Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, MARCH 31, 1912.
PORTO RICO'S WEALTH IS IN HER SUGAR FIELDS it -1 Production Has Quadrupled in Years Under American Rule the Island Ten in The Hoiin of Hepie-iontntlves passed j the Free Sugar hill on March I ft ly a vote of 13S to ioi, Twenty-four llepublieans voted (or tlio bill and seven Democrats voted against it Tho bill Is now before the Senate. Its fatn in that body is a matter of deep concern to thn million and a hatf Inhabitants of the inland of Porto Itlco, Already, by a unanimous vote the Insular Legislature has expressed disapproval of the bill and the Itepreaenla tlvea of tliQ sluiid in Washington have been instructed to do all within their power to defeat the passage of the measure In Its present form. Tor sugar raising in the island's greatest. Industry, ntul the Porto Iticuns fear that by allowing free entrance of foreign sugar into thn United States their chief source of In come would be severely crippled If not entirely. Porto Rico is an itKil sugar growing country Two centuries ago the royal rhymeter included il timong thno isles Where llrt Ihr n ue I'thrlil llic spin' tenc. Suprrmr ol irnt. i Uli tut'n t ut my mm Kver since the flr-t m ill was erected for some of the followers of old Poneo de Leon, sugar has lisen the chlcT pro duct of the island, and, to-day, no visit to Porto Itlco is complete without a horse back ride through the Ileitis devoted to this "supreme of phnts " After you p.is old Monro and are fairly In the Hay of San Juan, but before you reach the wharf, huge tanks loom up on the edge of the shore, and if you ask why, in a city lighted exclusively by electricity, these gas tanks should be there, your neighbor, if he is a native, will tell you that the unsightly things nre not for gas, but forthe temporary storage of molasses, and that If you will look more closely vqu will see long pipes running from thn tanks to the schooners nt the next docl;. And he will add that through these pipes the brown fluid Is slowly oozing into the receptacles for it in the holds of the vessels. When you aulo ncross country, fields concern, the r'njardo, having a paid In capital of $2,000,000; and the largest mo lasses company also ha Its homo In New York and Is valued at a million and a half. More than one-third of the foreign cor porations aro owned in and operated from New York and represent high values. For example, the Colonial Sugar Com pany has a paid in capital of only 13,000, Mr Meyer starts his first chapter by saying: "The business of Importing, producing and refining sugar Is ono pf the most Im portant branches of the commerce, agri culture and manufacturing Interests of the United States, From duties levied and collected the United States derives one-sixth of Its annual Income more than from any other special sources with the exception of distilled spirits and tolacco." Anothernqually well Informed authority supplements this with the statement that "the sugar question Is the economic 1 question of the day no other presents so many Interesting phnses." Americans aro a sugar .eating race. Sugar plant wero brought from Arabia Into Egypt nnd were Introduced Into F.uropo by tho Moors, but the F.uropean sugar territory was restricted to Spain until MOO, when cuttings were surrepti tiously taken to Sicily and Cyprus, and later woro sent by the King of Portugal to tho Canaries and Madeira Islands. In I PC Iondon was paying at the rate of 2.7ft a pound for sugar, and that by tho hundredweight. Venice tried to keep her hold on tho sugar trade, a trade that had mado her wealthy, but London suc ceeded In taking it from her. Kvery nation was striving to find n shorter routo (n India and Cathay In order to do away with tho middleman and ob tain the monopoly of the "world's greatest OLD METHOD . CfPRYlNO CANE TO THE MILL. IN PUERTO them with the main line that skirts the entire island. There are in Porto Hlco twenty-four domestic and fourteen foreign sugar corporatlpns, ranging in individual value from $a,noo to jn.om.nm. The largest devoted to sugar alone is a New York hi " : o;;:. ' , ?' Wea WORKER pg ' " 4 , but its nresent value is report ed at tftoo.ono. of waving cane will salute you on every and the San SebatiatT with otrly $1,000 side. Wherever you stop you will b paid In capital. Is valued ai ji.uuu.uu'). invited to a "refresco" of cane juice. The Other Porto nican sugar companies children you pass on the roadway are I have their head offices In Paris. France; chewing tho tender stalks in place of I IlrusseU. Belgium, and in the States of taflv. Those wide flat rati, drawn hv I Connecticut. Now Jersey and Maine bullocks down the hillside, are filled with 1 Dorine 1910 twenty-two foreign and cane. As you near thn refineries or "centrales you will seo long trains of cars packed to overflowing with the sweet Imnches of cane on the way to the mills; and at the Playa tlocks, at Ponce, on the other sido of the island, brawny porters, stripped to the waist, am balancing on their heads 300 pound sack of the com pleted product, which they fling into barges that carry them out to the ships waiting iu the open. Tho machinery that comes tlown on the steamer with you Is for the sugar refiner)". the capital sub?crlled for the commerce hacco lands. of the Island is secured especiilly for the ' On April 12, 1000, Congress' passed the cane Interests. Sugar is the topic at the I organic act, establishing a temporary rlub; tho ho of the planter; the main-1 government In Porto ltico and providing stay of tho peon; the plaything of the temporary rovenue for its maintenance, merchant and the delight of the citizen ' On July 25, 1901, the third anniversary of and the stranger within his gates. I tho landing of the United States troops, Porto Hico is divided into sixty-six jthe President of tho United States matte municipal districts, all but eight of which j a proclamation announcing the existence are devoted in a greater or less degree to of a civil government in Porto Hlco, and the growth of sugar cane or its manu- i in accordance with the organic act free facture into sugar. In fifty-two of thtse trade with the Unitetl States followed districts sugar is the chief product of the and American merchandise entered the province. Scattered over the islafid island and the products of the island are a numlwr of large centrales, the ' entered the United States free of customs fiiianica. the Aguirre. the Fajardo and the duties. It is to maintain the benefits Juncos leing among those best known, secured by this proclamation that the Special spurs of the island railroad run - islanders request that the tax on foreign nmg out. irom tnese retmeries connect. . sugars tliat enter tno unitwi Mates snail ng sugar from the F.ast. Spain redoubled her endeavors to become mistress of the situation. Tho chocolate habit crept up to northern Europe, and In 1650 was followed by tho new drink of coffee, which was cheaper. The demand for sugar was quadrupled. Prices tumbled. London paid but a halfpenny for what It had been glad to give half a sovereign less than half a century before All F.uropo was getting the sweet tooth, from which It has never freed Itself. The dawn of the sixteenth contury saw Kngland, France and Portugal engaged In a triangular duel, each endeavoring to wrest from Spain tho European sugar trade, , Ami now enters another factor, the slave traffic. The introduction of sugar cane from the Barbados gave this trafilo its first impulse in tho British West Indies. Less than twenty yearn later a company agreed to furnish 3 ,000 slaves annually to these Islands and thus was made possible tho Immensely Important West Indian sugar trade. The American colonies entered tho double trade of slaves and sugar, in which Englanda nd France and Portucal were encased, antl the West Inrltiw. I.nr.nn I. nA,nnt Innal mart where slaves from Africa, manufactures from Europo and lumW and live stock from tho American colonies were pooled together for tho sugar and thn rum that pourI from the Isles In ever Increasing shiploads Sugar became tho craze of the hour. Books were written and ploys produced with fields of feathery canes for back grounds. In l'fli an English gentleman left his homo for tho "sugar islands," ; where ho wrote a 20,000 word poem on I "Tk- 0..a. ... A r. ,1.11m ........ 1. - In tiondon coupled Its "necessary comple ment, icoflee," with sugar In this fling: "Sugat mid coffee two vegetables that , have been the ml ti and misery of two parts of the world Africa and America , America has been unpeopled to get land to plant them, and Africa has been tin- ........ I . . M,,, ..... . .. n,il,.n,n . 1. .. n. " VW'it-. lit fil l mrii ,u tut i iitj iu,, The part played by Porto Hico in ths world's story of sugar is neither a largo nor an exceediiifflv brilliant one. The I wnrM's minailtnnf Inn nf nflfrnr In ttltn amounted to U.0H.57S tons, of which the Unitetl States consumed 3,3ft0,3AS tons, antl of this total Porto Hlco contributed only 27fl,7W tons, lew than one-tenth of the entire amount required by the wants of this country. Yet the prosperity of ( the sugar industry In Porto Rico Is of , benefit to the Unitetl States. Growth of Purchases From the United StatesThe Island Interested in the Free Sugar Bill thirty. two domestic corporations not tie-1 voted directly to sugar but to kindred in-, terests were formed with a total capital stock of over $20,000,000. and prior to their formation 1 ID domestic anil MZ foreign companies were employing their com bined stock of over $325,000,000 for the lctterment of tho Island. The value of the sugar lands was from $25 an acre in the district of Commerio to $173 in that of Ponce, and averaged $92 "5, as against the average of $t.01 , for coffee plantations and $ss.5l for to- METHOD f TtoMlLL IK PUERTO T?.IC remain undiBturled II H H. Meyer, superintendent of docu ments of the Government printing office, compiled in 1910 for the library of Con gress a 210 page book on sugar, giving in detail the history or the sugar industry in the United States since its leginnings, They consume nearly one-fourth of the world's entire output. The per capita consumption in the United States Is larger than that of nny other nut ion on thn glolx In 1S.V) it was 2i pounds u yeai, In iss; it had mounted to 53 pounds antl in lWis to S3 pounds. Great Britain claims a larger per capiti consumption, but in her reckon-1 ! M T .. r.. .... f . I and other sweets that aro manufactured In the British Isles and tlisosjtt of else- i where. WJth thesentltlltionsshois ranked 1 ahead or the Unitetl States with 93 pounds to her credit. Franco is quoted at 3(1 pounds, Germany at to. Spain at 11 and Italy at 7 and a fraction. All Europe averages but 31 pounds to America's 81 Tho last decade in the fifteenth century was one never to be forgotton in the his tory of the sugar industry. For hundreds of years the nine had been slowly creep ing around tho world from Bengal to Cairo, from Cairo to Yenice, from Yenico to I,ondon. China had had it early in her history antl the Greeks and Romans spoke of it as an "Indian product." Dur ing the fifth century it was carried in tho Tigris Valley antl in the tenth it coased to be regarded as a medlcino antl was used as a footl. In 1901 the total valuo of artlclos pur chased from and sold to tho United Statei and foreign countries by Porto Rico amounted to $17,502,103. In 1910 this wS Increased to $08,595,328, a gain In ten, years of $51,000,000. Now 88 per cent, of this total trado value represents ship ments to and from the United States, The total cash purchases made by Porto Hlco In 1910 amounted to $30,83i,sSS, of which 127,097,654 came to the United States, giving the island twelfth place on the list of the world's customers In the American home market and refunding to the Treasury of the United States more than one-half of the cntlro $52,000,000 sugar tax, Louisiana Is spending more than any other State in tho Union in investigating problems connected with sugar produc tion and othor countries are adopting her methods. Since 18S5 the average yield In Louisiana has more than doubled, but Louisiana with all her skill brought only 325.000 tons to market in 1010, against 308,000 tons from the lowlands of Porto Hlco. Tho cane of Porto Rico is larger and sweeter and Bells for more than the Louisiana cane. That both the better cane and Its greater value In public mar ket havo been duo to tho improving con ditions on tho Island goes without saying. When In 1899 by virtue of tho treaty of Paris the island was ceded to the United States, the sugar Industry was at a low ebb. The' opening of tho American mar ket gave It new life. American capital came to its aid, and tho crops increased. In 1001 the Island exported to the United States 08,801 tons of brown sugar, with a v.Mue of $4,715,811, an average of $88.43 a ton; In 1910 it exported to the same mart 284,522 tons, with a value of $23,545,922, an averago value of $82.75 a ton -s.n Increaso of output of over 400 ler cent In tho meantime laborers' wages ad vanced too per cent., and mechanlos. artisans e.nd professional men received from 150 to 200 per cent, more than they did ten years before. Tho small farmer, or "colono," has been caught in the up ward swirl, and thousands of unproduc tive acres havo been turned to profitable use. With new roads came a greater demand for better vehicles, and again turning to the States tho Porto Rican purchased in 1910 nearly a million dollars worth of conveyances as against $70,540 spent for such things ten years before. It is a curious fact and one not generally real ized that the islanders have always been better purchasers of American goods than salesmen of their own. The records of tho last thirty-live years prior to tho acquirement of the island by the United product." Spain lu her attempt to sill tn tho old world stumbled upon the new and broupht biek with her tho bean ofi the cocoa tree antl nnd" a drink that she' sweetened with suyir. Whether she found cane in th" Writ Indies or only a fertile ground in which to pant the slips she carried with her will always remain u disputed question. It is certain, how over, that she legan n systematic ex ploitation of both the cocoa nnd the sugar cane. In 1518, Egypt was taken by the Turks anil thus was closed this avenue of bring- WATIVB CANE MILL. IN PUERTO 11CCV - 'S'?j3Si States show that tho balance of trArlt has always favored the States. nt once the free trade schedule was n. nounced, exportation of American goodi to Ban Juan and Ponce raced tor first pluoi with the Imports, Jumping from $i,ino,04 in 1899 to $27,000,000 la 1910. It Is wnr noticing that the sugar and molustsi imported by the United States reprent Just 80 per cent, of the total value of thi American exports to the planters and their assistants. Tl 1 1 . - 1 , - I M . . ,,, . ITOpomoimt" iu un n.o roun tirf Is an important grower ot cane, it tyii nit told only about 3,688 squire mile Sugar nntl coTee are us leaning cronj, coffee holding first place in aiet snr second In value; sugar, second In srsi. but first in value; its sugar export beini more than double that or cones. Its sugar cultivation Is limited to Its cxuul regions, whoro the soil Is deep, fertll and sandy. While there lias been ft marked prnjrroj. In every Industrial development of tb (stand ever since the American posse-siorf tho steady demand for sugar, coupled with It free entry into the American porw, has stimtdated Its cultivation beyond that of any other crop on the Island, And not only lias there been a general exten sion of the sugar industry but a general reorganization through consolidation nf small plantations Into large holdings, most of which are controlled In New York At present Cuba. Is exporting In th neighborhood of 2.000,000 tons of sugar a year, sending nlnetcen-twentielhs of it lol the United States. A comparison nr tho exports and Imports between Cuba nnd the United States during the past twelve years shows a yearly average of over $37,000,000 in Culm's favor. The cost of raising sugar in Cuba is lew than In Porto Rico. Land in Cuba coeli from $250 to $400 per "caballeria." which covers thirty-three "cuerdas (a cuerdi Is about nine-tenths of an acre). Ths same caballeria In Porto Rico will brinn from $1,800 to $2,000. The erection of buildings, machinery, materials and trans portatlon In Porto Rico cost at least 33 per cent, more than In Cuba, for Cuba purchases her machinery from the United States at the export price and imports it with a 20 per cent, reduction on the Cuban tariff rate, which is 8 per cent, ad valorem. Porto Rico purchases her machinery aim from the United States, but at the do mestic, market price, carrying with it all tho burdens of tho Dlngley tariff. Culan soli is more fertile than that of Porto HIccM., and ner sugar neias yieia irom seven to ten years without replanting. Porta Rico is obliged to replant every tbret years. Now, in view of these differences, nnd realizing t hat Cuba has miles of unde veloped cane lana, tne sugar rennen In Porto Rico have bought from Cuba vast tracts of land near the coast ad jacent to their own ports and are grow ing cane there, which they ship In broad bottomed boats across to Ponce and carry direct to their own mills for refin ing. It this process can be continued for a reasonable period. Porto Hico mar be enabled to furnish the United Statei with greater and greater quantity of sugar, gradually absorbing, as the yean go on, tno shipments now made by Cubii The argument the Porto Rlcans make against free sugar is something like this: "With every dollar worked tor and earn en, Porto Rico has thrown back into the American treasury far more than she has taken out. Vvith the proceeds from the sugar she is sending the United Statei she is ay ing more than one-half of the bugbear sugar tax. Let her advance one more sten and nav the total sum. Aye, let her go further still. and not onlfl rurntsn tne united mates witn tne wnere withal to pay the tax, but in conjunc tion with the production of sugar front cane and beets in the United States do away with the necessity of any tax, by Grovidlng enough free sugar to sweeten nolo Sam's huge morning coffee cup, and. in addition, furnish the candy maken enough material for all the confectloni for all the children of this, the greatest oi an sugar-eating countries.; A BUTTERFLY MIGRATION. Reproduction at the Museum nf Natural " y History of a Flight In Connertlrut. The annual migration of birds Is n factof everyday knowledge. Similar migrations of other animals, such as certain fish, are nlso fairly well known, but very few eases of definite migra tions of insects hnve come to the at tention nf entomologists even. One of the moat striking nf these cases occurs In this part nf thn world every year nntl the preparatory swarming Is Illus trated In n group Just Installed nt tho Museum of Natural History. The larvie of the monarch butterfly feed during the summer on various spe iles nf milkweed, protected from Insect eating birds by their "warning colors," which are thought to advertise the fact that they nre III tasting, acrid crea tures. The adults emerne In the fall In grrat numbers from beautiful green chrysallds decorated with black and Bold, antl these butterflies also nro gaudy In coloring nnd nro Inedible. Nuv. the mourning clonk and certain other butterflies tlo pass the winter In this part of tho country as adults, so that there would seem to be no reason In external conditions why the mon nrchs could not. In the early autumn, however, they begin to flutter south ward antl In this movement many hun dreds or even thousands of Individuals fly together, often remnlnlng In one locality for several days. Curiously enough, certain definite resting places, or gathering places, seem to bo used year after year. Such a ono Is near Clinton, Conn,, where, according to the American Museum Journal, tho speci mens for a group now on exhibition nt the museum were obtained In the fall of 1911, The swarming butterflies nre so numerous and clustered so thickly that the leaves nre obscured nnd the brownish undersides of thn wings of the resting butterflies give to tho trees a truly nutumnul appearance. Then comes thn continuance of the southward flight. In places thn ulr Is brown with fluttering butterflies. As they reach tho morn Southern States they doubtless spread out over the country again, hut It Is not known how far those Individuals which Mere born In J.'ew Kngland, for Instance, really ko, how they spend the winter, or whence the mnnarchs of the next New linglantl spring come, No one tin put on record n return Mocking from the South, so that If there 1 a migration northward It would seem to be only by stragglers. Furthermore, the specimens found here In the spring em to tie In rather too good u condi tion to have mado tho Journey, MR. GUNTER GIVES ARKANSAS CITY A BIG SURPRISE "Anybody here know anythin' of a red headed man name o' Gintcr, Mosn Cilnter, what come to Arkansas City somepip' like fo' year ago? Cock eyed he was an' sprung a trifle into his off knee." Thus without preamble or ceremony spake a stranger who entered old man Oreenlaw's saloon ono evening when tho usual occupants of tho place sat in their accustomed seats enjoying their tobacco in their favorite fashions. Save for a certain appearance of sup pressed excitement the stranger would not hnve been likely to attract tho atten tion of any who might havo met him on the street, There was, however, a cock-a-whoop sort of tone in his voice when ho spoke that distinctly failed to commend itself to the approval of those who heart! him speak on this occasion. Possibly for that reason there was a steady continuance In the room after ho had propounded his query of tho com plete silence which had been there before ho entered, This fact, after ho had paused long enough to realize It, seemed to surprise him somewhat, and he spoke again, "Anybody know anythin o' Ginter. Mosn Ginter, what dono come to Arkansas City fo' year ago or so? Cock eyed an' red headed he was, with his off knee sprung a trifle," There was no doubt of the fact that he spoke somewhat loudef tho second tlmn than tho first, and it also seemed that his tone had the least bit more of thn quality !08t indicated by the word cook-a-whoop, Then sllenco settled tlown In the room again. Just as tho stranger seemed to be about to speak for the third time .Jim rilaUde.ll opened his mouth. "Spnakln' o' cats," he observed, "Mis' Bluisdell was tellin' me last night how ol' Ma'am Qulgley's tabby cat done sucked tho breath plumb outen ono o' her cook's pickaninnies. Pears like It was nigh fatal." "I've knowod 'em to din sometimes when they done lose their breath," said V interbottom gravely. I "I wa'n't referrln' to the pickaninny," replied niaisdell with equal gravity, "but tho cook was so het up sho throwed a cleaver nt thn cat If it hadn't 'a' been how thn blame brute jumped 's quirk 's . It done she'd 'a' cut It plumb In two, Wav , -ii. nut ana;-, on uui nuum io lnciies off en Its tall." Ths stranger smote heavily on the bar with his list and said, "Anybody know " Hut before ho coutd speak further oltl man Greenlaw Interrupted him gently but firmlv. "That's my bar," ho remarked, "I reckon 'tis," assented tho stranger readily enough, "but I donn come here fo' to " "'Taln't reckoned mannersl n Arkansas City," continued the old man, still speak ing mildly, "fo" to go into no man's place 'thouten a Introduction an' bang his furniture to pieces." "Well," said tho stranger as If some what taken nback, "I reckon I ain't did no gro't damage, If 1 has I'm ready to pay. Heln' a stranger 'tain't" to be 'xpected how I o'n bo introduced reg'lar. but my name's Ounter, Moso Gunter, an' I done come to Arkansas City fo' to in quire " "Th' ain't but ono way p'vided into the etiquette books fo' a stranger to intro duce hlsself nnchul llko into a other man's s'loon," the old man went on, "an' 'pears liko yo' nil 'd make a heap better 'mpression if yo' was to come in like mo' of a gent 'stead o' rampin' round liko a wild ass o' the wilderness hee-hawin' 'bout Ginters nn' things." "Well, I just como iu fo' to " "Oh, hell! "said Joe Hassett, and knocked him down. "I reckon," said tho oltl man thought fully, as he prepared to throw thn pros trato form of the rash intruder out through tho doorway, "I reckon mebbe I'd a' saved somo val'ablo tlmn if I'd 'a' did that my own self, first off, Th'nln't nobody's dumb ns thorn t' won't'listen to reason, as tho Good, Hook says." "I dono como to Arkansas City," ho said, "fo' to 'nquiro if anybody knowed anythin' of a redheaded, cockeyed mm name of Olnter, Moso Ginter, what was a trifle spning In his off knee. 'Pears he done come to Arkansas City his ownself a matter o' fo' or five years ago, " I "Beats all," said oltl man Greenlaw, I sympathetically, "how a man'll get lost . signi ot in me co se o- tlmn. Don't al'ays I take 's long 's fo' years to tlo It neither, but yo" all couldn't 'a' hit on no better place 'n this fo' to ast about him, Th' ain't much goin' on 'round Arkatwts City what we tins don't know about, What I was yo' all sayln' the gent's name was?" "Ginter, Moso Ginter?" said thn stranger eagerly. "He was redheaded an' "Must 'a' been that llttln sawed off what done come hero fr'm Brownsville." said Joe Basset t, "He was the redhead edett Irishman. I ever toen, liow cauio ho donn changed his name, stranger? 'Pears like he said they called him Stumpy, 'count o' him not bein' full slzo." "Couldn't 'a' been him," said Mr. 'Gun ter "Ho wns some over six foot an' a trifin spning in his off knee. Name o' Ginter, Mose Ginter " "There was a Collin M Collins put up at tho hotel last summer fo' a spell," said Jako Winterbottom. "Mebbe that was htm, on'y 1 don't rail to mind how ho saitl anythin' 'bout tils middle name bein' Moses. Mo 'n likely 't was, though, bein' s Moses begins with M," "Ho didn't had no middle name," said Mr. Gunter impatiently. "His name was just plain Olnter. Mose Ginter." "Irfiok a hero!" exclaimed tho old man very sternly, "Yo'nll 'pears to bo alto gether too triflln. Mebbe it 'd bo better if yo' didn't talk so hell roartn' devious. Ginter M. Ginter mought not a' been Collin M. Collins, liko yo' all p'tend he was, but hn must 'a' had a middle name thn way yo' all tells it " "Hn ditl not," declared Mr.Gunterwlth great indignation. "His name was " "Wo uns tlono heer'tl that a'ready," interrupted the old man with equal heat. Stands to reason if his name was Ginter M. Ginter, like yn' nil is done told how 't was tno' 'n a hundred times, he must 'a' hud a middle name. Wotinell 's tho tmitter with yo' nil anyway?" "Le's havo another," said tho stranger with tho air of one who has lost hope. "Mebbo If I was to say it all over slow I c'd make yo' uns onderstand. My name 's Gunter. Moso Guntor, an there 's a yup fr'm up country calls hisself Ginter, Mosn Olnter. Ain't neither ono on us got no middle name 's fur 's I know, "Well, this hero yap -" i "I reckon 'taln't worth while to go no I furder, stranger," said the old man em phatically, "Yo' all sho' is twisted up I wuss'n a basket of eels, Just skip that thero part about tho names, an' him Mn' I red headed nn' slch an givo us the reel problem. What Is it yo' all wants to I know 'bout this hero cur'osity? Does ! he play tlrnw poker?" I "Not ns I ever heer'd," said Mr. Gun- ter, "but him luvlu' as nigh as ho Ins to , tho s unn name ns mo Is done made mo' I trouble fo' mo 'n I o'n stand," ' "Gone to yo' head, like," wld Hliisdal I commlserntinclv. "Mebbe H has," admitted Mr. Gunter "I get red hmded my own slf, now an' ng'in, just thinkln' of it. Mebbe that'sl 'long o him bein' red headed, naohul. I wa nt born tnaUway," "Givo us another drink," exclaimed Joe Bassett, somewhat wildly, "I'm lia ble to iret red headed my own self if I don't get drunk. Best thing yo' all o'n tlo. sir. uunter. tiunter, is to to gel ai 'lout Mr. Ginter Ginter. an' get drunk yo' own self, p'vidin' yo' hain't took too iiMiiti luiavi (.-(.tin itnu iiiv w j . has." "His name ain't Ginter Ginter." began thn stranger. "It's Just plain " "Don't make no dtff'ronco what his fool namo is. nor yo'n, neither," said the old man. "Theros on'y one question afo' the house at present, nn' that is, does yo' all play draw poker?" "That's what I done been tryin' to tell yo uns, f'm tho start, but 'peirs liko it's somo difficult fo' to get a hearin'," was the unexpected reply, "This hero Olnter, Moss Ointor. Iio'm a red headed " "Drop it!" shouted Joo IMssott vio lently, "if yo' nil has nnythln' to say, say It, but no more descriptions." "Well, 'pears llko he's goin' 'round p'tendin' to he me nn' destroyin' my reppytntion. If thorn's one thing what I on do better 'n anythin' else It's to play poker, but this hero yap is goin' round preachin' ng'in it, "Says It's a soul destroyin' vice an' didn't oughter be "lowed to lie played, not nowhere, by nobody. I was kind o reck'nln' on manhandlin' of him some vi'lont if ever I c'd como up with him 'long o' him bein' took fo' tne ns frequent as he is. "I hnnr'ri nn tlin lirvitu whiit hn wna . a, n " . -. -. ........ ..w ....... Ml... V.. . , , acu It, ' U k ,111 I J.l I horp 'long Irniit fo' year ngo an' I thunk'a blind in. Kind o' works better fo cockeyed an' sprung a trifle Into his off knee. But the others were already in the liack room seating themselves at the table and buying chips, and Mr. Gunter, seeming to realize that no was not likely to obtain any information regarding his near name sake, followed them to the card table. "Gimme two stacks," he said with some arrogance as he drew up a chair. "I al'ays likes to have chips enough to set in with at the start. Saves nuyin' so fre quont an' gives yo' a chanst fo to lwck yo hand proper if yo' get one, that Is if yo plays tahla stakes liko I reckon yo' does." And ho produced a $2 bill. The others looked at him in wondering Hence for a few moments and thon Win terbottom said very gently: "Wo uns was thinktn' o' playln' draw poker." "That's what I onderstood." said Mr. Gunter pleasantly, "but I wa'n't reck'nln' on playln' no limit game. 'Pears tike that a too triflln' if a man really knows how to play." "N'-no." said niaisdell thouchtftillv. "'tain't really wuth while fo' to play no limit game, mo' special if the limit is small. vto sometimes sets it at n hundred." "A hundred chips," said Mr. Gunter In surprise. "That 'pears to he some trlflin' too,. What's the good o' havln' so many chips on tho table 'Pears like it's better to to nave some value to em." "How much does yo' all most gen'ly ante when it's yo' age'" asked Pearsall. We uns don't b'lleve In puttin' too big A -....-1. l .... . rt man to know somepin' 'bout what he's bettin' on afo' ho puts up no gro't amount o money." "That's my idee 'xaotly." said Mr. Ounter comfortably, "Mostly we puts up one calls two, but if the game gets exoltln' like sometimes wo makes It two call a nickel," "Call a what?" roared Bassett, who had nad ft dazed appearance for some min- mebbo yo' all mought know somepin' 'bout him. "Havo another drink." said old man Greenlaw. "Why didn't yo' nil say that afo'?" "I was tryin' to, but " "That's ho, an' It oughter 1k a gro't moral ,lesson to yo' all, Joe," said the old man. "If yo1 nil hadn't butted in liko yo' done we'd 'a' knnwetl nil nlmnt n long ngo an' tho gamelmought 'a' been I utes. ; goin on fo a hour or mo'. Yo' all Is a "A nickel," said Mr. Guntor Innocently, heap too hasty. Joe, nn' It Interferes with "Yo' uns 'II have to 'xcuse me," said ; business. And hp got out the cards I Blaisdell rising. "I plumb fo'got how . and chips and started for tho lnck room. . I done promised the old woman what I'd Ieu1'5."k" yo, was somo hasty yo' i go home an' play backgammon to-night." I own iwlf. remarked the stranger. "I 'I'm goin' too," said Pearsall. "1 was i don t cal to mind nt ref 'renco ton gamo. reck'nln' on Bettin' Into a sociable came , 1 wjs iiHtlu bout this Ointer. Moso Oin- just fo' 'musement like, but I won't I ,eSv, ..I,, ' stand fo' no slch desprit gamblin' as this Does yo all play polter or don't yo'?" here buccaneer Is p'posln'. I've got . riAmnnll Mini ll.ii.-o.ll 1 1. ...... : T. . . . . . i . . . .. ii . j ' '""'ii.Kiy. to go to pra r ineetiu io-nigiii, , .I,"!10 B.llt Mr- (hinter, "but- -" , "Mebbe we o'd play marbles fo' keeps." i lh. i.'"nn" '".J" ' ho game," de-1 said Bassett anxiously, but the others ni . i' r " nm 1 noi '',Ren- to consider this antl one by ono .,,,.1" irt-u nuum tierr, not. Nor til" nin t no usn yo' all nstiti' ' nllaallnn, '!... 1.1... VT l . .mv, is yo, clared Mr. Olnter never, no mo" questions 'bout him gour to set In,' "Thnt's what I tlone como hern they strolled out of the room, leaving Mr. Gunter in a state of bewilderment. "I al'ays heer'd how this hero Arkansas City crowtl was o'nalti'ahln spo'ty," he said to old man Greenlaw when he went fn'." ..in 1 - Ml.... I.-!-, i . ' j., w.iiiir.., nm iwm n now i none into the tiarroom and found that gentle fr I'0'"8 how ")' ,1,", Ointer. man alone. "But 'neurs like th' ainTt none moss tilnler, done stopped off here 'long on 'em got no money to lose. Le's you bo ut fo year ago. I thought I'd Just nst an' me have a drink afo' 1 go," ?im 1 e . Ak.e y? , uns I i "I reckon yo' all better save yo' liable fo to reo lect him ir he reolly was money," said old man Greenlaw. "I don't here count o' bim belli red headed an' I 'keep no soft drlnka, nohow." NEW MORGAN BREED. Wealthy Horsemen Trying In Retire Once Popular Type, The Morgan Horso Club, which Is doing so much to revlvo the popularity of the Morgan horse, has opened futurity stake which promises to arous a lot of rivalry among the breeders ot this old fashioned breed, says the iforie- lhocrs' Journal As the Morgan Is not primarily a, speed horse a futurity for Morgan colts of necessity must be on very different lines from the futurities for trotting colts. l'or tho trottera tho futurities cannot be decided until tho eoltH become eld enough to race! they must bo at lease two years old. In the Morgan Cluos futurity, which le for foals of lffl. the stake will be divided next fall during the Vermont State Fair at 'Whlto River Junction, when the cleglble .colts and Allies must be shown to halter without their dams. Only n few years ago the extinction of the Morgans was threatened. But tho old fashioned breed which forty years ago enjoyed such prestige amonfcr men who enjoyed a cheerful, Intelli gent, rugged, suro footed roadster of some speed wns fortunate enough to re tain some earnest friends. Ts'ow there l no more active band of men In the coun try than the members of the Morcan Horso Club, who are laboring to place tho old time breed hack In public favor again. Manv of these men are wealthy N Yorkers who came originally from Verf mont, New Hampshire or northern ew York, where the Morgans predominated a generation ago, and who have never been nble to forget the merits of th breed of their boyhood days. Some ot these men have established breeding studs back in their old home towns and others have arranged with farmers W keen one or two brood mares for them. While It Is the general opinion that I the old time Morgan blood has been diluted and thinned during the ia quarter of a century that It no Ions" I exists In any degree of purity, this l I far from being so, It Is asserted. Th" .are plenty of mares and stallions ny' 'ing ten or more crosses of the I'Inoil ti i Justin Morgan; a not lncnnsilerat. number hnve twenty-five crosses of tw horse's blood, and there are a few naij I Ing front forty to sixty crosses nf ru blood, from which It may be seen in 'the Interbreeding of stallions and m" having so many cronses of Morgan , will rapidly bring the breed back 1" " state It enjoyed some forty when the name of the brstd stood i4 all that waa best In the read hone