Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, JANUAKY 24, 1913.
FRIDAY, JANl'AHY 21, 1013.
Entered lit the Post Offlre at New York as .Second
Iw M ill MnlliT.
5iih.rli.lln.,.h Mall, Postpaid. V,nr ow" "Hl-ii Vessels till'
nAII.Y. Per Munth ,. r.o 'Mtiuls wo (rented tin' proceed
DAtl.V Per Year on 11115 11 'Ohtr.-l volition of llio ehllilgo-
M'NDAY, ivr ear a r.o j "1,'llt 'I'" Alal'imm. claims treaty of
IiAII.V AMist NDAY. tvi Yp.u it mi ' lf"l, wlin.il provided for tlm use. of llier-i
IsAILY ANDSt NIIAY. I'rr Monti .. JS
I'ustacn lo ffir'lirn rountrles added.
All chrcts, money orders, Ac , tn he tnnde par
Puhlistifd dallr, Inrludlng Sunday, h? trf Sun
rrtntlna- And Publishing AMnrlatlnn At 1T0 Nni
Hrrft, In the tlnrntiffh nt MatiSattan. ..rir Votl.
President And 'I rt-AMirrr, Mlllim t Itelrk, 170
Nassau sttret.V'fC.t'rcsldrnt. Idwnnl ! .(Ililieli,
KONAAiiMrrft, heuclarj. Cbi-Mcr s. I.piU. twjiiiR of this incident upon tho present
london pffiro, FfflnehAm ITnu'A, 1 Amndfl
I'r1 nftlie. nua de Ia Ulrhndlr. cH Kuf du
IVMhltiKlon nffliK, nitibi nulldlnf.
Brookln omi. IM UvlncMim itrtet.
fT ' frlfndt vhe fator uiulll nonu'frtrl'
niustrattoni jar publimttim trifh fn har rejfctr;
erttcin ttturnH ttv must In all cast! $fnt iluviju
Tor tr.at purpot.
THE TWE AlfEMCAyiSM.
frcn Pu JrMC in ti Petatt m Jimunry Jt tv
K.'llo Jiool. Fenator trcn .'rr York ait
i:t-Stcretarv c! Muff,
O Rntor, consider for n moment
what It in that wo urn doing. Wo nil
lov our country; nre all proud of Its
history; we aro all full of hope and cournso
for Its future; w love Its good name
ww drslrn for it that power amotiR tho
nations of the earth which will ennblij
It to accomplish still Rreater thlnps for
ciili7fttlon than it han accomplished In
its noblo past. Shall wo mnkn ourselves
In tlio minds of tho world likn unto tho
man who In his own community Is marked
as astuto and cunning to pot out of his
obligations? Shall ws mako ourselves
like unto tho man who in known to Ik
false to hli agreements: false to hU pledged
word? Shall wo have it uuderntood tho
world over that "you must look out for
tho United States or she will get tho
advantage of you"; that we are clever and
cunning to get tho better of the other
party to an ngrcement? Shall we In our
generation add to those claims to honor
and respect that our fathers have r
tablished for our great cotlatry the
claim that wo shall bo considered slippery?
It Is worth while, Mr. President, to bo a
citUen of a great country, but size alone
is not enough to make a country great
A couutry must bo great In Its ideals; it
must be great hearted; it must be noble;
it must despise and reject all smallness
anil meanness; it must bo faithful to Its
word; It must keep tho faith of treaties;
it must be faithful to It mission of civiliza
tion In order that it shall be truly great.
Thus far tho long wnr against trusts'
has ufforded only moral satisfaction.
The dissolution, voluntary or Involun
tary, of a "trust' doesn't reduce by a
tittle the cost of living. In nomo coses
it even raises tho price of the articles
that tvere subject to tho "trust."
The hearings beforo the Wnva and
Means Committee point to more prac
tical and wide-reaching benefits. The
Democrntio platform Insisted that ma
terial reduction be speedily made upon
the necessaries of life." Food is the first
or these necessaries. For years the In
creased bill for food has Worried and
pinched every household, except thoso
of rich or forehanded people. Tho
Lnited btates can't produco cattlo and
meat enough to feed itself. Population
wan us, meat supply decreases, yet the
country keeps a duty on foreign cattle
ana meat; shuts Itself off from the con
tiguous Canadian and Mexican supply,
from the great cattlo raising countries
of South America and tho Antipodes;
Toluntarily or ignorantly does rhat it
nan to put up Its meat bills.
Neither for protection nor for rerenue
are these duties defeasible. They should
bit cut off by tho Sixty-third Congress.
With them should go evory food duty,
from eggs to apples, as tho latin pro
verb runs. Free foodstuffs I
Secretary Knox's Iteply to Great
The American note in aninrer to the
British representations concerning dis
crimination In canal tolls reached Lon
don yesterday. Mr. K.no.i's policy
seems to bo strategio rather than di
rectly controversial upon the main
question. This is perhaps legitimate
under the circumstances. It may pre
pare tho way for a diplomatic settlement
satisfactory to both parties through an
investigation by a specially arranged
As to foimal nibitration, the present
altitude i,f pan of the Senate makes
the wiu.ltiuli dllln iilt lor the Slato De
pJlllllielil. Tin.' Sim lelai v coll l not do
nioie iii e than erho the President's
leeeiil expreion ol willingness to
niliiliaio. Hut if the situation is difll
eiik the Taft Administration is itself
largely n.poiiMlilu lor tho eirciim
i.iaiiee The i lau-e of tho canal bill
exempting the American coastwise
irullic ounlii not to have been signed
by Hie President lut summer.
Like tho excellent and resourceful
lawyer that ho i-. Secretary K.vo.x
makes the technical point that tho
t ciiy it violated nt all, would not bo vio
lated bv the mere in t of Congress pro-
uiiiih iui i iiu e.ieiupiloli oi our coat.
U Ui veisnlj lint It.. ,li.. .........I t I
, ' ' "' impost-
lion of Itlieriieil In Li ti.i.l.. .1.-
, 1 '" in" iTosi-
dent s proclamation of rates. Ho hopes
i mil uii inquiry into mo basis of tho
latcs imd by the President may con
uncn (iieat Britain that thern is no in
equality, inasmuch n.s canal expenses
rulJ'IBIIIH IS I) IIIPIIlM I li.n.
. . - " '. -
rnipted .,,nie and ,hus deil against
us propomonaicly , tho ,,.,
llnnrnJ. V' ,1 ' l"'""t llmt ""r
LnmSr W,ll,,';iy I'10 tolls ,,mt "-o
iiomtoally wa.vcd in tl,0 ewe of Aacr-
lean ronstwlsn vwwh In th form of
ii Milioldy wlilch otir Congress has Iho
llllt tn Riillil
On flu' oIIht hide of tho Atlantic
and i,iriiciil;irly liy Sir Kmwauii (iui:v,
if will proliahly not lie forgotten that
whi'ii Camilla undertook to discriminate
tigiiiiiht tlm American coastwise trallli1
liy means of a heavy siilisidy tebate fo
i Canadian canals lllotn? thi ('.rent, l.-ikn
waterway on equal terms liy the citi
zens of tins two countries. President
Ci.KVi:i,ANi then protested vigorously'
amn'nst tlm Inequality; und upon our
representations Canada retired from
the position she had taken and rescinded
the differential rates. Tho direct bear
controversy was mado clear in Senator
HOOT'S tnnstnrlt. ennnnh In tlm Kiinnfit
on Tuesday, it is another case of
whoso ox Is gored, and no candid per
son can fail to bo impressed by tho Sen
ator's candid remarks.
There Is a higher law of International
relations than that which gives sub
stance to Mr. Knox'h able noto re
ceived yesterday at tho llritish For
eign Oftleo. It is the law of good faith
and honor. Wo hope that long before,
any Joint commission has audited tho
mathematical computations on which
tho canal tolls are based tho entiro
subject may be rendered academic by
the most honorable and in the long
run the most profitable courso open to
this country, the repeal of the exemp
Bherket Pasha's Reappearance.
The prospect of peace botween Tur
key and tho Balkan nllles, which seemed
assured when the Grand Council ap
proved the Government's recommenda
tion to give up Adrianople, Is clouded,
temporarily at least, by the resignation
of tho Cabinet and tho appointment of
AlAHMUD Suevkct Pasha as Grand
Vizier in place of tho veteran KtAMir,
Pasha. Tho appointment as Minister
of tho Interior of Tai.aal Bey with his
cry that tho national honor must be
saved is also a disquieting sign.
If tho new Cubinet, protesting that it
does not want a continuation of the war
but is determined that Turkey shall
retain Adrianople, is not blustering, the
Powers will have to act quickly and
servo peremptory notice that the strug
gle must not bo resumed.
Siikvket Pasha's popularity was ob
scured by tho futility of Turkish resist
ance to Italy in Tripoli, for as Minister
of War ho was held responsible for the
humiliation; but ho was the leader of
tho bloodless Young Turk revolution
that resulted In tho deposition of Audit
Hamid, and if the army at tho front
wants war Shuvkkt Pasha Is likely to
1)0 a popular hero again. It Is Just as
well to face the truth that things have
taken an unpleasant turn at Constan
tinople. When peace seemed assured
an outburst of fanatical passion has re
stored to power an ambitious Arab sol
dier who has not had his opportunity
on the firing line. Nevertheless he may
be found on the side of peace.
Control of Xew
Reoent advices from Albany hannilT
indicate that Governor BrxzEn con
templates the transfer of the quarantine
station of this port to the well equipped
Publio Health Service of the United
States, a movement which has been
advocated by The Scn for somo time.
On Saturday last the most convinclne
reasons for this transfer were briefly
stated. Governor Sclzer was advised
to consider especially the immediato
saving of the $2,000,000 which has been
asked for by the health officer of tho
port for the reconstruction of the
present inadequate arrangement, and of
tho large outlay involved in tho future
maintenance of the station.
It is a subject for congratulation to
note the prompt action of Governor
Scij'.er in this important matter in ap
pointing a committee to investigate the
question, and to be informed that the
chairman, Mr. Cakltslk, is alivo to
the obvious reasons for tho immediato
transfer. His experience in politics
is manifested In the statement, "I
expect something of an uproar when
this proposition Is broached. This
accords with the view expressed in The
Sun that the loss of the patronage In
volved in the transfer of quarantine
to the Federal Government can be the
only reason for delay in removing the
station from State control.
It is reported from Albany that Re
cording to the present health officer
the shipping Interest of New York
would oppose it. The Federal Gov
ernment cannot do this work by a board
from Washington," says Dr. O'Cok.neij,,
because "there must bo some ono to
say 'yes' or 'no' when vessels come
into tho harbor. Tho answer must bo
prompt, Ao. Tho most superficial
comparison of tho personnel of a Stato
controlled quarantine station with one
inder tho management of tho Public
Health (formerly Marine Hospital! Ser-
vico of tho United States would dem- '
onstrato tho weakness of tins hlale-
ment. I here can bo no doubt that an
officer of this service trained iuquuran
tino duties is far moro competent to
render prompt decisions on all ques
tions than tho most uble physician who
'Tlio hint that "tho city may if it de
sires bo given control of this of)j( amj
tho privilege of paying for its mainto-
nnnco reaus liKo irony on Iho part of
. - ' L "l
pir. l AHMKi.K, a tram
transfor from State
to city control would indeed bo "jump
ing from tho frying pan into tho lire."
This kind of transfer should not com
mend itself to our legislators.
I ho inadequacy of ()ur quarantine
"cl,,l, ... ,1 .
.nuiiiiiii in iiii7 if rr;iii, lime. IIS rellle
' tan.lv charged bv the p cs m t i, , ,, ,
, , Uio iimh. Verio,, imli' n
, P'Tlnitted Kllcil COIKlltlOIIS tO ObUitl
after its existence fijneo Colonial timw
a period during which ovar klf 1 X
lred Kxpt'iitivcs have appointed the
same tininlier nf lie.'ilih iiflieei-.s. l'.verv
eoiiMideiation of salelv of the It tt't
port of entry in the lulled Sfntert de-
mands thai tlm IVdeiul (iovemuiei.i,
wltlHi ...lilr.ils our delen.es (iKiiili-L
other ciiotnie,,. should assume lonfiol
,, . '
ol (he ili-lenirK anailist disease in the
poll of .Sew Wk. (iovetnor SII,Zl.lti
will net wisely in iromptly tecum
mending fo the Legislature to pas tin
nees'iry laws and by putting them
inlo immediate eiilorcement.
Our Xelclibors Feeling'.
A lino consideration for tho feelings
of others is doubtless one of tho dis
tinguishing marks of civilization, but
it appears sometimes n.s if wo might
be getting jllsl a little bit overeivilized.
Wo an' apt to discritniiiato too nicely
about what is calculated to wound the
susceptibilities of our neighbors, and
when wo have taken every precaution
. ! nvol.1 thn suggestion of offence, and
liavo published elaborate explanations
of our delicacy, tho neighbors whoso
feelings wo have been at such pains
to spare turn round nnd inquire mildly
what all the fuss was about.
It Is only a few years since the stage
censor In Kngland banned "Tho Mikado"
out of deference to the Japanese ally
whose fleet was visiting tho shores of
Britain, and Homeric laughter went
up throughout tlsi land when the sub
jects of tho Mikado welcomed their
hosts aboard their battleships to the
strains of Sn.t.tVAN's censored operti.
A similar misplaced delicacy was ex
hibited the other day when tho Board
of Superintendents of New York city's
schools decided In their wisdom that
"The Merchant of Venieo" was not on
appropriate work to bo read in schools
lest It might offend the susceptibilities
of Jewish children.
Happily no time ha been lost in re
moving the prohibition, for the prece
dent that it set might havo proved
awkward. If the supposed feelings of
one element of a heterogeneous popu
lation were to be treated with such
tenderness, other elements might fairly
have claimed similar treatment. Somo
youthful and unnaturalized Briton, for
instance, might have been seriously
embarrassed by instruction on tho
Revolution; Tiiackkhay, as Commis
sioner CiiLTtniiu, pointed out in mov
ing to rescind the order, was not nlways
complimentary to the Irish, nnd Dickens
had a few frank criticisms to make
upon our own country.
It seems on the whole n little invidious
to havo singled out one particular race
to which to Impute such thin skinned
sensibility, and wo fancy, were it not
for a saving sense of humor which re
fuses to regard the affair as anything
but a joke, tho Jewish people themselves
would be tho first to resent being de
prived of a masterpiece of Fnglish
literature. In any case, however, there
was no need for all tho pother, sinco ac
cording to tho reading of tho character
most favored in recent times Shylvck
was an uncommonly fine fellow. Cer
tainly no ono who saw Invi.vo's Inter
pretation of the Jew could withhold his
sympathy. Tho picture that ho mado
was, as EtJ.KN Tkrrt describes it, ono
of a "heroic saint."
The New Tjabor mils.
The series of bills for the reorganiza
tion of the State Department of Labor
now in the Legislature are tho result
of tho investigation conducted last vear
by the committee of which Senator
Waqneh was chairman. They nro de
signed to strengthen tho hand of the
Stato in protecting wage earners, of
whom women and children naturally
receive the greater share of public sym
pathy. This service is not altogether
altruistic, for the Stato as a political
entity and each individual in it have a
selfish interest in the maintenance of
good sanitary conditions in factories
While the women and children supply
the picturesque and "heart touching" in
cidents that arouse popular concern over
industrial conditions, the state of mon
workers is a matter of not less Impor
tance. The measures advocated by the
committee cover the wholo field, seem
ingly with sufficient thoroughness to
satisfy u II reasonable requirements.
Tho authority and personnel of tho in
specting forces would be materially in
creased by their enactment. Thoy would
prohibit numerous practices now com
mon and held to be inimical to the wel
fare of workers, and they are Intended
to provide for permanent systematio
study and improvement of a situation
which may not be as bad as some persons
believe but which would not be called
ideal by even the most cheerful ob
But when the bills become laws what
of their enforcement? Is It to be en
trusted to persons whoso principal qual
ification is political, or to dreamers and
experimenters of Utopian ambition but
without executive skill? To find the
men and women properly equipped for
the tusk of translating into action tlio
praiseworthy desire for better things,
shared by all tho people of tho Statoi
will not be easy. It will be more difficult
to enforce the laws than to write them
in tho books, nnd wo shall withhold our
rejoicings over tho predicted new dis
pensation for thoso who must labor in
mill and shop until evidence is produced
thut u man has been found who cun make
the now engine run ns it should.
On the unnffendln head of the harh-elm-
is poured the critical wralh of press
and pulpit, anil columns of unjust things
ar willten of htm. ilimiltin nmmtrcial
How do you account for it? The cyni
cal lay it to envy.
rant Washington to be a
Well, It will bo distinctly moro beau
tiful nfler that old Hlttit. Job Cannon
leaves it for good next March.
'Ilio list of Democrntio statesmen of
various Stales and eahr whose names
havo Ixjen presented by solemn delega
tions at Trentoa will soon be as long as
th Ntwark directory; but it U a good daal
more amusing limn that sterling work.1
ihy Is It that ho maiiv men. hitherto tin-
U,'nr'i "f al"' U"""K' suddenly turn ti
'" "'" ""rpri-e or the country and their
' " ' . " "
I nV.M.lLi'j" J."-?!""." f5?W. " 1 l'lr
-. V,,,... - , L ui"
twii. m in iniii iiu iJiinf uiuv miu mu
other Cahinet pot?
It is pertinent to Invite every Senator
and Itepresentntivn In Congress to con
sider whether the Hay.pauncefoto treaty
would hove been accepted by (treat Hrit
aln if we had announced beforehand that
we meant to givo It the construction that
we subsequently put upon It by statute.
The ffe Indians hsve a "Champ i mth
-U'-ai nofoii ilrgpntch.
Thought Champ was a Crow.
The rooiI looking alrl who roiifedl
Hleulltig clothing was paroled yesterday
A nttsrin ivy Journal,
"Whafls Iho blooming tlncturo of tho
skin to peace of mind and harmony with
in?" ns our great-grandmothers used to
roeat, not without an eye upon the
mirror. Much la forgiven to tho beauty
whether sho is stolen, like IIki.fn, or
steuls, like this young woman of Kansas
City. This U an Inalienable "siecial
Among the objects of the "Republican
Club of Illinois," which got a license to
Incorporate, this week, is tho perxtua
tion of "tlio principles of tho Republican
party as promulgated in tho platform
adopted In Its national conventions from
its birth to tho convention of 1!M2 in
clusive." Many oxcollent principles can
bo found in that collection, but no onu
of them Is likely to !o recommended to a
discriminating publio by the presence
of the Hon. WILLIAM I.orimku among
tho incorporators of "The Republican
Club of Illinois."
Count that day lost" and so on; and
yesterday was not lost by us. for reading
the C.oni'rejfoia( Hrcord dutifully wo had
tho satisfaction to get a lesson In pronun
ciation from tho Hon. J. Harry Coving
ton of Maryland, descanting upon tho
"The Thaffelra' Itlver. ns I believe they
call It -and I was not aware of that pecul
iar and remarkable pronunciation myself
until I was told of It by members of the
ine iinzoueor iigures the name as
"Atch-af-a-ll-a." long "i" nnd accent on tho
same. But tho local usage decides; and
tho beheading is impressive. Did tho
Hon. J. Hiimr Covi.su ton get it right?
A marvellous, an Incredible, n most
moral debauch is reported from Kaunas
City Tho Journal of that town talks
fxietlcally of "an orgy of retrenchment "
Tho orgy seems to be heverely local.
Ihcre is no danger that it will spread.
The correspondents of the Cffy Rrcord
continue to set a pace no other publica
tion devoted to gathering the news would
dare to follow In tho edition for Jan
uary 13 the "Reports of the transactions
of the office of the Commissioner of Publio
Works, Borough of Queens, for the weeks
ending August 10 and 17" are printed
over th signature of Drnih O'l.KAnx,
Commissioner. Both were received at
the Cltv lltcord office on January 17. It
would be only fair for Supervisor Kekou
son to mark them "delayed In trans
mission." "The oldest Elk In the world." dead in
Iowa at 103, smoked and chewed for
eighty-one years, an interesting record.
Ho did not smoko and chew for his last
ten years. With respect, that was a mis
take. He should havo been content to
eschew the cud. Ho Mwlieved In the
bucksaw for exercise." A Spartan senior,
whoso principles will bo admired, not fol
lowed. Whatever l thought of long life
few will hold that it is worth lifelong ex
ercise on the aawhorso.
In 1912 the city treasury was enriched
to tho extent of $19,821.47 through the es
tates of persons who died in New York
county without discoverable hpirs. Tho
values of these estates ran all the way
from Otto Roknick's $2.9S7.l to tho one
cent of the "unknown man" found in Con
tral Park. The transactions of the Pub
lic Administrator are not all in negligible
amounts, and his work touches what is
one of the most interesting sides of life in
a large city, its lost men and women.
Judge Atnzl Dedd.
To the Ennon or Tnr. flrs Sir- a life
like that which has just been ended by the
death of Judge Amrl Dodd of this town
deserves more than local comment. The
long and honorable career of Judge Dodd
is full of lessons for younir men
uipiontt iiepuiiuran. ins character was
so fine, as displayed In his work ns a lawyer
and man or business, that he was appointed
to nin judicial omre by Democrat o Ad
ministrations without protest even from
those to whom partisan affiliations are
ordinarily euperlor to the claims of (per
Horn In IS21, he was graduated from the
College of ?ew Jersey fn 1MI. It wai
distinguished class. On tta roll were John
Craig Diddle of Pennsylvania and K. B.
lilalr, who served capably In th Fed
eral armlei and after the war filled publio
positions or Donor; the reverend doctors
Cuyler, Duffleld and Hodge, leading llsbta of
the Presbyterian ministry; Professor Olger
or Princeton, I'roressor Pickett of Ken
tucky, U. W Scuddor and .1. T. Nlion.
famous New Jersey legislators. Thev
were products of a sterner day In academe,
and among I hem all not one bad greater
sticnirtli or character, a clearer head or a
purer heart than Amri Dodd's
As member of Assembly, Vice-Chancellor
anil Judge or Iho Court of Krrors and Ap
peals his services to the Htate were most
valuable and marked by the same qualities
or sense and justice that distinguished his
administration of the Mutual Benefit Life
Insurance Society of Newark and. In
private practice of the law, made his ser
vices as a trustee ami executor desirable.
Klrm In his political faith, ho was the
trucht sort of publio servant and saw his
country bigger than his party. Quiet . un
assuming, sympathetic and helpful, he pos
sessed In combination with these dualities
the harder ones that make the man. He
was an exemplar of all that is best in the
traditional character or the American,
Ili.ooMMKLi). N. J., January ;m, t.
"I Wlih I Wat."
To th I'.ruTOH or Tn ht-N Gin This old
plantation melody waa popular many yrais ai;o,
A discontented "darky" fan eipreatton to his
I wish IwaatnTenneaaea
Wlf lubbly Dinah on my knea,
I'd lake my banjo and I'd play
l'rom aunset to de break obday.
lilt alone home , allrr f al,
for d dew on ile (rats am uhliilnr.
(ill slung home, ysllrr
l or ile rUeiilnx aliaitra am drcllnlnx,
1 nhh I had an n!e tral hot,
He Allrghanlrs I would emu,
I'd rrota dc mountain and ile plain
And nebber hoe dla corn aialu,
Naw You. January U. J. 0. L
rin: stock exciiaxoe.
( Alla-ki nil It Attacks on Srw otW
lAUv .'liuse on (iolil Standard.
Totiik D.iTonoi'TiiK.Suy Sir: What
N ""' na"r ''" Ht KxrhuiiRC?
i!Al thei question is being asked It onll.
lo mind tho nrflclo which made William
Allen White famous, entitled "What's
the Matter With Kansas?" written during
tho depressing times of the early '80s.
Ho proved that the Stule of Kansas was
nil right, but that tho troublo was in tho
mentul condition of tho people and that
It was necessary for them to stop raising
hell and raise more com.
At the present time ninny are looking
around for something to blame on account
of the fact that it is extremely difllcult
lo mako a living. The country is passing
through n reorganization; reforms nro
ominous. Investors aro In tho cvclono
I cellars. It Is hoped that tho innovations
I will prove to bo sacrifices for posterity.
' ' .-l. ..-f . . t i
i 1 1 h i 1 1 oi .7 mum wb nro looKuig lorwara
to a larilT Tor revenuo only an inquiry
into tho condition of the banks, tho regu
lation of tho railroads, dissolution of the
steel trust, the doing away with mutual
ownership In competing companies, and.
subsidiaries of the dissolved monopolies, I
together with many other changes, why!
is it surprising that those who do not
mako their living by adding to the world's
wealth nro now seeking for something
lo "kick"? What better object on which
to vent their feeling than tho Stock Ki
change? Lawson says It is the causo of
the high cost of living, so they lambasto
tho place where stocks aro traded In.
Did not tho housewives of Germany re
cently attack tho market place on ac
count of tho high cost of meats? Tho
exchange opens at 10, closes nt 3, and dur
ing that time prices fluctuate there. Two
things happening together; ono must be
the cause of the other.
Kureknl The "causa causans" Is found,
tho fount of nil tho trouble. Therefore
Incorporate the exchange, regulate It,
stop short selling, pyramiding, manipu
lation; too long. O Fortuna, havo we
suffered from these fluctuations on the
board; henceforth the sea must bo calm
und smooth and pacific; no longer will
turbulent waves bo allowed, currying
tho ship down in the slough of despond
only later to ruimi it on the crest of pros
perity. There must be a control.
It Is indeed lucky for tho real estate
brokers that they havo no large incor
porated exchange dealing in real estate
from 10 to 3, for huvo not the prices of
properties in this city on Hroadway
irom Uty Hull to fourteenth street uu
dergono on enormous decline? These
investments will scarcely bring the mort
gages. It has all como very suddenly;
owners nro trying to throw over their
holdings nnd invent in the Fourth avenue
Orand Central district. Why aro not
tho real estate brokers to blame, and
also tho bankers who havo helped the
owners to carry these properties at what
now turn out to bo inflated prices by
advancing loans on mortgages?
Tine, tho savings banker Un one rea
son not to worry over his security, for It
is a part of mother earth, while tho Wall
Street banker loans on stocks nnd Ixmds,
which are but bits of paper, although
I know of no loss ever having been sus
tained on a loan of mixed Stock Kxchange
collateral, yet it has always leen con
sidered a more hazardous security.
Why not put real estate brokers under
State control so that they cannot sell
properties which may decluio in value?
They should bo lncorHirated, regulated,
and n speculator should be allowed to
own but ono piece of property, lest there
be pyramiding; also the amounts loaned
on real estate should bo preecribed, for it
should not be bought on margin.
The papers havo recently announced
the failure of a number of affiliated realty
companies doing business on l.ong Island.
Indebtedness is said to bo in the mill
ions. They overspeculated and bought
more land than they could sell. What
will the Legislature do about it'
As most of tho criticism against the
place where stocks and bonds nro dealt
in has emanated from outside tho State
ono is confronted with tho feeling of
great jealousy of tho melrofiolis.
At ono time this city had tho grain and
provision market of the country; now,
through the concentrated efforts of the
West.it is in Chicago. New Orleans en
vies our cotton market; tho exchange
there is becoming constantly stronger
and rivalling our market. This city at
ono time was practically the only place
where grains, provisions, cotton. Ac,
could be stored in warehouses and loans
secured on them by the hypothecation
of warehouse receipts. Now from Du
luth to Galveston there is sufficient local
capital to do much of this financing, and
these fimds when not required are left
in our banks on call until needed for home
Tho railroads have given preferential
rates in favor of Dnltimore. Newport
News and Roston. so that these ports
have been receiving much of the through
business to the exclusion of New York.
The feeling against this city may be
shown by tho fact that very many large
manufacturing concerns find it advan
tageous for their business and advertising
to keep the home office in cities such as
Stock traders living outolda the State
have a reason to hold It In disfavor, for
when they sell one hundred shares of
stock they think they are giving us a
great privilege in making the trade in
our market, and are Incensed at the two
dollar stamp tax charged. They under
stand that they receive no return for
this as it is used for our State purposes.
Tho Merchants Association has re
cently become very much exorcised over
the indifference of New York nnd the
antipathy toward Now York, and is mak
ing special efforts to advanoe our interests
as other cities and towns have don for
Our trouble is that we are the Empire
State and have thn metropolis of the
country within our borders. Throughout
the history of mankind thore has always
been a groat Jealousy and envy of tho
leader of anything. Tho goal of a Con
gress investigating committee is New
York State. Few are unaware of thia
feeling, and It has boon particularly ex
perienced in politics, national conven
Thore is one thing that we have held
against all inroads, and that is the Stook
hxchange; and it is incumbent on this
State to protect its interests.
There was nothing "the matter with
Kansas"; it is a place, and so is the Stock
Exchange. The Hughes oommittee made
a favorable report on It after a thorough
Wore wo in a prosperous period with a
bull market no censures would bo heard.
1 ho attacks on tho exchange urn anaio.
gous to thoso on tho gold standard. H
was constantly charged that New York
city hud harbored a gold monopoly, and
nryan cauou it tno enemy s country.
Do we want to drive our speculation
and liquid assets to London and make
tht wormoua realty valuta of to Wall
Street section liko thoso on Broadway
between Chambers street and Fourteenth
street? It is honed that our legislators
will remember tho advice of Davy
I Crockett, "Bo sure you aro right, then? go
Thu exchange does not make stocks;
it only deals in them. Let the Legisla
tures which crealo corporations see to
it that tho properties contained therein
equal in value tho capital stocks, also
that they bo comielled to make full and
frequent reHrt of earnings; and no ono
will bo moro pleased than the brokers,
Nkw York, January 23. P. M. II.
SEM'A XTL ESS HOMES.
A Mather Auks Sjmpithy for I'sinllles
llereft of "Help."
To Tin; Kiinonoi'TiiiiHcx .sir; Cnloin'1
Roosevelt speaks of the "purchase of a
machine nt $:i2 anil iieres-iiry payments
from la a week," anil sa: "Tliey are crush
hnroiil the lives of fiituro mot hers. "
Whl In 1 admit all the evils of such n life
for young girls, may I ask why, when Hies.,
girls prefer, actually prefer. In work miller
these conditions to aeeentliur positions
lielll In (ho u-nrL nf llin lin.iina .if llila ..mm.
try, so much sympathy Is expended on
Thousands of homes lo-tlay are seriously
luiiiuvnnit i iiu possiiuuiy or iireasuig up
because of lack of iloini'slie service. I It
menial" to help a mother who hn children
to feed and clothe them, niul at the same
time he provided with a good room, com
fortable in every way, and food of ihe bi-t
supplied you, a balance of from t:u to l::u
al the month's end?
It Is true that a factory started near any
small or large town will deprive the mothers
of that town of the necessary help to bring
up a family. When seeking assistance In
the duties of housekeeping one of the llrsl
questions asked you Is, "Have you any
children?" .Should the answer be affirma
tive, you are met with the Immediate re
sponse; "Oh no! I would not work where
there are children," Nearly all "ads" for
domestic service require "small family " or
"no children" and yel we are crushing (he
lives out of future mothers, How would
It seem if we weie to Influence these yirls
lo help those who arc already mothers
and housekeepers lo mako their lives ami
the lives of children younger than thee
girls ii success? Surely If we are so In
terested In helping the girls, they should
be Interested In helping Us keep our homes
and enrii for themselves a clean living, with
purer moral atmosphere and better wages
than could otherwise be had.
Ni:w Yurc, January :3. Mrs. I-
the n niTE conns strike.
A Working Girl's Opinion of Its Merits
and Ita leaders.
TO TH V r.PITOR OK TlIK Sl-.N--.Sl.- Will
you allow a working irlrl to eTpress her
unprejudiced view regarding the deplorable
condition which at present exists among
the workers of the white goods industry
owing to this strike, which was forced upon
them by those so-called "labor leaders"?
Their motives may be sincere, but 1 doubt
If they are entirely unselfish. I feel that
I nm iiuallfleil to speak, as I have always
worked as an operator on while goods, and
Instead of bettering conditions or alleviat
ing any suffering, which they would have
the publio believe exists, they an; only
multiplying the troubles nnd iuereiislna ihe
sufTeritiKs of those poor misguided and
I have alwnys received n fair coinnens.i.
Hon for my labor For Ihe past seven years
I have been employed by one of the larirest
underwear manufacturers in the city. I
nave steady employment and earn on an
avcrano of II.' and It a week. The factory
is sanitary, the surroundings are pleasant,
and the girls are treated courteously and
considerately by the employers and those
I am not writing this letter at the sub.
gestlon or solicitation of any one, as I am
not one of thoso persons whom one can
easily coerce or Intimidate. My sole desire
Is to see those poor girls allowed to resume
their work Instead of walking the streets
In midwinter while their lenders are enjoy
ing every comfort and luxury that mnnev
can buy. All this agitation only tends to
foster discontent and socialism. If the
working girls were allowed to settle any
grievance that might exist directly with
their employers conditions would Improve
nnd all this rioting and disorder could be
avoided. Anna 0. Cunckt.
llRooit.TN, January :.i
A C)n lea I Piyrhologlit.
TO THE hPlTOn orTlty SrsSir: To tlm
student of crowd psychology the Dresent
state of the public mind is particularly In
teresting. Politicians of nil parties, 'par
ticularly Ihe Progressives, are nreachlne
moral uplift and reform with Impressive
violence ana reiteration. What does it
mean and what Is to follow?
The present craze for morality by statute
is simply me outward and visible einres
slon of an Inward economic strain Induced
ny excessive taxation and persona extrava
gance. Professional upllfters and chronic
jon eeexera nnd It profitable to exploit the
people along the line of least resistance, and
for this reason their agitations are hypoata-
nzea into -causes, -movements," Jko and
the crowd, always ready to fall under the
hypnotic Influence of the word nvmlini
focalizes Its attention until ready to be led
astray uy some new worry.
New parties and disguised forma of tho
old ones always find recruits, for. as Pope has
well aald, "Party spirit Is the madness of
many ior me gam or the few."
Albert It. Oallatin.
Niw Tori, January
captain WaU tn the Philippine.
TO THB EPITOR OI THB RPN Sir: Tn an
address to the striking hotel workira tn
I'nlon Square yesterday Patrick Qumlan
Is quoted as calling Polio Commlaaloner
Ithlnelander Waldo a "dude" and asserting
that "he went to the Philippine to mak a
reputation ana aian t make one.
I hav recently received a letter from
nrlgadler-Oenernl Jacob Ilurd Smith, pic
turesquely known as "Hell Roaring Jake
Smith." nn old Indian fighter who has no
use for a "dude" nnd who wns commander
in iinui m me i-niuppines during Waldo's
term of office, in which the (leneral says'
"Captain Waldo was among the best officers
I had in the Philippines, and that la saying
a great deal. Ho made good In every posi
tion he erer held, and I consider hlra among
my wannest friends."
Incidentally I may say that my ym
pathles have almost Invariably been with
strikers rather than employers, as they
are in this Instance. Nevertheless even the
Police Commissioner may receive the re
cognition due to a loyal and efficient soldier
without Injury to the cause of labor.
Niw York, January 3S. y, m, W.
The Stickiest Sticking Flap.
To THB Koitor orTiii SPN-.sir: n,,. ,.,
envelopes laued by the United Slain p0t Offlce
Department, at least tlione which I have, are la
plUable fraud as to the Mlrklng flap. They do not
tick. I am always obllced to apply paste The
Hap might )ut at well be amearad with cold
water. Aa I am obliged to use a great many of
these envetopea I And this a serious Inconvenience
hbw loai, January !J. A. D. Hmoto.
In the CMury t agoutis for Prlini.rt. tu-r.
l-otl begins his Impressions of New York, P
WelteiikampR wiltri on American cartoons', j'
I). Whelpley reaches Japan In "The Trail, ni .i,J
World" aeries. A. Ilnlman tells how Alaska was,
acquired, j, p. Mlnt ,r.rb(.4 Uie Kngllsh
spinster, and there aie also a batch of Lincoln
papers, a discussion on doctors and public health
nd a mposium on fraternities In colleges for
women. Mrt. llodgton Burnett's aerial con
tlnuasj there are four short aiorlea besides the
(print of oo by K, R. Stockton, four poems and
mvm1 pleura wltawt Mil.
FIREMEN TO WATCH
FOR THEFT AT FIRES
(.'oinmis.sionor .Toll n son
Officer in Cointnnnil
HKFI.KCTS OX TIIK l ! 1,'ui,
Iiiliiiinli's Th it I Suspicion 1'uii
to Siilvnof Men, lull ClnVf
As ii risult of the ti in it i 'it,
of theft which h.ie been pnuiiiu n
lit the HlimiU of l-'lle I'levellllilll. I ..ii,
missliiin'i- Johnson Issued uu onh r
terdny to the effect Hint In r
oillcerH tn comtu.'iiiil of ciuiipM' t
llres would be held direct iH.
sponsible for the protect Ion of pi j, y
from thieves us well ns fiuin II
In n letter which Hie I'llc I'on,,,.
sloiier sent lo the .Mayor lie si i , ,
during tho Inst three months i. , ., ,
hud men Investigating coinpl.iin f
persons Whose houses IiiiiI In i n i ,i
of wiitclie?, Jewelry nnd oilier sm.ri ,i .
tlclcs to the Villus of sever.il thou u, (
dollars during llres. These cninp! i.n
put the thefts Up to the in, n ,,f
department or to tin; l-'lre I'.itr, ' w !i
Is it salvage corps belonging In tiie NV,t
York Hoard of l-'ile fmlei -writer.
Sonic time ago Comnilhrlniii r .1,. ..i
became so illstuibi-il at the numtii i- of
complaints which were cnmliig in 'h.tt
he nsslgned M-verul llreinen to wot), n
tho cases but wllhoilt success T.ie
number of thefts since the beginning of
the ln estimation has decicusiil t l.irtts
per cent., however. While the Cum.
mlssloner ndmlttul that there might b
somo blame laid at the doors of the
men In his department, he lutlinato,l
that mi the whole, suspicion poluteil tn
the men of the l-'lre I'.itrol. As a ie.
suit, the ciiiiimandlug officer at a lire
hereafter will be directly rcspnnslMs
for turning over thu property Intact to
the Klre 1'atrol when It becomes cus
todian of tho property.
K. K. 1'carce, chairman of the com
mittee on lire patrol for the Xew York
Hoard of l-'lre t'nilcrwrlters, said yes
terday that ho had not heard of any
rntnplulnts ngalnst his men. cither from
the I-Tro Department or from private
"I'ntll I receive worn irom some et
my patrol captains or from tho Com
missioner I can't say unthing in regard
to the report," he said. "However, I
don't believe that such a thing Is true
Our men arc nil can-fully chosen and
their records for the last tivo years
looked Into. They are made to pass a
mental, a physical and n moral exam
ination. There were 0.-127 tires In this
city In 1012 nnd our men went to every
ono of them. We have only nbout 24
men In the patrol in Munhnttnn. Th
Iiroux und Brooklyn and they nrc Kept
pretty busy, for in uildltlon to their
work of salvage they nro often called
upon to assist the l-'lrc Department In
Its work. If there Is any thieving don
It Is by the outsiders who get through
the tlio lines with badges."
Lloyd D. Willis, secrctury to Commis
sioner Johnson, said:
'These thefts havo been going on for
years nnd thousands of dollars hav
been stolen. In the few cases which
the Commissioner cited to his Honor
about $5,000 wns taken. If I were nsked
who I thought wns mainly responsible
for the robberies I would Bay the men
of the Flro 1'atrol. for they aro not
selected ns carefully ns the men of
the department. The Hoard of Flro Un
derwriters has no civil service as w
have. We have sent complaints again
nnd again to the New York Board of
Fire Underwriters, but It does not seem
to do nny good."
Although Commissioner Johnson did
not ask that tho l-'lre Patrol should be
made a brunch of tho Fire Department,
he Intimated that It might bo feasible
to mako It a part of It or nt least under
BILL TO ISVHE EMI'LOYEItS.
Under It Tbey Mar form Bodies to
Albant. Jnn. 23. Senator Blauvelt sr.d
Assemblyman Walker to-day Introduced a
bill authorizing employers In this State to
form mutual Insurance associations tn
Insure their liability under the proposed
workmen's compensation law. This ine
ure forms pnrt of the general scheme tn
Insure compensation to workmen unilir
the Foley-Walker bill, now pending.
Ono bundled employers, employing ten
thousand, may form a mutual organiza
tion, and only employers who have in
cepted tho provisions of the compensa
tion act are eligible for membership. Th
mutual corporations will be required to
maintain adequate reserves and to deposit
with the Insurance Department funds
equal to 10 per cent, of the reserve for
unearned premiums and for unpaid claims
An Important feature of the act Is a
provision requiring the director to maka
and enforce reasonable rules for the pre
vention of accidents to employe of the
William T. Emmet, Btata 8uprlntna
ent of Inauranoe, says that New Tork,
'with lta many diversified Industrie, pre
sents a large field for th organliatlon of
mutual companies bv amntnvsrs nf labor.
Thta bill when enacted Into law will en
able auch employer to organise associa
tion In each trade or Industry or by
grouping several trades and Industrie uf
a relatlvo hazard.
European experience ha shown that
mutual companies among employers of
labor have been a powerful factor In t
prevention of accidents, particularly where
employers have formed uasnctsttnns within
a given trade. It Is to their Interest, not
only from it human but also from a
financial standpoint, to adopt all modern
safety devices and enforoe their use, for a
reduction In the number of accidents will
bring about a reduction In the premiums
LEGISLATURE MAKES RECORD
Preaent Session Ila Dane More tn
Dale Than Any Predecessor.
ALtiANT. Jan. 23. The leart.lstlre smln-i
Is about a month In advance of any pr
vlous record. Committees of both 'h
Senate and Assembly are all organic",
havo given hearings on Important bills an
are reporting bills regularly
Much of thu important legislation prim
i . .!'".' democrat In platform h
been drafted and introduced, and near
all the remaining big measures are ben
prepared. Kven the most pesslml'.
S2lu.vie inai. ,he tfdslature will aiUour
earlylnApri .noss hlvAnriln
isJf-'TP lw,oe ,le number of hi
Introduced by January 2.1 last year ha'
i-T ' "'".""en lar mis session 1
to last nlffllt fl Inrnl ml t.lll. l.n.l 1...I ,l.,r
Slrr Mrsiaga on Kxctsange nradr.
Al.BANT, Jan. 2S. flov. Hotter lins rnln
Pleled his mesnge on the proposed reforms
In the New York Stock Kx.-h.,,, meilnvis
of transacting business, which he Is '
send to tho Legislature Monday night
typewritten form It rovers seveutn
page. It la understood that the 0
rnor also will end bill designed to crr'
hi monunendaUQu Int eKicL