Newspaper Page Text
'VJ, J 1 1 11 '
fx the sun; Sunday; march le; wis: Mm a s SUNDAY, MARCH in, 1013. stored at the I'oat Offlce at New York an Second Class Mall .Matter. ' Rahtcrtptlnns toy Mall, Postpaid, DAILY, Per Month 0 no DAILY. Ttr Year BUNDAY, Per Year "sAJi.Y ANT) SUNDAY, lr Year. .. DAILY AND SUNDAY. Per Month. l Oil a no h no an a no tm 15VT.N1NO SUN, Per Month flTIR r.TNINO SUN. Per Year f Postage to foreign countries added. T All check, money orders, &c to be made pay able to TdeScn. Published dally, Including Sunday, by the Stm Printing and Publishing Association at 170 Nassau street. In the tluroiifh of Manhattan, New York, president and Treasurer, Mlllam O. ltelck, 1T0 Vassu sWeet; Vice-President, lldward P. Mitchell, 170 Nassau street; Secretary, C. I'.. Luxton, 170 yatsau street. It London offlce. Effingham House, I Arundel fttreet, Strand. Paris offlce. A Hue de la Mlehodltre, oft Hue du . Quatre Septemhre. Washington offlce. Illbbs nulldtng. I Brooklyn offlce, 10 Livingston street. If our frttnds vho faror u irlfa manure rr' "" Oluitrattons for publication vish to harf rejected articles returned tfieu must In all cases send stamps lot that purpose. , The Former nnd the Knllrnnds. 1 ThrotiRhotit the fenerations the , farmer has been tho pot of tho peoplo ( and tho Government of this country For his benefit tho States havo estab lished agricultural colleges which an nually receive largo subventions from the Federal Government, which also maintains a Department of Agrloultura 1 1 likewise for his benefit. Costly experi ments aro conducted for his edification, need Is distributed to him gratis, at their own expense, the railroads run demon stration trains accompanied by lec turers to show him how to mako two ' blades grow whero one grow before. Yet with all this tho farmer seems ' Bblo to mako only about nino-tenths of a blade grow where one grew before. A current compilation of tho returns of the last census shows that thero was grown in 1910 actually less com than in 1900, and, notwithstanding the increase in farm acreage, less than 4 per cent, more wheat and less than 7 per cent. ' more oats. Tho output an aero of corn, oats, barley and cotton was ma terially less than in 1600. Although over i a century ago one Patt, Hathaway ( raised 124.5 bushels of corn on a single aero of land in southern Massachusetts, and(tho Bureau of riant Industry re . cords recent instances in which over I two hundred bushels of corn havo been raised on a single acre, tho average yield " , for tho United States an aero in 1010 was only twenty-six bushels. The nrro production of wheat increased mainly because of the withdrawal of the poorer wheat land from wheat cultivation. England, Franco and Germany do far better, and in those countries bread costs enly about one-half as much as here. And this is not all. Tho population of tho United States increased Muring the census decade about sixteen million persons, or 21 percent. That tho out put of tho ten principal crops did not keep paco with the population is shown by tho faot that tho per capita supply of tho ten principal crops ranged from a decrease of 21 per cent, to an increase of 20 per cent. Yet tho farm valuo of tho diminished per capita supply increased from 34 per cent, to 83 per cent. For examplo, tho relative supply of corn that was 100 bushels in 1000 was 79 In 1010; the relativo farm value of corn that was $100 In 1000 was $144 in 1010. That is, while tho supply of corn an In habitant fell off 21 per cent, tho valuo of the supply an Inhabitant increased 44 per cent. In tho samo relation tho nupply of wheat fell off 14 per cent., whilo its valuo increased 47 pop cent.; the supply of cotton fell off 8 per cent., while its valuo increased so por cent. We havo tho word of census officials that tho farm years covered by tho re ports for 1000 and 1010 "wore typical or representative years, not abnormal in any material respect." Tho railways of tho United States dive been tho subject of popular objur gation and political attack theso many years, yet during tho census decado tho railway plant increased at moro than double the rate of tho agricultural plant, the ton miles and passenger miles, tho output of the railways, increased at a rnto more than ten times as great us that of theoutputof tho farms; tho output of tho railways to the unit of plant Increased by one-half, whilo tho output of tho farms to the unit of plant averaged a do creaso. For each inhabitant tho output tn the railways increased from one-half to two-thirds, and their receipts in creased In no greater proportion, The situation sums up thus; In 1010 One thousand bushels of the principal food crops could purcliaso over 25 per cent, more of commodities in general and CO per cent, moro of transportation than in 1000; but conversely tho (pur chasing power of tho receipts from 0110 thousand ton miles fell off 13 per cent., find that from ono thousand passenger miles fell off 10 per cent, f It has been saiil that of tho great tndustries of this country tho railways urn tho Cinderella in tho kitchen corner, Tho harder tho scorned handmaid of our progress works tho greater is tho Jlalliflg off in the return, from her.yield. An the yield of Iho farmer falls his pay Increases. Verily the farmer reaps the reward for Inefficiency. Justice Ooiie In the Cases of Ilaw thorne nntl Morton. Any other result than tho conviction of tho defendants FnRKMAN, Morton and IIawTHOiis'K in tho notorious Ca nadian mining caso would havo been a perversion of justice. Thero can bo no doubt that tho son of America's beloved author and the son of tho dis coverer of tho atiathntlu properties of ether pas.cd through a painful ordeal in tho long drawn out trial, but suspen sion of sentenco in their cases would have been un affront to the law. Public opinion would havo been outraged. Tho penal part of a statute is for wrongdoing men who bear honored and historic names as well as for tho ob scure man who transgresses. If Julian Hawthoknk and Dr. Will iam .1. Morton have suffered ignominy, tho investors in their disreputable en terprise wero swindled and despoiled, and they too havo suffered. No sen timent mid very littlo pity would go out to tho defendants if tho hereditary ap peal could not bo mado for them. It does not mitigate, it aggravates their offenco. There is a ditTerenco between sentiment and sentimentality. "The court knows tho facts in tho case," said District Attorney Wise when he declined to join in the application of the defendants' lawyers for suspension of sentence. The cvidenco in tho caso was presented with such fulness and so fairly that the public also knows tho facts. It believes that tho verdict ren dered reluctantly by tho jury was just. The ITend of the House. In a suit for annulment of marriage brought in Brooklyn by tho husband, among certain rules and regulations for the conduct of his wife drawn by him was this loud and peremptory by-law: "There- shrill be no dictating or command ing from you to mo whatever " It may be rash to enter into theso delicacies of doincstio disciplino and theso not despicable, however feeble, efforts at marital protection; but tho grown and growing power of women may be thought to excuse if not justify tho unexecuted and inexccutnblo ordinance of him of Hrooklyn. Somebody must command a domestic establishment; somebody must be dictator therein. The wiso or philosophic married man knows who it is; he knows who is Mayor of the Palace while ho is the ineffectual Merovingian simulacrum of sovereignty; ho knows that he is tho old time Mikado and she the Shogun in petticoats; but ho is content and doesn't grumble so long as liis dignity and outward show aro maintained. Ho is cajoled, led by tho noe, made to believe or half beliovo t hat orders suggested by tho subtler intelli gence tiro his own. In short, ho knows when he is well off. Doubtless thero nro cases of despotism to save tho face of whoso victims tho ISrooklyn rule might be applied. Iiut it is a pleasure to hold that in tho ma jority of these contracts and contractors it should read: Said Jank Don shall command tho household and said John Don, but she shall not openly and tech nically dictate to him except in private; or otlierr.iso upon grounds good and sufficient in her opinion. The Stock i:change THIls. In the bill affecting tho Stock Kx chango and its transactions, as recom mended by Governor Sri.ZKn, intro duced by Assemblyman Levy and re ported favorably lato Inst week, thero is much that is proper, thero are some things that are good, and thero is at least ono legislative project that ought to bo rejectd, The penal law in relation to bucket shops is strengthened by tho proposed amendment of the phraseology describ ing the intent to gamblo on tho quota tions of market prices; tho present law requires evidence of such intent on lm part of "both parties." The proposed amendment merely simplifies the process of conviction by substituting tho words "intending" and "not intending" for "wherein both tho parties intend" and "wherein both the parties do not in tend." This and other changes aro administrative. Wo do not think there can bo much difference of opinion amonir honest mnn in Wall Street or elsewhere ns to tho ucsiniiiiiuy 01 mo proposed provisions of law which make it folonintm fn broker who knows that ho is insolvent to tnko business from a customer igno rant of tho broker's insolvency; or to hypothecate or dispose of a customer's securities for his own benefit without the customer's consent; or to trado on his own account against a customer's orders; or, with intent to deceive, to report or publish as bona fldo transac tions "sales" or "purchases" which are fictitious, no actual change of ownership having occurred. Penalizing this sort of business is in tho common interest of honest and legitimate trado. Tho samo interests aro served by the two bills relating to manipulations of prices and falso representations as to securities, In both instances tho test of tho felony is tho intent to deceive. Tho heavy penalty provided in tho bili to prevent tho washing of stocks, a fine up to $3,000 and imprisonment up to two years, or both, ought to provo u sufficient deterrent with regard to that fraudulent process. Tho test of fact is whether a simultaneous chango of ownership or interest has been effected. In tho bill relating to falso statement or advertisement tho test is tho intent to deceive. A room is left for tho ordinary margin of optimistic nopo in ttio mutter of repre sentations. If thero is tho slightest injustice to tho broker in tho bill requiring him to deliver to n customer, within twonty four hours after tho demand is mado upon him, a memorandum of tho pur chase or salo, with a description of tho eecuritlee, and.tho.nanje of tho seller or purchaser, nnd tho exact tlmo of tho transaction, wo aro open to conviction on tho subject, Tho refusal to do this, or tho sending of a falso statement, is made a misdemeanor, not a felony. As to tho bills of tho series which attempt to prevent discrimination and compel business with rival exchanges, meaning in this caso tho Consolidated Exchange, and to regulato tho rate of interest on loans in times of monetary stringency, wo shall mako special com ment a littlo later. There remains tho most important of tho measures, that which so amends tho banking law of the State as to rev quiro tho Incorporation of tho SfcrA Kxchango and to defino its powers and regulato Its operations. Tho reasons against incorporation are generally un derstood. They wcro stated with great force and clarity by tho commission ap pointed by Governor Hitiiiks to inves tigate tho subject. Nothing has oc curred and nothing has been developed during tho past four years to weaken tho disinterested and intelligent con clusion then reached by tho Hughes Committee on Speculation in Securities nnd Commodities that incorporation is undesirable. This Inoorirarntion bill ought not to become 11 law. Captain mil the Itnngcr. Captain I! ill McDonald going back to Texas," wailed tho Washington des patches; tho I,ono Star glittered inso lently; heaviness was on all but Texan hearts. What is Washington without Captain Hill McDonald, for sixteen or thirty years tho inimitable and Invinci ble chief of tho Texas Hangers nnd tho man who Is always ready to "chargo hell with a bucket of water." Ho has hunted "bad men" by tho hundred, ho has ridden nt least thirty times thirty devil possessed, fierco bucking, untam able, flro breathing broncos; ho has trailed tho Hon. Hill Hiush, tho bank breaker, from Quanah, Tex., to "tho halls of tho Montezumas." Strong men wilted nt tho splendor of his spurs and the rattle of his guns. Like Lancelot's, his great lintno conquered and bandits and brigands fainted away at tho mero sight of his enormous hat or tho glanco of his warrior eye. Captain Uiu, McDonald Is known and loved In this town. His head is about even with tho top of the Wool worth building; his smooth, strong face is bright with undying youth; the great saffron diamond in his wealth of shirt front puts out nnd f-hames tho lights of Uroadway and brings a jealous frown to tho moon's broad face. Why has Captain Bill McDonald gone away? Whero is tho whito sombrero, bigger than Rhodo Island? Where arc the long climbing boots, t he mirror of the Hangers and brighter than tho highest noon? Whero aro tho drab trousers nnd tho monumental legs in thoso boots tucked and shrouded? Whero is that eyo to threaten and command, that voico of thunder and sheet iron, that heart of gold? Somewhero in tho boundless continent of Texas? A search should bo organised. Captain Bru, McDonald, tho terror of Texas and tho prido of Wushington, must bo kept on view. Senator Martin's Promotion. The selection of Senator Martin over Mr. Tillman for chairman of tho fmportnnt Committee on Appropria tions was a compromise in which tho Senator from South Carolina ought not to see a humiliation. Tho duties of tho placo aro arduous and it Is no secret that Mr. TH.I.MaN would not bo equal to them. Ho has the experience re quired, but not tho strength. Senator Martin does not lack tho experience and he is still in his primo. Tho only exception that can bo taken to him by tho "steering committee" now con trolled by "progressive Democrats is that ho is too conservative. It may bo doubted, however, whether the chair man of tho Appropriations Committee can bo too 'conservative for the welfare of tho country and tho interests of tho Democratic party. Mr. Martin's promotion is creditable to Senator Kr.RN and his associates who havo been making up tho new com mittees. It may also bo said that they realized their weakness in tho kind of material that is needed nt tho head of the most responsible of all tho commit tees. They had' no representative who could havo stood tho caucus test. It is only by such compromises between tho old guard and tho new recruits full of fight and reform that harmony can bo attained in tho party councils and President Wilson's Administration bo put on the road to success. Tlaya nntl Audience. Tho recent nerformnnco of snmn iur dramas of franker character than those usually offered in tho theatres does not seem to possess any element of danger to tno morals 01 tno community. In both cases theso nlavs aro acted imilnr conditions which mako them moro or less Inaccessiblo to that part of tho public which might suffer from their Influence. In ono case tho drama of an advocate of Stato lecislation for thn of certain physical ills which aro ono of tno Dimicns or modern society would nover havo been acted hern hut fnr tun support of n committco of sociologists anu nnvHicinns wno nro intnrr.utrwi i tho themo of the drama. Tickots wero not sold at tho door. Membership in tho societv which made thn iwrfnrm. ancopossiblo was a condition precedent to tho right to buy tickets. This procedure mado certain tho presenco of nn nudlenco interested in tho play for Its own sako nnd not merely seeking tho sensation to bo enjoyed from its unusual charac ter. Not all tho spectators wero sym pathizers with tho thesis of Oils drama. Sol all of them curod nhnur. Ita ten dencies. Hut they wero habitual at tendants nt dramatio performances. So thero was tho sort of special au dience which could not bo harmed by contemplating the progress of this unusual play. Tho disadvantage of thto reaulVfrom tho viewpoint of the social reformers, lay in tho fact that this public was entirely acquainted with tho dangers supposed to come from the Ignorance against which this play is a protest, whilo it was precisely those persons who weroexcludod that might require enlight enment on tho subject. It was not cor rect, therefore, for ono of tho nctors to say that tho production of this play might bo ns effective as tho representa tions of "Uncle Tom's Cabin" wero in arousing tho feeling of tho public against slavery. It was tho frequent public performance of that drama which mado it Influential. Then it is by no means certain that tho interest of tho people of this country in tho subject at that timo was not responsible for tho frequent nppearanco of that play on tho boards. So thero is littlo analogy between tho productions of this modem French play nnd tho famous bestseller of tho mid-nineteenth century. Tho caso of tho littlo theatre which is to follow tho Parisian model in offering photographic transfers of life and brief J shockers to tho small audiences which its dimensions allow is in a sense dif ferent from tho ordinary commercial theatre. Its special ptirposo is the pro duction of littlo dramas not intended for tho youthful. Maturo spectators, presumably far beyond tho ago at which they might bo demoralized by tho stage, are expected to attend. For their benefit these dramas aro acted. Warned of what they may expect, there can bo no complaint of tho character of the performance. Thus tho two recent representations of unusual dramas may not bo in tho least taken to represent nny decline in tho moral standards of tho playhouse in tills city. The Speedwny. In tho Interest of tho horseman and the horso wo aro Inclined to deplore tho attempt to open tho Speedway to auto mobiles. This nttcmpt takes form in tho Assembly bill introduced by Mr. Lewis to nmend the present law by mak ing the Speedway a parkway, cutting out the restrictions on its use ns a speed way, nntl subjecting it to the samo powers and discretion ns to vehicles which is now exercised by tho Park Hoard over other drives in tho park system. The automobllNs do not. lack the affectionate solicitude of Tin: St'.v. Hut tho round globo is already -theirs. They may range at will from Hoonton to Hiskra and beyond, wherever the roads aro suitable for their mighty going. Is it too much to ask that this littlo spneo of driveway shall bo pre served for tho exclusivo purposo for which it was originally intended and created? Mr. .IosF.rn IlnrcKF.n of Kiel nntl Mil waukee, who has dedicated himself to a pnssnRo of tho Atlantic Ocean with a non dlrlRiblo gas bag from Key West on April 1, had better delay his start until thero is n steady wind from tho north that will waft him to Cuba. Ho can find thero a good landing place nnd n safo last stop. Then h" (Colonel HoosevfxtI related a conversation he hnil held with Mr ItiSK, of whom lie inked his ren-oni for allying lilmelf with tho new pany. and wni told that Mr. 1'linn did so hecainn he wanted to pee the 1 lilted States put into mirh a con dition politically that it would hn a (It plaro for his children to live In. Drnpatch from I'hilailtlpliia Not n twice told tale, but n tain told continuously nnd interminably. Will Will iam 1'i.inn ever admit thnt thocountryis n fit placo for his children to live in? Mr Cannon- predlrt s deficit In revenuen for WM aijBrecntlnir $l.l,:i,(i: Dfupntch from Wnhing.tnn May thn wish not b father to th thouftht, but politiciansaro very human. I am not wins to be a ellent President. -Woonnow Wii.son. It would bo n misfortune. I feel that it is my duty to devote myself eiculvel- durini: this my first year of ofllce as President to the duties which ensauo mn hero nt Wahlni!ton. I have. therefore declined nil invitations away from the city.- 1'renultnt Wilsov. It ought to lo understood, of course, that thn summer capital, whnrover It Rhnll Ik, is a suburb of tho District of Columbia. Tho presumption is that Mr. Wilson knows that asphalted Washing ton In July is about ns hot ns Aden. Postmaster-tieneral Ilt'r.i.nsoN's Idea that every fourth class postmaster in tho United Stntes should undergo an nxnmlna tion ns to his fitness will lo npplauded by the Democratic rank nnd file nnd viowod with grave disapprobation by tho mass of Hepublicans. "I behove," SJiys.Mr. Ilimi.K so.v, "In tho civil service idea with refer encn to first, hecond, third and fourth class postmasters," .So do tho fourth class postmasters put in under Mr. Tait's extension order and who don't want to bo ousted, lly this tlmn most of them ought to bo fairly comotont. It Is not going to bo easy for tho now Postmaster-Gonoral to replnco thorn with efficient Democrats, but It is satisfactory to know that ho in consecrated to tho Inviolability of tho classified civil service. For the Court of St. James's. To TIIK i:t)ITOR OK TllK SrN--.S't: If Is to hn regretted that Mr. Olney 1ms felt himself forced to decline tho Knsllsh mis. slnu, but if President Wilson continues to think Massachusetts should furnish a man to fill the position it seems to mo that the appointment of Mr. Charles Francis Adams would meet with universal approbation. Jfj:w Yoke, March 14. K. T. W. I'atihogur'i Oldeit Inhsbliant. To tub Kpitob or Tub Hun Sir: Thu Pst rliOKue Arius at March II rnntnlnril nn Item stioiit the irlctirnUon of the ninrty-nlnth birth ilny of Mix. Harsh J. Cornelius, the oldest pernon In the ton". I hse hren well acqunlnlnl with tho lady for nearly forty years. She It in Komi health ami haa a ronilexlou any girl of IS might be proud of. Akinoton II. Cahuan. I'atcuixiub, March M. I'nliiae Opportunity Neglected. .Ton ah emerged from tho whale. "What a Blorlous chanee you had to paint an Imprcwlonlstlo lnterlorl" thn futurists cried. After the Ciooie Waddle. KnlrVer The cone waddle completes the barn, yard models fnr ilanres. Porker Why not Iho scarecrow tlnrle strpt linnier. Knlcker-What ! the pie belt! Booker The one tho Democrats hT to pull In taothsrnolch- ,..-,, , THE irOMAX AXIt llElt WAGES. Morality and tlirlMlnnlry Different tat rtt ai Itcculatnrs of Conduct. To Tin: llnnon or Tim HvtiSir: Your editorial artlclo "Is Morality Purely Kco immlo?" and a letter In this morning's Hun from "A Womnti" commenting upon It In iluco mo to try once, moro to bring n nues tlon to the attention of your readers which 1 am Hiiro must bo brought before them, and tho lesson it teaches learned and put Into practice, beforo any real botterment can rami) to society nnd the world at largo. 1-t mo ask a question: What has become of Christianity? I hear and read much of morality, hut I do not honr or read anything of spirituality: and hence my question. I am aw nro that the men and women engaged In nil tills present day "uplift" work aro do ing It In tho name of Christianity, but If bo why talk of morality? Christians ought to know that human na ture Is responsible for all vicious conditions, and the entire history of (iod's ancient peo ple proves that morality Is no cure, and when Jesus Christ came Ho did notbhui with tho moral law hut snlrltuallre It In Ills own teaching and Ignore It in practice, as Is shown in Illsdlsregard of the Sabbath day. Morality Is the world's religion nnd Is effective In holding society In check to n certain extent, as It did under the old dis pensation. It was a "schoolmaster" then as It is now, but It did not entirely prevent vlcn and crime then any more than It does now. It was a ministration of death then as It Is now, and tho only reason It was ended was because It was "weak through the llesh" then as It Is now: and with all dun respeot for tho great religious preach ers, teachers nnd writers, I say without the least hesitation that all who view any question of human betterment from tho standpoint of morality are Just as much opposed to .lesus Christ as were those to whom ho said "Ye compass sea and lnnd In mnkn nun nroselvte. and when he Is mnde ye make hltn twofold more the child of hell than yourselves," nIo "lo shut up tne Kingdom of Heaven against men! ye will neither go In yourselves nor suffer thoso who are entering to go In." How long Is It going to tnkeforthe people to tlnd themselves out? All through the lute political campaign and the present vice and "graft" crusade tho newspapers have contained so much of the great and wise sayings of our great lenders and re formers that it almost makes mo dizzy to think of it all, and I have yet to hear or read tho first hint of a desire, on the part of a single man or woman of them to see the saloon license system abolished; and yet tho spirit or truth, which Is the spirit of Christianity, dictates that while that sys tem continues In force human betterment, even morally, can only be Imagined; and this not only because of the demoralizing effect produced by liquor drinking, but more because of the wickedness thnt lurks in the hearts of thoso whose eyes are closed to the immorality of the system and who cannot shirk responsibility for it. 1 tic Hal defect In morality Is that It looks the wrong way, and Is nlways seeing anil trying to prevent or prohibit "other men's sins," but Christianity says to every man and woman repent of your own. and until society and government nro organized upon that principle human betterment cannot be realized. V M. I'amiatier. Nl'.WAltK, X J.. March 14. THE hi PTOS CHAlJjEXnE. Sharp 4'ommrnt on the New York Yacht (.Tub's Declination. To the Kpitor op Tin: SvsSir: The action of the Xew York Yacht Club In de clining the challenge of the Itoynl t'lster Yacht Club for the America's cup is on a par with the new American idea of sport, "Don't give the other man a chance." Whether or not the Xew York Yacht Club adopted a resolution providing for defend ers of tho greatest possible speed under the conditions of the deed of gift, the ltclianco Is not a boat but simply a scow with a tre mendous snll area. Such a machine under a smaller rating would he well nigh Impos sible, nnd It appears that the Xew York Yacht Club knows It. The international races are now of course "up thn spout." and with them has gone a good deal of respect for the big yacht club. It Is regrettable that our largest club could not come down from Its perch of security nnd give a real sporting man an opportu nity to "thoiv his hand" ntleust. Surely tho building of a number of seventy-five foot bonis for defenders w ould promote the sport and creato an interest greater than thn "syndicate boat" enn eicite. Are the New Workers willing to admit that tho Kngllshuinn can build the better boat nnd thnt thev miss too greatly the famous Charlie llarr? Let them show that they do not. A ConiNTHtAlf. rniNcr.TON, X'. March M. A Dewlldereil Sportsman. To Tit F. KniTon ok Tin: Sr.v- Sir: I hold no brief In defence of Sir Thomas I.ipton's sportsmanship, but sitice there Is nothing in the America's cup rules to prevent the New York Yacht Club from agreeing to a inco of seventy-five foot boats, tho chal lenge of Kir Thomas Is not unsportsmanlike. It is well within the laws of sport to make nny condition In a challenge which the other slilo may lawfully accept. It was lawful for the challenger to name a seventy-five foot boat, and as it is not to be supposed the Xew York Yacht Club would be so unsportsmanlike as to put up a larger defender, It looks like n quibble to object to a condition (which would be prac tically observed anyway) for the solo reason that thu condition Is named. Al.KXANDFn Dortr.. Dkdiiam, Mass.. March 13 The Age of Iteforin. To Tn KntToB or Tim Hun Sir.- This is cer tainly an era of reform. Legislators and others are trying to make the rouniry so good that It will soon lie. nrrriaiy for us to crow wings and become angels to live In II. liven then we will be constantly In fear of unronsrlously lnlatlng one of the laws enacted to keep us good. In New York they legislated against horse racing, they aro threatening boilng, ami perhaps they will get after baseball before long. The State of Wisconsin has gone even furthrr for only re cently tho Senate there passed a hill prohibiting treating In saloons. If the bill becomes a law there Is some consolation for the people of that Stale In knowing that It will still be legal to treat to cigars and non-tntolcallng drinks. How long suih freedom will be permitted heaven only knows. Abcuanozu Honours. N. J March 15. Perry's Mssara. Slid sleet and snow of a driving gale From Krln's waters fathoms deep. As a ghost that moves to adorn a tale. We've raised the ship from Its century's sleep. An unimpressive nnd battered hulk A hundred and ten by thirty beam, Or nhout a harbor tugboat's bulk Yet It thrills the soul like a beautiful dream! For Perry's Niagara rides to-day Tho Inland sea whero enduring fame He won in n desperate affray l'orever crowns his honored name. Xo ship that heads tho splendid roll Or victory or of herolo wrecks K'er boro u moro intrepid soul Than trod, Niagara, thy deoksl 'Twas such a fight ns stirs the blood "1 K'cn though a hundred years are past. When on the Lawrence Perry stood Ab fell his last remaining mast. Can any wounded pull a rope To fire the last eflectivo mm? And staggering to the desperate hope iium-u, mm io, i no ueeu wus donel Strike colors? Xo! As the Lawrence drifts In a little boat on the dangerous sea rerry his (lag to Niagara shifts And then swings tho fight to victory I The lakes, Niagara to far Duluth, Were free by his fleet's Bufflclent powers. For his thrilling words wcro tho elmrde truth . v , v wv, vuu viieiuy sou inoy are oural U, TiwAinoM.- LAM IX AT ED ART. nrlef Comment on the Extraordinary Exhibition Now Closing. To the EniTon or The 8cn Hit: Are wo approaching tho second childhood of modern nrt? A fow moro suoh ex hibitions ns tho International would mako ono fear It. Sightless, toothless, drivel ling, feeble minded work Is shown us, and wo are asked to aceopt It as the fore runner of the nrt of tho future. It Is tlmo art died If this is what wo nro to Ret. Sans drawing, sans perspective, sans understanding of values and light and shade, sans composition, sans beauty, sans truth! Not oven tho simplicity of truo childishness, but strong evldenco of perverted minds Is displayed In this well advertised nnd very successful ex hibition. I would suggest that the pro ceeds of this show bo donated to tho poor inmates of asylums and sanitariums as tho fitting recipients of tho benefits of such a crazy exhibition. How Is It possible for any one, even tho contributors, to tako these abortions seriously? Is It possible that the public, or nny part of it, Is or can bo fooled or even amused by such a grotesque display? Docs It decolvo oven those who do tho samo sort of work? Many of tho pictures und somo of tho statuary could not have been produced by sano or sober persons. Tho few real artists who wero unfortu nato enough to havo their works shown In conjunction may not regret It, as thoy gain so much by the contrast. Even If this bizarre exploitation of eccentricity helps tho perpetrators to earn n living It is calamitous so to vitiate good taste and (esthetics. Tho peoplo who manufacture such monstrosities should seek useful occupations less injurious to themselves nnd society; or they should m willing to relearn tho rudiments, drawing, color, perspective, form, light and shade, even technique. Howard M. Nesmitii. New Yobk, March 15. The Fascination of It to One Who II M the Wool to Nee. To ran Editor op The Son Sir: May It not be an Interesting question as to what were the sentiments nnd sensations of the thousands of people who visited the nrt exhibition nt the armory during tho past two weeks? Expressing nn Individual feeling I would say that fasclnntlon was the domi nant feature. Looking beyond the lines, angles, cubes and colors for tho animating spirit con cealed therein, was a compelling nnd captivating study. Forms nnd colors thrown on the canvas seemingly without purpose or method heltl a story for those who possessed tho faculty to divine tho intent of tho artist. It is said that there Is just ns much l)enuty In a thing as there is soul In a per son to seo that beauty. It Is perhaps truo that the average person nt tho show saw but nn incongru ous nnd unrelated mass of color and form. To tho artistic nature It was something seen nnd somothlng felt. Thoso who wero amused nt the gro tesquenoss of somo of tho pictures took a too material view of thorn. Had they caught tho spirit, the essence, the mysti cism of tho things pictured, thoy would havo tasted of tho wine of tho gods. New YonK, March 15. M. E. C. THE PATHOS OF JUSTICE. rica fnr Mercy to Dr. Morton on Account of Ills rnthcr's scrtlec to Humanity. To Titn KniTon of Tun HcsSir: llarely does the court room present a scene more traglo than was enacted In the Federal Hulldlng on Friday last when sentence was pronounced by .fudge Mayer upon two dis tinguished sons of distinguished men who have shed lustre upon American literature and science, respectively. The pathos of the situation was emphasized by the Inability of thn foreman of the Jury on account of deep emotion to read the verdict and by the feeling dis played In the countenance of the stern Judge when pronouncing sentence. Implacable Justice demanded that these men be punished, but was It Imperative Hint they be manacled anil led to their cells when thero was not the slightest probability or their escaping from the sturdy minions of the law? True, theso men were not en titled to exemption from the regular proc esses of the law. X'or were they entitled to be exempt from the regular procedure, and yet the foremnn of tho Jury was per mitted to violate the "regular procedure." Had foreman nnd Judge been less under the Influence of emotion they would prob ably have conveyed their own sympathetic feelings to the less refined constnbles who placed the badge of disgrace upon the wrists of tho accused men. Tho plaint of the son of tho discoverer of ana'sthesla betrays the fatalist who will bear calmly the Infliction of tragio fate If the people will bear In mind the fact that Dr. Thomas t;. Morton has beftowed upon the world a greater physical boon than has any other man, liv ing or dead, there wjll ho a movement Ini tiated at once to temper Justice with mercy for his son. "I the Lord am a Jealous Oiod, visiting the Iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them thnt hate me; and showing kindnrm unto tho thousandth geiierntlo'n of them Unit love me." Tho world has 111 requited the father for the beneficent heritage hn has be queathed to It. Let it now redeem Itself by generosity to tho unfortunate son who comforted and supported until his death this benefactor of mankind when like nil medical discoverers he was deprived of peoutilary row aril. A grateful people can do no less than forglvo this unhnppy man and restore him to tho privileges of citizen ship nnd professional rights of which the sentence of the court deprives him. ' If the millions of sufferers, whose anguish has been assuaged by ether could voice their gratitude, tho implncnble demands of Justltfe would bo silenced by their thunder tones, mere Is no parallel In history to tills Pathos of Justice. Kimon BARDcn, M. D. New Yob, March is. The Latest From the Agony Column, To the F.nrron oy The Sun .Sir: The following advertisement ran at the head of the personal column of the London Timrt on Tuesday, February 25; AIJTHOIl and I'ltEK LANCK JOUnNALIST (age 39) .brought to state of PENURY by Indulging vicious propensity to write plays (none yet pro duced "hlnc lllm lachrymal"), UIUJIINTLY NT.UIIS WOMt (of any kind, though literary preferred), l'lay writing sole vice, and ease sot Incurable. Will sign pledge to future employer not to write a single line of dialogue even In spare time. Public school education and nt good social standing. Special knowledge of Illustrated Journalism, dramatic criticism and French lan guage. This ought to be, as I'alttaJ would have said, the cause of mirth in others, Nkw YonK, March is. p. F. O, The Nerr Art. Knlcker Did you turn the picture to the wall? Docker Yes, but that did no good: It was alike on boyi sides, The Orrat question. When we before the gods in Judgment stand, And deed and purpose of our life are scanned. This question shall there be ere questions end: "Were you while living called by some one trieniir: . istinVsTWAUiiOSipBlOK. SULZER NOW KNOWS HOW HE WILL FIGHT Maps Out His Plan of Buttle, but Will Accept Traco If It Comos. LEADERS GETTING TAMED Will Insist on legislation nnd Appointments "Which Governor Dcsirei. Albany, Mnrch 15. Gov. Rulzer im mapped out a definite campaign in his warfare with tho Legislature and the Democratic organization. In tho end the Governor hopes tn ob. tain legislation for which ho Is sponsor, as well as to reach nn Atntcahlo nrrangs. mcnt by which thero will bo no opp,. sltlon to men ho Is anxious to npp.iia; na the heads of certain Important fitatt departments. The Governor Is for peace, If he cm get what ho wants. And there Is a rie;i feeling on the part of conservative Tammany Hall leaders to avert troubls, tho Idea being that this Is no time for a fight between n Democratic Governor and a Democratic Legislature with aa Important Mayoralty campaign to corns In the fall. Tho Governor's slogan Is: "Drive or. the grafters nnd the thieves." He rs Iterates this statement to almost every caller who Is Interested In the subject. He says that he Is going to devote hla two years In office to "turning out ths rascals" and to bring about an adminis tration of economy and efficiency. Thoso who at first were sceptical ej tho Governor's sincerity In his threats to Investigate Stato departments thor oughly aro now beginning to predict thnt thero Is trouble ahead for offlelali who believed themselves secure In their Jobs and that thero will be exposures of grafting which will startlo the State. Those who aro In tho confidence of the Governor say thnt ho Is suro of the re sult. Ho will havo tho appointment o! two Supremo Court Justices, If as seemj certain Justlco James W. Ger.ird is to be appointed Ambassador to somo Kuropean capital. Xo selections havs been made for successors to Justice IM wnrd K. McCall, now Public Servlca Commissioner, and Justlco Gerard. Gov. Hulzer bellovos that as these, ap pointments aro In Now Y'ork county the Democratic organization thero should have some say In tho matter. Ilut tho men who are appointed will havo to havo tho approval of tho Har Associa tion. Tho Governor has no Idea of making personal appointments to the Supreme Court. One thing ho will Insist upon. He Is going to havo his say In naming tho men who uro to bo at the head of Uh reorganized Highways Department and tho Deartment of Labor, which Is to b created by a bill Introduced at the re quest of tho Governor. At tho closo of tho week the Demo cratic lenders seemed to be In a more conciliatory mood. They wero protest ing that nothing was being done to ob struct tho Governor's pet legislation At first It was said that the Senate would rcfuso to confirm Judge John II. Ulley of l'lattsburg as successor to t'ol. Scott, who was removed as Superin tendent of Prisons. Moro than ono Democratic leailer said that If Judgo HHey will not bo con firmed It will not bo because of nny differences with tho Governor, but be cause Judgo Kiley'n record could not pass muster, ns was tho case of Mlltoa Glbbs, who was nominated by tho Gov ernor ns tho legal member of the Stats Hospital Commission and rejected by the Senate. It Is now certain that Gov. Sulzer will not send Mr. Glbbs's nnmo back to tho Senate. With tho appointment of George V?. Dlako ns a special Investigator of th Prisons Department tho Governor Is following out his plan of digging Into many of tlw Stato deparUnents. Tho Charities and Hospital depart ments are to bo Investigated. The Investigation of tho Canal Hoard Is now under way. The reports mnnV to thn Governor by his commission of Inquiry havo been such thnt thn Gover nor believes that certain department." nro In a deplorable condition nnd a thorough housecleanlng Is necessary Democratlo leaders nlm to end tli session of thn legislature by tho middle of April. Two bills, fathered by the Governor, creating a board of efficiency nnd a board of estimate on the Myl of tho ono In New Y'ork city will be passed. John A. Hennessey, who is ono of tho Governor's closest ndvlf-ers, Is slntcd ns head of tho clllclency bu reau. It Is practically certain that the bills for tho Incorporation of tho Slock 1 chnngo and for restricting to 15 per cent, thn Interest on call loans will killed. Tho moin drastic of the nutn mohllo legislation also will bn kicked aside. Gov. Bulzer will bo In Now Y'ork city to-morrow nnd Tuesday, which will s the Lcglslaturo on opportunity to rim along with Its regular business un'll the Governor returns. MEMORIAL TO O. IIEXM'. To Be Placed In the C'npltnl of HI' Nntlvn Slntr. It Is proposed to plnco n memorial to 0. Henry In tho new Executive buiMinn erected nt the capital of North Caiollna. O. Henry's nntlvo state. It Is to be either a bust or medallion of the story writer. Dr. JLronlbald Henderson of the O; versity of North Cnrolhm is at the l or the movement. Ho has chosen u com mltteo of North Cnrolluans tn solicit contributions, nnd It Is probable tSia u sculptor of note will be ut work 03 tM mfmorlnl within n few months. O. Honry's real numo wus William Pld eny Porter. Ho was born tn Greensboro. N. C nnd hn lived thero until nlmiit M twentieth year, when ho wont to Teii Tho lust O, Henry volume, "Itolll" Stones," contains n number of letters written from Toxns to his boyhood frlendi In Greensboro, Only a very few of the two million resi dents of North Carolina knew there was such a person as Sidney Porter on ciirin until ho snmo Into prominence af- yws ngo. Hut In tho Inst decado North CarolUiims both nt homo nun issewner havo been taking prldo In his fame. The North Cnrollua Society of c Tork, of which George Gordon Hnttle u president, In In cooperation with lr HfllJ derson. At a stag entertainment held by the society nt tho Hotel Wooilsiou last night a start was made townru lectins ft fund In New York city to ent to toe North. Carolina, commutes.