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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 05, 1904, Image 6

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8 THESUN THE SUN FRIDiY FEJ3RUA1tY5190 rEItuAItY 5 1904
btJi1Ut btJi1UtWILLl
WILLIAM WILLl M LAFFAN LAFFANFRIDAY IIFN IIFNFRIAY LAFFANFRIDAY
FRIDAY FRIAY FEBRUARY 5 1904 1904Entered 19 19Et 1904ntrd
Entered Et at too te Po Pos t Office at Now York od aa Second SecondClMS Secod SecodMal SecondCItu
ClMS Mall Mal Matter Matterfi Maler Maler8lptou Matteribcdptlons
I IDAIT
fi 8lptou ibcdptlons b CTlptlous by Hall nl MatiDAILY Postpaid PostpaidDAIIT
DAILY DAIT Per Month JO CO CODAILY o oA1LT I InAILY
DAILY A1LT Per Pr Year 00 0 OO OO6CNDAY 00SVNDAT
6CNDAY VNDAYPerYear Per Year a 200 200JAILY OO OODAILY 001ALY
DAILY JAILY AND AD SUNDAY Per Year S OO OODAILY 0 00DAILY
DAILY AND AN SUNDAY Per Month MonthPostafa 70 70POlaCe 70Posta
Postafa POlaCe to foreign foracn countries cuDtrles added addedTHIS Idled IdledTIB addedTurn
THIS TIB SUN New York Yorl City CityPARIH CUTPARIm CityPARhtKIo4ue
PARIH PARIm PARhtKIo4ue Klonque U No 12 near Grand Grnd Hotel lotel and andKlosijue andKlque endLosque
Klque Klosijue No No o 10 Boulevard des Cupuclnej Cupuclnejour Capucnes CapucnesI CapuctfleIt
It our ate U friends infto 11 favor us t4 with 11 manuscripts nnlscrs TOT TOTpubltfotton TO TOrublr rorytibZt
I tim
publtfotton rublr ytibZt tfon on illo wtift la hate 11 ha rejected cld articles arrd rturnxf 111 111mun they Ihevnull theyntist
null mun In all dl cam taJI send su stamp anp for that tha purpote purpotelit pupOaeIs urpo urpoI
lit I War at It Hand HandAre laOI laOIAre haulAre
Are the latest latet Russian Rusia movements by byeea by1M byoca
eea 1M and land ld prompted by the knowledge knowledgethat kolege kolegethat knowledgethat
that the overtures overures now or 01 about to be bemade bemade bemade
made though they represent the utmost utmostconcessions utmostcnceRlons utmostconcessions
concessions cnceRlons to be looked looke for from Russia Russiawill Russiawl Russiawill
will wl bo rjected rejected by Japan as a inadequate inadequatela iaequate iaequateI
unavoidable and is Russia
la I war ad now nowplaying nowplaying
1 playing to t get tho start startAssuming startA8umig starLAssuming
Assuming A8umig that this thi is so it is interest interesting intrest intresting interestV ¬
V ing to inquire Iquire what course coure the contest contestIs
Is likely lkely to take tae In its is earlier earler stages It Itwould I Itwould
would be of obvious advantage to Rus Russia RusIia Bussia ¬
sia Iia to test tet as quickly as a possible the naval navalstrength navalItrenghof navalstrength
strength Itrenghof of Japan for if tho fleet fcet of tho tholast tholat thek
k last lat named Power could be driven drven from fromthe trm trmthe fromthe
the sea Ba it would prove almost impracti impracticable impract linpracticabletoland ¬
cable cabletoland to land a cousiderabfe cnsiderable considerablebodyof body of Jap Japanese J JapI ap apanose ¬
I anese troops troop in Corea The Te Russian RUia naval navalforce navalforc navalh
h force forc now no marshalled marhaled outside outide of Port PortArthur PortArhur PortArthur
Arthur Arhur in readiness rdiess for an aggressive aggressivemovement aggresive aggresivemovementa aggressivemovementa
movementa a movement which whch accord according according accordI ¬
I ing to some reports reprt has begun begnis begunis is said sd to toconsist toconit toIi
Ii consist conit of eight battleships batleship ranging raging in indisplacement Indisplacment indisplacement
displacement displacment from 10960 1096 to 13600 1360 tons tonsof tonsof tonsof
of seven cruisers cruiler and a number of tor torpedo torpo torI ¬
I pedo boats Even if it be true that this thisfleet thisfleet
po
fleet feet started starte eastward eastard on Wednesday or orThursday orThumdlY orThursday
Thursday ThumdlY it is unlikely unlkely that tht the Japanese Japanesewarships Japanesewarships i iwarlhlp
warships warlhlp would permit prmit it to effect efect a ajunction ajuncton ajunction
junction juncton with wih the Vladivostok Vadivostok squadron squadronIt squadronI
It I is more probable that tht the Port Arthur Arthurfleet Ahur Ahurfet Arthurfleet
fleet fet unsupported usupporte by any ay reenforce reenforceroents reenforc reenforcemeats
meats met from tho North Norh will wi have to toface tofac toface
face fac in Corcau Crcau waters water almost alost all al of the theJapanese theJapel theJapanese
Japanese Japel warships warshipsAn warhip
An A impression impre ion prevails prevail among naval navalexperts Davalexprs navalexperts
experts exprs that unless uDles some phenomenal phenomenalwork
work should be done by the Russian RU8ian tor torpedo torpeo totpedo ¬
pedo peo boats bat the result reult of the encounter encounterwould encuter encounterwould I
would wuld be a victory vctor for Japan Japa The RUB Russian RUBsian Bussian ¬
sian naval commanders comader doubtless doubtes do donot dono
4 1 not no underrate the risk they the run rn by chal challenging challengg ¬
I lenging lengg at the outset outet a a trial of the rela relative relatvese reintire ¬
tire tvese sea power pwer Of f the combatants cmbatant and andif andif andif
if they face the risk rlk it is because becue should shouldthey shoud shoudthe shouldthey
V they the prove prve successful stcesful the war would be bepractically beprtcaly beV bepractically
practically prtcaly over overLet overLt overLet
Let Lt us suppose that the te Russian Ruian fleet fleetis feet feetis fleeti
is i beaten bat and that the surviving survng vessels vesselsare vesselsa vesselsare
are a compelled opled to seek refuge rfuge at Port PortArthur PortArthur I
Arthur Ahur In that event evet the Vladivostok Vladivostoksquadron Vavstk Vavstksqarn Vladivostoksquadron
squadron sqarn would also ao be unable to keep keepth keepth
th th the sea s and ad would woud have to remain rmai under undertho uder uderthe underthe
the guns gns of the te northern northe naval Davl fortress fortressJapan forress forressJap fortressJapan
Japan Jap could culd then proceed proced at leisure leiue to toland tolad toland
land lad an a army any in i Corea Crea which she would wouldnaturally wouldnatraly wouldnaturally
naturally natraly desire deir to use as 8 a basis ba s for an anadvance al anadYanob
advance aTC into io Manchuria Machura The Russians Russiansstationed Rusians RusiansItatoned RussiansstaUoned
stationed Itatoned on the north nor bank ban of the Yalu Yaluwould Yaluwoud Yaluwould
would woud probably prbably attempt attmpt to t prevent the thepassage thepe thepassage
passage pe of that river rive by their the opponents opponentsbut oppnents oppnentsbut
t but this owing to Japans maritime
owng Japas matme pre preponderance prepnderac proponderaxice ¬
ponderance pnderac they would scarcely screly be able ableto ablet ableto
to t effect effectJapans elec effectJapezs
Japans Japs warships wahp would wold render rnder it com comparatively compvel cornparatively ¬
paratively pvel easy e for her soldiers solder to cross crossthe cs csthe oroesthe
the Yalu Yau near its it mouth Once north northof norh norhof northof
of that river the objective of tho
tht rvr objeive Japa Japanese Jap Japaneee ¬
nese ne army ary would almost alost certainly crnl be beHarbin beHarbi beHarbin
Harbin Harbi which whch as 1 a glance glc at the map will willshow wl willshow
show sho stands sad at the junction jucton of tho rail railways ra railwa ¬
ways way wa running ng to t Vladivostok VaVtk and ad Port PortArthur PortArhur PortArthur
Arthur Arhur If I that place could coud be occupied occupiedin
in force for the transportation trasprtaton pace of supplies suppliesand supples supplesand suppliesand
and reenforcements rtorcemets from Siberia Sibera could couldbe coud coudbe couldbe
be stopped sppe and ad the two Russian naval navalfortresses navalfores navalfortresses
fortresses fores just mentioned metoned would be iso isolated io iolat isolated ¬
lated lat They Tey could then be besieged besiegedby besiegedby
by land lad and ad sea When wo say that Hat Harbin Ha Hatbin ¬
bin would ud doubtless doubtess be Japans Japas ultimate ultimateobjective ultmate ultmateobjeive ultimateobjective
objective we of course recognize that
objeive coure recogze a aJapanese aJ aJapanese
Japanese J apaeo army ary would woud first frst essay to strike strikethe strke strkethe strikethe
the Port Por Arthur Ahur branch brach of the Siberian Siberianrailway Siberianrailway
railway Mukden MukdenBefore rnlwy MukdenBefore IukdenBefore at some intermediate intereiate point pint like likeMukden lke lkeIukden likeMukden
Before Harbin Harbi or for that matter matterMukden matterMukden matterMukden
Mukden could be reached reahe more than thanone tha thanone
one hotly contested conteted fight fght would probably probablytake probablytae probablytakeplace
take tae takeplace place and oven if I Japan Japa should be becontinuously becntnuously becontinuously
continuously cntnuously successful her losses would wouldhavebeen wouldhavebeen wouldhavebeen
havebeen severe and ad a alarge large proportion proportionof proporion proporionof
of her military mitar force would be needed to tokeep tokeep tokeep
keep open the long Ion g line lne of communica communication communicaton ¬
tion ton with its is base bae in the Corean Corea penin peninsula peni peninaula ¬
sula 8ua An advance beyond Harbin Harbi would wouldbe wouldbe wouldbe
be impracticable Iprctcable and the question queston arises arisesHow arsef arisesHow
How long could c ld Japan afford aford to t maintain maintainan maint in inan
an army ary at so distant distat an outpost Would Wouldnot Wouldnot Wouldnot
not a retreat rtreat soon be rendered inevitable inevitableby
V by the theeust exhaustion n of her resources resourcesThus reourC resourcesThus
Thus Tu we w see so that even should the first firstcampaign frt frtcampnp firstcampaign
campnp campaign be marked marke by an a uninter uninterrupted un unintorrupted in ter terrpt ¬
rupted rpt aeries seres of victories for Japan Japa the thetroubles thetrble thetroubles
troubles trble of the Island IsIld Empire Empir would wouldonly wouldonly wouldonly
only have begun begn Tho spirit spirt of tho thoRussian thoRU8in theRusalan
Russian RU8in people would woud never permit the theCzar theCzar theCzar
Czar to sue for peace peac to a I weaker Power Powerespecially Powere Powerespecially
especially e cialy since sinc a Japanese Japae invasion of ofSiberia ofSibera ofSiberia
Siberia Sibera must be regarded rgared as n impracti impracticable impracticable impracticable ¬
cable It I is i conceivable cncivable that thatJapan Japan Japa might mightcontinue mightcntinue mightV
V continue cntinue to hold Corea and Manchuria Manchuriafor
for an indefinite indefnit period but at what a atremendous I atremendous
tremendous tremenlous cost costShoes costlShoe costShoes
Shoes for the Million MillionIn Milon MilonI
I In poit point of ofolume volume of business the year yearI
1903 la reported as the largest record recordin
I 10 rprtd 1 te on 01 rcord rcordi
i in i the te boot and ard shoe trade The man manof manof manof
of today tay is i perhaps prhaps less durably shod shodthan shodtha sitedV
V than tha was the man ma of the preceding preeding gen generation generton gonoration ¬
oration erton but his footgear footger is certainly certainlymore certainlymor ccrtainymore
more mor stylish stylsh in its it shape shap and probably probablymore probablymor probablymore
more mor comfortable cmfortable in its is fit ft Tho custom custommade custommae custommade
made mae shoe sho still stl has a place plac in i tho market marketbut marketbt marketbutthe
but bt butthe the te ready made article artice is the shoe of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the million millionThe mlon mlon1o millionThe
The 1o increase incrae in I the shoo trade trde is i readily readilyaccounted readiy readiyat readilyaccounted
at accounted for A generation generaton has doubled doubledthe doubledthe doubledthe
the number numbr of American Americ shoe wearers wearersbos wearer wearershM
bos ha eeeu sean the establishment establshment of au n export exporttrade exporttre exporttrade
trade tre which now roaches rlcll a a value of about aboutO0000O
6000000 600 per pr year uar has ha marked a very veryconsiderable vcryconsiderble veryconsiderable
considerable considerble increase incrcno in general enerll pur purchasing purchaing perV perchasing ¬
V chasing chaing power Pwer and haw hat reduced reductI prices pricesto pric pricto
to a a point where two pairs pair can en now be bobought bebought
1 bought for the he money formerly paid for forone i ione
one pair vl Rapid Rpid fire fr chemical chemic processes prcsse I
now no convert cnvr hides hdeito into leather lelte iday in days dayswtifle dayewhile
while the old ol style tanning t vats at involved involveda mvlm mvlma
a process prcs proCiis8 of of months month The Te results rult of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the new method metho arc doubtless doubteiterior doubteiteriorbut inferior inferiorbut inferiorbut
but few object objet to that except excptthe excptthefather the thefathers thefathers
fathers father of large families tamies of energetic energeticshoedestroying energetioshoestroyig enorgetioshoedestroying
shoestroyig shoedestroying youngsters youngstr Whirlwind Whirlwindmachinery Wrlwnd Wrlwndmachinery Whirlwindmachinery
machinery has supplanted supplantd the oldtme oldtmebenc oldtimebench oldtime oldtimebench
bench benc shoemaker and ad finishes fishe as 1 many manyshoes manysHos manyshoes
sHos shoes in a a minute as the to bench man mancould manculd mancould
could culd make in a year yearSharp yearSharp yearSharp
Sharp competition competton among manufact manufacturers manufactuers manufacturers ¬
urers uers who are also rso retailers retaier with their thoirstores theirstores theirstores
stores in all al of the leading cities cites has ha re reduced reduced roduced ¬
duced profits profs to a perhaps dangerous dangerousminimum dagerou dagerouminimuj dangerousminimum
minimum minimuj but so long as a wearers w arer con conbuy canbuy
buy good shoes shoe at low prices prce they are aronot arenot arenot
not keenly solicitous solctous regarding the t10 profits profitsof proft
of the manufacturers The demand for forfree forfreo forfree
free hides recurs recur persistently peritenty and ad it is isprobable isplbable isprobablo
probable plbable that the present home demand demandtaken demad demadtIen demandtaken
taken tIen in connection connecton with the fact of a avery acry avery
very cry rapidly increasing increaing export expor trade tradewould tradewould tradewould
would make tho removal remova of tho duty on onhides onhides onhides
hides a highly highy desirable measure meaure pro productive productve productive ¬
ductive ductve of no serious injury ijur to t the thedomestic thedometc thedomestic
dometc domestic supply of hides hidesWo hide hidesWe
We now import nearly 00000000 00000000worth 60000000worth
worth of hides per year Of O this how however however howover ¬
ever 25000000 500 is i represented repreented by goat goatskin goat goatskin ¬
skin with which we have practically practcnly no nohomo nohomo nohome
homo competition competton and ad which is i ad admitted a admitted ¬
mitted mited free 15000000 1500 worth worh of other otherhides otherhides otherhides
hides are ae also admitted admited duty free leav leaving leaving baying ¬
ing only some 17000000 1700 worth worh of cattle cattlehides catte cattellide cattlehides
hides llide on which duty is paid All Al of this thisdocs ths thsdocs thisdoes
docs not go into the shoe sho business busie and andeven ad adeven andeven
even the te whole of it would be only about
10 per cent of the value vaue of the raw ma material material material ¬
terial annually anualv used usd in i this thi country cqntr in inthe i inthe
the manufacture maufacture ofnearly of of neary nearly 300000000worth 300000000 300000000worth
worth of boots and shoes shoesOur shoe shoesOur
Our boot bot and nd shoe industry idut now rep represents represents ¬
resents resent an a invested ivested capital capitl in manufact manufacturing manufacttiring ¬
tiring alone of a little more than 100
urng aone a ltte mor th 10
000000 00 and ad pays pay about 60000000 100 a year yearin yearIn
in wages wage to nearly neary 140000 UOO American Aerca wage wageEloquence we wecarners wageearners
earners
Eloquence at It I Its Best BestWhen Be BestWhen t tWhen
When has the fine fe art of persuasive persuasiveoratory peruaive peruaiveoratory persuasiveoratory
oratory been een exercised exercie more brilliantly brilliantlyand brlanty brlantyad
and ad loyally loynlr than by the exrSecretary exSecretar of ofWar ofWar ofWar
War in his eulogy of the President at the theUnion theUnion theUnion
Union League Lague Club ClubIt ClubI ClubIt
It I was WI a banquet baquet intended to celebrate celebrateMr
Mr r ROOTS own ow uncommon services servic to tothe tothe tothe
the Government Goverment and the people of the theUnited theUnied theUnIted
Unied United States during two Administra Administrations Administratons Administratione ¬
tions tons and ad yet he generously employed employedthe
the occasion occaion as far as a was wa in i his power in inan inan inan
an attempt attmpt to dissipate disipate Mr ROOSEVELTS ROOSEVELTSunpopularity ROOSEVELS ROOSEVELSunpopulaity ROOSEVEIIISunpopularity
unpopularity unpopulaity in New York and ad to dispel dispeltho dipl diplthe dispelthe
the idea that tho President Pre ident is unsafe aa aaa asa
a statesman statesmanA statcsml
A masterpiece mlttrpiece of eloquence it was wa and anda ad ada
a miracle mirace of friendly selfabnegation selfabnegationTo eIabnegaton eIabnegatonTo
To his unequalled lUequaled mastery mater of the methods methodsof
of the jurisconsult jurisconsul Mr lIr ROOT added the theenthusiasm theenthuslm theenthusiasm
enthusiasm enthuslm of a I sincre sincere personal persnal admi admiration admiraton admiration ¬
ration raton and ad devotion devoton The effect efect could couldhardly couldhardly couldhardly
hardly have failed faled to be notable and andnotable andnotable andnotable
notable it was wasOn waO wasOn
On O Mr Gmaos for forexample example The Te for former former foriner ¬
mer AttorneyGeneral AttreyGeneral has hl served In InMr i inMr
Mr ROOSEVELTS ROOSEVLS Cabinet Cbiet and ad can moos measure men menme moostire ¬
tire as a well well as any man the magnitude magtude of ofMr ofMr ofMr
Mr ROOTS ROOS undertaking undertaklng He knows knowswhat knowswhat knowswhat
what safe se statesmanship sttmaship is He knows knowswhat knowswhat
what the te President Preident is He knows what whatImpassioned whatimplone whatImpassioned
Impassioned implone eloquence is isThe i isThe
The Hon JOHN WILLIAM Unman was wasso WI WIso wasso
so deeply moved move by Mr ROOTS ROOS demon demonstration demonstraton demonstration ¬
stration straton of his former foner chiefs safeness safenessstability snene5 safenesstabi1ity
stability tabity end ad fitness fnes for supreme execu executive exec oxecufive ¬
five tve responsibility rpnsibit that he immediately immediatelysprang iediatly iediatlyspang immediatelysprang
spang sprang to his hi feet and ad nominated nomiated the theHon theHon theHon
Hon ELTHD ELtH ROOT ROO for President PresidentTheatres Psident PsidentTeatre Presidentfleatre
Teatre Theatres and ant Churches Curche and Fire and andPanic andPanic andrante
Panic PanicThe PanicThe ranteThe
The closing of churches curce by the te authori authorities autlr suthorities ¬
tes ties of Chicago Chcgo aa a a consequence conlquenc of the thelessons te telesons thelessons
lessons lesons taught ught by the terrible trble theatre theatrecatastrophe teatre teatrecttrophe theatrecatastrophe
catastrophe cttrophe there ther has hl provoked provoke much muchdiscussion muchdicssion muchdiscussion
discussion as to safeguards against fire fireprovided fireprovided
dicssion a saeguns fro froprovde
provided provde in i church curh buildings buidigs generally generallyAccordingly generaly generalyAccordingy generallyAccordingly
Accordingly the Church Economist a apaper apaper apaper
paper which gives attention attntion to the prac practical practical ¬
tical tcal and temporal tmporal side of church man management management management ¬
agement no less les than the spiritual spiritualnils spitual spitualfll spiritualfills
fills fll a large part pa of the te space spac in its it last lastnumber Int Intnumber lastnumber
number with the opinions opioIs on OI the subject subjectof
of clergymen church officers ofcr city offi officials of ofildabs ¬
dabs cal architects architect and builders buildersThe buider buiderle buildersThe
The discussion with inter interview interview
le dicussion began bega an Intr Intrview ¬
view with the Rev Dr BARTLETT BARTLT the thepastor thepator thepastor
pastor pator of the First Firt Congregational CongregationalChurch Cngrgatonal CngrgatonalChurch CongregationalChurch
Church at Chicago a very ver prominent prominentpreacher promient promientpreacher prominentpreacher
preacher of that town Dr BABTLETT BABTLETTacknowledges BAnriuiracknowledges
acknowledges acknowleges inferentially inferntaly that churches churcheshave churcheshave churcheshave
have neglected neglecte to t to obey the regulations regulationsof regulatons regulatonsof
of the Chicago ordinance ordinanc with wth reference referenceto rfernc
to the safety sfety of audiences against fire fireand fre freand fireand
and more mor particularly partcularly against panic by bysaying bysaying bysaying
saying that having had an awful lesson lessonto
to teach us the results rsult of lax and crimi criminal crmi crminal criminal ¬
nal methods methos the churches will wi heed hee it itby itby Itby
by making maltng the necessary necessar alterations alterationsoven alteratons alteratonsoyen alterationsoyen
oyen at tho cost of thousands thouands of dollars dollarsThereafter dolar dollarsThereafter
Thereafter Thereaftr however he proceeds procs to toargue toar toargue
argue ar e that there is i a wide wde difference differencebetween diferenc differencebetween
between the church and theatre which whichmakes whichmaes whichniakes
makes maes the church building buiding far less les liable liableto lablo labloto
to fire fireDr fireDr
fr
Dr BARTLETt BARTLT contrasts contrats the church churchits churchita church9ts
9ts its moderate moerte congregation congregaton of thought thoughtful ¬
ful people pople people of strong character characterits cacr cacrit charaoterbIts
its it dignified dignfed and almost fireproof freprof fur furnishings turnisllings furnishings ¬
nishings with wih the theatre theatr filled fle to t over overflowing overfowing overflowing ¬
flowing fowing with pleasure seekers seker and a atinderbox atinderbox atinderbox
tinderbox for inflammable infmmable scenery scenerycostumes scenor scenerycostumes
costumes co tumcs and lights lghts In the churoh he hegoes hegoes hegoes
goes on are quiet and worship worhip while whilein whie whiein
in the theatre are tense tnse excitement excitementand excitementand excitementand
and multitudes multtudes as inflammable infamable as the thepaint thepaint thepaint
paint and ad paper papr with which they are aresurrounded aresurounded aresurrounded
surrounded surroundedThe surounded suroundedro
The ro Chicago Chco ministers mistrs experience exprenc of oftheatres pfteatrs oftheatres
theatres teatrs and theatre tetr audiences audencs cannot cannotbo cot cotbe cannotbe
be large Tense Tens excitement exctmet is some something something something ¬
thing not often oren witnessed wtnesse in i a theatre theatrethough theatrethough theatrethough
though actors actor and ad managers manager woud bo boglad beglad
glad jlnd enough enou h to produce prouc it Nor are aremultitudes ar armuttudes aremultitudes
multitudes muttudes as n often attracted attrcte to the thetheatres thetheatres thetheatres
theatres as the boxoffice boxofce desires dcsirO Usu Usually Usual Usealiy ¬
ally al too the audiences audiencs are quiet quietenough quietenoughand enough enoughand enoughand
and the breaks break of applause frequently frequentlyincited frequenty frequentyincited frequentlyincited
incited by a claque do not mean mea that tat the thecrowd thecrowd thecrowd
crowd has ho lost its it head over the te per performance pr prforc perforzmtnco ¬
formance forc If I the applause is genuine genuineit senuo senuoit
it may bo b only ony a polite pUt recognition rcogition of the theefforts tbeeforts theefforts
efforts eforts of the te artists arist on the stage stge and andeven ad adeven andeven
even when it is most enthusiastic enthusito it acts actsas act actsas
as a safety valve for pontup feelings feelingsIt feelngs feelngsI
It I allays tense telle excitement excitemet if i there thereis
is any as rarely mrly happens hlppenR The tone gen generally generaly genorally ¬
orally eraly is critical critcl rather rther than tan excited excitedTho exct excitedThe
Tho most intense intnso feeling Ceelnl in a theatre theatreof theatr
of o late years year has ha been bn produced prouc by the theperformance te teprormanc theperformance
performance prormanc of the music muic drama drma of I
aalfa Parsifal1 at our ou opera opr house hoU but it is isfeeling i Isfeeling
feeling telg Tory wr similar allart to that aroused aruse by bythe byte bythe
the te religious rlgou ceremonies crmone of a church churh in inwhich inwhic inwhich
which whic the te theatrical tetrcl is a large lrge and ad desir desirable desirable dealrable ¬
able element No church churc congregations congregationsare cngrgations cngrgationsar
are ar more mor under uder the te sway of religious religiousemotion rlgous rlgousemoton religiousemotion
emotion emoton in i its is esthetic rtheto form fon than tha are arethe arethe
the te audiences audenc audlenceswhich which listen litn to the musio musicof musioof musioof
of Parsifal Parial and ad watch the te solemn solem and andgorgeous andgorgeous andgorgeous
gorgeous movement of the drama on the thestage thestage thestage
stage Applause Applaue comes in i at decent decentintervals decnt decntintrals decentIntervals
intervals intrals as a a relief rlef for intensity intenity of offeeling offeelng offeeling
feeling feelng and ad not as n a provocation provoction to ex excitement excitment oxcitement ¬
citement citment but otherwise otherise the te audience is isas isa isas
as a selfrestrained seUrestrine as a church churc congrega congregation cngrpa cngrpatlon congrogation ¬
tion And Ad tho samo may be b said sd of the theatre theatr theatre ¬
atre atr audiences audiencs generally goneraly Nor in their theircomposition theircompositon theircomposition
composition compositon do they differ difer notably notbly from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the congregations congregatons in churches churce They Teyaro Teyaromade are aremado aremado
mado up of people pople of the same smo general generalkind generalkind generalkind
kind In times of great religious relgious excite excitement excit excitemont ¬
ment moreover morover in i a period perio of religious religiousrevival rlgious rlgiousrevival religiousrevival
revival the intensity intnsity of feeling feelng aroused arousedin
in the emotional emotonal congregation congrgaton of oa a church churchmay churchmay churchmay
be much
may greater greaterDr
Dr BABTLETT BATLT makes a sound soud point in insaying insying insaying
saying sying that the inflammable ifammble materials materialswhich matrial materialswhich
which abound in a theatre theatr more mor espe especially especaly especially ¬
cially caly on the stage stge are absent from tho thochurch thechurch thochurch
church to t a great grat extent but they are arenot ar arenot
not entirely entrly absent Moreover the great greatdanger grat gratdangr greatdanger
danger dangr for each is not from fire fre but from frompanic frompao frompanic
panic pao which whic may bo due to various variouscauses variouscauses variouscauses
causes Accordingly the neglect to pro provide provide provide ¬
vide churches churhes with doors which open openoutward openoutwar openoutward
outward outwar sufficient sufcent space spar for exits exis and andbroad andbrd andbroad
broad brd enough aisles as a pointed poitd out by bythe bythe bythe
the Deputy Building Buiding Commissioner Commissi ner of ofChicago orCicgo ofChicago
Chicago Cicgo is a very serious matter mattr It Itjustified Itjustfe Itjustified
justified justfe the Chicago Chicgo authorities autorities in com compelling complng cornpolling ¬
polling plng the churches to strict obedience obedienceof
of the building buidig ordinance ordinanceThat ordiac ordinanceThat
That Tat is an a opinion which is sustained sustainedgenerally sustainedgenerally
generally generaly by the architects architct and builders buildersconsulted bulder buildersconsulted
consulted out by the Church Economist Ec07mi The Thenecessity Te Tenecity Thenecessity
necessity necity for tho provision provsio of such safe safeguards sfe sfegas safeguards ¬
guards gas is i not considered conider sufficiently sulcienUy in intho inthe inthe
the plans of many church architects artect In Inorder Inorer Tnorder
order orer to secure artistic artstc effects etects they are aretempted aretempted arelenipted
tempted to neglect prosaic prosc measures melsures for forsafety forsafety forsafety
safety safetyExperience safetyExperienc safetyExperience
Experience Experienc proves provo however that thatwhile thatwhie thatwhile
while whie loss of lifo 1e from frm fire fre and come consequent cone conequent comequent ¬
quent panic has ha been relatively relatvely frequent frequentin
in theatres teatrs there ter have been very few in instances instces instances ¬
stances stces of it in churches curches no matter mater how howcrowded howcrdej howcrowded
crowded crdej yet as compared cmpare with theatres theatresthe theatreRte theatresthe
the te number of churches is great In Now NowYork NewYork NowYork
York for examplethere are ar somewhere somewhereabout somewher somewherabout somewhereabout
about V twelve hundred hundre churches churce and andsynagogues nd ndsyagogues andsynagogues
synagogues syagogues and only about a seventy seventyfive sevety sevetyfve seventyfive
five fve places placs of amusement The dangers dangersfrom dangersfrom I
from fires fr in churches churcles as the history historyof histry histryof
of the city has shown Ihown are small smallrelatively smal smallrelatively
relatively relatvely to those tose in theatres but they theyare tey teyare theyare
are enough and their possible potsibe occurrence occurrenceis
is obvious obviou enough to tojustify justify Jut the authori authorities autori autorities authorities ¬
ties in compelling cmpelng the te strictest strictst observ observance observace observtines ¬
tines ace of the tt rules ret and ad regulations regltons regard regarding regarding regardlag ¬
ing safety on the part of church trustees trusteesarchitects trste trusteesarchitects
architects archtots and builders buider Great Grat as is tho thoaggregate thoagregate theaggregate
aggregate agregate attendance attndac on theatres theatrs every everyevening ever everyevening
evening the te churches churhes contain contin many times timesas tmes tmesa
as a many may people every Sunday SundayNews Sundayew SundayNews
News ew From the Infinitesimal InfinitesimalOno Infnltelmal InfnltelmalOne
One of Secretary Secretar ROOTS last lat official officialacts ofcial ofcialact8 officialacts
acts was 11 to write a letter leter to the chairman chairmanof
of the Senate Committee Committe on Military MilitaryAffairs Mitar MilitaryAffairs
Affairs Afars concerning concring the infinitesimal infnl ial re recess recs recods ¬
cess cs Ho disconnects diconnects that metaphys metaphysical metaphY ¬
ical absurdity from his own ow sane and andpractical andpracical andpractical
practical pracical mind in the passage here herequoted herequoted herequoted
quoted quotedMy
My own mind leaned strontU toward the opinion opinionI opiniontba opthionthat
I that tba be Constitution Const u ln did not no Intend Inlene to deal dea with withany wlh wlhany itb itbany
any fine fne drawn drwn distinction cUstncton between btween slttlnr altnr aitttn one onehour onohour onehour
hour under one call CII and the he next nex under another anotherbut aober aoberbut enotherbut
but that tb th the end of a session srslon that tha the ta oonjtltutlonal oonjtltutlonalprovision Otttonal Otttonalprvon eouitttuttonalproylion
provision prvon meant m was wa when the Senate Sente really ran stopped stoppedalttlnc aoppedaUlac stoppedsitting
sitting aUlac and ad adjourned adjournedNevertheless ac1ournedNevertheless doured douredNeverheles
Nevertheless Neverheles in spite of the Secretarys Secretarysstrong Secrtrs Secrtrsstrong Secretarysstrong
strong opinion the other way recess recesscommissions recesscmmiBion recesscommissions
commissions cmmiBion for Gen Ge WOOD and others otherswere otherswere otherswere
were actually actualy signed sige and ad issued issue by the thePresident thePeident thePresident
President Peident on the theory theor that an a inter interval interval interval ¬
val of time tme inappreciable inappreiable but sufficient sufficientto sufcet sufcetto
to constitute contute a recess reces occurred occured between betweennoon betwen betwennon betweennoon
noon non and noon of the same day Mon Monday Monday Monday ¬
day Dec 7 1903 1903Neither 1nO 1nONeither 1903Neither
Neither the to history of American Ameica poll polltics polo polotcs polltics
tics tcs nor that of mathematical mathematoa and ad meta metaphysical metaphysical inotaphysical ¬
physical paradoxes paraoxe will wi be complete complet to todate todate todate
date until unt somebody discloses discose the real realauthorship ren renautorhip realauthorshIp
authorship autorhip of the theory theor of a l construc constructive constructve construetive ¬
tive tve or infinitesimal ifniteima recess recessTho rece receThe recessrho
The IMety of Gen Grosvenor GrosvenorIt GrosvenorI
It I is satisfactory stifactory to find fd that Gen GenCHARLES GenCHARLES GenCHARLES
CHARLES HEXRY HE RY GROSVENOB is in on onedifying anedifying
edifying edifyig frame of mind As A Mr BRYAN BRYANwould BRYA BRYAwould BRYANwould
would put it ho is for the Godmade Godmadehorse Gomade Gomadehore Godmadehorse
horse hore and against agaist the manmade mamado horse horseOn hore horeOn horseOn
On tho question queston of ordering orderig to be read readfor readfor readfor
for a third thid time tme the bill bi forbidding the thodocking thedocking thedocking
docking of horses hore tails tais in the District of ofColumbia ofColumbia ofColumbia
Columbia importation importaton of dockedtailed dockedtailedhorses dockcdtaiecl dockcdtaieclhOne dockedtailetihorses
into tho District and the within withinit
horses hOne ito Ditrict ad use wthin wthinit
it of any such horses hores not registered registeredwithin regitered regiteredwthi registeredwIthin
within wthi ninety days after the passage pasage of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the bill bi the Hon JAMES J AIES BRECK BRECK PERKINS PERKINStho PRKINS PRKINStho PERKiNSthe
tho Rochester Rochctr historian hitoria showed a re regrettable regretable regrettablo ¬
grettable gretable levity leviy and cynicism cyicim He Heshamelessly Heshamelcsly Hoshamelessly
shamelessly shamelcsly admitted that he owned ownedstumptailed ownedstumptaihed
stumptailed stumptaied steeds Ho 10 denied that thatthere thatthere thatthere
there is any cruelty crelty in i the amputation amputationif amputaton amputatonif
if a little lte cocaine cocaie is il used use He had seen seenhorses Ren Renhorses seenhorses
horses eating eatng their teir oats Ot9 tranquilly tranquiy while whilethe whie whiethe whilethe
the cruel crel deed dee was WI being beig done The Thetalk Te Tetal Thetalk
talk tal about its it hurting hurtig a horse hore is just rot rotsaid rotsaid rotsaid
said Mr PERKINS PERXIS forgetting forgettng the dignity dignityof digity digityof
of history historyMr histor historyMr
Mr POWERS of Massachusetts Ma achustts held heldhumane heldhumane heldhumane
humane sentiments fentments as I to horses horsO tails tailsbut tais taisbut tailsbut
but did not speak as a an expert because becausehe
he never could afford aford a horse hore and ad didnt didntexpect didt didtexpect didntexpect
expect to be able to while whie he was wa a aMember aMember aMember
Member of Congress CongreA Thus Mr POWERS POWERSshowed POWES POWESshowed Powrisshowed
showed both bot the kindness of his heart heartand heat heatand heartand
and his hs virtuous vitous virth us poverty pvery Mr M Coopun Coopunof
of Wisconsin Wiconsin who Is i bader balder than tha Bald BaldKnob BaldKnob I
Knob Kob butted buted in with a question queton Why Whydoes Wy Wydoes Whydoes
does anybody anyboy dock a horses hores tail tailMr tai tailMr
Mr PERKINS IPREIIFlrsl IsaaeeFiret First because becaus It I looks a great greatdeal rrea rreadeal treatdeal
deal better belH Why do you cut cu cm your hair Instead of ofbavins ofhavlnl ofhaving
having havlnl It 1 down cown over your shoulder sbouldrl 7 lLUlbter1 lLUlbter1Mr Laughter LaughterMr LuhterJMr
Mr CoopeR COOPJR of Wisconsin Wbconslnhat That Is I the cruelest cruelestquestion crueie3tquection
c crees creesquestIon
question I have teen asked In a treat many years yearsLauf year yearLurhter1 yearsILaughterl
ILaughterl Lauf Lurhter1 hterI As a gentleman centeman In my city cty used usee to t say aayThat sy syT sayThat
That T Is very ver unvronf umrrnl Laughter LurhtorJ But I never naveroould neverould neveroonld
oould ould see why on earth erh anybody wanted wln ed to t dock dc a ahorses ahore ahorse
horses hore tall tallConsequently tal talCnsequenty tailConsequentiy
Consequently Cnsequenty docking ought to be bemade bemae bemade
made mae unlawful unawfu Why Wy should sou anybody anybodybo aybody aybodybo
bo allowed alowed to do anything ayhng that Mr MrCOOPEB 1r 1rCoorER MrCooPER
CooPER sees fees no sense in Mr PERKINS PERKINStook PERKNS PERKNStook PEzuriNstook
took the heretical herotcal position positon that a man min has haaa
a right ri ht to dress drl himself or his horse hore as 1 he hepleases heplelcs hepleases
pleases plelcs He didnt suppose AUPPO that Con Congress Congress Congross ¬
gress is i going goinj to t pass a law lw saying syig we weshall weshal weshall
shall shal wear red r cravats cvat or blue cravats crvat
or that tt our ourhros harness harneasgbalibeblack shall be black or yel yellow yellow yelIow ¬
low Why Wy not If I s Congress Congs regulates regulatesthe rglais rglaiste
the te tails ti8 of horses h010 why shouldnt shoudt it regu regulate rg regulate ¬
late lte the tetofthelrower tails of their owners coats ct or the thecolor te teclor thecolor
color clor scheme of their ther cravats cvat Mr MrPERKINS MrPRKIN MrPERKINS
PERKINS PRKIN tried tre to shift sit the to centre cntr of at attack at attack
tack by askuig nkig why the foes of cruelty crueltydidnt crueltydidnt crueltydidnt
didnt legislate eglslat against agit the use of the thecheck thececk thecheck
check ceck rein rin a device devic that causes cus the thehorses thebore thehorses
horses bore ten tn thousand times tmes as n much muchtorment muohtonent muchtorment
torment tonent as the slitting slttng of their tails tailsLet tis tisLt tailsLet
Let Lt us be b sensible snsibe ho said Mr PER PERKINS PERKINS PnnKINS ¬
KINS asks Ik too much He is not a practi practical pract practical ¬
cal ca man ma He Heisnotmuch is not much more mor or better betterthan betcr betcrthan betterthan
than one of them damned damne literary ltrr fel fellers re reer felhers ¬
hers er Gen GROSVENOB brought tho thodiscussion thodiscusion thediscussion
discussion discusion to tho high moral plane pl me on onwhich onwhich onwhich
which he always alway stands standsI stnd
I was wa raised with wih very ver hlih notions about the theperfection thep tileperfection
perfection p rl cton and ane complete perfection perfecton of the works of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the Almighty AlmllhlY on an early occasion occaion when He le planned plannedout plnned plnnedou
out ou among other oth r things the dumb aulinaU alimai of the thaworld tbeworld theworld
world I Im am now DW driven drven to believe beleve If I may take takethe tke tkethe takethe
the opinion of the gentleman Ientemn from fm New York If IfGoo I itOOD
Goo Almighty had hd only ony had hd some wise wie advice dvce be before boo boofor betore ¬
fore for Ho 10 would woule have made a horse hore with wit a taU tal stick stickIng stck stckIDc stIcking
Ing right rlh up upWith upWit upWith
With Wit these views as to the perfection perfectionof prfection prfectionof
of nature it JA a I little ltte strange strnge that Gen GenGROSVENOR On OnROSVENOR ConGROSVENOR
GROSVENOR ROSVENOR con ca bring himself to wear wearclothes wearcothes wearclothes
cothes clothes But he is in favor favor of an ac acknowledgment acknowlegment acknowledgment ¬
knowledgment knowlegment of the universal univeral and andsupremo andsuprmo andsupreme
supreme suprmo wisdom of ofthe the Almighty Aighty and andMr andMr andMr
Mr PERKINS PERXIS was very v ry flippant fippant in saying sayingto
to him after that recognition of uni universal univerland universal ¬
versal verland and supreme wisdom widom Well Wel you youdo youdo youdo
do not follow folow it in many may respects respectsThe rspcts rspctsThe respectsThe
The House repudiated rpudiat Mr PERKINS PERKINSand PERKINSad PERKINSand
and ad the manmade mnmade horse hore by 85 to 8 an anemphatic anemphato anemphatic
emphatic emphato indorsement indorement of Gen GROS GROSVENOR GROSVENOR OnosVENOR ¬
VENOR and dumb animals as they are aremade aremade aremade
made madeSeveral madeSeveral
Several Sveral bills bis before bfore Congress CongreR prohibit prohibitthe prohIbitthe prohibitthe
the uso of the national natonl flag fag for advertising advertisingpurposes adveriing adveriingpurpse advertisingpurposes
purposes purpse under uder the pain pin of penalties penalte pro provided provde provided
vided vde for and one of them has been ben re reported reo reopore reported ¬
ported pore favorably favrbly in the Senate nte with wih It Itseems itsm itseems
seems sm a fair fa prospect of passing pllng Within Withina
a few rears year eighteen eighten States Sttes have ble enacted enactedlaws enactedlaws enactedlaws
laws for the same sme purpose purpse and six others othersare othel othersare
are expected expto soon son to imitate Imtte their action actionThe acton actonThe actionThe
The bills bis in Congress as D advocated adoate by the theAmerican theAmercan theAmerican
American Amercan Flag Flg Association ABoclton forbid forbi attach attaching attachIng attachIng ¬
ing advertisements advertsments or pictures plcture to the thE flag flagprinting fag fagprintig flagprinting
printing printig on Its Is stripes strp or defacing It in any unyway anyway anyway
way Evasions Evaalon of the law in flags fagslllhtly fagslllhtlydllerent Bllghlly Bllghllydifferent sllghflytIlflorent
different dllerent from the legal Ilgal requirements are aremade at aremade
made nde illegal illegalIn
In Europe Eurp national natonal flags taga are protected protectedby prtected prtectedhy
by law from such desecration deecrton In England Englandoutrages Englnlli Englnllioutrage Englandoutrages
outrages outrage to the national natonal colors color are ar dealt dealtwith dealtwith dealtwith
with under the laws treating treatng sedition sediton and andtreason andtreafn andtreason
treafn treason A few years ago an al advertiser advertiserwas adverIser adverIserwa
wa was prohibited prhibite from throwing flashlight flashlightadvertisements fashlght fashlghtadverIsements flashlightadvertisements
advertisements adverIsements on the th Nelson column in inTrafalgar InTrafalgar inTrafalgar
Trafalgar Square SquareTHE Suare SuareTiE SquareTIIf
THE TiE GRAND VIZIER 17El OF PERSIA PERSIAMr PfHU1 PfHU1Ir
Mr Ir Mohammed Barakalullali Darlkalulah Telli T I About Abouta
a Recent Visitor blur to This Town TownTo TOWI TownTo
To 0 tEa EDITOR OF 01 TUB TUl Sot SUNSir Sir When Whena
a stranger slranler In a strange Itralil costume makes his bisappearance hisappearance hisappearance
appearance In II the streets of Now York be bedraws hecraws Ii Iidraws
draws craws at once around aroud him a crowd of little littleboys lte ltebos littleboys
boys and girls gesticulating reltoulatngnd gestloulatlngand nd uterlnl uttering utterlneall utterlneallsort al all allsorts
sorts of names namesa namesa a strange strago scene sene Indeed to tobehold tobphold tobehold
behold bphold Similarly Hlmialy whenever a distinguished distinguishedpersonage dlstniulshed dlstniulshedpprsonale distinguishedpersonage
personage pprsonale from fom tome part of tho globe ar arrives arrives arrives ¬
rives In this great Ireat centre of world commerce commercethe commerCI commercethe
the new newspaper paper correspondents correspndents run amuck amuckand nmuckand amuckand
and exhibit exhbit peculiarities pocularltes of little lte boys and andgirls andgirls andgirls
girls In their eagerness eaiernes to fill fl the columns columnsof coluns colunsof
of papers they represent with wih stories at once onceridiculous oncoridiculous onceridiculous
ridiculous and absurd Something of the thekind thekloe thekind
kind kloe did occur last Saturday when the Grand GrandVizier Gr1d Gr1dVizier OrmidVizier
Vizier of Persia Pcrla passed Ps8cd through this city cityIlls cItyIs cityIlls
Ills Is Excellency Excelency All Al Asghar Khan Atabnk AtabnkAam AtahakAzam AtabekAzani
Aam Is the first trst and foremost man In tho thoempire thoempire theempire
empire or his Majesty Majest the Shah of Persia PcraluIn Plrsll
In regard to experience eperience In tho administra administration admlnlslruton ¬
ton tion of the country and knowledge knowlege of foreign foreignaffairs foreiln foreilnalalrs foreignaffairs
affairs alalrs During Durin these last twenty years he heha boha hehal
ha hal been beci guiding uldlnl the destiny destny of tho flowery flowerykingdom toery toeryklnidom flowerykingdom
kingdom of the Middle East trying trylnl to intro introduce Introdnce Introdeco ¬
duce reforms In the very teeth of opposition oppositionfrom oppositon oppositonfrom oppositionfrom
from the th ignorant lrnorant doctors of religion and andpreserving andpre andpreserving
preserving pre ervln the Independence and Integrity Integrityof Itegrlh Itegrlhof
of the Shahs dominions through genuine genuinepatriotism eenulnopatriotsm genuinepatriotism
patriotism patriotsm and steadfast steatt policy poley In spite spie of ofhindrances ofhlndnlces ofhindrances
hindrances hlndnlces from within and without the thecountry thecountry thecountry
country has fallen falen Into line lne with progress progressand prolls progressand
and Ild the Persia PeTla of today is quite qule different differentfrom clflrent clflrentfrom differentfrom
from the Persia lerela of eight elrh years ears ago when tho thopresent thopresent thepresent
present Shah MuzaffaredDIa MuzalaredDn came to the thethrone thethrone thethrone
throne And that is all due nl to the confidence confidenceof confence confenceof
of the Shah In Atabak Azam AZm and the latters latterstireless lathrstieles latterstireless I
tireless tieles energy onorlY In promoting promotng the Interests Interestsof Interest
of the dominions over oYr who whoe e affairs nlalrs he was wasappointed wasappointed DS DSappinted
appointed appinted a guardian It I was wal through throughvigilance throulb throulbAtabak throughAttbak
Atabak AUls Azains IlilClty sagacity and statesmanlke statesmanlkevlrUance statesmanlike statesmanlikevigilance
vigilance that at the tragic death of Nosred NosredDln Nnred NnredDin NiuredDin
Din Shah the present present monarchs father In InMay InMay inMay
May IBIS IS9 the change of sovereign soverelll took place placewithout placowithout placewithout
without the least lelt disturbance of peace und undtranquillity undtranquiity andtranuIll1ty
tranquillity tranquiity throughout the extensive empire empireof
of Persia PersiaThe PersiaThe PersIaThe
The ceaseless activity acivty and continuous continuouswork contnuous contnuouswork continuouswork
work of the State during the last two decades decadesat dpefde dpefdeI
I I at a t last told upon UPOI the health healh of the Grand GrandVizier OrnndI
I Vizier and ho was consequently oonsequenty Impera Imperatively Imperatvoly imperatively ¬
I tively tvoly ordered last l8t summer by the expert expertphysicians exportpbyslclaJ expertphysicians
physicians pbyslclaJ to quit the cores cae and anxieties anxetes of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the empire for a season BelOD and d go abroad abroa for forchange forchange
I change chnnle of air There was no doubt a little littledifference ltte lttedUerence littledifference
difference dUerence of opinion too upon a certain certln cues aueustlon oueHaton cuesetlon
stlon of policy plcy among amon the Ministers at the time tlmoAccordingly timeAccordingly
aton Accordingly Aceordlnlly the Grand Orad Vizier tendered tenderll lmo lmoAceordlnlly his hisresignation hisresllnalon lilaresignation
resignation resllnalon from the Premiership Premierhip which whlc h bis bisMajesty hil hicMajesty
Majesty reluctantly reluotanty accepted accPted Hern lerl are sign signof slrnof signsof
of JlaJesty tho times tme that Is a retired retre retiredMinist Minister 1IDlster r in Per Persia Pfr Pfrsla Pereta ¬
eta In II the reign of the present pre lt Shun ShM h Is I like likeR lke lkeI
R I retired retred Minister llnlstr In Europe Juropl and not like likeas lke lkeal likea
as al a of yore or a I ruined man manIt mal ntaiiIt
It was as rather rlther unfortunate that the corre correspondent correepondont ¬
I spondent spondolt of the th London Timm Tim at Teheran Teheranon
the occasion lon of tho Grind Viziers
on oc GUid resigna resignation rfsJlnn rfsJlnntlon reslynation ¬
tion telegraphed telcjraphle to his hi paper paperacoountslarlelr accounts largely
derived from bazaar rumors rUlon which put un unfavorable unflvorable unfcvorable ¬
favorable flvorable light Ilbt upon the position positon of the re retired retred ratired ¬
tired tred Minister There Thrf Is no 10 wonder wonclr If tho full fulltire fal falltire
tire ml of the mission toBushlre to Rushlrl of Lord lord Curzon Curzonthe Curzonthe urzln urzlnthe
of India Indlalas last November
the Viceroy Novlmber were due dueto dUl dueto
to t the thl Attack nttark upon the character chnrcter of the most mostfaithful mostfalbful moatfaithful
faithful falbful and tried Prime Minister of the Shah Shnbby Shahbr Shaltby
by the London Lndon jrlAS press For it is 118ald said that th1 the tbeShah thoShnh theShalt
Shah is greatly Ireaty fond of Atabak Aznm AznmAtsbak A1mAtabak AzarnAtahak
Atsbak Azam made a tour round the world worldfor worle worldfor
for the th benefit blnlll of his health healh and also al o for a apilgrimage nplgrlmnle apilgrImage
pilgrimage plgrlmnle to Mecca 10cca There Is II a single n JI act actwhich nctwhich actwhich
which essentially Men1nly constitutes constute the pllprrlmnze pllprrlmnzeAll plhnlmnle plhnlmnleAl
All other ceremonies ceremonlPI are nonessentiaL nonP8 pnt If a nman aman aman
man Al stand Itaml on the plain pin In of Arafat Araat near Mecca Meccaen 1leccn 1leccnen I
en the 9th of iilhljjeh ulhljeh between bttween noon nnd nndsunset nnd8un8et nndsunset
sunset and ancllAten listen to t the sermon sron ho has per pera pertormea perfornieil
tormea hi his plhrrlmnlo pilgrimage Ttre There WIS was lpsl less titan thnnmonth titana
a month to the Dth of ZulhlJJen ulhIJph when the theGrand theOrand theGrand
Grand Vizier left New York Hence ho hl was wasgreatly wasgreatly I
greatly disappointed dl8PPolntpd at not no being belnl able to see seemore apomore seemore
more erenty of this country which he liked ikId so much muchI
I was Introduced Introuced to the Grand OrBd Vizier at atwant atOstend atstend
Ostend In 1900 MIl ho promised to present presentme
me to his 1000J Majesty Ia esty the Shahl Shah but owln owing to to1ant towant
want 1ant of time tme I wag I not presented presen ed Hut Jut when whenthn whAnthl whenthe
the thl Shah came to London Lndon In 1002 nnd the thl day
his Majesty was the euest lueRt of the Persian PersianLegation Plrlan PlrlanVlraton PersianLegation
Legation llesy the Irani Irand Vizier saw me and ald at atonce atone atonce
once Vlraton recognized rfeollzo me Within Ithl five fve minutes minuteshe minut minuthe
he one sent snt for me and presented presnted me to his hisMajesty hil hisMajesty
Majesty To accuse e a man of principle and andconsiderate andccnJiderate andcenlderate
considerate lalRy ccnJiderate T like lke IcU him of sleeping sleeplnl at the theliner theWaldorAstorl theWaldorfAstoria
WaldorAstorl WaldorfAstoria and kNDlnl keping an Atlantlo Atlantloliner
liner lne waltmsr wnltll for him Is nothlnsr IInothlnl but libellous libellousAs IbeUous IbeUousAs Atnnto Atnntolne
As the Panama Paama C Canal aaI nal J In going rlnw to t be baconstructed becIstrco becopetructoti
constructed before beforl long 111 and an this ths country cutr la lacofng Isoln 1sgoing
going cIstrco oln to be thereby brought nearer to the thoEast tl0 tl0Fa theEast
Fa East t which Is the future market of American Americanfields Amerloll Americanfields
fields American furnaces furnacls and ad American Amerlrnr irnerlcarjlooms
looms teldA It Is time tme that the peonlo of the United UnitedStates Unlt11Rtntes UnitedStates
States should adopt lopt a I dignified dllltl and friendly friendlyattitude trlendlvattude friendlyattitude
attitude attude toward Asiatic visitors and should shouldnot shoulllnot shouldnot
not bo misled mlRlpd by accounts aCluntl of the thl Orient re received received received ¬
Interested channels channelsMOHAMMED enannelaMonAMMn
ceived through throlih Interptlc rhanpis rhanpisMOlAM1tFD
MOHAMMED MOlAM1tFD BAiiAKATintAn BAiiAKATintAnNEW DAlAKATUtI
NEW YORK YOR 1 Ph PhDoth > > 1 alioffi 1Doth
Doth Episcopalian Ephcop11 and ad CangreftUavalMt ConnUaht Are AreCorrect AreCorne AeCovrect
Correct CorrectTo Corne
To THB TBJ EDITOR or TB Ta Tile Sex SUSir SeasSir sir In your youreditorial youredtoral youreditorial
editorial edtoral of today with w h the te heading helr A Jesuit JeuU and andDr andDr andflr
Dr Drlrrs Drrs I rend rea to t 1 ° which wheh the be Episcopalian Episcopalianclergyman Eploopan EploopanolerTm Episcopalianclergyman
olerTm clergyman neglected necleced Ac AcFrom 60Frm o oFrom
From Frm childhood ohldhood I have heard here of Episcopal Eplcopa clergy clergymen clcrnmen clergytaco ¬
men and nd Episcopal Eplpa Bishops Dlsbop and ne know that thtr thtran thf thepart
an Episcopalian EpIplan but bu never until tnt lately have I Iheard Ih Iheard
heard h ar of Episcopalian Eplscopalsn clergymen cleryen You never any aayCongrefatlonallat al anyConCregationhltt
Congrefatlonallat Concrelaonallt clergymen cerlmen but why should shouldyou ehouldrou shouldyou
you not no It the above li L corrrct corrrot BximamnK BximamnKPrrrwiKU BZBUITIERpirTNriFnn lRKRIRR lRKRIRRPrRPtpln
PrrrwiKU PrRPtpln MAM Feb 3 3Ills 3J 3Ills
Ills J Opinion OpinionVlnltor OpinionVlsUorRekabye OpinionVjaitorRookabye
Vlnltor VlsUorRekabye VjaitorRookabye Hookahya baby In II tbs tree Iee top topBoston topBotn topBoatao
Boston Botn Iliby Itabyliacuso byEuU Kicoso me madam Idam but bu I o ojlcler 0Ider osa osaalder
alder Ider arborealoaclUitloiMitrcraoly arborealosctUattoaeltremelidangeroua rbreacIUa loJ1tremo7daleroU dangerous dangerousv
v
A LESSON IN RAILROADIXd RAILROADIXdHow nULBOADINGJew
How Jew State Itate Ownership nerhlp of Roads Boad Das Da Fared FaredIn Fard FardII
In II France FrancePARIS FrancePARIS ranoe ranoePAIS
PARIS PAIS Jan Ja 26 28The The question quetlon of the te re repurchase r repurchase ¬
purchase purhae of the railroads rllrn by the State Statewhich StatewhIch Statewhich
which is at present plent engaging elgagllg the Chamber Chamberof Cmber Cmberof
of Deputies Deputes assumes 8sume the proportions prporton of ofboth ofbth ofboth
both bth an economical onamlca1 and political pltcal issue issueOn iue iueOn issueOn
On tho one hand the tie existence existene of lade independent Inde Independant ladependent ¬
pendent companies compnlea shocks hoks the Socialists Socialistspartisans Sialsts Sialstsparian Socialistspartisam
partisans parian of State monopoly and on the theother theother theother
other these thoo same Socialists Soel11lats know kow the value valuewhich valuowhich valuewhich
which the electors elecor attach Ittah to topublle public pub1c functions functionsThey functons functonsThey functionsThey
They imagine that an addition addlt addtIon n of 300000 300000officeholders 300 300000officeholders
ofcholder officeholders would enhance their Influence Influencein Inuence InuenceIn
in tho country countryUnfortunately countryUntorunatlly countryUnfortunately
Unfortunately Untorunatlly for the leaders eader of the thecampaign thecampaign thecampaign
campaign at present preent started stated for the re repurchase repurchae rutpurchase ¬
purchase purchae of the railroads rairoads there are people peoplewho pople poplewho peoplewho
who have a a littlo 1tte regard re a for experience exprience and andsome andsome andsome
some recollect roletion ion of facts faes The Te condition conditon of oftho oftheralrad ofthe
the theralrad railroads in Francois Frace is the result reut of a acorn acompromise acornpromise com compromise ¬
promise between the State and nd the private privatecompanies privateeompanle privatecompanIes
companies eompanle Without going back to the thelaws thelaws thelaws
laws of 1842 and 1819 18t which whch first frt admitted admittedthe amite admittedthe
the principle princpe of exploitation eploitaton by private privatecompanies privatecompnies privatecompanies
companies compnies with the aid and under the con control contrl control ¬
trol trl of the State we find tnd that under uner the theconventions theconventons theconventIons
conventions conventons of 1883 188 already alrady in force fore the theState theState theState
State to compensate the companies cmpanies for the the1burdens thebureD theburdens
burdens bureD Imposed Impose upon them such fuch as a the theconstruction thecontrcton theconstruction
construction contrcton of unprofitable unproftable lines lne or the thelowering theloworlng thelowering
lowering of the cost COt of transportation trlportaton gave gavethem gavethem gavethem
them an interestbearing Intertbarlnggulante guarantee The Theprinciple Theprlnclplo Thelrlnclple
principle of ofthis this tlls guarantee guarantc gunrantoecontinues continues contnues to be bethe bethe bethe
the pivot of French Frnoh policy 1 > Ioy In the matter of ofrailroads otralroa ofrailroads
ralroa railroads Its Il assessment aesment Is I fixed fxe at 466 466per 468IJer 466Per
per cent cnt In other words wons every share shareholder Ihare Ihareholder shareholder ¬
holder of a railroad rairoad company cmplny In France Franceis
is assured Isurd of a minimum dividend of 466 466per 46 46per 468per
per cent this dividend being furnished furnishedby furishe
by the State in case C8 the receipts reipts of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the companies companil8 are not sufficient sufcient to allow allowit alow alowIt
it to be deducted deucte from trie tb profits proft of the theexploitation thoexploitaton theexploitation
exploitation exploitaton The advances advance made mde by the theState theStatq theStatq
Statq in this thi way must must be reimbursed reimbure by the thecompanies thecmpanle thecompanies
companies cmpanle with interest Interet at the rate of 4 4per 4pr 4per
per pr cent centNow cent centNow
Now up to the present prsent only two twocompanies twocompawC twocompanies
companies compawC the Northern Norhem and ad the Paris ParisLyonMediterannee ParisLyonMediteranne i
LyonMediterannee LyonMeiterannr commonly comony called cale the theP theP i iP
P L M were not obliged oblge to draw upon uponthe upn upnthe uponthe
the guarantee guaantee The future of these thee two twolines twolnC twolines
lines lnC that of the Northern Norher especially elpeh ly is I very veryencouraging veryencouraging veryencouraging
encouraging But this is hardly Jlarly the case casewith cae caewith casewIth
with those of the State Stlte and Orleans Orleanf lines lineswhich lne lineswhich
which to a limited lmite extent have Itlve been ben obliged obligedto oblge
to draw upon the guarantee Still Sti less les Is Isit IsIt isit
it the case cle with tho Western Wlsternond Westernand and Southern Southernlines Souther Southernlines
lines Jncl whoso whoe situation lituaton Is very precarious precariousbecause prearious preariousbeaue precariousbecause
because beaue at the present prlsent time tmo the amount of oftheir oftheir oftheir
their respective repectho debts to the State on ac account 10 10count ascount ¬
count of tho guarantee guate exceeds oxc sconlderably sconlderablythe considerably considerablythe
the value of the security in rolling rolig stock stockIn stockIn stockIn
In regard rgad to this situation situaton evidently evidentlycritical evidenty evidentycritcal evidentlycritical
critical critcal the companies companie contend cntend that their theirprofits theirprofts theIrprofits
profits profts are swept away by the unproductive unproductivelines unproducive unproducivelne unproductivelines
lines lne which they were compelled compeJc to estab establish etab estabhish ¬
lish lih by tho order of the State and an in view viewof vie viewof
of the public publo interest that it would be un unjust unJut Unjust ¬
just Jut to rob them of the profits profts which some someday sOI son sonday
day will wi be derived derved from these tlese lines lne the theheavy theheay theheavy
heavy expenses in the construction con8trcton and andrunning andrunning andrunning
running of which they they had to bear bearFinally ber berFinaly bearFinally
Finally Finaly and most Important of all aJ the thedefenders thedefender thedefenders
defenders defender of the companies cmpanies claim that tho thorepurchase thor thorepurchase
repurchase r purhaso of the Western Wetern and Southern Southernlinos SouthernJne Southernlines
lines Jne and direct dIret working of them by the theState theSlate theState
State cannot at all al lighten lghten the burdens burdenswhich burden burdenwhich burdenswhIch
which the maintenance of the
tle guaranty now nowputs nowputs nowputs
puts upon the taxpayers tlpayer but that tht on the thecontrary thecontrar thecontrary
contrary contrar It will wi increase Increa them considerably considerablyNow cniderably cniderablyNow
Now let us I see why whyIn whyIn whyIn
In Franco Frane several years ear ago an experi experiment expri expriment experiment ¬
ment was made State Stlte railroads rairad were es established el cctablished ¬
tablished tablihcd which from every point of view viewwere viewwere ew
I Iwere
were to be models Their Teir organizers organizer were werehonestly wer werehonestly
honestly honety convinced cnylnce that the success suceS of their theirmanagement theirmanagement theirmanagement
management under the the new TW method was wasbound WI wasbound
bound to bo complete Eminent 1mlnent engineers engineerswere englneor englneorwere
were put at A t tho head hel11 of these State lines linesCompared lnes lnesCompared linesCompared
Compared withthat withthatofheprhatecompaie withtiuitoftheprwatecompanies withtiuitoftheprwatecompaniesthe of theprivatecomponies theprivatecomponiesthe I Ithe
the service was neither better nor worse worsebut woro worsebut I Ibut
but by tho very nature nture of the tht bureaucratic bureaucraticorganization bureaucrato bureaucraticorganization I Iorganilton
organization organilton belonging to State service servicethe serice servicethe I Ithe
the expenses epenset were increased increaed While 111e the tlieworking thoworking theworking
working of the private prlvlto lines lnes coat eOt from 48 48to 48to I Ito
to 55 per cent of the gross gros receipts receiptsthe reeipt reeiptthe receiptsthe
the administration admlnlstrton of the State railroads railroadsexpended rairoas rairoasexpende railroadsexpended
expended expende for each eah hundred hltdred francs frane in gross grossreceipts groMreeipts grossreceipts
receipts reeipts more than seventy francs francsConsequently francsConeuenty francsConsequently
Consequently Coneuenty it seems 1e1 clear that after afterthe afer aferthe afterthe
the burden of the
the repurchase repurchae repurchaaetheburdcnof guarantee guaranteeof
of interests Interets will wi not be lightened lghtened on the thecontrary thecontrry thecontrary
contrary contrry it will wi be increased increae with the thechange thechange thechange
change of its Il name and nature since it itmust itmust
must cease cene to be a profitable proftable and reim reimbursable rlm rlmburablo reimbursabbe ¬
bursable burablo loan loanThe 101n 101nTho loanThe
The State as a a matter of fact tac has ha no noIntention noIntcnton noIntention
Intention Intcnton of making a present peent to the com companies companles cornpanics ¬
panics by ly giving them a a guarantee It Itwas I I Iwas
was wa given to them to enable them to con construct conBlret construct ¬
struct Blret a network of secondary secondar lines lne by bywhich bywhich bywhich
which the entire tntro country countr huts 18 been bene benefited benefe benefiLed ¬
fiLed fe but which cannot pay expenses eJpenses In Inasmuch Inasmuch Inasmuch ¬
asmuch as the State on becoming beoming tho thoowner thoowner thoowner
owner of tho railroads rairlds can stop neither neitherthe neitherthe neitherthe
the service serice of the working sections seton norths northsfinishing northetrshlng northofinishing
finishing trshlng of the lines 1ne in the programme the thesamo thesaro thesamo
samo saro causes cause must continue contnuo to produce producethe producethe producethe
the same effects efets and tho same guarantee guaranteeunder guarntee guarnteeun guaranteeunder
under un er another name and with less les advan advantages advantoge8 advantages ¬
tages must mUlt he paid out of the pockets of ofthe oftho ofthe
the taxpayers taxpayersBut tnpayers
But there is another view of the question questionwhich queton quetonwhloh questionwhich I
which must not be left lef in the shade During Duringtho Duringtho Duringthe
tho year 1603 19 tho amount of the advances advancesimulo advance advancemndo advancesiiuubo
imulo by the State in tho matter maLer of the theguarantee theguarantee theguarantee
guarantee was wa 27000000 27CO francs That Thatis TIIlt TIIlti
is i the loan which the State made to the thecompanion thecompan thecompanies
companion compan Now how much during that thatsame thatslmo thatsame
same slmo year did the companies cmpanies pay to tho thoState thoState theState
State in taxes taxC collected colecte on their franchises franchisesJust franchiset franchisesJust
Just 54100000 51600 francs The deduction deducton is isthat Isthat isthat
that tho State would deprive itself itscl of an anincomeof anIncome anIncome
incomeof Income of 54000000 500 francswithoutbeingnble francswithoutbeingnbleto frlneRwitout francawithout bein being able ableto ableto
to relieve reloe itself Itsel of the burden of 27000000 27000000francs 2700 fl000000franca
francs fralcs which would evidently ovldenty remain with withthe wllhthe withthe
the causes cause which produced it itMoreover I ItMoreover
Moreover when we think of the abuses abusesof abuse abuseof
of all nl sorts which State monopolies mOlopol en engender engfnder engender ¬
gender wo Ye may well wel wonder if the majority majorityin
in the French Chamber Intend to increase increasethe Incrase Incrasethe increasethe
the burdens bureM of the State already alr dy too heavy heavyand heavyand heavyand
and to multiply multply financial fnlcial difficulties dIfculte now nowconstantly nowcnstanty nowconstantly
constantly cnstanty arising ariing from tho ruinous rinou med meddling meddlng meddung ¬
dung dlng of politics polt In lnadmlnlstratveserce administrative services servicesM
M MO MOHembenhlp C CMembership CMembership
Membership Requisite n rulle to Support 81pport a Chtrch ChtrchFrom ChuchFrom ChrchFron
From the II Church Economist EconomistIt Eronomill
It 1 Is l evident that lila thl current curent resources resurces of a achurch achurch achurch
church must mus be sufficient sundent to enable a minister to todevote todevote todevote
devote his time lme and strength to o Mi ii charge charle There ThereIs
Is In addition addlion the he eipeaso ot building buldlnc and main maintauilng maa maatallar maintalning
tauilng tallar a house hOlse of worship Including Indudlnl light Irh fuel fueland fe tactand
and ad core cre Soma Sme expense ePCD Is Involved Ivolved In any ay sort sortof sr srof sortof
of satisfactory afactry music Other Oher Items lems will wl auggeit auggeitthemselves SUIN SUINthcmselve auggeisthcmacive
themselves thcmselve U I may be assumed lmmed that to meet these thesevarious tleee tleeevaroue thesevartoUg
various varoue demands at a least 12000 10 3 a year yrr Is necessary necessarygave neceuysve necessarysave
gave sve perhaps perhap In the most rural rurl communities communlles and anduhder anduhd andulider
uhder uhd r mission mlslon conditions conditionsNow condiIons condiIonsow conditluniaNowa
Now Nowa ow a study Htldy of denominational denomlnalolnl year yea books will willshow wi willshow
show that the average ner c American llercal church chlreh member memberspends mcmberapcnds mcntberspends
spends about 115 12 12 a year ear on his church rlurcb So S If wo wocould wecould a acould
trust to the fairness of a broad
could lrs lalrM brold generalization generalizationwe generalzaton generalzatonwe
we vs might mlrh divide 2000 by 12 1 and My M y that 100 10 i was wasthe wasthe M Mthe
the minimum of safety Ilety fety In church membership membershipFoker lembrr memberchippoker hll hllPoker
Poker Wo I Once ScharwenztlJ ScharwenztlJfrom Sclarenzl SclarenzlJrom Scharwenzl ScharwenzlFrom
from Jrom the tl London london Brtresi BrtresiGermans bzpresGerman3 rprS
Germans Ormau claim clim that poker pker li an I old German Germantame Germn Germnrame Germangame
tame which for more mor than tbn 100 10 years ban lu been beenplayed beenpls1ed beenplayed
played and Is still a 1 being bela played In some Ime districts districtsof dlstrot
of Westphalia Westphla Emigrants Emlnant took It to the United UnitedStairs UnitedStteH UnitedSlates
Stairs StteH and there tbeels therelts Its name of Scharwenzel was waschanged Wa Waschanged
changed Into poker pokerAce poler polerAe poterAge
Ace of Naya > 4avai ar l Officers Officersirntn OmcenJrm 051cmJrnrfl
irntn Jrm the II Nary tiru lAIIOf Leujae xiiffup loitrnul loitrnulThe Iomal IoU real reallhe
The ages of ofonrers ofQrcrs rccr novromnuncllne no rlmmaldlnl our battle baltr baltribf ltaitjeships I IthliM
ships ibf are Wt 6 Sit 51 M 57 27 7 67 7 M 1 SO 61 50 5 55 and 55 Mnd 55and j I Ind
and nd this will wi b b about the he age ae of officers olcera who will willrelieve wi willreSeve
relieve nle them The ate le of officers olet now OW selected allctt scl ctsd to torelieve t torelieve
relieve rl e four tourofhese fourof of these are ar 8757 6 57 57 Hind 51 5 ad and 55 M
CONFEDERATE HORSE nOnSECLUVS CLAIMS
100000 10 Already Paid P for Horses 10re Taken Takenby Ten Tenby Talcenby
by Union Soldiers Sldtr After Lees L Surrender SurrenderWASHINGTON Sunder SunderW4JNOTON SurrenderWASHINGTON
WASHINGTON W4JNOTON Feb 4 fTe 4The The last lt of the theConfederate theConfeerte theConfedemte
Confederate Confeerte horse hore claims cIm to be paid pid by bythe bythe bythe
the War Department Deprment out of the money moneyappropriated moneyappropriated moneyappropriated
appropriated by Congress Congr last lat Feb February Februar Februsty ¬
rusty ruar will wl be settled ato in i a few days daysby dys dysby daysby
by Capt Cpt A W Butt depot dept quarter quartermaster qurer qurermter quartermaster ¬
these claims claimswill claimswi claimswill
master mter here The payment pyet of thee
will wi leave leve about four hundred hudre claimsyet claimsyetto clims claims yet yetto at atto
to bo settled sotte for which Congress Cngrss has hasmado hs hsmado hasmade
mado Already out
no appropriation appropraton Alredy about a
1100 100000 has hs been bon used uso in settling setlng these theseclaims th theseclaims e eclims
claims clims and it Is estimated Ctmato that tt 1100000 1100000more 1100 iOO000more
more will wi be needed noeod to pay py the remainder remainderThe reminder reminderTho remainderTue
The claims clall arose from what is I called cale an anImproper al anImproper
Improper seizure of the horses horC of Con Confederate Confeerato Confederate ¬
federate feerato soldiers soldier after afer the surrender sureder at atApporaattox atAppomtox atAppomattox
Appomattox Appomtox the terms term of which provided providedthat prvide providedthat
that tht the Confederates Confoerte should return retur tho thohorses thohore thohorses
horses hore Gen Grant Is credited crelo with say saying sy sying saylag ¬
ing to the prisoners prioner Take your horses horsesand hore horsesand
and ani return rutur to the plough Union soldiers soldiershowever Aoldler soldiershowever
however took tok many mny of the horw hOl hottest away awayfrom awayfrom awayfrom
and how the theGovernment theGoyernment theGovernment
from tho Southern Souther soldiers Ioldler now
Government to is called cale upon to pay for the thehorses thehore thehorses
horses hore upn
THE TIB MAROARETTA MAROARETTAConrrrnman JIAnGUETTAConrrIDln iLl tOt RETTA RETTACongrcssnlan
Conrrrnman Wileys Description of Her Her4ipture liarCaPture
ConrrIDln leyH 1hserlpton Ipr IprC
CaPture C alture Declared IncorrectTOTUK IncorrectToruaEniTosoTESSUNStr Incorrect IncorrectTo
To TOTUK ToruaEniTosoTESSUNStr THE EDITOR I DITOR OF 0 THK SUN SUNSIr Str I was W reminded remindedby rCllnded rCllndedby
by reading readlnl the article aricle In Tui Ta SUN of Jon Ja at alabou alaboutbe about aboutthe aioutthe
the capture eaptu of the le schooner Margaretta Wararla In 1775 U7 of ofthe ofIho ofthe
the praise praLe of accuracy contained In the tb he remark remarkIt
It I U L better beltr not to t know so many things than to toknow 10klow toknow
know klow so at many things Ihlnls that aint so I have read readthe readthe readthe
the speech of Congressman Conrrel mnn Wiley Wiey of Alabama on onwhich onwblcb onwhIch
which that Ilal article artcle wu Woi was based bae and Ind I bet a little littlespace ltle ltlespae littlespace
space spae to point out ou tome of tbe things Ihlnr that ha aint ala so soIn soIn soin
In that Iba speech The capture of the Margaretta Margarettathe Mararla Mararlathe
the first Irsl naval Dnl contest In the Itevolutlonary Hevolutonary War Warwas Warwa VarWas
wa was go praiseworthy pralevortby a 1 deed that t18 Its Ia story stor ought oughtto
to be told with wih fair flr historical hlslorcal accuracy and ad It Li L a apity aply apity
pity ply that Iha the Congressional Conrreslonll Record Reord should contain containa
a narrative farralve of U I marred by so many Inaccuracies InaccuraciesThere Inacuraies InacuraiesTher inaccuraciesThere
There Ther la I little ltle excuse excue for those Inaccuracies lnceurlcles for forthere fortbere forthere
there are ar several authentic aulbentc accounts accouot of the affair affairwhich alair alairwblcb chairwhich
which with some slight allh discrepancies disrepnces substantially substantiallyagree sub substantiallyagree lnltly lnltlyrce
agree rce A report of It dated two days after ater U I 00 occurred 00curcd 00curred ¬
curred curcd was WI sent sen by the Committee Commitee of Correspon Correspondence Corspn CorspnIece Correspondeoce ¬
dence Iece and Ild Slety Safety of the People of Uachlos Msobl to the theUaasachusetU theMUbU theMassacbUetla
UaasachusetU MUbU t Provincial Provinci Congress COfrs and ad U pub published pUbled publtuJted ¬
led In Its Proceedings Preelals In 1131 3 Jobs OBrien OBriena OBren OBrena
brother b Jeremiah OBrien account accountof
a br r of ODreD gave an aount aountof
of It U itIie he was WI tbe then 81 years Y as old which whcb was WI published publishedlathe pUblihed pUblihedIn publishedia
lathe In the he Collections Col cton of the Maine Historical Iltrleal Society SocietyIn Soeety SoeetyIn
In 1817 ISI In 1839 18 Cooper Coo ri Naval Nlval History of the theUnited theUnied theUnited
United Unied State SIA el was wa published publlbed which contained containedan
an n account of It I In 1881 10 the town of Machlas Machlasheld Mahas Mahasheld Macbiasheld
held a centennial c atennla celebration n and tho histories nlstorlcaorator bls historiesorator orleA orleAoralor
orator William WiIam F Smith naturally nUural1 told the story storyat Sloryt storyat
at t length and la II 1887 a paper about It wan WI read by bylieorte bylionre bytiforge
lieorte K t Talbot before b core the te Maine Historical 1torlcal So Society Soclel 0 0Liety ¬
ciety clel which whcb was wa i published pUblihed by the society la Its ItsCollections It itsColiccttun
Collections Colccto In 1811 1l1 1l1I
1 am curious to o know klo where Mr Wiley WI y got Ills IllsInformation bl hisinformation
Information InformAton of some Ime of the things Illnls which he ncr narrates Ir Irrate ncrrates ¬
rates In his Ils speech Some of his bl errors appearing appearingon
on a comparison of his hi speech with the tb authentic authenticaccount autento autentoaccounl authenticaccount
account I would woud like lke to point out ou as I follows folows folowsI followsI
I Mr Wiley Wiey In his bl proposed Inscription 1Drpton for his hisproposed hhm hi hiproposed
proposed monument u and n again In his 1 speech says saysMargaretta saysthat
m that rJe rJeu Jeremiah OBrien B e ec c captured t and 1dsP dsP sank 8l 8lMarrlreta the theMargaretta
Margaretta Marrlreta But lu tbe Margaretta Marlareta was not sunk sunkShe slinkShe nnl
She win brought back In triumph trumph to Macblas by bythe bythe bythe
the victors victorsrhe
7 Tbe sloop by which the Uargaretta Uarcareta was con conquered conquered conquered ¬
quered was Dot no called caled the be Liberty but bu the Unity UnityHhe UaUylbe Unitybe
lbe Hhe be was wa afterward fitted ntd out OU with wlh the four 3pound 3poundguns 3poundluns Spoundguns
guns and fourteen lourteel swivels ewlvl which had formed the thearmament tbearmament thearmament
armament of the Margaretta arraretl and was waslhen then named namedthe namedtbe namedthe
the Machlas Liberty Lberty
3 Mr Wiley Wiey says that the news of the battle baie of ofLeilnfton ofLtnrlon ofLexinion
Leilnfton Ltnrlon reached reabed Machlas Iahla on Sunday morning morlii
May 10 1775 and nii the capture was effected the next nextday neatday
IW5dt IW5dtdhteb dhteb uJ
day This date he might have aotli aotliNaval not from Coopers CoopersNaval CoopersNaval
Naval history ltory which says sYS that the b he capture was a on onMonday onMondal onMonday
Monday May 11 1 But May 11 I In that year was wa not notMonday no noMonday notMonday
Monday and ad the cApture was wa on Monday M ncr June 12 12Instead 12In 12InaleadofMsy
Instead In InaleadofMsy tead of May 11 I Moreover MOI Moreoverthtenews oer the news of the battle battleof btle btlei battleof
of Lexington which was fought ou April 19 must mustbave niuithave
have i v reached neItcd aM Machia Mac bins weeks t Ut before o June J E Hgto Hgtolews 12 for the thenews thenews
news lews of the capture cItur of the Margaretta 1lrareta reached rache tOe ttieProvincial tie tierovlaelal tOeProvincIal
a Provincial fortnight Congress Conrrs of Massachusetts Maachusett In less les titan tliaua baua
4 Mr Wllry WIy says that the 1 he village are authorities authoritieswere nutborlts nutborltswee
were wee Tories Torle There Is I no support 5UPPOr for this thi state statement slatemeat Ia e emn ¬
meat mn In either lher of the accounts above referred rclcred to toMoreover 10Mor toMoreover
Moreover Mor oer on May 27 a petition prUlon signedby slraed by thirty thirtyseven Iblrt Iblrteeven thirtyseven
seven men of Macblas which then contained contaied 100 100families 10 100families
families bad a been addressed I r to the Massachusetts Massachusettswhich MassachusettsProvincial e ebcb
Provincial II is Congress praying that b te provisions 1 of ofwhich
which Jr JrII bcb that Ilel were In need might mliht 1 be sent e nl to them In Inthis Inhl Inttil
this ttil hl petition rUton they said sid that hl relrlng relylnl ou your 10lrwls 10lrwlsdOII wis wisdom WIsutOfli ¬
dom the wisdom Irsdom of the Continental Coataculs Congress Corrc aud audthe adflv nii niithe
the dOII justice of our cause they e hoped for a happy happydeliverance happydetiverafleC
eotf otf otfCthuro Cthuro J1r
deliverance flv e from the Iron chains f of J1rrna tyranny tyrannyThose tyrannyThose rna f
Those who sent n that hn petition > Uon were re not Tories ToriesS
S Mr Wiley Wiey says that tba the Marhlas larbl8 men armed armedtheir ard ardtbelr armedtheir
their sloop with wlb tho old KUHS 11 nns dragged drailed from the theblockhouse Ibeblorkbolc thebloekilolise
blockhouse blorkbolc If I by runs ho h meant cannon as asIs a aI asI
Is I to ho fairly falrlIrrd Inferred from his dtihxeiiurnt mention mentionot melton
ot the drrodful broadside brOdldo shots exchanged esehanled be between beIwcrn beterra ¬
terra the hr two vessels vela he mad lade a great rrrlt mistake mistakeTho mtak111e mistakeTue
Tho Macblas Maclla men bad no rannpn rannfn Their equip equipments equIPmtnU equipnientO ¬
ments mtnU sats Smith were found to be b only a few fewcharges fewrharleq fewcitarges
charges rharleq of powder powlr and ball bal for twenty rtv towhee fowllnrpieces lowlnt towheepierce
pieces Ie thirteen thrlen pitchforks pllrhorks and ten or twelve axes axesAnd u uAnl axesAnii
And Tilliot says al Only half had muskets mnk ts and for forthese lorIhea forthese
these there were wee only three thr rounds of ammunition ammunitionThe ammuniton ammunitonTh
The Th rest armed ared themselves themsrlve with 11h pitchforks plchforls and andnarrow ad adnarow andnarrow
narrow narow axes axesHow ues10w axes11mw
How 10w Mr tr Wiley Iy should have armed lbs sloop with withrannon wlh wlhrannon withcannon
rannon anti entirely ntrrhmlted omltt ed this till remarkable element elementIn lrmentIn
In the daring dorlnw of tbfiriplolt tb the elllol caploIt that U was M a capture of ofan oran ofan
an armed vessel 81 with wih a crew cr of forty men by b on onunarmed DnInarmul anunarmed
arme
unarmed Inarmul unarmed vessel sa 1 with a smaller amlr crew er V armed only onlywith onlywith onlywith
with a fcwmuskets few mlkn muskets with h pltfhforlis and axes U I is isdifficult I isihinciuit
difficult lmcul to understand Inder nd ndO
< 0 Mr Ir Wiley Wlr must mlll have h evolved owd out of ofhl his own ownInner ow owninner
Inner consciousness consrlnunes the th episode rphnr whIch whlh he h relates rear of ofa
a clrl Ilrl un of 17 years yrar of age el named nam Mary Mar Chandler Chandlerleaving Clendler Clendlerlralar Chandlerleaving
leaving lralar the church that Sunday Hnndn morning momlnr during duringthe dnrnr duringthe
the th service t1c and ald walking wAlklnl through Ibrl the woods wo to tolonrsboro t tolonesboro
lonrsboro ten mUmdlstiint Ultra tltitstt sitS a thiil thu night bringing bringingback bringingback
rfi th thlr lr dllrJ A AHlnd
back k to Morhlan h on her abc shoulders bc I twentyfive twentyfivefinds twentyAvepellets
pellets Hlnd finds of powder wlr which he b san was Wa next day daystowed daytowel daystoweil
stowed towel away In the th bull hul of the Unity tnly Ills Jlq Imag Imaginary Imar lntccmary ¬
mary Ina powder poV r U proper ammunition ammuniton for his Imag Imll ¬
inary Innr cannon eiinnonNo cannonNo
No 0 alert nrr Clisniller Chanlrr appear RIprnu In either elher of the Ih au authentic authentc anthentic ¬
thentic thentc accounts srrount mentioned menlon1 shore nor did any anywomnn anywomAn anywoman
womAn brlnp hrln powder 10wd r which hlch aided In the couture raotureBut rautlr rautlrn couturePunt
But n this thl fact tC I t is told Two To youne OUX women womrl of Jones Jonesboro Joneboro lonesborn
boro Hannnh lannnh Westonuged Weton Weston aged I7 1 l1and and nd ItobeccaWeston ItobeccaWestonaged nb eca Weton Wetonalrd
aged alrd M n illil 11 turin hrll throuth Ibrollll the Ih woods woot from Jones Jonesboro louiehorn
horn bnr to Kfachlns Uachla between thlrtv Ihlty and nld forty pounds poundsof noundof
of powder nnd ball hal but II they thr did not no arrive arr there theretill Ulereti theretill
till ti after aler the th rapture of the Mnrearettn MnrnrUI The Com Comniltteeof Commllrr Cornnuittenot
niltteeof mllrr 01 Corrrsnomlence and Safety ael In recognition recognitionof rcolnllon rcolnllonof
of what thy had done made them a tiresent trrant next nextilay nstday nextday
day of twelve yards ar4 of camlet worth WMII about abouthr P PI S SIf
If I there had been any Mary Chandler she would wouldnot wouldnot wouldnot
not have been fonrotlen fOTroten surely
7 Mr fr Wiley Wlry says Jeremiah OBrien was wa wa nn Irish Irishman Irsh Irshman Irishnuan
man by birth but an American Amrcan by h adoption adoplon I Ithink Tthink Ithink
think not That was true trl of his hI father Morris MorrisOBrien Iors IorsOnrlrn fofflsOBrien
OBrien who came from Cork to tf Scarboro Me In
1740 110 thirtyfive thlrtfn years before the Ih capture repllr of the theMnnraretta Ib IbMlrlarrta the1fargarcitc
Mnnraretta Mlrlarrta Jeremiah J rrmlah was wa the hrond second son nail nndJohn nnlIohl nailJohn
John Iohl the third Ihl son ol was wa born bor In I I7SO 11 which makes makesIt Iskr IskrI
It I most jirolmhle thaI Jeremiah Jermlel OBrien was wa as born hor at atScarboro alScarborf atSearborn
Scarboro Scarborf Ills m five fr brothers brthers took part In the cap capture capture ¬
ture with 11h him hln Jeremiah Jemlah was unanimously unnnlmolsh unnnlmolshI CII se selected selciei ¬
lected I clrd to be b the rplain rspla11 of the II Pnlty tl and It 1 was wasunder wa wastuinier
under Ilrlrr Ills hl Iui command that the battle blile was wa foutht fouthtCongress fOUlhl fOUlhlCnnores fouiehtCiungress
Congress Cnnores mlvht mlht do co un a great Ira deal worse worst thine thlno titan thnnto Ihnnto titanto
to erect a 1 monument to commemorate comm morAtr the rapture raptureof aJtur aJturof
of the MnrgerettA Mnrrrrrtn It I deserves It and It deserves Irs r nil nilthe 11 allthe
the mingy euII which 111cl Mr Ir Wiley Wie ttiie bestowed bestowedHut bestowllul bestowedHut
Hut lul In my m opinion the tl Insetlotion Inscrnlon should not notmention tntmention ot otmentoD
mention mentoD the name of Jeremiah Itmlah OHrlen Olrln only onl It Itshould I Itsiiouuid
should shoull also nlo mention menton the Ih name nmt of Renjnniln Foster FosterHe folrr folrrle Vostertie
He le was WI an old Colonial Colonlll soldier and had been pres present trCMVmt ¬
ent at the enpture of Loulshourir Jtuhhour On the Saturday Jrr Jrrpnt
before the canture ot the Maricarettn Iarrn tn a meeting melne of ofthe 01Ibe ofthe
the men of M 1Iehl3 hrachlas chlas and the neighboring nehrhbornl settle settleinents settleInsets elr elrmnt
Insets mnt was I held hell In the iii woods to consider conslltr whether whetherIt hlIhrrI
It I was best bcI to undertake underlll the capture captr of the Mar Marraretta MnrnrrUo Margarettit
raretta The Tle dangers danier and Id prospects proslech of success successIn eucee euceeIn
In the thr undertaking undrrlaklnl were Ive discussed clusd till tl the tb discus discussion dlscuIon dIscussian ¬
sion Ion was Ia cut Ut short by Foster who Jumped over a alltlle atc alittle
little brook on whose e banks they were standing standingand standingand I
and tc rlIcd J ko On all lf who were kir in favor r of golne ol ahcati ahcatiend s 1 1ald
and ald matting makini the capture to follow folow him him The ma majority mAJOII majorIt5 ¬
jority JOII followed folow < 1 him and the tb minority mlnorlY thereupon thereuponmade Ihreuponm thereuponmade
made m de U I unanimous unanimousKo uinnnimouilootert
Ko lootert ler decision I and OBriens courage captured capturedthe capturedthe
the tb 1 Martarctta k ant nb both names should g 1 h be aJ held J Jrr rr rrhonor In Inhonor Itthonor
honor and In remembrance remembranceNEW remrmbrnce remrmbrnceNEW V VNEW
NEW YORK Feb F b I ROBERT I D BENEDICT BENEDICTDistinction DEEDIC DEEDICDIta nrsxnicvDietluetlotu
Distinction DIta ton Claimed Cllmpd for the Twelfth Teltb New Newfork XewTork NowYork
fork Mllltla MllltlaTo
llta lltaTo
To TIW TiE ax Knrron rnlToR OP THK SUN SUNlr Sin I have noticed noticedthe notcd notcdIh noticedthe
the Ih article arIce In TUB flE SUN SUI about the first Union nag nagunfurled nai flaguinfuritti
unfurled In Virginia Irilnla In the civil civi war wlr and an < the th claims claimsmade caim caimmsdn claimsmade
made by some New tW Jersey regiment re lmrnt for the honor honorThe honorThe honorThe
The honor belongs to the Twelfth Twtlh Regiment nrllmenl New NcwYork NewYork cw cwYork
York State Mllltla Mlila Col Dan Ian Hutterfleld HutterfleldAt luterfell luterfellAt
the Ib evening nf the 24th of
At retreat on eenlnl 2fh May Maythe lintthe 0 0Ihe
the officers were wcrt directed to tt Ii have their men don dontheir dontheir darttheir
their fatigue fatlue uniforms uniorm and sleep In them and nl nlmidnight II IImWnlcllt atmidnight
midnight they were wer aroused line lne was formed formedby formedby formedby
by moonlight monlih and the regiment filed fld out ou Into Four Fourteenth Fourt Fourteenth ¬
teenth t en h street and marched to t the Long Bridge at attbe athe atthe
the he Potomac Potmc where It I halted hated at the head of the thecolumn thecolumn thecoiumii
column column The scene was 1 a beautiful b alllul one and must musthave Imuthave musthave
have made a I deep Impression ImprcMlol upon every one onsparticipating onepartclitnl oneparticipating
participating partclitnl In lil It The Th moou was shining slnlnl brightly brightlyand brl brightlysun hly hlyan
and an < the river rver spllkled sparkled under Its rays The streets streetsabout slrelsabut streetsabout
about abut were wrr full Cul nh of troops And the bc deepest < silence silencepervaded siiemtceIttVfltjfii UrnceJrraled
pervaded Jrraled all al None on but the tic commanders commandet knew Im what whatthe wbnlIbr whatthe
the movement moVmen meant mrlnlIh meanttutu the first fr1 advance of what whatwas IvbaWM whatwas
was afterward slerard the Army of the Potomac About AboutI
I oclock In the mnrnlnx morln of May W the march was wastaken WII WIIlakn svttstaken
taken up In the th advance advlnce Into Virginia Irlnil the Twelfth TwelfthNew Twrll TweiftimNew
New w York lending 1 ldlnr If I we W wanted any an other rvl rvldenee cvideuce vi vidence
deuce than our eye ey efea we had It In our ears ear for the thebridge Ibebrldlr thebridge
bridge brldlr bead bratlluad guards kept repeating repestnl as a we marched marchedby marchrdb marchedby
by b First tln ones over ovr boy first nrt ones one over overAfter overAfter overAfter
After crowing crOlnr the Twelfth THh turned lur d to the left 1lnnd 1lnnda and andat andat
at a daylight dsrllbi occupied oceupl 1 a bill hi overlooking ovrloklnl Alexandria Alexandriauntil Alexandriauntil I xandra xandraunl
until unl late In the afternoon a teroon when the position plol WAS WASchanged Wil Wilcbanl1 waschanged
changed cbanl1 to Roachs Mills Mi Th Time New Jersey bet brigade brlIa betgade ¬
gade Ia < went wen I a little ltle beyond the th Virginia Irllnll end cnn nd of the thnLong theIonr timLong
Long llrldgc Irld t and Ild built bui Fort ort Iliinyon lunlon near Arlington ArlingtonHeights Mlul ArlingtonIlelgittu on onlellhl
Heights HeightsIn lellhl lellhlIn
In the II fccrond > eCld story corridor frrlor of the Ih armory of ofthe oflit
the lit Twelfth Regiment on Columbus avenue Is a aUrge itiarge
Urge nnd beautiful painting of the Twelfth Regl Reglmcnt Rogimrnt
mcnt leading the way Into Virginia
L I K DINOIUM DINOIUMKxUeiitenant BmNoiLtMEfJeimteflaOt
KxUeiitenant of Company I Twelfth Regiment RegimentNisw RegimentStiw
Nisw yon Yena Febz Yeb 3
RULED OUT OF THE COUNTRY COUNTRYAlaika COUNTRYAlaska
Alaska Award Pc Places s a New York Pack PackIng p pIn
Ing In Company In liritlali HrUI h Territory TerritoryWASHINGTON TerritoryWAShINGToN
WASHINGTON Feb 4 4An An echo of the thoAlaska theAlaska
Alaska boundary award appeared in the theSenate theSenate
Senate today when the President trans transmitted traitsinitted ¬
mitted to that body a communication from fromthe frotithe
the Wales Island
Packing Company a aNew aNow
New York corporation asking for relief reliefThe reliefThe
The canneries of the
packing company are urolocated arelocated
located on Wales Waleslaland Island over which lliu lliuUnited he heUnited
United Stated ban heretofore oxereisod oxereisodjurisdiction xereisetljurisdiction
jurisdiction and upon It the company put putup pu puup
up a plant for canning sockeye salmon wilmoiiTribunal salmonUnder
Under the award of the Alaska Boundary BoundaryTribunal
Tribunal the Inland is transferred to Great GreatBritain tirpitBritain
Britain and notice has been given that thatthe thatthe
the land of the Island will not be open to topurchase topurchase
purchase by individuals but will bo N Nserved lsserved
served for the Crown The company
being unable to dispose of Its plant and andunable andunable
unable to move it now asks the United UnitedStates UnitedStates
States to grant such relief as may be deemed deemedequitable deemedequitable
equitable equitableXORTUER equitableNO1TilERN
XORTUER SECURITIES CASK CASKKffcot CASiEffect
Effect of I fits lie Supreme Courts Deolilon Deolilonon
on National Progress ProgressTo
To THE EDITOR or TUB SUN SUNSir Sir If the thnjudgments thejudgments
judgments In the Northern Securities case caseaare caseare
are affirmed by the Supreme Court under underthe underthe
the strict and technical Interpretation of the thnSherman theSliermait
Sherman AntiTrust act the coming decision decisionwill decisionwilt
will mark another of the many steps of ofretrogression ofretrogression
retrogression which the Government has hastaken hastaken
taken against the great economic laws and andtendencies saultettdutmicie
tendencies of the times If on the contrary contrarytho
the Supreme Court can see Its way to reconcile reconcilethe rconcilothe
the modern tendencies of economic life with withthe withthe
the provisions of a crude and purely politico polltlcnmeasureIts politicoiueaaureita
measureIts judgments will be along the line linoof lineof
of those which have risen above the unwhole unwholesome unwholesotne ¬
some laws of politicians catering to an Ig Ignorant 1gnorartt ¬
norant popular clamor which neither cares caresfor caresfor
for nor heeds economic laws and natural naturalprogress naturalprogress
progress progressIt
It la tb the most recent example of the many manywhere manywhere
where th the Government Federal and State Statebut Statebut
but more often Federal has obstructed and amihampered anditanspered
hampered the progress of the nation as pro promoted proinoted ¬
moted by experts in their several Industries Industrieswho s swho
who during a century and a half have led the theIntelligent theintelligent
Intelligent working classes of all gradeswhether grades gradeswhether
whether with brains or sinew sinawtn In the wonder wonderful wondermi ¬
ful march of progress which has raised the thenation thenation
nation from the newest and most Insignificant Insignificantto
to the greatest of all allIt allltla
It ltla Is Interesting In reading the history of the thoUnited theUnited
United State to note the constant recurrence recurrenceof
of this phenomenon Of all economic lawi lawithe Iawtthe
the most frequently violated of course wait waitthat wasthatrehttting
that thatrehttting relating to the standard of values From Fromthe Frontthe
the time when not worth a continental continentalgauged continentalgauged
gauged the value of our currency and through throughthe throughthe
the period when President Jackson annulled annulledthe annulledthe
the clwrtmr of the Bank of America and each eachStute eachStutt
Stute Dank had a currency of Its own varying varyingIn
In worthlessness through various crazes and anddown anddown
down to the Bryan form of dementia sane In Intelligent intehligant ¬
telligent men who bad the welfare of the thocountry thecountry
country at stake not from altruist la motives motivesbut motivesbut
but because their own was bound up In It Ithave ithave
have fought the never ending fight flghtThey fightThey
They have always won In the end because becauseknowledge becauseknowledge
knowledge Is power powerbut but at what an expense expenseof
of true strength and energy and after Incalcul Incalculable Incalculable ¬
able losses to the country at large largeNext largeNext
Next In Importance to the money ques question questiomi ¬
tion camo the question of tariff civil service servicereform servicereform
reform and now last of all the sublime doc doctrine doetrine ¬
trine of competition as the panacea for all alleconomic alleconomic
economic ills IliaIf illsIf
If the politicians of the weaker sort and andtheir andtheir
their constituents are Ignorant that the first firstlaw firstlawofeeonoinlcaaaof
law lawofeeonoinlcaaaof of economics as of nature Is harmony and andnot andnot
not friction It nevertheless exists before them themIn
In their dally life In every association and andpursuit andpursuit
pursuit In which they can possibly poa tbly be en engaged engaged ¬
gaged gagedMr gagedMr
Mr Knoxs philippics against the iniquity Inlrjuityof
of the Northern Securities Company In so somanaging soittanagtttg
managing their roads that while the service servicewas servicewas
was better the rates were reduced were ef effective effectivo ¬
fective as oratory but feeble as a to common commonsense commonsense
sense and when he reverted to the glorious age ageof ageofconipetltion
of competition most of the roads were In the thehands thehundeofrecelvers
hundeofrecelvers hands of receivers must have been deliciously dellolouslyhumorous deliciouslyhumorotte
humorous to his Inner self Having earned earneda
a large fortune In creating and defending defendinggreat defendinggreat
great corporations ho la endeavoring to toachieve toachIeve
achieve fame in demolishing them themWhatever themWhatever
Whatever the outcome may be bewhether whether a aBtmplo ashmupiii
Btmplo afllrmatlon of the judgment of the thelower tltelower
lower courts or a reversal or as It is auiU auiUpossible riiiitepossible
possible a differentiation Indicating a legal legalmethod legalmethod
method of accomplishing wHat Is bound to b baccomplished haecotitplishmedthe
aecotitplishmedthe accomplished the crude emanations of politi political political ¬
cal lawmakers cannot long stay the march inarchof marchof
of progress and development on economic economiclines economiclines
lines Indicated by the science of modern life lifuand lifearid
and Industry W M O OWASUJNOTOX IiVASUINIToN
WASUJNOTOX Feb 3 3Plea 2S
S Plea for Historic Names NamesTo Namesio
To THE IITOB op THE SUN SUNSir Sir Your Youreditorial Youreditorial
editorial in inF IiF Sux of recent date about the therestoration ilterestoration
restoration of the name of Fort Columbus Columbusto
to Fort Jay its original name flume offers an op opportunity oi oiportuitity ¬
portunity to discuss the frequent changes changesthat changestltat
that have been made In the names of historic historicfort historicfort
fort particularly those In or near New York Yorkcity YorkcIty
city These changeS have been mode with without withoutt ¬
out system cr plan and only to aggrimdiu aggrimdiuor
or destroy the name of some person whloli whlolithey wiuhitthey
they have borne or are to honor Look lit litthe atthe
the names of the forts in New York and Brook Brooklyn Brooklyn ¬
lyn that were given iu the Revolutionary Revolutionarywar
war Now ninny of them arc known by their thiirformer theirformer
former names namesDuring namesIurlng
During the War of 1813 such of those old olilforts oldforts
forts RH were repaired to be available for fordefence fordefence
defence were usually renamed for some per person iersott ¬
son popular at that titan or some other trivial trivialrauti trividcause
cause When new forts were built they V suer suernuitued T Tturned
turned la the same manner Fort Coluniiui Coluniiuiwas Coluntuiuissvmis
was one of these and ninny of those on ijtnliii ijtnliiiInland StntiutIsland
Inland and tho Narrows became historic lit litouusunf tocuutiwof
ouusunf the ussociiitioria connected with thai thaiwar thaiwar
war Tli lltasu te hlxtorlv points and their Identity Identityhave Identityhave
have Hlucn been destroyed by another name nameFort noimu noimuFort
Fort Diamond in the War ar of 1812 was after afterward afterscard ¬
ward changed to Fort Iiifnyettc by th thlatter tie tielatter
latter name It becujm historic in the civil civilwar ieil ieilwit
war warCVntral wit r
CVntral retttrmil Park has the sites of ninny fort fortin fortein
in the Revolutionary Wnr and in the Wnr Var of of1st
1812 1st How many of them are now known by bytheir lutittir
their original on cloud names By the ths changes of numos numostheir nutiuritheir
their locality and Identity become lost anil anilreference riruitreloretiot
reference tn them in the history of their tltm tltmiHoonifH tiruubtnunes
iHoonifH vague and uncertain In cairo sotrcruses cairoeases
ruses memorlsl tablets arc In wrong places placesThe piacesi
The i he point Pa i Itt 1 wish w Isli to make ran ke Is that t ht t when w Iteit a afort itfuirt
fort cr spot cpu t becomes Ituotri cc hlstorlolhona It istoritt t ho mia inn rut ii be sac sacredly suordlyprsserveei ¬
redly rdlyprsserveei preserved fornll time By this ttti ruin Tort TortCoiiinibiiH Forttoiutnibuis
CoiiinibiiH would not be changed now to toFort toFort
Fort Jay because It was not made historic historicnH
nH Fort Jay The flt War of 1812 mnde Its nnnie nnniehistoric namutehistoric
historic and as Much It should be regarded regardedas
as sacred and not to be destroyed destroyedNrw destroyedNgw
Nrw VOBK Jan 30 R S GrEnNSET GvanssitrI
1 The Great Domestic Problem ProblemTo
To Tea Enrroa or THe tatttnn In your youreditorial youreditorial
editorial today on the domestic servant problem problmiIt
It seems to me you take an unusually penetrating penetratingand
and sensible view of the matter Your treatment treatmentof
of the subject Indicate to mf however that ynti yntihud yauthad
hud more In mind those households where several severalservants severalservants
servants are employed The sorrows of the rich rlcliIn richIn
In this thisrrspectaresiight respect areilium I think compared with the thetroubles thetroubles
troubles of those In moderate circumstances There Thrrcarc Thereare
arc many thousands of families who ran afford only onlya onlyamaidofailwork
a amaidofailwork maid of all work but butwhere where this much iushtanc iushtancU
U Indispensable It Is ot urgent Importanoeto our ourhome ourkome
home life that such families should he able for formoderate formoderate
moderate wages to hire a woman reasonably skilled skilledIn
In general housework and willing to consider her heremployers heremployers
employers Interest In Ixrwork IxrworkThere bar work workThere
There Is no doubt In my mind that tho tim solution solutionof
of the problem lies In the direction you Indicate Indicatenamely V Vititmeit
namely to better the condition of this class of ofworkers ofworkers
workers Many people will say that th the present presentcondition pretenicondiliomi
condition Is I good enough for the rlasj subjected subjectedto
to it U and this till l < to an extent true With tho tit supply supplyless supplyless
less than the demand Ignorant girls have come cometo comaeto
to realize that they have the advantage and ann they theymake theymake
make the most of It The resulting state of aflaln aflalnIs aEsiris
Is intolerable and impossible rf rontlnuane rontlnuaneThe roniinuuueSThe
The remedy obviously Is to Increase the supply supplybut supplybutt
but this thi apparently can only be done by Improving Improvingthe
the conditions of the employmept 15 this and andthe andthe
the supply will be Increased by an Influx of a rear reordesirable reardesirable
desirable element and then the unworthy ones oneswill one onewill
will perforce have to do better betterI
I think myself that as a one Important step In HID HIDright tiirright
right direction the hours of work should lie shim shimened shortcoed
coed In tea If any an other rnipluymcnts Is thediyn thediynwork a awork
work so long Vliere only one houvrmalil Is rm rmployed eniplaten
platen this might Involve more work on the part partof Partof
of the mistress but due would he ts vastly better oil nrtthan oilthitn
than under present rpndlllnnsjind 415 s wajea would woulddoubtlns woulddeubtieas
doubtlns fall I venture to assert that she he would wouldget wotilciget
get a great deal more for her bernioney money W WItW WItWIJaQOLLIN M W WUKOOJUTN
UKOOJUTN Feb 2
fODEHTS IN INIMtrveis INMp1lW
Mp1lW pIfFO pIfFOS
S SAVOEXT DIII DIIIIMJ1
IMJ1 rahgie on MC MClIarCli
IMtrveis UiTne UiTneACritical In 1110 1110A
ACritical A citlcsI citlcsINew I Ij
New French Frenchio
j 4 The io sixth porfom porfomixaftorno lrforirJpIayB
JpIayB at tIle Enipli Eniplig1tcrflOOfl
ixaftorno g1tcrflOOfl by the stu stugents
igents gents American A AIlXrta AArts
IlXrta Arts made the occa occafcpassing occlpassing
interest 11 11Edwin lIwith
fcpassing passing
with a scenO by Au Aulated
lated by Edwin Bjort Bjorti BJorwcdih
wcdih i The srea HreahiM
5 ha hiM been unusually 1 1I Ihis
his German 0110 bum bumacholarlY
acholarlY yoifl yoiflV yoifldevoted
devoted his life lifeof
V of Strindbtirg in her hert
t whii laiti writteii of ofwith
with itni1 itni1lila
lila translations with withfromtiiO
fromtiiO fourth vol volStrindbri
Strindbri IS an anwriter
writer cailtcl LIe LIeThe
The 1ifeeo In qtit qtitStranger
I Stranger StrangerI StrangerTo
I TogivoitsHublli TogivoitsHubllibitterness To give Its itihili iii iiibitterness
bitterness full just justservices juistietViCLi
services of a Felicli Felicliv Fehicitragic
v tragic pantomime plifltOltilflhtiout i iout
out the signiflcaiH signiflcaiHThose alguhilcaitThose
Those two artists artistsParis artistsParis
Paris yesterday yesterdayConscience
Conscience a U UFederico I IFedericO
Federico Mariano MarianoDrummond MarialkoDruinfli0fld
Drummond was the theoffered theoffered
offered The rest restSlmpeon lostSimpson
Simpson A Co CoJohn i iJohn
John Poole and D Dact Dact
act comedy by H A Awas Auaq
was goodly in size a aastio aatio
< astio astioI
I Mrs Cralgie since sincesioti
1 slon ofthe of the London Londonlitre LortdoIste
litre has contribute contributeIng contributlag
lag papers on theJ theJnice the thenice
nice point recently1 recently1Comic recently recentlyComic
Comic Note before beforei beforegard
i gard to Mr Trees TreesDarling TreesDarling
Darling of the Gods Godsgaid Godssaid
said has thought thoughtart thoughtart
art of his own owneecret ownsecret
secret of giving vit vitX vi viI
X I atmosphere but vilah vilahIThat tutu tutulitat
IThat litat la L5 to say hi hithey uk ukthey
they are so alive tha tharls tim timii
rls ii demanded from frontin t tin
in them in order Iou tocforces Iouforces <
forces as understood understoodcan
can manager Tha Thafor lhiuufor
for instance is am amlight alt altlight
light no sooner goes goesit geeiit
it peeps heel out in ano1 ano1opens uric uricopens
opens and shuts nn nnnot a aiot
not an inch of f his hisivhich hisItichi
ivhich does not palp palpay
ay a with actuality actualityPossibly itettittlitylomuibly
Possibly tho reuse reuseipeaking ILaiepeaking
peaking Is hulL Mn MnMlver tl tlliver
liver Hobbea Is k krn i ix
x > rn hi Boston uNo uNouperior No Noluperior
luperior to her early earlyha tarlyhe
ha man from Cn Cnhey a ahey
hey speak of The Theis ihiiiiii
is if the Oriental Ire Irewere iiiore
were ore Its proRenlUi proRenlUiBelaecou progtititlJuhascos
Belaecou name appc appccritical iliOritical <
critical controversy controversyby conlrovIsiby
by by the production productioneditorial proehtielirsitaitormal >
editorial column or orJapanese orJapmtnaoe
Japanese color colorone ClOt ClOtno
one no once connectoc connectocproduction comtttctproduction
production objects ohjctflowers t tson <
flowers that ii they theylion
son Does tIm puin puinof iuuiiriof
of realism still hold htoldI a aIf
If I I there I lucre arc mnnj mnnjatrlcal ranti rantiatrkftl
atrlcal community comintinitytphia t tpMa
pMa there are an other otherScrapplevillo otltcScraiiiiletiile
Scrapplevillo the w wmore ss ssmore
more ndvanco ndu ndui ad adSunday
i Sunday newwpapers newwpapersI
I I a moro skeleton hct let on no noI it itdrarolatic
I dramatic critics mid midj nit nithihItlft
j billUes Each man manIf irtaitaml
If and ia ready forth forthto for I IV
V to bo be given or take takewill ietk ietkwill
will be cleared by Ii Iilio i iHove
Hove lio that inntead ol olmatio o oniaths
matio critics are tc tcthat I Itlat
that in the interosi interosihould Intrsshould
should bo spilled spilledImprove tijiilltuIirriiroso
Improve in quaiilil quaiililI clitahmu I Ialtogether
I altogether with Mr MrI Mris
I is is going to the den deni do dowe
i we cannot help ackn ackny ack ackatlon
y ation Is bad enou enouIf rtutig rtutigtry
If try a drastic dowj dowji dosuplaywrighils
i playwrights Ibwn Ibwnlinok 1111 1111hlnch
linok Shaw and Iii tluIf Iiiinibhio
If public would be ix op o oalice
1 alice of the musical musicali imiliiuiby
i > by time big Wagner mVagrtrAnton a aAnton
Anton Seidl of blew blewfv ldi ldidoctors
fv doctors desk Dp Dpwas II IIwits
was a thing to frlj fri frit
1 t Ibsens numo still ret iii iiiMuch i iMuch
Much naive tturpi tturpiby
by people kept in ittmaster t tmaster
master work wtirc of ofi ofrietititi
i nentaldrainatifiln nentaldrainatifilnThere rietititi lraiitat iii u uThere
There is moro gi giShakespeare gShiakesiarc
Shakespeare play playi
i thrown t In than I luti it ii I Ilhe
1 Tho trouble is but butfor I Ifor
for themselves themselvesSono I ISome
Some day there w wI wthe
I the theatres where wheref ssitetutImes
f dies representing repreritiltgin
In the lives of well wellfarces wiIIfarces <
farces with a mes mesdally me medaily
dally offered Ami Amian An Anan
an entire new schoo schoowill meeltowill
will be formed to In Inof i iof
of thin drama thai thailetter tim timletter
letter to that Amorii AmoriiIbsen tuttriIbeen
Ibsen Is mangled mtitimigludietbaclc t tsetback
setback to tbo Ui cnu cnuand Cli Clisari
and worthy presoi presoierected
erected by liv prejijd prejijdff
ff Into the thi figure of ofsince ofV ofsince
since Molicre Iolitrtlli IolitrtlliC IolitrtlliInion Hen HenSUMMER
V
SUMMER UltSH UltSHUnion
C
Union Proposal to toI I
Ij I Also to In InThe InI
I The Musical Mi MiI M MIC
I IC known OB Local 310 310I 310tion
I t Ion of Musicians MusiciansI
I r propositions PropositloimsProposal next 1 1g
g proposal is to raise rnisoi
5 for Inuielcians plo plofrom
i from 25 to 35 a aj aV
j V bert of orchestras orelmeslrnslio
1350 lio to 800 Increna Increnai lticrtnband
i band accord according I n g t to toMarty o oMany
Many of the unli unliIn uuiin
In the belief that I Itat Itatflier n nraer
flier resorts woulc wotlilda4ers
I Players If the plan plaitalter i ij
j Other proposal proposalof prohuoisof
of walking debug dclegaeach debugi
i each ° asi for the season seasonfor
for union munlcla munlclaare musIciare
are unable to piny hiy
i i hwt proposal is Ion looj
j i members but the thePayof t itt ittpaLof
Payof walking del dellimo
S The limo American
I 18 agitating for a aunion iitlnlori
union all motnbei motnbeii
i bore of the United Unitedt
II t The members of ofpanda ofuinuli
panda uinuli are not Pal paiii PaliOrtably
i lortably so they t ts tat
s at union rates ratesRobblm ratesRobbini
Robblm Reside ResidePlans ResidePlans
Plans have bee beeBureau
Bureau for the theent i ient
> ent of the five fiveFifth
Fifth avenue own
bins A rear stnl stnlmoved sin sinIfloveul
moved and an anIt anV
V built It giving tho t lie liedepth i
depth of Ill foot feetis
is to Iw erected erectedill erictmitictei
tictei Tho I Ic Ii
c
i
ill

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