Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 20, 1912.
il fleers leaned rorwuril so a to place themselves parti) bctv.ion tli" two dc-; fendatll" Mttit'.s Iniineill.'ilel) lu front f i thont innl iio.irf ii in act tifKt j should 'hop I' .1 demonstration. Fulled Njute.. Marshal Schmidt v..is within n , few fcit of tlie- defendants and kept Ills eye ti:ning from them In lite rlrtitlo I who fat bach ut them mill when the Vccdtit whs bunded hi ill'1 rli rK lir mmcil over toward l!).in nml mi-. Within to feel of lihn when the word I "fc'Ulll.V" WUS lltell"l I t I'I M. -four Nn in ril nl I'll I. i Til" )liil!r!lllrti! drawn against Hf' the i idtil. I' ''up concluded sovrr.ii foi" CMSpl WU i nr .im :, 'nr. w iwn ,if ; n ririK 'i hp I weie discharged on i tnarion of i Si dim:-: i Attorney, .uu. ' tno olhci were nl!'.''.' .rsc il on iiivtlonn il Inw.vci f '." I'lf il"':ii nn 1 one 'e.as dlsrliaMod "h en'ir. vv'n.'-i n.l the n!c ci vn f n !t-.1 u-.l.l .1 i i ! fore the j ir; retired, Tic s. Tv. nations re duced ilir nu'ii of dcfetiduni I" fori)1 ii.'l cf i!i.-c tli'ii) -e.'iiu w found ttti.tty. I The ilnl of living the prnoit'es tie- Voice upon JiuUe Ande-.o.r, As- 'he! dc.fciul.ir.i won foniiil git1 ty on .ill :li'1 (Oiuili Ho tuincti.mtit o.- o' o.kIi, tcrafivtr orient e- of on:ryhm dyiimil. or oilier fMilojlvo nn r.iif.'iil tr.iln the punl "lien mm In- ou 'itil.itlw . and In i ;t event tli.- .a.imii' ii'M-; lyy would In tiilriy-nlno yiur In ' ffirlson and a lino KirsniMlIni Siio.onti. The Hjshtest penult) that I'.lo cour. on i , impose tmijcj tin l.nv In oil" v.m" l.i. jirison and n tin- or $10". Am J idse j Anderson hud 11111 .rej'iv i,.in.-. ed j "by tli" ev Idvieo there ' 'Itile d .'V tli.i; 1n thr rar.M of t u- 'dmlnlxirHtlM- otll-1 rra wnd tlif mrm'wv' .f tln "jnulv board the itn.il:!i. ilt ! .'"v -r-. Jnr' Onl lii'r 'I lilirilii.o . ,. , TllP .111 y ll.ld hoi'n 1 1 illllipuaj 1 11-1 iit.uti e .411 ii... i .....ii. - . 1 ... . .....j:m .1 III.III illl'll l.'M H" II. IJ- niir Had Loon ... 0.,., r. t, , .. . -n- ,. ,! i.i.Iii n tln.UKl, somo- iicirc uM for f..r Iipv l. -.iu,.l..n- -n -1 1 ,,,,,, W1 , n ,lW ,,,, t ll'l.c ir"..iil-, 1 m-n i'i' Government cmini'il omuvm-.! 1011II bl in Jury .1. .1. ...a... , . . . . ....I..',.,- .,i. ... of court till!' lnonilni.' did not apiifur 'n . tie more dWtnrlied tiiun .it any I'nif d'lr in? the tilnl. They li.nl talk.-d with a.cM o'.heJ'. fpoculatHl on the n-iMlet and some of thein lir.d a.il.l on more than one men-Ion "Any utility, all KUllty." Indicating- th.it they oMJ.-otid 'if nny weie found sullty all uoiil.l lie. and they dIJ not wWli any dl.-cr!miun- uoii. t When they enter il II e cour: room i H this mornlm; there wui a in.ir.' nili- dufd and a more luiice :n d looi on svery face. Soniel ow they Illed to think that a verdict would be foniici.m- ins and they dreadeil to . ear it. The court room was packed with people and In the audience were the wives of a bcoro of the defendants. The) were intenhcly ln'.cre.-ttrd. Now .nid then u defendant looked back at hl wife and smiled and received a smile In te tum. hut the smiles laded aw.iy even fcefore their eyes had ceased to look Into each other nd the look of horror j reappeared on t,i.. w-::rs iit and deep ( concern succeeded t- 'hi -mile on l:ie lace of the defendant. Sllrnee an Jury Knlrn. The jury entered the emu I f"J!ii at tUV o'clock. The stillness of diath tinned as they tiled to their accustomed eats and faced the Judi;e. In answer to the query of Judge Anderson If they fcad rsached a verdict, the foivmun said ' wlmply. "We have." and Clerk Duller Mptd forward and took it from liU Ivtitstretched hand. "The il-rk will rend tit verdict." said the court "In a clear Voice Mr Untie! lead. We. the Jul), find ihe defendant, fcrank M. llyan. I'.utene Clancy. Ileils-ri K Hockln" und so on throUK'i tin- list thlrty-eiBht nunu-s and ended with tBe word "KUllty us charged in the in dictment." The Ilrsi sentem e of the Ttrdict uuve no Intimation of v.h.u the Vtrdict was to Ik- and every ileteiid.ini, ti fact everybody In the ciov.ded court room. leaned forward to catch the word Cast should declare-gullt or Innocence. "The silence was deathlike, one could HkI It, see it und hear It. so intense was tU The clerk continued to repeat name lifter name till twenty. thirt. thlrly etjfht had lieen spoken and as the word ?tullty" fell upon the defendants and flje audience thre was a sluh from rrtore than a hundred breasts us thouuh lie Vpealiins of the wont icllevd the ijycrcharged expectancy with which its Dtterance had been awaited. E President IIjtmb Muted. Before Judge Anderson could speak ttiere were sounds of suppressed sob b(ris In many parts of the room. The countenances of the defendants had b(llen as though every hope lay pros ffSate within Ihein. The sobbing liecame $fore violent as the full force of t"lie terdlct fell upon the wive of the con victed men and sympathetic tears were ahed by many of the women present. Ilere and there among the defendants s a moist rye concealed by ii hand kerchief, hut In tho main they sat in tense and rigid. President Uyan was Iteply moved, but soon concealed his tffiotlon by dropping hi heud on Ids Mm rs they lay on the table ut which he had sat since the trial liegan. Her ttrt fi. Hockln turned it shade paler than liin confinement In Jail had made bin, and Frank- Webb of New York (Oppressed an ejaculation that sounded ery like "Oh when the word cullty fell upon his ears, ITnouah two minutes did not elait.se tefore Judge Anderson wus speaking hit; thanks to the Jury, It wus sufficient tdr Inany of tho wives of the convicted men to enter their protest to eu' Other. Theie were whispered words be ivvertn them and .1-1 thev lecovered from lii first shock they su.d inaudible tones (Ijat it was an outrage or thut they knew' their liuhbamis were Innocent. f'Jor tho most purl, howevir, they sat tljro'.igh the subsequent proceedings In Itupetlcil silence, -.vhllo occuslonul ) Mng broke the subilucd silence of tho (90in cb tho Marshal placed each de fendant In the custody of a deputy, preparatory to inc murcii to the county , Defendant lleiialn Mnlrll. As they were lined up In I he corridor lijst outsldo the courtroom, each of the defendants with u deputy by Ids side feme of tho Jovial spirit thut has chur V.'tcrte.'d tint defendants durlntc tho (fUl returned lo Diem. They laughed U ttie.y wondered whut lind of far tljiey would have In the county Jail and lked Jlockln how nbout not getting ii Ihave but once a week. IIoen, however, look no part lu tho rullkoiv Kwas mllen and silent and did not track a smllo hs.Iio siood in lino wall tnt" for the others to conic m,d JoUi in Vhn proi'esKlon, t Ryan Mood In line waiting for the ."at eoBjfl and loin in the npn. hn. L.M..,1nti.,,l...o,lmJ i.e. ill. I mi HI- in-rillllt- ii M l.-llll'! Ill ..mi fti. .xf f, , ,..n..i ita. 1 1 nine immum1 mi' ' iiiihih uir -win' -i ' i..ti.. ii iini tiin".f.iiit ti f id liittkt-ii 1 1 1 . .1. . 1 ..... . .MM..- .1 . ., run m Ucrs ntcsu em. a m- . i.... i n.. ..i.. 1. 11.,,. 1 t .U.,, I... I I IH'II I't-HHIIi Ut II" 111,1 ll'lll "tfll Jiur- .1 " ,u t'lin' IVII MlMiH thfUI. V,..,i tl... 4nfltfill.tlnn f.r iiiitfmi-i-iut'.K. Thru . jun urn .f t w iihim rrinatk-i 1 i... .... wa out the iron, pruhihj.. mu-U lMo mm,, ,1lUs ilu . ,,,r H llllIM,ire(i ' "V, " " . . . C " ..l uaaki... I I.. I... I . .- . .. I mi" I-vu. iui .nr.. 11.- .1. ....n ........ .. FIGURES Ju-dcrc A 15. Anciar-ioTJ 1 . -l I ri.nn lliiin tood Willi luiucd hi'ad In nil nnilKl ryo. ;n;d did not etiiilo 0V011 ' in tin- Joli'. iloimiitior wan Hint 1 . 1 to pi down. 1 'in' 'if tin- do- 1 I .-tKlutitM IuiwIiimI Ills iH-lKliliur iliul ..I , im,., f.i,, , nnl HI llll' WO! Ill tlilrt v-o'.-lit moil, all In Mitnf way con- Iti'.it.il with tin- ufralie ot a lantf or- u.inU.ition -niarolilntr Hide by wide with a deputy mnnOial to the common jail, iindev the ban of a Jury' verdict chare- I ln them -with ci line. The mtirwhalH JatiKht i-lep with the ir.-oner ui they moved out of the currnior. uown tne M. P-. Into the corridor Udow. thence j l lil street, thence east to , liiiiiuna 1 . si.- e; and south to the county J.ill. ! euiloiis eriiwd of several hundred' e rsons tollowed close upon the heels' J ol tin piocel.in. while nun and boys oa ulcy.de hurried pust '..iciii to be the ' tlrst at the J.ul when they -should ar j rive Tt.'l.lng anotlie- street, men und women rushed toward the lull, and the 1 t I l I. I II. I I. ..I I. .... .1 t 1 nii.ltul. . t Sll.el 111 lioin nil" oeiir.-i. intn'-u """'i.i.tl o.'lliel.s of til , I'UI .O.IS IIIIHIi.Ilil) l.lli-ll HIV I'."' . it. i and their prisoner arrived. i II !. ii Look Mrnlalit .hrH ... i wivs f some of the prisoners rile f,,)lW, 1llV,.( I i I ly upon them as they in line and the otllceis did not upon them as they mierler. t luuan ever) one else was t-iined to keep some distance aw a) , ntirliu the tvamp of six Mp ares .v.it s fin e did not chance. He looked straight i ahead, neither turning his gaze to tin right or lift, imr speaking to to anv one I If In ilceii . ' ' Ills brows wire knit as thought, and had the air of a man wim was oblivious to every surround ing and wa walking mechanically to waul some object or for some purnst that he himself did not thin nimbly un tl. i-stund. Here mid there In the line J appeared n Jovial face, and now and then tiler.- whs a fucetious remark, mil very t.-w s.iw anything amulu(; in th sitiiiUlon, and for the most pun rn slleni. Hack toward the end of the line was llinmle liny, genlul, Irrepressible innl' the joker of "the boya" In the course of Hie lin-' tili.l. .1 mimic never liefore hud seen the stalwart who put nippers around hi wrist as he led him, but lie proceeded to "kid him along rhen he looked back along the line and saw lied Smyth. hl bosom friend. He flashed hi hand aloft with a "lley. lted." that brought an answer. There i was n io,,g niaci. .1. ...... ...ey. bund and by special ii rml.-slon of hlsi ... , . guard lted wus permilteu 10 1 mull 11. And It WU ItedS friendSllip that rn.i . inm e nto 1 111$. mere isn 1 11 doubt of It." muttered a secret service man w ho wus among the guards. I snlililiiK Wife, twed Hit;. Moving along with the procession and 1 near the side of her husband wa Mrs. Hert Brown of Kansas city. A boy or s year eiung 10 ner iimm me. In awed silence at the moving prores. , slon. When ln saw his father nis luce brightened nnd for a moment he looked as If he was In the act "of culling to him. but lit own look'd stonily ahead and paid no attention either lo wife or child. Mrs. Itrnwn sobls-d nudlliiy a she started on the march to the county Jail. Sin riff Woesner had had notice of tlie coming of the unusual number of guests and hnd prepared for their re ception, When they were marched Into the corridor and an accounting luuen the Marshal dismissed Ills deputies nnd took receipts from the Sheriff for thirty-eight men, They were taken to the north wing of the Jail, where each was assigned to a cell and the Marshal gave orders that no one was to see them nor to speak to them except with the per mission of the court it had been ar ranged, however, for the wives of t lit) prisoner to see them for nn hour to. morrow nfternooti Pocket knives were the only weapons taken from the thirty-eight prisoners when they were searched ut tho Murlon county Jail. Xluny of them did not have enough money lu their pockets to hue curried them home, hud they been Treed. Kugeno A. CUncy of 8an Francisco had 90, the most of uuy of the guilty men. Words of condemnation wern lieuid from the prlsoneru, but they were prin cipally dlructed agulnst their own coun sel. One of them on tho wuy to Jail wus heard to remark, "If our attorneys had only had four moro hours to talk they would have convicted themselves." Another said, "Tho only thing Hint Is wrong with the parade Is that our at torneys uro not In line too." F.divurd Smythr, tho muii from Peoria, who was convicted and who has been held In Jull without ball since- the. early part of the trial, wus heard" to nay; "This Is curlulnly one of tlic lalsjr pa rades." McManlaal'i. nioo Walt, rcihap? no man 'viiitcd for the ver dict of the Jury In the dynamite ease Willi greater anxiety than McManlgal, who had be.cn at the Frdtral llulldlng slnco the trial bcmin, and who spent I several weeks here In the course of the IN DYNAMITE TRIAL (Irani! Jury InvosllKntloii MoMiiumal s Htiiy mil. In liullunniiollH 1 nearly nl 1111 lli-ro iiiulff a writ ait tostllleiin- 1I11111, ImOUmI by tho Ki-di-ial i-ouil anil lioiiori'd 1 1) '10 ooiirtH of California, tin? dvn.nnlti'i ulio iiloinli'd utility wlillo lioro, will 1.0 tiiKon lmcl to Callfoinln. Thi-rt. ii oiim- will lio illfiioM-ri of Illxt. rnla Mtlca- lior- tlio In .-d Ii-ii'i I.' Ill uiiiiiRrr .ih.iuiv nun. Ills plea wa.M guilty. It If In the potter of the l'Yilernl court here to linpo.-i penalties on him In addition to those""" l,nv'' 1,t'' prepared for this,' imposed tiy California, however. If in the opinion of the court punishment Is Inadeipiate. Such penalties as nilcllt att.ich by reason of his violation of Federiil law Wnlllil not iiliemt- fin htm ,.,., ,, ,,.,.., , a,u, . ... . f h, . f .,........ Mowell.vn lion Works. .lnr 'I'ook Mn Ilnllul., .Many Killots wvie taken by the 1-VJ- ernl July In determining that thlrt) -eight of the forty men on trial were guilt). It is s.itd that only one ballot was ii'vcssury in ascertaining that the "l'"'"" " UU I iplnlon was tin inlmoits tbai tin- prln- unlon In the days "f the operations of the dynamiting same were guilty. Some of the other I defeudunts also were found guiltv on a single naiiot ., , .,.. ,,,, ., , ,. ,. , : r...,Uv.. . ,.. ..u ..for tili.m f liu Iiipi .1.. 1 1. I . 1... ,on , ,n U(.IV wU n vnn lnciuill,a wU ,,, r,.m;llm,,.,. of those found guilty, a theory was " me.. ..i.u.. kuhij f,f MnK lnvolv,'d In the lMroli plots were among the last whose guilt was bused that the three men found guilty determined by the jury These thne were Frank J. Murphy and Charles Wrichtinelsti.r, ironworkers of Detroit, and Hiram It Kline of .M uncle, lmi former general orcanl.er of the car penters. Attorney for the defence iuesilone.l whether the Jur) had Intended to vln ilude the marginal names as among those found guilt), as thr po-'tlou on I the paivr had Indicated. Judge Ander son iisked the Jur). and Frank Dale, loreinun, answered In the altinnatlve. Inn einltlpd Men l.ravr I'nnrl. When Selffert and Huckley wne dis- I charged the former hurried nvwiy from ! the rotii t. Huekle) llngeted unill ', ordered out by Marshal Schmidt He ' took up his overcoat and lint, then ' sauntered through the door That was ' the last seen of him. Selfleit. his com- ,,, , freed.lm. sought Hucklev i,,r , ,... ,... 1.,. 1...... .iivii .iisoiixi.ai. proi'iiiny if .. ,....,, nf ,,ri,.,.,.,i., f..ii..i.,.. I,,. su.lffelt colli fl.i.l l,l. "The earth must have swullowed him," fered, all liore testimony, they said, a Selffert said to friynds ut the Hotel to the existence of tho "system." Knglish. Tlie plea of guilty by John J, Mc-1 Huckley was not seen again either Namura had elosvd the door to any de nt the International beiidquarteis or fence against the charge that from the around the hotel. Friend here sought headquarter of a great International 1 1 1 111 to extend congratulations, hut he labor organization, the International W.'lM not c.'jrltifl' for niii'il.ln. I A.u.t.'liillnti .tf HrlrlL-.. anA Ht ri.nf on. I R f Davenpoit, In. It was believed , ) (H fn, . .. . h . . . Iminedlatel). limine.. Men I'rul.e I'ro.eenl.ir, In the court room, when the verdict was returned, were many of the men of large affairs of tlie oil). Including merchants, manufacturer und profes sional men, and without exception they crowded around the District Attorney und congratulated him on the success of the prosecution. They were agreed thai the evidence hud been overwhelm ing, that tlie prosecution had been all that Justice could demand, that In structions were remarkuhly fair and Wiut the verdict was In accordance with tho facts. As the Jurymen left the court rnom they were caught by the sumo men und wnnnly coiurutiilatcd on their verdict. Tlie Jurymen wont lu the District Attorney's olllce lu a body and thanked him for the able manner In which he hud caused the evidence to be t presented nnd .said that t'liey hud no dlf ticutty whatever In reaching a verdict. I'nited Stutes Attorney rharles W. Miller said of the result of the dynamite trial; "I 11m entirely satisfied with the ver- diet of the Jury und believe no better Jury ever sat lu 11 jury box.' ".on regard It us a great victory?" lie w as asked. "I have nothing to say about 11 vie- tory," snld Mr. Miller. "I don't believe In discussing victories In criminal ense. I aw. entirely sutlsflei). There Is not one chance In a million to reverse tills case.' Call. It an Object l.rs.un. James W. Noel, spcciul assistant United Htutcs Attorney, said; "This Is a demonstration that there are courts In this country. This case Is an object lesson In the enforcement of law. It will serve to teuch lalmr unions to he careful lu their leadership. It Is the most Important trial In the JilMory of the country, Ising not only a convic tion us against thn individual defend ants hut In this vesllet the conspiracy Itself Is punished und broken up, which means our institutions shall bo pro leclcd agulnst orgaulurd ortme. "we aro satisneu mern is no error in the record and that the ruling of the court and the verdict of the jury will stand the ncrutlny ot the Supreme Court of the I'nited St ut ii. If the case Khould wet that far," Attorney Unrdlni; for the defence was nuked about the plans for an appeal, "It Is too noon to Kay," wild Mr. Hard Inu, who has- not Iwn In Rood health lately and who showed wearlnejs to day. "We can tell you better about that on .Monday, after the court has acted on the verdict." "But I know the preparation!" you h.ie been nmklnwf In the lam few iiys for an appeal," hl queMtloner Int-Meil. "Well, we would luve been fo.illnh said .M. C. Tlfft of Minneapolis, one of the .defence's attorney, who wan with Mr. Harding at the time. Application for appeal will be made I immediately after the defendant .ire sentenced on Monday and will be granted, of rotirse, hut whether Judge Anderson will permit the defendants to lem.iln on bond and not send them to tl... lu..lh.,lllln. ... I. ..nt-w...-n .... " ....... wu . f ... .n i.,ir...k v. ... Jt Is said around the KeJeral Buildlui! ,. ... . ..... , . ... bit i .., P. soners vvlll 1 taken to l or .eavenvvortl. at the same time, and that arrangenie, s will he made for a special car for then, and the deputies who will accompany them. Detail, nf lireat Trial. With Hie verdict of the Jury amp the end of what ha lieen declared many times to lie America's greatest criminal trial. Kov thirteen weeks, one fourth of u year, the attention of court and Jury, attorney, defendants, wit nesses and spectators has been rcu pled not with one crime Jjut with huu dnJs. The development which at tended the operations of u great crlm- Inul "system" the law violations of! which had reuche.l Into nearly every section of the I'nited States lu six, years hud lieen Investigated, had been scruiinize-u wiin a view to uscenuimng who iH'sldes the McNaruaras, McManl - gal and Clark, confessed criminals, had liad a hand in the orgy With tho arrest of the MvNfimnra and McManlgal the men who had suf fered from tin- dynamite depredations) were satisfied that they were the ile um of a great conspiracy and that .1. It. McN.imurn and McManlgal were the mere tools of men "higher up." The attention of the Government at Wash ington was called to the matter and investigation convinced tho Government olllcials that the Ironworkers' olllccrs ' were at the head of the conspriucy. The Investigator wero Mtlstlcd of the eb.tence of a great criminal system, The wrecking of buildings, bridges and, machinery from one end of the country 10 another was a fact thai spoke for Itself, they argued. The similarity of ,u , ....... ,i r. ,u ., n oiwue .imiiubiiniii vur .o. In ll tbes.. Instances It w.is the work of "onn mIioi." ennlrne.torH ItlHl llf. Iron Workers, the campaign of crime hud been directed. That plea of guilty had closed the door to any denial -that the cilmes had been committed In the I 1111 me of organized labor. I I Labor .Not on Trial. From tho start the local officer had to light the theory that tliu Government wns arrayed against organized Inbor. ' When the Grand Jury Investigation be gan hero one of the things thpt wusi most difficult to overcome was the feel ing that organised lubor wum to be In-1 dieted. This feeling was engendered h) organized labor In many of Its brunches. The attorneys for the defendants sUrtml 1 out with the ' statement thut organized . labor was 011 trial und they would have kept that Ideu before the minds of thnj Jury had not Judge Anderson reproved 1 the first speaker and declared he would I tolerate 110 such expressions In the cour.. 1 The conspiracy was formed In tho summer of 1905, when thn strike agulnst the American Uridge Company und other open shop concerns was culled. 1 In 1905 the New Huven local hud trouble With III.' Ainul'lnnn Url1.... -..,. .,... ,1.,... .,lllllm.F ... ,,. ' 1 ,IVer the American Hrldge Comp.inv huving sublet a contruct to tin. Huston I Kridgo Company, which was running nn ' "open shop." As a result i(f tills wmn-1 gin Frank Huchunnn. iV-n i..i.r..u. tlouul president .of tho Ironworker now 11 Congressman. luaiiKurated a Ken- erul strike against the American Urldge Compuny. und union men ut work on 1.11 me niiiiciurcfi 01 una ulg- company "walked out." Tho American Urldge Company continued Its work with non union men, War on ftrl.l. p.a,n.r ,.,,. Then began the struggle to force tlie American nrldgo Company' to abandon Its "open shop" to uniiinUo everything I'lcketlntf wua succeeded by assaults 011 the non-union men, who declined to Join tho union lt continued to work for the company against which the jren eral wtrlko had lieen declared. The union wua unable lit hold lu men lu line, us somo who hud lieen member nf uie .ii.ion imm-u iniying- auea anil ron- AT INDIANAPOLIS tinned In the employment of the Amfn- can Hrldj:e Company. The first appwirame of djuumitc In this striiKU was at New llaveii. where the tiouble with tlfe Mj: bridge company had originated. HyiiHtnltc was dis covered In the lire bo of a holstliiK engine after the strike had leached a bitter SlaKi'. j Xot far from New Haven the Ameri can Mildgc Company was ptittlnr up a ' brldr.'e ut Millers Kalis. Mass on cember S. 1905, at tills wnrrtrthlrteea I sticks of dyiiHniite were discovered. The fuse had een lighted, hut evidently hud none out before the tire had reached the dynamite. I Kr.ink M. Ilynn of Chicago had sue , reeded Frank Itiieluiiian as interna tional prehldetit in September. r.iO,, be. fore the tlrst attempted depredation aCHlti't the American Mrldge Cmnpanv. In the city of Xew York the Amerl- can nhle Hrldge Company had many vain - contracts. Ily the Reneral strike one-half the memliershlp of the Iron workers' union could not w. rk for tliu'. i ..... H .. in. '...l I j TV, i, . -V T. 3 , .. Vn- ' bcrsh p 1 veil there, liecember 'J, 1 P0... , b,lnln of a series of assaults ,,., fl)r,.mpn .,,, (m.llnon ,rLinwrlx(r,. It,.fort. y,,lr mi lmil h , b , , f h uatlltJ,, Thpre lmil be,,n lnll... Half the mem der and Ironworkers had been convicted and sent to Sing HIng, but tlie violence went on unabated. Krom tiie attempt to dynamite the Hotel Frankfort in Cleveland In March, 19Mi, when the em ployees of the bridge company were hoarding there, till tin- arrivt of th MeN.unarn in April, 1911. crimes aznlnst open shop concerns Increased from year to )ear and at the time ot" the arrest plans had already been made to make 1911 tho banner yenr of the crlmlna.1 snnsnlracv. there already huving lieen fifteen explosions. Five were planned to come off in IVtrolt alone in April According lo ' ' the evidence, the en- Begin the New Year Right By request, we reprint the following adver tisement on "Courtesy Over The Telephone.' The Voice With The Smile Wins NEW ' .run. e of .McManlKal into the criminal game llrst d.ilnltcly prut ed that "the sv sti m" was at work, and organized crime, directed from one central agency, was having Its Inning. McManlgal, so far as can be learned, was the llrst in be sent hither and thither, planting tlic explosives wherever It was believed the detonation of dynamite nnd the crash of falling structures would mark an eficcllve blow In the campaign against the "oon shop." Two years of bittpr strikes Uiai! seen hundred of assaults and ten dynuinlt Ing attacks. Hut after June, 1907, when .Mi.Minljal became a "prize destruc tlonlst," less tlun four years saw I'ighty-nlnc attacks against non-union work, by the method of setting explos ives, under machinery. In columns or under beaiiM or girders. Dynamite was unable to satisfy the desire for destruc tion. .MeManlgal said, "Hockln and later McNamaru complained at the. , snw) dam.1(,c ,. waH being done." The summer of ivw marked the resort to i nitroglycerine, one of the most highly ci rii i.'trated forms of force that known. It w is the abandonment of tho fuse and the substitution of the In genious infernal machine by the use of winlcli an explosion could be timed to the minute, und eleven hour and llfty-nlne -minutes could lie utTorded lo the criminal to make his escape or firmly tlx an alibi. McManlgal was a never fulling source of interest throughout the trial. I'lelnre for the Jur;. H) hi testimony the Jury and spis-. tators became familiar with the kulk Ing llgure of n "man dodging between gu-uds. planting his bomb" und making hs escape undetected; they became futnlliar with the picture of ii short, MUtek, active, dark eyed, dark-complexioned and blnck mtistasched man lsiarding paiseiiger trains, with an ob long currying case, in which, unsus pected by score of Innocent passen ger, there was a ten quart can of nltro- phone conversation that many people are now k adopting. It is the courteous and direct method because it saves useless words, confusion . and uncertainty. It runs thus: ' The telephone bell rings, and the person answering it says : " Morton & Company, Mr. Baker speaking." The person calling then says : " Mr. Wood, of Curtis & Company, wishes to talk with Mr. White." When Mr. White picks up the receiver he knows Mr. Wood is on the other end of the line, and without any unnecessary and undignified "Helios," he at once greets him with the refreshing and courteous salutation, "Good morning, Mr. Wood !" This savors the genial handshake that Mr. Wood would have received had he called in person upon Mr. White. A far higher degree of telephone courtesy would be obtained if the face-to-iace idea were more generally held in mind by those who use the telephone. The fsct that a line of wire and two shining instruments separate you from the person to whom you are talking, takes none of the sting out of unkind words. Telephone courtesy begins when the bell rings. Promptness in answering the call is a compliment to the caller. Telephone courtesy on party lines means being polite when someone else unintentionally breaks in not snapping, "Get off the line ; I'm using it." In a word, it is obviously tnyj that, that which is the correct thing to do In a face-to-face conversation, is also correct in a telephone conversation, and anyone has but to apply the rule of courtesy prescribed long years before the telephone was first thought of, to know the proper manners for telephone usage. Be forbearing, considerate and courteous. Do over the telephone as you would do face to face. YORK III al9 lal I I HniV r Arthur H.Hahlo&Co. Exhibition of Etchings ZORN Including liin recent plale "Skeri-Kulla" 569 Fifth Avenue Klyceilne. Any iinumnil enn tnlKht have bl'oiiLjliI ubolil an i-xplo ..i the disappearance of n tm'ii nnd . .( i inti ti, woiiian uii'l child on it n ; liuo produci"d i i'UMitill.v that wnm.i ' have remained r 'li'-H'eri for nil . The Jury liecnmc, I'umlllar x.llli t Iit picture ot a man currying his i-.in ( nlUoislycerliie or his milt ease full nf I dyuatuile Into a hotel, rheekliiB it m the checkroom or carr)ltiK It to Ian I own room, wliere he tumbled Into lied, with enmiiili explosive to have wiped the hotel from the rurth Mandlng in on corner of IiIh room. The Jury had heard of the checking of uynamlte. at parceli looms In railway stations. Then catne tin; Imiilest step in llif i cuii-plriicy. the .-ettliiK aside of tM ii month for dynamiting purposes, und tile Juggling of the tinaiiclal reports m us to keep the honest member of the organization from knowing what was going on. The book showed the pjy. iiienls of these sums to McNamuia anil his checks and check stubs showed tlii; distribution of money through Hockln to the actual dynamiters and to locale for the pay of other men when J. B. McNaiiuiru and McManlgal were not tin "agents." Denied Knowledge of raiment. Again! being coupled with anj knowledge of how McN'ainura spent the funds of the union, and even us ugaiiii the charge that they had known of 11k puymcnt to MrNamnra, llyan and every member of the executive Kwrd fought hard. No money could be drawn from union coffers without the name nf Krnnk M, Hynn on the checks. tImi his name wn on the checks which pro vided the dynamite money was not dented. His defence was that he slciu.! s I the check in blank and did not knoiv for what purpose tin y were applied. livery member of the executive nrl past or present who went on the stand denied that he ever had known nf tl payment to McNumara or had an Unitized them. Those members who had served on the auditing commit ti declared that they never li.id noue'i. the $1,000 checks or the entrle in .. expense record showing the 11,000 pjj uients, although the eheckhjok und 1 1 expense record were used In ma' the audits. Tho verdict sustain ihe lestlmon of McManlgal In every partlrui.-.r !Y .1 llcally all tho men who are conv'cc were named by him n liu.lng pi"yo a knowledge of his acta und ii 111 ,1 cases with irolng with him and pi. Inn out places where the explorlvc 1 " be made most effective. The C.vo ..1 found not guUty and those dtsl i. t'onfliiucf oi Third I'air. TELEPHONE CO. .IT ii