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nti'.UY, .iriiY n, ion. I onVr.il Xe York ns Suronfl ftatertd at the I'os Class Mall MaMcr. Subscriptions by Jljll Postpaid. PAII.V, Prr Month DAILY, Per Year SUNDAY, Per Year DAILY AMI Sf.NDAY, Per Yeiir . . . DAILY A.S'I) fit'NDAY. Per Month n nn (i no i on h nn 70 Postage to foreign countries added. All checks, money orde r, Ac, to be made pa ( Me VjTiif. fitN. iMitiiihc,i .till)-. imimiing .Sunday, i.v tiir sun j I'lintinraiKi Publishing ori(iiion nt itxnnu street. In the porouch of Manhattan. c rk , ll.ul.l.Ht.1 Ik. .-I..I... t'.l....,., . If he II. . ItO Nassau street Treasurer of the Association.! XI p Ijiflan, I7D .Nassau street. Secretary of the Association. II. W Uulnii. 170 .N'a-siu street. tendon ofl'ie. rftlnghain lloir. I Arundclslrcct. Strand, 1 l,e dal and Siirila :CN are on sile In ,l.ondon at the Atncrlcrii ami Colonial Kxrhange, Carlton street, llesent street, and llaw'sNtcamshlp Agency, 17 cltcen street. Chatlng Cross lload. Pari nfflre. a Hue de la Mlchodiere. ol Hue du Ui.alre Septembre Inenr Place de rprs'ral. The df II) and Sunday edition ere nn sale at Klosquc i:. near the Urand Hotel. Mosque 77, Itoulcvard les Capuclnes. comer Piare de 1'Opcra. and Klosque ID, tloulevard des ltallcns. corner Hue Louis le (irand. It cur Iritnitg Kltn tutor u. vlih manutttlpti lor pt blltatlon wWttoh itr ttl'tltd articles rtturnetllhen mint In alt nurj tend ilumi't tor turn purpose. The Direc t Tax. The return to n direct tax, the pro posal now declared to meet with the ap proval of the Governor, is the only con ceivable solution for the present condi tion oT the State treasury. In addition, it is the only possible way of bringing home to the oople of the State the final meaning to them of the recent expan sion of State debt. The. present plan to levy n direct tax of half a mill will raise about $5,uOO,ai. The charges for canal and highway sinking funds for the year beginning October 1 will be J4.40l.WiO, $0,2IO.(XiO for the next year, $10,'!70,oihj for the two vrnrs. Tims if tho direct t!i- rate lo .... , . , maintained next year at half a mill the proceeds in the two years will approxi mately meet the debt charges for the came period. In the following years the rate will have to bo doubled. The debt charges will be $7,330,000 in 10t:i and $,45ii.im) in 1914. In addition it is now proposed to increase the capital of the debt by ar proximately $2u,ono,uii) for canal ter minals. If is clear, then, that in two years more the nnnual charge of tin State debt will bo home $in,mw,(KiO, and that this sum will hereafter have to be raised by direct tax. During the last four years the rev- nnilo nf the Stntf h.iR iihotit Kitftiivil In. meet the ordinary expenses of admin-!this iMration, as the following table shows Vear. IMS.. .. IK 1010. ... 1VI1 Ilerenur. 3J.wa,T6a M , 31.M;.1H.51 37.1OS7.T3 ja,n,vi.oon oo Vrpendllurr, :s,M3.ii.M i K.tw:,:iM3 38,i3l.:i S4 ' 'i.s;iw o iimu,m: it Official estimate. 13i.omm While the revenue of the State in th' four years has increased but S'.'.in'm.fnv, the expenditure has urown by nearly $12,000,000, and only n large surplus in I90S has kept the two columns even. It is, then, idle to imagine that tho indi-l rect taxationcan hercaftcrdo more than 1 meet the routine expenses of the general j cities it must be the hope and salvation fund. It is equally futile to suppose that ; 0f States and most imperiously and in large advances in indirect taxation are evitably of a State like New York, full possible. Governor HtT.HES attempted 0f the iniquities called cities. If the such an experiment in the inheritance j withdrawal from the people of the power tax last year and it cost the State $1,5(10,- ofelectingany officers savea select body vuro in revenue. of notables or numskull be a boon, the Henceforth the best that the tax- withdrawal from tho great body of payers of the State tan hope for is Mich citizens of even that power must bo a nn administration of State finance an boon also. Select commission, select will keep the ordinary expenses within ' Kitffrage. the ordinary revenue. Both nre bound to grow gradually, and the several tax reform measures proposed by the Gov . ernor this year will doubtless reestab lish the balance between expense and revenue in lor.'. The immediate occasion of the return to a direct tax is the extravagance of the last four years of Hepublican rule, which were marked by an increase in the cost of State administration ix times as great as tho increase in revenue. But if the tax is a Republican inherit ance, it is no less a good thing for the Stat to establish a direct and unmis takable relation between the taxpayer and the State debt. Such a relation once established, the check upon the ex pansion of tho debt, will be automatic. Kvery consideration that can apreal to wiso statesmanship and party leacler Ehip demands a return to the direct tax. A Column for the licit I'rople. In his appeal to the Hon. John A. 'Pl.x to veto tho election bill which bears the name of a former Citizens I'nion dis trict leader tho Hon. A.r.o.v .1 Lkvv, a representative of the I'nion, on Wednesday advanced tho following in - teresting and impressive argument: It the bill would strike a severe blow at bona lldc Imlcprndrnt organizations like the Clllrrns I'nion Such orKanlzatlon desire a place upon the billot, not for the purpose of ken Ing out to one of the inriee parlies but for the purpose of Informing the wuers at larirc of their position In regard to candidates." Tho Citizens I'liion, as its representa tive later averted, rarely makes nomi nations; it ha-s no considerable number of nwil(em tt whom it might refer such questions. What it docs have is a city committee composed of a small band of Uliofliciul citizens, responsible to no body possessed of primary elect ion muchinery to choose such a committee. The function of this small committee is to gather about a table and sit in sol cum judgment upon the ollicial records and xrsonul attainments of the various candidates for ollice of the several par tics and then place upon the ballot its own column containing the names of tho relatively few aspirants lor office who, tried by the acid test of Citizens union rchpcciululity, Hiiiisfy the ideal of citizenship ox intent in a purty which no longer finds it worth while to name candidates of its own. A more preposterous argument and a bottcrjtistilicntioii fortius sections of the levy l)ii thus attacked by the Citizens I nion could not he Imagined. Why the ollicial ballot should be encumbered nnd the cost nnd work of printing and Vniwllltirr mnllinllcil minnh- n rlv nn irresponsible and unofllcial coniniltteo of "host citizens" nn opportunity to ex press in this way a personal opinion, frequently founded merely Uon class prejudice, is hard to see. If the Citizens Union desires to in dicate its indorsement of candidates named by regular parties the Low bill I iK-rmits its emblem to be placed after I the names of such candidates. This l eliminates a column on the ballot with- out depriving an independent of a single right. Hut to demand for a hundredor , ,,na. vnv..- mii.. tl, rSi,f - -.. to a separate, column on the ballot because of their civic superiority and inherent and surpassing righteousness, is this not a little too much? ytilek Art Ion (iovernment In a City of llournemotith. The city of Kugene, Oregon, site of the I'niversity of Oregon and partly surrounded by an amphitheatre of low mountains (sec gazetteer), Is determined to lmvo a commission government charter worthy of those educational and scenic privileges. While its pro posed charter looks nlmost reactionary in requiring the signature of 15 per cent, of the legal voters to initiate the initia tive, tho referendum can be set to work by twenty-five voters. A Kugene des patch to the Portland Orcqonian gives the auspicious nows: "Provision whereby twentyfue voters may demand an Immediate referendum election on any ordinance passed by the City Council Is one of the noel features of trie proposed commission rovernmenl charter for Hutene on which the charter board put flntshlnc touches last night. Accordln to the propoed charter the Mate law In regard to referendum shall apply In all cases, and this would require sixty to elfhty names to call a referendum, but the provision Is added which will preent the Council shelvtnc a refer endum until a convenient season for an election, perhaps for as much as a year. " In demandtuff an Immediate election the pe titioners must deposit with the city sufficient money to pay the cost of the special election. . ' . ' ' ,. . ' . by the further petition of lenty-fle lecal voters and the required deposit, fa filed with the City Recorder the Council must call the special elec lion to be held within thirty days after the neit rerular meeting. As regular meetlnis under tr.e commission plan would be held each Mond.iy, and but ten days notice of special election Is required, quick action can be obtained on any trailer towhlch the citizens object." "Quick action" seems to be a term more logical nnd more exactly descrip tive than "direct action." Quick action government, put in motion and con trolled by n minority, technically called ''the people; that is the old man's vision and the young man's dream in ?mnd ",nd wondrous Mm-, On tho Wrong Track. Just after the annual comedy of beat ing woman suffrage at Albany by a politely (.lender margin may the friends of tliat "reform" be reminded that it is no reform and that they are utterly on the wrong track? To demand repre- bentatioti and a share in representative government when that system is damned by all uplifting souls is to be antiquated and out of htyle, errors into which women of tnse are arcful not to fall. If government by commission, di carehv. is the hoj; and salvation of Instead ot civimj the right of suffrage to women it should be taken away from men, from most men, and restricted to the earnest and exalted remnant. Gov ernment by commission, suffrage by commission. Women, no doubt, should be eligible to both; a few women as a few men, all responsible to some of those in spired leaders, the Pied Pipers whom it is now tho blessed privilege of Ameri cans to follow with rapturous cars. Pavements. Possibly there arc a few citizens who remember a time when the pavements of this town were in reasonably good condition. It is a matter of slight con sequence whether the bluuio for the pavement conditions rests upon the last Tammany or the present City Club Borough President. What does concern the much enduring people, of New York city is that the streets should be repaired with prompt ness and efllciency. Tho long continued efforts of the Borough President to ob tain the perfect subway system are commendable enough, but it is about time thnt part of his attention should jbe withdrawn from subterraneous to I surface subjects and part of his energy devoted to serving the interests of those who have to rido in vehicles instead of providing for those who would ride in trains, The lloililcnbcry Curiosities. The Hon. Skauohn Anderson Iton DENRKR Y of Georgia iH a new member of the House of Representatives. He lias just introduced two bills designed to enlist tho Federal Government in the enforcement of State or township pro hibition of the sale of liquors'. Ono of tho Roddenbery measures makes it n criminal offence, punishable by line and imprisonment or both, for uny iM-rbon to deposit in the United States mails any written or printed ad vertisement offering for salo spirituous or intoxicating liquor in "communities, counties, States or Territories where by State or local law the salo of such liquor is prohibited." It declares such mutter uninuilable when addressed to iiersons in such localities, It makes the ofTence indietablo and punishablo either at tho place of mailing or at the place where such matter is received or de-1 llvered. For example, as wo understand the, bill, the proprietor of a newspuper or magazine In New York loiiluiuiug an advertisement of one of tho Milwaukee beers or of one of the wines of C'ham pagne could be Indicted under Federal law either in Xcw York or Maine and convicted and imprisoned in cither State for mailing a copy of his news imper or magazine to a subscriber in llangor. The second of Mr. Roiii:mii:iiy'b leg islative enterprises provides that the Federal Internal revenue tax shall not bo collected in the case of any whole sale or retail dealer in spirituous or malt liquors doing business in any commu nity where there is prohibition under State or local laws, at the same time making it the duty of the I'nitcd States Government to prosecute and punish such dealer for failure to pay the spe-J cial or so-called license tax. How simple anil masterly! The Last of the Ilayrcuth Conductors Tho death of Fllix Mottl removed tho last of tho conductors of the music of RicHAnn Waonkh who had como into personal contact with the composer. It is true that Hans Kicim.n still lives and will be one of the conductors at the Bayreuth festival jierformanccs this summer, but Antos Seihl, Hbrman Levy and Flux Mottl, who worked with the master during the early years of Bayreuth, arc gone. Enoelbert HliMPKRiiiNCK, nlso nn assistant to Wau.vf.ii then, had too brief a career as a conductor to have any influence in that capacity. Tho Bayreuth tradition as to the interpretation of the Wagner music dramas had a firm supporter in Mottl, although he did not carry this most modern development so fur as MICHAEL Ballixo, Sieofried Waonku and other members of the Wagner family to whom any word of the chatelaine of Wahnfried is law. Sf.idi.'h dramatic temperament prevented him from adopting tho present Bayreuth method of drawing out every phrase of the music, and this rule of Mme. Cosima's was indeed brought to its present authority long after he had departed from Bayreuth, Hans Hiciitkr first conducted at Bayreuth before the present views as to the proper interpretation of Wao nt.r'h music had been promulgated by the widow of the composer. To IUch ter'h intimacy with the family at Wahn fried as well as his advanced years lie is now sixty-eight his ready acquies cence in th views of Bayreuth to-day is attributed. ' Gustav Mauler was not identified with Bayreuth, nor was Karl Muck notably allied with its artistic interests, although he is to bo one of the conduc tors this year. Mahler never found it necessary to accept the Bayreuth teach ing on the subject of tempi. Siegfried Wacst.R and the other Bayreuth con ductors are not sufficiently important to mako it seem probable that they will ever give New York the opjwrtunity to hear their ideas on interpretation. Our own Arturo Toscanini shows some signs of sympathy with th new Bayreuth spirit, but not enouch to lo included in the little group that now rules the destinies of the Festspielliuus. So Felix Mottl was the last great repre sentative of the modern views as to con ducting the works of Richard Waoner. Although he came into association with Riciunn of Bayreuth, it was not his theories hut those of the present rulers of the Bavarian musical town that lie represented with wrhaps greater dis tinction than any other conductor. , I sufo and thoroughly conservative doc- The legislature should think long before! trine. There is little doubt in tho minds laying a ruthloHs hand on tho Albany t uf the substantial and responsible voters Burgessea Corps. To suppress it is to , UH to which will most bweomlngly repro suppresa u groat demand for food and ' Bl.t the progress and prosperity of Mis drink and to amputate an honor from an nlssippl in the United States Senate. The honorary list of which tho rnre notorious ! (,u(V4loa -M whether tho respectability Harvard "Mod. Fae." did but faintly i r the rabble will prevail in tho approach dream when it admitted theCrarof Russia , jR primaries, nnd even the most friendly to share in its glories and Botdtteimpcri.il observer is bound to admit that th rabble acknowledgment and thanks in return. ia mighty strong in the State. . 'Ihoro is no reason to suppose that tho The Hon. Woopnow Wilson seems to I' regard tho Governorship of New Jersey as a travelling scholarship. From some portion of the West with the end of the season for years there has come the report of tho "last big roundup or cattle." The cowboy with hi iariutl branding iron and "chuck wagon" has been gradually pushed out of hnnas, Nebraska, Oklahoma and Texas until almoht his only remaining corral was' tho ranges of Montana. But tho last Government crop report shows such a remarkable change in that State that it seems his days there are almost ended. The acreago of all ceroals has incjeaHod in ten years lit) per cent., tho wheat Hells alone oxpanding ISO per cent. But this is not such nn indication of tho change as the diflerence between the sixteen acrfs of flax In lMi'J and the 37.017 In I0OU. for it Is customary in Montana to raise Max nn sod, and tho increase in acreago furnishes a measure of the o.itont to which cuttle and sheep ranges are being converted into farms, flm days of tho big round, upsin Judith Basin, in Fergus county, nnd even along vtho lower Judith and the breaks or the Missouri are practically past. The stockmon are moving ncroH into Dawson county, thnt extends east ward from Fergus to tho Dakota lino, but even there it may not bo many years be fore they will soo their last roundup. For Ambassador at the Court of St. James's when Champ Clahk is President: Tho Hon. Kookht I.kk Hk.nhy, some time Lord Mayor of Texarkana. It was Citi zen Hl'NltT who when u student nt the Southwostorn University of Texas refused to wear a baseball uniform on the ground that knickerbockers were "monarchical." Water Watte. To thk WntTOti or Tils avsSIr: It Is a pity thnt our nhortsjc nf water preenn the pmpcr facilities fur the quenching of thirst In man uml be list. May the authorities Imrstlgntc a wanton watte, Hiimrlent If cnrrectril to hupply kuutsI iiiiummI fountains The two Inch uutlrl ulTonllng a con tant flush at 107th unci nnil IlroKlway l an Instance, the same condition obtaining In eeral other troughs. I'nion Mjunre. Knnrlhavenueslde. now being repaired, Is another case, Iteduced to une-uuarter of the present rate, the Bow would about be tho quantity supplied at Cooper Union, one of the best patronlred In the City. OSSKItVAKT. Nil YORK, July tl. VARItAVAX's' loo OX VOWKR CAMI'MUS,-' MMII1)tASi M,,m ,,uly ,2 ,t har, Bt.rt,,K for to ion. Loroy Poroy these fervent limes. It hasn't been ns hot in MUslnalppi during tho last few weeks as In IMrolt or Chicago or Boston, but It has been hot enough, hotter than most peo ple like, unil the weather is gradually warming up to the caloric level of the campaign. It is another tribute to the various virtues of tho "popular election nf Senators" that in addition, to the assess ment on candidates to meet election ex penses! those some candidates have to visit every nook and corner of tho State and from Tupelo to Meridian and from Oroenvlllo to Aberdocn address audiences assembled from the different neighbor hoods dr assume the responsibility of hav ing neglected so many free and inde pendent sovereigns. It comes hlgn, and In time tho Individual will begin to realize that tho system excludos the poor man absolutely rrom tho competition. For the moment, howover, tho common peoplo are having their fling at no par ticular cost to themselves. So the three candidates in this contest, Percy, Var daman and Alexander, are zigzagging all over tho State by rail and river, by stago line or by mule power, across the hot sands of Tishomingo oounty or through the forests and beneath the climbing jasmines of Adams, jumping from the pot liquor of the Hatchle vicinity to the fried chlckon, beaten biscifita and cym bllns of Columbus and Holly Springs, with nocketbooka aleak and no rest for the ambitious. In good time the poor man will come to regret the easvgolng days when he could pack his bag, scrape up money enough to pay carfaro to the capital and nifflo it on easy forms among the legislators. For tho time being, while the fail lasts and tho jargon of the ProgreMlves passes current, a Senator ship U within reach only of the pros perous, and the average man's part is to watch the procoesion and thank heaven for the opportunity. The throe candl dates iu this cose eeem to have the price and common folk must stand aside; but an has been said, it looks like hard sled ding for Percy, by long odds the finest rellow, Mississippi haa aent to Wash ington since the days of Walthall and Iimar. What will be the outcome? Who knows? It is practically impossible to find any one who flunks Alexander mar be a winner, anil in popular estimation at least the Issue is between Yard am an and "Percy. Only a few days ago the former waa drawn through this town by eighty yoke of white oxen. With each yoke marched a guide dressed In white, and enthroned upon the vehicle sat Jim Vardaman, himself dyked out in purest duck, a spick and span emanation of the bandbox, spotless from throat to heel, with all tho assembled myriads yelling discordant tribute to the spectacle. It Is impossible for poopio in our part of tho country to appraise the importance and effect of this theatrical, not to say melodramatic pageant, but down here it was prodigious. It materialize!! the esuonco of Vardaman 's campaign. It was on apotheosis of the color line. It revived the terrors of the carpet bag wriod and invested with vicuriotm consequence the spooks of a long buried past. But Vardaman knows how to play upon the passions and preju dices of tho red necks and the hill billies, and he is doing It with a master hand. Even John Sharp Williams, with all the corporations, the penitentiary horde and the ns4t of tho buttressed and embattled interests at his back, only succeodod. four jyn.jtn ago. In beating ardaman by a i tx'gtjurly margin of vot. vt nai i-ercy will accomnlLsh aeainst him. Percy who washes his face and hunds every day and weirs clean clothes habitually, heaven only knows. Yarduman is not of the unshaven and unshorn. Ho is not ostentatiously slov enly for political purposes. On the con trary, he is as neat as a pin always. In these inspects ho is on a par with Percy, tho difference between tho two being that he preaches the lowest demacocy In spop- ', less raiment, while his opponent, in equally ! fastidious attire, preaches tho sane and omewhat picturesque Intrusion of Private John Allen into the campaign, as a parti san of Percy's and a rather too hectic ucctinor of Vardaman, will change any- body's mind. Allen is violent as well as humorous and seems to novo' distributed ' Ko0lJ a,,d ovil in nl,out equal proportions , M far iU1 concern his favorite. .Neither i do. it appear that the oncounter on tho ' ruilway train nt Storkvillo. in which State I Senator Bilbo, n ardaman supporter. was badly beaten by a pistol in tho hands of ono J. J. Honry, a fonuer penitentiary official and now a railroad employee will do more thou intensify the already preva lent antagonism. Percy and Vardaman are opposing each otlior on prncticnlly tho original linos. The side lssuos and Inci dental ebullitions, fruitful as they aro or heat' nud animosity in MWssippi, have mado no impression on tho canvuas. All tho Indications nre that Vardaman is running very htrong, and it Alexander's votes do not constitute a subtraction rrom Percy's strength all present calculations aro at fault. I he Feud lletueen Sijulrrel and Illrd, To THF. l!ITOR ok THK SUN- .sir- In connec tion with Dr. John A. Wyeth's letter In to-day's Si s It l Interesting to note that mulrrcls are said to be Inimical to blriK wltnet the encloeil note hy IMintinil T Ilaubeny In the Stlbome Mntatlnr tor October. 1M09; 'The yew tree In Miss flraH' gar4en beats any klntle tree that I have known In the number and arlcty of birds that nest In It. Mho deplores the Oolenl death of a squirrel that had taken up lis winter quarters there. Tor the birds, hiiwcer. It was a merciful deliverance. Had the squirrel been there the next spring It would hiuc rllteil almost every nest, tucked the efi or detiMircil the young, Tho cole Ufa nest, from tiring In a hole, would have escaped, i:ru n powerful bird UUe the mat-pie would have to keep perpetual guard. "A frlond'a garden was, visited by a squirrel one spring and all the little bird's eggs were suclird. A good observer wrote to me to say that of fourteen nests of the gold crested wren uiiirh he found one morning thirteen were turned I Inildc out and the eggs eaten by squirrels, lie nlvi saw a squirrel In the act nt eating a black nlru a egg. me Keepers nerr report to me iney hnvc seen squirrels devouring young thrushes. Due of the nest ways of Increasing the mint- titTi fif nur little Mmesters such as the nlrht Ingalr, blackcap, whlhithrnat and others la to thin the rani. of the squirrels, .Squirrels should be absent from bird sanctuaries. "I could relate many more Instances to cor rohiirate iht-.c remarks and have been soundlv abUM d In fore to day tor daring to point out the I Miulrrel'b propensity for attacking the nests i f Mnli ami tur ouvisiiik incy anuuiu ug Kept In rhn-k " If the squirrel nature Is as therein described blru luvrii Huuld gladly favor tho removal i,f thi.n In ttie narks, for a full sunnlv and varielv of blrdsare surely lobe preferred. notonly because nf the greater Importance of birds as park para icrnalia but ncr&ubo or tnctr wen known use Iness as destroyers of the Injects which Injure trees and plants. it. v. . KW You., Jul U. tOSt Of MKAT I.V PAHIS. The enormous lucteaee In the price of meat In Paris Is catislntt ifreat dlatiexn itnionif the working rlusse. A few days ago a great meeting was held at a nows paper ofllce to discuss the subject nnd Kenntors. Deputies, Municipal Councillors and wholesale and retail butchers were present. A Brest deal of tlrst hand Infor mation was published, and steps were taken toward systematic effort to brlntf about a reduction of prices. It appears that tho oppressive Advance dates back about a year. Hut, said M. Lefvre, president of tho General Syndicate of French Utttchera, it must not be Imairlned that It was a sudden phenomenon. It had really been Impending since 1003. Blnre that year, with occasional Interruptions, the price of meat had been steadily rising fa France: It merely reached a climax In 1910. In July of thnt year the public felt the full weight of the Increase: since Novem ber, notwithstanding the Increase, the sit uation had become disastrous for the trade. In the few Intervening months moro than a hundred btitcliois hate had to close their hops. At present hair the working popula tion Is compelled to curtail Its consumption of meat. M. Ifovre gave some Interesting sta tistics. In isio. ho said, there were sold In the March de la t'lllette, according to the official figures of tho Department of the Heine, 3SB,5I2 beef cattle, 17,M0 calves, 1 .073.751 ahcep. The' average weight of these animals was 38S kilos (about 7M pounds) tor cattle. 70 kilos for calve and 10 kilos tor sheep. This gives a total weight of 123,103,39: kilos, or something more than double that number of pounds, of beef marketed, 12,505,7.10 kilos or veal and 31,801,289 kilos of mutton, Had this moat been sold In 1902 at price then current It would have realized the following sums: lleef, at 1 franc 12 centimes the kilo on the average, 137,942,900 francs; veal, at t frano SB centimes, 10,001, frnncs; mutton. At l franc 51 centimes, 20.vs64.ies francs. Last year the prices actually realized were for tho beef, at an average of 1 franc el centimes. lfi.,2M,0iu francs: for the veal, at 2 frnncs 21 centimes, 27, 8J9.503 francs; for tho mutton, at 2 francs 22 centimes, 70,595,817. The total realized In by the sales would have been 205,884.188 francs; last year it was 208,728,441 francs, an Inrreaso of 00,884,272 frnncs. or about SIS. 172.854, that the people of l'arls had to pay out of their fund for living expenses. The causes of the Increase, said M. Ie fevro, were both social and commercial. Change lu the standards of living In creased the demand for meat: but un questionably tho Import duty was the main cause, if Indeed the covert method of pro tection, that Is to say exclusion, were not most to blame, the methods embodied In the Importation laws under the gule nf sanitary precautions applying to meat dead or on the hoof, whether coming from abroad or from the colonies. There were mora than a hundred Sens tors und Deputies present at this meeting. many of whom made speeches. Finally Municipal Councillor tlirou of Paris made n strong speech for Immediate action. There upon an order of the day or resolution was adopted embodying the following demands; 1. That tho Debussy law raising the tariff on meat nnd food anlmnls be repeated and the customs duties of the law of 1802 re stored. 2. That the provisions concerning slaughtered animals referring to adhesions of the thoraclo organs embodied In the laws of Uss and I8B3 be abolished. 3. Thnt provisions he adopted to suppress buck sters' shops and all fraudulent and Illicit practices. 4. That measures be taken to promoto the importation of food animals from the colonies and that they be admitted free of duty. The subject of the dearness of meat has been taken up by the Parliament, The Tariff Commission of the Chamber has ar ranged to givo hearings to the butchers syndicate, In the Senate a demand has been. made on the Minister of Agriculture fpr a report Deputy Georges Berry, repre senting the Department of tho Heine, has also given notice of an interpellation on the subject in the Chamber. It looks as it the matter would soon tower above nil other domestic topics If a remedy I ia not speedily found It is at last n polit ical Issue which appeals to every French man, high or low, rich or poor. It touches all alike In two particularly sensltivn spots, the stomach and the purse. Fiscal reform may lag and proportional repre sentation may be Indefinitely postponed, hut It Is safe to say the high cost of meat III be kept In tho public eye with great dltlnctness, nnd legislators who nsplro to keep their seats and salaries will hustlo until a remedy is found cm n smokkiis Axn hemum. The Voice nf nncWIio Has SmokrtlTltou sands of f'lgars ntarj). To mr Kpitoh or Titv Si-s .''ir It l aston ishing when a few people determine to effect a reform, either In their own manners or tho-e of others, how qulckl men ot the tpe of "Night mare" will gle out the benefit of their dream. As 1 understand It, the object of the soilely to which, he refers Is not to segregate the smoker", hut stmply to force them to tie derent and eier clse a derent regard for the rights of others. That there It a neresltj for such a society Is apparent to any observing person who wilt ride In the subways or upon the railway trains, or In fart who goes Into almost any public place. This country more than any other on the fare of the earth possesses a liberal supply of Vogs. Who until a 'ery few years ato went abnut smo king ;nd spltUng and using obscene and profane language as a right guarantm! to them by the Constitution ot this free country We have gradually deprived them of the right of spitting In public places and have created a public sentiment strong enough to pass law i for bidding them to smoke In certain public places, but we have not et got a sufficiently strong public opinion to prevent any one from sn'o king In the subway or elevated trains or stations or tn street cars If he desires to do so. The eagrrnrss wtlh which many gentlemen of the mental makeup of "Nightmare" seek to evade the rules against smoking In the subway can be seen any morning at the exit of any downtown station by noting the hundreds of burned matches on the steps. So little regard have they for the rights of others that they cannot watt tn jot to the street before lighting up the stubs which they have hung on to for dear life but as soon as they reach the bottom of the stairs they must hold up the procession while they strike a match, and the unfortunate ones behind have the benellt of the dead cigar while climbing the stairs, and they are lucky If they do not get poked In tho ce by a lighted cigar or cigarette I have smoked many thousands of good cigars, and while on this subject I wish to eipress my unqualified rontempt for any man so absolutely devoid of any discerning Judgment regarding tobacco that he will light up a cigar after It has once died; and It Is my opinion that to make the punishment lit the crime anyone who win carry a stub Into a train should be fined at least i.V and confined for not less than two years at hard labor. Mount Vernon, July 13. J. iutton. Stop. Look and Listen t To thk I'.tuTOH or Thk Sun .sir- You render good sen Ire, In line w llli the request of the Penn sytyanla llallroad Company, In the publication of the "Stop, Look and Listen!" artlrle In to-day's SUN. As matter of fact n good many people who go about tho country afoot and In vehicles, and In particular In automobiles, concerning which the speed factor complicates matters, do leave their common sense at home when they travel, else there would be fewer accidents to read about In tho papers. I believe It U a law of the State of Pennsylvania that before crossing nny railroad at grade a per son Is obliged to "stop, look and listen," whether pedestrian or In a vehicle; and It would be an excellent la' to enact In this State. To one who goes about !.ong Island, Westchester county, and elsewhere In the State In fact, the necessity and wisdom of such prov IMon arc obv luus. Aside from the annoyance and expense en tailed by such accidents the railroad companies deplore all such happenings and lake many pre cautions u avoid them; but 1 am tmiwlled to say that twill In tiong Island and In Westchester county the time has come when very consider able portions of tho lino of railroads, and espe cially near by and through towns and vlllafrs, should be enclosed, as In the case of the Pennsyl vania llallroad, and all crossings guarded and the Jangling gong and nervo rending steam whistle done away with. Joun Y, CVI.IM1. Maw Yoke, July II. 4 SUFFItAGtST'S lllSBASlt Tells .to)ousl) of lilt Conversion to the Cause and of Ills Happy Home. To Tnu Editoii op The' Hps Sir: I nm that most pity Inspiring object to some recent correspondents who sign feminine names, the husband of an enthusiastic and active suffragist. That I find the home that sho makes what It is tho most charm ing place that I have known tuny do to thoso correpondents a proof of my lock or Intellect. Yet I should Ilko to say a tew words as to how nnd why I have been con verted to the cause ot woman suffrage. And lot me say at the outset that It any one. male or remote, moro heartily detests nnd deplores the existence ot on fiitw-omniily wthnon than 1, his or her powers ot detest ing and deploring must bo well developed. I dislike the aggressive, one Idoaed, shrill voiced woman who Imputes evil motives or low Intelligence to all who disagree with her far more thnn I do a man with the snnir faults, for my standards of womanliness have been fixed by grandmother, mother, sister, aunts and wife. And I admit thnt tho women with these faults do naturally gravitate Into imy move ment that brings them to the public eye, whether It be V. C. T. l' U. A. It., Sorosls. Antl-Suffraglsm or "Votes tor Women." Hut that working tor woman suffrage makes them such or that the power to vote would increase the ntimbnr of such I believe from my own experience nnd observation to bo an absolutely untenable and even ridiculous notion. In New York city alone there are thousands ot gracious, thoroughbred, charming and much loved women who are enlisted heart and soul in what they rightly deem a movement for the uplift and broad ening or our civilization quite as much as ror Increasing a woman' power to make her lire, her home and her children's future what she longs to have them. Alt politics aro but municipal, State and national housekeeping. Trite as this is, It expresses n great nnd compelling truth that the opponents of woman suffrage seem utterly unable to grasp or to answrr, It was the conception of this fact! that first mado me see tho Tightness ot the cry of "Votes for Women " Then came an appre ciation of the widening of the scope of woman s subtle Influence, which tho "antls are the first and loudest to hall and acclaim that would follow. Then the increased fairness ot chance for tho vast and swiftly Increasing host of woman workers, not that any miracles would follow or any economic laws turn upside down. Then the new nnd fresh Interest brought Into the lives of the more Intelligent women; for one knows how little Interest a man can maintain In the politics of a State where he has no vote. And it lien the absolutely bogey man character of the objection that It.would take the woman from her hornet Ono moment. Make a teat. Try to remain perfectly grlnless ror five minutes and then ask yourself how much the right to vote takes a man rrom his home unless he Is nn active officeholder. And women officeholders will always be far rarer than women singers, actresses, lecturers, who are indeed taken from their homes, and as one to one thousand of the women workers whose homes never see them during the working hours of the weekday. I place no weight whatever on the so called "right" to vote. I do not admit it. The Interests of tho community alone should determlno who should vote. But I firmly believe that not only the Interests of the community hut the Interests of the woman, of her home, or her children nnd or her husband demand that we should not give her but nvall ourselves or her vote. New Yona. July 13. II. It, 0. Bererendum Folly. From Itit Dtnttr Republican. The case or the telephono ordinance re cently enacted presents an illustration of the folly or the retorendum. The ordinance In question Is practically nothing more than an acceptance by the city of he offer made by the telephone company to pay Into the city treasury ! per rent, of the company's gross earnings to be expended on streets, parks and boule vards, It leaves all matters nt issue be tween the company and the city respecting the rights or claims of the former and the powers of tho latter exactly ns they ate. Nothing Is granted to the telephono com pany. o restriction is put upon the power of the city. It Is a case of benefits to be received hy the city nnd of nothing granted to the telephone company. To siihmlt thla to the referendum Is to ask the people to vote on whether the city treasury shall or shall not be enriched by an annunl payment hy the telephone com pany of something like :5,000. If the matter had been understood the signers of the referendum petition would hnve treated with contempt the suggestion Hint they affix their signatures to so foolish a document. They would have answered that since the city hud an opportunity to get $25,oeo n year without giving anything In return It should certainly take advantage of It. Hut they did not know, they did not understand. They yielded to the Impor tunity of the men who presented the peti tions and without knowing anything about the matter or trying to find out they signed Hie petitions and thus suspended the ordi nnnco until the city election to be held next Slav. 'I his deprive the city of the revenue It would obtain If tho ordinance wete In effect. The referendum petitioners hnve done one thing. If they havo done nothing else. They have knocked the city out of tho $;5,ooo which would form the first year's contribu tion. It is an Instructive illustration of the effect of the referendum which tho would-be political reformers have fastened upon the city. That all political power Is lodged In the people Is accepted In nil free countries ns a doctrlno not to be disputed. Hut the ex istence of this power In the people should ho likened to u great icservolr, from which water Is drawn to genornte electricity, to operate factories, to Irrlgute land or for other beneficial tife,-i, Tho power of the wnter Is stored tn tho reservoir, hut In order that It may be put to beneficial use appli ances must be devised tor drawing upon It In tho tpinntlty and the ways seen to be good. To let It all rush forth at once would involve destruction nnd ruin. So with tho power ot tho people. Sloans must be employed for Its application to beneficial use through the employment of chosen legislator to enact laws; of Judges 1o interpret and of executives to enforce them. Direct application of this power In government Is exceedingly dangerous, ami nt times It tuny prove destructive, Espe cially Is this true of the refviendum and the recall, the former an attempt nt direct leg islation, the latter an attempt to regulate ami coerce oftlclnls. Doth aro foolish nnd both aro dangerous. Scurs. To'ittK lltuTon or Tjtr! Scn .Sir- A time losses Presidential possibilities are falling by the way like grains undet a corushrller. Champ Clark lias been detected eating with Chairman Underwood. Whenever two or more men aro found In conversation It argues strongly In favor of some conspiracy. Governor llaldwln of Con necticut served lor many ears as a Judge with out being recalled, which disposes of his cae. Crfjvernor I'oss of Massachusetts and Governor I'lalsted of Maine aie excellent genUemcn, but wholly without "scars" recehed In I'leiMciitlal liattlea. The hero who can place on exhibition the most scara Is sure to win, li. swirr DtaoiNS. Crotalvi Ckntbb, Arltona, July 8. An Ethnologlcal-Thermologlcal Note by the Manhattan I'hlloiopher. To Ttig KPITOR or THK ht'N-.SIr: I have nntlcrd this year and several years previously that the lists In the newspapers of persons killed and "knocked out" by the heat contain the names of very few Hebrews, whereas from the relative population of Hebrews In this city these lists should consist largely of members of this raco especially as many or them llvo tn tho most squalid conditions and neighborhoods. This Is another proof of their h;althfulnrss, and with other of their well known charactettstlcs makes thnn practically Invincible In work and business. Nw Yobs, July U, . U. J. TltllJO TO ST 1 1,1, JIOItXMt , Z.oo Director .Nays Hccri'tnn agrl Unite lllm to Mind Ills Ovtn Ittislnt-ss WAsiltNtirns;, July i;i, Secretary N.tel of tho Deptrtmcnt of Commerru and Labor and Klsli Commissioner lt.iuo.-s tried to "suppress" Lr. William T II. rn,,. day, director of the New York Zo In, i'arK, two years uko because or In i-slorta to secure legislation to prer-crm tns diminishing seal herd of the l'nl,:l,il Islands of Alaska, accordiiiL; t , tr Hornaday's testimony to-dty before tlm House Committee on Kxpcmlltiiici in tl,,. I)eNirtment of Commerce and bultm ltepresentntlvoTownseiidor New- ,lernt author or the resolution under winch, ih.i hearings ato being conducted, ilewlope the fact that the Cnmplire ( lull tent p, Senator Dixon on October V'.i, ltu'.i, it. draft of a resolution intended t i anit iu tho preservation of the herd l,v m. augurating a clored season; that Hie re ). Ititioti was introduced by the Stui w ;l December T; that on December in ir llarton Kvermann of tho Fish CuiimiHiiin wrote to Fish Commissioner bowers suggesting that steps to eel the lump, fire Club back into lltto be taken, ami nwt some timo later Mr. Howers himself went to New York and endeavored to have Dr, Hornnday called off. Dr. Hornad.ty told tho committee how he learned from his tr lends that bin activi ties on bolutlr of tho seal herd were being attacked and read a copy of a letter lit hod received from Secretary Nnc.pl, in which ho was told to mind bin own busi ness. "Now, Mr. Hornadny," says tho last paragraph of this lettter, "you hnvo con siderable responsibilities in your oflicl.il employment, and I shall cndc.ivoi not to molest you. I hope that you will uccord me tho samo privilege in my capacity. I always welcome advice, I tin not fear criticism, but I discourags unnecessary comment upon other men engaged in my bureau who nro charsed with responsible duties, who nro ex pected to bo loyal and who nre not in ,v position to defend themselves, I regard it as my part to speak up for them " The committee broke up in tho usual row. rror. Henry . binoti or Cleveland, Ohio, the seal expert, wanted Fish Com missioner Bowers nut on the stand .Mr Bowers and Prof. F.lllott exchanged such words us "liar" and "perjurer" the other day. "Before wo adjourn to-day I want that man put on tho stand," criel Klliott v.hoi Dr. Ilornaday had completed his testi mony, shaking his list at Howers. l!e called me n liar. He's not going to Ret away from here. I'm going to lix him." Keprosontatlve ltotherniol of Pennsyl vania, the committee chairman, who has managed to preservo peaco under diffi culties up to date, poured oil on the troubled waters. Mr. IJowers w ill take the stand next week, to bo examined by Prof. Elliott, and fur is expected to Hy. 373,000 Ki:U.OC,(t COT. (ovrrnmcnt I'altl lllm That ror the I'eur Years ttork Against Standard Oil. Washington, July 13. Tho Houmj Com mittee on F.xpenditures in the Department of Justice occupied itself at to-d.iy's hearing inspecting tho vouchers on wlurh Trust Buster Frank B. Kellogg drew about $75,00(1 in salary- and exisutses fur his work which terminated in the dissolution of the Standard Oil Company by the Supremo Court, All of tho vouchors, which were for sums ranging from JTon to i:5,cii nnd extended over the period from llni, up to the present time, were for lump sum- de scribed a "comiensation and expeu'e None of them wns itemized Representative Beall of Texas, chair man of the committee, referring to tho statute provision thut Government em ployees shall bo paid only actual ux cii-es on itemized accounts, suggested tlut the Kellogg vouchers wcro "unitemucd and unapproved." Chief Clerk Gilmer of the office of th auditor for tho State Uepartmete ex plained that Kellogg had boen "ti io- nl under a ppecial contract with the Attorney-General, that his conipens.it i.ut was ilxed by tho Attornoy-Uener.tl nnd that tho expense account voucher wen paid, although unitemized. on the ground that they were additional compensation nEAIl ADMinAh COMIA Ol V. Philadelphia Navy Yard Head Iletlrrtt for Ase-llns Seen Kxeltlna; Service Wahiiinoto.v. July 13. Bear Admiral Samuel P. Comly, n native of Now Jersey, who has been commandant of the Phila delphia Navy Yard and president of general court-martial board thoj-e, was placed on tho naval retired lit for ilia maximum age of Ki years, to-d.iy Admiral Comly entered the Naval Academy from Now Jersey in iv," On leaving the acadomy ho was on t he Juniata, which cruised The northern waters in search of ho Polaris. The expedition was out. moro than n year, oflUers ami crow HUffering heavily from cold and During tho Spanish-American war lis was navigator of the battleship Inrbana, which ligured in tho naval lighting m Cuban waters. Upon being promoted to Captain ho commanded tho battlchip Alabama, on which he made the tout "i the world with tho battleship fleet He was then promoted to Hear il mlral in October, IBM -rfhortly nfter win; h ho received a division- command m 'he Hoot, He watt promoted to tho command of the hecond Hqundron. from which ho wns detached at his own request I.v October. Since then ho ha-, been on duty at Philadelphia. FREE IWUSIt Tllir OVEIl st:. Party From Naples Not Allowed to " ((tiarantlne at (iltiraltnr. Mr. nnd Mrs, T. N. East .nan, Mr and Mrs. W. U. Saul of Philadelphia and t Bacarisas. a Greek artist, completed yesterday aboard the Cunarder I'.innom.i a trip from Gibraltar thut was not on th" programme They boarded tho liner at Naples, all intending to get off ut Gibraltar, hut the British health officers thorn would not lot them land because the l'.innonia was from a cholera port. The commander of tho Pannnnia protested and 'ho iirerg artist, who wanted to visit his P'l''"' nt Gibraltar, pleaded, but the health officers told them they would have to move on. nnd they did. Tho Cunnrd Line paid for the transpor tation here of tho livo and will take them back free of chorgo to Gibraltar, where they will be landed this time, lavauso this is not n cholera port. Mr. and Mrs, Saul will visit rolan.es in Philadelphia and the Greek artist an I'M Eastmans will take a look at the city whim waiting for tho Pnnnouia to sail. FIC.IIT AWARU TO .. E. M01T. Taxpayer's Action to llcstraln Premier a;ast rrom Pa)tuff. Tho Bureau of Municipal Ilesearch through ono of its directors hogan vos torday a taxpaper's action to renr.im Comptroller Prcndergost from paving nn award or t02,5oo plus Interest for '. toon years to Jordan U. Mott. The It m-'d ,.r lEuuuira tnurin the. nwnrd otl ibi"" 0 last, ulloglng damages owing t ' enuuee oi gruue in iiuin m Iron Works when tho approach ""' Third avenue bridge across the II"' " Itiver was built iu lMrt-lSDS, The bureau declares that Jordan ' Mott isn't entitled to thoawatd bm ' no change of grade was made in ' '' or the Mott property as a result i I nirti avenue imirovuiii iii imm' -that tho claim wasn't tiled In tune The claim has been under cons-ider.c " in tho Corporation Counsel's olllco " L 1804.