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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 03, 1912, Image 14

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the" sun, sunday; November 3; 1912.
Gntti-Ciisnzzn's Wifo Doclnrcs H
Is Kielie if Mmincr
Is (iootl.
Expects Jo Appear us Heroine
of "Cyrano-." Set to Music,
and in Kulisli.
All t tie winners of the Metropolitan
Opern I If tnno are on thrlr wny back to
Now York after their summer migra
tion to Kuropc. Among the first to
tome was Frances A Ida (Mme. Oattl
Casnzza). She Hpcnt her vacation with
her husband In their favorite resort, the
I.ldn, Venice, which she describes as the
most beautiful bench In the world, and
the hotel, recently built, she pictures
os the most magnificent of, lis kind,
Mme. Alda Is preparing for a con
cert tour, to continue eight weeks. Then
she will return to Now York for her oper
atic engagements, which Include her
appearance in "I,a Itoheme." "Manon,"
"Madnnu Hutterfly" and "Otello." In
"FnlstafT" she will sing the rd!o which
some twelve years ago her aunt. Trances
Saville, sing at the Metropolitan during
ono of her American engagements. In
regard to tlio concert tour, which is prin
cipally in the East, Mme. Alda puts
herself on record by saying, "If you want
to'nmko heaps, just heap of money, get
a good manager and go on a concert tour,
"flicro is nothing like it from a financial,
point of view," She brushes asido all
suggestions of its fatiguing qualities.
"I always come back feeling better than
when I started out," she says. "It is the
point of view I laugh at everything and
make all tho rest o the party join in. I
won't have a killjoy with me. If we can't
get gocd food we cook our own. If it
is bad weather wo have a supply of sun
shine on hand, and there you are."
While Mme. Alda is busily engaged in
giving some final instructions to her ac
companist in regard to the trip Titr.
Sun interviewer looks at the appoint
ments of the suite at Hector's. Thero is,
among other things, a whole herd of ele
phants scattered about. Oh, no, not
real they don't allow livo elephants at
Rector's. They are of bronze and ivory
and are Mm. A Ida's mascots. A par
ticularly happy ono is doing a turkey
trot and is a recent gift of, Mr. Oatti
Casazza to his wife. It occupies a placo
of honor on the top of the writing desk,
filled with invitations and letters from
Mayme and Edythe and others asking
how to become a prima donna while you
wait. There is a great deal of tho sun
slilno and cheer of which Mme. Alda
peaks, andit is not all due to tho weather
t that.
A sheet of music, tho edges torn, the
leaves yellowed by time, catches tho eye
and 'you pick it up. The inscription
reads: "To Mile. Alda (Manon). Masse
net. 1003." The title of the song is "Ah.
Les Fleurs Avalent Dps Yeux" (Ah,
if the Flowers Had Eyes) and the com
poser has written his own translation,
which if not literal is certainly flattering,
"Ah. if the Flowers Had Thy Voice." It
is of Massenet that Mme. Alda spoke in
tho beginning.
'Massenet was my first teacher and It
,was in his 'Manon' that I made my debut
at tho Opera Comique. He was n friend
to me all his life, and on my last visit to
Paris I dined with him and his wife in
their Paris home. I have in my desk
scores of letters from him, some merely
fragmentary notices of musical matters,
some long ones filled witli persona Idetui Is.
1 believe ono thing thut made Massenet
so popular was because he always
answered his own letters, never em
ployed a secretary, and tlio kind things
he said seemed so much nicer written in
his own iiand, and he could say awfully
nice things. He was master of the com
pliment." It is a long jump from the dpera
Comiquo of Paris to tho Metropolitan
Opera In Nw York and from "Manon"
t "Roxane," but it is taken successfully.
Although it has not yet been announced
officially, Mme. Alda admits that she
is going to sing the part of Roxane in the
new ocra, the second to be given in
English, "Cyrano do Horgerac."
"I inherited tho part of Roxane," ox
plains tho prima douna. "It was wished
on me, so to speik. When the work was
completed the rilo of Itoxme was first
of all offered to me. Mr. Oatti-Casazza
did not caro to have mo accept it, fearing
that ho would bo accused of putting it on
merely on that account .
"It was then offered to (Jeraldino Far
rar, who declined it at once, not caring
to sing, I understand, in English. In
due timo it win presented to Emmy
Destinn, who liked it immensely and ac
cepted it. Afterward sho changed her
mind on account of the difficulty she finds
singing in English, So tho cat came back;
in other words, Roxane was again offered
to me, and this timo I accepted, as I was
the only one left who seemed fitted to the
role that Is that the management
thought fitted. I dare say there were
ots who thought themselves fitted.
Some of tho troubles encountered in
the other English opera are not found
In this. 'Mona' was of the now school
of modern music, with heavy orchestra
tion for the singers to surmount. 'Cyrano'
in full of delightful melody and tho orches
tration is a help, not u rival. Tlio part
of Roxane is not an easy ono, but.it gives
such a wonderful chance for a singer
that tlio hard work is u more bagatelle,
"There is work in it of overy sort, legato,
coloratura, dramatic and lyric. In the
play of 'Cyrano' the mauls tho principal
character; in the opera Mr. Henderson has
made Roxane' part of equal importance.
The part of Cyrano is to bo sung hyAmato
nnd that of Christian by Riccardo Martin.
Tho now opera will probably go on some
time in February, oh there is a great deal
of work in staging and costuming, and
the real rehearsals cannot begin until
I return from my concert tour,"
,Mme. Akin ha a repertoire of ,100
songs perfectly memorized and sho has
sung In twenty-five, operas, having sev
eral more at her tongue's end Tlio
question is asked if n agrees with
Mme, Sembrich's statement, recently
blished, that tlio days of tlio be canto
"Bel canto Is a synonym in tho singers'
TOCADuiary," say Mum. Alda, "for
hard work and strenuous waiting, with
denial. Now tho singer expects a grand
opera engagement niter about six
jnout lis work. Mme. Sombrich was of the
Travlata,' to change from 'Alda' one
night to the 'llarber of Sevillo' the next.
Many of those operas are no longer given
Ik-causo there Is none to sing them, I
think she is qlilto right."
"You don't care for the modem school
Debussy, Massenet, Puccini, Char
pent ier, Strauss?"
"Indeed I do," Is Mm quick response.
"It is my pet ambition to sing l,ovc in
America, It is an opera which is not
as well known at it hould be, I Imagine
on account of the difficulty of staging it,
but it will livo, yea, I am sure it will live,
Just as 'Polloas et Mellsande' will live,
and Im more popular fifty years from
now than it Is at present,"
"To return to 'Cyrano,' do you believe
the gradual introduction of operas writ
ten nnd sung In English means tho intro
duction as well of singers educated here
and of an ensemblo more distinctly
"I do not, I do not think that German,
Kalian and French operas can be learned
here us well ns in Europe, where they
wero written and where there is the atmos
phere Mint Inspired them. I think it
absurd, for example, for the work of
Puccini to lie translated in English. He
is an Italian, master of the Italian lan
guage and methods. It is because the
American peoplo are rich enough to buy
oieras from all over the world and have
them sung by men and women of foreign
birth and training that the Metropolitan
Opera House season is so justly cele
brated. "In comparison witli its productions
those of tho far famed Paris Opera House
aro infantile. Even the Monnnie in Urns
sels I consider gives liottor opera than
Paris. I have seen gala wrformanccs
of opera In the Paris Opera House where
tho stipes, ballet and chorus were talking
among themselves while the stars wero
singing; their audiences are vastly In
ferior in elegance to those of the Metro
politan. There is only one point of
superiority: externally tho opera house
is more beautiful and more convenient.
Our carriage entrance and exit is
"Dos that mean a new opera house?"
Is asked.
Mme. Alda answers warily: "It would
bo nice to have an o;era house in a
commanding site, like that of the Plaza,
for instance. This winter's subscrip
tion list is wonderful, larger than ever
before, and we anticipate the most
successful season we have over had.
Tho outcome of that may he increased
facilities; who knows?
"One improvement I think everybody
connected "with it must, however, admit
is the mental atmosphere. My debut
was not different from that of other
singers in tho past. I had been a little
spoiled in Europ. When I came here
I found an international war and, was
made a combatant whether I would or
not; you had to take parts.
"On my, debut in 'RiBOletto' I was so
nervous that I could not see the con
ductor, let alone the audience. 1 could
not hear a note and was surprised to
find that I was heard in the topmost
gallery;' that must have been duo to the
wonderful acoustics of the place, cer
tainly not to my fearsome efforts.
"Now all the war is over. The dove
of peace broods. I lielleve ono reason for
this is Uiat there Is no longer a monopoly
of roles. The singers understand this
and are satisfied. Naturally the public
has its favorites; it wants, for instance,
to hear Oeraldine Farrnr in 'Butterfly.'
but there are many singers who want
to sing that part a most natural ambi
tion, as the prima donna has practically
the opera to herself."
Mme. Alda contradicts the current
lielief that Americans are variable In
their artistic attachments when she says
in listing some of the other advantages
of the Metropolitan Opera House:
"Its audiences are more faithful. You
can sing at La Scala, Milan, ono night
and the audience will go mad over you;
if on the next night you fall a little below
that level you are hissed. They actually
whistle at you.
"Onco make your placo here and tho
audiences are most lenient to your short
comings. I think the knowledge of that
is very useful to the newcomer and
helps her over those first thorny Heps.
LiOok at aimc. Hembrich. Of course
the public knows that she does not sing
as she did ten years ago, but her rank
is made in their affection and she cart
fill any place where tJie appears in con
cert. The same is true of Nordica, Fames
and Schumann-Heink."
Mme. Alda has a dual rdle, that of
prima donna and that of wife of tho Met
ropolitan director. She is asked if the
latter Is not rather more difficult (o fill
than the former. Her "Yes" is emphatic
"I have liecome quite callous to the
insinuations that no matter how hard
I work, what success I may nchlevo by
that work and my natural talent, it is
only on account of my lieing the wife of
the director that I hold my place. No
buccess that I made when I was merely
Frances Alda is taken into account.
"Many disappointed singers attribute
their wounded feelings to my lack of
interest or rivalry, but all these Utile
handicaps are a necessity or the position.
1 don't allow them to worry me. Any
one who knows Mr. (iatti-Casazza knows
tliat he is not the sort of man to be ruled
in his professional life by his wife, and
any one who knows mo knows tint I
do not care to emulate, Mme. Carre: of the
Opera Comiquo, who is popularly sup
posed to 'run' that institution.
"Singers frequently come and ask
me to bring something to my husband's
attention, to ask him certain favors."
"That is hard on you," is interpolated.
"Hard, but very human. I should
certainly do it myselr. If I knew the
wife of a director of an opera house and
I thought there was the slightest chance
to engage her help I would make the
effort, and I cannot blame any one for
doing what 1 would do myself. All I
cm do Is to bring tho matter to Mr. Gatti
Casazzu's attention; my ability otids
there, If my opinion on any musical
subject was opposed to his I would have
no weight whatever. That is as it should
lie. In my profession he does not Inter
fere. Ho is ready witli advice and help,
but I have the ultimate word in every
important question relating to my career."
At tlio end of tho interview Mme. Oatti
Casazza leads tlio way into an inner
room, to show hex gowns, designed for
opera, concert and social functions.
"I go out a greut deal on my tour,"
she explains tho multiplicity or these.
"Sometimes it is a bore, licit If one is build
ing up a patronage it is a verv wise move.
Nordica has always made herself trenien-
only to bo obtained by tho masters, and'
sho mentioned two of her favorites who
havo made many of ihe dresses, Paquln
and Weeks-an American who rivals
French couturiers on their own ground.
Several gowns are of violet or mauve,
which the prima donna mentions as her
favorite color. A particularly felicitous
mauve gown, which sho wore in "Otello,"
being recalled, sho says:
"Tho Dcndcmona costumes were made
in the opera house from designs of tny
"You are going tn follow that precedent
for tho gowns of Roxanr'"
"I won't tell you exactly what they ars
going to be," she says, "but they aro
going to be sumptuous, Tho period is
that of tho prccieuses in France, when
heavy silks, brocades, big hats and great
elegance in fabric and style wero the
modo. Ono has overy opportunity for
picturesqueness and I am going to make
the most of it."
In (Unit inns l lint Thai Pnrly
Wlll Control the Xext
CriiMJM'S TERM ENDS 31 Alt. 4
l'rnarel r Movement Has Slamnril
, anil T. It. Will lie a Poor Third.
Lotmvu.i.t, Nov. 2. Oov. Wilson will
receive 253,000 votes out of the probable
504,000 to be cast in Tuesday's eleetion,
according to reports received from overy
district in Kentucky. To President Taft
aro given 150,000 votes, according to
tabulations, nnd Col, Roosevelt in third
with 00,000, Debs and Chafin following
with scattering votes. It is figured that
ilson's plurality will be more than
100.000, the greatest in the history of tho
party In the State.
Nino Democratic Congressmen un
doubtedly will be elected on Tuesday,
This is conceded by both Republican and
Progressiw leaders. In the Tenth dis
trict the Republicans are certain of one
Congressman in John V. Eangloy, the
present incumbent, who is without oppo
sition. The Eleventh district is the only
one that' Is debatable. Normally that
district is nearly 30,000 Republican but
on account of the strong feeling against
Caleb Powers, tho present Congressman,
tho Progressives will divide the vote
almost in halt. Last year tho Democrats
cut the Republican majority to a trifle
over 11,000 and going by these figures
tho Democratic leaders hope to ride to
victory on the wave of dissension.
The Progressive party, which started
out with a rush a couple of months ago
to nominato Congressmen in every dis
trict, has slumped and there is hardly a
possibility of the followers of Col. Roose
velt electing any man to Congress. The
Progressives claim that II. H. Soavy will
be elected in the Eleventh but his chances
are decidedly slim.
Senator William O. Bradley, leader of
the Taft campaign in Kentucky, lias
been working overtime during tho last
two weeks lining up his forces against
tho Progressives. Little fight "has been
made against the Democrats in the State
during the entire campaign. It was a
fight to determine which party would be
tho rival party of the Democrats and
from all reports the Progressives have
been eliminated.
In the Fifth district tho Progressives
will poll a good vote. In Louisville the
organization is stronger than in any
other city in the State and it is more
than probable that the Progressives will
get n larger vote than the Republicans,
but in the district President Taft will
receive a majority. Gov, Wilson will re
ceive probably a majority over all four
parties in Louisville and the Fifth district.
Close Race for the Governor-'
sliip. With Edward F. Dunne,
Democrat, Lending.
Chicaoo; Nov, 2. Present indications
are that Illinois will havo two Democratic
United States Senators after March 4,
1013. If so it will bo the first political
situation of the kind since 1861.
This probability is of national interest
on account of the bearing two Demo
cratic Senators from this State might
have on affairs in Washington. The
dously popular bv i o ntr this. Hh i. ,u
aubllshed, that tho days of the ho canto luv,.r denied herself and has cabled
Jg1ng and singers are appaiently over bv thut bacrlficoof her Hm.. J
Mme. (iatti-Casazza is one of the best
gowned or the Metropolitan singers and
the present display is bewildering. The
general Impression guined is of heavy
brocades lightened witn shimmerv stuffs,
chiffons, lacps. nets. Tl.nr., i
Otoel who were trained to sing 'Lucia ery and little effect of fulness, u result
Wanhliiston My KIrct Itrpol.llran
Governor Xot for Taft,
Portland, Ore,, Nov. 1. That Oregon
may le placed safely in tho Wilson column
is practically conceded. The Democratic
nominee will lo elected by Republican
It is predicted that Wilson will carry
away On.OWl of Oregon's 15n,ir votes,
Roosevelt will run second with class to
50,000, and Taft will Ik- a poor third with
less than 30,001. Dabs and Chafin will get
the remainder. Roosevelt has gained
some since tlio shooting in Milwaukee,
but not enough.
Roosevelt's refusal to speak to a crowd
of 5,000 people here recently militated
greatly against him. He said the Port
land commit teo had overworked him.
Oregon will undoubtedly send a Demo
oratio Senator to succeed Republican
United States Senator Jonathan Bourne
whoso textile mills in Fall River, Mass.
have hurt him. Both Republican Repre
sentatives will be returned, as It looks
In Washington Wilson is about even
betting with Roosevelt. There was a
bet of $1,000 to $000 that Wilson would be
elected President, while in the house that
carried the money there was displayed a
telegram from San Francisco showing
thut Wilhon was a 2 to 5 chance in the
South. The liet as recorded was a clear
toss off of $200. Tlio same man to-dav
placed a 1 to 2 bet that Wilson would beat
Roosevelt in Washington and afterward
deposited a big amount on even terms
and tho same bet. So fur as could bo
learned prautically ull tho lietting done
to-day was at oven terms whether county
or State results wore involved.
Gov Hay Republican, will lie returned
to office but ho will not be able to carry
Taft Witli him. Polls made by all three
leading parties have had an exhilarating
effect on the Republican campaign man
agement. The sumo districts which show
Hav in tlio lead put Taft third in tlio race,
with Roosevelt and Wilson alternating
in the lead. Tho fact that the Bull Moose
party put up for Governor an ex-prie-flghter
who has been Sheriff of King
county, Washington, for the last four
vears. luis iniured Roosevelt. Robert
Hodges's past history has been published
una a ugni made against mm by the
newspapers or tho State. Hodgo was
recently divorced by his wire.
I'lKrons Drunk, but Didn't Kan.
From Ihi SI. I'aul Ditpalrh.
Ilrenil crumbs soaked in whiskey and
alcohol were fed pigeons that Insisted on
pernliliiK on the roof and gables of Hie
home of .Mrs. V. .1. McWllltnni, lain Park
avenue, Minneapolis, who believed that
when the plueons wero intoxicated they
would full off the roof anil could he rnimht.
Mm. Mow Illinois ulnced the crumbs
on a wlnUotVHlll whim wus frequented
bv the pigeons. They came and ate every
crumb, hut the scheme failed, The pigeons
were drunk, hut they refused to staitger
off their perches. Instead, they seemed
to hang tighter to the roof
'I lie only method left to rid tier home
of the flints Is to shoot them, hut Mlmp
this Is attains! the city ordlnunce Hlie called
on me ponce io neip ner.
A Happy llinmler I'nrnirr,
From Ihr Inilinnaimln Slur
"One of the iiiuiMial things I mw on in;
v.ie.ition In nriitliein Imliunu was a con
tented irfimer, sum Minis ilurk, secrets
in Mayor miuiik, the oilier iliiv
"V weie irolng in an automobile on
nsliiiiif expedition north or Dims Lake
Hurl; iplnteil. "mid i .Ini.huil t iikL
farmer the road. Me was siitinv in his
.t.i.i ..uiiiMiiK. in. Kiive im iitH iniormuuon,
anil lut to let him know uerp irlemily
I asked 1 1 i it his opinion on politics,
' That's soinntiiiiiB thut don't worrv me.'
the lariner mIiI. 'Why should I "worrv
nlmiit polities or nnyllilntr else Hrre 'I
m, living on good farm, col h good barn
'id a wile tliHt's a good worker, why
should 1 worry " '
Anton Tchpkoff's IMnys Inter
pret His IVoplo's CS loom
iintl Doubt.
humor to promote the Interests of the
party which split their organization.
Impartial views of down-State editors
inako a Ixid showing for Gov. Deneen.
On his record Gov. Deneen is utrongor In
Illinois than he was four years ago. In
a straight duel with Mr. Dunne ho would
win easily. It is tho third party business
which jeopardizes his chances. Thousands
of Progressives who heartily approve his
administration in the last eight years are
going to deny him their votes because
they bclievo it Is their higher duty to ad-
I vonce the Progressive arty In any way
I they can. Theso voters will cast their
. ballots for Mr, Funk. If tli5y carry the
I nrlnnlli'o nil tn fVia fit afn f Mfftatntlim tlinf
body will contain enough Bull Moose men
to hold tho balance of power.
Inwronce Y. Sherman, a brilliant law
ver. Is the Republican primary candidate
for United States Senator. Col. J. Hamil
ton I,owi8 is the Democratic candidate.
Doth have been making extensive cam
paigns over the State. Col. Lewis is
popular, but not more so than his com
petitor In the race. Kacli has lieen urging
tlio election of legislators of his party,
and In doing so they hnve given about
equal prominence to State and national
Thero. are no formal nominees by the
people for the Lorimor unexpired torm
of two years. There is a possibility of
a combination by which Shelby M. Cullom
might bo olected for those two vears. He
has hud a long nnd honorable career. He
would like to die in the harness and thus
election next week may bring about a I J"0 into American historv it record for
party division In the Senate that wi I ;fi. m
make the votes of Illinois therein a dedd-' ind, if t is there will bo no begrudging
ing laotor in matters oi great import. wum tne Honor in any (uirty,
The term of Shelby M. Cullom will
expire in March. The next General
Assembly, which convenes in January,
will choose his successor. It also will
elect a man to fill the unexpired term of j
niiuam i.orimer, oustea irom in? oenaxe
last summer. Both aro Republicans.
Stephen A. Douglas, a regular Demo
crat, and Lyman Trumbull, elected ns
an anti-Nebraska Democrat, sat in tho
Senate from Illinois when the civil war
broke out. Senator Douglas died six,
weeks after President Lincoln issued
his first coll for troops, and Orvllle It.
Browning, a member of tho young Repub
lican party, succeeded him by appoint
ment of Gov, Yates three week later.
Since 1859 only one Democratic Senator
has been elected from this State. He was
Gen. John M. Palmer, who served from
1891 to 1897. Gen, Palmer, originally a
Democrat, lccame estranged from his
party In 1854 on account of the Kansas-
Nebraska bill. Two years later he was
one of the founders of tho Republican
party in Illinois, presiding over the first
State convention of tho party at Bioom
ington In 1858. In 1872, tho year of the
Greeley movement and other political
uprisings, he again allied himself with
the Democratic party and was the caucus
nominee for United States Senator several
times. Gen. Palmer's election in 1S91
to tho Senatorship was preceded by a
battle in the Iegislature that Is memor
able. In joint assembly there were
lot Democrats, 100 Republicans and 3
independents, elected as representatives
of the Farmers Mutual Benefit Associa
tion. The trio of independents held the
balance of power. The voting continued
for fifty-one days and on the 154th ballot
Gen. Palmer received 103 votes and was
elected. It has been said that the result
of a card game figured finally in the
Since the civil war only three Senators
from Illinois have succeeded themselves
Lyman Trumbull, Gen. John A. Logan
and Mr. Cullom. In public life con
tinuously since 1850, Senator Cullom
will have served thirty years as Senator
when ho retires next March. It is a
record quite without precedent in this
To control tho next Legislature on
joint ballot it will lie necessary for the
Democrats to gain from the Hepubllcans
only sixteen memlers of that body.
Although the outcome of the legislative
election is in doubt on account of the
complicating 'circumstances which tho
injection of a third party has brought it
will not be at all surprising if tho Demo
crats gain many more than sixteen mem
In the last two elections, when con
ditions were favorable for the Repub
licans, that party lost something of its
one time powerful grip on the General
Assembly. In 10D8 the party was repre
sented with 133 members, as against 07
Democrats and 3 Prohibitionists. In 1910
the Republicans lost 8 memtiers and
the Democrats gained 10. In the present
Legislature the Republicans have 115
members and the Democrats hi. There
ar three independents. In four years
the Republicans have lost IS votes nnd
the Democrats havo gained 17. Theso
figures are valuable only as they show
what happens to the Illinois liegislature
when political conditions may Do looked
uoon as normal. When they aro abnormal
as this year, almost anything may bo
looked for.
In Illinois the election next Tuesday will
bo a three cornered affair as to President,
Governor, legislature, Stuto ticket. Con-
cress and county tickets, Tho Hull Mooso
parly has been making a lively campaign,
TluvulnrH Roosevelt is very strong in
this State, With his name uttlio Head or
the ticket tho Progressives clear down
the lino will profit. To what extent
iliw will lie true is conjectural, but it
seems wholly probable that the parly
will elect several memoers oi tne Legis
lature, thereby making an inroad on
Republican control of the Assembly.
Newspaper polls that have been taken
In Took nountv and down the State indi
cate with a good deal or persistency that
Mr. Roosevelt will carry Illinois for Presi
dent and that F.dward Fi Dunue. Demo
crat, will win for Governor, From these
surtoce symptoms mere uiuy no u snurp
variance when it comes homo to tho test
on olection day.
Mr. Taft has been gaining ground
in tho last two weeks, He is still mak
ing heudwav as election duv approaches.
It is more than probable that ho will
make a better showing than the majority
of forecasters now believe, but there
is scarcely a man In the State who hon
estly believes that ho will conio from
behind and win, Many reckon, however,
that he will enlist enough support to
defeat Mr. Roosevelt and to glvo tho
Illinois electoral vote to Gov. Wilson,
It is apparently o close race on tho
Governorship, with Mr. Dunne leading,
Oov. Deneen n close second and Frank
H. Funk, Hull Moose, not far behind Mr.
Deneen. If the Indicated division of
f mils is borne nut with the actual (mi
nting Tuesday there is excellent reason
to believe tho Democrats will control
tho General Assembly by a comfortable
working margin. If no party should
nave a majority on joint uatiot tne ad
Particular Interest attaches to tho
first English translation of Anton Tchc
koff'M plays, Just published by the
Scrlbncrs, for the dramatist In his own
country is regarded us the best inter
preter of the doubtful and gloomy last
years of the nineteenth century In Rus
sia, and Is of modern writers the dear
est to the Russian people.
The story of Tchekoff's life explains
lu significance In literature. Uorn in
1SC0, he was the grandson of a serf
and the son of u small merchant, and
was early pressed Into service to help
support a large, poverty stricken family.
From these earliest times Anton was
always characterized by I1I3 good nature
und wit und his ability to tell humor
ous, droll storicH. When he was about
14 his father moved to Moscow, leaving
the boy with his grandfather In Tagan
rog. At 17 he was writing a tragedy,
nnd after graduating from the local high
school with all the highest honors, he
entered the. University of Moscow as a
student of medicine. Here he attempted
a double life ns student and author, at
tempting to help his family.
When he was 20 ye,ars old. In 1880,
his first story appeared in a Moscow
paper and helped secure him work on
some of the smaller periodicals. In which
during his student years he published
an incredibly large number of short
stories and sketches of Russian life. He
made n practice of never wasting a min
ute and never spent more than a day on
a story.
Uecnusc he sensed the public demand
for laughter above all things and be
cause of his own sense of the ridiculous
he became and remained nationally pop
ular. Hut becnus his light satire and
wit were based on themes profoundly
tragic he began to give the truest and
most sympathetic portrayal of those
days, of the Inevitable tragedy of ex
istence nnd the pitiful humor of the sur
roundlncs. hi 1SS4 he took his degree hh doctor
of medicine and bepan to practise, and
considered his profession hud a great
Influence on his literary work.
"Only a doctor can know what value
my knowledge of science has been to
me," he once said. "It seems to me that
as n doctor I hnve described the sick
nesses of the soul correctly."
Success came to him rapidly, his first
collection of stories weit through many
editions in 18S7 nnd another one In the
same year, but the sadness of the time
was beginning to shadow his work as
well ns personal sadness brought on by
Ills Increnslnu lit health. A cough
drove him South in ISSs, where, in de
scribing his visits to his neighbors, he
says. "We lite every half hour, and
laughed to tfie verge of colic." Hut
his health grew Mcadlly worse, nnd
with Increasing attacks of heart trouble.
It was the next year. In ISSf, after
such an attack, that he characteris
tically said:
"I wulked quickly across the terrace
on which tile guests were assembled
with one Idea In n)y mind, how awk
ward It would be to fall down and die
in the presence of strangers."
It was at this period he first at
tempted to write for the Mage, and
wrote "Ivanoff" at white heat In two
and a half weeks, and the one net
sketch, "The Swan Song." Strangely
enough, his opinion of the drumatlc
ambition was not a flattering one.
"The novel," he s.ild, "Is u lawful
wife, but the singe Is a noisy, flashy
and Insolent mlstreys," And his opin
ion of the stage of his day he put Into
the mouth of Trepllefr In "The .Sea
dull." referring to it In his own letters
as un "evil disease of the towns" and
"the gallows mi which dramatists are
"Ivanoff" was written as a protest
against 11 play he had seen ut one of
the Moscow theatres. Ivanoff was not
meant to he heroic, hut Just an ordinary,
commonplace, weak man, such ns sur
lounded them by the thousands, "op
pressed by the Immortal commonplaces
of life,"
Both the writing and staging of the
play gave Tchekoff great trouble. As
the characters were all of almost equal
Importance, it was difficult to persuade
good actors to take the parts. And
when the' play was finally produced In
Moscow It aroused a storm or criti
cism; the non-heroic character of
Ivanoff wuh not understood, and the
author had touched too sharnlv on
some sensitive points In the national
MIC. Kill
when he rewrote It nnH
produced It In St. Petersburg u met
Willi Ml mil Ullnnnuu r w1 1. . , .
v antage still Is likely to bo with tho Demo- j lllut, llle mml(. fame ami I pom,.
In a bi-partisan combination to elect
Senators it is improbable that tho Re
publicans will work in harmony with
I ho Progressives or vice versa. The
present mood of the old lino Republicans
does not seem conducive to such un alli
ance. Students of Illinois politics, tak
ing an unprejudiced view of the tangled
munition, believe that tho Republicans
would chooso to combine with Demo
crats in case or a deadlock und eloct a
Democrat or two Democrats to tho Sen
ate rather than throw their votes to a
Ambitious to land second place If not
first in political affairs In Illinois, the
Progressives will not be distiosed to ele
vate Republicans to the United States
Senate, Fighting desperately to main
tain their long time status as tho domL
uant, party, Republicans will .bo in u$
larity negan to be very Irksome to
The play.s which have been tmhlt.hi
In Kngllsli by the Scrlbners aro "Uncle
anyn, "ivanoff." "The Sea Gull" and
"The Swan Song," Tho translation ha-
been made by Marian Foil, who Hir-'
niHiies mo interesting Introduction re
counting the liicldtfits of his life and
their significance.
Whnt Cnlumliiia l.ai'Uril,
From thr Wimhinulun Slur
"Columbus," said tl,e )0- ho Is .study.
Ing history, "discovered America."
" es," replied hU fai her. ho Is in finance,
Im discovered It, Hut it took a number
on Wlnrbasl.?11' 10 "Ul ",e uro0"'
Lord & Taylor
Founded 1826
Exceptional Values Offered in
Women's Waists
Long Sleeves; sizes 34 to 441 in black and all
the desirable shades to match suitings
Chiffon Cloth with yoke, collar and
cuffs of figured net
Chiffon Cloth collar, cuffs and vest
effect of tucked net
, Accordeon Pleated Chiffon Model
with net yoke, collar and cuffs; also
flat satin collar
Chiffon Cloth with shadow lace
jabot, attractive model
Attractive Chiffon Cloth satin and
shadow lace trimmed
Brocaded Charmeuse tailored
model (white only)
Brocaded Model crepe de chine and
net trimmed, in white, navy and
Imported Waists
Antique Lace and Brussels Net in-1
troduced, net lined in white and
cream : . . . j.
All-over Cluny Lace, Brussels net
lined, in white, cream, wistaria and
' Lingerie IVaists
Voile and Batiste in a large assortment, lace
and embroidery trimmed,, long and three
quarter sleeves
$1.50, $1.95 $2-95 $3-95
Monday, November 4th,
and continuing until disposed of
The Entire Stock of Last Season's
Designs of a Celebrated Manufacturer oj
High Pile PPtlton Rugs
at Unprecedently Low Prices
, 67.50,
, 67.50
, 50.00
, 45.00,
6.0 x
4.6 x
3.0 x
36 x
36 x
27 x
27 x
63 . .
36 . .
54 ..
36 ..
Usual Sal.
Price. Price
.$31.50.. $20.50
9.00. ,
These rugs are well known for their splendid
wearing quality and are admirably adapted for
any space where hard service is required.
November Sale of
Household Linens
Desirable and trustworthy linens from all parts
of thet world have been assembled for this oc
casion! The values are so unusual that those
who contemplate replenishing their linen chest
should take advantage of this opportunity.
X 2
x 2K
x 3
x 2J4
x 214
Table Cloths
Sale Prices Regularly
yards. $1.75 to $5.75. $2.50 to $11.50
" . 2.20 to 6.80. 3.15 to 13.75
" . 2.45 to 8.63. 3.75 to 17.25
" . 3.15 to 6.00. 5.75 to 12.00
" . 4.80 to 13.75. 7.50 to 27.50
$2.25 to $14.75 dozen Values $3.25 to $25.50
Individual Towels
$2.75 to $6.00 dozen Regularly $5.50 to $12.00
Guest Totvels
$4.50, $6.50, $9.00 doz. Values $9.00, $1300,
Tea Napkins
Hand embroidered corners $2.50 dozen
Madeira Hand Embroidered -Luncheon Sets
$4.95 Regularly $6.50 & $7.50
Damask Tea & Lunch Cloths
White and colored
1 yard square $1.00 to $2.00
VA " " 1.75 to 3.25
VA " "
2.50 to 5.75
500 Yards Hand Woven Linen Sheeting
72 inches wide $1.00 yard Regularly $2.00
Store will be open Tuesday Election Day)
Broadway & 20th St.; 5th Ave.; 19th St.

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