Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, JANUARY 5, 1913.
HAVE GUNMEN "GET" GUNMEN Col. George R. Shanton Tells of Meth ods Successful Elsewhere Which He Would Apply Here HOW TO CURB THE GANGSTER Man Who Cleaned Up Panama and Porto Rico Has Solution of the New York Police Problem n (ji:oik;i: ii. mi vi on I'hlef of I'olli f 11. rlu Itlcit SI INI) mil plain -l t ln-r gunmen to "got" the gunmen- Hint Is the way tii lio rlil of tin- gangsters. nil Now York must do It or the city I'l have vigilante committees on lt.s hall-Is the .xatlli- (IX We hail nut West. It s -mids W'llil Westerny, and I mliult I inn ii Western man. though born In New York, still It Is nut necessary fur nn- go about Manhattan shooting up restaurants nr tin- buttons nff police In- fpeiiors at two blocks my pnlni. My .irln w ith gunmen was i , distance tu prove st luqtialntanco ow inilirhi-l' III (inicwat. r anil ai Sin riff aft", the Hole 111 the Wall gang of l iiMt 1. !-.. I'nt I am now spi.iklng more from i rionc o In disarming gunmen tlrst In Cuba, tln-n in Panama ns chief of police iitnl gen eral cliaiur up of tin- Canal Zone and now In I'orto ItU-H. gunman Is a mintn.in tin- world di i-r If I lie I In -t Sidi- prufi-.-slnnnl v.i .ipi ii tutor knew lh.it a plain rlotlns jruiim.iu was out to g ; him tin- city would Minn lv too m.t!l for tin- two of llii'in. Tliori' would In- a clash and then It would l-o up to tin- polU-i gunman to rnd tin- otlur's op.-ratlon.s; to get lilm, dead If ni-i-d bo, or get him into jail or cut of town. The plan worked in Cuba and Panama and has about eradlialcd tin- mac-hi-ti- men of r.irto Itlco. New York just imw Is wois In the had days. than tho West Sun ly it Is time for something r.uli- cnl ill .N'iw Yurk as r flnia'i'-n. It will -aki-tliin- to live down tin ogards tin- gang i ho city a long reputation nc- quired hy tin- i.ist stimmor's events. And thugs are .-till making free h- re 1 was iliiinfoiiiiili d to lead the inws. papif r p its of what took place if the Fi d.iv r.ue at the Gaiden the other night If half the outrages on inn-m-nt by st.iii... rs that wen reported actually liappiie-l it Would X' III to indiiati- 'he truili f Ho- statement that "the police1 wen- powi rl. ss." a condlllon that slneild iu it in in tills city, and is another In- I Hanoi of tind' rpollcing. I would have' linked -he doors of that biuMim: and' gone through it with an army of police' until 1 had scan hod and In Id evt ry i Fuspeited gunman and thug in the place if I had to hold pi r n tit of1 th-'Se present. The pollie should hue tin rkht to -. .irih a Mispooied gunman en sight. hrasile methods would cause nn out cry for a while, but the lvilic Commis sioner .should be appointed for life and should go resolutely ahead It would soon be n-t-n that tm- outcry did not come from the decent element In the city, who are wonderfully good natured as long as tiny are not Interfered with. TJie point is iliat It should be no more possible to si-i- iiii-n In-ri- with gun re-putnlli-iis than It Is now In the West A visiting poliie chief ought not to In able to see gunmen exhibited so easily hen That Is pulling It i-ry inlully, and 1 do not iaie tu a-id more about It nor about the surprising presence of certain ilty officers In the same mom with gunmen. Tie third degree, tin- very mention of wlili h glw-s some well Inteniloned per sons tits. Is a necessity in a pollie -parttinnt. Wry little of It would be necessary lure. We hao more than a mental third degu-e In I'orto lileo, A touch of force i.s necessary for old criminals who have become brutes. That doesn't mean that we break thumb., string tln-m up and hammer them as was the Spanish practlie not so long ago. You see many a former polltiutl prisoner In I'uba and I'orto Itlco to-day with useless hands that have the "Weyk-r brand" upon them. Ilui we get the Information and no prlsoin-r of ours has the comforting assurance that hi can t bo third de- -greed It Is no meat job to get rid of gun- ' men. lie graft is a dllfeient proposition and lunges largely on the handling of the wonn n of the underworld. I will nut state my views on segregation nor suggest any new plan for New York but will merely call attention to what Js dune In San .luan. livery woman of the underworld tin-re has to i.irrv ii card and has to keep to a (i-riaiu quarter. 1 never heard of u I'orto Mean policeman taking a cent from one of these women. Vice graft is un known. Personally I will say that I think n vlio committee as suggested by a woman witness In the polke Investi gation would be a very good thing. As to policemen suspected of graft, an In-Hpec-tor, for example, should never be reduced; his head should go off In stantly. I am not to be understood as criti cising those who now head tin- New York police. I won't criticise another man's woik. I have been asked sev eral times during this visit what 1 would do were 1 Commissioner of Po lice here. In the tlrst place I'd never be caught stepping into that Commis Kioncrshlp, that graveyatd of men's reputations. Present conditions won't let nny man do his best In It. If I were in for it, however, I would begin by asking for enlarged powers and nn absolutely clear and public dell nltion of such powers. No secret un derstandings anywhere, for secrecy in the management of police Is the great cause of nuestionable things, and along with iiboveboanl management I would have but one person responsible for the wny the police were run myself. In the net place the Police Depart ment should not In any way attempt to rival the army. Heio I run counter to the Ideas of William J. Itiirns, for whom I have the greatest respect as a detective but who has some erroneous conceptions of police organization. Take the organization of my force in I'orto Itlco. i I found n thousand men In It four V years ago, when I took hold, and 1 had l.300.000 Inhabitants t" care for. You Vhould have neon the, force at that time. l''or military precision In drill It was one of the best trained bodies I ver paw. It had the regular army 'beaten a mile. It had a thlrlv-llve feleco military liand. Its parades were. fcorBCous and frequent The men worn ! the army Stetsons and every Wliy considered it khaki nml In tln-lr business ' to outstrip the soldlets. j Now I'm ii solillei- myself, 1ml 1 I changed nil that. The kind, the khaki, the parados and the general military toplofllness went into the scrap heap. , I put hllle on the men and set llliollt maltlni; them useful. I taught them a I lot of new duties which they had 1 thought lielieath the dignity of soldiers, hut which 1 thought proper for police. They had always called n peon to do any part of their duty that was a trllle , unpleasant, such ns picking up a 'drunken man or corralling n stray horse. I tauulit tin in to do all these things themselves, to help an old woman across the street or tlft her market basket on u stnet car and gen ' eratly to cm mirage the tell your trou bles tn the police idea. , Those who didn't fall in with the now Mi as had to fall out. I had a waiting , list of a thousand to pick from, so that my men are Indeed picked. Tin y are all lithe, strum; young fellows, entirely feailess, ready to walk thirty miles a , day over the inouiitain roads at a mo ment's notice and yank a machete man out of the Jungle bofolo Slipper. Their , patiol organization over the whole Island Is perfectly effective, hut it Isn't in the hast u military organlntion. New York ought to 1 ot policed for 'about three years, heavily overpollci d, with a force Ileal ly double the present. the recruits possibly to conn- from a State police. The need Is pretty evl- dent. Take the automobile pii.Llem for i instance. I 1. lent. -Col. I lodges, assistant chief engineer of the Panama Canal, and 1 stood on the corner of Thirtieth street and P.roadvvay the ntht-r night at 10:30' i o'clock and In a shoit time counted! twenty-live automobiles out of the I stn.im of traHie that were all evcodiiig the spud limit. Two ie Koltmat forty i miles an hour past the ..! could not possibly hivi bl under .sty-tlVe feet Sotle I am not a good Judge of sp, :t is a known fi t tb.it I am the only police chief on i i ord who had his auto mobile license tahm away from him However, now that I have to ride on the back seat 1 have developed a keen eye for speeding. Tile lone tratllc man on tin- t orm-r hail no possible chance to liit'ifen Three autos vveie upon hull while In was looking after the tail lights of tin one beating it away. And while we were watching we saw two spocllle in stances of law bn.iking by tal ill hi r at the curb, illsiegard of public il-ii-iicy of the most llagrant sort for which the drivers should have had thirty days apiece. There wen- simply no police then- to n-e a. Again I took a taxi from uptown Manhattan to a far patt of Hrooklyi. and kept n sharp eye open to count the policemen on the way. I counted ope near an eleval -d pillar at lliooklyu liridge. At 11 o'clock that night I eiiiin- back by the same route, still counting' policemen. I saw that same man along-! side the elevated pillar and not another bliiecoal tho whole way, which going and coming was about thirty miles Doubtless there were others on those beats, but such dllllciilty iu finding police should not I- 1n New York. Klght thousand more men Is what the force Meeds, I will say nothing ubout the exceed ing upproac hahlcucsx of some pollen olllcers here. I would rather talk ubout my men In I'orto Itlco, If I caught an olllcer down there sitting In a publlu cafe, on duty or off, m uniform, there would bo a sudden vacancy on the force. My men must not drink and they do not; neither docs Jhelr chief, They do not put themselves In any public place or private house where It would seem to be easy for questionable per sons to approach them, A good police otllcer does not drink, One of my very best olllcers look to drinking noticeably when off duty. I warned him twlco and then 1 called him In and told him I was sorry, but stn-i ts and . '' K i? ',f I in Mopped - i ' f tn i Hunk I f ' i Ills resignation would be acceptable. He said he had two weeks leave coming to him. I told him he hadn't two sec onds leave coming. He found also that he hadn't. And yet he had been a star man, Now as to political interference by policemen. It seems to be noticeable la New York. It Is not In Porto Itlco, where we have Federal control. Tho slightest paitls.in activity there ends a man's police career. During the last elections a police sergeant at a po litical meeting so far forgot himself as to clap his hands applauding mmo speaker. I had twenty anonymous let ters about It the next morning anonymous letters being u great hobby down there. I called tho man In. He said ho was killing mosquitoes, not ap plauding. Ho went The total amount of graft Involved in I'orto Itlco police affairs In the four years I have 'been there has mounted to as high as $11.50. I-ast year nn A NATIVE MOUNTAIN DWELLING olllcer had to make a quick trip from the mountains and made use of his In other's horses. Then he sent in a bill for $11.50, as though he had hired the team elsewhere. Ills own family rather than have the disgrace of such graft denounced him to me. And that Is the whole history of graft among tho I'orto lllco police. There might have been a bit more of such history, this time cont.ected with gambling, When I went to San Juan I heard of two things, it line big saloon with gambling apparatus In a private house and a diamond ring worn by some former pollco official. I paid a sudden call on the saloon, alone. Tho padrono was delighted to seo mo and offered me a whacking diamond from his linger. I told him 'that diamonds of that water didn't become me, hut If he wns agreeable I'd take from him tho roulette wheel on the table. 1 carried It out under my arm nnd the word went around and gambling hasn't both ered the I'orto Itlco police since. Weapon men were the greatest prob lorn wo had on our hands at tlrst. It wasn't ns bad as at Panama, where I had found bad men from all tho world (Mllectod together, Harbadoan negroes, Fortune Islanders and riffraff from half a dozen Central American states, all outlaws, who 'slashed folks and then cut for tho brush, I took with mo to clean up tho zono n score of tho host gunmen I could llnd In the West and In Cuba, It wasn't so very long before Panama got a reputation ns "tho best policed spot on earth, Greek meet Greek did It, Knell of my shooters picked his outlaw and hung to tho trail until ho got him. Tho very best was a Cuban who died Just re cently. Ho camo back from tho jungle on one occasion with four bandits tied tn his holse's tall nnd two behind the sadillo dead. The Porto Hlcans are as peace Iov lug a people as y u will llnd on earth, but the peons will carry knives. They don't mean any harm, hut somehow harm Is always resulting, or waj, as It Is nrettV hard to Mini Known wcuiju i.iii.rs iln-re now. In four yisir.s I hav ,'n 1 seized ".,000 revolvers and 10,000 knives. We havn dumped three tons and a half of knives and pistols Into .San .luan Hay. It Li always well to he a trllle decisive about Inaugurating new policies, mo when I sent out word that knife carry ing must cease, t made a little display advertisement of tho fact myself. I learned tho name of the worst feared machete man In the mountains and early managed to encounter him In lilt own domain, where he had terrorized tho wnall plantations for years. I hapened on him and a lot of his friends while out motoring alone up In a hit of a village. He was very suave, like tho country overlord that he was. t was a hit abrupt, as Is useful at times. "You have a knife?" I asked him. Ho .milled ns pleasantly ns could be that ho had one, "Hand It over," I said, "pronto!" He never ceased smiling, but he obeyed, and I had my hogleg In hand as ho brought his knife to the fore. "Why didn't you kill him?" I hoard his friends ask him as I wont away. "I I didn't know how." he 'stuttered. To teach them all to forget how was tho business of my men, nnd now a known knife carrier must take to the mountains tu ksp hU only visible means of support. Hven then ho can't keep It long. Pome of those mountain fellows were pretty tough customers. There was Potnalos. He hud a machete that had got him Into the pen eighteen times In twenty years and eighteen times he had escaped. He was still doing business, levying tribute on the plantations nnd collecting tltlns from the wayside shop shacks. "You tell and I cut Hie legs off your cattle," would be his parting word. He slept In a little hut In a Jungle patch where his querid.i, or sweetheart, ultlvnted bananas. Ho had a ooy wiin him, Oliver Twist to his Fagln. for years he had perpetrated horrible out rages against men and women In the country. One man had tho nariiinooii to refuse him money. That night l"o- nl..u Dlta Into ltn mnn'M liollse. found lliuufi e.,u ......... .. . , mm asioeii in u. iiunuuov i ,4 ov...,, roped him In his bod. Then he piled straw under tho hammock, and striking a match lit a cigarette. Hefore blowing out tho match he asked his prisoner where the money wns. Tho man still held out. I'omnlcs put the match to the straw. "It's In a can under the counter, cried tho man. l'omales found tho money nnd then stamped out the flamo before the ham mock wns too badly scorched. Finally l'omales decided to declare himself In on the profit of n gold mine that a prospector named l'eter Nelson had discovered. At tlrst he was content to get part of the wages of Nelson's men. Ho haunted tho mining camp on payday nnd gambled with the peons. Perhaps there was some high handed dealing of tho cards, but no one dared to question l'omales. Growing greedy, ho decided to blackmail Nelson himself nnd began breathing threats and then took to studying tho miner's habits to get at him with n machete. Nelson returned tho compliment, sat Into a gnmo of three card monto with the old pi rale nnd found him a fine appearing gentleman for do hloody a record. Nelson collected data on l'o males's uprisings and down sittings nnd mado a definite report to mo concerning a certain mountain pass and the time of day IMmales might cross It. I shot threo good men of mlno to that point. They had lMmales'-s body on a litter next day In San Juan. They hadn't any story to tell except that they had put him allvo on tho llttor and thoy woro sorry ho had died. They hnd met hint In the p.j md on sight of them the bandit opf-ne i tiro with two guns. They woundml hlni ,m, then rushing In kicked the wen mi from-his hands. That was nil. "I'm glad I'm going to town ag.iui," remarked Pomnles ns they started .fr with him. Uut ho didn't reach town I'orto !l!eo lies In Manaiia I. nd. There's always n to-morrow tin r not In the police department. I a big map on the wall kick ..f de.sk, and a telephone board c . with buttons, sixty-sown of them, lespondlng with the sixty-seven p it I VII my i r.., - districts of the Island. If I push -ii. of thoso buttons aud get no answer I . i i It once more. If there's no tob . . .11 reldy I sonil out two policemen iv'i bring In the district captain a pi- n-r to say why he wasn't at his lclei-li n. I h.ivo a tratllc siiuiul It must h.inilln 1,700 atitos In San .Mian's cm I streets, nnd how they do like to di " down there! a mounted squad nnd a harbor squad. These figures will Hull cato their ellkienoy. I-nst year tin v arrested 67,000 persons and secir. i "1,000 convictions. Tlu-y have ca nr ' every murderer. 3r.O In four years. i cept one, who Is still In the brush, mil every one of tho 3Ti0 was convicted. W- havo Federal control of Judges ttn r. and perfect cooperation between bom i nnd police. CIGARS AT SIXTY CIZN'I N- O man who has once, smoked properly aged cig-tr will ever go tvick to tut' iresn article," declares tho mali nger of tho American branch of a Ivindoa tokicco firm. More than JIOO.OOO worth of ngod and nging cigars aro stored in the humidor of this firm's Fifth avenue store. Of tlio. $30.ooo worth aro the property of Now York owners. Tho air in tho littlo room Is never either cold or hot nnd is ulwayi absolutely dry. Tho humidor is an Iusido room peril ip ten feet square. Its walls, heavily lined with a.sk'.slos, an) nine inches thick. Ou shelves that reu-li from lloor to roiling aro tho cigars, most of them in cabinets of Spanish cedir, the only woo l tint does not impart its own odor to the clg irs, which are as sensitive as Imttor or oilk The cabinets hold Sou cigars apiece, Tho cigars mature in their own aroma. They 1 do not dry out since there is no change of atmosphere. Kvery one uf tho thirty or forty different leaves from as many differ i out plantations which aro blended to make up the high priced cigar has its own strength and llavor. As the cigar uges the resin which is in every leaf slightly permeates each other leaf, and the wholo becomosa smooth, sweet blend. There are well known names on the boxes. Coronas predominate to the casual eye, with other high grade brand well represented. Tho discriminating smoker, it seems, grades his cigars accord ing to st length as carefully as hodocshU drinks. There is the mild, after break fast cigar, the article of medium size and strength to follow luncheon, and tho 1 irgo, full llavored variety which atones for the after dinner absence of tho 1 idies. Hie difference in strength depends; not on the color of the wrapper, which is tha popular belief, but on the nature of the filler. The taste for light colored cigars is due to this mistaken idea on the part of the public. The demand for the light colors is only about fifty years old, for the first cigars brought to this country were oscuro very dark. Hut thoy had to be dipped iu a solution of rotten tobacco leaves still further to blacken thetn and convince our fathers that they were getting the-worth of their money. Then some light colored products, grown on poor land, were put on the market nnd the public began to buy them under the impression that they were mild Mildness really lies in tho quality and seasoning of tho leaf and not in its color. Aginc, according to the manager, ulio insures mildness. Tho humidor contains only aged cigars and tho aged cigars aro for sale only in quantities of 1,000 or more at nn average price of $500 a thousand. Once purchased the cigars aro held subject to tho owner's order free from Btorago or Insurance charges and furnished to him ns he may direct. A cigar is supposed to be at Its prims after two years, hut this depends to a certain extent on the crop. Many of ths cigars in this humidor are of the 1VQ4 crop, which wbs particularly rich In nat ural oils. The man who bought 15,000 cigars from this firm last week and had them stored in his wine cellar will probably havo some on hand ten years from now unlcw he is particularly generous. A $8,000 order from a customer who is not a dealer Is something of a record in the cigar trade. Hut no matter how old tho cigars may bo before they are all smoked th '.v will not grow dry, for the cedar bovs, while checking ntulue moisture, will ah- aorb what moisture the cigorb need from the outside air und transfer it to them. They will simply mellow in their own fragrance, You notice that these cigars even vheo aged aro not unduly expensive.' addb tho manager. "It is a mistake to Buppoco thtt a cigar must be costly in order to bo good. '1 he man who KiyB 0 cents for a cigar gets the worth of his money, but (.nythlng moro than that is a fancy price The nun who prefers aged cigars pays no moro for them than ho would for the average article which arrives from Havana In the morning and is fcokl orer the counter in the afternoon. Hut lis must be able to buy in large lots, Wo cannot satisfy his taste at the counter ' If he Is not willing to tie up $5oo in cigars and lias lost his taBte for tho fresh article through a chance gift of an aged perfecto he may comfort himself with a pipe. More rich men are unokinc pines to day than ever before.' declared tho muti neer consolingly, "But there is an art in smoking a pine. 'The smoke should never be Inhaled, If that Is done it is more dangerous Dun anr quantity of cigars or cigarettes A briar pipe is the only thing to use, slnfo any wood hut the briar root gives Ub own odor to the toliacco. There should be a different pine for every day in the week. After smoking the pipe should be cleaned with a littlo alcohol on a pipe cleaner and allowed to sweeten up for a week.