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THE SUN, SUNDAY, MARCH 16. 1913.
and thousands of plnlti nilnrrN, xblftlrhs nncl easy roIih; a u rnlo. bill now llllotl with ii IiIImiI, titiri'uwmltiK ilotormlnutlon o dmtrov t'ioi uliom iln bail been lod to bxllrvc hcii uiiii'FHltlK thrill. Uftr wen ht.ili l luiior IfiidorK, moil tralni-d In il. i,)r. r ornanlzliin tin- Arms and Ammunition Taken From West Virginia Strikers : XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXj rudo tiinl m'hI'iI iviIouh nf die tiiountnln side. Tliflr Int'iifiirn upon Ihrso men wo atrarty. hut tliolr iiblllty to urntiya tnm to fury remiltnl only In iporadlo outbreaks of vinlrnrr. In Hiirh rh-cunii"tiinci' the mind of m thf flotoctlv luul to work ipilckly Hnl to prevent omr of the major plot from romlnK t'i friiljhin hr had 10 movn vrry rapidly over tlm wild, uneven country In which he had bren plated. A Ten t.nnimaKr Drtrrtlvr, Despite the fact that this waa the flrot .lob of tlu- kind ho had tackled Smith wan well equipped for the nerlcc. Ho 32 years out and .mIiuy buyliood has neen roaming .iboiit the world. He was horn In Alpiirr-I.nrrnlnp and Knt bl flr.xt nchixilinst m rranre. lie came to th t'lllted Htatex when S yean old and Im mediately ticmui to iIiciv ability to pick up the I.iiikiiiik" of the I'hlldren with whom he played He went to work when he wnc able anil In. employers found him quick to turn bin hand to almrwt .mythlmr. He had the wanrterlUKt und w-hen H ye.irx old started out to seo what the world was like He found It cam- to remember faces nd names. He found It not dltllcult to so Into a t-tratue country and to learn the dialect or lancunce of Its peopln within a few weekf. Working at what ever nttricteil his uitere'l he acquired a knowledge of various handicrafts aud of the characteristics peculiar to cer tain types of workmen. finally he becamo it detective. He could spel; French, Italian, Herman, Russian, Spanish. FolNli. IhiKllsh, Slav ish, Portuguese and a arlcty of Aus trian dialects. This equipment, com bined with n natural shrewdies, an en KagltiB manner, lack of fear and a plen tiful supply of nilie!f, rlttiii him ad mlrablv for his -hard work. He went throiiKh several yeais of ordinary de tective routine, and while be refuses to dlscusn diiv cases Involving his detectlvo flKeucy his famlll.ino with certain places and the men who have becomo notorious there has a siiKRi'stlon In It for thoso who have followed the hip irraft exposes of the latt tlvo years. On October "ii this younK man stepped i off train at Charleston. West Virginia'.) capital and the city nearest to the trou bled mlnlnc section. The next day a weary looklnir laborer Mopped off at Paint Treek .luiictlon and nazcd about him stupidly He asked some one where h could tind work and -was directed to the mine at Keferlon. up the creek. Ho (?ot a Job there ;ci a day man and lived at the boirdlnu house with other men. The relRn of martial law was over for a while and there was otu work belnc Hone, but gradually violence beRsn and Smith was in the thick of 11. He ap peared to be a queer fellow and little attention was paid to him. lie was Just one of thoe who were witling to be led. But at night be was sneaking nway from the boarding house into the hills. There, by the light of his miner's, lamp, h seribbleil reports on pieces of paper. Trainmen found envelopes directed to various points lying on the floor of baggage cars und sent them along. Telephone messages were received by the authorities at Charleston that kept them in touch with the situation. Not na of the authorities knew who Smith r.-af. Not even the coal operators knew that there was u strango man In the hills looking out for their'intcrcsts. Rtrlkrri Make Htm Orxanlirr. Finally this young man earns to thn attention of the strlko organizers. He could speak many languages und make himself at home 'with all the varied nationalities to bo found In the miners' ranks. Why not enlist him as an or ganizer to keep the courage of the Ben where It belonged? Within twenty days ufter his arrival .Smith was going trom camp to camp and when he left the miners had tho impression that he was doing a great deal to perfect their organization. Again martial law had been declared and ths soldiers were hotfooting over tho moun tains In search of trouble makers. Smith departed for Charlebton and told the, union officials there that things were getting too warm for him and that he thought he would turn his hand to helping nrm the miners for a while They agreed to this and ho worked industriously in getting rifles and re volvers Into tho hands of tho miners, or apparently so. At least, he learned whern tho arms camo from, who paid for them, who signed orders for them and who distributed them. One night tho soldiers caught him at Paint Creek Junction nnd threw him Into the "Bull Pen." Ho was taken before the mili tary commission und while many were sent to the penitentiary for long terms he succeeded In simulating utter Htu pldlty bo well that he was let go. He made directly for the big camp of strikers at Mossy. The py Drrnmri Thrlr Hero, News of the trial had travelled up the valleys and ho came among the miners as a hero. His account of how he had outwitted the authorities drew laughter and applauso from his listen ers. They told him to go at It again. So he went to It. Ncal, secretary of local 2C06. I'nlted Mlno Workers of America, who was In charge at tho camp, and told him he must have, n union card. Ncal objected that no union cards could bo Issued In the course of a strike. It's dangerous busi ness. But Smith said he whs going Into mining towns over tho hills where he was not known and must Identify him self. He was going to manage meetings of the miners and must have the proper credentials. So Neal gave him tho card and Smith went over to Challan and had a WE meeting. Ho did that In other utaots. He becamo notorious as an or iptnlzer und tho militia were Instructed to gt hold of him If they could on any proper pretext. Smith kept nut of their reach. Finding himself hard pressed he Journeyed to Charleston, togged himself out and presented himself to the Charleston Electric Supply Company,, the lpcal representatives of tho Jeffry I Manufacturing Company, as an elec irlcal expert out of a Job. Men willing to take chances n tho mining district were fccarce, about that time and Smith went back Into tho affected district with r tetter nf Introduction to tho mlno guards showing him to bo an Inspector of machines and locomotives. He got it lot of Information In this way and kept hla employers constantly in touch with tho activities of the miners. I'retrnd llr'a Dynamiter. Then rums Ihe Minuting at Mucklow ? on February 10, followed by orders to "' 'set the names of and evidence against the men responsible, and to learn of - plant fo another outbreak. At Cabin Creek Junction ho was warned by the miners' ptefc.ta to keep out. Ho h went TV.; on to T'atnt Creek .lunctlon nnd from there to the camp lit Holly drove. Twenty armed men met him and sat In council. He produced his union card und wns recognized ns one of the organ izers. He entered heartily Into the pluns then afoot und learned that all of the armed men in the camp were going to Hansford to meet the military train which was bringing In the troops ac cording to the order of Oov. (llasscock, who had declared martial law for a third time. On tho way to Hansford plans for taking rails nut of the main line track were discussed, but Smith argued against tills. Their object was to get tho military train, not others that might pass. On the way ho also learned that tlm .Mucklow miners wero coming In force and that when they all met at Hansford there would ! a ver itable army on hand. As they cut through the woods Smith obscrvnd that tho few lights that there usually are at Hansford had been extinguished. Already ti'.n men had gathered there and they had with them six cases of dynumlte. It was a typical night mob. Men snoke hoarsely or In whispers. They looked scarchlngly Into the faces of their fellows. There was anxiety, as before n desperate undertaking, but no lack of spirit Little groups of men camo Into the village from tho mountain eldwt. Smith saw other groups carry ing dynamite down to the railroad track. One of those who wont hero nnd there among them wns John llrown, a strike organizer nam Mldt Bullets, STfi Trln. Brown was drunk, I To talked a great deal In a rambling wvy. Smith tried to keep out of his sight, but the big man took htm by tho nhuulder and led Mm aside. He told Smith that there, were murmurlngs umong the men. that ho woa suspected, that the suggestion hod been made that a single shot would relievo e-verybody provided that Smith got in tho way of It. Smith became angry because they suspected htm. He wanted to know who doubted his loyalty to the cause and ho would have It out with him. with or without anna. He'd split the Jaw of any man that dared to say 'ho whs not there as a friend. Brown listened and then told Smith that that wouldn't do at all, that the thing for him to do wan to beat It down tho track nnd never to come back again. Smith knew that If he separated him- self from the crowd there would be an end of him. Ho gradually walked Brown aside with 'Mm Ono hundred feet nway from tho miners ho could take a chance on being hit. Brown hade him good-by and told him to remember always that he had saved his life. Smith thanked Brown nnd tho kick that la tn tho kind of whiskey he had been drinking. Once out of range he ran like mad ulong tho railroad tracks toward Fast Bank, four miles away. The first posse of strikers he met held him up. He showed his union card and told them ho must hurry to bring up other liunds of strikers. Ho gave the password for tho night and was allowed to go on. A second posso heard him scrambling along and he was told to halt. Time was precious and ho ran faster as rifles cracked In his direction. Ho stumbled Into Fast Bank with Just enough breath left to be nblo to call Charleston on tho telephono und get word to AdJ.-Cion. Elliott that the track ahead of him wan dynamited. It was about midnight that the "Bull Moose Special" with the troops nboard camo slowly up the line. Thero wero guardsmen ahead of It and skirmishers along tho sides. Thoy found seventy pounds of dynamite laid under sand along the tracks near Hansford. There were sharp encounters In the neighbor hood nnd when the train finally reached Paint Creek Junction there were nine teen prisoners aboard, their nrms stacked In tho baggage car. That same night it second military train went through the same experience. With thi same warning from Smith, those In command sent skirmishers ahead und soventy-ilvo pounds of dyna mite were discovered lying In their path. Miners Knovr 111m Nnn, The next tlmo Smith nppeared at Paint Creek Junction It was ns nn Inter preter for tho military commission. He goes no morn alone Into tho mountains, but bus accompanied the soldiers on several of their raids slnco tho last declaration of martial law. Ills testi mony has been fiercely assailed by rounsel for tho prisoners. Ho bus been accused of trying tu Induco witnesses to perjure themsolves. His connection with the Burns ugency has been denied and he haa been described ao the em ployee of the "coal barons." But he minds his own business and goes quietly about his work. The soldiers who came up Into the hills on that "Hull Moose Special" rather like him. The Trnnhlr llleten Years Old. The present troubles are reully the outcome of conditions brought about bv a .sympathetic strike which was called by President John Mitchell of thn. I'nlted Mlno Workers of America In 1301'. Prior to that time there w.w some organization among the miners of Wot Virginia, hut the unions were nowhero recognized. When the West Virginia miners went out In sympathy with the anthracite miners of Pennsylvania their action was opposed by the Kanawha dNtrlct miners and the operators won their tight. The organization that had been Slowing went to pieces except In the Kanawha district, which embraced the mines on both sides of the Kanawha Itlver west of Kanawha Falls and ulong the lines of the Chesapeake & Ohio and Kanawha & Michigan rallronds. This district remained unionized and tho unions wero recognized by the op erators along Paint Creek and Cabin Creek. Two yenrs Inter the operators along Cabin Creek caused to be posted a notice that tinder their Interpretation of the agreement under which the unions had been recognized those hav ing authority to employ and dismiss men nt the mines need make no dis tinction between union and non-union men. Immediately there were protests from tho United Mlno Workers nnd the operators agrred to arbitrate, but their offer refused. The result was an announcement that thereafter the union would not be recognized and that the mines wxjuld bo run as "open shops," A strike follown-td and the mines along Cabin Creek were closed entirely for two weeks. Other workmen were brought In and the places of the strik ers taken with but little violent'-. Since then the Cabin Creek unities have been non-union, while all other mlnet In the Kanawha district havo been employing union mm. Serloua In -May, lt13. In May of last year the really serious situation had Its beginning. For several months before this, however, union agi tators had been making thetr wny Into the district. They called meetings of the miners- at the various little towns, described to them the hardness of their lot and made them suffer by the vivid ness of their portrayals of injustice don. Wild theories concerning property rights nnd tho production of wealth were expounded and gradually n spirit of something akin to anarchy spreud Into the homes of those who had before been contented. Even the level headed Anglo-Saxons, forming 75 per cent, of the population, began to smite palms with the men of Southern Europe In pledge of their determination to bring about some change. When tho time came to fix the scale of wages In the unionized district tho unions demanded an Increase. This wns refused and the unions offered to uccept the then operating scale, provided tho checking off system was granted. When this check off, which meant that the operators would soe to It that each man for whom a scale of wages was made or who was eligible to membership In tho union would hnvn extracted from his envelope n small amount for or ganization purposes, was refused the demand for an Incrcuso In wages was renewed and ngain refused. A strike followed, but lasted only n short time In the gTeater part of the district. The operators granted u part of the Increase that had been demanded. Tho Paint Creek operators refused to give tho Increaso and the strike there continued. Throughout the affected district tho miners llvo In houses that are owned by tho coal companies. These housivs urn usually small, the smallest containing three rooms nnd tho larger ones live or six rooms. They aro for the most part well built and the walls are either celled or plastered. Most of them am clapboardcd. For u housn In good con dition the renter pays $1.50 a room, each month. If tho house Is old ho' gets It for one dollar u room a month, Tho average rental Is $C n month for these houses. The operators will tell you that theso rents aro from 50 to BO per cent, lower than thoso In smaller tfiwim ol foe houses 111 thn llitnln,- .llu ' trlct owned Independently. The commission named by (Jov, aiass. cock to investigate conditions at the mines reported that tho houses aro REDFIELD ADVANCE AGENT OF COMMERCE Cabinet Member's Description nf Himself n( I'ninn Lenirue Dinner. II K LA TDK THE FMfKS! DKNT Siiys flie Outlook for His New Department's Work Is Very Inspirins;. MADE A TORCH OF HIS WIFE? Continued on Elcnlh Pagt, William Cox Hedtleld. Secretary of Commerce, was the guest of honor last night nt the fifteenth annual dinner of tho Brooklyn Union League Club at the Masonic Temple. Lafayette and Clermont avenues. Three hundred of his fellow townsmen gathered to listen to the former Congressman tell of his Impressions of tho new Cabinet and the ' new President nnd to reminisce a llttlo i on his years In Congress. He said that) the House Is a severe school, but a Just I one, where men are valued at what they I are. Mr. Hedtleld said In his address. 1 "There are those who have mildly re buked me for disclaiming knowledge of entering the President's Cabinet within a few days before that event took place. In self-defence let mo say that It was hut a very few days before that event that I knew of It myself, nnd I recall telling one gentleman that I had no knowledge of the matter almost within an hour of the fact when such knowl edge actually came to me. I have won dered since what he must think of me. "I am In a measure favored by sitting with Seerelsrv Wilson .'it tho nnd of the table, fco to face with the Presi dent. I need not describe our Chief' Executive; many of you have seen him and heard him fpeak; yet I should not speak the whole truth If it wero left unsaid that .his personal power and' tho weight of his high character are Increasingly acknowledged by his coun-1 clllors. It Is In no derogation to other wise and able men who have sat around that tioard or who havo presided there to say that the destinies of tho state are In the hands of omi able to guide her course safely and earnestly de voted to the purpose so to do. Leaving myself out of account he has gathered about him with uncommon skill a group; of men on whose patriotism nnd sin- i cere high purpose the country may I safely depend. "The outlook In the department over , which 1 have the honor to presldo Is very inspiring. American commerce pu"hes Its way over all seas and Into ' every land. The products of American ! mills and mine', the output of the J strong hands and clear hrains of Amer- I lean mechanics, these aro making their way throughout the globe. To aid In the expansion of this commerce, to open so far as we may new opportuni ties for It, to be Its willing ervant, Its ndvanco agent, its constant friend. Is the post of high privilege to which 1 have been called, and I rejolro In the prospect of the service." Charles S. Fuller, president of the Union Ie,tgue, was tuastmaster, anil among thoso present were .lames T. McCleary, secretary of the American Iron and Steel Institute, who spoke; Alfred K. Steers, Frederic 11. Piatt, the Rev. Caleb S. S, Dutton, Herman A. Metz, Edward M. Bassett, Fred H. Dal zell, John H. t'relgihton, Henry B. Dav enport, Thomas It. Evans, John I'", flels, Herbert F. Ounnlson, John F. Hylan, Magistrate Otto E. Kempner, F. J. II, Kracke, Edward Lwzansky. Health Commissioner Ernest J. l.ederle. Justin McCarthy. Jr., John 11. Mc 1 Coney, Postmaster E. W. Voorhles and James A. Farrell. , BOSTON TUNNEL OAS EXPLODES, j Trolley Car ninnn From Tracks, but , No (Hie llndlr llnrt. ItosTntf, March 15. Ous which had j accumulated under tho plank covered ex- j tension nf East Boston tunnel, now being , dug In Scoll.iy Somite, was touched off by a short circuited electric light wile this afternoon and an explosion resiiltid A trolley car containing four passengers was blown tiom Ihe hacks and hailed iii'liiss the sidewalk against a stole No one on the car was seilously hurt nnd half a dozen people knocked down on the street did not Mistuln kerlous Injuries. Flames belched from the opening until ths firemen cot an engine working. Do?- nys rather Ponreil fiasolrne an Her and Lighted It. Nutlet, .V. J March 15. A neighbor who heard screams this morning In tho home of Peter Deskowltz In South Cen tre street ran Into the house and found Mrs. Deskowltz lying on the floor en veloped In flames nnd Deskowltx trying to save a burning tablecloth. The woman died this afternoon In the Pas sale Hospital. Deskowltz fled. The Deskowltzes' nine-year-old son Michael told tho police that his father held the woman, poured tho contents of two big bottles of gasolene over her I nnd lighted It with a match. I Mrs. Deskowltz was 40 years old and Deskowltz Is '!. Deskowltz hod bein out late last nlght. When hla wife was preparing breakfast this morning she complained of his conduct and they quarrelled. Deskowltz has been a line man In the employ of the New York Telephone Company. Kl-flov. Morten la 'o Wflnr. The last bulletin on thn condition of Levi P Morton. Issued at 0 :30 o'clock last night, said that Oov Morton had "spent a quiet day, nnd Is about the same as he Iiub been for two or three days." The hulletin was signed by Drs. Hernias Biggs and J. W, Lindsay, THE INAUGURATION 0F President Woodrow Wikon Vice President Thomas R. Marshall Testimonial Received by SOUTHERN RAILWAY Premier Carrier of the South THE ATLANTA JOURNAL Daily. Sunday, Semiweekly JAMES R. GRAY President and Editor Atlanta, March 7, 1913. To the Assistant (Jcneral Pjisspnper Afient, Southern Rail way. Dear Sir: In addition to the public acknowledgment of our obligation which f am making editorially today, I desire to personally thank you, and through you. every official of the Southern Railway, as well as the employees who handled the .special train for the Journal Boys to Washington, for the uniform courtesy and generous consideration which has been shown at every stage of this trip. It seems that every official of the Southern Railway, high and low, mani fested a special personal interest in the success of this trip and the happiness of the Journal's Young Friends who were its guests. This interest, resulted in a service that was absolutely perfect. Every detail of the trip was arranged in advance and every wish of our party seems to have been anticipated. The company did much more than it promised. The train was beyond criticism, the-dining car facilities were of the best, and the courtesies shown by every person connected with the Company was the subject of general remark. I feel that we owe to you, and other officials of the Company, a debt of gratitude for the great success of this trip, and it gives me more than ordinary pleasure to thus acknowledge it. With kindest personal regards, and best wishes, I am, Sincerely yours, J. R. GRAY, President. Consult Agents of Southern Railway when arrang ing your trip South, Southeast, or Southwest. New York Office, 264 Fifth Avenue, cor. 29th St. XXXXXXXXXXXXXXQOXOOOCPOOC Dl II "Whmtt Off mgmtn, Jim? Why it trmfl th, mty wmy?" Take The Talk Train Telephone" fmX i i jfflk pi HY should you exert yourself and waste valuable time in traveling, when. the 'talk trains will take your voice, vour ideas. your personality, anywhere, almost instantly, and in nearly every case with as satisfactory results?" Your telephone is the terminal from which "talk trains" will start whenever you wish. They will take you to any one of several million other Bell telephone terminals in the United States and Canada, and give you a quick, easy and satis factory round trip. Possibly you want to go only a few blocks; possibly a thousand miles in any case, you can avoid the expense, possible waits, delays and disap pointments of a personal journey if you will just "Take The Telephone Talh Tram NEW YORK TELEPHONE CO. 99