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Pari nfflre. a Hue de la Mlchodiere. ol Hue du
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les Capuclnes. comer Piare de 1'Opcra. and
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It cur Iritnitg Kltn tutor u. vlih manutttlpti lor
pt blltatlon wWttoh itr ttl'tltd articles rtturnetllhen
mint In alt nurj tend ilumi't tor turn purpose.
The Direc t Tax.
The return to n direct tax, the pro
posal now declared to meet with the ap
proval of the Governor, is the only con
ceivable solution for the present condi
tion oT the State treasury. In addition,
it is the only possible way of bringing
home to the oople of the State the final
meaning to them of the recent expan
sion of State debt.
The. present plan to levy n direct tax
of half a mill will raise about $5,uOO,ai.
The charges for canal and highway
sinking funds for the year beginning
October 1 will be J4.40l.WiO, $0,2IO.(XiO for
the next year, $10,'!70,oihj for the two
vrnrs. Tims if tho direct t!i- rate lo
.... , . ,
maintained next year at half a mill the
proceeds in the two years will approxi
mately meet the debt charges for the
In the following years the rate will
have to bo doubled. The debt charges
will be $7,330,000 in 10t:i and $,45ii.im) in
1914. In addition it is now proposed to
increase the capital of the debt by ar
proximately $2u,ono,uii) for canal ter
minals. If is clear, then, that in two
years more the nnnual charge of tin
State debt will bo home $in,mw,(KiO, and
that this sum will hereafter have to be
raised by direct tax.
During the last four years the rev-
nnilo nf the Stntf h.iR iihotit Kitftiivil In.
meet the ordinary expenses of admin-!this
iMration, as the following table shows
38,i3l.:i S4 '
While the revenue of the State in th'
four years has increased but S'.'.in'm.fnv,
the expenditure has urown by nearly
$12,000,000, and only n large surplus in
I90S has kept the two columns even. It
is, then, idle to imagine that tho indi-l
rect taxationcan hercaftcrdo more than 1
meet the routine expenses of the general j cities it must be the hope and salvation
fund. It is equally futile to suppose that ; 0f States and most imperiously and in
large advances in indirect taxation are evitably of a State like New York, full
possible. Governor HtT.HES attempted 0f the iniquities called cities. If the
such an experiment in the inheritance j withdrawal from the people of the power
tax last year and it cost the State $1,5(10,- ofelectingany officers savea select body
vuro in revenue. of notables or numskull be a boon, the
Henceforth the best that the tax- withdrawal from tho great body of
payers of the State tan hope for is Mich citizens of even that power must bo a
nn administration of State finance an boon also. Select commission, select
will keep the ordinary expenses within ' Kitffrage.
the ordinary revenue. Both nre bound
to grow gradually, and the several tax
reform measures proposed by the Gov
. ernor this year will doubtless reestab
lish the balance between expense and
revenue in lor.'.
The immediate occasion of the return
to a direct tax is the extravagance of
the last four years of Hepublican rule,
which were marked by an increase in the
cost of State administration ix times
as great as tho increase in revenue.
But if the tax is a Republican inherit
ance, it is no less a good thing for the
Stat to establish a direct and unmis
takable relation between the taxpayer
and the State debt. Such a relation
once established, the check upon the ex
pansion of tho debt, will be automatic.
Kvery consideration that can apreal
to wiso statesmanship and party leacler
Ehip demands a return to the direct tax.
A Column for the licit
In his appeal to the Hon.
'Pl.x to veto tho election bill which bears
the name of a former Citizens I'nion dis
trict leader tho Hon. A.r.o.v .1 Lkvv,
a representative of the I'nion, on
Wednesday advanced tho following in -
teresting and impressive argument:
It the bill would strike a severe blow at
bona lldc Imlcprndrnt organizations like the
Clllrrns I'nion Such orKanlzatlon desire a
place upon the billot, not for the purpose of ken
Ing out to one of the inriee parlies but for the
purpose of Informing the wuers at larirc of their
position In regard to candidates."
Tho Citizens I'liion, as its representa
tive later averted, rarely makes nomi
nations; it ha-s no considerable number of
nwil(em tt whom it might refer such
questions. What it docs have is a city
committee composed of a small band of
Uliofliciul citizens, responsible to no body
possessed of primary elect ion muchinery
to choose such a committee.
The function of this small committee
is to gather about a table and sit in sol
cum judgment upon the ollicial records
and xrsonul attainments of the various
candidates for ollice of the several par
tics and then place upon the ballot its
own column containing the names of
tho relatively few aspirants lor office
who, tried by the acid test of Citizens
union rchpcciululity, Hiiiisfy the ideal
of citizenship ox intent in a purty which
no longer finds it worth while to name
candidates of its own.
A more preposterous argument and a
bottcrjtistilicntioii fortius sections of the
levy l)ii thus attacked by the Citizens
I nion could not he Imagined. Why
the ollicial ballot should be encumbered
nnd the cost nnd work of printing and
Vniwllltirr mnllinllcil minnh- n rlv nn
irresponsible and unofllcial coniniltteo
of "host citizens" nn opportunity to ex
press in this way a personal opinion,
frequently founded merely Uon class
prejudice, is hard to see.
If the Citizens Union desires to in
dicate its indorsement of candidates
named by regular parties the Low bill
I iK-rmits its emblem to be placed after
I the names of such candidates. This
l eliminates a column on the ballot with-
out depriving an independent of a single
right. Hut to demand for a hundredor
, ,,na. vnv..- mii.. tl, rSi,f
a separate, column on the ballot
because of their civic superiority and
inherent and surpassing righteousness,
is this not a little too much?
ytilek Art Ion (iovernment In a City
The city of Kugene, Oregon, site of
the I'niversity of Oregon and partly
surrounded by an amphitheatre of low
mountains (sec gazetteer), Is determined
to lmvo a commission government
charter worthy of those educational
and scenic privileges. While its pro
posed charter looks nlmost reactionary
in requiring the signature of 15 per cent,
of the legal voters to initiate the initia
tive, tho referendum can be set to work
by twenty-five voters. A Kugene des
patch to the Portland Orcqonian gives
the auspicious nows:
"Provision whereby twentyfue voters may
demand an Immediate referendum election on any
ordinance passed by the City Council Is one of
the noel features of trie proposed commission
rovernmenl charter for Hutene on which the
charter board put flntshlnc touches last night.
Accordln to the propoed charter the Mate law
In regard to referendum shall apply In all cases,
and this would require sixty to elfhty names to
call a referendum, but the provision Is added
which will preent the Council shelvtnc a refer
endum until a convenient season for an election,
perhaps for as much as a year.
" In demandtuff an Immediate election the pe
titioners must deposit with the city sufficient
money to pay the cost of the special election.
. ' . ' ' ,. . ' .
by the further petition of lenty-fle lecal voters
and the required deposit, fa filed with the City
Recorder the Council must call the special elec
lion to be held within thirty days after the neit
rerular meeting. As regular meetlnis under
tr.e commission plan would be held each Mond.iy,
and but ten days notice of special election Is
required, quick action can be obtained on any
trailer towhlch the citizens object."
"Quick action" seems to be a term
more logical nnd more exactly descrip
tive than "direct action." Quick action
government, put in motion and con
trolled by n minority, technically called
''the people; that is the old man's
vision and the young man's dream in
?mnd ",nd wondrous Mm-,
On tho Wrong Track.
Just after the annual comedy of beat
ing woman suffrage at Albany by a
politely (.lender margin may the friends
of tliat "reform" be reminded that it is
no reform and that they are utterly on
the wrong track? To demand repre-
bentatioti and a share in representative
government when that system is damned
by all uplifting souls is to be antiquated
and out of htyle, errors into which
women of tnse are arcful not to fall.
If government by commission, di
carehv. is the hoj; and salvation of
Instead ot civimj the right of suffrage
to women it should be taken away from
men, from most men, and restricted to
the earnest and exalted remnant. Gov
ernment by commission, suffrage by
commission. Women, no doubt, should
be eligible to both; a few women as a few
men, all responsible to some of those in
spired leaders, the Pied Pipers whom it
is now tho blessed privilege of Ameri
cans to follow with rapturous cars.
Possibly there arc a few citizens who
remember a time when the pavements
of this town were in reasonably good
condition. It is a matter of slight con
sequence whether the bluuio for the
pavement conditions rests upon the
last Tammany or the present City Club
What does concern the much enduring
people, of New York city is that the
streets should be repaired with prompt
ness and efllciency. Tho long continued
efforts of the Borough President to ob
tain the perfect subway system are
commendable enough, but it is about
time thnt part of his attention should
jbe withdrawn from subterraneous to
I surface subjects and part of his energy
devoted to serving the interests of those
who have to rido in vehicles instead of
providing for those who would ride in
The lloililcnbcry Curiosities.
The Hon. Skauohn Anderson Iton
DENRKR Y of Georgia iH a new member of
the House of Representatives. He lias
just introduced two bills designed to
enlist tho Federal Government in the
enforcement of State or township pro
hibition of the sale of liquors'.
Ono of tho Roddenbery measures
makes it n criminal offence, punishable
by line and imprisonment or both, for
uny iM-rbon to deposit in the United
States mails any written or printed ad
vertisement offering for salo spirituous
or intoxicating liquor in "communities,
counties, States or Territories where by
State or local law the salo of such
liquor is prohibited." It declares such
mutter uninuilable when addressed to
iiersons in such localities, It makes the
ofTence indietablo and punishablo either
at tho place of mailing or at the place
where such matter is received or de-1
For example, as wo understand the,
bill, the proprietor of a newspuper or
magazine In New York loiiluiuiug an
advertisement of one of tho Milwaukee
beers or of one of the wines of C'ham
pagne could be Indicted under Federal
law either in Xcw York or Maine and
convicted and imprisoned in cither
State for mailing a copy of his news
imper or magazine to a subscriber in
The second of Mr. Roiii:mii:iiy'b leg
islative enterprises provides that the
Federal Internal revenue tax shall not
bo collected in the case of any whole
sale or retail dealer in spirituous or malt
liquors doing business in any commu
nity where there is prohibition under
State or local laws, at the same time
making it the duty of the I'nitcd States
Government to prosecute and punish
such dealer for failure to pay the spe-J
cial or so-called license tax.
How simple anil masterly!
The Last of the Ilayrcuth Conductors
Tho death of Fllix Mottl removed
tho last of tho conductors of the music
of RicHAnn Waonkh who had como into
personal contact with the composer.
It is true that Hans Kicim.n still lives
and will be one of the conductors at
the Bayreuth festival jierformanccs this
summer, but Antos Seihl, Hbrman
Levy and Flux Mottl, who worked
with the master during the early years
of Bayreuth, arc gone. Enoelbert
HliMPKRiiiNCK, nlso nn assistant to
Wau.vf.ii then, had too brief a career as
a conductor to have any influence in
Tho Bayreuth tradition as to the
interpretation of the Wagner music
dramas had a firm supporter in Mottl,
although he did not carry this most
modern development so fur as MICHAEL
Ballixo, Sieofried Waonku and other
members of the Wagner family to whom
any word of the chatelaine of Wahnfried
is law. Sf.idi.'h dramatic temperament
prevented him from adopting tho present
Bayreuth method of drawing out every
phrase of the music, and this rule of
Mme. Cosima's was indeed brought to
its present authority long after he had
departed from Bayreuth,
Hans Hiciitkr first conducted at
Bayreuth before the present views as
to the proper interpretation of Wao
nt.r'h music had been promulgated by
the widow of the composer. To IUch
ter'h intimacy with the family at Wahn
fried as well as his advanced years lie
is now sixty-eight his ready acquies
cence in th views of Bayreuth to-day
is attributed. '
Gustav Mauler was not identified
with Bayreuth, nor was Karl Muck
notably allied with its artistic interests,
although he is to bo one of the conduc
tors this year. Mahler never found it
necessary to accept the Bayreuth teach
ing on the subject of tempi. Siegfried
Wacst.R and the other Bayreuth con
ductors are not sufficiently important
to mako it seem probable that they will
ever give New York the opjwrtunity
to hear their ideas on interpretation.
Our own Arturo Toscanini shows
some signs of sympathy with th new
Bayreuth spirit, but not enouch to lo
included in the little group that now
rules the destinies of the Festspielliuus.
So Felix Mottl was the last great repre
sentative of the modern views as to con
ducting the works of Richard Waoner.
Although he came into association with
Riciunn of Bayreuth, it was not his
theories hut those of the present rulers
of the Bavarian musical town that lie
represented with wrhaps greater dis
tinction than any other conductor.
, I sufo and thoroughly conservative doc-
The legislature should think long before! trine. There is little doubt in tho minds
laying a ruthloHs hand on tho Albany t uf the substantial and responsible voters
Burgessea Corps. To suppress it is to , UH to which will most bweomlngly repro
suppresa u groat demand for food and ' Bl.t the progress and prosperity of Mis
drink and to amputate an honor from an nlssippl in the United States Senate. The
honorary list of which tho rnre notorious ! (,u(V4loa -M whether tho respectability
Harvard "Mod. Fae." did but faintly i r the rabble will prevail in tho approach
dream when it admitted theCrarof Russia , jR primaries, nnd even the most friendly
to share in its glories and Botdtteimpcri.il observer is bound to admit that th rabble
acknowledgment and thanks in return. ia mighty strong in the State.
. 'Ihoro is no reason to suppose that tho
The Hon. Woopnow Wilson seems to I'
regard tho Governorship of New Jersey
as a travelling scholarship.
From some portion of the West with the
end of the season for years there has come
the report of tho "last big roundup or
cattle." The cowboy with hi iariutl
branding iron and "chuck wagon" has been
gradually pushed out of hnnas, Nebraska,
Oklahoma and Texas until almoht his
only remaining corral was' tho ranges of
Montana. But tho last Government crop
report shows such a remarkable change
in that State that it seems his days there
are almost ended.
The acreago of all ceroals has incjeaHod
in ten years lit) per cent., tho wheat Hells
alone oxpanding ISO per cent. But this
is not such nn indication of tho change as
the diflerence between the sixteen acrfs
of flax In lMi'J and the 37.017 In I0OU. for it
Is customary in Montana to raise Max nn
sod, and tho increase in acreago furnishes
a measure of the o.itont to which cuttle
and sheep ranges are being converted
into farms, flm days of tho big round,
upsin Judith Basin, in Fergus county, nnd
even along vtho lower Judith and the
breaks or the Missouri are practically
past. The stockmon are moving ncroH
into Dawson county, thnt extends east
ward from Fergus to tho Dakota lino, but
even there it may not bo many years be
fore they will soo their last roundup.
For Ambassador at the Court of St.
James's when Champ Clahk is President:
Tho Hon. Kookht I.kk Hk.nhy, some time
Lord Mayor of Texarkana. It was Citi
zen Hl'NltT who when u student nt the
Southwostorn University of Texas refused
to wear a baseball uniform on the ground
that knickerbockers were "monarchical."
To thk WntTOti or Tils avsSIr: It Is a pity
thnt our nhortsjc nf water preenn the pmpcr
facilities fur the quenching of thirst In man uml
May the authorities Imrstlgntc a wanton watte,
Hiimrlent If cnrrectril to hupply kuutsI iiiiummI
fountains The two Inch uutlrl ulTonllng a con
tant flush at 107th unci nnil IlroKlway l an
Instance, the same condition obtaining In eeral
other troughs. I'nion Mjunre. Knnrlhavenueslde.
now being repaired, Is another case,
Iteduced to une-uuarter of the present rate, the
Bow would about be tho quantity supplied at
Cooper Union, one of the best patronlred In the
Nil YORK, July tl.
VARItAVAX's' loo OX VOWKR
MMII1)tASi M,,m ,,uly ,2 ,t har,
Bt.rt,,K for to ion. Loroy Poroy these
fervent limes. It hasn't been ns hot in
MUslnalppi during tho last few weeks as
In IMrolt or Chicago or Boston, but It has
been hot enough, hotter than most peo
ple like, unil the weather is gradually
warming up to the caloric level of the
campaign. It is another tribute to the
various virtues of tho "popular election
nf Senators" that in addition, to the assess
ment on candidates to meet election ex
penses! those some candidates have to
visit every nook and corner of tho State
and from Tupelo to Meridian and from
Oroenvlllo to Aberdocn address audiences
assembled from the different neighbor
hoods dr assume the responsibility of hav
ing neglected so many free and inde
pendent sovereigns. It comes hlgn, and
In time tho Individual will begin to realize
that tho system excludos the poor man
absolutely rrom tho competition.
For the moment, howover, tho common
peoplo are having their fling at no par
ticular cost to themselves. So the three
candidates in this contest, Percy, Var
daman and Alexander, are zigzagging
all over tho State by rail and river, by
stago line or by mule power, across the
hot sands of Tishomingo oounty or through
the forests and beneath the climbing
jasmines of Adams, jumping from the
pot liquor of the Hatchle vicinity to the
fried chlckon, beaten biscifita and cym
bllns of Columbus and Holly Springs,
with nocketbooka aleak and no rest for
the ambitious. In good time the poor
man will come to regret the easvgolng
days when he could pack his bag, scrape
up money enough to pay carfaro to the
capital and nifflo it on easy forms among
the legislators. For tho time being,
while the fail lasts and tho jargon of the
ProgreMlves passes current, a Senator
ship U within reach only of the pros
perous, and the average man's part is
to watch the procoesion and thank heaven
for the opportunity. The throe candl
dates iu this cose eeem to have the price
and common folk must stand aside; but
an has been said, it looks like hard sled
ding for Percy, by long odds the finest
rellow, Mississippi haa aent to Wash
ington since the days of Walthall and
What will be the outcome? Who knows?
It is practically impossible to find any one
who flunks Alexander mar be a winner, anil
in popular estimation at least the Issue is
between Yard am an and "Percy. Only a
few days ago the former waa drawn
through this town by eighty yoke of
white oxen. With each yoke marched
a guide dressed In white, and enthroned
upon the vehicle sat Jim Vardaman,
himself dyked out in purest duck, a
spick and span emanation of the bandbox,
spotless from throat to heel, with all tho
assembled myriads yelling discordant
tribute to the spectacle. It Is impossible
for poopio in our part of tho country to
appraise the importance and effect of this
theatrical, not to say melodramatic
pageant, but down here it was prodigious.
It materialize!! the esuonco of Vardaman 's
campaign. It was on apotheosis of the
color line. It revived the terrors of the
carpet bag wriod and invested with
vicuriotm consequence the spooks of a
long buried past. But Vardaman knows
how to play upon the passions and preju
dices of tho red necks and the hill billies,
and he is doing It with a master hand.
Even John Sharp Williams, with all the
corporations, the penitentiary horde and
the ns4t of tho buttressed and embattled
interests at his back, only succeodod. four
jyn.jtn ago. In beating ardaman by a
i tx'gtjurly margin of vot.
vt nai i-ercy
will accomnlLsh aeainst him. Percy who
washes his face and hunds every day and
weirs clean clothes habitually, heaven
Yarduman is not of the unshaven and
unshorn. Ho is not ostentatiously slov
enly for political purposes. On the con
trary, he is as neat as a pin always. In
these inspects ho is on a par with Percy,
tho difference between tho two being that
he preaches the lowest demacocy In spop-
', less raiment, while his opponent, in equally
! fastidious attire, preaches tho sane and
omewhat picturesque Intrusion of Private
John Allen into the campaign, as a parti
san of Percy's and a rather too hectic
ucctinor of Vardaman, will change any-
body's mind. Allen is violent as well as
humorous and seems to novo' distributed
' Ko0lJ a,,d ovil in nl,out equal proportions
, M far iU1 concern his favorite. .Neither
i do. it appear that the oncounter on tho
' ruilway train nt Storkvillo. in which State
I Senator Bilbo, n ardaman supporter.
was badly beaten by a pistol in tho hands
of ono J. J. Honry, a fonuer penitentiary
official and now a railroad employee will
do more thou intensify the already preva
lent antagonism. Percy and Vardaman
are opposing each otlior on prncticnlly tho
original linos. The side lssuos and Inci
dental ebullitions, fruitful as they aro or
heat' nud animosity in MWssippi, have
mado no impression on tho canvuas.
All tho Indications nre that Vardaman is
running very htrong, and it Alexander's
votes do not constitute a subtraction rrom
Percy's strength all present calculations
aro at fault.
I he Feud lletueen Sijulrrel and Illrd,
To THF. l!ITOR ok THK SUN- .sir- In connec
tion with Dr. John A. Wyeth's letter In to-day's
Si s It l Interesting to note that mulrrcls are
said to be Inimical to blriK wltnet the encloeil
note hy IMintinil T Ilaubeny In the Stlbome
Mntatlnr tor October. 1M09;
'The yew tree In Miss flraH' gar4en beats
any klntle tree that I have known In the number
and arlcty of birds that nest In It. Mho deplores
the Oolenl death of a squirrel that had taken
up lis winter quarters there. Tor the birds,
hiiwcer. It was a merciful deliverance. Had
the squirrel been there the next spring It would
hiuc rllteil almost every nest, tucked the efi
or detiMircil the young, Tho cole Ufa nest,
from tiring In a hole, would have escaped, i:ru
n powerful bird UUe the mat-pie would have to
keep perpetual guard.
"A frlond'a garden was, visited by a squirrel
one spring and all the little bird's eggs were
suclird. A good observer wrote to me to say
that of fourteen nests of the gold crested wren
uiiirh he found one morning thirteen were turned
I Inildc out and the eggs eaten by squirrels, lie
nlvi saw a squirrel In the act nt eating a black
nlru a egg. me Keepers nerr report to me iney
hnvc seen squirrels devouring young thrushes.
Due of the nest ways of Increasing the mint-
titTi fif nur little Mmesters such as the nlrht
Ingalr, blackcap, whlhithrnat and others la to
thin the rani. of the squirrels, .Squirrels should
be absent from bird sanctuaries.
"I could relate many more Instances to cor
rohiirate iht-.c remarks and have been soundlv
abUM d In fore to day tor daring to point out the
I Miulrrel'b propensity for attacking the nests
i f Mnli ami
tur ouvisiiik incy anuuiu ug Kept
In rhn-k "
If the squirrel nature Is as therein described
blru luvrii Huuld gladly favor tho removal i,f
thi.n In ttie narks, for a full sunnlv and varielv
of blrdsare surely lobe preferred. notonly because
nf the greater Importance of birds as park para
icrnalia but ncr&ubo or tnctr wen known use
Iness as destroyers of the Injects which Injure
trees and plants.
it. v. .
KW You., Jul U.
tOSt Of MKAT I.V PAHIS.
The enormous lucteaee In the price of
meat In Paris Is catislntt ifreat dlatiexn
itnionif the working rlusse. A few days
ago a great meeting was held at a nows
paper ofllce to discuss the subject nnd
Kenntors. Deputies, Municipal Councillors
and wholesale and retail butchers were
present. A Brest deal of tlrst hand Infor
mation was published, and steps were taken
toward systematic effort to brlntf about a
reduction of prices.
It appears that tho oppressive Advance
dates back about a year. Hut, said M.
Lefvre, president of tho General Syndicate
of French Utttchera, it must not be Imairlned
that It was a sudden phenomenon. It had
really been Impending since 1003. Blnre
that year, with occasional Interruptions,
the price of meat had been steadily rising
fa France: It merely reached a climax In
1910. In July of thnt year the public felt
the full weight of the Increase: since Novem
ber, notwithstanding the Increase, the sit
uation had become disastrous for the trade.
In the few Intervening months moro than
a hundred btitcliois hate had to close their
hops. At present hair the working popula
tion Is compelled to curtail Its consumption
M. Ifovre gave some Interesting sta
tistics. In isio. ho said, there were sold
In the March de la t'lllette, according to
the official figures of tho Department of
the Heine, 3SB,5I2 beef cattle, 17,M0 calves,
1 .073.751 ahcep. The' average weight of
these animals was 38S kilos (about 7M
pounds) tor cattle. 70 kilos for calve and
10 kilos tor sheep. This gives a total
weight of 123,103,39: kilos, or something
more than double that number of pounds,
of beef marketed, 12,505,7.10 kilos or veal
and 31,801,289 kilos of mutton,
Had this moat been sold In 1902 at price
then current It would have realized the
following sums: lleef, at 1 franc 12 centimes
the kilo on the average, 137,942,900 francs;
veal, at t frano SB centimes, 10,001, frnncs;
mutton. At l franc 51 centimes, 20.vs64.ies
francs. Last year the prices actually
realized were for tho beef, at an average
of 1 franc el centimes. lfi.,2M,0iu francs:
for the veal, at 2 frnncs 21 centimes, 27,
8J9.503 francs; for tho mutton, at 2 francs
22 centimes, 70,595,817.
The total realized In by the sales
would have been 205,884.188 francs; last
year it was 208,728,441 francs, an Inrreaso
of 00,884,272 frnncs. or about SIS. 172.854,
that the people of l'arls had to pay out
of their fund for living expenses.
The causes of the Increase, said M. Ie
fevro, were both social and commercial.
Change lu the standards of living In
creased the demand for meat: but un
questionably tho Import duty was the main
cause, if Indeed the covert method of pro
tection, that Is to say exclusion, were not
most to blame, the methods embodied In
the Importation laws under the gule nf
sanitary precautions applying to meat
dead or on the hoof, whether coming from
abroad or from the colonies.
There were mora than a hundred Sens
tors und Deputies present at this meeting.
many of whom made speeches. Finally
Municipal Councillor tlirou of Paris made n
strong speech for Immediate action. There
upon an order of the day or resolution was
adopted embodying the following demands;
1. That tho Debussy law raising the tariff
on meat nnd food anlmnls be repeated and
the customs duties of the law of 1802 re
stored. 2. That the provisions concerning
slaughtered animals referring to adhesions
of the thoraclo organs embodied In the
laws of Uss and I8B3 be abolished. 3. Thnt
provisions he adopted to suppress buck
sters' shops and all fraudulent and Illicit
practices. 4. That measures be taken to
promoto the importation of food animals
from the colonies and that they be admitted
free of duty.
The subject of the dearness of meat has
been taken up by the Parliament, The
Tariff Commission of the Chamber has ar
ranged to givo hearings to the butchers
syndicate, In the Senate a demand has
been. made on the Minister of Agriculture
fpr a report Deputy Georges Berry, repre
senting the Department of tho Heine, has
also given notice of an interpellation on
the subject in the Chamber.
It looks as it the matter would soon tower
above nil other domestic topics If a remedy
I ia not speedily found
It is at last n polit
ical Issue which appeals to every French
man, high or low, rich or poor. It touches
all alike In two particularly sensltivn
spots, the stomach and the purse. Fiscal
reform may lag and proportional repre
sentation may be Indefinitely postponed,
hut It Is safe to say the high cost of meat
III be kept In tho public eye with great
dltlnctness, nnd legislators who nsplro to
keep their seats and salaries will hustlo
until a remedy is found
cm n smokkiis Axn hemum.
The Voice nf nncWIio Has SmokrtlTltou
sands of f'lgars ntarj).
To mr Kpitoh or Titv Si-s .''ir It l aston
ishing when a few people determine to effect a
reform, either In their own manners or tho-e
of others, how qulckl men ot the tpe of "Night
mare" will gle out the benefit of their dream.
As 1 understand It, the object of the soilely to
which, he refers Is not to segregate the smoker",
hut stmply to force them to tie derent and eier
clse a derent regard for the rights of others.
That there It a neresltj for such a society Is
apparent to any observing person who wilt ride
In the subways or upon the railway trains, or In
fart who goes Into almost any public place.
This country more than any other on the fare
of the earth possesses a liberal supply of Vogs.
Who until a 'ery few years ato went abnut smo
king ;nd spltUng and using obscene and profane
language as a right guarantm! to them by the
Constitution ot this free country
We have gradually deprived them of the right
of spitting In public places and have created a
public sentiment strong enough to pass law i for
bidding them to smoke In certain public places,
but we have not et got a sufficiently strong
public opinion to prevent any one from sn'o
king In the subway or elevated trains or stations
or tn street cars If he desires to do so.
The eagrrnrss wtlh which many gentlemen of
the mental makeup of "Nightmare" seek to evade
the rules against smoking In the subway can be
seen any morning at the exit of any downtown
station by noting the hundreds of burned matches
on the steps. So little regard have they for the
rights of others that they cannot watt tn jot
to the street before lighting up the stubs which
they have hung on to for dear life but as soon as
they reach the bottom of the stairs they must hold
up the procession while they strike a match, and
the unfortunate ones behind have the benellt of
the dead cigar while climbing the stairs, and they
are lucky If they do not get poked In tho ce
by a lighted cigar or cigarette
I have smoked many thousands of good cigars,
and while on this subject I wish to eipress my
unqualified rontempt for any man so absolutely
devoid of any discerning Judgment regarding
tobacco that he will light up a cigar after It has
once died; and It Is my opinion that to make the
punishment lit the crime anyone who win carry a
stub Into a train should be fined at least i.V and
confined for not less than two years at hard labor.
Mount Vernon, July 13. J. iutton.
Stop. Look and Listen t
To thk I'.tuTOH or Thk Sun .sir- You render
good sen Ire, In line w llli the request of the Penn
sytyanla llallroad Company, In the publication
of the "Stop, Look and Listen!" artlrle In to-day's
SUN. As matter of fact n good many people
who go about tho country afoot and In vehicles,
and In particular In automobiles, concerning
which the speed factor complicates matters, do
leave their common sense at home when they
travel, else there would be fewer accidents to
read about In tho papers.
I believe It U a law of the State of Pennsylvania
that before crossing nny railroad at grade a per
son Is obliged to "stop, look and listen," whether
pedestrian or In a vehicle; and It would be an
excellent la' to enact In this State. To one who
goes about !.ong Island, Westchester county, and
elsewhere In the State In fact, the necessity and
wisdom of such prov IMon arc obv luus.
Aside from the annoyance and expense en
tailed by such accidents the railroad companies
deplore all such happenings and lake many pre
cautions u avoid them; but 1 am tmiwlled to say
that twill In tiong Island and In Westchester
county the time has come when very consider
able portions of tho lino of railroads, and espe
cially near by and through towns and vlllafrs,
should be enclosed, as In the case of the Pennsyl
vania llallroad, and all crossings guarded and the
Jangling gong and nervo rending steam whistle
done away with. Joun Y, CVI.IM1.
Maw Yoke, July II.
4 SUFFItAGtST'S lllSBASlt
Tells .to)ousl) of lilt Conversion to the
Cause and of Ills Happy Home.
To Tnu Editoii op The' Hps Sir: I nm
that most pity Inspiring object to some
recent correspondents who sign feminine
names, the husband of an enthusiastic
and active suffragist. That I find the home
that sho makes what It is tho most charm
ing place that I have known tuny do to
thoso correpondents a proof of my lock or
Intellect. Yet I should Ilko to say a tew
words as to how nnd why I have been con
verted to the cause ot woman suffrage.
And lot me say at the outset that It any one.
male or remote, moro heartily detests nnd
deplores the existence ot on fiitw-omniily
wthnon than 1, his or her powers ot detest
ing and deploring must bo well developed.
I dislike the aggressive, one Idoaed, shrill
voiced woman who Imputes evil motives or
low Intelligence to all who disagree with
her far more thnn I do a man with the snnir
faults, for my standards of womanliness
have been fixed by grandmother, mother,
sister, aunts and wife.
And I admit thnt tho women with these
faults do naturally gravitate Into imy move
ment that brings them to the public eye,
whether It be V. C. T. l' U. A. It., Sorosls.
Antl-Suffraglsm or "Votes tor Women."
Hut that working tor woman suffrage makes
them such or that the power to vote would
increase the ntimbnr of such I believe from
my own experience nnd observation to bo
an absolutely untenable and even ridiculous
notion. In New York city alone there are
thousands ot gracious, thoroughbred,
charming and much loved women who are
enlisted heart and soul in what they rightly
deem a movement for the uplift and broad
ening or our civilization quite as much as
ror Increasing a woman' power to make
her lire, her home and her children's future
what she longs to have them.
Alt politics aro but municipal, State and
national housekeeping. Trite as this is,
It expresses n great nnd compelling truth
that the opponents of woman suffrage
seem utterly unable to grasp or to answrr,
It was the conception of this fact! that first
mado me see tho Tightness ot the cry of
"Votes for Women " Then came an appre
ciation of the widening of the scope of
woman s subtle Influence, which tho "antls
are the first and loudest to hall and acclaim
that would follow. Then the increased
fairness ot chance for tho vast and swiftly
Increasing host of woman workers, not
that any miracles would follow or any
economic laws turn upside down. Then
the new nnd fresh Interest brought Into
the lives of the more Intelligent women;
for one knows how little Interest a man
can maintain In the politics of a State where
he has no vote. And it lien the absolutely
bogey man character of the objection
that It.would take the woman from her
Ono moment. Make a teat. Try to
remain perfectly grlnless ror five minutes
and then ask yourself how much the right
to vote takes a man rrom his home unless
he Is nn active officeholder. And women
officeholders will always be far rarer than
women singers, actresses, lecturers, who
are indeed taken from their homes, and
as one to one thousand of the women
workers whose homes never see them during
the working hours of the weekday.
I place no weight whatever on the so
called "right" to vote. I do not admit it.
The Interests of tho community alone
should determlno who should vote. But
I firmly believe that not only the Interests
of the community hut the Interests of the
woman, of her home, or her children nnd
or her husband demand that we should not
give her but nvall ourselves or her vote.
New Yona. July 13. II. It, 0.
From Itit Dtnttr Republican.
The case or the telephono ordinance re
cently enacted presents an illustration of
the folly or the retorendum.
The ordinance In question Is practically
nothing more than an acceptance by the
city of he offer made by the telephone
company to pay Into the city treasury ! per
rent, of the company's gross earnings to
be expended on streets, parks and boule
vards, It leaves all matters nt issue be
tween the company and the city respecting
the rights or claims of the former and the
powers of tho latter exactly ns they ate.
Nothing Is granted to the telephono com
pany. o restriction is put upon the power
of the city. It Is a case of benefits to be
received hy the city nnd of nothing granted
to the telephone company.
To siihmlt thla to the referendum Is to
ask the people to vote on whether the city
treasury shall or shall not be enriched by
an annunl payment hy the telephone com
pany of something like :5,000.
If the matter had been understood the
signers of the referendum petition would
hnve treated with contempt the suggestion
Hint they affix their signatures to so foolish
a document. They would have answered
that since the city hud an opportunity to
get $25,oeo n year without giving anything
In return It should certainly take advantage
of It. Hut they did not know, they did not
understand. They yielded to the Impor
tunity of the men who presented the peti
tions and without knowing anything about
the matter or trying to find out they signed
Hie petitions and thus suspended the ordi
nnnco until the city election to be held next
'I his deprive the city of the revenue It
would obtain If tho ordinance wete In effect.
The referendum petitioners hnve done one
thing. If they havo done nothing else.
They have knocked the city out of tho $;5,ooo
which would form the first year's contribu
tion. It is an Instructive illustration of the
effect of the referendum which tho would-be
political reformers have fastened upon the
That all political power Is lodged In the
people Is accepted In nil free countries ns
a doctrlno not to be disputed. Hut the ex
istence of this power In the people should
ho likened to u great icservolr, from which
water Is drawn to genornte electricity, to
operate factories, to Irrlgute land or for
other beneficial tife,-i, Tho power of the
wnter Is stored tn tho reservoir, hut In order
that It may be put to beneficial use appli
ances must be devised tor drawing upon It
In tho tpinntlty and the ways seen to be
good. To let It all rush forth at once would
involve destruction nnd ruin.
So with tho power ot tho people. Sloans
must be employed for Its application to
beneficial use through the employment of
chosen legislator to enact laws; of Judges
1o interpret and of executives to enforce
them. Direct application of this power In
government Is exceedingly dangerous, ami
nt times It tuny prove destructive, Espe
cially Is this true of the refviendum and the
recall, the former an attempt nt direct leg
islation, the latter an attempt to regulate
ami coerce oftlclnls. Doth aro foolish nnd
both aro dangerous.
To'ittK lltuTon or Tjtr! Scn .Sir- A time
losses Presidential possibilities are falling by the
way like grains undet a corushrller. Champ
Clark lias been detected eating with Chairman
Underwood. Whenever two or more men aro
found In conversation It argues strongly In favor
of some conspiracy. Governor llaldwln of Con
necticut served lor many ears as a Judge with
out being recalled, which disposes of his cae.
Crfjvernor I'oss of Massachusetts and Governor
I'lalsted of Maine aie excellent genUemcn, but
wholly without "scars" recehed In I'leiMciitlal
liattlea. The hero who can place on exhibition
the most scara Is sure to win,
li. swirr DtaoiNS.
Crotalvi Ckntbb, Arltona, July 8.
An Ethnologlcal-Thermologlcal Note by the
To Ttig KPITOR or THK ht'N-.SIr: I have
nntlcrd this year and several years previously
that the lists In the newspapers of persons killed
and "knocked out" by the heat contain the names
of very few Hebrews, whereas from the relative
population of Hebrews In this city these lists
should consist largely of members of this raco
especially as many or them llvo tn tho most
squalid conditions and neighborhoods. This Is
another proof of their h;althfulnrss, and with
other of their well known charactettstlcs makes
thnn practically Invincible In work and business.
Nw Yobs, July U, . U. J.
TltllJO TO ST 1 1,1, JIOItXMt ,
Z.oo Director .Nays Hccri'tnn agrl Unite
lllm to Mind Ills Ovtn Ittislnt-ss
WAsiltNtirns;, July i;i, Secretary N.tel
of tho Deptrtmcnt of Commerru and
Labor and Klsli Commissioner lt.iuo.-s
tried to "suppress" Lr. William T II. rn,,.
day, director of the New York Zo In,
i'arK, two years uko because or In i-slorta
to secure legislation to prer-crm tns
diminishing seal herd of the l'nl,:l,il
Islands of Alaska, accordiiiL; t , tr
Hornaday's testimony to-dty before tlm
House Committee on Kxpcmlltiiici in tl,,.
I)eNirtment of Commerce and bultm
ltepresentntlvoTownseiidor New- ,lernt
author or the resolution under winch, ih.i
hearings ato being conducted, ilewlope
the fact that the Cnmplire ( lull tent p,
Senator Dixon on October V'.i, ltu'.i, it.
draft of a resolution intended t i anit
iu tho preservation of the herd l,v m.
augurating a clored season; that Hie re ).
Ititioti was introduced by the Stui w ;l
December T; that on December in ir
llarton Kvermann of tho Fish CuiimiHiiin
wrote to Fish Commissioner bowers
suggesting that steps to eel the lump,
fire Club back into lltto be taken, ami nwt
some timo later Mr. Howers himself went
to New York and endeavored to have Dr,
Hornnday called off.
Dr. Hornad.ty told tho committee how
he learned from his tr lends that bin activi
ties on bolutlr of tho seal herd were being
attacked and read a copy of a letter lit
hod received from Secretary Nnc.pl, in
which ho was told to mind bin own busi
ness. "Now, Mr. Hornadny," says tho last
paragraph of this lettter, "you hnvo con
siderable responsibilities in your oflicl.il
employment, and I shall cndc.ivoi not
to molest you. I hope that you will
uccord me tho samo privilege in my
capacity. I always welcome advice, I tin
not fear criticism, but I discourags
unnecessary comment upon other men
engaged in my bureau who nro charsed
with responsible duties, who nro ex
pected to bo loyal and who nre not in ,v
position to defend themselves, I regard it
as my part to speak up for them "
The committee broke up in tho usual
row. rror. Henry . binoti or Cleveland,
Ohio, the seal expert, wanted Fish Com
missioner Bowers nut on the stand .Mr
Bowers and Prof. F.lllott exchanged such
words us "liar" and "perjurer" the other
"Before wo adjourn to-day I want that
man put on tho stand," criel Klliott v.hoi
Dr. Ilornaday had completed his testi
mony, shaking his list at Howers. l!e
called me n liar. He's not going to Ret
away from here. I'm going to lix him."
Keprosontatlve ltotherniol of Pennsyl
vania, the committee chairman, who has
managed to preservo peaco under diffi
culties up to date, poured oil on the
troubled waters. Mr. IJowers w ill take the
stand next week, to bo examined by Prof.
Elliott, and fur is expected to Hy.
373,000 Ki:U.OC,(t COT.
(ovrrnmcnt I'altl lllm That ror the I'eur
Years ttork Against Standard Oil.
Washington, July 13. Tho Houmj Com
mittee on F.xpenditures in the Department
of Justice occupied itself at to-d.iy's
hearing inspecting tho vouchers on wlurh
Trust Buster Frank B. Kellogg drew about
$75,00(1 in salary- and exisutses fur his
work which terminated in the dissolution
of the Standard Oil Company by the
All of tho vouchors, which were for
sums ranging from JTon to i:5,cii nnd
extended over the period from llni, up to
the present time, were for lump sum- de
scribed a "comiensation and expeu'e
None of them wns itemized
Representative Beall of Texas, chair
man of the committee, referring to tho
statute provision thut Government em
ployees shall bo paid only actual ux cii-es
on itemized accounts, suggested tlut
the Kellogg vouchers wcro "unitemucd
Chief Clerk Gilmer of the office of th
auditor for tho State Uepartmete ex
plained that Kellogg had boen "ti io- nl
under a ppecial contract with the Attorney-General,
that his conipens.it i.ut
was ilxed by tho Attornoy-Uener.tl nnd
that tho expense account voucher wen
paid, although unitemized. on the ground
that they were additional compensation
nEAIl ADMinAh COMIA Ol V.
Philadelphia Navy Yard Head Iletlrrtt for
Ase-llns Seen Kxeltlna; Service
Wahiiinoto.v. July 13. Bear Admiral
Samuel P. Comly, n native of Now Jersey,
who has been commandant of the Phila
delphia Navy Yard and president of
general court-martial board thoj-e, was
placed on tho naval retired lit for ilia
maximum age of Ki years, to-d.iy
Admiral Comly entered the Naval
Academy from Now Jersey in iv," On
leaving the acadomy ho was on t he Juniata,
which cruised The northern waters in
search of ho Polaris. The expedition
was out. moro than n year, oflUers ami
crow HUffering heavily from cold and
During tho Spanish-American war lis
was navigator of the battleship Inrbana,
which ligured in tho naval lighting m
Cuban waters. Upon being promoted
to Captain ho commanded tho battlchip
Alabama, on which he made the tout "i
the world with tho battleship fleet
He was then promoted to Hear il
mlral in October, IBM -rfhortly nfter win; h
ho received a division- command m 'he
Hoot, He watt promoted to tho command
of the hecond Hqundron. from which ho
wns detached at his own request I.v
October. Since then ho ha-, been on
duty at Philadelphia.
FREE IWUSIt Tllir OVEIl st:.
Party From Naples Not Allowed to "
((tiarantlne at (iltiraltnr.
Mr. nnd Mrs, T. N. East .nan, Mr and
Mrs. W. U. Saul of Philadelphia and t
Bacarisas. a Greek artist, completed
yesterday aboard the Cunarder I'.innom.i
a trip from Gibraltar thut was not on th"
They boarded tho liner at Naples, all
intending to get off ut Gibraltar, hut the
British health officers thorn would not
lot them land because the l'.innonia was
from a cholera port. The commander of
tho Pannnnia protested and 'ho iirerg
artist, who wanted to visit his P'l''"'
nt Gibraltar, pleaded, but the health
officers told them they would have to
move on. nnd they did.
Tho Cunnrd Line paid for the transpor
tation here of tho livo and will take them
back free of chorgo to Gibraltar, where
they will be landed this time, lavauso this
is not n cholera port.
Mr. and Mrs, Saul will visit rolan.es in
Philadelphia and the Greek artist an I'M
Eastmans will take a look at the city whim
waiting for tho Pnnnouia to sail.
FIC.IIT AWARU TO .. E. M01T.
Taxpayer's Action to llcstraln Premier
a;ast rrom Pa)tuff.
Tho Bureau of Municipal Ilesearch
through ono of its directors hogan vos
torday a taxpaper's action to renr.im
Comptroller Prcndergost from paving
nn award or t02,5oo plus Interest for '.
toon years to Jordan U. Mott. The It m-'d
,.r lEuuuira tnurin the. nwnrd otl ibi""
0 last, ulloglng damages owing t '
enuuee oi gruue in iiuin m
Iron Works when tho approach ""'
Third avenue bridge across the II"' "
Itiver was built iu lMrt-lSDS,
The bureau declares that Jordan '
Mott isn't entitled to thoawatd bm '
no change of grade was made in ' ''
or the Mott property as a result i
I nirti avenue imirovuiii iii imm' -that
tho claim wasn't tiled In tune
The claim has been under cons-ider.c "
in tho Corporation Counsel's olllco " L
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