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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, October 23, 1904, Second Section, Image 24

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1904-10-23/ed-1/seq-24/

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IN4 rY
rYij t r rf
ij Liz f t Put SUN Sr1 i S SinrnAV N AY OCTOB OOT BERj23 1904 J
i afF wt
1 ry 5 5TT
I i refs Il d
F1idCity crCity Beautiful Its ItsoIi
oIi oIiJ Kisa J i Beginnings Underground UndergroundfS Unde round roundMf
Mf fS tn the handsomest t brightest most com completely compl1y cornpletely
pletely equipped underground railway In Inltbalworld InI Inf
I f ltbalworld l tb orld Into posneMlon po IIeNlon of which NewJ New NewtuYork
tuYork l1cirkwUl 1 York Trill come at midnight on Thursday Thuredaythere ThursdaySther Thursdayre
J Sther there re to one distlnotlve feature which whichJtravlled whiohhiaV911 whichtravelled
Jtravlled d viiltoro vitltorawho who have applied all allo aUI alleeedleotlveSto
I o tlieaa eeedleotlveSto ee adjectives to it ItjBlngle itsingle single out for eepeclal eepeclalTooottaandatloa e eepedaltcoomrn peo1alt
Tooottaandatloa t tcoomrn io ndatlon tlon Thai Tha Thafeature feature U the artUtlc artUtlcotment artistlot artlatloIlsQtatment
t f IlsQtatment otment ent of the station ltatlOIatrom from f rom one end of oftto otthaUneto ofitheline
itheline tto thaUneto line to the other otherNowhere otherNowhere otherNowhere
Nowhere else In the world In the th many manytmderground manyundeiground manyt
t I tmderground railways of various aorta sortaAlarndstenoe eortaf aortaInriexletenoe
f = Alarndstenoe atenO Is I there anything like these thesetation tbeeertotiona
11 tItttona tation In such places elsewhere contienfsaaoe oon oonA oonjlife
jlife tienfsaaoe A nl nltnoe ao alone rules art has been side sldei sidetrBu sideaed
i tanked tankednffrBuf aed aedr
l nffrBuf trBu r u In ooortruotlag Its stopping Itopplnrplnce8 Itopplnrplnce8tmdar placei placeeHader placeiunder
under the streets tho designers do lltIl0r8 of ou ouKfatarar our our1IIabwa7bAve ourbwayhave
Kfatarar 1IIabwa7bAve have not forgotten that thattheusdul thattheusdulralllobemadetosome the theuneful theunefulsotaaraleobemadetoeomeextent useful usefulr
sotaaraleobemadetoeomeextent r ralllobemadetosome also be rnads to aoma extent thebeautl thebeautlft the beautl beautlf1ddeUght beauUas
as Mel ft f1ddeUght l delight to the eye And the under underNQBd undertUona undertsWk
tsWk NQBd tWions taUon are All 111 that thatt thatL1 that4e
4e t L1 It IK bee been told over overland and over again againthat agolithat agl11nthat
that no one station In the subway is ax axtfc1y ex exJioUy exif
JioUy if dl7l1b Ilk like another though all have charlptbrietlos ohar oharfHctfcirtstlo oharI
fHctfcirtstlo lptbrietlos OI in common It has also been beenold beeneadUuI beenBald
I eadUuI Bald old that the name of each station will be bettW ber
ttW lr1Itu1l > fnUvtoir from every window of ovaryretrainfind every everyADdeven everyt
t d retrainfind tkuttn ADdeven area If It were not thepassengei thepassengeiJ3ttth thep the pesseagee pesseageekIhecsa enger engertb
J3ttth kIhecsa tb oar on his h1 way to buslneoa bu lneall or going goinghome goinghome goingLome
home at the end of the day would know by byv6tne byil bysome
+ some il me distinctive touch In the deooratlona deooratlonarhetherthis deooratonshetberthus dooorationnb
rhetherthis b tberthl were his station or not But ButtotilOt ButtMt Butx
totilOt x + tMt tat doesnt dO Bnt tell it all allavjpvrjpon nili
t avjpvrjpon i aponunderground underground london and under underr under1IDd underParis
r fonnd 1IDd Paris the blight of the adTertieer advertfaerand adTertieerand ad r rand
and the poster man m n has lain from the be beUiginnlng bei1M1Dg behgitming
Uiginnlng with effects et te whloh puzzle the theeatranger thefrgtzanger
1 eatranger and deaden all artistic a t1atlo sense senseSThe 1I senseS3 IUI IUIQJ
SThe QJ Tlie J1 i corset lady the man who has ha been beenVbWUght beent
t x VbWUght 3 1n Ught back from the grave by UseEms UseEmsVAfitiBUlouB Uee UseFmsiASId Erns Ernse
e t VAfitiBUlouB iASId + B11Iou PUls and all the kinds of thingato things thingsOaf
x to eaUdothor Oaf Mother Ueed to Make usurp the waite waiteIf wallaIf waUsIt
If a really artistic picture like Sir John JohnMillaisa JohnM111a1as JohnDIBlalsa
Millaisa Bubbles does get in It is in n ar a aframework afriunework
r framework of theatre announcement and andtpat andtPl andtpatent I
tpat tPl tpatent nt medicine notices whloh kills any anyartistlo MYart1at10 anyatUetlo
artistlo qualities it haajAnd haa haah hasi
jAnd ind d the t e stranger strangerlie Ke wonders if this is is3Jo IsJOllPltre las
s pwaa i h 3Jo JOllPltre > np street t or Ilainmersmith and ho Is laleft Islr Istguesehug
left lr guessing ue ang Itlsnooossary ItisnoOOll Itlenooeeearyelthortoaaka Itlenooeeearyelthortoaakal lUy either elthortoMk to ask a afe aIi1travellor
l fe ii owtraveller Ii1travellor traveilor or poke your head through through2he throughf throughYi
f 2he Yi Fee carriage window and shout Hidden Hiddenotnewhere lIIddoniIeomwhere Hlddoni
i iIeomwhere otnewhere among the advertisements advertl ementa U lai Uttii isbalfobUterated
i ttii holt balfobUterated obliterated sign lgn Its paint p nt dim with withcage withageAnd withage
cage age ageAnd and grime telling what the station is leI IsJ1u
I 4 J1u u l In the half minute during whloh the therjJh thet
rjJh lp istopo p stops he can never find it It is but butjto butJa butto
t to jto oak ak questions que tlola and take a chance on ro rof6elving IGt rei
i t f6elving elv1ng the right answer anawerif if you got anyr any anytfThere anyC1tThere
r rier > tfThere There can never be any anytrouble trouble of this thist thl thlJ1ndn
r kind J1ndn in Now Yorks subway Tho stations stationsfjliayebeen statlonJ stationrJ
fjliayebeen rJ t J v9 been n so so constructed oonltruetedthat that they leave no notqota norqom not
tqota rgprn for torthelntroductlon the introduction of advertisements advertisements6i advertUementa6JiWitbout
t j 6JiWitbout 6i < without marring the effect of the whole wholeViffijUNew wholee
e 1 ViffijUNew i stNew New Yorkers when once onc their subway subwayjtfcaa subwaybeen
1 jtfcaa FA abeen been handed over to them are not notJBifll3rto notIJ1tl note1Clyte
JBifll3rto IJ1tl 1Yto tolerate that thatIn thatIii thate
e In the contract for this first subway subwayap subwayaprsthl ap apti apa
a a ti edrs e 8ro rsthl this interesting Intere tlnlt clause clausejTjiirSo cl u e eifio
1 jTjiirSo ifio he contractor shall not permit sdrar advertLSi sdrarWiimcntg stinri
Wiimcntg tLSi i nente ne t In the stations or cars which shalltgtedfere shall shalliiojtiifer ahallJij
Jij iiojtiifer ifer with Baer eM asr Identification of stations stationsor
l or < ir otherwise with efficient operation operationNow operlltlont operationNow
t Now No1Y tho decorations pf ot the stations have havesWIbecn havenVb haveaivboen
sWIbecn + nVb en planned so diversely with a viewa view viewJ vieweIIY
a J < ieMy easy identification of them that it will willM willi
< M i difficult to Introduce any largo amount amountVx amountkd1Ldyert amounttrek
Vx trek kd1Ldyert advertising 1ng matter Into them without withoutfining withoutodtnheg ithouttnlng
fining odtnheg tnlng In conflict with this clause c1aUMNew c1aUMNewpp News Newsr Newsstandsthey
r W pp er r standsthey tand dtthe7 they are now bring designed7t4 designed designedA77P designedr
A77P 7t4 r pltnllae ihillar oonvenienoM there will be beynd bei be4p4
ynd i 4p4 abOut lof ut these there will be no doubt doubtf
f r rky
ky w v
> fI c t
a < ry
4 4S
for such magazine and newspaperannouncements newspaper newspaperannouncements newspaperannouncementa
announcements as their size will permit permitBut pennitDut permitBut
But it will be difficult to Impose patent patentmedicine patentmedicine patentmedicine
medicine decorations on the walls without withoutInterfering withoutinterfering withoutInterfering
Interfering with their own distinctive and andartlstio andartiltiO andartistfo
artlstio adornments adornmentsEach adoomeataEach adornmentsEach
Each station hat its own special artistic artlstiotouches artIBtlotDuohee artistictouobea
touches Theres no room for instancefor instancefor instance IIl8unoeror
for the work of the poster man amid a n1d the thopicturesque thepicturesque thepicturesque
picturesque arches and varicolored orna oresmental ornamental ornamental ¬
mental brick of tho City Ball station stationAnd stationAnd stationAnd
And It winhardly bo proposed to hide the theSpanish theSpan11b theSpanish
Spanish caravels at Columbus Circle be beneath beneath beneath ¬
neath the Strength Company breakfast breakfastfood breaktaarood breakfastfood
food foodSo foodSo roodSo
So it is all along the lino Anyway the theprofits thepro theprofits
profits pro ta assured from the operation of theroad the tbero theroad
road ro d are already BOOn to be so large lnrgethat that It Itia Itis itis
is unlikely that tb t there will be any seriouuproposal serious smol11lproposal seriousproposal
proposal to Increase them by tho com comparatively compnnt1velysmallsulD comparatively ¬
paratively pnnt1velysmallsulD small sum the advertising agentswould agents agentswould agentswould
would contribute at tho expense of the thesaorinoo thosocrl thesaortdoo
saorinoo socrl oo of the artistic beauty of the statlons sta stations slatlODil ¬
tions tionsThe tlODilThe tlonsThe
The seal of Columbia University made a apart apart apart
part of the decorations at the station near nearest neareat nearest ¬
est the University Unlve Unlversltyis lty is chaructorlstlo of the thebeautiful theboautirultouchCII thebeautiful
beautiful boautirultouchCII touched you meet in every part of oftho ortho ofthe
tho subway only it Is a different touch at ateach ateaoh atenact
each point Twentythird TW ntyth1nl street tea Is a handcoins hand handsorna handsome
some station neither over ornate nor plain plainenough plainenou plainenough
enou enough h to tiro the eye eyeThU eyeThis eyeThis
This la in some respects the most In Interesting Interesting Intereeting ¬
teresting of all the stations for In It Is seen seenthe soonthe
the beginnings of tho first underground undergroundstreet undergroundstreet undergroundstreet
street In Now No York city This street stro t of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the underworld runs westward toward towardMadison towardMad18onnvenue towardMadison
Mad18onnvenue Madison avenue and it has ha a real ro J shop and andreal nndreILl andreal
real shop windows In It Plans are already alreadyundor alreadyunderdlsou8 alreadyunderdlecusaon
underdlsou8 undor discussion > lon to carry it on to Madison MadUonaveauo Madl30naveouoThore Madisonavenuo
aveauo aveouoThore There Is little likelihood IIk llhood of Its Itsstopping Italtopplng itsstopping
stopping even at Mils pointFrom point pointFrom pointFrom1Iadlson
From From1Iadlson Madison avenue to the junction of ofFifth otFifth ofFifth
Fifth avonuo and Broadway at Flatiron Flntlroncorner Flatlronoornor Flatironoornor
oornor Is an easy step When that Is taken takenthoro takenthere takenthere
there will Uo no further fear among amon the thowomen thewomen thewomon
women folk of tho salon at that terrorsome terrorsomestorm terrotllornestonn torroreomestorm
storm centre And thence under Twenty Twentythird Twentythird Twentythird
third street Btre t along nlo the line of the big shops shopswill shopswiU shopswill
will be a certain development which hloh will willbring willbring Ul Ulbring
bring the underground shopping thorough thoroughfare thoroughfare thoroughfare ¬
fare toSixth to Slxth avenue and the elevated andeven and andeven andeven
rail railroad rlllroad railroad
even a probnblo future underground ¬
road under that highway highwayIn
In any cosothoro Is to be still st1lllUother another sub subway subwa subway
way wa under Seventh avenue just ono block blockfurther blockrurther blockfurther
further west we t so the electric arcade arcadeae as It Itmight Itmight itmight
might be called calledmay may extend Indefinitely IndefinitelyAnd
And what w hilt is I done in Twentythird street Btreotwill streetwill strootwlU
will no doubt be Imitated at other stations stationsThere statlonThere stationsThere
There is no end to these the possibilities of anew a anew anew
new city underground In Now York When Whenit
it 1s seen how soft a light pervades these thesepawageway thesepl1lWL thesepassageways
pl1lWL passageways pawageway ewaya how cool they are In summer summerand 8ummerand summerand
and how warm In winter they are pretty prettysure prettylIure prettysure
sure to be welcome novelties noveltiesPorhaps noveltiesPerhaps noveltiORrhapIJ
Perhaps rhapIJ that is why by there is a general generalfeeling genoralrceUn generalfeeling
feeling rceUn of gratification among tho people peoplewho peoplewho peoplewho
who have been privileged to ride through throughthe throughthesUbway throughthesubway
thesUbway the subway in these practice days daYlIllerore daYlIlleroreIt lief before beforeIt ore oreIt
It Is really r aUy open that the new era In city citytravel citytmvel citytravel
travel has been becnbegun begun right that thatsomlJ thatsomlJC some somea
has been paid pt d to artistlo sensl sensibllitlee senslllitles
llitles as well as to convenience and tha thathe thatthe thathe
the biggest municipal enterprise the citlhas clt cltms city cityhMeverundertakeiland
hMeverundertakeiland has ms ever everundertakea undertaken and the sure precurso precursoof precunorof
of many such enterprises enterpr 8 to come reall reallshows reallshows realhshows
shows the first signs of the city beautifuleven beautiful beautUuleven beautifuleven
even under ground groundThe groundThe groundThe
The Giant Power Piant PlantWhich PiantWhich PiantWhich
Which Moves the Trains TrainsThis TrainsThis TrainThis
This well equipped hustling electric eieotriirailroad electrlor electricrailroad
r railroad l1rond underground which Now York i ito Is Isto ii iito
to add to ita existing conveniences and tr trout try tryout trtout
out for a month or BO before ThanksgIving ThanksglviniDay ThanksgIvingDay
Day Is to be supplied with power from fronthe fromthe froathe
the biggest moat modern and moat care carefully camfully careruny
fully designed de ijned power house In tho worldNot worldNot world worldNot
Not half the remarkable things aboutthI9 about abouthis aboutUlis
this giant power house and the building o oIt or orIt oit
It havo been be < n told Aside from the detailof detail detailof detailsof
of Its electrical equipment just as wonder wonderful wonderfulln wonderful
ful fulln in their way though it la hard for any anybody I1OYbody anybody
body but an expert to understand under tand them themthere themthero themthere
there are many points which anybody can caicomprehend cancomprehond carcomprehend
comprehend and which make It notabliamong notable notableI1IU0ng notabhamong
among engineering feats accomplished li lia In Ina ita
a city where engineers havo continually continuallybeen continuallyboon continuallyboon
boon trying the almost Impossible and andbringing andbringing andbringing
bringing it to pass passIta p8lllIts passIts
Its Bizo Is only one feature of tho powe powehouse powflrhou powsehouse
hou house e though It is l big enough It cover coverthe oovertlle coventhe
the two blocks bounded by Fiftyolghtl Fiftyolghtland
and Fiftyninth streets Eleventh avonui avonuiand ayonuennd avonwand
and the North River and It Is built In allunit all sl1unlta eliunits
units unit When completed It will be be able tprovide t tprovide to toprmide <
provide altogether 100000 horsepower horsopowcror
or COOOO kilowatt of electrical energy enorgyIt
It ends In a pier 700 feet long and 60 feel feelwldo feetvldo foolwido
wldo filled lIt < with Ith npaclal ooal carrying < maohinery ma machlnery maohlnery
chlnery BO O that it can be supplied will willfuel withruel witifuel
fuel direct from barges In tho river though thougla
a span of the Now York Central Rallroat RaUroairuns Rallroatruns llrolld llrolldrune
runs down to It on the land side providlnj providlnjRtill proid1ngfitlll
Rtill anothur moans of fuel supply Wato Watoooinee Wlltoroomee Watocoomee
oomee direct from tho river rlvertli through < ugh twmonolithic tw lwo lwomonolithlo twomonolithic
monolithic concrete tunnels tunnelsIt tunnollIt
It was not an easy OII Y job to provide a f ounda foundation toundatlon oundatlon
tlon for the Ul weight of such a struotun struotunand IItruOtUroand etruotunand
and the machinery It must hold First ol ofall olall orall
all the ground had hndto to be cleared down U Ubed tobod tbed
bed rook roo and tho rook had tobe smoothed itmoothedand 8trI00thedandlevellod smoothedand
andlevellod and levelled At the river end ot tho site sitethis sitithis sllethis
this rock foundation was found forty foot footUolow footbolow footbelow
below moan high tide tideAt tldtt tideAt
At t tho other end It wan often twelve feel feelabove footailioc feelabove
above At tho lower end a retaining walof wall wallor wallof
of masonry maeonr had to he built mllt and the span eposinside spanliisldo spaooIlIsldofllle
inside IlIsldofllle filled with stone and nd concrete Eightythousand Eighty Eightthousand EightythoulWld
thousand yards of concrete was used li lipreparing In Inpreparing Irpreparing
preparing this foundationThrough foundation foundationThrough toundationrhrough
Through this the water Wl tor tunnels had hadto hadto hadto
to bo carrlwl out Into the river Their Thelimouths Thetrmouthe Theirmouth
mouths are supported on piles pU driven latethe Into intothe
the the river bed beneath the coal pier T Tkeep To Toluel Tokeep
keep > the water clean there is a systen systenof
of screen B a heavy steel s 1 grill outside one oneIncreasingly and andInorea andincreasingly
Inorea Increasingly lngly finer scroens 8 r00n1 within BO arranged ar srInCod areranged ¬
ranged that they can an bo raised by mochlncrj mochlncrjmd n nchlneryand
and cloanod when oobaslon oo > aa101 requiresWith requires requlrosWith requlroWith
With all tho size l udaeof IIOor of the thepowerhoUllOspoco thepowerhoUllOspocohad thepowerhouso power house space spaahad spaceuse
had to be economized eoonomizodand and here another
> a
ex exf
feature of construction comes In Six huge hugichimneys hugechimneys hugechimneys
chimneys fifteen feet In diameter on the theinside thiinside the theInllde
inside at the top and twentytwo feet wide widiat wident wideat
at the base carry off the smoke from the thifurnaces thrurnaCH thefurnaces
furnaces Each serves twelve boiler one oneeach and andeach endeach
each Is 225 feet high highTo highTo highTo
To save ve space in the power house the theore these theseare theseare
are all supported on the steel framework frameworkof
of the building seventysix feet above abovtho abovethe abo abothe
the basement floor and sixtythroe foe foeabove tootnbove foolabove
above the fire grates Six steel column oolunmicarry columncarry columnscarry
carry the platform on which each chimney ohimneresU oWmney oWmneyfestA chimneyeats
eats festAConI resUCoal eatsCoal
Coal U unloaded unloadodrrom from the barges at the thepier thipier the thepier
pier by a movable oleotrio hoisting tower toweiand towerIUd towerand
and carried to tho power house by a systenof systen lyatGmat eystortof
of belt conveyers The tower sifts the theooal theooalCNshlS theooalcrushes ooal ooalcrushes
crushes the large pieces weighs the whole wholeand wholeand wholeand
and tho belts convoy It onward and dis distribute distribute dintribute ¬
tribute It ovonly in the bunkers at the theyoer thipowor thopowlr
powor house houseSteel hou8oStool houseSteel
Steel earn ca each of two tons capacity re recelve receho recalve
calve tho ho ashes as they are drawn out a atho of ofthe altho
tho furnaces carry them to the pier one oneautomatically and andnutol1Ultlca1ly ancautomatically
automatically deliver them to another belt beltwhich beltwhich beltwhich
which In turn deposits thorn In a 1000 ton toistoel tonslool totstool
stool storage stora e bunker Thence In turn turnwhon turnwhen
whon barges arc to bo filled a collnotliu collnotliubtlt coUCIOtIngbtlt coU coUunder
btlt beetin under the bunker pocket gathers t them then thenin
in dollvero them to a loading belt conveyor conveyorfolded conveyorfolded conveyorfolded
folded when not in use Inside the wharf whanline wharfline wharfline
line and that dumps them Into intotho the barges bargesThe bargesThe bargesThe
The belts are kept clean automatically by bjrotary byrotary byrotary
rotary brusheaand tho whole outfit t U driverby driver drivenby drivererby
by the electricity mado In the power houseEvery house houseEvery hoUlleEvery
Every device known to mechanical en engineering enginoorinlC onglneoring
gineering and proved by experience to lobe lobeworth b bworth be beworth <
worth while has been adopted In this thl neTpower new newpower I
power house The chimneys are fitted flttecwith fittedwith fittedwith
with the newest economizers and smokconsumers smoke smokeooU8umers smokeconsumers <
consumers consumersTho ooU8umersThumachinory consumersThe
The Thumachinory machinery Is all of tho newest designEvery design designKvory designEvery
Every casting la of tho Bomleteel 8OmI tecl variety vorietjknown varietyknolVu varietyknown
which U toughor toughoithan toughortbanordlncry toughorthan
known a as air furnace Iron Ii
than tbanordlncry ordinary Iron Every pipe pl Is olwrought of ofwrought ofwrought
wrought Iron and every flange ls of wrought wroughtutoel wroughtIItoel wroughtsteel
steel specially rolled rollr < l by the Krupps atFnsen ai aiBvmn at atFAItn
Bvmn Germany GermanyTho GermanyThe GermanyTho
Tho power to run the subway trains li Isgenerated ligenerated Is IsKenerated
generated In IOlhl this big bl power house in what whalelcctricinnsltnow whatckctricinn81 whatelectridnnaljnowoanthree
elcctricinnsltnow ckctricinn81 electridnnaljnowoanthree low osa DB 1 threephase phasealteeremtr phasealteeremtring alternat alternating altemntInl ¬
ing current at 11000 volts This current li decarried licurried Isonrrled
curried through t hroeconductor cables tceight to tocllht toeight
eight sub stations ut various point lntA along alonethe alongthe alongthe
the lino and there th re transformed tmnsronn d and con convnrtod conVlrtoo conurrtnd
vnrtod Into a adirect direct current of 825 voltwhich volt voltaWeh voltswhich
which Weh ROCS Ioeslnto into the third thlnlrnl1 roll Provision Provislorhaa PronslonbM Provisionteas
teas boon made for tho Installation of four fouimore fourmol fourmore
more mol of those feeder substations o 111 soon sootas soonas soonas
as the business of the road requires them themJJrprww themE themFrpresa
JJrprww E PrPM trains In the rush hours In thesubway thesubway the thosubway
subway will consist of eight cans of which whichthe whichtho whichthe
the first third thi fifth sixth and eighth will willbe willhe willbe
be motor cars ArB and the rest trail oars The Theidea Theidea Theidea
idea in this Is that an eight car train car carbe tmnbe canbe
be reduced to a 1 six car train or a throe threecar thnxcar throecar
car train In time of normal or light travel travejdimply trMelfrlmply travelsimply
dimply by dropping off ot a I few cars from fronthe rromthe fromthe
the end In the yams and a I motor oar will willntlll willstili willstill
ntlll be loft at the head and the end of the thereduced thereduood thereduced
reduced train Tho normal local train trainwill trnlnwiU trainwill
will consist oon tof of five cars with the first third thirdand thirdand thirdand
and fifth motor oars oarsIiocol oarsIooa1 etashuoal
Iiocol trains are to run at an averagespeed average averageCity averajtOof
speed of fifteen miles an hour between betwtenCity betweenCity
City Hall and Nlt Nlnttslxth > tydxth street North Northof Northor Northof
of City Hall on both the FAst and Weet WeetBid WestSide
Side Bid branches their speed will be increased Increase1to
to eighteen e htcen miles on hour Express trait traitare tralDRIIre trainsare
are to be operated for a 1 whilo nt not moithan more mortthlln morethan
than twentyflro miles m1f an hour but higher hlghonp hlKhorSIA highern
n SIA np < > ds up to thirty miles mllOllnn an hour h < > ur can at Ix Ixobtlnnd 1 be beobtained > E EobWnnd
obtlnnd obtained by simply Increasing tho number numberof
of motor cars arseOr carsOf tIUIor
or course rour o the peculiar lnr conditions o oNew of ofNe ofNew
Ne New York y rIt travel rail 4 l for larger lnrRort lnrRortmore trains trainsore trainsmare
more ore of ofthom theca them and heavier loads In th the nab nabI
aF1 rrY SM i ir
Houst = se4 5r
hours For that reason each unit In Inpower the thepower thepower
power house has been so arranged ed that I Ithese In Inthe80 inthese
these hours It provides onofourth as much muclmore muchmore muchmore
more electricity as 8 at other times The Theconvertera Thoconvemrd Theconverters
converters are designed to carry 50 0 per percent percent percent
cent overload for three tree hour dally dallyFrom dallyFrom dailyFrom
From the power house to the subway at atBroadway atDroodway atBroadway
Broadway and Fiftyeighth street the thocurrent thecurrent thecurrent
current b carried in two conduits built builtunder builtunder builtunder
under opposite sides of the street In the thesubway tirosubway thosubway
subway the current Is carried In ducta ductabuilt ductabuilt ducebuilt
built In the side walls wallsManholes wUsManholM wallaManholes
Manholes which are not really holes at atall ataU atall
all but gaps In tho wall fitted with rollingshuttone rolling rollingshutters rolUngahutterll
shutters give easy access to the cable cablesat cablemav o7hleJat
at short intervals lnten 80 that at whatever point pointanything pointanything
anything mav happen to n cable it is easily easilyroachablo CMUyreachablo easilyreachable
reachable without tearing open the sub subway su suwv subway ¬
way wall walkThe wallTha wallthe
the lighting plant Is entirely separate separatefrom separatafrom aeparntofrom arate
from tho power powerpyant plant oo that there there Is no nodanger nodnngeT nodanger
danger of the subway being 1 > Elnp thrown Into Intodarkness Intodarknoos intodarkness
darkness should anything happen to the thestopping tbepower thepower
power And should anything hnppon hap hapdevices the thefor
devices for cutting out that IlOtlon sect for forstopping forstopping
stopping the trains for preventing acci accident accident accldent ¬
dent in any an form seem utterly complete completeTo
To tho ordinary man whd examines the thapower thepower thepower
power plant and all the appurtenances appurt nlUlOlJll It Itseems Itseems itseems
seems as if ever ovary possible emergency emer oy has haabeen habeen hasbeen
been considered and fully proved provided for forThe forThe torThe
The Fireproof Cars That ThatWill ThatWill ThatWill
Will Carry Passengers PassengersSteel
Steel cars lined with wit aluminum abso abeolutely absolutely absolutely ¬ i
lutely fireproof impossible to telescope telescopeIn
In collision ooUl lon practiaally practi > aUy huge stool safeson woo safojon wooon
on wheels which will not look tho part partto partto
to tho passenger once ho is I Inside will willcarry willCWTY wifcarry
carry folks through the new subway Bub y eventually event eventually oventunlly ¬
ually and no others will be used under underground underground underground ¬
ground But that will not bo for a while whileOnly wl whilemnuy le leUnly
Only a few of these Was cars the first steel steelcam steelCDnI steelcars
cam ever built for ordinary passenger passengertratflo pa passengertraf senger sengertramo
tratflo traf lo are in existence They 1tlo are very verycoatly verycoatly verycostly
coatly and it takes time to build them themSo thornSo
So for the present passenger pl1Seen CN in the sub subway subway subway ¬
way will be curried in cars which are asnear as asnear asnenr
near to being fireproof aa a combination combinationof
of wood and metal can be They The are fiftyone fifty fiftyone fiftyone
one feet long about four feet longer 10nserLban 10nserLbanthe than thanthe thanthe
the elevated oar oars and each pro proj4ellsiAtlnr proj4ellsiAtlnrcapacity videgsatlnn videgsatlnncapacity desetatingcapacity
capacity for fiftytwo passengers passengers so with without wIthout without ¬
out a strap being occupied a 0 five car local localtrain 10001train localtrain
train will carry cart carryto0 280 persons personsThe personlThe personsThe
The platforms are enclosed onclo cd with slidingdoors sliding slidingdoors Udlnltdoors
doors not gates o 1111 on Ole elevated The Theoars Thers Thecare
oars rs are stool framed with Ith ontitelcsooplng ontitelcsooplngbulkheads antltelelooplngbuUtheDds antitelescopingbullheads
bulkheads and posts as aefa in Pullriori Yullrnancar car con construction oonItructlon construction ¬
struction The wood woo la sheathed in cop copper 00 00per copper > ¬
the theelectrical
per tho floor is lined Une with asbestos the theelectrical t 10 10clElctrioal
electrical conductor are carried In fire fireproof firollroof fireproof ¬
proof conduits there is a device by which whichthe wl whichthe ch chthe
the current can be out off Instantly should shouldIt
It be desirable and altogether great fe t pre precautions lIreOIIU procautions ¬
cautions OIIU tions have been on takenagalnst taken agl1Jnst tho thposal thposalhluty possi possibility possibility ¬
bility of fire fireAfter fireAfter fireArter
After the first batches of these carsbad carsbadbeen car carebadbeen ha habeen
been ordered however there came news newsof newsof
of the fire horror on the Paris underground undergroundroad
road That started a demand for abso absolutely absolutely absoutey ¬
lutely fireproof cars C 1II in our subway ub ay and andit andt
it lutely t was obvious that only onl a steal car would woulddo woulddo woulddo
do Tho Interborough Interborou h company sot about aboutlooking aboutlooking aboutlooking
looking for steel cars carsBut car carBut canBut
But there were diffloultiea No cars of ofthat orthnt ofthat
that type had ever bonn built There were wereirativ wereIran weretrans
trans Iran difficultly in tho way WAythe the need nl < < 1 to toavoid toI1vold toavoid
avoid oxo8slvn not n weight the problem of ofInsulation otInsulntlon ofInsulation
Insulation from nxtnimM of othMt heat and coldand cold coldand ooldnnd
and thejtnyvraitloii Ole prevention lroITItlolI of undue noise In oper operation opertlnn oporation ¬
ation tlnn Then just at that Unit > every car carbuilding coarbul1dlnp carbuilding
building works in the country was con concrated eongwted oonted
crated ted with work and couldnt o > uldnt fill it lts or orGII1IIt ordare
dare much lees begin a eerie of expert expertJ
morels such as wero necessary to provide providjust proTIdejust providejust
just the sort of oar r needed neededGeorge neededGeorge neededGeorge
George Olbb consulting oot ultlng engineer en lneer o othe ot ottha o1 o1the
the Pennsylvania Penn ylvanlaRallrondWhol Railroad w who hoisalso is also consulting con consuiting oonBultlnR
suiting engineer of the Interborough company com company oompan ¬
pan pany saved avedthe the day lie agreed to design desiRia
a 1 steel pasnger JII nKlr car whiob would fill thebill tivbill the theblll
bill ana the railroad shop of the Pennsyl Pennsylvania Pennsylal Pennaylvanla ¬
vania al a road at Altoona were put at his dix dixposal dfApOllal diaposal
posal The aUsteel passenger car was 118 i iproblam n nproblsm aproblem
problem In which the Pennsylvania will willa witha
a tunnel of Its own onlts 001 oultaharsde ta hands was keenl keenlinterested l keenly keenlyinterested en1y en1yintere
interested interestedMr intere W WMr
Mr Oibb went to work and by the end endof endot endof
of last year oor a Han Ramplo > plo car was WI completedFrom completed oompletrdFrom completedFrom
From that Mr ir a better tter which won all ll thatcould that thatcould thatcould
could b be < > doslrod i wan il1l evolnd eTohlnnd and that was wotodoptoil wasadoptot U f fndopto1
odoptoil by the IntivrbormiRh Intrborou ooirj onulanyasa onulanyasatype > wy as n ntype ntype
type An ardor for 200 2C of these the C cars was Raeplau II waspltuxrt II
plau pltuxrt 1 last t spring and then an order for for100 for100more IOC IOCjnors 100marl
marl Some of ot th liise 1 i have been be delivered dollveraland doUTem1and deliveredand
and will be in w Hsrvico + rvioe when wh the road If Ifoi 111OI Isopened
opened oi > eIIfd en 1 ThernstniUcorealongasquickly ThernstniUcorealongasquicklyas The restivlU l1 itlilU como along lolg as 111 quickly quicklya
a M may bo and OH H they arrive nn TB they will die displace d dplaOl dieplane ¬
place tho copper rhcatlvod car carThe rorhb camflea >
The hb oars ar orere bvllt of stool 1 < tAID1 plates pJII rivetwlupon riveted rlveWupon rivetedupon
upon a stool Rt J frarn Upon th the sheet ircn ircnunderfrooilnij llCnuDderfnulIlnl ircmunderfnwilni
underfrooilnij a cement floor In laid 1I1r111 ami anlto amito < 1 1to
to this thl for a vrallrinc surface hardwood hardwoodstrins bnnlwootrInll hardwoodstrioa
strins am fastened fMVJ1 < > c1witb with wooden wood ffll screws HOIOWBThe IiIoI1WMThtI screwsThe
The window posts afT of metal in which whlclithe whichthe hiet hietthe
the mahogany maho RnY glam fnimw are net f < IIt in inprooves IngrooTe ingrooves
grooves grooTe Tho roof IH lltw lined < d 1 with albinos anboBtoaboard IUIbr albinosboard tlS tlSoord
board The aide Unintj and wainscoting wrJnscotlnoIB
IB reboot I 1f1Ett aluminum Thnwn are metal metalfrnmntt metalframes
frames with the unial ration cane 81I1 cusliions cusliionsTho CUII1 cuahensTho ons onsTho
Tho doors open and shut by an automaticdevice automatic outomatlodeloo automaticdevice
device invented > d by Mr Olbb They slide alldorote slideinto 811deinto
into sockets fockwln in the aids fild ld of the car but latch latchautomatically Itchnutoml1tJcallYI latchautomatically
automatically so that the swaying of the thelentil thetmln thetrain
train lentil VCUllAVJi cannot < throw 4IUVI thorn I1IU11I V o open openThe JJ JJThe n nThe
The most Important Im rtllt feature about these thesecam threeearn th thMm
cam to t the InterboroiiRh company Is II their theiroo thllr00fIt theircost
cost oo t Eight of them opr repnraentR semta on mTHpet mTHpetment In Inment Inveetmeat
ment of about 100000 But there Is no nodoubt nodoubt nodoubt
doubt about their safety aJetv and that IB the thnfeature thflfooture thefeature
feature of subway travel trav l most In demandhi demand
In New York YorkSafety YorkSafety YorkSafety
Safety Devices of ofAll ofAll ofAU
All Sorts to Be Used UsedTiro UsedTho UsedThe
The new nO subway IlUl y Is probably better betterequipped betterequlpJld betterequipped
equipped with wifely device of every doscriptlon do doecripion I IecrIpUon
ecripion than any other railroad in the theworld theworld I Iworld
world TIle rfcnalllng system alone U Ucarriftd IRcarrllod h hcarried
carried out with a greater elaboration of ofdetail 01detail ofdetail
detail than has over boon attempted before beforePowor beforePower beforePower
Power lighting and signal 111 1 systems are all allIndependent aUIndependent allindependent
Independent of each other A mishap in inono Inon beone
ono on leaven INlt the others otbf Intact IntactThe IntACtThe intactThe
The service IA i planned for the operation operationof
of local trains at one minute Intervals on ontwo ontwo ontwo
two tracks and right car express trains trainsat
at two minute Intervals on tho remaining remainingtwo
two track Naturally ura1ly this demands a amost amOllt amost
most thorough system lI tcm Thorn are more moretlian morethan morethan
than 700 signal Ial stations in the subway subwayThey subwayThey subwayThey
They are equipped not only with colored coloredlights rolor coloredlights d dIlgbtal
lights but with supplementary semaphore semaphorethat acmnphorearm
arm 6 In awe M the Jlgl llghta a fall fallThe fallThe
The color SJlto11 1 is < 1 slightly d1lorOlt from tromthat fromthat
that lii the surface roads R Rod d 11 i still thestop the thestop thelItop
stop or tlangjr signal but the caution cautionKlgnnl cpuUCItlPrlWnl Curtinnslgsl
Klgnnl is white Ulna III < < the subway f < lightsand lights llghtnand IIltht8and
and the ol clLur > 3r r alioad Signal is groan groana
a rotereal of tho ordinary signals above abovoground aboveground Oye OyegIOIInd
ground groundAll
All trails run on th the U block system tom butthn but buttlll tadthe
thn braking distance dl tlUce has peon Incrww In Increased 1 V Vper trIper poper >
cent for greater safety r t nnd the overlap over overlap oprlap ¬
lap per or block distance between trains hoe luwbeen Il hoebeen i iL
been L n doubled dotiblwlBut doubledBut doubledBut
But tIlL signal system has boon supple supplemeeted nupplomen Rupplmerited
men merited ted withpateat with patent safety devices to tile tlionth tile1Itb theAth
nth decree Flwt of all l1 there t1 > ero U an D auto All to
matlo m t1o train stop worked by compressed compressedOn oomnres ed sir sirOn ll llOn
On the track beside every block slgr slgrbox slgJ slgJthore signs signsthere
there is a pneumallo cylinder In a cloees cloeesbox cl ed edlx
box lx > x between tho tits connecting with withBteol withlIcool a aSceol
Bteol bar known in railroad nomenclature nomonclatuif
f rs 8 a trip set in close to the roilThis roil milThis railThis
This trip is normally held up by byhoavy a aheavy
heavy counterweight In tile controlling control1lng box boxso be beso
so that ns a train 11 passes it hits l ta a van vanon valve valveon 8h8 8h8on
on the trucks of each car setting the a abrakon air airbrakes albrakes
brakes to full emergency A train clearing cloarinthis clearingthe oIearing oIearingthe
the time Ilgnalln signal In the block ock next preceding precedingth1q preoedingthis
this admits compressed air into the con controlling OODtrolling eontrolling
trolling box which raises the oounterweight oounterweightand
and lowers the trip tripDevoid tripDevoid
Devoid of technicalities this means that thatwith tl1a1with thatwide
with a train in the block preceding even evensignal everysignal Very Veryelgoal
signal is set at danger and every trip u uraised II IIral liraised
raised ral od to stop a succeeding su ooediDg train With RJthth Wittthe Withtho
th than the ttraokclg track signalled IIlg alIed e ded clear the trip la down downand donand downThat
and an e any train can paaa it itThat ItThat
That U only one ofhnany of many any safety wet At dovices Atnoes d dIooe
vices noes In every car there tl ele Is a cut off offdevice olfde1oo oQdevice
device to turn off the electric current currentOn currentOn currentOn
On every station platform there is a box boxcontrolling boxcontrolling boxcontrolling
controlling all neighboring signals IgnaJ By Bypushing Dypushing Bypushing
pushing a button in this box every signalcent signal signaladjacent Igna Ignaiuljacont
adjacent cent to t < > the station is isevery set at t danger and andevery 4nderery sadAt
every every train is is automatically automatically stopped stoppedAt toppt topptAt
At every section brook In thethird tho third rail railand railand railand
and at all switches where a train might mightcross mightcross mightcross
cross from one track to another there U Uanother IIanother isanother
another interesting device to keep trains trainsout trainsout trainsout
out of ay section in which the comat comatOa cmrcntr cmrmtmight
r might ht t6Jnporarlly 00 grounded Oa Oneach Oaaoh 011ea
ea each h Bid f side < 1d of the break ia a magnet Wbtnboth When Wbenboth Whenboth
both sections of the third rail n 1 are folly follynharcod hillyahAreed fullycharged
nharcod charged thr these magnets m ta operate owrnte to M I towtwl to tonmil toanm
anm nmil l o ooh oh other A grounded groundtdrtIfnOIlnr current currentwortng oncostrernorn
wortng rernorn power poweail from either section ctlon cl the therail th8rn11
rail ail renders the magnetic coil in that sea IlOOtion sealion eo eoion
ion inoperative iDopt rathp leaving the other gill gillrtIJnetlicd stillmagnetized tUl tUlRACMtlred
magnetized This sets set R the home h signal at atdnI18Ot atdanger t tdnnfrw
danger th the s further signal r at caution cautionid C1Utonand cautionand
and id stops any ny approaching trainJkerond train trainBeyond trnlnThFClnd
Beyond all this thI there Is a special 8 emerant emer emertcncy emerlJcn
lJcn tcncy ant signal system which cuts off power powerroai porertrol1
trol1 front roai the U third rd rail In any section of the theiubway the611bway thesubway
subway and stops every Tery train in that thattlon MO MOion seolion
ion In the booth b oth of every ticket seller sellerox eelll1J eelll1Jand sellerand
and at every manhole is s a ghee glAIIIHXIerea glAIIIHXIereaox overe3 overe3box
box ox such as in many cities is used for roralann eralarm era Orealarm
alarm purposes purposesIn purpo s sIn
In coo ca < > of an accident in the subway subwayall sutrwayU lIubwaYan
an U that thane la iI necessary In to break the tJ1 gLees elatHjof elatHjofaction or orthill dthis
this box and pull down a hook Inekle nI tle The Theaction fbenctlon
action instantly opens circuit brvakera brvakeraat
at substations in that section cutting off offall offnl1 eQall
all power from the third rail and stop stopping stopptng sto stoping ¬
ping every fHj train In every substation sub subKtn1 to ion ionthe on In Inthe Inthe
the section tion and in the train dt rlpntch rlpntchoffice deopntchea deopntcheaoffice pntcheri pntcherioffice
office and in the office of th the general It < neial super superintendent sUJ sUJIntndcnt r rintendtmt ¬
intendent it seta an annunciator wiicttBhorwa wiictt ssluchshove 1 CI1 CI1WOW1I
shove where the trouble is isThere 18TIlere isThere
There U L no device from noncombustibw noncombustibwDora non combustible combustibleor bu8t1blh
which wWcnU wi whichIs c cIa
Dora m to the newest Q wroat circuit breaker
U not in this subway subwn Its officers one andall andan and
all dflolnre that they cannot sue II I how howserious hooJlseriow a aserious
serious accident Is possible possibleArt pc possibleArt ef ble bleArt
Art Outside as asWell asWell asWell
Well as Below Ground GroundIn
In an the Hallway 1ItJrIm conrtructlon abort abonground abortground I1bo I1boground
ground as well na below there has DMB breathe DMBtho b btho
tho earns effort to comblnn tlio picturesque picturesquewith
with the useful U Gtul that in Ii been ll n in the station stationconstruction atatWllcon sta1roaconstruction
construction constructionThe con tructlon tructlonThe
The giant newer bourn itself is 4lnjwewd Imrrnsw Im ImTho J JThe e eThe
substation b bu11d1n from which wdehoJctrio w wBkvjtrio the theelectric
The eu6etat on buildings lldings
electric current Is served Jltle to the third railare rail r rare ra11are
are architecturally beautiful One of tiara tiaramight themmlltht thetamight
might be takun almost for the home of ofwealthy orw a awealth
w wealthy < tllth citizen who wham fancy Cane turned turnedwtrd Wrard W trward
ward the heavy and impreanlve impreanlveIn
In tho po bower rer lu hone > u e tin satin stndr stllrsmvs stllrsmvsare rnirwn rnirwnNO JT JTIndowa
Poet of with marble ITIriJ1CindoW3 Iae Iaewindows
NO are ornAtely
windows doors and nd their setting nettinpist am 1 1WIt d deast <
east WIt or wrought rou htTon Iron ATI Interior s OV OVrork ooorork ooo oodwork
rork Is 11 Iron covered no that t t the bnSdirC bnSdirCirill bai1dinI be besill
I sill contain In the strictest sense nothtaz nothtazn nothnI
In n the way of combustible combulll le mnti mAtorinL mAtorinLTho rini riniThe L LTho
I Tho derated structure which sUOCO sUOCOtJt euomsti euomstithe uecw uecwlie
tJt lie subway HU rJY In the upper part or ° the tn 1 rew rewa r 11 11is > t ti
is a i graceful raocluJ and oven handsomo hand in cora coraanson comp3n5011 cornaarrsen
downo dowmoAt down oan oanAt n nU
p3n5011 anson with ith the old structure
the thedotemsque tur turplotu1WIulJ
At some points it even approachjloturonquc approach
jloturonquc dotemsque17rre jloturonqucnn
rite ritehin t tIvan
arch in the ntrtlnn
nn 1 re is w no hnndiomcr
Ivan UK > big otic with ith a 170 1 i foot span s slag r rtig rnj
Vt r rto ta tato n w wrk
I lag tig over the Manhattan Valley
to end nd ot the subway In fact tl tlork t twork
work ork rk has aroused arou ed nothing but aaw aawin admir admirIn dminu0 dminu0UXMO > <
in those hI > > o who have bar seen I ID U
L Li Lr Lr LJ
d y
r 13 13Y
In all allJnbways allArbways
Jnbways Jnbwayspart Arbwaystort
part of t tVreetches tWest
West Vreetches Vreetchesillver chea cheaRiver
River to toIs toIs
Is Whi WhiThere WhtThere
There Therethat Therethat
that ther therhalf the thebait
half a do doIn doIn
In a moro moroTholo momThe
Tholo Tholoction The to toanction
anction anctionbra ction ctionlyn
lyn extei exteibuilding cxtobuilding
buildingand building buildingpud
and Atl Atlimdthc Adpad
pad imdthc imdthco the 1 1a
o A Jun JunIne Juna
Ine a noa noaVido nearide
ride at li littlieBron 1 1lie
lie ttlieBron ttlieBronThe Bron BronThe
The pi piJTrannit plstash
stash Ci Cilow C Cow
low ow to too tooart ol olV
V > art and andtsan andcan
can Iw loud loudthe ad adthe
the line lineBut lineBut
But t tthing tthing
thing t tdev ttha1f
tha1f dev devnect
1 r os nect ct ctis i ila
la Whic Valdcuhe Whicthe
the he bone boneJs boneno
Js no do door door
or an I Iunnol
unnol le lecif B BOf
Of rapid rapidJrhlch rapidlrhdch
Jrhlch tl tlfebefrlni t ttee
febefrlni febefrlniBanke tee Erin ErinBanke
Banke Bankethat BankeKteually
Kteually Kteuallyslimmer
slimmer slimmerews
ews ewsad
ad adwith
with w what
that hat therbe the theprhoha
prhoha prhohaopert rbe ha hapert
pert operteased pertweed
eased easedThe weedThe
The ThehIt c cthe
the hIt gll gllIt
p f It t tlaw
l1sw law YL YLpreotice Y Ypraotice
preotice praoticen preoticebjsnber
bjsnber bjsnberi n e eale
i ale elethe
0 0Ippetite
Ippetite Ippetitedew
dew life lifeget
get the theAnd
And Andfacillti
facillti facilltisubway
subway subwaybound
bound boundAvenue
Avenue Avenuedirocti
dirocti diroctiland
land wi wito
to sett settDo
Do Dothe
the m mMlwha mOver
Over t tail
ail ailvieUa
vieUa vieUab
Mlwha MlwhafcCBUp Mha Mhasups
fcCBUp fcCBUpNortl sups supsNort
Nortl Nortlregion Nortregion
regiontouch region regiontouehd
touchNew touch touehdNowH
NowH NowHto New H Hto
to ego egothroug speithroug
througwill throug througeengcr
eengcr eengcrwin
win ha haanddl haand
and anddl anddlAU al alAll
AU AUwttlln Allset
wttlln wttllnuljwa set thin thinsubwa
uljwa subwathat uljwathat
that h hhtmsivi 1 1benaiv
benaivmain htmsivi htmsivimain
main II IIWith 1 1With
With Withlad
lad ladThe
The 1 1A
A bill billtrop
trop tropbooks
books booksIIr
IIr It o oupon
upon uponRapid
Rapid RapidThe
The Theof
of its itssubwa
subwa subwafutthe
futthe futthethe
the f fno
no noother
other otherprone
prone pronea
a d4cre d4crewUl
wUl g gFor
For Fortwo
two twoey
ey ti tiand
and andso
so far farand
and andy
f 6
y 6The
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fAtny fAtnyex ex
t otty

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