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THE SUN. MONDAY, OCTOBER 2. 1311.
MONDAY, OCTOBER 2, 1911. Enwreil t the Pl OfflM t New York H Seinml ClMt Moll Mixer. Nuh-i rlplliins In M ill, Postpaid. nso'liis DAILY, Per Month DAILY, rer Vtar MTttDAYi Per lrr D4II.Y AND SUNDAY, Per Yrar DAILY v.N'ti SUNDAY, Per Msattl s oo j on n an i 50 ! I'oetagr in furrlgn rounlrle n,MM. All rherkv money Bfdefi ft.' . to he tnaitr i) e ble to TBI sen. ptihii'iie.i daily, IncludlBl Ruitdt", by ihe s m ! Prlntlnr and 1'nhllshlng AMOfMIlM t l? Nassau ireei. In the Bormiftl of HlOhSltMi New York, I'renlileni of III laaoelalloe, Itllwart P Mlirhell 170 Nassau strrrt; TtSINNf of Ihe Asso.l.itlon. j If. p, i.Jmi in sjsaaan street; najrntaTJ or ine Amnrlailun. I' W QnlM. ItO Nassau strrot. timlon OmeS, rilngliani Home. I nnulel street Strand. The dally and NulKlAy Mi n are on sale In Ijonrton at the .maflCBB and Colonial Kir-hang. Carl Ion atreel Heent ilreel, anil I law 's MKMinslilp Afenry, 17 t.rren Mri-t. tharlng I'ruaa Itoail Pari oftlee. a nir de la Mlrhoillfre. off Hue rtu Quatre Septembr inear Plaee da I'tiperai. The dally and Sunday edltlona are on aale at Klowque 11, near the (.rand Hotel: Klosqu 77. nonlevard de rapnrlnea, rorner Plare de ('Optra, and Kloaque It. Uotilevard Uea Itallena. rorner Hue Louis le Grand. It tor frind$ was fmor tu aSOi minmcipn for aatfWaSas vis A to hart rrte4 arflrlri returned (Aev I in all ro.tr rna fldfnpi tor mat purpotr. The Trndency of a Humbug- Some rather casual observations by a oorrespondent of Thb SfN last summer pointed to the conclusion that the sys tem of elections through the medium of the primaries might not turn out. to be in practice all that the fancy of the rain bow chasers had painted it in theory. Now that wo have had some figures, rather incomplete to be sure, to give at least a tinge of color to calculation In the case of the recent Maryland prima ries, it is quite possible to make a more or leaa accurate appraisement on broad lines of the financial aspect of the sys tem in general. A Baltimore newspaper which, being a Republican organ, may conceivably have no reason to minimi aa (ho cost of a Democratic function, tells us that one of the candidates confesses to spending $25,000. while his antagonist, evidently more bashful, pleads guilty to "about" 7,500. This discrepancy may be ex plained to some extent by showing that the 17 ..Vio man already had "the organ ization" under control and that the $17,500 in excess of this sum expended by his opponent represented the cost of j creating and equipping the indispen sable machinery. The disclosure, however, seems to , confirm certain screams of anguish we heard from Virginia last June when I candidates were calling heaven (o wit- j ness that it cost them from $r,nno to I $10,000 each to get themselves before the people. Moreover it throws a whole flood of liht on the thoughtful frugality of the Hon. HoKE Smith (wo months later in (leorgia when, having a per fectly trained legislature at his dis posal, he ignored the means by which he had obtained the Governorship and took the Senatorial toga by the simple and inexpensive expedient f asking for 1 it at (he Capitol. But we think it qui(e within reason lo j nasume that a contest for the House of 1 Representative, even with the strict- ! set economy, will cost tho individual at , least $6,000 to Ix-gin with, a contest for the Senate n( leas( $10,000, and the race toe Governor and minor offices more or ' lees, according to local conditions anil j the high soulod indifference of the work ers to mere money. These we should , call the fixefi charges of the primaries, though they may be and in all probabil ity are absurdly misleading; but once t he primary system gets firmly grounded in usage and popular credulity and all hope of such Hoke Smith evasions as we have described forever are cut off, the tariff will steadily rise until even politicians of comparatively moderate means will be excluded and the bosses attain pro fessional rank. We perceive that here and there, at least in fhe South, there are the begin nings of timid if somewhat rueful con templations. In certain instances we note a disposition to amendment and melioration. In others we perceive the beginnings of a rude inquiry into the merits of a system which inflexibly excludes poor men from office and en dows the bosses with larger, more re munerative and far better preserved fields of activity. No doubt in some remote cloister tho rapt visionary adum brates a situntion in which the cam paign toiler will work for nothing, 'printing presses maintain themselves, transportation he had for the asking, and aspirants encouraged, perhaps as sisted, In (heir worthy aspirations. Thus far, however, the tendency ot thepri Ciary system is as we have stated. We consider the problem in a spirit of unruffled calm. Our faith is (hat the American people are sound of mind, and that no( for long or very far can they be betrayed by impractical dreamers or jclfish mountebanks. I A Volunteer Political Hureau. According to (he Springfield Republt (in, which seems to have made n tally of documents diatributed, the publicity bureau engaged in demonstrating that the Hon. Champ CLARK ought to be the Democratic candidate for President leads all (he bureaus of other candidates irettiis oi other candidates ii i , . . aonaa v us promoters tin saiuraay, 1 . , devoted to piracy and plunder, while uii .i ..i i, . ,iii uv, .i... T I for postage, In a letter a .! . . .i i- i , Meanwhile the public will wish ihst the admirina editor In VY b I ""' FWn?h ' "'""energy which was expended on thn( much ' , .., , ut p. a l I ' r'',"i'"'d Ihe aid of some of the powerful I dinoussed document might have been di ugust Mr. t-bARK said: Arab chlefa. reeled toward onother end. Hon en- in expenditure written to an erly, Pa., in A I want lo thicil; fail (or lha llillifi you havf laid about mr In ronnecilon with the Prtaldenllal lamination and pikerwiw, W'hll I am noi ft rtnuldate f.,r President, and mny Dvaf pa, tunal'ln : : a ureal compliment lo he II K ,,f ntnllonnl iii i lint hlch connerilon by my fei,,w plltni ' My duly la here U'aablni. Ion , htlplni die Mouse lo make n , .. ,.,, rolnr le May In n lool Ihere Is ant'thlni lor tee III tie Bwajlgs i ii apu. r! all In MihtT verdfti I am not Ruing o , Iht la ordti io run aroun't ni anoihsr onVr." Pei Mr. CIaABK'I Weatherly follower who is inundating newspaper' offices and political headquarters with florid literature in liis interest, but at I any rate the Speaker has a "nood anel to whom money is no object If the coun try cn be saved from the other candi dates. Mr. t'l.ABK must be innocent of any deception in the matter. Chautau I qua idol as he is he cannot he paying the , I freight Is Mr. Hryan drawing on his I , bank account to promote the fortunes of , friend Clark? It would be Mr. hryan in a new part. He Is no man s Warwick. In fact he Appro Dt to Is' dc veloping a sharp jealousy of the Hon. Champ Clark. In last week's f?om monrr the editor takes the Speaker to : task Irt fact holds him responsible, for ; ' 1 1' i n 1 1 ' 1 1 ' , i in IIMUI lit III . mmiMi u c'aritig that his bree.y annexation sen- union! result. had a great ileal to do with the It was an indiscreet utterance for one ill authority, says Mr. BRYAN Perhaps he hits heard of I lie g,,V(,r,.v I pernicious-activity of the "literary btl I reou," while Mr. ci.AHK is protesting that I he is not a Candidate arid is deeply ab 'sorbed in his duties as Speaker. Mr. BRYAN S unexpected strictures give color to the story that the Hon. Chami Ci.aRK's "good angel" is blowing a re verlerating blast on his horn. A French Precedent In North Africa. Seekers afler historical parallels for the present Italian expedition (o Tripoli will find in the circumstances of the ' original French descent upon African shores an astonishing number of points of resemblance, which may well have for the Italians a sinister suggestion for the future of their venture. The French expedition which cap tured Algiers nailed from Toulon in the month of May, 1M0. A huge flotilla, that of twenty years ago. Real protec perhaps unrivalled since the days of tionists and possible Republicans hold the Spanish Armada, transposed somn aloof from an organization the personnel 83,000 regular troops, commanded by i of which is intolerably uncongenial and officers who had begun their campaigns j under Napoleon and escorted by the entire war navy of France. After sev eral mishaps, Including one retreat after the African shore had been sighted. the French army was landed at thejment of that highly intelligent and be- j peninsula of Sidl Ferruch, ten miles to nign adjustment. the west of Algiers, and while the fleet bombarded the city the army began its tiresome march along the slopes of Mount Bouzarca. Algiors. at this time a city not larger ; than Tripoli to-day, was garrisoned by a small Turkish force, which was promptly reenforced by large conl ingents of Arabs from the interior provinces. Almost im mediately the French troops were com pelled to fight with the Turks on the hillside of Htaoueli, where the famous Trappist monos(ery was eubseqiienfly erected. The battle was brief , the Turk- ish troops were defeated, the native con- tingent put to flight. On .lulv i the French batteries destroyed the Turkish works about the Fort de I'Empereur and the capitulation of (he Poy was signed the satr.e day. Thus after a campaign of less than n month Algiers Ml. The loss (o the French I in tlie campaign was inconsiderable, the j defence had been ridiculously inefficient . The Turkish troops and the defeated j ruler were put on transports and sent to 1 urkey, and r rencn troois were ot once sent out to occupy the coast towns of Oran, Bona and Bougie, and the con flict was proclaimed us ended and French supremacy seemed assured. .Nothing was iiirdier irom UM fact. 1 ne I Rnaller amount than he counted on. destruction of the Turkish garrison j Hi ,.ttrad is in excellnt condition for eHminated the Ottomans only to open ; ,, to the helpless consumer, how the way for the revolt of the whole Mo- eVPr fjja middleman comes out of liamrnednn population under Arai lead- rsiup. An exS'(ii(ioti sent againsi t on si ant inc. the famous JugUrthtuTI fortress, failed completely, and a routed army es caped to the coast with difficulty. Ten years after the (irst campaign (he French were restricted to the coast towns and a few fortifi.sl posts at the north of the Atlas, while Abd-K.i.-Kadkr. the famous Arab chieftain, was master of the whole western half of Algeria, and from Tunis to Morocco llie entire country was the scene of carnage and disorder and futile conflicts. Fourteen years after the landing at Bidi Ferruch the French triumphed over the Moroccan forces come to the aid of Abd-ki.-Kadkb beside the stream of the Isly, not far from Fjda. mentioned so frequently in these later davs. but it w u ,,t until 1 Si? tliot tV, krnU - l.inf ' finally gave up the si niggle surrendered and went into permanent exile. But the conquest was not yet accom plished. Campaigns in Grande Kaby lia, the Berber Switzerland of Algeria, continued with undiminished violence until 1S59. South of the Atlas, (lie whole length of the Sahara, the French troops as they advanced to the oases, to Biskra in 1840, Iaighuut in 18,r2 and I Tuggurt in 1HS. were exposed too form of warfare strongly reminiscent of the Indian campaigns on the North Amer ican plains. In 1HH0, after the thirty years of in cessant warfare, which hud cost thou sands of lives and untold millions of money, the French again announced that the conquest was completed. Vet ten years later, on the morrow of the Franco-Prussian war, while France was still staggering under (he weight of a Kuropcan reverse, a new insurrection broke oui and the burning farms of the massacred European settlors could be seen from the walls of Algiers. So far as the nature of the country is concerned, Algiers offered far better opportunities for European military operations than does Tripoli. Its in habitants were vasdy less fanatical, Intolerant, ignorant. For centuries tha Turkish suzerainty had been only a cloak for the rule of Christ iau renegades ln the face of all those advantages, possessing financial resources of un ex - ten! incomparably greater iiiuu those Italy t-nn dispose of, employing un amy wile d frequently exceeded IIKI.IHM) men and never fell below W.OOO, lha alaa of till) Harrison lo-da.v, eighty years after the conquest, the French spent half a century in the subjugation of Algeria. The restored Bourbons, Iiuin Pil I i ippk, the Second Republic and the Second Rmplre In turn left the task unaooom plished . and the Third Republic Inherited the question still unsettled. It is easy, therefore, to look with slight conviction upon any early suc cesses of the Italian', including possibly the prompt capture of Tripoli and Ben gasi. Kven the elimination of Turkey and the repatriation of the Turkish gar- rison will hardly insure peatv. Italy has now taken the road which Trance followed for half n eenturv in war anil turmoil before conquest of nearby Al- geria was completed lral Sen Apples ? One thing Mr. Taft'8 eneinit may nniltif IIIIOIl u.l I. r.... w.m i .i 1 .1 . . . -i.rl il i M 1 V ,,,, iM he presence at .he next nomi- nut ing convent ion of a solid Tail delega tion from the South. . The i hnrai (eristic of l he Soul hern Re publican Organisation tliut has always impressed the oWrver is I he almost pei feci drilling to wined iliut party has been subjected and the extraordinary enthusiasm of its response to discipline. I here are no more party builders since J the days of (he Hon. Mark HaNNA, and i even he caught the inspiration too late to make good use of it He saw at lost the barrier between the South' protec- I tion interests and Ihe realization of ! broader tendencies expressed in action. I It was at his initiative (hat the so-called : 1ahr White movement was launched in Alabama He died, however, and so the Republican opportuniiy passed into innocuous desuetude Mr. Hanna's successors, notably the ingenious Mr. Hitchcock, have re verted to ancient usages anil restored the once disturbed equilibrium. The Republican situation at the South is j practically a faithful reproduction of i in the membership of which they ob- ; l i . , So we have the I viouniy nave no piace. we nave me solid flouth, measured both from the , Republican and the Democratic point I of view, and continue in the full enjoy- Of course tho Hon. William Howard Tait will receive the benefit of this admirably effective disposition of forces, and we expect the most precious eonse- qnences. At least his managers have something to build upon for immediate results, even though Republican princi- pies and policies find themselves beg gared of voting followers in a field which ought to be and under different aus pices would be opulent with harvest. It is clear that at the South the Repub lican opportunist is greater than the patient builder. Evidently this is good for the aspirants of that party. Lew Shank anil the Potato t'orner. The Hon. LW Shank. Mayor of In- ' dianapolis, is basking in the limelight again. Any workable plan to break a corner in potatoes or in anv other food oraple is to be heartily commended, sometimes the middlemen seem to be bj, ijiarK Us they are painted. There ure those of them who play scurvy tricks on the inexperienced producer who Bnj, t nPm consignments in good faith. His peaches or his garden truck arrive in "bad condition." A( least he is so notified, and to make the best of a sad business he accepts a check for a much tba Transaction with cumulative profits Such stories of the betrayal of the pro ducer and the looting of the consumer are onlv too common. Recently potatoes in Indianapolis have Xtot'ti outrageously high, although cheap enough on the farm. In fact, il (,u been oharged that there was a cor tier. The Hon. I.kw Sbank. always a friend of the people, bought a carload of potatoes in Michigan and paid (he freight wi(h (he design of selling them at cost in Indianapolis. A despatch from that oity says: " Four of ihe Uayor'a wagon will hod them ibrough the atreeia to th rliy market, and Ui Mayor aaya he will have the wagons preceded by a traaa band to attract attention lo th potainea end Inipreea ihe people with the fart that the combiae'l strength can he broken." The brass band sounds like Law Shank . The music and fhe spectacle and the cheap potatoes should help him in his campaign for reelection, but a wicked middleman is quoted as saying: " Just tat the Mayor ship some potatoes in here and we will be laying for him We II make ihe Mayor believe all ot ihe potatoe In the world have been emptied Into Imilanapolla " Mayor Shank is in the stogie business and does not usually deal in potatoes. Tl, middlaman will have him on the hip unless he continues to bring in po tatoes indefinitely to sell (o an oppressed people al cos(. The middlemen are selling pola(oes all Ihe time; (he Hon. I.kw Shank only for a political flier. If he wants lo be a true friend of the people he must have the law on the dealers, or he must become a pota(o merchant ami eliminate the middle man altogether. As the city has managed to exist fur a number of years under iis present charter the abandonment of the proposer! lubstb tute for it will not result in any grave injury to the community. The failure of the drafters of charters lo agree among themselves, the unreasaonslile suspicion that are easily aroused over every pro posed change in the law, and the difficulty of getting the ordinary nil Iran lo take nil interest in the matter are sufficient ex planation of the refusal of the legislator,, at Albany toad on Ihe bill thai wasahan- d'lntni lv its promoters on Saturday I oouraglng i' would Is-, for example, if all 1 hands In the ci(y government should co InMpadai from now on in nroviding irootl pavements) An Indictment fit Anitrlean Friends TO thk HOlTOa or Tag Si'N mr: The Inter euilMed "Tragedy" from a man of advanced yeara mill api'ral lo many of your readara. I doubl If II I possible lo ilnd anion Ihe civi lised nalloni a more told blooded people than Uueririns or one mote recreant lo all ihe prin ciple" of helpfulness or loyally 1 1 friend. AMgglCAN RKADKa Y'txisas. Mrpiembtr ao. ron SANITY in rOLITICS. To Whose Benefit Does Harrying Hul- mm work r To thp RniTon or Tee Bum Sir: While are passing through IM season of In Teotirotlnc oni serving let us aak pro cession to holt for a moment while we Uke odservat lone. The storm tossed and weather beoten rublle It al a loss aa to Ihe course and the results of this Investigation Kor Instance, Uke the ugar tTntt It woo tried, found guilty and fined No eemlble peraon thinks tht penally oiceeded Ihe rime However. IT! lis not be rlecel re.1 WkatB the end pv the fine? ir there Is any dOUbl In your mind cnitinle your grocery Mid M el" epeak for Itself. Hlandarcl Oil ninai have credit for conduct ing Ihe greatest liualness enterprise lint Is known In history II has distributed lis ware into evre country under the sun, and (he public Ims had a cheaper product j (dan could hav been otherwise delivered I II la now dissolved into thirfy-ihrtr parls. I more or leas Thla will neiessllale thirty- three heads. llilrlv ihree offh I, thlrtv kiuds of lbrM ,,., 'rr ,,,,,, v.lhrtt stationery and aboul Ihirlv-lhfte timet I llir expense. As before slated, (he public would like to know who Is going to pay this PI,r ripnaag and who is going lo he bene- Hted by H 11 will be the public, (he con sumer Also, whal Is lo be (he end of those (hirty -ihree combinations? Wo might start business with Columbus. Ohio Let Company IS distribute tht prod uct of the standard (HI there, but (ha( won't do If (here la only one distributor It will have a monopoly, so let us give them eom paniea 17. is and 21 Here we etrlke an- other trouble, for thsv must all sell at (he same price. This forms a combination. If w try to have tht four dismembered con cerns sell at different prices (he high priced man will have no huslneat. Htrt again wt strike monopoly. To tht common tvtry day business man (his problem teems very deep, and as Iht public It looking for light I think It would bt advisable for tht Dtpart mtnt of Justice and the A((orney-fitntTal lo .... ... , trrk jt , .uppo,, that (ht Attornty-Otntral gon, , ,n standard Oil Company and aald "You bavt ahown (he grta(es( husl- Baai ability or any concern In the world and w wish to make you grtater. We have rtaaon to thank'you for extending your bualntta Into other countries, giving tmploymtat to a great many people In tht Statea; but wt don't llkt all of your business method and would Ilk you to hav a universal price in every town and clly In ,'nl ""' barring transportation charges. If fntr is an innrjjrnarai min- pany formed In flevtland and It is distrib uting ita product thtr w ar much averse to your arranging your tipenoe ao that you cn reduce j-our price in that particular city. However, you have a per fect right to doo; but tho name tim you re duce It In Cltvtland you must reduce It at every d iatributlng point In tha t'nited Stat. A you hav condition and facilities to sell a chean aa anv on else w feel thla will lth ..., Df)rov,i - Th Attorny-(lnerl dtrlare that It is no( hi Inttnt to destroy biitineaa. but to build it up and make it better. I never knew anything to bo mad better by tearing it apart. We mint change tho old proverb. Where thtr I union there I strength' to "Where ther is disunion thtr Is strength." (irtat tmphaai ia laid on doing business according to law Ar tb law mad for th benefit of tho public or I the public made for th benefit of Ihe law? Joss E Buss. Xgw Tos, September so. England' Example. To thic Kditob or Thi Hck .Sir Will il not b well for America aa a country to stop aud look at what attack upon capital has done In Kngland ainoa ISO, when th present so-oalled "people'a Oovernment " i hadd hv Mr I. lot l (iecrae took office Th folluwingg flgur art from the (iovern- I ment'a own blue book I F.ngland employ at the present time but a.l per cant, of 11 population, 33 per cent of th population are absolute paupers, de pending on the taxes, and X per cent, are hooligans, who ar afraid of nothing but work. Console, the barometer of a nation' ortdit, ar at 7',. th lowest In the coun try' history. Taxes hare risen Sn per oent. all over tho country and new enterprises ar absolutely nil. Mr. Moyd tieorge a plan haa been to at tack capital at all points, and capital, a it alwar will, ha etased to employ in tuch a field, and oo nnn.non haa aon abroad In Ihree year Now Mr Taft and Mr Wlekeraham are endeavoring to make an unworkable law workable, a law which aya. doe the Shorman law, that If two men corabln in i a livery business and do better than a third by Industry and thrift thty must bt penal ized becauae together they have dono laMter than alone The public cannot deny that the great corporation have done more to make oom- modiliea cheaper to the coiiMiimer. hav don more to advance the condition aud wage of the workingman, hare done more to advance and build up American credit and put her goods in all parts of the world than any oilier agency If th public will look suuarely at the real reason of the present high cost of living labor unrest and agitation, I think and 1 am relying upon the inhrent good sense of th American people and on Iheir desire Ul work that when they gotothepollsagaln it will be to put in office not destrtictionists hu( constructionists .1 f UcNlBL M ai nr.NSr AO, Kngland, Keptember :i niirever) a le Small Business Men To rag Ken s or The flrs -.Sir - "R. K. T." etms to forget that the prosperity of Ihe country achieved under rompttb live condition before Irtista were formed, these conditions are what President Taft desires lo return 'o The Ciritll business people are ruined, have gone under, and some have ended iheir lives hecnuse of Ihe strum and hopeleatness. Kmall businesses, like small bond holdings, are a safeguard to t tie t ounlry. Nkw Yona, September :i R, I M Repeal the Nh erman Law. XO THg Kniion of TK UfJM fiir: It fa evident from the number and voheineme of articles on present conditions lhat the business people of the country are deeply aroused andthat it is time for action rather than writing. I would suggest that action be organ ised by meana of chambers of commerce, boards of trade, employers' associations and business aaaociationa of every char actrr. It Is evident that tht Hherman law It not and ntrer will be lonitructlre; It Is destructive 'What we want Is conatinptlvt legislation, and It can best be brought about by tht rrpeal of tht Hhtrman law and reftrtnet of Iht whole aubjert to a com mtaaion of legislator - uud business men The watchword ahould be ' Repeal the Sherman ail!" nnd I believe that great i Interest would be aroused If lenders would I arlat In each locality using (his watchword and appealing (o (he wage earners, whether thsy art employees or employers Some ont must star( Ihe ball rolling, and If II la started tht slr.e of (he protest against this law will stimulate the politicians, who have Justly believed thai (he business man In dead pollllcully because he has been quiet so long Mam fa ti suit. Nkw York, September :iu stoclallam In Ihe Mr. I. MiK K.PiroH or 1 iik Si n NtV. In I lie miller history rour country (he building of railroads and the eliilililuiieiil of large manufacturing uud olhr-r big business enterprlsea were hailed with jov as prom islug increased employment nnd genersl I prosperity Hur school books our teachers (nil prof eesors pointed to such undertaking na evidence of commendnble cnlerprlae" and Ihrirt Af(T the death of McKlnley came Ihe advent of (lit "open moulds,' Ihe professional seir-a-ekiiiK agi((ors. the muck rakers, Ihe yellow and semi yelluw journals Over Ihe ruins of pros trate business th blatant demagogue howls In the hope thai In the wrecli. ruin ami confualon he may be elevated lo political power. Hureau chiefs are nrrn gant. self-assertive and rebellion, n fren zied yellow press adda lo the chaos, attack ng the Administration by hysterical on- slaugl.ta upon d"partmi'nial heads. A fraction of Democracy aud a far larcer number of Republicans have unconsciously, probably, absorbed socialistic Idens: (iov ernment ownerahlp and control of about everything. These old time Republicans and Democrats will not admit being so cialist or vote a ticket so tagged, but i they vote for the ao called progressive! who enact socialistic legislation. Bryan, I twice defamed at the poll, Is victorious In that Bryantam It rampant throughout j the land. How long will th bulla tag men and thtlr tmploytta. the manufacturers and honest labor, the producers, farmers. I Ac, stand for this state of affair, being exploited by th aelf-teeking. ambitious. open mouih" agl(a(ort: E 8. Wkm. (il.XN Mnns v. V J,, September !. silence the nons. lt Tired tinman Helnaji Have the Mgb( for Sleep. TO TKB BOITOB 07 TUB Bra Sir : Every body concede that good health is the most Important human possession, and every one knows that plenty of sound sleep and sufficient real for the nerves are necessary to good health, yet people art constantly having their sleep disturbed and their nervto Irritated and Injured by noise which ia totally unnecessary and which could easily be (lopped a( little loss or incon venience to any one but nothing, or nearly nothing, ia done by the authorities to alop nolae. A lilile effort is made occasionally (o atop unneceweary noise den complaints become particular'- Insistent, but soon conditions are as bad as before, if no) worse, for noises multiply with time, while people heroin leas able to endure noise because the more thty are aub.iected to il the worse II effects are upon them For a start why don't the authorities slop (he harking of dogs, ni least in pop ulous communities? A dog's bark is the very worst Kind or a muse, and dogs bark largely at night, just when noise lias its moot annoying ami Injurious effect Dg are no longer neceaaarv. Anv one who keen a dog. ctrlalniv as doga are ordi narily kepi, endangers ide lieallli. com fort and aafety of Ihe nubile and therefoie maintain a public nuisance for which he la liable to ltrosecilt ion Whv are not miumh of the scftiKii. callous tlog owners pros ecuted? That is the onlv way to stort Hie dog imposition Mie authorities pnrMic those wno sell waleretl milk Why not a-et niter tnoee wno commit a vastly worst offence, thi.s,. w do cause sickness and suffering unit death In its most horrible form by keeping doge? AKTI-NolSg. -f.w iii, eepiember ) HOE or THE NATH E. I nhappy ltt t Ihe I nfortunatr Horn In New York. TO TUB BOITOR Of Tai BUM .ir It it ii- pears lo me that the lot ot (he native New Yorker ia not enviable. Ha builds great schools, costing millions to maintain, and roreigner occupy them. He builds great libraries; lorelgn publishers sup ply Ihcin He builds, subwaya foreign capital operate them, the foreigner orcu ple the treet and sidewalks and shove the native Into the alreet. If the native rnt being shoved off the sidewalk he Is either shot or knifed If be do not nay Ihe Rlack Hand cociety the price it demands hi a hlldrtn are kidnapped or his house 1 dynamited In view of theae fact, what, may I ask, re the advantage gained by tin for apending our millions to educute and pamper the rorelgncr. who onlv laugha at us ror our generosity? And I den when he no.iura a fortune be rioes back lo his native land, live like g ord and tells his neighbors what an easy mark the Yankee i M .1 HIKCHtil. Nftw iRK. Sepieinber So Carbolic Nuap for Flea Troubled lug. To tb KiMToa of The Si n Mr A few days ago I read with much Interest a clipping In Thv. si's from some sanitary Journal on "How ;nol' to kill (leaa " Of all mt-ihoda tried only one seemed lo do the work, the use of green soap. Having been Interested fur yeara In bird dors of the seller t pe 1 hae had lo try evert means lhat promised practical results For ears 1 have used with marked success another kind of aoap. the common laundry not tollen carbolic cap In cakes. After lending the rupplng and noting the remarkable failures of so many alien clra 1 onderd If 11 were possible that the car bolic MSB brought ghoul end .uspendrit anlnia nn xiiout a week ago ! fgvo nt) dor i good Ik thai Ins with thU -imp and men In s few n limii s flushed It off with Hcnr satar. ThK fleas vierrt numeraiis and dead to alt appearance I wrath ered up halt a dOKOO And ronflnetl them to tet the eaperltrrirt fter four tytt the rre stttl very dead ' whh h ought to lie a MttKfKK ton ttamonatrKtloK. . I'HOCgRTT, Ten . September How Ini'h.ni Are amert. WaahtnotOn faffflpOagKNff Ronton A494rHt$f, I Itellef I shown by thme thst love the ptctur eque In Initan DBme, ihsi thaaa KfK I till found to the fore with old lime welrdness tn re.ri- m; j raaea uher- Indian KORlKtialKtura KgUrSfl In puh- J I ir print.. There ere fume new men on tha Car lile Indian football train, and some of the m t lOdlM plffKkln warrior sre She Hear. Ble hem, I Wounded !';, Ami i.ntui poach Itecendy a Inni n-i of Indteti naipe puhlltbfd I at the Shoshone Indian raaarvKtlon ttltclosad thnl I there rKi amonir them Dirty I are, Toueh-oi- ! thr-tiround. One-Toe-(io:ie. Mrs Silk I niler- wear. Mis. Shnkrsprari'. and RQ nn ll Is a fenrral assumption that 'he Indians are thamaalvaa raapooalbla for these nantes. whereat os a matter of fact tha names are given them by 1 white officer on the rrscr vailum It Is not always aagy to ascrrmln uhat the hi- I dlan I railed In his own lanf unite and aparlKll so shen a rerordliiR clerk Is In a hurry. So he I puis down Indian nanus by un IdoK thai ronaa 1 to Kit Wind and usually from some rharactrrlstlc conHplciiousiiesH In ihe Indian In mind, and the 1 able It eem And the Indian II absolutely not), j tent He has no Ignag 0 bUltlOff anywa , and Q he itoes on living out his life under the DOmtlt ClKtUfK 'he whites have piovlded for tit in. Mrs Knlcker Aren't you fond nf country life" Mrs dr Waldorf Yea, i )uM ,nt to hfJlr ,h(, farmer page the rows. faff NMIW ATOItf. A Dtfvnra of New York Truck .re era Charged With Dishonesty. To rut F.uiTon or Tee IBN 9ki Aa rule farmers, market gardeners, fruit grow ers and In fael all the different growers of produce aro mlarenresented, but never Ra fore have Ihty been ao grossly mlarepro- seiiicd by the sensational newspaper they hav been of late. I refer to th raid nude upon them at Wallahout Market In Hrooklyn, where thtlr baskets wtre taken from them and publicly burned. ihe real fanner doe not esll by the bushel The flour barrel ha been the measure by which farm produce haa been bought and old for the last fifty years or more. The green grocor. the speculator and the huck ster come to the different market of t his city with wagons or (ruck filled with the ordi nary tasdard flour barrel. Thty bargain for tht produce at (O much a barrel, which (hey hav with thtm. Th farmer or gar dener fills the barrels, while the purchaser shakes thtm down good and plenty wbll being filled. 'the fanners have had thtlr baskets made three to the barrel forconvonlenc. Tho bar rel being filled and rounded up. the pur ! chaser pay on tht pot. Therefor th ; flour barrel lias by common usage been , recognlred Ihe country over, and In support or this claim 1 will uot rrom a isnor oi Frit; Keichman. Mnperlntcndent of Weight my I Measures or the R(a(o of Now York, timed May : 111 I, In which he yt I am aendlnt you a ropy of the State aaatiile rlailni in welghta and measures. A flour barrel Is practically ihe standard throughout the t'nited Slates. Rill Hiutntes and ordinance have letn tinkered With. A Stat law Introduced by i senator Timothy 1). Sullivan of (hi clly and piiased la March of this year say: The possession or use by any person of a false welrlu or measure or oiher apparatus for de termining the quantity of any commodity or arilcle of merchandise la presumptive evidence of knowledge by such person of Ihe falsity of such weight, measure or apparatus. The above law went into effect thi Scp I (ember The farmer of the count! of i Qnoens and Nassau have held stvtral meet I Ings nnd formed th l,ong Island Farmer i association and retained Itawdon VY. Kel- l'gg as their attorney I, having taken an active part in farmers' movements anil 1 orfaaltetiOM for considerable over rorty I years and knowing th producer of our ' island have been grossly abused and mis- represented, upon the unanimous request , of this meeting took a hand in. the defane of tho class with which 1 am proud to bt associated. Commissioner .lohn VY. wh, by whose orders and under whose supervision tht largtr number of haaketa were burned, attended a meeting of farmers at Mtneola, when he heard much that was evidently new to him. I have visited his headquar ters In the City Hall, Manhattan; have visited hia branch offices at Long Island City and in the Town Hall, .lamaioa. where basket were being eealtd by one of hi official sealers and where I saw the so-called standard basket as sealed would contain considerably more than a bushel after a week's use. as it is well known to all who us these bnket that the more they or used the more thty contain. Hut the edict had gone forth that these pernicious ordinsnce and laws should be enforced September I. so at a meeting held Wednesday, August 3D. the following ap plication of the Long Island Farmer As sociation for an extension of time to com ply with Ihe ordinance regulating weight and measures was adopted: Morris Remsrn. being duly sworn, aaya that he was secretary pro tern, of the lxing Island Farmers Association at a meeting held at Holds. Queens county. New York, on the .totli day of August, tun. that at the aald meeting there were ninety- seven members present; that according to state ments made by members preaent Ine men. hers preaenl have ortlered 4.000 new baskets; that up lo dale they have only been able to receive, gbOUl mi of the 4.oon ordered; thai ot Ihe total number present llfty sll have ordered ofeakoll and have been unable to grl any; that of ll-.c balance present they have been only able lo re reive about baskets, and that as deponen: Is Informed and verily bellcvea the manufacturer:, have none of them received aerial numbers, thai Ihe baskets which are received by the farmers contain the name of Ihe makers atampe.1 thereon but no aerial number. That al the aald meeting the nlnelv seven present came from all parts of lite counties of Queani and Nassau, nnd that due lo Ihe scere storm and short notice of the meeting there w as BOl a larger attendance Peponent furlherrata i thai he verily believes thai It will be a physical lmposslhllll for the farmers to comply with l tie provlalons of tne aforesaid ord1an-r for some time Peponent further saya that he Is Informed that a number of the farmera have failed to place urders for baskets because the manurartnrers have slalcd lhal they cannot gel serial numbers far their basbeta. Molttwa ItKkiaSN. Sworn to before nie thla. list day of August, inn Ctdrrogn Tare ax, Notary Public. VJueena County. N. . Itawdon W Kellogg alao testified (hat lie dad communicated wild Id four basket makers wdo manufacture these baskets, and lhat they could deliver only about one fifth or the baskets ordered It was therefore shown that it was a physi cal Impossibility tor the tanners to comply with these laws and ordinance--. At lhat meeting- fifteen members were appointed to wall upon hi Honor Mayor (iaynor and Commissioner Walsh, which they did the following day. and while his Honor the Mayor held lo Ihe enforcement of th law and ordinances h was seemingly surprised at the statement of facts pre sented. In addition lo the above I positively slate id. ii t'ariueiH and market gardeners ita a class dave no desire to deceive their customers or the public: (hat there in u class of men who occupy ids beat locations In the market piaoeS, who nrocuie wairons formerly of farmer and place idem in the most desired locations in Ide market dave tdem tilled with empty barrels with canvas covers tied down, purchase stale or left over produce or from some tartly fanner who finds the best Hiunds are occupied. Theee Intruder can ami do mnnipiilitle and handle over produce, ir.nke live ban els tint of foul ns purchased, and undersell the legitimate farmer Within a short block ot bis wagon. Several attempt have been mnde to rid Ide market suuares these pretenders, but (hey come 'ntu court gwesrlna thev own or rent a bouse and some Iota in 10ml near by section, Which is generally winked at ( thereby defeating the ends of iusdee. None of this latter class, of men dave deen , ' , '" ,,, i T,o ha.il" , Lrf k. r" .....I mane r tie xciipegoni as 1 lie laiuiers dnve . ..... . . . ... .... as i n v. in ii ri 1 1 naving tlton Wffltflll DUtwr sold al thotr tore, or the butcher, all of which is known 1 to me A fair denl god no favor nhould le given to all classes. Men should not le hounded ! on whom we all rely aud who make this j country richer for their being In it and really do not get a uuarter the price tor 1 their fOOdK 'hat the consumer has to pay. HH U'UOKKftLlU. JAM KICK, N V , September :0. Flag nf s Million Asters. PwiggtH ' rowtpoggaaci Agg Wtaft$i$$ pjistnfttla, Over half a million asters, reil. white and blue, ore io be used In ihe making of a great floral flag for 'he reception of Pre.ldrnt Taft . hen he visits i his rlly October Ift. As now planned the flag Ik to hanK OVKf (he (able when Ihe hsnquet Is artKat, and il Is eipecied 10 be one of ihe most beautiful decorations of ihe kind err conrelved Of assembled That enough asters may he available at the proper ttma Kll raatdanti who hoe plants, and ih re are thousands, are asked by the Hoard Of Trade to nurse them along In such a way that lha buds will he ready lo open a feu days before the I'roldenl s ntilval. TO th' many aotlOUl periodicals thai proceed frogl VKta ItntVtrKlty there Is ailded now a new -.frle of the quarterly The Vole NarffVi In proper Vale blur covers. The llrst number, for Orto brr. rOtltKlna articles on war by the line Professor William Graham Sumner, on TharUrray by Pto- faaaor Hanri Y liaa ra( on apacUllai professors by Profaaauf P r Morris, on the present con dition or ihe drama hi Piofaaaoi uuiiam i Phelps, on rofKKKiro hv profesnnr Kenneth McKKuala. on InfKotlla parglyal by Professor simon naanafi on railroad rates, the Poatmaatefe nattarKl Md Arizona pines h oiher profensors Tbaga ate two lOtll poggta ami boot reviews of impnrtaat bOOhK by members of the Yale faciiliy. The editor is Professor N llhur I. ( ross. blogrKphar Of Strme, li ts an attractive aud intcrosilng upeuiug number. TRAINING TflK CMILD. A Handicap That llad Home Miiia(r. mem rat on the Teacher. To raa CaiTom o Tar lew Sir i Hi , agree wn your rrerresponnrnt atir,:, the ineffectiveness of our puh'i to train fhstr thargss Info Ian- al.unr,. ctttztna, but I fit not agree wtUi hltn her n mamns tne teacher. i.et me , its wssin:ns en, ii mm i-q-,n n, uu inrfe a, IjfKi every aay; In my workshop a bov m: ciouaiy Draaan a iooi. Accoratng tc, n. oy-iaws or our acnooi ysitni i ennr" compel that boy or his father to ra, fa, mar iooi. in ract i run me risk of atrial charge preferred agalnat mt by that . boy or his father If I use coercion i order to have thi tool replaced. The maudllr, sympathy which forbids (he use or tho rt Is responsible for Ihe deflanl aliunde gf such bad boy. Every effective means , prevent inr wilful damages and laid behttlof is (uken away from us teachers. I bavt had the advantage of having i.i, brought up under a regime of stri i gu clpllnr baaed on reasonable and sensible conceptions of right and wrong. Writ; after many year of Journeyman .- , American manufacturing nlantn I torn, . ! position in one of our city puhlU seneafi I mum at once rnniruiuru sua '"';, . thai ar astounding In Iheir perveran. Instead of Instructing my charge and i n parting io them the practical knoned(r which! possess. I have t fool my Uintlwgi with Inniimerahie attempt to curb ihe ia lea spirit of a large part of my bov. I contend I am not engaged for Ihri fiurpo. I have a right to eipeei r, he boy come into my nohoolroom alrea' . In a proper frame or mind, obedient i t willing to be taught, in posaeasion si simple and common stock or good m tiers acquired by dint of good v ill i , much practice at home. niitnourh thli F.very teacher in our school is tiaetly the same position. we teaonor are ovsrmniiou vo no rhv we can for our charge In the way of parung knowledge, both theoretical aid practical, but the boy will not let us And why not? Hlmply because the father and mother have neglected their aacre,, dutie. Il Is up to them, not to us. to tern i, (he bov manner. Tht boy I supposed I . have (hem when b enters school i npposed to have respect for his elder My school workshop work le serious' hampered because of the fact that the dors come Into the workshop with no such vir lues. I have to keep an hourly check na my I. SOD splendid tool to prevent theft I cannot prevent damage in ep.te of tn vlvllance. 1 cannot exact adequate nun. Ithment in case tool are stolen or darn, aged. How can any one under urh ro. dltlnn expect law abiding ciliren'' Tht fault it elsewhere, not with th teachers. It may ho with the system devised by our superiors or it may be du to our economic condition. I should like to oe this theme discussed and the blama fixed. Rtattv liLavn St. nsottns. September TO. fWKMAX tNDViTRtAL 8CB00U, Hon the Fatiptre Trmtni It Pf oplr for NocrcM In IvUr. Frm naflv connlar and TrtuWt netrU A nchool In which pupil art- prep&rfd for it rartwr In. indm-ttrial and doormtire art is one of th femturM of lh fifrmaQ Hat rdtuvitinna. 8FtAm. The pupil eotor taf this school t siippofi9d to m&k & U work of what he or nhe in taught, for tromfln are given equal facilitate with mn. The course for a diploma le tour rears sad tht t u I tion only $10 a rear for nstiren and l.v for foreigners. Practical tralninc Ii given in drawing, painting in water eoltfl and oils, designing of denorationR, ffttMl, wall paper, mrtains, carpets, linoleum. Hay modelling, wood carving. Ac. The prrirtj'.-a! work is supplemented by daily lecture on the theory of each trade and the .natmrtiun is very thorough. In Wei nielskirchen. a short dlstame from "t.logn the ( lovernment han a school lr twitching hteniaklng. Althoush it ttp P(md t tin t the art of making hIiopk i most highly developed in the I nited ts'.itr sn i that all OttMr nations ropy its method nmi form, it is n fart that students from l.vtiD, Mass., and other clUea near the tentrr o) the shoatnaklntf Indust ry roine to tk I ehooi to he taught , The difference I e wren :ni Ainerlrau wurkman and a aiernmn whi hgl attended this school is that Wh.1l American in an OKpgfi in doing one th ru the Herman has linen taught how to hnv leather, how to cut to the hest advnntnire, and haa heen given a thorough COUfM in the making of nhoes from start to nnil Me can operate any machine and MrfOfffl any mautpulaiiou rvqUlfwQ. The course, like ai' otiieis. tuUe trotn three to fonr yeir Thli school in e(ectcd to itradurite men gbl o taltf chittxe of any shoe factory boy who i to follow n bUiulMal rirew i not given h haphaxurd course of 1 rit rur lton He goes io ipgclgl ooipnierclil school from The flrt day mitt) he jrHii'iatr-j from the commercial high chool Thi most ceiebratAa ant! hest eiiuioped pcwMN of tlii gtnd In Tinany i in Cologne The I a t sstnegter ihe nttendaiu-e numbffeq l.'.'Vi sttldtnUl from ail parts of (.eriranv, nd there were glao eighfv-two foreigner Th faculty includeet about fifty rof-mr and tutor. The )Ut of Mludle. en.hrncM pbHtlcal economy, ptiblto law, ffOOgripay. Fyaoch laiu?uaire uml literature. ttgnes of iiieSirance, ntechsnh" and elect rot schnlfs, trade tcchnUtgi RnfHsh lsnffuage anl 11- er at ure, ijigh-h oommofcMl corrtspomi' ern e, common law. pedagogy, botgnj ti"l micrnsci'py. RlgtOrTi mathematicf. railway tariffs, banking atul hcurd of tr.nl'". Iihrar , handling of meft handie. textile fndllVtrv, mail and telegraph, trade law. newMtner trade, protection of workmen and rhari' ble iiiMitut'on. tariff, innurance and niutiiR1 pr'teiton e-ocieties, measures, weights And mint ine, a si hot ics, history of utgine. Knglish, French ami Herman itcnograph)', chemistry (with one of the finest lahnrv torles in (iermsnvt, voice building and ora tory, philosophy, anatomy and phyi. lniiv, hygiene, .erman literature. arcnavloii'', mining, history of architecture, meteor o'ogy, hlatory of irt, taxation, ophthalmia. city buihling. surgery, music Itheorv, Kgyptology. oolog , and dtsegses of thi sKlO. The fullosing languaiffH ire ilso taught CblnCM, dapanese. Por hJgueaf new Arabic, TcrUish. new IVrslon. Herman to fofticntrsi Dutch, KuasUn, itgllan km si n nigh. Itstctllfeg are given on many uhieits uo nutneygteq and nil y be nt tended hv nnv on upon ngyincnt c.f :ts for the MmKKtcr, nr twetity-flve cents s single lecture Th tuition Is less than KI00 a vear It La wp- posed that all mi nils have irraduafd freitl t'ie commercial "real schools" (KOaUcbulfni DITOro entering here. The State aUn ntreiwlei to the axaminsllOfl nf nil i u ml ii In f mm f.ir mailer ,.r f fit-ism ji h ill u 11 the trades, No tnin tan give hlmelf ont ii . n master workman without ahowlM hi diploma or cert ilt.ate as authority lor the clsim. Ihere is tiore efficiency Ri-'l ral knowledge to be found among men poa sensing thee certificates than amona the average run of w or k men w ho have not taken the examinations. Keli With sme Plates. ports currr.tpondfnce f.gajfpaj Frrnmc ,tfir A circular teller has been recelve.1 from Ham burg by all the fisheries of France Mailt I in look out for a niimher of eels which liae f1 the (ierinan port. Men of srlenre tn (;err' ' are amlous. It appears, to find out whether thi eel travels on any Used system ll dej. iravfl a long way, it travels a greai deal, and It 111 of rhange makes eel fishery a somewi.a' UKtar tain means of llvellhocd. Some (ieiman iclrge ttsts In Hamburg, therefore, have lste ad number of eels with little silver plate which h'" the letter ' H " and a number. The eels cannot get rid of the plates, for Iht)' have been slipped under their skins before Ihty were thrown back Into the sea And the setrn tists of Hamburg are offej-lng a reward of a 0Vr elgn for each eel found wlih a stiver plsie Insld It. provided that the finder stales Ihe enact ipel where he found It. It seeni9 a slippery v ,r tnaktiiK money, does It not? l ove m Rteraai. From ihe catholit Standard and fKfJIi leOya la atarOKt. It never ran die Though we lull It with laughter or drug M wm sorrow. Not Die prlnteval sea, not the sun In the sky. Not the rearhca of space are so Mire of a fnorre As the waters of ocean Ui vapor ascending. Then In rain nourished streams through IM green valleys wending Have ihe ocean again for their ulllmate winning Shall not love, through all changes, move on 10 lis ending In the bosom of Cod whence It had Its beglnnliiK l.ove a Immortal. It Is not of earth. Though mbifortune retard It. dear, what d matter Shall a harvest of roses he deemed of no worth hen fhe lalnl of each canker Is purgr l IP attar If earth's waters are purest through heavens refining. . Shall the passing of time chtll our love with ra Here we sow. hut not here reap the mee t ei endeavor. For the fruits of cur love, past all human dlvlnlaf In the bosom of Uod we shall harvest foravass T. A- I1