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THE SUN, SATURDAY, APRIL 13, 1912.
! 8ATURDAY, AI'RIL 13, 1012. .Entered at the J'oul Ofnrc at New York as t'etopd i hits Mall Matter. ' Subscriptions by Math Postpaid. DAILY, rer Month o SO rUItA'. rer Year oo SUNDAY. Per Year 9 Oil . IMlLT AND Sl'NDAY. Per Year S OO IM1I.V AND SUNDAY. rer Month SO Poitags to foreltn rout-Met added. All eheckr, money erdert. Ac, to be made ray 4ble toTnSrx. PuMlibed dally. Including Sunday, hr the Sun Prlntlnr and Put)UMnc Association at IJfl Nassau afreet. Id the Boro'if h rf Manhattan, New York. tPreildent and Trea,urer. William O. ftelek. m NM,aunrret;Vf.rre,Menl. Edward P. Mitchell, ITO Nattau street. Secretary, Cbetr S. Lord, 110 Nanau ttrret. tendon effloe, Effingham floiue, 1 Arundel street, rtrand. Pari, elSce, a Rue de la Mlehedlfre. off flue du Cuitr Septemhre. ' Wathlefton efflre. Hlbbs B'illdlnr. Brooklyn office. tos Uvtasston atreet. tt ivt rfn4 irho furor tu with mittutrefpM for pvbltretion trll'i totitf rrJ'ttHf artitlm rrtvrrtrtl tott! aswlfn all ain ttii (tamps for thut purpote. "Nothing to Compromise. At the prrsent tim President Taft is a long way in the lead in the contest for the nomination .which is rightfully hi.. It pastes our comprehension why there ahould bo heard here nnd there tnlk of a "comproniif'e candidate" whenever his opponent, the self-constituted claimant and pledge breaker, makesnowand then ft numerical gain while yet rcmaininn far in the rear. What is there for Pres ident Taft to compromise? What is thcr for Colonel Roosevelt to com promise? What is there for the Repub lican party to compromise unless it wants to compromise the very principles on which its organization stands in san ity nnd respectable efficiency and on which depends the continued existence of the Government we have? Such talk in feeble and pernicious. VVc observe that Colonel Roosevelt agrees with us in that opinion. As for the President, he has indicated with sufficient clearness and vigor his personal intentions. As for the party, we aro strong in tho belief that it will be with the President at the time of the roll call. Thr Revolutionists Kutrr. Neither the civil authorities nor the mine operators attribute to tho United Mine Workers of America the destruc tion by dynamite of the railroad tracks near Jessup, Pa., on Thursday. The anthracite coal miners who have sus pended labor, being confident of reach ing an agreement with their employers, certainly have no incentive, as long as that expectation persists, to injure the mines or ihe rnilroud necessary to their conduct. Violence at this period would be as greatly to their dis advantage as to that of anybody ele. The act is therefore attribute! to the followers of thote agitators who direct the activities of the militant organiza tion of the Indtio'rial Vorkers of the World, an association of revolutionists waging war impartially against trade unions, capitalists and the general public. The primary nnd fundamental purpose of this society for the destruc tion of society is the. complete overthrow of the, present economic h.vs'emnnd the subvert ion of tho exiting order. Its lead ing spirits are as biii,tr in their denunciu- 1 ion of reasonable leaders of labor unions as they are of employers, nnd they boast their intention to ruin all who oppose thfir programme From this bodv came in Lawrence the thre.it that hen its memhers re turned to their jobs they would ruin the machines on winch they were em ployed. It va- the leaders advocating r-uch a course of nation who were, ' eluded from the New ,forey strike. It ii on them thiMh responsibility for the beginnings of violence in Pennsylvania is naturally pi. iced. Thcv aie enemies of labor and capital alike. Their ap pearance in a labor depute is the un mistakable warning of turbulence mid disorder. Their advnt, serves notiie on all law abiding citizens that war ha-, been declared, nnd their prompt and efTectivo suppression is the first duty of tho authorities T he Triple Dinner Again. Ever since the German Emperor made a brief visit tu Italy recently reports of a renewal of th"Tiil Alliance have been current in Europe. They bavo gained general credence, miico a is generally recognized thai however circumstntiees have modified the original sentiment f tho allies (he necer-sities of foreign pol icy still give usefulness and stability to tho Triple Alliance. At the present moment Europe is fairly well divided into two armed amps The Triple Alliance and tho Triplo En tente are about equal in strength, nnd their equality constitutes ,i guarantee of pvace, since it makes Ihe outcome of war doubtful. But should Italy shift sides tho balance would bo instantly and completely destroyed. Tho first coni-equences of such a change would be an instant accentua tion of bitterness between Austria and Italy, divided by historic grievances, separated by contemporary rivalries, for both of whom tho Triple Alliance serves as n soit of bond In keep the peace. Austria's ambitions in tho Bal kans aro well known. Italy's hopes in Albania as well as Africa are recognized. But a union between Italy and Russia, with tho southern Slavs included, would place a barrier to Austrian hope that only war could temove. Again. Gentian and Austrian support for Turkey at the piiwnt time would add to Italian embarrassment m hi pending conflict and the Tuil.ish nriuv might easily niako govl m l.uiopn the disparity of numbers between the two reat opposing camps which tho dofec- tlon of Italy would insure. Finally, Italy might have to faco Austrian In vasion from the Trcntino and tho Ad riatic littoral in place of nn extended campaign in Africa. l'Voin the Triple Kntcntn, on the other hand. Italy has nothing to fear if she renews her alliance. With Franco sho has sealed n Mediterranean agreement, which stands; with Kngland nn ancient friendship is still wholly unimpaired. Lvrn with Russia sho had made a. Balkan agreement while still tho ally of Austria and Germany. By continuing tho al liance she runs no risks nnd tnkes no chances which aro worth serious con sideration. By rojecting it sho enters a dangerous path at a critical timo in Ucr history. French newspapers have somewhat maliciously contended that at tho least Italy should insist that tho German Emperor, as a reward for Italian friend ship, persuado his friend the Sultan to stop tho expensive. Turco-Itafcn war. But, tho Kaiser's power would plainly end with the giving of tho advice, and it might weaken the German prestige at Constantinople and in Asia Minor. Such a price Germany could hardly pay, yet some diplomatic support at least Italy may demand and expect subsequently. But if tho Triple Alliance Is renewed, as seems certain, nnd if its value as a forre for peace remains considerable, there can be no mistaking the change in European conditions since it was origi nally made. Then it amounted to nn insurance for Germany against French attack, for Austria against Russian su premacy In tho Balkans, and for Italy it was the guarantee of integrity in Europe and a vague promise of future expansion In Africa, perhaps nt the expense of the French in Tunis. When it was first signed tho Triple Alliance was a treaty between three central European Powers with insig nificant oversea colonies nnd nrranged without relation to British interests. To-day Italy has just embarked in an African adventure which must place her forces in Tripoli for some years to come nt tho mercy of French garrisons in Algeria and Tunis and French fleets at Bizerta. and behind the French fleet are ranged the Rritish. An Object Lesson In Parasitism On tho first day of September. 1000, the ever illustrious Dr. Cook telegraphed from Lerwick in the Shetland Islands that he had found the north pole. It would be superfluous to remind so dili gent a student of journalistic ethics as tho New York 7"imr that the blight of inveracity which fell afterward upon Dr. Cook's statements in no way affects the morality of the proceedings of any newspaper at the time when tho narra tive was supposed not only to be true news but ntso the most important news of tho world at that time. Dr. Cook's personal narrative, fahe but not then known .to bo false, was printed on the morning of September '.' in both the New York nnd the Paris edi tions of our contemporary tho Herald with nn announcement of exclusive ownership nnd a warning against unau thorized republication. The exact form of that notice will intereet the Times: "notice to rrnusnFr.s. "reproduction In whole or In part of Dr. Cook's story of the tlndln? of the pol without the permission of the New York Herald will be followed by prosecution of those who thus violate the coyyrlcht lawt, "The Herald prints the only story written by Dr. Cook of hU trip Into the far North. The article ha been copyrighted in America nnd I'uropn. i'r. Cook save no other pub lication any Account of what he accomplished In the North "(Copyrtcht, ii!. by the New York Her ald Company.) "5reral t'espatch to tho New York Herald via fommetrlM Cable I'ompauy'a bystem 1 "'.All Klchts reserved, republication In Whole or Part Prohibited.)" The appearance of the despatch in the Paris edition of the Herald and the dif ference of lime between the two conti nents enabled the European correspond ents of the Now York newspapers to' cable the nev.s, or rather the supposed news, of the north pole s discovery to this side of the Atlantic for publication on the morning of September '.'; that is, for publication simultaneous with the Herald' n. The reported facts were com mon property in Paris, in London, in Brussels and in Copenhagen beforo any American newspaper went to press. The opportunity thus afforded whs em braced in different fushion by different journals heie. Some of them published that morning a bare statement of the arrival of Dr. Cook at Lerwick, the general claims made by him as to the result of his journey, and the comments upon his daims in vnrious European quarters. At least one newspaper ap propriated boldly and bodily tlm text of Dr. Cook's despatch to the Herald in absolute contempl of the notification which we have reproduced above, Tins newspaper was the Timen of New oik, which took from tho Herald's Paris edition the entire narrative, cabled it hiiher, and, with some insignificant omissions and slight changes for the sake of condensation, published it on tho morning of September 2 lx)ih as to substanco and as to literary form. It may also interest our contemporary the Times to recall the exact language in which the achievement of its enter prise was described the next day by ils victim, the Herald: " When n journal pass a large aum to a wrllor for nn article and mnkea a further outlay for hitvlnu that nrtlcln ftpoulally cnliM, tho article is.ns truly proporty an would bo so much merchandise purchased abroad nml Imported. wmt u llly notion lh.it exelushn now.s thus ob tained belongs not to the lrrald but 'to the world' in tlm sense that others should be free to pilfer it and puIiIInIi it as theirownl Nnttspars nnd newsgatlierina' acenclea re laboring nmlr no nucli hallucination. I'hny know that such news has been ac quired ,n great nipeur,,,, and that It is valua ble irurly, tlm lakinir of which without l h owner's permission Is churncterUed In Ian- by a erv ugly word and for which anrious pnnaltis.s nn bo indicted And again on September II, 1000, under the editorial title "Stop Thiefl": "ihe Herald's original atory by Dr. Coos specially cabled from the Shetland Islands, announcing his discovery of the pole, was unscrupulously appropriated by certain news associations and Individual nena impers, despite amplo and timely notice that It waa the Htratd'a property nnd fully protected by copyright. No hon est man reiulates his conduct by tho penal code. Every one concerned wna fully In formed that Dr. Cook's utory had been written for the Htrald and was Its exclusive property. Tho question In certain niinr ters, however, was not whether the Urrnld's rights would be violated by publication, but whether the penalties of tho copyright could be evaded by 'lifting' the atory from the Utrnlrt't European edition and owing to the difference in time cabled to this country for publication onthesamo morn ing." We are hot attempting at this time (o wtKo nn essay on journalistic ethics. It seems an unpleasant enough duty for tho moment to present to the atten tion of our contemporary the Time a concrete illustration of the truth of tho old saying that it makes a difference whose ox is gored in other words, whether it is the north polo or the south. Clara Harton. On the day the remains of General PniLlP KEAtiNT were laid in Arlington with military honors Miss Clara Bar ton died at Glen Echo, a few miles away. General Kearnt was mortally wounded nt Chantilly, nnd on tho samo field Miss Barton succored the wounded with the same disregard of danger that. mHrked her ministrntiops from tho beginning to tho end of the civil war. She, like tho soldiers whose sufferings sho relieved and whoso lives she saved, was a veteran of Fredericksburg, Antictam nnd many other bloody conflicts. Gonernl Scott j called Kearny the bravest man he ever j knew; certainly Miss Barton was one of the bravest of women, nnd sho deserved tho laurel no less than the famous'sol diersof the civil war. But Clara Barton was more than brave. She devoted her life to human ity. She was one of tho most useful of women, self-sacrificing to a degree, gen erous to a fault. Health and fortun she devoted to her great cause. Her re lief work took her to many countries, so that she became a veteran of wars fought under other flags; nnd where there were famines, floods, pestilence, tragedies and calamities of peace this noblo and indefatigable woman wus found. Into the span of what other life have more mercy, tenderness and love entered? Is it not the finest kind of glory that when the American Red Cross is 6cen or mentioned the name of Clara Barton comes to the mind like a benediction? This heroic woman passed away on the eve of the international convention of the Red Cross in Washington. It should be made the occasion of a special memorial meeting in her honor. A Sure Sign of prlnp. One of those playful young men who add to tho discomforts nnd dangetsof life in New York by pulling the emer gency brake cords in elevated and sub way trains indulged in his favorite dissipation on Thursday evening by bringing a Second nvcnuo train to nn unscheduled stop near 110th street. As the train w-as crowded a large number of women and men were knocked about and frightened by his act, undoubtedly to the high gratification of his acute sense of humor. Time was when such diversions were treated by the City Magistrates as mere exhibitions of high spirits, which, if they were not actually to be encouraged, certainly were unworthy of punWunent. This nttitudc has changed lately, as tlm Second avenue disturber learned. When he was arraigned in court Magistrate Hot.'SK was on the bench, and after hearing the story of tho complaining trainmen the Magistrate said; " I am surprised to eee the aprluc erop of car rowdies belna harvested so early, but I am prepared for ou and you won't find m lenient I am goinir to start ncht away and do my best to dlrour.is this thing, and I sntene jou, young man the workhouse for thirty days." Probably the offender in this case, as in most of these cases, has respectable kinsmen to suffer from his imprison ment, n fact that is otten urged as a reason for the infliction of light penalties. But his actions disturbed tho comfort and possibly imperilled the lives of several hundreds of other respectable persons who.se rights are worthy of at east a little consideration. Magistrate HoUfiK followed tho proper course with this rowdy. It is to be Ijoped that policy and courts aro fully prepared to deal severely with the spring crop of roughs who strive to malto New York uncom fortable for decent citizens. It was noticeable that whlla Mr. K vox's compliments to Cuba von applauded his advice was recehed rllently. Ilmynu-h from lltrnnn There is nothing singular in the failure to applaud advice. Who does? More over, tno t unans nave nau a great ileal of it. Ten bullfighters were killed and tn Injured in 872 bullfights during lull in Spain, according to a statistical report. Compliments to taut in. Has Pckin become the Chinese quarter of PariB? At least the French journala place this interpretation upon tho latest report of the Trans-Siberian llaibjray, which sots forth the interesting fact that tho Forbidden City and tho city of for bidden things Are but nine days apart. Tho failure or tho elaborately planned Falrlwnks Timm expedition to scale Mount McKinley was not. unnxcted hy those who believed that tho ascent of Tom Lmtd and his party of "muaheni" in 1910 waa too easy to ho true, Knur of I.LOTD's companions cllmbod thn moun tain a second time, or declared they did, to prove the genulneneMa of tho first ascent. But the Fairlvanks Times parly, which included two responsible men em ployed in tho (lovernment reclamation service, did not Jlnd McKlnley easy, al though they took with them nineteen sled dogs and I.GUO pounds of provisions. Mk others win', lin laid itti I" Um mountain, except the Moyd "muahers," they ware stopped by the Ice cllffi at aa elevation of about 10,000 feet. They re-1 ported that the ascent waa not practicable I along tho ridge on the north side. The Moyd party said that they followed this route and that it offered no serious ob stacles to their advance. Mr. Okorok H. IjKwis, the leader of i theexpedltlon that comes back with a story of failure In spite of the informa-, tlon volunteered by tho conquerors of tho mountain, says that ho did not en counter Professor Hrrsohkl Parkkr of 1 Columbia nnd Uklmorr Brown, who were also attacking McKlnley from the north side. This is not surprising, for It Is a ( vnai wilderness in wnicn tno mountain stands, and Its bulk many times divided is enormous. Man Is very Insignificant In such an Immensity. Professor Parker ought soon to be heard from, and If he also falls In tho enterprise Tom I,LorD's story will not have many believers. Th fire engine school of poetry has a new and promising professor In the Con necticut Waterbury, from whose Republi can we transfer two marvellous stanzas: "They returned once more to quarters, Rattered and covered with muck. While, aa uau.il, the papers applauded The work of tho auto truck. "Each man has a siar of honor. They're n tried and proven crew. There's no better hitch in New York town Than that, of t'nglne Two." Where la the Muse of Englewood? Where la the Muse of Hackensack? Mayor Lf.w Shank, who waa onre an auctioneer. Antifan'fr Couritr-Journal, The Hon. Hrnrt Wattf.rson, who was once n Colonel. I,kw SnAKK Is nn auc tioneer still. Only the other day he used his persuasive voice and hammer with the happiest results at a sale of household goods in his capital. Once an auctioneer! I thero n "conspiracy" of "tho interests against Lkw Shank? VriKnHv nnn afan 1(n tntn t Via f'rtnnv. tional Rtcord without fishing out improv- ing and valuable information. We haven't had time to read all tho speech of the Hon. John Austin Moon, Representative In Congress of tho Third Tennessee district, but we note his learned reference to "the battle axe of the Romans." This interest ing detail of Roman arms has escaped the notice of too many classical archteoloiiata. As Bacon would put it, reading maketh a full Moon The second of the South American transcontinental railways is now under construction and the money necessary to complete it baa been provided. The lino crosses the Andes between Salta and Antofagasta, that is, between northern Argeutina and Chile, not far from tho Bolivia line, and some AGO miles north of tho present line which connects Valparaiso with Kuenos Ayrcs. IS rotCTttY DF.Mt? "The Product of a Ruder Arc," anil Not fostered by Modern Conditions. To the EniTon of Tm; 8rx Sir: Tnr. rtt n quotes Mr John Hurroushs as saying that he sees no great writers coming upand especially no great poet, lias It ever oc curred to him to wonder If this condition la not final, nnd not merely temporary nnd accidental? In tils lleniinlscences ( arlyle repeat with amusement the irmark of his name sake old l)r ("arlilo. a sort of (iaello odd tlsh. that "poetry is the product of a rude ace ' I his Mruck ( arlyle as vastly funny. It Is by no means so. Poetry is unquestion ably a part of the phenomena of youth, of nations as of Individuals, nnd as it disai pears In most persons with adult years there is every reason to beliee the samo to be true of races and peoples. We can neer hae another Shakespeare because we can never have another Shake speare's time. Phidias was clearly tho product of an ace. ho was Nnpoleon. I bese men were not so much exceptional as tho aire that produced them. Poetry belcncs to temperament and en vironment. It is the product of a condition without which It Is not produced. This Is very commonplace, but II Is really a detail anil episode. 'Ihe urneral proposition reaches out In every form. 1 here lano rea son to suppose that only llterury art Is af. fected by chnnelic condition, livery lorm of art is subject to the same laws and the same IcNsIliiile-. To write n book was once a ilistlnctlcii Hut so it was to write at all Now writing is a mechanical common place, ho Is the writinc of books. No one reads a book now- for "stle" except younc men In collecc Newspaper writing is recarded as the best made, something; plain nnd to the point, without frills or arTectat Ion. Oratory was once admired It now raises a smile or a ;iawii. .ewton wondered that Intelligent persons could find Interest in "ton" dolls " as he called statues. I'm peror William said that music, was "expen sive noise " Parwin said that as a yountt man he enjoyed music anil poetry, but that as he grow older he wholly lost his taste for them t se-ius likely that all art will In time become obsolete, "the product of a rude ace," and (hat only tho useful will be studied nnd cultivated t (,. llorvrn. Or i nr.lt:, Okla,, April !. Striking al a Snurce of Profit to Theatre. To the l'WToa or The Sex .sir; the an nouncement that an ndlie had been establfohrd In the Thlrty-lhlr I street station of the Ituitson tunnel fur the r.Me nf theatre tickets nt box office rates brought crest satisfaction to the seneral pillillc n'l riii'ourareil the hope that klmllsr nftlces r.iUht be cnblNii'il ni convenient points In the city where tickets fnr the various theatres mlctit he ohtalneil nt rerulnr rales, The ic seems m reason why patrons of thr thel ites should he obllgrd to pay cents or Si) rents premium at sundry points In the rlty because Ihe israilon of h tlientre msy lie at a point out of one's cr'llnary w-ey to or from buMness, thus prevent In a Wt t') the bo oH'-e, which obliges one to Maud on a long crowded line or purchase frnm a speculator' when llilnitlie iheatre selected, III llurnpean cities niflce are estnhlWied at a renirsl or convenient point where seam are sold at regular pilce. Why cannot there be In New VmK city a theatre "'exchance," established wlih hram h offlcesat certain points, say In the business rectlen for huln men and In the shopping dis trict and uptown In the residential serlloneast and wrt, where patrons may purchase seats at any desired theatre at Ihe same prices as prevail at the box offlcej? It would te a convenience greatly appreciated hy patrons of the theatres aud decide ihe much discussed and distressing question of the "ticket speculator " The sistcm once estnbllvhed would be of advantage on every hand. It. T, tt, Mw Vokk, April II. rroph) lactic. Knlcker-What tlnwera will you raise! Hubbubs -Something that Is deadly to chickens. What Is a I'rncf? I asked a plutocrat "Pray, sir, what Is a fence" ll answered me thereat ' With satisfaction tense: "It l a needful thing to win, And used for keeping something in." I asked n poor man next "Pray, sir, what Is a fence?" He uuido his answer, vexed That onn should be so dense, "It is," said he, "without a doubt lurl used for keeping some one out," And then I asked a sage "Pray, sir, w bat is a lenee?" Not smug, nor jet with rage, lie answered me with sense, (jiioth he, "I've always noticed it A uicftil thing on which In sit," alCLAKDirjBOl WlLMM, XOVFJjKTTKS of this t.vk. The Money Trust and the Minnesota Dark Lantern. The American Inquisition has opened headquarters under the personal direction of Representatix-o Lindbergh of Minne sota, and it is stated that his rooms w ill have connecting doors with tho head quarters of one or two Presidential booms. Indeed, it is understood that by means of thoBo connecting doors Senator I,a Kol lette nnd Woodrow Wilson may later appear an the Siamese twins, and that old Dr. Bryan will cement the union by plncing a bracelet upon the knot. Producing his dark lantern Represen tative Lindbergh turned It upon every member In the House. Tho light was so intense that Waco Henry and Choice Randall had to shade their eyes. Ry means of this X-ray Investigation Lind bergh discovered a miniature money trust neatly tied tip In the breast pocket, of ex'ery member present, with tho excep tion of course of his own pocket and those of Choice and Waco. With this information in hand he drew up and pre sented a resolution which would compel every member to disclose his business and family connections, and each member would hax-e to file hla own bank holdings and those of his mother-in-law, and also show where he bought his groceries. Representative Cannon Is to be th first member called before tho American In quisition and made to answer categor ically where he buys his cigars and why it la that for years he has substituted bands of higher grade cigars for those which were originally on them. In this way Representative Lindbergh hopes to prove Cannon's direct "affiliation" with the tobacco trust, and that for this reason he is "hostile" to the uso.of decent tobacco, and that his "personal" smokes are contrary to "public Interest" and comfort. If Mr. Cannon falls to tell why ho prof ers such low class weeds tho Min nesota masterpiece provides that his name is to be published on a Congrts atonal Iltard blacklist, much blacker than his cigars. The second member to be called beforo the Inquisition will be representative Longworth of Ohio. He must reveal the amount of his bonk account at the time of his last visit to Oyster Bay. The dark lantern Is said to have proved that Rep resentative Longworth swore that he had only 12.(50 on deposit when his father-in-law asked him for a campaign contribu tion. Representative Lindbergh wants to know where and how ho got that $2.60. But by far the most searching investi gation will bo of that largo portion of the House who are known to keep their funds in savings banks instead of in national bonks, thereby recelxdng interest ou their deposits, and hence In the secret pay or the money trust. DctectWe Arthur E. Stilwell is said to have caused this In vestigation by declaring that as long as savings bunks are allowed to pay 'J per cent, on deposits he is unable to tempt investments in his first mortgage guar anteed j per cent, bonds. Waco Henry and Lindbergh agree that this is an out rage, and that Brother Stil must bo pro tected, and also that this condition af forded the necessary proof to uphold the statement of Representative Lindbergh that Wall Street had the power to in timidate bankers who longed to have first chance nt Stllwell's securities and thus deprive their depositors of the op portunity. Finally, Representative Lindbergh said thut he proposed to call the ablest prac tical bankers and financial authorities in the nation, men whose past record on cur rency questions makes them invaluable. These names includo W. J. Bryan, Louis 1). Brandeis, Woodrow Wilson and Arthur E. Stilwell. ttVTTEU. A Sunej of Nome or thr Fictions That Surround it. To rn e Kwior. or Tut: St n- .Sir. I see that tho good ladles ol Pittsburg havo "rU up" and punched quite vigorously at the butter men. Perhaps it would put another shot In the locker of these and other couil ladies to know that butter is the only im portant prepared or maniilactured food that is not controlled by the national puro food 1'iv.'. An old law of 1SM1 torbhia adultctatlng butter with other lata In tho process of manufacture or in the course, of trade, but be.voud this llicic is nu regu lation lo insure wbolcscmciics or snnilaty quality It may lie made Itom bad milk or cream, or the milk of dicascd rows, and the public has nu protection. It would be ptacticnlly impossible to tlx by law a standard of quality of purity in butter It is tho most unstable of all the Hits. A bulletin of tlm Uepatltncnt of Agricidtuto htatcs that ilccominjsition be Kins in the milk and continues until tho but ter is unlit for human coiisuiupllou .Mauv of the larue butlor factories Use cream that hns been shipped hundreds ol miles by rail road without ice lor reinvention. It Is estimated that there mo s.'.o.noo species ot fungi or moulds w hlcb prey upon organic matter 'Ihe spoics of inaiiv varieties of these lunul tlont in the air nnd grow Into moulds or decomposition w hurevor they find their natural food in articles like milk, cream or butler, l aim butler gen erally has a mouldy, nnMy or tancld taste because It is never free irom iheso Inv Islble bacteria of decay. 1 ho greater part nf the farm butler Is not put through process or renovating factories, which eliminate somo of the undesirable ferments mid their prod ucts belore the butter is offered for sale. The "purity "of butler l ono of the popular fictions of our times, like Hint other legend that gives to butter a uniform cllon color Natural butter has no uniform color. It varies all the way from white to deep je. low. according to the cow. th feed and the season, 'I he uniform yellow color which we now associate with butter is borrowed" from oleomargarine. The Irench Inventor of Ibis product, who also Invented Ils unrorlunale name, specified in bis patent in im.'.i i i use of a harmless art i Ht ial color hen res merles came Into the trade a lew yenrs Inter thev adopted this color and used il ho generally for thirty ears that, wo now identify It with butter, 1 he color In butter corneals Its age and InllrnillicH and nukes w hllc or pale butler of alt ages and conditions look like thn golden.lune butter ot our dreams . ,, ', ;, Km iii.iiica, .Ssw ntiK. prll is Seacnmlle. from Ihe .svisnrdle lmerft-,tn. A new product, based on common seaweed which Is found In surh unlimited abundance, Ii announced as tnc result or many ears of expert ment In Kngland, .Many scientists have foreseen the enointous possibilities rtorded by senwseil and the material lust discovered, called seagunilte. bids fair to exceed all expectations, as It Is of special value in an electrical Industrie, being a noa Inflammably Insulation nf high dielectric strength, proof against heat, cold, nils and weather. A singular property Is the Increase In Insulation resistance following Immersion In water. The material la unaffected by dilute sulphuric acid, which matirs It well adapted to storage battery Jars and separators. Among associated mechn. cat uses seagumlte seems well adapted for molar gear, switchboard panels, switch handles, steam and gas packings, especially for high nresmres. The product It alio well suited to replace leather In belling and all the other varied uses of leather, rblcaco Woman Swears In Witariati. Irom th CMtaio mount. Per tons In Municipal Judge Sabath'a court yesterday saw the unln.ua spectacle of a woman swearing In the ultnrssea and entering court orders. Mrs. C Prnnklln Uavlli, the nnly woman deputy clerk In Ihe municipal court, was officia ting temporarily. Triumph of Mala Ilea. front Iht l.m-Ulnn .lemmal. hen brlnnclng to Ve mouth Johnson of North Hrpvl.-k ba Ut 1 a, ,tt u,,, ,p, ,n, sralei one-fourth of a pound, manuring t Inches one way and i the other, Cau you beat taatt StSVK WtlES? At What Date Did the Constitution lie came a. Reactionary Document? To the Editor or Tijk Sun Sir.' The enlightening editorial article In Tiif. Sun of yesterday saying that II Is strange, almost sinister, that the rights of all under tho Constitution should now have to bo defended prompts tho questlou: Since when has tho Constitution nf the United States Iccomo a reactionary document? The adoption of the Constitution and the strong, permanent government slncn enjoyed under its wise and careful pro visions marks n advancing progressiva movement In government und civiliza tion which has not been checked. Kven now It Is taking root In far off China. Has not national and State legislation of recent years under tho Constitution been of a moat advanced character? Why make any change in our method of doing things? Those who directly or by suggestion destroy Talth In our Institutions are re actionaries of the most pronounced and violent character. The events of a cen tury show those standing by the Conatltu tlon to be representative of the true pio- greselvo forces of our country. CHARI.KH S. HMINl'K. ri,AiNriEM. N. J., April II. THE SEW SOt'TH. Amarlng Progress That One feneration Has Witnessed. lo TnK Kniror. or The SfN -.Sir; In the last thirty years the population of the South has increased 77.f, per cent., but dur ing the same period the capital invested in manufactures increased 080 per cent., tho value of mineral products I, two per cent.. the output of coal I.SOO per cent., the value of farm lunda and buildings no., per cent., tho resources of national banks Ml tierccnl. and Ihe expenditures for common schools 52.) per cent. These figures indicate some thing of the amazing increase In agriculture, In manufactures and In banking capital aa compared with the increase in population. The value of farm products In the South in I860 was $758,000,000. Last sear the amount was over $3,000,000,000 and was greater by $800,000,000 than the value of all tho farm crops of the I'nlted States us late as 1900. The value of exports from Southern porta last year was $747,000,000, aa compared with ts:7,ooo,oan for the entire country in isoo. la 19'jo the corn crop of the country was 1.489,000,000 bushels, while the com crop of the South In 1610 waa 1.270,000.000 bushels. It is true that the corn crop of the country in IbVO waa less than the average, but these figures give un idea of the rapid develop ment of corn growing in the South, when In one year It could produce a crop almost as large aa even a small crop ot the entire country in Ism. The population of the sixteen Southern States is 33,000.0110. w hile that of thu I'nlted States In 1880 was so.tssi non, but the capital Invested in manufacturim; In tho South Is now 8:1,000,000,000, or 3iai 0011,000 inure than the total capital invested in manufacturing In the I'nlted Stntea in lseo. The South now has i,tK),ooo more cotton spindles thnn-the I'nlted States bud In tsso. '1 h3 value of its mineral products last year win s.'iftt.ooo.ooo. or $.Vooo,imio more than the total value of tho mineral products In the t nlted States In tsso. IjlKt year the South mined Il.Vonn ootl tons of coal, while In isso the I'nlted Slates mined of bituminous and anthracite coal only 71,40,000 ton. Possibly tho most striking illustration of the increaslnp wealth of the South is that though Its population U I7,onn,ooo less than that of the I nlted States in lsO. tho In dividual deposits in its national ban'ts ex ceed the individual deposits tn the national banks of the I'nlted States In ls?o bv f.s4, Ocsyioo. 'I he South now spends for common school education over $;s,coo,ooo, or a little more than tho total expenditures of the I'nited States in ltsu for common schools. These facts merely show what the South has achieved In things that can be expressed In lUures. They do not, however, show the gain that has been made in the accumulated experience, In the momentum developed. In the worldwide recognition achieved of tho South' amazing resources and ot the almost limitless Held which It offers for thrt Investment of capital, whether tlmt capital be money or brains or brawn. The South Is Indeed the nation's greatest possession, greatest In the material wealth to b achieved, greatest In the inlltience which Its geographical location, Its domi nation of the world's cotton trade and its enormous resources of coal mid Iron and other minerals will give to It In world com merce, greatest in the strength of Its Anglo Saxon civilization cud the iniluencu that this will ultimately have In shaping the destiny of the country. II Hit lit I If KriMONPS, Kdltor MannatliircrK' tirenrd, Hvi.timoiu , Md April I'.' Our Art Loving Population. Toina r.DtTon tirTOBSrv-xSIr; Is there any public ollclal In the Hoard of Health, Street Clean ing Department or eScnherc whose duty It Is to eanilne and guarantee the purity nf the kalso mine which the yenng ladles, "princesses" and what not, down here In Walls ireet nnd Ils suburbs are using to dlguNe their good looks Now that summer Is npproitrhlug this process will be a growrlni, al'lotlon to the eye of man, and steps should be taken to abate the nuisance. A bureau of public pulchritude might deal with the matter, and regulate the thickness, color and consistency of the kalsnmtnr, If not abolish It altogether. A Mr.RZ t.v, M.w okk. April !.' A Kansas Hallwai. 7'ro-i Ci 'loronto HepuMlra'i. You may poke fun at the rallroid llnehemeen Toronto and Vates Centre If jou feel like It. hut It heals driving a team while the rosds arc mu.tdy. THE' EE.IEVTEH MEM '. "I.he Thou In Nature" Inscribed tn T. It. T-'rom (lit outlook of March, l!U. I. Live thou In nature) Live With the stars and the wlndc; 'lake all thawllJ world ran live All thy free spirit finds - It. Finds while the seasons pour Their braveries nt thy feet: When the Ice rimmed rivers rear. l)r summer waves their rote repeat. lit. Ut thy bushed heart take Its fill Of the manifold voire of the treej, When leafless winter crowns the hill And shallow waters frrete. IV. Ut hudrilng spring be thine, And autumn brown and debonair liavs tbat darken and nights that shine 11 all the round year be thy fare. V. bet not one full hour pass Fruitless for thee, In all Its varied lens th; Take sweetness from the grass, Take from the storm Ils strength. VI. Take beauty from the dawn, Patience from the sure seed's riea ; Take gentleness from the light withdrawn, And every virtue from the vvholesamo day. Hichami Watson (Iii.iuh. Three Years Later Inscribed lo T. II, Oh, nature's not for me, oh, not The stars bo cold and far, The winds be chill aud blow No plaudits to T. II, T'hs seasons bring no fame. Nor laurel wreath nor gold, I'd rather be 11 Hon latno 'I hnn hunt thorn In tho wold. .My heart will not bo hush, Nor will it feed on tws; My fruitless winters in the bush Domand insurgent sprees. It him on nature feed who must, K.nt twilight hash or lion pie, My appetite all bonds has bust And nature falls to satisfy. So bring me tables loaded down With Uncle Samuel's fatted calf; Sling on the laurel wreath and hay, Wind up the pnhlle. phonograph And let the band begin lo play, Onsa A. Parker rnn.ri. lAJ4ta-JBT, Cooa., T EXACTLY QUIT ACTING t'rcrofl to Appear Hero Again WniilH n Top-Xoffh Nay lo Return In. STAfJK HKTTEll, HE THINKS Avepnoe of Aetiti in l.ntulnn Hla'lifP Suceess of Novelists us Pliiywrtfrhts. Kir .tohn llnre. the English actor hn left. Inst night on lilt way to Ottawa tn judge nt a competition between ,imatur dramatic i-ocleties of Panada, said ves. terrlny that after nil ho had not takn a formal farewell of the stage, though: hi began acting na fnr back hs l.l anj Is s years of age. "In regard to the Mag", I hold what might term n watching brief," said sir .tohn when seen nt thn tvimnnt "When 1 gave my farewell performance of rh flay 1'Onl Qu"V In London In lftu? mat was by no moans my last appearance on the stage. I havo made my farewell appearance In all Ihe English towns in (tho rolo In which 1 Intended nevr tn (appear again, but I have really left my- relf open to play something else sonis . ! ,..! ! . . 1 I I 1 1 . . I . I time, vi mini 1110 i.im eix inoiii iis 1 nave been playing in "The Marionettes.' " "Then how Is it It. has been surh a long tlmo since you played in New York?" he was asked. "Well, actually, the only reason I have not been over hero Is that I didn't hivu tho sort of play I wanted to appear in. What Now York wants Is new plays, and I have not had one since 'Quex'; that ij to say, I haven't had a part that 1 felt justified in bringing over. 1 didn't want to come over merely to present old stuff again. Charles lYohman has repeatedly urged me to come, and tho fact la he wanted me to play for a Bcason here after my trip to Canada. "It is now twelve years since I was hero with 'Quex.' The first time I was over here, if I remember correctly, wai late in '05, and then I camo again in '07, It was In 'A Pair of Spectacles' that I tnndo my first American appearance. I um anxious to see some of the plays here, but have not had a chance, but on my re turn from Canada I siall stop a wee' and duv -to myself to ths theatre. "lam afraid from tho long lists of thea tres I have noticed In tho newspapers that you are suffering from tho samo troubie we are in London. There wo are over built with theatres. In the lust twenty yenrs tho theatre going population of London has increased tremendously, but uot, 1 tuko it, in tho way it has grown over here. Why when I whs here last tho newest theatre was tho Criterion, and they tell mo playhouses aro being opened at tho rate of three or four a year, soma persons must exaggerate the umount of money thero is to be made in tho theatri cal business. "When I first went on tho stage tnot j were no permanent touring comjunlcs ir Kngland, such ns tho futnous or.et cf Benson and Cotupton of to-day. which tiro reckoned us line schools for I lie Lon don stage, " said Sir John In answer to .1 question. "Tho first movement nt tour ing by comwnics c.imo wh?n tho old Hnymarkct company, with Charles Mit thews, started out on tho ronrt. Before that it was only the stars that went to the provinces, nnd thoy wore stipporte.l In the provincial plnyhouses by tho local pcrinuuont companies. Tho abolition of stock company in Kngland. in my opinio, was a lutd thing for tho btnge. It wan s great achool for tho actor, in which he usually t-erved a novitiate before koiiik to London. In my opinion tho ntocic company was the IhjhI school for a young actor, for it i-cnt to tho London stajto trained actors, instead of tho amateurs you often see now on tho stage. "At tho name tlmo 1 must say that tho average of acting in London is now higher than nt tiny time in my recollection. There nro nn enormous ntimlier of clover actors over thero. but unfortunately thero is a dearth of nctroses- I me.in of tho Mirt thut you reel are llio coming great no tresse. Tho field of budding fem-iln geniuses is almost bare. I am Rpeakin of tho cliissicul actress. I can think only of two who rcully gives great promt- in that direcHon. nnd that is Phylllt Terry, the dauahler of l'tetl Totry and .Julia XcilMm. hhe is only :i. hut sho had 11 tieiuctidous success .1- H'-fl in Twelfth NMghf with tfir Herljert Ttee, and 111 'Trilliv.' and also as .iumf. "Why this ecarcily:' Well. Ihe only wnv 1 can explain II Is that the hoiiI of an'nctres lrk-n't grow on every bush. Thero are on tho London stage yk'nT or Intelligent and clever notr'i or course, but thev don't wem to show mu thev nre going' to replaco tho gte't ones who have gone or nro puMng. I Hi""1 we simply i;o through 'period-, theatri cally us vvoll as in other arts, when noih ing is produced. .Suddenly, as in th eighteenth century, thero nppents an extraordinary crop of nctors and at iressex, nnd then, m.iylte, the race almo dies out until another fifty years lm produced an Irvine. , "As for tho play itself, perhaps the most irkable. feature connected wun drama of the present day is the yerr great increase 01 men 01 1110 . i."-",- ; literary attainments who are writing ror the singe. A few years ago a greil novel it did not think it worth while but W that timo have cum Barrio and i'Hl": worthy, and tjow Arnold lieiinell, nnu there nro many others. '1 litis a new distinctly literary element has been brought into thn druma which thirt or forty vears iirii did not etirt N"w aduvs people won't stand the extruonu nnrv stuff that they used toput into plavs of tlmt time. This new school of drama fiats bus shown extraordinary abintv in mastering the technic-iie of the s';,ef; which in the ust used to buflle drama! W writers. Of course the writers or til" prer.ent are much more serious and n' infrequently they write with the idea of teaching a lesson on Urn ntae 1 did not see Arnold Hemiett's 'MlleMom beforo 1 left' London, but friends 2 did told mo it was u most extraordinary hUCCehS, . . "Of court tho privilege recently Rt)".1 to thn music halls of giving Vkotcbe ei as great a length as they choose has un doubtedly injured the popular part or tiw theatre in Kngland, but then, if a thelitis has a superoxcollent production in n wnv of drama, peoplo will still go to see a and till the Imuso. However, there 1 " riuestion that the tnuslo hall has shortciuu th length of tho average run of a draia' Tho play with what you call over here ti heart throb.' tho ono which demand sympathy, will always draw as Ions human nature Is what it Is. A Rt,v! American piny which deals witn theme."" traits of human nature ia tsJinost sure to n successful in England. . "Thero have been many ehunRes in m Ungltsh school of acting '2 the lasttwentr years, and ninny morn men of ediie.it i"" and culture, who a generation ago trieaj have looked down upon the stage 11 profession, take up acting, The k'"1 of vinw of MH-lety wlili regard to t" atngo has changed, and in Knelsnd on doe not now necessarily lose carle 17 becoming an actor or an actress.