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The sun. [volume] (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, March 01, 1913, Image 8

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THE SUN, SATURDAY, MARCH 1, 1913.
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SATUltDAY, MAKCI. I, mix
Filtered at (ho Post tmire nt Nrw York as Second
Class Mall Matter.
biitiMrlptlnns h Malt. Postpaid.
MAlt.V. I'cr Month
DAILY. Per Year
Kl'.YII.U. IVr Vr-ir
DAILY AM) SI Nl . I'cr War
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TIM l!l MN'ti MLX, I'rr t-ar
a mi :
l'nl.ici u fnrcliit cnimtrles added.
All hecks, mono nidi Is. Ac, In lie made p
MiAoTlO hi .
rtlilMinl iI.iIIn. Intituling Sunday, by Hip Sun
l'rliitlne mill I'ublMiliu: A-sta-lathm nl tin Nassiu
trcei. In tin- i:nr luh Mnehalta'i. New York,
IVsldci.t ami Treasurer. William ('. Hclck, 1 To
N.innticcl. l-r President, Cduanl I. Mitchell.
I'M N.ts-vtti slut t. N riflBry, I' !' button, ITn
Nassau Mint.
London nilcic. I.Rlngliaiii House, 1 Anmilcl
stpVl, Mrautl
l-.irls olllir. r, Itur tic la Ulihoillnr. nit Hue tin
(,'unllc Sfilrtnlitr.
WushlniMiiii nlUcc. Httilis IIiiIIiIIiii;.
ritioMdi ollltr. I.IUinrstiei l tccl.
If niir inrwl I. Hniiror tit u Ma minuttrtpti nml
lUtdtlruli"'" I"' ruiHailln trVi tit aire relcrttil
tHd ' urnrtl tlirj must m all nuts ttrnl stamps
tir ttitit u ry.tr.
Tl
Control of Finance Tlirouli
tilt- I'nstinusler-tieiienil.
The no-called report of I he Pujo Mil
cqiiimittee is, of coutvc, nothing moro or
lew thtui the roitelutliiiR aipinient of
Mr. Hami'Mi I'ntkkmykh in mipjort of
propositions advanced by him for rea
Kons of his own a twelvemonth or more
ago, und conspicuously iiot.rrtablislied
by; testimony elicited by him from wit
nesses who wcro subpnnned at hia
direction.
5IK UNTEHMYER has ulready informed
mv in h autobiographical sketch in
'Who's Who in America- that in the
intervals of his somewhat variesated
professional and linaneial activities on
personal account he has found time to
write articles und make public addresses
of an ethical character on trust regula
tion, linaneial reform and kindred sub
jects. Tluit is exactly what ho is now
doing as counsel and mainspring of the
Pujo committee, doing it. as he will Ix
proud to haVe the nation oWrve, not
at his individual oM. its hitherto, but
at the very considerable expense of his
fellow citizens, Ihe taxpayers of the
United States. Tli peculiar advan
tage of Ki.ition in this respect must bo
all the more gratifying to his enterpris
ing soul for the reason that it is never
likely to. bo duplicated in future experience,.-
He mtiKt. be aware tlmt
while Mr. Samuel I'NTKUMYKir ' has
been trying to tind out things about a
laige number of hi fellow citizens a
much larger number of his fellow citi
zens have been finding out things aliotit
Mr. SA.MIEL I NTKIt.MYEli. While the
plca.Miigudventure lasted, however, this
vcrv .iccompl'shcd person has domi
nated it coinriletely. The Pujo sub-com-
miltee, except as a means to an Unter
myeriiin end, has lwen negligible from
Drsl to last.
The statement submitted to the Pujo
committee and printed yesterday morn
ing m the form of a letter from J. P.
Mohoan A- Co.. amplifying Mr. Hk.vky
P Da vi: son's previous answer to Mr,
I si ku.myi ii s general allegations, was
so comprehensive and conclusive that
little of int test w left to be said to-day
except as regards tin "remedial" legis
lation which that industrious juriscon
sult proposes.
The outcome of the whole I'titcnnver
proceeding is combined in two bills,
fully summarized elsewhere.
Tho first bill attempts to use the
power of the Federal Government over
tho national bank system to regulate,
according to Mr. I ntehmyeu's ideas,
the affairs and methods not only of the
banks themselves but also of any clear
ing houses or tearing house associa
tions to which they may belong, and inci
dentally to compel tho incorporation o'f
such clearing houses. Salient features
of the measuro in its relation to the
banks individually aro the provisions
prohibiting loans to any enterprise "in
tended to, or which shall hnrc the effect
to" affect the pneo of any commodity
or article of commerce; loqin'ring the
election of directors by cumulative vot
ing; requiring every director to own in
his own right at least ono per cent, of
tho capital stock of his bank; prevent
ing any national bank officer or director
from being oflicci' or director of any
other financial institution, or private
firm of bankers receiving deposits, in
the same city or town, with tho excep
tion that he may bo officer or director
of a tingle Slate incorporated trust Com
pany, prohibiting direct or indirect in
terest by national banks, or privato
firms in which the bank official is a part
ner, in underwriting or promotion of
enterprises the securities of which they
hold or ileal in; prohibiting broadly (ho
direct or indirect interest of any na
tional bank in any promotion or under
writing involving tho purthuse or sain
of the securities, of any corporation
prohibiting tho ownership of any na
tional l)ank'si stock by any other "bank
ing institution; and penalizing viola
tions of the foregoing provisions up to
$5,0ki fine and two years in jail.
The second bill embodies Mr. Samuel
Untkumyek's celebrated plan for con
trolling stock operations by deluding
unincorporated ami nonconforming
stock exchunges from tho use of the
Onited States mails or tho services of
tne telegraph and telephone companies,
It is with regard to this measure that
wo specially desiro at tho present
moment to invite information from its
author; ami accordingly wo again put
Mr. U.NTEH.M VKit on the stand:
(). Mr. I'nteiimyeii, you are more or
less familiar with divorce proceedings
In tins ami oilier Mutes.' ) our personal
ffltporienco has been ho cotmidojablo in
this lino of professional usefulness that
you may be regarded as an expert?
A. (by Mr. U.ntkiimykio
,.Q. I rfwiild like", your opinion on a
question of divorce legislation. Tim
power to reKUlatu. inarriaseH and dl
-
I
.!
vorcru is not, without constitutional
amendment, in the l-Viloritl (lovenitnent
It remains with the States, undelegated
to Washington?
A. (by Mr. 1 nteiimyku)
(. Now, suppose that an ardent re
former of matrimonial usages, desiring
to establish a uniform system and cen
tral aiilhoiliy, should introduce in Con
gress a bill setting upcerlaiii Federal re
iiiremenls as to weddings Mini marital
seiiarulioiis, and attempting their en-
forcemeiit within the Stales through the
Pwlinaster-(!eiieral and the interstate
commerce clause of the Constitution.
Sutiiiose. el us saw thai citizens locally
married or divorced by any other proc
esses or for anv other causes than those
recognized by the act of Congress should
be excluded from the use of the I 'tilled
Stales mails under a forced inlerpreta-
:tion of the police powers; and that the
Postmasler-lieneral should be directed
lo inquire unto tne circumstances oi
every wedding or divorce In order 10
enable him to know whether he could
lawfully transmit through the mails
letters dcxsitcd at the post offices by
the citizens in question. You get tho
point?
A. i by Mr. I nteiimyeiO
H. Suppose, flintier, thai under a
novel construction of Ihe interstate
commerce clause the ardent reformer of
marital relations should undertake to
forbid the use of the telegraph or of the
telephone or of the tasscnger trains of
interstate railways to iersoiis married
or divorced in a manner contrary to
the provisions of the Federal law. You
(icrecivo the significance of this some
what unusual hyjHithesiV
A. .by. Mr. t'.vi eiimyeid
Q. Well.-Mr. I'NTKHMYKH. not only as
an attorney wilh some experience in
divorce litigation but also as an eminent
.thinker on larger questions of law. what
would tie your real opinion of the con
stitutionality of such an act?
A. (by Mr. lNTi:nMYEH) -
Q. I will not press the question. Defer
your answer until you can consider the
subject of marriages and divorces in
relation to the Federal powers in a
more impersonal and detached and
academio manner. You arc excused for
to-day, Mr. I'nteiimyeii.
Half a Secretary of HUtr.
When Mr. Knox lecame Secretary of
State there was some talk of the condi
tions prescrilied by him leforo he
would consent to serve in the office.
Generally, it was reported that he was
to be relieved of many routine duties,
and was not to be held responsible for
much of the burden his predecessors
bore. Congress was asked to create
tho office of permanent Under Secretary
of State, to be given to the usual nn
partisan, specially qualified individual
who is so conspicuous in the preface of
all projects of this kind.
Now it is reported that among numer
ous other demands made by Mr. HltYAN
on Mr. Wilson in response to the invi
tation to take the State Secretaryship,
Mr. IIryan has stipulated that only the
duties and obligations he chooses to
assume shall Ih) imposed on him if ho
accepts the office, and that some subor
dinate shall In; held accountable for
evervthing else. Mr Hhyak would
think the creat thoughts, pursue his
camiKUgn for the elimination of alco
holic leverages, deliver his addresses
on religious subjects and otherwise de
vote himself to the higher and more
esoteric duties of the diplomatic estab
lishmont, while another, possibly the
thoroughly comix-tent und respectable
John Haskett Mouri:, would bear tho
weight of less picturesque but neverthc
less essential details.
We concede that nobody except those
individuals directly concerned cares
how the work of the State Department
is divided among its employees, but
there is a real and reasonable objection
to the assumption that a man may bo
the Secretary in some things and a mere
observer in others. Tho attempt to
name a man as heud of the department
for certain hours or duties is merely a
preliminary avoidance of liability that
can be interpreted only as a confession
of laziness or an effort to avoid possiblo
complications. This demand for abso
lution in advance it is inqiossiblo for tho
President to accede to under any statute
of which we have knowledge, and the
notion that even Mr. Bryan can le
gally be a fraction of a Secretary of
State is absurd, however well ho may
be equipped for such a role.
The Colonel on Polar K.xploratlou
Those who know Theodore IIoohe
velt the man will not Isi mystified by
tho title of his article in the Outlook this
week upon tho fate of Captain Hohert
F. Scott and his companions, "Is Polar
Exploration Worth While?" Tho in
terrogative was never in tho Colonel's
mind tho ringing nffirmativo was, and
nothingelse. His imagination is kindled
by a story of hazard, daring and forti
tudo in any cause. He has scant pa-
tienco with tho stay at. homes who won-
ler that men should risk their lives to
attain the ultimato pole. The restraint,
of tho Colonel in dealing with these
folk is admirable, however. They are
often "very good people," ho admits,
but possess limited imaginative power. "
To them "the men who prizo lifo as a
great ad venture will never appeal
not even, we suspect, for money, when
they havo it, to pay tho bills of ad
venture. Polar exploration, in Colonel Hoohe
velt'h opinion, is worth while for two
reasons: it brings out the manly virtues
ami is therefore "a fine thing for our
civilization"; and it increasestho world's
geographical and scientific knowodK0.
Plainly the first reason appeals more to
him; and as to tho second he is power
fully attracted, being a faunal natural-
l... ,1... .li ,
isi, iV m i.iivuimij- in who. urn tho
poiur il-kioiih. iii mo Antarutiu tho
"li-opuni oa, which is an fioroo as llm
Krcut bpotted rat of tho Iropicn," tukrs
his fanoy. In tho Arctio ho in fiin
oiimtctl by tint tumbli'iiR peals, tho tusked
wulnineB and tho mammoth rolling
whales; and it Is evident tlmt. ho would f
like to draw a ld on the rim m
ox, which to hm keen nwvt lina wen
fit to follow "the retreutiliK ulni'liil iee
.bell toward the mIo.
The Colonel vetoes another "dash"
to either pole, n being without point.
The fact of course, is that imagination
has gone out of the lliitig: there is no
more spoil in it, and each pole is flat
as a plate and dismally icelwund. "But
there is ample "room," says Colonel
IIoohevelt, "for extensive, unques
tionably toilsome and even dangerous
scientific work" in the polar j-egions.
If there was no danger to be encoun
tered he would have but a tepid interest
in the matter, which is characteristic
and, as ho believes that men should
court danger as an inspiration lo others,
not to his discredit. Wo have some
times thought thai the Colonel would
rather have been an explorer than any
thing else in life. He would certainly
not have been an obscure one.
Thr President's llonm at the Capitol.
If the national legislature has de
generated to a condition in which il
mav be coerced into tho surrender of
ilH indcDcndence to tho Kxectitive it
is difficult to see wherein the scene
of its capitulation is of moment. Its
discredit will not bo greater if it bends
its knee to the President in public in the
Capitol or in the privacy of the execu
tive office.
That tho Congress is truly icpre-
sentative of the citizenship is beyond
question. The particular class of pub
lic men to which Mr. Wilson belongs
has long and tearfully lamented that
citizenship's ineptness, incapacity and
weakness, using in cxHsition and sup
port of its contentions the most affecting
allegations of helpless subjugation to
remorseless exploiters beneath whose
impositions the people an- pictured as
groaning in an abject swial, industrial
and political slavery. If this is a truly
accurate description of the condition of
Americans, their chosen lawmakers must
inovitably reflect it in corruption and
weakness.
If. on the other hand, the American
people retain their vigor and independ
ence and are ridiculously caricatured
by thoso wl)o picture them as serfs,
their representatives will reflect quali
ties of self-direction and strength as
suring tho world that they will defend
in each incident of their duty the trust
that is reposed in them. If they are
what we take them to be and come
from a people such as we take the Ameri
can people to be, the presenco of thi
Chief Executive within the walls of their
meeting place can have no seriously in
jurious effect on their deliberations.
Let Mr. Wii-son carry out his plan
of sitting in the Capitol. He can do no
more harm to our institutions there
than he could further along on Penn
sylvania avenue.
Ortnking Water on Train and Ves
sels. The traveller who values his health
and is fairly familiar with tho menace
of drinking water, which despite its
clear and crystalline apiarancc and pal
atability may prove -a "whited sepul
chre," will be gratified by a recent order
of the Public Health Service promul
gated by Secretary of the Treasury
MacVeaoh. The order requires that
water provided by common carriers
on cars or vehicles operated for inter
state traffic for the use 'of passengers
shall be certified by a municipal or
State health authority as inciqwible
of conveying disease; that water which
is doubtful shall bo rendered harmless,
and that this fact certified by the au
thorities must be staled. The purity
of ico placet! jn tho water for cooling
is also guarded. The water containers
are directed to bo cleansed and thor
oughly scalded at least once a week.
The chief difficulty in executing tins
extremely wise order lies in the insuffi
ciency of the staff of the service, as has
long teen observed in guarding the
milk supply. A recent order of Ihe
vigilant Surgcon-Oeneral of the Public
Health Service commanding all officers
travelling to act as inscotors may
servo to faciliUite the. enforcement of
these regulations. Indeed, every man
or woman having in mind the conser
vation of health antl working capacity
may fulfil u public duty in ascertaining
whether or not tho certification of drink
ing water on trains ami vessels is en
forced. The prevention of infectious diseases
by these hygienic measures not only
saves the individual thus protected lint
also removes tho menace of infect ion
that overy case is likely to diffuse. It is
therefore cumulative. IJt each trav
eller constitute himself or herself an
inspector, asking to see tho certification
of the drinking water.
Tho Vice-President.
The post of Vice-President occupies
exactly the dimensions which its defini
tion in tho Constitution and tho political
evolution of Government under the Con
stitution havo made for it. The Vice
President is tlio heir apparent. Ho is tho
waiter, however blameless, for a dead
man's shoes. He is a memento mori.
Only the utmost tact antl good hunioron
his part and tho part of the President
can prevent an insensible coldness or an
open breach between them. Tho abler
tho Vice-President tho surer the quarrel,
The relations of Jaokhon' and Caliiopn
uro testimony on that point.
It might please Mr. Wilson or any
other President to decorate tho heir only
too apparent with flowers and to (ill his
hands with motto lozenges; lo make him
an assessor at meetings of tho Cabinet,
itself a squad of clerks; to pretend to
draw wisdom from him, to cherish and
coddle him. These attentions and this
artificial and unreal position would tie
Illtelv tn make a sensitive Vico-Prullni
- vi, v
ubftfihed, unt-aay or auspicious,
Notwithstanding Die assurance of (Inn
oral Trevin'o that no ono would want to
injure such a worthy gentleman as Don
Kmimo Madkro, Ambassador W'iixon
bus been obliged to confirm the report thut
Don Kmimo, a brother of the dead Prl-
I
(M of iu (. fHRa Huwrllan
K(j(,Tlw , Inl,k(, Ml,,lco tt
graveyard of tho numerous Mndnro
brothers and their sympalhlzern.iind call
it -ace.
(leiirral t.'XsTiio nays that fin' has been
Invited to attend the inauguration of
Prpohletit-WllMiy, but. It soetns thai there
has liceii no Invitation, Nevertheless the
llltle (letieral should come over froln
Havana lo see the show It would bo
i-dueattoliHl.
SoftorToMAs HlVKIIA writes from Wash
ItiKloli to say: "Please correct your di
torlal of yesterday,," The name of the
Picsldciit of Venezuela is JOAN .VlcUNTH
(!o.Mi:z, not .losf;Mlol'KL(loMK,." Kertor
Hivkka's intentions are honorable and
worthy TlIK St-N, not beinn Infallible,
welcomes t-om-otion, when it is wrong.
In this cast; the petahl which was lo hoist
It lc tho following paragraph pinned by
Seller- IttvKllA to his correction: "The
visit to Cuba while his (Castro's 1-lMid
Josti MinUKL (lOMr.. Is still In power,
and when no iiunstinn of exclusion can
be raised, might signify premeditation."
Tho Seflor had Venezuela and. the other
(Iomkz hi mind when ho read thK It Is
the sort of mental confusion to which
nil of us uro prone. Tun Hun thanks
Sefior ItiviiiiA tor his friendly desire to
set it right.
.Irtirtv It Ht't.l.irtN' nut nienllonH for
SecrelHry of Interior, -)r .Woinr llroitltr
and l.rmltr.
' To what cruel lengths will the Ingrati
tude of republics and Democrats go?
Mr. Hoiihon- will march In Ihe minTngp
pantile. Wanhingtitn tlcnpntch
Dear, dear!
Dreadnought E.mmki.ink has no stomach
for starvation.
Mnny a in. in plumiM hiintt-lf tin lioinc it
Bootl eitli-ii IdiIhv who i In radio a hope
Ivitly liutl one Thr Outlnnk.
While our Dr. Mahik Is teaching Japan
the Hpirit of the spirit of literature his
Fourth Avenue boudoir would show a
kinder spirit by ceasing to reproach him for
his failure lo register at Summit in toll'.
Mr. MAtiHittM, hat suih h Mimiilulinc
way of putting tlilnc Thr I'Ttiuirnt-tttct,
Mr Wilson lias such a depressing way
of putting thorn.
According to a despatch from Spring
field, III . "Speaker MeKlNl.KT with the aid
of the 1Ioum policeman and tho gavel al
most olected Colonel, I. Hamilton Lewis
to the United States Senate with 6(1 votes,
or 37 short of the constitutional majority,"
on Thursday. It seems that the Speaker,
who hud had the doors stmt at the joint
session ami ordered a second ballot in
violation of the "gentlemen's agreement,"
intended to count a tiionim and declare
I.kwis olected. but allowed himself to be
intimidated by the hostile Republicans
and Progressives, who refused to vote.
Colonel Jim's contempt for such a weak
ling must be ineffable. At the Hultimnro
convention no man handled the gavel with
so much violence and resolution as the
Colonel. He would certainly havo de
clared himself elected if ho had been in
the nerveless McKinlkv's place at Spring
Held, 111
It would not he siirprlslne If Mr Wilson
put nn his rarppt -dippers nml hi sack coat
and raiiif to the Capitol Thr lion Hour.
Smith
And brought his birch
M H7T MEMORIAL I t XII.
Americans I rued lo JIe Tht-lr
lti
Prompt!) ami l.ltirrnll).
it tut hPiTun tir flip Si .Nil. It l
OH that -timet hint: inure rt-nmlu to lit"
done (IMInalv to t tiiniiM-inoraii- the (ircat
trusetly tif the Antarctic, nml In r"tniiM
to the tlf-inaml Hint a prrmiiii'nt mt-tnurinl
In lienor tif Captain Srott und his ilea. I
umiratlo lie t-Mubll-hi'd ih-nnite nteps
are now lielns taken. To nsi-Nt in pstnli-li-dung
tin- pcnniuit'iit memorial American
Hid Is invited.
We ritmiot e,ie this niHlter to I.OKland
merely Iipihwi- Senli was an LiiuIIkIiiiiuii.
We nre nil tin the Minl foolim: before the
world Vh catum! afford to see niir cause
belittled by any henihlanre of Indlflerenee
The world U iiimiii; lo the rnuse, and
Hie I nltetl States should not lie loft behind
An American branch of Ihe Scott memorial
fund has le-en smried, and of this branch
I have accepted the tifilt-i- of IrVusiirer
Tile precise fnnn of the permanent' nie.
morial inu't be iPlt to later etiiiKitleratlon.
hut one feature which will probably find
iteneral approval is the supplementing of
the (iovt-rnineut pensions to the widows
and dependents of the dead ht-roe.s The
plan undoubtedly will embody the uni
versal wish that the Haerlftro of Nrotfs
gallant hand shall be fltllnuly commemo
rated. 1 he geographical HOtHeadlne Amer
ican exploring societies dftvnteri to scien
tific evplnralion and muiiy American citi
zens have sent messages indorsing the
establishment of the American brunch of
the Srott memorial fund, and nil American
committee Is now in process of fnrmallon.
We appeal lo the American public for
support. Admiral I'eary. discoverer of
He- north pole, has beaded the lit with
lino. Joseph II t'hoate and others, w hone.
names will shortly be published in New
York ami London slmulla-ieotisiv have
also I elpeil.
I shall he glad, as treasurer, to acknowl
edge all contributions, anil these should
be addressed to nie as treasurer nt 1.1 llrnatl
street, New nrk Ht'.NnT Cl.hws.
Nl'.w Venn. I ebruary
Twilight of the (.'oils.
'lo nn-. Km ton or Tun Srs .So . As a
people probably niir chief fault Is that we
are loo impatient, too fickle. We are never
satisfied Ksn-cially is this so ill politics,
Observe how are always turnltur In
irods. Nn sooner have we set up one
anil duly prostrated ourselves before him
ami burned some Incense than we begin lo
find fnult with him. He dnnui't do this
right nml lie doesn't do that riKht. He isn't
able to save us from the results of our own
eitruvaaoricn or folly. He can't, make life
easier for us. we have to work antl worry
Just us much as before we set him tip, That
isr't right, at any rate that Is not what we
expected, Then we begin lo dislike him
antl shy things at him as we pass, und
Himlly (trowing out of all patience we pro
ceed to tumble him over
Sometimes, however, after having done
this wo discover thai the poor god wasn't
so had after all that, in fad, ho was doing
everything for thn best, and really had all
our Interests nl heart. Then wo feel sorry
antl proceed lo salve our consciences by
creeling a monument lo him!
NiVw Joiik, February '.'. SiniNi's.
Sorrows of llrtll Wagoners.
To 1HK Kiilioa or Tiir. HrN Sir; 'y the
poor auttinintillialt The steady Increase In the
tost of sttMilt'QO makes him cllit further down la
hli pocket, ami nntr to adit to his trouble toa
West Mime raises the tollk on the Ueehswliei-rorty-eei-outl
street ferry. The West Shore's
rates sru almost as high as the Krlc's mil higher
Ihsn those of thn 1'rnni.ylvsuls anil Lackawanna,
The motor ocll.li. nntl blcjcllsl. will coolluue
to pay the 10 cent toll. A. U.T, O.
Niw Yoik, February 2a.
phrases for ideas. I
M
r Thl
To niiKimon o
Political Nomrncliturr
Thls Time.
:r THL Sf.v-Sir: The
nresent political confusion, In which the old
party names and traditions aro being
stirred in the melting pot of public opinion.
illustrates, tho domination or Idtaa by
phrases. There la little left of the ancient.
differences' In essentials between Ihe two
great parties, but there am various shades
of opinion as to the appropriate methods
of dealing with divers economic, social antl
political problems. At ons ettreme stands
the radical, whose doctrine Is that any ex
isting condition which produces bad or un
desirable results Is Itself bad socially, eco
nomically .and politically: that (has who
advocate the continuance of such condi
tions, even temporarily, are ethically and
trinrally at fnill; and that a condition from
which such results flow requires Immediate
ami radical change, whether or no lhare be
a precedent lo uulde us. The radical Is
peculiar lo no preseut party, but perhaps
finds his ultimate and logical expression antl
most congenial environment In the mora
violent and extreme wing of the Socialist
party.
On tho other extreme Is found a group
that, dominated by self-interest, w hlch final
ity is not peculiar to It, however, opposes
changes la the existing order that may affect
and impair Its. personal Interest. Each
group assumes, however, the pom and ex
ternals of a moral and Intellectual tpiallty.
Tho radical Iconoclast conjures the masses
In the name of "progress to rise up and
csst out the outworn and decadent Institu
tions; tho other group musks Its self-interest
under tho guise of wise conservatism
and calls upon the country to protect Its
institutions und traditions.
"The bled without feathers'- rushes to
the (iiiarter whence Issues tho sound that
most appeals to him, and enrolls himself
under the standard that bears the label of
his choice, however Incongruous It may lie,
tt is the sound und the label that he hears
and sees, and they sufflre,
With characteristic poll Ileal acumen the
term "progressive" has been boldly appro
printed by one party, which seeks to mon
opolize its use and benefit. To these self
styled "progressives" all who are not en
rolled with them are "reactionaries," a
term of deop and mysterious opprobrium,
and even "conservatives are only "reaction
aries" in thin disguise. And by a logical
process, easy to the "animal endowed with
reason." all conservative and reactionaries
are foes tif progress.
Are progress, conservatism nntl reaction
necessarily antipathetic terms? What con
stllutes "progress"? Is it an Immediate
change, root and branch, from an admit
tedly unsatisfactory condition to a new one,
whether tried or untried? Or Is It a delib
erate and cautious movement whereby each
step is tested before committing ourselves
lo the next advance? Does true progress
consist In the demolition of w hat exists, und
then rebuilding according to a prior plan
prepared by our Invincible nntl Infallible
intelligence? Or is it achieved by less pre
cipitancy In flying to "evils that we know
not of"? The destructive process has nn
allurement, particularly to Immature minds,
nntl when It puts on the garb of a moral
Issue It Is most seductive.
May not even "reaction" be at times a
step In the direction of real progress' To
negative this w ould demand a higher degree
of Infallibility than even the most advanced
"progresMves" admit. To reestablish the
army canteen system might be reactionary,
but few acquainted with thp facts would
consider it other than a benefit sociologi
cally anil morally, antl therefore in the di
rection of true progress.
If attention be not fot-ussetl on externals,
emblems ami catchwords, do we not find
that the great body of the community Is
after all in favor of progress. Intelligent,
conservative progress; and are not such
persons, untler whatever party enrolled,
'he true progressives? If they have some
doubt as to the Infallibility of untried reme
dies antl have pome respect for traditions
developed as the result of the experience of
former generations, may they not properly
be classed as conservative progressives?
t poor spirited and humble minded lot
perhaps, these conservative progressives,
tacking Ihe elevating conviction of a di
vinely ordained mission to uplift and purify
their neighbors antl their neighbors' affairs
they do not express their views in terms
assert e, conclusive, minatory and de
nunciatory. They may be generally right,
hut they arrive at their conclusions diffi
dently They lack truculeuce. Their views
are not clo.hed in peremptory dogma.
llrnnKRT rttnnr
Nl.w Venn, February !
l.lntllry Murray In Manhattan.
To thi: Kntion or Tut: Srv .Sir- No
one appears to grasp the crucial and emi
nently common sense dictum taught in the
high class public schools of England forty
odd years ago. This was, that many gram
matical sentences were "inelegant" (that
was the temu, antl therefore not to be used
by people of refinement
Thus, while our correspondent .Mr
firaham and his mysterious "Mr Ixjng"
may plume themselves on finding a gram
matically perfect split Infinitive such as
".Negotiations are being made to further ce
ment friendship." the educated man would
recogniie the inelegance antl say "Ne
gotiations are being advanced (or enter
tained) tn Increase existing friendship."
It is doubtful If "negotiations" can be
"made " The second example- "I wish
to -more than thank you," would become
"Thanks are inadequate," or a thousand
oilier more elegantly phrased varieties.
When we cesee to misuse words and learn
to speak more directly we shall reach an
other altitude In speech Instinctively. Hven
the opening sentence of Mr (Iraham; "The
Syracuse Mtindarii, In defence of the split
Infinitive, published the following." Ac,
weakens Its statement by Inexcusa- ly
placing six words between the nominalire
and the verb, the stronger reading being the
direct "In defence of the split infinitive the
Syracuse Mnndurd publishes," Ac. Kip
ling's strength is in his admirable direct
ness of diction Compare it with ling
fellow, constantly placing the adjective
after the noun to obtain a rhyme, "Still
stands the forest primeval," Ac
I do not pose as a purist, have lost much
In thirty-odd years resilience In New York,
but in my day a boy leaving school could
speak his own language correctly, giving
rule why such and such sequence should or
should not be used. The schools of to-day
give no Intelligible rules; things are "so"
because they are "so," and teacher is not
tobeworrled. (i. H. Akron.
Nr.w York, February
The Hducatlon of Mr. Untermjer.
To THK KoiTOR or The Hl'N-.Sir: The
distinguished prophet who has undertaken
to show the I'ujo committee the way out of
the Democratic wilderness Into a land of
finance overflowing, under the Itepubllcans,
with milk and honey will not himself be
under Ihe disadvantage of having to view
it from a distance only.
I'nlike his great prototype, he had in his
rinvate capacity of counsel thorouchlv
prospectetl this "promised lund" before ho
essayed the part of "lawmaker" for those
who were to inhabit II. J. . I),
New Y'oiik, February
Ihe flarrasm ef Necessity.
flinging tn a random strap,
Puttied sod shoved from left lu right,
Sitting In a lady's Up,
Forced tn swear and kick and tight,
Kcsrctly even room to stand.
Hands not free to nay the fare,
Greatest city In the Isndl
What's the difference! We gel therel
"Car behlndl" With leering grin
Uotorman won't hear your call,
Step lively therel" You tumble In.
Struillmg mass to break your tall.
Iliitlnrss, pleasure, day and night,
Kverybody's on the tear,
llspld trautlt? Out of ilihll
What's the dldrrrnrst We get 'there'
UTotwiuHasWOfS.
workmen's compensation.
Opportunity for Tryinit Out Plan to
Meet Hie (situation,
lOTHKllDiToitofTIti: Ht N Sir: In the
right direction U the determination of the
Insurance Committee of the Senate to In
troduce a new bill for workman s com-
tienaallon In accident cases, as announced
by Senator llamspergcr, chairman.
It Is a 'compromise, as It had to be, con
taining provisions of tho pending bills
Foley-Walker, Murtaugh-Jackson, -Aic( lei-
land-Ksqulrol, Curswoll.Sufrln -that ap
pealed to the committee as being fair and
reasonable, -
Tho elimination of the provision for the
presumption of acceptance of the plan for
compensation, as Uenneri'in toe l-oley-Walker
bill, ond the substitution of u pro
vision lo rctpilre ufflrmatlvo action byem-
plojers in otder to take the hem-fits of the
act, should create an opportunity that all
have looked for to enable employers and
employees in this Wate to try out a
reasonable scheme without, carrying too
much of a burden Ht the start.
Kvldently the weight of the decision of
the Court of Appeals In the Ives case wae
felt by Ihe committee, as It had been felt
In many Stales, considering the disinclina
tion lo enact laws for compulsory com
pensation. In a previous communication
to TnE 8CN I mentioned the fact tnai tne
court, defining Ihe "due process of law"
clause of the Constitution, quoted from
decision of the Supreme Court of Alabama
that "If any question of fact or natality oe
conclusively presumed" against a person
It was not due process of law.
Ultimately tho law must require com
pensation on Ihe compulsory plan, the
elective plans being merely makeshifts to
establish the principle.
The Stale is preparing for compulsory
compensation In lieu of litigation lo estab
lish employers liability. The joint reso
lution for an amendment to the Constitu
tion passed at the previous session of the
Legislature and published with the session
laws has been Introduced at the present
session, It Is likely to be before the people
for adoption at thenext election.
It may be of some consequence lo have
an understanding of what the proviso
means, H reads:
Pratldrd. That sll moneys psltl by an employer
to his employees or their legal representative
hy reason of the enactment of any of the laws
herein aulhorlrrtl shall be held to be a proper
charge In Ihe cost of operating ihe bulnef.s of
the employer.
II will enable publlcutllltlescorporallons.
railroad, gas. telephone. Ac. to apply
lo commissions for permission to Increase
charges to cover the extra cost of work
men s compensation In accident cases: bnt
will It exempt farm labor, domestic service,
State, county, municipal and school district
work? Cun the erection or a capitoi. a court
house, a city hall or a school building be
considered tho operation of a business?
That proviso was tacked on In the closing
hours of the session of the Legislature in
IHI2. An eminent lawyer described It as
"neither harmful nor harmless."
Henry W. Ouion
flRooat.T.v, February 2.
STl'ltEST fiOVERXMEXT.
Complaint or a lnpll In a HlBh School
Mhrre It Prevails.
To tiu: KniTon or The SvsSir. I am
a pupil at Wadleigh High School and at
present the school Is being run under the
so-called "student government." The class,
grade and upper courts are nominally the
Jutlb ial department of the school, but never
theless the teachers are really In control.
For Instance, a pupil may commit some
misdemeanor antl be sent to court and by
It punished. Hut when a teacher commits
u similar offence the student has flo redress
except going lo Ihe principal and making
n formal complaint Kven the principal
instinctively defends his teacher, but
whether he does or not the teacher will
not fall to be revenged upon the pupil and
either make life miserable for her in class
or "fall" her. or perhaps do both.
For Instance, the other day I, without the
slightest provocation, was called a liar
before the whole class because I dared to
contradict the instructor. Outside of tho
shame and mortification of being publicly
humillslcd was the injustice of not having
any redress. Could I call her to the courts?
No. Would the students pass unfavorably
against her and be open to at lock from her?
No. Self-preservation would prevent thut,
even though their loynlty to a fellow stu
dent tempted them If I brought her tn
the principal I Inevitably put myself in a
position lo be made the object of her dis
pleasure As Ihe course I am pursuing
requires that I take the subject of which
she is the sole instructor I have no loophole
of escape by being transferred to another
teacher. What can be done? Nothing
but to. sit still and say nothing, yet this Is a
felf-governing school! PlTlL,
New York, February :
.SfBir.41" MAXXERS.
Should a I.ntly Accept a Seat Frema.Man
ha Taps Her With Ills Cane?
To mE Knnon or The Sun -Sir As
to "Puzxled's" fiueryconcernlng subway
ethics wherein she questions the manners
of the man who gave her the seat he wns
about to take, I hold the offer of the seat was
In complimentary deference to her person
ality and was us much as she had u right
to expect
The calling of her attention with Ihe tap
of his cane was probably In keeping with
the man's other hluff characteristics, and
alio was not culled upon to resent it openly
unless the blow- unshipped her collarbone
or broke her eyeglasses
The men of "Puzzled s family no doubt
have perfect manners through her tactful
handling and she is free to start in to reform
the world, but her ripest field Is where the
manners are bad by Intention and not In
attention, liE.S'TLh C'ANK.
-M.W ions, lobruary 3s,
The drudged Two I'rnls.
To trr Knrros or Thr Sen -.Sir: 1 note with
Interest the letter from "J P P." In regard to
raying telephone bills at an expense to himself
of two rents earn Ume.
1 har fount! very simple way lo oblate this
expense and It rouslsts In simply mailing tho
lilll and rheck In an rn elope unstamped. I
would recommend this mrUitftl of procedure to
'J. p. n," anil all others. Perhaps In time If
every phone user did this collectors would be
employed.
The .Slate Treasurer or Nermont puts upon his
duplicate receipts for automobile licenses and
lays. ae.. Uie rollowing wordi: This duplicate
mtrt he at once forwarded to the State Auditor."
and encloses an unstainprd addressed envelope.
Personally 1 ne er ue a stamp upon these things,
as there Is as yet not any law In Vermont to com
pel one tn pay postage upon Vermont's own offi
cial documents, J. M Allen,
St Johnsucht, Vl February J8.
Mntlng Pictures and Juvenile Crime.
To THK finiTOB or Tnr. Sl'N-Slr; The rate
of the young hoy of Sunuury, I'a., who was burned
at tho slake and then hanged by companions
who had seen a similar scene In a moving picture
theatre is but one of the many occurrences of
tht kind. Moving pictures of hangings and
murders cause boys to commit crimes.
The scenes of a murder enscted In all t de-
tails are bound to have a debasing Influence, as
are (Urns showing uie enactment or minor crimes
mitrreul reports of late by Ihe Society for the
HrevenUnn ot Cruelty to ihlldren show that
numerous pertuns have been convicted of crimes
know n to have been dircciry or imurecUy Inspired
bv mov ng pictures.
Cannot something be done by the proper au
thorities to prevent these pictures from being
shown In picture houses! Crmix.
New Yoke. February 2".
In the North Amerttan nttitic for March P.
Leroy-Beaulleu writes on public ownership Id
FranreandJ.W (iarneron the French Presidency,
C. P. Hums criticises Dergson's philosophy,
Major J, V. Fluley tells of commercial awakaalag
among the Moros. Ada Cambridge make s pies
for woman, Herbert Putnam writes on American
libraries, and Thomas Nelson psge writes en
Virginia's Influrnre nn tho Constitution. The
series of arUdrs by A. rink on trust regulation,
by A. U. Low on socialism and by H. Drunks on
IMdsh poltUea are conUuutd. and Louise U, Sill
ceatrlbutts a poem.
. i
CITY WIDE CLEANUPr
PLANNED BY LEDERLE
Collins
Spick
mid Bnck Yards All
and Spun by May
1, Jfo Hopes.
TO. WORK WITH EDWARDS
Littler lo Provide (,'nrtiij;o. Fa
cilities if City Will Pro- -vide
the CarIi.
Health Commissioner Ernest J. Itlerle,
who Ii planning a physical spring house
cleaning campaign for tho city, with
educational sidelights, Raid laat eve
ning that he is making arrangements With
Street Commissioner Edwards for pre
liminary tests, In order to ascertain how
many additional carta, horses and men
will be required for the removal of refuse
and what the cetimated coat will ly.
There has been no severe strain on thn
city In the matter of keeping tho streets
clean this winter, by reason of the absence
of snow, and Dr. Lederle is sanguine
that the cash will le forthcoming for
the removal of rubbish, dirt, Ac, found
In backyards and other spots as soon
as the results of the tosts are known.
When Commissioner Kdwardu is ready
for the testa Dr. Lederle's men will make
a house to houso canvass on certain
blocks In various sections of the' city
and will Invite everybody to clean their
cellars, basements and yards thoroughly
and place their collections on the curbs
on certain days. Tho Street (leaning
Department will then know what is needed
in the matter of equipment for a general
wholesale cleanup and the rest will be
easy.
It is admitted, however, that if the
money isn't appropriated tor the extra,
work there can he no such cleanup.
The Fire Commissioner is cooperating;
with the Health Department In its plan
to induce householders to remove all
rubbish that they may find on their premi
ses, as he realizes that the danger of tires
will be greatly reduced if oellars, closets,
Ac. are cleared of inflammable stun.-
The Water Commissioner has promised
all the water that is needed to flush the
streets as soon as Dr. Lederle is ready
for the cleanup.
Mrs. Julian Heath, national president
of the Housewives League, called on
Dr. lederle yesterday and said thut the
league would gladly cooperate with hltn.
Dr. Lederle wants atl other organizations
to Join In the campaign Tor a city cleans.
i"K- . . ' .
"I am comment we can get tne money
from the citv for the work." Dr. lederle
said, "but If we cannot, then we will ask
the public (or a sufficient amount to enable'
us to make tho demonstration. I hope
to have all the work done by May 1. When
the city finds out how tine ana oomtortaiue
it is to be clean It will want to stay that
way "
FRAXKLIX LIFE BUST pOLIt.
Chippendale Chairs Frosu Momt
Vernon Also Auctioned.
I'lllLADELrniA, Feb. 2S. The only bust
of Heiijamln Franklin modelled from life
and the collection of Chippendale furnltum
belonging to Frederick H. Dickson of rhll-
utlelnh a were sold nt auction ui-tiay. i ne
sale wus attended by collectors und tleul
rrs from Washington. New Y'ork. Boston
and Baltimore. J. C Sublne of New Vol k,
who has sold many articles or rurulture to
J. P. Morgan, was present.
The bust of Franklin sold Tor ijsp. All
of the ChlppVndale brouglit goo-1 prices,
A line group of Chlppetmale chairs, part of
ii set from Washington s homo at Mounv
Vernon, brought 175.
BATTLESHIP TO COST .$7,36000"-
The Pennsylvania Most Br Finishes'
In 30 Months.
WaihinciTox, Feb :s -The contract
for the construction of the battleship Penn
sylvania was signed to-day by Secretary
of the Navy Meyer and representatives
of the Newport News Shipbuilding and
Drydock Company. The Pennsylvania
Is to be completed within thlrty-slx months
nt a price of K.MO.ono. This company sub-
milted the lowest bid in competition wltlr
three other shipbuilding flniis. I
The Pennsylvania's speclflcatinus call
for the largest battleship yet laid down
for any of the world's navies Her plans
are said to embody nil latest devlnpiuents
in the sciences of war, navul architecture
and marine engineering. .
She will have a length over all of wis fet
beam H7 feet, draught '1 feet in Inches,
displacement .11.400 tons, speed '.'I knots,
The main battery of twelve 11 Inch -Runs
will he In three gun turrets. She wil.havr
ftiursiihmerved torpedotubesantl a torpedo
defence battery of twenty-two 5 Inch gnus.
Hhe will carry about o.V officers and men,
OI'I'OSE .IT II AVE. RESTRICTIOX.
Ilralty Owner Object In Limitation
of llelarbt of Building.
It was announced yesterday that owners.
of large pieces of unimproved real estate on
Fifth avenue would undertake steps to
combat Ihe move of the Fifth Averlue As
soi'latinu to restrict the height of buildings
to 1J5 feet, These men have returned
Henry O. I'pdyke as their counsel to appear'
for them before the Honrd of Kstltnato In
Apposition to the plan when It comes up
for a hearing.
The contention of those owners who In
tend to oppose tho plan of the association
is that those who are backing the move
menl either own no unimproved property
along the thoroughfare or have already
built high buildings und wish to control
the renting oi mem witnout competition
Many of the men opposing the plan for the
restriction of the height of building's are
members of the Broad way Association,
TAFT CABIXET PARTS MOXIIAV.
Hold Last Ilrsrnlar "Merlins;, hot
Will Assemble Once More.
Wasiunuton, Feb. IS. President Taft's
Cabinet hsld its last regular meeting to-duy
It will meet again on Monday, however,
to expedite the President's action on the
appropriation bills, The Cabinet will sit
In chairs which are to be Installed to-morrow
for Mr. Wilson and his advisers. Presldaul
Taft and each member of his Cabinet has
purchased tho chair he occupied during the
lust four year. The chairs were sold to
them at apiece, their coat. Kach member
will keep his chair. ....
President Taft will give a hearing on the
Curtis plan for consolidating customs dis
tricts in the esst room at the White Houso
to-morrow morning, no nas peeu advised
by Becretary aiacveagn to approve
the
plan nml ins uttiiuao towura it is
s believed
to be favorabli.
BILL FOR .ifOTfE NEWSSTANDS.
aive Aldermen Power to I'ernttt
Thrsn at Sabtrny.
Al.RANT, Feb. :, A bill baa been Intro
duced into the Assembly by Mr. Levy to
amend the New York City Charter In ordur
to give the Board of Aldermen authority -io
Issue permits fornewaWsndsonstreetswliere.
there Is no stoop line, providing the owners
of the premises adjacent.. do not object, as
well at subway entrances. - ,
TheblUfwhloh If passed would take erTecl
Immediately, was referred to the Citlev
Committee. Only newspapers jind uerlodf
raja inuat be sold on the stands tn asj-
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