Newspaper Page Text
SA'l i M. , hi. t ! im i: :m. iiii-j. I ntf ml at the I'.i-l nilii .U Sr ill k as Sri . Ml .1 I i.ms M .ill M.Mlrl. Nuimi rli.llum lit tiVII.Y, IVi" Xloiilli IIXII.V, I'rr im M Nli.U . IV e.H Hall, 'olftM III. 911 Ml 1 IMI J All s Ml DAILY WIINI SHU DAILY AMI. si WV , I'ri rip , I'rr Mitiiih "? I'uslaiic In li.irlen tountrli mMr.l. All rlift Its, motirv ..i.lcti., Ao , In l.r uiaile pal -able in I'm .si s. t'libltslinl iliiiv. in. enl'iig .Suiulin hv 0i Sun t'llnllnif nn.l I'lihll-liluii s-...rliitl.iii at i;nnsnti street, In thr llitriiiitfli ill MhiiIiiiII.hi. .Nrw X.nU Vrrsltlrnl uml I rcn-nri r, William c licit k. 10 Nnssnusirtct In -1'ir-iilrnt. tMusiil 1 Mlt.hcll. I.tl Nassau -irei'i, m nctiirj . i lielt r S l...iil, 17u TSttSrAU sllcrl l.omliin o.Tlir I'Aliiiiham House, I Arutnlrl ttrct . Strnn.l Paris olllie, f. Hue ilr 1.1 XtlrhiMlftrr nl Hup illl Cllilltr Septi nil.tc n-.)iln striri (iir.ee llil.lis lliilldlnc. BrouUsu olThr U'. l.lv lncst.ui Mteet It ".' fr Pe). i m tarnr u! u-' llHurii'lr." t ;ii,'i. taunu u artirlfi rf'firii ttiry rttif cl ' tut that twrptf "i influ' tr rtpti rtl.t ft lit rturr tejntcit I'fl'M f fl-l ilfll'l OIl Iteiiioerat ami n, The Trenton 7Vnr Amiriatti cele brates "i lie New Oemoeracy." The name was not on the Democratic ticket last fall, but the thitii; cxi-ts. The Old Uemocriuy le!iecil that the Government should mind its own busi- I ncss; the New holds that theCoverntnent tion, the restoration of order In the dis uliould mind everybody's Im-iness. turbed district. Tho Old Democracy swore by the t To accomplish this the nuthoritios, Constitution closely and rigidly con- ! sworn ollicers of the laws that are defied Rtmed; tho New will always strain and , and flouted by the leaders of the Indus eeek to chance the Constitution. , trial Workers of the World, may be The Old Democracy stuck to rrpre-(compelled to ndopt extraordinary moas- wntntivc government, the New yearns for "direct" government. Still if there should be a referendum, wouldn't the Old Democrats be mightily in tho majority? Mr. Morsan's Cont rilnit Ion to the .Success of an lit ct I gal Ion. Mr. Mor.OA.v went on the stand on Thursday to face a not very friendly committee, a some what hostile counsel nnd a roomful of spectntois in the mood of curiosity rather than of sympathetic interest. Accounts agree as to the ex traordinary change wrought in tlie atti tude of nil those people by the manner nnd substance of the witness's icplies as the examination proceed Tho same effect has been produced in the minds of the hundreds of thousands who havo rcail tins testimony in print. The remarkable impression is rellectetl in the comments of tlie press urion the Directness, simplicity and convincing quality of Mr. Mohimn'h expressions or opinion alsiut the principles and moth-1 ods or honorable business There seems to lie here a fact of psychology well worth the tonsidera- tion of the Pujo committee and of all 1 others interested in ascertaining the true source of financial power and pre- ( dominance. They have unconsciously f yielded, for one afternoon at least, and ' the general public reading Mr. Mon-' oan'h testimony lias also unconsciously ! yielded, to the force of character and i force of personality which constituto in the Inst analysis the only real secret , of such influence as he 1ms been able to exercise in the larger affairs of finance nnd industry. And the witness who ho repeatedly brushed aside the non essentials of success in tin- larger field nnd insisted so earnestly on character na the chief basis of commercial credit was equally unconscious of the perfect demonstration he w.ts making of the wjurco of financial power. Now, that very discovery is or ought to be tlie main purpose of thn inquiry ;oing on nt Washington. We congrat ulate the committee on its notablo Jirogrcss. Turkish niplomac.T. An Italian who participated in the proposal is not new. Senator Gkohok making of the recent Peace of liu- j H. Pendleton of Ohio many years ago nanno characterized Turkish diplomats I included it among his reforms, one of M "masters of the art of losing time." I which was a classified civil service; Jt Is now plain that IU:cniD Pasha Is! ami in February, 1SSI, a Senato corn renewing the tactics which he employed mittee reported unanimously in favor with Italy. Tim ri owing irritation or . or n plan to give seats in both Senato tho Balkan allies demonstrates that and House to members of the Cabinet they, like their opponents, appreciate the peril to them of this policy But for the Turk the advantage of delay is plain. Of his Kuropean terri tory he has lost nil but tho capital and three fortresses, Adrianople, Janina nnd Hcutnri, Since the great Powers re fuse to allow the Allies to hold Constan tinople, n prolongation of tho wnr can cost tho Turks only tho threo fortresses, '" ijind theso the Allies demand na tho price pt peace. War or pence, then, means for tho Turks precisely the same ter ritorial loss. The prospective gains of paciflo or belligerent polioy are, however, widely different. From pence tho Turk has nothing to gam but the minor ndvan lages to commerce, since tlie ouestion tit lives is not ono which Turkish states-1 Representatives and Senatots can as tnen havo to consider, whilo pence on scrt or claim, the terms proposed would probably! Mr. Taft says that there has been moan tho fall of the present Ministers, ! much lost motion in tho maehineiy of i possible internal revolution, nnd dls-government owing to tho "rigid holding order throughout t ho Islamic world In a prolongation of tho contest, on 4he other hand, the Ottoman can easily yccognizo possible if not nssured profit. Tho Greeks and Bulgars, already at odds over Salomon, may fall out. Tho tnlonder financial resources of tlie Allies nuy prove unequal to tho continued maintenance of groat armies In the held, which must be supplied over imperfect and uncertain lines of communication. Exhaustion of his foes may win a war which tho Turk's nrmies have lost. Hack of the questions which concern tho Allies Uo those which interest the great Powers. A prolongation of the war might easily bring a recurrence of Auatro-KusHian differences, Thn na tions whoso financial interests in the Balkan Stales are large will naturally ho extremely relu Ctailt to tn.rmif .. fiiptkor .lo. r .. uiiniiirnn in a IIIIHIIIOSSIIKe WBV. It further destruc on of property. KveryJifccms to be Mr. Taft'h fat,, to rL Mgument of eolf-lntcrest would prompt ! tin1 ureal Powers to etulthewur; ntulthe i Turk plainly hopes, loiiiemliorinn the, jpusi, that Kuropt' will again sanriHc ! tin' llulkan H'npl to lis own tleslrcs. I II tin' Coliccil il Kuiop." taki'S a ! illllcieiil View anil the existence or 1 1 1 ( iiiii'i'il ii'iiuiiiiH piolili-liiatical, if tin1 j ItiKsian sympathy with tin; Ualkans . leeciitly oicnl by tht-CzjirV Prime Min I itT pii'vnils- Turkey can yield to the I Kl ! I Poweis; lint to slli relliler Adria 1 iniple except under Kiinipean pressiuc lis iinposiilile lor Oltomaii iliploiiiaey. , I May. in addition, means an improve ment m the Tin I; military situation which nilnlit plove deeisivt; if war finally returns. The war will lie resinned only if Ktnope is unalile to autee as to a policy, hut if it ls resumed the uieaslltc of llllliisli loss can only bo the foHre-es who-e sut-iit Would not be. but in practice the render is now asked. Time is the Cabinet ollicers would have two tnas Turk's ally, and he is merely making , ters. In case of a bitter contiover.y legitimate use of the only weapon lelt ' lietween the Piesidenl and Congress and the weapon he handles best. jtheie iniylit be embariassmeiits and 'even awkward complications if a tneui- "Xn (iod, No I'latr." j'M'r f le Cabinet in attendance on The authorities of Little Falls ,lt.j'onK'' k its side nains the P(eM serve the heartiest moral and material whieh iiiiKht InmIoiw witlioiil .- support of every law abiding citizen of the State in their struggle with the revo lutionists of the Industrial Workers of the World. The fact that tlie mass of the offenders are ignorant of the real purposes or their leaders cannot absolve tlie peace officers of the city, the county and the State from the performance of their duties. Discussion of the causes which led to the present situation must be deferred until societv has aecom- plished its lirst and fitiidatnentnl func ures. I hey must meet the assaults of reckless, resourceful agitators endowed witli unusual cunning and animated by a malicious disposition. They must also combat the activities of unprinci- pled notoriety seekers who long for 'personal advert isement. It is n com- nionplace to hope that no injustien be i done, no unnecessary force be used, that, no mistake of judgment may be made. Hut should they err the public . weal will be better served by support of their blunders than it can be by , espousal of that cnuse"whose motto is 1 "No CtOD, No Flag!" The Capital of Common Some. Open the ntlas at Georgia, put vour .finger on Clarke county in tho north- east or the northeast central, (treat names, Madison and .Jackson, are to the north nnd west. Oglethorpo is cast, Clarke is greater than they all. 1vik at it ami say: "Here is the capital of common sense." I'or thn Clarke eoiintr Grand Jurv wants the Georgia legislature to forbid the making or selling of pistols whose barrel is less than sixteen inches long, No more concealed weapons; no more futile laws against carrying them, Murder tools must bo "toted" In the open. A sound plan. In richer nnd more populous communities it might be amended with advantage, perhaps. In this town, for instance, the "gun" might havo to bo three feet long, but tho root notion is impeccable. No "guns" excent on tho dock. The capital of Clarke county is justly named Athens. "Gold." saysour valued friend the gazetteer, "is fount! in this county." It is; but never a richer nugget of it than this proposed sixteen inch long pistol law. Attendance of Cabinet Officer on Congres. In a message to Congress Mr. T.vft recommends legislation requiring that members of tho Cabinet shall at con venient times attend sessions of tho House nnd Senato "to take part in all tliscllsslnna nnd in ntisu'tir nimaiinno nf which , h , , . , ' seats witliout votes, of course, for Arli- cle XI., Section fi, of tho Constitution provides that "no person holding any office under the Tinted States shall be a member of either house during his contintiancu in office." It has been pointed out that the Con stitution says nothing about commu nications between otlieials other than tho President nnd Congress. Congress created the executive dcjiartmentH, and there seems to lxi no reason why it can not direct their chiefs to come to the Capitol at set times and answer ques tions or give Congress information upon subjects that occupy its attention. Tlie Cabinet members would draw no salary for their attendance, nor would the'v ! have any rights or nrivileces such ok ujmui, n inu cit'ciiiivo unti legislative branches of this Government." It is almost as ir tho President wero reuding out of "The American Commonwealth," by his friend tho British Amlgissador; " The sailor, the helmsmen, the engineer, tlo not soem lo havo oun purpose or obey one will, so thai Instead of making steady way the vese may puisne a tlevloun or zigzag course, ami somtillmes merely turn round and round In tho water ", Much friction would be prevented and much tlmu saved if Congress did not havo to get information from the departments In such a roundabout way, that is to my, by calling upon tho President to obtain it from tho heads of departments and formally commu nicate it. There would bo less futllo legislation and fur less specious and foolish talk. Congress could transact business in capital reforms if it is not givon to him THE SUN, to effect them, lint It is to In' oliserved that if the members of the Cabinet, not Into touch witli Congress their present relation with the President would un dergo a cliaiiue. They are now assist ants and advisers in his hoii.seholil. He calls them around him Tor conference and instruction, He is the chief or each and the chief or all they ate under his ordeis and he is responsible Tor their failure. I'.veii the annual reports which ('onnre-s directs them to make lire addtessed "to the Piesidenl ." It is rather it nice tpiestion whether If members of tho Cabinet were te- I llited to attend sessions of Congress . and take the slimd, as it were, wlieii , information was wauled of them the I Piesideiit's ailtliority over them would not be gradually modified. In theory 1 nicious activity. Spelling Hers. Our humble duty to Mrs. .Iisi:rni.r. ColiLtss PlIK.STON, elect ill State Super intendent of Schools in the State of Washington last November. She has a number of excellent ideas aliout edu cation, but here is her allegiance to an old and faded or fading institution, her lirnlinif I reviv.nl nf wliieh id.wnrtli fill the tieu-rnni'l.-l tvlnenl inmil liiTiiri.. ! UI.I..I. nr.. ,.rvv.l! , f I... n. I11..1I I ' necessaries: "I nhoulil like to urr the pellltic lire adopted nil ovy the Slate I think the children need In lenrn to spell -that Is our nf the old faihloned thliim we ran hardly drop from Ihe ehnol rurrii-iihim In Walla Walla counts' lat winter ne had wonderful uore with onr ielllnz l.rei, and I am confident similar ui'i e can lie attained hy worklnc the plan on a larae M-nle ' The spelling bee, tho spelling school; good old solidly useful diversions of simpler times, intellectual competitions that trained the memory, made the most difficult orthographies adhere to it, made it a matter of ambition and pride to be a good speller. The leaders, the choosing or tlie siiles. the weeding out of all but the most heroic combatants when the mysterious and deceptive words, the "stickers," were hurled out; lt was ns tiisgracetui not to l. u good speller in those day as it is common to be a careless speller in these. Hu-iness men arc always complaining of the ec- centric orthography or oncography of their typewriters and their clerks. The graduate of the public schools has had a lot of things tiling at his mind, but spelling; is too coarse and plebeian a thing to bother himself about. It is mere bread, and he has been brought up on sponge cake. Tlie 1 Jist needs better spellers, more careful teaching of spelling in the schools, spoiling bees or schools. We begin to Mispect that it needs woman school superintendents. llllclt Advertising. Householders and publisher alike will welcome the ruling of the Court of General Sessions that it is a misde meanor fornny one to insert in a news paper a circular or other form of adver- t ikllirv ! tf rtut tiino iit.t n titiniluip "'"""N- n rewind iiiim intnii'vi of newsdealers have been practising i Zl":' i . J .,,n1, .... i, ....... n ...-..- in iim.- t uih; i.w:-!.- shects. advertising the wares of various tradespeople in the neightiorhood. in the Sunday editions of the newKipers that they distribute. In many cases, even, tho appearance of these extra sheets has been made to bear a super ficial resemblance to the advertising pages or the newspaper in which they were inserted. The unfairness of such a practice to publishers is obvious: tradesmen who advertised thus were obtaining surreptitiously through the medium of Ihe newspaper nt least as much publicity as did the paper's legit imate advertisers, It is prolwble, moreover, that the gen eral public will bo no less grateful than tho publishers for the decision given by the Court of General Sessions. final return canvassed to-dsr show the euual suffrage amendment Inst In .Miehl- I ean bv 7(in majority Vrtpntch mm l.tm- Htnrj, Mtrh It would be nn unfeeling man who should bring to the nttention or the suffragette army marching on Albany this small item or news w ith such a sling in it. Forty-three for nine holes of golf is pretty good tor Mr .loltv I). ItocKKKKl, T.Kli, who is now in his seventy-fourth year. It is said that ho is not a strong driver iioseptungonariiiii is but that his npproachitiK and putting urn accurate. They must bo if he makes such scores. The appearance of Mr ItocKKPKi.t.i'.it may now be expected at Apiiwamis uoxt summer Unless he hiiITcis from stage fright hn ought to lie high man at thn end of the veterans' tournament. The refusal of Honor FltiiTitB Andrade, tho new .Mayor of Havana, to light a duel with nn ejected ofllco seeker Is a danger ous innovation Tho infuriated limn may attack tho constitutionality of A.viiiunn's election, refuse to reoognlzn it, and start a revolution atSun Antonio tie ion llanos, Professor Hiram IIinmiiam of Vale has done valuable nrchn'ologlcnl work In Peru, nnd In the past ho has received soma con- . ... .1 i . L. . ... Hiueruiioii iioiii mo iiuvrriiiiirni. i. una that hu would bo thn first to acknowledge On his last expedition, which was mndn to excuvate tho ruins of the Indian city of Machu I'iecliu, tho Peruvian Govern ment does not seem to havo been as gra cious us usual, Professor IIinuiiam, who has just returned from Peru, is quoted us saying: "Wo had great difficulty this time In getting our cases of specliiieus out of the country ami were delayed seven weeks by tho ledlouj objections of thu Peruvian (loverniiicnl At first the officials would nut allow us to take anything at all, then I hey said that we could take half or whul weluul, then they permitted ua lo take what they tlid not want, At last they were iitirsiiNiletl to lei us take all the bones and fossils which we hail collected, but tho decree of tho tlov eriimeut wus as insulting na it possibly tould be," Hie decree which Professor Dikquau -SATURDAY, DECEMBER liiellliiilis wus dnilhtli'HM a ureal tlisup poilllllient In lili i,i i IV It liiili.ide t ln-ltl to proloiitt their wml; after December J, mill they wen- directed not u tJcfuoo uuy 1 or tlie mills or Miiclm I'iecliu Obviously I the Peruvians hail decided to excavate for themselves and in ueerve tlmir own arcliicolonlcnl specimens in ihe musuetn at Lima Iherc is wiirrnnl for this atll-1 tuile in tlie pulley of ill" Italian mid F.gyp linn (loveiiitneiits, which no longer pcr inll relics tn he (luj; up and cat ried uway 'Die I.Kyiiti.in iiiii-v'II til al lltllak, outside Cairo, is well worth a visit Iroin arclueolo gists. Tlie Pel avians line llii'ir own soiell- I(.Im. ltlli tll'.i t.'... .nlk iiifi.t-.llil ill fellfll mit.j, (.;,Hl,ri. 1,ou,,m s Miiclm Picehu, mid it woiiid be n tnlstake lo siippoe that civilization lia nut ruined a rnnlhold at. Lima, Aiequipu and oilier cities. No student can visit Lima without becoming intei'i'hled in tlie tildest educational Inxti- tution in the Americas, the 1'iiiversity of Sail .Marcos It has tint lmiltliii;s n tit I a learned lititl proKressise faculty which pi nvidi's a liberal ethical ion in the arts and sciences. 'I'here are oilier univer-. silies at Areqiiipa, Cuzeo nnd Trujillo. Interest in arclueologv is bv no uieatis I new in rem, Dill pernnps ine liovrril- ment s deci'dnn to monopolizit relies for the uiitiiiu's museums is comparatively ho. The wording of the decree complained of may havo been Mich as to give offence to Professor IIisoiiam and his party, but the policy that prompted 11 cm hardly be objectionable painter with a Utile nlrnlinl Kirnim; Not a water color artist at least The reort that flreek and Turkish Ad-'the Ulirnls eicliailgod wirele-s inessaun tlur t''ir Weill battle SllggCstS lll.lt Oil I it rr a tinrrni morn horror has been added to war it Is more tllftlrult In pet a good rnnk In New ork lli.tii It U to get a good doctor and a good niire. Ilr. Hah low lliiooks to thr AVir l'orfc Acarlrmv of Merticittr. Naturally, nnd why not? It is harder to get a good cook than to get a Rood architect, banker, carpenter, financier, geographer, herald, illuniiner, jobber, king, lawyer, metallurgist, navigator, obstetrician, philologian, qimrryinan, res taurateur, sinologue, thaumaturge, up lirter. violinist, wlrnrtl, xylogrnplier, yogi, 'zoologist . M Nottingham to-night they th mili tant suf1r.igelte tin ihe leeching wires In eight or nine public telephone booths .omiiit ttmimlrh in ymU r,hiu' Srs Dear, gracious creatures, suffused with lovely logic! " e will lie n nuisance until you give us the right to voto " I'ufort li mitely Mere Man U so mail., that ho is j ashamed to be bulldozed, mid how- can he 1 know that these daughters ot light won't I bo nuisances after taking the ballot as well as before? As an example of seir-ie-traint the nflieial bulletins of the llulg.iriaii War Ollit e deservti honorable mention. I'p to November .10. that is mud the armistice uegoti.it inns began, the Miilgnri.iii official statements numbered but twenty. one. Cliltl.sl.MtS OI.lt .l. It .Vl.ll. Tlie lloarlng Open I'lrt I rhimllcs of 'I Wanting to W11M Ills Age. To NIK Christmas l.nniui ok 1 nr. hi s Sir in the country 1 a whole-ale delight in 1 lie cm - ,ltiall..n ms.i middle. nnn rieps in and divcsi n of a good nianv of lis , harm I here is ihr .anie pni ihe same reason ior distributing happlnc- i.r..n...l ii r,.r iiifiit.-iniiL- in. n.,u..ri.i f..r thn.. .'.impelled 1.1 look on h.imiucls and listen to rejoicings with ib-palr in their souls mid hunger in their mouth In b.iili country and citv we recall eiind Pleasures, siwered frlend-hliis. anl-hed I I - ' . ni-.i... ni' mi-uip-, ti 1 1 1 - i in i ,'"'. Hiat e.irU r.tiih in the glorious- 1 lies of life thai will never be m-i up In our hearts again We run i.er all the b gone festival and eml b HiitiHing them all better thin the pres.. nt. mutt we are fain lo be lieyi. thai ( hri-lmas is mil what It used lo be. which simply means that we are no longer h it w r w ere This feeling Is connteritt led by looking nt the crouds of urchins to whom Cliri-lniis l pretty much the same as II was lo us l'hesu thoughts will alwnts be pre-eiil. but what we miss in Ihe eil Cliri-tinas is ihe fire, the huge bank. si no roaring lire, lliul all altr.it Mug lire, around wlmh we all sat in a semicircle, while we gazed and gaed j into Hie leaping names, thinking, itiliiMng. Tint was a proof poilive ot the sea-on, a proof Indispensable. Where are Ihe fire of ycMer-Chnstma? I siirpetl bv Ihe radiators, gas and asbe-los Moes and electric lighters ami nil Ihe 10-1 of our modern comforts, '.lieu fugnees' A a ritnral Frenchman put It. "I.lfe l a eol leeilon of recollect Ions for Ihe time when we shall have no memory,' and maybe, it is iiir-t as well Di.ii lil t t. HnnoM.Ts', December !" 4 viniwiinnv t iiitisr.M.is. All ('eleliraiils Hate a Thought for 11 Their I.Urs. T.i mi l.nnoa to Inr Scs s"i The t'oiiiiiuitee ou bafnv a-ks permission lo tall iitteniion through Hie tijliimns of your paper to the Increased danger of Are and loss of life in I he holiday season livery yeaV many lics are sacrificed ami considerable properly is ilestrnrt lie. huso of carelessness The candle lighted t'hrislmis tree ami cotton snou are invitations to disaster In Ihr home Let every one take thought about this nit nut ion mid work together for the elimina tion of holiday tragedies We have a "safe ami hiine' Fourth, why not a safe anil fire proof Christmas' riuvt i.s I'i:hkin. F.vecutlve Secretary Committee on Safety. Nkw York, December 2U r.inix lent r, Mathematics anil "the I'liit." To Tim lUiiiou ok Tun Son .sir; llsvlnr a few tin ago rfuuestetl tirtatn Inforniallua shout the rqtinl sulTrntr si do nf I lie last election, there whs scat lo ine u tiulk rn elope lllk'il with liters lure tleslgnril to sdwirtrr Itic eaiise, a rstnloiriie of hook!, iiiililblieil with Ihr ume rriif.e, anil s bin a 1 1 imniplili'l ot mi IT rote lettirles, tlsiril lull. Thrre was nho a cart! reipicstlug that Hie amount of I ho postage mi ilil relief lion ot prlnlnl mat ter, S I'tlltS. he lelllltlt'll 111 lilt! M IllllT. What I bhoulil like lo know U, khuulil IntrrfM from 1UII lo I1M5 he aihleil lollies trills w hrn re inlltance I inaile, htiotili! ihe z rrnls postage on the Irilrr riiiitftlnlng thr remlllanre bedrilurlrU from ihe sum iiamril: nr. since the pamphlet of tllll remained nn annul Information about the flection nf loir, am I hound hy an)ilihig In par-Ik-ulitr to rrmli any ruin al all! I., II, IIhooki.tN, llecrtiihrr ill. A threat Nenspaprr. To thk lliu run oi' Tin: Sun .Sir: Never was my opinion that "comlu" supplemonts are not a pail ol journalism moro truly eiriiiplitled, in my estimation, than In Tun Hl'.MUV Hun of Drcrmber 15, Accept my hearty congratulations nu your beautifully printed htictioiis of ait. .1, P, F, II I'NTiMinoN', Pa , December :o. 'three lltislneis Correspondence Phrases. To thk UniroK orTiiKKVN Mr.' Will some of i our readers kindly glr Ihr authority for Ihe ii m ot ihe phrskes mi toniiiiuii In business cor respnndnire ilurlne Hie past live or ten years: "I shall he rry pleated"; "Hope mi will Unit the good alrlghl", "That Is alright." C. lli'uriiiiBi. Naw Yohi, DeccunbM JO. , 21, 1912. SIIEItMAX LAW VOXSTttVVTWX. Thit Ilmrlin- or Hrirnt llrrliloni on thr IntrrprrUtlou of "Hetrmlnl." To iiik Kiutoi: or Thk Sun -.Sir- lla i In- Stiiirt-tnc Court in Ihn Union Pacini' Soul liern I'ai lfli! inrfitrr tiif rocodeil from Hie ilocirliiK nf Hip rule of rmnon einounded till fhi .miituUpil fill mtiit 'I'oliMf'rn paim) naH g0Ie 0 the Mtrnt of )0lUltiic uiui inn nitre iioiupmioii hi powrr in con miry to Hie Slit-rmiui law? And dorn that HIMilY to (lit Htrel Corporation and some ulhrr reut hidtintriat torporntlon? II is true tlmt In lliti Union Patiflncasp tie court nulcl: "It is tlie scope of biicIi comlil tm I Ions and tlirlr powrr to Hiiiiren or Htllte eompvtltlon or crtatti monopoly which tip ItTinliipi tliti appllcnlillity of tlin art." lint it li iiimri'iit that Ilia tprma "aoopp" and "powrr" urr mrd In u nirrrly rrlallvn smsr, and not at all to Indicat that xvery com liliuitloir hat a iM'opr or povtrrwhlt'li mrrta with llin ciiinlriiinallnii of (hv law. On tlie tithrr llulnl, the pomirsnloii of powrr capable of bi-liiK nsrd tt rrstraln Iruilp is not unlaw fill In lliu handi of aevrral itidr tipiiilrnt ownprs wlirii thrre li no combina tlou. 'I liU It ilrclarrd In the molt rrcrnt ophiloii of thr court. In the so-uallrd aiitlira- lru"1 ,'u",, Aflrr utalliig that tlie urirnciuui. rauroati companira coniroi Milixtniitlally I lis only means for tho trans- imitation of eo.il from the mlnea to tho een hoard, and that thoy alao control nearly thivr-foiirtha of tho nipply of anthracite which there flnda a market, the court aaya: "The situation ii tharefore one which In viicH concerted action and makes eieeed Imdy enny the accomplishment of any pur- pose, to dominate the nipply and control tlie priced nt seaboard." Hut notwithstand ing this condition of affairs the court found that because there wn no proof of a sen end combination there was nothlnif unlaw ful in the situation, At the same time the court found uKalnnt the defendants in two ftlMelf1i lnntntia uliaru lliau l.nrl rinmlilliH I in the line of their power; mid in doing so court followed out Its former declara tion thai no new rorms or combination could evade the law, for It found that a great number of Individual contracts had been made with a common object, and together constituted a combination even though theio was no prlxlty of Interest between tho parties making sueh contracts In the Cnlon PuclAo case there was but one tpiestlon of fact to be ascertained, and that was whether the two railroads con cerned hail been competitors: that question being determined in the affirmative there could be but one conclusion, In the light of reason, the acquisition of a mere voting control In the stock of the Southern Pacific was plainly not a step In the legitimate growth and development of the t.'nlon Pacific, and Just as plainly It was a plan, without a general unity of Interest between the two roads, to eliminate competition between them, and therefore of a scope and power contrary to the law. All the railroad cases which have been decided tinder the Sherman law havo been based upon the same reason, or moro prop erly shaking upon the same reasoning. 'I he railways, being great public highways, having tn an eitent an exclusive scope and power, the rates charged and the facilities offered have a direct and material effect upon trade and commerce, any scheme, therefore, which places a common control over such rates nnd other facilities of two or more competing roads raises a conclusive presumption of an Intent to interfere with the free flow of trade and commerce. No such conclusive presumption arises from a cimiblnatlon of tointetltors In industrial enterprises The distinction, was clearly inn d by Justice Harlan in thn Northern Securities rat-", where he points out that In tlm ease of railroads every combination for thr control of conielltlon is in restraint of trailo and unlaw fill, while In the case of industrial combinations they are unlawful "til V if Ihe.r do n'strain trade "Ih recent opinion in the anthracite coal can) contain- nothing to confuse this distinction, Ivi'mise that was essentially a commodity iHMi and not a railroad case. 'Ihe court found against the combination to control ''P"i "no price 01 roai; ine oursuon "r x,,fl r0""'0l ""r " -'ersey Central by I ,,IB "eadmg. whether those, roads wore competitors as raihoJids and whether n 1 normal growth and development had been 1 rrTerled, or only a stifling of railroad corn- pcimon mere questions were not passeti I "'"'n by the rourt. because not properly presented for Its consideration. ! I lie rule or leason Is not something new , .... . Injected Into the Sherman law for the nrt 1 "me by the opinion in Ihe Standard Oil ease. II Is merely a term used lo reveal the method by which the court will measure Ihe claim nf the tiovernmrnt that a combi nation or a contract Is contrary lo Ihe law. In the fid ami Tobacco ruses the court In lis opinions paid but little attention to the fact that those combinations had becomo possrssetl of great potter In a manufacturing ami financial way. The chief consideration was given tn the conduct and acts of surh combinations as showing lirst the intent to control competitive conditions for their own otclusrVe advantage, ami second, Ihe client to which thatintent had heenrarrletl out. Ami tho rourt then reasoned In the conclusion that such combinations had achieved a scope and power which could not bo regulated by Injunction against future acts, but miiet be destroyed. The same underlying reason will be found in all Ihr cases, hiicI lliHl Is that conditions shall not he brought about which tend to exclude opportunity for competition under fair circumstances, because an eirlusive control over conditions tend to higher prices or a poorer uuallly of servlrr, and as a consriiuence lo a restriction of trade and an Interference with commerce As regards thr Hlcel Corporation It eem lo be a fact that notwithstanding its great sie it has not achieved a scope anil power over conditions in the slrel industry The report of the Commissioner of Corpora lion on ihe steel ladustry shows that in liractitally every line of the Industry the competitors of Ihe corporation aro greater boili in number nntl eitent of output than at ami about tho time of Ihe organisation of Ihe company. nd II would seem that unless tho corporation has hen guilty of some acts of unfair control over competi tive conditions there Is mora th.iri u fair likelihood that it will bo found by the court to be a natural ami sunn development of a business unit, a combination In n sense, but more than tht-n concentration, for legitimate purpose of economy and profit ami ihe. extension of a worldwide trade and commerce, In irw of the repeated assertion of the court that tho Khrrman law is not an in strument to oppose a natural growth ami development, but rather to encourage enterprise, It is worth noting that even In rrgartt to railroads the court lias not yet held that ono roast may not acquire actual ownership of a competing road In the nor mal development of Its railroad system, ami when thn plan is not one lo secure a mere control for purposes of dominating the con ditions ot competition. P. f.BWII ANDKH80N. Nkw Yobi, Deceinber ;o. Paul .Smith. From Hit Sitrunac . Nttei, No words of appreciation or of praise are needed to be said of Paul .Smith, The work he did for the Adirondack! speaks for Itself; he found the legion a wilderness and left It a fairyland, yet with nearly all Its wild husuiy untouched, Paul Wnllh and that other great pioneer. Dr. K. h, Tnidrau, Joined bands In this, that they spread the fame ol the Adirondack around the whole world. Though ha bad reached' an ate when death should not be uneiptclet!, the news of hit patting It a shock to all who live la the North Woods. Paul .Smith teemed an Institution ot (be country. In Uarptt't Hagiittnt for January V. Sleftnt son continues the tlory of lit Arctic discoveries, I), H. Mania bat a delightful paper on children of former days, Professor I.ouoilury one of bis pleasant grammatical articles, .Stewart I!. White an account of how to t'i to Africa, while J, It, .smith describes agricultural Improvement! and II, N. Wardle the nint age. .sir (lllbert Parker's stria! It continued and intra are seven inert storks, by Norman Duncan. Mrs. Wilkin, i-v. aan,Un.UudMtyantl oikwi; aunt bite ma a NM'HLESS SI Hit AV VI A It IIS. I One Twtrller's Kxiirrlinee Willi Hie Operation of the Side Hour, To Titn nniTOR or THK HUN Mr- onr elT.iPl In nllrvlillH (he IPlllU of the helpless subway traveller In Hie nuitler or Ihe Mid den slopping mid starting of the trains have borne frull Will you inn iahn in. the cudgels In behalf of thr iinforlunafe patrons of the road who get nipped by Hie side doors Home time ago I win Jammed hi the 'lour way while attempting lo board o train by the mini shultlnx tlie door, although paengrrs were still entering the tur at each of thr end iluort. t pon my remon strating with the guard for was It black guard?!, he said; "Well. I opened It iigiilu fer yer." And this was nut In the rush hour either. This morning I look a llroudwuy express to Heventy-M'ctiinl ulreet uml tried lo rl out ut the eeiitlr tloor The ear was very crowded and I here an great presume hehlml me. mi lliul I was obliged to put my hand on thr Jamb of the tloor to avoid being currlrd off my feel At this liisiaiu the door was cloned with siilTltlrnt rone to break the skin on the back of my baud, although I hud on a heavy dogskin glove. Only two mt'ii hail got off ami thr rest of us had to make our way out through tliu rear entrance, When I brought Hie matter lo the atten tion of thn guard I wa told that he hail nothing It, tlo with it, as Ihe tloor wa oper ated by Hih man nl the other end of the cur. Ilrfore I could gel In him the train was rung olT I havo had numerous other narrow e capes from serious eoliseiliienre-t, and have seen two women caught by Ihu arm and badly bruised. Is It not lime to call a halt before some one Is guillotined? New Yoni, December 1. Kl l'FUiDli. WHAT HAWKS IIO JX WIXTL'll. Preying; on Undents, The) lleuilrr the I'arnirr a sen Ice lie l.ltlle Mipecls. To the F.ntTon or Thk Srv Sir- N'cw Jersey commuter comiii-i Into New York are often Interestetl spectators of the aerial evolutions of hawks over Hie marshes. Frequently It is nnttrr for conjecture as to what tho birds lire there for. To those who havo explored the more or less treacherous fastnesses of these marshes, summer ami winter. It is known that Ihey aro the abiding places of numerous mien ami other small rodents. In winter Ihe tangletl uiaes of dead cattail ll.igs ami marsh growth afford ample protection from the chilling winds and nbiimlanl material for warm nesl with cattail down lining Round about the marshes lire ihe larders of human resilient on which fretiueut for ays may be made, and the beautiful feath ery patterns of tiny tracks are recorded by winter's snowy mantle, showing long ex cursions by these Hoy fur clatl tlenl.rns of the marh. Cars of grain and torn mi the nearby sldetraik are freely raldetl The bark of xnung fruit tree shows in spring where, below winter's now line, tho busy foragers have varied their bill of fare. The chicken raiser wonders why his flock has such mar vellous nppeliles. He easts a lowering glaurr al ihe speck against the sky, where the hawk majestically sails, firm In Ihr deep seated prejudice thai nil birds of prey are his natural enemies l.inle he realizes thai the mice liaxedrx mired half hlsi hlckni ferd ami harked his fnuiig frull lrep, nntl that no cat or trap is half the prelection lo him Hint yonder grandly seating bird afford A chlrkrn or a game binl is sometime taken. In be sure, by u hawk, bill Is it mil worth while to grout this reward lo Ihe unwearying feathered hunter, w hose kern rye tileri es Ihe concealment of the marsh. and whose unerring swoop srals Ihe doom of the furrv maraiitlrrs'' H. S. II. Niw iiiRa, December '.'0 Mr. Morgan's Construe tlie Work. 'I o thk Kinioli ol I'm. Si v Sir When the history of the piescnt decade is written correctly It will be shown that but forsuch constructive, intelligent and painstaking work as Mr. Morgan's we should not now bo enjoying the prosperity that has come to us. Of course .Mr Morgan has power. Power if properly used Is one of Ihe world's choicest gifts Ami has he misused It' Ha he endeavored to sinush thn smaller businesses of the country? No Ills work represents the carrying out of business poliries along the best available economic lines. Furthermore, he lias more than once stepped Into the breach and by his Influence averted n panic that would have affected the humblest wnge worker In the land It Is not a ipiestlon of the power and wealth of .1 I' Morgan A Co that should disturb us, for by no means do they hold control of our resources, audi dry never will, but rather n fear thai the large businesses of the country may full into less capable, loss efficient hand. Why I it that their are so few men in public life that will speak a word in favor of business? It is high time for reflection. It Is high time we considered true condi tions. We ran all coiitinuo to do our small Bhare of the world's work, to help correct evils and abuses, to assist every good and worthy agency, nnd in doing so we must not forget to give n full measure of Indorse ment to those who have ami are doing their full share of the country's work A .or.Mi llrsiNi-.ss .Man. I'tTTsnnnn. I'a ,. Hrcrinbrr so. The Mrrckrr. Tonir, KnnonoFTiiKSi'v -.Sir William .1. llryan Is a dishonest to-day n ho was In tsiia, when he advocated repudiation and mitionnl dishonor II Is unitizing thai Ihe xmrrlcaii people should have such short mriunrirs i Inn they tolerate Ihe Idea of Ibis art li-uuuck occu pying nn nfllcinl position In a Democratic Administration. Mr. Hryuu is not n Deinocnil Ilr ha nn cmicrplion of tlie meaning of ihe word "democracy." lie W a self-seeking dema gogue, who is "working" Ihe tleitr people for his pocket's sake. Ilr s a trimmer, a trickster, a bolter, or nu alleged Deinotriil. a may suit his money gelling scheme, but he Is always lor llrynn and subscrip tions lo "my paper " llrynn wrecked tho Democratic party for sixteen years. If ih advice is taken by I'reslileni-rlrct Wilson ho will wreck the hitter's Administration. Wiiiiiiii:.v fiti.uiAM. New Yonit, December '.ti. Kncoura cement for tlie Mrdkcxal. To tub ITnnon oi' Tm-. Srx .Sir: From my own etprrience during thrre years of retirement nfter forty-two years of unre mitting city labor, I run conllrm thai or your correspondent "Middle Aged" us to the serenity of mind possible ,y n,,, entertainment of only Die simplest ami hence most agreeable phases of life. , multitude of mutters interest mo nowudiiys which previously were pasurd unnoticed. What I thought was beneath me I dis covered to be far above me, ami for that I am now reaching with siinm success, Then there aro subjects stupendously new, promising a development of benefit to all. The pat Is only to be laughed nt or regarded largely us n recortl of errors and valuable only us an experience to be avoided in the future In this rlly there Is ninny n grim old codger long past thu capacity of enjoyment from superfluous material possessions, who till wears the galling golden collar of I ratio readily exchangeable for an open silken vestment of relaxation, Conui on, buhl ones, raat It ofr, give the young fellows a chanco and sit at case under the hhudn of a hlp-hlp-hurrali vine XuAni.Y Niih Nkw Yore, December ;o, Plum Pudding, To cilron, fig and date, To currant, raisin, prune. To every caiitlleit rule, I write my festal rune, Compounded nuiM Ihey he And Ulamli'd hi ruin, And then complete sou tee Tbepuauiug christened "'ptum." t U avbici lloaua, DELEGATES DISAGREE ON EMPLOYERS' LIABILIIY iitilioi' i'irospn(ntivos Stnlo Insiiriiiict' Fii ml. I'n or THK .MICIIIOAX S.ST-.M Employers anil Labor Spokev men May (let Together for Turllier Conference. A conference of employers nnd irp,.. scntatlves of employees wus held jc. llerday at the National Civic I'Vderuti.ui lieatbitiarlers in llio Aleiroisiiiiau Tower. 'Pae sexctlty-otld delegatea il s einseil priHised legislation concern. m workmen's compensation for Injuiie.i .IIiioiikIi accidents and tried to agrro nu the essentials of u bill that would 1,,) 'satisfactory lo all Interested. A bill, 'known as the Hnyno bill, was Intro- iluccd last year. The three subjects most tllsciis.se.1 wrn whether or not a State boaid flioiiltl be provided for, whether or not specific amounts of coiniwnKatlon wctn .desirable and x hcther or not the com- ipeiiMitlon law rfiould bo made cloctlu, j The ilolefiutcH were unable to agree in llo the desirability of the latter feat urr, jbut the majority nprced that the others I were wtcMury. ' K. II. Letch worth, representing, the l.ehigh Vullcy Hallroud and vnrlous as coclatioliH of employers, said that thn railroads objected to a policy nf Slata inaurnncn on three principal grounds juhe constitutional difficulty In tlvi I way, because II would make tho pay ment unnecessarily 'hard on employers iintl bemuse the formation of a Htato jbimnl for Insurance would mean very I 111- fly the Krowth of an unnecessary anil expensive political machine. The Mibjcet of .State insurance nin.c Interested the delegates. Cyrus W. I'lillllps, a member of the former com mission on cnuilojera' liability, de scribed the workings of the Insurance custom In Michigan. That State, hn said, has four distinct metnotis ot in surance. There Is a Stnto board, the employers have tihrlr own mutual In surance associations, thn insurance ni hility companion ure in-od nntl the cm pit . vers me permitted to carry their own Insurance If the State is mire they arc solvent. Mr. Phillips favored the ! in 1 1 1 mi I Insurance associations Is-cnus.) they tentl to prevent accidents tn work men. I". V WhitliiR. Kcneinl claims attm ney for tlie New York Central rail load, furnished statistics lis lo the op. elation of Hie Michigan system. 1! said that nil of Hit. rullroads In in state witli one exception had agreed lo compensate for their employees' In juries. In Hint State Hie act xvlll soon cover r.im.euo workmen. S. II. Wolf spoke against thn plan to have ii Stale Insurance fund create I by the contributions of employers. It xvoiihl menaen the xvbole scheme, he said, since a single catastrophe, such u a lsiilcr explosion killim? or Injurlm; many xuirkmen, mlfiht exhaust the en tiro fund. Keprescntativcfi of labor organlz-a Hons aiKiied, however, that n fund of tho kind objected to by Mr. Wolf hii.I others would lo the best HilnR. The delegates seemed to think thnt the would le too much chance of the law jers Kctting n disproportionate shai of tho claims unless Hie benefits xw r paid directly by the State. The Mew of delegates who spoke for the cm plovers xns Unit If the State shouldered the burden of insurance tho employers might not bo as careful us they ought to be In preventlnB accidents. The discussion nt times became heated, although the conference xvus in the main harmonious. It is likely that another conference xvlll bo railed to discuss the features of tho Bayne bill. XAME MI ST HE IX EXIiLISII. Xllornry-tirlirrsil Sn llrrlrirs as to Corporations I'nrmrtl llrrr. Albany, Dec. L'O. The mime of a cor porntlon organized in this State must bo expressed in the Kngllsb language, according to un opinion of Attnrnev (icncinl Curniody, given to-tluy to t'-e Secretary of State. The fact that 11 wortl it is proposed to use, xvhile not m the ISiigllsh language, ts nn establish I trade name, tines not modify this in declares the Attorney-tlencrnl. "It should be borne in mind, however bo continues, "that the assumption .f a corporate name in no xvay intern n with the ii.su of a tlllfereut and scp.11.1" initio name to be used for ideiilif.M'i the commodity sold." This opinion xvas written In the cue of a tobacco company xvhlcli has ii brand of cigars under a Spanish name The company, Intending to organizt a corporation, wanted to take I'm i'3 nuiiio the name of its favorite piotlie Another opinion from Attorney-lii cral ("urinody provides that the i . prohibiting an Individual depositors i count In a savings bank to exceed Jo 000 includes in Its operation any nun' deposit In which nn 'individual tlepos ttor may also have an Interest WESTOIIESTEIl FAHES LOMI.lt. Ilotilr nf Main Line In NeT Itorhrlle In lie ( linourtt, Auiant, nee. iO.-Tho State Public Service Commission has authorized the New York, Westchester nntl Hoston llall way ('oinpany to chnngo the route ei Its main lino from North street in t' city of Now Hnehellc, Westcliesler county, to a point In the village of Pott Chester, which point is on tho botinriaiy llnu iH'txvcen New York and Connect cut and also the northern termliHif of llie main line, Contingent upon thn granting 1 ' this order thu rallxvuy company agreed to tile this schedule of rut s over Its road between stations from Now Itochelln to Port Choster nnd the terminus nt Unrletn Illver or coime. Hon with the subway nt ISOtb stun U'irchmont, 20 conts; Mninaroncck 30 cents; Harrison, 25 cents; Dye. ti cents, and Port Chester, 30 cents. Sixty trip " commutation monthly chargo: Lnrchmont, $5.75; Muniaio neck. 15; Harrison, $6.25; Uye, lii ". and Port Chester, 17. Tlieso rntes shall becomo effective I upon the commencement of operation Teal l.axr A trail us t Mrlllnu IMiimimr. . To determine the right f iiiiiboc . sell plumage from wild birds. in hibilrd by Stale law. bonis .Marsh., lawyer, iilinoiincril yenlerday Hull the ol his client, Mrs. Helen II Mtlullie' ' ITU West nub street, would be Like. Ihe Appellate tjourt ami If ncrrssart lo lb Slltlrrhin I'mirt Mr, Xl.w ,.ll,,.,l. 1. , l....,xi iwlth having tweuty 'aigrette.