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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, April 28, 1912, FOURTH SECTION MAGAZINE, Image 58

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Harriot Stanton Blatch Tells of the Plans
and the Hopes of the Suffragists in New
York Their Political Power Is In
creasing and They Believe Victory Is
Onlv a Matter of Time
Pitsldtnl of lie Woman i Political Union
IV the women of New York Stale
nuke intelligent ii"- of tlw means i
nt their dispo il lln'iv Is no renson i
iy the men itf llit' State should
not have tin1 opportunity to en
frnnrhli'Utiit tH"t oils in November, into
And xvhen this question i submitted
tn' til" vol 01 1 of tin- Stlitc 1 shall have
i,, i fear of tin- If-iiM. Tlif Fnitimont
against ecj. discrimination In tegard to
,.rHtlil right, n well regard to
other matter within tin- province of
Hi., (lovt'rnmrnl to regulate, has boon
InorciiPinn nl n lnl,t'h ,unr" ral,i(' rai
titan thf opponents of woman suffrage
Imagine. Il,ul i"stn,,t 11 become
possible for that sentiment to register
itself through tli'i ballot our victory will
bassured The goal is well within sight,
but thnt dors not mean ih.it wo can roach
p without strenuous and steady effort,
unfailing vigilance end an almost un
limited supply of tint path ncn tlctnvil
hv some to bo a natural endowment
o," woman. j
The voto may conu to us in tiie of two
ways. We may get it at u matter of fact
nnd commonplace result of th suffrage
wave that is sweeping over the West and
the middle Went or throng definite
political work on our own part (letting
if In the first way means yearn of waiting,
n long series of disappointments and utter
discouragement and ilishc.irtenment for
mnnv of our most faithful workers. It
1 almost ineotieeivab e too that the
citizens of the Kmpiro State should eon
templnte with any degree of complacency
the idea'of Killing meekly Into line behind
the middle West The logical way lor
it to obtain the right of citizenship,
which are now denied Us, is In create
a political sanation which will malteour
enfranchisement a praet'oal necessity
All the important advances in man
hood suffrage made dining the last sixty
years have been the outgrowth of definite
and imperative political problems and'
have been effected without violet :
The conferring of the ballot upon the
American negro, for instance, whs done
by the Republican part t urely from
motive of expediency and was not at
tended with even Mich manifestations '
of excitement as we expect in the average
election citnai n. Some persins talk
h i th civil war ha I been fought for
the purpose of giving the negro the full
rights of citizenship, when 11s a matter
of fact it is not as al likely th.it even
Lincoln himself at the 1 eginnitig of the
war contemplated so much as iIih pos.
nihility of freeing the blacks from slavery
The Proclamation of Kni.mci ati m was
merely a war measure, ami the extension
f the franchise to the negroes wns a
perfectly obvious way of increasing
and maintaining the strength of the party
in power.
Gladstone was swayed by similar
motives when he brought in the lonntv
franchise bill in ISM. The l.ilx-n.l party
needed the votes or the farm l.iboiers
Of course, as it turned out. the Toiies
and not the Liberals benefited at first
bv the new order of things, but eventu
ally Mr. Gladstone's point of view was
'I he enfranchisement of women liar
come so far for the most pan nisi quiet
and humdrum manner in spar-elv settled
plaoes. It must not be forgotten that even
in California it was throuh the farmer
and not through the dwellers in cities that
women won the vole. San l'rancisco
said no to the amendment, but was out
voted by the combination of the smaller
cities and the country districts. In con
gested communities th suffrage is a
more strenuous question than in those
xvhere there is more room to bieathe and
more time to live, and in Kngland anil in
New York State we can hardly hope for
it to come quietly like a thief in the night.
It must of necessity lie a detlnitu and
conscious political measure.
Plan of the Suffragists.
The militant suffragists in Kngland
hax'fl succeeded already hr making their
cause an issue over which the most prom
inent men in th kingdom have fought
with open bittcrnes- The situation here
is altogether different We cannot hope
for any assistance from either of the old
political parties, becaus we haven't
any real system of party government
in this country, The fact that a Democrat
brought in a certain bill, even with the
approx-al of the Democrat!') leader,
wouldn't entail upon the lest of the Demo
orats an obligation to vote for it in order
to keep tlm party in power.
Our electoral system, which makes it
possible for the executive branch of the
Government, both Slate and national,
to lie politically entirely out of sympathy
xvith the controlling party in the Legisla
ture haw the effect of making the party
lines much more indefinite than they are
in England. I'urtliermom, no patty in
America could count on getting the
solid femalo vote. Politicians renli'e
perfectly that xvomen xvoiild split up on
pariy noes iiiucii us men tin anti ior ruuen
the same reasons, except wtit.ro some
question was at issue that especially
appealed to women, when they might
ihrow out all previous calculations a to
t lie xvay tilings were going by suddenly
massing themselves into an independent
xotlng force. Neither party sees any
;se in having its voting strength aug
mented if its rival is to have a propor
tionate increase, nnd both parties fee
that; as an lndenndent force wo would
be at the best an intolerable nuisance
and at th" worst a menace to some of their
carefully laid schemes.
Our only chance lies in building up a
political plan Irom our own side, and it
must obviously take the form of Work
with individual legislators anil candidates
i"i otTice. Our methods must be based
upon what knowledge we have of th"
psychology of those xvho signify their
xvillinune to be chosen to nerve the
I his much x'e have learned. No one
is to ensitlvo, so shy, so i oy as a uuui
xt ho is running tor an elect m. ofiicn
He picks his way along through difficulties
as carefully a a cat trends an Lnglish
brick wall guarded by jutting pieces of
glasu Hp xvatchns the scales every
Bunut to tee which way they are about
to turn, nnd even i small Adverse force
appearing In his constituency worries
him. fl docsii't know Just what effect
wow in new YORK ? 05nNlZCKL.
it mav have, and the smaller his assured
majority the more he worries.
'I lie Women's Political I'llion beg.l'l to
cut its political eye teeth in P.mi'.i xvheti
special fleelions wele held to fill the
placet in the I.ej;iilaturo made vu-.int bv
the deuths of Senators McCirreu nnd
Itaines. We xvent over to lirimklyn mill
sounded the sullrage seiitimeiiis of the
candidates tor .Mct'.irren's seat, and.-eiii
.Mrs. Mettv (irahatn up State to see what
she could do in the Unities district. We
are sute
xve mad" some impression
upon I ii t li politicians anil vote's even at
thai earlv stage of the game, and the
experience we gained was most iifeiul
to us in our next venture a ea-efully
organized campaign against Art emu..
Ward in mm,
Wurfs Majority RcJxccJ.
.Mr Ward was a candidale for the
Assembly in the Twenty-tilth district, a
liepublieau stronghold We held doens
of open air meetings all through the ills,
tritt, and the Saturday before eleition
tw'entx- speakers addressed a big crow,!
from illuminated trucks in l"nion Square.
.Mr Ward's friends thought our ati.u !. wa.
of sutlicieiit importance to eiideaxor to
nutr.ili. il by dining through the!
streets on a truck decorated with tran-.-pareiu
ies atinoum ing that "All the girl
like Wii'd except the suffragettes." and
other sentiments of a similar na'uie W e
didn't succeed in actually defeating Mr
Ward, but n was admitted that we materially-
reduced his minority, xvhich was
much smaller than the Republicans were
in the habit of polling in that di-triit,
liryiiir. to at.coiiipli.sli or .nen so itiiit 'i as
lll'.lti: are many tec.sotis xhv rational under-lantiin ; of hn c.-nbi-I
beliexe that t he w omen t,f t lc- "on Andnlu is the , ,.,.h ' At, idle,
country should luxe political
iiiality with men 'I !i" reaott
are fo- tiie lilo-t part concerned xv.th
tiie oiduiarx- conteptinii of t.i-ii-e audi
of tli" purpo-e and lunction ot a d -mo- -ctutic
government As they .tie constantly
being presented with force and logic,
however, by hundreds of able suffrage
seaker.s and xx titers, tlcy are perfectly
familiar to th" public, and u i- not worth
while to set them down here
It i- not infrequently lo-t sight of. how
ever, that the mot potent argument
for the enfranchisement of the American
worn in lies in her need for the ballot
as a means for her own mental and moral
development .
The American woman as a factor in the
jiohtical economic and social life of the
community docs not cotap-ire in imnor
tance to her sister on t lie other side of the
xvater, and is in no xxise a companion to the
American man. xxho has no siiferior in
the world Tho trench woman under
stand the intricacies of h"r husband's
business, as thoroughly as he dec. nnd her
eieoutive ability both in domestic and
in financial affairs is well known The
Lnglish women of the tip.er and middle
classes have for yeais kept in touch witli
isilitics and they take a prominent part
in all elections A man who xva standing
for Parliament would think it very strange
if his xvomen relatives and friend, did
not conduct a houe to house canvass
on his behalf and ditl not put in an appear
ance at political meetings xvhere Im xx'a
scheduled to speak Many of the xvomen,
! of course, are excellent speaker. and
organizers ami it is the exception xvhere
a woman of any social piominenco is not
'iihle to lend a disciissjon of campaign
is-itc- nt her own dinner table. Hritish
women are aUo active in municipal
allaits ami those or them xvho have conn-
grx estate
devote a very considerable
portion of their time to looking after
the welfare ul their tenant
The American women of leisure on the
other hand have a pitiably small outlook. I
Their knowledge of business U so small '
that many of them are incapable of keep
ing their household accounts with any
degree of accuracy, and they haven't,
tho faintest idea or the size of their hus
bands' Incomes. A large proportion of
them don't know the distinctive doctrines
.of the two great political patties, niid a
I fir clvio lesponsibihly they don't grasp
the meaning of the term. The education
ot American wotn-n is limited in scopo
ami superficial in method. They do not.
begin to haxe the intelligent knowledge
of literature, science antl art possessi.il
by French ami German women of a cor-
responding class, anil they are tho poorest
linguists in th" world. Their habits of
thought antl conception of their iclatjon
to tn.t life mf the community are cor-
.,w,..l!..!.. I..
i. ,e, cm, nntl'
in- iinnii x.inuieti .inieriean woman
a Kooti tieai in.e it (tresseii up dolt. .n,f
xvho is to blame? The American men
He sliivrs nil his III., ir. ii, ..,.i,i i
".,.'." nntl ..lie line li. in- ii".siou oi lll,li;ig WOII1CII OX.IfHV tle O.'lp' ) tl I .) Iipiflt ll'- CI ItlMM'WU 1 Ve.iUll I ilgl ft1 W 1 1 II ,11 I'M .MHCMIV
position ror hr He lo.itl Inu with lux. a house I went into an ait;hil)"l's o'hee vail and mm tMi"tiurag it, Tny who maintain Hint, it is necessary t't.
urtes indulges her as he would a child ami worked with lh"iegiil.irilriUi;hlsunii realize only too well h it as soon as carry on mi otlensh e tsliitnl ionul cam
ud deuiHiid- uolhitiK ol hur in Uio wny'I wan tho llrot wonnu in Now Votk who womou uuito they will ceaao to bo uudor I pign anwns tbo women of the JSt.ito
1 Xty s&XBBk 1 ' i
and r.s a matter of fad I am ol the opinion
tiia. a whol 'some fear on I is part of
another uttacU Irciii us had .something
to do with his d 'i isi ri not to run agaia
the following year .
Our campaign a!:tiris Kuril ('nviPier
in the 'I lurtieth Acsembly District in tin
fall of ism I was much more strenuous
We op. in d a special headquarter s in
Uarli rn and held a doyen or mere open
air meetings eerv in-rht for two weeks
before eliction d.iv We dlsti ileited
thousands of ImCcM ..ilani'.iig why
we rx.ittt.il to defeat him. and we con
ducted a house to house eiui',.,s overmg
the whole dis'ri.-t Mi KlUabcth t'oo!;.
who was in charge ot the he.id.niai ler.
made out a I'omplete list of the Demo
cratic xotei-s in iie distrid Irom the
primary list-, at.d from the r"':i'ratio'i
li-l- in the i 'i.'m ' roii. ami t It.. .n-,is.. rs
had all tl.i- material to work wllh.
We should have defeated t 'uviliier
h.ul it not been lor an irre;;ularitv in th..
lulellig-n' t .i-Kraliou in .xh:i' lu is
" creainre wno n.i-pt -uiy ol lal .il
px-iiiiu.i lor s rvi " if nn i in 11,113
cases out of ten is totally tm'i! to meet
tli.) demand of a sudden emerg'ticy
The stut" of a'biirs is allogelh-r utiueces-
stry as well as undcsir tule 'the very
trftt that .1 woman isimt burdened w uh the I
problem of her actual llu.i'r'ijl stpportjto take their proper pi ice t in the cuti
shnuld gite hur a greater appreciation j mutiny. It is men xvho. partly throtigl,
of the oppoitunity to become a suitable ja mistaken kindness and pirtly througl
?-'v life :r
-V ; III ;-;:
" "
companion and helpmate to her husband,
, ,,, MU;i.s f,,, miy down town
and she s)"tidi it uptown. Mho dos not
spind by him, nor dim, she rep resent
him Tim only c is or worn mi in this
. .
, illlllty X',' no S.'.'ill II 111 I 1(1 1110 1,1111. lit)
isial all to ih ni'ti ur-1 lh sell suppoi ting
lini,, ' ,,, Lhould t ,, alwny.s
found tnv cieile-t Iniiiiiiiui in work-
in tt-oi'L'
hi i. .1 '.. ... ....
-L.,snnj .urpfur.i I'ABTV
ills rti t co'ivi u ton of the Indeietulet',ce
League whuli ut cor ling to the decision
of the .supreme t onrt made it impossible
for the league t 'i place the name of Pi.w
ker. the liepuhltc-'ii candidate in the
district, in their column a they intended
to iln The spate was led blank, accord
ingly, ami h" members of the league
diil not reab'e that if Ihev x i -li.tl to vote
lor Powket they must put a cro's oppo-ite
his num.. in the itcpuhlir.iu tolumri.
Tiie resiil' v as tha' ssn ot thoi-e men
ditii' t ot' tor any one for Assemblyman,
ami C'uvillier xvim by a majority of '.'no
vote-. We were "ic 'es( ul. htiwexer.
in n similar caniii.ii.'.u thu we carrietl
mi under t'' nircfiioi, of Mis- t '.irolic.e
ow in th" 'I'.vi irie.a DisTiit of llios,
lof there v.e deteated I .Hew, the Derno-.liu-
ciiidi I lie atitl( tiie Itepublu au.
liuuiert who go! in, voted I"' o'lr bill
We h ive now th
mg inorv ot the-.
larililr - for conthict-c-impai,!iis
next fall,
anil in a more ma-hiueliue manner We
ii oi t . '.n i.v 'd' 1 l i i i It I i h i " w i 1 1 -"
it a hlg i Ii i v i t :i st . i I'x ini
ly, I x.Ms educ-ite I in K lr en an I - e 1
, n.it 'i -.diV a spirit in in I - p nd'-nce. so th it
I mil ahl. t t.ilu'; fir inr-'.f and to
citry oil tin- itln v.t'ivi' liutig livn
' pored by I'r1 p't'y c nv ention ilitie
j which Ii Hind ni'i-t of tic1 xvomen of my
ciixiiori'ii nt.
I'lio A in" 1 1 c in wo nen a'e rr it resn ris
... howvxer, for th'ir p-jseut iuibility
a desite to retain all the power in their
own li'iiuK hive convened th.) women
into paid il'ill. Thy li ivn t ittght women
to look io tlieni for eveiyihing and h ive
I'tMlei'Cfl 111 them an :inl:iiv.-iiie.m to eioh
oilier Men clitic, together and suppoil
I each other
a neiniirl o"eui.t .iiuong
me., they join in shielding the one xvho
' ..-.nil I wti.Ti.i. tl,..,i.,l. t.,,l.ll..i..
.. .......... ).........;. ... ...n
VV0MfiM"SUl-rRf)6i: AS'jOCATIOM.
in call upon sex-enty-five xvomen xvho
h txe the training nei-es-nrv to do the same
hind of xxuik with registration li-ts that
Mi-st ool; has done, antl we shall probably
get started on them a little earlier than
w tlid last year
The Men Thcij Qjipoit.
W e m ike a pom! of speaking antl w ork
ing against a certain candidate xvlwru
we xvi-h to tlfteit rather than of wording
for hi opponent, not because we take
'lie daiii.ti! m of thtj other ". ml it ' before making any very r.ggre-sive tie.
is tin, realization on th" irt of men ' mariti upon the Kegii-li'.ttue lor tin1 sub
ilnt itial.t's ihein oppo.se worn in KUtTr.ig-. ' mission of a sultyage cmcudmiiit to the
The siiffra ;1 movement I nhvidv bind- voters
ing Iho'is ui'lt of women to;vth"r In one j In accordance witli t'lit idea thousatitls
p.iet sisterhood whose rink, arc con- j of pnmphl.'ts setting loitli iti'.scn why
stantlv inert. i.s'n,;. It, itleils me t rpidly wo'iieii should wcrk lor their own en
breiking down ail sorts of out xrorn : 1 ranchisemei,t were sen! Tun Irom tin1
prejudice, arid tr uliiioti, and w om mi j head piatters in the Mctiopohi.m towet;
xvho are woikiru: for the t in incip ition fours'1 of lct lies by x. ell known (ienkeis
of their s.- hive alrcitlv tliff retitiated were given tlnriug the xx niters or I ''!- lu
themselves fio'n tho,.. who nr.. content arid I'.iio-tt in the .Maxim- Llliot Theatre,
to go on living after the fashion of fifty antl in .lari'iary. Kill the society joined
ye.it, ago '1 hey aie hegiii'iiti.; h trust J with tin1 Women , Political I'limn atid tiie
each other and to invite the i ontldeft"1 t'ollegUte filial Miffi-age Keugue in pte
of other women. M:.ny women com to seining a series of tableau after latnous
me and tell me their trouble an I n-k paintings at the same theatre The mi-
for my atlvica who would no. think of
seeking me out IT I were not a siiffrigist
It is obvious, too. t on.1 xvi i reads
the sign, of the times that iniuy think
ing men ate be';inuiiig to stuft their
point of view a little antl are wcarxing
of the (loll type .Mote t liu'l e.OII.O'U
women have eiin r-e.l fiorn the imbe.'tli.v
of nonentity and are doing t'.i'ii- vo",t
out in the world just as men do it 't hese
women ate de,erviur, of every ro.pe"i
and of all th cncourngcinent we enn give
them, antl it i, very largely in the io. crest
of tills group that nio-t of the a-ttvili"
of the Polithal Lquality Association aie
The thinc'mg classes, t(vu ,iimi.i(; , ia ,-'.
the talks on hygiene, the lecture on art,
musit) antl quedituis of currcit nitert1'!
a xvell a the suffrage meetings are all
designed to broaden ami bri thten the
lives of xvomen antl girl xvho have not
the facilities th'y need for recreation
and self development Many ol thoie
who came to our headquarters through
motives of curiosity or a inert1 desire for
amusement have i.hi.'o leom,. ardent
suffragist-, anil the association ha, now
a paid member .'nip of more lien a.O'M.
XX'orLr i ti e wrtmett nr.. I'crc otliel. t n hi..i Itie
'connection between the vote n'ltl econo
iiiio condition when the matter is proper
ly pre-cnled to th"tn. antl xvh n th"yonce
become convertH they prove themselves
I ....r.w.l .,,..1 r.1,1., lles
The rapid increase in our force make
the outlook very encouraging, for a, soon
is xvh present an undivided front to the
1 ....
our cause xlll be xvon.
! EQUAL SUFFRAGE SOCIETY suffrage organuntior hiix-o been guests
1 have been licit! on Wednesday afternoon
Thei:,,ii.ilF.anchi.ieSociev,whirhwr.s A large muss meeting at which Mrs.
founded bv Mrs. flaience Mnckav in imki Mackay presitletl was heltl under the au
diners sori'iewhat in scope ami in its gcti- -'w''fi ?f lie society a few weens ago in
eral rnethoil of proprgr.ntla from the ! 'aniegie Hall.
iothiM Hiilliiigi1 otgiiiii.atiiui.s in the city '
I 'I he maioi ity of its members, ani'ing i tinllimt llotmirr.
xxhom are Mrs. Uobei t Goelet , Mrs.Hoxvaixl , rinm I In- form nnd t'iiiMi;
Mun,!!eld, Mn. Henry WIm1 Miller, Mrs.
Eilgerloii W'int hrop, Mrs. Schuyler Wai
I'cn, Ml ii t'aroliiio Dunr, Mrs Philip
I . villi, ( ol, Georgt1 llurxey, Mr W
Itoiirke I'ockr.ui. Mrs Alouo li. Mepb'.irn,
, Pfier lowiisentl llarlow, .xtrs i retlericli
Nathan. Mr., lllm.n firmuiing S.t.ry .ami,
Miss ll.trl' (ie.lletl line. nr.. colli. isctllv
.... . -
any special pieasute in defeating an
i enemy rather than in helpini; a iriond
but because we wish to keep our issue
perfectly clear. If by helping Democrat!
to get in we could influence any appre
( i.ible number of Democrat to legislator!
to support our bill, or if xx-o could by
a similar course of anion prex'ail upon
the lieptiblicatis to make it one or the
chlei featurt ! of a session it would doubt
less In. xorth our xxhile to show our
i strength in that manner
As I have minted out before, however,
I there would he. no possibility nf ihrt
The result of that tort of campaigning
would lie the acceptance on our part of
, responsibility for till shades of political
dictrine. We -hoirltl aNo lay oiir-el'es
os't! to continual reproaches from candi
dites whom xte did not work for Social
ists ami Prohibitionists xvoiild say xvheti
ever we tried to put in a Hepublicau or a
I Democrat
I "We believe in your cattle, xxn haxe had
i i In our party platforms for years Why
don t you help us''"
I We haxe made it a rule, therefore, to
I titlne'; men xxlio haxe ii bad record, not
; only on the suffrage mjestien but on other
matters, ami do off best to defeat them,
'The only iirgumt tits that will appeal to
a politician are thue which touch his
'illation wi'h hi constituents If he
I thinks that a certain proup of per-ons
can rcvetit his election or, in the case of
j n man already in office, make his chances
'for renomhmtioii by ids party rr.th.r
slim, he x". ill usually be xery xxilling to
'.'mil out iust what that gifirp demands
of liim. and consider scri .usly whether
i1 won t be to hi advantage to arcede tu
their wishes.
Petition nnd letters nnd delegation
don t amount to much in the xay oi in-
' tluencing a legislator's xote unless lie
reali.es tint there is n formidable xoting
ciety also tiefrayed the e.ienes of a leg
islatixe t.inip.vign in Albany during t lie
l winter of I UK i-1 1
.Mrs Mackav. xvho gave up the active
( lei.dtr.-hip of th" organization in Novem
ber. V.ill. eoimi'eiited somewhat sadly
1 in her annual repon on the fact that while
tiie avt rage attendance at the suffrage
lectures hail been only about l.V), people
were struggling for standing room at the
' tableaux exhibition.
, "The hou-e xvas packed," she said,
, "antl the suffrage cause in this ci.y was
Uliiloubteiily helped by ;he udvrrti,nble
qualities of tin1 historic ladies on the stage
and by those who represented them. It
, xvould seem a thoug't picture card xvere
inoreinteresiinji to tho-e opiio-etl to siif-
, frage than lectur ."
i Mrs. Jes-ita Pinch, who xvas elected to
. succeed Ml. Macl.ay in the presidency
; saihsl for Europe la-t February. Itax ing
the active management of the society in
the hand, of it, first vice-president. Mis
I Pearce Bailey, whose iliymed satire,
'"Portia Politic-." published serially in
the H'omca I'orr.ha greatly increased the
circulation of that periodical. Mrs.
' I'inch upon her return resigned the presi
dency, anil xxa succeeded by Mrs. Ilailey,
' who will retain the ofllce tin.il the annual
election in November
The chief actixity of the society during
the last wiliier luis been the establishment
i of a well catalogued sull'rago library in il
new headquarter ul t East Thirty-seventh
street. I he reading room is opened to
i the public every day ami during certain
' 1 . !.. .1.. L .11 I -
noum in tin' ftnuui;. nouie cn hiiow'ii
suffnigii speaker has given a talk to xvork-
ing girl in the reading room every Satur
day ex-enitig, antl a series of suffrage tea
at which the member of the various local
Male I'hickens aie of ten so gallant that
On uixe their Mlt of the food to the
fern. ties ami si t into poor tit sh. When
this l.i ot Mil to lie the t o-e, little
, "''"'s or neiu nt ct inixeu ni uiti ami dry
"",n" ' ' .
" " " , ' Z ml
1 ... '
1 leaiiifil H lite male..
With tlit'.sii in rnngi incntH the in. ster Is
en, tl4. il to fceil litiiif. If without ft't lliiK
iinihi ot'llgathuiH to till n his food oxer
to the l.idj ihukcnt.
force hack of them, Thousand- -f ..tii
tures to ii woman stiffraae 'hlii.n ,' J
count for i's much as l he defeat of ot,,, m
xvho reitl-e to pei.;n himself p,
forth" ill
It i because ol Ihe t , n -1 M i, 6,
that I i m u Drill behexer in ImIh.u,,.,
There comes n lim. when ,,'
methods lire xvorso than u-ii, ,
when the only chance for ii,,rT
lie in carrying the war rulu mi,
enemy s canti llul by miin n ,
not menu any form of xitdent n. ,t,f
dti I mean the inert' ma' ing i,f
Tiie destruction of property i.n.l tl..
forms of llloll xiolell'je when ele; ,,ylr
on a sllflicienlly large -cnle w,.r, mtf
or less efl'ectixe MTly years run. bm ,a
these days of flying expre-s trains tr..
graph, lelcphoiie. and xvitele,,, r
regiment of soldier ecu be sinmn,in(
to tilmost any spot nt a moment s riotiro,
the plcturesiin.1 habit of n mid it fcriaii
poptilacu when di-contcntcd prose fntiin
Women in Earnest.
rtu! New Vorlt xvomen have no pxrtm
for bclnj: ineffective. We haxe enmit-h
enrolled siin'ragi't In New ork riy
alone, to say nothing of the tnrninrotjj
association throughout the State t
mike me nt Albany realise that
xvomen nmoiig their constituents a
want to vote are not n group of fadtlpu
or fanatics, but a sane, xvell nrgrtttlrpt)
body of citiens who are tleprivetl t,
what i, at once a privilege and a duty
of citizenship the right Io express thi
opinions at the polls And Albany j.
beginning to understand that the xvomen
of New York arc In earnest when thr
ash that the men of New York shall hai
the opportunity to order the xx-ord 'in!
to be eliminated from the suffrage cI.iimi
of the Stale Constitution.
To demonstrate that th" rtttitur! nf
our legislators toward the votes for woinn
proposition is beginning to change It
is necessary only to consider briefly ths
fate of the bill in the last three session- 1
In 1910 it xx-a not reported out of com
mittee, In 1911 it passed the Senate mm.
mitteo. but xvas defeated in the commit
tee of the whole, Thi year the Semite com
mittee reported it favorably without even
a hearing, nnd after th Assembly torn
mittee had reported it ndx-eY-ely th
House revoked the decision. That la-t
Week of the session xx-as a very harrowing
one for those of us xvho had some measure
of hope that the bill xvould actually go
through, On Monday night an error
was di-covcrcd in the bill which necoi.
tated its going to the committee on re.
vi-ion Thnt of course meant that It
xvould be held up ill the rule committer
unless some special action were taken
to get it out.
Representative of all the suffrage
organizations worked as hard a tl.e.r
could getting signatures to a pctitbti
to hax-e it called out of the rules com
mittee and succeeded in getting "S X'ote.--txvo
more than were needed for a majority
in time to get it o t Thurs ay night
On Friday tho Assembly passed the
bill by the neces-nry majority, and Mit
Caroline Ixoxv and I rushed ox-er to thi
Senate to see xvhether it would be po-iil)!
to have the bill voted on before adjourn
metit When wt1 got back to the Assembly
chamber I.ouis C'uvillier. our nncient
enemy, xxa making a double motion to
reconsider the bill nnd lay it on th
table. Mr". Murray immediately ro-f to
a point or order, contending that m
Cuvillier had not X'oted in favor of thi
bill he had no ri;'ht to make, a motion to
reconsider The Speaker replied that
they xseie simply considering the motion
to lay on the table anil a majority valet!
aye on that proposition
I contend thnt the Speaker's ruknt;
was incorrect, becnife Mr Cuxillier who
had no right to inox-e to reconider v.u
the only person xvho mnde such a motion,
and xvithout a motion to recoin id i' i'
impossible to move to lay on t lie table a
motion that has been carrietl II.nl it not
been for the Speaker's opposition our
bill could have gone through to the Senate,
and probably would have pantl As for
Mr. Cuvillier I tio not think he concents!
the idea of killing our bill by the ingenious
method he I'mplovcd 'I hat plan was tli?
worit of the Speaker, antl Mr Cux Uier
was merely the cat xho pulled the k- st
unts out of the lire.
Results Already Reached.
As for the Senate, te hr.d sm.e tiinoui
complication there nl-o. l-'nr itwance, it
xx its notetl thnt Mr Petri of I'tic.i ..fff
agreeing to pair xvith Senator Nev.cnmli.
xvho was unable to be present when tlvvcl"
on the lull came up antl who xva- strcngly
in favor of it, voted againt it obvioii-ly
in oinpliniice xvith the vociferously ei
pressetl command of Senntor Wagner tl
majoiity leader Then of course llir-r-xxns
Senator Pollock's headache so bad
a headache that he xvas obliged to sit in
the park while the voting on the bill a
in progress.
We had our revenge on Senntor 1 erri".
When Mi-s I.eu.xv held a big meetms i'l
jl'tica, his home town, nnd told what h
had done the audience called for Senator
Kerris to come nnd explain why II
came in t espouse to a telephone tnef-aR'.
ami didn't seem at all glad to be there.
, He received a loud burst of nppkiue from
. the nutlience, however, xvhen lie en
eluded a very lame speech of attempted
self-whitewashing xvith the remark
"Well, anyway, I'm not going to run
' again."
I Now I feel pretty sure that the n"
..Senntor from that district will lic-itM'1
In little lief oik lie breaks faith with tk
suffragist exen at the dictate of hu
leader If oiij- May pai.ule doesn't con.
, vince the politician that enough women
want the vole to mako il advi-abl" to
,upply tiie want, we shall have to go on
xvith our political demonstration until
' not a single man in the legislature f jiU
, to understand that xve are watching hu
lecord, and that if he veers ever so slightly
from tho path he should pursue we shall
consider it our duly to show him up '
his constituents
lather tieM year or the year followlnl
will be a negligible one, of course so tf
as our bill i concerned, since it mi"1'
tPasse.l by the I-i.tislatuie or ltd .l l'fort
I if can go to the voters, but we shall m-
'make the mistake of relaxing our xiet
lance no.tt fall just because we can try
'again if xxe don't succeed in keepinJ
out all the anti candidates. Mr uixuii'i
will haxe to light, us all over again if M
I runs in the Thirtieth Assembly district.
and this time weshall be more waty afota
district conventions antl other ptelimi
After all. the most any politicnn or
all the politicians together can do t t0
put off our victory a year or two Uiiipt'f1
The woman suffrage movement in I""
Statu in too big. too vital, too well or
Rimletl to suffer anything mote than
tempotary delay in attuiuius He itrt--!T--

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