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II r THE SUN, FRIDAY, APRIL 28, 1809.
la i ii .i i ' ' . ' i ' FRIDAY. AI'IIITj 28. 18WI. Subscriptions by Mall, l'nitpield. HAtlX per Month 0 BO DAILY, per Veer i OO era Bl'NDAY, per x.esr 2 00 y PAII.VAn Rt'NPAY, per veer . H OO fjjji 1M1LY AND Bt'NDAV. per Monlli 70 Ova Postage to foreign countries sdded jjjif Tug Bu, New Tork city. fjlf riMS-KIOsijue N'o, IS, nesr Grand Hotel, and sir. KlosqueN'o. 10, lkiulavsrd des Cjnirlnn. if; j'd. , iur fritrvU icso favor ui vit manuicnpti for ' . , puMfraHon veil to ears rejected ariicltl rtturnrj, thru ijjy muil in all cases nnd ttanpi for that puriiou. 'i Ii This a Civilized State? jtt Wo undertook to mnko extracts from f,m Georgia and South Carolina papers descrlb- j ieff particularly tho mutilation nnd buiti- 1 J5 lng; of the, negro Sam Hohk or Holt at h'e w- 'S nan, in Georgia, last Sunday, but when wo ! ffl had accumulated them thoy wore) bo lion 1- iSB ble that it -would havo been an outrage on ,& the sensibilities, tho very decency of elvll- j E lied peoplo to print tucui. jlj The tortures Inflicted on tho negro beforo ! J$ he was burnod at the stako were never ox- iS ceeded in savago ferocity by Comanche In- 1 1, dlans, and they were mado tho moro awful 1 & becauso of tho greater intolllgcnco of the i torturers. As tho savage, work proceeded a J I crowd of two thousand peoplo, composed IB largely, as wo aro told, "of all tho fanners S who had recolved word that tho burning Mi was to tako place," watched its every detail H with absorbing Intorestnnd without u sound lull ' protost, but rather with unanimous ap- fj proval and many expressions of delight. lM When it waa dono, this is what happened, according to tho report in tho Charleston I Evening Post t A "Esfore th body u cool it wi cut to pieces, th H i bond irtr crushsd Into small bits and even the tre Ii opon which the writch mtt hit fate waa torn up and j disposed of uaourenlra, The negro's heart was cut IE la ssveral places, M waa alio hla llvsr. Those un- V kbit to obtain theaa ghastly relics direct paid their ?jj men fortunate potaeaaora extravagant auma for i if them Small pieces of bone went for 3f centa and i"jj Ml of th liver crisply cooked sold for 10 cents. The f9 crowd fought for places about the smouldering tree, -Y and with knives secured such places of his esreass Ij as did not fall to pieces. The chain waa severed by jjl kammsrt, the tree chopped down and with eucu j j plscss of the firewood as had not burned were car- J ft risd away u souvenirs." ijl During tho progress of the burning, as i II we are told f urthor : im ,fE " Th road for half a mile on each side of the jl burning netro waa black with conTeyancet, and -IK was almply Impassable. The crowd aurrounded the I W stake on all sides, but none of those nesrer than 100 feat of the centre were able to see what was jl folngon. Yell after yell went up and the progress 13 of the flames was communicated to those In the 1st rear by shouts of the eyewitnesses." 3 These people, it must bo remembered, 'M were not hoodlums of n. great city, but wero li drawn from tho countrysldo, from adjacent g villages and farms, and wero fnlrly repie- ' M sentative of tho wholo rural population of ij Georgia. Wo need say nothing more. Tho Signal Service in tho War, K Oneof tho mobt interesting reports in tho 8 volume lately published by tho AVur Ue- M partment is tho account given by Gen. j H A- w- Oreely, tho Chief Signal Officer, of , jR tho work performed by ills corps down to H Sept. 3b, 1808. No part of tho army had I M its field of operations and sphere of useful- J ncssso much expandod by tho Spanish- i m American war, for, whllo our military ; 1 forces, considered as a whole, wero In- i M creased about tenfold, the Slgnul Corps had , R to bo enlarged moro than tweutyf old. V H Tho approach of tho contest found tho ij eight anllablo ofllooiB and fifty men of tho l'9 Signal Corps ocatteied from Oregon to ill Texas In tho South and to New York in tho jlj East. Theoretically thero should havo jjMj been, also, a leservo foicoof 4."4 ofllceis ijl and 1,810 enlisted men in tho lino of the ''jl army, from which slgnallsts nnd tolegra- Ml pliers might bo drawn for campaign vork. !f As a mnttoi of fact, only seven addltionnt ofllcers and about fifty partly trained men K were obtalnnblo from tho regular aimy, and theso had to be taken from commands K which had no hopo of service In tho H Held, for, when n clmnio to fnco ft tho enemy is offered, tho line soldier Is un- i willing to leavo blsconuadesforstulTduty. I Even tho act passed by Congress for the ! organization of a volunteer army failed, i through oversight, to ptovldo for electrical I work on tho pait of volunteers, and tho Si Chief Signnl Officer was obliged to nsk for iK special legislation. This whs bpiurcd In ii' acts approved May 18 nnd July 7, 1808, If' which contemplated a coips rompilhing H 138 officers and 1,115 men. Thero wero H' never In actual hervice, lioU'ei, at any ff j one time, more than 1 15 officers and about '. 1,000 Boldlets. It was provided ly law jlj that two-thirds of tho ofllceis and enlisted Ij men should be skilled eleetrleluns or teleg- !' raphors. In pursuanco of tho aim Implied I; in this condition, tho original selections fot H field offlcers were, without exception, hlgh- ly trained ofllcers, thoroughly skilled in the gig : specialties of tho corps, and thesuboidluuto m, officers chosen had been omployed in clue- fill trical pursuits or in similar occupations H' in civil life. Some fourteen highly edu. catcd and trained enlisted men, llist- i class Sergeants, wero promoted to be Second II' Lieutenants. Tlie methods of selection i reduced to a minimum tho number of ap pointments based on political iulluenco. The work performed by thn Signal Corps in the Santiago campaign may ho compie hended undor two muln hendt-, namely, tho rearrangement and Installat Ion of moans of electrical communication whoroby tho Wm w Department was brought as near to tlio W army as though tho operations hud Wn Uwr conducted at tho dlstanuo of 100 miles in- Hf etead of 1,500; Becondly, tho signal vvoik lh pioper, involving communications elec- trlcnl and other, between tho commanding Ij' General of tho Fifth Army Corps, his dlvl- 3 Blon and brigade commauders, tlm tiaus- f' ports, the vessels convejlng supplies and ra the cooperating ships belonging to tho K? navy. It was, also, of obvious importance i to cut off tho Spanish nuthoiitles In ','L Cuba from communication with Madrid. ,! This was accomplished, except In the Ijgj case of one cable which could not IB be found, either by tho seveilng of ca- bles, or by tho enforcement of strict mlll- fjii tory censorship upon nil despatches sent jf over tho submarine lines. As for tho utll- !j ity of the war balloon used at Santiago, tho LB Chief Signal Officer considers that this was R? fully demonstrated by tho ofllcial lepoits, J and he disclaims on tho pail of the cot ps Kj, any responsibility for the fait that tho bnl- B loon was kept unused on shluloard foi n R week, aud was, subsequently, lined on tho 1.3 Bkirmleh line, where it is hitlil to havo 1 caused loss to tho troops bydlscloiiig their m movements. Gen SiiArTKii, conimamling e" the Fifth Corps, says, In Ids Indorsement of Bj the report of Licut.-Col. Masfield, that tho service rendered by tho balloon detach ment, as well as by tho wholo Signal Corps, was satisfactory. Afterthosuircndcrof Santlagotho Inbois of the Signal Coips wero largely Increased, foi tho icasou that tho telegraph lines In tlio eastern section of Cuba, us, Indeed, In almost tlio wholo of tho IhIuikI, woio tho pioperty of Spain. Whatever was to be tho iilllmnlo policy of tho United States with refcienci) totho telegraph system In Santi ago province. It had to bo Immediately put In good condition for military purposes. V similar oiirso was later pursued with legaid to tho Hues In the centinland west ern puits of tho island, tlio lesult being that theaiiangemeuts fur telegraphic com munication nio now moio extensive and cflklent t hull any that Cuba evnrbefoio possessed. It Is estimated that between 1100 and :ioo men of tho Signal Coips mo needed to caro for and opernto tho Cuban lines tequlicd for tho military administration of tho island. In Poito Itko practically tho sumo conditions ob tain. There, also, tho tolegiaph nnd tele phono lines weio tlio pioperty of Spain, hut now belong to tho I'nlted States. Tho task of governing Porto Itlco with a small mllltiuy foico Is, of course, greatly facilitated by prompt and trust worthy means of telegiaplilu commu nication, and Major-Gen. HnooKi, when In commaud, repotted that 100 men of tho Signal Corps wero necessui y for tho per manent (garrisoning of tho island. As at present I'm to ltlco is only i cached over tlio cables of the West Indies and l'annma Cablo Company, an English corporation, Gen. GiiEEr.Y lecommended in the leport beforo us that it should bo connected by a deep sea cablo from Mayuguez with tho Cuban system at Santiago. Immediately utter tho captuio of Cavlte, four signal ofllcers, famlllat with tho Span ish language, and six enlisted men wero despatched to Manila, and, after tho organ ization of tho Volunteer Signal Corps, nn additional force of thirteen ofllcers and 110 men waa sent thither. A war cable was speedily laid between Cavlto nnd Manila, nnd telephonic und telegraphlo communi cations wero established and malntalnod botwoon tho headquarters of the command ing General nnd his detached commands and depots. As tho army moved forward tho Signal Corps carried to tho advanced stations Its telegraph lines, and repaired them undor the. After tho occupation of Manila the Manlln-IIong Kong cable was lepalred and reopened for uso several days In advance of the expected time, without awaiting the arrival of an English cablo ship. Thero seems to havo been a mlsappiehen sion touching tho exercise of a censorship ovcrtho pi ess by tho Signal Corps during tho war. Gen. Gm.Er.Y loports that ho carefully refrained from interfeilng with tho publication of newspaper matter in tho United States, although The Sun Press As sociation and many leading journals fie quently expiesscd their willingness to foiego tlio disclosure of any Information that might bo detrimental to tho success of military operations Tlio only censoi ulilp exercised by tho Chief Signal Officer was over such cables nnd hind telegraph lines as were mllltuiily occupied. In tnunv of these cases tho tllieit Inspection of mes sages was Intrusted to the Mipciintoiidents under tho general supervision of anoffltcr of tho Signal Corps. Tho Interests of tho United States wero thus subserved, whllo tho privacy of tho affairs of tho company was shielded from intrusion Tho next report of tho Signal Office will bo awaited with curiosity, owing to tho 1m poitnuce of tho question raised by tho Eastern Cable Company, which has put for ward a claim to a long extension of Its franchise, based on a concession secured fiom tho Spanish Government after tho oiitbieuk of the wai. Austrlu. Whilo it Isttue that Austnu 1 outwaidly less unsettled now tlinn at any moment dining tho pust tluee yeais, thoso who fol low tho politics of tho dual monaidiy know well enough tho delusiveness of thu present enlin. It. must not ho supposed le cnuso Vienna is quiet, bemuse the Liuiguugo otillnaneesaio less talked of, because tlio tlseal wai fai e bet w ecu Austria und Hungni y hos como to a temporal. v end, that tho crisis which heems to hang ovei theiealm of tho Hnpsburgs has, theiefore, been averted. The prorogation of tho Kelt lis lath has not caused the ngltntion to cease. It has merely seutteiedlt among the conn tty districts and piovlnelul diets, wheie, though less notlc ed, It Is not less Insistent. Fiom all piutsof tho Austilan half of tho leulm, fiom Ilohemlu, Styrla, Oallela, oven fiom tho loal Tyrol, como reports of dis content und uniest, which threaten, when tho Helchsrnth reassembles, to upset the Thun Ministry, and which may easily lead to vet giuver consequences. The real quest ion nt the bottom of all tlm c ommottons that have clistuilied the lelgu of Fltwi ih.Iosm'H is this: Is Austria to boGcimuncu Slav i Is It to bo a centiul bed State with German low, tho Geimaii language and Gennan ideas of government paramount thioughout, oi Is It to lueak up Into u nuniliei of semi-independent provinces, clulnilng un equal hiatus with Austilu pioper and iiiledhy the nationality that picdoinliiates In each piovlneo? That Is the pivotal point of all Austilun politics, the gieat question to which nil other ques tion of language) u icllglon mo sub sliliiuy It Is not a stiugglo between Ger man intlonnllsui anil the Catholic Church, noi between tho Geimuu laugunge and tho (Vech, mil between two opposing forms of government, but something fm moii) vital nnd tompielieuslve, n racial Btiiiggle between Teuton and Slav, into whli h nil the blttcinesses thut arise fiom dlffeiences of hpeech, icllglon, instinct and Ideas have been pieelpltnleil Less than thlltv-tlve .veaisago the whole of what Is now the dual unman hv was governed ficiiu Menmi unilei it I igld svs teiu of Get mint nb-olutNni One-hulf of that nhcendanc v was lost when the Hun gailans tegaliied theii old Independence, und from the moiul effects of that sullen del the Germans ncvci seem to havo le eoveied wholly. "I lis. it inllueneo ovei tho Clnlelthnn hulf of tho momnehy bus been lowl sapped nwuy, llrst b tho Poles, who now inleGallcIn pretty much as they wish, anil, epioiidlv by tho Ceehs, who huvo agitated without censing foi home into in lioheniln The reason, oi one ieupn at least, for tho declining authority of tho Get iuhiis lb that tlio nationalities surioundlng them hnvo advanced little, If nt all bevond the primi tive inclnl Idea This, whllo It retards tbeli development In many was gives them foi ceitnlu put poses puitlculaily for purposes of agitation, an Immense compnitnct.-. and stiength. The Czechs net nsn loiporato unit on all political Issues, tho Poles are never anything but Poles, nor tho Kuthenlans anything but Itutheulans. The strength of tlinGermnns, on tho othor hand, la divided among n hundred Issues. Somo make a creed of antl-Semlllsm; Bomo work only forunUersalsulTingo; others nio wholly taken up with lighting the Chinch; otheis with piotcctlng tho Inteiests of tho landowueis. Against tho dashing, Harriett attacks of the Czechs nnd Poles they havo lieen ablo to offer only a weak nnd disunited opposition. As u consoquenco ono conces sion nftor nnolher has been yielded to tlio Slavs, until now Slav Inllueneo threatens to Inundate tho wholo of Austria, Iho bitter st niggles of the past two yeaifl havo miido the Genitalis leallre thut If they aro to copo with their opponents succoasfully they must cense disputing among themselves em small political Issues anil must stand to gether as a ruce. It Is tho realization of this neecifllty that lias given birth to tlio movement known ns Pan-Geimanism. Tho recent and almost universal celebiatlon of Uihmauck'h birth day throughout Gorman-spenkliig Austria shows tho depth nnd strength of tho now feeling. Pnn-Ocrmanism alum not only at tho solidarity of tho Germnns In Austrln, but of all Germnns; In other words, It Is ti ylug to pavo t ho way for tho admission of German Austilu into tho emplio of tho IIoheii7ollcrus. Tho union of Austria with Piussla has for muuy yearb been nihocnted by n small knot of statesmen In Vienna ns tho only posslblo bulwark against tho ad vance of tho Slav. One great difficulty stands In tho way of their success. Tho Austrian (lei mans nio mostly Catho lics, nnd thero Is no lenson to bellovo Hint Kaiser Wimiki.m H. Is at all anxious to Incieaso tho alieady ptepondeiatlng power of tho Catholic Centro in tho IteieliBtagby lecelving into ids emplio soveinl million subjects of tho same teligloii. I'lom this dllemmu there Is but ono escape -tho con version of tho Germans In Austria to Prot estantism, and this means of escape Is being widely adopted. "Away from Komo" Is tho watchword of tho new Pan-Germanism. Uhere Is no moio interesting movement In Europe to-day than tills secession of tho Gei man-speaking Austriaus from tho Catholic Church for political nnd nationalist purposes. It is made tlio moie easy becauso tho priesthood has always Bet Itself against German 11b erallbm and encouraged tlio encronohments of tlio Czechs upon Gennan authority. Pan-Germanism has foi Its main object tho preservation of the German element In Austria. If this can bo effected by putting ullnal stop to Slav concessions tlio move montmay die away without f uither results. If it cannot and tho time, for such a pos sibility seems to havo pussod-lt Is not unlikely that the assistance of their breth ren across tho border will bo steadily ap pealed for. What Is certain Is that tho Iov alty of tho Germans to tho House of Hnps burg Is slialned almost to bieaklng point, nnd that somo conspicuous net of fuvor Is necessary to keep It intact. Nor Is this the only dlllluilty tho Mlnlstiy will hnvo to faco on the meeting of the ltelchs lath. In nil puits of Austila, In Gnllcla especially, therols thesoverest agilcultuial distress, with Its usual accompaniment of political di-content. Tho count ty is still being gov ei tied, Illegally, as the Gentians contend, under nil emergency paiuginph in the Constitution. Tho flscnl lelatlons be tween Austila und Hungary nio not vet on u satisfactory basis, und bevond tho boi deis of tho realm im Germany und Russia, awaiting tho outcome with moto Intel est and anxiety than It Is politic to show. The Urookljti Wuter Front. Notable among the speeches nt the Five dinner was that of Senntor Pi.vrr, pointing out that the shoio rights In Xew Voik harbor havo been boenielessly dealt with that now, unless greut expense Is inclined, "tho lirookhn bhoro is all wo huvo left for the entertainment of the big ships of tho future." Tho Now Jersey front Is taken up with railroads; a large pint of tho Manhattan Island front with ferries and small steam boat companies, so that for tho blgllneisof the futuiowo must look to "that strip of llrooklyn shore line w hie h It Is oiirboundeii duty toptoted and Improve, until, from tho walled heu lino to tho open ocean, them shall bo a depth of vvutei great enough ut any condition of tho tide, and utuny hour of tho twenty-font, for tho accoiiiniodation of tho biggest things alloat." It happened that on that veiy day bids wero opened foi the elredglug of the liny ltidgo and Itod Hook chminels, wide h will provide tho impiovuiii.mt spoken of. Wo naturallylook ut theworkon tho Kust Chan nel, fiom tho Nnirows to tho deep ben, as tho ciownlng fcatuio of the Now Yoik hni borlmprovementuuthoriedby tholatoCon giess, In acknowledgment of which the din ner to Senatoi FitVE was given. Anil this Is tho eoirect view, not onlv becauso that is tho most costly Item In the bill, but because a change which Is to mnko tho East Instead of the Main channel the chief highway for tiniisatluutio toitimeico is of vast impoi tniii e. Yet the aecompanv lug Improvement on the lliooklvn sliciie also desci ves utteu tlon, und is full of piomise. 'Hie depth iiuthcu bed for tho Hay ltidgo and lted Hook channels in fcutv'feet, oi tlio bimo gieat depth piovldeel feu the East Channel, whllo the sum of $100,000 fot lieglnnlng tho vvoik was voted outilght, with toutiuits nutlioii7ed to the extent of 1 400,000 foi completing It. The ie suit will be to givo a fiuty-foot depth f Him tho llrookln water fiont to tlm deep sen, In connect ion with the East Channel. Tho Hay ltidgo und lted Hook channels will not In) as wide us tho I'.ust Channel vvlilih must nccominodatu ves-els going to und fiom all purts of tlio upper hnthoi, hut tliey will bo much wider than at piesent, unci of ample capacity In every way. ASe may expect, when thu e haiinels uio dredged, to seo capacious waiehouses and othei striatums going up on the Biookhn fiont, width will then pei form a gieat pail In the acccim moclntloii of the deepest-elinught vessels of the liansatlantle tinde. The British Pacific ( able. 'I he postponement of out Hawaiian cablo pioji'ct ut tho late session of Congiess al lowed the Ihlttsh Government to lake tho leadership again with its own scheme of a line between Ciinnduniid Atistinlln.nnd this It has dono by deciding to grant the subsidy recommended unilei the plan of infill. Wo aio likely, therefoie, to tint) two systems of dliect telegiaphlciommunlciitloii whom now we havo none. Piactically, however, this lesult would doubtless have been In ought nbout even had Congress piovided fot n,llne to Hono lulu and thence to. lupnn Tho llrltish un dei taking Is avowedly based on strategic ns well ns commercial consideration, nnd It was on such grounds that nn imperial sub sidy was asked for and conceded. It tins been remarked by the Loudon Tunr that, by paying a subsidy Instead of sharing in the affair on the same tci ms as the Domlnlou and tho Australian colonics, the Imperial Gov ernment seems to forego all right to a sliaro in any profits ; but that Is an addi tional proof that It tloes not regard tlio project simply ns nn Investment. Its pro posed i onto fiom New Zealand thiough tho Fijis nnd Fanning Island to Vancouver Is chosen with nvlew to having tho Intel mediate stations on llrltish soli, so settling Itscontiol for mllltaiy, uuvitl and ndmlnls tiatlvo purposes. Our line, which will tako In Hawaii and then Gunm and tho Philippines, council lug finally with Japan and China, will appeal to tho Government on llkogiouuds, whllo on Its commercial side tho advan tages of tho direct connection with Asia nio manifest. Wo shall undoubtedly, theie fore, push itltend with our own plans, Inde pendently of tho British project. This last, wo may add, has been under consldeintlon for more than a dozen years. Tlio London conference of 1887 was fol lowed by tho Ottawa eonferenco of n few years ago, and tho difficulties wero gicnt of ut lunging on what teims tho Australian, Canadian and Impel ltd Governments should tnkopiiit. Then tho lack of knowledge of the sen floor between Vnncouverand tho Fl Jisatid thefcarof ecu al formations and pos sible submutlno volcanic disturbances weio diawbaeks. Queensland and New South Wales, perhaps getting tiled of thodelnys, aided n few yeais ago in subsidizing a French cnblo from tho former to New Cale donia. Howover, tho llrltish prolcct now seems to bo well started, and may furnish u stimulus for our own, when Congress tukes up tho nubject next winter. Tho question of private or public owneiBhlpot tho c ablo will bo ono of tho first and funda mental points then to considei. The I'rofesilonul Gerinan-AiiicrlcaiiR. In St. Louis on Wednesday Dr. Emu, PlttETintlUH of tho Wentl!clie I'unt colled to gether a fovv editors of tho suedes torn monly styled "German-American," and ho und they adopted lesolutlonsas follows: 1. Denouncing tho "systematic) nnd un Intcirupted elToits" of malicious persons to destioygood will between the United States nnd Gcimnny. I. Pedaling that Geimnny not the flist to acknowledge tlio supiomacy of tho United States In tho Philippines, and, there fore, "lias no unfriendly intentions and no deslro to opposo us In tho Orient." It. Protesting against tho "falsehoods and iutiigues which nro Intended to Inter iiiptiu tho Intei est of England tho friend ship between tho United States and Ger mnny." I Declaring that "Gerinnn-Amerlcnn cit izens btnnd almost unanimously against milltnilsm nnd impel lallsm." Dr. PliLEToitii's represents in Missouil journalism veiy much the same ideas and puiposes ns havo distinguished the policy of Heir OTTr.suoltFr.il In Now York Joui iiullsm, and of the Hon. Cutl, Sc'llUU. In lhetoilcal stutesmunshlp. They unci men like them hnvo a personal or peciininiy Interest In keeping ullve tho distinction lietween American citizens of Get man blith oi descent nnd other Ameilcan cit izens. They piiiilish newspapeis pilnted in tho Gennan luuguage, und mo luseis when the ' (ieiinnn-Ameilcun " e itloii leuins to legaid himself simply us an Ameiicntt citizen, without any quallfing pielh '1 hoy seek political office on tho Btiength of tholi supposed Inllueneo with u so-called Gel man vote, und nio tho losers whencvci the German vote is merged in the Ameilcan vote nnd cllsnppeuis us a separate entity. They mo tho professional (ieimnu-Aiueiicuiis. If they did not make It t hell business to insist upon using that term on ull oc c usioiis us if It desciibcel a distinct tluss of American iltlens, with opinions and lutetcsls apait from the rest, we should heat mile h less about " Gc rman Ameilcanisin" than we do r Pm tToitirs nnd his Pteetonans need not be coiiieiiii'd about the friendly rela tions between this lountiyaiiil Germ.iuv. Mho natuiul ties between two gieat torn meuial countilesat pence) uio too iiuuiei oiibnnd stiong and the countless inteiests making foi good will ate too c losely Intel woven, to admit foi nn instant the idea that wo am not still Geimnnvs ft lend nnd she nut on is, in spite of the nniiovnni es und exaspeiullons eif iccent Incidents of fiii Hon 'I his l elation of filonillinessdoo-. not need the suppoit of icsoliitlons fiom any piofes blonnl Geiman-Amerlcnu whntsoevei. As to the dungets of mllltailsiii nnd Im pel lallsm which the Hon Cutr, Sciiuit. ami Di. Km ii, FiiFhiomrs pieteud to foresee and deplom, they me Inslgnilleant ns com puted with tho dnnger that links In tho spirit of sop.nutism and double-faced pa triotism which tho professional Germnn Amerleans find a profit In cultivating. The Pushing of the Small Canal. 'I he New York Assembly on Monday passed a bill to allow tho Delnvvnio and Hudson Canal Company to abandon its canal tunning fiom Kingston, on the Hudson, to tlioPeniiMjIvnula coal Holds Several other canals between tho Pennsvlvunla ioal Holds and ilvei navigation or tido water huvo been abandoned, owing to the giout cheapness of rallroud fielghtnge, which is much less than u cent u mile nttui. Some of tho canal companies gave up the sttugglo after veiy little effott, but tho Delawuio und Hudson Company mado a btuidy elTcut to stem tho tide of lallroad competition Hut the time lias come when small cnu.dboats and small canals do not pay In thisiountiy. .Small canals In Euiopo si 111 pay because they uio not ciowded out of business by evtieinely low freight charges such us havo made Vmeilcnii lallroads unrivalled In the hlstoiy of land tianspoitatlon. Tho United Kingdom's netwotkof canals, I), HOD miles long, bilugs ull pails of tho country Into water communication with tho four great ilvei HVstenis, tlio Huinbei, Mersey Thames und Severn Cuniils and canalized rivers couvcigo fiom all sides on Purls, and tho H.ooo miles of canals In France men most piomliientfactoi In theeountrv's 8,000 miles of navigable vvalotwnvs. Canals mo far mote Impotttint In the Internal communi cation of France, Germnny and Holland than of Great Biltaln, whem railways havo made Inrge iinoads cut their business, and they will nlvvnys tin ivo where slow transit Is no objection nnd inllrnad freight lates do not compete. Hut small canals do not fit Into tho scheme of colossnl enterprises which nio now thn i hnracterlstln fenturo of Ameilcan pi ogress. 'I he reasons why the Soldiers and Snllots' Monument should not be placed In the Filth avemio Plaza nt Hfty-nintli street have beon often heard and nro conclusive, and they hare alwajH prevailed Hut they aro apparently beyond the comprehension of the monument promoters, and consequently there In a per blbtcnt endeavor to overthrow them by per suadlne the Legislature to lend a hand. The latest effort of this tort, represented i HHUHOMH Senate bill 5Rr. aealnst which the Flno Arts Federation have protested, alms ntouttlng un der tho Art Commission established by the Greater New York oharter for the ordorlyand onllnhtened development of New York's juibllo art, this tribunal of course being opposed to the placlnnof tho monument In the 1'lara. It Is a low sort of job and ought to be beaten Mr. Moses Oppenheimeii writes to x plaln lo us how probably It came about that the Snr lot A. Tiilninr and tho Arraiuo ltt both located the Gorman ond of tho proposed now cubic at "Ems, a town and watering place In the province of Hesso-Nnssau, Prussia, near Coblonz" Mr OrrEMiEiMcn's theory Is that tho original despatch. In mentioning Km a, referred totho ilvor of that name, the mouth of which would be a natural lauding place for a cable: and that some young person who had heard ot tho Inland Ems. but did not know the river, padded the despatch in a manner to pro duce tho ridiculous statement already noted. Wo confoss that wo had suspected that such might be the enoe lint wo are mystified still further when so acuto a crltlo and distin guished a geographical expert as Mr Moses OrPENiiEiMEn goes on to sa : " Hiil the ynanu man looleel at lilt Gernun geog raph) he would have funnel tint there is alio a river Kins, at ttie mouth of likli Is illustcil llrriuerha veil anil a little fnrtliei Inland Premen, two places not i ntlrely foreign to maritime eutrrprines It Is manlfritl) thin rtvr that Is tolw the tenrlmtaof the new transatlantic- cubic- Thore U iiolhltiit Inoou unions about surh a location is fsr as I can see. Please prick, the bubble." llronierhavenon thn Fms' Ilremcn on the Ems? lVrliaps Mr Orrr.stiElMrn, nlso, had better look at his German geography. The new Chnli of Politics In riinceton University has been endowed handsomely by an unnnmod friend of the Institution and pro moter of the liberal art Tho llrst Princeton Professor of Politics will bo elected In June Can there bo any doubt as to who tlio Profes sor w ill be ' It Is n happiness to know that Mi. Joseph Cook lias again tnken his sent upon tho Intellectual throne in lloston. It behooves the universotoglrd up Its loins nnd attend to business strictly. There is a suspicion that discipline has been permitted to grow lax dur ing the absence ot Mr Cook from his platform unci towor of outlook. All may again bo well. If ho resumes his habits of inspection and supervision. Tlio SI. I.ohih Hrpublic reports that the sagos who havo charge of tho Anti-Trust Ban quet which is to bo eaten in Bt. Iiouls next month "bavonn ndeqtiato grasp of the scopo aid Importance of tlio function " Evactlv. Cheap food and cheap talk. And the Trusts areexpected to fall at tho sight of a lot of Dem ocrats full of dinner and remarks. " SJ.O ASIUM." The Wonderful Success of tlm American Jockey nn the l.'ngltsli Turf. Jrom tht Lnndon ,porling CAiemicc Nine limes from ten the Engllnta people sre right lu their juditmenli unless they come under the sway of nnreisonlDR prejudice And they have proved themselves riijbt overRloau, Tiro seasons so a quiet, unsssumlng little fellow, with sn Intensely pale face-emphaslred bj his black hair and piercing daik ejes, possessed, p parentl, of onl a fragile frame came anions us, and he was knoicn as Sloan Of all sections of ho clety the Knullsb turfmau Is the moat conservative. Theiefore the stranger, with his new fangled seat and other lilioj ncraejci, was not to the taste of the public, which can unthinkingly be cuttingly cruel sloan, forsooth' "A monkey up a click' ' "More. Ilkd to fill off than sit on' We nam nn lessons from thn kankeca' And so fcrth Hut Kloan. though he iutit 1is)l Hinted under the criticisms, made no sign tie ha 1 eomn to rngland to prove his irrit anil he has overcome a wall if prrjud'ce that seouie d lmj arable Kven at this daj.when Slosn Is surrounded by peopls who uoiild not look at him sssjoike) In those Oi tober dacs of "n", I cannot but admire his Indomitable spirit Ho would not bi beaten down lu "Idle clamor" Hal he lost tho Cambridge shin" Well and good. He would show how Cam bridgeshire could be won, and before the week ended he a eleiated in the ejesof the people Stolid stern folk stool aloof llut the peopletlocked round him as tin-Israelites of old did round a new I lol on occasions An I w ho shall arte l sm h a lajite if time aeek to recall the deafening cheers that roused half Mum bestir on the anal day of the sea son wheu he rode Muuimau, 1 e lavelot, Martha IV and llavelaw c astle to success, and finished seconit lu the big race on heenai ' Since then Rloaulsm has been a prevailing realtor of the pur. llellef In hla lnfalllbllit has become an article of fnlth with thousands Soi Ii It as though he ha 1 hlshoiei pltknl out for him Lousiler the last of the wretched s log. Iat vear he ran eleven tlme,nnd missed a bracket 8 soon as Hloau wai In the saddle he e an tiled home from Hermlston, Ihe Ilei-ve, aud mau another He ran again on two missions nowhere Iteassoclatiou with slonu Ibis afternoon meant vic tor) How tan the thing in ordinary reason be ac counted fort We all keip on sac lug, ' It cannot last' ' llut it has lasted through the threo poitlons of three years that slcun has been lu our midst And j et there is a luipllclt in bis at) le He keeps a borsci ciulit at tho post, gets well awai.audthe trick Is done, turn, for example, to to da s re pints "Swirl iiulckly drew out "St la cut out the work,' "Vw Metis soon held a clear lead" "Vueenof Soug was cloeel) followed by Sea Kog ' IleMrlption of races will soon be thilds work, as thus "Sloan got well awaj, made all tin running, and won be so-aud so ' ir this repeated eiperience does not teach our Joekejs a lesson thev hair onlj themselves to blame With Sloan on the warparti raies must be ruu st top speed rrom stsrl to finish It csduoI be that "rod ' Is always ou the fastest hotse It must be that he makes the most or his opportunities, be the) what they may. hlTTI EDRCM. llir Horror nt the South. To tht FniTon or Tur fits Vir 'lue horrible nature or the incidents connectsd with tho recent limbing in the South evidences thn necessity or a suitable control being placed upon a community that allows such acts t) be committed In the midst or them, K it Is possible, I safest that the proper measure would tie to place such a community under the rule or martial law and to disenfranchise. Ha citlrens until such time as tbey were purged or their contcmi t or lawful authnrlt) i. ', until such time as the offenders were delivered up to Justice, and the remaining citlrens asserted their intention to comply wltli the milling laws governing Ihe matter. l'liu aiin mis, April ar, el o, Ijiuui, Some Diplomatic tfltlre. Saw wood, i r men who led the way, In Cuba and Manila lla, Who filed the starry Banner where It will forever clear the air, Who added newer, brighter fame l.i all the glories of our name, Who make tbekankee nation great, lake heed by Captain Coghtau a fate of what v ou ve seen snd done and heaid knit hadn t better aay a word Saw wood Saw wood ye men behind the guns, W ho slammed the shot ami shells by tons At forts and ships until their souls Kscsped through numerous large sired holes, W ho bsnged away and kept their stand Till et erj thing on sea and land That even thought to make a fight W as utterly knocked out of sight, or what ou'v e seen snd done and hear 1 koti hadn t better aay a word Saw wood raw wood semen who fought like h , Anil want to come baik home and tell How kankee spirit, Yankee nerve flnt nn to eer crook and curve Ot open and or secret roes. And b) their skill snd by their bl iws Put t'tirle Hsm wbero he could he The steel tlsd master or the sea, Of what you've seen snd done and heard, nil hadn t better aay a word Saw wood, Saw wood r great, saw wood, je small, Saw wood, ye fighters, one and all. Don't ia a word, although ou coul 1 Ha) many that would stir the blood, T he msn who s ssfe In sit he ssys Keeps still in forty lsngusges. Vou'vedone ourrtuty as yon should, And now saw wood, ssw wood, saw wood. Bay, don't you know where you are at I A. fighter Is no diplomat, vf, ;, L. JltT NOTES. The I.otos Clnb Kxhlbltlnn-Plctures nt Mac beth' Onllery. Tho Lotos Club gallery Is filled with a very Interesting lot of pictures from tho collection of Mr. Cnthollnn Iimbert. Tho exhibition will he open to visitors provided with cards of admission from to-morrow until tho middle of next week. Tho aatlerv, with tho twenty-four pictures by old painters, many of them soberlv i colored portraits, prosonts nn nttrnctlvo ap pearance The frames. It may bo remarked In patslug, nro excellent In tone nnd doslgti. There aro two groups of landscapes with threo or four genro subjects plauod at tho onds of tho room, but it Is not In theso that thcio Is ptoasuro to bo found, for with the posslblo ex ception of tho Van floyon (No lit) thoro Is little to attract in these conventional, untruth ful old canvas by such men as Itursdael, Van tier N'eer, W. II, Cromo, Joseph Rtannnrd, Thomns Darker. Molcnaer, nnd Cuyp That they ate old and sombre and odd is about all that there is to be said of them On the other hand, the collection ot portraits is full of Interost Nothing in tho gal lery excels in technical merit or In beauty of aspect tho "Portrait of the Duko of Wellington," No. I, by Sir Thomas Lawrence. The subject Is painted In three-eiunrters length In full uniform and cloak of dark blue. One band holds a lleldglass. and In the right of the canvas, on a table or chair beslele tho figure, appears the ehnpenu with feathers of white and red. In color and In moelellliiK It Is of tho llrst order, and In general aspoct It Is upromoly dlgnlllod nnd sympnthct e A sec ond canvas hi Lawrence. "Portrait ofn Lndy," No. 14, a blond woman In emplro gown ot white, b no means ranks with the picture of Wellington. Hy Ilomney, however, thero Is nn excellont work, an oldci ly woman in n gown of blnek and white and gray and a vvhlto cap, "I'm trait of a Lad)," No 15, that mn bo coupled with tho Wellington as fittingly representing thoFng lish school. Thero arn two Van Dykes. "Por trait of a Oentleman," No T). a full-length figure In black, with white ruff, and "Unron Arnold do Hoy," No 8. likewise In black, with ruff, but In throc-iiunrtors length Tlio first Is imposing and of line general effect; tho second Is less convincing, hut Is of agreeable general tono. A very Interesting plcturo Is the "Portrait of a fientleman." No 10. by Van der Heist, nnd another Is the suavely painted, finely drawn "Portrait of a Oontlemftn," No. I), by Cornells Janssens By Francisco Pacheeo thero Is a charming plcturo of n oung woman whoso gown of lilac pink Is elnboratoly trimmed and whoso hair Is dressed with curls In the mode of Henrietta Maria. "Portrait of aIadj,"No 11 A fow other portraits completing the list aro In barman) with thoso principal canvases, but call for no special montlon oxcept lu the case of a hoad catalogued as by Fdnurd Matthew Ward. " Purtralt of Himsolf." No HI It Is llrmlj modollod nnd good in general effect Iho signature, howover. Is plulnlyseen to bo "J. Ward.'' la a sort of monogram, nnd the dato Is 18'iO K M. Wnrcl. It K . was born In Indon in 181(1 nnd died in 1870. nnd this is a portrait of an elderly man, JamosWard.il . , was born in London in 17tl!l and died In IR'0 The portrait In Mr Lnmbert's collection Is ev i dentl) that of Jamos Ward At Mnebetb's gallery In Fifth avenue, near Twents -seventh street, there) is an exhibition of seventeen landscapes b the late Itlehard Pnull Thev are for the most part sotnuwh it Dnublgnj-llke In Intention, andnll nro clover Ono of the most personal works Is "Tho Orovo Field." and two ot the mot attractive aro "On tho Olo" und "Sunset Sketch ' Mr Macbeth has also on v low a small eollietlon of water colors bv Sidney Hlarr, nn Lngllsb artist, at ono tlino itulte celebrated in London, but who has lived lu the I'nlted Slates of Into j ear Ono of tno pictures, "Tho .Signal.' shows a young woman Inn onetlun gown of red hinging upn paper lantern. 'I bo background Is in the stjlo of tho Italian primltlvo luul seape painting Another work. "Whore the VSorld Is Quiet," Is a boskv landscape with two fl cures of bathers b) a pool Whilo tlieon nro natientid artistically attractive, the) aro not so good as the small landscapes pure and simple sue h ns "llelow Zero," n winter ofTect of con siderable foi co and nnMi truth, and "French Mountains, Itosy Snow," wherein the warm pink and vellow tints of an evening skv are delicate and tender and the handling N clever but not obtrusive tiik aitoi: imrmr. A Iteply lo (apt. Illrklilmer's t'lltlc Ism. In tht FniTon or Iiie Sits Sir In s teeent issue of lHFHtiN there appearet a lett-r from tapt. lllrkhlmer or the Third Artillery, In which he com ments lather seveieli ou the late Attor Uatterj as a mlllla-j organiratlon Cipt Ulrkhlmer Is unstlut Ing in his praise or the members or the Utor list tirj for tbe'r soldierly ciualltlts snd personal valor, but his statements .is to tho battery s withdrawal rrom Manila are misleading and place the battery in an entlrel) wrong light beforo the public In his letter, the Captain says that the battery left Manila when hostilities were imminent and when the other Itoopa were preparing to meet the eneiuj, and that the tfceipt or the orders for the batter) to return to the lulled States occsaloned surprise snd discontent smong the troops snd weak ened the prestige of the regular srm) . The facts sre that at the time the I alter) left Manila no trouble waa anUclpated with the natives Lierj thlng was lu a ciuirt and satisfactory condition. There were no fulled states troops in thn trenches, nor were there any military movments going nu e ther than were incident to keeping possession nf Msnils. The Astor Hatter) left Msnlla Dec IS. over a month and a half before the llliplno outbreak W bile the orders for Ihe batter) return mi) hai caused some surprise It did not cause discontent It wss genersll) believed aiming the troops that the batten's recall was the llrst move in a general with drawal of all troops rrom the Philippines that were not intended to form a permsnent garrison Iho volunteers ma) have envied the stor Hatter) for being the first organization to returu to tho United States, hut there was no discontent nor Jealous) ror ther all, at that time, eipee ted soon to follow spt. Ulrkhlmer does not seem to understand thn coniiiosltlon of the Astor Battery, In his letter ho ars that the officers and men were taken lo scire tion rioin the regular service This Is true or the offliers but not or the men. The men were not se lected rrom the rezulsr service, but were rei rulled rrom civil lire into the regnlsr army ror servb elu the Astor Hatter), rhey wero enlisted ror three years, but with thn understanding that nt Ihe closo nt thn war. and on personal application to the War Department, tbey would be entitled to their dls charge rrom the service. Thus the-members of the 1 attery were not nn the ssme footing as tba regular who has enlisted for threo years absolutely, and to all Intents and purposes the) were nothing more than volunteers I therefore fall to see how the re turn of the Astor Hatter) from Manila has In sny sy sffected the prestige nf the regular service The captain ssys thst ' tskeu in its entirety the careerof this battery should serve ss awarulng against the repetlllon'of tho experiment of th tinned States (invernment lending its countensnee to such nrgsnlsatlnns " What thirn is In the careerof thn Astor llattsry that should serve as a warning to the (lov eminent against again accepting the patriotic generosity of its citlrens I sm at a loss to understand The Vstor Hatter) left Manila, not by Its own election but because it waa ordered to do sn Just as any other organiratlon. regular or volunteer would have done under similar orders FrvnitnTvios, Aran :'.. Prliateln the late kstor llattery snlvvy & I'fnlpnry. To THr FniTon nr Inr Hcs Tir M brother In Wlacnniin writes mo that "Okum Rnlvvy has opened s sanitarium at IkeWaWa with Cbarle) r'nlpney ashlssshletsnt ' Chahies Usown f.eorgln. In Oeorgls, the Southern Imperial Btatr, There a a wealth or good things that has made her name great She I as bevies or maidens and matrons as well, W hose rhsrms all the poets on earth lannot tell, She has melons b) millions, whose sweet, luscious red Xew glories on ne Isr ambrosia have shed; She has peaches b csrlnads the finest thst grow, for kitchen tor tsble. tor market, for show. She has Crickers galore, the genuine brand By thousands who make her the one Ct acker laud, She baa pride by the bushel, and all kinds nt wealth. And rarms by tho acre and oceans or health. She has great and small cities, a dozen or more, And tillages, hamlets and towns by the score, She has legions of men of whnie glorious dssds The scholar at school In his history reads. She has myriads of all things wherever we turn, And It seems that she also has niggers to burn. ISBVRASCB PEACE COWWISSIOV. Prussln Sends It to Nee About Hclmt.ite. llient of KJrcteel Coinpnnles. Tho roval commission appointed by the Oovernmen of Prussln to visit the lenillng Amoncan life Insurance companies to de Ids tho mattor ot their readtnlss.on lo that eotin tt , s-vlloJ from Luropo aboard the Ftlrst Ills tnnrck on the -Oth Inst nnd will an ice in Not York fo-diy. 'I ho commission consists of Privy High Councillor ton Knebel Ho berlty and Councillor Marshal von Hcober steln, supervising olllehls of insurance In tlm Priisslnn Interior Department Heforn he jlnnlnc their work In Now York they will co t Washington nnd put themselves In touch with the German Minister In IKi." the Prussian Government Issue I decrees cancelling theeonccsslous under which the Mutual Life nnd tho New orkllfe had been dnlng business In that countr for n nun -bar of years and obliged them to retire 1 he cession to the New kork Life was granted In IH-U and the decree of cancellation coniman I eel tho company to discontinue Its biinlneaMn . Prussia on Nov 1. I8r The Mtl'ual Life s tJ cession was granted In 1HW1 and It was ejected on Sept 1. lNi" Tho leitiitabie Life withdrew voluntarily. Laeh coinPtny bad a laige agem y and flourishing business interests In Prussia 'llielr ejection was attributed to the encv of thu Herman life insutaneu companies Hut it was based upon the allegation that tlici mer can cnmi anlc.H had not compiled with the Prussian requirements In the reports sub mltted to tint Government of their llnniiciil conditions and In their methods of iiiuklug up statements and exhibition of polio ncioiintt nnd liuilnsss balaueo Klu-ets In retaliation kimomI State Department ot Insurance lu tho I'nlteil htntesileiiied the I'm Hiali lire Insurance eoltipanle then domiciled lu litis country tho privilege of doing liuslin-hs within their hoiiinN. in New .orl a law w.i passed which enabled Superintendent Pierce to refuse to license the I rttssiati National ami the Mngdeburg lire to tram, Kt business In this Slate Since that time ropeated effo'lshave Icon made to restore the old state of attnlrs and tlev matter was niaele t lie subject of illplotiiaibi corrunionUenen ' lileomml!on Is the nut come of the correspondence The olnei t oOhls official visit lsnot nn luvexticatlon nf th" llnan clal slnndlng or the pttrul) business methods of the liro insiirinco companies, but tooh-nln Information upon hiu h matters can ha stuilleil anil judged proper!) onlv nt the Imuiih olllces of tho companies 'Ihe expense of the cmnmllou Is I orne wholl) b the Pruslau Government Mff'WV.IVA SPEAKERS!!!!' 1 111 111. He Says Ills Prospects Al e llrlgbJ-I'nns) Mny VMIliclrnu. WvsiiisuTON. April 117. Representative J. S. Shorman of New York was In Wash ington for t few Imam to-dav. In rozanl to his contest for the Hpeakoisblp and his pros pects for success bovvouldsa) nothing evict t that evcrtbliig nus looking blight The Im pression Is gaining groun I that Iiopteeentatlvn Payne will withdraw In favored his colleague, Mr. Sherman will thus have the solid dele gii, tlou of his State, and as bo Is unoi posed hi any enndldnte In thoKnstat Present, with 1 1 if exception of Mr Piine, he v.lll have the bilk ing nf nlinost ull the Ltstern mem bet iteproMentatlvo Cannon of Illinois ha ben panic ularly active mill bus annoiiiu el to his friends that be Ik a liotia-llde eatullelate anil Is In tho race to the end ' Inch? .Inc. ' as he is familiarly known, promises to make a gcnin struggle, nnd, owing to bis long experience and Ills markeel abilities, mm prove a formid able eiuilldnte While bo his no desire to draw any st'iuigth from his colleague, Itepre-i-cntativu Hopkins. Iteproscritatlvo t'nnnon does not think the prosti. cts of either himself or Mr Hopkins will be Injured by presenting to the House it divided delegation from Illi nois On tho contrary this maj prov e a sou rc of strength, as it would deprive the contest of the uppeardtieo of being too much a mutter nflocalll) nnd ma) prevent Uh resolving Itself Into a contest between State delegations or regions lien GroRvenor und Representative Burton appear to think tb it Ohio lias bcon sufficiently loaded with honors during the last few ears, and thev express home ellnlelenco nbout enter ing tho race for the Speakership 'Ihey realire. however, that Ohio holds the balance) of power as between tlmrnst and West, and thercforo the support of tho Ohio delegation Is worth having For this reason thov are carefully re fraining from expressing opinions nnd each Is leservlng his strength In case thereshould be a drift of seiitlnn nt for a dark horse In that event oltber Ilepiesentntlve Grosvcnnr or llurton wnitld expect to be the winner. So fur Representative Hopkins has not visited this city, and, wnlle it Is exppitedhe will eomo hero during tho summer, no tlino Iiub boeu fixed for Ids orrlval SOlDIEltS' JflVIMKVI SITE. Hue rts t-eclernlloii Protests Agnlnst the Plnrn Hill nt lllinny. 'i ho 1 me vrfx l'ecloratlon bus adopted a res olution piotestliig against tho bill Introduced In the I eglshturo b Sen ttor Klsbcrg provid ing that tho Soldiers anil Sailors' Monument be erected In the Plar.i at Fift)-ntnth street iitnl 1 Klh .tvemie, Tho bill was Introduced early In thn seslon. and tho federation took ac tlon fenrlng that an etTort might be made to rush It through ut the last moment. Tho Plan silo was rejected by the edel Municipal Alt lommlssloii The present Art Commission Ins adopted a resolution favoring Mount Tom. nt 1 Iglitv-tblrd street and thn Riverside Drives arid sculptors hnve been Invited to sub mit designs for u memorial to be erected ou that site '1 be proposition to put the monument In thn Plant was negatived in tho last month of Mayor Strong Hudmlnisttatlon. and It would not hnve arisen ngiin were It not for tho persistence of certain la men who caro nothing; about oxpert opinion ,liirjmnn on Slimming Up. To Tiir rmmnorTiu His Sir The editorial of to day in reference to the Court of Appeals de. e lstnn in the Fielding ease raises a ipiestlon ss ti wlielher the loiirtnf Appeals Judges havenotlald too much stress upon the Dlstrut Attoine) ad dress to the Jurj, in su far as Influencing the vir dkt rendered. riiecaseor licldlng wis one which affected th interest of the whole ill) Tho difficult) of tri In euchessts, the grest c spense involved and the ef feet upon public officials generall) bv the reversal nf a decision upon the point raised b) the Uiuit or Appssls make the decision imestionsble rrom ths standpoint nf ajurymin. Having served on many juries, 1 think that I echo the sentiments of a large number of the ur) men when I state that the sum mlug up indulged in b attorne) has ver) hills weight with the an rap, Jur). In fact, I it not know of an iustanm when In the discussion of verdict in the Jur) loom the addresses or the attor ni)shaveeer been rererred to. The charge of the Judge and tho cudenco submitted are cnnstantl) in tin- inliiil if the Jur) msn and verdicts are largclc guverne d thereb) . W bile some Jurv men nuj I monienturll) aflected In the emotion-el side of su attorney a address. It disappears with the serious consideration or a verdh t. U thli 're rngenernllv known b) Xppeal Ju lge, itseems to inethat a verdict would not he set al Is ou the pies or a too rree license on the part of the attorneys in summing up Jl uv is. The New Ktigllsh Mnrrlngr Art. rnm tht Outlook Nonconformists havo had little recognition fnm the State in (treat Britain. Whllo a brsinless non entity In the JUtsbllshment might perform the mar risge service, the ablest Dissenting minister en cl I I not do so. lor Instsnce, neither! harleslI.Spurgeon nor Itobert W. lisle was ever allowed to perfotm such a ervho without the presence of a registrar to make the e ercuioii) ligal This lias been one nr the grleisnces nr the Nonconformists Hut very lately a new lxw went luto c ffet. not entirely removing the objections, but still greatl) ameliorating th'in ' He ncetorward the presence of a registrar will not be necessary to the proper solrmnlratlon of marriage Nonconformist ministers, lu Ihe same way as lb ministers ot the hstabllahment, will be permltte 1 f , give certificates cf msrrlae. Hut there are still r some absurd sud curious rules which have to be ol served The Pulpit in tliei Next Centur.v. Iht lire. It. ,S .Store, II, II ,tn the Indtptndint I he pulpit In the coming centiirr is to meet, un doubtidlv, the hsrdcet task which It yet has en countered It willneed more than liooks can supple, or an) transient mental stimulants, or an) droning wisdom of tho sihnols even a new baptism ' f euerg) rnm nn high less luminous and amazing tlaithat cit Penle tost, but eitull) teal anil epially effective and then, I, for one, lelleve thst It will stinel the test lsrgil) at least through Immedtat tersonal discourse in grsn lest themes, charge! wlththe full energy or r nvl tlou an I emphasized bv the character which Hint com u tlou has wrought Thc)ncingcr among us and those wh' rollow must mightily wi rk fortius great ml but the end will crown the work' Tho ( mini u for May is notable for its' Storr of the Captains, a description hi thee immandera of the ships that wiped out Admiral ( eriera s fled on lulr a, last year Hi important and inleteitlng is thla group of articles thst It throws Into compara tive Inilgnlflcanci the othsr articles in the nurubei, t though they are both Interesting and valuable la j toemselvss. i . : A