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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 06, 1906, Image 4

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1906-03-06/ed-1/seq-4/

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i filE SUN TUEstlAYifAittHitJ S9OS f t
r t BS MSFORMABLE GANAljrjl
ti jrjl fomuan CHIEF ENaiyEKitSSJUr
SSJUr 27E FJIKXCll CQMPAXYlAdrantaEM
i tt1nIEsEs Tit IRESIDLWTot
lAdrantaEM of Wet Ovrr Dry RxcaIniUon
IniUon and Kpcclal Applicability ofWi
id Wi Method to Work on the IitliniuiConsuHlng
ConsuHlng Hoard Drgorll rd a It
iOls to llPtroKrndo Party ofJSWiuaed
eerlnl1orllsi 1m ald II ntpore
JSWiuaed and IartUan In Hplrlt Itsof
Daltd on Eantratt tnUe
I rfjBmatt Calculated to Disprovevj
t L eailWUty ot Tranrormatlon1IeatraetIca1
i practical Engineers Favor nredgtncBattier
JAtcal I
f ate man Dry 11 jrslnx Value ofJr I
Ii caboi LakeabDIP and us Powerjv
I I abo dTransrorrnatIofl top
jv t Ceslersjtor Ignored Transformation
I
p LockleM Waterway Strait Ir PanHi
I Hi aniA Compared to Lowering andj
J wdruinE street Wlolt Intfrrulltmt
t I t Traffic Hespouilblltty for tie HIIROb
I b Oat on Dam MullioUa and Machinery
fv f Mr PHBSIDENTV I submitted to you InS
S 1 March of last year a project of constructionf9t
f9t the Panama Canal und you have referredIt
It to the Intcrimtlonal Consulting Hoardf
f Which rejected ItK
I K It TTMbaaed on the principle of reducingV
I V to the minimum the oscnvntlon in the drywhlch
whlch ote untold dlDloultlcu on the Isthmusand
and of employing to HR maximum tlio excaration
> ration UyfloutlriK drednis which disposes ofall
all thbjlgtbmlan diniculilcs does awuy withthe
r the labor iquiBtlon find iiroservps there theI Ion
I tVonojprfuiqualltleB of power arid clieuptiessBoowf Ilt
lt hal oTcrwhere Ir him unloading or thor
r Boowf cSBlJO mado In I deep body of wateriit I
iit close tbpio point of extractionI
I Indicated us tho dump In deep water thoi I
i enormowsGnmbofi Lake created by thof
i Oamljodain In the high Chasircs valley Inthe I
the verycentro of the Isthmus In close contact
I = tact with the level wliero redl1 will floatand
and 10ait tho scows nnd easy to connect withI
I this lvelby flights of smell barge lockt aaare
I a required by the ecowsL CI
L i I tffoe > to you that If the sea level cannlyne
yne cqntomplnted at once It should be builtby
t by this method even If nn curler exploitationf
r f ivaa p tb < f the questionI
I I showed how the conditions to be createdv
I v In order to allow the use of the dredging aysr
r tern oould satisfy also within four years thoneeds
> lee ofthe worlds commerce by allowingthe
the opening to traffic at tho beginning of thoj
dredging if tim succesjjlvo invils to becrcte
j
1 W created fotlio works of the dredges wereconnected
connected with adequate locks for InterT
T tnfttlonaltranflltThli
> Thli IB known as the principle of transloPi
I i matlon which I Unit prcjientwl inI 1S87j
I j leavetoyou In March last and with more4j
4j complete details to the board In Septemberthe
the technical solutions which allow the Inoxpensive
pensive and gradual elimination of the lockl
during the process of deepenIng which allowiPt
iPt the complete Indcpendonoo and reciprocalit I
it freedom or the works and of tho transit If I
K the s dar channel of ISO feet adopted forT
T the drat look canal Is brought to 300 feet ormurefor
murefor tho se level passatrfl PagepOrt iloTIahowed
pOrt or the consulting board
> J howe to the board that thank Co theextraordinary
I extraordinary progress tRi recently Inp
p drd8lnir rock and earth it poiiid bo reasonably
sK ably contemplated to give not only 100 feett4theilaleTel
t4theilaleTel passage but tO which would
k rte tho perfect waterway freo from anys
s tldq lock free from any danger of obstructiong
g through elides In the deep cuts freo fromg
g 1 Janjr danger to arlso from an eventual deatmctlon
atmctlon of1 the Gnmbou dam thanks to itsllmlnatlon
llmlnatlon at a dam tlIat wIll result from thegfayatem
gfayatem of construction which will raise tho I
s SP bottom of the whole valley of the Cbs grefib
bT the dam and 10 the level or Its cretoQlyeral
oQlyeral miles Uy the dumping of tour toJuldr
irfUxivhuqdred million cubic yards brought byscythe i
V AISIOW Pago 234 and following reportof
oJ consulting boardE I
E El termed tho Invulnerable waterway to bofr
fr t U created tho Strait of Panama boSi
Si cause if It Is still about thrco times less 111
t the water level than tho Bosporus thoitrolt
tat
itrolt between Europe and Asia Minor atj
j Hussein Pacha and at Kuwait It I also aboutjjp
jjp three times Jarser than tho standard IoISI
1 Jiretmellrier
5 r Canal hitherto contemplated J Is a freelaterpoeanlo IIntrocalo
laterpoeanlo waterway of I size Intermedlnfoff
t Jj twe a canal and a natural strait old doe
ff serves legitimately cither denominationSJ
SJ 1 profess for several members of the International
ternatlonal Consulting Hoard personal nentlraonts
met of friendship but this cannot prevetr
1 trio from demonstrating that the sclentinospirit
spirit has not Inspired Its studies BO far asthe
1 the report shows and that tho conclusionsthey
they brought forward are In vital placeserroneous
z erroneous and misleadingBefore
j Before leaving for France next week I nmcompelled
r compelled by the scntlhirnt of nn Inexorabledqty
r i dqty to appeal from President Enoseveitbadly iI
I f badly Informed to President lloosevelt belteri
i Informed and this high duty 1 am discharging
I publicly nowS
Ilublcly
Ii S There aro parties In sclonon as here are Inpolities
polities and partisan spirit oxeludes the
V scientific spirit of experimental Inductionri
i ri The progressists iimonn Illhwprl nrar
r b ihoso who want tp develop its far as possible
p the employment of the dredging ecI vet iontransportation
v transportation ana dumping on water onaccount
account of tho soicntlllo and experlmentnl
i fi fact that this system possesses exclusivelyf
f marvelous qualities of simplicity power andore
cheapl a4 soon as I Ian proper condltlonAare
are created for the worlis of the ilredgcs andm
m thei annexes IIH they f provided for in tlioplans
plans I proposed Their opponents thorotrladlj
5 retrogrades inspired by the prejudice ofImon4c
I pralonscd habits of miml Ire tnosb wbolnl
i want to sustain thl ox iavn I Ion t1 stntim
ii shovels and rail transportation in spit o ort
i their marked Inferiority In overrespeot nnV
V Inferiority enormously Increased by tha
U labor and climatic conditions of t he isthmus
r I Is tho spirit of tlu > last w hlchhaa prel
l Tailed In tho consult lug board it is not thoi Iexperinnentint
i experimental solont itlc uplrlt of tho firstt
t ep has transformed Into mountains thncrave
gravel In I Ito path of tho hydraulic cyst rioit
ii t has transformed into gravel the moultalnsQ
U lq tho path of the dry systemZXrBBtUENTAIj
znrnnraE N TAt UNIT 1ItICKS OP DnKDOIKO EXV
AOOK11AT1JD nr 300 PKn TKNT
V AOOYIATID prn rSTISIUtSTIEATMCNT
J TltEATUCNT ron TUB 1IIICLB Of DltV5j
5j KXCAVAT1ONAn
> An obvious example of that tendency tooitrRIHzl
L ostracize unduly tho drcdelng nnd to favorthe
the dry digging can bo readily gathered fromundertaken
tbo pxainiittt ion of the Inlt price Idmltc
f by the cOlslllnl lard for the otnir two
I kinds of works tho lnled Statl hnR y Ituderaken
r undertaken on tho Isthmus I put next to thecp
tout which results from actual oxpcriencecost
t On pages SU and 3tO of the report 18 to bei
Found the average cst per eublo yard orr1rova
i removal or the grund In tho dry I Cultbr
This cost is figured from actual expenseduring
during fifteen Ilonth
Actually tho most perfect steam shovelsare
t orlg to the Amerloan IdeRs are working
7 ing at lebrab np Improloment In the priceof
tbeoforo can Do hoped frOm an tInnuliorationof
of the plant but a largo Increase ameloratonoUbe
necessarily happen as the cut will bo deepened
d ened the haul to the dumps wi be longerand
l and the ceaaolosu troubles to result from continuous
tinuous Invasions of water will be Increasedalarmingly
wi b
J alarminglyOn Icree
amlglVr
r < On page 29 of the report Is to be found on
the other hand the average cost per cubicsystem
yard of the removal of the Ironnd In tint wetIvstem
system The cost of actual dredging in thoClrm
Colon harbor ts evcn cents and In tho Panama
harbor eight cent This results from data
bearing on an excavation In the wet of nnImportance
Importance of the same order a that made
br dry processContrary
Contrary to what happened at Culcbrn thoplant
plant with which the work Is don In antiquated
quated it is twenty years old und hl beentile
Idle for sixteen years Machines of the samet
type are I CUlt use now wide exalatot
ty t and dump twice a much earthWith
A With the same expenseIf
If the United States had renewed the dredg
E Ing plat In Panama and in Colon the averageactual
i i actual cost of the excavation by dredging
actua drelll
f there would have bln 87 cents InRtead of
76 cents per cubic yardTbeao
Tar
1 These experimental data being known nswell
t well aa their rational consequences about thefuture
future prices to be admitted as units let tl
see what Interpretation tho consultingboard
baa given to themOn con8u1ng boar
i 1 page < IB of the report Is the schedule ofnnlt
unit prices adopted by the consulting beard
a it shows that the excavation in tie dry at
Culebra down to high tdl level 18 fMlnmlcdat
at 1 cents cubic yard and that ti dredging
In Colon and Panama harbors Is estimatedat
at IE cents multi and randJtrrmiltH JUIIIUf etmatedat
JtrrmiltH from these figures that an Increasorof
I creasorof 12 per rent pvnr lbs cost reuniting
from actual exiiorlerioo of dljtting In HIP dryrr
6t Clfbra Is dlml by the c nIllnjhoar
eumclent 10 orr thin rrlaln tiuiptirtauit
Increase or pXPnII1 to result ltd the dcCpnIDI
enicug ninut that an Incall or UKucr ccittover
nIDI unc JIIr
over the ront refilling mjn ncual tTocrleiice
or drMlsliiK nit Oilonand Panarpa Is leadedupon
diihlflt arl J11r I
upon the wt syatcm tlta1 nutty nosaibis
non J IUtfcalon n h 1ollbJenon
tit J Itg B Itblli Q QJ1rJ
at onrhalf of the one actually obtained withantiquated
antiquated dredgesIn
antlluat the price of dredging Is SOO Pf r centabove
above hM what It will certainly be at Colon andThe
hMnlo characteristic spirit which InsplwlBfich
Inch chnractlriltn the experimental ilataconnot
cannot find anexcuse In the ignorance of therral
real condition of the actual dredging Thereare
Sin two most Important statements on thispoint
On pRge tmO of the rlJrt 11 Malby thl
engineer In charge of tine dlvl on of dre
ing after giving the actual price of sevennts
ont In Colon Is quoted as saying We canIt
do It for much less with a modern dredgethis
It will ie setn on page S4 or thereprtthat
that wi Wehfr delegate or the DutolIovOfnmnnt
novlrnm nI1 dtvlared that he had Dutm
dllare
this jrear In ho Hard with a transportation offour
four or four and onehalf milestor 388 centsa
a cubla yar4I
I give t 1 example of the unequal treatment
meat of thoeicavaflon In the dry and In thewot
wet to show how easy It Is to turn the bapkto
to the true direction If the austerity of theBclentlfic
scientific spirit does not maintain rigidly thealignment
alignment shown by experimental facts andIf
If partisan spirit of preconceived Ideas I
allowed to exert Its misleading InfluenceExrkmuKNTAti
ExrkmuKNTAti UNIT pmcEs 01 BUSAQDSODBHOCK
ExpnIMENTAl PnCR
nocl EXCAVATION EXAGGERATED DT 400rcn
cnn CENTI
I did not exhibit tho above example onaccouht
accouht of its Importance for tho selection oftho
the proper solution Lei us now tko a caseentirely
entirely similar but of vital bearing onthe
the adoption of tho logical and scientific solution
tion of tho Panama problem the under waterrock
rock extractionIn
In the list of the standard prices of tho firstIsthmian
Isthmian Canal Commission to be found Inthe
the report of loot the extraction of submergedrock
rock w fixed at H75 a cubic yardproposition
Such a prIce would make thf coat of theprop081
proposition of dredging the greater part ofthe
drellns IrMter
prop081 par
the Panama Canal entirely prohibitive Iexplained
explained pages 232 and 230 of tho reportthat
that this dlniculty had been wholly wipedout
out by the now methods actually In use Inmany
many great public worksTho
mal greEt 10rk
Plbllo
Tine best of those methods the Lobnltzsystem
system Invented eighteen years ago anddeveloped
developed for the needs of the Suez CanaLcnbles
enables this company to remove the rock at
73 cents per cubic yard that Is to Bay atma
16 per cent of the price admitted by thoIsthmian
Isthmian Canal Commission of IDOI It isknown
known that this price Itself I much higherthan
than It should bo owing to the very long OlintitnCo
tance of transportation of the spoIl and totho
tine time lost In dredging due to the passageof
1 dredllng plleor
of ships The records of the Suez Canalshow
show that the rock Is made dredrable for
32 cents and this would be brought down to
25 CIA p 239 of the report by suppressingtho
tho Interruptions duo to transit Reportof
of tho Commission Consultative Internationale
tionale do Truvaux du Canal do Suez Kunnlon
union du 8 Nov inoi Hupport de lIng nleiir
leiir en Chef do la CompagmeHut
Hut the Suez Canal Is not the only witnesstho
tho board could consult on the cheapness oftho
tho new method of subaqueous rock extraction
lion On page 255 of the report of the consultingbnard
boar 11 Hunter chief engineer of the Manchester
chester flIp Canal Is quoted as having spokenof
of several millions of cubic yards to DO removed
moved In the Manchester Hhlp Canal at anultimate
ultimate depth of 20 feet and as having aldthat
that the cost figured according to 1 certainmethod
method which has been adopted would bnjust
just under 6 cents a yard Lobniti methodThe
The Manchester canal rock I hard muchmoro
moro so than that of the Culebra cut in aterOBO
ago With the Lobnltz method I does notcost
cost any more to break the rock at a depth ofM
M feet than at a depth of 20 About half ofits
its cost is the generation of power by steamwhich
which will disappear with the gratuitouselectrical
electrical energy generated by the falls of theiiimboa
iiimboa Lake according to my planThis
This was the most vital question submitted toHie
Hie board ono of commanding importance I
mint hale been discussed very much In theboard
board and it is a most singular fact that thequotation
quotation above Is the only one In the reportof
of the hoard which refers to the price of subfueous
fueous rock extraction by the new methodNothing
Nothing cnn be discovered either in the proceedings
ceedings or In the appendices of what MrOuellennec
Ouellennec consulting engineer of the SuezCanal
Canal menmcrof the board must have said andchief
written on thll point or O whRt Mr Ilntprchler
chief engineer of the Manchester Ship CRnalmp
menber or the hoar must have sId andwritten
written on the same pointOn
On pa git 3H of the report thero Is a rnostexplicit
explicit statement which certifies that thesecapital
capital discussions of which no trace remains
mains In the report havo really taken placeas
as it Is natural to suppose During Mr Wallaces
laces testimony tine former chief engineerof
of tine Panama Canal saidSo
So for as the excavating of rock under water Iconcerned
concerned there Is one process that has not beentouched
touched upon In any of these reports but I thinkJlr
Mr IlunauVarllla referred t It and that waathe
the workMr breaking of the rock by what Is called chiselwork
Mr Hunter You mean the Lobnltz systemMr
Mr Wallace I do not know what you call ItMr
Mr Hunter You pcrhans need not enlarge uponthat
that We have dlscussrd that at great length hereIt
1 Is a process with which Mr Ouellenneo and Iboth
both happen to be extremely familiarWhat
What can explain the most extraordinary
fact that no traces of the discussion on thisvital
vital subject thus alluded to can be foundin
in the proceedings In the appendices of tknreport
report It Is not certainly the sincerity ofthescientific
tho Relent Ilc spirit nor the desire to furnishtheibrnadmt
theibrnadmt justification to the conclusionsreached
reached that Could explain the eliminationfrom
from the records of the arguments brought
In these extensive discussionsNothing
Nothing has remained of the light cast by
the experience of the chief engineers of thotwo
two greatest cnnnls In the world to enlightenthose
those who had charge Of selecting the beatsolution
solution of the momentous problem confronting
ing the United States Nothing remains buttlie
tlie simple rnl hat tho consulting board hasadopted
tll boar
adopted S2uO us the price of subaqueousrook
rook extraction by dredge and 1160 of It IP
mined In the dry and subseQuently excavatedby
by dredge Page 410 of the exoavate
A figure of SMO for such a work Is stillmore
more erroneous and still more misleadingthan
than the figure inscribed In the schedule ofund
prices for dredging mud and sand at Colonand
and PanmaIn an
in the former one the exaggeration wassoih
soih per cent above experimental reality I
this It Is 400 per cent ave It at least andprobably
probably wo to aoo per centIt
It i not tile price corresponding to theantiquated
antiquated and obsolete system 1478 I
Is not this price which certainly 6 adoptedby
by tine first commission only b aope
played an insignificant part In their projec
It Is not on the other hand the price or thenelv
new system to cents It I a hybrid 1011ea
irrational misleading price the result otcontest acontCt
contest between progress and regress acompromise
compromise between two things that do notadmit
admit compromise but a compromise whlohpresents
presents the grave Inconvenience of basingmisleading
misleading erroneous estimates whloh havebeen
been Invoked as Incontestable truth to ell
mate transformation systemIt
It was 1 compromise probably generatedof
I
br a deslrQ for harmony but which Ienerate
used as a dAly weapon tn tight the vrlnclpl8I
of transformation by dredge of the high levelnnnal
nnnal to the lea level waterway and to conceal
ceal Its superior Its inestimable qualitiesThe
The estimate of the cost of transformationbased
ftmte transforatonba
based on this erroneous and misleading unitprlcn
price Is to be found In Appendix P pages 411to
to 413 of the report If the transformation
is mad II order to get tho narrow sea levelcanal
canal ISO feet wide except at Culebra 20
fuel this estimate reaches according to theconsulting
consulting board 208i8i00fIf
If tho transformation Is made hi order toget
get a 300 foot wide channel at sea lore thecant
cant Is estimated at J310020000 accordingtothoconsulting
to tine consuitimng boardThe
The substitution of the price of 5 centsper
per cuhlo yard for tho exorbitant and unjustilied
lied price of under water rock extraction ofJW
JW and tlM would reduce th oxtracton theIlunet
ilist case to 1038SOOOO la and the second toI18120000
I18120000No
No p I llinttte are mad for the sn footchannel
channel for tho Htrnlt of Panama but Itmay
may be fairly calciilatod as resulting fromthe
the flgurwi above that cry Increase of 10
feet will cost KiOOOruxm and that the transorwono
formation to the trait would rCAch 250tllo
orwono that Is to say with the usual additionof
of 20 per cent covering tho unforeseen atotal
total of 3K000000Ilnii
This Isprecisely the figure I arrived at byanother
another method of calculation page 230 orthe
the report I reprcmints a maximum of thecost
cost of transformation of the high level canalmore
to the Strait or Panama and certainly I
more than twice higher than will bo the practical
tical cst thanks to the marvellous conditions
tions afforded by the usn of the Oamboa Lakeos
tonl dump And of Its falls for generating theMr
vower and 10 the average softness or theCllebr
Cllebr clutral mites Hle the opinion ofMro
Mr Stevens page 21 of tho reportCONSEQUENCES
CONSEQUENCES 01 TiE MtSLKAnlNO ESTIMATEOf
Of THE COSTOKTJIANSPOnUATIOJfThe
The same spirit of unbalanced Justice hasled
To neglect of the experimental data of thedry
dry excavation at Culebra and of the wetexcavation
excavation at Colon and Panama 1 hasadded
added sco per cent as one unjustified surplusto
to the real cost of excavation in the wetncalnst
ncalnst 12 per cent to the cost In the drywhen
when this would justify much more now Itndds
adds 400 per cent surplus to the actual costof
of ubalueous rock dredging as It Is shownIn
In the SUez and Manchester Ship canals anwell
th In many other great harbor works Inthe
the world Including those of Japan whichplants
hR purchased succslnh seven Lobnitzplants
IRnla In five
plants yearsThOs
ThOs thanks to this simple and apparentlymethod
insignificant eror In a unit price tmatt
II Ahelvl Ihe pOlvlrrul and economic methllof
of building then Panama Canal the prlolsmthod
method which allows the nearly Immediateihtentlon
ihtentlon of the postage within four yearnand
and later on In a maximum of twenty rear
and nmst probably within twelve years thoobtunllon
obtunllon of HIP Invulnerable broad dropand
and lotkless trait of Panama whichnn
nn earthquake no act of war no crime oflinglh
evildoers no accident can crIpple for anylitiglin
linglh o tunic or can render unserviceableas
as woilld be thn tide locked narrow shallowsea
sea level canal or the perpetual hlch levolHtratf
luck canal l > r laps at the moment when Il
Htratf > glochttractir will make It IndlsJp6bIeEFHltTI
ErHRTd TO CU > VP THE TnANBlOJliUTIONrftOJICT
rftOJICT Wirn IMAGINARY DIFFICULTIESlint
ICT
lint ttm partisan spirit h not UmlttdIK
J J tbpIA JM KtoMfift jWLjWtt
t d 71 I
I
prices so absolutely to conflict with actualexperience
experience J has tried to cloud the transformation
difficulties r with Imaginary and not cxiillngdifficulties
It Is obvious that If n street hal to be doubledIn
In width and lowered at the same tlmo thecirculation
Ile Imo
circulation will not be trouble one Instantduring
during the transformation The excavatingand
and pavlnl Irasrormslon on the additionalwhere
half without Intemnlptin time circulatonwher8
where It passes actually Then the new wayit
If madfliclreulatlon is deviated Into I andthe
the previous way Is thenexcavated and pavedC
C V ar i jcommon
at the ne w levei In lInt turnThil
This is the simple sstm dlotRtpd byrommon
common sense which insures the constantIndependence
Independence of the transit and of the worksin
in the succesilve depressions of the summitchannel
channel It has been minutely describeddemonstrated
page 228 and foliowing or the report nnodemOMrate
demonstrated unobjectionable If the standardr1Jl
wIdth of IM feet necessary for navigation IIat
at mast doubled nd brouRht to 30 feet ormore
more for the sea level It has beenshown
shown also that the ins gallon channelwould
navlaton
would aemittea be contracted If such Increase was notThis
admltf true whatever may b the lateralVhnaTCoan
elves I the cut steep or not stelpThe
The discussion made on title pOlndt br tine
consulting board and to bo found a titbott 1
consUltny PRO 32 II I regret tosay a blnMhldone
paO
one It dOM not ctearly 0 what bypotheets
potheets or final stnte Is based but tho fncthat
that the steepnC or the Aide slopes I takenInto
Into aCcotint shown that the board had cmmltf
mltf Itseiftothe hypotheslA or no IncreQelOhr
width that is to Slyto a hpothoRI WhhCd
thats
I had decllred to be dlfectvo that I hadrecoinmeneled
recommcnded not to adoPtWhat
What can bo said of a discussion which forluuesr
the confident reader appears to bear on thepropoiton
proposition itself but Ivhlch doc not whlphbear
propoiton features that the rojositO1 excludM
bear What can OP said of a dlHCu8lon 80prusnted
presented oa On suggest that the objecIsoueslon
applying to the reatUN excluded bYt
ton nro4oIltion to th propolIOI
itself The oat applied be sd I thatsuch
such an oblique mnancenlvre Is entirely Incomvatble
iatibe IsoueslonUKBXPLAINAnLE with the Inn sincerity or a sclentlodlsoslon
UKBXPLAINAnLE 6ILEXCK OP TIC nEPOHT OPTUB
tEXPLtNADL StLENCI 01
TUB CONSCLTINO BOAIID ON TUB PnOPOSALLAID
Til CNSULTINO DOAtD
LAID BEPORE TIE TO BVILD A LOCKLESS
LID WATERWAY THB SinAlT OPPANAMA
PANAMAIt
It Is surprising that the consulting boardin
in Its discussion of the system I proposedha
ha remained silent on the Important chapterof
hl
of the Htralt of Iamnatna whelm was slbmltcd
muchpublic
mlttod to them and had provoked so
public attention and discussionThe
1ublo reason for this silence seems to be clearIn
In view of what has just ben strttod As the iobjections
objections formulated br the board againstthe
oblctoO based on the innexpressed
the transformation arewidth paced unexd
pressed adml8810n that the lame st9ndardwiith
width would be kePt for the high love lokcona
caaal and for the sea level passage contraryto
cona proposition It would not have beenpossible
possible to Keep these objections on their feetat
WIth such pn Obllols increase of width a
that of ItO feet to 500 feetIt
It would have been necessary to concedethat
necessar
that tho difficulties pointed out for the transitand
and which for a confident reader are supposedto
to anply to any conditions of transformationare
are really vanishing with such an Increase ofwidth
rlalY would have been necessary to stntonefafsoff
franklY that the fixation or the sea level channel
nel at sort feet or more liberated entirely thotransit
transit from any interference by the work
and reciprocallyThe
The maintenance of the cloud of difficultieson
malntpnnce te
on the transformation was the obvious aimof
of a biassed discussion and the most Importantpart
bllsed d1cuslon
part of the project submitted to theboardwas
was left out of consideration for tho purposoof
place In order tolead
of keeping the cloud In itaplace
lead everybody to think of the transformation
tion as of something loaded with dangersfor
tcn the transitOutside
Outside of the Imaginary Interference withtraffic
tramo tho other objections are withoutfoundation
foundationI
roundatonI want to extend this already toocong
cong letter However I wish to state that Idhallengfj
dhallengfj anyone 10 prove with tho appendices
dlalenll the report In hand before unprejuIce
Ice d and competent enllnHer
1 That the transformation requires greaterlockages
lockages than would be needed with locks madewithout
without lhi Idea of transformation In Ile
2 That the upstream pates of the upperlocks
locks will present special dllllrultles of operation
tion Tills is dismissed by the very simplereason
reason that they will be Identical with thedownstream
downstream gates of the same locks as willbo
be projected without any idea of transformation
formation
rormatol there will be any suspension ofpansage
passage by either one of the twin lookswhether
whether Isolated or la flight during all thotransformation
transformation If It Is Jso desired This onefact
fact would require an explanation which Idid
did not give because 1 thought tine mostordinary
ordinary engineers would JBCO at once howto
to do It
4 That the work of constructing the lockswith
with the same dimensions as those of theminority
minority report will take more than fouryears
years This can be established by the figuresof
of the minority report I the difference In thoamount
amount of excavation between the slice 1Indicated
Indicated and that of the Onion site is considered
India Pages 245 and 84 of the reportOPINION
OPINION OF THE CONHUITINO EXaiXEKIl OfTHE
THE IUE7 CANAL ABOPT THE BfPPOSEDDIPMCCLTIEH
DIPMCCLTIEH AND COST OP TUBTRANSFORMATION
TRANSFORMATIONTho
Tho objections raised against the principleof
of transformation on tho grounds of a supposed
posed cost which Is erroneous snd of supposed
posed difficulties which do not exist havefflf
neon Judged In the following way by Mr
9 lllennr fflf engineer war tho SuezCanal
Canal Page 189 of the report
I think also that the transformation of a highlevrMock
levrMock canal Into a sea level canal Is a feasibleoperation
operation and lot presenting great difficulties Ifcertain
certain measures are taken at thc tlmo of contmctlnn
tmctlnn ejpeclally with reference to the dlsposition
position of the upstream gates I think also thattuch
such a transformation can he made at ICM costthtn
than Is shown hy the estimates presented by theLook
Look Canal Committee for such transformationTo
To conclude I prefer 1 sea level canal and Ithink
think a lock canal should be considered only as atemporary
caa onr
temporary one and so constructed that It mayThis
be caaliy nd into a sea level canalThis
This expression of scientific views coversand
and ratifies the whole principle which I havosubmitted
submittedIt
It in In strict conformity with tho modernprinciples
principles of enlightened engineering whicha
a blasted and unfair trial can defeat but momentarily
mentarilyTHESE
THESE EnnONEOLH ASTJ MISLEAD INfl ESTIMATED
MATED OF THE TIUNiFOKMATION CAKKOTBE
BE HIIFLTEHED AGAINST THE JUPd1IKNT
1IKNT OF A NEAR FtnTItRThe
The obviously wilful neglect of the knowledge
edge acquired now of tho real cost of subaqueous
t aCQute extraction the productionwithout
without stating their limits of objectionswhloli
whloli would apply only to this kind of transformation
formation which would aim at a narrow neaa
level channel less than B feet In width hal
beln probably deemed a dangerous fact fora
a near future bythose who use such arguments
ments In this great debatt
In order to avoid tho severity of the Judgment
ment of the scientific world In I short spaceof
of time the recommendation not to adopt theprinciple
principle of transformation 1 folowe bythese
these lines page 418 of the report
I I believed that In tb future methods andappliances
appliances for tb work required for depressing
alla deprrlDI
the canal will be Improved to such a extent aa togreatly
greatly mationThe dlmtulsa the cost and time of the transformation
The posltlvenesa of this assertion estab
lisbon that these methods and appliances
have not to bn discovered They exist nowthem
Dint tine con8ulln bard his drclde wlththe
the exception or rt Quo lennec to dlsrclardthomi
them I Is I poor shelter that such a reservescrlptlon
thomi In view or the minuteness of the descripton
of the methods made
scrlptlon pages 224 and
following of the report <
TiE INSTABILITY OF TUB HHOE OATUN DAMIf
I I have a right otnppeal In what concerns
the unjustifiable trial to which my propoproper
siion has ben submitted It might prop
proper to throw any criticism on anotherHoweverJ
proJosltlonHowever
However J nm bound to decline any responsibility
sponsibility for the employment that has
been made In the erection of the huge Ciatun
dam of line method I Invented and describedreport
for ho smal Bohlo dam page dlserlbe
report and consisting In elevating and
depositing with centrifugal pumps on the
dam alto enormous quantities of dredgedmaterial
materialBy
By a strange forgetfulness of the rulesprotecting
protecting thE Intellectual property thismethod
method his been adopted without any men
ton of its origin 810 pages 213 for the
10hlo dam and pages 69 and 304 for the
Oatun damHowever
However If this method applies admirablyBOYCOTT
BOYCOTTThere
There is a line ofboycott onThe
The Square Deal magazinebecause
because it publishes facts aboutLabor
Labor Union and other trustsIf
I your newsstand does notsupply
supply The Square Deal youmay
may know how they are tryingto
to suppress it Transfer yourbusiness
business to the newsdealer American
can enough to furnish what thepeople
people demand without regardto
to the orders of the labor trustnot Inot
not to sell itF
F j Ty Tr
MI projected ito the condition of a damat
at JioliloVlMO feet long at the crest rettingdo
oht
1onA
on n Ituni 3 feet above the sea except I
the bed Qf tine rlyu proper where I reohe
bo and holding tine wat rat a noralJev1
leYf1 feet w Itn possible rise t e 1do
do not think It applies to a dam at Oatun
77fX feet long at the crest resting on aground
ground nearly atfM level W fIt In theriver
river bed and holding back the water at 85feet
feet altitudeI
I consider such a structure as a highlydangerous
dangerous one itt view of the softness or ItimaoK
anlCrO one takes Into account the lightearthquakeA
Ito
earthquakeA which are frequent and must beconstantly
constantly expected pa the Isthmus Theyand
often cause IxPltPQn glasses on tine tablesanti
and such Inclinations of the ground will determine
mine successive compressions and depressions
sions In the soft andextremely long mass ofthn
the dam which will cause ruptures of continuity
tinuity and Immediate washoutAs
8holtAs
tnuiy case of such a terrible accident thename
name of the originator of the method of construction
th metho
lae orlilnator
struction though not mentioned now wouldnot
thoulh
strcton to appear conspicuously I beg tomy
state emphatically that I expressly dlsp
Prove rrom a scientific standpoint the use ofmy
my method very good for a small low andtemporary
temporary earth dam highly dangerous fora
a huge dam of more than twenty millioncubic
cubic yards In volume In a country freQuent
shaken by earthquakesCOSCLUSIOK
COSCLUSIOKI
I consider that the correct and unprejudicedInterpretation
Interpretation of the material facts registeredIn
In the appendices of tho report of the consul
lug board Irresistibly demonstrate the veracityof
boa
of the principles aad the conservatism of thefigures
figures I statedIn
fgur six months April to September 105 pale
month
JOB of the reportt Mr Maltby with old obsoAt
lele dredges worling with one single orowrlmovl
removed 000000 cublo yards at an veraleprIc
price or 7 cents and almost without laborAt
prIc Uulubfaih the dry pages 395 and 305 ofY
the report during the same perlpd with anetln81ve
thereporJJurlnl perio
Y
extensive rorce of laborer with the beststsam
steam shovels known the excavation reached4nooo
4nooo cubic yardsIf
460 dredges had been modern and notobsolete
obsolete dredlo had been worked with twocrews
crews tho excavation with a insignificantnumber
excaatol
number of mon would nave been 2400000cubic
cubic yards at an expense of 373 cents acubic
cubic rani against 4r 0ooo at Oulebrawlthof
an enormous foro or laborers at In Oxnoor
of 71 cents and which would have been still
60 cenl we deduct the cost of mining toobtain
obtain conditions of ground entirely similarTheso
TheM figures ought to open theeyes thatnifi
wilfully and purposely closed theyshow
are not Tiiniii uiiu purpoelY u r vshow
show how moderate was my contention thatdredclng
dredclng Is three times more powerful andthree
three times moro economical than dry excavation
vation pale 23f of the report when we finddrodclng
drudging to be actually eight times moreeconomical
droclln
economical and bound to bo sixteen times sosoon
soon as modern ladder dredges will workThose
dredlc i
Those capital facts cannot be dismissedby
Thee rt
by the objection that the ground is mud andsand
sand In Panama and canned compare withtho
tho Culcbrn ground The powerful dredgesof
of nowadays do not necessitate distinctionbetween
between different kinds of dmgable groundonly
only rock dlIerent made dredgnble hy a prevloun
vloun operation their work Is equally cheapIf
If properly constructed at 20 40 or 60 feetdepth
depthI
I consider that the operation of excavatingrock
rock under water Is demonstrated In the appendices
pendices to be a cheap and easy operationby
by the Lobnltz systemI
I consider 8tel sincere and scientificobjection
objection has been or can be raised againstthe
the solution Insuring the complete Independence
dence of the work and of tho transit andInsuring
Insuring the easy cheap elimination of tholocks
locks whether single or elminaton withoutInterrupting
Interrupting passage on either of tho twinlocks
locks during the processvanced
I consider that the figures of time I advanced
vanced for cutting through Culebra the
20000000 cubic yards passage for a 130footsummit
summit ctnannelfor erecting the locks buildIng
Ing the Uohlo and Oamboa dams and openingto
to navigation within four years are basedon
nalllalon wihin elements than thoseadmitted
on more conservative Ilements thoeadrnltrd
admitted by the minority for the construction
lion of Its 83foot level summit In seven anda
a half years with a 5380 eubk yard ntfthrough
through Culebra and a huge dam at Oatunof
of morn than 200011000 cubIc yards volumePates
morl 0010
I Pates 84 and 85 of the report for tho minorityreport
report and 245 for my propositionI JI
I consider however that whatever summitlevel
level may ho adopt edfho transformation willbo
bo insured with all Its qualities If tho damfor
ulh al It
for storing water js erected at am boa andIf
If the precautions In the designs of the lockaI
prpcouon
I have described page 222 and followingam 1ar
am respectedHy
ar such a precaution entailing no Important
portant expense after the opening of thehigh
high level lock canal when the exact cost ofremoval
removal by dredge of earth and rock hasvnllghtenea
vnllghtenea everybody the transformationwill
will be decided probably with a still larlerpu
sent level width than tho one f propose nol
of 5110 feet for the Strait of PanamaI
I do not hesitate to state that tho diggingIn
In the dry down to 83 feet through the centraltlon
te will retard the opening or the lateraymuch
1
much moro than Is expected th1 this QUe
tlon Is tho only one that presents a realgravity
gravity and that therefore a higher passageut
irally recoromendablo by all considerationsof
of logic and experienceIn
In addressing to you Mr President thsreslpctul
resppctfuliinu public appeal I serve I thinkfor
Ud publo
for th last time the great cause for whichmy
my country lens made 8 many sacrifices Inblood
blood and In gold and for which its geniusactually
actually deserves the credit of having generously
erously and brilliantly contributed to theprogress
progress of science and mankindIn
In defending the solution which resultsfrom
from tie experience I acquired at the headof
of the works of the old Panama companythe
the solution of what has been called for centuries
tunes tho mystery of the Isthmus In promoting
moting the realization for tine benefit of thn1nltcd
United States and of the world of an artificialllosporus
llosporus between North and South Americayesterday
yesterday a dream today a realityI servoalso
also u great moral Interest now common toAmerica
America and France as my countrymen havoalready
already served similar ones at the two othergreat
grent landmarks of the history of the Unitednil
Statesthe war or independence and thepurchase
purchase of Louisiana J remain thus raithful
nil to the political and scientific traditionsof
of thn two great republics of the Old and ofthn
the Xnw World
1 urn Mr President with great respectyour
your very obedient servantPHILIPPE
er PHILIPPE Box ACVABILLANRW
NRW tome March sPASSED
PASSED THE MOEY ALOXdHot
Hot Mlxnp nrtwrm Women In Store EndsIn
In Pocket Picking ArrrttA
A floorwalker In 0 Fourteenth streetdepartment
department fetore ran into tho street yesterday
terday afternoon yelling for the policeHe
He found a pair of cps and hustled thornInto
Into the store Two women In front of aribbon
ribbon counter were clutching at eachothers
others hair and mixing i up faster andfaster
fasterThe
The policemen untangled them and gavoheed
heed to the complaint of Mrs Libby Krcltsof
of 717 Madison street She Raid she waslooking
looking at ribbon samples when she felt atug
tug at her handbag She glancedup quicklyand
and saw a woman Blip Rome paper money toHaw
a girl Infra Krl looked In her handbngtlW
Haw her money was gone and promptlygrubbed
grubbed tho woman beside herThe
The ole arrested tho accused womannnd
and locked her up In the Morcer Btrcotstation
station house She said she was Mm FunnyMcMnhon
McMahon of 140 Wayerley place Tho girlwho
who recolvod the monoy Mrs Krolt uoclared
clared got awayThe f
The ScncoirsOn
On the passenger list of th North GormanLloyd
Lloyd Line steamor Kaiser WUholm dorGrofiso
Grease which sails today for BremenMiss
areMlsa
MIA Edna May Miss Jane May UeneralDirector
Director H Bergmonn of Merlin Mr and MrsKllsha
Kllsha Dyer Mrs F t Ixjclerq Mrs Urorle
1 Macy Miss C IuclU Potter and W ENVlghtman
NVlghtmanAboard
Aboard the Cunardor Corpathta whichBails
Mil today for Mediterranean ports areMrs
Mrs F C Andrews Mrs J P Oordy Mrand
and Mrs John Ullfoyle Mrs Harold NathanMrs
Mrs A Ogden James Sister DrlgGcnJames
James N Wheelan Nelson H Williams OtltN
N Williams and W Hugh WalkerAmong
Among th passengers wino arrived onthe
the White Star Lie steamer Republic fromAlexandria
Alexandria and yesterday
Almndla Naples YCtray wereW
W F Alloway Vernon Andrews D MChrlsholm
Chrlsholm O AV Corbett Charles I Hat
Inland Campbell Reaves William U CheneyW
W I Derbyshire and It Cordon MaodonaldOn
On th French LtneBteamorLn Gasoognefrom
from Havre arrived yesterdayUeorge
Ito
Ueorge Bakmctcff Russian Ambassadorto
to Toklo A Uonband D Thomas Leon DoltJ
J lola and V lolaSteward
Steward Hived Off Uie IlcpubllrWilliam
William Taylor a stewardon t WhiteStar
Star line steamer Republic which arrivedyesterday
yesterday from Naples and Alexandriajumped
jumped overboard on February 2 whenthe
th boat vraa 600 miles west of GibraltarHo
Ho Bad been acting oddly and had beenlocked
locked In a stateroom but broke out ranto
to the port d of the second deck forwardi
i and Jumped over th rail His dive wasseen
seen Dy many of th passengers Tho shipwas
a swung about almost within her ownlength
length A boat t lowered and pickedhim
under him confinement He was brought P I iztd 1 at
NAsSAU T HAVBAGR fHOHfSUPEnISOnS
svFEnvisons WILL LOOK INTOCUAROES
CHARGES OF COItnVPTIOXInveitlBatlnB
Investigating Committee Appolntert WillAlk
Ask Wliy I Cost the County 94OOOOto
Sale U tWallw > eSays
to Publish Tax Sail latWalaeSa
Says List Was Padded Ten Time OverThe
The Board of Supervisors of Nassaucounty
county decided yesterday In executivesession
session to investigate th charges of graftand
and collusion made against certain countyofficials
officials and will arrange the details byresolution
resolution the arng week It I
probable that the three supervisors Willlorn
lam 1 Jones of Oyster Bay Edwin 0Wlllotfl
Wlllotfl of North Hernpstead and formerCounty
County Judge Robert Seabury of HompBtead
stead will alt as a committee lathe courthouse
house InMlneola where air who have madekindred
any publo ohardea or graft collusion orkldrd
kindred sins against county offldala will beexamined
examined Halstead Scudder will conductthe
the investigation A record b boon keptof
of public uttoranoes whether in oourt proceedings
ceedings open letters 6r words spoken bythose
those who have charged collusion andgraft
graft and all will be calledThe
The trouble started in 1002 when Johna
0 Kennahan owner of the Oyster BayPilot
Pilot and Fred Crandall owner of the RoslynNeire
News got the job of publishing the list ofproperties
properties tor sale for nonpayment of taxesCounty
County Treasurer Charles F Lewis gave outnamed
the list and It was publishod by the pajeesnaxnedatunexpenae
named at an expense of about 48000 oormol
mol Assemblyman George Wallaoo of FreePOrt
port whose own paper the Sown flioeObserver
Observer was a candidate for the tax saleand
and did not get It charged that the list waapadded
padded at least ten times and that the solecould
could have been conducted at an expensefor
for advertising of about 5000 He madesensational
sensational charges against County Treasurer
urer Lewis which were the basis of a libelsuit
suit which was dropped befdro trialder
Former CODgreBHIIIAn Townsend Scudder
der who resides in the town of Oyster Baycharged
charged that Kennahan received entirelytoo
too much for advertising the tax sale anahas
has Btartedsquito recently a taxpllyers8ult
suit to compel restitution naming In hisas
papelll liS parties to what Ine cimracterlzesas
as collusion against the county CountyTreasurer
Treasurer Lewis Supervisor William HSupervisor
Jones or Oyster Bay Supervisor Edwin ClIIet8
lIIet8 of North Hempstead and lonnorSupervisor
Supervisor Smith Cox of Hempstsad Inhis
his suit Mr Soudder does not mention themoney
money paid to Fred Crandall for the
1002 tax sale but singles out Kennahanwho
who received exactly tho same amount anaat
llllegefl that the taxpayers were chargedat
at least 18000 too much In that lldverttslng
trig bill by reason of the list having beenpadded
padded beyond all reasonTownsend
Townsend Scudder said yesterdayI
I am overjoyed and delighted to hearof
of such an Invotstlgation If It Is to be takenup
up und conducted properly fairly and ingood
good faith If the investigators carefullycompara
compara tho tax sale list of Nassau for
1902 with tho lists of other counties in NewYork
York State they will surely find that Nassaupublished
published thousands and thousands ofwords
words not published by other counties intheir
their tax sale lists and which were entirelyunnecessary
unnecessary to bo published If the omparlAOn
parlAOn or the list with time lists of II majorityof Ior
of those of other counties of tho State Incareful Icareful
careful It will be discovered that wonderful Iful
ful Improvements may be made In themanner
manner of advertising tax sales in NassauFALL
FALL RIVER LIE FAVOnEDProtest
Protest to Interstate Commerce Commission
slon or Railroad FavoritismMartin
Martin H Knapp and Charles N Proutyof
of the Interstate Commerce Commissiongave
gave a hearing In the Federal Buildingyesterday
yesterday on the charges that the trunklines
lines running into New York were givinglow
low through rates to the Fall River Line indiscrimination
discrimination against the other steamshipcompanies
companiesTho
Tho Enterprise Transportation Companywhich
which runs what is known as time New FallRiver
River Line is the complainant It namesthe
the New York Central Pennsylvania Delaware
ware Lackawanna and Western Erie andLehigh
Lehigh Valley as the roads which navecombined
combined to give the old Fall River Line amonopolyof
monopoly through traffic from New England
land to all Western pointsA
A protest against Commissioner Proutyon
on tho ground that he had sold In a speechthat
that tIne New York New Haven and Hartford <
ford Railroad acquIred an unjust monopolyof
of the carrying trade In Its territoryjfrasoverruled
overruled by Presiding CommissionerKnapp
KnappGeorge
George W Brady general manager of thoEnterprise
Enterprise Transportation Company wasthe
the first witness Be Bald that his lineran
ran three boats between Fall River t nd NewYork
York and carried the products of eightyfive
five out of ninetytwo of the big cottonmllU
milLs in Fall River Their rate Was twoto
cont8 per 100 pounds lower on local flllghtto
to New York than the old lines rate andthey
they made a good profit at that But onthe
the through business to Western pointsthe
the old limo was able to underbid It lo to 15cents
cents per 100 through its arrangementwith
with the trunk linesIt
It was the same way with the passengertraffic
traffic ho said His line made money
carrying passengers at Ii a head to NewYorK
YorK where the FaU River Line charged
2 and 3 The older line was again ableto
to scoop the through businessGeorge
George D Dixon freight truffle managerfor
for the Pennsylvania was the first railroadman
man called to testify
In the first place explained Mr Dixonwo
wo have been getting freight and paspongorti
mongers for years from tho Fall River Linowhich
which was first In time field We havo hadthe
the same agreement on through traffic withthat
that company that the other made haveAs
As for admitting any other steamship company
puny to the same rates that would meanadmitting
admitting all thus giving us a flood of oftenlie
undesirable freight From the Fall RiverLne
Lne we are getting all the freigimt we behove
hove we can ever getf rom New EnglandF
F L Poraoroy of the New York Centraland
and Traffic Manager Jnrils of the Lehighgavo
gave testimony along the same lineCommissioner
Commissioner Knapp adjourned the hearing
ing at 3 oclock A report will bo preparedand
and forwarded to Washington embodyingthe
the commissions recommendations in thecube
cube Commissioner Knapp said severaltimes
times at the hearing that he could see noevidence
evidence of violation of the lawn
n n ROGERS TO AX SITE itIt
It turn Missouri Court on Rehearing DccldeiThat
That Answers Can De ExactedSupremo
Supreme Court Justice Gfldersloeve adjourned
journed yesterday to March 20 the bearingon
on the application foian order compellingHenry
Henry H Rogers to answer certain questions
tions put to him at the recent bearing inconnection
connection with the suit brought by theState
State of Missouri against the StandardOil
Oil Company The cause of the adjournment
mont was that the company has appliedfor
for a reargument of the motion in Missouritvhoro
tvhoro the Supreme Court has decidedin
in a local case that the same questionsasked
asked here of Mr Rogers are relevant andmust
must bo answeredW
W V Rowe counsel for Mr Rogerssaid
said in court that speaking as the mouthpiece
piece of Mr Rogers he was prepared toInform
Inform Justice Uildersleove and LawyerWollman
Wollman who represents AttorneyGeneral
oral Uadley of Missouri here that MrRogora
Rogora would positively answer the questions
tions relating to the transfers of stockof
of the Standard and its subsidiary companies
panics if the Supreme Court of Missouriiwe
flrmali decided that they rn stb answeredMr
Mr ztowe said that Mr Rogers refusalsto
to answer had been made on the advice ofcounsel
counsel in the belief that he was withinhis
his rightsLawyer
Lawyer Wollman said that If Mr RoweW9Uld
W9Uld go on record to this effect lie wouldoormunt
oormunt to an adjournment As tbo do
dsion of the Missouri court is looked foron
on March 23 Justice QUdorsleovo Mt th
bearing for noQtb
I fyly repeat orders are proofpositive
positive that rrty cigars are whatI
I claim them to beArgue
Argue as YOU may u to what I can orcannot
cannot do say what you may os to whymen
men order their first hundredcigar
5ciglis
cigar of me you cannot getaround
around theevldenct that therepeat
repeat orders offerThat
That evidence can be contrued
trued only In one wayhat
hat every man who reordershu
hu tried my cigars provedthem
them end found that I do assay
1 sayI
I have had over seven hundredof
of these repeat orders In oneweek
week requiring over one hundred
dred thousand cigars to fill Ithem
them Isnt that proof posilive ilive
live that my cigars are betterthan
than my advertisingWhen
When thousands of othermen
men have tried my cigars andliked
liked them sufficiently well togo
go to the trouble of reordering
lag from me Isnt it possiblethat
that you will appreciate bothquality
quality of cigar and economyin
in ordering from meThat
That there may bo no risk toyou
you in trying the cigars Imake
make YOU the followingoffer
offerMY
MY OFFER IS I willupon
upon request Bend onehundred
hundred Shivers PanatelnClgarx
Cigars on approval to arender
render of THE SUN expressprepaid
prepaid He may smokoten
ten cigars and return thoremaining
remaining ninety at my ex 1 Ianstelapense Shivers IIanstela
pense If he Is not pleased zXarsitBwith
with them If he la pleased ISp aAPsmd
hId keeps them ha agreeto
to remit the price 500 within tendays
daysSimply
Simply enclose business card or givepersonal
personal references and state whether mildmedium
medium or strong cigars are wantedrlHRBERT
HERBERT D SHIVERS
913 Filbert Street Philadelphia PaALDEItMEJf
ALDEItMEJf GET COUNSEL IDalnbrldce
Dalnbrldce Colby to Help tnt estigate StreetCleaning
Cleaning DepartmentTbo
The committee appointed by the Boardof
of Aldermen to investigate the Street Cleaning
log Department met yesterday at the CityHall
Hall and selected for counsel BainbridgoColby
Colby It is understood that he will acceptMr
Mr Colby is the Republican leader of theTwentyninth
Twentyninth Assembly district The committee
mittee will begin its inquiry on March 14at
at 1031 A M in the Aldermens chamberGot
SPENT 5UVYITHDOCTORS
VYITHDOCTORSGot
Got Barbers Itch FromShavingWorse
Worse Under Doctors CareTried
Tried Everything and Was DiscouragedRaliroad
couraged Railroad Official Cannot
not Praise Cuticura Too MuchCURED
5CURED
CURED BY ONE SETOF
OF CUTICURACOST 1I
I want to send you a word ofthanks
thanks for what the wonderful CuticuraRemedies
Remedies have done for me I got shavedand
and got barbers itch and doctoredwith
with my own doctor but it got worsedollar
all the time I spent in aI about fifty
dollar with doctors but still it gotworse
worse A friend of mine wanted me totry
try the Cuticura Remedies As I hadtried
tried everything I was discouraged Ibought
bought one set of the Cuticura RemediesSoap
Soap Ointment and Fills cost 100and
and they cured me entirely so I cannotpraise
praise them too much I would b willingtodomoet
todomoet any thing for the promotionofft
ft cause like the Cuticura RemediesThey
They are wonderful and I have recommended
mended them to every one nheraoccasion
occasion demanded it I think every
family should know about the Cuticura
Remedies where they hare childrenAllen
Allen Ridgwny
Station Master The Central Railroad
Company of New Jersey
Oct 21005 Barocgat Station NJBEST
BEST IN MARKETAre
Are Cuticura Soap and OintmentHerewith
4 Herewith I express to you my mostsincere
sincere thanks for the wonderful cureof
of the scalp of my child by means ofthe
the Cuticura Remedies They are the
best Soap nd Ointment ever sold in tbomarket
market Mrs M Ncuncr
1200 E Eager fit
Juno 211005 Baltimore MiConplrto
Complete Cxtiretl ttt Intttnil Trttlranl for ntrr
Rumor fronJrimplM no Scrofula from IJinc joKlvk A
eonnimIgci Cutictns snip 1k Oletotent see aonv
slit 605 in term at Ctnoelau etnid 1Il 21 pee
vial SI 55m17 b ksd of ill druqtita 4 t set aOea
cur tin moitditrutn sue woa all tl mIle ffHUI
1rc S Chenn Ccp Son ITODM Rouen > IUkmr
mr Millxl Tnt How to Cun Tonitrioi Jutnjljf
Button sat Tt > QrMtfU BookTVPEWniTEnS
TIPEWIUTEIISTsiYffEids
TsiYffEids AH Makri
C owed IrlOMelephone
Susie Itebtuiit Guaranteed
S ELISANY
rime fypowriters Exeilanle
4 Barclay St Telephone II31 CortlandtTYPEWRITERS
TYPEWRITERS standard makes rented
and kept In order rlbboui free nucblnca sold
from SO to W per rent leap than manutaoturcra
prlnea FSWEDSTEROO 10 Park Mate Tele
phone U70 Corllandt
t month rent appliedon
ffi on purohaae Oeuerali
i Type Ei 243 llwayFOR
TYPEWRiTERS RKNTEUAli makes all prices
A W 25 CO 543 Broadway Phoab sneeFOR
FOR SALENew
New and second hand craB
4fe II IPlft kinds and makes gate boughti
V n H H i tIchnged and repaired
S AFES VORK SAFE A LOCK CO
will LU formerly J U Wowman
72 Maiden Lane Tel 123 JohnS
S AFE SIIHel 5 Freeman Standard
Safes Large Steele ot second4fe
hand eaten Safe hourht moved repaired
REYNOLDS A HEIDEIIOKH Agents 78 Duane StDBS
DBS KSRolltop partitions railIngs tables safes
Utter presses counters shelving store omcei
fired iw dot chairs FINN BROS 2ss cSntreI
I LOST FOUND AND REWARDS
Ijtrleso NORTII1II1N SAOIPIO ti B
0 4 noNDno7assss1oesz Na ISLAND
IAID A LI13IRAL RE
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BittersDrink
Drink the oldtoait
tot in goodUnderberg
Underberg Boonckamp
kamp Bitters and insurethe
sure these three blessings
ings for yourself andfriends
friends AppetiteDigestion
Digestion HealthEojoyabto
Eojoyabto as a Cocktailand
and better for youOr
Over e000000 bottle 1mported
ported to USAlbrNbt
saa wrwaeaZoltled
Zoltled olnlg h3 ii UnderbergAIbrechi
AlbrNbt IUietaD nr tiermany
many sine 1840MJYTIES
MJYTIES BRirTHERS ierffAytil IModel
Model WineipslUrsiOfJfillMinSi NrwVoryHELP
HELP WANTED FEMAIJJEXPERIENCED
EXPERIENCED CURLS on pocketbook anicase
case making also tin to pack and keep Block bookKIQQINS
KIQQINS TOOKEfr iza William 51UMDREriasflppers
UMBRELLAS Tippers wanted On plain parasohand
and silk umbrellas ALLISON dt LAilSON iEast
East ITlhst
HELP WANTED MALKCOMPOSITORS
COMPOSITORS stone hands and makeup
up men linotype and monotype keyboardoperators
operators and machinists wanted for permanent
manent positions in the large book andjob
job offices of New York city highest wagespaid
paid to competent men willing to workIn
In open shops Call or address RivingETVE
as reference tormer employer TYPOTHET
ETVE OP THBCITYOP NEW YORKRoom
Room 1320 320 Broadway New YorkNY
NY
YAUTOnOBILE
AUTOnOBILE SCHOOLS OPAMERICA
AMERICAweekly
7argest ocivate school syatolmi In world Day ornlsbi
nlsbi road and repair workOn fourcyitndcr saraonly
only Can place 100 graduates 55 3 to 40weekly
weekly
WIUTE FOR PARTICULARS
742 TTH AV PHONK SMI COL NEW YORKLINEMEN
LINEMEN A few Independent Stat class experlenced
perlenced electric light linemen to work on theopenebopplamiand
openshop plan and to take the place of linemenbeen
wino weal out ave menthsago asking exorbitantwages
wages We guarsntCe that linemen coming herewill
will not be interfered with several linemen havingbeen
been at work here steadily for over two monthsTime
ages 275 per day nine hour straight timeTime
Time and onehalf for overtimefood nd nolidauCoed
food board here JS per week Fare to WUkesbarre
barre will bo refunded on first payday Addresior
or notify WILKESBARRE GAS ft KLECTKIOCOMPANY
COMPANY WUkesBarreJaWANTED
WANTED Two well educated men of businessability
ability to represent outside of New York cityfine
fine opportunity for Industrious men Call orwrite
write ODD MEAD A COMPANY t West S9thSt
St New York city reference requiredWANTED
WANTED Two floor and two planer banda oaheavy
heavy work steady work and rood wages notrouble
trouble only tintclass men wanted state wacenand
and experience FARREL FOUNDRY A MACHINE
CHINE CO Ansonla ConnWANTED
WANTED Experienced man on gold ataraplnrreas
press Job and edition work Address s box 130un
ritun officeSITUATIONS
I aSIT5JATlOS
SITUATIONS WANTEDFEMAJLBBOOKBINDER
BOOKBINDER accomplished bookbinderwants
wants a situation Address E W box lit Sunoffice
officeOFFICE <
OFFICE ASSISTANT Knowledge of stenoirraphyand
raphyand typewriting bright beginner moderateeaJary
salary L O 438 Hopkinson Ave BrooklynSITUATIONS
SITUATIONS WANTED AIALEHOY
HOY wishes position In wholesale or Importinghnuie
house cnASLIPSIUTZ401fonardSt llrooklynPAWNDIIOIIEIIS
PAWNDIIOIIEIIS SALKJL
L L FIHUSKI Auct70 Bowery sells 10 A MMarch
March 8Order M M A E UruckneltnerJewelry
JewelryMarch
March 7 Order Wm Simpson Co 151 Donerrscrlpllon
sit diamonds eatcbcs leweicy goods every deicrlption
scrlpllon pledged prior Dec 16 UKH to No 451Mand
and all older Sates held overMarch
March 8 Order B Drcyer 442 8th av all dlimends
mends watches jewelry goods every descriptionpledged
pledged prior March 1 1006 to No 18414 and nilolder
older dates held overMarch
March S Order J E Lemon Co 470 Oth avall
all diamonds watches Jewelry goods every inscription
scription pledged prior Feb 1 1605 to No 47uand
and all older dates held overMarch
March UOrder S Stem 2271 Rib av all diamonds
monds watches Jewelry clothing goods every
description pledged prior Feb M loOt to No U7MMarch
March 11 Order leo Weaver 460 eth av clothIng
tag 6c pledged prior Much 2 1905March
March IB Order M Manning Sons lOW 31av
av 154 Bib av clothing Ac pledged prior March
8 105JULIUS
JULIUS SHONOOOD Auctioneer by JosephShongoods
Shongoods Sons Aucts 94 IJowery
March 0 Jewelry A Friedman 101 3d avpledged
March 6Mens and women clothing Acpledged
pledged to Feb 6 IMSup to No 25794 S Lehman
man Brooklyn E Uluser 63 Catharine StMarch
March 7Clothlng Ac Magettliros 458 OrandMarch
at Ned itartam 490 Hudson atMarch
March Clothing and all pledges prior to March
11905 with S Turk bankrupt 1404 2d avMarch
March 8 Jewelry diamonds 4c J niumenUial
dial fM Hudson St Ned Harlam 400 Huuron stMarch
March 0 Clothing A Sellnger OS4 2d avMarch
March ft Jewelry IlncrU t Co sos sd avMarch
March 12 Clothing L Schleber 182U 24 avMarch
March U Diamonds watches Jewelrypledged Acpieded >
pledged to March 5 1605 JohnvJ Aaron a Son1SI
1SI Qrand atCENTRAL
CENTRAL AUCTION CO M Sheehan Auct1S2164
1S2164 Cans st will ECU at 10 A IiMarch
March 12Dy H McAUcenan 1330 Droduayall
all diamonds Jewelry watches Ac pledged fromNo
No 90000 In 1BW to No sow In IMS and all goods
held overMarch
March 12By H Dreckwedel 47S Grand Stclothing
clothing pledged to March 8 1903March
March 13by R Simpson A Co IM Dowervwatohn
watches diamonds Jewelry Ac pledged to No2MOO
2MOO Jan 11903 and all goods heldover
March ISby P p MUslmmons clothingELI
ELI SOUEL Auct 9S Bowery sells OM A Mall
all goods pledged prior Feb 29 laos
March 7Odds and ends consignment
March IB Jewelrj Ivan Prince all 7th av
March 8Jewelry Klembaum lasses UklyaCHANCES
4DUSINISS
DUSINISS CHANCESTHADKMARKS
THADKMARKSUES1ONM
NTS DEmONS ANDCOPYRIGHTS
COPYRIGHTSADVICE
ADVICE FREE SEND FOR INVENTORS OlIDBSOLICITORS
EDGAR TATE DOSOLICITORS
SOLICITORS OF
1 UNITED STATES AND FOREIGN PATENTS
Z43 BROADWAY NEW YORK
No charge for selling patentsA
A PARTY WANTED WITH S100000 gVaranltebuilder
60 per cent on investment by tborougnly relIable
builder who has under construction a great numberof
of houses at present and desires the above amountfor
for the purpose of completing same this Is an exceptional
ceptional opportunity Apply lo
MoDONALDWIGGINS CO M7 BroadwayRESTAURANT
RESTAURANT One of the best paying downtown
town furnished complete business about 1100dally
dally price S5000 this Is a bargain
MCDONALDWIGGINS co 247 BroadwayELECTRICAL
ELECTRICAL SUPPLY manufacturing budness
ness party wanted with S10000 prom rr per centthis
this U an unusually good openingLOAN
MeUONALDWIG i3 CO 267 flrodwaYLOAN
LOAN OF SIOOO RIqUItlBD capital to be expended
pended In a high ctus confectionery business onBroadway
Broadway this cur Apply to
MCDONALDwiaoixa co 217 BroadwaytiOO
tiOO BUYS old established bicycle phonographand
and snorting goods business good location NewYork
York cliy Particulars atMCDONALDWIGGINS
MCDONALDWIGGINS co 257 BroadwayLET
LET ME SELL YOUR PATENTBO OK LET Mailedfree
free Ofteen years experience patent sales excluSMALL
hyde Call wjt or tclepjoae WIiiIAII i
hIOtI Ia1entSalos3pecists BroAdway N nSMALL
SMALL CAPITAL only required to take overenestablished
enestablished going and lucrative paste businessGood
Good reasons for telling Addreaa U Box lotBUD
BUD once IHIGHEST
HIGHEST PRICES PAID for Mwntlek < 1tomoadt
moadt pcajU trttdia aad JavtUT A BAUUf
phi Uowtry 5
5
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