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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, April 28, 1912, FOURTH SECTION MAGAZINE, Image 55

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The Much Discussed " Beheading
John the Baptist" in the Col
lection of John Quinn
THERE Unow In Narw York a graat
picture by a great painter,
PurU da Chavannss. it la la
the private oolleotloa of John
Quinn, Esq., among tha other admirable
examples gathered by thla Indefatigable
connoisseur. The work waa formerly
In the poaaeaaloa of Dunnd-Rael,
through whoee courtesy we reproduoa
It on thla page to-day. Hung In the Uni
versal Exposition. Parle, lMt. the 'Be
heading of John tha Baptist was first
shown at tha Salon ;of ' 1870 and waa
violently abused by many orltloa. -The
publto displayed better taste and crowded
to see this strange, striking composition,
whloh was aa both Rene Menard and '
Oeorgee Lefeneatre wrote, the moat Im
portant contribution to tha Salon of 1870.
In the Municipal Gallery of Dublin there
Is a variant of the picture, but a muoH
weaker one In design and execution.
The Saint Is quite different, and Instead
of one onlooker there are three. Nor
Is the headsman so rhythmlo of gesture
and powerful In conception.
Mr. Quran's version Is magnificent.
It Is easily tho best Purls in America
setting aside the not altogether litis
factory mural decorations of the Boston
Publlo Library. In both pictures the
portrait of the woman, too tender for the
true Herodloa, Is that of the Prinoess
Can tacu tone, who later becomes the wife
of the painter.
Although ho has been dead since 1899
critical bat t lei are still fought over lils
artistlo merits. Whether you ngreo with
Huysmans and call him a pasticheur of
the Italian Primitives or etas tho greatest
artist in mural decoration since Veronese
depends muoh upon your temperament .
There are many to whom Honri Martin's
gorgeous color Monet's method applied
to Tast spaces or tho blazing originality
of Albert Besnird miko morj intimate
appeal than tho pallid poetry, solemn
rhythms and faded moonlit tonal gamut
' of Puvls, Because the mimes of Oustave
Moroau and Puvls were often associated
Huysmans cries aloud at the "obsequious
heresy" or tho conjunction, forgetting
the two men were friends.
With Marlus Vaehon wo are far from
Huysmans with his succinct but din
respectful sarcasm about Puvis, "e'est
un vieux rcgiudon qui s'rss-iie dans le
requiem." Tho truth is thit sumo who
were acquainted with the exterior .Puvis
were disappointed to find him a anno,
solidly built man, a good liver in the best
teu.-o of the word, without a suggestion
of a morbid, vaporing pom iff or haughty
Olympian. Ho was. person-illy, not in
the least liko his art, a crime that senti
mentalists seldom Jorgive. Ho was a
Burgundinti ntul posieosod the character
istics of hi race. Asceticism was tho last
quality to eel; in him. A goa l dinner,
washed down with old burgundy, con
genial comrades, above all tho socioty
of his beloved Princess Cinlacuzeue,
whoso dovotion to her husbind was tho
nno roraunti"! note in his career; thosn
and twelvo hours toil daily made tip the
long lifo of this distinguished pilnter.
His Education in Art.
lie lived for half a century between ids
two ateliers, ono on tho Place I'U.i'Io,
the other at .NeuIIly. .NotwItlHWidiiis 'Chavanr.es reduced ins naletto almost
his arduous combat with tho ItisftUi' and , to a monochrome; for this end lio models
public indiiferoiic. hU cwnot bo called in two flat tints; for this end he draws
an unhappj c.-.i a ::ic?. IIu iiad hi art, ! in huge undisciplined masi-es
in tho p.-acvlce of which ho wau veritable munil decoration if it form part of tho
fanatic; by Intien.-iTiye no w.u rich, and ' wall should le a variant of the stonework."
ho was happy ia hit love. Aflluence, lovo, Wo tako exception to tho word "undis
art,atrl..l t attain which most men ciplined." Puvis was one of the most
would stop ut no ssiinflco. ca-nu to Iuvis, calculating painters thut ever uwd u
yet the gadfly of ambition was in his brush, and ono of tho mott cerebral. Hii
tlesh. In his ttudio ho was a visionary, .favorite aphorism was: "Beauty is chnr-
f or the Quattrooectbrtt. He admired the old
umbnan and Tuscan masters, ha waa
ravished by tha Baallloa of St. Francis at
Aatlsl and Santa Maria Novella. Florence.
Titian, Tintoretto, Anally Veronese riveted
his passion for what has been falsely styled
ui aro halo."
Returning to Parte ke waa oonduoted
oy Us friend Beauderon to the atudlo
of Delacroix, whom he adored. He re
mained Just fifteen days, when ths shop
waa shut. Delacroix, in a razo over'
the lack of talent and also of funds among
Ms pupils, sent them away. Puvls had
been under the tuition of Henri Scheffer,
the brother of Ary Scheffer, and for years
spoke with reverenoe of the latter, a
serious, though mediocre, painter. He
next sought the advioe of Thomas Cou
turo and stayed with htm three months,
not, however, quarrelling with tho master,
aa later did another pupil, Edouard Manet.
Puvls waa tractable enough; but he had
one falling, not always a sign of talent
or the reverse he refused to see or paint
as he waa told to do by his teachers,
For this stubbornness hisenemles, among
whom ranked the moat powerful critics
of Paris, declared that ho had never been
grounded In the elements of an art edu
cation, that he could not draw or design.
that his color sense waa really oolor blind'
ness. io be sure, be did not boast a
fulgurating brush and his line In often
awkward or inelastio; but he had tho
fundamentals of decorative art well In
hand. lie waa very receptive and ac
complished an enormous amount of
work without letting the world Into his
After hla death thousands of sketches,
designs, pencilled memoranda, cartoons
were found and then there was a different
tune whistled by the critics. His draughts
manship ia that of a decorative artist,
as the Hodin drawings are thoso of a
sculptor, not a painter's. Considering
tho rigid standard by which the work
of ruvis waa judged criticism wan not
altogether wrong, as was claimed whon
the wave of reaction set in. ills easel
pictures are hardly ingratiating. He
does appear to best advantage In a gal
lery, lie needs huge sjaces In .which
to swim about; there he makes other
men's compositions pygmy.
Painted Many Pictures.
It Ib the onso of Richard Wn gner repeated
though there is llttlo likeness between
the ideas of the Frenchman and the
German except in epical bigness in both.
Judged by the classical standards of the
concert room Wagner is not to l compartd
with tho mellifluous miniaturist Mendels
sohn. His form is the larger mould of tho
nvisic drama, not the symphonic form,
either classic or romantic. Time, place.
action are the three unities that inexorably
hem in the music drama of Wagner.
And ono principle Puvis adhered to, that
a wall is a wall and not an easel picture;
it is fiat and that flatness must lie empha
sized, not disguised. Decoration is the
desideratum. Thus he contrived a sche
matic painting that would hurrnonbe
with the flatness, the text urn and the
architectural surroundings and, ns Ueorgo
Mooro puts it:
"No other painter kept this end so
strictly before his eyes. For this end
merkable. His work principally com
prises the life of St. Oenevlfcve at the
Pantheon (tho saint is a portrait of his
Princess), "Summer" and "Winter" at
the Hotel de Villa, the decorations for the
amphitheatre of the Sorbonne, the deco
rations at Rouen, "Inter ArtesotNaturam
at Lyons, "The Sacred Wood," "Vision
Antique," the Rhone, tho Sadne, the
decorations at Amiens, "War," "Peace,"
Rest." "Labor," "Ave Plcardia Nutrlx,"
and two smaller grisailles, "Vigilanoe"
and "Fancy"; at Marseilles, the "Mar
seilles," "Porte d'Orient," and "Marseilles,
the Greek Colony"; tho decorations for
the Boston Library and his easej picture,
"The Poor Fisherman," now in tho Lux
embourg, In this latter, the painter ex
plained that he hod found tho mode
In the person of a wretchedly poor fisher
man who lived at tho estuary of the
Belne; the young girl Is a sister and the
landscape is from tho surroundings,
though, as in the cose with Puvls, con
siderably generalized.
The abovo is but a slender list, for thero
are later also the "Beheading of St. John"
in the Zunln collection and the Dublin
version; also the "Pro Patrla Ludus,"
a man for whom the actual world does'
not exist In the converse of (Mutter's
phrase. His dlst Inctlon is wholly persona I.
He lives evidently on a high plane, dwells
habitually In the delectable highlands
of the intellect. The fact that his work
is almost wholly decorative Is not at all
accidental. His talent, his genius, If one
ohoosos, require.-) largo spices, vast
dimensions. There has been a good deal
of profitless discussion whether ho ex
pressly Imitates the primitives or repro
duces them sympathetically; but really
he does nolthor; he deals with their sub
jects occasionally, but always in a com
pletely modern as well as a thoroughly
personal way. His color is as original
as his general treatment and composi
tion." Tho men and wom.en of Purls aro not
precisely pagan nor yet Biblical. Thoy
reveal traits of both, strained through
u drastic intellect. Hut they are not
abstractions; tho mon aro virll. the
women material. I hern Is tho npirii of
humanity, not of uinotnia, decadence.
Puvis did not, liko Motvau, turn
his back to tho setting sun. He admired
Degas, Manet, Monet; at first ho pal
ing moments that dofllo by, has stolen Into
this pictorial Harden of tho Hesporldes.
Puvls, no more than (lustavo Moreau,
failed to oscapo tho Inquietude of his nge.
He Is often Parisian and pessimist.
His Methods Illustrated.
The Inability of ills contomxrarles
to understand his profoundly decorat'vo
genius, his tact in the handling of prob
lems of light-the key must bo always
higher because of tho different and softer
light of public buildings and tho gloom
of churches -and his feeling for tho wall
Methods and Achievements of Artist
Who Showed the Path Back to
True Mural Painting
To set his key he would carefully note ! pete with natural effect. In this tempest
In his sketch book the ground tono of tho less, passionless art, with neither blood
wall, and return after to verify It. On ior tho oolor or blood In it, tho Olympian
this ho built, choosing a few leading dream revived, but purged and spar,
value to entires his scone. He became . humble and more remote, a "Vision An
us well, a flat space, not to Ixi confounded ! a painter, he said, after his first oxhibl- tlquo" that keeps something of ancient
ith the art that would make tho picture i tlon, wnen ne learned tno lesson oi vaiues pieion aim gravuun,
and candor and temperance, in tho Greek
and liotnan of France.
In u setting of frail treo stems, of sll-er-green
and gray-blue, no sharper note
in tho color than primrose upon ash, the
nods and heroen survive, not In their
is an oi.en window in the wall, but based bv finding that tho violet drapery oi a ,
on the flatness of tho material and on i figure disappeared into a background
the uer'al magic of his slicing, sorely j of tho same tono. In his compositions
troubled Puvis for half a century. Doubt- he worked from what ho called his "re- I
less it was hit refusal to visit Boston and" lays of tono, flxod points botwoon which
utitrtv 11i nrMiltprHir.il conditions nf tint, the rest wero modulated. Ho comnosod 1
Public Library that resulted in tho hang- ' without- dark shadows to preserve tno prion or inc. nut, wismit. puinicu u n
lire of his decorations thero, though ' llatness. of tho wall. When he was told . remembered only. Tho Olympian art,
several uro of an exalted order. Onu, that another painter had said, "Jo tno , arrogant ami dry In Ingres, ay loll to
lit least, was ft springboard for tho decora-1 flche do' la muraille," ho retorted, "S'll Be ' landscape, to povotty, to pity, to reverie;
tlve genius of Desrtord, fis may bo noted 1 Itches do la muraille. hi murulllo la vo-jthei poor Usher is ueen bowed over his
in his fror-enes on tho calling at tho Hot-l i mlra." I nets in jealous spaco that sends up out
do Vill". Paris. lie reduced his execution to the simplest i of its mud a niggard flower or two; tho
til vino muses have homething to frustrate
ii i iiiMiiiii ' Bill g i i i i i 'i m in i n mm 1 1 igwigi s-vw msr- 4r -mmr r vus
4 - - ' - - v ' "
I 1 " I
Milcr 3 I'jmtiTio wy I'uvis c t-ruvonnto
K.. t ... ....... -7.1.
not to mention many eiwl pictures, tnrnetl after his friend Chasereau, a
some of which are in America. There 'too llttlo known painter, oneo a mural
is a pallid, chalky one at the Mettopoli-' decorator heforo hu beeamo enwrapped
in Oriental themes. The U'liten land
scapes of Puvls are not mere ucenie back
tan .Museum.
Ways Distinctly Modern.
All his frescoes are applied ran vase
ground, but aro integral parts of tho
. general decorative web. And they nre
. not conceivel in No Man's iiUiid, but
1 fteleeted from tho viritdty of Paris. He
is by no monib a virtuoso. His pace It.
even a recluse, like Iib menu .Morsau,
but in tiio open a fighter for hU ideai;
and hi3 Ideas have shown not only French
His figures wero called imrr.ot !!, his
palette impoverished; tho unfair sex
artists but thu untlrs world t'lo path 'abustd his lean, lanky femalo creatures;
He didn't worry about antique method-,
nor ran it be said that his work i an at
tempt to rehabilitate the Italian primi
tives. On the contrurv. Puvis Is distinctly usually andante; ho knew how to evoke
modern, and perhaps that constitutes his I a mood. summon up tho solemn music
chief oilrnce in tho eyes of official French of mural spaces. HU crabbed fugues
art, while the fact remains that his "mod-J melt Into tho larger nustero harmony
einity" is trnnspo.-e.l to decorativo pur-i of tho wall. His choral walls nre veritable
po-es an appeared In so strange a guise . epopees. Ho oftenr sounds the sym-
just as same critics refuse to recognize j phonic than the lyric note. Ho gains his
in certain compositions of Johannes met moving effects without setting into
Biahtns tho romantic-that tho younger ' motion tho creaking allegorical machinery
back to true mural painting. It is not an
exaggeration to say that luvls literally
created modern docoratlve art.
His father was chief engineer of mines,
a successful, man with a strong will.
I.ike father like son was true in this case,
though the young Puvis elected, after
.Mime opposition, painting as a profession,
llf had fallen ill and wa seat to Italy.
There he did not, as has besn aisertod,
linger at Poinpell or In the Roman Cata
combs, but instead saved his enthusiasm
finally ho waa nicknamed a Lenten painter,
a (Miinter for fust days. Even tho hieratic
figures of Moreau were pronounced
opulent by sheer comparison with tho
moonlight spectres of the Puvis land
scapes. Courbet was known as the "furious
madman," Puvis as the "tranquil lunatic."
Nine of his pictures were refused at tho
Salon, though he exhibited tliere his
men regarded him suspiciously. Thus. In
tho estimation of the rival camps, Puvls
fell between two stools.
He has been christened a latter day
Domenlco Ohirlandajo, but this attri
bution rings lens liberal than literary.
Mr Brownell with his accustomed sense
of critical values has to our notion summed
up the situation:
'His classicism Is absolutely unaca
Return from Hunting" in 1850, and ho , demlc, his romanticism unreal beyond tho
even received in 1861a second cluss modal. ' verge of mysticism, and so preoccupied
His fecundity in invention was re- , witli visions that ho may almost iw called
of tho Academy. Ho shows tho simplo
attitudes of lifo transfigured without
rhetoric. Ho avoids frigid allegory, yet
employs symbols. His tonal attenuations,
his elliptical and syncopated rhythms,
his atmospheric evocation of tho remote,
tho mysterious thoso glvo tho spectator
tho sense of sorenlty, a momentary free
dom from tho feverishness of overyday
life, and suggest the cool, lofty wisdom
of classic poets. But the sorpont of futllo
melancholy and of tho brief cadence of
mortal dreams, of the perishing, vanish
That Puvls do Cha annes was not nn
unfeeling Bonze of art and u man of warm
affections was proved after tho death of
his 'much beloved wife. Princess Mario
t'untacuzene. Sorrow over her loss killed
him two months later. Ho had painted
the thousand and ono expressive moments
of tho lifo of our species, a veritable hymn
to humanity. Are they not eternal''
Yes, till the canvas fades or tho wall
decays. Art is long and appreciation a
chilly consoletnent. Therefore let us
stick to tho eternal verities.
For Mr. MacColl Puvls do Chavannes's
is t he abst ract in g mind that comes after the
accumulation of natural effect and revolu
tion of tonality in tho landscape school to
renow deeorathm. Tho pale tones and
Broad Hat mus.-.es of fresco charmed him,
as they charmed ineffectually the ecclesias
tical decorations of his time: he, heir to
Corot as woll as ChaWriau, found a logic , meiuw of expression and "impossible."
a transference to tho canvas of tho
plotted cartoon lines and the fitting be
tween these of tho color values, also
plotted In a sketch. Painting directly
from tho model in tho Amiens pieces,
he thought, ho had been tempted to show
off in tho "morceau." Later ho simplified
with self-sufficient rudeness, and copied
from the design liko a child. He udmitted
no repainting and cookfry; the intend 'd
tono must lie painted directly
and if wrong scraped nway and
painted again. Glazings, ho said, were
gold for twenty-four hours and lead after
ward. Ho was terribly bored by Dela
croix's Journal and its anxious noting
of methods.
Old Traditions Recked.
Ho had tho Olympian hatred for all that
was tumultuous, violent and beyond tho
for these tones bv reference to a natural
key, to tho reading of a scene In milky
dawn colors or pearly light, a means of
Undor'the last head he classed the whole
tradition of celling decoration since artists
learned to faire plafonner, an nrt revived I
nrunnlinir nf nnna lila linrmnm.- mH ItslbV Delacroix. Ho Was distrusted tO
sentiment. Landscape is dominant in ills learn that at the Hotel do Ville walls Italy. Norway, Russia. Scotland. .Spam
nnmivultlnnu a r.rWn lunrliMM nf i wero to ho oovered with carvincs and Sweden and Switzerland. 1 he commute
delicately colored light and shadow. The .tapestries. He loved plains rather than , and Director John V. Beatty ure to lid
"Winter" of tho Hotel do Ville. a snow lalps, and quiet statuesque poso rather 1 congratulated.
in the rude simplicity of their form, as
1 if their carver had been more ucd to
ti spado than a ehifcl. Tho husbandman
and woodman of Millet have died anil come
to heaven in Clinsseriau's golden age,
' but stiffne;n, shyness and doubt fling to
'and cramp their limbs. They t.iko up
1 loss strenlioun toils, with murmoral gen
. ture, in vaster upace; spaco weighs upon
them, and melancholy icslgtuitlon broods
i over tho suered seats.
! Perhaps u fntv biographical tint l would
I not be amiss at this juncture. Pierre Cyclic
Puvls do (.ha vannes, son of an engineer,
I wus born at Lyons on December it, IMJ.
A metnbwr of an old Burgundian family,
he was the second artist of Hie race, for
I in the Louvro h n landscape, "Tho Shep
I herds. " by his ancestor, Pierre Uomnchln
Hieur do Chavanne, who was a tncmbsr
of tho Academy from 1709 to 1711. PuvU
was educated with n view to following
his father's profession, but a fortunate
illness sent him to recruit his strength
! in Italy. The visit was a determining
I influence in his career, for oh his return
'after un intoroiting and art-profi .able
sojourn he announced his intention of
becoming a painter.
Studied Under Delat.cix
His first teacher was Henri Sche.fer,
whom he left to visit Italy a second time.
Returning to France ho worked in tho
studios of Delacroix and Couture, but
found himself without sympathy for
cither, and tho term of their influence
was limited to a few weeks. Having thus
withdrawn from the romantlcand classical
traditions of tho day he proceeded to work
out his theories alone, giving himself
entirely to mural and decorative
Critics combined in disparaging his work,
blaming his drawing, the calm immo
bility of his figures, the poverty of Ills
simple palette. He was dubbed "un
palntro do car em?," whoso dull eyo saw
nature in ungainly line3 and tones of
gray. Nine of his picturei wero rofusa.l
at the Salon, tho one exception bein? his
"Return from Hunting," exhibited in 183J.
His merits first received recognition in
1801, when ho obtained tho second clast
medal. His two largo canvases, "War"
and "Peace," wero bought by tho State
to bo handed to the Amiens Museum in
lso.t. Having llttlo sympathy with Acad
emic traditions, ho retained only for a
short time his membership of the
Salon jury, to which ho w.u elected in
1S72, and on tho schism of 1810 was one
of the promoters of the now Salon of th
Champ.' do Mars, becoming its presiden.
on Mejsonler's death, in isl. He tiled ii,
Paris after a short illness on October I)
18B3, his last work having been the com
plot Ion of tho cartoons of his "Rivitnille
ment do Paris." for the l'untlsjon. Ka
pictures or museum picturns by this
great artist aro of exceeding rarity, which
but omfiasizes tho importance of Mr
Quinn's acquisition, "Tho Beheading ui
John tho Baptist."
Tho International Art Exhibition nt the
Carnogie Institute, Pittsburh, is aiid by
thoso who know to lw u groat succos.-.
The total number of pictures shown is
391, representing artists from America,
Hn eland. Franco, Uerinany, Holland.
Tho list of urtists from
scene In broad masses of rose and blue, may
stand for an example of his innovation.
than furious notion. He wished to remain
' parallel to natural laws, but not to corn-
John W. Alexnador to Andors orn com
prises many well known names.
Alfred Stetgllti has carried out his Idea
nf an exhibition of drawlmts by children,
snl these drawings are now shown at
hi. Photo Secession Galleries. They are
the work of children who have had no
nstructlon whatever. The age of tho eld
est child represented Is eleven years and
that of the youngest is three years. Such
.in exhibition Is of peculiar Intereit Just
now, when npropo sof the post-lmpresslon-Ist
movement, one hears so much of the
naive and childlike attitude In art, and
the necessity of freeing art from sophisti
cation and doma. Remarkably decora
tive are some of these attempts, and from
the naive freshness and beauty of these
iranlm?s one may draw many a text,
tnh artl3tlc and psychologic.
he Ii particularly Interested In palntlnif
New York themes. Mr. Halpcrt's orlclnal
woik wns one of the notable exhibitions
of tho winter.
nnd his paintings of California hills and
tho Arizona Canyon nre poetic Interpreta
tions of western country.
desired. While many of the men) opera coat, Is almost entirely covered
A portrait by Tintoretto has just been . Kathleen MeKnery. whose work at
An exhibition of portraits by Dana
f'on'l Is being held at the Knoedler Gal-Ifru-s,
clever characterisations for tho
mot part of New York society women,
hiding Mrs. Frank Gould, Mrs. Herbert
-Vfui and two portraits of Mls Marlon
'iriham. Besides the poitrults there aro
a study, nn unfinished poitralt, owned by
1 i. ink Jay Oould, "Old Breton Peasant,"
md liv II, Walter Webb; "Gill With
r Cu.it," "Portrait of a Young Qlrl"
ind othets.
At the Mnrheth Galleries are shown a
it i' 'in of selected miltitlnus by American
tst, nil icpresentatlvo examples of
Know painters. A beautiful land--'
ip" hi Arthur Davies Is painted with
s usual lino noetic feeling and technical
ter "A Winter Koad," by Georue
ll'iwa, Is a vital study, though too dense
color Two characteristic landscapes,
I'llncilimi" and "Clouds," aro by
'Urles it. Davis. Very clever as paint
i ns and us satlro aro the small pictures
li !uy Peno du Hols "Men About Town
i i Amateur and Professional." "The
It .(..., i,y Charles W. Hawthorne, has fine
qualities und Is rich In color. Oeorge
.'Jks thows two studies of ths slums,
Tr.u DikIiish" and 'The Haby." Moth
nr excellent characterisations and are
Mgorously painted. "Ths Bather," by
Kanr.nli H.ijtB Miller, Is a canvas of lyrlo
Wuty and exquisitely painted.
This Is tho last exhibition to be held In
tb Macbeth Galleries this season.
Ounuel Haipert will not join ths migra
tory throng of artists this year, but plans
sk1 ths surarasr In Nsw Torkv
lerles by
throuKh the
Judh'9 Klbert
II. Gray.
, .... . i. ii. portrait represents a woman win Een
I1ULICU I1U11LI' 111 U L'A IIIIUIJI'II 1.4 ' - .....
.Ithe'MacDowell Hub. leaves shortly for HrBl characteristics would Indicate that
called his dark manner, which belonged bo
The other canvas, a portalt of a
woman, shows Courbet In his Inst manner tlon, they have failed to (lnd something culnr lines of old blue, purely decorative.
of painting, which was much lighter. Tho Interesting to say. The exhibition as a and a tiled lloor of black and white odd
I represented have admirable technique, or, with a design of butterflies In old yel
at last, an intrusting method of m.uiipida- low and blue and black. Two perpendl-
. , . n , . am ramp, rrom ine hbitio i nn oi me
shows a young man habited In black L" ' ""'" "rPn' '"V7,n ""' ...J. 5". ronnirv cwhet. tho Franche-domte.
Is dated 1651. It was recently bought
from the Marchese Splnola of Genoa,
who was Induced to sell It before the
Italian Government placed the picture on
Its Index, which would have prevented
Its sale out of Italy.
. . i countrv as Courbet
ilrA.a with flip.. a an1 WArri rnrirn.i..il. i .......... , ... n n . ' - I . . . . . . . . . . ,.. i .
..., ...... .-.... ...... .'. , , .... , , . . it im inouEiii in niLve uueii o.unifu ut.
"S..? f.,m,,:io an exhibit of h ric 'in CTl ' n " " six-
Iicco n vfvmy years mivr inr porirau oi
the Mayor of Orniins. The two poitralts
nre very different In character and re pre-
Arademv of Phm Arts bv Marv Cassntt. ! ho ,wo manners of Courbet. They
tho American artist who for some yearB
has mado her home In France. Deforo
Pictures by Eliot Clark are on view .being sent to tho academy these pictures
at the Kati Galleries. This Is tho clos- wero for a few days on exhibition at the
Ing exhibition of the season at these Duriind-itm I Galleilcs. American Watsr C
crntlAptu RM'prnl nf fhn DntntlniTS nre. ' Dm. tiorttnlt. "The Mnvnr of OrnanH. Anril 2:i nt the trailer!
In rather hlph, light key, and opalescent was painted In IS50 at ornans, In tlin i-ine Arts HocUty, and will contlnuo until i
In color. KHfieclally glowing Is "A j Kianehc-Comte, the lilithplare of fourlirt. May 12.
Fantasy of lako Como." "An did House The portrait has liecn introduced by the Only the two first galleries tire dovntrd
with Lilacs" Is a pleasing and decorative artist In his large painting "Tho Inter-1 to tho exhibition, the general avcingu of
tudy, as Is "Apple Trees In llloom." Mi, i ment at Ornans," now in the i.otivre, this which, if representative ot the iiett
Clark has spent much tlmo In tho West, canvas was hually pulnud and may bo American water culuilstH, Iimu's much to
whole must be classed ns mediocre. further Interesting arrangement to the
By far tho most Interesting pictures composition. The picture Is thoroughly
shown nre two by Kdith M. Mngonlcle, . suggestive of nn old portrait print by one
showing strongly the influence of Japanese 1 of the earlier Japanese print artists.
art. Indeed, thev ate conies In stvlc. nr- Threo pictures by Tabor Sears, "Hoofs
rnnsemcnt and color of thu old Japunesu and Sails, Hermuda." "The Cedar In
iiLtor minis. One In e.illi .1 "l.iin. nn.,!.-! I'embroke" and "Inn on thu Severn" are
the Aitlsts," nnd It requires somo tlmo,ory decorative in uuality and charming t)Jiny," n ee.lke bit with many eoloied
for the slgnlllcance of litis title to tall- In eveiy respect, the two nrsi mcniioiicu '", " ''."V',r
load Itself lo one's Intelligence. Tho pic- j UIng perhaps tho most Interesting. ' h,,x ami "Street In I.annlon" are the
turo shows a man and woman, tho draw- "Kocltaway Beach" by A. O. Peck Is almost lUrfslim.
lug nnd decoration of their robes and thu i email drawing of clear, crisp color, ficc- "Two Women." by Henry J. G Indcn-
ly handled. It shows the llguics of men kjv ony of the MhiCittoa.
ait'i iiim-ji -..nn .............
of the rug at his feet. The other plctute
by Miss Hi idler Is c'alled "The Fairy
Donk" nnd slums a little barefooted gill
seated on the stairs, looking up with a f.u
away expurslon In her eyes from the
book she Is reading
F. llopklnson Smith exhibits several
pictures, water coleis over crayon. 'Th,.
Itug Market" Is the most Intel estlng. but
the water colors lack the chaim of his
charcoal drawings tccently shown at
Chllde Hnram shows a large, number
of small pictures. "I.annlon from th"
form a valuablo acquisition to the Penn
sylvania Academy.
conventional drawing of their faces Jap
The forty-fifth annual exhibition of the nrso ,n " degree, tho man apparently
'olor Society opened "bout to plunge a dagger Into the woman's
erics of the American , l'-,cl- Ttlp lufeimic Is that love among
tnu nriisis is still in a veiy bin banc
btago of dexclopim nt.
The other plctuie by IMIlh Miignnlele.
Is n pm trait of Mrs. Vnldemai Joip"i.
been iliaivn accoidlng In
i'otienlion, the mbe, an
The fare ha
I tho Japanese
nu4 coats on the sand colon it beach.
Two pnintlmis of children by Hilda
Belcher lie pnlntcd with her usual charm
anil understanding of childish ps.ichol
ogy. "Listening" shows a Utile fellow
with Intent and wundeilng expression,
hinted on a lounge. A row of books nt
the, back of the divan ti'p.ats thu coitus
Whon tho flowers have their annual
K?omlng out parties In tho spring the
debutantes of the rose family uro nlwnys
the first to lie named "among those
present." They are moro numerous nnd
they have more admirers Uian nil their
rivals. But to distinguish the roal debu
tantes, the genuine new arrivals, from
their older sistors of other seasons you
must know your floral blue book anel
social register thoroughly from begin-
glng to end.
The nurserymen's annual catalogues
contain tho annals of the worlei of Howe-re
and they ore alwuys bursting with Impor
tant Information and startling announce
roenta Hut their reports are freeiuently
conflicting. The same rose may bo an
nounced as somothlng now in ono cata
logue and bo listed in another of the Mine
date with no allusion to its ugo. One onta
logue makes a genuine discovery this
year that receives no recognition from tho
others until a year hence. New names
are devised for old buahea and the com
bination put forward ns a discovery.
Ho it is no e; sy mitter for the uninitiated
to be sure which varieties aro absolutely
new and which are only partly m,
ThU year's olTcrings urn as numerous
onel fascinating ns over. One of the most
intertstln; of tho recent discoveries ns
related by tho nurserymen is Introduced
as the Violet 111.10 Hninbler, "helled by the
Herman rose growers ns thu forerunner
of a cenulnidy cuniHowcr blue rowi,"
It lias something of the characteristics .
double, a strong grower antl a very freo
'I hero r.ro many new baby ramblers.
One i the Crimson Baby ilaml ler, j.
dwarf ever blooming Critfison Humbler
wilh big bunches of double hlcvumn
and thriving indoors or out. Tho White
Baby ilaiubler differs from It in colui
only, while the Little Porothy Is similar
but pink nnd often with bigger clusters
of blossoms.
Ono Hpriig announcement is thr.t I ho
of tho chameleon, for Urn color is at llr.d j Mry newest of nil rambler rci-es Is tho
ilher reddish pink or purpli-li pink,
then nmit'iyst and nt list steel blun,
The blossoms are of medium size, in largo
The Violet Blue IUmblr is n child of
the Crimson Itamblor, another relation
of which Is the I lower of 1 alilleltl, sim
ilar In color but more I rilliant iinel more
Listing than its parent i.nd prolilio in
blossoms in its llrst yi-.ir, Another ne.v
rambler has beon naniftl Mrs. Flight
and is put; forth as beautiful, pink, somi-
Cliiiibing Crimson B;by lt.'iubler, which
combines tho ever blooming (iir.llties
of the Crimson llaliy Humbler end u
climbing growth which adapts It to use
for tiio lulornment of porches and per
golas. Another now, barely climbing
rose of the rambler typo Is the Holdfluch
with lemon yellow, semi-double flowers
In largo truss-H,
In tho hybrid tea rose department
there aro elozons ef varieties designated
aa new. Ono Is the llena Robbing with
Urge e'lear while or lemon tinted Mowers,
blending In !!" centre Into a shade of
orange. Another is the Kntllatii e. who-o
flowciK nre i bleeding of carmine shades
with metallic effect!!, The ISemmary ,
now l;i its r-eound s msoii nt lenst, has
established ilielf i;s n favorite. It i
silvery pink villi double lluwern with
unusually l.ugo petals on sti.T, erect
Helen MUU Is unother newcomer .tlium-;
tho hybrlil tens It Is pink anil li'utly,
liliinmingfi eeh'f i omearlv spring tiirauli
out tiio sruwltig ''-'ai "ii a idurily, sym-
inetrioal bush, nnd the color is u elelloato
aie a deep rich pink which fade) somewhat
a'- thi'y grow older It blooms through
out I ho summer nnd fall.
I.nes ulwnvs eloserui the best soil they
can uet. ir the natural sou is poor win (
nisi) heel must be dug out nnd filled with .
gooel rich loam inietl with well rotted
stable lunnuro ill the proportion of nno1
part of luauuro to three parts of loam.
Some sand may a No le mixed in to iid
vniituge. if loiiur.eicial iertili. erK aro
resorted to at all, they should bo u-n but 1
nihil ingly. lor too piucli-would I ovorwi ,
than none
There are special plant foods for ropes I
that may bo used to nilvantai'e. When ;
tho plants are put in the ground tho roots ;
lllllnl no wen uuvvruu uiiii iiumuu ni
New Galleries of
Antique Tapestries
Furniture and other
Objects of' Art
(Formrrlr HI Madlion Avtnur.l
sluulu of pink. "As l.uv no American ranged in their natural Hjsitioiis 'hey.
Beauty, as doublu as I .a i'ranco mid us siiotiiu lo copiously w.uci. " " I
red us Hichmond,"
J ,, . ,.,, ,, ng una eury ovu ng until n is uppnreui
id, it the description i;ivcn ',' ,i i,..t. ..i,..t. tinn i.i,i in tL -nil
by tho entliiwl i lio ongitiiitor of the Uud aru heglimlim to thritu. II they aro I
ithe.i Held, a new crimson garden rose . in a sunny place, as they should be, tliey
with u btroug, ell.'c.i'se! resisting colistitu- .should le colored witli newspapers eluriug
Hon I the warmer hours nf the elay. it. is not
.Miss (lenovievo Clant Is a seedling rose
from (leriuany, now offered lifter to
years of thorough testing in thu American
climate. When the blossoms open they
iirlvUuhle to nlaiit while the urulltid is too
wet, and when the planting is done, all
dried or withered brunches und leaves
should lie cut off.
Telephone 0.117 Madison Sijuarc.
W. A. Coopfcr
292 Fifth Avenue
" rAain tVic li'jhl to scrrc me."
Tho lafRest nnd best ciiuirpeJ
ututlit) in tho city.
Palatini reproduced with
absolute color value.
Portrait und Homo portraiture
Outdoor uml ituorior photoRrnphy u
ji fM

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