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i! 9 v THE SUN, TUESDAY, JUNE 27, 1899. '
f i TUESDAY, JUNK 27, 1800. ., Subscriptions by Mull, Postpaid. 1 J DAIt.T, per Month 0 00 I I daily, per rear a oo lf SUNDAY, per Year OO . DAILY AND HI'NDVY, per Year 8 00 ' DAILY AND Ht'MiAV, per Month 70 i Postage to foreign countries added. Tul Sun, New York City. . Fine Rlosnue Ho. 12, near Oram! Hotel, and i Xloiquo No, 10, Doulovard del CapuolDes. our friendt vho favor ui vtith manuecriptl for ' publication wiih to have rejected arlUlet return!, IAy 1 miut in all cattl etnd etamplfor thai purpoee. Tho Job Will ISo Finished. ' The obstacloH to tho Philippines onmpalfrn I which tho rainy Beason has produced ln- ! plro tho nntl-oxpnnslonlntn with freah zeal In urging tho abandonment of tho whole i affair. Thoy would havo us acknowledge I that AqUinaldo aud his mon havo ff ot tho ' better of ub, and boiiio would havo us guar- anloo thorn protection against other nations I under tholr own flatr, perhaps as a reward I for getting the bettor of us. At all ovonts, J they would havo us pack up and scuttlo out ; of tho Islands. I Now, that Is not tho American way of doing things. Wo aro not accustomed to I I booking out of n job inoroly because) It i proves a llttlo lint dor than wo expected. 1 1 Even wero thoro nothing olso agnlnst such I j a course, tho losa of preetlgo In tho world's ; , eyes would bo enough to deter us from It. , j Wo do not wish to bocoino, as nn American j j statesman onco expressed it, "tho scorn of , j tho universe, tho contempt of ourselves," I I through lack of tenacity. If wo havo somuwhat underrated tho co- I p&olty and tho willingness of tho Tagals to I wago war on us, wo understand them now, ' and shall proceed accordingly. Oampalgn- i i Ing In tho tropk'H wua a novelty wo had not I quite mastered betoro tho rainy season put certain restriction on It, but tho delay will be brief. The ridiculous thing is to Biip- f poso that wo shall not put forth all the I moro strength when It is needed that, hnv- leg put our hands to tho plough, we shall J turn back. Tho American people aro not j built that way. j An Astounding; Case. j Tho case Including and surrounding Hear I Admiral ScmiEY steadily grows moro ro- markablo. t In responso to Scnrar'B request Llouten- i ant-Commander Hodosos sent a lettor to him saying that "tho colloquy printed In ' The Sun (tho Sohloy-llodgson oolloquy) never occurred." HoDasoN made this state- ment manifestly In the doslro to froo him- J self from any liability to tho ohargo of I breach of discipline that Bcimrr Intimated i might llo In tho particular words therein attributed to him. But with that denial t Hodgson sent an accompanying letter ex- plaining that tho "denial" was purely toch- f nlcal, and that tho substanco of Tina Sun's l statement rogardlng Admiral SoitLBr and '! himself was truo. In theso two dooumonts f IIoDfihON told tho truth and nothing out- '. sido tho lines of truth, as he believed It f to 1)0. 1 s But of theso two documents Schley sup- j pressed tho one that was vital, the one that ; : told tho substantial truth, and used tho one ! that had its intended effect of deceiving tho j public. It Scm.EY had cheated at cards his I ' not would not havo been moro shameful or !'j Indicative of a lower sense of honor. Yet this turpltudoof ono man has spread. Tho Schloy nowepapers, conspicuous among j I which are tho Washington Post, tho Balti- j more American and, recently, tho JVeto York I , Times, continuing their effort to present ; Bciiley beforo the publlo In the light In which thoy originally vlowed him, steadily j suppress tho Hodgson letter which Schley If suppressed, and attempt to provoHoDaeox i guilty of solf-oontradlctlon and therefore j unbollovablo, as though this suppressed '. letter did not exist. j Hodoson's letter tolling Bchxey that F Tin Sun's statement was substantially I I true and that the denial was Intended t tneroly as a contradiction of tho precise II Verbal accuraoy, was one of tho original II dooumonta in the coso and tha moat impor- H lant. It was not "extorted" by Oapt. If Dhadwiok, as tho Schley pross pretends, II but appeared In Chadwick's report simply- as a repetition of what Hodosok had pre- I j viously written to Schley. If BanTMT suppressed It, and although Its Iv publication has shown htm, andnotTns !Buif, to be the falsifier, hla chloanory is blindly adopted by thovitewspopers of his (allowing. It Is the most extraordinary- caso of moral injection that wo can. recall. I England and. Russia In Pen la. Tho evident Intention of the Russian Government to proceed 'without delay In Its polloy of opening a way through Persia to tho sea for Its Aslatlo commerce is bring ing out many expressions of opinion from leading English and British Indian poll j tlctana. Among tho moro recent speakers j on the subjoct have been Sir Lepex, Guif- 1 1 rat and Sir Eicilaud TbmmiB, both former I Indian officials, the latter having boon at' j onetlmo Lieutenant-Governor of Bombay, J In which capacity he exercised a oertaln I general supervision over the affairs of tho j Persian Gulf. In an address which he gave a short tlmo I I ago at the Boyal United Service Instltu l tlon In London, BlrBicilAiiDTEMPLK spoke of tho strategic relation of Persia to British ; Interosts. Alluding to tho recent agroe- ! ment between Russia and England with I regard to China, he expressed his approval I of It, and hoped that a similar and equally satisfactory one might bo reached about ; Persia. Hitherto, ho said, Russian policy j In Porsia had been as Inimical to England as It could well be, ami then) soomod to bo no other object in It except to create j embarrassment for tho British Govern- ! ment ; the time had arrived when a stand j must bo mado if British inlluonco lu Persia j was not to be entirely wlpod out. North ern Persia ho looked on as irretrievably within the power of Russia, but tho south, ( Including the Perslon Gulf, might bo saved 1 to England If energetic steps wore takon I In tlmo. Ho wos entirely opposed to a Junction of tho Russian Aslatlo ond tho j British Indian railway systems, and would keop the Afghan territory between Herat I and Kandahar Intact, regarding It In tho j eamo light as the Channel between Eng- land and France. j When It came to (ho question of what tho j division of Petsia lietween liubsia aud Eng- ' land bliould bo, ho suggested n line across tho middle of Pet eta fiom west to cast ; all the country to tho south of It to bo a British i Where, Russia, he said, must on no ao- 5 count bo permitted to roach tho Persian Gulf, for it would establish an enomy on tho flank of tho most Important of England's lines of communication with tho East, but ho bellovod an understanding might bo readied guaranteeing "tho Integrity of Persia, which Is a rapidly dying nation, and then each country should set up Its sphoro of Influence" Sir Liu-el Gmpfin, who occupied tho chair, cordially concurred In all that Sir IlicUAitD Temple had said, and spoko of the Persian Gulf having been regarded from tho beginning of the century an a British lake. Ho, howover, was not of tho opinion that tho Russian influence In Persia was as strong us genorally bellovod, and consid ered that tho question concerning Persia was largely a financial ono, which was a great point In favor of England, In addition to tho fact that tho Persians and their Govern ment preferred England to Russia. Ho ad vocated tho Jpollcy of the opon door, nnd thought groat earn should bo taken not to frighten Persia into tho idea that England had any other Intentions. With tho sup port of England he belloved Persia could maintain her independence. Tho abovo aro, of course, English vlows of tho Persian question. The Russian way of rogardlng It is, as wo havo seen in ex tracts from tho Russian press on several ocoasions, very different. Russia would consont to a division of Persia by a lino from north to south, by whloh sho would havo uncontrolled access to tho sea. An accord, therefore, whero purposes aro so entirely at variance would appoar difficult to arrlvo at. But If Persia Is, as Sir Richard Temple bollovos, a rapidly dying nation, both England and Russia will have to oomo to an early decision as to their ro spoctlvo eihnros of lnfluenco or territory, and as to whether an arrangomeut shall be orrlved at peacoably or otherwise. For Russia an outlet for her Asiatic trade to tho sea, uncontrolled by any foreign power, is an Imporatlvo nocesslty. Agulnaldo's Only nope. Yesterday's Manila despatch from Gen. Otis tolls again with tho emphatic- terse ness of a cable mossage tho only hope re maining to tho Agulnaldo insurgents: "NattTeesoutheaat Laion combining to drlre ont liaursente; only hope lnaurgent leaden la United Btateeaid. They proclaim near orerthrow preaent Admlnlatration, to be followed br thetr Indepen dence and recognition br tha United Btatei. Thlala the lnflnenoe which enablea them hold out; muob. contention preraila among them and no clTit gor ernmeni remaina." That Is, tho Philippine insurrection gets Its only strength from Its reliance on tho assistance of treasonable "Anti-Imperialists " In this country. It Is proceeding on tho vain thoory that this band of allies will charge successfully from tho rear against our army fighting for their country In the Philippines. An Allegation Tested by a Fact. First the allegation : The Washington correspondent of the Pittsburg Dispatch undertakes to explain In a manner botoken lng authority the Ideas of General Miles concerning the prosecution of military op erations In tho Philippines : "Central Uii.es hae never uttered a word to anr one which would probably reaoh the eara of the pub lic, but It la well known to hla Intimate frlenda that from the beelnnlng of the trouble In the PhiUpplnea he haa had a better mental graap of the (rarity of tho condltlone there than any one who haa been con neoted with the management of the campaign either 'here or In the Phlltpplnta. " To theae frtende, at the firing of the Ant gun, he declared that a troubleaome war waa apparently be gun, and that unleia It could be cruthed with on tremendoua Initial effort it would probably go on for yean. " Ilia theory waa that every available reiael ahauld at once be etarted for the lilanda with all the men and auppltee they could carry; that a prodictloua etlori ahould be made to prevent any addlUon to the arms and ammunition of the natives, and to reach at onca the internal source of supply and cut that off once and for all." Now for a fact : Tho views of tho Major Goncral Commanding the Army as to tho proper military policy In tho Philippines at the beginning of our campaign thoro wero fully 60t forth In his official commu nications to tho "War Department What do thoy show? General MrLEs'a original "theory" was that an expedition of flvo or six thousand mon was all that would bo needed for tho Philippines. Two-thirds of ono regiment of regular Infantry, two companies of regular cavalry, threo regiments of volunteer In fantry, two heavy batteries of volunteers, and no Held artlllory whatover, constituted his original recommendation for the ser vlce, Suoh was the size of tho army Gen eral Miles -would havo sont out at tho be--elnnlng, General Mehhitt was of a different opln 4on. In his lettor of May 15, 1898, to Pres ident HoKisley ho predicted the trouble with AauiNALDo whloh has slnco oc curred: "It stems more Dun probable that we will have the so-called Insurgenta to fight aa well aa the Spaniards, and upon the work to be accompUshed wlU depend the ultimate strength and composition of the forces." Boar In mind that this Is MEitniTT, not Miles. SuchpartofGonoralMiLES'senorgy as was bestowed upon tho military aspects of the Philippine question was dovoted from that timo on to kicking against every pro posal to send out an adequato number of troops, to criticising MERnrrr'a estimate of the number required, and to accusing him of exaggerating tho work beforo our troops in tho Islands. General Miles's part In tho organization of our army of occupation was simply that of nn obstructionist and a sorehead. When Meiuutt said that from llftcon to sixteen thousand men at least should bo sent, Miles reluctantly acquiesced, as ho was obliged to acquiesce, but ho put his senti ments on record in this astonishing com ment, Indited by him on May 18 of last year : "The troops mentioned in the within letter as available to send to that department (the Philip pines number 15,426. The Tenth Pennsylvania Volunteers, ordered to-day, will be approximately 1,000 moro. These troops, In my Judgment, are all that It would be advisable to send to the Philippine at this time. If It be deemed advisable to send ad dltional rrelmeuts, they ran be eent from New Orleans or Tampa, but tkt font now ordtrid to e ttnt i j, at alrtady ndicottd, ten thoutand more than vnll be required for the purpett." That Is to say, In General Miles's judg ment, 0,000 men were enough for tho occu pation of tho Philippines, tho defeat of tho Spanish, and any such troublo with tho in surgents as MERmrr already foresaw. If ho had had his way, thut would havo been tho size of our army thoro. And fiom that time on tho only expressions of opinion from Miles which wo Hud In thn published ofllcial documents concerning the aimyin tho Philippines consist of petulant aud ob structive objections to adding this or that regiment, or this or thut battel y of artil lery, to tho foreo already ordered, It is Kunowhatsui prising, theroforo, to learn on the authority of tho Washington correspondent of tho Pittslmrg Dispatch, peaking for General Miles's "Intimate 7 friends,' that he has been from tho first the urgent one for tho aggrandisement of the Philippine army, tho unsuccessful advocate of a " tremendous initial effort," and that, " from tho beginning, ho has had a better mental grasp of tho gravity of tho condi tions thore than any ono who has been con nected with tho management of tho cam paign, either hero or In tho Philippines." To Prevent Divorce by Slaking It Un fashionable. The Rov. Mr. Hamilton, preaching in nn Episcopal church at Newport on Sunday, urged tho soolcty of fashion, which has Its foremost seat at that placo during tho summer, to exercise Its undoubtedly great social Inlluonco to dlscourago and dlscoun tenanco divorce. "Tho peoplo of Now port," ho sold, "aro endowed with tho power to suppress this evil," and ho added lnfurentlally that without such soclnl In fluence tho Church Is Impotent in tho premises, saying that "Nowport has moro power to check It than tho combined efforts of tho Christian Churches from Maine to tho Paclllo coast." Mr. Hamilton accord ingly appealed to Nowport society "to ro fuso to recognize divorce," "as a favor toward tho Church." This is a very remarkablo acknowledg ment that tho authority of tho Episcopal Churoh Is unablo of itself to resist success fully tho present tendoncy of that society to tolerato and Justify divorce for any causo allowed by tho civil law In any State, no matter how vlolontly It conflicts with the law of tho Church. Everybody who heard tho appeal, howovor, knows that such Is tho fact, for it has been demonstrated In many conspicuous insUnoos. Tho canon of tho Episcopal Church allows dlvorco for tho solo causo of adultery, and romarrlago to tho innocent party only. Actually tho society addressed by tho clorgyman has paid no hood to this canon, though It Is composed chiefly of mombcrs of tho Episco pal Church. So long us tho divorces wero legally obtained for desortlon, real or nominal, or for any other cause allowed in tho freest dlvorco laws of tho Union It has given Its countcnaneo to tho proceed ings and reoolvod back to Its embraco tho parties whoso marriages vi ere thus dissolved when either or both of them havo brought to It now husbands or wives. That Is, tills society has treated tho Episcopal Church with open contempt, and byglvlnglts sanc tion to "free dlvorco" has set an example for all tho social olrclos of tho Union which look to It for fashionable leadership. Tho Bev. Mr. Hamilton's extraordinary courso In asking that society, " as a favor toward the Church," to change Its oonduct In tho matter, Is, therefore, a confession that fashion is more powerful than re ligion ; that whllo tho occloslaatlcal canon Is poworless to provent divorce In doflanco of It, even among Episcopalians, the prao tico can be provented simply by making It unfashionable That this Is true, howovor, Is proved by past experience. The change In tho attltudo toward dlvorco and tho dlvorocd which has become so manifest of lato years has beon wholly in soolal bentl ment; thore has been no relaxation of the nominal Churoh law. Formerly tho dl voroed wero under a social ban ; so cloty looked at thorn askance. Tho consequence was that oven the married, moro especially wives, who had just cau60 for dlvorco under the Church canon wero restrained from getting a civil dis solution of their marriages through dread of social opinion, both for themselves and for their children. A "grass widow " was a term of reproach and derision, and only of recent years, since people promlnont In tho clrclo of fashion haro resorted freely to divorces whenever their marriages becamo unsatisfactory to them, without social dis advantage, has the old social prejudlco been overcome. If, then, as tho Rev. Mr. Hamilton said, this society now turns about again and makes dlvorco socially dis reputable, It can accomplish vastly moro In the way of reformation than Is posslblo for the Episcopal Church. This abdication of its authority by tho Church in favor of society is very slgnlfl oant. Practically it seems to be an admis sion that marriage Is a social rathor than a religious Institution and cannot bo pre served from degradation or destruction except by tho forco of secular soolal senti ment. It Is a view radically distinct from the doctrino of tho saoramontal character of marriage, under which tho safeguard of tho institution is made wholly a rollgious obligation. Tho appeal of tho Rov. Mr. Hamilton to tho Newport congregation to mako dlvorco unfashionable Is likely, how over, to start a social movemont which will havo a poworful lnfluenco In bringing about the end ho seeks. The Naval Academy. Fow if any of the recommendations of this year's Board of Visitors to tho Academy at Annapolis have tho merit of absolute novelty. This, however, may largely re sult from tho difficulty exporlencod for sev eral years In procuring legislation oven upon recommendations backed by annual repetitions. It Is really a point in favor of such recommendations that thoy havo stood tho test of time, and of any tempta tion on tho part of lator Boards of Visitors to strike off from tho beaten paths of tholr predecessors. Tho lowering, for example, of tho ago limits of admission to llftoon aud eighteen years, respectively, has been sovoral times proposed, but it plainly accords with that policy of bringing navnl offlcors to Hag and command rank earlier in life, which was ono of tho chief arguments for tho promo tion features of tho new Personnol bill passed last winter. It is unwiso to admit young men to tho Academy beforo they aro mature enough to profit by Its Instruction ; but in vlow of tho moderate scholastla qual ifications required nnd tho ago at which students may enter colleges and other In stitutions whero tho standard is as high or higher, tho proposed changowill probably commend Itself, Wo havo gono long be yond tho days when tho " middy" on a war ship was sometimes llttlo moro than u child, but wo must also avoid tho other extreme. Related to this proposat of change is another making tho full courno Ave years. It has long been urged that tho two years following tho four at Annapolis, that aro now passed lu cruising beforo recoiving a commission, should bo abolished, so thut tho cadets may bo made Ensigns at tho end of tho four years' course. Among tho ar guments urged in past years for that change havo been tho expenso of bringing tho cadets back to Annapolis for tho llnal ex amination and tho needless handicap Im posed upon thosofor whom no places In tho servlco aro then found. It was urged that tho decision on their rases ought to bo reached earlier, so that they might apply themselves betimes to civil life. On the oilier hand, there was some opposition to making the full course only four years long, even with the examples of Webt X'olnt and tho colleges to support that plan. Tho preaont recommendation of flvo yoars is a compromlso in which, if the entranco ago is also lowered, tho cadets would still becomo Ensigns earlier than now, yot would havo Instruction at tho Academy distributed over a greater number of years, so remov ing somo objections to tho earlier entranco ago. Ono form of this plan nlso proposes several prolongod cruises under acadomio superintendence, Instead of tho final two years' ciulso. Tho recommendation that tho fowest pos sible civilians should bo employed In tho faculty of Instructors may bo less familiar than other proposals, but Is based on tho theory that Its tendoncy would bo to put tho teaching on n moro purely naval basis. With other things equal this would be a gain, yet tho highest qualification as teachers would seem to bo n primary req uisite. Tor example, In modern languages it Is better to havo Instructors who furnish absolutely correct pronunciation than thoso skilled In sea loro or soa life. Tho proposal that tho tltlo cadet be changed buck to midshipman was favored by Secretary Lono in ono of his annual reports, uud no doubt has many frlonds. Tho suggestion that ut Hag saluto tho cap should bo raised from tho head com mends Itsolf in thoso days when nttontlon Is paid to forms designed to show respect for tho national colors; Indeed, It would seem that not only at Aunapolis nnd West Point but ovorywhoro such observances might bo carried out by tho local authori ties on their own Initiative Tho recommondatlon that tho Presldont should bo entitled to appoint ten midship men at largo Is modornto; for, with tho recent Increase In tho number of officers In tho navy, and with tho possibility that oven moro may bo required ns wo go on Increasing tho numbor of vessels nnd tor pedo boats In commission, we must look to tho Naval Acadomy for a larger annual supply of graduates. The Pastor and tho Religious Editor. Tho Rov. Dr. Chambers repeated on Sun day tho explanation of tho reason for his resigning from tho Calvary Presbyterian Church In 110th streot. the truth of whloh was donied by tho Rov. Dr. STorfDAnn, tho editor of tho Presbyterian Jveui York Ob fterver. It is that the churoh was "mis placed," having beon eroctod In a district whero Jews predominate. Recently wo referred to Dr. Chamdeus'b quotation of tho remark of a Jewish rabbi to this effect, and our article was denounced by Dr. Stoddard as "sensational" and "most of it not true." Ho dcolared that tho truo reason of tho falluro of thopastor ato of Dr. CHAMnEits was a fault In himself nnd not In his circumstances, as ho alleged. On Sunday, howovor, Dr. Chambers went further by quoting tho exceedingly signifi cant remark of another rabbi that "If ho had tho money he could buy flfteon or twenty churches between 110th nnd 123th btreets." Tho President of tho tnistoos of Calvary Church, too, gives tho Information that "wo havo had sovoral offers for tho church building from representatives of Jewish congregations." Dr. Stoddard also Accused us of ma liciously exaggerating tho ovll lnfluenco of tho Brlggs controverbyon tho Presbyterian Church in Now York. What did Dr. Ciiam iiers say about tho matter last Sunday? " I am persuaded," ho said, "that much of tho unfortunate condition of Prosbytorian ism In this city is duo to a disposition on tho part of many of tho housohold to tolor ato an attltudo toward tho Bible which Is neither Presbyterian nor yet evangelical." An Incident at tho Bowdoln College com mencomont last week is thus reported by the Kennebeo Journal: "The featuro of tho forenoon waa the procession of alumni from the chapel to tho church where the eierclaes were held. It waa a remarkable sight t see among those marching down the shaded campus paths the Hon. James W. IIhadhcht, the claasmate of LoNurELijw, Hawtrorxe, Arnorr, CnEtvxn and Ciilpv. bearing lightly the burden of his ninety, socn ears." Mr. BiuDBuni's ago is rocordod as ninety four. Dot ninety-seven. He is tho only sur vivor of the class of 182"). a class that In cluded an unusual number of men who after ward achlovid reputations. Mr. IIbadbury: himself satin tho Senate of the United States moro than fifty years nco, where he was tho contamporary of Thomas )I. Benton, JonN C. Calhoun, Henry Clay. Bamuei, Houston and Daniel Wkbstkr. The span of his aotiro ex perience almost staggers the Imagination. It Is more than sixty yoars, for exumpls, slnco his college classmate and friend, Jonathan Cilley. attor living lonit enough to attain high political distinction, was shot by Graves of KentuoLr In the celebrated duel at Bla donsburg. His classmate Nathaniel Haw thorne was Btxty years old when he died, and yet Hawthorne has been In his crave more than a third of a century. Mr. Bradbury returns to his college this year as usual, active In mind and body, and leads the procession along tho paths which ho first walked ns a craduate sevonty-four years ago. Is the class of 1825 at any other Institution represented in the commencement oxerclsos of the year 1800? There has been great jubilation over tho Columbia's defeat of that once peorless and, as many thought, unsurpassabls craft,' the De fender. A Bhort sail ended In along lead for the now boat, something most satisfactory. This is all well; but don't let us mako too lonar a jump at conclusions. We don't doubt that tho Columblawlll beat tho Defender; but when they are flirting around together in these little chance trials preliminary to actual races the results aro apt to bo to sotno axtont mis leading. Somehow or other tho main sheet on this or that craft will just be a little too far in or too far out. or there will be a head sail too flat or not Hat onough; in short, until thoduv of real trial, human nature is apt to have its little joke, Walt for tho races. Crow nnd Chameleon, .omlAa .4mnla Jlatar J'afnea, A few days ao the vacant ground in Monastery Iload Quarter, opposite to u Shwe Tna'a house, was the scene of an interesting fight between a crow and a chameleon. A smart shower of rain caused the In aocts of which chameleons are so foud to com out from their liolea, aud wueu the rain abated a chameleon came down from a tree ilose by and be gun to mike havoo among tho Insects. At the same tlmo a crow came thore. aud while deouring his hrarty mtal like the chameleon, came iu contact with the lattor, and a battle ensued, The crow not daring to attack his enemy face to face, pecked the latter'e tall, aud he in return received a smart blto somewhere about the neck from the reptile. Thus the battle coutiuued for about half an hour with varjlng success, In which the ohamoleon allowed more Intrepidity. The crow never attacked hie enemy In tho face, but always pecked tho tall, and by this means at an opportunity he carried away hla courageous enemy, with a "iaw" "cawl" of triumph. Jlr. roiiltneiy Illgeluw'a Loudon Lecture on thn AiurlcHD Army. From the Saturday Htvient, The lecturer must have been apeaklng loosely when he stated that the lD.OuO American eoldlera he saw at Tampa wer a a rule about sli feet blub. Maten Inland Wouts to f,rt Ana), From the platen JeUnd Leader. It Is time to take up the question of separating fitstD Island from the cuy etXtwXosU . -A. - - i the cBsxjtK or rapcLATioy. Where It Hue Been, and Whre the Next Census May Show It to II. By tli first national census takon In 1700, when tho population of the country was not much greatr than of New York elty to-clay.tlu centre of population was twenty-three nilles east of Baltimore. It was still In the neigh borhood of llaltlmor. though to the wst of that city, la 1800. In 1H10 It was near Wash tngton. In 18L0 It was at Woodstock, Vo , and In 1830. 1810 and 1850 In the present Btato of West Virginia. In 1800 It was a little to tho south of Chllleothe. O.. this being the first offlclal appearance of Ohio as the centre cf population, though it has remained the po litical centre of population Btendlly ever since. In 1870 tli catr of population wai on a line in Ohio between Chllleothe and Cincin nati: in 1880 it was In the neighborhood of Cincinnati: and in 1800. the rear of tli last national census, it was In Decatur county. Ind.. near the Ohio boundary, and on a line between Cincinnati and Indlatinpitls. The Government estimate of th present popula tion of the United States, exclusive of coun tries over which its sovereignty has been ex tended, was 75.000.000 on Jun I. and all'seo tlons of the country hnvo participated, though not equally. In th growth of population since 1800. when it was U'.MIOO.OOO. Hy the coming census th Ohio and Mis sissippi Valley Htate3 will probably be bnown to have gained loss from direct foreign Immi gration than In any Previous docaJe. while tho citizens of the Middle: and Ntr England States ha. relatively, gained moro. There has been asuDstanllal Increase in population, larger, probably, than in any period sine the close of the civil war. in the! South and South bordr States, and a much larger In crease in those of the Southwest, most notably In Toxas. the total vote of which increased from 230.000 In 1880 to P40.000 in 1800 and 550.000 In 1800. The population of Texas CJ. 200.000 in 1800) is probubly near 3.000.000. A Btat census tikn of Kansas lu 1805, on the other hand, showed tho population of that Stute to be less than In 18S10. while In the same period the population of New Jersey had Inoreassd It) per eent. Be tween lKHJ and 1805 the population of Tiorl da Increased from 300.000 to 405.000, while the population oft South Dakota (328.000 lo 1800) was returned as 330.000 five years later. The growth of population In American States between 18O0 and 1000 will be In accordano with tho3ncrease of tho urban population In each rather than ivlth the gain in agricultural districts. As a majority of the cities are In the North. It npooears likely that the "centre of population" In 1000 will b on or near the banks of the Wabash in the State of Indiana, at some point northwesterly from the present centre and nearer the Illinois than the Ohio State line. JMEltZCAlf LOCOSt OTITRS The Rest Made, but Not Until Recently In Demiiud in Other Countries. Thore are 40,000 locomotives In use on Amer lean railroads, representing an Investment of $50,000,000. All points of exoollence and de merits considered, the American locomotives are the best In the world, and besides are tho standard of construction for most of tho othor countries. The acrago weight of an Ameri can railroad locomotive is 100,000 pounds and three riuible changes In the matter of con struction of reoent yoars have been these: The sleof Amorican locomotives has steadily in creased, the numbor of driving wheels has grown from four originally to eight or ten. and as the number of driving whools has been lnoreaseil the size of tho smokestack has been steadily reduced. The competition betwoon English and Ameri can locomotives has boon going on for a nuin Lor of years, and, to some extent, the English loco motives have pretty well held their own in tho competition. Nevertheless, thoro ha? recently come to bo greater foreign demand for Ameri can locomotives, and the exports of these dur ?.Ko5ken'Acftl rSar of 1B08 were of tho aluo of JJ.000.000. an increase of 1700,000 over tho voar preceding. One of the most curious features of tho gain is the fnet that Amerioan locomothe builders are now successfully conipetlng with thoso of Ureat Britain. Tho American iocoinotio is making Its way not only In England, but also all oyer the world, because steel ami Iron cost less In this oountry than In Europe, and be cause Amorican workmen, though better paid than their foreign brothers. Jo more nnd better work for the same monoy. Thn chief cities engaged In locomotive manufacture nro ?.,r.l.1"onmon'1' )" Sehenectady. Puterson. Pittsburg. Bt Louis. Altoona. Pa , and l'hlla tlolphla, und the business Is one in which there are constant changes through tho develop ment of new patents and appliances and (lovlces for time and fuel saving. A new mar ket, probably, for American locomotives will bo found In tho West Indies, wlioro thn rail road servlco has heretofore boen Imiierfoct. The Origin of the Term " Welcher." To mi Editor or Tui Suv .Vir.- It would be a matter of interest to know tho derlmtiou of the word "welcher," as used In tho ejcellmt editorial article published In Tin Sex on Juno 23. The v rd In not of frequent occurrence, and Its etymology Is uncertain. The "Century Dictionary" consider thederUationas noaslhly connected with thl(nlng propensltlea on the part of the Welsh, according to the well-known rhj me In " ilother Goose'," which begins: ' Taffy waa a Welshman, and Taffy waa a thief." I have, however, heard it aeserted that thla word first came Into ue at about the timo tho old raco tratkatLong llranch closed its cm er. It la said that Its origin was duo to knavlnh acts on tho part of the Junior member of i certain firm of bookmakers. In an important raco In which a large sum or money was invol ed thin firm waa on tho losing utile, nnd ono Welsh absconded with the funds placed in his care. There was a great furor at tho time, and Welih'e partner was unsuccessfully ened by the winning bettors for tho amount of their bets. It Is said that from this occurrence acoe the verb "to welah," and lta derhative, " a welsher." Doubtless some of tho realers of Tiie Scn can testify as to the facta concerning this matter. It Is noticeable that the "Cntury Dictionary" and tho "American lUieyclopiedlo Dictionary" prefer the orthogrspny of "welsher" to that of "welcher," and that Webster doea not rofer to the word at all. Philapklwiu, June 24. a. a FacunT. Frenlte of Hyphenation. To Tnr. EmTon or Tint Run .Vir- The most con temptible species of hyphenated American Is the citizen of this country who, ashamed of his origin or hla Government, styles himself an "Anglo Baxon." Thia personage and that doubly hy. phanated one, an " Anglo flaxon-American," are freaks of humanity who belong more properly in the London colony of denationalized Americans than in this free republic u, p. New Yonz, June 2(1, Rnglnnd'i Old Order (.'bringing. i'rom the London Spectator. A remarkable and unl'iu event haa happened at tho Mathematical Tripos at Cambridgo this year. Noi only is the senior wranglershlp bracketed be tween two students, but these students represent tho nouitllee cucAm eneiatei. whoi presence at our uni versities is transforming th character of our seat of learning, One of tho senlur wranglers, Mr, (leurge lllrtwlsile, began life as a poor boy at Hum Icy, hla father having died when he waa young and hla mother having to support bar young children. Aud now, at tho age of 22, the poor Uuruley ) outh finds himself at the head of the learned and prom ising young men of England of tho present year, Hlo collesguo In the senior wranglershlp, Ilagher nath Paranjpye, la a Hindoo, educated at l'ooua and at the University of Doruhay, where he ee-urod a Government scholarnhlp aud afterward went to St. John's College, Cambridge, aa a foundation scholar. Ills subtle lilnduo intellect, combined with hard work, bas enabled him to become senior wiangler, and we are glad to note that when th lists were read out iu tho Uenate House this Hindoo triumph waa greeted with enthusiasm. Wo think we are right in aayiug that thia double event constitutes a very Im portant fact. Our universities hae bean steadily dcmocraUzed In fact and In tone during the last generation. A sign of th change U that you do not hint to day, aayiutheblg oourt at Trinity, Cambridge, tho gold braid and velvet rap of th n ibleman, aa was the raie about a quarter of a ceutury ago. The peer's s n enters aa an ordinary undergraduate, and tlnda liliu.olf silting at table with a outh who ligau life In a b ard rcIhi. 1 J hi expent-rs of dining hate, been rut down, extratnwant etiieitalmiiri.ts have declined, and altogether a much simpler 1 ut has ben iiiirudureil. Into tin h si .it) i Hut ft., day, with Its Muler nutlnuk and lu.re ait i riad lug the Introduction of tiie pl ked young men of the uoorer class aud of the btel i..inds fvia Judia, the Lulled Butts and the llrlt.ab colonies Is a fact the litneuceut Importance ef which can scarcely be uMreaUu.ated. I XBYY WAT OF MAK1SO TAXIS. Lnmlsmen to lie Kullsted nnd Sent Oft to Sen at Once on Warships. W'AsniNOTON, Judo !. Klmllnif consider able dimouity In getting a sufficient numbor of sonmon to 1111 the ncallClcR existing In the ship ofl the navy, tho department has devised n new scheme to remoo the dlulculty. Orders havo been sent to tho receiving ship at Now ork, llostou and Philadelphia to enlist lfiO landsmen of good ehnrnctor nnd In nil wavs the most desirable men who can be obtained, nnd as soon as shlppod these men will bo trans ferred to tho essols of tho North Atlantic squadron, commanded by Hear Admiral Snmp Hon, without regnrd to the authorized comple ments of thoso ships. This body of men. none of whom is sup posed to know anything about tho nayand not much about anything nautical, will re ceive ipeelal attention and Instruction on boaid the seagoing ships In order to innkeofthem eftlclent inen-of-w.u's men. Just how this plan will work will bo watched with Interest. Usually raw recruits for tho navy are broken In on board tho receiving ships before bclnii sont to sea. but bvthls new plan they will bo Bent to sea llrfct. It Is expected that tho Idea will appeal to many yottni; men who have n de sire for tho na y, but have heretofore been un ablo to ship on account of tho usual surplus of such applicants. Tho great Incroase In the navy within tho past yoar or two lias caused a scarcity of en listed mon In cortaln ratings ns well ns nit ab fonco of tho necessary number of ofllcers. Thore seems to be a good supply of petty olll cers and apprentices, but seamen and ordinary seamen nro scarce. Thoro does not seotn to be tho usual number of rn-enllstments. nnd this tsbald by somo naval ofllcers who have given tho matter attention to bo due to the workings of the recent order that hereafter all enlist ments are for four years Instead of throe, for general servlco. nnd tho doing away with speolnl service onllsltnents of one year This, It Is thought, temporarily discourages re-enlistments of men who think four years a long time to ship for. That this will bo anything liut temporary is not generally belleied, al though It causes t.ome Incomenfence while the readjustment to new ootulltlons Is going on. Another reason for the scarcity of uvallablo seamen In the numbor of men who are receiv ing special Instruction In gunnorv ships nnd schools, at the torpedo stntlon at Newport, in electricity at Now York Navy Yard and else where. Ml theso branchos of special Instruc tion take mon away from tho cruising ships. Theso branchos of Instruction havo been added to tho naval establishment, or If exist ing beforo havo been largely Increased nnd their scope widened, since tho Hpanlsh-Amerl-enn war. It Is In line with the polloy of the Navy Department to keen tho service tin to date. The school of Instruction In eloctrlclty at the New York Navy Yard takes In ofllcers a; well as enlisted men. and Is expected to be of great benellt when thoso who aro receiving the Instruction are sent to sea again und havo tho duties ot caring for tho many electrical dovloosnndappurntus now so plentiful in the now ships, nnd which will bo even moro so In thn vessels of tho battleslilD class about to be added to tho navy. Tho workings of the school of electricity and gunnery classes at Washington and on tho gunnery ship Amphlt rite aro such that a young man In the navy to-day la enablod nrnotleidly Jo chooao his own course and recolve valua ble Instruction from tho Government, which will not only bo useful to him If ho remains In the service many years, but will bo valunblo to him In civil life If lie leaves tho navy. Any de serving man of good record may apply at any tlmo to be fcont to ono of theso schools of In struction, nnd just now nn application of that Bort Is pretty eertuln to take tho applicant where he wants to go. This opens up a now valuo to the navy, nnd In tho opinion of thos who favor the scheme It will attraat many of tho better clnss of young men as soon ns It be comes genorally known that the uavy does of fer such chances. Of uourse tho gunnery schools nro useful mninly to train naval gunners in tho ways which will bring forth good marksmen and en able the United States Navy to maintain tho record It has always held for utienualled light ing gun Are. OEIl.MA.V l'LASS J.V CHIXA. Hopes of Ilullcllnr Up nn Enormous Trnde on tho Ynngtsc Klang. WAsniNOTOK, Juno 20. A statement regard ing Germany's ulterior motives in China has been received from Consul Monaghan of Chem nitz and made public by the Stato Department. The Consul says that no nation Is hotter in formed as to what is going on In China than Germany. "The Kaiser's brother," he continues, "with qulto an array of ships and men. has been kept in Oriental waters with a view to being on hand In case complex contingencies should arise out of which Gormany might make a suc cessful move. Itoports from tho East inform tho publlo hero that Trlnce Homy has just gono on board tho Gellon at Shanghai for a trip up the Yangtso Klang to Hankaii. adls tanco of 584 sea miles. Tho Yangtso Klang Is China's most Important river. Navigable for ocean stoamors, at high tide or under favor able conditions, as far up as Hankaunnd for rher boats huudrods of miles fiuther. It offors, as a glance at amapofChlna will show, trafllo with an entire nntlon. Commeieo on this mighty river hitherto has been In tho hands of thn English and Chinese. "Germans hope to have a hand In all that goes up and down Its water In future. Two lino river boats, built for a German company, began to idy this hummer between Shanghai and Hankuu. llecont reports toll of a second company in Eastern Asia, eager to participate in the enormous freight and passenger tralllc or the Yangtso Klnng, ordoilng a ileot of btoamorst After the tteaty of Shlmonosokl. lie many obtained concessions nn tho Yangtso hi, ing at Ilnnknu the Importance of which to foreign trade, but more particularly to Oerman trade, it would be hard to monxuro. Tholr nluo Is constantly Increasing. Hankau is the entrepot, jo to spnnk. for central, northwest and west China. Its trafilo In goods, as far as u$VaoOo!oOOn. kePt bV foro""le' ha8 eone 'Germans see In tho concessions at Hnnksu on tho Yaugtse hlang the basis on which to build up enormous trade relations, not only along the river, but In the Interior, nnd more particularly in the rich provinces of central and western China. Mercantile centros here sen In Prlnco Henry's trip uptho Yangtso Klnng tollankttu new proof of the Emperor's deter mination to do all ho can to Increase Germnn Influence In tho Dast. Kvery effort is being made to mako tho best of evnry concession, no matter how small It Is Once the thin odge or the wedgo is in. this empire finds wns and means bv patient labor, to enlarge the opening. It the Germans can buy wool In Australia and South America, cotton -in the Cnrnllnns and Texas. Iron in Hwedon. conl In England nnd ship Its manufactured goods to evory corner on earth, tliero is no good roason why wo should not outsell them. """"" ..o' i.rTirAftnfl'N,0ritn """nan T.Ioyd was i ., IVi r W Oov1rnmont SOIe time ngo to study K ao-Chou and its contiguous ter ritory with a view to its exploitation with Gor man capital nnd by Oerman ooloulsU The re port, which has been handed to the Kaiser. Is said to bo one of tho most exhaustive ot Its klna ever written. It points out coal ns one of the valuable possessions ot the new territory " ror.To luco haii.hai.s claim. Thla Government .alted to Pny a Gnnrante Marin hy Slmln. Washington, Juno 20. -Assistant Secretary of War Molklejohn has Issued orders directing the discharge of the Insulur Commission on July 1 Tho commission will, therefore bo compelled to abandon Its work before it is finished. Lack of funds to pay the commls- Ion's expenses Is tho cause of this action Tho members of tho commission aro Robert P. Kennedy. C. W. Wutklns and H. O. Curtis They are not at all pleasod with the action of tho Assistant Secretary of War. Their inves tigation of applications for franchises has been suddenly interrupted by the order, and much of their work will remain only half done. An Important caso now bofore them la the application of tho Porto llico Railroad Com pany, represented In this country by Charles t Ueiiinnn. I.dward I.autorbach and Herbert itmHu"0r T1?e con(,8lon was Braiiteilfrl 1H87. Its most important provision s ono guaranteeing H per cent on the oost of con" truotlonof the road, tho .average price fixed being at tho rato of uhout $l!H.80li a ni lo The company was unable to llnlah tho construction within the time specified, and the 8p"iVlsh Gov eminent ceased to pay the guaranteo. The company now desires to resume the construe, tlon ot the road and alleges that the IJnffed Htates should nssunm the obligation of the hpiinlsh Government and pay a guarantee on t i construction of tho remainder of the road Civil Service Hoards Confer. The Rtate Civil Service Commission and the Municipal Civil hervlce Commission held an eieeutir.. meeting jestordayat tho Criminal '""f", building, and dlsnu,s,i ttln ruIp. iidoptedhy the local board, which must bo ."o,? (.1 rnieil by tho rltate boartf. The meeting will , continue to-day. Everett 1'. Wheeler Jnrt Vcor8,8.?lcADe""r2' t'9 Civil SorTeelWorm Association were tojtlieetiil2,I('tm COLONIAL DAMK3 INJUNCTION SUIT. A Number of Witnesses for the Ilefendnnl Societies Kxninlneil-Cns) Not Concluded. When the trial of the notions of tho Colonial Dames of America to enloin the National Soci ety of Colonial l)ameao( Ameilea nnd the Colonial Dames of tho State of New Yoik from using tho name "Colonial Dames" wns re sumed beforo Justice llookitnver of the Su preme Court yesterday Mrs. Kd ltli Ilucklln Hartshorn Mason was still on the rrliuesi ebind for tho defendants. She lias servod sev eral terms ns President of tho Rhode Islaui , branch of tho defondant National Society. Sirs. Mason told of an Interview with Mrs. 1 l'.llrabetli Cornlle Gardiner. President of the oslntllT society. In February 1802. about forming a chapter of the plalntlfT society la Rhode Island. Mrs. Mason said that she ob jected to forming such a chapter because! many or tho Colonial Dames of Rhode Island wero poor, and she understood from th rulei of tho plaintiff society that only women ot wealth and position were ollgible. Mre. Majon could not recall what gave her that Im pression, and when Col. Franklin Hartlett. for the plaintiff, nuked her to point out any such restrlctlorCIn tho constitution and by-la rs ot the plaintiff she could not do so. Whll Mrs. l'.lennor Van Rensselaer I ulrfax of tho defendants was nddlng some particulars to tho evidence she had priousl given adele gat ion of the Mnryland chapter of the p'alntlQT eoelety.headed by Mis. II. Irvine Koysor. ItaJ President, onteicrl the courtroom. Miss Margaret Sevmour Hnll of the Colonial Dames of New York testified for the defen dants. In answer to a question of John M, Rowers, that she h td looked up tho origin and history of tho word "dame." and traced it back to the tlxtoenth contury. Sho quotod from Miles Coverdalo's edition of the Rlb'e. fifth verso of tho twenty-fifth chapter o( Isaiah: "The master shall lie a" th serv int. tho ilntne as the maid." Mis. Justine Van Rensselaer Towusend, President of tho Nntlotinl Society ot Colonial Dames or America, told ol tho for mation of the National roclety and of Its moet Inea annually in Washington. She also r Plained how it obtained a leaie (or twenty-flve years of tho Van I'ortlandt mansion In Van Cortlandt Park It behalf ot the New York dli slon at an annual rental of $1 from the l.egls- I lature. and of the work of restoring the prop- I srty nnd turning it Into n public museum at nn 1 txtense of between SII.OOO and $4.00 J. I Miss P.llen HnrrlBon of tho Punnsylvonla division or the defendants told of meetings of both of the Philadelphia groups of Colonial Dames In 1800 and the futile efforts to consoli date. Efforts at consolidation In New York were referred to by Mrs. Sarah Pendleton Van Rons salaer, who boenme a member of thn Colonial Dames of New York !n lKiifi. Sli. Mrs. Cor nelius Vanderbllt and Mrs. Chnuncev were an pointed a eommlttoo tit April, 1M1KI, to confer with Mrs. John II. Trevor. Miss Julia E. Iie'a field nnd Srr. Arthur Peabodv of the plalntill society at the residence or Mist DelallelM. Mrs. Maria Dunno lllecckor Miller Cox told about a breakfast which tho Society of Colo- nlal Dames of New Y'otk eav at Sherry' la March, lHSKl. to the Colonial Dames of Amer ica, nt which some of the members of the Plaintiff's chanters in Pennsylvania and Mary land were present Mrs. Bjphiii Howard Ward' who has been a 1 memberof the plalntill poclety since 1K1I1. n called bv cousenttat this time ns u witness far the plilntirr. Sho testified that In 1WI she hud a conversation witii Mrs. Townaend. President ' of the National Society cf Colonial Dnmer of America. In which the lattor silil ho disap proved of her society taking t he n.imo ol Colo nial Dame of America. Mrs. Katharine Rlssoll Bognrt Roe. a mem ber of the Colonial Dames of the State ot New Y'ork. testified for the defence thai her society had expended $0.7'JO for the soldiers and tailors In the recent war. Miss Ruth Eawreneo of tho Colonial Damei of New Y'ork testified that she had found the word "dames" used in many places In litera ture for live centuries. Chaucer employed the word In l!ill2-:t. l'n to the time of (juoen Ellrabolh. she took It. the word was employed to designate a woman ol rank, but that since than Ithns boen used to simply designate a wo. mnn. Rebecca Wlnalow of Philadelphia and Mnry Washington Knyernlso testllled. Tho) caso was not concluded. i. Alton scAitcK y.v PEXxsrr.rAxiA. The Hoom In the Iron Industry Mnlios It1 t llurd for l'urtucra to Hire Help. Reading. Juno 'M Owing" to tho unpreo edontod boom In Iron, iron ore. limestone and kindred Interests in tho Schujlkill valley labor ,, has Isoeome alarmingly scarce. Fanners will havo great difficulty In taking In tholr crops. Truck gardeners aro now pressing married women into servlco for borry picking. The slnglo girls are all In tho Mlk and hosiery mills and cigar factories. Then will not be near enough men for tho hay nnd grain har vest. Iron men nro putting up slmntles to house hundreds of fortdgners thoyhtvi em ployed nt thn New Y'ork ollleo to do heavy work about the furnaces. Tarmers arc hunt ing about for help. Wngos mav go higher than 1 'J.r a dnynnd board, which will be hii additional hardship at tho present pi Ice of wheat. Thn farmers paid only n-dollar a day before, when wheat was $1 fill a bushel, Tho District Attorney has served notice on thlrtr husbands charged with non-support of wives that 'no work" will be absolutely no oxcuae In court at the coming term Struck the Iltght I'ortland for Illm. From fie U u'Wa Ffiulr. The other day Col. llleckler. tho MIsourI rnetnc agent here, received a letter from n gen tleman it Poitlauii, 'Ire., thanking him Tor a favor performed by Col. illeckley over tn veats ao. Tho man's ti.imo Is withheld. He had played the Wichita boom. He had won. luf It fascinated him and he knew hn must get awav with his money or he would not get away at all. So. under Inspiration, ho rusdied Into t ol. tllockley's oflloe one morning and said sharply; "Give mo a ticket to Portland." "Col. Rlooklrv looked at him coolly and asked: sj "Maine or Oregon?" a "1 don't give a darn which." Am Co Illeckley reflected His commission on ' a ticket to Portland. Ore . was S'J .10 moie than E his commission on a ticket to Portland, Me. He snld to the mnn: "1 ct moro rjr a ticket to Portland, Ore., and I'll send you to Oregon." "Go ahead." said the mnn. ; So that man got away from th boom and wont to Portland. Oie. Out thew lie went Into business and now owns one of the big es tablishment of that eltv. Ho nsetlb.s hi lucky strike to Col. Illeckloy. and his recent utter wa one of gratitude that ho had not sent hlra to Portland, Me. Bins Ilund Player's Horn of Heor. From te St. Lome ll'puolie. Tessmor wont down to Letup's Park yester day with his companions to test the acoustla proportlosof the patk in which the contest la to come off Then thor adjourned over to ljmp s brewery to test tho modlalnal proper- 1 ties of the hop extract. After satnplina; tha various brews. Tossmer critiolsed the size of M?JlBiiniV'i?t fl MP- n'"1 Baltl he could drink tho full of his bass horn of tho beer with out knowing he had been In a brewery. Hla companions challenged him to mako good his boast, and Tessmor was game. The brass hoi n. which holds three gallons and a Bill, win fl Ind to tho brim with beer after the mouth Piece had been corkod up. Tessmor then placed the mouthpiece to his lips, took out the cork, nnd swa lonod the entire contents. HI eyes nearly fell out while he was coming down the homestretch, but he .finished his taik. amid tho cheers of his comrade. Somebody's I'lgeon Has Lost Ills Hearing. from the H'aihinalon Evening Stir. A young carrier pigeon, almost entirely ex. J.'fn'lf !' "t 'a" Friday afternoon on ".'".Vi"'1.0 HlL' "J one of tho rear rooms In the eighth story of the Atlantlu building, occupied by the clerk in the accounts division of th Indian Oftlce. The pigeon perm tted "tsell tS be picked up ami ato hungrl y when food wit f.aas After being fod nnd watered tho pigeon wa '"ll,,V''..I"f Saturday afternoon It earn! again to the window and was fod.Hinoflt.h22 o nS'Fi'.on ,"B1'ome regularly every aftcrnoSS om -ViVff'" Bn,il wnter which tho lndaa Office clerks keep always on tho window sill Artillery for Warding Off Hailstorm. From the .V. Lome Olobe-Democrat. IloitK. June 21 Experiments have heen in Progress ,,.ro during tlm KtwVek u2 warding olt by tho use of artillery tho!. ill.ii. trous hnllstorms which eacl yoar do s i I, an enormous amount ot damage to the vlnevanil and crops throughout tho klngdo n "1 ho S perlments hav.. been suoees, H nn ' In the re turn just published by the War lie -art mei ? rain dereendul Instead o( Imil. "u,lt Nealort SInde Good. , From thr Newark Sunday call Bm.laa. neglected alr.Uobb.ao.chofKeaM,. a. t .bbbBsI