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The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, November 16, 1912, Image 2

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actuation other than that so far as he
m concerned the plods of hla party
na lla platform would be carried out.
Purine the camtialen he taxed Presl
dent Taft for vetoing the bills Intro-
duced at the hint pejmlon of the present
conRrctia ror the reduction of the woollen
and cotton nchcriules. It In stated that
these same hills have been redrafted
and revamped since the Presidential
campaign began and that they will be
reintroduced when the Sixty-fourth
Congress convenes. There Is a surmlso
that Gov. Wilson would not havo
agreed entirely to the tariff bills men
Gov. Wilson will sail at 2 o'clock this
afternoon for Rermuda on the steam
lp Bermudlan Hnd will rest there until
December 16. It had been his Intention
to make no statement respecting the.
tariff until his return, but the demands
for relief from uncertainty Anally pre
vailed upon him.
Ho expects to be left alone while on
his vacation, however, and one of It Li
Urst acts after his arrival will be to call
upon the Governor of Bermuda and to
rpquest him that he be permitted to
apend 'Ms time there without recognition
f his official status either as Governor
f New Jersey or as President-elect of
the United .States.
He will be accompanied by Mrs. Wll
on and their two younger daughtera.
the Misses Jessie and Kleanor Wilson.
In the party will be also Charles
Bchwem, the Governor's stenographer,
who accompanied him on all his cam
paign trips, and Mrs. Schwem; ten
newspaper correspondents and the wives
and children of some of them.
The Governor and his party left
Princeton yesterday afternoon at 3:37
'clock for this city, where the Governor
was the guest at dinner last night of
Ma classmates at Princeton.
Meet Festive Party.
When the Governor boarded the train
t Princeton Junction he went through
the car Rockburn and was Immediately
invited to Join In the festivities there
Tolng forward. He declined with
thanks and laughter when he learned
who were the men In the car and what
their purpose was.
It appears that one evening during
the campaign Charles Pettyman of
Marlon. Pa., a real estate agent of
Philadelphia, wagered 15,000 against
$J,B00 that the next President of the
United States would be a Democrat.
J. C. D. Hcndrlckson, a woollen mer
chant, took the bet on the condition
that the man who won it should spend
at least $1,500 In entertaining the six
teen men who at that time happened
to be In the Manufacturers Club, where
the odds had been offered.
Mr. Prettyman of course won the bet
and It was for the purpose of spending
that $1,500 that he was in that private
car yesterday afternoon with Mr. Hen
drlckson and fourteen of their frtends.
The car was chartered in Philadelphia
and came through to New Tork to give
the sixteen an opportunity to have a
food time. They went to the Waldorf
for dinner, to a show In the evening
and when they got back to Philadelphia
ach man will be wearing a gold watch
as a souvenir gift of Mr. Prettyman.
The Hnal function which Gov. Wilson
attended before his departure for Ber
muda, the private dinner which some
fifty of his classmates of '79 Princeton
pave him last night at the University
Club, was an Informal affair as far as
speeches went. The President-elect was
particularly careful that no reporters
were around.
The dinner waa In charge of a com
mittee headed by William Wilder. Some
pf the others there were Cleveland H.
npdge. Harold Godwin, Congressman
Charles A. Talcott and Dr. Jasper Gar
many. The men of '70 began to come
Into the club at 7:S0 o'clock in twos and
threes, most of them carrying small
satchels or packages. One or two trudged
I? KrMt lather bound volumes.
Gov. ion himself drove up In an open
car a little before 8 o'clock.
Underwood Sars Consrrrss Will Get
Items Taft Vetoed.
Birmingham, Ala., Nov. 15. Repeated
efforts to get Congressman Underwood
specifically to set out what revision of
the tariff Is to be attempted at the first
aesalon of Congress In which the Demo
crats have full control have failed.
Mr. Underwood stated that the bills
looking to tarlfT revision already pre
pared or In the course of Drennratlnn
Include, those Items which were In tho
cms presented and adopted, to be after
ward vetoed, by President Taft.
He also said the bills on tariff r.
vision will have been made known to
party leaders before the special session
la held.
Philadelphia Merchants See Closing
of Mills and Panic.
PKn.ADKl.pnu, Nov. 15. Prominent
manufacturers of this city were sur
prised to-night at the Information that
President-elect Wilson had determined
to call a special session of Congress to
revise the tariff.
Most of them were of the opinion that
the Democratlo Executive had made
I - the first move toward the destruction of
prosperity, and some even went so far
as to say that the announcement would
baye an Immediate effect upon the tex
tile industries of the country.
Nathan T. Folwell, president of the
Manufacturers Club and the head of one
of the largest wool firms In the city, said:
The sooner the Democrats get Into power
and begin their meddling the better It will
be, for then we will be able to know what
to expect from their tinkering. The fact
that they are going to revise the tariff
means the death knell of prosperity.
Had President-elect Wilson announced
that he would appoint a tariff commission
to study the question, as those who had
hoptd.he would be conservative, longed
for him to do, then he would not have
created the impression that this plan of
bis creates.
We all know the outcome, and It will be
a sorry day for the manufacturers of this
country and the textile mills will soon cloe
down and thousands and thousands nf m.n
and women will have to face starvation as a
result of the new Democratlo order of things.
Robert Dprnan. former president of
the Columbia Club and the head of the
Arm or Dornan Jt Sons, .manufacturers
of underwear and hosiery, took the same
view, although he did not think that tho
effect of tariff revision would be mani
fested Immediately. Among others who
expressed the same vIowh were Walter
C. Erben of Erben. Raring Co., the
"Jf68 .textile manufacturers In the
city: Thomas Wolstenholme, manufac
turer of cotton, silk and woollen yurns
and the leader In that branch of the tex
tile trade in Philadelphia; John K. Hani
Ten, a director of the Manufacturers Club
and the largest manufacturer of woollen
blankets in Uiis city, and William V
Tllden, president of the Union League.
Mmt Straus and Other Progressives
Appland Wilson.
The executive committee of thn xu.
tional Tariff CommlsHion Association
met at the offices of tho association In
thla city yesterday to formulate plans
far naawed national campaign fortha
creation of a non-partisan tariff com
With reference to the calling of an
extra session of Congress Immedi
ately after the inauguration of President-elect
Wiltton, John Candler Cobb,
president of the association, wild that
no action had been taken on this question
and it wan not likely that tho association
would do so.
"Many of our members," nai d Mr.
Cobb, "have strong opinions on the ques
tion of an extra session, but It is not tho
purpose of the association to attempt
to influence the time at whloh Congress
shall meet.
"We nre organized for itist onn purpose:
To sen that futuro revisions of the tariff
are carefully, Hcientllioally and equitably
made, and whether Congress meets in
April or December, 1913, we will bo there
to present our cnae."
Col, Hoohevelt, when told of tho eitraor
dlnary sewiion of Congress to w called,
said through ids secretary that ho had
no comment to make about that or any-
uiine eise.
Oscar Htrans, Progressive candidate for
nvnrnnr ajiltl lunr tiloht thnt l.n tlimirVit
nrvKaenAt. ....1,1 JLtUt l. . U
Gov. Wifsnn'n oimmmr.m.nt thnt V
would call an extra session of Congress
to discuss tariff revision was a wise move,
"It stlOWH tho intention nf tllO Pri'Hillent-
ftef'".8.0ld. ?j s,ra".''' I've up to his
,,iuKr. no hib siuun-ima
ave announced their intention to revise
the tariff the sooner all uncertainty is
removed the bettor It will bo for the
business of the country.
1 am certainly In favor of a scientific
downward revision of the tariff and
u n n . . i. mi .t ,i . n..t -
will' " It III ll'JIVw tut. L'Unl. IJI in IIIK.
wiiiium it u.i,i,'.. ...
or the Progressive party, was no less
outspoken in his remarks. He said:
"The sooner an extra session is called
the better. 1 think Gov. Wilson should
call ono the next day after ho is inaug-
twrtv "nnd hi. irv in U,J .Si.
..""iJ1'." 'J&I?. if
thing for business to havo all uncertainty
removed prompt I v."
James G. Cannon, nresident nf the
Fourth National Hank, said:
-i ttiltiK it is an excellent thing to call
fhe,Xi,Viffi0,'i "J-FVSSJ?1!? I? i.n8ider
as sn.f-1 Uri,T r0ViBi0n VOr
Other Democrats and Itepnhlleans at
Capital Are Pleased.
Washington, Nov. 16. Woodrow Wil
son's announcement that ho will call
a special session of Congress to revise
the tariff met with thu hearty commen
dation of all Democratic leaders In
Washington. William J. Bryan and
Champ Clark both Indorsed tho movo
with unqualified praise, but Bryan Is
in favor of Including other legislation
In the special session.
The general opinion Is that It would
have been suicidal politically for Wll-
fcon to have postponed action on the
pledges made by the party.
The Republicans, on the other hand.
seemed well pleased that the Demo
cratic administration is going to tackle
the tariff at an early date. They are
confident that the revision will spell
dissension In the Democratic ranks and
disaster for tho party, and the sooner
It comes the better pleased the Repub
licans will be.
When W. J. Bryan was Informed of
Gov. Wilson's announcement he said:
I think that both Oov. Wilson's rnn.
elusions and his reasons are sound and
i nave expected the special seuion. I
hope that the proposition now before Con
gress for a permanent change In the time
of convening that bodr will be carried
through so that every Congress will con
vene Immediately after the members take
the oath of office. There Is no reason
for the delar of thirteen month. aftr
election before the beginning of the first
regular session.
1 hold that the tariff question Is the prin
clpal one now before the people for dUciiH'
slon by Congress, anil It will doubtless
prove so. I see no reason, however, why
other Important subjects should' not be
taken under consideration nt tho same time
In the committee and even on the floor of
tne nouse between discussions on tho tariff
revision proposition.
Col. Bryan declined to state what he
regards us other Important questions
which should be brought .up promptly
for legislative action, saying that there
aro several of them as laid down In
the Baltimore platform.
The Nebraskan expressed the belief
that tho question of Philippine Inde
pendence, as outlined In the Democratic
platform, would be taken up as soon
as poslble.
Representative Henry, chairman of
the House Rules Committee, said:
I think It is the universal sentiment
among Democrats that there oualit to be nn
extra session as noon ns possible after
March 4 for the treitment of the tariff and
other Important questions which should be
disposed of for thn benefit of the country.
The people aro putting tho Democratic
party back Into power und of courfe they
expect the llniilmore platform to be car
ried out. Well, the Democrats are going
to do it. I urn delighted at (lov. Wilson's
prompt decision and had confidently ex
pected It.
I would like to see the I'ayne-Aldrluh
law repealed root and branch and tho pas
sage of a new hill -not section by section,
hut an entire act along the old Democratlo
lines t'triff for revenue only.
Representative Henry said he re-
garded anti-trust legislation ns one of
tne chief pledges made to the Deonle
by the Democrats and this and other
Important questions he believed should
be undertaken along with the tariff
Champ Clark of Missouri. Sneaker.
who arrived here to-day:
e made certain definite nromlses in nrHnr
to win at the last election and we ought to
carry them out religiously. I have no doubt
we will keep faith with the people 1 favor
a special session at ns early a date ns poss
ble after the InaiiRiiration to revise thn inrirr
and do such other things as appear meet
and proper. Tho country has a right to
know what we intend to do. Calamity
nowiers will not be able to precipitate u
panlo this time.
Reed Smoot of Utah, the leader of
the Republican protectionists In tho
Senate, said that fulfilment of their
promises by the Democratic nartv win
bring on an Industrial revolution.
witn tne responsibility upon them,"
Stylish Winter Overcoats, ready to wear;
all the character usually found in those
made to order by the best tailors, but
our prices, $18 to $65, assure a decided
saving to the purchaser.
Senator flmoot declared, "I don't believe
the Democrats arc going to be as radical
an their promises have been, but as
urely as they fulfil their promises tihey
will bring about an Industrial revolu
tion. "The attitude and actions of the Re
publicans In tho Senate, I think, prac
tically will he the same as In the lust
two sessions, when the Democrats havo
a majority In the House. They will
continue to fight for the protective tariff
and other Republican principles."
RIr Interests Do Not Agree on Ques
tion of Ksrly Action,
Boston, Nov. 15. There are business
men In Ronton who regard with favor
the calling of an extra rcssion of Con
gress to dispose of tho tariff matter.
There aro also merchants and officials
of commercial associations who fear
business depression If the Democrats
! hasten to take up the work.
A Lynn
sl"o man said
i "It Is lucky for the shoe trade that
hlHnn urn nn IVtn frcn Umf Tannnn
of both sole and upper leather arc In-
rrp...lniT fhnlr Imnnrln nf l,M T.n.
: " "? , : "... : ,, . . r
tiers who formerly handled only a few
familiar foreign hides are now setting
hides from Russia, interior Africa, China
und other foreign countries,
I J'
Richard Olney 2d, a prominent wool
',l!- w, ,. .. . . ... .
dealer, regards with favor the proposed
rnlnR of an extra session to revise the
tariff. He believes In tariff ad valorem
as against a specific duty and that the
manufacturers of woollen goods should
get a more equitable tariff, a better
opportunity to compete with the wor
Med woollen manufacturers.
Sumner Clement of Clement, floule ft
Co., dealers In woollens, said
"I am one of the Republicans who
voted the straight Republican ticket
tint wlm alllt iuill.t'A that tViA In.lH lu
not ftl that 11 llould be- Speaking from
the standpoint of a woollen 'Jobber, an
extra session of Congress for the re
vision of the tarlfT must be held sooner
or later. It had better come sooner
rather than later, for up to the time It
Is settled buyers of merchandise will
have the bogey of tho coming change
always before them."
William Whitman, dry goods mer
chant, manufacturer of both woollen
and cotton goods, put it this wny:
"I believe a special session of Con
grcss to be unnecessary and unwise.
The business of the country has only
recently recovered from a long period
of depression, largely due to Icilsla
Hp uncertainties, and the people want
this period of prosperity continued. It
would be Impossible for me to suggest
limitations as to what could safely be
done In tariff revisions without injury
to trade."
Thomas O. Marvin, secretary of the
Home Market Club, said
"The business of the country has
developed on protective tariff lines and
we are enjoying great prosperity. By
a million majority the voters of the
country Indorsed Presidential candi
dates whose platforms declared for pro
tection. There has been no mandate
for tariff for revenue only.
"The new Administration cannot de-
clde In a few weeks what changes In
tho tarirr are desirable and Innocuous.
Time should be given to a thorough
study of Industrial conditions and our
present era of prosperity continued
"A special session to revise the tariff
on purely revenue lines would prostrate
business and bring hardship upon mill
lona ,of American worklngmen."
Thomas F. Anderson, secretary of the
new England Shoe and Leather Asso
ciation, had this to say:
"Tariff revision Is now inevitable, but
hundreds of manufacturers engaged In
the shoe and leather Industries, on
wnom is dependent the welfare of 250.
000 wngo earners and their families, are
disposed to take President-elect Wilson
at his word when he said: '"The tariff
must be handled very prudently, so that
no honest toll may be Interrupted, no
nonornbie or useful enterprise disabled
"If the Industry of manufacturing
leather and footwear, threatened with
tho competition of foreign labor earning
oniy one-nair or tne standard American
wage. Is not entitled to a paltry 10 per
cent protection In the one case and 6
to lo or 20 per cent. In the other then
tliere Is no valid excuse for any Amerl
can Industry whatever reccelvlng pro
tection. I think most fair minded
nusinoss men will agnee that some
further general revision of the tariff Is
necessary In order that equal Justice
may be done to all."
Appellate Division So Decides
Williamsburg Bridge Pare Reduced.
The power of thf. Public Service Com
mission to fix a'ld regulate rates and
fares to bo chr.rged by street railroad
companies was upheld by the Appellate
Division of the Supreme Court yester
day. The stand was taken In the dis
missal of a writ of certiorari ohtuined
by the Bridge OpcraRng Comnanv m
test the commission's ricrht
fares over the Williamsburg Bridge
from threo cents each, or two for five
cents, to two cents each, or three for a
The railroad company admitted it
waa making a large nroflt thmnri,
carrying passengers across th hrirfv
for three cents, but contended that there
was a lois on through passengers,
which the company was entitled tomako
up on the "short hauls." Justice Scott
writing the opinion, says It appears that
unr ,,runiM on nrioge traffic are now
The testimony before the Pnhitr. a-.
vice Commission upon which the order
reducing fares was made showed that
tho surplus of the comnanv fnr ,u
year 1911 was $112,087 nut of receipts
of $252,287. The commission tnJJ Zl,
tho company made a net Income of over
100 per cent., or over 200 no- -
the value of Its property In service.'
Hard to fit?
Vou'ro tho
man for
whom we
moke special
JffltPS Of linnerwoori MOHHtllVS
Show Ris: Reductions in
MoNf ScIkmIiiIps.
Average Ad Vnlorem Duties
Ranpro All Wny From l(i
to J.2 Per Cent.
Wabihnoton, Nov. 15. The announce
ment by (lov. Wilson that bo will call a
special session of Congress lo rcvlso the
tariff now brings prominently to tho front
the question: What may the business
Interests of tho country expect from the
The last experience of the country
with Democratlo tariff reslvison, nineteen
years ago, was such us to shake conll
dence in a renewal of the effort, and a
good deal of uncertainty as to what will
happen this time has been expressed
since election day.
As a matter of fact though there ought
to be little uncertainty on this subject.
The Democratlo Ways and Means Com
mittee of the last sossion of Congress
brought In bills revising most of tho
important tariff schedules.
Mr. Underwood was the controlling
spirit in the framing of those bills. Ho
will be in charge again at the extra session
of Congress and it is wifo to assume that
the bills to be passed in the coming special
session will closely resemble those that
have already come from the leaderu in
the House.
Outline of Revision.'
Thr Hits correspondent, taking these
bills as a basis, presents herewith an
outline of the revision that the business
interests and consumers of the counry
may expect ou the more important sched
ules. The average ad valorem rate of dutv
obtained at customs houses of the United
States In 101 1 under the Payno-Aldrich
tariff law was 42.22 per cent. The rates of
the Underwood bills range front 16.88 per
cent, to 41,55 per cent, and tho general
average of the cotton, metal, wool and
chemical revision bills wan 25.74 per cent
This was a very material reduction from
tho general average under tho Payno
Aldrioh law.
The Underwood plan of revision pro
posed a reduction in the ud valorem rutes
on raw wool from 42.20 per cent., the
Payne-Aldrich rate to 20 er cent.; on wool
manufacture from 87.65 per cent, to
42.25 per cent.; on cotton cloths from
47.05 per cent, to 27.08 nor cent.: on metals
from 34.61 per cent, to 22.42 per cent,
and on chemicals from 25.72 per cent, to
10.98 per cent.
It was contended by Representative
uiiuwwrai mat wus pian ot revision
would save the rnnmimnm nf tlm TTnii.i
States at least $740,(X).(pi(t a year or an
"-in(o oi more man si lor everv man,
nuiuuu mm cniia in tne land. This re
adjustment of the dutins. ArwipHiniF tn
Mr. Undorwood, would havo entailed very
llttln If nn In, n ,1... p
neurit Is Predicted.
Republicans on the other hand hav
greeted Mr. Underwood's statement that
the revenue of tho rSovernment would
not be materially decreased with ridicule
and have predicted that the deficit caused
by a radical revision of tho Payno-Aldrich
law would have to l met by an income
tax or some other revenue raising measure
j Schedule K. the wool schedule, accord
ing to critics of tho Puyne law, is tho key
tone of entire protection edillce. Schedule
" m ueuounccii uy iTesident Taft as
indefensible." It lias been raked fore
""" y insurgent iiepuliltcans as well
as Democrats. It caused morn excit
ment in the consideration of the Payne
Aldrich bill than any other feature of tho
It threatened Ilfmocratic harmony a
year ago. and Dr. W Hson when he assumes
the office of President will sit up nights
worrying : over Schedule K. Much has
been heard of .SchediiloK in the post and
a good deal will Ik. heard of Schedule K
when President Wilson and his party
associates buckle down tn th. ini..,.
job of revising the tariff.
The avonigti ad valorem rate of duty
in Schedule k of the I'.mio-Aldrich la w nn
both raw wool and manufactures u .un
per cent., an compared with 31 per cent
proposed by Mr. Undorwood In 11.0 1,111
paswd last summer. Tho Pavnn.Al.lrioi.
rate on raw wool in 101 1 was 42.20 nr mm
as compared with thn Underwood rate of
. iir it-in. jjio i-uyue-Aiuncn rate on
wool manufactures is S7.B5 per cent, and
the Underwood rate 2.55 nor cent. '
Compromise In Aennte,
When the Underwood bill
the Senate was nominally in control of
mo jwpuuiiuiiin, wiin uiianco of tho
Kwer hold by progrosHives, who. working
In conjunction with the l)nmnJt
errected compromlso qn the wool bill
This compromise measure Jlxed tho rate
on ruw wool at 20 pur cent, und on manu
facturer at 4H.38 ier cent., an uverage of
37.9S per cent. In general terms this is
thu most recent record or tho Domocratio
party on the wool schedule.
As to dotails of wool revision as proposed
bv Loader Underwood. Mr. Underwood
claimed that his Schedule K working ns
a law would have saved the people $50 000
000 a year on the single item of woollen
"To illustrate the meaning of this bill,"
he said, "a wool hat valued at $1 in tho
ports abroad Is taxed 78 cents upon
entry into the United States under the
present tariff law. This Democratic bill
proposed to reduce this duty from 78
centH to 40 cents.
"Flannel underwear valued at $27 per
dozen suits is taxed under the present
law at tho equivalent ad valorem rate
of 10B per cent. Thn Democratlo bill
proposed to mince this to 40 per cent
"A suit or ready made woollen clothing
worth in Kurope $10 is taxed under the
present law at the equivalent ad vnlorem
rate of 75 per cent., or $7.50, Thn Demo
cratic bill proposed to reduce this tax
frorn 75 to 0 'H,r 'nt and k1 the con
"""""r -"". rPr " 1,1
In regard to the outlook fur a nnmn.
cratlo cotton revision the measure pro
posal at thn last session of thn Pemo
cratlo Wnys und Means Commit ten re
duced the rate ou cotton manufactures
from 18,12 percent, to 27.00 per cunt.
According to Mr, Underwood each
person in the United States would have
saved $20 a year ir this bill had been en
acted into law Mr Underwood con
tended that the rate nn mnn's Imir nntimi
hose vuIiiihI at 80 cent a doyen pairs would
have been reduced from IK! to 40 per cent.
thn rate on cotton thread would havo 1
boon reduced from HI per cent, to 15 per
cent., tho .rate on ready mode cotton j
clothing valued abroad at M a suit would
have been roductid from 50 to 30 per cent.,
or from 13 a suit to .') a suit. Similar !
rnmlrtlinim unro nrnnnuu tlirmtnrir.iif
eiiwr ooiion Hciieuuitv i
nilttt wwrn nritmuiut tn tlm aiu
nn mrlnlu nm lmmlnulu mwl inntit. irm.
nnd Btetl jtroductH wero placet! ou tho troo
To the freo lint tho I)nmnrr.'its nmnnui
, in uuu sugar, meat, uour, agricultural
i ...i.i . i .
itupiemoiilH, fenio iro. cotton, IjiikrIiir
: ' "" .'".. lliriii, t.l I.-IIII.IJI (If .
and tiow, lumber, liitlm nnd hhinolH.s
leather hIiooh, tnlt and niwIiik niarhiuox,
Untile for I'nrty,
Tbia, in brief , Ik thn rocord of thn Demo
cratlo party that will doubtlcc bo used an
n guldo In tho tariff revision soon to bo
Tho developments' will determine
whether the Underwood bills were de
signed merely to at t ract voters or whether
thoy were framed in good faith as as
serted by Leader Underwood.
Mr. Underwood recently made a state
,metit which throws n little light on his
intentions, tie coupled with a tieciara-
,,on ,hat Democratic tariff programme
Wf.c. t. .. ... I .... It.. I . .l . I. .. . I.. n AnH
that the old hills would bo reintroduced
that hearings on tho HiibJoot of tho tariff
would be held by the Ways and Means
(ommlttee this winter.
Kenublicans want to know whv it is
nooossary to hold hearings if the tariff,
hrnorammn I, .. I .... ... .h. .. 'I'l . . .
I', "p.. 11. m wwii micMips. i n"
schedules practically aro bound to give
tho Democrats u lot of trouble. One of
them is tho wool schedule and the other
Is the sugar schedule.
There is a nowerful element In the
Democratic party represented by W. J.
Hryan that favors free raw wool. This
issue was fought out In a Democratic
caucus a year ago and the Rryanites were
beaten, That was at a time when every
Democrat with tho Presidential election
in sight was anxious to preserve an ap
pearanco of harmony.
A revenue duty on raw wool was
adopted. Mr. Bryan firmly lielieves In
tho doctrine of free raw material and if
ho liven up to form ho will impress his
views in this regard on President Wilson.
Free Hoarar Cnts Revenues.
rVeo sugar would diminish the revenues
approximately $80,000,000 a year. Tho
Democrats passed a bill placing the
product on the free list. They proposed
to make up the loss of revenue by levying
nn excise tax.
The free sugar bill was regarded by the
Democrats as a tempting morsel to the
average voter, so it was rustled tJiroucn
the House, but failed of passage in the
Senate. Whether tills measure will be
again pushed is a matter ot conjecture.
Tho belier is quite general in Washing
ton Uiat the rates of the Underwood bills
passed by the House last session will be
followed In the main In the revision bill
that will have consideration at the special
From the beginning of the Government
tariff rates have varied greatly. Up to
the year 1812 the average rate of duties
collected was about 16 per cent. The
lowest was 11.21 nor cent, and the hlshest
23.40 percent, in that period. The average
rate from 1882 to the close of the civil war
was about 38 per cent. Since Uien there
has been only threo years when It was
below 40 per cent.
ine average rates or duty expressed
in round numbers during the life of the
uingiey law trom IW7 to 1B09 were: 18B7,
42 per cent.; 1898, 48 per cent.: 1890, 52
per cent.: 1900. 49 per cent.: 1901. 49 oer
cent.; 1902 and 1903, 49 per cent.: 1904,
48 per cent.; 1905, 45 per cent.: 1908, 44
per cent.; 1907 and 1908, 42 per cent.:
1909. 43 per cent. In 1910 and 1911 under
the Payne-Aldrich law the average rates
wero 41.52 and 41.22 per cent, respectively.
Tile fluctuations nntad won. Him tn
chances in value in imnorta.
ii me isemocratfl nx an average rate or
less than 30 tmr rwnt .. nn lnilnntn4 hv thn
t : . r -
Underwood bills, It will be the most sub
stantial downward revision of the tariff
unit nas tieen authorized since the days
before the civil war.
Business Men Kear Special Messina
Mar t'anse Unwise Haste.
Chicago. Nov. IB. While Inclined to
question the need for tariff revision.
Chicago captains of Industry feel that
woodrow Wilson's decision to call an
extraordinary session of Congress to
consider the subject will relieve the
buslnes world of a certain amount of
uncertainty. The attitude Is If tariff
tinkering Is on the programme of the
new Democratic Congress, let It come
as soon as possible, that business may
readjust Itself to conform to the new
conditions. They cannot retrain, how
ever, from sounding a warning against
precipitate action.
John a. Shedd. president of Marshall
Held & Co., said:
"I feel that tho Democratic party
Is charged with a very heavy responsi
bility In this matter of the tariff. I do
not believe that It should take hasty
or preclpltnte action. I think that the
tariff should be revised only nfter ex
haustive study of the various schedules.
The Democratic party cannot afford to
make tariff mistakes.
On that ground I am opposed to a
special session. I would far prefer that
the tariff be token up at a regular ses
sion. There would then be no occasion
for haste und change could be made
after the closest study. I am also
strongly In favor of a continuance of
the tariff commission, that the Congress
might have the benefits of Its Investi
George M. Reynolds, president of the
Continental and Commercial National
Rank, said: ,
"I believe the majority opinion among
business men It that Inasmuch as busi
ness Is going along actively and In tre
mendous volume we ought tu defer con
sideration of tariff revision. Prom the
standpoint of the Immediate future that
might be Just the right stand to take.
I am of the same opinion, however, as
the country doctor who calls on n
patient who has a fever and decides that
n fevor medicine must he given. We
.have Just had an election In which tho
people have said In nn unmlstakablo
voice that Congress must make a re
vision of the tariff. I am not sure, but
wo should bo Just ns well off if the
medicine Is given ns soon as possible."
J. C. V. Merrill, secretary Board of
Trade, said:
"I am strongly opposed to the special
session. The result cannot be fore
seen, and It will have a depressing effect
on business."
Isaac Kelm, vice-president of Slegel,
Cooper A Co., said:
"I think that the people Indicated
their choice nn this Issue when they
elected Gov. Wilson to the Presidency,
nnd they will be content to stand by his
Judgment In this matter."
William S, Jackson, former president
Roard of Trade, said:
"An extra session of Congress for
consideration of the tariff Is both un
necessary and likely to prove Injurious
to business generally."
Itrpiiril llanl for n-rarii Cnnnt,
A, J. -Kastnn Itrslilrner I'ntrrrd.
One of tho biggest hauls of lewelrv
burglars; have ever made In llereen
county, N. ,I was that from tho home
of .lames I. Kaston of I.eoiiln. np.ir
Hnckcnsack, Thursday , night. Kntry
WHH obtained bv forciiiL- tin. .
" ' ...ifn . . , .
w'n ,nw "! I"'""' wel
vlslt to pomo blends. The lo
lining room
ere out on n
loot Included
mori' ,,m" twenty-five articles, mostly
rings und pins.
Tho Jewelry was valued at about t- .
Una t.i . . " "
000. It he onh'cd o Mrn. KaHton'a Bister
and whh Htnlpn frnm t
unu was moien from tho Intter'a hed-1
Ilrnokli-n Hn- Killed hy Anlo.
Hubert Kroiiii. I ivnr ,f ...... i.ii.. ..i....
, ' " .' , " Ml If I'lllJ-
yemeruay in me trei't near hU home tt i
MS Fourteenth street, llnioklyti, Has Mnmk 1
?.'..'!.. l'u..",.l.,..,.,l!V,l,il,',,"'i,,d hy Henry Kriin-'
iiii.iii in .-.i.-w wci'iin iivenue inn i i.i ii
i ... i - i , ......... . .I.-., in ii
i .in . .i . ... ".:"'
..... . ..n.ii.r i,, nn , ii,, ,y Hm lev ,. ...
avoiu common witn a truck.
Modus Vivendi Not Yet Agreed
Upon Rumor Rfllscs
Mighty Storm.
Declnrc Passport Question Must
Not Be Sacrificed for
PaHry Dollars.
Wabiunoton, Nov. 15. Developments
in the Russian treaty situation to-dny
made it clear beyond all doubt that no
agreement huB yet been reached by thfl
two Governments for u modus vlvcndl
which would avert a tariff war.
But even moro significant was the warn
ing sounded by Jewish leaders that any
Administration which attempted to' dodge
the passport issue for the sake of trade
relations with Iliibsia would bring upon
itself a tremendous attack hacked by tho
combined strength of all tho Jews and
Jewish interests in this country. Koports
published to-day to the effect that such
a plan was ubout to be consummated
started a movement of protest from
Jewish citizens which threatens to provo
moro formidable than the original tight
that resulted In the denunciation of. tho
Treaty of IR32 by President Taft last
What may be expected was clearly
Indicated here to-day in a statement
given to The Sun by Simon Wolf, an at
torney of Washington.
Mr. Wolf is a close friend of President
Taft, has the entry to the White House
at all times and is regarded by both official
and unofficial Washington as the untitled
representative of the Jewish Interests
of Washington. Mr. Wolf said:
"We shall do all in our power to prevent
any arrangements being made with
Russia whereby the passport question
will be ignored, shelved or postponed and
simply the money question may be tho
pivot for continued friendly relations.
It is better to have no relations whatever
with Russia and then ultimately to secure
the great purpose for which we havo
been lighting than subordinate the real
Issue for the sake of a few altry dollars.
"I speak only as an American citizen
in this matter, for it is an issue which
affects the great issue of the rights of
American citizens abroad.
This country fought a great war
lasting four years for tho sake of a prin
ciple, is it now going to sacrifice that
principle for the sake of a relatively in
significant amount of money?
'Should such an agreement settling all
the trade issues and ignoring the real
issue, the rights of American citizenship,
be made then all would bo lost. Russia
would gain by such an agreement nil
that she has at stake in this matter. With
all danger of her goods being barred
from this country by prohibitive tariff
rates though a modus vivendi, Russia
will then be in a position where Bhe could
forever refuse to settle the passport
question. And the United States would
lose what little advantage of position
it has in the matter. "
Mr. Wolf has discussed the matter of
the Russian treaty with President Taft
and his Cabinet frequently and very
recently. He is of the opinion that there
is not the slightest, intention upon the
part of President Tart to mane sucn an
The opinion generally accepted to-day
was that tho report that an agreement
for a modus vivendi had been reached
was put forth from a source much in
terested in such nn agreement being
made to sound public opinion.
It is known that American business men
who have inquired at the Department of
State in Demon or bvletter.os to the situ
ation which will prevail after tho expira
tion of the treaty or 1832 next month
have been Inrormed that all hope of J
avoiding a i-ann war nas noi. oeen aoan
doned. Whether this hope has sprung
from faith in the nlan of a modus vivendi
agreement or not is not known. It is
now certain the vigorous opposition of
the Jews in the United Statex will bo
sufficient to make the Administration go
very slowly In making an agreement with
Russia covering tho commercial ques
tions and Ignoring tho passport issuo.
For political reasons also It Is honed
that the tariff war may lx averted, lie
cause of the delicate situation in the
far Hast the continuation of Russian
friendship for the United States is re-
arded as vitally important. Tho United
tates has boon foremost In exerting every
effort to maintain the concert or the
Powers on the Chinese question. A rup- j
ture between Russia and the United Stats i
mtgnt nave serious consequenoea. with
regard to the situation in the far K&tt
Trlls Andlencr of City's Work unit
Anavrers durations.
For two hours last night in tho great hitl
of Cooper Union liorough President
George McAneny held the platform ut
tho regular meeting of the People's In
stitute, and to an audience which fol
lowed him closely and questioned him
sharply afterward reported on the prog
ress made in municipal matters during
the present administration nnd described
the improvements embodied in the pro
gramme lor tne iiiiure.
John Furrov Much el. President of the
Board of Alderm n, who was !to have
assisted In the ovinlng'n discussion of tho
city's needs, wa- unall to be present
Tho greatest frd olall confrontjngtlio
city, Mild Mr McAneny, is Homethlng
unproaching a dellnite and well organized
pun of development, u pluu which will
provide for future building, for an iin-
firovement In the distribution of papula
Ion nnd for tho most effective location
of city works of every description.
"And this," said Mr McAneny, "la nil
Important now. while we are building up
what will he the greatest city or the
'I ho liorough President declared that
he huw.tho greatest opportunity In ecu
tinning tho work already done on forty,
two street!- in vannuH uirta nf the citv
where the Moop line hud been done uwnv
with and the full use of the sidewalks
secured. Mnny of these streets had horn i
rendered attractive bv iheso
and applications wero being constantly
received from properly holders in other
sections for a similar overhauling by tho
city authorities.
Killed l- n Snlivtny Train,
A nmn Ihouuht lobe K, I'linnell. who live
j at t'.'ii Kimt i i:il htrei'l, a ir.-it i mui i employed
i by the Intel hnrouuh Hnfilil Transit Cum.
W "'.iy'i '." , Jlln or ' ' death
"M, "Ma f.r01" ir a Mint hlwiuiid Mihivny
train at nut h Htre.-t mui riilrd awriue
li'iuN lo I hi' heller thnt the mull nai INuuiell.
llrlr Ortllli'iitfN Anttiiirlr.i-il.
At.lllS'Y. 'nv l.'. 'i'li.t iu..i,,i.. ti..i.u..
Servire 'omiiiiinn h.n iiiilliiiri.;i-il llm i;ri.
lUllinad Conilnuy lo exeuitn uuld
mom in,-, ,,i. .... ... .i .......' '
" '""".'i' i.'ii" in i in in ii mi in
.. nril,.H 111 117 ,...V ....... . 'l "' '' Ti
Iniiriai. .".muii
We Cannot Afford Delays.
Time saved in building
means money saved.
Building by our Single Con
tract Method means money saved
always because we guarantee
you in advance that your cost
and our profit shall not exceed a
specified figure, and we cannot
afford delays.
Our M." Tht Hetfn SlngU Cenhotl
Mtlhcd ofBsilaint. on reqvnL
t tlonj
Wood Pulp Reciprocity Litiirii.
ion Discussed at. Confer
ence in White House.
Wabhinoton. Nov. 15. Several tariff
questions were discussed at a conferem
at the White House to-day attended by
President Taft, Attorney-General Wick,
ershom, Secretary of the Treasury Mac
Voofeh Assistant Secretary Curtis and
Chandler P. Anderson of the State De
partment. The most Important question
discussed was the attitude of the Federal
Government toward the case of the Cliff
Paper Company, now pending in New
York, in which the company contends
that section 2 of tho reciprocity act under
which wood pulp and print paper are ad
mitted free of duty from Canada is in
operative. This provision was passed
oy congress independently of the reel
proclty measure whioh was rejected lat
year by Canadian voters. Germany and
other countries producing wood pulp
have asked for the free admission of their
wood pulp on the same terms as ar
granted to Canada.
Tho Federal Government has refused
and a test case has been Hied In the United
States Customs Court. Recently the
Cliff Paper Company filed a similar case
In the Federal courts in Now York in
whioh the legality of the second section
of the reciprocity act is attacked. Th
Government has taken the position that
the act is valid nnd has enforced its pro
visions since its passage. Ah tho decision
in the Cliff raso will have an important
Iwaring on other pending cases the De
partment of Justice, through Aiisistum
Attorney-General Weniple, in Wiargo of
customs matters, will prolwbly lllo n
motion to expedite Its disposition.
Another question considered at to-d iyS
conrerence was the request or tho Gorman
Government ror a continuanco or tin
suspension or tho projoHl countervail.
Ing duty on split peas nnd flour imports!
into the country from Germany.
Tho Treasury Dopartmont soon wi"
issue regulations governing thu ft
admission of articles used In shipbuil 1
ing under the Panama Canal act fii- .'
ut the last session of CongreM. N !
tary MacVeagh baa rowived prw
from manufacturing concerns uk.iIu-.:
liberal interpretation of tho I iv.
Foar Fleets on Wny Will lie
lowed to Reach Drntlnatlonr.
Albany, Nov. 15. The Stute cam -close
at midnight officially. There nr"
four fleets of boats on the Erie C.uu'
one bound west and three east. It U
expected they will all reach the end uf
their canal Journey by Sunday.
Boats on the Champlaln Canal will
be permitted tq reach their destination
Auction Bridge
in Ten Lessons
As played since the adoption
oi tne new count
Grace G. the de
Montgomery jfvice "qu"'.
tion and answer
ti s nw hex great experience
t- mall. as student
51.33. and teacher is
Compressed into
rthis small volume.
1611 mill Ave.
Flflh Ave. ami I'lfly-iUtu Sireet
1'ieaeher To-morrow
Riv. J. H. JOWETT, M. A D. D.
SJornlnB herlcr t n oVIopk.
All seats free at 11 o'clorU
Afternoon Service at :.vi.
All uMi tree at
Mid-week ;;rvlr- In the Chapel on Wrdnrvlai
al 8:15 P. M. will be conducted by l)r Jort
i w i.st io rn .vr
8:W A. M.. nible school Se ulon
oun Women's Class: Mrs. Merrctt, Le.nlc
herjlci's sie held In the fnllnvini:
Christian Science Churches
Sunday.,1 1 A.M. and 8 P.M. Wednesday., 8 P.M.
First i.'hurrh. Central ParU West nn i nun St.
iJt'ionil.nur?n' lntrl Park Wct ami ilim si.
7 bird Church, 125th si, anil Madison Axe
Inurih Church. ) West mist si,
Fifth Church. Marttou Av and UHth St.
SUlli Chinch, l'ark Av ami rtist si.
Central Frcsbyterian 1. 1 urch
WT.yr s7tii st.. m:au tiiiiuiin u
nrv. Wll.TO.N MIIUI.H.SMITH 111' 1-
preaches at 11 A M unilal' M
livcnlnc subject: "luUTIi Al. iUOBI.KU
Strreonilcon Views In thr afirr nr-iinr
0.15 A. M nunc Men's M'bla Suil i luh
, HI' M SnhbalhSol-orl
Devotional Service Wrilncnloy at 8 I' y
M1MS A UNt i; m:i (HtMl l flit lit
.iiiinin Avcniif. turner nl :.;ih Sin r
nn Avcniif. turner ut :.7ih Mini-
r.venlnu, llev
anil Cantaia.
Frederick I" Shannon, n
'The Holy City." hy ilm
St. Chomas Church
M11II W. AMI o.m ST
itcv. i:iiNi:sr i stihi;s, i, i. lienor
i A M., Holy Communion
II. Mornlut .Service anil Sermon
I, r.M'nvmir'anil Sermon.
Trinity 1'nrl.li, I hsprl of the Inlrrrrxt
llrnoitway A lisih St. Itcv. M, II liatrs. II
lcnr . s.i-.. tin, loJ, II A, M anil H V
Ch'iial hen loo. Ilr (iatcs prfarlir-
. Mi:MilltlAI. IIMTIST, Wnihlnslmi So .
.uuani .luilsmi, i'aMiir. n 111 pieach. mini.
illl. The i:act CIi.hiku 111
H I Irih H Mum Ii
i vi mui; iai, Illinium
..81' MA ri'llliY
ST MATTI1UWS ClItMll'H. Mth, near I i in
yMk Wets iiev. Arthur II, Judtc. Hector
vices and 11 A, U.; ( I'. M.

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