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THK SUN. FRIDAY. OCTOBER 6, 1911. UU. FRIDAY, OCTOBER o. 1911. tntered at the Post nfflrc nt New Tofl M Bfoofld llnss Mall Mntter Subscription- In Mall, fustpatil PAII.Y. J'rr Month nav.Y. r Year 8f!f:AV. Per ear IAI.Y AMI SUNDAY, Per Yt DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month 1'oltage lii foreign rinintrlr Bftctod AM cherts, money orders, Ar . I" lr Mini mi no l)ltoTIISl N. Published dally. Including Sunday, bv the Sun printing ami Publishing iMortstlo m IM , atrert. In tro- Itoroiifli of Manhattan. Nee. Vork, president of the 'latlon, Kdward P Mitchell, 170 Nassau street. I re.asiitt r ut Hi ASOrllloa, II. F. I.ffnn 17(1 KanMll alreet! Scrrctiry nf Ihe Association. I). Utllnn, IM Nassau sireet. Loagoa offtrr. RitlnffhAm tiniiM'. i raadel street, i Strana. The daily anil Sunday Si n nre on .air In London nt the Amerlr ami Colonial Pxalinnge. ' Csrltonetreet. Iteffeal street, anil Daw's BleIBlltp Agency, i oreen mi eel, cbirlai Croat iio.id. Paris eftice. a Hue etc la Mlehndli-re. "IT Re iu dally and Suntlay edition are nn snle at KT0,UC I U. near life (.rami Holl! Rloaqttt 77, Boulevard ' de carur'ne.. mmer piten o i oners, ana i VlrtiAiii. 1Q 11.,' ii 1 ilr It. Mm.. . , i Mil ..... ..... . -. - Louis It Grand. if our trirnti trd'i ?amr ut ipfni iaanaerf0fj rr publication u-:.Mu anrr r. v rf.d trrtttlm -fit, rnr if fiev must in all canri ..end Hafnai foe thM pUtBUH The oirect Primary nm. On the spectacle presented by the State Senate on Wednesday hi tic com ment is necessary. The possibility that a direct primary measure would be whipped throunh this house by a Tam many majority lad by the Hon. Thomas F. GRADY and over the prostrate hut resisting form of the Hon. Haiivey D. HrNMAN would have seemed ridicu lously remote a year ago. But this is exactly what has occurred, The Hon. Tin IMAR F, ( 1 RAD is no more a friend of direct primaries now than a year ago. The Hon. Hahvf.y D, His KAN wa as hostile to any real primary reform in lBOft and minus he has shown himself to lie to a Democratic subterfuge in the present year. The direct primary hi',1 that pussed the Senate on Wednesday isj neither worse' nor better than the Hir.nian-Oreen bill. I . which was the result of a fusion RxecutiV inexperience and the machine mulevo- lence of the Republican majority two! years ago. Nor is it more dishonest than tho Cobb bill . to which TitM HM IRI ROOBK VEI.T and CHARLXa EVAMI HroilF.s gave their assent fifteen months ago. The course of the Clovcrnor and the Democratic majority at Albany has been less courageous, less honorable than that of the Republican majority in the Legis lature a year ago. Then direct nomina tions were overwhelmed by a deliberate open and straightforward resistance This year a bill no more dishonorable than that passed by the Republican Senate last year has received the sanc tion of a Democratic majority in the same house. To catch a few votes and bv transpar ent fraud to annex a dubious "moral iflue" the Democrats of the Senate and Assembly have descended to the level of cheap tricksters and diahonesi schemers, Their reward will be fitting; they will command the contempt of all honest opponents of direct primary and the re sentment of every champion of the system itself. The w TurUMi Cabinet, The Ministerial crisis in Turkey through which BAIU I'asha became Grand Vizier can hardly be considered the direct result of the hostilities with Italy. For some time it had been evident that the Ministry did not have the confi dence of the majoril y, and t he ret irement of Hakki Pasha was frequently rumored. During his Ministry there had been twenty changes in tho composition of the Cabinet, so that in its last days it could not be said to have reflected strongly any particular color. The changes to a great extent grew out of differences within the Committee of Fnion und Progress and indicated the determination of the domi nant faction to compel the formation of a more homogeneous Cabinet before the meeting of the chamber. The most fruitful cause of disputes has been the departments of Ihe army and navy. The committee's opposition to theGrand Vizier's appointment to these portfolios resulted in the full of the first two Ministries of the new regime. In the last Cabinet there was almost constant friction between the Ministers of War and Finance, MAHafOVD shefkkt re fused to accepi the reduction of a million pounds in the army estimates in the budget of 1012-18 and also to sub mit the War Office accounts to I he direct control of the Finanoe Ministry. As the War Minister was not in thorough sympathy with the committee, his friends charge ii with an effort to hinder his plans of army reforms, and also at tribute to thia obstructive policy all lack of preparation for (he present war. Said Pasha was Ihe Inst (Irand Vizier under the Young Turli rule He had also been n friend and ndviser of Aihut, HAMIDi first as his se, rotary and Inter as Grand Vlsler, when he i said lo have encouraged ihe Kulian in ins Pan-Is-lamic dreams and h's efforts in deprive the Christians in Turkey of i hen ancient rights. W hile he modified his view in his old age and was looked upon it n strong and upright man, he vvim on- aldsrod scarcely the person for Prime Minister under a spnsf ilutioiwil govern ment, and it was not surprising Hint he hold tho position for only ,, few days, RAID WOe succeeded by K I AM II, i'asha, who would to-day lie the most acceptable man to a largo porl ion of the empire, a guarantee of his honesty, it Is said, Is the foci that although several times (irand Vizii i under ABDUL HaMID he is still u comparatively poor man. (in account of his liberal and sympothol o treatment of Bulgarian, (ireok and Armenian af fairs he onjoyt 'he confidence of these elements of ii nipire, a good will of much value at the present time He is, howevi ' aln.osi M vcars of age. He has olways refut, 'd to be dictated to by the committee, and when he was called a few days ago to form a Ministry it put so ninny obstacles in his way that hp gave up the attempt. Tin- committee seenjs tO have auc- oeedwl in forming a cabinet upon which it rnn depend. Mahmovd shekkkt reusing as Min isicr of Wur; it whs not t ho time to drop n mail who had proved so efficient a oom mander mid shown luoh familiarity with tho needs of the Ottoman urmy. A more IgjimwIVe policy is to lie put into force, hut whether this will extend so fill' r.s bringing the war into sonthensfei u r.uropf is not intimated. (letting Kid of Ko. In formally acoppting ihe nomiblioan nominal ion tor uovrtrnor ut the conven tion in Maaaachiiaatta on Wcxlncsdsy the Hon. LottR A. KrotHinoium made u ureal point of the failure of (lovernor Koan'l experts to disclose corruption in the conduct of the State tlopaitmctlta mid institutions. It la I hi appeal to the pride of the people upon which the Lletitennnt-Oovefrtor must baae his hopes of election. "Dear old Massa chusetts," as he called her. is sensitive about the integrity of her public men and I he excellence of her Slate institu tions. Governor l oss may he ahle to prove a waate of money here Mid thera I 1 ......l. .. I i... biim I ;.. rt .. BHIUII urn WVUIU in" 1 B((VWV1J HI II M I- .ii vate bualneaa by a frugal management, i reason to believe thai 8 ec rotary mbtmi hut his experta utterly failed to ahowlhaa no place for the New Orleans dry that money was corruptly employed or wantonly Squandered. On that record of futile investigation. Which the Oov cnior cannot juggle With, Mr Kroth tNOBAM should gain votes, but his ef- pectationa of advantage from the fuss the (lovernor has made in other re spects may not lie realised. Mr FROTH INORAII did not exaggerate when he said Rf the Stute convention. ' l.a.l year a roleSBte eruption hit Ua-ahn I .en. Thtlavabaaboonflowlntnvar atneo. Neyer I I bofnrn ha. the Rtnto won aiton a riohito of me. Race. an. I vttnna, neyrr po many vetne. over ' ridden, neyer Ruch a loaf inajlna of the t.eai.ia ' lure. Anything WonM dn 10 make the public ' think thine, were tnnvlne ' In principle that is the Fuss method, and it succeeded in his campaign for Congress in the Fourteenth district and in his first venture for the GoVSITIorship. Mr. FOSR is the travelling drummer in politics. He is always on the go and always crying up his ' He is cheeky and full line of goods." of confidence Facts don't faze him. No man can put him down, Willi him vitality Hikes the place of logic He bellows servici to the people, and his opponents will have to admit thai he looks hand- Mome ami capable. ,s Governor he has tried to make the public think that things were moving, and lie will now go on the st iimp to prove in his belliger ent way that they have moved If he has done nothing else, he has made a record for being nil day and part of many a night at the State House, and he i going to tell the people what a hardworking ami painatuking Governor he ha been. There will tie ginger as well as gammon in his campaign, and Mr FROTIllifTIHAM had belter stump the Stale with diligence and refrain fnun abusing this vulnerable Governor too much. In character and promise of service the Republican ticket is excellent. Mr. Frothinoham has i n fdeu tenant- Governor for three terms, and the people know him for a very deserving young man. If there is a more Sterling re former in Massachusetts than the candi date for Lieutenant-Governor, the Hon. ROBXRT I, ice. we don't know who he is. The platform written by the Hon. RaMI'SI, ,1. Fl.liF.lt is a model of good sense and fact, It is a business man's platform, and l lie business men are at lst gelling a hearing. Ihc platform omitted regrets for the burial of reci procity by the free and Unterrifled elec tors of Canada, There was Mr. TaFT'S I warrant for tins, for he lias said that reciprocity I a (lead issue. I he Hot Ki'OF.NR N. Fuss will find if bo. It was always a slock argument with him. but is now only damaged good for which there is no sale. Mr. Frothinoham r an probably poll more votes than ell her Speaker WaT.RER or Representative Whitk could, and un questionably he would make a better (lovernor than the BX-Republioan who has been filling the hollow of the hills With the reverberating noise of bun combe. But the fuss that Foss makes has hitherto been taken for devotion to the welfare of the people, and it remains to be demonstrated that the people rnn sis. through him. The Police Three Platoon t,aw. To relieve the city of New Vork of tho embarrassment that has been caused by the application to its police forte of an eight hour day throe platoon law would be a simple matter indeed if the Legislature were at all interested in the subject. All that would be necessary is the repeal of the three platoon law entire and the conceding to New Vork and to the other cities of the Slate the right to run their own affairs. The Legislature might at one stroke relieve itself of the necessity of laborious inquiry into the details of city bureaus und restore to J the administrations of the police de partments the power lo utilize the men .under them as the local needs of each I community required Nobody expects the Legislature will I do this. The police three platoon bill , wiis a political measure, front the enact menl of which ii is fondly believed great ImnefltS Will flow, not to Ihe public nor to the police themselves, but to the polit ; ;il wise men who "put it through " Tin s,- gentlemen knew little and cared less about police management, They ilneinlit only of the gratitude of the i polii etneni which they expect lo trans mute into voles on election day. For ile employer of the policemen , I he tax payers i hey had not a thought For these reasons the public may look 1 forward lo a poaaible tinkering with the law and not to its excision from the statute books. The needs of the public call for its repeal; the "aoored principle of home rule'' requires that the cities shall have control over this subject; but the illusion that class legislation against the interests of the public gets votes, long cherished by politicians of the meaner sort, will lead them to keopj trie law on tne nooks, regard less 01 the effect it produces in New York or elsewhere. Waive for New Orleans Wound. We wonder whether the Progressive I'nion and the newspapers of New Or leans would he pacified if they Unew l that the Government Inpumuance of its th ' enlightened Rename of naval morgan I aaa i lion intends to leave at the now aban doned New Orleans station the famous j dry dock which the Navy Deportment has found so impractii ahle hut over i which the local tradesmen and polili- I rlana have shed such hitter tears. Per 1 Imps not. We have entertained tho idea Ihut I lie rei Orleans ;i il ohiect is to keep at New large body f Oovornmenl employee contribute at fixed salaries who will to (lie cily's husiness and and It is swell I he tills of the hucksters other looal institutions. We may lie mistaken, however. poaaible that pride has been arouaed and that the apectRclfl of a dry dock which cost Ih -in nothing and yet com fortably entertains certain commercial visitors from time to lime is really at the bottom of ilteir stubborn reluctance am ' i . angry vociferation. In I hat case w e think w ma v promise ihem an immedi- oiittnieni lor their woes. There is dock in his new plans, and H is quite conceivable that that great Inatrumeni of commerce may he left there at the city's Service, Will that arrangement pacify them? The prominence they have gi von thedrydock in their laments tiotia furnishes much ground for hope, The dry dO k is to stay w here it is. and there is no longer a pronpec' that the indignant millions who inhabit the Mis- i sissippi Valley can be aroused to new fury over the epoctacl of its rude re moval. a Speculation! Assume that" the Hon. WttJ. Aim TAFT, the Hon. JOHN A am How- lux thel" Hon William I. OaTMOR and the Hon. Rt.tHV ROOT, having had luncheon to gether at Delmonico'Si should start on the east side of Fifth avenue at Forty fourth street to walk south together nt the dignified rate of four miles an hour, their departure being made at ? o'clock P. M. exactly. Assume i hat nt the same moment the Hon Mt'OORT McGRAW, the Hon Christy Matmkwson, the Hon. Iorb DrVOKR and the Hon Ki rk MARQt'ARD, having inspected the new Public Library in nompon.Vi should start on the west side of Fifth avenue at Fortieth street to walk north together at the respect able gait of four miles an hour Assume finally that these two groups of citizens should reach Forty-second street at the same moment and that simultaneously the trw-flic policeman in command at the crossing should halt their progress to open the street for crosstown vehicles and pedestrians If nei v i ,'!',. ii eil nml i nf llil7cnt Ken . . . , i tlemin of SDeculative proclivities should I witness such a juxtaposition of deserv edly respected public chnnicters and should lie nked to bet that one group or the other would receive the more enthu siastic welcome from the heterogeneous throng surrounding both, on winch group would he put bia money? The burial of the hati bet seems to have been easily arrunge 1 between the bear led RLANRRNBttRO and the idol of the young i reformers in Philadelphia, Negotiation" to overcome i lie dlnsffocl ion of i he broth era Vakk are si ill going mi in the Repub lican camp. At this early stage of the Mayoralty contest only the seventh son I of a seventh son should hazard a guess about the result. .Utti the hur.e Wbloh Sergeant .Iamib Craw i.kv nf the Weal Cheater poflc station hat been rlillfig ful elghterti yesis has gene hi rotiml for me lml little Ile sss shut yeiter.lay b enlri ef ComralMloaer W amm aih ei, If Spot is as wise as he looks he won't tempt fate by reviewing too many pa rades from tne I ity Mall steps Wireless telegraphy doesn't seem to be making much of ahit In the Turko-Italiou war. Committed to the nounil rrlnrlple of jrirniinr tariff revlMon. ihey .the Dtinocrslte psrty. for uppOMQ perdu ihanmie east the tariff attain a a fonlball OBIO the grlillron nf polities From toe MeaMrAUflafJJ HfpvbiiCQH pwtform. Apparently an attempt at a forward pass, which Sir. Tact is try ing to intercept. We compliment the comKtser of the plat form, the Hon. Kami-si. J. Fi.iikr, upon his seasonable illustration. Dlil ihe senator readily give up ihe money"" Ye replied Vaw CLST He alsayn gave It lip,' rum .i rep'.( u thf ,fpAff0 fVaflU The wonder is that got off so cheap. the old gentleman thi: (ost or hnixa, How Inlelllarnt Economy lleiliu e In California. To i hk RntTos ok Thr si s so 1 hve found a remedy for t he hlsh cost of livlns. I bought sniftll lemon grove for cash. Mv immediate neighbor n have sutomo- biles, bill their grove nre lieavllv niorl- a it,- .i i keep u mari for which 1 pld cah t' end ii rig Tin' mar does the light work on th grove, for which mv neighbors hire ilapsne help ntl ienm My neighbor buy low guide groceries nt fancy prices on the spot, while got mine twice n month from n wholesale ilesler in town, vlng ' per rent sntl getting high grade guilds My neighbor' daughter frequently run to bo tngel, Inning expensive gowns ntnl display Iheniselves overdressed In n siiihM country lown; iii tlnughiers milk their own drosses for count rv wear and pay -' cents fiir com fortebl 'tr.'iw hat, while their mortgaged friends would not put less lhail a Ii Imt on tlielr bends They pay M i en's for n dnren eggs: I gel mile' from some hens at 1 1 i out. ilosen, I keep cow, have mv own milk in gbiiiidenc, and mv nnlgahori purehQes the surplus, for which I gel n net profit of ft 1 ever' month We have excellent French cooking lor : s.i aibiv, nnd our neighbors apenufrolll i:i in 111 a day for a family of Iso to lour, w hi le we are live W'e a II cur sitinla Is, who h cost II a pair, on our grove: they out Inst shueH and are rolllfortsblc (lur neighbors pay f rom ft i to ftS a pair lor shie s lo wear on iluslv road and ill a siony grove. Ml our vat g0 1 l'in chicken house or us fertiliser for flower, while our neigh bors phi Japan lo can theirs Bwnv But then, yotl see, we have llveil luelye years m Krain e and learned luminous and eomfortshf onomy, When w returned to America and realised th high cost of living nit sei our sails accordingly and do not suffer much common Si vsr: 8an UCRKAnniKO, ('!., September 30 In the I I In 4mrrli.nl Sri Hon To th Kiutor or Thk Scn Mr Would lib ponalhlr io add io your list of Immortal Seflnre Pan y Terrible, doing buslnetj In Turu'itan. Ar- , Miin,i Rrrrni.il , j TvoCMAir, Argentina. September 1 FOR 5.4 WIT f.V POLITICS. Time for Baalneaa Men to Act. To THK F.niTon or Thf Hps -Sir: I be lieve the business interest are nil ready to follow tht Moaes that will lead them out of the wilderness of uncertainty nnd dls- oonteni Why do they not organize and show the ham politician ami the WlekenhanMi timt have toffl rlKhts tliat ttlty ore hound in reapeetf .1 camiiir, October 4. FiRRin. To What I '.iid ? in rai Rditor or thk min str n Ii Mlirphy in III letter lo TtlF Scn ealls attention to the iirfviileut Opinion that It 11 the "interests" that control ihe ttovere ineiif tin, are Inimical to the well belli of Ihe peopts ut laraje Thi Opinion would be smnslns were ii not prodnotivs of ao much trouble Fur nsvsrai year now the "yellow" nnd ihe "muokrakers" have neiui busy nml maklnf money by Inculcating the iIm thai Ihe able, en-rKetii- msfl of nffiiir who hs forced ahead of hi fellow cltlsen ami become hemi of n prosperous under taitituf was of necessity a crook or srafter and thai a irreat corfioriitloii or hn-ut.cN wn full of iruiie or rasealifyi Of couras poll! leal noaek srsrs nulcli io lake sdvsntsse nn newh i rsatsd sentiment, snd nnmr ally for their own pnrpouss have festered ii 1 In the heal of their ability, and Bad profit nnd honor ill ho lining. ; In i'. however, to the Interest of Messrs I'.uti her. linker nml ( amllest ii kinnkrr thai j all lit DllSln hIhiiiIiI he BttSI lieil nml Itieir leader held up to scorn ami promlaed smte prison? Ami whnt are tin- Interests"! Are they the itre.it rsllroadi of the country n hll Ii ilay in ami day out are ImprovlnS the tracks, providing new facilities fur irnftic, bulldtas new stations, of asensalty, in nor- niai tlmea, slvtna employmeat tothousnda ami fhutisnml for new i am. locomotives it,,i tiem-r safei sppllanceat Ontheother hand are these bad "intereats the Steel Corporation, an aggregation of rOSflUfSP' turera win, h in Ihe las' few yeara has made the Polled States Ihe griMt ntcel prodllclnS country "f the world? Imanlne for n moment what il would mean subs a nrear inausiry were (orn ssunonr and once again every rei urrittir -cnr or two there would lie nanle nml strike and idle nulla, a there were before the steel trust was systsmstlxed and made Ihe foremost I Industry of the lutul llnr rilies are being rebuilt, our railroad relaul with superior rail, and ateel bridge constmetcdi all because of the allied brain and capital I of able men turning out n product that i now n aeessslty of modern civilisation ami 'well being Al I write, from Ihe open window cornea the aonml of Ihe whirr of I the rivet ton UAObinSa w hii-h are fastening ! the beam of a new thirty atory aykacraper. In a few weeks Ihe completed building will ' be tionseing thousand Such an under i faking would have been impossible twenty. j five years ago Who made il poaaible of ' BCOOmptsMUBSnt? Not th men who are running the riveting machine or Ihe hotelier or baker, but the men of superior abilitle who knew how to devise, build and gather the capital to create and systematise such a great Industry. And these men who have thna created and now year in and vear out aupervlao and run thl immense marhine and find new markets ami better products . . ' . , eml smploy thousand, are thev the "inter est'' that must be "downed" nt Ihe behest of the Ignoramus and agitator? In discussing the intended disruption of the ' harvester trust ' the other day It was remarked that it met limi and business principles had been of great advantage to the farmers of the coun try. A man rained on a Western farm and familiar with farming methods who had recently mad a tour of Knrope coincided with thl view He said the agents of the trust came to the farm and if the farmer bill not the mean to buv improve,! ma chinery would offer to eend n on ami take the fanner's notes in payment, discounting them not at cutthroat rates but at the normal bnnking rale of Interest, and the price of the machine would be no more than an inferior machine would have coat a few vear ago It great iptal enabled the ' trust' to do thi with Ihe perfect system and organisation of the company Again. re these the "interests which are play ing aiioh havoc with Ihe Industry of the country? Is It to the best interest of the country that the "oil trust should be dissolved? there are many opinion concerning Mr Kockefeller. his virtues and Iniquities, but when all is said and done what have he and his great corporation done for our country? Primarily he probably w as the first man who systematically applied strictly scientific method to anew industry. The methods, or system, are now used in all great business and corporate affairs Nothing Is taken for grnnied. every operation Is controlled and audited, and the results logically produce great profit and success When rebates were legal and every man in the l ulled States, butcher, baker or candlestick maker, "took advantage t hereof . Mr Rockefeller' nitcr mind did the same, only in a superior wholesale way. Per haps he erred and should havo avoided Ihe temptation, as perhaps a do7en men In the country would have done, but the results are thai within the last twenty iei this corporation, created by thi master mind, has worked in accordance with the law. to the advantage and profit of the whole people American oil of the best quality wn never so cheap, and it is known the world over; in truth the tank ships of the company nre the only merchant vessels that still fly the American Hag And the thousands and thousands of employees of thi "trust" ate la contented nnd loyal lot, wherever seen "they speak with respect of their employer and it method, Ha thl company injured and hurt industry e.nd prosperity; I il the "interests'' that must lie downed nnd eradicated, nnd for what reason' Vht nre the interests' that all men fenr and are determined in Congress ami 1 ORlsla turn lo eradicate? Stop the wheels of the railroads, close the shops of the manufac turers, nnd where will Ihe workmen and mall business men of the lilies find meat and drink) Will lh farmer's and Ihe ranch man's philanthropy feed nml clothe the tolling thousand who even now find the coat of living ttorbltsnt 1 What is Ihe Interest of these ' Interests' ? ! Nothing but that trade and commerce, nmn- i ufacture sad transportation shall proceed i lawfully and without the nonsensical Inter j ference of 111 advised and incapable ignora muses As ha been said, ' Hie captains of in i dUStry" Of whom a decade ago America was I so proud will survpe, men of such niinler- fill ability will not starve, hut dlarupl and I scatter their great works, factories, lines of I transportation end capital, and the corner grot ere and butcliera and ao oa will eat the bitter herb of adversity for some time to come. America's mission for the last fotty yeirs tins been to build up, while nl present there aeems a determlnat ion on a grent part of t he people to tsar dOwll, doubtfully to their own advantage. I Nrw Yons. October I lluslnea Men Klinuld rirniilr ll lb" l lie l oiinlry. to thh Rditor or thr si n sir i firmly believe from mv understanding of Ihe alluntlon thnt before the Presidential campaign of Itll i ushered In a business men's movement will be orgaotiisd, The only way tr. organise la to orgaiiie Bllb ness men with whom I have talked believe that they should orgnrfie in all the great cities of the country, New Vorki Chliaito, san Prsnctsco, st f.oni. PhllsdetphiBi Pittsburg, and for Ihe first lime since the civil war II la the Opinion thai Ihe business men of the gieal title in t tie Southern Slate should orgunie. New Orleans, At lanta. Blrmlnshaffli Savannah and aii other Important Southern cities should see to It that a business men's movement is organ ized ao Hun they may lake part With their brethren In the Northern, middle Western anil fur Western States. A universal busi ness men's movement would do more Ihsn anything else since civil war days lo ob literate any lingering eoilons1 feeling Thi universal buslnsss men's movement for the protection of the bllSlneS interests from the Irresponsible and Utterly lfltl politician of Hie two ilomiiiatii parties does mil iiill for otie nisfi lo lead il. Bach city should have an exeeulive OOmfnittOS in the business men's organization 'these exeeulive committees COUld be united into one grand whole Ibis great exeeu live commutes of all the SsectlllVS com mittees of Ihe business organization of the country should VtStl both the Demo- I rratie nnd Republican nations! conven-l tloRS and make itself felt bv t-lling the dele- ! gates lo ihi'se convention exactly what Ihe business men desire in the wav of peace In legislative conduct Since istm, w hen tin attack on bUslSSS begun, who. pray,! hs seen u delegation of business men nti either national convection? 't here was a , sprinkling of them nt the convention of I 1WM which nominated Rooaevelt and nt the 1 convention of rnos which nominated raft., tint there wa no cohesion Among them i they noted about, timidly Inquiring w hat the committee on resolution W'ns to do. i The business melt of the country should I tie in a position to Instruct the committees 1 on resolution of the two conventions iust whSt thi business men desire for the i prosperity of the country and for the sood of the whole nation, high and humble, I rich and poor, business men nnd working men 'this universal business men's or- I snlsatlon, through It powerful eseeutlve OOmmltte of executive committees, could instruct tint delegate nnd th" political leaders nt these conventions In th a, b, c of business principles and firevent these political leaders and th; delegates from dashing ignoranlly, ill the efTort to catch the sentiment of the mob. Into falleoiou political nostrums calculated only in the end to tiring ilea t n i ci ion. Business men from nil over the conn fry should attend the meetings of the Republican and Democratic national com mittees in Washington Rualae men in political matters are said to be great pro crastlnntors In busine they nre nlert and qulok to act In politics they are slow Since isii many of our business men have waked up to find foolish politi cians in the saddle, when by proper pre liminary organization they could have prevented many idiotic planks In both the Republican and Democratic national plat-', form Business men should net in polities and net qulokly, nnd be in readiness for the, meetings of the national committees of the two parties In Washington In December and Januaryi and certainly bv the time the nn-1 lional conventions come around thev should be organized all over Ihe country nnd be come the power thev really should bo In guiding a common lal nation V W. S. PH II, APat I HIA, October 3 The Retneil) . To tib Editor or Tir Sua sr i have read with much interest the krtlcle re cently printed in Thk Si n in reference to the Sherman act and its baleful effect on business everywhere I have long lioprd to see such words in print from the business men of the country, who have been the greatest sufferers from this statute 1 sup pose they feared being misunderstood, and possibly being called to stricter account by the (ioverntnent . The Supreme Court could only interpret the law as found on the statute tiooks, nnd the tlovernment can only enforce it as framed by Congress Fvery business man knows that business cannot be carried on successfully under this law Politics, of course, Is nt th" bottom of it all. too manv of our legislators are w or king solely for their own iiwiwwi - ' " so, ,oi in,, best interests of the country nt large. We cannot change this nl once, but can urge that the President and Congress appoint a committee of Intelligent business men to frame n law to fit the situation, and we can w rite our representatives in I 'ongf to act promptly and pass such :i Inw nnd repeal the Bbarrnsn act, j This cannot be done too soon It is too serious a matter to ndtnit of any delay. When thi I done, then let nil violators of i such common sense law be prosecuted to' the fullest eip'iit. Rg igoXASLg WSSI CSBSTBS, fa . October S. "The Dirty Mug." To nir. ROITOS or Tn Bug s,r p,,,., ,ny old timer reniemhrr a place nlrkngmed The iiirtv NPig located somwhr in u.e neighbor hood of nieecker street, weal of Prodwy1 II was famous fur ta porter nml IS mups were never cleansed The proprietor, an englishman, fal nnd Mrltntn. Rtood behind his little har with a lovvei over his Aim. and after ynu had drained your mug Would Kinvelv wipe the rltn and hang It up The sediment remaining on the bottom was supposed to give the potter certain stcflltnl ipmlllle- Wa uaed to ouraV a grrit distance to get this rmrkbl hVrfi and smack inn lips, hellev Pig flrml! hi IS virtue of the sediment you young fellows may say "humbug," Imt wp rn jo ed It nil tne same, mid in dav I can't find porter that tastes like It. Those were the dav of solid, wholesome en Imment l.ohster palsies, vur)(Vlil shows and yoli Hergerti nrnc An 0141 Sixth hhhkh Nkw onx. I I, too, i p Heme Ktreet. I'tum rae Boate uionr The Selectmen of the town of Boston eave u a memorial of the only land bmtle ever won In Africa under the American flag. It endures to this day In the name of lierne street, lust over Ihc brow of Heir in Mill Three Agtn nf Man. Safely pins Hal plnr. Nine pint. the FinsT AEROPLANE AT FEW, from l.e Matin. For several days wo had been awaiting th" arrival of th aviator llregl. W'e knew lint thl daring pilot had intended to stop nt Kahat only a few days and to continue his flight to Mekinez and Fez almost im mediately. Tho Sultan passed whole diiv on the terraces studying the horizon In the direc tion of Mount Zerliun looking for the fan tastic apparition which in the imagery of their own language the natives have christened "flstd tent which Mm with a noise. " We had seen nothing and already we were discouraged nnd feared that the avi ator bad encountered unforeseen oifTlcnl ties on the rond and perhaps paid with his life for an ntt-inpt i-ertaln to be historic hereafter. At noon some breathless messengers arrived from MSkine with the news that the aeroplane hud halted in Ihe vicinity of thl ancient ity, planing doWR from u height of 1,000 feet by a superb flight . that, setting out from Rabat at u:m A. M , the nviator had arrived at Meklnezat 7 o'clock and that it was his intention to atari for the capital thai same night, so as to arrive With the firing of the gun Which In Kitmadan mark the end of the daily fa' and the beginning of the evening reloicing Immediately ail the (European in Fez ami a multitude of natives passed the walls and Started for the great plain on which is situated the camp of Dar-Deblbath, Hut night came ami mi aeroplane We were breathless A Wind from the In terior blew in siiualls and we supposed that this hud prevented the attempt, Fires were laid ready lo be lighted to guide in the descent, we returned after sunset mitt h dlsappolntsd The next morning about in o'clock WS were aroused by an unusual noise. W'e easily riltin(Ulhed the regular beat of the j motor. 1 We ran lo the terraces It was Hregi. who had srrlvsd without having been able lo fore arn II of th exact hour of hi pass ing over Fez. II" had left Mekinez before o'clock and niter n fight against terrible siiualls came down at Drir-Debibagh in thirty-five minutes, bavins covered thiriy- flve mile a the bird file. The apparatus rested right by Ihe French camp, llregl anil his passenger were wel comed by French officers who ran up. It wa the flrM time the Moroccan hail seen an aeroplane, and tlu-ir amazement puse all description Btlll Ihey were unit" pre- pared to believe in any evil magic, and they now forecast that a CStSStroptlS WOUl surely overtake these men who dared to violate the heavens. Accordingly we advised Hregi not to risk landing in the midst of the tribe and partic ularly not to attempt to get to Algeria bv Tasa, w hlch w ould tie especially dangerous. Thl is the first time that mail was carried from ( asablunca to Fez. by Ihe nir route 'the journey took eight days,bul actually the It v i 1 1 far time was about three hours and forty minutes In crossing the mountain which fol low the trails or cut them, and in particular the jCerhuh range, Hregi had sometimes attained un elevation of It, eon feet At Souk-el-Area he had been greeted bv a ritle shot, but as he was 5,000 feel aloft he ran no danger. He did not know whether the natives had had any evil Intention, t'nfortiinatelv as thev had not been fore warned Ihe people of Fez. were unable to go to meet Hregi and his passenger The aviator had promptly recognized bis landing place and by e gra eful curve cnnie skilfully and easily to ihe earth He told us that at bis arrival at Mekinez. he had one tank of gasolene. He could only explain it by I he excessive heat At the request of the Sultan Hregi will make a flight In Fez He will distribute some handbills in Arabic, and probably tay in Fez until the :th. when he will et out for Tangier in the ordinary wav after having packed hi machine on a earner back 4RW1 AXO XAiY HATIOXS. TAtlV the Sailor's keep Cost About Ten Cents More a DS) . To mi Rditor or Trr Brtr Sir: in a recent discussion with I prominent naval officer relative to the increased cost of living he mad the statement that Piking into consideration the increase in quentlty and character of the rations issued to the army and navy the cost to the (lovernment is now no greater than in istii liesirmg to be further Informed on this question l addressed n letter to th" bureau of statistic in Washington, which was re ferred to the Secretary of War nnd to the Secretary of the Navy for reply, I am in receipt of communication from these de partment 'Ihe luting Secretary of War snys : The estimated rost of the complete ration In 110 wss lA.n cent. a dy, while the root of too ration for the ftarftl year ended JuaeflO, 1911, uns HM rents. The acting Secretary of the Navy says The ration has been changed both In qu.mtltv and kind of articles several times during tne past lea year. It is believed that tr.e flrsi phBg since isio was made ii ihe act of Congress ap oi uir navi ration lias Increased ftlesolll each imr fiom nln cent In 1801 to .1 cents In lflit A comparison ol the rations issued to the army and nav y in 140 shows that ihe cost to the navy should not have exi ceded that to ihe army; namely, i tr, cents com parison of 'he ration issued to the nrmv with thai issued lo the navy in inn shows Ihnt the navy ralion is much ihe more elab orate, and eonseauently cosily, which ap parently accounts lor the discre) ancles he tween the cost ol the latlon lo the nrmv ami thnt to the navv in inn, j;t rents and .ill cents respectively. 'I he above I acts raise two Question How Is it possible that the armv and navv can he sustained at a unit out of aa sa eenta aim an cents a nav i nar rations cannot ne purchased bv yen of the t in t oil States lor anvtinng like rill. j tne same cosi .sun wtiv is it mat Hie in ' lion allowed the nav y should be so different and so much more expensive than that allowed the army'' Ihe first question 'n probably be an swered by the recognition of the fact thnt the Qovernment buy in nuantltle nnd therefore eliminates to a large extent the middlemen ami the second bv the tact that there is nn evident tendency to coddle sail ots I 'pon relet ring this mnlter lo an old oftieer of the navv he looonloglly replied liuile true, can't get 'em or keep em if you don't." tiBOBOS It BgKJtUIN Si w nr.. October Heading the I a toilet t c Iml To Till. KnuoR or Tup, Si n .Sir Ihe article T,a Kollette ns Ingo in Thk Si v of Sunday sounds plausible but may there not be another version? Instead of Ihe "young collegian' having the character of no i "impressed upon his mind and clinr ncter during those most formative years." may it not be that he then so learned to read character that he later was able to discover Iggoe and legolon) in political life'' This I believe to be the case May il not be true? .1 I Hi in. t Ni w Vor.K. October I. The Host) Ale nf tale. 'I'll THK KtilTOII or TBS SCN Sir Musty Ale ran hr had nnd In Ihe qustnteit, inuggeet Utile Inn that has hern ih'v las 1 shire the da -, of ".Inhn VVItletl." Willi Hie idlings trteroed n golden blown, revealing pleas! memorlsi of the past, with a huge flrenUfaf ever bright and crackling. Hliiag me room wlitt tb fragrance of apples ns the spnrl.s ily up Pie chlmne:. to the time of the old nloolb Is Morv'a, dear to all hmnnn souls who enjoy a rich mutum chop With a mug of musty or a half piin t It Jtrantl HsrUgan'l StUSly was any creamier lor any better flavor or his pewter mugaay I brighter or more wdustlv than story's i ihould I he nfiald thnt I wouldn t Und the road home as I well a our old fgtend Qbril Vaideu did after ! an evening at ti e Maypole "Whal is muMi ale" Ah. as you sit sipping j a mug of musty on nn autumn afternoon In the I corner ef tee liretHac with Louis binder in his gemuthllrh old Mor 's Inn watching me dvlng I day cast her golden shadows through the lln.e window panes. It Is mini:', poetry nnd ate I James U. Uiwbll, Jr. I NBW HSTBN, OctObU t. ICfrr'J siwtr on Airs rnonns MovIuk Picture nf olunterr Mfc RtVlnR nnd PUyarnnnd Mpirt. I Tho moving picture shown which lllln trate the work of the various city ii partmrnts are playing to capacity at Uj. budget nhow. Facts and figures ,,,, graphic charts may tie very instruct r. . but the actual sight of men in actlm is what gets the crowd nnd the plctUn vie with the Fin' and Police Deport I ni : exhibits in popularity. So the lecture hall wa pacVed ye terday when Commodoro W, P!. Loiii fellow of the Volunteer Fife Saving Fori . explained the work of that bodr whil the Battery bootblack crew went m action on the screen behind him I ,i pictures made such a hit that they le nhown again during the week There were pictures showing an a l, letio meet of the playgrounds ten and other illustrating Dr. O'Hanl lejcture on the work at Bollevne Hospital, of which he ia the general medical sii : inteudent . William J F.llis told the Visitor ,i' the work of the CU$ Hrcord. th newspaper To-day will tm Health Day t'oni mistioner Ledsrle will talk at tin n hour. Dr. Walter BeiUMl, the Mhitar superintendent, gives a lecture at lo'ci's and at l)r Hermann M Biggs. K"ii"i 1 1 medical officer of the department, speuk iii connection with the Health rJepsrttnent'a eshibit there will he mo ing pictures presenting n health proh Ism play OBllea " I he .Man Who Learned HXIXU MILK STAXDARtn, Tour (iradc, Certified. Inspected, Pis, trurled anil Conking, Decided On An all day eession of the Congress ,f the national commission on milk st ind ards cnlleil by the New York milk c m mittee was held yesteniay at the Academy of Medicine, IT West Forty-third street in sooordanoo with the resolutl n adopted by the commission at its spring convention nn effort is being mnde to d, cide upon a classification and Standard j suitable for adoption by the health board. I of all the cities in the I'nited States, and yesterday's meeting was devoted to n di- cussioxi of the reports of spsoial com mittees. The commission formally adopted th report of the committee on classification, which provides for four grades of milk, certified, inspected, pasteurized and c lok ing. only the first three to be used f,,: drinking. The report of the commit tee on booteri i, which wa also adopted, recommend that in the first grade of milk the bacteria shall not exceed ld.ooo to the cubic centi meter, in the second the number shall be limited to 100.000 and in the third the magi- ! mum shall be l.oon.ism before pastenri.'.a I tlon nnd fjO.Ooo after pasteurization 'The fourth grade, known as cooking milk, must nlso be pasteurized before it shall be pronounced fit fur use bvofflci ll inspectors. I )r. William A. Evans, formerly Health Commissioner of Chicago, was in Ihe chair and Charles F.. North of this city acted a Hccretary. Among those who took part in the dis cussion were Prof. William T. Sedgwick of the Massachusetts School of Technol ogy. Prof, M. ). Rosenau of Harvard. Pr. William Parks of New York. Or. A. H. Stewart of Philadelphia. Dr. John A. An derson. director of the hvgiene laboratory. Washington. I. C.l Dr. A. P. Melvin. chief of the bureau of animal industry. Pr A. ('. I,evy. Health Commissioner of Hich mondi Prof W. A, Stocking of Cornell. Prof. Sherman of Columbia, Haymond A. Pearson, Commissioner of Agriculture for New York Slate; C. H. Wells. Health Com missioner of Itontolalr, N, Dr. w ii. Stokes of Hallimore. and Pr. I,. I.. Van Stuck, chief chemist of the experiment station at Geneva, N. Y. The topic for to-day's discussion will be laws nml ordinances. .4 fo apiece t ?r sr. it Rxpense for the Defence of Govern ment' "Inequitable Utlgsilsn." The answer of the Retail Lumbermen' i Association of PhlUvdsphla, its officers, I directors and representatives, named M I defendants in the Government' civil action brought under the Sherman 1st" against the Rastern st.iten Retail Lum ber Dealers Aseooiation and other, was file I -tor. lay afternoon In ihe t'nitel Stales Circuit Court. I The Retail Lumbermen's Association of Philadelphia is an unincorporated aaeocietion of retail lumiier dealers. It ! membership is confined to dealers in lum ber in t in hide 1 phi.' nml the neifhborni ii 'I According to the answer, the association lies never refused admleelon to any per- , , r - i i :.. -i. retail lumber business, and is in no rc Hlsct a restricted association, lis object is "t i secure and disseminate to its men - tiers any ami all legal and proper infor mation W Inch may lie of interest or v a hie " The due on the pa rt of each of its mem ber are tin. 'Ihe total durs. savs the anewer, collected in any ycer have n t amounted to ItOO, end the total expecs, in any year have not equalled Ooo, ex cept for ISII. "v.hen the members there, f have n 'W been compelled to rr.ise ii fund for the defence of this most Inequitable litigation. In regrrd 1 1 the lumber trade, as de scribed in the Government petition, the defendants deny that the lumber trad, is now or ever has been definitely dh ld J into any particular classes, either thro'!1, Ihe means of associations or through the means of any haul nnd fast rules or through any other means then those f mutual selection of n business callu s by different individuals.'' HEALTH EXHIBIT Ol T Department May Move It From fit) lludaet Shim lo Own unrler. The Department of Health announce! that it will probably remove its sec'.ii n f the City Budget Exhibit which is n "vv I ing held at Hail Hroadway to the new hu ing of the department at Walker n i Centre streets, which will he ready ' occupancy ahout May 1. A epeni . room will he provided tor the exhibit ill it will he open (luring the entire yea The reason tor the change given i- since so many inquirtea, eapecially people wtio do not Uve in the city made about the work of ihe departnv it i deemed expedient tohaveaperman exhibit . li) case Ihe city makes a perm museum of the general budgel eh 1 however, the Health Department not Withdraw its section TEA l OEOHIXti Ol E&TiOX, The loiv crniiH in Hoard lo Issue i' Formal Reperi Next W'eeki There wns n meeting ef Ihe ten boi yesterday nt the United stoics ppral' Stores o determine what conslit .' artlSoially colored tea, ii queption wl i ' has been bothering Ihe tea trade sine" ll j law prohibiting the Import of tens ih I have been artificially colored went in effect on March 1. Assistant Seen", j of the Treasury Curtis w as present He announced after ihe meeting that will confer with Heorotary Maoveagh I Dublin next Monday and that no !i' : action will be taken by th" Treasury I' , pertinent until then The Departni will issue a formal statement next wee i i fier the meeting the members of ll 1 board eaw in the laboratory how tea analyzed to detect ooloring matter.