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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 21, 1909, Fifth Section, Image 80

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f HE QiT TARIFFED RIFr NDP PETROLEUM PETROLEUMtHL TRQt UM UMt UM11lL
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R tHL PEOPLE WANT W T THEIR THEiRPROD THEiRPRODUCT PROD PRODVCT PRODVCT
VCT PROTECTED PROTECTEDIf
If Conatcrvallins Duty Dut ii Abolished no nol Rmsc
c o l a nandMelih n and ncjM Mexican t In Competitor Win WinFtood wiltPIeod 11I 11IP1eod
Ftood the American Market aet While Our Ourf
4 f nJ 0 Js Barred BL HanedFrom dFrom From Rusllaaud3lexloo KusslaanduexloeUndorthe Rus Rusllaaud3lexlooUnd U and Mexico MexicoUnder
t
Under Und Undorthe 1 the present or Dlngley tariff as aaWell asena aswell
Well ena as under the previous one petroleum petroleumand petroleumaridita
u and aridita its products enjoy no npeoiflo pro protection proteOtIon proteotion ¬
l teOtIon In other words it U on the thelree thelreeUat free freelist
list In pursuance however of tho red reciprocity reclPiodb redjiodty ¬
procity idea the Congress which passedgiopresent passed passedtfiepresent passedsSp
tfiepresent sSp w nt and preceding tariffs tarl enacted enactedthat enactedtJut enactedthat
that a countervailing count rvalllne duty should be put puton putoopetroleum putbrapetroleum
on petroleum or Its products coming to toibid toth1
ibid tb country from countries whore an anknport anh anbppdrt
h knport rt duty was All demanded qn American AmericanJ I
u J
petroleum orude or refined WhereverIn WUrev4JrIn Wherever
In fact American petroleum Is 1 admitted admittedfree admittedfree dDilttCldtree
free the products pTod ota of that tMtOountryare country are aremilted ad admitted admitted ¬
mitted free f to the United States StatesIt Stat 8 8It
It Is therefore a matter over which whichtho whlohtho whichtho
tho potentially exporting countries alone alonehave alonehave alonelove
have control It U for them to towbetber toy baywhether toywhether
whether their oil comes In here free or ornot ornot ornot
not Russia for Instance exacts an anImport anImport anImport
Import duty of about IS IGcente cants a gallon on onAmerican onAmerican onAmerican
American oil or nearly twice the actual actualvalue actualI actualvalue
I value of the oil Itselfa duty which will willbe
1 be seen at once to be prohibitive Under Underthat Underthat Underthat
that duty American oil ollie Is entirely excluded excludedfrom eloludedtrom ezoludodfrom
from Russian territory territoryNow
Now Russia Ru la is a very large producer of ofoil ofoil
oil and If it has a surplus which It might mightwith mightwith mightwith
with advantage send hero It can do so by byremoving byremovlnl byremoving
removing the prohibitive duty from fromAmerican fromAmerican fromAmerican
American oil If It refuses to remove removethat removeI removethat removethat I
that duty aa It has refused the question questionarises qUOlltionarlles queatlonarises
arises Should the American oil producers producersand
and refiners of America be asked to com compete oomUi compete ¬
pete Ui flatly in their own markets with Rus
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off In intbq the tb Russian R Russian nuurkitsl isWt6tatB V1 V1But
But B t a competitor narsr nearer home baa baaarisen baaaMn hasarisen
arisen namely In Mexico when the oil oilfields onfielda oilflelds
fields are showing treat development developmentThta de elopmentTh1a
This Impending floodof ftoodoIldJ1on Mexican oil has hasarou baaarouaed barnarouaed
arou arouaed ed the oil producers prod cera of the UnitedStates United UnitedStates UnltedStates
States and they are organising against againstany ag1natany agalnatany
any alteration of the tariff for Mexico Mexicohas Mexicobaa Mexicobarn
has a tariff of 19 cents c > > nt a gallon on refined refinedAmerican relinedAmerican reflnedAmerican
American oil Like the Russian Ru lan duty dutylt dutyltis It Itis
is prohibitive problbltlveCanada Canada too is shoving shovingsigns
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The ButlerWard Butler Ward Co CoPAAP CoOOK Co1i00K
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t future ilt i The Ttiobom1nioaPaysa Dominion pays a bounty boun of ofGO ofto
80 cents a barrel on all Canadian oil oilPapular 00POpular onPopular
POpular Move Against M1 otlertaln 00Certain < M1Certain
Certain Congressmen Congree mel1 apparently be believing belJevlng beIleving ¬
lieving that it would win popular applause applauseto
to originate a law lawrepeallng repealing the counter countervailing countervailing countervailing ¬
vailing clause introduced bills into the thelate thelate thelate
late Congress with that end In view viewTheir viewTheir viewTheir
Their aim was to strike a blow blo at the thebiggest thebiggest thebiggest
biggest oil company whereas such a re repeal fopeal repeal ¬
peal would benefit only the Russians Rua lans and andMexicans audModoan andMexicans
Mexicans who might find entry for their theiroil tbelroU theiroil
oil and would be an injury to every oil oilproducer 011I oilproducer
I producer and oil manufacturer In the theUnited theUnited i iUnited
United States StatesTho StatesThe I
The biggest t company it Is true truerefines trueroflne truerefines
refines eighttenths of the crude oil of the thecountry thecountry thecountry
country but fivesixths flve sixtha of the oil pro producing producing produring ¬
ducing wells are owned by persons pe ns and andcorporations andoorporatlolll andcorporations
corporations outside the company It ItIs ItIe Itis
Is on these the e oil well ell men and companies companiesthat
that the main loss would fall in the face faceof laceof faceof
of a flood of Russian oil being dumped on onour onQur onour
our market marketThe marketTbe marketThe
The independent roflnera reftneraand and there thereare thoreare thereare
are 139 of them with a combined capital capitalof
of tlOOOOOOOOwould suffer equally with withthe withthe lth lththe
the big company But the greatest in inury InJury injury
Jury ury would come fromtha from the discourage discouragement dJ oourage oouragement ¬
ment of drilling for oil and consequently consequentlyoil
oil production by a legion of men with withmodest withmodest withmodest
modest capital who now break earth earthwherever earthwherever earthwherever
wherever there is a chance of finding the theprecious tbeprecious theprecious
precious fluid beneath the surface The Thecurtailment Thecurtailment Thecurtailment
curtailment of the margin of ofprofti pr6flt would wouldsut wouldput wouldput
put sut the enterprise of the oil seeker out of ofBusiness otbus1n08S ofbu
bu Business lnees
The Real Effect EffectThe FlfeetThe ErfeetThe
The point is that the blow aimed by the theCongressmen theConlrellllIDenln theCongressmen
Congressmen in question at a single largo largocorporation largocorporation largocorporation
corporation would b be felt almost entirely en entirely entirely ¬
tirely by the producers and refiners out outside outside outside ¬
side the big corporation As the matter matterwill matterwUl matterwill
will doubtless come up before the present presentCongress preaentConl1eM presentCongress
Congress In the general eneral scheme of tariff tariffrevision tariIrevisloD tariffrevision
revision it is probable that it will 111 be becreated betreated betreated
treated according to the principles of ofair oflair offair
air play and that the reasonable course coursewhich coursewhloh coursewhich
which commended itself to two previous previousariffraising previoustar1lr previoustarlfraleing
ariffraising tar1lr ral lng Congresses will remain on onthe onthe onthe
the statute books booksIn
In this connection it will be recalled recalledhat reoaUedtbat recalledthat
hat it was as due to the reciprocal or coun countervailing oountervaUlng countervailing ¬
tervailing clause In the sugar tariff that thatthe thatthe thatthe
the countries of Europe abolished the theexport theexport theexport
export bounty on boot sugar lIugarTo To protect protectAmerican protectAmerican protectAmerican
American sugar growers growerscane cane and beet beetthe beetthe beetthe
the tariff provided that all sugars on onwhich iwhich I Iwhich
which foreign forel 8n Governments paid an anexport anexport anexport
export bounty should pay an equivalent equivalentof
of the bounty boun y on entering here as well as asthe asthe asthe
the regular tariff made and provided providedResult providedResult providedResult
Result a conference of the beet sugar sugarmen augarmen sugarmen
men of Europe bringing about an aD abrogation abro abrogation abrogationof ¬
gation gationof of the sugar bounties Hero Herothen Herothen Herethen
then is I a case in which the foreigners foreignerswho
who ho desired an American Amerl lu1 market themselves them themselves themelvM ¬
selves renounced the bounties which whichprevented whichprevented blohprevented
prevented their merchandise from en entering entering entaring ¬
tering here without Ithou any differential differentialID
In the same way if the Russians desire a amarket amarket amarket
market hero they have only to take down
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theDarsnosupagainst th the6a ba rs ri now n w up sfralnst nt ouroil our oil ID InRueaan InRueaanterritory Russian Russianterritory Ru1antetr1tery
territory
The Varied tiers VierProm l tiersFrom lert lertFrom
From the lightest ethers U8 used d in h the thesrts thoarta thearts
arts to the coke that cokes on the bottom bottomof
of the atllls every ingredient of the wonderful won wonderful on ond ¬
derful d rful subterranean mixture Is put to tomans tomana tomans
mans service serviceAaphaltum serviceAsphaltum ervloeMpbaltum
Aaphaltum which in the base of the theCalifornia tbeCalifornia theCalifornia
California and Texas oils as parofflne par ftJne is isthe Iethe isthe
the base of the Eastern is entering into intowider Intowider intowider
wider fields of activity year ar by year yearMany yearMany yearMany
Many of the California crudes were so soweighted 110wolgbted soweighted
weighted with ssphaltum that for a long longtime longtime longtime
time they were used as fuel only Thechemists The Thechomiata Thecbemiets
chemists however r overcame the cUm ditflculties difficulties cUmC ¬
culties C of the extraction of the naphthas naphthasand
and kerosene leaving theaephaltum the pure purefor purelor purefor
for extended use useAs useAs useAn
As the foundation of the beat road oil oilit 011It oilIt
it la unrivalled In fact it may be said ealdthat saldtbat saidthat
that in proportion as the road oil carriesasphaltum carries carriesasphaltum carrleeasphaltum
asphaltum so it la effective Too oiling oilingof
of roads is I a corollary of the use use of the theautomobile theautomobile theautomobile
automobile which bas has been shown shownuses shownuses hoWnu
uses u ea a petroleum naphtha at the other otherend otherend otherend
end of the transit tran lt problem namely namelythe
the generation of power The auto autoomobile automobile automobile
mobile wheel not only raises tho dust duatbut dustbut dustbut
but by a tearing process s disintegrates disintegratestho
the road surface m as the flattened part of ofthe ofthe ofthe
the tire becomes onoo more rounded on onleaving onleaving onleaving
leaving the ground groundThere groundThere groundThere
There are three general methods of ofemploying ofomploying ofemploying
employing the oil In the most com complete complete complete ¬
plete process a the road surface is broken brokenby brokenby brokenby
by the plough It is then sprinkled sprinkledwith
with the heavest oil oUhaII half a gallon to a agallon agallon agallon
gallon of oil per square yard yardand and then thenharrowed thenharroed thenharrowed
harrowed and rolled A lasting road roadbed roadbed roadbed ¬
bed remits This with various modi modlflctloIUl modifloatlona modifications ¬
fications has been used in California Californiaover
over many roads roadsgprlnkllnc roadsfJprlDkllDs roadsepriakUng
gprlnkllnc the Bead BeadAnother aoaAnother RoadsAnother
Another method coming into very verygeneral veryen verygeneral
general en raI use In the East is to prepare the theroadbed theroadbed theroadbed
roadbed byflooking after the crown of the theroad tberoad theroad
road and brushing off the dust Over Overthis Overthis Overthis
this the road oil is sprinkled from a cart cartabout oartabout cartabout
about half a gallon to the square yard yardThis yardThis yardThis
This should be kept from traffic for a acouple aoouple acouple
couple of days henoe it is usual to oil oilonly 011only oilonly
only half of the road at a time tlm This ThUpreparation Thispreparation Thispreparation
preparation will m last a whole season seasonbut season BeasoDbut seasonbut
but if it be done of oftener toner it will result In Inan Inan inan
an enduring asphalted surface surfaceThe IlUrfaceThe surfaceThe
The third less permanently effective effectiveis
is sprinkling the road with an emulsified emulsifiedoil
oil a mixture mlxiureof of oil oil water and saponify
ing chemicals chemicalswhich which lays the dust and andbinds andblnci andbinds
binds the road surface but calls for forreapplioation forreapplication forreapplioation
reapplioation every few weeks If the theemulsified theem theemuleifled
emulsified em Islfted oil has a true asphaltum basis basisthis basisthla basisthis
this method will ultimately result in a adurable adurable adurable
durable asphaltum roadbed roadbedThe roadbedThe roadbeddThe
The question q e tlon in fact Is as has been beensaid beenald beensaid
said ald how much asphaltum has been beenplaced beenpIaoed beenplaced
placed upon the surface surfaceA
A great activity In Intbe the theuee use of the th two twolast twoJast twolast
last methods Is reported Vast quanti quantities quantities ¬
ties tie of road oil are being mad for the theDuroose theUIDOIO thepurpose
purpose named
Asphaltum A also is used largely for forroofing lorrooflns forroofing
roofing paper and roofing The subway subwaytunnel IlUbw eubwhytunnel y
tunnel for instance was roofed with withthis withtbls withthis I
this material materialPATENTS mateii4JPATENTS materialPATENTS
PATENTS ARE INTRICATE INTRICATEWherefore INTRICATEWlJeretere INTRICATEWherefore
Wherefore the Great Need of Patent PatentlAwyers Patentla1J Patentlawyers
lAwyers la1J nln In ThU Country CountryFrom Count CountFrom CountryFrom
From a nlegailltandpoint legal standpoint a patent was a asimple asimple asimple
simple instrument until 1836 183 After that thatyear thatrear thatyear
year however tho Government began to tomake tomalto tomake
make examinations e to aee whether the theinvention tbeInvention theInvention
invention was as novel I or not This made madethe madothe madethe
the patent tentmoro more more difficult to draw and gay gavrise pvrIae gayrise
rise to t a anew new department of the legal pro profession Profce profeesion ¬
fession fce lon tho patent lawyer lawyerAll laWerAllInYJIntioDli
All AllInYJIntioDli inventions are evolutions of some somepreviously someprevloualy somepreviously
previously existing idea no machine machinebeing machinebeing machinebeing
being wholly novel The law now requires requiresthat requlreatbat
that each inventor point out in his patent patentwhat plttentwhat patentwhat
what art novel parts or ideas Ideu80 so that the thepublic thopubUo thepubilo
public on reading it could toll what hat it itoould Itoou1 Itcould
could or could not use UII on account of the themonopoly themonopoly themonopoly
monopoly granted by the patent Thus Thusit
it is necessary to exercise exerc se considerable considerableskill oonalderableskillin
skill skillin in stating features monopolized by the thepatent thepatent thepatent
patent and attorneys who ho have become becomekilled becomeskilled becomeskilled
skilled In this work ork are employed to pre prepare prepare prepare ¬
pare a descriptive part of the patent patentIt
It has also become necessary to have haveEugene haTeEugene haveEugene
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Company
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Catalogue CatalogueLeather CatalogueLeather CatalogueLeather
Leather LeatherArt
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UNITED STATES ADDRESSING ADDRESSINGPRINTING ADDRESSINtii
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AUTOMOBILE LISTS ADDRESSERS AND ANDf ANDDAILY ANDFOLDERS ANDFOLDERS
FOLDERS FOLDERSDAILY FOLDERSDT1ON f
DAILY DT1ON SERY10 HEQISTHA A FURNISHED VDAY OR HOURHE HOURHERemember BY THE
nON SERVICE DAY On HOUR HOURRemember HOURRemember
Remember this mark markIt
It will be found on good goodprinting goodprintinK goodprinting
printing
In time it will be sought after afterby afterby afterby
by discriminating buyer buyerSuch buyerSuch buyerSuch
Such is our will willTHE willTHE i i11 i11THE
THE KALKHOFF COMPANY COMPANYMl
Ml William WlDlamStNT WlDlamStNTWt St New Yecfc YecfcUNEXCELLED Y k kYNEECLLiZD
Wt WtNE > >
UNEXCELLED NE CELLED FOR FORQuality vonQuaUty FORQuafty
Quality Durability Durabilityd
o a ° d Moderate Cost CostSectional CostSectional CostSectional
Sectional Office Partitions PartitionslOCOOfeet
lOCOOfeet IOCICO 1o fe tees on band for Immediate delivery deliveryGet
Get 0 out prices before buylac buylacWALTER b burhrWALTZ 7lllC 7lllCWALTER
WALTER R F BARNES BARNESTai
Tai L lots t rrwklin rnajkua 372 BROADWAY BROADWAYiLiv
iLiv L L < a < o > >
professional prOt ona aaefitante assistants aa f tantejop in procuring rl 11i 11ilrana tie tiegrant tkagrunt
grunt of a patent A patent suit tray trayturn ma maturn ma7turn
turn wholly on a question of goner generallaW generallaWor general law lawor lawor
or practice or on the question of whotbs wbotberthe whotbsthe whothertle
the patented machine la BO much like IlkemachlDe i imachine a amachine
machine previously known that it would woulnot wouldnot wouldnqt <
not require an Inventors genius to t devise de devise favisa
vise the new machine In the latter cue casoit cueitwould caseIt
it would be held invalid invalidIn
In fact the clauses of a patent are o osuch of ofsucb ofeuch
such a peculiar nature naturethat that the Supreme SupremiCourt SUpnmoCourt SupremeCourt
Court has said they ore among the mos mosIntricate meet meetIntricate mostintricate
Intricate of all pieces of English comp conapoaltipn compoaltipo < o oIIltlpn
altipn Hence the importance of the theskilled thek1l1e theskilled
skilled k1l1e patent lawyers in drawing drawl g them themup themup themup
up
MAKING GOOD ADUE8IVBS ADUE8IVBSlion
lion This Industry Has II Been Developed DevelopedFrom DeyelopedFrom
From Handworaln 011 Ds3sAbout D 011About js jsAbout
About twenty years yeorsago ago it was that thaflour thatOour thatflour
flour paste glue and gum arable beyond boyonthlch beyondIllch beyondhloh
< hlch there was then little known were werefirst werefirst werefirst
first replaced by higher priced adhesives adhestveswhich adhesiveswblcb adhesiveswhich
which were more fit for certain purposes purposesand purpoaeand
and which more than made up for their theiiextra theirext theirextra
extra ext cost by saving In time and labor one oneby and amJby andby
by better work At that thattlmo time the use o opasting of ofpasting ofpasting
pasting and gumming machinery was in inits InIta Inits
its infancy in this country and hardly hardlyarea hardlyeven hardlyeven
even known abroad With the growth of olAmerican ofAmoricaJl ofAmerican
American Inventive genius the change changewas changewas
was made from handwork to mechanicalappliances mechanical mechanicalappliances meohan1oaJI1ppliances
appliances appliancesThose I1ppliancesThose appliancesThose
Those outside of the trade bars hardly hardlyany bardJyany
any idea to what extent handwork has hasbeen baabeen hasbeen
been displaced di pl ced by machinery andof and of the thewonderful th thwonderful thwonderful
wonderful appliances which had to be beinvented beinvented beinvented
invented to do it In the gum making line lineEvery UneEvery lineEvery
Every one knows for forInstance instance In tanoe that thatenvelopes tbatenvelopOll thatenvelopes
envelopes or paper boxes now n are made madeby madeby madeby
by machines which do a hundred h Ddred times timesmore tlmMmore timesmore
more work than could be done by hand handand handand bandand
and do it better but it may be news to tomany tomany tomany
many that a one pound bag ot 0 sugar or orcoffee or orconee orcoffee
coffee or soap powder is formed pasted pastedfilled putedfilled pastedailed
filled weighed and closed automatically automaticallyall au mati sllY sllYall >
all in one continuous operation opemt a1n these Inthesedays In thesedays b bdaya
days all by machinery m oery Ulljtarrive t1UItnttthlt till 1t arclvea atthe at atthe
the ground floor and is hustled into cases casesat caseeI1t
at the rate of several eevelahundred hundred packages packageeaminute a aminute aminute
minute minuteSuch t tSuchdellcato ISuch
Such Suchdellcato delicate machinery needed neededOor neededOorresponding cor corresponding oorresponding ¬ =
responding adhesive and these had tobe to toso tobe
be so created Flour paste and glue were ere out outof outoUhe outof
of oUhe the question qU ltlon Work In huuoh such lines natu naturally naturally naturally ¬
rally led to many many new ideas Ideuwblch which proved provedof
of value in any number of other indus industries IndustriOll industries ¬
tries and d especially so in the sizing and andfinishing a andfinishing 1d 1dflnlshlng
finishing of paper silk cotton wool woolmohair woolmohair woolmohair
mohair and leather also in all Industries Industrieswhich Industrieswhich 8 8whlob
which combine or paste such and kindred kindredmaterials klDdredmaterials kindredmaterials
materials materialsIn
In tho many varieties of goods goOC l made madeabout madeabout madeabout
about every material that has any col colloidal colloidal colloidal ¬
loidal qualities from sea tang to starch starchand atarchand starchand
and all its derivatives all natural natu gums gumsfata 801Mfate gumsfats
fate and waxes and all products made madsfrom madefrom madefrom
from bid bides s bones and milk were ere tested testedIn
In the tbecouneof course of the stu st etudfegwas dies d1GSwasdJaoovered d1GSwasdJaoovereda was discovered discovereda
a process to make a neutral starch which whichswells wblobIwel1 whichswells
swells in cold water to the same extent as asordinary asordinary asordinary
ordinary starch does through boiling
Neutral glue caserne starch agaragar agaragarIn agar r rIn
In fact almost any an colloid material either eitherdirectly either eitherdirectly eltberdirectly
directly in liquid form or so prepared preparedas I
as to stay liquid In the cold state after afterbeing alterbeing afterbeing
being boiled up all are recent inventlon inventions inven inventions ¬
tions These it la expected will UI in time timeget timegot timegetsomeexportbusinosaforthla
getsomeexportbusinosaforthla get some export business for this country countrywhen oou countrywhen ltry ltryw
when w en Worked ork out o in every particular I
An industry lnc1u try lIKe matting or gums ana anaadhosivea anaadhOlllves andadhesives I
adhosivea supplying materials to nearly nearlyall n rly rlyall
all manufacturing interests ought to be bea bea
a kind of barometer of the general condi condition condition condition ¬
tion of trade The leading houses had hadonly hadonly hadonly
only a small decrease of sales lost year yearThe yearThe yearThe
The assumption a sumrtlon is that the smaller in industries Indu industries ¬
dustries du trltJII did di not suffer as Ii did the trades tradeswhich tradMwhloh tradeswhich
which depend on railroads and building buildingand
and that the return to normal conditions conditionsIs
Is teat at hand
x c
WOOL ffo W09 tJarrrlPOK ir OUTLOOK Q UT 1p0 K GOOD GOODr GOOD8ec GOODtos
r MHMIWMMV MHMIWMMVtsdcs
8ec tsdcs Are tw Le and Now Clip Clipqaently C CqlleOU1 coale
qaently Can Be Well Handled HandledBOSTON Band1edBanot HandledBtlwrolr
BOSTON March 30 Jacob F Brown Bro at
Brown d Adams in the wool wooluya tW tWsays 11rsays
says the outlook la I splendid splendidare 8ioS 8ioSore Moeb Moebare
are very v low and we ore 8JIln in splendid splendiddiion con
dltion d1t1 to handle hand10the the new ne neR clip ha h said
This time last year our warehouses w were n
filled with unsold unaoldstoclc stock but as far as 1 Ioan 1oan 1can
oan see the textile world is recoverintmagnroentlyfrom recovorin recovorinmagnificently reco8rinr
magnificently magnroentlyfrom from the financial de d < s spresslom
aaou Boston cdt Is the
presslom pr n greatest wool woolmarket woolmarket 001
market in the world Over pv r in London Londonwhich Londonbloh Londonfrbioh
which has that t rank they think it a big
day if they Mil ii 1115OOO 15000 bales which mar be beroughly bercughly heroughly
roughly speaking 8000000 pounds of atwool of ofwooL ofwooL
wooL Hare It Is possible Je for a man to tobuy tobuy tobuy
buy or sell 40000000 pounds In a day
He can buy one pound or a million with without withjout ith ithout
out ever causing a rippleRlghthere ripple rippleBight rippleBIghtlbere
BIghtlbere Bight here In a few blocks In SUmmit Summerstreet Sumatrstreet SUmmitstreo
street there is l more moreanllable available wool ready
for the mill than any an place else in the tinworld theworld theworld
world The reason reaaonP Well wo have the ttximen thomen themen
men tao U 8 money mone the organization Tin Thuhouse 1htoJhouse Tinhouse
house has buyers numbering more thin thajtFour tb thinfour n nloUr
Four hundred if we e count the men w we e seedout good goodout 16I1dout
out from Boston Into the producing osn osntres centree oentree
tree and the local men menThen menThea menThen
Then Boston to the natural centre of oftho ortha ofthe
the woollen wo l1en trade ade There are no wooll woollta woolltaor a aor
or worsted mQIs worth worthmentlonlng mentioning w west westof lIt lItof t tof
of a line drawn north and south through throughthe throu throuthe throuthe
the middle of Pennsylvania Jamestown JamestownHew
New YorlraDd York and Cleveland Qev IaodhaTIt have dOne T very Tf17W ry rywell r rwell
well W U and there are mills In New J Jey JfHIT Jar Jarsay
ey and Pennsylvania Peunllyl But the great greatmajority grsttmajority rtI rtImajorlt1
majority are right rIh around d Boston oston1n In th thNew thl thlNew fhaNew
New England States StatesAnother StatesDother StatesAnother
Another great a factor fa lathe the unlimited unlimitedsupply I1I11ImIted8Up un hej hejsupply
supply 8Up of clear water waterTh waterThatie The western westernstreams westernstreams
streams atie u a rule are muddy Oar Oarstreams Oaretrel ooretreaine
streams etrel nll run through rocky soil and are u uclear IIclear asdear
clear as a crystal a Tory necessary TY thfcj thfcjin
in < n soonrfaig lICOurI and atd7Kepartng d > preparing the wool woolNew wools
c c I I IJ
I Irk
J s w wflew <
B JUf5
rk
flew New fad Mutest 1 tlMe l MehUM > MAa dnDtreedll dnDtreedllaft of JMreettai JMreettait JMreettaiPUiiiiiHSMd
11 PUiiiiiHSMd 1ufelses teid para CfettlanOlder paraf
f Older Older t and aft leSs zaR effcejtiy + a t e systems of ofaddressing otaddreae1D oraddressing
addressing envelopes andotmalars and circulars cms cmswere OSOIwere oaawere
were hi rogue vogue Handwriting Band was a slow sonprobeee slowprocess alowprobeM
process and not always a ready on onfeBldoa ODeeaJdoe onoBesides
Besides which once ones a aeries of addressu addressuwore ad adwe
wore we put down by T hand han the th only method csathsdof ID methodof thed thedof
of duplication was by b7eoP1 copying 1l aDO one after attsrthe afterhe thrthe
the other otherThe otherThe otherThe
The club member or subscriber to a amagft amqu1ne amagazine
magft magazine i notices athe the clearly printed ad adtress addreu address
tress on the letters or olronlan or wrap wrappers wrappers wrapporn ¬
pers he gets These things are done by bybe 111the bythe
the new addressing processes plOOl which hAft havsso hAftfu
so far outstripped the old oldPlIIIdb1e styles stylesFlexible stylesI stylesFlexible
I
Flexible Bklle BeekMacHng BeekMacHngAmong Kugr KugrAmopg 8 8Amoptbe
Among Amoptbe the distinctive Istlnotivebrnnchesreoos Istlnotivebrnnchesreoosnised branches braachOllreooa braachOllreooaDised recog recognized ¬
nized hi the bookbinding industry InduatrybeineDtioned should shouldbementioned ahouldbementroned
bementioned that of flexible work being beingthe bencthe beingthe
the class of books bound In what is 1 known knownas knownlimp
as limp or soft coven Years ago this thisstyle thiIatyle thisstyle
style of binding was seldom used uaedon except excepton
on Bible and hymnal work and was prin prinipally prlncipaIly prinolpally
ipally done abroad road but it is now em emloyed 1Imploed employed
loyed > very v rycen generallyon oQall ail classes of
books > both for library and an commercialpurposes commercial commercialpurposes commercialI
purposes as it makes a decidedly neat neatattractive neatattraotlve neatattractive
attractive and strong binding bindingIt blodl g gI gIt
I It has been gradually growing srO ln6r in furor furorue laTordue favorti
due ue in great measure to tothe the fact that a aew afew afew
few ew of tho larger binders b1nd In this country countrylava counlryhaTe countryhave
haTe lava made a special epeoia1ltud study of this par parcular particu1sr partioular
cular tioular branch of the trade employing employingkilled employingsklUed employingskilled
killed labor and special machinery macbln ry in isits ints I IItI
its ts manufacture manufa ture
American Press Association AssociationGENERAL
GENERAL OFFICES 45 Park Place PieceNew PlaceNew PlaceNew
New York City CityMONGOL CityMONGOL qtyMONGOL
MONGOL P 4 PENCILS PENCILSHexagon PEN lLS lLSlfeXlIZon
v
s >
Hexagon Shape THE LEAD
Yellow Polish Exquisitely Smooth SmoothBlack SmootbBlack SmoothBack
Black Tip with Gold Band Durable
Red Rubber Qritlest
Your Dernier Sells S JtJ Tina TinaEBERHARD ThIE ThealEBERHARD
EBERHARD E BE RH ARD F FABER ER
1
Habitual Intemperance Cured CuredExcessive l red redExcessive I IExcessive
Excessive Alcoholic Indulgence Indulgenceis
is a Disease DiseaseThe DiseaseThe DiseaseThe
The Oppenheimer Treatment Treatmentis
is a scientific method of dealing with this disease diseaseTreatment diseaseTreatment diseaseTreatment
Treatment can be arranged without detention etent on from frombusiness frombusiness frombusiness
business or any any other unpleasant unpl asa i iFor features fat featuresFor rcs rcsFor
For lull particulars cut this out and write or call callTHE callTHE callTIlE
THE OPPENB1EIMER OPPENtiEIMERJNSTIT INSTITUTE T
317 West 57th Street New York YorkTelephone YorkTcl
I ITelephone
Telephone Tcl phonc Columbus Columbua649S Columbua649Si 649
M
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i Iir f 11aA 1 NJi fi A Yr Yrrr
rr < f t i tjuIi 1 4t k is aht i ra lut w it d Ei tIii rHitr0 ifhJ 1 t itlf 1 ilfllr yJ 4t i I µ c I 1 I

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