OCR Interpretation

The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, April 28, 1912, FOURTH SECTION MAGAZINE, Image 59

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1912-04-28/ed-1/seq-59/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

Determined Women Throughout the United States Preparing
for the Special Election in the Buckeye State Next July
Other Commonwealths Aroused and Campaign
Plans Have Been Arranged Along Lines of
Aggressiveness Never' Before Attempted
THE storm of the woman suffrage'
movement has shifted momen
tarily from London, whew the
militants have conned from
troubling while they wnlt for the elusive
ChrWnM to rcippe.tr! to the Stato of
p Is quite within the realm of prob
ability tint the women of Ohio will be
nb! to vote nt. the next Presidential
r,er-tlon The constitutional convention
recently held In the State recommended
tn th voters the piestgo of nn amend
ment enfrntichtnlng women, nnd tho
question will bo decided nt n spoclnl
election In .Inly. Ohio women nro bend
Ins nil their energies toward securing
the privilege for which they have lieen
we'klna for many year, nnd the suffrage
(i(ifir,itlons of other States in which
umpalcns are not pending are strnln-
lic 1 h"ir resources to pond money, lllera
ture and organizers to every town In the
Ktite where special propigandi work
l needed. The Pennsylvania associa
tion, of which Mrs. Mary Bhnkenburg,
wife of the Mayor of Philadelphia, is
president, has promised to take full
rhnree of the work In the two counties
of Ohio which touch tho boundary line
tvtween the two States. Indiana will
hnndle the campaign In two of tho west
ern counties nnd Illinois nnd several
other States nro contributing largely
to th treasury of tho State campaign
Suffrage amendments have also passed
th legislatures of Oregon, Kansas,
Michigan and Wisconsin nnd will 1 sub
mitted to voters in Xovctnlier, while In
New Hampshire, Arizona nnd Nebraska
campaigns are in full swing. Oov. Hunt
of Arizona in his inaugural nddress to I
the first legislature or tlm new state
on March is slid: "A very greit per
centage of Arizona's citizens, both men
nnd women of varying political faiths,
apparently distributed tlirougli every
social sphcro nnd nutnl)oring tho fol
low tngs of all tho callingsnnd professions,
are in favor of equal suffrage. I there
for recommend that you submit to a
vote of tho people at tho next regular
ejection a constitutional amendment
extending tho franchise to women, nnd 1
enture the belief that if this great privi
lege le extended the State's high stand
ard of intelllgenco will in nowise suffer
The women of Now H.-.mpshire say that
the outlool; in their State is very favor
able for the passage, of tho amendment
I y the convention, nnd they have planned
what they think will proven ery effective
eam.-iign to bo put in operation for the
winning of tho voters who will Iinve tno
final voico in tho matter. About two
hundred New Hampshire ruffraglsts nro
going to drive from Concord to New York
m their, own cars, which they have ob
tained permission to ue in the May parade.
fh i-sues in Wi-coiisin ere more cam
r.iCAtcd. owing to the. widely different
elements which make up tho ropuUtioti
of the State. Tho Milwaukee Socialists,
are. of course, strongly in favor of woman
suffrage, nnd will do all they can to help
the bill, but tho Cire.it German Alliance,
on tho other hand, nn organ br.t ion com
bed of both men and women, end draw
ing its members from the upfier middle
i'ia.e, is bitterly opposed to it, while
th Roman Catholic Bishop of t ho State
has put hiia-elf on record ns definitely
unfavorable to liny further extension
of tho rights of women. Mr-". Crystal
1-vtnvm Benedict, sister of Max Last
nwti, secretary of tho New York State
Men s League for Woman Suffrage, under
took tho orgnni''.ation of tho campaign
work early in the winter, and camo to
New urk for the purpos-e of raising tuncls
to provide speakers nnd literature for the
country di-tricts. A mas meeting under
tt.j auspices of the National Suffrage
Association was held nt tho Hotel A'-tor
in January at whicli y .W was subscribed
' v New York suffragists. Mrs. Benedict
I united out that tho tentituentnl effect
f the fate of the Wi-con-in bill on the
l.vnern States, eseolaHy New York,
would be almost Incalculable.
Comincing Argument at Albany.
Success In a populous proserou
middle West Stnto would bo a much more
c wincing argument at Albany, sho
sa.d, than success in a sparsely popu
late, State in tho far West, where there
(.. no immigration problems to bo taken
into consideration nnd where tho eco
remlc stress Is not so wearing. Failure to
mm tho 1)111 in Wisconsin would, on tho
other hand, she explained, act as a terious
wet blanket nnon tho onthuMasm of many
MifTraglsts In other States. Mrs. Benedict attended with circumstances of a most
did not hesitate to admit that It would I disconcerting and harassing nature nnd
tul.o plenty of very hard work to carry I Involving several important and per
hs amendment In the State which sent plexlng issues. In Washington the thing
t.'r hero to solicit aid. but tho added that was needed was prompt and resolute
that sh thought a fighting chance wos 1 action of a very radical nature, and the
vnrth taklnr I women mot tho demand In a manner that
The nctlvo" campaign In Michigan was 1 not even the most enthusln-Uio advocates
opened two weeks ago, when leaders ' of their enfranchisement would have ven
fmm nil parts of the State assembled at tured to prophesy. In California a wise
i banquet In Lansing. Many members conservatism wai needed to restore an
f the. Legislature attended tho banquet equilibrium which had been momen
,.mIii with ihn, women over tarily disturbed by certain sensational
varlnn. m.i,r,,l nrmmmnda. A larce
.ampaign fund has already been sub
rtbed, nnd a number of speakers have
"rrangej to tour the State in automo-
il-s, so that persons who cannot come
m") the towns to suffrage meetings will
t"t lack nn opportunity to hear the ex
P' unding of tho equal rights doctrine.
The Methodist Church In Knnsas has
dme out strongly lor equal suffrage, all
f"ur or tho conferences having indorsed
It )n of tho conferences has selected
womnn, Miss Viola Troutman of Topeka,
' a delegate to the national conference.
t vio'Qen have had municipal stiff rage
1- Kntr-.'is since 1887, nnd at least one
'vnftn has held the office of Mayor in
' i' State, all devotees of the causo would
" horribly shocked if Kansas were to
1 irr down the amendment. The cnthu
'iini over the campaign in Oregon is so
Ml'kpre.id that nbout a fortnight ago
nn ortfiKeiiarlan suffrago meeting was
h-ld 'I ho presiding officer, Dr. Mary
lr-'i!npnn, was st, nnd not a single one
o the speakers was under 8, Tho
,n-n -r (he orators was Dr. X. Y. Mattieil,
veirs old, one of th pioneers of tho
Ths Ilev Anna Shaw, president of the
nf(onl association, said the other day
tit tlw recent victory in China hd
given a tremendous Impetus to the move
ment In tho United States that seems to
hnvo been In no wise diminished by the
temiwnr' cessation of militancy in
hug land.
"Tho recognition of tho Justice of po
litical equality by n nation noted among
conservatives for V-onsorvatlsm," she
added, "has caused tho men of this coun
try to examine the Illogical position which
this nation has held In the eyes of tho
world and will do much to prove what
suffragists have claimed for a long time
that If this republic were to lie estab
lished now the dlsf ranchlsinent of women
would never bo for n moment tolerated
by any State In tho t'nlon. Tho promi
nence glen throughout, tho world to
tho States where woman suffrage has
iccently leen granted has proved to
other States the practical value of tho
ballot to women nnd tho universal Interest
taken In tho subject. Kven our most
bitter opponents admit that the speedy
enfranchisement of women Is Inevitable
nnd large numbers of conservative people
am coming forward to declare their
Interest in tho cause. This is specially
true of public men whose position enables
them t feel the pulse of tho peoplo nt
large, nnd moro and more these mn
from the platform nnd from tho pulpit
- V((Sk
St A W,
wo fASs StrrTfA GJS
ire proclaiming not only th"ir lielief ' nrtiiles from syndicates, Sunday news
but their interest in thu progress of the puKrs thtoughout tho country, nnd from
movem"tit. editors of newspnHrs nnd magarines In
"Tlu're is little doubt." continued Miss 1 Australia, Finland. 1'r.ui-e, Oermany.
Shaw, "that wo will carry tha majority ' Kngland. Sweden. Norway, Itussia, Italy,
of tho States whi-ro th'j atiundmeiit is ; lMimark. Wale, Spain. Holi.md. Hawaii
ponding, anl v.hon that is done the rest j and various parti, of the L'nited States,
will speedily I'uIIoa-. Tlm intelligent she evpl.tinetl, would l;.-'p a doyen writers
manner in whHi tho womon havo used , busy Hut nevertheless .Miss Heilly
their new privilege of the ballot In I'nli-1 must find time to supply all those jioor.
forula and Washington Ins shown men j dear suffragists who almost have th vote
that wh'-u women have tlm opportunity with tons and tons of pamphlets nnd
they will use tho sufli-ag", and it lias leaflets, and copies of encouraging edi
shown women th. value of tho ballot as ' torials, so that nothing will be lucking to
a practical means of overcoming condl-1 those on the tiring line,
tions against which they have waged One of the mo.t Hwerful forces in the
imi.oleiit warfuro fur years without any scientiticnllv iilanned campaign wofk
eflectbo results. The women of Wash
ing ton have had anoppottunity to demon
strate 1 1 .t particularly forceful way the
fact thm they demand honesty and effi
ciency in tho conduct of publia affairs
and thnt corrupt officials cannot hojw to
receive their support Kvory one knows
tho splendid manner In which they took
advantage of their opiwirtunity.
H'omen IVeM Acted Wisely.
No ono will, 1 think, dony ttiat ttio
California women proved they knew how
1 to keep their heuds during an election
i events. The manner in which the women
responded proves not only that as a class
they have no special tenuenoy lowara
blind emotionalism in politics, but also
that they can be depended upon to dis
regard party affiliations when thero is a
moral issue at stake. I hope it will tako
only a few more such arguments as Cali
fornia and Washington to persuade tho
gentlemen who represent us in Congress
to submit nn amendment providing for
the enfranchisement of nil tho women of
the United States to the Legislatures of
our forty-eight Commonwealths."
Miss Shaw said she hud jitst returned
from a week's visit to Ohio, where she
found the situation very encouraging.
She will go back thero the first part of
next week and will devote a month to
touring the State, making speeches in all
the large towns. Tho next six months
she will divide among the other campaign
States glutting in the lust few weeks be
fore election in New Hampshire, .lane
Addams, who is first vice-president of the
national association, is planning to spend
several weeks in Wisconsin and in Kansas,
and Mrs. Sophonlsba Breokenrldg and
Mrs. Susan Walker KitzOerald will trawl
through all the campaign States.
Miss Caroline Ileilly. chairman of the
national prews 'bureau, taiii that her
department, had hod almost twice as many
requests for news, items, suffrago litera
ture, photographs of prominent wnrkern
In the cause and lists of available suffrnge
speakers dining tho past year nn In any
previous year In tho history of the associ
ation. The bureau has received nearly
7."i,nu0 press clippings on suffrage during
the past twelve months, about 10,000 of
which were taken from New York city
the request for suffrage
atcvy yi"Yir Jffir
that is becoming n feattue of the struggle
for the ballot here in thi l'nited States
is the .National College j.qual su urn go
League, of which Miss M. Carey Thomas,
president of Hryu Mawr College, is the
leader The league, which has now twenty
three State chapters nnd twenty-five
college chapters, is organizing the college
women in Oregon, Michigan. Wisconsin,
Ohio and Kansas, in the hope that the
specialized Intelllgenco they can bring
to tho propaganda work will prove of
great value in tho campaign. The various
branches of the league in California were
very prominent during the recent campnlpn
in that State. Many men nnd women who
worked under their banners would not
Join any other suffrage organization ,and
the memlwrshlp of the local leagues grew
amazinglyduring tho month preceding
Libraries Sent Around Country.
The league has four travelling libraries,
which it has sent all over the country.
The Kqual Franchise Society has had one
of them in its reading room for several
weeks. Tho New York State Colleglato
Kqual Suffrage League, which is a branch
of tho national association, is particu
larly Interested In converting wage earn
lng women to n belief in the vote as a
remedy for many of the disabilities under
which they suffer .
Mrs. diaries Tiffany, the newly elected
president, organized a mass meeting
which was held under the joint nuspiccs
of tho College League and the W'onvn's
Trade Union League last Monday night
in Cooper Union. Ieonora O'Hellly, Hose
Schneidenniin nnd Mrs. Churles Heard
were among the speakers.
The wage earners as such havo not
organized to any great extent in suffrage
societies per r.o, but they nro allied with
several organizations whicli havo suffrago
.' , ,, . .1.
National w omens I rail" I'tuoti League,
of which Mrs Raymond Robins is presi-
dent and which has a membership of about
35,000, stands professedly for "organiza -
lion or an worki't-H in trade iitilnui, eruai
pay for equal work, an eight hour dav, i
a minimum wag- scale, rull citizenship j
for women, mid all the principle:, involved,
in tho economic programme of the tner.
lean Federation of Lnbor "
The league claims tlmi it 1ms secured
shorter houra and higher wages for
r?rv.AH7-ojNi:rrr; &EtowN,OAf.r
Stsr? I' ISktcZ PoatEE?
e. V
f.s:if ..." .'m
I&A nr.r.errc
CHaKMia svrmGi?
thousands of women through both organ
ization nn,d legislation, and that by the
substitution of tho cducationnl ami con
structive work of organization for the
sporndio effort or the individual workers.
It has nine branches and has during the
eight years of its oxitence held throe
national conventions -in Chicago, Nor
folk and Host on. It publishes a magazine,
J.ie and Labor, devoted to the inter
ests of tho wage earning women of the
country, and is affiliated with many trade
union organlzntions, The national head
quarters aro in the Unity Building, Chi
cago. The New York branch of tho league,
of which Mis.s .Mary Drier is president,
has headquarters at 43 Kast Twenty
second street. It has about in.ooo affiliated
members in Oreater New York, nnd its
rooms nro used as general meeting places
for various women's organizations. Somo
of tho women prominent in its organiza
tion work nro Leonora O'Reilly, Rose
Schnelderman. Clara tomllok, Helen
Marot, Caroline L. Pratt, Helen S. lleon
and Nelllo Sullivan.
Woman suffrage has been for many
years ono of tho planks in tho platform
of tho Socialist party, and Socinlist womon
while inclined to put their own special
political and economic doctrines before
any others, havo given their assistance
In many suffrage campaigns. They were
very prominent in tho California cam- 1
palgn, especially in Los Angeles, where
they are strong numerically. More than
'.'0,000 women voted the Socialist ticket ,
in that city last election day. Mrs. Anita
Block, chairman of tho propaganda com
mittee of work among women for tho
Socialist party In New York during tho!
last, throe years, bus
got up several
suffrago meetings. A
mass meeting at
I arnegio Hall held a year ago under tho
auspices of this commit ten was largclv
attended and milch enthusiasm wiiH
OXIiressed bv both men ntirl ue,i,.n Tlm
ruin iihi.ii. ,,,.i,i, lll.ll, lH-
w III eel verv
1 material nid from tho Socialists in Mil
waukee during tho campaign that is now
.on in Wisconsin.
l Many of tho suffrago leaders think
f hat if there were no other reason for
encouragement nt this time tho fact that
twenty-six States have well organized
men's leagues for equal franchise would
be quite sufficient to form a basis for tho
belief that victory for tho cause is near
at hand. The Colorado Men's Associa-
tiou was formed in a plrit of gallantry
ts. iwyv
icacve j
in into for tho purpose of defending the
women voters of the Stato against attacks
which had been made upon them by
"anti investigators, and largo quantities
i of literature testifying to tho benellclal
results of the women s vote in tho suffragt
States have been prepared nnd sent
under its auspices, Tho men or Oregon
are organizing local suffrage clubs all
' ...l.tu i i
allotted to it a pui Hon la
piece of cam -
paigu work.
Tlm Hon. John II Light or South Nor -walk
is tho ptesident of tho Connecticut,
Stale League, which was formally or-
rrfnt?A,l 4 11111 1' nt. n Iwnimiut nlfun ,
! tho Hotel Taft in New Haven. Among its
vice-presidents are Henrv Wade Rogers
dom of the Yale law Jchool: Senator
- Archibald McNeil of ,BrUgeport and
I Senator SMIes .ludson of Stratford, and
I th council of forty includes Prof. ( hare
Beard of New Mtlfurd, wlro is also a mew-
Yortf cot. l. zgm re
Cad y Sts a to a.
rs?sr womam sur
vteACE Co4wENrav
'AfALMS foa
ber of the New York State League; Prof.
Robert H. Fife, Jr.. of Middletown, Prof.
tl. II. llendricltson of .Now Haven and
Krneat Thompson Seton. Senator Me- I The "party" hnd been In working or
Nell stld lo the course of his sneeeli nt I der only a few days When It wan Mi
, 'VV . i 11 , .
by h notorious lobbyist during the last
'session of iho Stttn Legislature with h
llie banquet that ho had been approached
plea tint to volo for woman suffrago
t. i.i i. r .t
1 iinp-irttnt interests. The league expects
to conduct an active campaign throughout
the Ht'ito. A special committee has been
appointed to enroll as associato members
undergraduates o the various Connecti
cut colleges,
Flourishing College league.
There is already a flourishing league
nt, Yale,- llirvard. Cornell, Columbia,
Inland Stanford, tlm Univertll v of Cali
fornia and othern are in process of for
mation In other universities.
O. C. Henderson, treaitiror of tin Har
vard Men's League for Kqual Suffrage,
was one of tho principal speakers at a
mass meeting for tho benefit of tha cam
paign States held on Monday in the Massa
chusetts Institute, of Technology. It
wns this leaguo which got into trouble
with the author it ion of Harvard Uni
versity in an effort to arrange n meeting
for Mrs. Panlthurst in one of the buildings
on tho university campus.
Tho Men's L".iguo for Womn SuTrti
of tho Stato of Now York, of which (luirgs
Foster Pcabody is president, nuinbjw
among its membir.4 so:m of tho mbit
prominent men of tho State, including
politicians, lawyers, college, firofeiorj,
philanthropists, clergymen mil financiers.
L has local bureaus in Huff.ilo, Rochester,
Syracuse, Albany nnd other cities, nnd has
been carrying on for two ye.irj active
organization work under tho diction
of its executive secretary. Kid
man. More than 10) of Its nmibin
marched in last year's suffraio pirads.
and good naturedly bore the jetsrj nnd
laughter of tho street crowds, which
Boomed to !e concentrated entirely upon
Nothing daunted by last year's expari
enco the league will send oven a larger
representation this your Among its mem
bers nro Hamilton Holt, editor of thi
Independent; Kdward T, Doinu of tin
Charity Organization Soibty. Kdwiti
Markham, John K. MilnolUiid, Chi-loi
Ilann Kennedy, Prof. W. P. Trent, Herbert
Parsons, Rabbi Stephen WUs. Willi. n
J. Schieffelin, John Mitchell, William Deun
Howells, Prof. N'athaniei Schmidt of Cor
nell University. Lnngdon C. Steward itx
president of Hobart College, and Frederick
I Nathan.
But while tho women of tho Unltri
'states are putting forth such tremcn Ions
j. efforts In tho direction of full enfr.vichi9
i tnent it nuut not bu forgott?n thi' o.n-
third of all the women voters in tho world
) nra wtthln our I lOlinHnrip. Mnl'il thatl
soj.ouo women will be entitled to vote
at tho next Presidential election, even
if Ohio is not added to tho ranks of tin
six suffrage States. There are aUo Hover.ll
millions of women in the country who have
partial political rights.
They have municipal .suffrage in Kansas.
In Montana, Michigan. New Yo.-.t an I
Delaware soma form of school s'lffrtti
and Eomo form of taxpuying suffrage.
In Oregon, Arizona, New Mexico, Okla
homa, New Jersey, Connecticut, Majsi
chusetts. New Hampshire, Vermont, Ken
tucky, Ohio, Wisconsin, Illinois, Missis
sippi. Minnosota. North Dakota. Sout'.i
Dakota nnd Nebraska some form of school
suffrago, nnd In lowu nnd Louisiana and
Virginia taxpaying suffrage.
The Woman Suffrage party, the only
organisation of women modelled on the
plan of a real political machine, nl
thnugh not yet three years old, boasts
nn enrolment of ."",000 members, pub
lishes a flourishing monthly magazine,
tho Worn mi Vofrr, nnd holds on nn
average three public meetings a day
In f 3 renter New York.
It was founded In the summer of
1909 by Mrs. Carrie Chapman Catt,
who was Its first chairman, nnd whoso
nlm wns to get a complete registration
list of nil the suffragists In the city and
through them to reach the Indifferent
women who might be converted If prop
erly approached. Tho work began by
the appointment of nn orgnnlzer for each
of the sixty-three Assembly districts In
the five boroughs, who compiled a ten
tative list of possible members In her
district. Early In October conventions
were called In each district, Invitations
being sent to the women whose nnmos
were on the lists, and a leader was
elected, who In turn appointed a cap
tain for each election district within
her territory. The members of each
I district elected also eighteen delegates
' to the first city convention of the
"party," which was held In Carnegie
I Hall, October 29. The SO I delegates who
I sat In this convention adopted a plut
form nnd a plan of party work. The
district leaders met afterward with two
representatives from each of the local
suffrage socletlcu, nnd elected a chair
man, secretary nnd treasurer for each
borough, and chose .Mrs. can ns rlty
i ehalrimin.
nounccd tli.V. Mrs. Hussvll Sage bad
,)lleied to puy the rent of nil otli.e
mll(n , ,' Metropolitan Tower, nnr.
nm newlv elected officers tool; posse-
pon of the headquarters nnd began Hie
...,l, .,r w,im. lle.tr mi ,1.000. 00(1 niemiwry.
for thev declared tlmt tliey would not
be satisfied until their membership, roll
w.ih a duplicate, of the adult census
me of the hpeclal features of the
work of the party dining the past year
hns been tho visiting of district conven
tions of both the Republican nnd Demo
cratic p.-ullos by committees of orators
who begged tlm ptlvlleco of the floor
long enough lo explain to the dele-cnici-
why thf-- should nominate can
didates who would pledge themselves to
ote for th? fjubuils.sion of Hit tuffraf
bill to the voters.

xml | txt