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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, December 02, 1906, Image 8

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8 t TR1I Ulf L ios I
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bt tutSUNDAY
Catered nl the Post omre at New York as SecondClnu i
Clas Mall Mattersubscription
subscription by Mall PostpaidUA1LY
UA1LY Ier Month SO 50DAILY
DAILY Per ThattUffiAY I e 00fcUNPAY
DAIIA AND SUNDAY Per Monthi 70Pottage
i Pottage to foreign countries addedPublished
Published by The gun Printing and PublishingAtkdcbllon
Atkdcbllon at 170 Nassau street In the Ooroufh ofManhattan
Manhattan New orkII
It our frlrndt irfto furor ut i manuitrtpft totpubluattan
publuattan attti t Itatt reacted ankles retumttt Ouvmutt
mutt i oil cases tend stamps tor rplIrots
Progress In CubaThe
The Cuban Bituntlon shows encouraging
ing signs Governor MAGOOX Is evidently
dently profiting by his experience andBecms
ems to have taken a firmer grip During
ing the first four weeks of his controlthare
thare wero numerous indications that hi
nttitule was Homewhat too indulgenttoward
toward a clamorous group on whichexcessive
excessive indulgence iE worse thanwasted
wasted From various accounts recentlyreceived
received wo infer that he has nowreached
reached a better understanding withthese
these selfish aspirants for place andpovyer
power I this is so the Htep has beenwisely
wisely takenOur
Our information is that the island istranquil
tranquil and that the people are busyat
at their customary work Here andthere
there offences arc committed but theynrenot
are not in any way political Men ofcriminal
criminal tendencies have taken advantage
tage of a disordered situation and havecommitted
fr committed crimes hit such matters arefor Ifor
for the police and the police and theRural
Rural Guards aro attending to themEven
Even in Cienfupuos which has been 1porlcllnrl
particularly artivo centre of disturbnnco
nnco thero is I general restoration oflaw
law and order The city is now undera
a new set of officials composed of menof
k of property and standing It is report
that their appointment hns given widespread
spread satisfaction If that vicinity canbe
be kept quiet for 1 while the rest of theislrtnd
islrtnd will give little troubleThe
The political pot continue to boil ofcourse
course Without that clement in itslife
life the inland would l > e unrecognizableThero
I Thero is a growing appreciation of thefact
fact that the present Administration isnot
not n patron of any party The Moderates
erates are in a good deal of disorder anddisagreement
disagreement while the Liberals thoughsomewhat
somewhat at odds regarding men arequite
quite harmonious regarding me url
Some of tho Moderates desiro a comparatively
paratively brief American protectoratewhile
while others favor a protectorate ofindefinite
indefinite or oven permanent continuance
ance Tho Literal are practically unit
on 1 policy of Cuba for the Cubansand
and dosiro a complete withdrawal ofAmorian IheAmericans
Americans at the earliest possible timoWith
With that end in view they are doingnot
not n littlo to make possible an earlywithdrawaland
withdrawal and are thus forcing an issuewith
with their opponentsThe
The valuo of tho present Liberal policymust
must 0 measured with accuracy Wehave
have certain work to do before we canwisely
I wisely leave the island Our responsibility
bility will continue even after our departure
bity wi cntnue
parture There is every probability thattho
tho Liberals would win heavily at unelection
election The earlier tho election thelarger
larger would b their majority Beforean
i a election is ordered there should befair
fair assurance of the good faith of thatparty
party There should bo no election andno
no transfer of government so long asthere
there is any ground for suspicion thatthe
the probably successful party is on Itsgood
4 good behavior only to induce our withdrawal
drawal and repeat the experience whichwrecked
wrecked their opponent
Meanwhile the immediate reports arereassuring
i The Latest News From RuotaAccording
to statement made atSt
According a ttntement ISt
St Petersburg on November 29 by thoSlrana IStrn
Slrana I semiofficial organ PremierSTOLTPIN
STOLTPIN expects that the compositionof
compositonof i
of the next Duma will be satisfactory tohimself I
himself and fitted to solve the problemswith Iwib
with which the Government is confronted
fronted Should tho new Duma disappoint
point his expectation he declares thathe
be wIllS summon a third national assembly
bly which ho guarantees shall be onoof
of the kind that Russia needs in order toestablish
establish upon firm foundations a rfgimoof
of law and order Such a regime thecountry
country Dust have ho says if it is togive
give the world a bond for tho paymentof
of its outstanding debts This meansof I
of course that if tho changes recentlymade
made by the Senate in the electoral lawfall I
fall t secure a Government majority intho i
tho next Duma that body will be dissolved
solved quickly on ono pretext or a Iother
other and the conditions of the suffragewill
will undergo such drastic reconstruction
tion as practically will restrict thefranchise I
franchise to the landowners above thernujik Imnjik
t rnujik class a state of things which maybo
p bo said to have prevailed in Englandbefore
before tho Reform act of 1832 becameoperative I
There is reason to think that PremierSTOLriJX
STOLriJX w overconfident as regardstho
tho effect of his precautionary mel
tires That was at nil events tho opinionavowed I
avowed ut tho meeting of the noblesH
H the other day at St Petersburg inMen
Men almost every province in EuroJxni
Jxni Russia was represented That bythe
the exclusion of a large part of the railway
way employees from tho franchise andby
by regulations intended to deprive allworkmen
workmen in Government pay of thosuffrage
suffrage the proletariat voto has beenmuch
much reduced is undisputed Tho minoroureaucratu
oureaucratu also have been warnedthat
that they will lose their places if theyfall
fall to support candidates having Miiiisterial
isterial approval But as wiw pointedout I
out at tho meeting of tbo nobles only aweak
e weak minority of the constituenciescould
could bo nlVcrtcd in this way Muchdoubt
doubt thosucwSis
was oxprcsed concerning
sucwSis of tho Cabinets attempt to influence
ence thq lra1 who constitute soJ
large a part of the electorate and tbenobles
nobles warned the Premier that nothingshort
short of a radical readjustment of thosuffrage
suffrage on the basis of a tolerably highproperty
property qualification would assure t
him the tractable assembly which hodesires
desires The purport of Mr STOLYPINBreply
reply to the appeal of the nobles seemsto
to have boon app this Not yetbut
but soon Ho will tr once to obtain asubservient
subservient Duma under the Witte electoral
toral law as lately interpreted by theSenate
Senate I he fails a third Duma willbe
be chosen under a materially differentlaw
law framed by himself fIt
It might have been foreseen that thevery
very steps ton by tho Premier t diminish
ish the number of his opponents in thonext
next Duma would provoke a movementtoward
toward consolidation on the part of thoantiGovernment
antiGovernment parties Such a movement
ment has Already taken place Thoconservative
conservative wing of the Social Democrats
crate at a recent meeting of their partycarried
that in districtswhere
carried a resolution ditrictswher
where there was no hope of returninga
a Social Democrat the party vote shouldbe
be thrown in favor of tho ConstitutionalDemocratic
Democratic nominee There are signsof
of adispositlon to bring about a coalitionunder
under similar conditions between Constitutional
stitutional Democrat and OctobristsBy
By such methods of conciliation andcompromise
compromise tho Constitutional Democrats
crats hope to retain preponderance inthe
the coming national assembly thoughthey
they admit that it will be diminishedTho
Tho lenders of tho Opposition alsoseem
seem to have profited by experience andhave
have determined to avoid the tacticalblunders
blunders committed in the lat DumaThey
They will give the Government no pretext
text for dissolving Parliament until theythemsclvra
themselves shall have secured the confidence
fidence of the electorate by an endeavorto
to secure universal suffrage and a thorough
ough reform of tho system of local a
ministration I f the Duma passes bUst Iing
that effect tho responsibility for rejecting
ing them will rest elsewhere That i t
nay the next national assembly will de
vote itself to constructive work beforeit
it resorts to obstructive tat
In a word the electoral campaign inRussia
Russia is well under way and the linosbetween
between the Ministerialists of all shadeson
on one hand and the diverse componentsof
I of the Opposition on the other are sharplydrawn
drawn The only element of uncertainty
tainty is the position that will be taUcnby
I psiton betenby
by the delegates of the peasantry Meanwhile
while thero is a rumor that Count WITTEwho
who has bought the Sloro and made ithis
his personal organ means to come forward
ward as a candidate for a set in the newDuma
Duma and that if elected he will befound
found among tho Governments opponents
nents Stranger things have happenedthan
than would be the return of Count VrrTEto
to power as the head of an OctobristConstitutional
Constitutional Democratic coalitionThe
The New Deal In PanamaPresident
President ROOSEVELTS new reorganization
zation plan in connect Ion with the PanamaCanal
Canal now that it has been semioRiclallydisclosed
disclosed seems t bear a striking familyresemblance
resemblance to a former scheme suggested
gested by him t Congress nearly twoyears
years ago Tho only difference betweenthe
the two is that in the first instance heproposed
proposed to reduce the commission to amembership
membership of three giving it the character
actor of an executive committee andtotally
totally dinynuting its character as anadministrative
administrative and deliberative council
I cil whereas now compelled by the refusal
I fusal of Congress to enact the proposedlegislation
legislation to adopt another expedienthe
he achieves tho desired consummationwithout
without disturbing the surface of thoarrangement
I arrangement prescribed in the socalledSpooner
Spooner lawOn
I On tho first occasion it was Mr ROOSEVELTS
VELTS ardent wish t inaugurate a practical
I tical prosecution of the enterprise Hehad
had had enough of solemn confabulationin
in the luxurious Washington quarters ofI
I tin commission I seemed to him thata
I a body composed of seven commissionersof
of virtually equal powers and responsibilities
bilities at least four of whom were engaged
gaged exclusively with blue prints barring
Jag occasional pleasant weatherexcursion
excursion t the Isthmus could hardlybe
construct real canal
be expected to a
within the limits of an generation
tion Ho wanted a triumvirate two ofwhom
ton wante
whom were t have permanent office onthe
the Isthmus and all three of whom wer
to address themselves to actual canalbuilding
building always maintaining order andgood
good feeling in Panama a consummation
tion already achieved by Governor MAooov
ooov Congress however did not r
spondto the Presidents somewhat imperious
perious overture The Spooner lawremained
remained untouched Mr ROOSEVELTSseven
seven commissioners stood fast upon thopayroll
payroll and the dirt didnt flySince
Since March 1005 many things havehappened
happened Much light has been thrownupon
upon the situation The dirt i jerymuch
much where it was two years ago buta
a vast amount of preparation is now complete
plete After all men are mere fallibleand
and feeble human beings I is conceivable
ceivable that the working force will befar
far more effective now that we have provide
vided sanitary housing wholesome too
medical attention and other conditionsof
of bodily comfort Possibly these results
suIt might have been accomplished concurrently
currently with a vigorous and effectiveattack
attack upon the Culebra monster possibly I
sibly not Between the impetuous enthusiasms
thusiasms of President ROOSEVELT andthe I
the tinbeautiful and homely counsels ofdeliberation I
deliberation who shall judgeBut I
But the Presidents latest plan of reorganization
organization possesses the twofold meritof
of producing the very situation he unsuccessfully
cessfully endeavored to create two yearsago
ago and at the same time avoiding conflict
filet with Congress Authority initiative
tive power will now be concentrated intwo
two or three men an the President originally
nally intended There will b tho usualnumber
number of commissioners no doubtbut
but their functions will undergo a processof
of subjugation So the President hashad
had his own way onco riloro In eel
thing save name the new commissionwill
i will disappear to mako room for theexecutive
executive committee ho originallyprefigured
prefigured There will bo no moreleisurely
leisurely debating societies no 10108eron
1 serene and opulent excursions to theIsthmus
Isthmus at Government expense Sofar
far 09 the material at tho Presidentsdisposal
disposal Is capable of achieving the re
i yt ia L > <
1 t rsuit
suit we shall have business and nothing
big else HenceforthThe
The President scores another victoryand
and this time fortunately for the country
try It t a victory in the interest of common
mon sense and expeditionSouthern
Southern Poetrys Banner VcarIt
It i not admitted in the highest lt
erary circles that REUBEN J HOLMEStho
the poet laureate of Salisbury N Chas
has to his standard in arecent
ha come up t hi own tda Ircent
recent rhapsody entitled Capri Thattho
the vet ar of rare merit and contain
tain the result of many noble and lofythouht
thought is everywhere conceded butall
all Southern lovers of really high ca
minstrels main tain that Carolina
minstrelsymaintain Calna poetryreached
reached its zenith in 1003 and has sincedeclined
declined lower scale It was in
delne upon a 8calel I W8
1003 that our Appalachian troubadour roseup
up and smote his lyre to this effectJust IJUI
Just a month ago In the Piedmont sectionWhere
Where things are beautiful and not 1 slowI I
I bad tat pleasure meeting Mla MARIONEACTAnd
And from the pleasant smile which the poneiueitI
I was well satltQed that she was equivalent tothe
tb bestTo
To say that this note of more thanhuman
human beauty touched every heart inRowan
Rowan county and enraptured all feeling
ing persons within two hundred miles isto
to state the case with imbecile inadequacy
quacy Those who still recall the almostuncontrollable
uncontrollable ecstasy in which theyward
throbbed and panted for weeks afterward
ward are not ready t admit that Capriis
is a thriller of anything like equal powerIt
I is generally conceded that the lattermarks
marks a distinct lapse from the fervorand
and the inspiration of three years agoNor
Nor have they forgotten another outburst
burst of peculiar and compelling beautywhich
and brilliant jewelin
which fixed a new ad briiat
in the crown of 1003 Elegy this timeI
I was personally acquainted with Sister UuitrnrAnd
And I Trinity record youll searchNo
No greater worker among male or femaleCan
Can be found In the A M E ChurchShe
She never did ftai to do her duty to her GODAnd
And to her church of which sue lovl
But today where Is dear Sister McnrntWith
With the blood wvihe4 host aboveSIsterMcsrHT
SIsterMcsrHT Is happy now In the kingdomSbeJs
SbeJs sinking with the redeemedLook
Look at her before the majestic throneDrinking
Drinking from the placid I streamBut
But this was not all the South hadto
to offer in that immortal year for 1003brought
brought to light the most colossal figuro
urn in the modern choirthe figure ofLoins
Loins MICHEL of Baltimore In him wofind
find a master of melody and rhythmof
of music passion imd exaltation In himwe
we also find more than all this we findthe
the prophet and the priest of poetryHe
He i the very prince of versatility forwhile
while he Is able to twitter coo andcaterwaul
waul with the finest adept in thoeolines
lines he can sound the clarion till thehillsides
hillsides faint and ho carries thunderalways
always on his person I was in thismore
more heroic all uplifting mood thatabout
about three years ago he wound the hornwith
with these resultsA
A giant both In form and subtle mindStands
Stands Idolized brave TIIKODOBB ItoosivKUTBefore
Before the world No one a ever findA
A leader who his mission prompter tel
No subtler mind than his could brightly endA
A fearful coal strike In a crisis greatNo
No truer patriot could prompter sendIlls
Ills fleet to Beirut In the days ot fairNo
No braver man has ever kept his pledgeAs
As RooaEVEtT spite glaring ridiculeFor
For Cuba layeth I new entrtnc wedgeOf
Of two republics under golden ruleFor
For struggllnrmanbood ever feeling kindAnd
And ever true to nation cultured lawIntensely
Intensely good yet he was never blindTo
To our Interests and New PanamaAmerica
America will perhaps never producea
a poet so thoroughly equipped for success
cess in every field Wonders of his kinddo
do not usually occur more than once Inn
a century and even at that rate only inscattered
scattered and far distant spots We feeltherefore
therefore that never is the word forthe
the occasion and shall continue to regardMICHEL
MICHEL a hors de concoura somethingphenomenal
phenomenal not to say unearthly OfREUBEN
REUBEN J lolIES however we maythink
think as of a fellow creature from whopomelting
melting harp we have t right to expectfurther
further and if such a thing were possible
sible still more ravishing delights I i
difficult to believe that ho or any othermortal
moral person will ever soar above thedizzy
level of tho ode to Miss MAKION
KACX and tho obituary tribute t SisterMURPHY
MURPHY but he will sing again and singwith
with more than ordinary sweetnessThero
There is but one SHAKESPEARE butevery I1RICO
every ale and every generation has itsMAWUCO
MAWUCO or lU BLOKDEL and that ismore
more than we perhaps deserveKour
roar Thousand Dollar for ChaplainsThe
The Board of Aldermen on Tuesdayadopted
adopted the recommendation of itsFinance
Finance Committee and disapproved a
appropriation of 1000 allowed by theBoard
Board of Estimate in the budget for 1007to
to pay the salaries of four additionalchaplains
chaplains in the Fire Department Fourchaplains
chaplains of the department now receiveJlOOO
JlOOO each They have alarm bells intheir
their homes and are taken to fires In department
partment vehicles What services of anyparticular
particular importance they render atfires Ifre
fires that could not be performed at lest
8 well by other has never been clearTt
Tt is apparent however that they arenot
not worth paying salaries to and thatthe
the maintenance of I religious annex byany
any executive is open to serious objectionWhen
When the department first appointedchaplains
chaplains it was explained that theywould
would cost the taxpayers nothing andtheir
their duties were left vague and undeBcribed
Bcribed They were to attend such firesas
as suited their convenience b of suchuso
use as they might visit the fire stationswhen
when they wanted to and otherwiseenjoy
enjoy themselves after the manner of allsocallocy
socallocy buffsThe
The taxpayers mide no objections t
this innovation and tho making of thechaplalnships
chaplalnships salaried jobs was tho natural
ural result ofthe good natured tolerancewith
with which it was received When thoappropriation
appropriation was first allowed to gothrough
through it became a permanent itemin
in tho budget The Police Departmentnow
now has volunteer chaplains and theytoo
too wanted salaries for next year whichthe
the Aldermen properly refused to sanction
tion Next the Dock Street CleaningWater
Water Gas and Electricity and FinanceDepartments
Departments the Counsel to the Corporation
ration the Aqueduct Board the Rapid
A at
Transit I Commission the Aldermen the I
Board of Election overy officeholder onthe
the payroll will be taking thought as tothe Itho
the hereafter and begging for officialreligious I
religious advisers There will be nodearth
dearth applicants for the jobs eitherThe
The Aldermen did a good job whenthey
they knocked out tho appropriations of
8000 for Fire and Police Departmentchaplains
chaplains They made a mistake dueprobably
probably t no motive more reprehensible
sible than good nature when they a
lowed any money at all for the pay ofreligious
religious mentorsA S
A Great ReformThe
The momentous question of spellingreform
reform cannot be settled by a paltry andhidebound
hidebound subcommittee of the HouseCommittee
Committee on Appropriations The Publio
lie Printer is already an object of enlightened
lightened public sympathy nearly torninto
into pieces as he i by the neoorthographers
ral > her and the cacographers TheSupreme
Supreme Court of the United Stateswhatever
whatever veneration may have clothedit
it in former days is known t have modeerroneous
erroneous decisions which do not commend
mend themselves to tho living presentand
and President In these a in othermatters
matters there i a final authority a sovereign
ereign and an irrefragable court of appeals
peals The people exp and havetho
tho happiness of getting sometimes morethan
than they expect from that ultimate andinexhaustible
inexhaustible sourceMr
Mr ROOSEVELT does not need anybodyto
to hold up his hands in this or any otheremprise
emprise but his assurance i doublysure
sure with Professor BRANDER MATTHEWSand
and Lord Rector CAKNEQIE at his batikIt
It may be said that there is no populardemand
demand for reformed spelling Therowas
was no popular demand for the railroadrate
rate law Tho demand came from thesource
source of supply The people had butto
to know what 1 wanted and theywanted
wanted it at once S will it b wit
spelling reformCrises
Crises a thick Problema press forsettlement
settlement Congress will be busy Butno
no diplomatic no economic concernshould
should be permitted t keep spellingreform
reform Baiting At present that reform
form is merely officious I should bomode
mae official Unnecessary lettersshould
should be discharged at once and without
out honorIn
In 1870 the sugar consumption of theUnited
United States was 853 pounds per capitaIt
I ts now a ltle in exows of < 0 pounds Theper
per capita expenditure remains about thesame
same for the reason that while the quantityconsumed
consumed has doubled the is littlelew
cnum double tle price a UtleI
lees that half what It was in 1870The
The country Is now taking about 3900000tons
tons of sugar for Its yearly requirementAbout
About 1800000 tons are imported and abut
1000000 tons a of domestic productionincluding
including the crops of Porto Rico and HaI
I wall The strictly domestic product excluding
cluding that of our noncontiguous territories
tories shows a material Increase The output
put in 1890 the beginning of our beet sugarera
era was 219000 tons in comparison wit
the STUCCO tons of 1805 The percentage ofstrictly
strictly domestic supply in its relation tototal
total consumption shows a fair InC
In 1800 the home grown output formed aboutl
15 per cent of the total requirement and in
1905 about 2 per pentThere
There ls little or no probability of anymaterial
material change in pro for the comingyear
year The estimates sow a probable reductlon
ductlon of about 7 per t in the Europeanbeet
beet sugar output which now representsnot
not far from 0 per cent of the worlds totalsupply
supply The probability Is that this emaildeficiency
deficiency will be mae up by increase fromother
other sources but that increase is not a alllikely
likely t b large enough t result in pricereduction
Two million eight hundred thousand tonsof
of sugar is a heap of sweeteningThe
The Star of Montreal makes the subjoined
joined editorial comment on Canadian interest
est in tbe Monroe DoctrineAmerica
America will be DrUlsn and American as loneaa
aa tbS e two Powers cal keep II e Any attemptto
to plant another ouulde Power la this hemispherewould
would b restated by tbe whole force of bath theempire
empire and the republic for both the empire andtbe
the republic are behind what la called le MonroeDoctrine
Doctrine There are those In Canada wbo dometimes
times allow themselves to speak as I this doctrinewire
i wire hostile to us and as If we would profit by Uscurtailment
j curtailment or destruction hut this U a strablamleMew
Mew ot the situation The Monroe Doctrine tor
the present position of Canada and binds a treatnation
nation to defend It It alt keeps away from tnlscontinent
continent anr other Power which mltbl conceivably
ably think of encroaching upon Canadian rights orterritory
territory iwmctnlnf that Canada should be Interested
I ested In No one will can more thin ourselvesfrom
BritishAmerican from the policy of preserve making of this hemisphere aBritishAmerican
Our esteemed contemporary continues iuremarks
Protection Is a fiscal policy which m > or maynot
not persist In the United States alter It hasreached
reached an Industrial strength which makes umore
more bull for outside msrWeta than fearful aboutthe
the home Held but the Monroe Doctrine will onlydl
dIe when American power to enforce U has decayed
caredThis view is neither strabistnlo nor myopicNot
Not a Protestant SeetTo
To tea EDITOR or TUB 5ViStr Your correspondent
spondent N M I asks and answers to hla ownsatisfaction
satisfaction some questions concerning the authority
thority of the legally and shamefully miscalledProtestant
Protestant Episcopal Church to dele heresyand
and Us power to deal with It His queer conclusions
dons are reached by assuming It to be a Protestantsect
sect I
sectYour correspondents premlre Is historicallywront
wrong and therefore his conclusions are falseThe
The Church which be has attacked Is not a Protestant
estant sect but a living part of the treat AngloCatholic
Catholic conmunlon founded In apostolic timeswith
with a unbroken descent in apostolic lu ellol
to the present day and possessing the apostollopriesthood
priesthood sacraments and faith committed t
her by Her Dlvlns rounder Christ She Is therefore I
fore a divinely appointed guardian of the Catholicfaith
faith and has divine authority to define that fthand
and power to state what heresy pirit Is to eiposand I
and to relect that heresyThe
The aKU optIon contained In your correspondents
ents rlcslng question Is denied by tirothirds ofCatholic II
Catholic ChristendomJoins
SnrORD L I November 39The
The Wisdom of a SageTo
To THE EDiron or Tits SON Sir Tbe averateAmert
mel an In trying to save time loll It What Imeal
meal Is that he shortens his life This seems tobe
b 40 irony of the go9 KESTINA LUTEMvr
Mvr YORE December 1Its
Its Coo to II3 Alive
I have herded with the smit terailIn
In the sweating subway carsOut
Out Fee trailed the mjuitila brseisUnderneath
Underneath the Alpine starjI
I have fought the flamm feverWhere
Where the tropic fungi thrlrrUut
hut Ive swum In coollni rlf
0 Its rood to be allvetI
I have sutTerod grtat misfortuneSucS
Such as Fate to a men sendiHut
Hut Ive found that each one showed meJust
Just whom I could cAl my friendsSo
So let kings and rating rebelsFor
For their petty powers striveFor
Ior a little child Just klaacil mend
And Its good to b allvelHotuu
alvelIoua DeaxtiI
To THE EDITOR or TiE SUNSir Whalcan
can we know or confidently presume or reasonably
sonably guess as t the prevent existence olIntelligent
Intelligent beings upop Mal
ILls natural t us t believe that thin oneUttlo
little globe is not the Hole theatre of reasonIn
In the vast multitude of the heavenly bodiesand
and what It U natural for us to believe aboutany
any practical matter concerning whicherror
error might imperil the continuance of ourrace
race can hardly foil t b at least vaguelytrue
true Mind Booms t us to bo utterly unlikeanything
anything else and If it realty b so itsappearance
appearance anywhere would seem t arguea
a tendency in It to spring up everywherethough
though that there are some prerequisiteconditions
conditions t b satisfied is evident fromtho
tho fact that It is not everywhere actuallyfound
found It be that
foun may possibly b amongthe
the countless orbs In space there is someothir
oUr than this earth where there live whitemen
men Just like ourselves an speaking theEnglish
English language But it does notlkely seemlikely
likely because the conditions requisite forthe
the formation of our language have been BOvery
r special Now it may b that whatwe
we think of 8 intelligence is almostequally
equally special 8 that Jut 4 the Greeksregarded
regarded those who did not speak Greektbe
the 0botUIed barbarians as hardly rational
tional we make a great rhtstaVo In thinking
ing that what we call Intelligence is thehighest
highest form of being So it may be butter
there are philosophical reasons for thinkingthat
that it is not so and that reason really Issomething
something peculiar unlike anything elseand
and therefore Inc it Is found somewherewould
would b found exerywhere where Huitabloconditions
conditions of a very broad kind were fulfilled
filled and the chances are an billions t onqthnt
that such conditions are in fact fulfilled orfmany
many celestial nrmsesBut
But as t the planet Mar the moatminutely
minutely observable body outside th orbitof
of the moon and at tho same time of allknown
known t ua the one on which conditionsare
are most like those on the earth is it notpossible
possible that we may reach more definiteconclusions
conclusions I so we must reason byanalogy
analogy and therefore the very first stepupon
upon which every competent reaaoner mustand
and will Insist as precedent to all other
will b to examine the respects In whichthe
the analogy between Mars and the earthfail
falls By fa the most important of themrespects
respects is the smaller size of Mars Itsdimensions
dimensions are oily 053 those of the earthNaturally
Naturally therefore the material ls lewcompressed
compressed the mean density being only
71 per cent of that of be earth Tbo consequence
sequence is that gravity on the surface ofMars
Mars in only 71 per cent of 053 or threlghlhs
eighths of gravity ou the surface of theearth
earth The pint of water that on the earthweighs
weighs a pound would on a spring balanceweigh
but six Mars In allterrestrial
weigh x ounces on Ma I altorretral
terrestrial things the momentum of a bodyat
at velocity Is strictly proportionalto
any given lotyls srcly prprionlt
t Its weight We have n familiar experience
reno with any different state of thingsYet
Yet any moving body say a flood of wateron
on the surface of Mara has the Buraomomentum
momentum as it would have upon thoearth
earth while it presses down on the groundwith
with only threoclghths of its terreetrialweight
weight and is therefore retarded by friction
ton by a muoh less Hence anythingwhich
which Is projected with any force along tbesurface
surface of the planet Mars must move muchfurther
further other things being equal and alonga
a much straighter path and this wU ini
i particular be true of any streams of waterAnother
Another consequence of the same factsis
is that the mass of Mara is only 11 per centof
of the cube or 053 or about onetenth ofthe
the earths mass BO that the force of gravityat
at any distance from the centre of Marswill
will be only onetenth of the gravity towardthe
the centre of the earth at the same distanceOr
Or since gravitation varies Inversely OH thesquare
square of the distance in order that a bodyohould
Mould be attracted t Mara as much as anequal
equal body I attracted t the earth the di
lance of the former from the centra of Maramust
must not exceed 710 of the distanceof
of tho latter from the centre of the earthConsequently
Consequently were the temperature the samethe
the upper limit of any given gaseousconstituent
constituent of the atmosphere would beonly
only onethird 4 high above the centre ofMars
Mars as it is above the centre of th earthNow
Now since the very surface of Man Li muchhigher
higher thanonethird the height of the topof
of the earths atmosphere if Mars has anyoxygen
oxygen atmosphere at all it must owe thisto
to the fact that the temperature of theupper
upper atmosphere Is lower than about theearth
earth Possibly for example the oxygenIs
Is there solid Wi may suppose that Maraoriginally
had relatively as much
originally rlatvtly atmoaphero
phero as the earth had I so it has losttbe
the bulk of It throutth the weakness of Itsattractive
attractive force and It probably now retainsexcessively
excessively little except what Is composedof
I of substances partly congealed and so without
out expansive energy In view of this slightatmosphere
atmosphere v r little erosion of any of thekinds
kinds that are familiar to us on the earth conbo
b active on Mar Erosion of a differentkind
kind there must however b for the directradiation
radiation of the sun on the surface of Mars
mutt have I
Its effect on the solid surface of the earthInce
since I we renenber rightly the latelamented
lament Langley showed that ninetenthsof
of the suns heat is cut off in the upperair
air we may have the precise value wrongMars
Iar is half M fa again from the sun 1
the earth is and 8 receives on a givenarea
area only fourninths a much heat Thisrefers
ara ony muc Tisrfer
refers to tho top of the atmosphere Thatof
of Mars absorbs hardly at all that of theearth
earth at least eight out of every nine partstnnce
tnnce at the solid surface the suns JUaton
tion has four times the pdwer on Mare thatIt
It has on the earthIn
In tho spring of the Martian year of 088days
days lofty Ice cops cover its pole and probably
ably there aro other places where ice bos collected
lected on mountain tops Under the blazeof
of the sun instead of glaciers breaking officebergs
icebergs from their bases as on our ownplanctavalanvbesof
planet avulnbel of ice must come thundering
lug down from the summits I they didnot
not find channels ready cut for them bymyriads
myriads of former such masses they wouldbegin
begin themselves to cut such channelsBut
But they must find them cut and once cutowing
owing to there being so very little air thesurfaces
surfaces of these channels must remainsmooth
smooth and perfect The almost frictionless
less Ice with aspociflo gravityonly onethirdthat
that which water has here must elide alongthis
this channel rapidly melting a it goesnnd
and carrying vegetative life beyond thoequator
equator At the same time own to theabsence
absence of ordinary erosion and t theemail
email gravitatlve attraction the Ic mawwgmust
must at certain point b liable t strikerocis
rocis which harpy deleot those thathippen
h ippen to rlie them and thus turcatldnwmust
must occur in these channelsSo
So much for whit as it would seem mu thnppen
happen Now whit In actually oborvedIn
In the first itiace no kind of observation isto
to excesslvly diiBsult an the observationof
of the fac of I planet Not owIng todefective
defective instruments but to tho lack ofsufficiently
sufficiently fine observers It was not until
1877 that anybody saw anything that seemedto
to indicate the presence of a channel onMars
Mars Mr Percivhl Lowell above all anda
a number of others have now been able todiscern
discern not the waterways themselvesbut
but dark bands apparently of vegetationalong
along the borders of unseen channelsThcso
These bands appear in the Martian spring
and reappear yearly la the saiea pal
I To Mr Lowell unquestionably the beetobserver
observer o them they have looked decidedly
edly artificial owing to their extraordinarystraightnesn
straightness t the smoothness and uniformity
formity of each on and to their radiatingfrom
from special points But tht first two orthese I
these three characters must b In portillusions
illusions due t well known and ineluctable I
table laws of psychology Beyond thatthe
the straightness must b largely due tothe Ithe
the small gravitation on Mara 8 aboveexplained Iexplane
explained Since we do not see the channels I
nell themselves but only the vegetationstimulated
stimulated by the streams and Inc
table growth is a natural process onodoes
does not easily nee how the apparent uniformity
formity of the dimly made outmarklng canbe
b any evidence of artificiality I theyradiate I
radiate from special points we may naturally
ally suppose that there 4 mounta1nsorpacee
places where for some reason ic is pliedup
up in winter unless indeed therobe evidence
dence of design in the location of thesecentre
centre The of artificialitywill
ontr Te appearance alfclaltywi
will strike everybody but it will convincedifferent
different people according t the qualityof
of selfcriticism which they apply t the
reasoning There is another feature ofthe
the channels that suggests artificiality yp
t which I have seen no other allusionthan
than three words in hjologist Morses bookMara
Mara and its Mystery page 143 wherehe
he speaks of their anglo of approachThey
They certainly seem t cross one anotherat
at angles such as one does not expect t
see in natural streams This may however
ever be partly illusion and partly the 3eotof
of the 10 masses of little weight but greatmomentum
momentum striking on certain faces ofrock
If these channels a artificial how shallwe
we eventually be convinced that they a
8 What phenomenon willpoint unequivocally
ocally t their artificial origin The Intelligent
ligent race if there be one must either b
multiplying or more likely dying out Inthe
the former case wo ought to be able todetect
detect some subservience t a PUrl orto
t a convenience in the location of theO
oases or vegetative spots and the canalsshould
should multiply a the years go by I onthe
the other hand the race la dying out theoases
oases and the channels should some o
them falHnto desuetude and theme thatremain
remain should naturally form 8 clusteredcollection
collection Nothing of ajl this has howeveryet
yet been noticedIt
It may b that there is intelligence onMora
Mora without It having produced anyeffects
effects that man can as yet observe Itmay
may b that there baa been Intelligent lifeon
on Mora but that it is now forever extinctas
tat oxtnctA
as that on this earth U going to be perhapsbefore
before another millennium has flitted byIt
It may b there never was and never willbe
be an animal on that planet guided by anything
thing but irreflective Instinct Is not re
son by the way for the most part a ratherfutile
futile makeshift Mightnt a good soundinstinct
instinct answer the purpose hotterAs
As b been Intimated above a book haslately
lately appeared on this subject of the habitability
itability o Mar by a biologist fair ob
server of the old school a writer of superabundant
abundant emphasis but very little of areosoner
reosoner Ills book is amusing owing t
the Impertinence with which be treatseverybody
everybody who deliberates at all or Is notcocksure
cocksure that Mora is inhabited by on intelligent
telligent race at this day I i goad for alaugh
laugh at any rate PCalltj
Guilty Inttl O Have Proved YearInnocence
To THIS EDITOR or THE SEN Sir It appears
pears to mo that the tomfool phrase aconspiracy
conspiracy of silence should b omit c
from further official reports on the Brownsvlllo
vlllo case A large portion of the troupersof
of the three summarily discharged battalions
talions were In bed asleep 1 one of these scalled
called upon M a witness what o earth canho
ho say and tell the truth except I do notknow I
know who did tho shooting It Is the piIntruth
truth that a portion of tbe discharged endo Ido
do not know Why are they accused of oterlnft
terlng a conspiracy of silence when theysimply
simply tell this truth What do GeneralsOarllnirton
Oarllnirton and NettleUn want them to S p
I any soldier bad Mid I know but Iwill
will not tell or hajl refused to answer anyquestion
question whatever then those who thuscomported
comported themselves might justly bo a
cused or eons iracrWhile
While I am an ardent admirer of the President
dent I do not subscribe to th theory that heIs
Is Infallible In this coco It appears clear tome
me that tho prlnoiplei of Justice have beenreversed
reversed and an entire body of me i havebeen
been declared to b sullty until you haveproved
proved ynur Innocence Every other m nIn
In the United States except a soldier Is bcldto
to b Innocent until he U proved guiltyCOLOIBCS
COLOIBCS Ohio November 30 0The
The Ethics of KxtraJudlclal TesUmonyTo
To THF EDITOK or THE Buy Sin Is thePresident
President going to tibllsh another newlaw
law one for school children newsboys bootblacks
blacks the race that is having such a tussleto
to become as good as white follm that it Ishonorable
honorable to tittle Dos he wish It to b
understood that If he had been In the ranksof
of that degraded battalion he would bvsquealed
queledj Many people are waiting toknow
PEEKRKliu November 3
The Martyred Students fct HavanaTo
To TUB EDITOr THE Bex Sir In yourOf
fltorlal tn tays SUN under the bedh fOr
Of They Would Not Squeal you make aintsstaterocnt
misstatement of facts about the cause thatmade
made martyrs of the Cuban medical studentswhose
whose tomb In Colon Cemetery bears thaInscription
Inscription InnocentsA
A group of medical students of the University
versity of Havana were unjustly accusedof
of having desecrated the tomb of a Spanisheditor
editor who bad been killed by a Cuban The
were Innocent of any such desecration asIt
It WM a trumped up charge of the SpanishVolunteers
Volunteers of Havana wbo wished to havethete
thete children executed to satisfy their hatredof
of the Cuban They had their own way aithey
they intimidated the Spanish oftlclals withthe
the exception of one Captain Capdevlla whodefended
defended them before the courtmartialThejs
Thejs children were handed over to theirexecutioners
executioners being guiltless of any wrong
doing and not as your article lays that theyvented
vented their hatred of a Spanish official by
desecrating his tombSome
Some years after on opening the grave of
Castannn his son declared la a publli document
ment that his fathers grave was Intact Thepjor
poor victims had been Innocent of any wrong I
doing lat of and Cuban their martyrs names were added to the long
0 A ZATAS ConsulGeneralNEW
NEW Yortic November aRCtaUot
Relation anM RelativesTo
To isa EDITOR or Tars Suxatr Which Is thepreferable
preferable t < rm for ones cousins and aunts relatives
tives or relationsMy
My little bobtail dictionary admits both apparently
and to be
ently seems sustained
eDly Iema common practice
lice for we say poor relations and ten limitInnation
Innation to lal1 an J Intimate friendsSuui
Sma Inrteli riilnate mate however Is puzllntmU
mU caws a htnltanry itt ones Sos ot lpeeh n < 4berontn
berontn In toe cUMjnatlon of ones kinsfolkdelation
delation ronveys to my mInd tOe liKa moreCKIIIslvrVot
CKIIIslvrVot a State or connection wallercatlviI
is nwr riiurly sniftstive ot a concrete man the
dee ft ot vnes relatives on Tuns lvln < aaj
i fr instance j W ENt
NkMr oiu November 30December
December In FlatlandFlatter
Flatter Po you have any truuble with the heat
KnlrkcrNone whatever but we have cnnlderable
erable with the cold
DisdainMellaDoes M
MellaDoes she look at him throuttt rote coloredglasses
JkUa Xo auto goggles
There Should Be a Endowed Bweaa forthe
the heading of ManuscriptsTo
To visa EDITOR or THE UI Sfr Theaverage
average manuscript submitted for readingdoes
does not receive proper attention Somelime ttimes
lime it Is road and sometimes It Isnt I I tshould
should be read and doesnt pleas tbe reader
er that settles It Hack It goes with thostereotyped
stereotyped regret The effect of are
experiences of title kind on a lelltTe Olnl
man of genius 1 to disgust him with tliubusiness
business authorship To the deuce wU nIt
It 1 he cries and takes to anything that wUlyield
yield him a certain livingI
I contend that It Is the greatest mistaketo
to suppose that rejected young writers ofgenius
genius will struggle on Only the fellowwho
who think they are geniuses struggle onPfrhaps
Perhaps this will account for the oceans ofdulnra
dulnra and Inanity with which wear deluged
uged The situation for literature la cerlnusIs tJ
Is there any remedy Wa cannot hoP Tthink
think to reform tho editorial sanctum AndI
I freely admit that the expense of a proiwrexamination
examination of manuscripts submitted whnsnanle
name alas la legion would be more than theaverage
average magazine could bear What thtuHere
Here is a remedy t tat has occurred to meLet
Let some of our nultlmllllonalrcs who nrogiven Jlven
given to endow colleges which are soproltfluIn
In the product Ion mediocrity dlivrt a Ittllwof
of their money to the endowment of u literaryInstitute
Institute or bureau Tho function of thiswould
would be Jo past thoroughly upon literarycomposition
composition reject the worthless and granta
a certificate to the deserving Purntshixlwith
with this a writer could not fall to reCetesproper
proper consideration at the hands of publlshcra
Ushers or magazine editors and tho risk ofthe
the world of letters losing a man of geniuswould
would be vastly minimize 1
New Yonx December 1TIIK
Tin TOO ACTIVE POLICEOfllclouxnrtu
Ofllclouxnrtu CliarRnd Against Some or JitMove
Move On MenTo
ro TiE EniTon or fiE tivn Str LastWdtwsdny
W dne dny night being unable to get a general
oral admittance ticket to hear Caruso In IuBohhnie
Bohhnie J a sauntering northward fromtho
tho opera house when J ran into an acquaintance
ance of mIne a young law btudent We werequietly
quietly talking together on the sid walknorth
north of the Metropolitan when pepperyIndividual
Individual with a small brlstllncAark mustache
tache and dressed In a policemans uniformrushed
rushed up to me and with wild gesturesexclaUnpd
exclaUnpd Now move on there I havetold
told you to move on How many times mustI
I tell you I told the fellow that that wastho
tho first time he had tiald anything to melie
lie stammered something or other abut
showing me what ho could do apfl startedto
to touch me but evidently thought betterof
of It II am six feet one and not eaWly excitedI
I started to move on well knowing theeuxpedieney
expediency of so doing My friend youngerthan
than 1 and not quite so cold blooded did nottnke
take very kindly to his repeated hints rn t
m to on faster as we were walking awayat
at an average gait and turning said Ohhold
hold on there I will walk Just as slowly anI
I please Your buttons weigh to heavilyon
on you Rather Inoffensive words thesebut
but to much for our worthy representativeof
or law who started after us threatening tohad
lock us UP and do other dire things 1 tadMid
Mid nothing except to quiet my friend Wvhd
hd reached the carrtaite entrance by thistime
time and were crossing the street when ourpeppery
peppery friend was reenfnrced by anotherwho
who also threatened us with arrestWepald
We paid attention but continued crossing
the blreet when one of thn policemen rushedsmall
tip behintfmy friend and deliberately pUlhl
him forward I then became my plCntduty
duty 10 QIII my friend and pacify the bluecoat
cat I did not care to ho the ceDtre ofsmal aemail
small riot for such It might easily have income
come an the crowd wan evidently on ourside
side and the large number of Italians amongthem
them were In such a frame of mind that thoywould
would only too readily have caught up anyexcuse
excuse to get at the representative of alY
Caruso police the persecutors of their belovedCaruso
We however lot safely out of the mowsgood
and fiad reached Broadway again wh4n 1
good looking foreigner camn up to my frletidand
and the following conversation oqcurredAre
Are you a foreignerNo oQure
No answered my friendAre
Are yoii an AmericanYes
Yes why do yon atkYoi
You are an American and you stand suchtreatment
treatment Well t have nothing more tnray
ray and he moved on sbriiedng his shoulders
ers Ina mot significant Rnlrcng
I have been In much worse crowds thanla
laI night but have never before met suchInefficiency
Inefficiency on Lbs part of any policemanIt
It was more good pr than anything elsthat <
that more serious consequence did not follow
low such a display of lack of self controlHow
How long fiLet we submit to such offloioiistreatment
treatment from the guardians of the cityspence
NEW YORK November 29Tha
The blocs Opium War IndemnityTo
of November ID I an article headed Chinese Problbltlon
blbltlon of Opium In which U Is said ba thanrst
first attempt resulted only In fastening th tradut
ut > on her and Involving the country tn a costly warwith
with Great Britain The result via that Chinshad
had to pay a One of 00 for kicking up sucka
a rowAlthough
Although this amount Is technically correct isrepresenting
representing what China paid merely for tradersopium
opium destroyed yet U II misleading In that I
lives one the Impresstorf that H000000 was b
total ot Indemnity that China paid to England fartbe
the opium war 1W91M1 whereas Ur JustinMcCarthy
McCarthy In his History of Our O mea
Itemltes the Indemnity aa la the first plao 6
0 and for traders opium destroyed tJSO000 otIn
In all 4750000In
In addition to the foregoing China was eonspolled
polled to cede the entire Island 0 Hongkong t
England In perpetuity and was also compelled t
oen the rive ports of Canton Amoy Poo ChowFoo
Fcc Nlncvo and Shanghai to British traders andto
to allow Consuls to b established ID these ornamed
named portThe
The foregoing account shows that the SaOOaoMrepresents
represents only a small fraction of the total amonalot
ot noney and or valuable territory China was compelled
pelled to surrender aa a penalty for her fruitiestattempt
attempt to keep the English opium traders out ofChina
China To emphasize the unfairness ot Englandsattitude
attitude toward this opium affair Mr McCarthyuse
use this IllustrationThe
The State of lUIhe aa every one know prablTvIta
Its the common sale of spirituous liquors Let nsuppose
suppose that several companies of EnglUb merchants
chants were formed In Portland sad Augusta andother
other towns of Ualne for the purpose of brewtncbeer
beer and distilling whiskey and selling both to bepublic
public of Ualne tn defiance of the State taws Letua
ua further suppose that when the authorities cfMaine
Maine proceeded to put the Slate laws la foresagainst
against these Intruders our Government here tookup
up toe cause of the whiskey sellers and sent aaIronclad
Ironclad fleet to Portland to compel the people ofMaine
Maine to put up with them In the ease of sueaa
a nation aa th Lnlted States nothing of the Maiwould
would t > et > osslble V 3 WSraixoraiD
SraixoraiD Ohio Knenh r 5
Prosperity of eke SouthThe
The South Is getting rich by leaps and boundsHere
Here Is part of what abe has gained In only a quarterof
of a century The partial scbedul ollowlnenfers
cetera to the fourteen Southern States mimcliAlabama
Alabama Arkansas Florida Georgia KentuckyLouisiana
Louisiana Maryland Mississippi North CarotlniSouth
South Carolina Tennessee Texas Virginia andWest
West Virginia
Cries COO In
1806 U viariAssessed
Assessed value of property
erty Me794 < U3 J4i nooOMFactory
Factory capital total 00000000 SUIXOOOOWFactory
Factory product yearlyS17JOOOOOOO i93OOCCapita
Capital cotton mills tK3000aoo miOtteAnnual
Annual cotton crop JtoO000000 M7oooiOoRaw
Raw cotton used yearlybales163000000
bales163000000 lWOOOdLumber
Lumber product yearly Uinoooooo J1lttstD4Pigiron
Pig Iron production tons 3100000 2cawororelcn
Foreign exports yearly U4SOOOOOO fCWOuOiH1Farm
Farm products yearly 517000000 SI090000U4Railroad
Railroad mllrsPetroleum 800004J48i000 3 JPetroicuin
Petroleum bnmlsCotton 4J48i000 4231615I
I Cotton millsCapital 750Cipital
Capital cotton ojl millsDiltou SX4 00OM5ono 33StCOuttoet
Diltou spIndles 0OIO atatOTrade
Trade Opportunities In VltdlroifokThe
The for Un trade of Vladivostok was tiapend4for
fur tlihteen months ilurln the war but is at iuIn
In full operation says Contul 11 S Urecne Tocountry
country need farm maclilnry and impcnr9and
and machinery for mines dour mills and saw nunAmerican
American c rlculiurl machinery hat an excellentstart
start In Slntrla but most of the flour and saw rollliare
are of Ctrman or Kurupuan make Americatypewrite
typewrite sewing machines scaled arms rn1Photographic
Photographic apparatus are popular and themIs
Is a splendid opening for Amtrlrar shocs barbelwire
wire rubber good leather carriage tics lampsstoves
stoves Iron roofing wagons kitchen utensils Ao

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