Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, MONDAY, AUGUST 26, 1912.
4 5 WILSON TELLS WHY TAFT SHOULD BE ELECTED Mrr More Particularly in (lie ) cliirvonipnfs of His Dc- linrtmcnt. WOlfK OF WKATHERBmEAU The I'tililic Assured of llcnltliy ,i( Mp. I'u re Food mid Purr Drills. ff(mntnv Aiir. 25, Thk Sttn enr ro.nii'ioni nsUed Secretary of AktIcuI Kif,. Wil-in who lias mtvimI lotiRcr n an cffinal flilvi-.fr to l'reriilentri than any piher nuin io Rive some of lhi rranotiH h,t m hi opinion. President Tafl Ph"'ilil o reelected Ho was naked wr tioiilftrlv to inlnt out tho accompllfih-nien'- hv hi Department under tlio Taft mlmtmtratkiii Incidentally Secretary ttitrvip m hi utatement (liscloe8 why ho come to he known no well mid famil rlr the otmntry over. He nay that unce li hnn I'etii at tho head of tlm De partment eom .no.ooo.noo copies of bul liln nnd other publications in thelntereHt Cr, the public welfaro have been tli.s-'t.-lbil'ed The fundamental duty of the Uwpart mont of Acrictllttlie," Miid he "an detlned (lT ,-tiiti .V.'O of the HevhvHl Statute, is 'tn acquire and to ilitl lifo among ttie peo ple of the Tinted States uxeftil informa tion on fiibu-ctx connected with aRri mlnne in (lie moM Ren era I and com prehensive i-eiio of that word.' DuriiiR the ,ultmmtiatioii of Provident Taft the Department lias, through il ablo corps "f scientific men, accomplished tnm notable tlidiR". It baa been a great gratlflcation to me to have had President TaftV whole hearted aupport or tlio Ue rariment s worU, and in more than one of hi annual nit-waKes he ha- taken oc cinon to pay a warm tribute to its iwe ulnrf "In hi inatiRiiral addiesa. althoiiRh he call-xl attention to the necessity for economy in expenditures, he deprecated i iiiy curtailment in the appropriation) for he Department of ARrictilture. in regard l le "huh he iid 'The tif.e of HCieiititic experiments on large cale and the spread of informa tion derived from them for the improve-rat-nt of general aRnculttire must ro on.' In one uf his annual niestsiRes he paid: Ihi Department is one of lhoie the rope of whose action is constantly widen ing and therefore it is impossible under listing U'Ki-dat ion to reduce the cost and i-ir etdinuites below the preceding tear- fh- Rpner.il pub ic knows the Weather twi-viu. one ui win iuiimuiih mmicnes 01 . hi Department, largely through the , daiiy forecasts of the weather printed in -r,(- rrs of the country. This part of 'he Woath-r Hindu's work is or the ut ni.t imnortance and the daily TorecastH f distributed by every meins that the I'efwrtnient c.in employ, including the tiiH telegraph, the United States -vol and th! telephone: by telephone jn. ihev reach four nnd a half millions f noopio mainly on farms. Huf other lines of work conducted by si b'iriii not so well known to the :nra! public are of immense import in'" When West India hurricanes a e I'-cotered in the Cnrribean Sei warn irts of their approach are sent to all the rnnnpil ports of the Atlantic coast. Mj.tr of shipping take heed of the-so arnitig' and notice of a single hurricane i known to have detained in port ship ring valued at i30.non.ono. The vast iti- ret engaged with the growing and fftirring of fruit depend largely upon the ,culd wave and frost warnings, in fact re nrd 'hem as indispensable to the conduct of 'heir business. "H-fore t.e passage of the meat n rrtn!i Uw conditions in tho slaughter ing h"Us were undoubtedly bad. Since 'h enactment of that law the methods "f 'liughtering and handling meat In 'nded for interstate commerce havo been t"olutioni7ed. The Department will nhhold inspection from any meat nack ieg or slaughtering establishment which flie not come up to its requirements in 'r way of sanitation and cleanliness. rerepit wooden establishments have "n replaced by modern structures of wrcrete and tile. "The enforcement of the meat Inspec tion law is one of the big police' tasks of h fJepartment of Agriculture, the exe "ition of the food and drugs act is an tsr 'The Department has l.en cnti- i"'l for too lax an enforcement of this J and also for too great harshness in iwuting it. To tltose who criticise the Department for lamesh in tho enforce "nt of this law I would say that m the m- " of April, May und June, 1912, more 'hat i cases were reported to the Attor nT.f .ni.ra I or prosecution, or one-eighth $ the total number of cases reported for orowudon since the act became effective number or cases ro ported was so rs 'hat in some of the larger judicial i.ftrieis the United States attorneys had "itnak- up stwclal calendars of the food id driic cases and set aside several exelusi velv for the trial of Mich 'a l"ho inaximutiTnenalty allowed for irft oTenie. that is $200 fine, has been ""I"""'! upon several defendants and the ilft la I sentences under this statute were ur.r'i-i during this quarter. Several ii'imlrid consignments of food stuffs our.ii io contain flltliy, decomposed and iU'ni materials have been condcmntnl nf (.,noyed after seizure, among them nuiiiu 11 cases oi Mirnineh.wiiicu "JH'ied in Uie language of the law. nolli- m ,n part of filthy, decomposed nd put' id hiibstances.' In this trial the urv returned a verdict Tor the Oovcm- niem k',l'l" ot ,,,B fipartment'B duty under nis M- ,s to examine foods and drugs v'tn f."r "lort into Mm United States. ,,!fL5" "!'i'"ndH of samples of such ""Ported food and drugs Jiave been '"uml upon examination hy the port ihjratf)rj,.H ()f ,,f( ij,partmIlt (o ,, Jlult.r,,t..( r misbranded. When the ,'J I '""1" hnds adulteration or mis. anrlint; i th.-se goods its duty is to mmi,,.n,,, IR fnct to tl((1 Hrptnrv rni5" ro?w'ry with the requebt that tlu) fllined with n view to proper iniin.!: '!' ,n" mishrandnd caseandtho of rn " r'ntry from which exported " Jo. Hm ,niCH foun(, to , injuriouH T."""1 I'1'" I III i Denarl '"unit atiim if ii ii... f... ii-i ..... rutl ...i n.i ni;in. nru in ust ,(,'?' ''oiiimende.l it is done only t all .' "ml Mr,' consideration net L i'' c"Tl,'",H""icw' ' "lis con- ' ction I would refer to a rernarrf mado rrVeni f,1nr,pv-(ieneral Wickersham in u obns,.,,';,rvi,'lv 'H is easy totm, "h . 1 iul very different mutter MrJd nKn"i ""'I ''"nRcived. carefully pre ww an(J dl founded buH which will fDtkZ , .H.rKV ,hu InHtead of being laxly In i?I 1,10 l"lrtinenl has been harsh S f,7r!,",,?n iH disprovHl entirely by Mel that 111 no ease floes thn Denarl. SAFETY nnd income best combined in our 4& TAX EXEMPT Guaranteed Mortgages on New York City Real Etttte LAWYERS MORTGAGE CO. RICHARD M. HURD, Pmltont Cipitil Surplus, $1,500,000 59 Liberty St., Manhattan t"4 MonUjftie St., Brooklyn remit t In substantial achievement of results of Importance to the public.' The) Department lias no Idea of ix'rsocntlnc under the puro fool law, but it would be derelict In Us duty If It did not enforce ine inw wtin vigor. "On AiiRiist 23, IDII, the President ap proved an amendment of the pure food law which carries out the viRorous recom ineniiutlons in his mossann to t'oni-ress of Juno, 11111. Tim President said, in refer ence to the supreme Court decision, that tho pure food law does not cover false claims as to the efficiency of medicine, it follows that, without fear of punish ment under the law, unscrupulous persons, knowing Jho medicine to have no curative or remedial vnluo for tho diseases for which they indicate them, may ship in Interstate conunerco medicines composed of substances possessing nnv slight physiological action and labelled an cures lor diseases which, in the present state of science, are recognized ns incurable. An evil which menaces the general health of the people strikes at the life of tho nation In my opinion, tho sale of dan gerously adulterated dnigs, or tho salo of drugs under knowingly false claims as to their efTi-ot in disease, constitutes such an evil and warrants 1110 in culling the matter to the attention of the Con gress ' The amendment to the pure food law which the President lias just signed corrects this evil. "I Is-lieve that the United States lias tho healthiest cuttle of any country in tho world. We have an eflectivo nit tie quarantine law which In leing rigidly enforced. In spite of our cure, however, in this reg.itd we liavo had in recent years two outbieaks of foot and mouth discus which if unchecked would h.ivo damaged incalculably the live stock of tho country. l)no of theo outbreaks occurred in 19US and was statnieil out with thoroughness and celerity. "Under other laws the Department has been active in clearing large areas in the West of sheep scab and cattle mange. One of tho grat handicaps upon Southern agriculture for years lias lieeii thv Ions occasioned by the Southern cattle tick, which has lieeii variously estimated at from Iio.uou.uon to $i.ik.i,(m a year. I was (utisliett that this In wet could U exterminated, and with appropriations furnished by Congress the Detriment lias eradicated them troui ltKl.otxj square miles, an area larger than Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi com bined. These various lines of work and many others liave Isx-n carried on by the Unreal! of Animal Industry, which has also done much in showing the farmer scientillo methods of breeding and feeding his horses, cows, hogs and poultry, "Perlups nothing is more essential to successful agriculture than nccurato knowledge of the soil itwjlf. Thollliroau of Soils is actively piLshiug the work of . ,, ,l- . , it,..',' i "i.,.,., nn,i uaH Ilow covered In this way nearly ltO.ooO.lKio acres. Tho results ot the worn are used ny speciaiisus in farm management, crop selection, seed selection and plant breeding. Part of the time of this bureau is devoted to investigations of tho fertilizer resources of the country. It is shown that we havo ample reserves of 'iliospliato in the South, and in Utah, Wyoming and Idaho we have nitrato us u ny-proaucv oi ine cone industrv. Ouite recently we have found a source of potash in tho kelp beds of the 1'uciMo coast, unci wiinin ine last lew months tile President transmitted a to Congress a ss-cial report on the possi bility of producing potash irom Kelp. "During tlio last tour years the depart ment has actively push-sl in tho South the work of taking scientific knowledge to the man on the farm and giving it to him at first hand, in tlie shape of object lessons. Some MX) agents are now carrv ing on farm demonstration work in all parts of the South and at least a million farmers in that region have been taught not only that there are better methods in agriculture from the stundKint of finan cial results, but that Uiere is a better and more comfortable and more hopeful life for them to lead; that they may havo better homes, better schools and a keener appreciation of the desire of the national Oovernment to help nil the people of the land, wherever they may ne it is a Keen I'rntiflention to me that Congress has now given me the authority nnd the funds Wttll WHICH to exienu mis worn liirgeiv Uirouch the States of the East, North and West . A "This farm management and farm demonstration work is one of the almost innumerable lines of enect corned on iy the bureau of plant industry I can men tion hut a fow more of the activities of tl,ls imreau. It is studying dry land agriculture to show the people in regions of light rainian now iney may produce rrnns. It Introduces from abroad hun dreds nf varieties of seeds and plants which it la thougnt win ie useiui m ine United States: it is studying diseases which attack plants of all kinds and is nuilding up new crop mausines mrougn the art of breeding and seed selection. N'ew rot Inns for the South: for tho West new wheats nnd other cereals, und new alfalfas and forago crops for ull parts nf the eountrv. This is a line of work which is helping tho farmers to produce mor- crops una more Kinas oi crops uu the time. "In keeping the farm home attractive ann interesting lies ono oi me strongest inlliiences which will keep the young peo ple of the farm at home. I have author ized the publication of a large number of valuable farmers' bulletins which deal with household su b et-ts. One of these, entitled 'The Kconomio Uso of Meat in the Home.' milled an edition of n million and a hair copies. Other publications of tills kind are: euro or rood in the Homo, 'Tho Home Vegetable Garden, ' '.Modern Conveniences for the harm Homo,' 'Hreatl and Dread .Making.' 'Ilcmedies nnd I're ventlves Against Mosciiitles,' nnd a long list or bulletins dealing wltn the rood val ues or milk, rruit, cereals, vegetables, cheese, fish, suirar. An. "Tho mention or these bulletins natu rally leads to the mention or the other particular obligations laid upon the De partment hv tlio organic law. 'the des- Hcmlnation or Information among the people.' Slnco I hocamo hecrolary or Agriculture practically 200,000.000 cop ies of publications of all kinds have been printed and distributed and more than half or that number havo been distributed within tho last flvo years. Tho series or rurmerH1 bulletins mentioned above now includes some 4.V) pamphlets, all on subjects or special Interests to farmers and fanners' wives, nnd writton In sim ple and easily underhUinuanio language. Of these publications 84,000,000 enpien have been placed in the hands of uppli- nits, over 3H,uuu,w. wnuin 1110 labi.nve years. "I desire to givo in specific terms full credit to the able and devoted corps of workers In thn Department, or Agricul ture, without, whoso efforts it could not have rtMichod its present position. In no country of tho world is there an organiza tion so complex or touching 1110 uvea of the people in so intimate a. way as the united niaies ijoiiarimonr 01 agricul ture. Congress has been liberal with tho Department in appropriating money for lis use, and the total appropriation for ils support is now in round nuinlers $20,ooo,iiin a year. This Is 11 great sum, but I believe it is not too much to be de voted to the great fundamental industry of the nation. It is mv hope that when tho record or the last Tour years is being considered by tho people or the United Slater.) lliey win conclude that tno work which thn Department or Agriculture has been trying to do is good work und justi fied by Its resulta." WHILE NEGROES CHEER Dr. Hansom Denounces Ex-President, ns the Worst Enemy Black Man Ever Had. 'Mill A WHITE" AX INSULT Negroes "Saved His Ungrateful Life When He Was a Sol dier in Cuba." To a running nccompanlment or ap plause, mingled nt times with choors, at the Ilethel A. M. I'.. Church yesterday nrtornooti tho Rev. Dr. Ib-vordy C. Han som, editor or tho A. M. K. lierieir, de nounced Theodore Itoosevolt ns tho worst enemy the negro ever had In America. there were hisses ns ho dwelt upon tho Progressive party nominee's pretenoo to w following In tho footsteps of Abraham Lincoln; a comparison, tho speaker said, lietween n man who emancipated tho negro and a man who Is willing that ha bo enthralled ngain. The meeting was to celebrate the 121st anniversary of tho revolt of tho planta tion slaves of Hayti, but It was pretty well understood among tho bettor class negroes of the city that it was to lo taken as an occasion for criticism of tho incon sistent attitude toward tho negro by tho third r!y North and South. A score or mon minister 1 headed ly Iiishop Wal ters of the church were present and the congregation jammed the big edifico from pulpit to front steps. Dr. Ilan om delivered the principal ad dres and he only mentioned tho revolt of a century ugo Incidentally lieforo turning to the subject uppermo.-.t In the minds or the congregation. He started o by reading first the letter or Col. Hoosevelt to Juliau Harris in which ho advised that the course "we aro Tollow- ing in the North" Iw pursued and tho course "we are following in tho South" bo rollowed ill the interest or the colored man. T en th minister read the answer or Mr. Harris which said his party under stood the llrst letter as saying, "go ahead and do as you see fit." A text from Isaiah, xxvili., 17. woind up the quotations. It reads: "Uiy judgment to the line and righteousness to the plummet " Dr ltunsom said tho correspondence hail caused him more pain than anything in his twenty years experience: it hod been us if he hud buried a dear friend. It was n most revolting outrage und it stupefied like a brutal blow He hud hoped ugainst hope from the Chicago convention, he hud pinned his faith to Miss Jane Addams, one of the choice spirits of ull this earth, "but," he added bitterly, "even she. one of the rarest among the daughters of men, surrendered tho cause or justice for her colored fedow citizens to secure things she valued more In her splendid programme of social and civic llpllll. "I joined the large and representative body of colored men who went to the Jtepunncan national convention to work for Hoosevelt 's nomination," said he. "This was because I believed in his 'snuare deal,' his 'door of hoic,' and his 'all men up and not some men down," and other - catch phrases. We were not disturbed ; by the mini term outcry against nun. 1 Vhat we wanted .was just and eoual treatment in tins nation u-ss than one term of President Taft had proves! a dis appointment to us. We thought it not wrong to urge negro delegates to ureak away from .Mr taft. llrst hy voting against Menntor noot lor temporary chairman nnd next against the report of the committee on credentials; then, if necessary, against Mr Tuft direct," Tho sjvaker declared notice had been served on the Colonel in the Ilethel Church at Chicago and at that time nothing was unswored. Concerning this tho stieaker said to grCat upplause: "His promises are as unstable as water; his covenant with tho people is u mask for personal ambition; his doctrines are Used as Iwautif id tniw to catch the noble, earnest ami aspiring but tinsusiiecting. He would make the Constitution easy or amendment, while openly advocating the nullification or the rirtecnth Amend ment " He got a cheer when he added. "He has proved faithless and the fight is on " A moment later Dr llansom said. "Much but by no means all that he says about the negro delegates rrom the .South is true. U there has been corrup tion among them, who more than Theo dore Hoosevelt has profited by the rruit or it in the past? Who more than he has, courted and flattered them? Did he not less than three montlis ago openly bid Tor their support ? Did he not when Presi dent appoint some or these sums men to office and loudly proclaim their high oharacter and efficiency? No ono knows better than he that both in morals and unselfish patriotism the negro delegate lias nothing to lose by tho most rigid comnariou with the whito delegates rrom the same section, Iiet Mr. Hoosevelt loint to any man in public lifo who has done more than ho to create or roster these same Southern political conditions that he now so vehomently deplores." "ir Mr. Hoosevelt thinks that the selN respecting negroes will submit to this monstrous out race." said Dr. Ransom. "let nie remind him that there are millions oi our race who still possess the same fichtliiL' snlrit und couraco that saved his ungrateful life when he was a soldier in Cuba. " Dr. Hansom dwelt on the lily white Hoosovelt party as undemocratic, un American and an insult to all negroes. Ho called upon the Republican party to come back and deal courageously with the political oligarchv of the South. He did not advise his hearers what to do in this coming election, but many of them expressed their intention of voting for Wilson. Iiishop Wnltein himself went down to Sea (ilrt several weeks ago and made a one minute call just long enough to tell tho Governor that ho was for him. VAN SLYKE SAYS HE IS "GOAT." Head of N. T. Central Kralty Com pany Denle Wrongdoing, J. Claude Van Slyke, president of the New York Central Itealty Company, who was arrested on Friday by the Federal authorities with three other officers In the company, charged with mlsuso of the mulls, said yesterday that hasty action on tho part of the bondholders caused the presen trouble, but thut the Investor! would receive dollar for dollar. Mr. Van Slyke talked at his handsome home at 34 Hamilton uvenue, Itochelle Heights, New Itochelle. "I became president of tho company to protect my own Investment." said Mr. Van Hlyko. "I hnd Invested heavily In tho cnncoi n and when Its nffalrs began to be come Involved I wnntcd to protect my own money and that of the other Investors. "It looks to me now us If the other offi cers aie trying to make me the goat. 1 was not guilty of wrongdoing," Conslderuhle real estate In nergen counl, New Jersey. Is Involved In the ithsIi of the New York Central Realty Company. Among the plots Included Is ! the meadow land near Hasbrouck Heights. A number of houses havo been built on the property. Thero Is also land at Itldge wood und Woodrldgr, fifty-eight acres In all. WOULD HAVE STATE PAY. Prosreaslre Lenders 9r Campaign Are 'ot rrlrate Affair. Th State leaders of tke National Pro gressive party, taking their lead from Mate Chairman Hotchktss's declaration made In the fltltnson campaign that a po litical party Is nn 01 Ran of government with the management of political cam paigns as Its only function, are. consider ing planks for tho new party's State plat form which will call for wide changes In present laws afTectlnK political contribu tions and expenditures. Home of the suggestions under consid eration arc the limiting nf political ex. pendltures to certain definite purposes, thus defining by statute what "legitimate campaign expenses" are , the prohibiting of the "dough bag" and the hiring of workers on prlmaty or election day, the penalizing by linn and Imprisonment of the practice of paying voters for their time on election day und the subsidizing of pub licity mediums by so-called advertising contracts, the compelling of publlciitlon of cout t Ibu Hons and disbursements at least once a week dm lug campaigns, nlth a full detailed accounting within ten days after election day. Further suggestions Include the estab lishment us a part of the Htate govern ment of a State election bulletin. In whldi lui 11 be published all notices of primaries, elections und political meetings, and an nouncement of candidates nominated and platforms adopted, the bulletin to be dis tributed to the public generally without charge, and the granting of the fire use of the assembly rooms In nubile bulUllmrs Ufor political meeting, thus 1 educing tha expenses of campaigns. It ulso Is proposed to Institute legisla tion or If necessary constitution revision and legislation to make It a crime for a citizen or corporation to contribute to ward the expenses of political committees anil to provide thut all expenses attendant upon political csnipulcns shall be paid out of State and local treasuries, the total uf such expenditures to he limited by gen eial luus or by unnual appropriations. 30,000 MILES FOR SOCIALIST. Kmll .leldrl Is on a in Week t'nin- IimIkii Tun, Kmll Seldel, the Socialist candidate for Vice.-President, lemm the eastern pail of his tour of tin- country yesteiduy at An demon, I it it . .Mr Selilel expects to coer practically every State east of the Missis slppl on this ttlp, according to a state ment Mtnt out by the managers of his paity. Altogether the .Milwaukee an has laid out for him a seilis of ttlps covering be tween 25,000 and 30,000 miles. He began on Sunday, July 21, at Cin cinnati und will continue travelling until the night before election, when he speaks at Chicago. So far h has lslted fifteen States, travelling 4.026 miles In a two weeks trip f the South and 2,441 miles In the Northwest. The big meeting of the Socialists In New York Is schedulid for September I at Mndlon Square Uaiden. lloth Kugene V. Debs, the candidate for President, and Mr Seldel will speak at this meeting. DR. MARY WALKER A CANDIDATE Nominate llerarlf for (nnrrrai, bat del o Vnlr. atertow.v. N. Y.. Aug. 25 Declaring she was a Democrat, could tepresent her constituents Hnd speak extemporaneously on any subject, Dr. Mary Walker asked the Democratic Congress committee of the Thlrly-second district yesterday to name her for Congress. After three other can didates had been named, and no one was willing to nominate her. she shouted, "Then t nominate myself." She received no votes, former Assembly man Itobert 13. Gregg of Lewis county being the nominee. Former Public Ser- vice Commissioner John N. Carlisle was 11 candidate, but because of his connec- "a" me uocnesier conierence ine or- fianlzatlon Democrats turned him don. HISGEN IS FOR ROOSEVELT. Say Archbold ProTed Standard Oil I Aa-alnM Illm. SpntNcriEi.D, Mass., Aug. 25. Thomas I.. Hisgen, formerly Independence League candldne for President of the I'nlted States, to-day Issued a statement In which he aligns himself with the Pro gressive party. Hisgen said In part: "When John D. Archbold testified vesterdav I was trvlnir to discover tost who Standard Oil was backing In the' Presidential fight, nnd I have decided that It Is not Theodore Roosevelt. "1 have therefore decided that from this time until the close of the cam paign I shall devote whatever talents I may have, to contribute toward his election. "That Theodore Roosevelt Is free from any stain of Standard Oil Is clear since the testimony of Archbold." TAKES HER MAID AND BABY. Register O'l.nnKhlln'a Wife I Pro areulve State Delegate. Mrs. Kdward T. O'Loughlin, wife of the Register of Kings county, will attend the Progressive convention nt Syracuse on September S. She has been elected it delegate from the. Twelfth Assembly dis trict. Her husband is a member of the Inde pendence League partv and it was thought at first that this difference in political faith might cause her to remain at home. Register O'Loughlin when seen nt the Drooklyn Press Club. 3K Fulton street, last night said he didn't care 11 little bit about having his wife in an opposing party as long as she belioved it was her duty. Mrs. O'Loughlin will take her four-and-a-half -year-old idaughter with her und ulso a maid. DOMINICANS RETAKE DABAJ0N. Inaarrrrtn Driven rrom Town They rormrrlr Oecapled. Wabiijnoton, Aug. 25. Tho Domini can Government has recaptured the town of Dubajon on the Haytlau border, according to n report received at the State Department to-day from the American legation at Hanto Domingo city. This town was taken by the Insurrec tionists several months ago, nnd tho Government baa been gradually work ing up a force of troops to take It. With a large force approaching, the in surrectos are reported to have left the town hurriedly. ZOO GETS TWO NEW CROCODILES, Caaght In I'lorlaa ana right When Crate Are Opened. There ate two new nnd pugnacious crocodiles Just from Florida In tho llronx Zoo. The Bnappers were raptured while locked together In the waters of n Florida swamp. It wus easy to rope and tie them so Intent were they on chewing each other. Yesterday they arrived at the Zoo In separate crates and were opened In the reptile house by Keepers Hnyder and Tooney. No sooner hud the crocodiles set eyes on each otlier than they had their jaws locked tocetlier nrsln and their tails. Rweenlnz the floor mat r.itmlnrl Snyder and Tooney to leap for their live. They smashed up everything smashable before h'nder could get a net and tangle the larger crocodile In It. Ho measured 11 feet 4 Inches, and tho other waa about feet. They were then put in separate tanks and will be kept (ar apart In the future. ARMY BILL PLEASES I He Says It Contains Some Im portant Constructive Legislation. INMCMOUS ITEMS GONE First Step Taken Toward Creat ing llegulnr Army Reserve. Washington, Aug. 25. Secretary Stlmson gave out this statement to night In regard to the army bill passed by Congress: "1 nm well satisfied, Not only have the propositions which the War Depart ment deemed Injurious been eliminated, but important constructive legislation has been enacted. Tho bill Is In almost every respect a far bcttv bill than the ono which came before the President tho last time. "The two proposals which were Intro duced In conference last Juno and which were vigorously opposed by the War Department are both gone, namely, the limitations placed upon tho President's choice of his Chief or Stuff, which would have rendered Ineligible Uencrals Wood nnd Kunston, Col. (loethnls nnd many other able officers, and secondly, the provision which tied up the hands of the Secretary of War In dealing with posts. "The House proposition to cut down the nrmy by live regiments of luvalry bus gone, also the big cut In the num ber of Major-Oenerals and lirlgadler Generats of the line und In the perpetua tion of the Adjutant-General's staff corps In the General Stan. "The provisions of the former bill In regard to detached service, which would have seriously hampered tho wuilc of the Philippines Constabulary nnd the engineers of the Panama Canal, have been modified so ns to remove that objection. "On the other hand a consolidation: has been effected of the quartermasters, subsistence and pay corps, a reform I which has been pressed for many years, and which will, I believe, result in much economy uf effort and In greater simplicity and efficiency In those three lines of army administra tion. "There ore some features of con solidation which I do not approve, such as the reduction In the number of offi cers by AO, a lesult which will not only reduce to that extent the total number of officers of the nrmy. hut will tend to clog promotion In the line. I am. however, assured by the leaders of both houses that remedial legislation 'which will to a certain extent offset this will be favored by them next win ter. The creation of a service corps Is another reform which has been urged by the War Department and which will, I believe, result In more eco nomical and effective administration. "The most Important Item of legisla tion, however. In my opinion. Is the tak ing of tho first utep toward creating a regular army reserve. This Is a most satisfactory outcome of the long con test over the length of term of enlist ment. At present, while the regiments of the regular nrmy are kept at half strength In time of peace, there Is no provision mado by law for filling their ranks In case of war. "When the Spanish war broke out the efficiency of many regiments was greatly ' Injured from the necessity of throwing Into them n large number of perfectly raw recruits; and In order to till the ranks of other regiments It was neces sary to consolidate two regiments Into one. The reserve Is nlmed to meet . .I." . 1.31 I . IIIIDVU ... ,IIWV this necessity nnd to keep available a sufficient number of trained men who have been through the regular army to till Its ranks In time of war. "The reserve created by the bill Is far from perfect, but It makes a beginning of the right system and can be lm- proved by further legislation as cx- perlcnce develops the need. "On the whole the discussions and controversies of the past year ore having fruitful results, No Institution of the country is more In need of In- telllgont attention nnd study on the M LABOR DAY EXCURSIONS NIAGARA FALLS Special Trata. Angus! 311. Leave New York. t.M A. M. Tickets will he honored oneveninr trains, Auguit jeth.and on all trains except the Black Diamond l'.xprc. Anmi.it Slst and September 1st. Return limit September 4th. TORONTO $4 A AND RETURN JLM. Canadian National Exhibition. Auir. , return limit Sept. 4 : and Sept. return limit Sept. 10. All tralni except the Black Diamond Kipreaa. ,GLEN ONOKO & MAUCH CHUNK Sept, t and Jnd Special Ferries Cortlamlt and BELLEWOOD PARK Sent, tnd and Every Sunday syhanla Ferries, Cortlandt and De'lirosses Streets, 0.00 A. M mm 0 ticket omcui 4.401. im, 1M0 Brmdwir ; Itgdion Tuti, Cottlsndt and Church fttmta and ltd Stmt and Urodwy, titm Tern. 80 r in bath Arrnut, llrookljt. m Market strut, .Newark. The Provident OF NEW Loans from 11 1 9 1000 upon pledge of personal property. WTEREST RATES One per cent. (1) per month or fraction thereof. One-half per cent. ($) charsed upein loans repaid within two weeks from date of making. part ot the American people, than tha army. Tlie advances shown by this legislation represent only a very small portion of the steps that are being taken by the War Department. The idan of reorganization of the army, pre pared thla winter by the War College, and the discussions of the recent con ferences held In the War Departmont are resulting In plans which It Is hoped will enable us to put tho army nn a tactical barls; that Is to say, a basis of structural organization which will bo the samo In peace ns In war nnd which will avoid the necessity of completely changing our organization the moment a war breaks out. "This does not necessarily mean an enlargement of the army, but simply nts establishment upon a proper system ono fitted for war ns well asj peaco: one which will change our present force from disconnected groups or nrmed men Into a properly balanced und Integral body." ALL OPPOSE CHANGE IN CIVIL5ERVICE LAW Views of Three Presidential Candidates Learned by Na tional League. The National Civil Service Heform League made public Jesterday replies It has received to a request made to tho Presidential candidates of the Re publican, Democratic nnd Progressive parties for their views on the effort to provide, u set term of office for all Federal employees In the executive de partments In the District of Columbia, nn effort which the league Is opposing. Neither President Taft nor Col. Roosevelt went Into details as to his position In his reply, but the league's statement cites other utterances of each to show that he Is not likely to favor the move to which the league objects. Gov. Wilson's reply, plvlng his position on tho matter, wan as follows: August 17, 1912. Mr Dear Sin In reply to your letter of August S, I would say that I agree with your Judgment that the proposul to fix a brief tenure of othVe for the civil servants of the Government Is a distinct step backward und that It would Inev itably demoralize the service. I am a hearty believer In the pilnclples of civil service reform and shall take pleasure ot all times In doing whut I can to pro mote those principles In practise. Sin cerely yours, Woodrow Wilson. The letter to which the candidates were asked to reply was written on August 8 and was signed by Robert W. Helcher, acting secretary of the league. In the statement Mr. Helcher snys: Thn league believes that this plan would entliely demoralize the sendee. It would lead Inevitably to the Introduction of political Inflences Into the service, em ployees us the ends of their terms ap proach being certain to bring political intlucnco to bear to secure their reap pointments. It Is a revorslon to the dis credited theory of rotation In office and Its adoption would, we believe, mark n measureable return to the spoils system. President Taft on August 9 replied that he did not think It proper for htm to express an opinion at that tlmo because the legislative, executive and Judicial appropriation bfll. which Included the provision In question, was soon to come berore him. On August 14, five days later. President Taft returned tho bill tn tho House without his ap proval, and In his veto mcssnge men tioned ns one of the grounds for his disapproval "because It Impairs that feature of the civil service which I regard ns a most valuable one, to wit: . The permanence of tenure on the one . hand, balanced by a wide and almost ; absolute power of removal in tho de partmcnt head 6n the other." The leagues statement cites Col. Roosevelt's position fom the civil ser . ' " .-v.- 1 vice plank In tho Progressive party platform which declares for "continuous service during good behavior and effici ency." ICngaKpaaent. Sara too Aug. 2S. The engagement was announced to-day of JIIss Elizabeth I Houghton, daughter of Justice and Mrs. ' J""" W. Houghton of New York city, tn 's'u,,'r, A'0." 'sotn.. l?"n ?.f Troy, a graduate Houston rep and Mr, Don uns Louis XIV In the pageant. fftanrf Trip frm Hot Trk $10:00 .50 RAIL AND 12'J5 ALL MAT RAIL $1.50 Ktgmi Trip (nm Nt Y,tk Train will leave TennnylTanla Desbrowej Streets, 8.S0 A, M. FtmmJ 7Yi a) aa tnm tint Ynk $1 .Ul) Special Trains will leave Penn. Railroad Loan Society YORK OKFICES . MANHATTAN BltaNS Fourth Avenue cor. 25th Street. Eldridce Street cor. RivingtonStret, Seventh Ave. bet. 48th & 49m Streets. Lexington Avenue cor. 124th Street. Grand Street cor. Clinton Street. Courtlandt Avenue cor. 148th Street. IlllOOKLVN firaham Avenue cor. Dehevolse St Pitkin Avenue cor. Rockaway Ave "The City of Constant Change" In the Summer months vast numbers of New Yorkers go abroad or to some other part of the United States. And in the Summer months vast numbers of .foreigners or people from other States come into New York because it is an ideal Summer re sort, fully equipped with accommodations, attrac tions, recreations. So that what the city loses in its own citizens it more than makes up for in sight-seeing strang ers. New York is a "city of constant change," affording to the advertiser a "fluctuating circulation" that is na tional, and even interna tional in its character. Sight-seers naturally have to travel in the "open" to see the sights properly. Hence the New York City Surface cars is with them as with our own citizens the fa vorite means of transit. We have the exclusive control of all the adver tising in all the New York City Surface Cars, Fiftb Avenue Buses. Study the Cards We Have a Standard. New York City Car Advertising Company 225 Afth Avenue Tel. 4680 Madison IN.STIU'CTIOSJ. NKW 14IIIK. New York Clly. For nj and Ynunr Men. Berkeley School 72d ST. and WEST END AVE. .I.lril jear lieslns Sept. 'J II l-repares Hoi s rhnrouffh.lv for all 4'olletes and Technical School. Iritlvldunl Instruction Hmall riaatrs. After noon .Si uriv Hour Military Prill (nptlomli Library, tiymnanlum Athletics under experi enced Iralner No Home! Study for Youn it liovs Special attention cltrn 10 primary lntructlon the foundation ot all education, "00 Gradu ates have entered colleee Send for pamphlet "Training and Uduratlon" hy the Hradmattrr Illustrated Catalogue utiuo application. JOSEPH CURTIS SLOtNE. HlldlMStir COLUMBIA GRAMMAR SCHOOL Founded lH4. .New Fireproof Kulldlna- :ii sr. ami rr.NTiiA!, paik wi.si. Hoys successfully prepared for Columbia. Cor nell, Harvard, Princeton. Vale and oihrr College. I'ull llUAlres Course. Primary Claims. Iilio ratorlcs. l!j mnaHliim, .Hlilrllo Field Special Courses for hois who hae failed In College. Kntrance i:anminilons ll.li.'A.MI-lli:i.l.,A. .11. F. I'. WILSON, A. M. HWth ear llenln. Sept. aath. 1 1 n.111 1 1 1 tsvnwtj jait-147 w. isr si., nkw iuuk. 'I FOI'NIIF.n 1700. . I Trlmarr. (irammar and High Schools. 1-reparea lor an colleges. 3Q4th Year Opens September 2arrt. The 21st Year of Hamilton Institute for Boys tW WI'ST KM AVi: . S. V Cor. of PUtti bu College and Commercial Preparation. Ilrooklsn. , ST. JOHNS COLLEGE Lewis Wlllnughiir Asa.. RrnoMjn. 1 nai & mo piarp io cuuraie your noy. Prepare for all courwv Write for calalogus. Iluslnras Collesr. Bookkeeping, ShorlhajU.Tjrp. writlno, Penmanship. Civil StrtlM aid Academic Departments. 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