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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, April 07, 1912, SECOND SECTION, Image 26

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THE SUN, SUNDAY, APRIL 7, 1912.
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PROBLEMS FOR SUN
READERSJO SOLVE
Lesson to Bridge Players Not lo
Bo in Too Great a Hurry
to Buff.
MATHEMATICS OF CBAPS
Mafic Square and Magic Star In a Novel
Puzzle A Teaser at
Checkers.
BHdgo iTohlcm No. 186. by J. W. Miller,
mado o pret nslons to being difficult,
but wu intended rather to convey a use
ful lemon in the management of the trump
suit In those situations In whtoh the be-
ginn r l umtnll found to loo tricks
by being in too great a hurry to ruff the
adversaries' winning cards. Here W the
rllstrlbutl n:
03 8 6 2
0 ..--.-
eK X
'" Clubs are trumps and Z 1 in the lead.
V and Z want two trick! against any de
fence. The solution to for Z to sacrifice both
his spades and to let Y manage the play
in the trump Milt. Whichever simile 7,
bad" A wins, and the continuation do
ponds on A's lead for the next trick.
If A loads thu uco of trumps V plays
i mall a 1 must mnku both quren and ten
later, because if A leads a spade Y will
refute to trump it, nnd when A next leads
trump the queen kills H's jack and the
ten to high.
If A lends the spado right back Y dis
cards n diamond, o ns to compel A to
lead a trump for the nctt trick. H has
nothing to gain by ruffling the. spade, os
he would then have to lead up to Y, who
lie over A. When A leads the trump Y
puts on the queen second hand and leads
thee.
This th'ows II into the lead, unless A
wastes his ace and make the ten good for
a trick. It H leads a diamond A must
play the ace to hhut Y out; or If he does
not piny the uco Y trumps with the ten
and gets the second trick at once.
If A leads a small trump for the second
trick, so as lo prevent the diamond dis
card from Y's hand, Y puts on the queen
and leids the diamond. If I) to lert in the
lead A's guarded ten of trumps is good.
If A trumps the diamond and leads a
mall trump to H's jack he cannot catch
Y'a ten with the ace. becnuse he cannot
get in before i" can overtrump.
Correct solutions from-
Algernon Bray, Murr.ty Corrington,
Merrimack. James ttunter, V. J V
Henry Andresen. W. Ogden. II K Tha w.
H. C. Hill, Jay Reed. K. K. Beatty. J. B..
fturton D. Blair, D. Perry, H. (!. Braine.
William H. Haynos, J. W. Wort7, K. M.
Frost, Kenneth S. Hogg, Florence S. lpf,
D. A.W., Frank Roy. W. A. Bulkley, W. T.
Bauakett, Helton. Keystone. D. Shinns,
C. F. Johnson. W. W. Dudley, II. I'. Hill.
James Steeu, A. J. Schmutz, A. C. Slier
wood, H. A. McClclIan. Charles M. Hoot.
George B. Glover, F., Beebe, Walker Mc
Martin. C. F. Darling. B. I,. Monkhouse.
H. A. W., Pauline .Vewbold, Max Williams,
B. M. C, Herbert Riker, H. C. Root und
H. M. Beaton.
There were a number of compliments
for the author of this little problom. H.
K. W. calls it "a puzzling littlo thing."
C. F. Darling say,: "Though compara
ttrely easy to solve, it is much more
meaty than it looks." Charles M. Root
says: "This littlo six catder In n dandy."
H. K. Thaw says: '1 here nro some lovely
blind alleys in this one." W. A. Bulkley
ays: "May Mr. Millor'a shadow never
grow less." Jay Reed and Frank Roy
both call attention to tho beauty of the
defence against the heart opening, which
Heed says is "one of tho prettiest things
jn a long time."
Once more Tim Sun- has the ploaaure
of introducing a new composer, who is
one of thn crack players at tho Knicker
bocker Whist Club of Xew York.
DRIDQE rnOLBKM NO. 188.
By Sidney S. Lenz.
p. 10
06
6
tf I Y
A S 4 3 A B J
o A B oo, j a
A ft I. z io
0 O o 0
lo ol lo .' lo o
9
4 1 P
LJLi
o o !
Kl wfj
3SC
There are no trumps and Z is in thu lead.
He says he ran get six of thn remaining
tricks gaiut any defence. How does
he propose to manage It?
rnecKKii r.NPisns
The only fault that might be found
with problem No, i6 nt tluit it had
two key moves, either of which might
iw inude first, so that the other followed,
This was tho distribution: Black men
on 16. 23, :, King on u. White men on
7, II. kings on t and in. White to play
and win. Heir are the moves that solve:
trui
I ft
M -.7
in - s
i-23
Black,
U 1
White inav play SI 27 first, and then
play 1 .1; ut U 15 will not solve, be
cause white cannot gain any advantage
r.t position by the exchange.
fVuriwt solutions from
Herbert D M.irtln, Dr George Hetrich,
Walker McMarlln, i harles M Hoot, Ag.
lies Donn.in Pruhan, James Ween, C f.
Lynn, William Hondo), C. ti. (lelwlcks.
A, J. I)., W, I,. Ilarteaux, Herman Horst,
Jr., Country NutticRger, Lemon Thom
son. D. A. W., llotiry Lowe, Itoltert 'J',
liliiir. Ilmllv WGriluim. Cvrus llrnwnr.
I John A. Phillips. Milton O. Isbell, VT. J.
i Hatfield. V. ('.. Htlsted. James A. (Invti.
K. It. Lelth. O. It. Boston nnd K. M. 1'arkor. ,
Hre is a little problem that in nltnto-
'tlva ,. n4iimt rT Itu ulmtitlntf t. tttwl Itu '
j resemblance to a portion that might
risn in tuiy aiuH across wit; ooum. ji
wait sent to TlIK HUN liv n onrrexnonilenf
who says he had a good deal of trouble
with it. but doi'H not know the author:
PROBL1M NO. t(W CHKCKKB1?.
Illack.
""
White.
VThlte to play and win.
MAOtO 8TAHS IN I'ltl.MKS
This problem, which was to find the low
est possible number of pieces required to
made a five pointed stur in which each
line of four prime numbers should add the
same In all directions, brought out u great
many answers that fell just a little snort
of the true solution.
The onlv restriction in the arrange
ment was that only prime numbers should
be used nnd, so fur as heard from, the bent
that any ofTite Mux readers cm do is to
get it down to a total of 180. bv the ar
rangement shown in tho following dia
gram. Thlsudds seventy-two each war. and the
trick seems to he to got the lo wet prime
numbers available for tlm outer points
of tho star nnd then to till in with tho
smallest numbers that will lit. No ouu
seems to have discovered any rule for
it. Tho only correct solutions woro from:
Krnest Bergholt, Charles D. Shuldh.un,
y . It. Fraprie. W. A. Bulkley, Howard C.
Warren and H. C. Hill.
STAR AND SQUA11E COMBINED.
It is related that the wise man of the
Fast, finding his son so proficient ill the
arrangement of both magic squares and
msgio stars, thought he would try his skill
iion tlio two combined, and, accordingly,
he set before him one day a curious piecu
of wood, inlaid with circles or a different
color, something like this:
"Here are 3(f) pieces of silver," he ex
plained "You may placeasmanyofthom
as you please within each of the circles,
but every e'rele must contain n different
number from any other circle and nono
must l left vacant
"The only condition I shall make is that
every line of four circles shall add up the
same, and a there are fourteen of tln-o
lines, lour vertical, rour liori.ontal, four
exterior diagonals and two interior, I
shall 1)0 pleased to see if you can accom
plish the tusk witli so few as 300 pieces "
"It looks a lot," remarked the sou (are
lessly. "I think I ouht to do It with
less "
"If you can," replied tho old man, "all
that are left are yours."
What was tho result of this test?
TlIK CTUr BIIOOTKRS.
This problem, which was to find the
precise odds against throwing both sit
and nine before throwing seven, u.smg
two dice, seems to have brought out an
array of talent, and also developed a large
difference of opinion as to the correct
method of stating the proposition alge
braically. J. W. Miller and Algernon
Bray agree on this:
"The probability that nine will come
first Is 4-15, If nine comes first, then the
probability that six will show before
even Is 0-11. Therefore, the probability
that both nine and six will come before
even in this order is
4 G 4
X In like manner If we
IS 11 3.1.
take six coming flr.it and nine next. It to
1 3 3
3 5 IS.
The sum of these probabilities. 4-3.1 and
:'-l.'., Is 14-55, which Is the total probability
of nine and six belug both thrown before
ht'Ven,
This makes tha odds 41 to 14 against,
which is about 0 to 2, as we deduct tho
numerator, 14, from the denominator, 55,
and then reduce.
On tho other hand, I,. Grossbaum and
J. W. Cromwell, .Jr., the latter a professor
of mathoniatlfs in Washington, get this-
"The chance of Cm winning is unitv,
minus his chance of losing. Ills cliuuce
of losing Is that both A and B will lient
him, or that both nlnu and six, regard
less of order, will preoedo seven.
"The chance that nine precedes seven
4 2
li obrlouely . The chance
48 5
S 6
that six precedes seven i - ,
& It
The ohanoe that both nine and six pre-
2 5 2
eede aeTen ! the product: x --
B 11 II
1 e
Therefore C'a chnnoe to I and
the odds against him are 0 to 2."
The more complete method of demon
strating this to as follows- 'I ho chance
of any number other than 7, fl or a turn
ing up in a single throw to
l 6 4 21
---I -fl
HA 38 Bfl
1
The chance of both 11 nnd 0. reim-il.
less of order, occurring before 7 to rep.
resented by
fill f 211 rat'i
J -I -I ll-ll- 1-1
ui-
1 so r ma
ISSl 38
an ' a
an
l I
fSfll 'Sfll
15 ' 15 ' 45
The chances ugainst C are ihorefnre '
S7to8 or about li to V Ml other solutions
sent In gae no method and iters en 1
tlre.lv wrong
1
11 37 l7
5 13
TT TvT
C) I I )C .I if)
1 x x I I y . I
ROYAL BIDS BORROW
FROM ALL THE SUITS
Three Uhcs for tho Spade Coil and
Three Answers by the Third
Hand.
EFFECT ON NO THUMPER
An F.rror to Suppose That the New
Count Is To-) Favorable to
liojai Spado.
The moment you Introduce a new
suit or advance the value of nil old one
In bidding at royals in bridge you must
borrow from all tho other suit declarations
to fill the place this now one creates.
Just as soon as you promote spades to a
lighting suit you will find that many
of the hands upon which the dealer would
be content to bid a spado at auction are
long enough In the spade suit to justify
a royal, nnd many of the hand that
were two-trick no-trump Invitations will
come under the sinio head If the spade
suit is long as well as strong.
Any person taking tip royals for the
first time should have clearly lieforo him
the three uses for the spade call and the
three answers to it by the third hand. '
t. Onn spade, to show that he passes
the deeliratlon.
2. Two spades, in thow that he can aisltt
a no triimper with Borne wlnnlnr card
in a short pado suit.
.1. A royal spade, to show that hn wants
spades for trumps.
The declaration of any one of these
should preclude tlm others or the partner
will bo misled. When tho denier starts
with one spade he denies strength enough
In spades to assist a no-triimpcr nnd he
denies two sure tricks In any of tho other
suits or he would name them.
When the deater starts with two spades
lie denies length in tho spade suit; denies
two Biire tricks in any lietter suit, but
shows at least two sure trinl.s In the spade
suit itself and one trick outside to justify
the extra trick call.
When tho tlealor starts with a royal,
he does not enje what his partner haa, le
eaiis he would rather play thj hand with
spades for trumps at niun a ti el: than
take any chances with n no-tiuinper.
The original call of a loyal means much
the name a a two-heart call did In auction:
"Partner, please let me alone, unless you
know what you are doi tig."
It is interesting to examino the results
of applying this sjvtem of declaring to
the .' hands which were analysed with
a view to discovering the percentage of
the original declarations at auction.
In that gnme it was found that there
were 222 one-spade culls, and sixteen
two-spade bids by the dealer.
Ah soon as wo Introduce the element
of a royal spade we reduce the two-spade
calls to i, becnuse 7 of them are lietter
royals, nnd wu reduce the ouo-spade
calls to 1st, ns ;i" of the hands which fell
into this class lecomo royals
Add these together nnd we get IS royals
in .VH) deals, which is just equal to the
number of hands on which we would have
declared n diamond in the same 500.
As there were fiO heart hand to 45
diamond hands in those ivt deals at
auction, the question naturally suggests
Itself whether this superiority of hearts
was not due to giving that suit the prefer
ence over diamonds whenever an oppor
tunity offered for n choice If the answer
to in the afllrtnnthe, then why should
we not examine not only the hearts but
the diamonds und the clubs, to see if
them are not some of them that would
yield the place to a royal spade call If
there were n choice, on account of it
gieater iiliie. Just us we pick a heart
In preference to n diamond.
Hut why stop at the suit declarations'
There are surely many bands upon which
no-trump would be the original call at
auction which would never take that risk
If tho spade suit were worth more than
hearts. Teachers aie never tired of
drilling it into their pupils that n safe
heart is better than a risky no-truinper,
however littM the riss: nay be. Why
should not the same rule apply to royals?
Take this hand as an example of the
difference the promotion of the spado
suit will make:
OA 9 3
4)1J!
, 10 J
K r. a 7 4 3 I Y I c e
j ic. a a p (ii
10 6 O OAK 87
5 -. A 7 6
CJQ J 10 8
a r. 4
K J 9 8 4 Z
t 2
At am lion, ', whs quite justilled in
declaring no trumps 011 hiscnrttonsdeuler,
a he to king-jack abovj u vera go and
protected In three suits. A mid Y passed,
but B culled two diamonds, living un
able to stop the diamond suit or shift,
unless to hearts, passed, having no
fear of B's going game, but Y, who could
stop the diamonds, went to his partner's
assistance with two no-trumps, which
effectually stopped II Tho contraot
was set for fifty points, because H got u,
diamond lead fiom his partner and made
five diamonds by getting in again with
the ace of spades.
While it must bu admitted that this to
peilectly legitimate bidding for both
7. and Y at auction, Z's opening call would
be lather injudicious at royals, because
if wo suppose for n moment that his spades
are hearts mid give the hand to uny bridge
player, the wisdom of declaring hearts
in preference, to no trumps would bo
at once apparent.
if 7. declares one royal on these cards
and overculls It's two diamonds with
two royals, or even with three if pushed
to it, ho will make flvo by cards, four
honors, and the gtmo, a difforenoe of
131 points, without oountlng the oqulty
of 125 for a game won,
In tho 5ii) deals which wrre examined
for the opiiiiin;; bids at unction, th"re
wero 12J original no-trutupers; nearly
twice as many us hearts and threo times
us many as diiiiioiids If we examine
these hands under the new count we shall
find only seventeen of them should be
royals Instead of no-trump1).
That luings our total up to 15, plus 17,
or 02 royals so far iti 511 deals In the
heart suit itself we llml only six that would
he better royals under the new count,
which brings our total to sixty-eight
In the diamond calls we tind Iho more
that are better original royals, which
eirries u along It wjv.vity-three In
the smnll numlmr of club culls we Unci
but one hotter royal, st that the (able
of proportional declaration for the
new count would stand about this way:
DKCLARATtOM IN COO BXALS.
Orl t lnl no irumptrs by the cteale r 10S
Origins! royals bj Ihedcslrr 71
OrlelnM hearts by the dealer M
Orlrlnal illamomts by the dealer. 4i
Orlttnal rluba by the dealer 2t
Original two spades by thcilealet
Original onr spade by ihe dealer Ill
Total.. .. to)
Aa already pointed out in the previous
analysis, this proportion might not hold
for another 500 deals, and it would take
a very large number of deals to arrive
at the exact figures, but it will be seen
that the eliding soale seems to bo well
maintained, gradually diminishing in
number aa the hands grow less valuable
until we get to the passing hands These
are reduced from 44 per cent, to 37 per
cent, under the now count.
As an example of the class of hand
that would be considered a safer heart
than no trump at bridge or auction, take
these cards:
OK 10 6 6 4
04 2
6 2
s?4 J 6 2
J 9
0 A X l 10
9
4)0, a 1 3 2
o.j a 7
J 10 7 6
9 (
3 A K 10 9 4
A
Of 3
4A K 6 4 2
As originally played Z pt el erred the
heart call, which II went uvor with two
In diamonds. Upon Z's going on to two
hearts it was A that went three dia
monds on the strength of his ability
to ruff hearts on the second round, which
was rather forward bidding, but it in
duced 7. to risk three in hearts, which
B double ,
Now if 7. shifts to no trumps A knows
to lead a diamond, ho 7, had to let It Btand
at threo hearts doubled and lose 100
points on the contract through bciur
afraid to finesse against two cards in
trumps.
A led the diamond, and after two
rounds 11 shifted to the singleton spade.
7. let this run to the queen and led the
trump, B playing low. As 7. figured
that the trumtw might lie two and three
nnd that B would cover with lioth queen
and jack he put on the king and led
the ace. Then he led the ace of clubs
to get out of dummy's way und followed
with the king of spades, which B trumped.
B draw dummy's trump and then led
another diamond, forcing Z, but A had
to give dummy a club trick after making
the jack of spades.
Under the now count Z's hand to a
lietter royal, as tho high cards in heart
are more easy to establish an trick win
ners than the three minor cards in spades.
While B will certainly bid two diamonds,
he cannot afford to risk throe diamonds
against two royals Neither can A, as
ho cannot ruff Z's "declared suit. Even
If throe diamonds were bid, 7. can afford
to risk three royals just as quickly as he
would go three hearts.
In this play after two rounds of dia
monds B will lead the heart queen, as
his singleton is a trump. Z will make his
ace of clubs, lead two high trumps first
and then put dummy in to make the king
of clulw on come through B with a
heart so as to finesse tho nine, forcing
A's last trump and leaving 7. threo by
oards, instead of the lost) that was actually
Incurred on the heart contract.
Here Is an instance of giving the pref
erence to a royal In a hand which would
otherwise be two diamonds-
A B
2
A 7
O J 6
97943
O 3 10 4 2 I y I 9 B
J 9 8 2 A nM
8 I z
- OA 8
A
OK 10 9 6 4 9
4) a a : 10
6 3
10 4
As originally played, when Z bid the
diamond A and Y passed and 1) overeat led
with two clubs. This pushed Z to two
diamonds, which all pasjod. Had A
been tempted to to a no tmmper he would
hao come to grief on tho unmentioned
suit, spades.
A led the club and dummy put on the
ace, Z discarding a heart. The finesse
of the jack of trumps lost to the queen
and let A lead another forcing club. A
then won one of Z's two equals in trumps
with the uce und led clubs once moro. At
this point Z made the mistako of pulling
both A's trumtis und then trying to drop
the king of spades.
Falling in this, he let in three clubs
and loet 50 points on his contract. His
proper pluy was to clear the spades first,
even If he left tho long tr ump ugainst
him, which would luve made three bv
curds but not the game, lids Is a use till
lesson in trump management for the
beginner. I
in this hand under the old count the
spade suit to worth nothing except ns
an us-ltance to the trump suit, nnd
the only choice that Z has is between u
diamond und no trump. As the cards
lie this would have fulled ns a no trumper
because A Would open with tho juck of
heart and Z would have no wuy of
getting dummy Into tlm lead to try the
xiiudti flnecse, evert if ho enred to
risk 11 thing with ten of the suit between
the two Imndrt.
With kpudes ut nine u trick this hand
to u better loyal than a diamond, as it
can go iitnrto w ith one trick less, and it
is butter than no trumps because it is
safer. It may ovoniill a royal with two
clubs, but Z will certainly pt 011 to two
ovals, as he ran ruff cluln.
Whether or not II would risk three
clubs at six u tiick is a question, especially
with tlm spades 011 thu wrong side of his
king. Fven if ho does Z will go three
rovuis, us ins loss cannot no large
if played us 11 royal Z wins four by pards
and the gutim easily. A will open the
club und Z will get n heart discard on the
first trick. Ho cannot lose anything by a
finesse in spades, us diamonds or hearts
must come up to him. but in-anting that
he does not tuku it und lets the king make,
all he can loo after that to two diamond
tricks no matter how the canto lie.
I I his seems to leud to tho conclusion that
11 royal ni'ty not only tie the best form of a
spado cull, but it may lie safer tluin no
trumps, better than an equally strong
heart and easier to go gumo with then an
enunllv strong diamond.
But there Is one objection to the royal
that statistics do not bear out, and that is
the contention that It would nractienlli-
I put an nd to no-trumpers.
' "If they pluy royui spados at nine a
I trick," say tho objectors, "It will be all
suit makes, as they are safer."
' So far from this being the case, the
effect seems simply to be to cut down tho
1 hands on which the dealer passed, or
uskeil his partner to do something with
the spade suit, and that there has been
I very little iutet ference with the no-trumpers
turning mi average of only 13 per
cent, into suit makes.
As all the other rnynl declarations are
I borrowed from other suits, it cannot be
said thut those have cut down the no-
1 Irumpers, because they never were no-
llrumpers If it is onlv about seventeen
.hands In 5io. or less than av. ner rem.
I list are loyuls instead of no-trumps, the
statement that tlm new count makes
. everything a royal spade nnd nothing a
no-trumper must be largely errons us.
MISSISSIPPI BASIN
ALIVE WITH BOATS
Craft Casting Off From Winter
Moorings Indicate the Open
ing of a Busy Season.
SHOW BOATING THE RAUE
Sonic Trawl Over 6,000 Miles In 11 War
and Delight Scores of Quiet Towns
Along tho Mighty Hlver.
I'ittsburo, I'., April 6. The show
boat Hippodrome, has moved up into
the upper Ohio rler and Its summer
season has begun. The Hippodrome
will give shows at the Iron villages nnd
ronl towns along the Monongnheln. The
show boat Cotton lllossom, In tow of
the steamer Sophie M,, has stnrtcd up
the Great Knnawha river, and Is giving
melodrama nt the landings along that
stream. Some twelve or fifteen other
show boats are afloat. As soon ns (he
people get over the high wnter excite
ment they will listen for the toot of
the showboat calliope down nt the river
landing.
The Mississippi basin show boat Is
a creation of great Importance to Hi')
residents of riverside towns and land
ings. At scores of river. towns, which
do not have railroad connections, and
nt many railroad towns which are with
out theatres the show bont takes the
place of thentre troupes of the road.
In fnct, the show boat makes some of
the river towns unprofitable stands for
travelling rail following troupes.
Show Imatlng Is one of the historical
institutions of the Mississippi, dating
back to the great migration westward
down the Ohio In the 1780s, at which
time there appeared on the river song
and dance artists. Tlio show boat ap
peared on the Ohio and Mississippi be
fore the Krle canal opened, and they
grew numerous after the Erie canal
opened, when It was the custom of
performers to move westward along th
ICrle, take In some of the lake ports,
and then cross to rittsburg, where
boats could be bad for trips down the
Ohio to New Orleans.
Long before the Revolution there
were Mississippi Hlver performers who
moved up nnd down the Mississippi
from New Orleans to tho settlements
at Natchez and other bottom towns.
Theso performers gave exhibitions and
passed tho hat. T.ie floating theatre,
with stage nnd auditorium and troupe,
however, did not appear till about 1817,
when the Ludlow-Smith combination
appeared on the Cumberland.
These two actors, who were famous
not only In the Mississippi show boat
business but in the theatrical annals
of the country, were never proud of
their show boating. When they had u
falling out they accused each other of
having been shanty boat actors, and in
their biographies did not tell how they
personally wero show boaters. The
show boat business In those days had
not become a legitimate branch of his
trlon
naBHrWE b seldom
XTPMBsfppi W Mitnr boats seldom
the
boasted of It afterward.
Nevertheless the show boat business
before the civil war was In treat vogue.
There were minstrels, circuses,' melo
drama, song and dance, a vaudeville,
magic, merry-go-rounds, fiddling and
concerts, In fact all the varieties of
shows from pantomime to straight elo
cution. There were such artists as Bol
Smith, N. M. Ludlow, the Chapman
fnmlly, the Frenches, and probably 95
per cent, of the actors who played In
Mississippi River towns also played on
stages In flatboats to river landing
audiences.
Some of the old time show bouts werr
suspicious outfits. Some carried with them
a crew of river pirates, who when the
boat was tied up at a town landing
were well able to hold their own In a
pitched battle. The women could fight
as well ns the men, nnd the plnys they
save wr re often just what Mark Twain
describes In "Huckleberry lTnn." Thci-e
river plrntes, masquerading as nctors
anil iictressts, picked pockets, worked
flim-flam games und gambled. Down to'
this day little gnmbtng boats some
times have a side line of performances.
The modern show bont Is an entirely
different proposition. Capt. Hmerson's
outfit represents an outlay of $30,000,
uud rapt. Markle spent about $50,000
on a boat 1G0 feet long and 42 feet wide.
These boats, which nfe theatres on
barges, are towed up and down the river
fiom town to town. They have advunce
niieiil.1 and towns iro billed 111 advance.
They carry printing outfits und keep the
towns abend flooded with llteruture.
Thentre wars are not Infrequent on
the ilver, for there are ninny show
bouts, lurge und small, and sometimes
one show boat will slip In uhe.id of
another show boat and draw off the
cream of the town's amusement fnnils.
The Kmerson and Markle troups In
clude about fifty people. They have
orchestras of fifteen or twenty Instru
ments, und It takes n large steamboat
to supply the power for moving up und
down streum the electric lights and
printing presses.
A bout truvels ubout C.OOO mill s In
u car, Hnd a year ago the Cotton lllos
soni went up the Missouri Hlver hun
dreds of miles, giving some of the
liver towns along that stream their
Hist uppoitunlty to see a show In many
yenis. The success of the venture wns
such that, In spite of snags, sandbars
und currents, the Missouri Hlver Is now
a show boat river.
Melodrama with vaudeville Intermis
sions Is the common type of show, but
from time to time higher flights ate
made, and Shakespeare even has been
adaptid for river use. Of course the
big river show boats all carry moving
pictures In these days nnd the variety
of productions on the river Increases
lather than decreases. The quality im
proves as rapidly as the ilver landing
tnstc,
Followers of the theutilcnl circuits,
especially the vaudeville circuits, have
iniiuy of them hud showboat experience
and they uny thnt In these days the
show bout Is the best of the travelling
experiences. The performers have their
own rooms on the steamboats or show
boats and there Is 110 packing or un
packing, 110 lushing hither und yon
from train lo thentrc. to hotel and
hack to train ugaln. Between shows
Iheie is nothing to do but rend, lounge
around, keep the boats In order nnd go
over new propositions, of course there
are troubles sometime and there In a
inonotonv In the life, nevertheless
1 here nro uctors nnd net 1 esses who hnve
followed the river forbears und others
Mho look back to river scusons with
regret.
BXOOKI.YM ADVKItTfftlSMKNTS.
j XI
THE DOUBLE S. tt H. Green Trading" Stomps on cash purchases VUtX
before H. Premium
j vxnjvtsT'u'ixruivvw'irvvvvwM'ri"""i mmm,mmmmmmmmtmmmmmm'
,ruxnjvxAjsjijxjsjvsjvrM'V'V-M'sjit"rii' -
Get the Free Housefurnishings Early
The demand to enormous. Cut Glaii, Silverware, Bcdiprcads, Ulnnku
etc., In exchange for S. ft H. Stamp In the Premium Parlor, Fourth pi r.
Double Stamps on cah purchnies before 13 o'clock.
1hl uses Brus IMu. 2
In, posts, scorn top, I In.
ninnf ril: bright latin
or.gteia.Ub. 12.98
ThU IIS SB Hrss fled, J
In.ronllnunm tubing, H
In. lllllni rods; bright
Ulln or tmlct 13,98
Shelf Springs $9.98 up
Brass Beds $8.98 up
White Enamel Beds. . .$2.98 up
Iron Couches $4.98 up
Pillows 75c up
$40.00 Royal Wilton
$35.00 Axmlnster Rug's, 9x13 , feet,
nt $13.98.
$1.75 Savcnnerle Carpet, $1.19.
85c. Brussels Carpet, 55c.
All Carpets Made,
Draperies for the Summer Cottage
for windows, doorways and beds. Pickings from the
stock of our Upholstery Store, whicih includes every
thing that daintiness and
$3.00 ruffle Swiss Bed Set
With colored border; full
tilt
1.49
Ruffle Swiss Curtains
with colored bor- ne- QQ
ders; pair 'C "C
60c 75c, 98c. Not-
ffpnr.u?eC.ur:39c.49c,69c
$1.50 colored cross-stripe Cur no.
tains, at, per pair "
$1.50 Scrim Curtains, white or no-
Arabian, per pair
60c. ruffle Swiss Curtains, per 1Q
pair, at OYC
$1.50 washable Ccuch Covers, Mc
Spring Silks, Wool, Si" & Cotton Fabrics
Every pattern worth seeing and quality ' corth
plying a needle through or taking the pains to fit at the
lowest prices ever quoted for gown materials. The
counters will be jammed by 9:30. Come earlier.
"Black Dress, Goods.
$1.15 grade 54-lneh all-wool jrr
Surah Serge; per yd "W-
75c. grade 50-lnch all-wool CQ
Storm Serge; per yd u"C
Ic. grade 54-inch Mohnir suitable
55c,
for Bathing suits and scpa- qn
rate Skirts, at. ner vd U7fc
Colored Dress Fabrics.
$1.35 navy blue Whipcords, 53- OQr
inch, all wool; per yd . OVl
89c. grade 56-inch gray fancy Ar
9c. grade 56-Inch gray lancy a a
Suitings; per yd . . . IV
Cream Serges Mill lengths, 3 t6
8
?3Tncrr.ryd:o44c,69c,79c
$1.00 Foulard Satins,
Yard Wide, 79c. Yard.
79. Messnllne Satins, one yard wide;
black and colors, also white CQr
and cream; per yd., at. u"C
98c. Black Satin Messnllne, one Qr
yard wide; fine grade; yard , ""
$1.35 grade Black Tnffeta pt-
"Cenrt Tear," per yd VC
$1.00 Black Moire Velour; very 7Qr
fine; per yd., at Iy
FISH BREEDING PROFITABLE.
An; Our With Suitable Wuttrx Can
Kaslly .Make It Productive.
The most Important thins to Know
lit NtticHliitf la the rlulit kind of water
Hiiltable to your flh ami to plant the
younic dull whern tliey will ho able tu
feed anil not he Kobblml up by largo
prtHUiceouo (IhIics, nayn ti writer In the
Outdoor ll'or'tl.. I'rofotislonal breeder
uro no plentiful, und younc llsh. es
pecially fry, arc to cheap, that any one
having suitable water can easily make
It productive under rlulit conditions.
For river or bioolc tlNUtnic that Ik
free to all It in much tho bent to put
both Iry and flngerlln In the tniilii
Htrram whore the Hilling Is done, and
not In brookH. There are many reasons
for eo dolnif. In thu lurjjer streams
there are better ohunces for abundant
food, more room to bo active and urow
lurRer, and much leu chance of lielim
catiRht.
On the other hand, when you do
plant In lurgo streams be careful to put
the young fish In nhallows where you
know large fish do not abide or are
likely to visit. Waters near tho mouth
of brooks uro nlwaj'H the best places
to plant young trout. Never put young
trout In a brook that Is deep,
1 know such a brook where many
thousand tlsh had been planted and
upon one occasion I started to llh It,
as tho main dream was flooded, in n
placo where tho water was a yard nnd
a half deep, but only a yard wide, where
It ran through a meadow near the main
I Btream, I caught hIx fish, tho aggregate
weight being fourteen poundn. Tlice
I llsh they wero brown trout had run
. up In tlila quiet water and were gorged
to tho bursting point with young trout.
I I know thin titretcli of nrook wnter to
be better Ashing than the muln etream,
becnuKo tho young flah are helpless to
nvniil being eaten up.
Never plant bass In trout water, either
1 lake or stream. If you have a pond
i or lake that is fed by cold springs or
u brook containing no coarse HhIi -
bass, pickerel, chub or perch then by
all mcuns put In trout nperkled. I'laul
me young pbii hi pebbly hIuiIIohh near
tho cold wnter and they will thrive.
They are more likely to run up n brook
BROOKLYN ATVKRT!P;MKN T.
I
,a ;5Wr,o,.,i?''nl
Parlor, I'ourtn rioor
vOJ
-
This M lira licil. :
In. posts, door knnh
vntrs, I In, filling nut.
bright Mtln or pew
finish; all Id QR
Box Couches $7.98 up i
Steel Springs $1.69 up j
Uribs 9J.Y5 up
Sanitary made Mattresses,
v $1.98 up
Rugs,9xl2Feet,$26.98
$1.10 Velvet Carpet, B9c.
$1.40 Inlaid. Linoleum, 98c.
$16.00 China Matting", Roll, $c0o.
$7.00 China Matting", Roll, $1.50.
Laid and Lined Free.
utility can desire.
1 5c. colore'd Curtain Scrim, per
10c
15c
yd., at
35c. heavy stripe Curtain Scrim,
per yard, at
75c. Cretonne, 50 Inches wide,
49c
per yd., at .'.,
30c. Foreign and Domestic Cre
tonnes, at. rcr yd
16c
Large assortment Utility Boxes, $1.G5
up.
JAPANESE BAMBOO PORCH
BLINDS.
o oc
.5x8 60c
6x8 72c
I 7x8 84c
48c
8x8.
9x8.
10x8.
13x8.
. 96c
$1.03
$1.20
$1.44
.50 double-faced Satins, oil 1 Oft.
silk; yard wide; per yd... . I.fc"
Cotton Wash Goods.
,9c. DressChambroy; fast colors; m
at, per yd . , "-W
40-Inch Printed Kimono Lawns; fast
colors; suitable for long and ei .
short Kimonos; per yd. .. -C
No C. O. D., Mail or Telephone
1 Orders Filled.
25c. Printed
Volles-Mlll
lengths,
10c
bordered
yd
Voiles; per
18c. Stripe Voiles Stylish
and white stripe Voiles;
per yd. . . . t
bUk
10c
1 9c. Blue Cheviot Yard wide uasli
Cheviots in blue tints, for gents'
shirts and boys' waists; j r
per yd I -
I8o. Extra Fine Percales Mill lengths;
yard wide shirting t j -styles:
rcr vard. at. .. I" -l
wJU
than to run down from the brook IntJ
the hike.
If you want to grow bass you will
only be cufce.tsful when the water U
suited to them. I know a tnuri who Imi
u lovely littlo trout Htrram on Lnn?
Iriluud where thu water Ih cold, it tuni
through boggy hind, therefore tht)
Htreiun l muddy and ohullow, two fitt
In mud, and In plarcn It has not nmre
than fclx Inches of water. The tiout
have been thero for iige.i without clock
ing. They do not multiply because if
the lack of food and deep wuter. h l,e
says; "I tiliull put buss In." Tlila U
really the worst thing to do, becuui
Ihiks will mi all Ids trout and then dl,
being In untmttuhlo wuter.
liakH require cold water, with .1 ilf-P
rooky bottom, In either rler or lake,
Hiikn will not, und cannot exist In -list
low water. They do not like mud tl.r
want and must have pebbles or Mind
tho bottom, and the water muM In t
leust Blx fiet deep, the (let per U'J
better. Young buss, like trout, r-hmill
be placed III wlialloWM where Itugi ll"'i
cannot swim. After baen im lour
Inches lung they uie wife unywheie
If trout ure not present In slow m
lug deep cold" NtMuuiH, liits.s an gi
llsh to plant, If tho bottom Is i'ot
If u stream is swift, shallow, cold, Mr nu
or mudd), tiout will thrive. You tunnel
keep trout In u pond, unless ilu v. iter
Ih fed by cold M reams or sprlm. unJ
the deeper the water the better, ti i 'i'i
trout and bass,
You ran plant pickerel, clink ' ''
and curp in uny water, uud It will
u lot of destruction to gel rid of
Hut the cuhc Is different with li ' "'
baes. It Is natural llml thu nion '
the deeper and colder the mil r
more big tlsh you will get.
In a private pond without e '
vegetation you will have to .uppl ' '
for trout, unlihs It contains .1 "i"
supply of minnows or other tl-li ' ul
Nunflsh breed rapidly, uud tin n'
furnish excellent food for ImMi i" t
and li.ifs, 'Weeds, lilies nnd a I v. '!
vegetation draw Insects, und so r i " '
food for giimu Ashes.
Penn)lranla to Kill Kngllnh Mnillnu.
Ilimhlurp cormpniiili-ncf Phiti "
I l'rc$,
Mute gumo niirdrni hae !"
Mrueted lo keep a sharp watch f"i '
of UiiKllvh sturlhiRS and to kill t . "
alKht In older to prevent the i" I "'
rltlsh bird from beeemlng a I
lln roimlu, tlm sparro.
HUillrik," IIiiih fin liui n"
In IIhckk iitnl oiiiei ".intern In
ties, nul far fiom New .Terfi lp
niinilx'rs hiixe not Ih-pu sniii
J,

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