Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, APRIL 28, 1912.
GENERAL BOOTH BLIND BUT TRUE TO HIS MOTTO, 10 1 "Fight to the Finish, Army Head and Plans New y-ENERAli WILLIAM BOOTH, f whoso life story lr. one of tho most T extraordinary human documents of modern times, linn just passed hit eighty-third birthday. Ecsa than thirty years ago lio and his wife worn 8toii(l in the streets. Two decodes '.Iter ho was received by kings mid em perors and honored hy rJmlnrs mid philanthropists. Throo venrs ncn. when ho reached hi eightieth hirtlidav. the event was observed with n cole'mitten that reached around the world. Tin- ;J ilvntion Army in moro than llfty coir' tries niado the day ono of specl.il iv loioing. mid thou sands of other men mid women In every rank of life inundated the London head quarters with congratulations and Rood wishes. This year the day wan observed In i.viti- Salvation Artnv tiost with n special knee drill - which means prayer- I and many loving reft retires. William Itooth was horn April tn, ISM, In Nottingham, Inland. His father, who had been a merchant, died when the. son ivui a young lad, and as the widow was left in straitened circumstances, the boy hid to bo put to work. 'Hie mother and tho wife of Wlliiam llooth were women of unusual character and ability and both exerted a deep.lntlucnce on his life. His mother was n devout Episcopalian and her son naturally belonged to that church. Hut one evening, when ho was about 15 years old, ho happened to pass a Methodist chapel and out of curiosity went In. He was s.i impressed by tho earnestness and simple sincerity of the service that ho returned the next night , with tho result that in the language of j his new friends he was converted then i and there. With hi mother's free con- , sent ho joined the Methodist Church , and immediately, young as nc was, uo-, came an nctl-e worker. From tho very first he was what Is j known us n primitive Chri-tlan. He took the Bible literally. He believed and Mill believes In eternal punishment for sin. With that as his conviction he threw himself body and soul Into the work of rescuing men and women from this pun ishment. Every night, when h's day's labor was over, he preached on the btreet comers in tho slums of Nottingham. He was hooted, Jeered at and pelted with missiles of peculiar unpleasantness. Hut he stuck to his soapbox or chair or whatever homely pedestal ho had mounted and went serenely on pleading and exhorting. On Sundays he walked out Into the country and preached in the open air or in the little chapels. And, ho always had a crowd of listeners. Mrs. Booth a True Helpmeet. When h was 20 he went up to "Ijondon tnd continued in th same way. working for his living in tho daytime and carrying the Gospel to tho I'AKt Fnd slum- a' niclit Sometimes he preached in Methodist chapels, and it was on one of the.-' occa sions that a young woman In the audience, Catherine M'imford by name, listeninl to his sermon and thought it the greate, she had over heard. Like" his moth' sho was a woman of deep religious feollr strong, wise and gentle.. She and t young preacher were married two yea; later and to the day of her death she was one of his ablest helpers. lie was ordained a minister whn h was 20, but he kent on withtheevangeli-tlc work in which his whole heart was cen tred. From the very beginning his one overwhelming conrern had been to gt hold of the people who had sunk out of reach of ordinary help. If others were won too, so much the better. Itut the poor, the degraded, the outcast have al ways been first with William llooth. That was why a great crisis came In his life in tv.i when the Methodist con ference wanted to change his work and make him a regular pastor over u regular church. The conference that year was a Liverpool and William llooth was there an a member young, fiery. true soldier of the Lord. His wife was present also, sitting in the gnllorv. Accounts of the Incident do not say whether tho young couple knew In ad vance of the attempt that was to be made (prompted, it l hinted by en'y of his siiccessl to reduce him to the routine of ordinary pastor.il work. At any rate, when tho quehtion came up the young preacher protested in an impassioned speech. I am called of God to do this work I " ho declared. "Shall I refuo to obev tho callV Leaning over the railing of the gallery his wife cried "Never!" and he, smiling back at her, echofd the word. He felt that his consclencii was n true guide, and following lis promptings he left the conference Ills wife joined him and they went out .nrm in arm to fight the battle for souls In their own wav. Four years I iter, vithout money, help or prospects and with no support except the unfaltering loyalty and on-cotiragei-ent of his wife, ho began his real campaign. In July of that year he secured an old tent, and pitching it in an ahandor.ed cemetery in Whitechnpel ho began to hold meetings there. His euocefs was immediate. He got at the very peo he wanted to reach and he not only gripped them but held them loiter he moved tho tent to an even more dismal spot called tho MIIh End Wastn and Ft HI his followers grow. Tho tCtlt. was old and rotten and ono night a,an,m' ,v, wnen uen. unci .Mrs. storm tore It to pieces. I Mth led a procession of their followers That did not discou.u:;e the Indomitable ' l""ouBh the streets of .Shoffleld thero was a spirit of William booth. With his urnnge Kom,ino ot, roncregation trailing ofter him ho found I Rules for Long Life. otner even less likely places for his preach- j. Attacked by a mob which threw stones Inn a dancing wiloon, an old warehouse, I ftn,j i,rjPB ftnd assailed thorn with sticks ar.d finally brought up tnnro or less tri-1 and fists tho Salvationists marched stoad- umphantly in n dlsreputalilo theatre whleh he hired. Here he gathered uround him on tho fetago tho motley array of men and women whom ho had pulled up out of tho mire of crime and low living. And the pi oplo of Mile End road, wonder ing and startled, camo to gae and to listen, Erora that time tho work spread like wildQrfa. Named Sakatlon Army. Having got a habitation, it took on also a name, tho Christian Mission. Hy 1877 vlinam t'ooin was really at ttio Head nr a nnw -..1!,.;..,,- E,.t II.. I. ,,l !.... new religious sect Ho had created an organization, choosing his helpers chiefly rom laboring men because they knew thn field and were themselves known there, but no ono, not even booth him self, realized what was coming, Thn Said Salvation at 83 He Campaign Salvation Army ns Mich was mado by an I unpremeditated scratch of the pen, Tho thing happened in 1878 when an appeal was being drawn up for aid In carrying on the work of tho Christian Mission, In the circular it was described as a volunteer army, but when tho copy was handed to Mr. llooth for his approval ho looked it over, then suddenly drawing his pen through the word "volunteer," wrote instead "wilvn'lon " Although no one realized It then, the Salvation Army was created by that change of a word. 'I he phrase immediately became pop ular. Mr. Itooth. who had been known as the general superintendent, was soon called "tho Cicncral." His usuistuhte, ' who were not ordained ministers and therefore had no title, were referred to ns "cnplalns." And of course tho rest 1 soon became "soldiers." Gradually the military form of the 1 nrgaiuz.aiioii grew mini ii nerame voui pleto. (ieu. booth w.is iiulek to seo its advantages and unhesitatingly made the most of them. Church people called tho , services a parody of religion. Scientific men sneered. Spurgeon declared that 1 'ooth was bringing contempt on religion. . . i . . . i .it i i U'lxlev calle 1 tlM bnntic Chri-tianitv " Itut the (leneral knew whit ho was about He siw the follv of trying to mako people who wero used to excite inent, to primitive, crude appeals to their senses, )o satisfied with repression and monotony Color and excitement they must havo So h set himself deliber ately to give it to them an'd tn ma te it light for Christianity, not against it. Tho uniforms helped. So did tho tam bourines and drums, the (lags and genera jovousiiess. He set hvmus to popular tunes and his congregations wero singing tho worJs almost before they were aware. His preaching was along the same Hues, Ho made them think of fiod as a reality, a boing they could understand. Ho threatened them with hell; ahelltliey could understand. Once he slid down the bannister rail of a pulpit to illustrate the ease and celerity with which sinners were coasting dt,wn to hell. The incident i- told with Spurgeon in the leading roje, but it was really (in. booth that did it. lie once said ' "I would stand on my he id on tho domo of St. Pauls if I believed it would bring ' people to (lod " All this time he was condemned as a mountebank by conservative eoplo and I abused by others in tho very ranks hu was 1 trying to reach, but gradually he was spreading tho work all through England, t Tho iioi-t savngo opposlt ion camo from i tho middlocluss.es, although street ruffians naturally revelled in the chanco which " uiiiiifiH ituuiu'ti iui JIUUII- nr..... ni ,tA...i, i.t ..ii .n ..v.l..., C. 1 II , ily forward, making absolutely no reslst- anco and attempting no reprisals. One member of tho procession. Lieut. David son, a big man who had been a champion wrestler, was beaten severely and filially taken to tho hospital with a fractured skull. Fortunately flen, und Mrs. llooth wero not hurt. The first act of tho Sal vationists on reaching tho hall to which thoy wero going was to kneel and pray for their assailants, a course which Oen, Uooth required of his followers through years of mrsecutlon and ono which In ' tho end disarmed their b tterest opponent .. , ... . . and won profound symputhy and ud miration Although tho head of an organization which has received und spent vast sums of money (Jen. llooth has never taken a penny from It for his personal use out MtsM mm .MPH -; k sX.:s rmlpal30 MmLwt ra3w if. WW 'W side the actual work of the army, ne has not oven received a salary. Years ago a friend left him 5,n)i),t the same timo taking the precaution to tie it up so that he "could not build a hall with It." The interest is about 2J) a year and on that sum he lives, although naturally his travelling expenses, when ho goes on official journeys, aro paid by tho or gani.'.ation. Ho resides in a little ho se at Dudley Wood, about fifteen miles from London. Since his wifo's death hu refuses to cull it a home.. He says it is merely "a place where 1 keep some furniture." Not much furniture either, according to peoplo who have seen It the neces-ary chairs and tallies, a big bed anil that is all. He says ho allows hlme!f only two lux uries tea And n feather bed! Tho first thing he does in tho morning is to pray; the second is to make, himself a cup of strong black tea. He is an early riser, up at fl A. M ; a vegetarian, a teetotaller und not n Finoker. After his first cup of tea at 0 o'clock lu works until breakfast, which is rarely more than an egg nnd the inovitnblo tea. Ho bus dinner In thn middle of the d.iy, if one would cull baked apples or perhaps browned potatoes or mashed turnips a "dinner. A little nap follows. Then comes work until a very light supper. Perhaps the indulgence in strong tea may have some thing to do with tho fact that insomnia Is his enemy and ho often "sees the night through without Meop, A year or two ago ho gavo in responso to a request' soven rules for a long life. They are: i:.it little. Drink water. 'lake exeriise. Have a system. Take pleasures wisely, Avoid excess of all kinds. Aim high, If ho is an example of tho efficacy of these rules would-bo centenarians should tako them as their own. At M ho works as hard as most men do at half that ago, HU spirit is ns dauntless as evor. Not long ago a Methodist minister in England was talking with flen. llooth and spoko of his own intention of retiring from tho ministry. The prompt nnswor of Jho General was; "Fight to the Finish:' Take the motto from me; 'Fight to the finish!" Ily way of impressing this advioe he gavo the minister his photograph and wrote across it with a firm hand: Eight to the finish!" Certainly ho is living up to his own Ad vice. He has just returned to England from a trip to Sweden, where he addressed the North European Congress of the BaU vationists. Ho always takes a stenog rapher with him when he travels, and his days, whether on steamers or on ruil way trains, aro spent in dictating corre spondence, articles and books. Ho has written about twenty-five vol umes, tin, most widely known being "Darkest England nnd the Way Out," which was published in 1890 and created a tremendous sensation in Great Dritain. Tho schemo as developed from tho ideas expressed in tho book was carried out along three main lines a city colony, land colonies' and colonies over soa. Ily that timo England's attitude toward the Salvation Army had so changed that in stead of stoning its leader Englishmen subscribed tho foOO.ono he asked for to put his theories into practico, Since that time ho has raised many more hundreds of thousands of dollars for the A WELL, COOKED MEXICAN DINNER Those who live in colder climates and sit down to enjoy chili con came and other Mexican dishes now listed on the menus of city restaurants can have no idea of the gastronomic joy suoh delloaoies give when cooked in Mexican style, in Mexican utensils, and eaten in an atmos phere pervaded with the aroma of semi tropical fruits and flowers. The hacienda. of the wealthy Mexican planter Is tho ideal place in which to en joy real, nifty Mexican cookery. One who gets the privilege of dining with the administrator, his family and bis staff of twenty or thirty foremen will never forget the experience. First, the bouse, usually a great stone building completely surrounding a roughly paved court, Is cool and inviting. Up a flight of stairs and looking out on a wide veranda is ths dining room. Already the odor of oooktng bas per meated the vlolnlty of the crude kitchen. work of the organisation. Rome of the ramifications of its activity uro farm colonies, prison gato and resouo work, inebriates' homes, boys' and girls' homes, naval and military homes, emigration, hospital and benevolent visitation, mater- nitv homes, nursing, Samaritan brigades, police court work, Indian schools and so on. When Gen. booth was so years old ho formulated and put into effect plans for a University of social service, for training young men nnd women how to deal with social conditions which need altoring. Ho is in constant touch with the inter national work of tho organization und his decision on any mutter is final. Some idea of tho imnicnso range of tills work can bo gained from u few figures. Tho army now has posts in lifty-nlno countries und colonies, and its services And such a meal as those odors forecasts! For excellence of service a dinner tho writer ate in one of those dining rooms last winter could not have been surpassed an'ywhero, Thero were some twelve courses, one thing served at a time and all well cooked. Tortillas, hot and appetizing, came as a distinct surprise to one who has eaten some sort of ooncoction in tho States which is supposed to bear resemblance to the famed Moxioan product. After them came frijoles, or red beans, stewed und topped off with chill that was a revelation. Then came fried bananas the liko of whioh never tempted the patron of a Broadway establishment no matter how groat the purse nor how skilled tho chef. The dutce which followed needs a para graph all to Itself. That day it was shredded coooanut cooked with sugar and slightly browned. Delicious Is not the word. A honeyed delicacy fit for the Birthday Message a Hope to Accomplish a Great Work n China What He Has Done are conducted In thirty-rour languages. The War Cry, tho official paper, is printed In more than twenty languages and lias a circulation of moro than 1 ,000,000 weekly. About 20,000 officers and employees work wholly for the army and there oro nearly 0,000 corps, circles and socletlos. Thoy support 050 institutions arid 500 day schools. In addition to tho War Cry thoy publish 80 periodicals. Last year they provided 11,000,000 froo or very cheap meals and 6,000,000 cheap lodgings to the homeless. Tho urmy bus enormous properties. In most of the countries where- it works It trains Its own urchltecta and builders utid does its own building. It composes and publishes its own music for Its own musicians, and there aro actually 2,000 of tho latter In its various bands. Tho head of this department is said to bo a convertod Infidel. It manufactures Its own musical In struments, also Its own clothing. It has an insurance society with 2,000 agents. It has printing and lithographing works and publishes all Its own books and period icals in this country and In England. In the latter country it carries on its own banking. Ono of tho most plcturosquo of Its minor activities aro tho antl-suioldo bureaus, which have been formed in various coun tries. Their slogan, to uso tho modern term, Is: "Don't commit suicide- until you have been our officer." It bounds startling and some persons may doubt whether it would do muoh good. But tho army peoplo say that hundreds of men and women havo been saved from self-destruction by tho work of these, bureaus. Honors to General Booth. The contrast between the abuse and persecution directed against Gen. llooth when ho began his work- and tho honors that havo been heaped on him in moro re cent years is ono of tho most dramatic changes of fortune to bo found In any man's lire. King Edward and Queen Alexundra personally assured him of the vahin tliey put on his work. The King of Sweden received him at tho palace und later attended a public lecture by him. Tho King of Norway received him nnd thanked him for tho work dono by the army in that country. Tho King of Den mark showed him signal honor. In ll07 tho degree of doctor of olvil law was conferred on him at Oxford. In Washington ho was invited to open tho united mates henato with prayer, an almost unexampled mark of respect. Tho City of London presented him with Its freedom, un honor usually reserved for royalty or High Government officials: gods would give a certain idea of its edibility. It was 6orved from a largi platter kept hot and replenished much the sarui as homo made wheat cakes are hurried from griddlo to plate. A few more delighting little accessories and then camo a cup of after dinner coffee which would mfte certain Greek pur veyors of rare blends in Madison street euvious. Tho wonder was that suoh a meal could be prepared on a brasoro, and the kitchen was visited with eager curiosity, Thore was the brosero, a stove made of brick and extending around two sides of the room. No steam. No smoke. Very little heat seemed to radlato from the coals. How gently the Jarros were boll lug, and oh, tho patience of the cook moving from ono earthenware dish to another! Now and then sho fanned the coals to enliven them. There was not a single Iron kettle or skillet. But perhaps tho most surprising thing was tho welcome ho received In .liipan when he went thero after the close of war with Itussla. The Emperor received him in person and hfs welcome everywhere was perhaps tho most novel experience In his Ufa. When h went to Japan ho was almost 80 years old. Ho had bareiy returned to England front that long voyago when K came to tho United States for another hard Journey, crowded with meetings. He was here for the month of October, and during that time travelled about 3,0un miles, attended to a vast amount of impor tant business and addressed tens of thou sands of people. No wonder Field Mar shal Viscount Wolselcy called him thi greatest organizer in the world." In England he has covered tho country repeatedly even in these very reoent years, sometimes making a whirlwind canvass in a motor car and delivering five or six addresses a day. His present blindness is a result of one of these motor campaigns. One eye was injured by dust so that it had to bo operated upon. The operation was not successful, the t sight of the eye was lost and the other eye, through sympathy, developed cataract, with the result that Gen. Booth is now to tally blind. But with characteristic courage he Is planning to undergo an operation next month which may poesibly restore his sight. And with an energy which alio Is characteristic he is planning to make yet another visit to America later in the year. Uis message given out on his birthday speaks of his hope that the army shall bo a bio to do a great work in China. As a matter of fact China and Russia are the only two great nations where the Sal vationists aro not organized and fighting their great battle. In Russia they are trying to get the chance to fight, b'ut so far have been unsuccessful. Tho Greek Church there controls the Government in the matter and permission has not yet been granted the army to work. A Salvation offlwr is in the country, however, holding parlor meetings In the homes of influential fiersons, even of members of tho nobility, describing the organization, its iiimi and methods, and the leaders bono to overcome the present Government op- j position. In China the work lias not been pushed becauso there wasn't money to carry on tho necessary mission work. Which recalls u story told about Gen. Booth apropos of tho fact that with tho imineavi work, constantly Iieing carried on l!irs was naturally a percnninl need of fundj Somebody said to him ono day: "How can you accept gold from 'Ulnto.1 sources'?" "I'd tako Mr. Rockefeller's If 1 could get itl was tho quid: reply. "I would wash it clean with the tears of tho father- I less and lay ft on tno altar of humanity. Remarkable Booth family. In appearance Gen. Booth is like a splendid old prophet. Ho is tall and spare of form, has a somowhat disordered mass of white hair and a fairly Monlo beard. His eye is koen yet kindly and Ills noso is that of tho man of powor, strong and aquiline. He is a man of paradoxical temperament, genial and humorous nnd tender to his ; associates, yet demanding of them that they measure up to a standard of energy and ability and d-jvotion far beyond ordinary ideals; a general who leads his army and expecta them to support him to tho doath. A remarkable family of sons and daugh ters is not the least of the many wonder ful factors in Gen. Booth's lifework. He him had eight children, all of whom are living to-day, with the exception of Emma, Booth-Tucker, who was killed in a railroad accident in this country about ten years ago. Every one of these children has taken an active part and abls in the work of religious salvation. The oldest son, W. Bramwell Booth, is chief of staff, second in command of tho army throughout the world. The oldest daughter, Mrs. Catherine Booth Clibborn, worked as an officer of the association until her family cares made too great demands on her. The next daughter, Miss Mary Booth, lives with the General. Next comes Bal lington Booth, who, with his wife, organ ized the Volunteers of America and sepa rated from the army. Herbert Booth is one of the leaders in the present Men and Religion Forward movement. Mia Evangeline Rooth is commander in this country and has just gone over to Eng- i land, partly on business of the Army, partly to be with tho General when the operation is performed on his eyes, Th youngest daughter, Mrs. Lucy Booth Hellberg, is in charge of the work in Den mark. When Gen. Booth made his latest viit to this country one of his own officers said in an outburst of admiration: "Tliis sight of an old man verging upon fourscoro years careering through the world with the apparent vigor and relentless enthusiasm of youth, address ing meetings, receiving deputations nnd honors and bearing in addition the care and responsibility of his great charge, is a spectacle for men and angels. He has a rough nnd ready speech combined with thn highest miirhiial instincts, broad tolerance with narrow principles, the masterfulness of nn autocrat with the simplicity of, a child." A Massachusetts Game Farm, From the Springfield Republican. A game farm of between M0n 8,000 ucres In Carver and Plymouth !ih teen acquired by the American trim Protective and J'ropagatlon Asoc!atlon on a ten years lease, with option or pur chase, and elaborate experiments ura proponed for conserving the wild life of the New England forests and waters. , It Is stipulated that after the expiration of the lease the farm shall continue tor twenty years to be a sanctuary for jtame, whether or not the tract is bought, rnei do theae things rather better tn the eld country, and It Is proposed to Import 4 Scotch gamekeeper to start a line or expert natives in ths ci.1lnK. Thrashes' Nests on Car Traebs, From Ins H'efmlnfer Gazette. An Interesting dlicovery has been ma on a aiding of the CJreat Weitern Ballrnad at Maidenhead station. A. train of torn seventy coal trucks has. during the strll:'. stood tn the siding, and this moriibu. In the wheels of nve succtaslve true:., shielded by a bank, eleven thrushes' iieftj were discovered. In one the hen eira Is sitting on four eggs. The net jrj tn successive wheels, and all face tn south.