tion for tho futuro administration of tho Islands it must be explained how It hap poned that tho tiap Into which tho British and Americans fell was sot on German soil. It iiiii.t also bo explained whether it Is truo that Mataafa would have abandoned tho strug glo but for tho txhortatlons of the German Consul, nud how it was that tho British and Amirlcan endeavors to promote a pcaoeful settlomunt wore frustrated by thosldo which counted tho Germans ns their alllos. Tho Oraphic is llkowlso mneio in its com ments. It iujs It would bo idlo to deny that tho tragical nows must produce In Great Britain an Impression distinctly unfavorable to cordial lelutions with Germany Tho broad fact that Horr Itoo encouraged tho unarolilcal forces Insufficient to create n foellng of resent ment In Lngland. It Is imposslblo not to remenibor that in pedantic ?eal for the techni calities of the law of nations tho Germans for some tlmo past have inhibited partialities which civilized instinct cannot but reprove. Tho paper instances Gormany's support of l'rosldout KrUgernnd tho Sultan of Turkey. The 'Iunei, on tho other hand, declines to be Influenced by tho general estlmoto of the situ ation or by local Incidents, which, painful though thoy maybe, have no direct bearing on the questions under discussion by tho powers, and which may not In any way nffeit tho lattor's diplomatic action It refuses to bellovo until tho report is authenticated that tho German plantation mauagor urgod tho towages to attack the Brit ish ond Americans It is convinced that In any case the Gerroun Government would be the last to shelter such an offender. The Timet remarks with satisfaction upon the j.'ormotlon furnished by iu New York corrofaiondcnt that Great Britain and tho Unltitrl States have acted throughout mil are still ucthig In ontlro agreement regaidlng tho decisions ot tho Snmoan Commix sioii?rs. It says that, although It suits tho German press to throw tho whole btrvme for tho dolay in tho settlement of tho question on Great Brltnin, Germain's dnmnnd that tho commission must bo unnnl n4)us on all minor points is stipulated in ad vruue for tho failure of tho commission, If sho Insists upon this point, tho papor concludes, iho will Infallibly dolny tho speedy settlement which she professes to hopo for. (The Liberal papers tako o modorato view of tho question. The Dailu AVhm, while deplor ing the catastrophe, contends that it ought not to provokn any special acts ot re prisal. Ambush, It says, is nn ordinary Incident of war, and so is mutilation when tho war Is with savages Apart from tho roportod instigation of tho Mataafans by a Gorman, which requires investigation, thoro Is nothing to do but to keep cool und hasten tho ntpoint inent of tho commission. Tho tin oniric holds tho Germnn officials re sponsible for the whole trouble, and s iv s that Germany therefore stnnds at bar its tho con federate of Mataafa In opikisIiic the course of tho law. Tho vvholu thing is an ex ample of the way German) u-,os her diplomatic and naval strength to back up Individual merchants The paper docs not, doubt, how ever, that she will net fairly in tho negotia tions, but adds that tho dangor is that after what has happened In tho Philippines It will tako very little to blown flnmo In tho United States that Gormany would glvo a gieat deal to extinguish. joist toMjriasiox 3uv ot no. Hrrnt Britain I)et lines to ssent to All of tho 1'roposltlons Mudn by tSi-imnny Danger of International Computations. Washington. April II! To-day's develop ments concerning bamoan affairs havu mado it somewhat uncertain vvhuthor a Joint Interna tional Commission will go to Apia Tl.o Brit ish Government has declined to nsseiit to coi tain features In connection with the functions of the commission and tho hope of tho I nitod States and Germany that the representatives of the throe powors will leave San Francisco tor Samoa a week from to-da) Is not likely to bo fulfilled. After a day devoted to tho consideration of the news of the killing of American nmllSrlti-.li ofllcers and Beameu by followors of Mataafa. claimant to tho Samoan throne and caudidate of the Germans for Klnglv honors, tho Adminis tration has decided tint the new turn In affilrs has not affected tho gonoral situation with re spect to tlio islunds It Is admitted, however, that the death ot these British and Amerioan. considered ns aside issue, has aggravated the friction that exists botvvoen Germany on tho ono hand and Great Btltuin and tho United States on tho other, and ma, later on, play nn Important part In de termining whethe tho treaty rotations of 'ho threo protectorato powore In regard to tho Samoan affairs shall continue lor tho pres ent the chances of ahostl'o outcome. Involving the parties to tho tripartite agreement, are be lieved to bo small, but In the meddlesome dis position of the Oeiman Consul-General at Apia. Herr Rose, llos an clement of danger to a contlnuanco of frlendlv relations between his country, tho United States and Great Britain that is causing sorious concern. Anothor such affair ns that of April 1. traceablo directly or Indirectly to tho Influence of ltose. may bo followed by a clash tnat will make Us olTeeU felt in threo countries, and perhaps affect the peace of the world Great Britain is already showing an uneasy dis position, which is unquestionably traceablo to the attitude of Germany, lho massacre and mutilation of moro British sailors by tho Mntaafa robols may bo followed by tho despatch of a strong British forco to Samoa. What would como then nobody whose views are worthy of citation cares to prodlct This Government believes that the best couro to bo pursued nt this time to prevent international complications is In sending the. Samoan Commission to Apia without delay With the Commissioners of tho three powers on bamoan soil, the Administration will breathe easier. In this earnest deslro tho I nitudiatesnroevldontly fully supported by Germany, which recognizes its awkward posi tion In tho existing difficulties. But this hopo of Germany and tho Unltod States is appar ently not to bo fulfilled, and the situation is further complicated und tho dangor ot International troublo augmented by an announcement, that is tantamount to an admission, that tho efforts to have tho Joint Commission leavo San Fran cisco on the mail btoamcr ot this day week, April 10, have proved fruitless. Tho announce ment was that Baron Speck von Sternberg, the First Secretary of the German Embassy, who had boen selected as tho Imperial Gov e rn ment's representative on the commission, would sail fiom Now ork on Saturday, under Instructions to proceed to Berlin. An intima tion that some such outcome miglit be ex pected was given earllor In tho day In tho fol lowing ofllclal statement lasuod by the German Embassy: "After Gormany and tho United States had nrrlvcd at such an understanding that thu Commissioners oould have left San Francisco on tho lUth Inst , England raises now dlfllcul ties of such n complicated nature that they aro not at all to bo dealt w ith telegraphically. Gor many feels justified, under tho circumstances, to hold tho nanio ot her Commissioner back. "The Berlin nows that Germany would de mand satisfaction for tho arbitrary action ot Admiral Kautz Is not credited iu official quar ters, and sooms to be a malicious invention The wliolo question on account of Samoa is pending at present not botween threo powers, but betweon Germany and England " Baron von Sternberg was dulj designated ns the German representative, but tho appoint ment was not announced ofllelallj Till-. Gov ernment was Informed of his selection In con fidence. Germany expressing tho intention of not making it public until Great Britain had given ii doflnlto ofllclal assurance that shu would participate in tho conference, whli h.ot couise, would lonie to nothing without hor roncuireiicc. It was believed by German) and thol nltcd States that this assuramo had boon made ci rtalu when tho British Government announced that It hid selected Mr Eliot of the British Embassy hero to represent It on tho commission. Groat Britain, however, while assenting in principle to tho commission proposition, was not satlslled with the pro posals of Germany for tho regulation of the functions of the Commissioners. Tho United States held with Gormany tint tho agree nients of tho commission should not hold un less unanimous It was maintained by the two Governments that no other course was posslblo under tho prov lelons ot the general act of Berlin, no part ot which can bo changed with out the concurrence of all threo protectorato powers Great Britain would not assent to this view. It is understood, and ns a result tho chances ot sending an International tribunal to Samoa with authority to investigate and roport on tho present conditions and to exorcise con siderable governmental power aro more re mote than ever It was belloved early to-day that tho com mission wnsassutod.and tho hopo was preva lent that thosoveral Commissioners would bo ablo to sail from San Francisco on April ID Baron von Sternbeig had nn interview with thoSocroturyof State this morning In regard to tho commission's w ork, and later In thn day Sir Julian Fauneefoto, tho British Ambassa dor, saw Mr, Hay, It was said on relia ble authority that Baron 'von Sternberg and Secretary Hay did not discuss the I killing ot Lieut Lansdalo and tho other Amor leans and Englishmen Baron von Sternberg expectod to lenvo Washington to-morrow with Mr Eliot for San Francisco, bolng Joined thoro by Mr Bartlett Tripp, tho American Commis sioner. He will now. however, procnod to Ber lin to consult with his Govorumont In regard to Biwnouii affairs, unless something should occur boforo to-morrow evening to change tho apparent settled determination of Grcit Brit ain, Baton von Sternberg left Washington last week for Now York with tho lutontlon of pro ceeding to Berlin, but returned limo In ro sponso to telegraphic instructions looking to his appointment an the German roprosontativo on tho commission. Thk Sun lcportor. in tho course of talks to day with responsible) ofllchls, was given to un dotstand thntwhllo tho killing nf tho Ameri can and British ofllcers and sailors was regarded as u doplorablo occurrence that might leid to sorious international results, no action would bo taken by this Government until a full ofllclal report of nil tho circumstances of tho caso hnd been received. Tho I nlted htates In tended, It was explained, tn liavo tho hatiio.m Commission make a coniplolo investigation tit tho hostile mooting and Its rausi s Whit would then bo done bv this couiitn.lt was .ild. could not bo foiotold '1 lies statements wt 10 mndo. however, before tho fact was established tint Groat Britain would not consent to enter the commission Thoro is a feeling In ofllclal circles, based perhaps on HOiuotlilng tangible, that Germany should make somo expression of regret con cerning thn killing of tho Americans and Brit ish. It is not to bo supposed mid Is not ex pectod that tho Berlin Government will admit any responslbilit), direct or indirect, for tho action of Mutanfa but the circumstances sur rounding tho killing wero such ns to make a caso parallel to tho killing of Germnn mntlncs by tho followois of tho very chieftain whom German) is now supporting In tho iarly da)s of tho Samoan troubles when Gorman marines wero lauded in tho Islands to protect tho lives of subjects of the sovereign, Mataafn's followers killed and mu tilated somo of tho Imperial troops 'lho In dignation caused bythlsactlon in Germany had not abated when tho conferonce. composed of representatives of threo protectorato powers, met In Berlin In 18V Count Herbert Bis niatcl: (now l'rinco Bismarck), the principal reuresentativo of Germanv. insisted that tho gonoral net, which was formulated nnd signed by tho commissioners, should not reeognlzo In any way tho claims of Ma taafa to tho throne Count Bismarck de livered what was practically an ultimatum tli.it German) would nevor.igrco to bo a pirty to tho trlpartito treaty if Mitnaf.i worn given any opportunity of becoming King Although provision to that effect was not Incorporated in the general act tho commission recognised tho position of the German Government by recog nizing Milietoa Lcupape. tiio father of tho present sovereign, as King. Tho proceedings of tho commission wero made part of the ofll clil iccord. und in tin so Germain's opposition to Mutnafa was fully set forth. Tho British dolcgates supported Count Bismarck s conten tions, making It ticcossary forthel'nlted States commissioners to rocognbo that Matufn could not accept tho Samoan throne without disie speet tot ho Oovornniontsnt Berlin and Loud m Chief Justieo Chambers, In his dcilsiou in favor of Malletoa Tanu, disposed of the claims of Mataafa on tho ground that it would be nn Insult to Germany to decldo tint he was the rightful claimant. In theso circumstances tho attltudo ot Gormany in bringing back Mat infa to Samoa and In giving lilin active support in his pretensions to sovereignty becomes all tho moro Inconsistent, How Germany can con tlnuo to support Mataafa niter his followers havo repeated the horrors that caused tho Ber lin Government to repudiate him )ears ago is nquestlou which this Government thinks Ger many should answer. The conferences held to-dny botweon tho Fresldent. tho Secretary of State aiidtlioso' retary of tho Nav) rosmllod In a determination that no good could come from tlio despituh of reinforcements of warships nnd men to pla. It was feared that sucdi a couro might aggri vate tho situation to siu-h a degree th it a el v-.li. Involving the protectorate powers, would fol low Tho Government intonds to exercise thu utmost calmness in dealing with tho present conditions, knowing tint wli it over course It adopts in connecti n with tho killing ot Its ofllcers nud sailors should bo strengthened by a eomuleto knowledge of all tho circumstances Recently, however, tho Admlnlstntloii has been quletlv arianglnir for maintaining at l'ago-l'ago, in the hamo.ui Islands tho coaling station acimlied by tho United htates years ago a much larger coal supply than was in tended before the M tt.uifa outbreak C'oii ti.icti have beon awarded for building tho licecRsar) coil sheds nnd wharves, nnd tho collier Vbaiendawlll sail fiom Norfolk on pril I!ii foi l'.igo-l'ugo with ii big cargo This was nil arranged bolore tho prcs, nt situation developed. Since then the Navy Depart ment has despatched tho colllor Brutus to l'ngo-l'ngo and Apia hlio left San Francisco n fow dus ago, and it was given out officially that sho was bound for Guam. 1 Ii it vvap apparently the original in tention, but recent events enused a chnngo in her destination to bo made Thodepirtniont his now issued orders for thocolllor hclndla to proceed to Apia. She Is at Snn Iranelseo, nud will bo read) tostartsoon. Thn baronda and thn Scliidl.i will tarry the usual comple ment of bluejackets, aud each will have a ma rine guard, so that them will be some addi tions made to tho personnel undertonunnnd of Admiral Ilatitz The Brutus also has a fair slyi'd crew and a niarino guard Each of these tolllers Is armed with n small battery, which could be used if neeorsltv arose Tho Nav Department to-day ordered four ofllcers to thn Philadelphia, two of them to tako the plates of Lieut 1 ausrlale and 1 nslgu Monaghnn. who worn killed Lleiitfnnnt-Coni-m inder Mchentre. who was ordered to the Phil adelphia as executive ofllcer a few davsngo. was instructed by telegraph to-day to lenvo Sin 1-ranelsco on tho mall steamer of pril in. Those who will na-ompnny him urn Lieut, Huglios. Lieut Schofleld. Lieut Hetherlngton and Surgeon btr ets The fltst three nro at Mure Island, Cnl , whero Llputennnt-t'om-nianderhchentzn lsstatlonedalso and Surgeon Streets Isat tiu llrookl)ii Nnv) ,ird Socretiir) Hiv mado Inquiries to-davof the Nnvy Department as to the sailing date of the next steamer from Auiklund furSamnu Il was informed thai the steamer would sill to morrow Despatches for Admlrnl Knutz ami tonsul-Oenerul Osborn wero piepired and transmitted to Auckland, to be carried to Apia by tho mail steamer. T.1EVT. Vllll.lP T. 1 ASSTHT.E. Popular nt Snn Pram 1st n, hero He Was Married Last Mlllllllr-i Svv FtiAMisio. April II! Lieut Philip V I nnsd ile. who was killed In Somo i. was a great favorite here While tho Philadelphia was lying here last summer Lieut Lansdalo mar ried Miss l.thi'l Shipley hmltli. eldest daughter of Sidney M. Smith, who is prominent in busi ness nud financial elides Although tho couplo had boon engaged for somo time, the wedding was quite unexpected Be ilizing that he was like!) to bo ordcied to sen at un) moment, Lieut Liuisdaln tailed upon his llaneeo, ex plained tho situation, and threo days later ther worn murled Soon after lho Philadelphia was ordered to Honolulu Mrs Lansclnlo lust saw tier husband about six months ago, while tho Phil idelplila was at San Diego Tho cruiser had returned fiom Honolulu to go Into dry dock at Mare Island, but she was held at Ban Diego awaiting orders Tho Jtov William C bbaw. pastor of St Luke's Church, roceivod the following eablo despatch from Admiral Kant this morning "It is my sad dut) to report theiie ithot Limit. Lansdalo In action April 1 He was burled with mlllt iry honors next dny Please express the sympathy of tils shipmates and myself to his family' MmitEomrry .tiny t.o to Snmnn, Nom out, Va , April II! The cruiser Mont gomery, hor ropairs completed, is expected to sail to-morrow lor St I.ueln It was reported hero that sho will proceed to Samoa with the oolllor Abarenda, which Is taking on iu sections I a steel pier which the Government will erect Iat Pago l'ogo. At the office of the Commandant of tho Norfolk Navy Yard it was stated to night that the orulsor would probably not ac company trio collier, HMBHaaalaHaHl CKOKER 1IEAKS OF A PLOT TO 7IL'ir I11S TICKET AT TiMVlXT SOCIETY ELKCTIOX. Houses Himself to Mp Treason In the Bud, nnd Mnybe It Won't Blossom at the 'Meeting on Monday Maid, but It Is Well Hooted In Aversion to Present Methods, The frlouds of Tammany Hull who were at thu Hoffman House last nicht said that the Hon. Richard Croker had been greatly oxer clsed tills week overall apparently well-founded ropott that his opponents within tho organ ization have decided to make n vigorous at tempt to defeat Ills candidates for officers of the Tammany Society or Columbian Order at its annual meeting to be held on Monday oven Ing in the Fourteenth Street Wigwam. The opposition to Mr. Cro'ers rule. It was said )estHrday. has been gathering strength nt n rate that had not been reullzcd by the men In control of tho patty muchlnoiy. audit was added that Ml Cioker and his lieutenants had seen no cause for unusual e (Torts to retain con trol of the foslety machlneiy until tho latter l trt of last week. Then ono of Mr Croker's aidosdls.'overedthatthcre had been In circula tion imong tho men whoso sympathies aro not with thote at the head of the oiganUitlon n tip that all should bo on hand at the annual meeting of the socloty Prepared to do their best to ovcrcomo the regular tloket. As soon as the men who now control the Tammany Society heurd this much of the plans of their onnmlcs, same of Mr. Croker's most trusted lieutenants were sent out to set the bottom facts n eminent membor of the or ganization said Xftcrday that the condition of affairs that was brought to light wb sufllcient I) serious to cause Mr. Croker to set to work all of his forcos aud to bring on order from headquarters that all loyal Croker adherents should attend the society meeting without fail. Tho Ta umany sachnms now aie Thomas L. Feitner. President of tho Board of Tax Com missioners, Grand bachem; John Whulen, Mr. Croker's Corpointlon Counsol: John F. Car roll, the Vico-ltegeut of tho Tammany political organization: William Astor Chanter, Congressman-elect: John J. Scannell. Mr. Cro ker's Firo Commissioner: Charles T. Murphy. Mi. Croker's President of the Board ot Health: Randolph Guggeuhclinor. Mr. Crokor's Presi dent of the Council: M inrico l'entherson.State Senator: Major Asi Bird Gardiner. Mr. Cro ker's District Attorney ; John Kelly , O. C. Clau sen. Mr. Croker's President of the Park Com mission :.fohn Fox. and Thomas J. Dunn. Mr. Croker's high Sheriff of Now Yotk county. Tho other ofllcers of the society nro coually lo).il to Mr. Ciokor. Tno Secretary is Thomas F. 'initli, Clorkof the Cit) tvmrt. 1 he Sagamore is J. T. Naglo. The Wiskinkle is John A. Bovlc, aclork iu the Registrar's office, whoe ofllclal duties aro not so atduous that they prevent hin trim collecting tho "contrlbu tlonf" and "subscriptions ' in nhich Tam many officeholders indulge. 'J hrcn wocks ago it was the Intention of the leaders in Tammany Hall to hive these men all re elected to their ollkes At tint time no woid ot the effort to defeat the ( rokor candi dates hud been received b) them binco It became known that thoro might be an at tempt to kneck out tho slate, there his been somo thought of altering the mnke-uo ot tho Bo ird of Sachems, but no definite steps in that direction have beon taken vet, according to well-InCormed members of the organization The men who are opposed to Mr. Croker nnd his methods of running the machine number among them sueh well-known politicians as ex Mavor Gilrov. x-M.i)or Grant, f -Corpora-lion t ounsfl William '.I Clark, nnd scores of others who have beon turned down or out adrilt to be replaced ' such men as Andy Freedmnn The men who have been Ignored iu the planning of Tammany's campaigns and Iu the conduct of the nffilrs of tho otganizatlon Invo the refutation ot being among the most accomplished political captains In New ork. Behind them are many of tho old-timers in tho organitatlon, who Invo been surprised at the methods pursued since t lie successful cam pnlen ot 18!7 l Mr Croker and his advisers One of the things that has Impressed them un favorably and has caused comment on the changed conditions of affnirs has beon the graduil forcing Into the background of the Goueral Committee of Timmun) Hall and tho transfer of tho nitual headquarters of thn oi -giulntion to the Democratic Club on Fifth nveniio These old-timers eaunot see nhy the 1 ourteonth street wigwam, for years the head milliters ot the orgmlrition. should bo dls- cirdtitl now The old forms have beon done nwiv with ver) rapidly during the past two Teir, a) the old-timers, aud they are sorry to see them go W ell-infornnJ Tammany men said last even ing that the opposition to the regular ticket at the meeting noxt Moudar eveDing would show Itself only Incase there was a fair chance of suceossfullv fighting Mr. Croker's ticket In caso It prove limosslblo to down Mr Croker's enndldutcs.tho opposition will not show its hand, for i's leaders havo no wish to subject their fi lends unnecessarily und hopelessly to defeat aud lis consequcuces llOhl'll SVliPtEXAED .VOIT. Will He i:nniined nn Friday MornlnaT Muirt Invites Witnesses. Richard Crokor was standing In the hall ot the Democratic Club nt7o'clook last evening, just abaut to go to dinner, w lion a young man walked hurriedl) up tho steps and into tho building. Before tho doorman had time to ask tho young man what ho wanted ho had caught sight ot tho Tammany leader. Ho walked up to Mt Crokor. "Mr Crokor?" hos.iid, quostioningly. "Yes," said Mr. Cioker "What do you want r" " Hero's something for you." said tho young man, handing a paper to Mr, Croker, Then ho turned around nud w alkod out of tho club. Mr. Crokor found tint tho piper was a subpana requiring him to appear beforo the Mazet in vestigating committee at tho rooms of tho Bo irdof J i ado aud Transportation, L'lll Broad w.d.oii lilda).nt 10 o'clock in the mottling. Ho uit the paper Into his pocket "1 II bo there." was tho only comment Mr. Croker would make Inst night Chluf of pilicn I)oi pry N going to make a spt ''Ii to all thn full fledged Hptalus on the foite this alteriioon at .1 u'elnek Nnaiting t apt tins or vqguants det tiled to command of pieclm ts w III bn present Uimnv, Vprll 1'J chilrman Mdi-ct of the New l ork Investigating Committee said this morning "The committee is giatllled nt the way in which thn Investigation his opened, aud be llevos that it will bo productive of thn best re sults for tlio city of Now ork. and will h ail to remedial legislation which will eradicate tho many evils alleged to hive giown to such un it pioportlous in the several depart ments of tho city government The evi dence itlrcad) adduced has convinced us of the noeo'Blt) for this investigation, and wo shall make It ns searching and thorough awn know how Wnalnud) havenlurgo muss of linpot tnnt Information in hand which is being care fully sifted A large portlou of this evidence Is tf the mot valuable and positive kind Home his been fuinislnid by peisons and organla tbns who havodevotodthemselvKS to tho work of gathering und compiling It But we realim that tlmio is a great ileal moro that should bo furnished to us which tho persons having it iu their possession are holding back on account of their timidity. 'Ihose am the vi ry pm -nnswlio, In a largo measuie, nro re sponsible for the present conditions, In that they have weakly submitted to extortion unci hiiekniall in the past and unless they now have tho moral courugo to uomoforwnid anil assist tho work of this committoo they urn tho oik h who should be held answerable (or the fniluie, ui nut degree, of the committoo to ex pose tho rnmllled system nt blackmail and ex tortion Wo will glvo coniplulo piotection to these per-ons who volunteer tilts Informa tion, (mil If so tequestcd will treat theli com munications ns confidential "Wo enmestl) Invito all persons, organiza tions and associations of every kind to co operato with us In the work wo have under taken, assuring them that thn Investigation will be carried on without fear or favor." r Of It MISISTEII JO SI'AIV. Mr. Beltiimy Slurcr's Nnlile Well Itvirlvod lluko tin Arcos to Ho Sent Here. .Vernal CalU littpatth to Tiir Srs, MAlinit). April II! -fter n mooting of tho Cnblnot to-day Prlino Minister Sllvola slid that tho Government urbrovod ot the appoint ment of Ml. Dolluni) Storur ns United States Minister to Spain. Ho lidded tint ns soon ns the Unltod Stntcscommunicntnd his name ufll dally to Spain tho hitler would appoint n rep resentative at Washington, tirobibb Duke de. Arcos. niAim H.i. won siiei riEt.n. "Work Is Being Ilnne tu Anierlrn Tlint Kuglniid Ought to II. i." .Ipmal t'abtf pnpatch to T nt sTs. London, April 12 -'J lie bhcfllold Telegtapli, tn n long leader of pessimistic tone s)s "Nownda)s America and not German) Is tho occ noli of tho homo hirdwnro industry. An Immense amount of work is being done iu America that England ought to do " AntAin m: n oti.n i.m: voiiisteii. The Hi ason Given for the Sultldn of n 1'renrli Centcimrinn. Special Callt Vttvatchto Jin Sis. 1'Ar.lH. April II! Tho siiieldo is it ported of a French centenarian w ho took his life because ho was afraid that ho would llvo forovor. UUST1SUTOS OMXS 1 1I E ItOtP. Guatemala. I.lno Purchased New Failllo Mull Terminus to Bo I-stiiblislietl. New Okie wt, April 11! Mi Do JIamm, au ditor of tho Guntomiil.i Northern Rallionl. who reichod hern to-di. announces that tho Huntington de il for tho purchase ot the rail road has been completed, and Mi Huntington Is now owner of tho mad. Thu bit .ik in tho lino will bo completed in six months, at which tlmo the Pacific Moil steamers now running t i Panama und connecting with thn Panam lit dl rond will run Instead to San Tost, tho western ttrmlnus of tho Guatemala Railroad, and do all their buslnoss there no vnrviw rii i sC:r.w;v. cuintcii A T.oulsvllle Bnptlst C'ongiegntlou Dct.tilts Unit JTIicj .Mint (, Louisvii ix. Ky . April II! 1 ho fashionable Wnlnut Street Baptist Church of this elt).of which tho Rov. Dr T 'I Faton is pastor, has one of tho wealthiest congregations iu this clt). Alter a rovlval set vice to-silght Dr Eaton called a church meeting to ordtr nnd after a discussion lnsulng over an hour tho church adopted resolutions practically dismissing Ifrom tho congregation all members who Invo any connoi tion what everwlth tho mnuufneturo or siloot intoxica ting liquors 1 he resolutions woro carefully drawn so is not to be too offensive for some c f the wealthiest whisk,) distil ors nnd nuj. chants In tills city tut) members uf Di Eaton's church The llrst part of the resolution was ,m enrnost appeal to such mt tubers to give up thoir business and reliovn th church of tho burden which hns been resting upon it Thn second gives them one ) ir to either glvo up their business or get out of the t htireh. 'I his question luis 1 een under agitation In some of the largo Louisville r hurt hns for n number of vears. but t be Wulnut strnetc lunch is tho llrst one whose congicKiitiiui would strike the blow at men representing so mil Ii power and wealth as tho whiskey mon do hero. paw to oet os she PoncE ronrii. Cunningham Wasn't Appointed nud Didn't f.rt His S-'OO lint U. Cornelius F. Cunningham, living at 'J, 12 East 127th street, appeared as complainant in tho Harlem Polico Court yestenl iv against John F. Hassptt. an insurance agent, of 178 Fust Eight) -eighth street, whom ho clnigcd with swindling Cunningham sa)s that ho met 11 iskpU a )e.ir ago. and soon nfter the) becunio acquainted Hassett promised to havo him upjiointed on tho polico forco if ho iidvnmtvl fJOii 'J ho money was paid to Hnss, tt. but Cunningham siys the man ills ipp, ired nnd oould not bit found He learned Utissott's wMress n few dnvs ago and secured n w.inaut for hlsnnest When Hnssett was arr ilgnod in court )cstei . day ho told Magistrate Meade tli.it he had piwl the i-'OO to William J Hart, nropriotoi of t cafe on thn Boulevard He siildthat Hort.vflm has been heurd of before, nt ted .us the go-be. tween. nnd was at tho bottom of tho wrholo transaction Hassntt was hnld In $'.'.000 bail for-trlal.on n charge of grand larceny ,si3io nriTXEie rnr.i: to testipf. Trial of Brondun) Garden "Vlnn rostponrd Because Committee WruiUt lllm. The cno ot Simon Buttnen. forniprly pro prietor of tho Broadway Ganfen. indicted for keeping a disorderly house, was on thn cnlon dar vo6tonlay in .Part 1 of tho Genoi.il ses sions for trial Law)ei Georgo Gordon BattJe, counsel foi Buttnor, asked for an adjourn ment, saying that his client ivould bo engaged in another place prob ibly fotr n week or so and consequent!) could not bo in couit without inconveniencing a numbepnf persons It was understood that Mr liaotlo inferred to tlu Maet Investigation There was a rumor about tho Criminal Co irt building to the effect that thn ease had Iiopu put on tho culpiidur to kcup Buttnct in attend ance st court so th it hn could not tcstif beforo thn Muzet committee If there was such a Plan It did not succeed, for Judgo Newliurger immeill it ly struck Vhn ease fiointhe eulend ir, saying ho would kocrp It off fot tho entire term ot tho court. Pigeon from I n Cliumpnenn l'lrkfil Pp. While two men wuro walking in n meadow, about a mllo south of Spuyten Duyvil. yostop da) . n carrier pigeon fluttered tlow n exliaustud almost at their feet. The bird was one of tho French line messenger pigeons In a sealed rubber tube attached to its right leg was a piece of rico paper headed "I i Clnmpagne, Fioncli lino of steamers." on w hlch was w nttcn a noto In French signed "Poirot. (apt tin ' The bird will be sent to the I ronch lino ofllco to-da). Helen Gould toilet n Pirn ltndgn from Clu t liiuiitl. CtNtiNNATl, O .April 1'J V movement was started at the meeting of tlm Cinclnn iti 1 lie men s Protective ssnolation b) Hugh Me Avoy this evening to present Miss Helen Gould with u gold badge In uppiidation ot hor s r vlcts during thn Wlndsoi Hotel lire. Sho will also be mado an honorary inemhoi of the ( In clnnati Fire Department and I ir men s JYo tectlvo Association The hitdgo will be slmll ir to those worn by tho Captains of tho Firo De. purtinent. Grtntrr Chicago BUI Beaten, BmiMiiEiii, III . April U Thn " Greater Chicago" resolution and tho Humrhre) substi tute wero defeated Iu tho House this afternoon They needed 10J votes to pass and got less thnn 77. the number needed to puss nn oi dlnaryblll The vote was yeas. 74 , navs. fin Every Republican pieseut and three Ileino crats supported tho measure All the other Democrats voted no Vice-President Hobart Worse. WAsrtiviTov, April 1'J. olinngo fr tho worse occurred in tho condition of Vicn-I'resl-dont Hobart to-day. und at midnight ho had not improved Ills ph)slclau and two nurses will remain with him through thn nig lit t 1 o clock It was stated lit tho Vjca-Presl-dont's risulfiico that bo wus somewhat better, and the house was shut up for tlm night, indi cating that nothing sorious wns nnticli ate d H)drophohln from a Bite MueXrnrs Old. St. Louts. .Mo. April 1'J Jako caekol wns taken to tho City DiHpensary I his morning sin tering from iDdrophobla. Ho was blttou by n dog nine years ago The wounds were cautor Ired at the time and Yeaekel sulTerod no Incon vlenco until recently, lie la vsry violent now. MOLLSEUaX GAINS A POINT. - I s iim.7: PAituo.s r. yrii.r.iAJts ur- -j MISSES 111E JllCTVi:ST. '.lH " sH lie. Holds That Improper nnd Illrgal Kv! . I drnt o Wns Given Before the Grniitt H lur), nntl Tliut II Must Havo In n Moats M inn Inlliiriiinil the .Jury to rind nn In M tilt tnicnt lllstilt t Attorney Gnrdlner't) H Ollli n Smprltnd l'nlliire of the Plot td jH 1 xtrutlltn thn Wltne.s IIockuinnn M Wauj-iitown. N Y. April 1'J. Justieo Tnr- H don ( W illlams has granted tho motion to dlt- H miss the Indictment for murderyigalust Rolan J H B 'Molitipux 'lho motion w A made on tho H gtAiunds that other thnn legnl evidence wns 'M liaven 1 ofoio the Grand .Jul) and that the evU ,B dunce was not sufficient, bcfoio the Grand Jury H to nuthorle thn IliicUug of thn Indictment, H Tho following is tho opinion in full J JH "l'ortho purpose tf this motion I shall ass ''H sumo the l otirt liny I owcr to giant thn relief H nskt d for, if tho crc unds ot thn motion am at- H lsfaetoril) established H '1 h iv o examined tho cases to which iu) at- 'H tcntlon his been called bearing upon this H question. andMlhur reported nud Important H (.i(m. in vinve of (he poulll. t ofopinlon In th H cases cited. ,Y think it better that I should add H nothing to 'the lituiaturo published and un- JH published, lut folio v what seems tn be the H piettv uuatImous opinion of the Judges in tho H 1 irst IX-auirtment Im hiding two mcmbvrs of H the pre iot Appcllato Division, and leave soma H Appcllido Couit to sottlo the question t mr B concluBlon should bo uns.itisfactor) to tho H people I come, thurotorp. directly to the two H gi oui ids upon which tho motion ts based H "As, to the Living of othurUli in legnl evidence H bofia-n the Grand .lur) lH "A is provided bv section I!"'', ot the Code of Civil Procedure tint tho Grand Jud can re- 'cdve notio but legal cvidenco Grand Jurors. H howevet. .no not supposed to be learned In H tho 1 iw or be able ,, judgo correctly whether nil evidence offeied liefore them is legal or not. H So long as lawjtrs and Judges differ as to the H rule: of uvMutice, Giand .luiors may be mis- B taken also The jury should use tho beet U judgment the) tiivm and should not receive H evldcuco known to thnru to be Improper and B Illegal Iu almost every case, however, soma evldcmce will bn uivon which would bo x- BJ eluded It the Court woro thoro to pass upon HJ the competency thcicof. It would bo an un- IJ reasonable rule, thereinto, which would com- nj pel the Couit to dlschnigo evciy lndictmont Bj where illegal nidom o hail been given before BJ tho Grand Jury. It tho legnl evidence before H tho Grand. Juiy was su-h that, dlnrojnrdlng BJ tho improver evidence, the Indictment would Bj still have, been found, It the jury waie not In- Bj lluonced to find an Indictment b) the im- proper evidence, but h) the legal evidence be- BJ foro ticni. then tho Court should pormit tho M IndlcJmen' t stand and tliu defendant to be BJ tried thereon. BJ ' 'Phe minutes ot the Grand Jun show that BJ somo evidence was given bv the witness Cor- BJ nish which would not havo been permitted by M the Court. Tbbi evidence related to the rcla- BJ lions between himself and tho defendant nnd BJ w is onh important on tho question ot motive. BJ Inasmuch ns tho evldcuco given before the BJ Coroner l tho defendant, und which was be- BJ foro the Graid Jurv. shoved that unfriendly BJ relations tll1 oxlst between tho parties. It BJ would not seem that the evidence of Cornish. BJ vvlelch is obj ted to as Improper, could have hivlaii) material iiillucneo with the Grand H Jsirv Iu tho Uncling of tho Indictment. H "Moro serious questions are inised by th BJ clilm mr.do on tho i art ot defendant that all H the evidence given before fie Giand Juiv by BJ tho handwriting exports. baed upon a eorr.par- BJ Isou of the disputed hundwilting with tin al- BJ I iced ceuuiuo huiidiviltiiigof tho defendant BJ and tho comparisons by the jurors themselves BJ of 4iich disputed with nlloged genuine hand- BJ wiitlngs, wus illegal and imprnpei Prior to BJ J.sM) tho comparison of disputed with alleged H genuine handwritings "could only be made BJ when the genuine hnndw rltlug was properly In B ovidcuco foi other purposes, but this rule was B changed bv Chapter .Ii! ot tho Laws of 1880, 'B uniended by Chanter ..".") of tho I aws of 1888, fl Theso nets expressly umentUtlie laws of evi- B donco and piautlco on civil aud criminal trials. B and authorize tho admission iu evidence of fl genuine handwritings for the solo purpose ot fl comparison, though not admissible in the fl c.i'o for anv other purpose i People vs Casey, H MSN 'V ..'(si. and cases therein referred to). H Most if not uil tho alleged genuine handwrit- fl lugs used for tlm purpose of comparison by tho experts and tho.Ginud Jury In this case fl wero iniidmls-ablo for .m) other purpose than fl conn niison 'the purpose was to show that tho defendant wrote tho address upon thn pol- son package, which must be regarded as the fl disputed writing in question ' I his evidence and thn wi Kings, therefore, were legal eviucnee before the GrimiJur), It fl lit all. solely bv virtue or the provisions ot the acts of 1K8 aud lr88 i ie l mguago of th ess statutes Is: "'ha 1. Comparison of a disputed writing w'th hid n rltlug pioved to tho satisfaction I of thn couit to be genuine, shall bo per- mlttotl to be mado by witnesses in all trials and proefedlugs, and such wiltlngs and the ev Idence of vv Itiiesses respvt ting the same may bo submitted to the court nud jury ns evidence for genuineness, oi otherwise, ot the writing in iliapute "Se". 'J Comtnrison of a disputed .'wrltlmr wi h an) writing prqcil to tho satisfaction of the court to 'je tho genuine handwriting of any person claiuiel on the trial to havo made or executed tho disputed liistiuuicnt or writ ing shall be permitted nnu submitted to the jurv In like muuuei "EWdwtitly this sciond eection, which was added in 1888, wns designed to obviate ioiiis uncertainty in thn languigo of tho first seo- , ttou tunc ted iu 1880 the langunue to which attention Ih called here, is, However, found in both sections- 'Comparison of a disputed writ ing with any writing moved to tho satlsfctlon of tho court to be genuine.' It is claimed that tlm statute Is not applicable to bearings by lute (.rand Juries "First, boe.iuso the m is no defendant there to dlspate a handwriting "hoi ond. because the statute relates only to , tho law of evidence and practice of civil and criminal trials ' '1 bird, bociuso thorn Is nn court with the Grind Jutles to iletormino what writings are prnvud tn its satlsfai tion, so us to ostnbllsli their character asst indnrds with which to compare tho disputed writings "In this i nse the purisiso and objp't of the proof was to show th it tho defendant wrote the address upon tic ,kisoii package The peo- J pie alleged that ftt and sought to prove It. ' 1 vorv mitnrial fact In thee ne against tho tie- , fendant luul tv bo piovcd.ns though it as do llied or illsputod nud there would therefore seem to bn no reason whv this address should , not be duennd a disputed writing within the c meaning of tliisstututt '1 lie defendant could ' not dispute anything literally until: ailed upon In plead tifte i Indictment t lea i f not guilty w uld ut iu issue mere I) the qiie-tion of guilt nnd would in t uvt'ssarily dispute every fact attempted to lm nrovml t tho iop'e for the purnsn of pjtibllshlng guilt So tint ordl- t liurilv thero v uild bn no m re u disputed ( writing upon tlm tnal or unlndl tment. whlln tlm pi uptn woro giving their t vld'tien In elilef. tliun beforo tlm Grand lurv whero tho Indict luent wus found 1 hcrOvus elouly a ills, tuteq wilting lefoiu the tirilid lilt) within i tlm meaning of tho statute the address upon ? the poison i ickiiue "Whlln tho statute Is entitled 'an act to t nnifiidtlioliw nt evuleine .u,. I'letlte on thll and criminal trills' et l.i tint bmly of , stitlon 1 thn linguagn used Is hi all trials an t lirocsedingi',' nnd 1 uinn it liellete the I egis jature Intf tided to limit the rule ut mliierm,. to 'i trials ns dlstlngui-he i f r m otliti legnl hen ings whern eMdiui e was i iln cin 1 here in Q iiiiuiv such lieiiuiiLs iu ehll mutters and in criminal also corunis In tuesis. prsilin- . Iiiar) examinations and liciiiings before Giand ' Juries ( "lho moro troul 'esimo suggestion is the i third out', tint Ibeiels tn t mrt present At h hearings bef in in cnl lune-tto ,, tormlne whether Jthe stamluids nought to I r used f r ' lomparliou am proved to Its si Isfa tion to be genuine It Is well t iiudt rsi tnd what power and duty inn given to and impotid utsm the e urt by thl statute I he ( urt mi trials s to determine all tho questions of liw The jury am the sols judges of .the facts I nder this statute the court is given thu power and has tho duty of determining .In.the first In. ttaace, whether it Is satlsfltd the standards ' ii t