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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 10, 1912, FOURTH SECTION MAGAZINE, Image 47

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Novel Features Planned by American Painters and Sculptors
for Next February New York Water Color
and Other Exhibitions
WITHOUT any bliirc of trum
pets Arthur It. Davie,
president of the American
Painters ami Sculptors,
flippi'il nlT to Kurope a little over u
furt mu'ht HBo In the Interest of the
larm' international exhibition of con
t mpnriry art to be helil Kebrnary
15 to M.irch 15 In the Sixty-ninth Henl
meiit Armory, at Twenty-sixth street
anil Lexington avenue. Mr. Davlea
went to Join the secretary of the new
organization, Walt Kuhn, who has been
v!r"Itln- French, German anil KnKllsh
c!tle for some, tlmo past to obtain ex
amples of painting, sculpture ami work
In other media for the first blR Inter
national show In New York's art an
nals, Lly the end of November, when both
nun will return, plans will be perfected
for the American division of the ex
hibition, and It Is expected by those
who have the work In charge that an
assemblage of pictures, sculpture, draw
Ins, wood carvings, pottery and other
forms of art expression will be withered
toother which will present much that
1 new and a Rood deal that Is vital In
a way to reach and Interest the public.
The scope of the new society's dis
play has widened considerably since
the organization of the movement not
quito a year ago. The story of how the
American Painters and Sculptors came
to he formed has not been told until
now, and It Is worth reciting. The Idea
was suggested In the course of a llttlo
talk at the studio of Jerome Myers, the
painter, the other artists present being
Henry Fitch Taylor, who besides de
voting time to landscape was manager
of the now discontinued Madison Gal
lery for American Art: Elmer Macllae
ami Walt Kuhn.
From the beginning It was recognized
that should the proposed membership
of the society be limited to men whose
views as to style and method were rea
sonably similar It would at once be In
danger of a certain smallness of Ideals
anJ of shutting out thought and effort
that might be of real meaning and Im
portance. So in the Initial group In
vited to become members there were
ilher.-i. spirits, men not altogether con
genial to all of their confreres, yet evi
dently not to be omitted from a move
ment that should Include as much as
jiiwslbli. of what was earnest and ad
an. .tig In American art.
The effort to combine within tho
ema'l group elements deliberately
ch'.nn for their divergent qualities
lir iftit about, as will be remembered,
the ,iMty retreat of the man who had
'.'! 'i isen president of the first gen
cr. iiii-iing, J. Aldcn Weir, who vc
hi iii. ir v disclaimed any desire to be a
Iir f m,ch a body as had been briefly
lr.il .1 In a letter from Its vlce-pres-!
n' ii'it.on Ilorglum, printed In he
niw (vipers. ThU-left the post of honor
mil m. ulty open, and In due tlmo
he rlcan Painters and Sculptors
fh..w .1 ;tH calibre by electing the
l am' p who of all Americans of tho
A nty years has had perhaps tho
' mil of high Imagination and
tu rgy, accompanied by a lofty
ability, on which to draw, In
- m the canvas his sometimes
met Inies cryptic, always sln-
1 often strangely beautiful
"ml. p
I les has been president In
it name. He has given up most
line the past summer to the
hulling tho big project, daringly
- which Is to be fulfilled next
With the help of the other
and olllcers nnd the re.idy
' 'ii of nearly every man of the
tv, which has less than
i members all told, he has so
innory the rent for n month
i-, doo raised money In con
ni.'intltles from art lovers In
' waril the very heavy ex
' ''Pinging together work from
' country as well ns from
'tli the accompanying hur
'iisportatlon and Insurnncn
1 laid out a floor plan for
a .if the glass roofed bull 1-
nty. sixth street, which will
than 21,000 running feet
''I' on the line,
all this Mr. Da vies nnd his
Ha i e looked over (he Held
road and they nre now notl
fs to send back word what
"mt would bo suitable to ex
rult painters often turn off,
I'Pes.Hiire of genuine desire,
ute apart from their usual
"'inly, some bit of water
- which they cherish for
Its distinct expression of their mm I of
the moment, but which In the nature
of things would not be llkily to be se
lected for regular and established ex
hibitions of New York's art season.
Sculptors may have made tonn notes
In an unaccustomed medium, perhap.'
In carved wood, because of the obvlo't.i
appropriateness of the material for the
theme. A mural decorator may have
experimented In textiles of a lithog
rapher may have taken a chance shot,
and a lucky one. In pottery. This Is
within the scope of this new society's
show, and It Is the purpose of tho pres
ent canvassing of artists to bring out
Information that will reveal such work.
Kven needlework Is not to be excluded;
any art expression whatever will be
eligible, so It be eloquent enough In Its
own kind.
From abroad It Is expicted to ob
tain work of signal Importance, much
of It not familiar In manner tft the
American public, ltepresenta'lve pic
tures by Cezanne, Gauguin and Van
Gogh have not yet been seen here, but
these apostles of post-lmpresstonlsm
and some of their colleagues may be
displayed at the armory In sensational
groups. Matllol. one of the latest de
velopments In French sculpture, will
probably be seen In certain of his mass
ively proportioned nudes, while Hodln
now long since passed by In the race
for new forms of utterance, wilt nlso be
represented. DeRas, Monet, Henolr and
lledon are also likely to be pu: forth
among the Frenchmen.
From Hngland, among others, will
come works of Stevens, Augustus John
and George Clausen, while In Ireland,
whose art Is virtually unknown In .this
country. It Is hoped to get specimens
of what Nathaniel Hone, George Rus
sell and Jack Yeats have done. As one
of the brief circulars sent out by the
American Painters and Sculptors puts
It, "tho aim will be to choose from all
created beauty of this epoch that which
best reveals the Individual or group'
among creative workers or the con
tribution of a race. Tho organizing or
such exhibitions, tho revelation to this
great productive community of that
which makes the wealth of nations In
the highest sense, must appeal alike to
love of art and love of country,"
Returning to details, the floor of the
armory will be so arranged with parti
tions running up to a convenient height
that nearly thirty separate rooms of
varying sizes and all equally well
lighted by the glass roof will be avail
able. Should the proposed arrangement
bo carried out, and It Is the result of
rareful study, with the aid of archi
tectural skill, there will be a gallery
about 100x50 feet for drawings as one
enters nt the central door of the build
ing. Two other rooms for drawings
will also bo provided, each about 50x10
There will be a central gallery for
sculpture, 50 feet square, with rooms
about 100 by 25 opening from either of
two opposite sides, also for sculpture.
Threo galleries 50 feet square and two
about 50 by 40 will bo among the ac
commodations for paintings, and there
will, as already Indicated, be perhaps
twenty smaller rooms, in which can
be shown to advantage works of allied
character or style, whether pictures or
anything else. Classicists. Romanti
cists (to quote further from the ad.
vance circular), Impressionists, poit
Imprcsslonlsts, Cubists, Futurists, all
will find their own places In the as
semblage, and It is hoped to avoid
clashes itt one kind of art with another.
A complete system of electric lights
will be Installed, so that the galleries
wilt be attractive In the evenings as
well ns by day. Tho mere matter of
gathering and placing the vast mass
ontloiial policy and methods of tlu
American Water Color Society, which
was mature In years before the newer
club was formed, now a matter of
twenty-three seasons ago. Hut tho
sound of the drums and llfes of re
bellion Is hu?hcd; the forward move
ment has ceased; comfortahlo repose
telgns. In fact the present exhibition
nt the Fine Arts Building, to remain
open through November 24, recalls a
literary club of this city, one of whoso
members, not pleased with tho conduct
of affairs, was asked whether he found
the proceedings dull. "Dull?" he ex
claimed. "Dull?" Why, my dear sir,
the Lord will not forgive such dulness!"
There are 406 exhibits spread through
two galleries. Nearly 200 painters are
represented. Many of them are mem
bers of the club nnd there Is a gener
of material expected for the show in ous number of women contributors. In
the way of pictures, sculpture and tho
like will be ono for a first iiite organi
zation to handle. It Is probable that
a loft may have to be taken near the
armory for tho temporary storage of
works to be exhibited. In order that no
undue delay may be met In placing
and hanging the exhibition, after Un
costly armory rent begins.
The selection of tho American wont,
except that of members, will be done
mainly by Invitation, and It ts hoped
by those having the task In hand that
all artists Interested, whether they are
themselves to bo represented or not,
will put the committee or olllcers of
the society In touch with what they
believe to be of significance In tho
studios of other artists.
To bring Information regarding this
new nnd interesting organization up to
the minute It may be worth while to
print here a list of Its members. The
president of the American Painters and
Sculptors, as nlready told. Is Arthur
Ft. Davles, tho vice-president Gutzon
Horglum, the secretary Walt Kuhn, and
the treasurer F.lmer MarRae. The ill
rectors, besides the olllcers. are .1. Mow
'ray Clarke, Jerome Myers and Henry
Fitch Taylor. The other members In-
several Instances llttlo centres or
groups of one artist's work have been
formed with cheering results. Such aro
the cases hfforded by the portrait draw
ings of Clara Weaver Parrlsh, tho out
door subjects by Jane Peterson, tho
dashing street scenes by David 13. Milne,
which have vigor nnd piquancy; the
Central Park pictures by Maud Hunt
Squire, and tho "Glimpse of the Hud
son" and "Kvenlng" of M, Peterson.
F.nough nllke In theme nnd manner to
be taken ns a pair nre two little pic
tures by Stuart Davis and Henry J.
Gllntenkamp respectively, each show
ing n rather sordid young man and
woman, with a background of street.
In each there Is something of what
the painters call quality, though neither
Is of Importance.
A grotipthat ought to be better than
It Is Is that supplied by William Pretty
man of subjects found nt Panama in
the region of tho canal. Perhaps It Is
not fair to look nt them, with the strik
ing lithographs of Mr. Pennell stltl
fresh In the eye nnd mind, since thess
were exhibited In New York only live
weeks ngo. Rut the truth Is that these
water colors, except for one of the
dozen, "The Reach, Tobago Island," are
composition. From tho brush of Kthcl
Mara has como tho little "Circus
Parade," whllo for warm color ono
may look with pleasure nt tho
seashore subject of I, Wells Stroud.
Cheerful throughout Is tho street
scene, with Its wreaths overhang
ing tho way to a church, "Fcto Dion'
Decorations." The author Is H. C.
Merrill, nnd It Is no secret that tho
hanging committee would have, been
glad of more of the same sort to use
In other wall centres requiring a little
The New Yolk Water Color Club
show Is open on weekdays from 10 to
5, and on Sundays from 1:30 to 5,
Francesco Rnrtotozzl, like Georuo
Frederick Handel, was a continental
Kuropenn who went to England in tho
prime of his life and exerted a positive
Influence upon Kngltsh art, as Handel
did upon Knglish music; each became,
In fact, what is now felt to be typi
cally Knglish In his mode of expres
sion, despite his foreign birth nnd train
ing. Hartolozzl made original drawings,
but by far his most Important task
was the engraving of countless paint
ings, landscapes as well as portraits,
after the most famous and popular
Knglish elghtcnth century masters. To
bo engraved- by Rartolozzl was a for
tunate fate for any picture, since tho
careful Italian, with his deft and kindly
touch nnd his singularly clear perception
of what was characteristic, was an Inter
preter In the best sense. King .George
III. made him engraver to his Majesty
and paid htm, so It Is recorded, the
sum of 300 a year. The Royal Acad
emy mado htm a member, and this
helped to keep him In the foreground,
this nnd his easy adaptation of him
self to British ways.
Hartolozzl was not quite 40 when
he enmo to Knglnnd In 1764. His birth
place was Florence, where his father
had been a goldsmith, nnd his master
In, the art of engraving was Joseph 1
Wagner or Venice. He lived In Kng
lnnd nearly forty years, and In 1802 he
cludo Karl Anderson, George Mellows,
Leon Dabo, Jo Davidson, Guy du llols,
Putnam Ilrlnley, D. Nanklvell, Uol.ert
Henri, Jonas Lie, Krnest J.awson, Will
iam Glackens, Uruco Porter of San
Francisco, John Sloan, Kdward Kra
mer, Maurice Prendergnst and Allen
Time was when the New York Wnter
Color Club was a secessionist move
ment, a breaking away from the con-
tame and tepid In color and design. The
canal. In Its present stage, Is a them.'
for broad, vigorous treatment, ono
guesses what Wlnslow Homer would
Iiave made of It In water color and
was it not at a show of this very or
ganization a decade ago that the place
of honor In the centre of the Vander
bllt gallery wall was occupied by a
group of Homer's water colors, whose
effect, In their strong, full resonance
of hue was likened by a sympathetic
artist to tho playing, of n fine brass
Hut let the visitor pass on. round the
present show, to gain what comfort he
may from some of the more Individual
paintings. Near tho entrance, at the
left one might ns well walk with the
tide' of catalogue numbers as against
It Is n mountain nnd river scene by
Clarence K. Chntterton which might r
nt Newburgh. It Is slight, but bears a
second and third Inspection, for its
colors are harmonious and Its note U
neither forced nor hesitating, but agree
ably natural.
Sergeant Kendall has a "Portrait of
Miss M. D. 1I" which has the accuracy
and the blenk hardness that mark much
of what ho has been doing for a gool
while past. Thero are other examples
here of his familiar handiwork. Clara
Weaver Parrlsh may bo named again
for the nude In the underbrush which
she shows under the tltlo of "Crepus
cule." Sydney Dale Shaw's "Harbor
Shop" Is to bo noted In passing, an. I
there Is color In Mary Wilson Hub
bard's "Tho Poppy Garden."
Ry 11. Vanco Swope Is one of the
best things In tno show, "Palermo,
Sicily," with moving water and a small
sailboat Hint seems to belong In the
composition and to domlnnto It without
being Itself unduly magnified. It la
Judicious In scale nnd tho color has
MInnturos In largo cases form a gato
way Into the inner gallery. Thero Is
a "Chalk Cliff, Const of Devon," by
Florence Francis Snell, which reflects
personal observation nnd n perceptible
pleasure on the nrllst's part In the
rendering, Closo nt home Is a colorful
glimpse of downtown New York, "Cort
land! Street," by Oalen J, Perrett, n
subject worth study. Another picture
by Mr, Chntterton Is here, "Tho Conn-
i try Circus," In which one sees ngnln
some well managed gradations of light,
I color and a pleasing arrangement of
becume director of the National Acad
emy at Lisbon, retaining the post until
his death In 1815, at the age of 90 years.
The occasion for calling up so pleas
ant and sympathetic a figure from the
past is the exhibition, now to be Been
at the gallery of K. M. Hodgklns, of a
collection of original drawings by Bar
tolozzl, some of them studies for figures
afterward used by the artist, others
completo pictures, which ho subse
quently engraved. Among them are
little cherubs and loves, studies of like
able children, a full length study of an
athletis model, a man, one of the most
Important things In the collection; a
Venus surrounded by amorinl, and an
allegorical subject representing Plenty,
In the guise of a beautiful woman, sup
ported by two children representing
Summer and Winter, the lutter beurlng
a torch.
There Is n good denl of sameness
nbout these suave nnd charming draw
Ings'from the Italian's hand, but It wns
a ripe nnd pleasing convention that Car
tolozzl followed, and the rounded sweet
ness of his forms does not cloy; to the
man himself, at any rate, It was alt
serious, this amiable and tender decora
tion. While these drawings show
clearly that Hartolozzl wiis a sensitive
nnd delightful artist, they prove equally
that he choso wisely in adopting en
graving as his medium, so that he did
not have to depend upon his own in
ventive faculty for his themes or treat
ment. Yet thero Is something qulto
touching In tho little picture entitled,
"Tho Daughter of Uivignl Rorghls,
Asleep," nnd something strangely
Knglish, too. In tho look of this child
who has nodded In her chair.
So largo a group of Hartolozzl draw
ings Is not often seen. This collection
was brought by Mr. Hodgklns from a
descendant of the artist himself, nfter
tho drawings had been shown In tho
itaffaelii Cannvarl museum In Rome.
It makes n distinctive and ftgreenblo
Portraits of Washington, real and fic
titious and of all grades of authenticity
between these two extremes, form un
Interesting loan exhibition In the New
York Public Llbrnry. Curator Frank
Weltcnknmpf has borrowed them from
tho noted collection of Charles W. Mc
Alpln, whlcn Is tho repository of an ex
traordinary variety and number of these
prints. Placed on tho walls of tho ex
hibition room on the third floor, tho
likenesses of the first President make a
brave showing. Rut after the visitor
has made the round of tho gallery will
he feel assured as to what Washington
really looked like?
It was John Neal who said that If
Washington were to rise from the grave
and not found to resemble the Stuart
portrait, by which he meant the Athe
mi'ura portrait, he would be rejected as
an Impostor. So It Is really tho re
corders of a great man's own time, his
contemporaries, who establish the tradi
tion regarding him, and when one such
representation seems to sum up what
succeeding generations would like to
accept as their Ideal, then this comes
to be the standard and deviations from
it are looked upon askance.
Authorities upon the subject nre now
agreed that the familiar and noble
Athenaeum portrait by which Washing
ton's face is known the world over Is
considerably Idealized. Stuart himself
contributed something, perhaps a good
deal, to the calm nobility of the counte
nance when he painted this summary
of the virtues and of tho great qualities
of the founder. In tho history of the
past other artists and sculptors have no
doubt shot as wide of tho mark In their
pictured likenesses of great folk and in
hundreds of instances wo have no way
of checking up the probable errors of
form and feature In their portraiture.
The Historic Records Association,
now active and engaged In a novel and
Important work In the United States,
would find In this exhibition of Wash
ington portraits som'e telling arguments
for tho alms it lias In view, namely the
perpetuation In various permanent
forms of BUch data as will enable pos
terity to enjoy accurate knowledge of
how the leaders of to-day looked, what
was the sound of their voices and what
the fashion of their handwriting. From
tho variety of Interpretations of the
aspect of George Washington assembled
here It Is not easy to determine for
one's self what to accept
Kven tho Stuart portraits vary,
Charles Henryi Hart, in his monu
mental catalogue -of Washington por
traits, published by the Oroller Club in
1904, has classed them as belonging to
live types or divisions, the Vaughan
type, the Lansdowne, the Athenteum,
the teapot type and tho Faneull Hall
class. And there aro tho authentic like
nesses by John Trumbull, who was him
self active in the Revolutionary war;
by Joseph Wright, by Kdward Savage,
by Charles WHIson Peale and numerous
others, all of them embodying some
portion of the truth, no doubt. Thoso
by Pealo in the McAlpIn collection nre
especially consistent, even though one
shows the Commander In Chief wearing
Roman armor and apparently nbout
seven feet tall, this preposterous Imago
being recorded on tho print as having
been ordered by Congress for a monu
ment In Philadelphia.
One Impression likely to find its way
to the surface In the mind of the uver
age visitor will bo of tho evidently large
contemporary popularity of engravings
nnd etchings of Washington. Not only
In America but also In Knglnnd, Frnnce,
Holland, Spain and In German speaking
countries there were published plates
Illustrating the great patriot and leader.
Ono finds them here with titles indicat
ing their foreign origin, "Kl General
Washington," for example, with accom
panying noto of publication in Mudrid.
It shows rather strikingly tho function
played even so recently ns a century
ngo by. the engraved or etched plate
as the solo agent for dissemination on
a lnrgo scale of a knowledge of the
nsped of the persons who figured in
the news of the day. Those were the
times before the snapshots of facile
cameras had reduced tho presentation
of portraits In print to one of tho
Tho fictitious portraits of Washing
ton are almost ns Interesting as any
others In tho McAlpIn collection. There
nro a great number of these, it being
custoniury not only nfter tho first Presi
dent's death but even during his life
time to put forth alleged likenesses of
him to sell to the unwary, Mr, Hart
In his catalogue recalls tho portraits
copied nfter ono of tho well known false
likeness, tho Campbell picture, One
Joseph Reed, sunt ono of theso prints
to Washington, who thereupon replied;
"Mr. Campbell, whom I never saw to my
knowledge, hns mado a very formida
ble figure of tho Commander in Chief,
giving him a sultlclent portion of terror
in his countenance,"
The casual visitor, to whom the
name of Pealo may be known as that
homo by ono of tho proline families
of American artists In tho lato eigh
teenth nnd early nineteenth centuries,
will note with surprise that while
Churles Wilson Petite Is credited with
several authentic portraits, the younger
Peale, whose Christian name was Hem-(
brandt, is set down as among the inak,
era of fictitious portraits, his worl,
being merely a composite of what hat.
been done by earlier men.
Arthur Tooth & Sons
537 Fifth Avenue, N.Y.
By d
Frank Brangwyn, r.a.
Albany E. Howarth,A&L
Ernest Lumsden
and Others
On Exhibition
until November 23rd
Established 1853
Old Curiosity Shop
420 Madison Avenue (49th St)
Early English, Dutch and French.
Chinese Porcelains i
, (
irom me wing 10 tne Kien tung
Rare Jades
Antique and Modern Jewelry
Arms and Armor and other Art
' I1'
New Galleries of
Antique Tapestries
Furniture and other
Obj ects of Art
(I'urmcrly 1(2 Maillson Avenue.)
Etchings by
Frank Brangwyn
Until Noumkt 23J
'Opfn today (.Sunday) 3 la 6 1 .V,
Louis Katz
Art Galleries, Inc.
103 West 7 Uh Street.
Jas. E. Underbill
Picture Frames
Modern HardwootU anil Wnpftra
lli'prwluc.loniol AntlquoandCarvttl frames
At reasonable )ilcf ,
33 John Street SS

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