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THE SUN, WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1911.
XXYL WEDNESDAY. 0(TOBER 4, Ml. Entered 11 the foil office at New York as Sfrond Clao Mll Matter. nsbicrlptlem y Mall, Peitpalri. Bam V rer Mnnlh DAILY. I'cr Year SrM'AY. Ptt Year DAILY AMI si'NDAY, Per Year DAIltf AND M'NDAY. Per Month o no s on 2 no n no in postage in foreign totinirlea added. All cheeks, money orders, ar , lo ba made pay able to TBI IDS. Publlahed .Isllv. Including Sunday, by the Sun Prlnllnc and PnDIISSlag Association at If! Nassau flreei. In the florough of Manbailan, New York President nf the Association. Kdward P Mitchell, 170 Nassau street. Treasurer of the Aaeorlatlon. M F 1-affan, ItO Nassau sticei. Secretary of Ibe AMorlatlnn. t) W giUnn. I7ti Nassau street. I.ndnn nfflre. Frrlnsham House. I Arundel street. ! Strand The daily and Sunday Si n are on sate In I 1ondon at the American ami Colonial Kachangr. j rarltoa street. Hegeat street, aad naw'!Rteamahl Agency. II (Ireen street. Charing Cross Hoad parla office, a Rue de la Mlrhmllrre. off Rue du Qtiatra Septembre inear Plara de I opera. Tha UMy and Sunday editions are on aale al Klnsu.ii! 11. near the Grand Hntal: Kloaqua 77. Boulevard dea Capuetnaa. eorner Plarw da I Onera, and Eloaque l(. Boulevard dea (fallens, corner line Lottie le (irand. II ear retewai wao ratar ui nn mmmurtptt lor with the Republican captains in a slm aajNIeafhm trlik la Marl raairled article! returned "ley I jAr , , , ,, MMTW all easae Mai MMM for Mat put pan - -- a,.,-M Wniiai i ml Its Sea Power Illustrated. Thia affair of Tripoli seems likely to furnish a very vivid illustration of most If not all of Admiral Mahay's theories of sea power in its relations to international conflict. Here is the spectacle of Italy, not at all the equal of Turkey in military efficiency , yet apparently able to occupy the African field and absolutely to elimi nate fhe latter from the equation of re sistance Turkey and Italy are practi cally equidistant from Tripoli, yet Italy can land armies at her leisure and main tain them with case, while Turkey, poe aeeaing much larger and perhaps more potent forces, sits helplessly beyond the .Egean Archipelago and the Dardanelles and wrings her futile hands This is not to say that Italy will event u- allv triumph, at least bevond the mere ocrsipation and administration of the i made by passing a dishonest bill for a coast line. We know from the oxperi-1 lofty moral purpoae. As a result the eneesof the French in Tunis and Algeria passage of a direct primary bill, care what it costs a European nation to con- fully limited to minor offices and local quer and to hold territory in northern candidates, seems assured. Africa, even when its operations go hand Bv ihis clever tactical move Oovernor in hand with a wise and generous di plomacy. But the merely introductory aspects of the drama in I ripoh sum Ciently illuminate the Mahan hypothesis. resent any sham device intended lo If Turkey, with her widely dispersed I dsOOiYe them, while the party leaders Interests and pretensions, had made ' have si ruck the considerable cons"rva suitable preparations for their affective j live fraction of their party who do not assertion by sen we should have before believe that even an inconsideruble por us at this moment a very different sub- j tion of a thoroughly bad system should joct for contemplation. Instead of the be enacted into law merely for the futile ludicrously expeditious seizure of Trip-; pUTpOM of making a few votes oli, with the prospect of a prolonged The real direct primary contest in this and wasting war for possession and con-! Slate remains where it was. Governor trol of the interior, w e should have the Du has not succeeded In attaining what pectacle of impetuous niameuvre and Governor Hi uhes sought; he will only tragic collisions upon the water and the procure the passage of that miseruble immediate adjustment of a conflict that J fragment of the Hughes project which now promises years of distress and dev-; has already lieen rejected w ith vehe afdation. The war would have been I mence by tha bulk Of the direct primary set tie. I by professional warriors and the champions, peaceful would have escaped the horrors Of incursion, tack and spoliation. 'n rrlpoll. Italy has not been fortunate in her j In the guide book world Tripoli has African adventures, and there may be I remained, if not quite an unknown land, for her in this episode a world of em-' a city w hich has as yet escaped the barrassnienl if not calamity. She may , exploitation of the press agent, whose 0erate thij tune under happier aus-; genius has Ix-en expended lavishly upon pices than attended her in Abyssinia I Tunis. Algiers uml Tangier. But sn only a few years afco. but the upshot is j has misled this form of fame, if not im not distinctly visible. ' mortality, it has by contrast retained a color and a character which have cs- The Population of rw York. The tabulation of the count of New Tork's population on April 16, ItlO, has been completed by the Census Bureau and is now available for the first time. Months ago it was announced that the State had R.in.nit inhabitants, an in crease of 1.M4.720 from 7,?(W,S94 or 25.1 per cent, since 1900, and lha tlie forty nine cities in ihe State had r1,727,oi5 or 73.8 per cent, of the total. The rate of increase in population for New Vork was 1.4 per cent, grealer than the rate for j the nation. Since 1890 the State has ! shown a higher rate of growth than the ' country at each census. The Census ' Bureau has .nrenared a statement of the ! rates of growth of the city, Slate and nation, from which it appears that : "The area cnmprlsed s-lthm Ihe present limits Of the city of New York had a population of i'i n i ' In 17BC as mmpared with a population nf t Taa swl . In tttln The population of the elty In 1110 uas ' more than Blast) six times Ita population In ITOu. 1 and that of continental t'nlted States In IRIo was more than tw.-n' three timet its population In ' IIS. The population of New ork Stale In lain. exclusive of the present area of New York elty, i waaalmost fifteen times Its populsllnn In 1 7BMi " Of the sixty-one counties in the Slate 1 Hamilton with .:t7:i inhabitants has the fewest people, and New Vork with! 2,72,S2'J the most. Kortv-sii of the eeinntiea rrunierl In . ,, . I t . . ... In , I... " , ; "II s" years covered by the census, and fifteen lost. Cattaraugus, with an increase of four-tenths of 1 per . ten! ... am. near to f&lhng into Ihe tnitnis column. Of the four counties showing gums of so per cent, or more ncheneota y whs the onlv one not inor adjacent to New York counties that lost population were: .cm i Thi Allejany Chenango.. . Delaware O'rcene Hamilton . lwls Madl-on (ilhegn SI Lawrence Scnnlisrie Mekuylsf Ncnera Tioga Tonipklna.. .. Yato su . SJ) . :.s I 'M HI i,m I iu I.7'." 1 i,9S9 I. mi i in J.3--; III i. fit II J 1' 7 I I to I a u I I t 1.1 c I ii : ii i 1 1 H 1 I X ! uml bor- St. Lawrence, Herkimer, OiHctf. Delaware extend from the ('a rind tat der to the rennsylvania line, and were not for the growth of Herkimer county - " """ which gained 6 .w inhabitants, a belt 0( nnniilst inn laaasa --nnlH ,,.- ..t.-j s i " awuni ...-, tor atraighi a-r..ss the State. Losses of agricultural population have been eus- talned fn counties admirably adapted to farming and with exceptionally Rood facilitiea for transporting their products to market an well an in others leas well situated. Tha (list ri hi it ion of the poople bit WWII cities, towns and rural sections la shown in thin table: 'oimfofiitt ria or ritrn The State I'rban territory city of New York Other plsrr of loo.noo places nf JS.onn to inn.ono Places nf .jm to Moral Itemilnrter of the Stale 1SI0 it' .lts.au 7.;aai 7.mr.itM Mal.ttl .M.ft. I.SlT.M s7.:Vi tis ml aa..V?2 HI ii MMM SM.ITI i.ns.im iDia.nii Many of the 1.02R.I2O persons living in the "remainder of the State" dwell in communities of eonaidernble size, not n few of whieh are by this time placet of 1, 500 or more. Nothing of the meant movement of population disclosed by this tabulation will justify the ahiin.lon inent of their project by the promoter! of the "buck to tha land" campaign. The ' So far aa Mural" Victory. it ia possible to Judge accurately from the charmingly lucid reports of what ia going on at Albany the Hon. John A. Dix has been more aticcessftil with his party leaders than were the Hon. 'haHI.f.r Kvavr Hcghf.h and the Hon. ThkoiioBK ROOflTlbT l . a i nu iu m i ivi in wn ran nn.i , Roosrvki.t were quite willing to accept a hill lenring n direct primary label but lacking all essential direct nomi nations provisions. Even this "moral" victory the legislature, admirably led by the Hon. .Iamf.h W. WaMWOMV, Jr., denied tliem. In a similar spirit and for etial1y patent purposes the Hon. John A. DlX ia now negotiating for a "moral" demon stration from hia own party. To fulfil an insincere platform pledge Oovernor Dix now aaka hia party leaders in the Legislature and out to procure the pas sage of a bill which will wear a becom ing label without accomplishing any real or material change. The ('listing situation seems to have lieen induced by the success of Governor Dix in persuading the Democratic i majoritv that there are votes to be Dix has deprived his party of the sup port of all those who advocuie direct nominations and are thus certain to i aped from Algiers and suffered muta tion at Tunis. ; Writing in the Trairl and Kxploralinn magazine for last November Mr JoRN HoRNE reported something of this In j dividual charm of Tripoli as follows: j "My steamer from DJerba lo Tripoli la only one nlfht alon, the reset, and when I went on J deck .the neat morning al snarls, we were an i chored about NO yards from the shore. Inslue I a line of danternua looking rocks which Jusl showed above the water. In the hands of any eher nation ibis reef would have been rurncd into an excellent harbor, hut under Turkish rule It remains a serloua menace to shipping and la rough, was IS at often fnrres steamers to pss without stopping at all h,srk Tnrk hrld m' Mseiloa only a moment Along the woter'a edge lay the ciost truly Eastern town I had ever aeen. Itcfnre us MOSty domes and spesrllke mtnsreis Alglcr Tunis and even Constantinople paled and were as tiotklnff. Tripoli POnld not lay clatm to the apian dnrs of these others, but here was no mixture of Fast and West, nn blending of styles. It was the purity of line and the complete absence of European architecture which made one feel nisi this at least was the true Aran BSst. M i way along ihe coast to ihe louttissal stre'ehed ihe oasis, framing the while i .wn wlih Its dark green; mhlle In the centre, bathing- Its zrny pm-ttnn In ihe ipgrkllSI water, lowered an old Spanish fort, half In ruins hut still used m a prison and residence of the Pasha. The rest araa a mf of while flat roofs, with there and h-re a plash of red. where ihe cloths of the hath hoiives .fluttered In Ihe sun Kvp" m.or" B,ron,.v 'he beauty of n,P ",la"" Unil7 surrounding I npol impress itself upon Mr Hohnk. or tin -desert outlook lie wrote: ' i In Ihe sou ih ihe deeri touches ihe vary waiu of the town.xlenlltix away In arid grandeur over hundreds of miles of gray hill' and valleys L'ndtl ihe terrible rays of the midday sun II seems nn Inferno of mnnot.inv and heat, hut at sunset a .cry fairyland of rose and purple takes the place of the palpitating gray. The desert Is all. .. shepherd with his flock of goals appears from nowhere, wending his way slowly homeward In the distance one heirs the sound of gppraaenkjS, hells, and from the hillock! rises a long line of camels moving slowly, malesllcally. every line of ihe blue and ii-d tripping! standing mil sharply In the falllni; Returning from an excursion io the edge of the desert Mr. HtiRNK wandered into a huge modern barrack built for the Turkish garrison. Il was empty, and only when lie was retiring after his ex plorai ion did he encounter a Turkish ofli cer und have an interesting opportunity to examine at first hand a portion of the . ""om" Harrison: A moment laier an o fncer and four men gal- lopsl up aad dlsinounled. The nftlcer. a ynting nfin about so showed none ofyhe sh ihblnr-s of ihe erdlnirv Turk. Kot ! epeek of dirt on ihe well rutin, dark blue uniform: not a strip or a buckle out of place. I looked and wondered. Rut the men what a contra!' Nn smartness here Their clothe' had been patched and re patched till not a shred nf the nrlflnal uniform remained, nnly one sore Ohal had once been b.ses. "And still they are splendid mldlers. and be came of their rags and nnkempt appearance one Is forced Id admire them all the more. With the exception Bf a few Impurtant garrisons the Turhllfe MMMn hardly rcr receive any pay I'm h man fet iwn lnavc of lirend a day. and In order M have a few pence for their other need ihcy MM I Sill ell one of theui At Tripoli 1 often im them MiadMll In raw, In the market place, each with hl banket of bread In front nf htm doing buidhee like ihe ordinary hakera Mr. Horxk then reports his conver sation with the Ttirktdh officer, to whom he Cnnfldad that he had already explored tint barracks. " 'Ah.' he auld. ' Hhal I, the SM of hldlnl the truth from you l-'uropeana Vol find out every thing The barrack mere hulli for , thousand turn and I have here trail twenty ' lie went on lo tell me that he had only been a few mntiih In Tripoli. hata been banished from Constanti nople for some reason which he himself IghSfSd. ' III yon ,o back" I nskctl Inch Ai l n' ilf IU H wlllsi was the reply 'Nearly ail nf us are here for the same reason and hardly any one cao hope 10 see ItlS Itosporiis again ' And I went away wnnderlnc what unwritten pa,ee of Turkish history these potltlral undesirables wnuld unfold If they d.iretl " It is perhaps a natural cause of speculation whether these same officers are now lo exchange the exile at Tripoli for a retreat to the Sahara and with what degree of military activity they will meet the new situation and the Christian invasion of the last unspoiled eipttal of Harbary. I .or. I Kitchener In ICgypt. The presence of Lord Kitchener in Egypt during the critical slate of affairs in North Africa must haven reassuring effect in Great Britain Although his appointment as British Agent was an nounced last .1 uly, shortly afters) the death of Sir RUMN Gomrr.he left Eng- . land only last week and had Scarcely inure than arrived at his post when I hostilities began between Italy and I Turkey. j Lord Kitchener has had a long ez . perience in dealing with Orientals. Asa ('aptain he was attache to the Egyptian ; arniy nearly thirty years ago. His I plan for the rescue of Gordon at Khar- mm was rejected, but he ultimately I struck the blow tha' avenged his death j and restored peace to the Sudan and the ! lower Nile, lie returns to Cairo now as !a Peer, a Field Marshal and the chief representative of the Brit ish Empire. j The government of Kgypt. which has i never been an easy task, has been grow ! ing more difficult. The administration of Sir BLOOM QOMT, in which an effort I wus made to give the Kgyptians a freer I hand than under the "benevolent des ! pot Ism" of Lord CROMMIi was not a stic-h-ess. The growth of a national senti ment which had hardly been flUsitected. j the revolution in Turkey and the contact with Western political ideas brought about such u condition that it behooved ithe agent of the protecting Miwer to 'move with caution. Kecent events in ' Morocco and Tripoli have further com plicated the Kgypt .an question. Tripoli joins Kgypt on the west.oth , countries are nominally tributary States of Turkey and both have a large Mo , hant'inslan population which naturally I might he expected to sympathize with I their coreligionists in the present strife. I 'Die situation seems to demand that " British authority should he consolidated on some permanent basis"; if not a stronger administration at least one , which will reconcile legitimate Kgvptian aspirin ions with British protectorate interests. This is Lord KtTCHBNBg'a task, anil Great Britain lias confidence in his ability to accomplish it. Senator Btephenson's Primary mil. . The Hon. ISAAC SlKPHKNaoN being a man of great wealth found his campaign for nomination at the primaries as the Republican candidate for Senator in Wisconsin exceedingly costly. He had always paid high for political honors, j not to voters or lo members of the legis lature, so he declare, but to the mana i Rcrsof bisoatnpaign. They asked much because old Mr. Stephenson could af ! ford to give. A committee of the Senate is now investigating his elect ion, charges I of the improper use of money in his ! behalf having Ih-cii preferred. The Sen ate hod had enough of scandal in the Ixjrimer case, w ith which it has not done ,yct; but it could not avoid this investi gation, because it was demanded by the Legislature of Wisconsin, i In the case of Senator LORIMR-R ment I bers of Ihe Illinois legislature confessed that they had been In-llied to vole for 1 him, If money was Improperly used j in Ihe interests nf Senator Stk.PHKNSON the deviltry was done in fhe primary campaign. The direct charge is made by 1 Mr. .Iiihn J, Hi.ain of Roaoobel, Wis.. ' that " various sums were paid to electors of ths Slate corruptly and unlawfully." ! . cording to his own story, Mr. RfK : PHENSOK was in the hands of his mana- gent; he sinned checks, they spent the I money. It is now three years since i ScnatorSi RPHRNSON filed the statement. a required by Ihe election law, that his I expenses were I0T,TM. His reputation for liberality was such thai the Hon. ROBRtrT M. LiA Koi.i.kttk for a long lime 'availed himself of ihe check booh of ! I n. le Isaac, but in course of time they ' ciitne to "the palling of the ways." Mr. I.s FOW.ETTI has since been in a suite of i moral indignation about the scandalous size of ihe primary expense account Tht1 old genllemau has retorted by raking up the fact that, he used to be the great reformer's "good angel. In a civil suit growing out of the ' primary campaign the Senator testified I eighteen months ago that Mr. ,I,a Km. ! MTTTI sbondonsd bim as an improper politician as soon as lie ceased to con ' tribute large stuns lo the "progressive" cause, ol wbicti .Mr. i.a roiJ.KTTK was the inspired louder in Wisconsin. Particu larly offensive was Mr. STKPHKNSON's frugality w hen he was asked by a friend of his old political comrade to establish a Us Kolletie Presidential campaign fund; Mr. SitPtttxaox H chock was for only 11,000, when the stun of HSO.OOO, I and later IW.ono, tan asked for. Mr. Ia Fom.kttk has denied indignantly that generous I'ncle Isaac was "approached" in his behalf, but Mr. La Koi.i.fttf. has not denied that in the old days OOBtfv butions. always honoralile and always laid out with the gren'est circumspec tion of course, were received from Ihe "lumlier king." Money spent in the "progressive cause ia never tainted, but Senator VlTLMlll t-VSOV's .M,.,..rtf I. ill U'RI Hi II tl - ... r,. ........ ... p , ., - dnlous. Its size raised a suspicion, no doubt thnl Ihe monev wns not all used for "literature" and postage stamps; but we have noticed that the primary and election bills of all candidates who sign checks easily are large. Oov- mnr I'', ism iu u fr.... iiniiiidur 11T11I cllll afford it. Mr Hknhv M. WiiiTNr.Y paid a large sum to lie beaten as a candidate , for Governor in Massachusetts. Mr. W. I.. Iot (it.As of Brockton spent liberally , to advertise his Illness to be Governor. I The Hon. Issac Stephenson is said to ! be the richest man In Wleoonaln, and j politics is expensive for him. He seems jlo be an "easy mark." Nevertheless if it can yc shown that he was privy to the ; corrupt use of money at ihe primary let : him be made to walk the plank. The ! senior Senator from Wisconsin would dearly love to see the old gentleman I doing It; lielter late, that is three years late, than never. But this ersonal in - Itercst of a holier than thou reformer who parted company with Mr. STE- PHEN90N when he began to draw .his purse strings tight is decidedly un- i pleasant . I am for Senator I. a Follitts for President of the t'nlted States and I don t care who kaowa II j Oorernor t.Daica .vehrosta. The distinguished supporters of Battle I Bob are few. but their reckless courage i cannot be too much admired. I They say I am In a quarrel with the President i There la no quarrel between us. but we differ I and whether he be Preakleat or pathmaster nf a townahln. I care noi. I claim the right and prl Urge lo differ with him and to hae my own vies I senator Ci.spe of Mmnetotu. One of those views is that the recall should lie applied to Judges. The Black Kagle of Fergus Falls is vary fierce about the propriety of this fad . His stock argu ment Is that if the people ran be trusted to elect a Judge they can be trusted to aay whether he ahall lose the ermine. When the Hon. Moses Fdwin Ci.app was At torney -General of Minnesota from 1M7 to ISBt he did not advocate the recall of Judges; he was a atickler for the Inde pendence of the bench in those days. Apparently direct nominations have found a new director. The official statement of the Italian Gov ernment makes it clear that the action of Italy was undertaken in defence of the historic right of partition. The best and most representative South ern feeling, aa eipounded by Deacon II km phi 1. 1.. for e sample, sustains Pro fessor Book En WashimotON in employing a special Pullman ear to carry him through Telas upon a professional anil educational tour. The "Jim Crow regulations in thst region made his travel laborious and inconvenient, and the lack of local enter tainment completed the array of obsta cles. He therefore engaged a special car in which he could travel with comfort and find refuge and entertainment at places where he would otherwise have experienced serious if not tnaurmountshle difficulties. We may observe in passing thai the hostile comments on this arrange ment have proceeded in most instances (from Mr. W'ashinoton's own people, ! while the enlightening approvals come from such sources as are controlled by Deacon HEMPHILL, a Southerner of Southerners. The Italian Government haa declined ihe a?Hss!dsdOT l Tripoli loflght ihe Turks Fnrrlf dttpalrh What has happened to the Vlachs? siskin F.iglslned bv a suhlller Fro.ni rag onion Frfnlng Times I was an. used and Interested Ihe other day when I read the announcement oniatde ihe lay- I house that Rip V an winkle Is soon to return I to Uindnn after a somewhat extended sleep i The nntire pleased me. for Kip Is ever a wel come visitor aad la always well greeted by the 'average theatregoer, for we all love the Utile gray man of the Calsbllla. I aay ( atshlils. for that l! the American rorrupUon of ihe ancient word, and that ! lust what I want to talk about , The hulietin outilde the Pl!yhouar uys It Is "S legend of the Katihlil!.- Now It happens that nature decreed I should ! be horn Within a stones throw of Mips mythical ; residence, and an Hip and hia haunts are eome ' what familiar to me. Hip didn't sleep In .he ' -CstehlUa" nor the ' Katihllle." but the "Kaats hills, !nd undoubtedly he wou!4 greatly object : to the various rnrrupflona of the word were he I now alive For Hip suffered there enough and I he slept there long enough to have the name io I engraved on the tables of his memory that It would nnt he erased even when he weal to his ! last sleep Kaatihlli wai Ihe old original Dutch 'name t'aishlll t! the American corruption, and Katahlll well, that must be the Charing cross verstnn. Popslirltv of Kew 'Zealand Powdered Villi. "rum lat'u fontular nnt Trarlt ffeporfv New fealand powdered milk la apparently gaining considerable reputation nn account nf Iu nutritious !nd keeping qualities, and It haa be . ..me a formidable rival nf condensed milk (ine kind Of powdered milk Is made entirely from skint milk, and Is used largely In biscuit factorial and In the manufacture of milk choco lates, for which purpose It ts exported to Kngland lis use by biscuit manufacturers Is aald nnt onlv i in improve the Savor of the biscuits but to add about fifteen biscuit! to ihe iiuanilty made from i every pound tf flour used. The powdered milk sold chiefly for Infants' i food and for use with lea or coffee Is a desiccated I milk to which cream and lactoee have been added ! Thli milk la now recommended by local phyalclana I as superior to any of tha Imported preserved milk preparations It has recently acquired a reputation In connection with aonth polar ex nloratlon; II was used by the Shackleion eiuedl Hon. some of II having been the main food of I ProfsstSf li!vld'aparty that reached the magnetic pnle. Two ton! of this powdered nil Ik have been ordered for the Mawson Antarctic expedition, which will leave New Zealand for ttuL south polar regions In November, and It la sain that with pemnilcan It will be the sole dependence of the expedition In lis final dash for Ihe smith pole gas hi I'm the "Initiative." I'm the "derail.' No need to refer To the ' People1 at all. i am the Lewder. I am the Mtate. I am Ihe "I'mplre" selected by Fate! 1 am the Hophlat Sublime In debate! 1 am the I'aalmlst Who sing! his own star. I'm the Peripatetic Who Journeys afar. I am the ' ensor To m!ke or to mar I'm the great Prophet. All knowing from birth. If I am everything. I am the rUrth! at. R. II. roK MfffffF rv politics. Waae Karner nn the Wsr Against llttslness. To tbk r.niTos or Til BttM UH I" tha I sariioia leiinra revarililiK mip trrai "ri""" t to ns none Winn to hf been written by otts of thoac 10 whom the iireeervatloti of thllt eorporsiloni iHoniicmnat vital luiporianof, 1 refer lo the men who are dependent UBOfl theae eo termed "trnttt" for their Bail w uvea lief ween preecnt conditions ami the old competitive avstem there can he no - oomparlson To-dnv ci better wrniea I "' what ' more to the pnrpoae, we feel sure oonstaw smprOrmsnt, not only for to-1 day nnd to-morrow Imt for the continuing future, provided Only that Ihe politicians , will leave business affaire, which seem be yond their understsodlM , uttorly alone. I I . ! have seen t he evlla of the old w hen n II hoose doinir is ell one ilav wns confronted Oft the next by n rlvHl alnahitiK prices, n tllllle War ffillon.oir unit r..un It i .. t- in IliO ,rvivn, otlh. ()f ,,. ,tronrsl for .,s weffa wrnWB ..,,, , th ontoome? Thrown out l0f employment, compelled to seek new jobs, I Wth a the accompsnylnt smterloe till the ni l0, WPrP obtained Even if we Kot v.ork with the surviving house h ffdtictloa : nj wane usually resulted. i ndsT present AndltloM t iea " home Rights with the certainly of constant. Steady work nhead and the certainly of ! wages beln paid, a feeling few could hsve j before the day of the hi corporations. 1 " " W well to snforel the law. but I bpn II comes to enforcing a law which will I Mn" misery nnd suffering to vaat numbers ,f "poPe " '"""r 01 w" "trn- rm mi nncii n ins iip wiinuiu ai iion nn wise legislation ciiti either repeal or nt least modify it. Having studied the matter it can be aeen that the Sherman law, like moat law, in the country, was the result of n compromise, a desire to get rid of an unpleasant matter. It surely never was the purpoae of lis framers to bring about the present stute of turmoil In the business world. The small business man Is always crying nut, but the small business man always did cry out and always went to the sail. That same man to-day if he be a man of ability can have work nt a salary which will bring bim a return bigger than hia small busi ness ever would have done, and If he shows ability be will have still greater possibilities ahead I know whereof I apeak. Let the wage earners be heard from now. let them assert themselves and put an end to lettelatlon which will deprive them of their labor and bring hack the days of Gotoy and hia army of starving men. TnnMis CaatFNLL. Nsw Yore. October a. The lMrect eapanalltlllty of Kv er rtttMM. TO thp. KOI TOM op TBS 8cn Sir: Re sponsibility should be at a .premium and irresponsibility at a discount In the t'nlted Htates The strident note of the agitator atrtkea discord, whereaa the careful words of s statesman mean harmony. Our coun try Is a peace loving, commercial nation, depending on peace and confidence for auc orss and prosperity. So successful buat neea concern ever adopted shouting and howling aa methods for its fluam-i.il and salesmanship campaigna. Each person la responalble and can help according to hia ability to mar or make prosperity. What is the average man saying about the bualneaa of the country? What ia hia attitude toward Its enterprises? Are hia remarks friendly or unfriendly Perhaps by Illustration this subject may lie brought right heme In thirteen industrial diatrlcta of the t'nlted Htates, Including New Vork, there were In iuc.v according to the report of the Bureau of Ihe Census, over 7S.IKK) factories, giving employment to over 2,sM),noO per sona and paying In wages over ji.vhi.ikhi.ixsi a year, la It not a great responsibility to draft legislation affecting theae industries'' Suppose by some unwise act of legislation 1 or otner misioriune -si per cent oi tnese ,hrown "", of What would happen0 Is it not the duty of each peraon to feel a personal responsibil ity in ths premises? Let tis not he guided by passionate prejudice, but talk and work to build and make more secure the great economic forcesand ind.iatrlea of tha t'nlted tytate. It is the duty of the hour. Twenty per cent, of the factory wage earners Idle would mean an army of un employed of over s.ts.oot). How Would that affect other vocatlona, from transportation to retail dealing, and the interest on bonds, dividends mi stocks, and Anally the earnings of the aavlnga banka? Hoes not thia subject come right home? What ia your attitude? Politics and partisanship are paltry when compared with the wanta and wagea of the workers Imagine an army of unemployed equivalent to the population of llalttmore or Cleveland, or Newark and Jersey City combined' Those of us who experienced the hard times of ihe early 'Km realir.a (Ma as no flight of fancy At another illustration take the industries of New Vork nnd its aurrroiinditiga, where there are nearly :5.oon itidoatrlal establish ments emvloying over "3V000 persona on h yearly payroll of over li.TYtNHi.000 If L'o per pent, of the factory workers of i the metropolitan district were out of work I we would have a local army of i.llo wan derers e.iiial to t lie comlilneil population of I lit tides of Trenton and lira . .nine. I the purpoae of this Is to show that mat ters purely political may lie treated hy speakera and writers with all the sensation and nugget Hlion that political Siolterasnl or ambition prompts, hut .that buaineaa mutters cannot lie. handled In like faaliion with out doing an almoat irreparable injury to helpless and innocent wage camera, bet lie not forget that the man with a heavy weekly pnvroll has a great responalbility and with little lime on his hands to inditlae In tirndea of denunciation How often does the political agitator think I of the silent, steady worker who may bs i paying lot a home on tha building uml ,,H1V I plan' Mow often docs lm ask himself the i question! Will ray tiu t.-night, my adverbs i I and adjectives, help to hold thst man's job I SO Unit Re may lis lucoessflll in making the ' filial payment on his home? ii.eii.iiimiiiiiiy kiiuiii.i tie tho watchword 1 for every peraon in Hie I nited Ktutsa ' I CSARLBS H HvilK.-a 1 Pi.xiM'in.n. N .1 , Ootoher I. sound aenae From Texas. From the Snuthtrn Fttcincian Attorney-General I Ightloot and his as-1 sihtant, .lohn W. Brady, have compiled as was their duly, with the orders of Iho beg- ! isleture to niiike an investigation and report forthwith on the methods of doing business In this Htate or the mnniifn. ttirris or ele, -! tflcal goods. Elaewhere In our columns the full report Sf the Attorney -General is given, ami it trill ' he good leading for those who have rml i already perused the eatne in the dally pres, i iu tun loiai oi ine anair, however, la flash In the pan. snd this fact Is gracefully conceded by the report itself. KltttrMan does not now nor will It In the future en deavor to belittle any movement looking to the public good, but It claims in this caae that all Ihe trouble snd eipense was caused by disgruntled individuals in Dallas itself, where the bulk of Ihe electrical business of the state Is conducted, and fhe complaint was lodged by a legislator who was sent from Dallns, presumably to look after Its Interests rather than to Impede them Tetas is In no position as yet to jump onto the jiewly arrived branches of greet innnufncliirlng concerns which are building up our i it les, earn ing large atooka of goods nnd giving employment to thousands of fining men In every city. It is as foolish to intimidate and cause alarm In the ranks of the electrical fraternity of the Htafs na It would be to compel the National biscuit Company to shut down rts immense cracker factories In such cltiea as Fort Worth snd Houston and disband the forces there em ployed, as well as to turn our people back on stale biscuits sent from fhe North In place of the cheap and apprtlr.lng ones which are manufactured In the Htate, be cause of the trust festures of their organisa tion, which the people know little and care less I bout, so long aa the crackers nre fresh, crisp and cheap. Why cannot we people down here in thia new country of the Bouthwest he wise and sensible? Why cannot we "lay low, ' like llr'er Fox, and let them all come In and Invest their money Instesd of braying out warnings at every opportunity of fhe wrath to come? It used to be aald in the old days up in middle Texas thst If a man csme to Texas and drank of the water of the Colorado River and wore out one pair of shoes he would never escape heart whole and fancy free, nor would he ever take away the wealth he brought. 1,et them bring It In, we need It all, to tell the truth, and more too We need the influx of wealth from other sections and from other countries to provide for the expansion of our btfslneae snd the develop ment of our industries. Money Is whst we need, snd of the real stuff there la little afloat In Texaa to-day THE n ATT l-F OF THE LEVELS. strong Asseverstlons Snggcutecl by the lle Iras Din Disaster. To TBB Edjtob or Tbb Hun -Sir: Now the Ha views dam at Auatin, Pa., bss gone out with the loss of many lives. Ihe wiping out of two towns and the destruction of their homes snd industries. Just another snd one of the most deplorable of the scores of Instances where dsms and reservoirs have been a necessity, yet the skill, care and foresight of the engineers have been futile and a catastrophe has resulted. Aa Mr. Schuyler of the board of engineers auatain ing theliatun dam In- instruct lone from Mr. Roosevelt aald of the failure of hia N icaxa dam two years ago, ao may again be said of the ghastly failure of the Bavlsaa dam: "The lesaon it eonveya Is all the more pro found and Impressive." For two years nothing hss been said by the advocates of the aea level type of canal at Panama. From time to time there have occurred little altdea on the work, which with puerile logic the lock advo cates have attempted to twlat Into argu ments for their beloved type, though they were clear demonstrations of the cheap ness of dredging for sea level through Culebra and that the aides with little or no hydraulic assistance would come to their natural slope with a minimum of expendi ture. It ia only by going contrary to the courteous adage "De mort tils nil nlai bontim " that one apparently may speak of "me snd my policies" In view of the election Isst fall. Many of tie Kspublirans atill hope that Mr. Taft may yet reslUe that Mr. Hooeavelt's attitude haa relieved him or all obligation to the fetish snd ths he will return to the McKlnley principles of fair play in the development of Amer ican industries and the apread of Amer ican prosperity tTtherwIse he will shortly be succeeded by an Administration to which "me and my policies" will simply be the ruin on which the Democratic parly haa climbed to power. If Mr. Taft remains in bla high office there ia apparently no hope of a change to sea level at Panama until outraged nature again demonstrates that it ia the only feas ible type. Hut a Democratic President would hardlv regard aa sacred the tlndings of a board ol purely dam experts whoao appoiutment at a critical juncture by Mr ftooaevelt on the eve of hia retirement to private life was admittedly simply for the purpoae ot white washing hia own reversal of Ihe Judgment ot the greatest board ot canal experts ever assembled T he change to aea level at Panama will eventually be made .Inst when cannot now be told, whether by Mr Ian a voluntary oesaatiou or adherence to the principles or a aeir-prlcked idol, or bv fores or evidence of dame nature, or by reason of ths discernment of a Democratic President; but the change will he made, nnd the two oceans w ill be united at Panama bra . anal at sea level him who doubts bear In mind the fol lowing facts; 1. lite sea level type was' recommended Spar careful study by the strong majoritv or the world's most competent engineers expert Iu canal construction. .J- 3M V ''vel 'yP was demanded bv the 1 nited Htntes naval officers who dared Pass, and by all the shipping Interests; that is by all the prospective uaera. S. Ihe lock type was adopted by Mr Kooaevelt with the belief thai it would be quloksr and cheaper. But I. Experience on the work has proved that excavation ia done much more rapidly than anflcliiatod and thst the lowest eatl mates tor the cost or digging were extrav agantly high. J; tl 8"J ..v,u fronl D0W sOO level csnal !"n feet wide eno H .1. ....... I. .... as the promised opening of the lock ca- I nal, and at no greater cost except tor the 1 expenditures made and contracted for on the locks and dam I. Colonel George W. Ooethala, the effi cient executive o? the canal work, when asked by Ihe Chamber or Commerce Inveati Satins committee what type of canal he would mild ir ho had a free hand replied. I would build a sen level canal " 7 Colonel Slhert Ihe Ol. .a. u.iutrian....! I engineer on the commission, testified he joro the House committee only that he thought n dam could Is made to stand on the unstable foundations at Gatun and as lo whether It would hold water or not he would not express an opinion, hut brought out tacts that showed an exceedingly per vloua condition or the underlying so-called rock and a flow or water trom one teat hole to another that may readily, wlthelghtv-flve raw . lessor mi on side, undermine snd carry out the dam. I, Nothing has yet been accomplished to allav the rears on the score either or roun datlon or filtration li Herioue allegations been made as o the insufficiency or the water supply of lha Proposed lake to maintain the level In view or the losses rrom evaporation, nitra tion and traffic. 10, Mr l.indeiithalhaefor.'efnllyralledai IfntlOB to the fact thai since the flrot set tling of the Isthmus several llmea each cen tury an earthquake has occurred of suffi cient severity to open a fissure that would release the waters of the lake, a fissure which need tie far smaller than that which Hie last serious shock, leas than a genera tion ago, opened clear across the Island of lwl0A or 'he, other for several milea along the ( hagree Klver. .',! the expense of operating a lock canal will admittedly be several million dollars a vear, as against a merely nominal coat of operating n sea level canal free of all locks or menacing reservolra. 13. TheTehunutepsc Railroad in Mexico operated by a Hritiah corporation, is pro vided with the most modern facilities st both ends, and if necessary can transfer ne,, i, uri wren our i wo coasts mure mitcklv and at a cash saving over the longer Panama route with the tolls essential lo a lock paa sage, This one tact makes n lock canal at I Panama a commercial abortion. t, ir the lock type shoufd lie completed snd thS lake should hold water, the Gatun i dam, whether rrom earth. make or leak age. will eventually go out. and the appal' ing loss ol Id rrom the Hi v less dam would lie but a trifle compared with the wiping I out of Colon by 'he rush or waters rrom ia7i i SQUeri tidies. i II. Owing to tit absence or constructive forces and apparatus, in event ot the rail-I in of III i.atun dam which Is mv i demued by many ol ths world's greatest engineers and regarded with suspicion hv the army snginseeln unsrgs, at least two years would be reiuired to reopen It ror the train. that might lie built up by Ita us,. Hud depending on It tor its exiatenne This paralyHtlon of traffic would entail serious cnninerel.il troubles and possibly bo the cgtlse of widespread panic HI are nssiuie.i to nave a sea level canal at Panama as sure as rate, w ith free passage to vessels or American register and light lolls to roteign rises Will It be Mr Tatt who heeds the eiaiis and in ik-s thepaang or will th" 'iu.', ! io i be leh to his Democratic ' luoessserl Hs-nby 0, OSAKOSS, NSW i "iis. October I. JVDOE RASCH'S ACCESSOR. Msny Names Put Forward for Ihe Place - Taft Considering Candidate, Hblbna, Mon.. Dot. S. There Is much speculatlop In Montana as tn the suo. censor of Judge Carl Ranch, who recently tendered his resignation as the .lnrK4 of the Federal court here, despite th fact that .bulge I, K . Cheadle nf I.ewi,. town, for many years Judge of tholij,. trlot Court of Fergus county, has boi, recommended for appointment by Ren., ator Joseph Diion. While there appears to be ao BjaWtss, opposition to the appointment of tuige Cheadle the. friends of other jurists nf the Htate have been active in their be half, and among1 others who are men tioned for the piece are James A. Walsh for many years a practising attorney of Helena; J. W. Freemnn. present Units i Htates District Attorney for the District of Montana; II. O. Mcl ntire, ii prominent member of Ihe Montnna bar nnd n t. . dent of Helena; Judge Henry C. Hmlth, Associate Justice of the Mont Htm Rtiprofna Court; Judge W. L. Hollowny, Assoclal Justioe of the Montana Supreme Court; Judge Theodore Brantley, Chief Jus , of the Montana Hupreme Court, Plelehc Maddox of Great Falls, who is now sold j tor in the Internal Revenue Depertmeni Judge Oeorge R. Winston nf Anacondi and Judge Frank Henry of Livingston President Taft since he has been Hl the West haa discussed a successor t Judge Rasch and communicated wit!, Attorney-General Wiokeraham, but ths President la not likely to name Hnsch'g successor until be return to Washington in November and may not make known his selection until after Congress cm venea. early in December. Judge Rasch is one of the few men in the country to resign a Federal Judge ship. "The work haa proved too confining and the requirements of the position loo restrictive for my temperament," he said when asked the cause of his resigna tion. "I have decided to engage in the active practice of my profession Judge Rasch surrendered a lucrative practice to accept the Judgeship on ths appointment of Judge W. H. Hunt to th Court of Customs a year ago, and during his term on the bench it has been known to his Intimate friends that the work whs not In acoordance with his tastes. When the appointment of chief division c-ntinsel of the Northern Paciflo waa offered him a few weeks ago he decided to surrender the Judgeship and return to the practice of his profession. The resignation tak". effect on October 15, on which date Jud Rasch will reenter the old firm of ChlM Rasch and after November 1 will u aasooiated with M. S Gunn In the position of division counsel for the Northern Paciflo. Gunn Rasch succeeding Willia-n Wallace, Jr., resigned. BUTTB, Mon., Oct. S Other rand, dates for Judge Raach's place ar or. Judge George M. Rourquin and F B, Howell of Butte and Judge Frank Web ster and Judge Prank Moody of Missoula HVGE COLUMBIA DINNER, Ml the I'nlverslty's radnalrs sl.n! to Attend IS, OOO Imitations Columbia University's alumni will hold what will probably lie the largest dinner in the history of the university a' trr Waldorf-Astoria Hotel on Saturday night, October 7, at 7 o'clock. Invitations have been sent out to more than U.OTlO graduates. The dinner is given to celebrnte t tenth anniversary ol the eleotlon if Nicholas Murray Butler to the presidency of the university and to commemorate th growth of the institution, the number of students having increased from 1,100 n lSlOto nearly 8.000 in toil. maMng Colum bia the largest university in the wort! Speakers at the dinner will Include Kx Senator John C Snooner. Superintenden' of Schools William H. Maxwell. QeorgS I,. Rives. Dean John w, Unite,-- and President Butler. All Columbia men are asked tn attend whether they receive invitations or no' The price nf tickets is K and the treas urer of the dinner committee is VtilUnl V. King, president of the Columbia TflMt Company. n." Broadway, to whom a -ceplances, giving school and class, should lie sent at once. HI FT OF MtjNM TO CATHEDRAL. Bishop (ireer Knows of Other Rruorsts. but Cannot Publish Them Vet. At a meeting of the board of trusters of the Cathedral of St. John the Divine, held yesterday afternoon at -the hous of Bishop Greer, 7 Oramercy Park. It was announced that by the will of William Alexander Smith, who died lasl summer, a legacy of 13,000 had been left nounoed that he knows of several lara legscies to the Cathedral in the wills of several persons who have recently died which he cannot yet make public When asked if the new common drinking cup law would have any effect ran the cele bration of communion in the fathedr..! he said it would not. The Rev. William M. Grosvenor will he installed in the Cathedral as its new dean next Sunday Dr. Grosvenor was born in New London. Conn., in lse3, and went to the Church of the Incarnation, Madison avenue and Thirty-fifth street, sixteen years ago He haa formerly been rector of Trinity Church, I.enox. Mass He is a graduate of Williams College and a mem ber of the I'niversity and Century clubs Vf If OL SON'S FLAG COMMAS It, Admiral to Have Charge of the Pacific Hquadron, Relieving VI unlock. Washington. Oct. 8. Rear Admiral Reginald F. Nicholson, chief of the bureau of navigation of the Navy Department, will be assigned soon to th" Bomman I of tho Asiatic Squadron, succeeding Rear Admiral Joseph B. Murdock. whose tour of two years sea duty will expire next March. Admiral Nicholson has I ecu chief of the bureau of navigation since December I, lone. Secretary Meyer h.is selected his successor, hut will not re nounce the name until it has been ap proved by the President. ( apt. H H. Wilson, assistant chief of the bureau, will also be relieved shortly and will take command of the hattleshi" North Dakota of the Atlantic fleet Army and Navy Orders. WasHisaTOM, Ooi. s. These army orders havl been Issued: Uajor William n nocheatcr. paymaster, front . Iilcagn to .New York city, The retirement of Prof. Samuel K. Tills "' I'nlte.1 states Military Academy, from aetl.e iTvl.'f An Il,-I..li. r S .00 . a ..,..n. I I'r ' I'lllman will proceed lo hia Uoff. ,, i.itui. .i.uin j. nurieign. ivmisv "i -Infantry, la detailed for feueral rccrultu g -vice at Alhany. relieving First Usui AV.rew i liaffln. Twenty-nlnUi Infantry, rerrultlniii m who will return lo hti proper Halloa. Km 1 Slur , i New York ('apt. Douglass Potts, Sixteenth Infanuy Fori Leavenworth. Kansaa. Each of the following rtfrlrera Is eje.ci from duty at army r. trios choi Fn !- worth. Kansas, and will proceed UOorJwIt '" station: Cipt Ham A Smith, unasslirn. .1. . i'' Leroy Ktlnge. Fifteenth Cavalry, and First Unit. Walter Krurger. Infantry. iinasslgnrU. Thrsr navy orders have been Issued: Cap! N. It I'sher. from command the Michi gan, to Navy Department. Washington. It i Cant. F. K. Capehai-t. froai bureau of or. Inst". WaahlngUiii. in command the Michigan Commander W. IV. tillmer. from eon I'adii. ah to command the llamiltial Commander l. W. Illamer. to command r I'aSiicnh. Commander c T. ogelgesang. order- of I . -lemlier 'i'i re usird. I leut. C, Bean, from rscrultlny station. 1 IS" clnnatl, to Washington aa senior caglncgr ofS.ri ...r.n. i.. nn j. nurieigti,