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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, February 09, 1904, Image 9

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1904-02-09/ed-1/seq-9/

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TUESDAY FEBRUARY 0 0100 0100Elte 1004 1004Catered 1904nteied
Catered Elte at the Post Office at New Yqrlc qr qr1L as Second SecondClaii Secnd SecndClau SeCOfldClau
Claii Clau Mall Mal Matter MatterSabicrlptlon Mater MaterSbcrlptol JatterSbscrtptIoni I
Sabicrlptlon Sbcrlptol by Hall Siall roitpatd roitpatdDAILY PoatpatdIAIZT oapld oapldDAILY
Per Month 0 50 50DAILY
DAILY Per Year iear J 00 00SDAYPer o 00 001JDAYPer
SUNDAYPer Year YearDAILY Y aro 200 200DAiLY 200EAtZY
DAILY AND SUNDAY IUNUA Per Month MonthPostage MonthPoatalo 70 70Itarc
Postage to t foreign countries counlres added addedTUB addedTnE addedTue
Itarc TUB SUN RN New York City CityPAVS CityPAI0que CityEAiaitiosque
PAVS PAI0que EAiaitiosque ITJosque No 12 near nel Grand Hotel and andKloaque aadKloeue andKioque
Kloaque Kloeue No o 10 Boulevard dei de Capuclnes Capuclneslt CapuelnM1rt Capucincizour
lt 1rt zour w trliruti frld rr who tator far a vtth wil manuiCTtpti for for4Uon or orasitesffdn
asitesffdn 4Uon trill 11 to Afl hac rejected articltt arIeI tt V turned luredlheu luredlheuIUIIUCIUU they theymm iheiMusf
IUIIUCIUU Musf mm In aUcmit aU l2ses lend nd stomps Iamp for that Iha jmrpow jmrpowThe pUpOI pUpOITe put P038 P038The
The Te Baltimore Baltmore Calamity CalamityThe CalamtThe CilatnltyFbo
The terrible trible conflagration cnfagraton at Balti Baltimore Balt l3nltimorrank ¬
more mor morrank ranks rnk with the great geat fires fres at Chicago ChicagoIn ChicagoI
In I October Ocr 1871 and ad Boston in Novem November Novemb Novetnbei ¬
ber b 1872 182 In the extent of the destruction destructioncaused destructon destructoncu destructionCanBed
caused by it1 it1The it itTerapid itThe
cu The Terapid rapid mushroomliko mushromlke growth of oftho otthe ofthe
the huge uge Western town tow with its highly highlyinflammable highlyinable highlyini1nimabie
inflammable inable construction constrction made such a aconflagration acngton aconagration
conflagration cngton not nt astonishing atonishing but al almost almoi almoetin
most moi moetin inevitable vitble vitab1e New York itself itelt in II its itsearlier it itsearlier
earlier e r and ad roughandtumble days was wasthe wa wasthe
the tetuent frequent victim victm of suchfires such fres Invited Invitedby Invied Inviedby invitedby
wooden constructions and tho
by wooen cnstructions com comparative comWaive cornpaiativo ¬
parative inefficiency inefcienoy of safeguards safeguardsagainst safcguardsugaist safeguardsagainst
against ugaist fire fre in the way of fire frc department departmentorganization departmcntrglizaton departmentrganizntion
organization rglizaton and building buiding regulation regulationBut regulaton regulatonB
But B t when a 0 conflagration confagraton spread over overeven overeen overeven
even een Boston Btston itself itelf peculiar pcular among amongAmerican amongAericln amongAmericAn
American Aericln cities for the solidity soldity of its itsconstructions itacntcions itscrnsti
constructions cntcions crnsti uctions and for the conservative conservativenature cOl8ervntiye cOl8ervntiyeniure conservativenathre
nature niure of its it municipal municpl methods there therecameto thereemeto therecamet
cameto emeto the th whole Union a shock of sur surprise surprleeven surprle ¬
prise prleeven even of consternation consternaton Now when whenagain whenBgin whenain
again Bgin more than a quarter of ofa a century centurylater cntury cnturylter centurylater
later another American city cty of the first firstclass frt frtca firstclau
class ca likewise 1kewse notable for the substantial substantialcharacter subtntal subtntalorncr substantialcharacter
character of its development in all
orncr it devlopment al re reBpeota r repeota
Bpeota sPC has h been ben swept in its it district of ofBolldeat ofs ofsblldest
Bolldeat s ldest construction cntrucion by one of the thegreatest tle tlegatest thegreatest
greatest gatest conflagrations confagations in the history historyof
of civilization cvlzaton the peril pri from widespread widespreadfire widesprad widespradfr widespreadftre
fire fr in i even tho most conservatively conervatvely built builtand buit buitnd builtdnc
and nd governed aoere of great communities communite is ismade i ismae
made r e still stl more painfully pinfuly apparent apparentfhls apparents apparentThis
This s peril peri too seems now to bo b the thegreater thegetr thegreater
greater getr because bcuse of the new complica complications complca complications ¬
tions introduced by tho general use of
electricity electricityThe elecricty elecrictyTepec electricityThe
The Tepec precise e extent ext nt of the damage done doneto donet doneth
to t Baltimore Batmore is not yet computable but buthappily buthappiy buthappily
happily happiy we know kow that vast as a was the thelb
1665 10 lb in n the more strictly strcty business parts partsof partsof partsof
of the th town the beautiful bautul districts ditricts of ofresidences ofrRldencs ofraldencea
residences rRldencs were wer left unharmed unhare More Moreover Moreover Moreover ¬
over the loss was almost wholly wholy material materialonly materialonly materialonly
only Few Iew casualties caualte to li lfe lif fe are reported reportedor
or are ar likely lke I to appear app r when the full fullconsequences ful fullonaequences
onsequenc consequences onaequences of the disaster dLmster are summed summedup
up The Te damage done to property proPry has hasbeen hashel hasbeen
been hel great reat but to life le little littleBaltihioreia ltle ltleBat1orelis littleBaltihioredsono
Bat1orelis Baltihioredsono Baltihioreia one of nithe the t he most delightful delightfulof delghtful delghtfulat
of American Aericn cities citie There Is i about it ita itm itmollownessof
a mellownenSOf m Uownc8of social cultivation which whichIs whichlPularly
Is lPularly peculiarly attractive It suggests suggestsiti 8uggestsiularipnesthe
iti iularipnesthe itsripeness the social tone of Boston Bostonbut Bostonbt Bostonbut
= I but bt there is in 1 Baltimore Balimore a Southern Southernflavor Souther Southernflavor I
flavor favor which the Puritan Purian town ton has not notLike notDike notLike
Like New York Baltimore Baltmore has grown grownup grownuj
up up withoutthe social socal ad adyantages vantages atges which whichgb whichgto whichgbto
gto gbto gb to a capital cpla1 and like lke New York also alsoIt alsoi
It i is yery distinctively di8tnctvely a commercial commercialand commercal commercaldmnufacturing commercialaid
and dmnufacturing manufacturing town towa towna a Liverpool Liverpoolrather L Liverpoolrtherthan erpool erpoolrther
rather rther rtherthan than a London Lndon But Baltimore Baltimoretite Baltmore Baltmoreu Baltimorehs
tite u always been bn more securely an anchored ancbore anch ¬
chored cbore ch r d socially socl ly than New York It Ithaa Ithbn Itbftseen
haa hbn bftseen been and ands ia still sti a community cmmunity of ofstrong ofstong ofong
strong stong ong conservatism conseratim with wih venerated veneratedtraditions veneratedtn veneratedtndItisns
traditions tn Ulns and ad its social structure is one oneoj oneo oneof
oj o of the te most substantial subtantal in America AmericaThe AmericaTe AmericaThe
The Te very houses housc in the region which whichqpntalns whichqntln whichntaInE
qpntalns qntln ntaInE its it more important import residences residencesbear residencs residencsba residencesl3ear
bear ba palpable plpable witness to that spirit of ofconservatism oteatim ofconse
conse conservatism eatim atism and the solid sold substance substanceof substanc
of its It social structure structurei structureJlgland
i S i
England Jlgland and the War WarWhile Warhle Yar1Vb1Ie
While hle all al civilized cvize peoples poples will wi regard regardwilh regardwt regardith
wilh wt ith Intense itnse Interest iterest the war in the Far FarEastthat FarEtthatnow FarE
Etthatnow E Eastthat that now seems seem unavoidable there therearespecial thereaspca thereBpecial
aspca arespecial Bpecial reasons reaons why every phase phae of ofthestrugglo ott ofth
thestrugglo t th strggle strugglo should be watched wathed in Great GreatBritain OreatBt GreatBltttln
Britain Bt with anxiety Ixiety and misgiving misg misgivingIf in inI
1 If I by chance chanc the Russians should win wino winoverHelmng winso I
so o overwhelming overHelmng a victory victor in the first firstnaval frt frtnval firstnaal
naval nval battle batte as to exclude excude thereafter thereaftertheMikados thereaftr thereaftrtiMkados thereaftert1MIkados
theMikados tiMkados subjects subject from the sea a aJapanese aJap aJa
Japanese Ja E0 invasion of the Asiatic main mainland mainJd mainlafld ¬
land Jd would be impossible and an the con contest contt contet ¬
test tt would be practically prcicaly over unless unlessthe unlesste unlesstue
the te Czars advisers advser should decide decde to t dis discipline disojpUe us usojpltne ¬
cipline ojpUe the Island Islad Empire Empir by landing an anarmy anarmy anatii
army atii on its shores In that event
Great Grt areatBritain Britain Briti would not be constrained constrainedbyitreaty constrined constrinedbHrty constrainedbtre
byitreaty bHrty btre tytoint to interpose int rpse rpose for forshehas she has merely merelypromised merel merelprm merelypromIzedto
promised prm to assist nist Japan Japn in case cso the lat latter latt ¬
ter t r country cutry should be assailed assaie by more morethan moretba morethan
than tba one great reat Power Inasmuch Inamuch how howelver howQver howter
elver ter as a she recognizes recogizes that Japan has hasbten hasbentechampion hasbeen
been bentechampion the champion of their common in interests inrt intereat ¬
terests in lntheFarEast the Far East she showould would doubt doubtleas dou doubtlis bt btl
leas l feel herself herl morally morly bound to shield shieldthe shieldthe shieldtheIoklo
the theIoklo Tpkio Toko Government Goverment from frm paying too toosevere tooevr tooTere
evr severe Tere a penalty pnly for its it ill i fortune Pub Public PublIc PubHo ¬
lic opinion in i Great Britain would prob probably proba Probably ¬
ably a l demand that the Foreign Office Officeshould Officeh
should sould h uld convoy conrv to St Sf Petersburg Peterburg an in intimation intmaton intimatlon ¬
timation tmaton that the Czar should content contenthimself cntent cntenthimel contenthimself
himself himel with excluding cxcudin the Japanese Japanesefrom JapancseIn1 Japanesefrom
from In1 Corea and refrain refrin from invading invadingtheir invadingtei invadingtheir
their tei native natve soil soilJWe soi soilWe
JWe We e may take tae for granted that such suchon slch slcha such11r
on a 11r intimation mt1ation would bo heeded heded as both bothPrance bothJ bothYranbo
Prance J be and Germany German desire deire to avert avertthe avertthe avertthe
the worldwide complications complcatons that would wouldfollow wouldloUowthe wouldf
follow loUowthe f llo the entrance of England into tho thowar theear
war war The worst therefore that could couldhappen couldhp couldhappen
happen hp en to Japan should she suffer a aconclusive aconoluslve aconclusive
conclusive reverse in the first frst sea fight fightwould fgilt fightwould i
would be the virtual yirtlul extinction extincton of her herhopo horho herhope
hope ho toiguro to tof1guro figure ns a a naval Power and to toacquire toawre totcqtlto
acquire awre an a outlet outet for her manufactures manufacturesand mrlufactures mrlufacturesId
and Id ati l her herslrluB surplus population populaton in the Corean Coreanpeninsula Coreanpsula CoroLlapeninsula
peninsula peninsulaLet psula psulaLt
Let Lt us assume on tho other hand that thattheevent thatth thatthe
theevent th the event will wi justify jURty tho computation computationof computaton computatonof
of certain craln naval experts experts that Japans Japanssuperiority Japanssupriorty Japanssuperiority
superiority to Russia in Far Eastern Easternwaters Easter Easternivat
supriorty waters watr ivat rs is i as aq 10 to 14 Should tho Russian Russianfleet Russll Russianfleet
fleet tet be so seriously seriouBI crippled in the first firstnaval fst fstn firstnal
naval n val engagement as thereafter thereafer to1 to be beexcluded becIcluded beexcluded
excluded permanently pcnnanenty from the sea seaRussia se senusla seaItusala
Russia nusla would wuld labor under the grave dis disabilities disablt disabilities ¬
abilities ablt s attendant otendant upon the prosecu prosecution proseu proseution prosceution ¬ I
tion of a contest on land at a vast vat dis distance d18t distance ¬ I
tance t ce Irony trol frot her base bae Should the Trans TransSiberianjfiailway Trans TransSiarlanallway
Siberianjfiailway Y break dow down or 0 be b cut ct
in i many mlY manyplacesand places placesad and one ono oneofthese of Jhee these things t gs is isalmost Isalmost isalmost
almost certain certli to happen happentheAay theday might mightsoon mightsoon mightsoon
soon arrive arive when Russia Rusia would have haveto haveto haveto
to put her pride in her pocket pcket and ad earn earnestly ea eactysolcit earnestlysohicit ¬
estly ctysolcit estlysohicit solicit the aid of a maritime wlt e Power Powerin Poweri
in i order that the needed supplies supples might mightbo mightbe mightbe
be forwarded forarde by sea seaThere seaThere
There is reason raon to think that only with withreluctance wih wihreluctac withreluctance
reluctance reluctac would M 11 DELOAsafi respond respondto
to such an appeal but a vehement out outburst outburt outburst ¬
burst burt of sympathy sypathy on the part pr of tho thoFrench thoFrnch thoFrench
French Frnch people might constrain the theCombes thoCombes theCombes
Combes Ministry llnlstr to make common cause causewith causowith causewith
with their ally oiy That is an a outcome outcome of oftho ottho ofthe
tho situation situaton that England has hlcause cause to todread todread todread
dread for it would then become beome her herdut herdutunder duty dutyunder dutyunder
under her treaty trat with Japan Japa to throw throwher throwher throwher
her own ow sword into the scale A war warwith warwith warwith
with Franco Frace would tax her naval re resources resourc resources ¬
sources sourc to tho utmost for beside pro protecting protectng protecting ¬
tecting tectng her innumerable transmarine transmarinepossessions tranmarine tranmarinepMseslons transmarinepossessions
possessions pMseslons she would have to t insure insuretho insurethe Insurethe
the regular movement of her food sup supply supply supply ¬
ply from the United Unied States and Id Canada CanadaNor CanadaNor CanadaNor
Nor is this the only complication complcaton to towhich towhich towhich
which n decisive naval victory Ictor on the thepart thepart thepart
part of Japan might give rise It I is isconceivable isconceivable isconceivable
conceivable if i not probable that Ger Germany Germany Germany ¬
many as a well as a Franco might go to toRussias toRussias toRussias
Russias assistance aqsistance holding that the thethree thethre thethree
three thre Powers Power today are ar even more moreclosely moroclosely moreclosely
closely united by a I community cmmunity of inter interests Interests Intereats ¬
ests in tho Far East Elt than they were in in1S93
1S93 189 when they jointly jointy interposed interpose to todeprive todeprve todeprive
deprive deprve Japan of the LiaoTung LaoTung penin peninsula pnin pninsula peninsula ¬
sula It is obvious indeed that should shouldJapan shouldJapl shouldJapan
Japan Japl drive drve the Russians Rusians out of Man Manchuria Manchuria Manchuria ¬
churia Germany Geray might as a well wel abandon abandontho abandonUI abandonthe
the UI hope of transforming trasforming tho small smal set settlement settement settlernent ¬
tlement tement at KiaoChou into u virtual virual pro protectorate protectrate irotectorate ¬
tectorate tectrate over the great Province of ofShantung otSluUtung ofShiuitiing
Shantung SluUtung Should the Berlin Herln Govern Government Gover Goverment Governmeat ¬
ment recognize reognize however that its ia most mostvaluable mostvauable mostvaluable
valuable vauable nucleus nuceus of colonial empire was wasat wasat wasat
at stake stalc and decide to t throw in its lot lotwith Jotwith lotwith
with Franco Face and Russia RUBin the difficulties difficultiesand dlmculieR dlmculieRand difficultiesand
and the dangers dangor with wth which England Englandwould l Englandwould nglandwould
would be confronted would be of course courseimmensely coure coureimmensely courseimmensely
immensely magnified magnifiedUnder agnife agnifiedUnder
Under the thucrumstace circumstances we are not notsurprised notsurprised notsurprised
surprised at the feverish tone observable observablein
in many nlUY British Brtsh newspapers newspaper that reflect reflectfaithfully refect refectfaithfuly reflectfaithfully
faithfully faithfuly public publo opinion Next to tho thocombatants thecombatnt thocombatants
combatants combatnt themselves no Power on onearth onearh onearth
earth earh is so vitally vialy concerned concred in the issue issueof issueof issueof
of the first frt naval battle batte as a is Great Brit Britain Britain Britam ¬
ain am Not since the early years rear of the thelast thelat thelast
last lat century centur when the eyes eyc of English Englishmen Englsh Englshmen Englishmen ¬
men were wer strained southward to Capo CapoSt Cpe CpeSt CapeSt
St Vincent and to Trafalgar Trnalga has a 1 sea seafight seafght seafight
fight fght been ben fraught frught for them with such suchmomentous suchmomentous suchmomentous
momentous possibilities
The Immediate Nuisance or the West WentIndies WestIndies WestIndies
Indies IndiesThe IndiesThe IndiesThe
The American Government Ooverment has es established establshed estabhished ¬
tablished tablshed precedents precdents for the exercise exercse of ofpolice otplce ofpolice
police plce power pwer in the West Indies Idie and has hasindorsed hasindored hasin
indorsed indored in orsed a broad principle which whch was wasenunciated wa wasenunciated
enunciated enuncated by President MCKINLEY McKlNLEYwhen MoKINLEYwhen MCKINLEYwhen
when he said in his historic message of ofApril otopril ofApril
April opril 11 1893 1893In 1898In 1893In
In the name of humanity humaniy In the name of civili civilization clvl clviiication ¬
zation zatonla In behalf bebal of endangered endanrerd American Amerlcnlnterst Amercaatntereiti Amercaatntereitiwhich Interests Interestswhich
which give ive us the right ribt and the duty dlty to speak and andto an andto
to act at the war In Cuba must mut stop stopBefore stopBofore stopBefore
Before the United Unie States Stat had ha any 1 place placeon plneon
on the map of tho world Santo Sato Domingo Domingoj
j was a little ltte hotbed of rows and wrang wrangling wran wranlng wranghing
ling lng internal interal insurrections in8urrcclon and Ind almost almostpersistent almostperi almostpersistent
persistent peri tent disturbances disturbaces besides beside being beinga i
a bone of contention contenton over which Franco Francoand Fance Fanceand Franceand
and Spain had more mor than once quarrelled quarrelledand quarrled quarrledand
and fought The history of Santo Sant Do Domingo Domigo Domingo ¬
mingo migo for the entire entre period of the Nine Nineteenth Klneteenth Ninetecath ¬
teenth century centur is a record reord of strife punct punctuated punctuated punctuated ¬
uated with brief intervals which served servedas serveda
as a littlo ltte else than mere breathing spaces spacesfor spacc spacesfor 1
for enabling enablng the combatants combatats to resume resumetheir reume resumetheir I
their disturbance disturbace A land within wihin a few fewmiles fewmies fewmiles
miles mies of our border borde has ha been bcn for a hun hundred hundred hundred ¬
dred years year the scene of almost persistent persistentrevolt peristent peristentrevolt persistentrevolt
revolt insurrection Insurecton war with its it neigh neighbors neighbors neighbors ¬
bors assassination and the
a88sination destruction destructionof detnlcton detnlctonot
of property propertyRevolution proper propertyRevolution
Revolution Heoluton appears to have become a nfixed afxed afixed
fixed fxed habit with the Dominicans and ad the thehabit thehabit thehabit
habit grows stronger as a the years go by byA byA byA
A weak ruler rler is overthrown ovehrow by n stronger strongerrival strnger strngerriyal strongerrival
rival riyal An ironhanded ionhanded ruler rler like lke HEUR HEUREAUX HEUREUX HEUREAUX
EAUX is i assassinated nsas8lnated Anarchy has hasbecome ha hasbecome
become beme an established etblshed custom cusom and a aland 1 aland
land upon which nature has ha lavished lavishedher layishedher lavishedher
her bounty in endless endle measure meRure a land landin landIn landIn
in which affluence afuence should be the reward rewardof
of peaceful paceful toil tol is given over to battle battlemurder batte battlemurder
murder and industrial distress distreB a misery miseryto miser
to itself and ad a nuisance nuisanc to its it neighbors neighborsIf neighborsI
If I Santo Domingo Domigo does doc not at an early
day manifest a clear cear purpose purose and a duo duoability dueabity duoability
ability abity to settle sette down dow and adopt tho thomanners themanner thomanners
manners manner and customs of civilization civilizationit c llaton llatoni
it i may come within tho class ca of nuisances nuisancescontemplated nuisanccscontemplat nuisancescontemplated
contemplated contemplat by President Pident MCKINLEy MoKlNLErin
in his memorable declaration decaraton of nearly nearlysix nearlysix nearlysix
six years year ago
Sammy Chandlers Sha ShaThe SII SIIThe hia hiaThe
The Harvard 1arard Graduates Magazine pub publishes publshes publishes ¬
lishes lshes parts prts of the diary kept kep by bySAIUEL bySAIUELmore SAMUEL SAMUELmore SAMUELmore
CHANDLER a Gloucester Gouceter boy who was wasgraduated wasgraduate wasgraduated
graduated graduate at Harvard Haryar in the class cMs of ot177S
1775 Some lively lely events were taking takingplace takin takinplace takingplace
place in Massachusetts Massachuets when SAMMY SAMMYwas SAM SAMMYwas tY tYwa
was wa in college colege and his diary is a curious curiouspicture Curiompicture
picture of forgotten or faded manners mannersHe manner mannersHe
He wa w waa n liberal lberl and unreformed unrefonne speller spellerWas speler spelerWa spellerWas
Was Wa it as hard for our wise and lnd pious piousj piousancstor piousancestors
j ancestors ancstor to spell apel in their chartered charteredlibertine charere charteredlibertine
libertine lbcrtn fashion as it is for their clc clcseendants descendants doacendants
seendants to keep in tho paths pths of rule ruleAnd ruleAd ruleAnd
And Ad was there any limit lmit to their debauch debauchof
of capital letters lettersAt letter lettersAt
At about 5 of Clok Colt SAMMY took tookSchoher tookSchober tookSchober
Schober from Gloucester Goucster to Boston BostonFeb BostonFeh BostonFeb
Feb 10 t 1773 173 Four hours to Boston BostonAs BostonAs BostonAs
As moderns moerns would say somebody somebodytouched someby somebytouchcd somebodytouched
touched SAMMY SA tlY for five or else ho holost helost hohost
lost that thlt amount amount lib Jt seems to have havebeen haveben havebeen
been ben a young young gentleman gentema of strong so sociological socological sociological ¬
ciological cological tastes taste and ad even in those days dayssociology dayssocology dayssociology
sociology socology camo cme high SAMMY was not nottho nottho notthe
tho boy bo to put down that J5 5 on the profit profitand proft proftand profitand
and loss account and say nothing The ThoWitch TheWich TheWitch
Witch Wich of Endor was a more real per personago pr prsonage personago
sonago to him than she is to this genera generation generatlon generation ¬
tion There was a wizard w DUSTS the theConjuror theConjuror theConjuror
Conjuror in Dedham Dham So Feb 25 25SAMMY 25SAIIY 25SAIY
SAMMY hired Ir Mr STEETMANS STEETtNS hors horsand hor horsand
and Sha and drove to Dedham Dcham with withhis withhis withhis
his classmates EMERSON HALL and andBATTLE andBAtLE andBATtLE
BATTLE BAtLE BATTELLE DATELLE SAMMY likes lkes to tobo tob tobe
bo b phonetic phonetc Ho 10 told DUSTS he had hadlost hadlost hadlost
lost something and wanted wante his Helpe Helpein Help
in discovering ye Person Peron DUSTS DUSTSupon DUSTSUpon
upon no other Information Int infrniation rmlton told me when I had hadlost badlost
lost l sl It bow I left lel my Money and that I suspected suspectedone susptc
one particular pnlcula Person P zson sa bo described descrhed PABKKR P AaKBR so soeiactly 1 o oexactly
exactly c1cIy that tlat before tot he bid mentioned mentoned sn ntloned one Quarter
ot ye Description Der1ptlon two of my company empany who knew knewnothing kne kneDotblnl knewnothing
nothing Dotblnl of the ta th Affair Alar knew kew It by ye Y Description Descrpton of othim ofblm ofhim
him and Ind mentioned mentoned his name nameDUSTS naeN naeNDUSTS nameDusTs
DUSTS saw 8W tho money fon the East Eastside Et Etside Eastside
side of a aChlmey Chimney which whic is I a place plac where wherePAUKEUS wher wherePARKERS
PARKERS Chest Chet stands stds and ad described describedthe decib
the house SAMMY SAMY got back bck to Cam Cambridge Cambrdg Cambridge ¬
bridge brdg in timeto tmeto drink drnk tea at ye Punch PunchBowl Pch PchBowl PunchBowl
Bowl but ho didnt get gt back the five fivedollars fve fvedolar fivedollars
dollars dolar DUSTS assured assur him that the theMoney the1oney theMoney
Money 1oney has ha some Part Par been ben Spent Spnt but butthe butthe butthe
the Remainder is hid near ner ye e College CollegeHousoi Coleg CollegeHouse
Housoi HousoiPump House Pump SAMMY SAM J looked looke for it iti ittherebut Itthere
i therebut there but in vain vainSAMMY vainSAlMY vainSAItIMY I
SAMMY SAlMY seems scm8 to have resolved re80lve to be bea b bea
a 1 conjuror cnjuror himself hlmsel In March larch ho went wentwith wentwith wentwith
with TYLER and the Hors 10r and Id Sha Sha to toDUSTS toDUSTS toDUSTS
DUSTS to have their fortunes torunes told I Italked Italke 1talked
talked talke to him about abut larnin the Art he hegave hegave hegave
gave gave me great Encouradgmont ncuradgcnt Back Backto
to the he Punch Pnch Bowl at 8 homo at 11 11SAMMY 1 11SAI1T
SAMMY SA UIY says ho drank drnk opffee opffeeSAMMY fee feeSAMMY fTee fTeeSAMMY
SAMMY ran rn with the machine the col college cl cllege college ¬
lege fire fre engine a noble instrument istrument of ofprotection otprotecton ofprotection
protection protecton and devastation devataton which in insomewhat insomewhat Insoisewhat
somewhat later days at least leat was wa a agreat ageat agreat
great geat stimulator stmulator of thirst thirt the wicked wickedsaid wicke wickedsaid
said of fire fre The college colege engine got to tothe totle tothe
the tle Gall Oal fire fre before the village viag engine engineWe engineWe engineWe
We dont dOIt know kow when SAMMY studied studiedTliis studie studiedThis
This same day of the victory at the Gail Gailhe Gaillie
he is in Boston Boton at at the wharves wharvc looking lookingat
at a royal storeship burn The Inhabi Inhabitants Inhabitants Inhabitants ¬
tants see se her burn with Pleasure only onlythey onlytley onlythey
they tley are sorry sorr the Commissioners Commislloner are arenotonBord arenot arenot
notonBord notonBordSAMMY not on Bord BordSumi BordSAMMY
SAMMY Sumi cut recitations roitatons and lectures lectureswith lectureswith lectureswith
with considerable regularity Ho was wassorry wassorry wassorry
sorry he didnt go to Mr WINTHBOPS WINTHBOPSlecture WIUROPSlecture Wzriinopslecture
lecture still sti there were compensations compensationsSaw compnsatons compnsatonsSaw
Saw a man set in the Pillory Pier for Forg Forgery Forger Forgcry ¬
cry er When there ther is something doing doingin
in Boston SAMMY isthere is therc The Mob Mobconcerning Mobconcerning Iob Iobconcring
concerning concring Tea attracts atractq him He is isat iRt isat
at t ye e Meeting Meetinp of ye Inhabitants Inhabltlts and nndfinds lnd lndfnds andfinds
finds fnds them fully fuly resolved Ieolve yt yetea ye tl shall shallbe shal shallbe
be sent back Dec 15 he records that thatthe thatthe thatI
I the Vessels Vesels were herded brded and ye Tea Teahove Teahove Teahove
hove ovcrbord overbordhuzznrl huzznrl A better b bter ter pa patriot patriot patriot ¬
triot than speller spellerSAMMYS speler spelerSUIYS spellerSuI1Ys
SAMMYS SUIYS livery lver bills bis must have been beenlong beenlong beenlong
long Ho Io is always aways hiring the Sha and andgoing andgoing andgoing
going into Boston to watch British Brtih regi regiments regiments rogiments ¬
ments and transports trnspr and entrench entrenchments entrenchments entrenchmeats ¬
ments Finally Finaly he determines to be a asoldier asoldier asoldier
soldier himself hlm elf and ad enrolls cnrols himself himsel in inthe Inthe intue
the Cambridge Cambrdge company compay to lam lam the theexercises theerclse theexercises
exercises erclse It I is an amusing reflection refecton of ofthe otthe ofthe
the revolutionary revolutonar spirit that the under undergraduates undergraduates undergraduates ¬
graduates revolted revoled against agan8t the tiranicle tiranicleAuthority tranicl traniclAutholity tlranieleAuthority
of certain tutors
Authority crtain tutor Discipline Disciplinewas Dsciplne
was relaxed and SAMMY seems to have
done pretty prety much as a he pleased pleae Two TwoStudents Twotudents Twotudents
tudents who from bravado braydo or a love of ofparadox ofparadox ofparadox
paradox tried trie to speak a proBritish proBritishdialogue proBrth proBrthdialogue proBritishdiahoguo
dialogue were hissed down downSAMMY dow downSAMMY
SAMMY SM IY CHANDLER ClA DLER served sered in i the Revo Revolutionary Revolutionary Revolutionary ¬
lutionary Army n Perhaps the service servic was wasnot wasnot
not much rougher than bumping over overmuddy overmuddy overmuddy
muddy roads in the Sha He le died in 1786 1786Wo 1786We 1786We
We leave leav him with wih n good old New Eng England England England
land pronunciation pronuncation in his mouth the thoBritish theBritsh theBritish
British Britsh soldiers soldier were a 1 going to Water Watertown Watertow Watertown
town tow to git the Cannon CannonA CannonXeglectcil
A Neglected Method Iethol of Fire Pro Protcctlon Protoctioni
tcctlon tcctlonEvery toctioniEvery
tecton tectonEver
Every Ever community that has hl a water waterfront waterfront waterfront
front should have a system of fire fre mains mamstapping mais maistapping mainstapping
tapping the ocean the lake lae or the river riveron
on which it lies les An inexhaustible inexhaustiblesupply inexhau8tble inexhau8tblesupply inexhaustiblesupply
supply of water would thus be at the thocommand thecommand thecommand
command of the fire fre departments departmentsThe department
The Borough of Manhattan Manhatta a narrow narrowisland narrowisland narrowisland
island is so situated that the neglect of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the city to utilize utize for its it protection protccton the thelimitless thelmiles thelimitless
limitless lmiles reservoirs reservoir surrounding it is islittle i Islittle
little ltle short of criminal crimina Fire Chief ChiefKnuGEB ChiefKnUGER ChiefKIIUGEB
KnuGEB declares decares that a conflagration conflagrationonce confagraton confagratononce
once started stared among the old and ad inflam inflammable infam infammable inflammabie ¬
mable structures strcture on the lower West Wet Side Sidemight Sidemght Sidemight
might mght sweep swep the financial fancal quarter before beforeit befor
it could be overcome and ad at every great greatfire geat geatfre greatfire
fre fire there is difficulty difculy in getting gettng sufficient sufficientwater sufcient sufcientwatr sufficientwater
water to all the
watr supply al apparatus apparatusIn
In Baltimore Baltmore a number of engines engnes were wereuseless wereuseless wereuseless
useless because they could not pump salt saltwater saltwater saltwater
water No city cty is immune to fire fro and in inNew inNew inNew
New York this obvious and valuable pro protection pro protection ¬
tection tecton offered olere by the rivers riyer should be bedeveloped bedeveoped bedeveloped
developed deveoped to its It fullest fulest possibilities possibilities1ostage posibite posibiteostagc possibilitiesPostage
Postage Stamp Ileform IleformThere UeformThere IteformThere
There are 74160 postmasters postmater in the thoUnited theUnite theUnited
United Unite States Stte and to every one of them thema
a bill bi introduced introduc in the House of Repre Representatives Repre8nttes Reprosontatives ¬
CANDLER Jr of Corinth Cornth Miss Mis is of the thedeepest thedeepst thedeepest
deepest deepst personal pronal interest interst Mr CANDLER CANDLERwould CANLER CANLERwould CANDLERwould
would have the burden of licking lckig postage postagestamps postagestamp postagestomps
stamps removed rmoved from the lips lp of the theletter theletter theletter
letter writers writer and put into the mouths mouthsof
of the postmasters postmlter Ho proposes propsc that thatwhenever thatwhenever thatwhenever
whenever the necessary necessr amount of money moneyto moneyt
to t pay tho postage on a letter leter is deposited depositedin depoited depoitedIn
in a lawful mailing place with the letter
it shall shal bo the duty of f the postmaster postmasterreceiving postmRter postmRterreceiving postmasterreceiving
receiving it to affix afx the stamps stmps to the en envelope envelop envelopo ¬
velope velop and credit creit the cash csh to the United UnitedStates Unie UnitedStates
States Government GovernmentWhen OovernmentWhen GovernmentWhen
When such a law is passed plsed no one will willstamp wi willstamp
stamp stmp his letters leter Every Ever citizen citzen detests deteststhat detct deteststhat
that incident incdent of correspondence corrapndence by mail mailand mal mailand
and has hI it done byf br a substitute substute whenever wheneverho
ho h can In fact some sociologists socologist con contend contend contend ¬
tend that the decay of the heart art of letter letterwriting letterwritng letterwriting
writing writng dates from tho adoption adopton of the theadhesive theadhesive theadhesive
adhesive postage stamp stmp Perhaps if ifthe ifthe ifthe
the postmasters postmaster were required require to lick lck the thestamps thestumps thestilnips
stamps letter letter writing writnJ might regain its itsformer it itsformer
former forer high estate as R a polite polte and ele elegant elegant olegnat ¬
gant accomplishment accomplishmentBut accomplshment accomplshmentBut
But what of the Think
postmasters postmaters of oftho otthe ofthe
the millions miions of stamps stmp they would have haveto haveto haveto
to affix afx to t envelopes Mr lr CANDLERS HANDLERSbill CANDLERSbi
bill bi docs not provide for the delegation delegaton of oftho ofthe ofthe
the stamp licking lcking function fucton to subordi subordinates subordinates subordinates ¬
nates in the Department Deparment The post postmasters postmntcrs postmasters ¬
masters mntcrs themselves theleles must do tho licking lickingWould Hcllng HcllngWould lickingWould
Would they prove equal eual to the task taskWould tak takWould taskWould
Would any scale of remuneration rmuneraton induce inducethem induceUlem inducethem
them to remain in i office ofcc to wear out outtheir outtheir outtheir
their tongues in their countrys service serviceThe servic servicfhe servicerho
The State Barber Examining Commission CommissionIs
Is out of funds flnda Unless Unle the Legislature Lgislatur can canbo canbo canbe
bo Induced to impose an annual tax t on each eachshaver eah eahBhaver eachshaver
shaver and Ind hair cutter cter this governmental governmentalannex govermental govermentalannex
annex will wi have to go out of buelnls business Never Neverhas NeverhM Neverhas
has a Commonwealth Cmmonwlnlh engaged engage in a 1 more morepicayunish mor morepicayunish
picayunish enterprise enterre The beat t thing for fortho forthe forthe
the Legislature Lgislature to t do is to repeal rpal tho law lawcreating Ilw Ilworatng lawcreating
creating oratng tho commission cmmlEslon and the next best bestthing bt bttling bestthing
thing tling is to let it starve stare to death deathThe deathTho deathTho
LETT ts rT 6f r Massachusetts Ilsachletts has ha introduced Introduc in inthe Inthe inthte
the House HOU C a hill bl providing that Represents Representatives Replenta RepresentsUvf54 ¬
tives Uvo and Senators Senator shall 8hal receive reeive 121 2500 a ayear 1 ayear
year in addition adiion to their present plnt salaries talaricabut palarc salariesbut
but shall shal forfeit forelt the allowances alowane now made madefor me mefor madefor
for clerk hire mileage mieage stationery statoner and
office ofcrnt ocerenL rant His Bbl bill would woud also ao repeal r the thelaw thelaw thelaw
law under which a commission is I now pre preparlng proparing
prng paring to t construct cntrc ozistru t cmmlon an office ofc building buldlng buIldin for forthe forthe forthe
the Members Membr of Congress CongressWe Cngr
We shall shal be b Interested Interet In I watching watchig the thestatesmen thetteiime thestatesmen
statesmen tteiime from frm the Pacific Pao Coast Cat and ad other otherremote otherrmo otherremote
remote district eagerly for forward forward ¬
rmo d trc as B they press pr
ward wa to t vote to t give up mileage mileageThe mleag mleagTe mileageThe
The Te German Grn official omoll returns rturs of the im imports Imprs imports ¬
ports prs of grain gin from frm Russia Ruela for fo the past pastthree pt pastthree
three thr years yerIhow yearembow show a steady sey Increase Inofor Increasofor Tor each eachsucceeding ech echluolng eachsucceeding
succeeding luolng year yer The Te bulk In I metric mtro tons tonswhich tOMwhich tonswhich
which amounted amounte to 1690010 10011 tons In 1001 1001rose 111 1901rose
rose re to 1014260 1 01 2M tons in 1002 11 and to 3377725 3377725tons 237772Stons 7 7
tons In 1003 10 The difference dlernc between betwen the thequantities thequantte thequantities
quantities quantte of each ech kind of grain grin imported importedfor
for tho lost la two years yer wan as follows folows In Intons inton Intons
tons ton
1003 1802 1802Wheat 1502Wheat
10 11
Wheat BflOlM 610 40080 40080Rye 409552Rie 91
Rye OIJMO 0118 efiO7oa efiO7oaBarley 870 500750Barley
Barley Drey 844790 S73 821118 821118QMS 62110 62110Oat 521116Oats
Oats Oat 840025 102 242583 242583Total 2262 2262TtI 2425821914255
Total TtI 1877725 217 18142M 18142MThe 1914255The
The Te proportion prprion of the Russian Ruslan grain grainto gi
to the total grain srn grai Imports imprs of Germany Gerny In
11003 103 1003 were wer 87 per pr cent cnt of the wheat whet 80 per percent pr prcnt percent
cent cnt of the rye re 71 per pr cent cnt of the barley barleyand brley brleyand barleyand
and 88 per pr percent cent cnt of the oats ots Other Russian Russianagricultural Rusian Rusianagrloulural Russianagrioultural
agricultural agrloulural products pruots are ar also 18 finding fnding their theirway theirway theirway
way In increasing incrflng quantities qunttes into the Ger German German Getman ¬
man market marketOn mket mketOn marketOn
On the other hand hnd German Gern machinery machineryand mchinery mchineryand
and metal mnufacture manufactures of all a1 kinds are arepenetrating arepenetrating
penetrating penetratig to the furthest rurhest onfnt confines of ofRussian otItussn ofItussian
Russian Itussn Asia the sewing sewng machines mchine dis displacing displcing dieplacing ¬
placing plcing those thoB of English Englsh and American Americanmake Amercn Amercnmake Americanmake
make while whle tbls country cuntry stilt tl holds the thefield thelld thefield
field lld for mowers mowfr and andrpr andrprTHE reapers reapersTHE teapotsTIlE
Present Production Produeton and Consumption Conlumpton still anilFuture IntiFnture stillFtiture
Development DevelopmentTo
To THE IE FDiTon EDIOR OF 01 THE TiE SUN SvxSir Sir The Thetotal Thetotal Thetotal
total annual annull production producton of the coal cal of the theworld theworld theworld
world Is according to official om cia I statistics tatltc over
700000000 7000 tons exclusive excluive of lignite Inlt This Thiswas ThisWl8 Thiswas
was Wl8 produced producld almost entirely entrely by five coun countries countrll courttrks ¬
tries trll the United States 8tatl8 the United King Kingdom Klnl Kingdom
dom Germany France and Belgium Bellilm in the thofollowing thefolowlnr thefollowing
following folowlnr proportions proporlon8 for the years ears 10001003 10001003Tuns 1901903 1901903TOis 19001003Torte
Torte TOis are lre quoted quotd
1000 19 1S01 101 1002 1002UnltedSlates 103 103Unite 1502United
UnltedSlates Unite United State State240758000 240788000 2o7M0 281814000 251810 210105000 210105000United 2100 260195000inltcd
United Unied Kingdom233181000 Ilnrdorr1810 210047000 211G7o 227005000 227005000Ocrmanj mOO 227008000lermany
Germany 140551000 HI6 10 153010000 U3OIO0 150000000 150000000France 15eo 150500000France
France H 52722000 3720 31034000 3Ia0 20674000 20674000Belgium 26740 20574000Belgium
Belgium Iclrlum 3JM3000 2 < 0 22213000 22130 2270000 2270000The 2700 22700000The
The first lr8t two are In long tons of 2240 pounds poundseach poundseach poundseach
each the others in metric tons ton of 2204 pounds poundseach poundaeach poundseach
each eachA
A AlIance glance at the figures ture8 tells tel 1 us that the theUnited thelnlted theVnited
United States and the United Unltll Kingdom Klnldom to together toiether together ¬
gether produce produc between twothirds twothird and three threefourths threefourths threefourths
fourths of the worlds coal output with the theUnited thoUnltell theUnited
United States leading leadlna Its It lead began In
1890 and has continued contnued unbroken Germanys Germanysproduction Germanysproducton Germanysproduction
production producton Is practically practicaly stationary etatonar The Theproduction Thelroducton Theirocluctions
production lroducton of France and Belgium Bellum are arp de declining dedining ¬
dining rite figures for Germany Include
brown coal or lignite I rn Ie as that forma one onethird onethird onethird
third of Germanys coal production productionThe producton productonThe
The leading leadlnl per pr capita productions are areUnited areUnied areUnited
United Unied Kinrdom B4 6 tons tonsUnited toniUnitedsiates
United Unied Unitedsiates States 3 IJ < 4 tons tonsDelglum tonsDeliium toniIn
Delglum Deliium o to 313 S torn tornIn ton tonIn
In money the three years productions productionsquoted productons productonsQuoter productionsquoted
quoted represented In round millions mllon8 of ofdollars ordolars ofdoliars
dollars dolars
1000 19 1901 191 1002 1002United 19 1902UnltedSutes
United UnltedSutes States Sttes SIIOO 310000000 1363000000 t00 1372000000 1372000000United 372000000United
United Unied Kingdom 08000000 IOO 512000000 61200 407000000 407000000German ermoCerrnan
German Genll 241000000 2400 253000000 200 202000000 202000000France 202000000France
France 04000000 00000000
000 900 02000000 02000000Belgium 02000mBelgium
Belgium lerlum 70000000 7000 C6000000 000 08000000 08000000The 08000000The
The average number of miners miner employed employedand
and the tonnage tnnle production producton per pr miner for forthe forthe forthe
the five tve countries countrle named were as follows followsTom folows folowsT followsrons
Tom T n per pirYtar prrrear perYear
rear Miners nt MIner MinnUnited MInerUalted MInerUalted
Ualted States Stte o 1002 19 518307 SM SMUnited 820United
United Ulted Kingdom 1002 11 805100 8tO 278 278Germany 28 28Geraq 27sCermafly
Germany Geraq 1001 101 448000 H80 242 242France 243France 242France
France loot 191 150057 UOO 7 I IBelllum is isBelgium M MBelgium
Belllum Belgium lOot 191 131092 13109 166 166Here 11 106here
Here we see the productive productve capacity of the theAmerican theAmerican theAmerican
American miner to be far superior to those thoseof thoseor thoseof
of other countries countrie Our Improved coal coalcutting coolcuttng coalcutting
cutting cuttng machinery machiner and the fact that the themines themlnl8 themines
mines mlnl8 we work are nearer the surface partly partlyaccount party partyaccount partlyaccount
account for this superiority but only partly partlyThe part partlyThe
The fact remains that in coal mining mlnlna as In Inother Inotber inother
other trades the foreign laborer works to tolire toIvl tolive
lire Ivl while whie the American workman lives IvP to towork towork towork
work bar his N striking propensities propenslte8 provo provocation provocaton provocation ¬
cation caton or no real provocation provocaton Foreign Foreignworkmen Foreignorkmen Foreignworkmen
workmen In the thl United States too soon be become become become ¬
come Americanized In this respect for their theirown theirown theirown
own good goodAll goodAl goodAll
All Al the countries named nampd except France Franceeiport Francenport Franceelport
eiport more coal than they Import The Thefigures Thoflgures ho hofgures
figures fgures for 1002 10 are In tons tonsExports tonsErpor tonsEzporls
Exports Erpor imports ImportiUnited Impor importsUnited
United Kingdom Kingdom00400000 oo400oco 040 3000 3000Germany 3as147520X
Germany GefMny 18Winoo 18l10 14752000 14752000ntUlum 147520XBelgium
Belgium eIJlum 8574000 85i0 3406000 3406000United 3aoreUnited
United States 6127000 8t20 2M4000 2M4000France 2544500France
France tfnce 1016000 10180 13641000 13641000This 13641000ThLs
This shows tho United States Sttes fourth In the
lst list of coal exporting exportng countries and It occu occupies OCCI occupies ¬
pies the same place plac In the Importing list lst Of Ofthe Ofthe Ofthe
the 60000000 8000 tons exported by the United
Kingdom 15148000 15180 tons or onefourth was wasfor waRror wasfor
for the use of steamers engaged enlaged in foreign foreigntrade foreigntrade
trade France rance also export export for the same Ime pur purpose purpose purpose ¬
i pose Germany but neither neiher the United Unied States nor nori
The following rolowlng figures I1lre8 of the home consump ¬
than ton of the five fve countries In 1601 191 and 1802 192 show nhowIn showIn
In tons the immensely superior value of our
homo market
toot 101 1002 1002United 11 1902United
United States 256407000 2 40 2CSei2OnO 2CSei2OnOUnited 205512000United
United Kinrdom Kingdom161271000 161271000 181210 I68oonooo I68oonoooGermany 10855000Germany142250000
Germany Gerany Germany142250000 142250ono 1220 146970000 146970000France H 148370145iFrance
France 44657000 42109000 42109000Del 42199000fle1iuni
Del UeJlum lum 18051000 18010 10601000 10601000Tho 19601000The
The United Unied States Btte largely laraely exceeds exced In home homeconsumption homeconRumpton homeconsumption
consumption conRumpton but ranks second In per capita capitaconsumption capitaeoneumn capitaconsurntion32R
consumption eoneumn consurntion32R lon33 33H tons as compared with the thl theUnited
United Unitd Kingdoms Klnldoml 307 Thin Thl compro Is Accounted
for by the thl fact rac that we use ule wood and b oil olinriely largely
In the operation operaton of steam stam power and steam
traction tractionCanada trncton tractionCanada
Canada CanRdl uses far more coal than to I produced
In the Dominion but the undeveloped undovplo ed coal coalfields coalfelds coalfields
fields felds of Novu Navl Scotia Scotn are estimated estmatpd to contain contln
7000000000 70 7 000 00 000000 tons tonl tons and a good Iood grade of nnthrn nnthrnWpi onthrnrltl aiithracite
rltl cite in largl large quonttles quantities I Iq found In hlr her North
Wpi WPlt Vest t Territories TerriorIes Moreover 1OIOVAr the Canadian Canadiancoal Canadiancool Canadiancoal
coal production producton Is II increasing IncrPlllnl having havlnl been ben
7039000 76300 tons In 1001 193 against alaln t 5560000 G5600 tons In
1002 103 nn Increase IncrlM8 of 2079000 2000 2079 000 tons tonl or more moreand morethul morethun
thul thun onethird or the other Brltlb flrltish Colonies Colonlsnnd Coloniesand
and possessions POlsPlslon8 New South Wales Walel Natal NatalBritish Natalrltbh Natall3ritish
British rltbh India and New Zealand Zlland export more moreconl morecoal morecoal
coal than thln they the Import while whie Victoria Vlctorll South Southand Southand Southand
and West We t Australia Austrlla Queensland Tasmania Tasmaniaand Tasmania Tasmanittand
and Cape IP Colony Colon do the reverse revernoJapan reverseJapans reverseJapans
Japans a export es ort of coal coi was wal nearly 3000 1000000 1000000tons 000 000tone
tons tOI more than her hlr Imports Importl She also alo 3010 has hascoal line linecccl las lascoilleldl
coal coilleldl lelda to develop which will wlyleid yield loofl l O 000
000000 010 001 000 tons tOI Ru Russia Mn lln Sweden SWlden Spain Italy Italyand Italyand tnlyana
and ana AustriaHungary all ni Import much more moreconl morecoal morecoil
coal than they export Including IncludlDr lignites lgies lgiesAustrllHun hignitesAustriaHungary
AustriaHungary AustrllHun < Rr lends IpHl1 in this respect reepect Ocr Germany Ormnny Ocrmany ¬
many and Ind AustriaHungary lead ler all ni other othercountries othercountries othercountries
countries In producing produclnl lignite Ilnlt > According Accordlnl
to the statistics Itntltcl of our Geological Ololollcni Survey RunI
the United tnlld States produced producpd 4314000 4310 tons tonsof tonl toneof
of lignite IAnlto In 1002 of which fourfifths fourtthe was wasproduced wnl wasproduced
produced In the States of Colorado Colordo and
Wyoming WyomingPennsylvania Womlnl
Pennsylvania ennlylvnll lends Ipndl In tho production producton of
American anthracite Of the thl 41oooooo 100 tons tonsmined tonsmined tonemined
mined In 1002 112 practically prnctcalh all 11 came caml from Penn Pennsylvania ppnn Pennsylvania ¬ I Ilvanll
sylvania lvanll Colorado and Now Mexico 1Ixlco together togetherproducing tOIIthlr togetherproducing I
producing produclnl only 01000 950 tons tonl The same 8me State
loads in bituminous bitumlnoul coal her share being belnl 40 40per 41 41per 0 0per
per cent cnt of tho 1902 192 producton production The other othereoft othersoft othersoft
soft coal coalproduclnl coaiproducing producing States Sttel Stateewere wore In the order ordernamed ordernamed ordernamed
named Illinois Ilnois ilhinoi Ohio West Wc est t Virginia nnd
Alabama AlnbnmnChbholms Alabaml AlabamaChLsholms
Chbholms ChLholml Handbook of Commercial
Geography Geolrnpht N estimating estmatng the areas of the coal
fields lelll of the be world world places tlncel China first frst with
200000 200 square Iqunre miles m 111 This is II a rough and andprobably andprohlhlf antiprobably
probably prohlhlf a very low estimate but as al the thewill
Celeltn Celestial Empire 1nd lends the world In prpent present
known coi coal areas WI we en can fpl see what a 1081 lose It Itwi Itwill
will wi mean to the thl world If I Russia Ruslia is I permitted prmltpd
to absorb Manchuria actually Rctualy or commer commercially commlr commlrclaly commerdaIly ¬
daIly claly In restating resl tnR Russian Ruslinn aggression oggrelslon
Japan Is I really realy acting actng for all ni the coal con consuming conBuring consuming ¬
suming Buring countries of thn world worldIn worldn worldIn
In n our own case the estimate e tmate of 102000 102000the 102000square
square mies mileq II Ic exculive exclusIve or Dakota In en 1020 all
the Rocky RockyMountain Mountain Mountin States nnd thaTerrltortes thaTerrltortesas ni I
as al a well wel as the Pacific Pacilc Coast COR t with theTpritore1 Alaska AIRlk and ana
the Philippines Phlppinns yet to be heard heMII from In coal
This communication communicaton in 1 mainly ma nly based ba ed on a areport Rreport areport
report Just Issued by the consular oon ular reports reportsectlon reportsAecton reportssection
section Aecton of the Bureau of Statistics Btlt tC of our
Department of Commerce Commprc and tabor In Intimely Incolatng Incollating
colatng collating and publlhina publishing Information or thIs
timely character charactr this new Department DeJartmpnt Is I
becoming of Increasing Increllnl value to the business
Interestsof Intpre8l of the United States StatesWALTEII BtnteaWALTEI StatesWALTEIS
BCnENECTADY ScnlNECADV Feb 8 8Some 8Some 8Some
Some Advice AdTlceHule Advlr Advicefluie
Hule Rue well wl thy passions paon and nd deslrts desirs deslresIn deslrtsla
In short ahor ao 1 play pla thy part partThat par partibat
That t In thy by tenement of clay clayThe cl cle clayThe
The e Janitor Jaitor thou art ar
IF JAPAN J PAN SHOULD WIN WtJfIntferettlni WINl WINInterestin
Intferettlni l Interestin r ltnl Speculations SpetulaUonl Abont the Come Comequencet CODle CODlequenoe Ceasequenees
quencet of a RussIan 8Ulla Defeat DefeatTo DoteatTo DefeatTo
To IHB HIEDIOR EDITOR or Tax THESuNSir Sou 8020Sir Sir Would WouldIt Woud Woudit
It bo b for the Interests Intrats of civilization lvlzaton to t have haveRussia haveRusIa haveRussia
Russia RusIa beaten baten In a contest oontat with Japan or erenn erennt even evento evento
to t receive recive a serious srO setback at the hands of ofthe orthe ofthe
the Asiatic Aslato Power PowerIt PowerI
It I might be answered alwere answeredtbat that the question Queston as assumes as assumes ¬
sumes smes an Imposslbilltythat lipell ltythat a great Euro European Europeas ¬
peas paa Power with almost amost exhaustless ehauetlel military militaryresources mitar militaryresources
resources resourcs In the way of material matrial for an anarmy anamy anarmy
army amy should be overcome by an Oriental OrientalIsland OrlontalIsland Orientalisland
Island kingdom only recently recnty advanced advanc to a aplace aplac aPlace
place plac of serious srious consideration cnsideraton among aon the thePowers thePower thePowers
Powers Power of the world Simply because bcau e Russia Russiacould Rus81aculd Russiacouid
could culd not afford alor to succumb luccumb to such an enemy enemywithout enemywithout enemywithout
without an Irreparable loss of prestige prstg her herdefeat herdeeat herdefeat
defeat deeat in the long run at the hands of Japan JapanIs
Is set st down as a contingency contngncy beyond the therange theronl therange
range ronl of practical practcal possibility possibilityIt p08lblty p08lbltyI
It I Is not Improbable nay It even may be besaid besid besaid
said sid to be probable that In the naval Dvo contests contestswith cnte8ts cnte8tswith contestswith
with which the war would begin and by which whichalone whichalone whichalone
alone It might be decided decded sharply Japan Japanwould Japanwould Japanwould
would have an In advantage advantal so great rlt as a al almost 11 11most a amost ¬
most to imply her victory vIcor In them English Englishnaval Enal8h Enal8hnaval Englishnaval
naval opinion is that In th the purely naval nval war warby warby warby
by which whlchthe the contest willbe wi will be Initiated Initated If not notdecided notdoclded notdecided
decided the Japanese JIPanea fleet toet will wi be victorious victoriousNor vlctorloueNor victoriousNor
Nor Is that impression unshared ulhare by our own ownnavy ownnav ownnavy
navy nav officers efcr and by officers omcrl of all European Europeannavies Europeannavies Europeannavies
navies Tho Japanese navy niV Is of the latest lat8t and andbest andbest andbest
best construction constrcton it is large nnd powerful powerfuland powerfuland powerfuland
and well officered omcere and manned In the Asiatic Asiaticwaters A81ato A81atowatera Aslatlowaters
waters in which the conflict confict would take place placethe plac placethe
the Japanese Japanes have a great leat preponderance prfPonderanc In Inships In8hlps Inships
ships nnd guns gunsIf gunsIt
Kns KnsU
If then In the early naval engagements of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the war Japan should succeed In destroying destroyingthe
the Russian fleet leet what would be the results resultsSuch reult8 reult8Such resultsSuch
Such a victory vicory would be the most momen momentous momentousln momentotla ¬
tous tousln in l the history hiltory of the navies of this period periodor
or since the new evolution evoluton of naval construc construction constuc constucton construCtioit ¬
tion ton It J would afford alord the first frt supreme test testof testof teatof
of the most modern moder types of naval navII machines machinesIt machlne8J
It J would also inflict Intct on Russia a disaster so soterrible soterlhle soterrible
terrible terlhle that the war would necessarily necessriy be bebrought bebrought bebrought
brought to a speedy conclusion In the humilia humiliation humia humiaton humillation ¬
tion ton of that Power On land doubtless doubtess Russia Russiamight Russiamlrb RussIamight
might mlrb keep up a contest which would eventu eventually eventualy eventually ¬
ally aly wear out Japan for It would be substan substantially sub8tantaly substantinily ¬
tially taly in the position positon of n Power Invaded Invadt and andholding andholdlnl andholding
holding holdlnl possession P080slon of Interior lines lnes and as asto a ato asto
to the ultimate ulhnate Issue of such a contest contet there therecould therecould therecould
could hardly be a doubt But with its fleet fleetdestroyed fet fetdetroyed fleetdestroyed
destroyed detroyed Russia would practically prnctcaly have havelolt haveloltthe lost lostthe lostthe
the war and its land demonstrations demon trton8 would wouldbe wouldbe wouldbe
be relatively relatvely of Insignificance Inslanilclncl Actually Its Itshold 1t8 1t8hold itshold
hold on Manchuria would be gone goneA
A Japanese Topalle naval nlvol victory too would wouldgive wouldlvp wouldgive
give lvp a I new stimulus stmulus to the selfconfldenco selfconfldencoof eelrconfdence eelrconfdenceor
of Japan whose rapid rise In the scale of ofcivilization orclvl7oton ofcIvilization
civilization clvl7oton has already alrrad kindled klndlld that spirit spiritto
to a degree delee somewhat ominous even to West Western WCRter Westem ¬
ern er em nations nntons of longest longet civilized clvll1ed development developmentand
and It may easily easiy be Inflamed Infamed into arrogant arrogantselfassertion arogant arogantsetassrton arrogantselfassertion
selfassertion setassrton Japan Is like lke a boy just out outof outor outof
of college colele The Japanese think they know It Itall Ital Itall
all al Their selfconfidence selfconfdence demonstrated demon trated some somewhat eomewhat somewhat ¬
what superlatively superlatnly In their readiness rM realriess lnrs even eveneagerness evenellernls eveneagerness
eagerness ellernls to measure me sur conclusions OOncll lonl with the thegreatest therestrt thegreatest
greatest restrt of the European uroplan Powers Powprs In extent etent of ofpopulation ofpopulaton ofpopulation
population populaton might mllht become a I mania if with withtheir wlththeir withtheIr
their new fleet feet they should be bl able able utterly to todestroy tode8troy todestroy
destroy the fleet feet of a gigantic European EuropeanPower EuropeanPower EuropeanPower
Power and It I Is conceivable concelvabll that that sense senseof sene seneor senseof
of selfimportance might drive these con ¬
quering Orientals to dangerous dalerous extremes extremesRussian Istreme8 Istreme8Rls extremesRussian
Russian Rls lan prestige prrt e would be broken by naval navaldefeat navaldefeat navaldefeat
defeat at the hands of an Asiatic Aslato Power upon uponwhich uponwhich uponwhich
which only onI a few years before she had looked lookedwith lookedwih lookedwith
with wih contemptuous conttmptuous condescension condescensionOf condecension condecensionor
Of course curpp it is yet Pt to hn h demonstrated < lomon tritert that thatRussia thntRU8la thatRussia
Russia RU8la could culd not cope e pe with wih Japan JUlin on 01 the sea seaIf sear seaIt
If r the fleets teet8 of the two come into a decisive decisiveconflict deelslecont decisiveconflict
conflict cont let the outcome Is not predicable prldlcable from fromany rromany fromany
any experience experienc of naval nval warfare since lne the thllw thllwdevelopmpnt new newdevelopment newdevelopment
development developmpnt except pxeept that the naval nval fights fightsin flht flhtIn
in the Chinese war wlr and In our war with Spain Spainseom RplnIlm Spainseam
seam Ilm to tolnllcate Indicate that thatlho the advantage orlvantalo is certainly certainlywith certainlywih certainlywith
with wih the Power of preponderant naval na vl18trenih vl18trenihi strength strengthif
if i it Is not Inferior In tactical tctcal ability ablt and the thecapacity theclpaclty thecapacity
capacity clpaclty for fighting flhtnq its ships Now naval navalopinion nawt navalopinion
opinion generally Inraly seems Ipems Jo to agree Rlree that so far faras flr flrconcrn faras
as concerns concrn engineering engineering and seamanlike seamanllkoability 8eamanlke 8eamanlkeabity seamanlikeability
ability abity Russia has hano ha no superiority over overJapan overJapan overJapan
Japan oven if it Is not distinctly dlstnctl overbalanced overbalancedby
by the Japanese Navy Xa The Tlo Impression Impreslion seems seemsto seemsto seemsto
to prevail prevnl that In II alertness a rtness In manipulation manipulationthe manipulaton manipulatonthe
the marvellously marIlously dexterous Japanese may mayprove mayprove mayprove
prove themselves to bo bl superior at least leaitfor II leastfor t tfor
for a short short pull pal or In a naval contest of quick quickdecision QuickdecsIon quickdecision
decision decsIon such luch as It Is assumed that betveen betveenJapan betcnIapan betieenIapan
Iapan and Russia In the Asiatic Aslntc waters water would wouldbe wouldbe wouldhe
be The Japanese would go 10 into the fight fightabsolutely tght tghtabsolutel fightabsolutely
absolutely absolutel confident contdlnt and with no fear of theIr tholrenemy theIrenemy theirenemy
enemy They understand unrertand the vital necessity necessityto nec sly slyto
to them of striking 8trltinl a crushing cnlshllr blow at the thevery thever thevery
very ver outset outse of the war and they would be beready berfnd beready
ready rfnd to take great Ireat risks rl ks Urn tIe more be because becaURn becauseof ¬
cause causeof of their theirpreponderance preponderance preponderanc of naval na valstreruth valstreruthIn strength strengthIn
In the contested waters watpr This is so obvious obviousthat ebvlousthat obviousthat
that British rlt8h naval opinion seems eeerneto to assume assumethat assumethat
that tht the outcome will wi be the tbf speedy spNdy destruc destruction de destruction truc tructon ¬
tion ton of the Russian Rusian fleet feet and therefore an early earlyconclusion earlyconclrslon earlyconclusion
conclusion conclrslon of the war warNow warow warNow
Now ow Is I it desirable for civilization cIviizaton that thatJapan thatJapan thatJapan
Japan In its Is first Irst encounter encntr with wih a I firstclass firstclassEuropean trstcIMS trstcIMSEuroplan firstclassEuropean
European Europlan State should receive recive the tremen tremendous tremendou trernendous ¬
dous stimulus stmull to Its 18 selfimportance ellmportanc which whichsuch whichsuch whichsuch
such a victory Icory over Russia would give to U UA I itA
A readjustment of the balance baanc of power powerof poweror powerof
of momentous consequence to the world worldmight worldmiht worldmight
might miht be Involved It I would mean tho un unquestioned unque8toned onquestioned ¬
questioned que8toned dominance domlmmc of Japan in the East Eastand Enstand Eastand
and an Oriental development of which there therehas thereha therehas
has ha been no precedent precdent In modern times tmes Of Ofcourse orcur Ofcourse
course cur so long lonl as a Japan remains remain an In Insular Insulnr insular ¬
sular Power purely its Is possibilities pos81bllUcs are re restricted restYee restrlcted ¬
stricted stYee to an extent which prevents prevontslli lt Its growth growthIn Kromh KromhIn
In the utilization utiZton and application applcaton of the arta artaof artaor artsof
of civilization cvizaton from becoming bcomlna a serious menace menacebut menacebut menacebut
but if I It extends Itself to the Aflatlo Mlato continent continentand contnent contnentand contInentand
and gains alns the mastery mlrry In Corea and nd China Chinathat Chinn Chinathat
that menace menac might become bcome seriously seriousy dis disturbing distrbing disturbing ¬
turbing trbing to civilization civiizaton for undoubtedly undoubtedlyvictory undoubtedlyctory undoubtedlyvictory
victory ctory over Russia would glvo riv It an Oriental Orientalleadership Orientallelerhlp Orientalleadership
leadership lelerhlp to which China would wOlld render
homage homag If I then under Japanese Japanes Influence Influencetuition Infuenc influencetuItion
tuition tuiton and eventual domination dominaton tho vast vastmilitary vastmitary vastmilitary
military mitary resources rpsourcs potential potental in China should shouldbe 8houldb
be b organized and concentrated concntrated the gravest gravestresults gravestresults rovestresult8
results might follow folow For Fo the first frst time tme In Inmodern Inmoern inmodern
modern moern history an Asiatic Asiatc Power of enormous enormousstrength enormousstrengh enormousstrength
strength strengh would be developed devlope with a civili civilization civi clviiizatiod ¬
zation zaton of Its own In which were imitated and andutilized andutized andutilized
utilized utized the ideas and the thl material materlli achieve achievement achleve1ent achievemeat ¬
meat 1ent of Occidental Occdental civilization civilizationNo cvizaton cvizatonNe
No one can come in contact with intelligent Intelhent
Japanese Japanes without discerning dl8crnlng that the ambi ambition ambition arnbltion ¬
tion for such a development of their power
has hls possession pOe 81en of their minds They have havestudied have8tudll havestudIed
studied 8tudll and adopted our Western We tern methods methos
but they are not appalled appaled by our civilization elvlzaton
At bottom botom they have in their selfconfidence selfconfidencea selcontdenc
a sense of superiority to it Having H avlnl learned learnedIts learnld learnldIts
Its practical practcalle8on lessons as they theythlnk think they have havodone havedone havedone
done already In full rul measure they feel able ableto ableto ableto
to strengthen stremrhen themselves against alalnst It so irresist irresistibly Irresistibly irresietibly ¬
ibly that they can pursue purue their dream drem of ofOriental ofOriental ofOriental
Oriental domination dominaton without rear of obstruc obstruction obstructon obstructiori ¬
tion ton They The want to hold the East against againstthe aaainstthe agaInstthe
the West and if they should succeed sllcced In their theirfirst theirfrt theirfirst
first frt great contest contfst with a capital cnptnl Europenn EuropeanPower EuropennPower EuropennPower
Power It Is not Inconceivable Inconcivable It Is I almost almostInevitable almostInevltabll almostinevItable
Inevitable Inevltabll that their selflmportanco sllrlmportanc would wouldrise wouldrise wouldrIse
rise to arrogant nrogant assumption Isumpton that thlt they were weretho weretho werethe
tho foremost foremolt Power In the world and Ind In that thatfeeling thntfellng thatfeeling
feeling fellng they would have ChInese sympathy sympathyThis sympathyThis sympathyThis
This war therefore thlrerore of so momentous con consnquenco conl consequence
sequence l < ueno to Japan may be not less momentous momentousfor
for the world of civilization cIvizaton also alsoNEW alsoNEW alsoNsw
The Te Importance to the Czar of the Sup Support Support Support ¬
port of the Orthodox Church ChurchTo ChurehTo ChurchTo
To TUB TUI EDITOR op 01 THE BunSir BUISir The Thorupture Therupture Therupture
rupture of diplomatic diplomatc relations relatons between betweenRussia btwetn btwetnHU betweenRussIa
Russia HU 811 and Japan owing to the dIlatoriness dllatorlnessof dlatorlnes8 dlatorlnes8of
of tho former and the Impatience Irpatenco of the latter latterIs
Is I not necessarily nools8arly a precursor preeurlor of Immediate Immediatewar Immediat
war It I may ma even possibly lead to a clear clearIng clearInl cdearing
Ing Inl up of the situation 81tuaton by bringing the nego negotiations ncgotatons nogotiations ¬
tiations tatons which now will wi be carried on If I they theyare theyare theyare
are continued contnued through Intermediaries down downto downto downto
to what may be termed a business buelne6 basis basisPutting basil basisPutting
Putting Pttng aside ns mere diplomatic diplomatc formula formulathe formulathe formulathe
the solicitude solcitude for tho Independence Indppendelce of Cores Coreaexpressed Corelexpre8ol Coresexpressed
expressed expre8ol by both sides In what has become becomea becme becmea
a somewhat wearisomo dispute dlsDlt what the thoworld theworld theworld
world wants to know Is II just JU t what each of tho thoparties thopartes theparties
parties partes Is really rcoly aiming at nt and whether the thopretensions thepreten810ns thepretensIons
pretensions of either Justify Justy their breaking breakingthe
the peace of the world In pursuance pur8uanc of them themThat themThnt thornThat
That Is the question queston really realy at issue issueTho IsaueThe issueThe
The Influence of Russia RUlsln on the side of Eu Europe Europc Europe ¬
rope which was always strong stroll before sho shoepread sholprad ho hospread
spread lprad herself her8el across the Asiatic A81ato Continent Continentand Contnent Contnentand ContInentand
and before bfore any Asiatic Asiatc Power had arisen arien to todispute todispute todlipute
dispute her advance advanc has his been sensibly snsibly weak weakened weakene weakened ¬
ened ene In Europe Evidence of this Is to t bo boeen b beaeen
aen aeen een in I tate to concessions cncssions that have been ben mode mae
to Austria Autra and Incidentally icidently to Germany GormaYln GormaYlnconnecion Oermanytn Oermanytnconnection In Inconnection
connection connecion with the question of the Balkans Balkansand Bakanl Bakanlad Balkansand
and ad In the consideration conlderaton shown to the th Sultan Sultanand Sutan Sutannd Sultanand
and nd his misrule In Turkey TurkeyIn Trkey TrkeyIn
In order therefore to be able to exert exer her herfull herful herfull
full ful power orer at either extremity RusslaTs RU8 la Ts now nowcalled nowcaled nowcahle4
called caled on to decide decde whether she is I to continue continueto cntnue cntnueto
to exercise a I partial partialascendeacy lalUCndency ascendency on the west westor we8tor westor
or to renounce that tha for an absolute predomi predominance predomInance predominance ¬
nance In central cntral and northern norther Asia to the thePacific thePacltc thePacific
Pacific Pacltc Under present conditions c ndltons she can cannot cannot cannot ¬
not hold both positions p8tons but must give aIve up upsomething upsomethlna upsomething
something and that substantial substantal at ono ex extremity extremity oxtremity ¬
tremity tremityWhich tremityWhIch tremityWhich
Which It la I to be b must b be a source sourc of deep deepanxiety deepInxlety deepanxiety
anxiety Inxlety to the Czar Czr personally plonalY and to his ad advisers advilera advisers ¬
visers vilera Individually IndIvIdualy and collectively colecively Ills Illsreported Is Isrepored lifereported
reported repored Intended visit viit to Moscow Is no doubt doubtconnected doubtcennected doubtconnected
connected withthe crisis national nltonal in thefull thefullsense theul thefuhlsense
sense In which Russia now no finds fnd8 herself herselfIf hcrot
If I it Is a situation eltuaton so grave rave that what in its itsnotice Is Isnotce itsnotice
notice notce to the Bulgarian BulQarlan Government last lastyear lat latyelr lastyepr
year yelr the Russian Foreign Office Oflce called caled the thoheritage theheritage theheritage
heritage of the Russian people Is really realy in indanger Indaner Indanger
danger the supreme moment may have havecome hlve hlvecome havecome
come when the Czar will wi be moved move to appeal appealnot appel appelnot appealnot
not only to the patriotism patrlotlm of the Russian Russianpeople Ruian Ruianpeple RussIanpeople
people peple but to that of the Russian Church ChurchAlongside ChurchAlonilde ChurchAloagslde
Alongside Alonilde of the wealth wealh of that great ltat na national natonal national ¬
tional tonal institution In8ttuton the few hundreds of mill millions mt millions ¬
ions of dollars dolars In gold old In the Bank of Russia Russiaand RussIaand Russiaand
and the Government treasury treRury are but as I a adrop adrop adrop
drop in a bucket of water With the funds fundsat
at Its disposal dlapolal the Orthodox Orhodox Church of Russia Russiacould RussIacould Russiacould
could sustain the Government through a aprolonged 1 aprolonged
prolonged prolollTed conflict confict and In such a crisis as may rnayoccur mayoccur mayoccur
occur if t Japan at the Instigation In8tgaton of one or ormore ormore ormore
more Powers Powersbealn8 begins war the Russian Gay Government Ooverment Gayernment ¬
ernment erment and Church will wi be on 01 one the more moreso moroso moreso
so because Japan Jlpn is not a a Christian Christan nation nationAs naton natonAs nationAs
As regards realrds the actual situation situaton it would wouldseem wouldseem wouldseem
seem that tht Russia will wi not make a Japanese Japaneseoccupation Japlneo JaplneooCflpaton Japaneseoccupation
oCflpaton occupation of the southern louther por partof of Cores Crel a acaiui acau acasua
caiui cau bell bel and there would part therefore be no1 no1Immediate 10 10Inmedlate no noinimediate
Immediate clash The first trt would come cme when whenthe whentbe whenthe
the Japanese Japanee forces force on sea or land advanced advancedbeyond advancd advancdbeyond advancedbeyond
beyond the line lne Russia RU8Sli had laid down as o the thelimit thelmit thelimit
limit lmit The season seo on as yet however Is against againstoperations aralnstoperatons againstoperations
operations operatons In Manchuria Manchurll and northern norhernCrea norhernCreaon Corea Coreaon
on an extensive scale lale F FNEW FEW FNEW
Does It I Vitiate Vllate the tle lUnmie Claim of ofVictim ofIetm a aVictim
Victim of a Street AccidentTo Accident Aecldrnt1To
To TUE Enron EllTOn of 0 THE Tim Svn SINHr StNir iKr Why Whydoes Whydoe8 Whydoes
does not the Board Boardof Ord of Aldermen repeal repal the thenenr thenenr thenear
nenr crossing ordinance ordlinnce Is It cot because becausetho becausethe becausethe
the street railway rllhvy companies compnnlel want the rule ruleIn ruleIn titleIn
In other cities cUps the crossings at street corner cornerare crnerl crnerlare cornersare
are Intended Intende not only oll as 1 a 1 convenience but butalso butalso butalso
also as a safety to pedestrians ptdf8trlaa against IgalDst being beingrun belnaun beingrun
run un down by passing pl lnl vehicle vehlclcIlt it being beln a strong strongfactor stronl strongfactor
factor In I a damage dnmnle suit If I the pedestrian was wason wal walon wason
on the crosswalk cro swalk at the tIme thTII If I he was woln In the thoroadway theroadway timeroadway
roadway the inference inerenC Is II that ho was Wil taking takinghis takln taklnhl8 takinghIs
his chances cbanc8 If I that holds In New York one onemust onemust onemust
must not only be subject subjec to Inconveniences InconveniencesInside IncDvJllenCs IncDvJllenCsInside inconveniencesinside
Inside th thA cars but blt also al o after ater being betnglade landed in inslush Inslu8h inslusit
slush will wi fInd fnd himself hlJsel twenty yards yar8 from fromthe fromthe fromthe
the crossing crossiI a vantage antole point pint of convenience convenienceand
and safety 8aety provided provIde for those purposes plrJS S by the theclt thecUrnnd thecity
clt cUrnnd city y and compelled compele to avoid the te passing vehi vehicles vehIcles vehides ¬
cles des as 1 best he can without right rllbt of way wayTho wayThe wayThe
The ordinance ordtBce should be repealed at once onceNEW onc onceNaw
> What llat Will 1 Hipptn IlappenifflrAtnsworthI lpptD If Dr r Atnsworthi Plan PlanIs Pan PanIA PlanIs
Is Adopted AdoptedTo
To THE EDTOR OP 01 THE Sun SUSir SuwSir Sir In com commenting commentDI cornrnentlng ¬
menting mentDI on the remarks of Congressman CongressmanPalmer Congesman Congesmanllmer CongressmanPalmer
Palmer concerning the rnluction reudion of the theMedical theedlco theMedical
Medical edlco Department you mndo m de the state statement ltt statement ¬
ment 1ent that the Medical tedlral Department Drpaim nt of the thoarmy thearmy thearmy
army had been ben converted Irto a training trainingschool traIningschool trainingschool
school for MajorGensrsls llaorOelrBls of the army armyI
I am Inclined Inclnpd to think that your our statement statementwas 5tatementWR
was WR made in Jest Je t and without vihout realizing rplzIDa how howmuch h01 h01much howmuch
much truth there was In It Immediately Immediatelyafter ImmediatelyaCer
after aCer it appeared a report was publIshed puhr pd that thata
a board boare of officers ofceT convened by lh the Wet W De Department Departmrnt Dopttrtment ¬
partment partmrnt of which Dr AInsworth was IS presi president prrldent preeldent ¬
dent had hld presented pre lnted a report fport recommend recommending reewmnc
ing Inl that the oMen ofl of Adjutant0 AdJutnntOeMraJ AdjutantGenera nraJ be beabolished beabolished
abolished abol hed and that a I new office ofc of Military MilitarySecretary Mitar MilitarySecretary
Secretary Secretar bo b4 created which should combine combinethe combinethe omblnethe
the duties dutls of AdjutantGeneral AdJltltGeneral and the Rec Records Records ¬
ords ordl Office and that Dr AInsworth Alnwerth he put putIn putIn putin
In charge chargeThU charlc charlchl chargeThis
This hl change was recommended recommeneed by two out outof outor outof
of the three tuee members mpmben of the board Dr Ains Ainsworth Ainsworth Alasworth
worth was wn of course one of these thel recom recommending rpcornmending recoInmending ¬
mending his hi own promotion promoton and the other otherwas otherW8 otherWalt
was W8 Gen Bliss 81M Both of these officers ofcerl have havebeen havE havebeen
been engaged Inlaled for years In civil cvi duties dutes Neither Neitherof rlhr rlhrof
of them commanded troops in the field tpld yet yetthese yetthes yetthese
these thes mere merl theorists In the tb military mltarPlorp militnrypgofession militnrypgofessionIn profession lon lonIn
In suite oftlio oftht protests of the only practical practicalsoldier prlctcnl practicalsoldier i ioldlrr
soldier oldlrr who ho was wa a member mtmbpr of the thf hoard pro propose pro propest ¬ I Ipse
pose to do tb away Iway with a department of t he hI army armywhich nrm nrmwhkh arraywhich
which has h ha existed since the th beginning bplnnlnR and andis nni antiIs
is considered by military mitay offlrtrs ofNrf of experi experience experienM experiCnN ¬
CnN enM ns ni an essential essental part of nn army arrayIf armyI armyIt
If tho recommendation of throe thESE two scrr scrrmllltary seml semlmltaT somtmilitary
I rlcnmmendaton
mllltary men is enacted encted Into s I law In and nd when whenDr wei wheflIr
mltaT Dr Wood Wod In II confirmed confrmed ns aMaJorfiereral aMaJorfiereralwe a laJolInrl laJolInrlwe
we will wlln in a 1 few years have a most mo t remarkable mnnrVablnsituation rprar remarkablesituation Qhlf I IIluoton
situation In our army Dr Wood Woo will m bo boLieutenantGeneral b heLietitenantGeneral I IJltlten
LieutenantGeneral Jltlten ntOenrra1 and Chief of Staff Star Dr DrAInsworth D DrAinsworth
AInsworth will be b MajorGeneral Gonerol and andconie some
Military Secretary UN UNduties
duties dntP1 of AiliutnntCtenernl AllutantGtDlrl Gen Bliss Is IsChief II IsChief
Chief of the War College CollegeThis cone coneThl CollegeThis
This Thl state stlte of affairs aralT Is not merelv a hypo hypothetical hypethetical ¬
thetical thetcal situationbut situatimi ltnato but Is II what will wi actually actuallyhappen RcualY RcualYhnppen actuallyhappen
happen if tho proposed bill bl becomes becoml a law lawMost lawMoat lawMost
Most of this situation will wi be realized real1el no nomatter nomater nomatter
matter mater what whlt effort Il0rt situaton is taken to prevent It ItJust ItJust ItTust
Just Just think of itl The entire entre Internal con control cn cntrol control ¬
trol of the army It the planning plannlnl of our future futuremilitary rutnremitary futuremIlItary
military mitary policies and the higher hllher education educationof
of our officers omrrs placed plaCd In the hands handl of two twodoc twodoetor twodoctors
doc doetor doctors tor B and an expert Collector Clector of Customs Customsnd CUltoms CUltomsInd Customsend
Ind end nd commissary expr nil of whom are arl lacking In Inthe Inthn Inthe
the first tnt principles prlnlplel al of a I practical prnctcaIRoldlEr prnctcaIRoldlErIn soldier poldierIn
In view vi of the experience IxprlenC the army Irm Is I now nowa nowunderlolnl nowundergoing
underlolnl undergoing would ould It not be wel well to 1IIIn 1IIIna assign assigna
a doctor as commandant cmmandant of the Military MilitaryAcademy Mltar MltarAcademy MilitaryAcademy
Academy and change chanle thn military mltnr course courseof coure coureor courseof
of instruction Instrucion to that of a I medical school to tobe tobe tobe
be nreslded over by doctors doctorsWill doctorsWl doctorsWill
Will Wl not some Senator fenntor take the part Jnrt of the theofficers theomcrs theofficers
officers omcrs who do the work in the field feld and are nroabsent areab aroabsent
absent ab ent from Washington WashingtonShould Walhlnlton WalhlnltonShould WashIngtonShould
Should military command bo bestowed bestowedon bestowe
on noncombatant noncombltan mltarr staff 8tlI officers or on those thosewhn th0e th0ewhn thosewho
whn have a proved capacity for command commandIf
If It Is II necessary neCIAlr provl cnpncty to select Blled young onnl officers officersfor omCr8 omCr8for aSkersfor
for 1 nenrIL General as al In II the specious SPlcOU8 plea pll1 of the theAdministration theAdmlniltrton theAdministration
Administration there are many man young OUnl of officers orfcer8 officers ¬
Admlniltrton ficers who have hlv shown by II actual Rctull field work workihelr worktheir worktheir
their fcer8 capacity to command Yet not one onoof oneof oneof
of thn cRpncly four socalled locnlld young onnl general enrrnl officers officersappointed OfCIr8 OfCIr8appolnted aSkersappointed
appointed the thl past year ear has h R had any al experi experience experience experlonce ¬
ence wlintever ns a commander comm ndpr of troops troopsIn
In thn field fnlr n THOMAS H 1 OEIOEU OEIOEUNEW OEloln OElolnNw OEIOFnNaw
NEW YORK Feb 7 7The 1The 7The
The Stratification StrdtleAton of New York Sidewalk Ildewatb IldewatbXo SidewalksXo SidewalkIo
Xo TJIK TR EDITOR or Tnn SUN SUI SurtSIr sir < lr The Te sidewalks sidewalksof
of New York city clV on I a sleety sleet morning present pr ent a fine fineexample fne fneuample floeemple
example of conglomeration conrlomcraton Beginning J lnnlnr with a agroundwork arrundworlt agroundwork
rrundworlt groundwork of Ire we discover dl cover above that such suchsubstances Ruchsubstances suchsubstances
substances la l suit I dust earth elth sawdust Swdu l ahav ahavInn abavInr abawitiri
Inn ashes Ih s cinders cnder corn meal mel and several un unknown unknown unknown ¬
known dctf deterent detergents rzents to sllpupi lpup Of course cUn these the s are arenot le lenot arenot
not foundIn aiireraMve layers layer but are distributed distributedone dltrhuted dltrhutedone
one layer la r thick along the fronts trant of bouses from trm the theslums tueSlums
slums 51 um to the seventh venth heaven and their appearance appearanceIs
Is I reminiscent of a country countr town In the Wayback WaybackncMtrtck Wayblc1 Wayblc1DeMtrck aybacltIceatrlck
ncMtrtck DeMtrck Is I there any ny law against aIBlnt New Yorkers Yorkersharlni Yorkershaving I
having hntnl small mnl or r large boxes of sand put away awa In safe sMeplaceR safeplaces maleplaces
places to be used on the sidewalks as a a neutrnll neutrnler neutrnlerot neutraliter neutraliterof r rofslcet
ofslcet ot alcet lcet Itlssureandsafeandlscleanand II It Ii stIrs lre and sae safe and beea mclean and decent decentlooking deccntlokln decentinciting
looking lokln I fancy rlc a quarters Quarers worth worh would last all allwinter al allwintereven
winter wlnt wintereven recn even such a winter wnter as l this If I the people peopledo
do not know where they can get et clean sand snd sandis Is there thereno theron thereno
no n huckster In this thi town twn with wih enterprise enterprse enough to togn toVt
gn 10 around In October with a I wairon w ron load selling selni It Itout Itout Itout
out In dribs drls to stilt sut He ought oUAht to be able to buy a aton I aton
ton for a dollar Iolar or two lw and sell sflit s hl It for twenty Isnt Isntthat Int Intthot Isntthat
that enough C J JTun JTIR Jrims
rims TIR PLAZA PLAZ Feb 6 6The 6Te 6Ibe
The Te Antique Antque Envelope EnvelopeTo
To rita Tnr KDITOB EDIOR OF 0 TUB Ta SON SUIlr SONSIr 3lr If this Is I an anate anare anage
ate of progress prorres why dont the manufacturers mautacturers of ofstationery otstatoney oftationety
stationery statoney take t ke a tumble to the bungling bunllni methods methodsof melhod
of ola ancient envelope making and give us something somethingmodern somethingmodern
modern A few make spasmodic efforts In that thatdirection thatdirection
direction but the prevailing style Is M tt was fifty fiftyyears fiftyyears
years ago agoand and there outfit to ba something differ different diCereat ¬
eat all along the Mae M MHBOOKLIN MflaooKtTs
A Pitiful Case Casefront CaeFrom
front Tlu flew Orleans TlnuiDcmocrat TlnuiDcmocratThere flmesDemocrairThere
rThere There are no oaths or expletives In the Japanese Japaneselanguage JapaneselanOUage
language The nearest approach to one Is to call calla
a man a boast J JWe lWe
We who arc reared In a Christian country
With plenty of oaths for the humblest man manFriends manFriends
Friends have you ever paused to consider considerThe considerThe
The pitiful case of Japan JapanThey Japan2Tley
They tread on a tack and perforce are silent
They fall In a ditch and theres naught to toA say
A waiter spills soup on their Sunday garments
And a barber Instead of bay bayFixes bayFixes
Fixes them up with a loud hair tonic tonicWhile tonicWhile
While they are glancing the paper oer
A button bursts at a critical moment
Their favorite team dont iicore iicoreAnd acoreAnd
And their wrath through It all mutt still be bottled
No vent of language to Rive ive them ease
I could weep tor years with the sadness of 11
Unfortunate Japanesel
The Veteran DlmeUlltit on On the theFinanelal theFinanelalPlank Financial FinancialPlank
Plank In the Kansas City Platform PlatformTo PlatrorinTo
To THB EDIToR OP TiiHSuNMKr Tine SuNsSir As long longoa
oa the worlds money systems are founded foundedon
on gold or silver or onboth the question of ofproduction ofproduction
production is of primary Importance for foron foron
on this depends the stability of the standard standardand standardand
and the permanency fermanencyofprlce ofprice levels When Whentherefore Whentherefore
therefore the annual supply of basic money moneywas moneywas
was out down from something over 200
000000 of gold and silver to scarcely more morethan morethan
than 100000000 of gold alone the standard standarditself standarditself
itself was changed price levels gradually graduallyfell
fell 50 per cent business was made unsafe unsafeand unsafeand
and the equities of existing contracts were wereoverturned wereoverturned
overturned Bimetalllsts earnestly pro protested protested ¬
tested against this notion both on moral moraland teoraland
and economic grounds and they then were wereright wereright
right rightBut rightBut
But it by no means follows beoauM It Itwas itwas
was both wrong and an economic blunder blunderunder blunderunder
under conditions that existed then to de demonetize domonetize ¬
monetize silver in this country in 1873 and andthereby andthereby
thereby increase the value of money before beforespecie beforespecie
specie resumption had been entered upon or orany orany
any part of our great wardebt war debt paid paidit It by byno byno
no means follows that to restore silver to free freecoinage freecoInage
coinage at the old ratio of 18 to 1 was the theright theright
right thing to do In 1000 or that It would be bethe bethe
the right thing to do In 1004 1004In 1904In
In the first place suoh a step would not notright notright
right the former formerwrong wrong but would result in increating Increating
creating a new set of wrongs and would wouldagain wouldagaIn
again though In the opposite direction directionarbitrarily directionarbitrarily
arbitrarily change price levels and need needlessly needleesly ¬
lessly unsettle the more prosperous con conditions conditions ¬
ditions which the Increased production of ofgold ofgold
gold has led up to In a nutshell the thedifference thedifference
difference is this From 1873 to 1896 the theaverage theaverage
average production of gold for the world worldhad worldhad
had been from 18000000 to 110000000 a amonth amonth
month This was not enough to maintain maintaina
a stable average price level and come consequently comequently ¬
quently prices fell and the purchasing power powerof powerof
of money rose Now the production of gold goldhas goldhas
has risen to nearly 30000000 a month with withthe withthe
the probability that even this sum may be beexceeded beexceeded
exceeded perhaps for years to come This Thisis Thisis
is enough not only to prevent falling prices pricesgenerally pricesgenerally
generally but under existing systems of ofpaper ofpaper
paper based on coin will almost certainly certainlyIn
In the absence of disturbing causes not notforeseen notforeseen
foreseen insure a slowly rising price line linewhile linewhile
while the Increased production lasts lastsMr lastsMr
Mr Bryan seems persistently to ignore ignorethese ignorethese
these changed conditions either from stub stubbornness stubbornness ¬
bornness or from the want of inclination to togo togo
go to the bottom of questions like these theseHe theseHe
He ought to know however that such pro pronouncements pronouncensente ¬
nouncements as he has been making in the theface theface
face of the consensus of opposite counsels counselsmust counselsmust
must tend utterly to destroy confidence In Inhim inhim
him as a leader He should remember the theold theold
old adage that a flaw of an inch in ones onesthinking onesthinking
thinking may be felt a thousand miles milesThe taHoeThe
The silver question to bimetalllsta who whothoroughly whothoroughly
thoroughly understood It was always one oneof oneof
of adequate supply of basic money and
nothing further The ratio at which the themetals themetals
metals should be used as money moneyIt if both bothare bothare
are used usedwas was always of secondary impor importance importance ¬
tance and It was wassmnfortunatefor unfortunate for the cause o of ofblmetalliem f fbimetallism
bimetallism and for the Democratic party partyIn partyin
In 1890 and more unfortunate still in boo 1900that boothat
that the silver question went into the cam campaign campalgn ¬
paign as it were tail end first that is the theratio theratio
ratio to the front frontIn frontin
In Its international aspect the silver silverquestion sliverquestion
question still remains an important one onenor onenor
nor can it bo settled on the plan proposed by bythe bythe
the Co Conant nan t Commission To get getsilver silver using usingnations usingnations
nations like Mexico and China to adopt adoptgold adoptgold
gold as their standard in International Internationaltrade internationaltrade
trade while retaining silver under free freecoinage freecoinage
coinage at homo will not as some think thinUj thinksecure
j secure n permanent par of exchange be betweon betweon
tweon the two metals The tendency will bo boexactly beexactly
exactly the reverse as such a course would wouldincrease wouldincrease
increase the use of gold and lessen the use useof useof
of silver and make the maintenance of the thogold thegold
gold standard more difficult in the commer commercirlly commercirhiy
cirlly weaker countries where It has al already aireatly ¬
ready been set up upThe upThe
The law by which the two metals can be bekept bekept
kept together and a permanent par of ex exchange axchange ¬
change bo secured is a plain one The use useof
of either metal must bo made to increase increasewith increasewith
with the relative increase of its supply BO as asto asto
to preserve at nil times the equality of ratio ratiobetween ratiosbetween
between their production and use ua This can canbo canho
bo done only by a combination of principal principalcotnraproial principalcomrncrdal
cotnraproial nations all agreeing at a speci specified sped spedfled ¬
fled ratio to accept either metal In Interna International Intemational ¬
tional trade
Of course the greater or less use or paper papermoney papermoney
money and other forms of credit will affect affecttho affectthe
the value of basic money and determine determinein
in no small degree the distribution of gold goldamong goldamong
among gold standard nations and lad Incidentally laddentally ¬
dentally affect the stability of any money moneysystem moneysystem
system In this country for instance wa wahave wehave
have some 2500000000 of current money moneygold moneygold
gold silver and paper On this ia baaed a astructure aetritotlire
structure of credit known aa bank credits creditsof
of some 9500000000 9500000000A
A bill in pending in Congress to Interpose Interposebetween interposebetween
between these forma of currency an asset assetcurrency assetcurrency
currency indefinite In amount with no noelement noelement
element but credit In it It Is evident that thatsuch thatsuch
such a currency Injected between the prO present prOeat ¬
eat volume of actual money and bank bankcredits banJocredits
credits would introduce such an element elementof
of instability as would greatly endanger endangerour
our whole money system systemWhile systemThilo
While then the next Democratic platform platformshould platformshould
should and doubtless will notwithstanding notwithstandingMr
Mr Bryans declarations to the contrary contraryrecognize contraryrecognIze
recognize the change in the situation aa aarelates asrelates
relates to silver It will also declare for a asound asound
sound paper money system in opposition oppositionto
to asset currency or any other form of ofcurrency ofcurrency
currency resting merely on private credit creditand creditand
and regulated only by private Interests To Tosuch Tosuch
such n currency the Democratic party has hasalways hasalways
MARIETTA Ohio Feb 5 5The 5The
The Indian and the Sheriff SheriffTo SheriffTo
To TUB EDITOB or 0 Tux Sun SuitSIr Str Your edi editorial cditonal ¬
tonal on The Sioux and the Sheriff tails the story storyof storyof
of another of those unpleasant episodes which whichresult whichteatilt
result from bravado on the part of thoMtn authority authorityThe authoritybe
The be Battle of Wounded Knee where bucks tquaws tquawsand aquawsand
and children were slaughtered was fought to toavenge toarmor
avenge the massacre of the Seventh Cavalry under underOcniCuster underienCusler
OcniCuster who wu outeenerallcd and annihi annihilated annihihated ¬
hated by the Sioux In the TOs TOsIndians 70sindlan
Indians do not go on the th warpath with their theirsquaws theirsquliws
squaws children and old men these are left In the themountain themountain
mountain fastnesses It should be borne In mind mindthat mindthat
that the Indians are getting as scarce as the game gameand gameand
and those who protect the latter should keep their theirhands theirhands
hands as free from the tarnish of murderous out outrage outrage ¬
rage as It possible In this ago of justice justiceYONiins justiceYONKEZIS
YONiins Feb 7 CARL Eicuinrn EicuinrnThe EicxzmtiTiflThe
The Relative Hatching Efficiency of Domeitlo DomeitloFowl DonietioFowL
Fowl FowlTo FowLTo
To rims EDITOR or THE Sen SewSire Sir I note In an anagricultural anagricultural
agricultural and poultry handbook that a turkey turkeysitting turkeysitting
sitting on a hens egg will batch It In an average of oftwentyfour oftwentyfour
twentyfour days and on a ducks egg la twenty twentyseven twentyseven
seven days whereas where a hen will hatch a duck eg egIn egg eggin
In thirty days and a hens egg In twentyone days daysCan daysCan
Can some of the experts In these matters throw throwaonte throwaontelight some somelight
light through TUB SUN on this peculiar difference differenceIs
Is It a question of affinity or magnetism or what whatrmoOKLTN whs whsnaooxLyN
rmoOKLTN Feb 9 lONOlUHUi lONOlUHUiSango lowoluwusSango
Sango the Metro Orator OratorFrom OratorFront
From The Kanifa Cltu Journal JournalAt
At the Republican convention held recently tt ttOkmulgee atOkmulgee
Okmulgee Sango tha tb negro politician delivered deliveredthis j jthis
this speech MUtah Speakah case why am we weheah weheals
heals Why Didnt Arlstotel sit on the bank bankof bankof
of the Ganges four thousand years ago and with withhis withhis
his ear attuned to the musIc of spheres bosh the themighty thamighty
mighty footfalls of dls aggreglous aggregation ol olpiehunters ofplebunters
piehunters trying to rid ride to glory on da back ob obdenlggah obde
denlggah de nlgaht Isnt I right rlbtRoom rightRoom
Room at the Top TopThere TopThere
There Ls always room at ttu top young ra raAs mis misAs
As you youll 11 find If you ever get there thereKeep therelKeep
Keep on till you stop there Is room at atOf Wp WpOf
Of a baldheaded man for hair
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