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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 20, 1899, 2, Image 16

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SP . THE SUN,' SUNDAY,' AUGUST 20, 1800. ' . 1
Mv:' 1 g h ammm
1 tME ANIMAL LIFE OF CUBA
Mi XIKSKAtlVlI IS' TUK IHT.ASD.
1 I
I 'I "WIM Horn Tliat Fight at the Prop of the
I ;J r Ilat-Thr Ara-Trlcolnr, A lllrd of Won
-. 4 iterful Plumage The Anaconda's l'rct-
; ? j enceProteil-Huldler ICiicounters altoa.
'I ' SAN Luis, Cuba, Aug. 7.-Unllko other tropi-
V fcal countries ol the Western Hemisphere, Cuba
J '2' fcosM few wild animals, although the natural
:V jfv i Conditions of mountain, Held, forest and Junglo
$ j'' have certainly been favorable to a greater num-
;' ;V ber than haT been known to exist on tba Island
'i t any time, Outsido ul the wild boar, a small
j tleei and the Julia or wood rat, a abort enumeration
; 1 h, Vrould coTer the lUt and leave little to be told.
:J- j, .Alligators are plentiful, and the rayman or croco-
"$ Oils ia nururrius, but as to the rabbit, raccoon,
'v opossum or fox, which alTord so much sport In tho
' I ". tonllcd Slates, thrae and all others of a like kind
I . , tee unknown In Cfbo.
', ' ' The eastern part of the Hand, especially Sant-
J f lago province, is rough and rugged with moun-
'' - Cf lain peaks that disappear among the clouds. In
V t' '. otns oaacs these lufly piles shoot up abruptly
! i bom the coast, while again the coast may be low
f : fend marshy and the mountains far Inland. There
A f mte lorrly valleys between the rangrs, and every-
,V L Where dense cover is abundant. Dark forests of
' taahogany, rosewood, ebony and walnut cover
i ', talles of territory, and other sections coiislst of
if. Vast aavannaa uvrrgrown with tall grosses that
, ' iach to a horseman's shoulders. Tho natural
kj Conditions are Ideal tor wild came, but the Ionic
1 L i aetllemrnt of the island and the raids of the Insur-
t S fcents, who have lived on tho country for years, has
t left little for the sportsman.
. j The wild boar ot Cuba answers In sire and fe-
t, terodousnesa to the jaball of northern Mexico
fcnd nouthern Texas They run In small packs
or droves, have on overabundance of courage, and
V 'j Vrrigh from 2S0 to SM pounds. In the latter ro
p topect they have the advantage over tholr cousins
g I. ' Texas and .fexlco. Their tusks are sharp and
1 1romlnent, being Heveral Inches In length, and
'? I "When they encounler an adversary In the brush-,
! 1m he man or beaut, thero is mire to be a fight to
' i the finish. With each ilrovo of thesa creatures
ft j uns a leader, w ho Is called by tho nativea el tola-
" . lorfo, though why ho nhould be doalgnated a hor-
f. f inlt no one is able to tell.
.-j 'i Tho Julia (pronounced hoo te ah) is the only
', ' Vild animal in Cuba that Is native to the country,
! ' It is found in no other land, and Is simply tho over-
. - Vrown rat of the States. II ranges in length from
1 twelve Indies lo two feet, exclusive of the tail, Is a
I I lioclurnal feeder and can be tamed almost to the
'.1 ' degree of the domeatlo dog. Tho Julia is very
i ' tommon throughout Cuba, inhabiting Hie moun
tains, foreals and lowlands, and is a general artl-
. t, tie of diet in both tho wild and domestic statu.
'.-,;. The creature, however, has the repulsiveness of
' I the common rat and Is shunned by all except the
' ' ;, Inland InhabllanU, who prim II as ono of their
. choloest foods. To catch tho Jutia, a simplo box
trap Is arranged with double doors and a baited
spring, and tho foolish creature unhesitatingly
troika to his destruction without so much as the
k I thought of an investigation. Tho younger mem-
' : I Ijeri of tho species are easily captured in hollow
trunks or rotten logs, and no dogs are necessary
j j to ferret them out. for tipon (he approach of a
. i j ' titranger to their hiding places they crawl forth to
t i atlsfy their curiosity and are easily made prls
ty j onera After onco lasUng captivity the animal
j x toever aoeks to cacapc.
I' ' Tho Nipe savannas on the northeastern coast of
I I Santiago province, magnificent rolling prairies
J diversified with every variety of grass indigenous
I to the country, Is now tho only section where deer
S i may be found In considerable numbers. Hack
a In the interior, among the swamps and heavy
S j cover, In the forests and mountain foothills, and
f I In unsettled and unfrequented places they are also
g- jj jfneountered, but they have been almost oxter-
S jinlnated by the savage wild dogs, which, escaping
i Si M rom dvllliallon, have become as ferocious and
l j5 "" l''inBeroua M "' timber wolves of our West-
i l'" rrn country. These dogs are of as many colors
! as the domestic breeds and uro low and cunning,
ji their tails being quite as long as their bodies.
'( , Tha wooda also abound In cats run wild, driven
from their former homes by the burning of plan
tations and settlements. As these creatures are
low thrown on their own resources for a living,
they may develop into a wild Him-ica similar to our
v Vild caU.
Tho domestic animals let loose In Iho Island from
, ' "the earliest period of its occupation have found a
place favorable for their reproduction, but whllo
Increasing they havo also undergone modifica
tions. Cuban burned of the Andaluslan race
Iiave lost 111 stature and breadth, hut they have
Katned Iq sobriety, endurance andtvitality. lle
,. , lore the Insurrection of 1808 they were ho numerous
- J ' throughout tho island, and especially In the central
j .tjUid western regions, that nobody traveled afoot
! ' To-day the number of saddle animals baa greatly
j diminished In proportion to the Inhabitants, and
lnowhere are wild horsed found, as they formerly
"-were In Homano Cay, In tha Nlpo savannaa and
i jollier isolated regions. Asses are not numerous,
1 jfceing kept mainly for breeding purposes. Over-
i SSrorkcd mulea are soen everywhere, and as there
; jre few railroads and no other kinds of roads to
apeak of, them hardy animals are used for trans
j i jportatlon over tho trails and across tho moun-
'. 'taina The camel of the Canaries which was In
troduced at one time, did not succeed, owing to the
i txilguaa, a species of insect which wounded its feet
tin certain parta of the island, especially In tho
i j pdlstrict of naracoa, the ox Is used as a beast of
. ! , burden and for driving. Goats and sheep havo
j , not thrived as well in Cuba as hogs and cattle; tho
'oat has lost Its virility, while tho sheep, leing
, Ipoorly cared for, has replaced its fleece with a coat
' i vol hair. The foregoing enumeration covers about
: '-& of the land animals at present to bo lound In
t ., tCuba.
, i "" mo is auunaani, and well protected by
' teover. There are over 200 species of birds Indl
-, , irenoua to the island, and over forty of the mlgra-
I ' rTory classes that yearly visit its shores. Hand-
' 8 aomest among tho native dyers Is tho tocoloro,
f , crimson and creamy white, with bluo Imst and
, J ' potted neck, and a crown of tufted feathers. It
k i b no mean singer and its pretty notes can be
t I heard In forest or Junglo or among the mountain
i' I'Kulchea, where it builds its neat. Tho ariura is
, , rn long-tailed member of the thrush family , which
f inhabits thickets, and tho sorral Is a elMer ot tho
S- ftocoloro, having pretty feathers but no voice.
I The rarest of all birds in Cuba is the ara-trlcolor,
commonly known as the Cuban macaw. Its habl-
'tat is the swamps, and the following general de-
, acrlption will Illustrate lis beauty; I'orehead, red,
becoming yellowish on top and shading Into bright
: Tellow on tho neck; tack feathers, cinnamon
', edged with green; under parts scarlet with a daah
l Kf oranga on the throat; secondary feathers bright
I blue on the upper surface, pale brown underneath;
r "tail feathers cinnamon, tipped with blue; legs
t brown and eyes yellow. Seen in tho dusk resting
. : ; "n the Illy pads of a swamp, Iho ara tricolor is one
1 I' i ' the handsomest specimens ot bird llfo to be found
t i "In any land or any cllmo.
, I Wild pea fowls conceal themselves In Hie deepest
thickets, and wild guinea fowls are found every
where, especially along Iho southern coast In the
9 neighborhood of Santiago and (luanlanamo.
Quails of tho Hob Whllo species, but larger and
unlike our own birds, are plentltul, but owing to
, i 'tho cover It Is difficult to maLo a good bag ol these
blrda. Dogs ore of no use to hunt them, and tho
J , Knly woy to enter a thicket and get a shot Is by
J txneans ol tho machete
',: Tho tocau, or wood pigeon, not unliko our old
6 ijiassengcr pigeon, Is Iho boat game bird to be found
t ,n Cuba. It grows to an unuual sire In hot ell-
. xnatcs, and, strange to say. Is found in the greatest
PI mumbers during the months of April, May and
jjune. It Is not swift flying, and an Indifferent
f imarksman In almost any of the woods of the Island
X rould find llttlo difficulty In filling bis garao bag.
rj 'Doves aro considered a plagua by the planters,
( "rho look upon these Intruders as American farm-
J trs regard crows. There aro four specioa of io
j yaloma in Cuba, tho principal variety being tho
I name as our Carolina turtle dove. They fly in
i rreat numbers through tho forests and across tho
, i fields, but are llttlo hunted owing to the lack of
proiwr shooting material and tho inherent laiinesa
ot the Inhabitanla
Wild parrots and paraouels are plentiful in
k Xulrrn Cuba, and they form the favorite article
t of food for Iho settler and the planter. Undoubt-
lL u' ,hl3 llklDsr ls considerably enhanced from the
BjKKr -
(act that the bird ia simple to It nature and can be
trapped, approached or clubbed without much
effort. 8o tame are Ihey that a man with a long,
tout stick can enter the brush and knock them
from their perches' in almost any number be deal res.
Tly;y can be seen flying so thick through the ma
hogany forests of the Caulo lllver thai a single
shot would probably bring down more than enough
for a day's eating. These birds are cleanly In
habit and their flesh has a fine taste. They are
easily lamed, become good talkers, and after once
being domesticated are never persuaded by their
fellow kind to escape. Indeed, a soldier carried
one fine bird entirely across the Island on his sad
dle bow from the north to tbe south coast, and
although It had Its freedom in camp and at night
to fly away and chatter with its fellows. It always
returned in time to resume the Journey next morn
ing. It had not been In captivity more than a
month.
Thero are in Cuba neither the blackbird as we
know It nor the full grown crow such as we have
In Ihe States; but between the two, larger than the
former and smaller than the latter, there is a crea
ture which the natives call the "rain crow." It Is
found in every part of the Island, on the mountain
tops and in the depths of the swamps, bnt It Is
useful neither for food nor Bong and is generally
disliked. II has a curious, stumpy, rounded bill
which has caused some to nickname it "jewblrd."
The origin of its title "rain crow" is the fact that the
bird does not seem to find discomfort In exposing
Itself to the heaviest showers, and after a rain the
bushes, trees and plants for miles In every direc
tion present the curious spectacle of thousands of
black wings spread out to dry in the sun. No one
disturbs them and, therefore, they do not fear the
approach of man.
In no other land are the buzzards so numerous
and so useful as they are In Cuba. Theg hover
over mountains and valleys, circling about and
ever watchful for a morsel, and it must be said
that they havo no difficulty In finding all they
want They aro the great scavenger force of
every city, and it is well that t'taey are so indus
trious in their calling; for otherwise much of the
filth In the towns and In the country surrounding
would be left where it lay. One town near the
north coaat in Santiago Province Is called "I.a
Ciudad de las Auras," which means "city of buz
zards;" and It is correctly named, loo, for there the
buzzards are more numerous than the inhabitants
and share with tho latter their domiciles, taking
tho places of dogs, cats, chickens and other domes
tic creatures. Thero is no law against their de
struction, and yet no one thinks of disturbing or
injuring them. They are aa much at home about
a human dwelling as tbe owners themselves.
Among the migratory birds that visit Cuba in
winter are the green-winged teal, tbe pintail,
whistler, wood duck and coot Great sport can
be had with these birds if the sportsman Is properly
equipped. Pelicans, water-turkeys, fish-ducks,
herons of all varieties and colors, cranes, eagles,
flamingoes, hawks and owls of several kinds,
Including tbe rare white owl, woodpeckers, especi
ally tho Ivory bill, tho ibis, and along the shores
gulls and sea birds Innumerable are seen. One
beautiful bird of the interior deserves especial
mention. Owing to the distance at which it was
seen, the writer was unablo to identify it It was
a tall, handsome creature, and was walking lightly
on the Illy pads. Its color above was a beautiful
spectrum blue fading into creamy white on the
sides and bursting into a brilliant scarlet on the
breast and lower body. Its legs were green, bill
orange, and the head was crowned with a coronet
similar to that worn by the California quail. It
was not web footed, but had three broad toes
branching to the front and one to the side, which
Indicated the wader rather than the swimmer.
Fifteen sikcIcs of tbe humming bird are pecu
liar to the island, the largest of which ls tho long
toiled hummer, measuring ten inches from tip of
beak to end of tail, and the smallest, tbe veraln,
which weighs but twenty grains. This blrdllng
has a bead no larger than a pea, and legs hardly
longer than those of a good sized mosquito. Its
entire measurement from tip to tip ls an inch and
a quarter. Strange as it may seem these tiny
creatures are easily tamed, and It ls not unusual
to see pets of this kind enjoying tbe same freedom
in a household as a parrot that has been domesti
cated. At ono hovel, presided over by a mistress
as hideously ugly us the pet was beautiful, the
writer saw a tiny vervain contentedly taking its
food from a quill inserted in a toy cup filled with
Juico of the sugar cano and both were held in
one band of the wiman.
Tho pink tinted ibis is ono of the denizens of tho
clenaga swamps and here this bird may be found
wading in tho mud, delving with its long, sabrc
shaped bill into holes and drawing therefrom
whatever prey It may chance to discover. It loves
to roam over recently inundated lands and in
places where heavy rainfalls have turned the dry
soil into a marsh it may often bo been prodding
for worms and snails. '
Of the cormorant little need be said, for these
Indolent flyers are common in almost any land
and especially so in tho Southern States of our
own country. In Cuba it was astonishing to find
one mahogany hued individual who had suffi
cient ingenuity to put these creatures to some
useful purpose. Among the savannahs of the
Nilo on the north coast lives a man with his fam
ily, who has built his hut on stilts near the edge
ol a vast clenngo swamp. Fishing' ia good in the
neighborhood, but the man never could muster
up energy to use hook and lino, so he has trained
a few of these cormorants to do his angling for
him. The birds roost about tho hut, on the eves,
railings or stumps In the water, and every now and
and then some member of tho colony will make a
sudden dash at the surface, the result being a fine,
fat fish which Is dutifully brought and laid on the
platform.
The reptiles of Cuba are generally not poisonous,
though the Juba, a snake that grows to a length of
six feet, is said to pogsessa certain degree of venom.
Tbe nutlves, however, declare the Juba to be ab
solutely free from all harmful qualities, and in
proof of their faith in this assertion freely handle
It The maja, a member of tbe boaconstrlctor
family, Is the largest serpent on the Island. It
grows to a length varying from 12 to24 feet and ls
more freely encountered in the swamps and Jungles
thori among the foothills or In upland territory.
As a rule, the Cuban maja does not possess tho
aggressiveness so prominent in other members of
the qecle.s inhabiting the Isthmus and South
American countries, but once in a wjillo tho crea
ture becomes aroused to a sense of its powers, and
declares war against anything in sight A short
tlmo ago at Sagua de Tanamo Capt K. C. Smith
of the I'nlted States Postal Service had an adven
ture with a huge maja which he will probably re
member for many days. Copt Smith was mount
ed on a native pony and was armed with a Mauser,
a Colt's revolver and a machete. Upon nearlng
small sUetch of cleared ground on tho side of a hill
lie noticed tho maja crossing the spot and riding
around In front attempted to head it off, Tho
snake turned In another direction, crawling slug
gishly along, but tho Captain blocked it again.
Then the boa became somewhat angry and began
to form a coll but .instead of compleUngtthe colL
threw itself in a bunch. At that moment Capt
Smith fired. Tho bullet grazed the tsnake's neck,
but did no other damage than to scorch the skin
and cause tho creature to become furious. It
formed Itself into a ball and, rolling like a shot
down Mil, threw itself with great force against
horse and rider. The impact staggered Ihe horse,
unseated the rider and tore the saddle loose. Capt
Smith was thrown into the soft brush, tho fright
ened horse galloped away and tho maja, seeing
no other victim bandy, attacked the saddle and
soon crushed the leather and woodwork to a mere
bundlo of fragments. Capt Smith bad mean
while recovered himself, and with his Mauser
placed a shot through the serpent's spine aboul
seven feel from the tall and ended its existence.
Tho akin is beautifully market), and In Its dressed
slate measures 17 feet, 8 inches from tip to tip.
Although tho fact is not generally known, the
anaconda ls also anatlvoof Cuba. The writer
hao compared both species of constrictors, living
and dead, and finds thero can be no doubt of tbe
fatt This reptile was not supposed lo exist In
Cuba, but tho proof is beyond question, and the
statement that the anaconda of the tropics ls also
an Inhabitant of the "Queen of the Antilles" must
hereafter be accepted as true.
The crocodile la common in tho swamps, rivers
and marshes, and an Industry has sprung up In
ihe hunting of these brutes for thefr hides and
teeth, which has proved profitable. American sol
dlors stationed along the banks of tho Cauto Hirer
or crossing marshy tracts found great sport in
;.''..'' " ' ' ,., , ,
hooting these eaurlans as they floated along tr
came to the surf ace for a sun bath.
The Iguana and overgrown lizard, ls often en
countered, but the most numerous denizens of lbs
swamps are the chameleons and the true lizards,
ot which there are too many varieties lo attempt lo
enumerate them. About the shores are every
variety of the huge sea turtles, and inland there
are many species of the tortuga and tarrapln fami
lies that live In tho depths of tbe blackest swamps,
where they are born and reared never to see the
light of the sun.
Perhaps the most Interesting sight to the Gran
ger in tropical countries Is the countless number
of cangrejos or climbing crabs which one meets far
Inland, several miles from the shore. Some one
has said that there aro more crabs on land inCuba
than there are in the surrounding waters; and the
visitor crossing Interior prairies and meeting
these crustaceans In great swarms while they are
migrating from place to place, ia apt to declare the
statement true. They are soen at times when on
the march covering many miles of territory, and
a horseman suddenly surrounded by one of these
moving armies becomes convinced that (he can
grcjo was built for speed.
One most travel in strange lands tolearnstrange
strange facta. In the markets of Nenvitaa and
Olbara the writer first made acquaintance with
the octopus as an ortlcLe of diet, and saw prawn
the alio of young lobsters, grotesque and hideous
enough to give the holder Ihe nightmare. All
along tho hidden reefs and saw-tooth rocks lining
the shores of Cuba are many varieties of the octo
poid family, the most numerous of which is the
argo, which is not without a certain degree of
beauty. Its body ls covered with sliver cloud spots
and fine dottinga of rose color, which an t1h""cTt
by a broad band of ultramarine bine crossing the
back diagonally and fading away in tbe lower
parts of the body. The animal is, however, as
dangerous aa it is beautiful. A gentleman who
not long ago was searching for shells along thenorth
north coast discovered among the rooks a baby
argo, which upon observing him tried to escape,
lie was not sufficiently cautious, for upon attempt
ing to capture the strange thing It sprang upon
him and fastened its long tentacles to his shoulder
and arm. lie could not tear It loose, for its suck
ers held firmly, and nothing but the will of the
animal could release him. In this condition he
ran towards a boat that happened to be near,
while tbe enraged argo, with its eyes protruding
from the middle of its body, made every effort to
gel its beak in position to bile. At last, nearly
fainting, ho was about to give up the struggle,
when a man, hearing his cries, rushes forward
and by several sharp cuts with a boat knife killed
the argo. He could only remove portions of the
carcasn at a time, so firmly did tbe suckers hold,
eves after the animal had been killed. The argo
is the smallest of Ihe species, and this specimen,
which nearly conquered the gentleman referred
to had a body no larger than the ordl nary clenched
band. With arms expanded it measured from
tip to tip not quite four feet The true octopus is
a dangerous, repulsive thing, and is much dreaded
and feared, especially by the sponge fishermen
along the Cuban coast It has two ugly, mov
able, eyes, eight long feelers, each feeler being pro-
vidid with 120 powerful suckers, by means of
which the creature holds its prey while in the act
of eating it
Hut it is In the insect creation that Cnba excels
all other Islands in tbe Western Hemisphere.
There are few venomous Insects flying or crawling
about but they are remarkable for size, brilliancy
and tnquisitlvencas by day and luminosity by
night There are all sorts of beetles, among
which Iho electric beetle, with its night-burning
lamps, ia the most conspicuous. There is the
great Atlas moth, gigantic fur-coated, night-flying
insect, tbe largest winged bug In Ihe world. An
unusually laree specimen of this moth would
measure about fourteen inches from tip lo tip. Of
files alone over MO species are known. The ono
most to be dreaedd is called "rodador" the roller,
something like a mosquito, which fills itself with
blood like s leech and when satiated drops off and
rolls away. Of butterflies, the name Is legion,
from the tiny atom no larger than a pin head to
the gigantic wing spreading beauty reflecting tho
colors of the rainbow. Ai night the fever breed
ing, germ spreading marslies are turned Into
flames of light, not mere dots and twinkles as on
ponds at home, but large brilliant glares that give
the Impression of an electric display, A few
of the.se brilliant insects are used at limes by Ihe
natives to give a most charming effect to some of
their entertainments. At the dances or on the
various town plazas of an evening tbe senorilas
and children often adorn themselves by attaching
electric beetles or other luminous insects to their
clothing.
Of fleas and mosqullos a great deal might bo said.
Nowhere else, except perhaps In the Hawaiian
Islands, are the fleas so exceedingly numerous
and sop erslstently attentive aa they are in Cuba.
This pest, that is very little understood In the
States, becomes in Cuba a positive plague. And
In conjunction with the latter the moaqultos are
a terriblo torment, for whether by day or night.
In tho cities or forests or wherever one may chance
to be, these annoying insects are constantly on
the alert to rob one of rest and no one yet has dis
covered a mosquito bar that is proof against them.
Of scorpions, centipedes, spiders and tarantulas
there are no end.
The centipede often attains a length of from
ten to twelve inches, but it is not feared so much
as tho tarantula, for the latter grows lo an enor
mous size in the island and Is said to be simply
overloaded with venom, in Mexico and South
western Texas there" is a brown or mud-colored
scorpion that is not entitled to much respect for
its stinging powers, but in Cuba there ls a deadly,
black variety whose sling has been known to
produce fatal results. Tho agricultural ants of
Cuba are also dangerous to human kind, and there
is another equally dangerous and cgly Insect
which, translated as nearly aa possible from the
Cuban patois into our language, signifies "bull
ant" Its bite Is considered to be almost as deadly
as tho sting of a black scorpion. It grows to a
size larger than the common wasp or hornet, and
builds a mound so strong that the dome will
easily support Ihe weight of a man. An 18-year
old Cuban boy was stung on the ankle recently
by one of theao insects and died a few hours later.
Tho writer found In one a well-developed poison
sac and a stinger fully half an inch long.
j?ride5 who itrr wsnaiya nix as.
A Growing Practice 'Which One Jeweller
Thinks has Its Advantages,
"Isn't that a new wrinkle?" aaked Iho chance
observer.
"Whatr said tho clerk.
"For the bride to buy the wedding ring," re
plied the observer, turning to look at the young
woman who had Juat gone out with her purchase
of a 14-karat, gold filled ring.
The clerk, who turned out to be the proprietor
also, laughed. "Not at all in this part of town,"
he said. "The practice boa been in vogue here for
several years and has continued to grow In popu
larity until it has become quite the proper caper.
Indeed, when a man comes in here now and asks
lo look at plain gold rings we consider him a little
off color, and feel rather mean toward him, aa
though he were usurping a feminine prerogative.
Anyway, why shouldn't the woman buy the ring,
looking at the matter from a common sense stand
point! It saves no end of trouble. A ring from a
woman's point of view is a matter not only of senti
ment, but also of adornment She wants her
Jewelry.however cheap it may be, to be of the proper
cut and tho proper sire. Now, what man, I'd like
lo know, can go in and select tho right kind of ring
even if he has got the measure? Not one out of
twenty. It Is a lot more satisfactory for all con
cerned for the bride to come In and pick out what
aho wants without troubling the bridegroom, ex
cept, of course, for the money. He always settles
the bilk at least I suppose he does.
"You see, this ls a neighborhood where the people
don't stand much on the fine points of etiquette.
They Insist upon the ring to tie up the contract
with, but two-thirds of these rings aro uncngTared
and sell for from 12 to U. It's fun to see some ot
the women when they first state their errand.
They beat about tho bush and make their wants
known in such a coquettish way that I don't won
der, sometimes, that the young man, whoever he
may be, has lost his head. Maidenly modesty, I
suppose, makes them shy, and they begin by say
ing they are looking for a plain gold ring for a
friend with a finger 'about the size of mine,' When
they say that, I always smile, I know what II
means."
i
TO WOMEN: BUY SIX CLUBS
THAT IB, IF TOP WANT TO MABTRIt
TIIIS UAUE OF OOLF.
Then Go Out On the Green and rraetlee
Week With Each Bllck In Turn-Tills
Flan lirlngs Out Cup Winners, Hut
There Are Other Methods Here Described.
There are two sorts of letters that come to a
newspaper office which may bo answered in tho
same general way. The questions come from
two sorts of women; those who have bought a
rolling outfit and want to know tho quickest way
to learn tho game, and thoso who want advice on
clubs to buy as well as how to uso them afterward.
Tho average golf professional who should bo
asked tho latter question wilt at once advise the
purchase of so many clubs that the caddie bag
will bulge out like an old-fashioned umbrella.
As the song says, "It's a matter of business with
him." But, candidly, it is a mooted point whether
it is not bettor to begin with but one club rather
than to buy a full set at tho start If one has tbe
time to spare, the better way to begin, from the
amateur standpoint, would be lo put In a'woek of
daily practice with driver, brassey, claek, lofting
iron, mashio and putter In turn, if possible under
tho cyo of a good coach, and then, after the six
weeks' of preliminary work, when the regular
game la taken up, it is a certainty that such pains
taking preliminary work will be rewarded by a
fine showing on the very first round of Ihe links.
To carry out the principle still further, the mo
man who thus takes up golf need only buy adrlver
at the start, the selection of which she would have
to leave to the professional or to a friend. Hut
after a week with the driver, tho beginner who fol
lows this plan shall know about what sort of a
brassey will suit hor best, and, with the experi
ence gained by another week, she should bare
knowledge enough to choose a deck, and so on
through the entire gamut of clubs. The pleasure
of shopping for clubs on one's own account should
help to mako this system iwpular with tbe sex.
This system may bo token up in tho reverse way
If desired, that is to begin on the putting green,
then trying Ihe approash shots, next the full and
half iron shots, finally ending with the tee shot,
but this connot be recommended. Tho great bene
fit to bo derived from tha preliminary work with
each club Is to learn to strike with It accurately
and fairly, with somo sort of knowledge aa to the
distance it will carry, ily lcginnlng on the toe,
wlion the regular rounds are begun, each club will
be used in its turn with a better Idea of tho game
than if the practicing began on tbe putting green,
for in that case tbe Ideas of succession will hardly
be so clear, in fact the first impressions are apt
to bo set "toysy-turvy."
At tho last women's championship, with the ex
ception of Miss Ueatrix Uot, very few of the con
testants ahowed an all-around knowledge of tho
uses of the different chilis. All were strung from
the tec, but thereafter their choice of clubs was a.
haphazard ono and the result of the strokes us
ually a matter of luck. Many, indeed, used the
brassey for half-iron approach shots with tho
result that the ball flew far past the green. Those
who learn under the progressive system described,
at least would not make that mistake. It differs
from lite teachings of the professionals, from
Horry Vardon down, yet these experts stultify
themselves by the fact that they will practice for
days at a time with a certain club, be 11 deck,
mashio or putter, when they fancy that depart
ment of their game Is showing weakness. Hut
many persons cannot take tho time to learn lo
handlo the clubs in sucli a slow and systematic
way. When this Is tho case lei tho beginner buy
tho six clubs named above and a caddie bag and
el out determined to do or die.
Once on tho tee tho professional will show the
pupil thestauce, but If there is no coach to bo had
tho way to stand may 1 learned by following any
golf match. Tho gnmo Is so common now that
it is no longer necessary to draw a diagram when
the word stance is used, besides M Is generally
admitted that the conformation rm 1 r ength of
the Indluiduol player must govern tno way of
standing and that It ls useless to ss v. Iiich foot
shall bo placed forward or back. Tho grip should
bo firmer with tbe left than with the right hand,
and a full swing Is best but so long as the ball he
well bit all minor matters are now left to personal
consideration. Hut thero is only one woy to get a
long ball. Tho club head must describe n circular
Hue, beginning as far back as possible, and after
the impact tho club head must follow t'irough,
on the same line and tbe player turn with arms
out after tho ball. The stroke must not end with
tho hitting of the ball. This ls the principle and
only diligent practice will bring It out, for the
natural tendency Is to hit and stop. Girls who
have played cither tennis or bascboll will readily
comprehend what "follow through" means, and
also tha difference between n hit and a sweeping
stroke.
After the work on the tee, practice tho swing
wherever and whenever there is a chance to swing
a dub. Uuring that brief spell before dinner
which the French call tho "bad half-hour," it is
Miss Ileatrix Hoyt's custom, when at home in
Westchester, to pracrlco the swing on the lawn
each evening. Tho systematic work, like tho
daily dumbbell exercise of a gymnast, Is Just
enough to keep tho style good and tho muscles
tense. Miss Amy H. Pascoe, who Is nearly as
prominent in golf in the United Kingdom as Miss
Beatrix Hoyt is here, recommends tho beginner at
tee shots to practice in the garden If links ore not
near. "Have a sheet hung loosely between two
posts," writes Miss Pascoe, "some ten feet high
and hit as hard as she can. The sheet receives
tho balls, which fall harmlessly to the ground."
The better way is to practico from the tee for an
hour at a time, if possible under a professional's
tuition. Tho second shots on long holes, When
the ball is well teed up, should be played with tho
driver. If tho ball Is on a stony sport, or in a deep
turf lie, use the brassey, which is nothing but a
driver soled with metal for such emorgendes and
Is used in the same way. The great difference Is
that tho llo for the brassey ls usually only an In
different one, and the stauce must be altered to
suit the hang of the ball. When tho lie is too bad
for tho brassey even, try the dock or lofting iron.
Often, too, the nature of the ground makesit neocs
sry tow use an iron for the second shot although
still a full drive to near the green. When an iron
must bo taken under these circumstances remem
ber that accuracy and not distance is the object
In view in making the change. Do not force tho
weaker club.
Usually, In playing full shots with tho deck or
toss powerful irons, the rule ls to take a shorter
swing tlion with tho wooden clubs. This prac
tico is still generally taught although the modern
principle is to tako as full a swing as may bo used
with'ease whenever playing for a full shot On
all full Iron shots, even with the mashte, the
dub is forced to Its full power and tho beginner
should bo wdl pleased to hold tho green. To fall
dead to the hole on a full shot is a matter of luck,
but on three-quater, half-swing, or wrist shots,
which aro the approach shots proper, the striving
is always for great accuracy and whoever Is bet
ter In this respect will always score in the "short
game."
The three-quarter shot is played with stiff arms,
and the club head hardly rises above the line of
the right shoulder. There must be no shoulder
dropping nor rising of the heels, as In the full
shots. Half-shots are from the elbow only, wtlh
stiff wrists, and the upper part of Ihe arm pressed
dose to the side. Wrist shots are played sharply
and vary In stylo with the distance to be covered.
One of tbe oldest rules ls that the shorter the shot
Ihe further the right loot must be put forward.
Nowadays the rule is that the right foot may well
be put forward on short shots, for It often tends
to mako the direction more accurate, bul the
stand is a matter of choice. Many good golfers
play all shots from the left foot It is the back
ward swing of the dub that makes the difference
between the full, three quarter and wrist strokes,
but, in each the follow through should be force
iul. It is a good plan lo shorten tho grasp lor each
descending distance on tho approach work.
Thero are three sorts of approach shots; the low,
running up shot, the pitched up shot, and tho
pitched shot played with cut, so that It will rest
dead where it falls. The beginner should not
try for cut, or back spin, on tho approach shots,
leaving such delicate work for greater experience.
Tho point for the novice q gaugo Is Ihe distance
from the hole and her attempt must be to get oa
tba green in the stroke by using Just tin stroke
that will make tho distanoa, by carry and roll In
every case the ball must be hit dean, with Just a
scraping ot the grass beneath It Do not Jab
into the turf by trying to bit behind the ball, un
less the ball la In a gully and must be chopped
out Instead, the club head should strike under
the ball, dose to tbe turf and follow through on
the line ot flight For a high pitch the iron must
reach the ball before the hands, for a runulng-up
shot the hands ara past the ball before tbe Iron
hits it Force and awing will do tho rest
In putting, the right hand docs most of the work,
the left hand must be moved with it to mako the
shot true. Usually the play ls from the right
foot, but, as in the other plays, the stauce is option
al. 'Direction and force are the points to be
considered. Undoubtedly tbe best putters have
an Intuitive knack of catching tho true line to
to tho hole, which is tho great thing to be studied.
But, lacking this genius, audadty and practice
will do much to atono for it Women who have
played croquet are too apt to tap tbe ball, Instead
of carrying the putter through with tbe stroke,
but, on the other hand, tho play through the hoops
educates tho eyo to follow the straight line across
turf. American women aro usually good putters.
It is at once the easiest department of tbe game,
and yet tho most important, tor, as tho saying
is, "Ihe good putter Is the match for anybody."
Beginning with the full set of clubs and doing
at least eighteen holes dally, with Incidental
practicing, a woman or girl should pick up a fair
game in a month, but it will tako a much longer
tlmo to reach any sort ot winning form, unless tho
handlcappers are unusually kind to her. Un
der the progressive plan of n week with each dub,
six weeks will be consumed before the course will
bo played over at all, but the fair goiter who be
gins in this slow way will win in the end, for she
will very soon reach Ihe "scratch" class when her
regular playing begins. Cups and trophies will
soon blossom forth In her boudoir, and men will
seek out this wlso maid or matron as a partner in
tho mixed foursomes. So, while the progres
sive system is rather a dull and mechanical way
of beginning, the results quickly show In goll
that, as the copy book text has it, "Industry ls Its
own reward."
JtAItlXO OF X,AJIACIIVTK.JUXPJSH8.
A lluslneaa of This Benson of the Year which
Results In Many Fatal Accidents,
This ls the tlmo of tho year when the parachute-jumper
la up In the air. At least If
ho ls not up in tho air be Is down In tbe
woods dangling among the trees, or lying In
a watery grave at the bottom of somo lake.
Ha Is a daring and spectacular fellow. He
lias a living to make, and this ls his harvest
tlmo. It ls tho time when he goes up and
down tho country, In more senses than one,
giving exhibitions for the amusement of
crowds at county fairs, summer assemblies,
mass-meetings, and picnics. If he goes
through the season and escapes with his life
he may consider himself lucky. Ho takes
great rinks and demands big pay. Sometimes
ho receives $100 or more for a single per
formance. It ls a porlloiiB business. The other day, at
Corey, Pa., Frank Reynolds, an amateur
aeronaut and parachute-jumper, lost his life
because he could not swim. He had never
before dropped with a parachute, but his
opportunity came when ho was engaged as
an attraction for a summer assembly at
Findlay'B Lake, fifteen miles from Corey.
On the afternoon of July 31, In tho presence
of a largo crowd, the young man made his
oflccnBlon. Tho balloon went up 3,000 feot.
There It struck a current of air which car
ried It out over the lake. In the great crowd
which watched IteynoldB as ho swung loose
from tho trapeze-bar of the balloon and open
ed his parachute to drop was his wife, who
suddenly startled everybody by crying: "He
can't Bwlm and he will drown!" Boats quick
ly put out In response to the alarm, but
Keynolds Btruck the water whero thero Is
a depth of ninety feet, threw up his hands,
and sank, while the nearest rescurlng crew
waB 200 feet away. He was twenty-flve years
old.
Edward M. East, twenty-one years old, met
a similar fate in a Minnesota lake, drowning
the first week in August. He began the ha
znrdous work early this season, hoping to
mako more money than he could in any other
business. His career was cut short at his
fifth ascension. It was In the town of
Walker. The young aeronaut mado his as
cension In the evening, and thero was a big
Th(?h.nihr?, to atcn th Performance.
The hot-air balloon shot up to an altitude of
several hundred feet, when a strong wind
caught and carried it out over the sJulh am
?o sighf A0".?- Thee lbe balloon w2 lo
J,11 A steamer hastened to the rescue
and although tbe halloon was recovered the
al.T.ght'butThVb"- A raMp"
an nigni, hut the body was never recovered
? b".lloon became Inflated it swayed
Uk ftEn K powerfulIy that it pulled the
sfa b "ra'D? In contact with tho fly fng
fn6, IScef, clung t0 the "Pes of the baU
l0n- ?n1 nlmost ue're any one realized
the situation, he had been liYLS il .
height of 150 feet. He probab y felt ?ha?
t meant certain death to cling longer fo
him rhfPw,;nd n'L0W the balloon ?SScarry
V? h'Kner; so ho took the one chance
which remained, and released his grn He
anded squarely on his feet Bo h hs
legs wore broken, and his internal Injuries
rcC,ousfnaeBB-. "" M Wlt00Ut 'n.Tcon!
AV-TJ tflh8ahtl VW "a6
Thayer at Streator, HI., on July 27 ThaveV
went to Streator 'from Collins. MlJho
make an ascension at tho picnic given bv
of Am.?! CamSS ?f the Modern Woodmen
starA nnaM EarIr ,ln the """noon he
started on his aerial voyage. The balloon
nno0thaPlHly,rt(,a.hel8ht of about 1.000 f?e"
SSnw"?? dV'l,ea toward tne southeast. Sud
denly the balloon began to descend qulck
f',f.the paracnute opened. Thousands
of spectators were watching overy move-
?i" nMLh7 "a,wJ.ne ,rantl but unsucces..
ful attempts of Thayer to loosen tho para
chute from tbe balloon. Ho could be seen
using every effort and straining every
musole and nerve to froo himself and his
parachute, until suddenly the balloon col
lapaod. A few seconds Inter Thayer struck
the ground. He was dead when tho first
man reached his side. Ho fell 200 feet, land
ing on Ills back on a railroad track.
Streator furnished another halloon sensa
tion this season. Mme. Carmon, a profes
sional aeronaut, had a narrow escape from
death in a burning balloon there early in
July. Gasoline was used to hasten tbo in
flation, and the flames Ignited tho balloon
Borne excited spectator shouted to Jet go
and the workmen dropped the guy rope'
Mme. Carmon became entangled In the
ropes, and was carried up head downward,
like a flying-trapeze performer. Thousands
witnessed her perilous ascent. Soon tbo
flames burned a hole In the balloon, allow
ing tho gas to escape, and this caused a
speedy descent. The balloon found a land
ing on a housetop, and the woman, curious
to Bay, escaped with a few bruises
''.Z1, ,Waru. B'oux City aeronaut, was
equally lucky. He made an ascension at
Lakevlew, Ia on July 5, before a crowd of
B.000 people, and when at a height of more
than 1C0 feet his parachute tore loose, but
did not open. He fell to the ground, but,
to the great surprise of tho sargeons who
examined nlm, he did not sustain fatal In
juries. At Kansas City, earlier In tbe season.
Howard Twlss son of a former Mayor of
that town, borrowed a balloon and attempt
ed an ascension and parachute Jump for the
entertainment ot bis friends. it was at
Chelsea Park, a suburban resort on tbe
Kansas sida of the line. He ascended, as
HnMHnHHMUsjHannsjBj
xeSSSSSSSKllOBllH
It appeared to the spectators, fully C00 feet,
when tho balloon was caught In a sudden
blast of wind and capsized. The parachute
failed to do Its duty, and young Twlss, the
balloon, and the parachute all came tum
bling to the earth In a heap together.
Luckily, the amateur aoronnut and his trap
pings fell first Into tho branches of a ble
tree. Then, through the thick foliage, Twlss
camo tumbling to tho ground, the force of
his fall much broken. Ho was picked up
unconscious, and carried to a hospital. The
surgeons found several bones broken, but
said ho would recover. Twlss will not try
ballooning again.
An unexpected balloon rldo carried
Eugeno McCarthy, a Vermont fnrmor, to a
height ot 3,000 foet, and, strange to say,
ho returned to earth unhurt. This voyngo
was made at the Mad lllver Valley Fair In
September, 1897, in a hot-air balloon. Whllo
assisting In the preliminaries for an ascen
sion, McCarthy got tangled in the car-ropes,
was made a prisoner, and he shot Into the
air far above tho bare top of Bald Mountain.
More than 2,000 men, women, and children
witnessed his remarkable flight. In the first
eonfuelon of the start upward the specta
tors did not recognize McCarthy In the
balloon. They saw a stranger In the rig
ging, dangling below tho big canvnB bag,
and, naturally thought, as every
thing went up noiselessly, that bis preBenco
there was an unndvertiBed part ot the pro
gramme. What made tho double ascension
still more Interesting to them was tbe
ovcry-day appearance of the man. Ho was
dressed, not In ballot costume, like the wo
man, but in modest farm clothes. There
fore, the crowd sent up a rousing cheer to
the balloon. In answer the young woman,
who rested comfortably on the trapezo-bar,
bowed and threw a klBs to hor admirers.
As for tho other performer, tho man In
shirt-sleeves, he seemed frightened. He
neither bowed nor waved his hand, but
held on tight, and took no notice of the
spectators. They watched him rise to n
height ot 2,500 feet, where, like his com
panion, he was merely a dot at tbo end of a
thread. At this point tho young woman
aid good-by to McCarthy, and took her
parachute-Jump downward. He naturally
preferred hor company In thnt lonely region,
but with true Oreen Mountain grit, ho held
on to the ropes and patiently awaited de
velopments. Freed of the weight ot the girl and para
chute, which dropped towards the fair
grounds, McCarthy and bis airship leaped
B00 feet higher. Personally, ho was satis
fied with 2,500 feet, but he was compelled
to obey the law of nature. He held his
breath, and grasped tho ropes tighter. At
an altitude of 3,000 feet tho balloon floated
lazily In tho still mountain air. Far above
Bald Mountain he took a panoramic view ot
the scenery, which showed tho Montrent
mountain In Canada, the white peaks In
New Hampshire, the whole sweep of Ver
mont to the south, and Lake Champlaln and
the Adtrondacks In New York state. But
the man In the balloon soon tired of his
vlow. He then waited for the hot, smoky
air In the bag to cool, and take blm home.
His descent was as easy and graceful as
the parachute drop of tho young woman.
Hn landed, uninjured, not half a mile from
the fair grounds. People surrounded him
as they would a hero. In a few words ho
told the story of his wonderful experience
In midair, then hitched up his horse. Jump
ed Into his wagon, nnd drove home. He has
since died comfortably In bed.
Gil HAT ri.OOl OF 1SJ4.
When the flrrnt jnne Itlse Covered
Mertlons Alnuu tlin Missouri Hirer.
From tilt St. Louii Ohbr-Dtmocrat.
Washington, July 2ft: The flood of the
Brazos was without precedent for that lo
cality. It etlll puzzles the government mete
orologists, who can only account for It by
most unusual conditions of rainfall. The
tact Is Interesting la recall that a similar
surprise occurred in tbo Missouri valley over
half a century ago. Ab "the great flood of
1844," It has a place In the local history.
From the earliest Indian traditions to tho
presqnt time that stands as the greatest flood
of tho lower Missouri. There had been no
thing to compare with it before. There has
been nothing like It since. In the records ot
the government weather service these data
about the flood of 1844 are preserved:
"The stage reached on tho present scale
ot rlvor measurements waB 37 feet on Juno
20 at Kansas City, 16 feet above the danger
line. At Boonevllle the river reached 33.6
feet two and a half days later, which was
13.6 feet above the danger line at that
place. The flood was caused by tho coinci
dence of unusually heavy and protracted
rains, with what Is known as tho 'June
rise,' tbe melted snows from headwaters.
It Is said that about the middle of April
the rains began to fall In brief showerB
nearly every other day. After a few weeks
It began to rain every day. It poured down
for days and weeks, almost without cessa
tion. The river was rising quite rnpldly, but
no danger was anticipated, for the oldest
settler had never Been a general and de
structive overflow, and did not know that
such a thing could occur. Tho river con
tinued to rise, however, at the rate of twelve
to eighteen Inches a day until Juno 5, when
It went over Ub banks, and tbe situation be
came alarming. The channel was full of
driftwood; occasionally a log house floated
down, with chickens and turkeys on tho
roof. In several instances men, women, and
children were seen on tho topa of houses
floating hither and thither, and turned and
twisted about by heavy logs and Jams, but
the people were rescued by parties In skiffs,
"On June 20 the water had reached Its
highest point, and the next day began to
fall, but the damage done seemed absolute
and the ruin complete. The flood extended
from bluff to bluff, generally, two miles.
There wns not an acre of dry land in the
rive r bottoms from Kansas City to the
mouth ot tho river. Tbo rains subsided, and
tho river fell rapidly. A few persons moved
back to their farms In what was then a
very sparsely settled region, and, although
It was Impossible to do any farming until
the latter part of July, it la reliably re
ported that enough corn was raised that
Beason for the people In many places to
subsist on.
"Where Kansas City now standB the flood
was about three miles wide. In what Is
now known as the packing-house and
wholesale district, whore the Union depot
stands and all tho switching grounds are
located the water was about ten feet "deep.
The flood extended over the present Bite of
Armourdale and Argentine In Kansns, near
the mouth of the Kaw, but there were few
settlements at tho Junction of the Mississippi
nnd Kaw In those days. A deplorable con
sequence of the great flood was tho season
of sickness vihich followed and the high
rate of mortality. It Is eald that it 'was
Impossible to find a well person on account
of the miasma resulting from tbe decaying
animal and vegetable matter. Chills and
fever prevailed In their most malignant
form, followed in the winter by spinal
meningitis, then called 'head disease '
which proved very fatal. An Important
fact connected with this flood was that
steamboats going up the rlvor found It as
low as usual above 8t. Joseph, Mo. All the
tributaries of tho Missouri, In the state of
Missouri, are believed to have overflowed
their banks In 1844 very extensively, al
though in that early day Uiero was scarcely
anything to damage along the"streams In
the wuy of personal property.
"Tho flood. level at Kansas City was de
termined and marked on a pier ot the Han
nibal bridge when It waB being constructed
by Mr. Octave Chanute, who was super
vising engineer of construction. The stage
was obtained by tho collation of eleven or
twelve high-water marks, preserved by old
settlers on both sides of the river. Mr
Chanute stales that there was practical
agreement In Ihe well-authenticated murkB.
Borne years after tho completion of the
bridge, a few local engineers expressed some
doubt as to the accuracy of the stage
claiming that It was too high, but Mr. Cha
nute, who was then building a bridge across
the Missouri at Sibley, about thirty miles
east of Kansas City, found the high-water
marks at that place to correspond very
closely with the established mark at Kan
Has City, after allowing for the slope of tho
river. Mr, Chanute tested all data worthy
of consideration In bis determination, so
that there is nothing upon wblob. to Use
a doubt ot its accuracy,"
M'CALU AS A COMMANDER. 1 -M
ma isanniNo hanker ox xna JJs M
BttlDOB OF A WAKB11IF. T -U 'H
Quick Discernment and Decision of the tA H
Man Who Is to Take Charge of the New ' flanjH
rk Prnlse for Those Who Deserve It and lH
That Promptly Ulven The Mavblebead. i H
Capt Bowman II. McCalla, who has )ust been I tH
ordered from tho Norfolk Navy Yard to the, com- Toss!
mand ot the cruiser Newark, Is often thought of rorlcH
and spoken ot as a disciplinarian of such rigid indH
Ideas that ho ls likely to use severity where firm- rlhaH
ness would bo sufficient That where Capt aH
McCalla ls there ia discipline, is aa true a saying tbllolH
as It is a needless one. But everybody who be- .andaM
came familiar with conditions on the Marblehead "IIbbbbI
during her ceaseless activities ot last summer ilriVmW
commented on tho apparent freedom from arbl- t -corlH
trary formalities that characterized the ship. I.l tak'ol
There was no suggestion ot the martinet which JL, goliH
her captain had been represented to bo. Every BAl threH
thing was done that was required to be dono and 1) orchH
wos dono on time; everybody was busy, yet with Fil UisB
timo to be courteous, and everybody was tnanl- ji l "1
festly contented to a much greater degree than f ' V peojH
appeared to bo the case on some ot tbe ships after .. , folkH
months in tha tropics. The spirit of one man j atopB
pervaded the ship, which in unconscious recogni- "A
tion of this was as oiten called, and by her own ahirH
men as well as others, tbe McCalla aa the Marble- , to rejl
head. It was Just a bit curious at first to hear ' jtT' ) gnsrH
men who were supposed to be secretly chafing " m.tj
under the requirements of a sharp disdplinarian i "iH
requesting friends and chance acquantanoea to tj HleH
spread the custom ot calling their ship after their accH
commander and to give his name to Guon tanamo -.J ureB
Bay. j tcotH
An unpublished inddent of tho campaign in i iartjl
that bay throws up into strong light the aggies- , ; "11
sive nature of the Marblehead's commander, and ' MrsH
his quick detection of salient facts and bia f- vrH
equal readiness to reprove or commend, show, J oalH
perhaps, one of the secrets both of the efficiency ) i ''ass!
of the ship and tbe popularity of the man direct- ! yenH
ing her. it was one morning alter the warships, ? HorH
colliers, transports and supply ships, lying in H whlJB
tho harbor during tbe night,. had found them- j Ll
selves under the Mauser fire of Spanish guerillas J robll
who had come down the western shore of the bay j. andsaH
from Calmanera, in the darkness, and from points ' mtB
of tho land comparativdy near to the ships had : "al
sent a shower of the bullets with their quick. I "NoH
sharp ping gl ping-gl plng-gl plng-gl across tha aa M
decks. Similar performances had marked more ,s "J
than one night, and the Americans were tired !' ourH
ot litem, so it was determined to rake the wooda fe shuj
and bush of that shore on that June morning Jusj
pretty thoroughly. loy
Most ot the small fire had come from a penln- V "tH
sulu with a broad end liming out from the main 1 paoiaaal
western shore, called Hlcacal Point, and from a I to a
ppint lust to the he north of the peninsula, k "H
from which it ls separated by tbe main channel r "laafl
of tho heritor leading up to Caimanera. The J thlnl
St Louis took position at the southerly "1
end of the peninsula to rake it northward. j fnnojl
Tho Suvfanee ran up Into the shallow fl tholftifl
water eastward of the upper point to attend to j "Sasal
the nuisances there. The Marblehead from her J "I-eH
station well down the harbor steamed slowly up jrtt.' ro?mfl
to gain a fav arable position whence her fire should Jf A "Isfl
cross that of the St I-ouls (only the St Louis v-aBal
couldn't shoot that morning, and sent most of '
ber shots away over into tho channel beyond, kncLal
and once imperilled the Suwanee). ""sal
"What is tbe range, navigator'" Commander "M
McCalla asked as the ship neared tho position towJH
ho intended her to take. well
"Nineteen hundred yards." ' norwassl
"Let them have one from the forward gun there "Jessi
at 2,000 yards. Have you got it? Fire." houl
The shot from Iho six pounder fell into the .. "el
water not far from the shore. "j knel
"O, you'll havo to do better than that for ua, 5 askB
navigator. Increaso your range to the gunner bo liU
125 yards and let go again." you9
The shell struck tbe sands Just outside the Una H
ol tbe trees. The ship until then had not quite come I vcnfljl
to a stop. DotHjl
"What now do you make the range, Narigatorr - evefljl
"Twenty-one hundred yards." , , '91
"Make the range 2,200 yarda and make those t rooflj
woods hot" S roojfll
Other guns ol the ship began to speak. The St fli
Louis was sending her wild shots over Into tho eurH
channel ThetransportPanthorwasbarkingdown breflf
near the St Louis. Tho Suwanee was roaring honH
with her 5 Inch broadsides, as it seemed, aoqulckijr j 'vflj
she was firing. j lavflj
"Signal tho St Louis her shots are going over. b theiflj
Who fired that last gun alt? Amend your range 1 lasSj
and fire into the brush there. Twenty-two bun- I frogflj
dred yards and a llttlo to the northward." A'4 rarsaai
The Marblehead was using her port guns, as nVjf tloalj
she lay headed up tbe bay. Commander McCalla I emi
stood on tho port side ol the bridge, his glass at 11 1 In aVJ
his eyes one moment as he scanned the ahore and I nLl
at his side tbe next as he watched his gunners on f I H
the deck below at either side ot him. The guns til Mrikfl
kept on speaking. IB -fl
'That midships gun has It right Put another H my flj
one right there. Signal Suwanee he'll be aground 9J youfl
it he runs down Hint shore any lurther. Who la jfc i IjH
firing that alter gun? What do you mean? Send . JstL'f wcrSJ
that man up here!" JJPaVv thisfl
The commander's tone suggested a sentence of .yr -jflj
instant death. A strapping young tellow, with the ,jf HeflJ
arms ota blacksmith, came upon tho bridge. '? "
"Are you firing that gun? What alls you? Go m aidel
back and be caret uL Put the shots where I tell M am H
you'" S$ -tfl
From lust over the crest of a low hill at a bend of 1 foil 9
tho shore north and eastward ot the Suwanee rlnisfl
thero came suddenly volleys of musketry fire di- 1 comB
rected upon that active little ship. I
"Ask Capt Bclehanty it he wants ns to attend sld fl
to those lellows. Lovely!" I rltrlfll
This last exclamation upon swinging his glass "fl
Just in time to see the last shot Irom that trouble- " wJ
some alter gun. ..jflj
"Put another one right there. Good. The man j roorfll
at that gun stand out Splendid! That's what wa Inirfll
want" tBI
Tills was said, bo It remembered, lo Ihe same hallH
man who a lew moments belore bad been called to wereB
the bridge for reproot, and, like Ihe reprooi, the com- muaB
mendatlon was hearty and public. hnllB
"Cut a shrapnel al 2,800 yards and lei those fel- the fll
lows who are bothering Suwanee have It" TheB
Such was McCalla on tbe bridge. Tbe next af- fJM
ternoon the circling vultures over tho peninsula I banfll
w oods and abov e H Icacal showed that that morn- JfM
ing'.s work had not been in vain. Cubans later i wittfl
taken up by Ihe Suwanee confirmed the indlca- J. ?m
tions ol the burzards. I JvB
I V "V
TESTING Aimr llErOLYEttS. V the fl
Wherein the New Pntterns Differ from " .fll
Thoie Heretofore In Use. Jf ,M
from the iprinafitli Union. W wlthl
Tests of tho models of revolvers submitted tliefl
by tho Smith A Wesson and tho Colt Companies wasB
for the Unltod States service, began at the lookfl
armorr yesterday. Tho trial Is conduoted by -i
Major Qreor, Captain Thompson and Lleuten- Ml M
nt Horney. aud is made at the water shops, thisl
The tests made yesterday wero regarding the belofl
penetration, accuracy and velocity of the for fl
weapons. The rcvolvars are also to be tostod butfl
with regard to rust and endurance The tests A fl
will probably ooeupy to-day and to-morrow. roorrfl
Tho rovolvers which are being tostod aro of . Jj
thlrty-elght caliber and aro nearly similar In -0fl
pattern. Both broak at the sldo and aro some- asldfl
what roughly mado to withstand tho vigorous
usagoof army sorvlco. Thai
The Smith 4 Wesson rovolvor Is a radical de- fcl (aa
parturo in tho rovolvor paltorns of that firm. h(.r 1
All of tholr provlous rocont patterns havo had on-' M
tho automatic lock nt tho top of the barrel. ..,'
which has beon such a distinguishing mark of .i
tin; Smith 4 Wesson rovolvers, In tho rovolvor ...
before tho oxamlnlng board, this device has N
been done away with, and a solid frame has tills I
been substituted. Instead of breaking at tho -u
JjfeVff- h2, chain ber of the r-volvor falls over
to the lt when a small thumb spring e ocl
Krt'ilS'H Pi0 ir6."i,or.Ui?nfn ,rult with the Frcs
loft hand and all the shells In tho chamber are n
ojeoted simultaneous y. From Its action tba '
WW,,1? ,0 tlM"10?" th 'hnncraector.'" w
It Is bu It muph heavier than any prevfous re- Ju
K2 VJ .turned it by the company, tho barrel
bi?J?in"arBn,J.1tnen0J,Bnlboral80 0longate.j A. "me
unkbV.hn;rK'S;,.?!,lrn,.na?-Cnl,b,r ""'"&' ) Tb;
SpSinn.n,frrien,,ln PWrlnee with the sug! X IV.O
?e 'J. .nv? 0,i Doyilwhioh invest gated the la". JTWr -ij
ter at the cose of the war with Spain. A nurn. "'T' 'A
ber of springs havo been eliminated and the I "
general tendency of ihe changes fi to make tag I j W I
weapon mere automatic in its w orkings" 1

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