Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, APRIL 28, 1912.
GREAT PICTURE BY PUVIS DE CHAVANNES HERE The Much Discussed " Beheading John the Baptist" in the Col lection of John Quinn of THERE Unow In Narw York a graat picture by a great painter, PurU da Chavannss. it la la the private oolleotloa of John Quinn, Esq., among tha other admirable examples gathered by thla Indefatigable connoisseur. The work waa formerly In the poaaeaaloa of Dunnd-Rael, through whoee courtesy we reproduoa It on thla page to-day. Hung In the Uni versal Exposition. Parle, lMt. the 'Be heading of John tha Baptist was first shown at tha Salon ;of ' 1870 and waa violently abused by many orltloa. -The publto displayed better taste and crowded to see this strange, striking composition, whloh was aa both Rene Menard and ' Oeorgee Lefeneatre wrote, the moat Im portant contribution to tha Salon of 1870. In the Municipal Gallery of Dublin there Is a variant of the picture, but a muoH weaker one In design and execution. The Saint Is quite different, and Instead of one onlooker there are three. Nor Is the headsman so rhythmlo of gesture and powerful In conception. Mr. Quran's version Is magnificent. It Is easily tho best Purls in America setting aside the not altogether litis factory mural decorations of the Boston Publlo Library. In both pictures the portrait of the woman, too tender for the true Herodloa, Is that of the Prinoess Can tacu tone, who later becomes the wife of the painter. Although ho has been dead since 1899 critical bat t lei are still fought over lils artistlo merits. Whether you ngreo with Huysmans and call him a pasticheur of the Italian Primitives or etas tho greatest artist in mural decoration since Veronese depends muoh upon your temperament . There are many to whom Honri Martin's gorgeous color Monet's method applied to Tast spaces or tho blazing originality of Albert Besnird miko morj intimate appeal than tho pallid poetry, solemn rhythms and faded moonlit tonal gamut ' of Puvls, Because the mimes of Oustave Moroau and Puvls were often associated Huysmans cries aloud at the "obsequious heresy" or tho conjunction, forgetting the two men were friends. With Marlus Vaehon wo are far from Huysmans with his succinct but din respectful sarcasm about Puvis, "e'est un vieux rcgiudon qui s'rss-iie dans le requiem." Tho truth is thit sumo who were acquainted with the exterior .Puvis were disappointed to find him a anno, solidly built man, a good liver in the best teu.-o of the word, without a suggestion of a morbid, vaporing pom iff or haughty Olympian. Ho was. person-illy, not in the least liko his art, a crime that senti mentalists seldom Jorgive. Ho was a Burgundinti ntul posieosod the character istics of hi race. Asceticism was tho last quality to eel; in him. A goa l dinner, washed down with old burgundy, con genial comrades, above all tho socioty of his beloved Princess Cinlacuzeue, whoso dovotion to her husbind was tho nno roraunti"! note in his career; thosn and twelvo hours toil daily made tip the long lifo of this distinguished pilnter. His Education in Art. lie lived for half a century between ids two ateliers, ono on tho Place I'U.i'Io, the other at .NeuIIly. .NotwItlHWidiiis 'Chavanr.es reduced ins naletto almost his arduous combat with tho ItisftUi' and , to a monochrome; for this end lio models public indiiferoiic. hU cwnot bo called in two flat tints; for this end he draws an unhappj c.-.i a ::ic?. IIu iiad hi art, ! in huge undisciplined masi-es in tho p.-acvlce of which ho wau veritable munil decoration if it form part of tho fanatic; by Intien.-iTiye no w.u rich, and ' wall should le a variant of the stonework." ho was happy ia hit love. Aflluence, lovo, Wo tako exception to tho word "undis art,atrl..l t attain which most men ciplined." Puvis was one of the most would stop ut no ssiinflco. ca-nu to Iuvis, calculating painters thut ever uwd u yet the gadfly of ambition was in his brush, and ono of tho mott cerebral. Hii tlesh. In his ttudio ho was a visionary, .favorite aphorism was: "Beauty is chnr- f or the Quattrooectbrtt. He admired the old umbnan and Tuscan masters, ha waa ravished by tha Baallloa of St. Francis at Aatlsl and Santa Maria Novella. Florence. Titian, Tintoretto, Anally Veronese riveted his passion for what has been falsely styled ui aro halo." Returning to Parte ke waa oonduoted oy Us friend Beauderon to the atudlo of Delacroix, whom he adored. He re mained Just fifteen days, when ths shop waa shut. Delacroix, in a razo over' the lack of talent and also of funds among Ms pupils, sent them away. Puvls had been under the tuition of Henri Scheffer, the brother of Ary Scheffer, and for years spoke with reverenoe of the latter, a serious, though mediocre, painter. He next sought the advioe of Thomas Cou turo and stayed with htm three months, not, however, quarrelling with tho master, aa later did another pupil, Edouard Manet. Puvls waa tractable enough; but he had one falling, not always a sign of talent or the reverse he refused to see or paint as he waa told to do by his teachers, For this stubbornness hisenemles, among whom ranked the moat powerful critics of Paris, declared that ho had never been grounded In the elements of an art edu cation, that he could not draw or design. that his color sense waa really oolor blind' ness. io be sure, be did not boast a fulgurating brush and his line In often awkward or inelastio; but he had tho fundamentals of decorative art well In hand. lie waa very receptive and ac complished an enormous amount of work without letting the world Into his secret. After hla death thousands of sketches, designs, pencilled memoranda, cartoons were found and then there was a different tune whistled by the critics. His draughts manship ia that of a decorative artist, as the Hodin drawings are thoso of a sculptor, not a painter's. Considering tho rigid standard by which the work of ruvis waa judged criticism wan not altogether wrong, as was claimed whon the wave of reaction set in. ills easel pictures are hardly ingratiating. He does appear to best advantage In a gal lery, lie needs huge sjaces In .which to swim about; there he makes other men's compositions pygmy. Painted Many Pictures. It Ib the onso of Richard Wn gner repeated though there is llttlo likeness between the ideas of the Frenchman and the German except in epical bigness in both. Judged by the classical standards of the concert room Wagner is not to l compartd with tho mellifluous miniaturist Mendels sohn. His form is the larger mould of tho nvisic drama, not the symphonic form, either classic or romantic. Time, place. action are the three unities that inexorably hem in the music drama of Wagner. And ono principle Puvis adhered to, that a wall is a wall and not an easel picture; it is fiat and that flatness must lie empha sized, not disguised. Decoration is the desideratum. Thus he contrived a sche matic painting that would hurrnonbe with the flatness, the text urn and the architectural surroundings and, ns Ueorgo Mooro puts it: "No other painter kept this end so strictly before his eyes. For this end merkable. His work principally com prises the life of St. Oenevlfcve at the Pantheon (tho saint is a portrait of his Princess), "Summer" and "Winter" at the Hotel de Villa, the decorations for the amphitheatre of the Sorbonne, the deco rations at Rouen, "Inter ArtesotNaturam at Lyons, "The Sacred Wood," "Vision Antique," the Rhone, tho Sadne, the decorations at Amiens, "War," "Peace," Rest." "Labor," "Ave Plcardia Nutrlx," and two smaller grisailles, "Vigilanoe" and "Fancy"; at Marseilles, the "Mar seilles," "Porte d'Orient," and "Marseilles, the Greek Colony"; tho decorations for the Boston Library and his easej picture, "The Poor Fisherman," now in tho Lux embourg, In this latter, the painter ex plained that he hod found tho mode In the person of a wretchedly poor fisher man who lived at tho estuary of the Belne; the young girl Is a sister and the landscape is from tho surroundings, though, as in the cose with Puvls, con siderably generalized. The abovo is but a slender list, for thero are later also the "Beheading of St. John" in the Zunln collection and the Dublin version; also the "Pro Patrla Ludus," a man for whom the actual world does' not exist In the converse of (Mutter's phrase. His dlst Inctlon is wholly persona I. He lives evidently on a high plane, dwells habitually In the delectable highlands of the intellect. The fact that his work is almost wholly decorative Is not at all accidental. His talent, his genius, If one ohoosos, require.-) largo spices, vast dimensions. There has been a good deal of profitless discussion whether ho ex pressly Imitates the primitives or repro duces them sympathetically; but really he does nolthor; he deals with their sub jects occasionally, but always in a com pletely modern as well as a thoroughly personal way. His color is as original as his general treatment and composi tion." Tho men and wom.en of Purls aro not precisely pagan nor yet Biblical. Thoy reveal traits of both, strained through u drastic intellect. Hut they are not abstractions; tho mon aro virll. the women material. I hern Is tho npirii of humanity, not of uinotnia, decadence. Puvis did not, liko Motvau, turn his back to tho setting sun. He admired Degas, Manet, Monet; at first ho pal ing moments that dofllo by, has stolen Into this pictorial Harden of tho Hesporldes. Puvls, no more than (lustavo Moreau, failed to oscapo tho Inquietude of his nge. He Is often Parisian and pessimist. His Methods Illustrated. The Inability of ills contomxrarles to understand his profoundly decorat'vo genius, his tact in the handling of prob lems of light-the key must bo always higher because of tho different and softer light of public buildings and tho gloom of churches -and his feeling for tho wall Methods and Achievements of Artist Who Showed the Path Back to True Mural Painting To set his key he would carefully note ! pete with natural effect. In this tempest In his sketch book the ground tono of tho less, passionless art, with neither blood wall, and return after to verify It. On ior tho oolor or blood In it, tho Olympian this ho built, choosing a few leading dream revived, but purged and spar, value to entires his scone. He became . humble and more remote, a "Vision An us well, a flat space, not to Ixi confounded ! a painter, he said, after his first oxhibl- tlquo" that keeps something of ancient ith the art that would make tho picture i tlon, wnen ne learned tno lesson oi vaiues pieion aim gravuun, and candor and temperance, in tho Greek and liotnan of France. In u setting of frail treo stems, of sll-er-green and gray-blue, no sharper note in tho color than primrose upon ash, the nods and heroen survive, not In their is an oi.en window in the wall, but based bv finding that tho violet drapery oi a , on the flatness of tho material and on i figure disappeared into a background the uer'al magic of his slicing, sorely j of tho same tono. In his compositions troubled Puvis for half a century. Doubt- he worked from what ho called his "re- I less it was hit refusal to visit Boston and" lays of tono, flxod points botwoon which utitrtv 11i nrMiltprHir.il conditions nf tint, the rest wero modulated. Ho comnosod 1 Public Library that resulted in tho hang- ' without- dark shadows to preserve tno prion or inc. nut, wismit. puinicu u n lire of his decorations thero, though ' llatness. of tho wall. When he was told . remembered only. Tho Olympian art, several uro of an exalted order. Onu, that another painter had said, "Jo tno , arrogant ami dry In Ingres, ay loll to lit least, was ft springboard for tho decora-1 flche do' la muraille," ho retorted, "S'll Be ' landscape, to povotty, to pity, to reverie; tlve genius of Desrtord, fis may bo noted 1 Itches do la muraille. hi murulllo la vo-jthei poor Usher is ueen bowed over his in his fror-enes on tho calling at tho Hot-l i mlra." I nets in jealous spaco that sends up out do Vill". Paris. lie reduced his execution to the simplest i of its mud a niggard flower or two; tho til vino muses have homething to frustrate if ii i iiiMiiiii ' Bill g i i i i i 'i m in i n mm 1 1 igwigi s-vw msr- 4r -mmr r vus 4 - - ' - - v ' " I 1 " I THL BLntAPlrfG Or, JOtW .TfAE. ISAPTIT Milcr 3 I'jmtiTio wy I'uvis c t-ruvonnto K.. t ... ....... -7.1. 'VI bv not to mention many eiwl pictures, tnrnetl after his friend Chasereau, a some of which are in America. There 'too llttlo known painter, oneo a mural is a pallid, chalky one at the Mettopoli-' decorator heforo hu beeamo enwrapped in Oriental themes. The U'liten land scapes of Puvls are not mere ucenie back tan .Museum. Ways Distinctly Modern. All his frescoes are applied ran vase ground, but aro integral parts of tho . general decorative web. And they nre . not conceivel in No Man's iiUiid, but 1 fteleeted from tho viritdty of Paris. He is by no monib a virtuoso. His pace It. even a recluse, like Iib menu .Morsau, but in tiio open a fighter for hU ideai; and hi3 Ideas have shown not only French acter. His figures wero called imrr.ot !!, his palette impoverished; tho unfair sex artists but thu untlrs world t'lo path 'abustd his lean, lanky femalo creatures; He didn't worry about antique method-, nor ran it be said that his work i an at tempt to rehabilitate the Italian primi tives. On the contrurv. Puvis Is distinctly usually andante; ho knew how to evoke modern, and perhaps that constitutes his I a mood. summon up tho solemn music chief oilrnce in tho eyes of official French of mural spaces. HU crabbed fugues art, while the fact remains that his "mod-J melt Into tho larger nustero harmony einity" is trnnspo.-e.l to decorativo pur-i of tho wall. His choral walls nre veritable po-es an appeared In so strange a guise . epopees. Ho oftenr sounds the sym- just as same critics refuse to recognize j phonic than the lyric note. Ho gains his in certain compositions of Johannes met moving effects without setting into Biahtns tho romantic-that tho younger ' motion tho creaking allegorical machinery back to true mural painting. It is not an exaggeration to say that luvls literally created modern docoratlve art. His father was chief engineer of mines, a successful, man with a strong will. I.ike father like son was true in this case, though the young Puvis elected, after .Mime opposition, painting as a profession, llf had fallen ill and wa seat to Italy. There he did not, as has besn aisertod, linger at Poinpell or In the Roman Cata combs, but instead saved his enthusiasm finally ho waa nicknamed a Lenten painter, a (Miinter for fust days. Even tho hieratic figures of Moreau were pronounced opulent by sheer comparison with tho moonlight spectres of the Puvis land scapes. Courbet was known as the "furious madman," Puvis as the "tranquil lunatic." Nine of his pictures were refused at tho Salon, though he exhibited tliere his men regarded him suspiciously. Thus. In tho estimation of the rival camps, Puvls fell between two stools. He has been christened a latter day Domenlco Ohirlandajo, but this attri bution rings lens liberal than literary. Mr Brownell with his accustomed sense of critical values has to our notion summed up the situation: 'His classicism Is absolutely unaca Return from Hunting" in 1850, and ho , demlc, his romanticism unreal beyond tho even received in 1861a second cluss modal. ' verge of mysticism, and so preoccupied His fecundity in invention was re- , witli visions that ho may almost iw called of tho Academy. Ho shows tho simplo attitudes of lifo transfigured without rhetoric. Ho avoids frigid allegory, yet employs symbols. His tonal attenuations, his elliptical and syncopated rhythms, his atmospheric evocation of tho remote, tho mysterious thoso glvo tho spectator tho sense of sorenlty, a momentary free dom from tho feverishness of overyday life, and suggest the cool, lofty wisdom of classic poets. But the sorpont of futllo melancholy and of tho brief cadence of mortal dreams, of the perishing, vanish That Puvls do Cha annes was not nn unfeeling Bonze of art and u man of warm affections was proved after tho death of his 'much beloved wife. Princess Mario t'untacuzene. Sorrow over her loss killed him two months later. Ho had painted the thousand and ono expressive moments of tho lifo of our species, a veritable hymn to humanity. Are they not eternal'' Yes, till the canvas fades or tho wall decays. Art is long and appreciation a chilly consoletnent. Therefore let us stick to tho eternal verities. For Mr. MacColl Puvls do Chavannes's is t he abst ract in g mind that comes after the accumulation of natural effect and revolu tion of tonality in tho landscape school to renow deeorathm. Tho pale tones and Broad Hat mus.-.es of fresco charmed him, as they charmed ineffectually the ecclesias tical decorations of his time: he, heir to Corot as woll as ChaWriau, found a logic , meiuw of expression and "impossible." a transference to tho canvas of tho plotted cartoon lines and the fitting be tween these of tho color values, also plotted In a sketch. Painting directly from tho model in tho Amiens pieces, he thought, ho had been tempted to show off in tho "morceau." Later ho simplified with self-sufficient rudeness, and copied from the design liko a child. He udmitted no repainting and cookfry; the intend 'd tono must lie painted directly and if wrong scraped nway and painted again. Glazings, ho said, were gold for twenty-four hours and lead after ward. Ho was terribly bored by Dela croix's Journal and its anxious noting of methods. Old Traditions Recked. Ho had tho Olympian hatred for all that was tumultuous, violent and beyond tho for these tones bv reference to a natural key, to tho reading of a scene In milky dawn colors or pearly light, a means of Undor'the last head he classed the whole tradition of celling decoration since artists learned to faire plafonner, an nrt revived I nrunnlinir nf nnna lila linrmnm.- mH ItslbV Delacroix. Ho Was distrusted tO sentiment. Landscape is dominant in ills learn that at the Hotel do Ville walls Italy. Norway, Russia. Scotland. .Spam nnmivultlnnu a r.rWn lunrliMM nf i wero to ho oovered with carvincs and Sweden and Switzerland. 1 he commute delicately colored light and shadow. The .tapestries. He loved plains rather than , and Director John V. Beatty ure to lid "Winter" of tho Hotel do Ville. a snow lalps, and quiet statuesque poso rather 1 congratulated. in the rude simplicity of their form, as 1 if their carver had been more ucd to ti spado than a ehifcl. Tho husbandman and woodman of Millet have died anil come to heaven in Clinsseriau's golden age, ' but stiffne;n, shyness and doubt fling to 'and cramp their limbs. They t.iko up 1 loss strenlioun toils, with murmoral gen . ture, in vaster upace; spaco weighs upon them, and melancholy icslgtuitlon broods i over tho suered seats. ! Perhaps u fntv biographical tint l would I not be amiss at this juncture. Pierre Cyclic Puvls do (.ha vannes, son of an engineer, I wus born at Lyons on December it, IMJ. A metnbwr of an old Burgundian family, he was the second artist of Hie race, for I in the Louvro h n landscape, "Tho Shep I herds. " by his ancestor, Pierre Uomnchln Hieur do Chavanne, who was a tncmbsr of tho Academy from 1709 to 1711. PuvU was educated with n view to following his father's profession, but a fortunate illness sent him to recruit his strength ! in Italy. The visit was a determining I influence in his career, for oh his return 'after un intoroiting and art-profi .able sojourn he announced his intention of becoming a painter. Studied Under Delat.cix His first teacher was Henri Sche.fer, whom he left to visit Italy a second time. Returning to France ho worked in tho studios of Delacroix and Couture, but found himself without sympathy for cither, and tho term of their influence was limited to a few weeks. Having thus withdrawn from the romantlcand classical traditions of tho day he proceeded to work out his theories alone, giving himself entirely to mural and decorative painting. Critics combined in disparaging his work, blaming his drawing, the calm immo bility of his figures, the poverty of Ills simple palette. He was dubbed "un palntro do car em?," whoso dull eyo saw nature in ungainly line3 and tones of gray. Nine of his picturei wero rofusa.l at the Salon, tho one exception bein? his "Return from Hunting," exhibited in 183J. His merits first received recognition in 1801, when ho obtained tho second clast medal. His two largo canvases, "War" and "Peace," wero bought by tho State to bo handed to the Amiens Museum in lso.t. Having llttlo sympathy with Acad emic traditions, ho retained only for a short time his membership of the Salon jury, to which ho w.u elected in 1S72, and on tho schism of 1810 was one of the promoters of the now Salon of th Champ.' do Mars, becoming its presiden. on Mejsonler's death, in isl. He tiled ii, Paris after a short illness on October I) 18B3, his last work having been the com plot Ion of tho cartoons of his "Rivitnille ment do Paris." for the l'untlsjon. Ka pictures or museum picturns by this great artist aro of exceeding rarity, which but omfiasizes tho importance of Mr Quinn's acquisition, "Tho Beheading ui John tho Baptist." Tho International Art Exhibition nt the Carnogie Institute, Pittsburh, is aiid by thoso who know to lw u groat succos.-. The total number of pictures shown is 391, representing artists from America, Hn eland. Franco, Uerinany, Holland. Tho list of urtists from scene In broad masses of rose and blue, may stand for an example of his innovation. than furious notion. He wished to remain ' parallel to natural laws, but not to corn- John W. Alexnador to Andors orn com prises many well known names. ART NOTES Alfred Stetgllti has carried out his Idea nf an exhibition of drawlmts by children, snl these drawings are now shown at hi. Photo Secession Galleries. They are the work of children who have had no nstructlon whatever. The age of tho eld est child represented Is eleven years and that of the youngest is three years. Such .in exhibition Is of peculiar Intereit Just now, when npropo sof the post-lmpresslon-Ist movement, one hears so much of the naive and childlike attitude In art, and the necessity of freeing art from sophisti cation and doma. Remarkably decora tive are some of these attempts, and from the naive freshness and beauty of these iranlm?s one may draw many a text, tnh artl3tlc and psychologic. he Ii particularly Interested In palntlnif New York themes. Mr. Halpcrt's orlclnal woik wns one of the notable exhibitions of tho winter. nnd his paintings of California hills and tho Arizona Canyon nre poetic Interpreta tions of western country. desired. While many of the men) opera coat, Is almost entirely covered A portrait by Tintoretto has just been . Kathleen MeKnery. whose work at An exhibition of portraits by Dana f'on'l Is being held at the Knoedler Gal-Ifru-s, clever characterisations for tho mot part of New York society women, hiding Mrs. Frank Gould, Mrs. Herbert -Vfui and two portraits of Mls Marlon 'iriham. Besides the poitrults there aro a study, nn unfinished poitralt, owned by 1 i. ink Jay Oould, "Old Breton Peasant," md liv II, Walter Webb; "Gill With r Cu.it," "Portrait of a Young Qlrl" ind othets. At the Mnrheth Galleries are shown a it i' 'in of selected miltitlnus by American tst, nil icpresentatlvo examples of Know painters. A beautiful land--' ip" hi Arthur Davies Is painted with s usual lino noetic feeling and technical ter "A Winter Koad," by Georue ll'iwa, Is a vital study, though too dense color Two characteristic landscapes, I'llncilimi" and "Clouds," aro by 'Urles it. Davis. Very clever as paint i ns and us satlro aro the small pictures li !uy Peno du Hols "Men About Town i i Amateur and Professional." "The It .(..., i,y Charles W. Hawthorne, has fine qualities und Is rich In color. Oeorge .'Jks thows two studies of ths slums, Tr.u DikIiish" and 'The Haby." Moth nr excellent characterisations and are Mgorously painted. "Ths Bather," by Kanr.nli H.ijtB Miller, Is a canvas of lyrlo Wuty and exquisitely painted. This Is tho last exhibition to be held In tb Macbeth Galleries this season. Ounuel Haipert will not join ths migra tory throng of artists this year, but plans sk1 ths surarasr In Nsw Torkv purchased lerles by throuKh the Judh'9 Klbert Knoedler II. Gray. Gal It , .... . i. ii. portrait represents a woman win Een I1ULICU I1U11LI' 111 U L'A IIIIUIJI'II 1.4 ' - ..... .Ithe'MacDowell Hub. leaves shortly for HrBl characteristics would Indicate that called his dark manner, which belonged bo The other canvas, a portalt of a woman, shows Courbet In his Inst manner tlon, they have failed to (lnd something culnr lines of old blue, purely decorative. of painting, which was much lighter. Tho Interesting to say. The exhibition as a and a tiled lloor of black and white odd I represented have admirable technique, or, with a design of butterflies In old yel at last, an intrusting method of m.uiipida- low and blue and black. Two perpendl- . , . n , . am ramp, rrom ine hbitio i nn oi me shows a young man habited In black L" ' ""'" "rPn' '"V7,n ""' ...J. 5". ronnirv cwhet. tho Franche-domte. I Is dated 1651. It was recently bought from the Marchese Splnola of Genoa, who was Induced to sell It before the Italian Government placed the picture on Its Index, which would have prevented Its sale out of Italy. . . i countrv as Courbet ilrA.a with flip.. a an1 WArri rnrirn.i..il. i .......... , ... n n . ' - I . . . . . . . . . . ,.. i . ..., ...... .-.... ...... .'. , , .... , , . . it im inouEiii in niLve uueii o.unifu ut. "S..? f.,m,,:io an exhibit of h ric 'in CTl ' n " " six- Iicco n vfvmy years mivr inr porirau oi the Mayor of Orniins. The two poitralts nre very different In character and re pre- Arademv of Phm Arts bv Marv Cassntt. ! ho ,wo manners of Courbet. They tho American artist who for some yearB has mado her home In France. Deforo Pictures by Eliot Clark are on view .being sent to tho academy these pictures at the Kati Galleries. This Is tho clos- wero for a few days on exhibition at the Ing exhibition of the season at these Duriind-itm I Galleilcs. American Watsr C crntlAptu RM'prnl nf fhn DntntlniTS nre. ' Dm. tiorttnlt. "The Mnvnr of OrnanH. Anril 2:i nt the trailer! In rather hlph, light key, and opalescent was painted In IS50 at ornans, In tlin i-ine Arts HocUty, and will contlnuo until i In color. KHfieclally glowing Is "A j Kianehc-Comte, the lilithplare of fourlirt. May 12. Fantasy of lako Como." "An did House The portrait has liecn introduced by the Only the two first galleries tire dovntrd with Lilacs" Is a pleasing and decorative artist In his large painting "Tho Inter-1 to tho exhibition, the general avcingu of tudy, as Is "Apple Trees In llloom." Mi, i ment at Ornans," now in the i.otivre, this which, if representative ot the iiett Clark has spent much tlmo In tho West, canvas was hually pulnud and may bo American water culuilstH, Iimu's much to whole must be classed ns mediocre. further Interesting arrangement to the By far tho most Interesting pictures composition. The picture Is thoroughly shown nre two by Kdith M. Mngonlcle, . suggestive of nn old portrait print by one showing strongly the influence of Japanese 1 of the earlier Japanese print artists. art. Indeed, thev ate conies In stvlc. nr- Threo pictures by Tabor Sears, "Hoofs rnnsemcnt and color of thu old Japunesu and Sails, Hermuda." "The Cedar In iiLtor minis. One In e.illi .1 "l.iin. nn.,!.-! I'embroke" and "Inn on thu Severn" are the Aitlsts," nnd It requires somo tlmo,ory decorative in uuality and charming t)Jiny," n ee.lke bit with many eoloied for the slgnlllcance of litis title to tall- In eveiy respect, the two nrsi mcniioiicu '", " ''."V',r load Itself lo one's Intelligence. Tho pic- j UIng perhaps tho most Interesting. ' h,,x ami "Street In I.annlon" are the turo shows a man and woman, tho draw- "Kocltaway Beach" by A. O. Peck Is almost lUrfslim. lug nnd decoration of their robes and thu i email drawing of clear, crisp color, ficc- "Two Women." by Henry J. G Indcn- ly handled. It shows the llguics of men kjv ony of the MhiCittoa. ait'i iiim-ji -..nn ............. of the rug at his feet. The other plctute by Miss Hi idler Is c'alled "The Fairy Donk" nnd slums a little barefooted gill seated on the stairs, looking up with a f.u away expurslon In her eyes from the book she Is reading F. llopklnson Smith exhibits several pictures, water coleis over crayon. 'Th,. Itug Market" Is the most Intel estlng. but the water colors lack the chaim of his charcoal drawings tccently shown at Knoidleis. Chllde Hnram shows a large, number of small pictures. "I.annlon from th" form a valuablo acquisition to the Penn sylvania Academy. conventional drawing of their faces Jap The forty-fifth annual exhibition of the nrso ,n " degree, tho man apparently 'olor Society opened "bout to plunge a dagger Into the woman's erics of the American , l'-,cl- Ttlp lufeimic Is that love among tnu nriisis is still in a veiy bin banc btago of dexclopim nt. The other plctuie by IMIlh Miignnlele. Is n pm trait of Mrs. Vnldemai Joip"i. been iliaivn accoidlng In i'otienlion, the mbe, an The fare ha I tho Japanese nu4 coats on the sand colon it beach. Two pnintlmis of children by Hilda Belcher lie pnlntcd with her usual charm anil understanding of childish ps.ichol ogy. "Listening" shows a Utile fellow with Intent and wundeilng expression, hinted on a lounge. A row of books nt the, back of the divan ti'p.ats thu coitus BLUE ROSE FROM GERMANY OFFERED THIS SPRING Whon tho flowers have their annual K?omlng out parties In tho spring the debutantes of the rose family uro nlwnys the first to lie named "among those present." They are moro numerous nnd they have more admirers Uian nil their rivals. But to distinguish the roal debu tantes, the genuine new arrivals, from their older sistors of other seasons you must know your floral blue book anel social register thoroughly from begin- glng to end. The nurserymen's annual catalogues contain tho annals of the worlei of Howe-re and they ore alwuys bursting with Impor tant Information and startling announce roenta Hut their reports are freeiuently conflicting. The same rose may bo an nounced as somothlng now in ono cata logue and bo listed in another of the Mine date with no allusion to its ugo. One onta logue makes a genuine discovery this year that receives no recognition from tho others until a year hence. New names are devised for old buahea and the com bination put forward ns a discovery. Ho it is no e; sy mitter for the uninitiated to be sure which varieties aro absolutely new and which are only partly m, ThU year's olTcrings urn as numerous onel fascinating ns over. One of the most intertstln; of tho recent discoveries ns related by tho nurserymen is Introduced as the Violet 111.10 Hninbler, "helled by the Herman rose growers ns thu forerunner of a cenulnidy cuniHowcr blue rowi," It lias something of the characteristics . double, a strong grower antl a very freo bloomer. 'I hero r.ro many new baby ramblers. One i the Crimson Baby ilaml ler, j. dwarf ever blooming Critfison Humbler wilh big bunches of double hlcvumn and thriving indoors or out. Tho White Baby ilaiubler differs from It in colui only, while the Little Porothy Is similar but pink nnd often with bigger clusters of blossoms. Ono Hpriig announcement is thr.t I ho of tho chameleon, for Urn color is at llr.d j Mry newest of nil rambler rci-es Is tho ilher reddish pink or purpli-li pink, then nmit'iyst and nt list steel blun, The blossoms are of medium size, in largo clusters. The Violet Blue IUmblr is n child of the Crimson Itamblor, another relation of which Is the I lower of 1 alilleltl, sim ilar In color but more I rilliant iinel more Listing than its parent i.nd prolilio in blossoms in its llrst yi-.ir, Another ne.v rambler has beon naniftl Mrs. Flight and is put; forth as beautiful, pink, somi- Cliiiibing Crimson B;by lt.'iubler, which combines tho ever blooming (iir.llties of the Crimson llaliy Humbler end u climbing growth which adapts It to use for tiio lulornment of porches and per golas. Another now, barely climbing rose of the rambler typo Is the Holdfluch with lemon yellow, semi-double flowers In largo truss-H, In tho hybrid tea rose department there aro elozons ef varieties designated aa new. Ono Is the llena Robbing with Urge e'lear while or lemon tinted Mowers, blending In !!" centre Into a shade of orange. Another is the Kntllatii e. who-o flowciK nre i bleeding of carmine shades with metallic effect!!, The ISemmary , now l;i its r-eound s msoii nt lenst, has established ilielf i;s n favorite. It i silvery pink villi double lluwern with unusually l.ugo petals on sti.T, erect stems. Helen MUU Is unother newcomer .tlium-; tho hybrlil tens It Is pink anil li'utly, liliinmingfi eeh'f i omearlv spring tiirauli out tiio sruwltig ''-'ai "ii a idurily, sym- inetrioal bush, nnd the color is u elelloato aie a deep rich pink which fade) somewhat a'- thi'y grow older It blooms through out I ho summer nnd fall. I.nes ulwnvs eloserui the best soil they can uet. ir the natural sou is poor win ( nisi) heel must be dug out nnd filled with . gooel rich loam inietl with well rotted stable lunnuro ill the proportion of nno1 part of luauuro to three parts of loam. Some sand may a No le mixed in to iid vniituge. if loiiur.eicial iertili. erK aro resorted to at all, they should bo u-n but 1 nihil ingly. lor too piucli-would I ovorwi , than none There are special plant foods for ropes I that may bo used to nilvantai'e. When ; tho plants are put in the ground tho roots ; lllllnl no wen uuvvruu uiiii iiumuu ni New Galleries of P. W. FRENCH & CO. 6 EAST 56th STREET Rare Antique Tapestries Furniture and other Objects of' Art (Formrrlr HI Madlion Avtnur.l sluulu of pink. "As l.uv no American ranged in their natural Hjsitioiis 'hey. Beauty, as doublu as I .a i'ranco mid us siiotiiu lo copiously w.uci. " " I red us Hichmond," J ,, . ,.,, ,, ng una eury ovu ng until n is uppnreui id, it the description i;ivcn ',' ,i i,..t. ..i,..t. tinn i.i,i in tL -nil by tho entliiwl i lio ongitiiitor of the Uud aru heglimlim to thritu. II they aro I ithe.i Held, a new crimson garden rose . in a sunny place, as they should be, tliey with u btroug, ell.'c.i'se! resisting colistitu- .should le colored witli newspapers eluriug Hon I the warmer hours nf the elay. it. is not .Miss (lenovievo Clant Is a seedling rose from (leriuany, now offered lifter to years of thorough testing in thu American climate. When the blossoms open they iirlvUuhle to nlaiit while the urulltid is too wet, and when the planting is done, all dried or withered brunches und leaves should lie cut off. Telephone 0.117 Madison Sijuarc. W. A. Coopfcr PHOTOGRAPHER 292 Fifth Avenue " rAain tVic li'jhl to scrrc me." Tho lafRest nnd best ciiuirpeJ ututlit) in tho city. Palatini reproduced with absolute color value. Portrait und Homo portraiture Outdoor uml ituorior photoRrnphy u spccidlty. ji fM