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THE SUN, MONDAY, AUGUST 26, 1912.
MONDAY, AUGUST 20, 1012. Entered at the Post Office at New York as Second Class Mall Matter. Subscription by Mall, Postpaid. o no I IiJuI-T. Per Month :i,MLY, t'er Year OO M'MiAY. Per Year 3 n DAILY AND SUNDAY. Ter Year ......... H DAILY AND SUNDAY, l'er Month JS Postaje to foreign countries added. All checks, money orders, Ac. to tie made pay ible, to Tuts SUM. Published dully. Including Sunday, by the Sun t-'ntltigand Publishing Association it 170 Nassau strtet, In the noroiinh or Manhattan, ?ew vora iTnMent nnd TrtAMirrr.' wniMm c itcick. ito'tubllsh a pecuniary liability on tho part Niiiirift:Vifr.rrfMdrnt,i..tardr.Miti-hfii. 170 Nassau street; Secretary, Chester S. l-ord Nassau street. 1-ondon oflce, KBngham Home, I Arundel ilrcet, Strand Paris office, ft Hue dc la Mlchodtere. of! nue du (.lustre Srptenibrc. Washington office, nibbi Bulldlnf . Brooklyn office, los Livingston street tf our trUnii tran faror us trlia manuscripts tor TuiiuaHonvlth tohatt rtjfttti atHcltt returnttt Vty mux In all truts lend ttamrt tor lhaxpurpott. The Searchers for Truth. It is plain that In the Senate to-day two men. and only two, aro genuinely I anxious for a prompt and complete dis covcry of all the facts of campaign fund extortion, blackmail and hush money. Those men aro Bona I'E.vnosKof Penn sylvania, inspired with thoardor of a man battling for very existence, and Kobkiit Marion JjA Koij,f.ttk of Wisconsin, eager to revenge a betrayal. Tho Demo crats see in delay a possible campaign advantage. Tho standpatters fear tho revelation 6ome of them know and the others fear would bo made. The Hull Moose herd puts more faith In bellowed denial and vituperation than in tho rec ord of question and answer. But outside tho Senate, honest men who have cherished the hope that tales of seandal were drawn from tho heat of partisan or personal antagonism, nnd had no basis in fact, demand the whole truth. They fear less tho possible con sequence of full disclosure than they do the effects of nn inquiry smothered at its inception. Their natural suspicion will fasten upon tho individual or co terie that seeks to stay tho inquest Nor should tho fact be overlooked that Senator PENnosr. and Senator I.a 1 Foli.ette are capable leaders in such a ' quest. They know what and where ana how to hunt. The Democratic Campaign. Our Democratic friends should cherish no illusion that a Presidential campaign ran be won solely on the mistakes of their adversaries. The accidents of the , situation, due to the bitter internal btrife, iii the Republican party, have given the Dcmociats an opportunity they have not had since the civil war, but they must do some real work for themselves. There is an atmosphero of smugness about some of tho highly moral lessons on conducting a campaign that emanate from Sea (iirt. As rK SUN has pointed out, tho day of the corrupt, convention bribing, vote buying politician is over. but there is much legitimate, substantial work to bo done in organizing and in piacnK tne .ss es o tno campaign , squarely beforo the voters. Porch par- ties are useful for pictorial effect, but!, Morocco. Yet t men la n eniiillii fuel? tnrin nmn t there is a moro serious task to do among ...1 4 1 .. 1 V. .. --I. I I .1... ... . ., "lu;Pari. than there began to appear from rank and fllo of tho party tho large 1 ., ... , ,., f '.' ... ,. industrial classes that scent so much . . inclined to Hoosovcltism. Perhaps this interest in Governor Wit son's campaign on the part of Tin-: Scn is liko the piety of Ciiaw.ks V.: he al ways acknowledged that it was not so much inspired by tho love of tho Lord ns by his awful fear of the devil. The rnnama Canal I.av. President Taft's sincere and disinter ested friends will regret both his ap proval of the Panama Canal bill and the memorandum in which he defends that act. Tho opportunity to blunder ex isted. The President embraced It. The Sun'3 opinion of this misshapen measure has been adequately set forth. It is unnecessary to repeat of tho law what was said of the bill. What foreign nnd domestio complications, political and economic, tho enactment will pro eipitato tho incidents that havo accom panied its passage sufficiently indicate, Tho United States will havo ample cause to repent this exploit of its Legis lature and its Executive A Misapprehended Decision. It is never surprising to find Colonel Koosevelt in error in regard to the de cisions of tho courts. It is rather dis couraging, however, to Democrats who desire to vote for Woonuow Wilson for President to discover a tendency on his pnrt to blunder in tho samo direction. Fnder tho sy6tcm of Government printing which enables Senators and Representatives in Congress to "extend" their remarks in tho Conarcnsional Record, although they were never ut tered orally on the floor of cither house, Mr. Kinkead of Now Jersey last week printed a so-callod extension of remarks mado by him so as to include a speech delivered liv Governor Wrr.finsr ,.f . r, v , rm.i.. :. . rotuill, llliuv-.uwu uamiuit. urcss isemitien .uroupoi intellectual Jewels." Wo lay ono of tho Jowels be foro our readers: "Vow there Is another matter. You know that recently a worklngman's com pensation not has gono by the board In one of our great States because It soemcd to tho Huprcmo Court of that Ktato to hn compul sory In Its operation. Why, In their Judg. ment, was It unconstitutional If It was rom pulsory? Ilecnuse, being compulsory, it i-cemed to violate tho prlnclplo of free con tract The principle of free contract being guaranteed by most of our 8tato Constltu lion", It Is held by mostof our courta that thn T-pl."l.ituro cimiiot Impair It or lake it away and cannot say to tho employer and to tho employee: 'You must entor Into a contract of employment under auch nnd ruoh conditions.' Now, i ,vant to suggest to tho lawyers present that they ask them selves till question: Is t li l.-t nn Interfer ence with real freedom of tontrnot? 'I hat coos hack to tlio question- linn tho work Itigman of tlil country rcnl freedom In iiiiiMiik Ids coiitruel?" It is manifest that the decision re ferred to In the foreKoinp; extrnct. is that of the Court of Appeals of the Ktnto of Now York in tlio now eelobnited ease of Ivns ngainst tho South IltiiTalo Railway Company. (lovernor Wilbon is wholly mistaken in (inserting that, tho statute adjudged invalid In that ease was pro nounced unconstitutional because "it seemed to violate tho principle of frr0 contract." The reason the statute was condemned was becauso it took the property of the employer and gave it to tho employee without due process of law: in other words. It nttomntod to es- i0f ,, PMiDlovvr to his workman, nl- t ltrt litrt ti iitt-i Irtt'.tt titi1 Ilia 1 1 rfdli t u lifirl lliutll l ll v 1 11 l IVB nn t tlin iiiutn inivt not been negligent or at fault in any respect whatsoever. Indeed tho facts in the particular case before tho court as alleged in tho complaint indicated that tho only person to blame for tho in jury was the injured party himself. The Court of Appeals held that as to such a past transaction the Legislature had no constitutional power to make the master responsible. Tho cabs did not turn at all upon any question of inter ference with freedom of contract. Tho decision was solely an assertion of tho constitutional doctrino that a man can not bo made to pay for an injury w'hich ho did not inflict and for which ho was in no wise to blame. In discussing so important a matter wo venture to suggest to Governor Wiij?on that it is better to bo right if ho would bo President. The Dead nnd the l.lWnc- Detonating rapidly and stupendously amid his.parks of "absolute and wilful falsehoods" The Man Who Was roars: "Thl (Mr. Anrnnnt.n's rtMemvnt I " nlekeil AHrinult on n (lead nian n ho hi ch standliia ami probity was such that no hu man helnc who was hlmelf honest would over impute evil motives to him. .Mr. Ilt.tss wan Incapable of conduct sucli as Mr. Ar.cu noLD Imputes to him." It is not an assault on a dead man, unless The Man Who Was speaks pro- leptically of his political existence. It is a charge against a living man most emphatically not of high standing and Puii, '." ' ""- ,u V,",L mighty little impute ovil motives; n man entirely capable of such conduct as Mr. AiiniiiOLli imputes to him; a man whom his recent, let alone his past, conduct tattooes fis without and be yond scruple, honor or shame. The time has passed when this head powwow of tho congregation of hypo crites can outface continual and ctimu Urtivc evidence with his energumen howls ngainst old associates and with laud of his own virtue. Without pressing tho Standard Oil matter, it still remains generally truo that a Scotch verdict is the best that TiiEODonERoosEVEt.Tcanexpect hence forth. His legend is moribund. His phylacteries are dropping to pieces. The Treaty of Sun Sebastian. A recent leading article in the Ixmdon I T.'m0 rA.maLt ti.. .. C.t. ,M9tjall imnlediaU,lv uftor tllv of ,he Frcnph ,,rmo MiljgUT from HlwMn of a treaty finally fixing the French no sooner had M. Poi.NCAnfi reached in nm'jn ii-innin ui ,tis,iu, iucii in m tween Franco and Siiain, between France and Spain and Hn eland. Few recent diplomatic struggles have been keener or longer than that which French and Spanishrepresentat iv(shavo waged over Morocco. It is now nearly ten months since France and Germany signed tho treaty of Merlin after a de bate of three months, but up to tho pres ent time no clear notion exists as to tho actual situation of tho negotiations be tween Franco and Spain. Itis clear that France insisted that as n coribcqueiico of her Congo concession to Germany Spain should consent to reduce her claim in Morocco, which was founded on tho Franco-Spanish tmaty of 1901. Hut Spain promptly balked. livery proposal of Franco was rejected, I and finally appeal was mado to Kngland. French feelings in turn were hurt byltf; llritish compromise suggestions which seemed too favorable to Spain, but oven after Franco had accepted theso Spain rejected them. In tho earlier stages of the battle the prizo at stako was certain territory south of tho Riff mountains and in tlio watershed of tho Sebu. At length, when Spain had consented to some re- il.mdnn xf linn .l. I ,1 uutuuji 'l III., imiiim IICJI', lliu prOU- lem of Tangier intervened and up to tho present moment seems to remain an insurmountable obbtaelo. France, Kng land and Spain agreo Tangier shall Iw Internationalized, but how, tills is tlio problem. urcnt urunin s micresi consists in preventing Franco from gaining nnv ! .1 i i .i c. , . ' foothold on the .Straits of Gibraltar, 11UI III (icmantling that Tangier bo In- ternationulized tho question is raised .l,iv,or i.'r., ...... Whether I' ranee, Great Hntain and Spain or all tho great Powers shall sharo in tho internationalization. If tho lat-'" ter plan is adopted tho French insist' l" "a" 3 "l' that tho whole Moroccan (inestioii will bo llllllU-ir, On II,.. 1 1 .e w'.......t .. .,,,v ll llio titulur powor of tho Sultan is recognized Spain and Kngland fear Franco will, through hor control of tho Sultan, be conio supremo at Jungicr, Ttli,Tinntiilmnn,i,.u,,ii,.nrxi ! intiioiiieantimoonohullanof.Morocco' has abdicated and the French having cs- tablislied his successor tlio Siianisli r,.. r.mn In wmmlm !.! u..,..i... ..' "f ' , .1,11, j hi ini.- part of Morocco. In addition, French' soldiers and correspondents aro com plaining bitterly ol tho fashion In which ! -Moorish rebels aro permitted to organlzo in mo ojuiunu rtiiieni umi ooiaiu arms and ammunition from Spanish traders. It is clear, then, that the .Moroccan problem is still unsettled. Tho atti tude of tho British has resulted in considerable sllimressod but. not. lsu real resentment ln Franco. SrnkhbJitaVita a"cr lhc Ju" ' b,ln l8r n obstinacy has boon even moro Irritftt ing, and worst of all tho question in not nettled. For tho French, who aro dally pending now troops to Morocco and increasing tho extent of their effort and tho eiponso of their occupation, this delay is rnpldly becoming a griovanco which may provoke- serious disagreements. Urjjlstcred Ijcttera. Some unwiso economist in tho Post Oflleo Department has never heard of tho saying that "parsimony Is not eeonomy," nor yet of tho saying that inu tuBi, ui ii hprub is wen invested in uio capture of a whale. This economist has turned his powerful mind in tho direc tion of cheapening tho cost of carrying and delivering registered letters. Tho registration of letters in tho manner In which it was introduced and for a long time administered was a considerable public convenience. It was very often worth tho while of tho sender of a letter to pay eight cents in order to secure tho acknowledgment of the person to whom it wub addressed that it had been deliv ered to him. This was tho point of tho registration in nine cases out of ten. That it was seen by tho Department so to bo is shown by the advertisements the Department issued exhorting tho publio to register valuable letters and parcels: "It brings you a receipt." Tho feo was, of course, much greater than the cost of tho service and must havo mado a comfortablo item on tho credit side of the post offlco ledger. hen the economist came in, however, it btruck him that tho profit would bo still greater if tho feo wore increased and no service rendered in return for it. So tho feo was increased from eight cents to ten and the return of receipts mado subject to spenal request by the sender. Tho increase was justifiable enough; whoever would pay eight cents for a receipt woul pay ten. Hut tho check on tho return of receipts de prived the registration of all valuoto the great majority of those who used it and paid for it. Kven tho promise of a ' receipt when .pec illcally requested has been found fallacious by those who havo trusted to it. The roil t must be inut ine puonc win decline to pay twei vo cents for postago instead of two, when it gets no visible return for ten-twelfth1 of tho expenditure, and that what was a refreshing source of revenue will bo dried up. The Postmaster-General would do well to undo the ridiculous work of his too zealous subordinate and to restore the registration to its former footing, with or without tho addition of 2o per cent . to the former fee. .1..., . L . . (. .... What powerful arid mysterious influ ence sustains nnd comforts the .Secretary of War in continued upiort of tho pro motion of Major HKf.ciir.n H. Hat of tho ly department. United States nrmy? The Hon. HiniM W. Johksok. (lovernor of CaliforuU and Hull Moomj candidate for Vice-President. Iielieves that "govern ment has another duty, another power, another function, than commercializing itself." This profound observation is Irticularly designed to elicit tho ap plause of thoi-o who conceive Rovemmetit to bo an independent, eelf-pcrpetuatine; entity, entirely dissociated from tho Immunity it serves. It certainly merits their approval. He Colonel noosr.vr.t.Tl has always been In touih with wealthy men. !tcirraenta tit' Stanley of Kentucky. Was Mr. Htanlkt's use of tho word "touch" malicious or merely accidental? Not only did. James J. Famiell. the engineer who saved the lives of bi men by sticking to his pout while a heavy elec tric current passed through his Iwdy, dis play admirable courage, but his presence of mind is equally worthy of note. His devotion nnd fortitude were typical of tho untold instances of intelligent solf Kicriilco that enter Into tho dally life of men who make no pretence to being cast in a heroic mould. At least the polico can boaBt that they had no share in thn arrest of a suspect who turned out not to lie Grr tjie Blood. Good Whaling In tho Pacific From tht Vancnurtr Sun. Flie imndrnl whales thus fur In the sfuaon, thirteen of them sprm whales, la the wonderful record mado since Iho lis. Klnnlns; of ths season, according to Cant. pany. which maintains a number of whalinr latlona along- tho coant of British Columbia In addition to the too whalea caufht at the tbreo ttatlona thern are many hundreds Milch havo been caunht alont the coaat by other compaidea and by American and Nor wrglan conirrns In Alaidta waters. It Is br llnvtd thnt before tho searou Is over at latt S.QOO whales will havo been nnrht nn ! north pcine coam. 1 .'i'"''". "umV"i ?' mTml caunt ln , "... " - IUIKI l llllirMl lO the old mrthodt of whalinr. when It would have taken )ears for a bit fleet of aillnr veswU to haro eauht a similar number ol whales b thn old hand harpoon. Jane Aniten at Bath. Krora in LnnJon Chrmlctr. Hath, where, the memory of Jane Austen was commemorated by Iho erection uf a hronto bust ' '" ,he ,,ump roT.' " th" home ' ,h nov" i for four yeari. She removed there from Steven- ton with, her parents In the ,rn of 1801 and I aided mcremvely at 4 Sydney Terrace. Green ' ,,ark llull,lln" lu"1 After Uw .aio I of tho family elTecta at Steventon Jano write. , to a friend: "Aty father and mother. 1ely aware He difficulty f finding in ail Bath ouch a bed ,hclr own' h."v" r"olv,'d on W with thcml All the bedn, Indeed, that we shall want aro to l5 removed." Oath and Iti frequenters havo probably found bed as UtUo hard aa board In later days, Near riser In Mlnlsitppl, J'rom thr American rt'fn Pre si, l'ntll forty applications for near beer licences airgreiatlnif tW.uxi, were received at Jacksoi, "a.. " was not generally Known thai a c auto i,.rn nnn-,i i.n, h. i..i..ii ' law ,hc rfrcnl leguiaiive nekMon licensing ,IC "l0 "' nMr Thc rlsu,e ' d ?" nao may He granted for talc of i Imitation beer of non.lntoilrailnr rhirMi,. 11 can look like beer, smell like beer and taste osr urrr, nun inr rmr inerroi is legal ir tne dealer iayn a .Slate prlvllene tax of 5oo per annum, HlMourlan'i Tip lo Flihermea. From tilt Unniui B lUtln. WI.Ho Dave Irle of Warrensburg was wading In lackwater Creek ho poked bis foot Into tho inoulli of a big ello-A- ratflih. Have howled a plenly and his companions rescued htm and cautht the flab, wlilo writhe ihlnv nntinrf. "ave'a loot w s badly lacerated and ho Is noi rouTivAt, rnoMornns. The "et nidi Quirk" Principle Applied by the tSullcatclilnR Vole Hunter. To tub linnon ok Tilt Ht'.v .Sir. In tho savings batiks of th t nlted States are deposited thousands of millions of dollars. These deposits receive hut a comparatively small Interest. In tlio postal savings Imnk of thn country there urn other millions of dollars on which an Interest is paid that Is even smaller than that paid by the regular sarlna-s banks. Tim depositors of theso millions aro tho common senso peoplo of Industry and honorable thrift who prefer safety of principal, and a certain small in terest, to the risk of principal and tho prom ise of posslblo larger interest. Most of the depositors aro peoplo who work for n. Ilvltur and who save from what thoy earn to pro vide against future needs. There is another rlass, of rreater wealth, who Invest In tried nnd sound securities and bonds which bear aniall rates of Interest. This class, like the eavlnits hankx class, could, If It would, plnco Its tnonoy where higher rates of IntereKt would he promised. These two classes represent the people who niako tip the backbone of the nation, tho sane, sure, stemlyiroltiK builders of bedrock prosperity. 'I hey prefer certainty to un certainty. The money placed In savings hanks Is loaned at fair Interest to those ho wish to use It In liulldlnc homes or business buildings: tho money Invested In securities and bonds goes to the bulldlnc und expan sion of the itrcat industries which make tlio business of the country and Kive employ ment to thousands of thousands There Is a third elans, w ho, for one reason i or another, seek to use their money ns the spawn of mushroom wealth. This class Is exploited by men who are busy In sending broadcast circulars promising fabulous re turns on smalt Investments. Their mines are always second Calumet and lleclas and their Industrials second Hell Telephones. They freight the malls with ftorles of thou sands made from the Investments of tens or hundred and shower thee whose names they have secured with alluring promises . of great wealth from few dollars. These men work on the theory thnt there Is a fool horn every tnlnutn and the lists of names they use are appropriately called sucker lists." Thei-e lists they conMantty revlo and change because many of the suckers, oneo tempted by the bait and landed and robbed, learn the bitter lesoti of e.ierience and can no longer b templed, ttneo piomoter is lounil oui ny n sm-Ker, tne sucker." I ho his any brains, is iinlt with that promoter. Hut one pha-eof the buinei that helps mako It always profitable is that "sucker" aIwjivs bate In "find out" fop themselves und ate deaf to the warnings of ,ho"0 1,0 l,av" "'"'' "ni1 ot "ios ft 7 t eS, There Isa great number who picfer the way "'at I tried, sane and safe, and there is anottier grcit number nluayx re'idy to rise nt tho first "get rb h uulck," "lift by sour own boot straps" platform To this latter ijass the unscrupulous tiolitic.il promoter continually appeals. He Is ready to promise an; thing. He will change the Constitution overnight, abolish poverty, distribute auto mobiles and winlth with a free hand, create courts that shall render verdicts In all eises favorable to defendants and plain tiffs alike, do away with all natural laws, beginning with those of gravltatlnn ami winding up with those of supply and de mand, and. In a word, by the mere fun e of his own personality bring about imme diately a millennial condition throughout the country. T hese political promoters are generally ready reelers of platitudes and Illble tets, They often make constant use of a ten like "Thou shall not steal," but the pronoun Is always "thou" and the text ne er "I must not steal One of their peculiarities Is that the Uecalogiie furnishes almost the only In stance where they prefer the use of the second person singular to tho first person ritigular. These political promoters, like the finan cial promoters of the same breed, are always busy and too often hellishly successful. They, too. are always seeking fresh victims to take the place of those who havo "found theinout " And in politics ns in finance it is a good rule to avoid the promoter who Is always seeking new fields of exploitation and perpetually changing his halt Joll.V CfTLEn. NRWTONvtu.n. Mass, August ii, Alexander Hamilton'! Paramount .Mot he. To tiik KniToit or The Srv .sir: The following iiuotation from Oliver's life of Alexander Hamilton Is resectfully recom mended to thoo whom some ono nptly calls the Dull Mice "Throughout his whole llfo his paramount motive was to get things done, not to make himself a great fame by doing things. So unusual an ambition has caused him to be suspected of an Inordinate subtlety. To tho common politician whose mAln sincerity is bin determination to rldo into popular notice on the back of a grievance or a fit of hysterics "Onward, Christian Soldjers'l, such an attitude Is wholly Incredible, lie cannot fathom thn depths of a spirit that loves union and order and progress for their own sakes, and seeks power, not as an end itself, but as n means to the accomplish ment of a vUion." In the glow of enthusiasm bull mice prob ably never sit down to the prosalo tAsk of balancing achievement against promises Hut history makes that ono of her iiihIm ' , ' M occupations, and the American people nt the polls nave not Infrcipiently usurped tho province of history. K. H. I". VOJtX IlaiiBOK, Me., August (socialism. To TttK Ennon ol1 Tun Scs .Sir.- Mr. K. .1. Stlnison was wrought up lately over a ghost that he conjures up in his mind and calls aoclallsm. hoclulism Is not against private proierty, only in tho caso of publio necessities and functions, It is tho only system which guarantee private property, because It would guarantee em ployment. lt Mr Htlmson get Into tho path of a trust and ho will find out how little his private property Is livid sacred under our system of to-day. Socialism would find employment for men and women Just as to-day tho authori ties find a place for children In school, but It would leave them to shift for themselcs thereafter. .fudge Hanford did not refuse cltlen papers to Mr. Oleson, but took his papers from him. Some people c.in't get nwav from tho Idea of a boss, Just as some chattel slaves thought they must bo owned by somo one. Others, and the majority It i-eems, imagine that potatoes cun't get along with out potato bugs, Mrs, Mixed 1'ilki.ks. New Haven. Conn,. August 2i, Sturdy Swedish Girls. From Itarptr't WrrUy, Bathing In Sweden Is a business, liven tho hotel bathrooms are extraordinary rerular ullea of rooms, ono for tho bath proper, one for shower baths of various sortsand one for a drying room, wherein you find enormous towels as large as American sheets. Tho public baths are luxuri ous. They are built around courts where, after tho bath, you may hae your coffee under great trees surrounded by lieds of beautiful flowers. It Is apt to bother Americans a bit to flod that the batb rubbers for both men and women are strapping Swedish girls, business like and un abashed. Hut this Is only one manifestation ot the advanced activities of woman In Sunden. You find her occupying all orta of positions. You see her boldly swinging off street cars with out walling for thorn lo stop. You nro told that a woman la street commissioner Miss Itedln, a liter ot the explorer of Tibet, Dr. h'ven llcdlu. A Mlssourlan's Stern Kebuk. from i Mniwui Jluuiin. The station stent at (ialt found a tramp tho other day trying to open the money drawer ln the office. Aa thrre was no place to keep the tramp If he bad him arrested, tho agent told blnj to leave the money alone. Id Modern Chins. From ths i'llln Ucl.'ty ,Vru-. For three days beginning from yesterday a number of flrls are giving a light vaudeville per for anee at the Hukwaiig (iulld building lor tho benefit of the national contribution fund. THE MtiMOnV OF 1907 Stirred by Words ThoiiRhtlcM Kien for T. li. Woodruff. Tq tub r.unon or Tur. Rt'N Sir; In n statement -econtly Issued, the Hon. Timothy I,. Woodruff, a Hull Mooso leader, r.ald, re ferring to the business of tlio country, "As things are now there docs not seem much to destroy." Is that a fact? Docs Mr. Woodruff irlvo any consideration to even his home city, Now York, and Ita sur-1 rounding, where there are nearly :5,0n0 Industrial establishments employing over, 7M,we persons on a yearly payroll of over H.n.oon.iK),)? If vo per cent, of the factors- workers of tho metropolitan district were out of work wo would have a local army of Idle peoplo equal to the combined population of Tren ton nnd Ilayonne. Certainly this Indicates that around Mr. Woodruff's home there, am largo and vital business Interests of tlio ; peoplo that might bo destroyed, without mentioning other great Industrial centres of tho country. In connection with tho labor nnd busi ness affairs of the t'nlttd States It. may with truth bo said that notwithstanding the high cost of living our country has been so attractive during tho past ten years that over s.jfo.fmn Immigrants havo reached our shoies from lorelgn lands, In tho hope of Improving their position In tho battle of life. Their coming presents a problem of thn flrat magnitude. Very few of theso havo entered agricultural pursuits. Nearly all of the immigrants aro In tho Industrial centres. It Is this cr,.at addition to the competition of those who labor which has acted as a check on the advance In wages to eiiual rising prices. The Immigration of the last ten years exceeds tho population of the New Kng land States In IWH) by over I.BOO.tioo people. A very great tribute to tlio economic sys tem of tlio I nlted States may be found In the fact that this wholesale transference of population from Kuropo to America occurred without any serious dislodge ,n, o UUT ....n,,, probably with- out parallel in the records of history lust prior to the financial trouble of ioo7 many purls of the country needed additional labor and tlio tendency of wages was then upward Any untimely and unscientific handling of tho fiscal and economic policies of the nation would tiet industry with the s.oofi.imo new arrivals still with iw, In addl- aMon fo our own iKinulatlon to be fed and ,.(),,r,i 'IhliN n condition And not a the- orv It nhonld prompt thinkers and htates- men to move slowly and widely. The pres ent is not for pasMniinto words It Is n sea son for calm thought, gltators hhould take are not to dModge the millions of toll ers In the Industrial icntres. Words alone will not necnmplMi results. It Is easy to write and talk. It i harder to plan and to build. At a timo when tho responsibility was never greater how ridiculous appears the utterance, "As things aro now there does not .eom ininTi to destroy." Libor Is beginning to regain the position lot In IIKI. Let us help keep and Improve that position. We should Mrlvo for the greatest good for the greatest number, In cluding all It wo can. ("HAM.i:s S. RMINCK. I'LalNFir.Lii, N .1 . August 24. Tin: "oirxEits" OF i..ixn. a Mhole Soul's 'Hubbies lie Ill) nun Tush Inn." To Tin: HUTonoKTllESCN- .Sir: Is the ciuse of high cost ot UUng "Hie tyranny of gold," as set forth leecmly In Tim Sun, er Is It some "tyr anny of man," one of human agency and fallings, and capable of ren.edy by man May It nm bo the rent uuojtlon. or raider the Ion- working jet univolddhle confluences of man'a beautiful belief lhal the earth Is his aetiisl property, and not lmpl temporarily his to enjoy, and to pas. to his urresvcr? Whence man's rUht to actually own land. Mnce he Is utterly pnw erlr,s lo cither create or destroy It? Mince for centuries land ha been an article of barter and sale, of gift ml Inheritance, It seems that so nnirh of It has now passed Into the hands of th Individual owner that the pretent Inhabi tant nf a cMHzc-l rnuntry Is either a land owner er a tenant, and It Is probably true that thc com bined land owners nf this and every other clvl llred country are far more powerful than the very fiov-rninent of thc cnuntr. True, the (lovern ment laves thc land owner, but how nicely does ne manage to have his tenant not only reimburse urh ta-s, hut suppnrt snrt enrich him. I'.ven after death the 'owner" sells the six feet nf Isnd for your burial. The rent of the farm, or a satisfactory annual Intrrrst on valuu or cost toonner, enters tnlo the price th- farmer demands for the products of (he larm: tno rent of storehouse, warehouse or store ef produce merchant enters Into the price he ln turn demands from the mailer for these very produris, the rent of the retailer once again enters Into price of thec products when tho ulti mate consumer ron.es to buy, and iho price ho Ihrn pajs covers all these rents. We may shake our heads st the Henry George theory as to land, wr may smile at the feet that thousands of years ago Moses prohibited per petnal ownership of land, yet there Is no wil ing but that a correct analysis and study ef caue ot cost of high llvlnn may ultimately prove thc correctness of tnclr views and then causeenact ment of lvws tiasc.t thereon whereby general human existence will become easier ind more comfortable than now. AnoLrn Orrjitr;iMKB. New Vohk. August 31. The Future ot I'.lght.T-slith Street. To THE Kpmui or TllR SlK Sir: Thc new elevated station at lllghty-slxlh street and I'olum- n"" acnue break the long gap between the Ninety-third and tie Clglity-nrst street stations. People Hung In Iho vicinity ef Mlghty-slxth street who use the delated road hale had to walk to ellher the Ninety-third or the Klein) -first street stations. Iho new station should prove a boon to the district Trade conditions In the lclnlty ef the station have not been any ton goo 1. The people drifted through the side streets to the sutmay, but when the Halloa Is opened they will use tho aienue. The storekeepers aro sprucing up for the expected Increase of trade. The station will be the means of carrjln many people who come across Mlghty-slxth street transverse road on thc surface cars. Thc sur face line ends at Central Park West and those who are unable lo reach their destinations on the ! were presented with young shade trees for plant Hlghlh avenue cars nnd who have had to walk Ing tn the number of about 18,oon, In acrordauco three blocks west to the subway will now be able to take the elevated trains at Columbus avenue, only one block west. There Is only one element Hie new station does not please. 11 Is the private house owners, par ticularly In lllihty-slilh street. Instead of being the refilled quiet street It was before the opening of tho station IMghty-slxlh street will assume .... ......... ,.i . h ns.. ......... ",.7sV..,n s ' " stream of people who will pass through the street from the surface line at Hlghty-slith street to tho elevated will give this appearance tn the block It seems only a question of time before Highly sixth street will be used for business purposes, Iho same as fifty-seventh street and Seventy second street. Those streets, which fought against tho encroachment of business for years, finally succumbed and now the private dwellings arc split by business buildings. Klghty-sUth street has been one of the few beautiful thorough fares on the West Side that have boastod entirely of private dwellings. W'. S. New York, August it. Tho Innocent Bystander Again. From th latrobe Bulletin, When V. J. Monroe, a farmer living near Deltnont, heard dogs among the sheep of bis neighbor, Mel McLaughlin. Sunday night bo cot out his gun and hurried to thn pasture held. All tho dogs except one fled at his approach, and he banked away at It only to Und thai he had killed hit own six months old pup, which had been attracted lo tho sreno by tho other dogs. Tho she-p tuning uosa Hiueu seven an. Monroe arrived with Ida gun sheep beforo .Mr rrosalc Preference. From tht U'.u.'iln.'oti ,s(,jr, The little old log cabin Where vines so thickly grow Is nut a place for comfort When the storm begins to blow. Iho cottage und the farmhouse. Make tine poetic chat, Out Ihcy haven't the convenience Uf a cosey Utile Mat. So put them In your pictures And write them In your songs. Describe them In your novels And deride the cliy's throngs. When lhc winter nights were chilly We vo enjoyed them as wo sal Vadlng by the radiator In a voscy little Hat. A PATRIOT'S VLAIST. Confnslon Caused by the I'.fTnrt to He- Krade the Hull .Mooc. To THE HotTon or Till, St N Sir! I wish Tnti St'N nnd other teputablo publica tions would dl-cnntlmie the habit of nsso rlntlnr tho Third Term Candidate nnd tin Hull Mooso in such conlesccnt ulllame. This (ltiestlonahlo practice has beconio so general with tho nov,stnoers of the city that ono might sniped they had entered Into n conspiracy to make It appear that these two moro or less distinct Individual!- ties nr.i one and the same personality Although gulsed In semi-facetious phrase ology I mn tlliosed to regard In a semi serious light this naturo faking of editors, reporters nnd correspondents, because their effusions hnve so affected my dis criminating faculties that 1 nin Incapable nt tlmos of differentiating the lady from the tiger-t mean the gentleman from tho moose (you perceive my mental confusion) and I not Infrequently find myself referring to the candidate, disrespectfully but un wittingly, ns Colonel ltoiieoninoxc. Colonel Moosevelt nnd Colonel Centaur. lonei tentaur. I "llald":,: Mi It Is true the (' moose, for ho him must bo conceded thnt he snorts nnd bellow and cavorts like a bull moose, but these facts do not justify tho assumption thnt there nro no points of dltudmilltudo between them. I presume thnt the object of these con tumelious pleasantries Is to shamo the candidate Into withdrawing from tho polltl cat field; but I do not think tho sense of shamo Is included among his numerous senes. His predominating seno of self righteousness protects him from the sus picion that he could ever do anything of which ho should feel ashamed. Why not try tho arcumentum nil lenor- nntlam on him? Thern nro things ho may not know tho rovel.illon or which might revolutlonlr.o Ids ambitious designs, llo probably does not know thnt, with refer- ence to his candidacy, tho vast mass of the voters of the country are dlvide.l Into two irs, siu.,,n, ..nrui ..un., ..K..,.,n ...... a menace nnd Is convinced that his election on to tho Presidency would prove a national calamity, whllo the other looks upon hlrn ns a worn out Joke, and believes a third term of his administration would make our beloved country the scorn of the world Nor can he know or understand or reallr.o that the number of his adherents, while un availing to Insure his own success at the polls, might he stifllclent to throw tho elee. tlon to the less desirable of tho two regular candidates In nomination. If delegations of several thousand repre sentatives of each of thee"grollis" were to prostrate themeUos before him nt his outlook at Oyster Hay or In the ofilro of tho Outlook In Manhattan and explain the sit uation to him wllli as much vigor of lan guage us their iialiiral-dlflldence in Mich n Presence would permit, who can conjecture what would bo thc result? Xr.w York. August ;s. I'stmoticvs. THE SAI.ICS.MAX'S ART. Psjchology and l.ttilcs nf the Crafty Persuader of Pockets. To nin Knnoa or Tus sex .ir; "A shoe Salesman" and his "ecret" lildly recall a fur niture man of my acquaintance, the secret of whose success was sUtful rellcnce and discern ment. Ills prime cnie was tn distinguish a buer from the occasional shopper A mere shopper Is In quest ef diversion, not furniture The newly married woman of moderate means sends her husband to his business about S In lhc morning, busies herself for a brief space washing up the Utile breakfast equlpace. finds but trifling occupation In selling to rights a newly estab lished mf nacc. and looks about for the easiest and cheapest means of pleasantly passing away-sn abundance of spare time. The mysterious riles of a modest boudoir consume not more than an hour or two, and so she sallies forth al a reason ably early hour to be entertained by II e soft and often silly talk ot the feather headed sarniati Incapable of discriminating between a peacock and a Jackdaw, lhc name ot this brainless sales man Is legion. The wl.ely reticent and "Judgmatical' seller of goods first Identities and then dismisses My iJidy Iwicknioney lxath to leave the store she Inquires the price of this and of that article ns she Is po. Utely conducted toward the door. Then occuis the wily feat ot "spoiling a shopper ' "The price of that suite'" she asks. It cost the huut-c a hundred dollars, and she Is Informed Ihat It may lie had for sevent-fle (if roorw von h.wr 10 hp surp ,-hr hni. m, nrcvrni Intention of bulng. Hut the cheap price nicks in her mind, ana sooner er laier sue win reiuniini ion leiepnime lor irairi (lesjiaicninj lo purchase so great a bargain for herself or Intro iluce a relative or acquaintance whowlshesto buj It. This Is the crucial point and a fair test of a salesman's mettle. Other eoists are shown In vain, she hankers for that set of furniture. At the close of a dramatic silence the salesman turns sharply en his customer and abruptly puts a duuble question "Ho jou know solid furniture when uu see It!" "Ho ou believe 1 hale thorough knowledge of the things 1 sell, which It Is mj trade to know ul' about!" A reluvunt negative Is tbc reply tn the first query, nor can she deny an atlirmutbc answer to thc second. It la then he solemnly lakes tliu un suspecting lady Into his confident r. llelteve hltn. thn furniture suite In question Is undonbtcdl a bargain, but the. frame was manufactured of un seasoned wihxI and will not wear well or last long. Why not pay a trlOe more and secure a lasting article that will prove satisfactory In every re spict! And so he sells a customer who desired tu receive something for nothing a s.ilte which cast 1100 for JtS.V If. erchancc. she perversely In slsts on getting wDat first raiight her fancy, there Is the commonplace rcsouicc. of saving, "we are out of Ihat particular article at present but arc ln dally eipectatlon of a new supply.'' The adroit salesman ln ninety nine cases .ut of a hundred vrtll by his own wit avoid the chagrin id having recourse) to so mean and vulgar a makeshift. Call It falsehood, equivocation, prcvailcatlon, what you will, the aforesaid artful ilodnc ills neatly Into thc loostly Jointed code of commer cial ethics. J. A. M. Cuts mi August 34. Iienver's Tree Day. from Dcnter Munirfnaf I'aelt. Vive thousand householders of Denver Inter ested In home ground and city beautlllcatlon with the annual custom ot tho municipality on I Arbor Day. Tree day, Inaugurated seven years ago, Is now an established Institution, and Its opularlty will no doubt cause 11 to be continued ihrough many succeeding administrations, or until such a time j asiicnverisiuiiysuppueiiwiinsnaue producers. On tho seven annual tree davs It Is esttmnip.i .. .. ...... . . ". . engineer of the Government of Jai lings and fully 1 per cent, of that number are alive : snrl prntvllnr. (If last v-ear ernn tlir. ,'llf lr. . '"I " " : " """""lof Japan with the Older ot tne ii"'- grouuu, sn uini appiuatiuaiciy iwi per cent, arc thriving. The city buys the trees by contract from tli fund of $90,1100 contributed annually by the street railway company for Its franchise, and they cost i l tS.noo, or au average of about ;s cents euch. The ...... ............... . ...... ,tu... tm.,r .u. reiving recirees s inai iney sna i ne Planted lm mutnairiy nrrurumg in lusiiucuona printed on tuc uait.'l tuti uiuti mm, auu ttiai lliry snail . bo properly cultivated, No particular place for planting is spcrined. How to Resent tho Dishonesty of an Auto Mi ale. Tf) the IlntTon os The .Si'N,s(r.' "Auto .Suggestion's" complaint In a letter In Tun hum of August JS regarding "Inanlmniu thieving auto scales" Is entirely truthful, but his methods are mild, not lo say crude, In seeking redress. Thiev ing auto scales got my iienny while walling un II. U. T. "1." station Third sired and fifth avenue, llrnnUlt-n. nn I'nil.lh nf .tnlt' Ia.i nm, I ...... ing In return. I wanted to punch Kb face and dkl. la such cases the elbow can be usmi ti.i, I safety. After pushing In the face of tho defence I less thieving auto scale 1 reached la and broko off the hand (Indicator). Thin 1 picked up all broken pieces ot glass and carefullv stork n,sn, ' behind the remaining piece on thc scale. There was I then no doubt as to lla being "out of oulcr." hct , ",uin riusgesiion try this method ucit tlmo ho ' loses Ids rcnl. ' When nest 1 saw damaged auto scale a few days later It had come lu life again with a uu face, but 1 didn't tempt ll with my penny. Ntw VottK, August St. Anro ACTION. A Kentucky Prophet. From the ('yafAfanu llemm-rat. Tho kutydld piedlcla frost ubuut mlddlt uf tjcpttruksr. the- UNITED STATES LEADS LU IN PHONE CALLS. Billion Calls Last Year , l'nnln Cum IVn,l 111., uiivii. uuiii tti.u j I i- y. Billion of Those. QPADRUPLKI) TN TEX YK.Mis Europe Brats Us in Use of T,.0, prrapli Tclcpliono Thirty - t six Yours Old. Tho statistician of tho American le!. phono and Telegraph (.'ompariv afi. many weary hours of Investigation .nH - " hH A iiiiiui mat. (iiiniiK uio year I ill I t tie re were SS.OM.'XXi.OUO telephone calls through out tho world. Of (his Rreut nuinle. tho United Stales had 1 l.&oo.onn.rimi versatlons," or no per cent, of the Krari total. Tho countries of Kuroiw Rot rmrn liors from their telephone centrals nn. , proximately 5.800,0t,)00 limes; Canada i.'iiKi-u nines and in rest nf the world had to bo satisfied with Mnorn. ton calls. - Although tho United States stirpasIL tho rest of tho world In tho um and ds. vclopmnnt of tho telephone ns n tlm 1 saving ipstrumont of speedy commurt cation for social nnd commercial pur. pows tlio (olograph trafflo or this country, 'according to the statistician, present, lqj0 contrast, ns only 17 vr cent el f m '.70 (KIO OHO toloff r.T ino an I 1 1, , -.- ' "mn dining the year 1010 were forwarded i; tho United Stitlos. In other words h s.iys, "Kuros) has nbout the same pro portion of the world's telegraph traffle ns tho United Stntcs has of tho worldi telephono traffic. " , f)n January I"'-- there were up. proximately ILMJn.tsjn telephones In the world, necessitating tho stringing ot 29,500,000 miles of wire, rrpriventlng I total world's telephone investment o( Jl.72f,000,(i(in, which the statistician points out is nearly the value of all of Unci) Sam's gold coin and bullion. Of tlio total number cf phones th Full ,l Sin I ns hail S.SII2 (Kin (111 tr . ,., I.W..-....W. ........ ,1... .,..n,l.H .... f. JC ,u- i. ,7 ,-. in.- iiiii,iiii:i ..ii umiuunr I, mil), or fli.l per cent, or all the td. phones in existence. Tho Kuropean couii tries vveto next with 3,'-'39,(iO phonw, Canada, 33j,ow, und tho rest of the worll .'llT.INIO. Tho United Stntes's estimate of tel phone miles or wire was placed at 1M-S.0r, to per cent, increase over the precedint yi-ur), or fil.f, per cent of the entire mile age, of the world. Kuropo had 9,4M,) miles of telephone wire ut work cc rr cent, of all); Canada, 7SS,ooo miles, and all other countries l.l.wwi miles, In (lealim; with the matter of the total ctiinntnl telephono investment of trS world tlmbhit i-tic inn KiVbtbut the wnrld'i invcstnicnl lias almost (imdruplel din leg the ten years ended Decctnlier 31. 1HI, increasitiK from Jl'-I.O'iD.tKiO to SI .729. cjtsism. Oim-linlf ol this great incrrast, he explnillh, was ill the United State, where the niinunl increaso averaged ulmt $flH.ii,tno. Tho average corroHwindirr. increase in Kitrope was nlioiit ISi.irtJ.pi lew. Tlio telephones companies in thj unitfsi MatcH iiui a total eHiimatisi it vcrttnieut of l,(i3j.tJ,e"i, twicnthat in a'.: llitrope and over one-hnlf the total u. vestment (r all the world. CnnndYt in vestment nt tlie hame I lino was alrti Su.oiK-i.oiiO and alt other totiutrid W7,0"tM"W. AmoliK the nchiovements In Um pact yea." in the um' or the lone distance telepho:' in nun country was tno opening ol eon mercinl service between this city and Denver, u distance of 2.100 miles, th longest distunco over which oral con inunic.it ion is p.sllle anywhere It wns also during 1811 that the grea: ' L ulled Slntert rnllwav KVhteins have maty I rapid advances toward the general it Over am roads havo now adopted tht svstem and the telephono has taken th p'lao of the telegraph over V),"oo nil of railroad, or over per cent ot tn I total railroad mileage, in the country. About 10,000 phones are in llho for (! niialchinir ntirtxM'N. 'Iho gross telephone enmities ui tl world, s'imv ebiiiiiaieu, were s.i.-v,n...; in lie)!), of which the figures for the 1'niH States wore. $22l.l71.t"1; or f.7 I of th grand total. Kurope's earnings wen $ni.331,n-.s), Canada W,7.V.,nno nnd all other countries. $li,lft:i,oW. ThoaveniK'eaniiii per telephone in the United States vtii i:t2.s7. The highest average, earning f ill Belgium, when' the amount is placed l 50 75 er phono, while Finland's averjp is the lowest, at iZ.Xt ler nlione 'I hep" are 8.1 telephones ajr 100 jiopiil.itMi in this country. lilt" Iflt UUJW' MJIPl UIV,IltVl "J - under tiniliam lioll thirty-six years ago. xorr.n exvixc:er RETIItr.X. .I,tsi-titi 1'rv I'rau foril Wat 'frllrt Decornlril liy Hip MlUndo. .losenh Cry Crawford, consulting enri- t.n .if 11... P.-nnut lv-nlilil n.nlro.ld. Pa Ing reached the age nf 7 vHr " tniitnv. will ti'llie from active woik I K,.i,,..inl.,,i- I Aside from an enviable vv-ir record Mr. Crawford has attained fame engineer Ixith tit home and abroad, a'1 .. i ..... ... ..I ... ..- 4 f..i.....l .In.M. i.i.iiu. lint, ..i-tii lit CMin nLerll piojects. Mr. Crawford was liorti at Cry 1 r IMitladeliihla. August 2:.. 1M2, and ' class of 1M52. At the breaking out &' the civil war. Mr. Crawford enlisted th Seventeenth Pennsylvania lleidnvrt (VVnslilnulon I'.revs of I 'hllndt lllllla ), st ult.ilofil tho t link nf (.nnt(Lltl t......... itrr ... li"e s... ivnninw v ' , , .,..,. , ,h Wtt t it. in ,c.it, ii. it, a .i.i. 1 ..... .. " .n., n ii notiin. no was iiin'oinic" '-- fti 1 la TV nt tlt.t ilrtusa rtf WiMC II rnita' ' . ' ' ,....kami ,.,,,. ... ... ilf.,-.ii:.tc(l UV lie l.oiit.- Si.,, i Sun. ill tno ra ot inn. .nr. vt.hvi"mi lentereii tie sfivlco nr tne nni"" It.iltioHil Comnnnv until 1 S II S . W lien ' vviiri initio ntcil bv tbn Sccrclnrv ol co us line (ng ncer lor I in Liuit', - I ,,..nP.,H,A, ,., nv.li.ru I Ml f llllll It, - I U,01, t, trunspai tutlon facllttUb In CU", t0 fu nf jpjo JIr, Crawford ngaln decoruted by the KmperiT Japan for falthlul service as ok..-- ingliieir nnd Inspector of the imf"'' ... ........ .... ic Sacred Treasure, lnslKllla of tin On Jnnuan- 6. mil, Mr. Crawfow nppolntid consulting engineer ol Pennsylvania Itnllroad Compnnv -. ...... ....... ... .1.1 ."! ill SIIS' il'ostnmstrr.UriHTul lllrerls I'.sr ' tur of Nmrly n JlMI""' ... a rs v .. tnr t WAKlll.NOTON, .vUK. .o. "" . ,n 1..1. i. ...i il..... in ilrv nn the rresM". slRiiiituto to the post cilice bill. N I mastcr-Oenct Hi Hitchcock 1 tho expcndltuie of nearly .( nistn w liirn In DroiimtlnK tho clcrKs "'V-j I., tlrut .....1 u.ml HllfcH Wi Uii and iissUtaiit pout masters. mt. ii i. ii ii nuriii' . 1 ll'Qtt UUIIIwiiiie, July' M't a .fl'n.vHl'.l rrillll IV a.r it... n wiiu t vi.ui- in firdrr to I lit rs i a ii ru mill ll Ml P. 1 1 ta : Jt iiotirv tun noiUmnstcrH m -;.a)w ' : . ...pi jiti v Ill'HH HIII1 llt'MIIUIt'Il HLtlll) ' lcttcia.