Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN,' THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1913.
Ml i fi ll THUMHDAY, MARCH 20, Will. Knlered at the Post Office At S'cw York as .Second Class Mull Mailer subscriptions li Mull, Postpaid. DAILY, IVr Mnnlli so SO DAILY. Per rnr o (Mi NPNDAY. IVr Year a SO IIA11.Y AND srstlAY. I'rr Uar SO IiAII.Y AND MNILU . Per Mcmlh TS Tim i:vi:nin(. .sr. Per xtnmu as Till: lATNINll XV S. IVr Ymr a SO Postage to foreign countries added All checks, money ordi is, ttv . to he n,.vlr pay able toTUKM'N. Published dallj. Int'ltiillnc Minda). hj the .Sun T'rtnttne nmt Publishing .snt lallmi ni i;o Nassau street, In tho llorouith of Manhattan. New Sink. i iTNuriii nun in-n-iiiri. wnini v. not it, nit Nassau street' VIcr-l'rrsMrtit. IMnaril I' Mlli-hi-ll. 170 Nassau street, .secretary, c i:. Linton. i?i, .u ttree t. i.onion emcr. iiraiiRh.ini iiniivr. i Uundfi street, .strand. runs mnrr, n mir or in .iicnomrrc, on itur uu Ouatrrseptemhre. Washington office. Illtihs building. brook!) n ciflliT, In! MMmrstnu Mirri. II our Iritnitt nan tarnr in trlia nanuitnplt and Wustrattwi fur pubUtailnn irMft t hart rrjrttrti atuelt) tttn'ittt thru null in all i n't! send slumps let that pur post. The Mtiiltlcn Kiiil or a Chapter of Mnceoiful Diplomacy . In considering the. chiiiie of Kxecu tivo policy with regard to the open door in China it iiium be remembered thfi' the Ciovertunenl asked the u.-sitatu e of the American bankers, not the bankers the aid of the (ioveiumeiit. Pre-um- amy me inemners oi the syndicate to ; labored for a system that would attract which the State Department applied had young men to the army, make regulars other possible uses for the funds in their j of ''"'' before they wearied or the rou control. The Taft-Knox idea wns l(, i "1 them on to civil life under keep this nation, by means of linan-inl c0",:n,'t "in-.K their service in ., . ., . . . case of mobilization for war. He did part.C1pat'o..byour.,tIZens,nanygrea. not ,)(.,U1 ,ml tll0 pl)j8tncnt trlTn U9 huropcan loan to China, in the ad van- ; divided by Congress would be popular, tagcou position gained by the skilful and he was sure that it. would not bo nnd memorable diplomacy of Secretary f'"' the best interests of the army or for Hay a dozen vears ago." The purpose 1 1,10 "'"'fare of the country, of the Huy policy, as everybody knows, j ,.".v',.l,',,,,y. Prc,,'" '.' as threefold: lo preserve the integ- rity and internal order of the Chinese Empire; to bind the land grabbing Pow ers in a protective union by means of a gentlemen's agreement, and to secure for the long future equal opportunities for American manufacturers, exporters nnd investors in that vast field of com merce and civilised development. It is now said in support of the radical j regular session in December will be asked step taken bv President Wilson, niam- """'"d the enlistment law of last festly with Secretarv Hiivan's concur- j -vw,r- 1Hy1,1h,nl tin,P ,,w Wnr !r . . ....... , . nient should have returns to show what ronce if not on his initiative, that t ,r . .1 .. . , e ' , 1 elfcct the requirement of four vears w'itb involves no reversal of the Hay policy. I thc L.ok)rh hn, upon 1(.cn,itinK, Our Government withdraws only from i . tho joint negotiations for the six Power I (In the CultUallon or Friendship. loan. The opportunity yet remains for j Intrenched behind the uinissailablo any American who desires, without thejreeord of tact, good taste and diplo- direct cooperation nnd approval of the matie propriety made by tho statesmen Government at Washington, to nut his,of Hngland, the pa9 of London does monev into Chinese securities or enter- prlses. The policy of thc Open Door is not abandoned, it is said, but remains , intact and unchanged just as it was left , by Secretary H t Y. 1 Whilc it may be true in the academic senso that the principle of the Open Door outlasts tho American withdrawal from tho six Power loan negotiations, there is now good reason to fear that 1011 or the British press has contributed what remains of the principle is no 1 materially to the difficulties of a situn morr than a grinning skeleton without ! Hon delicate from tho beginning. It has vital organs or muscles. The progress of events in Chitri and in her lerri- torial environment has ben such as to render imperative the construction of an instrumentality to make the principle continuously eftective under new con ditions .Mr. Hay could not have fore seen tho exact requirements of the new conditions, but it Mirelyis not preposter ous to suppose that if he had continued to bo tho guardian of tho Open Door he would have adopted precisely the expedient which President Tai t and Secretary Knox devised for the occa sion, with the cooperation of a group of American hankers auuated, as the statement issued by them last night clearly shows, by patriotic as well as businees considerations. This is a matter of terious and far reaching consequence. Maxims and generalities and more or less sentimental declarations of undiminished interest in tho Chineso Republic will not put life blood or sinew into the hand that has undertaken to keep that door open against tho alien interests pressing to get themselves in and then close it. War and Iliisnc In Mcico. A ready inference from the news despatches from Mexico in the last year or two would be that political upheaval had suspended commerce and paralyed productive industry This docs not ppear to be tne fact. There is nothing In the trade figures to indicate disturb ance of any kind The latest available figures of total foreign commerce for a full year are those of tin, fiscal year Jl'.'. They show n decrease of less ilmn 10 per cent from the figures of the fiscal year ldio on the import side and an increase of 1.1 per cent, on tho export side. In fact the exports of the fiscal year 1012 were the largest in .Mexico's history. Preliminary figures for the first four nioutlm of the current fiscal year indicate a continuance, up to that linioat least, of a laige trade volume. Tho I nitcd si a ten m'IIi, to. Mexico 11 bout M per rent, of its import requirement s and takes about one-half its exports. The exports to Mexico may bo regarded as a general indication of commercial conditions theic On the whole there seems lo hac been a decline, riot large but appiccmble Tins nia.v probabh be attributed to a natural hesitation on the part of men. hauls to buy more limn their Immediate requirements in it time of ioliticnl nntertninty. lint the import of Hill! are only iibout ikhi.ikki below the average of the preced ing live jew re. .Much of the trade record sremn to point lo the conclusion that after all not more than a smull pereetitnue of Mexico's population of is.uoo.otx) in in the Held with Mr. Onozco and Mr. As cat a and sundry otlier political iiiiiIioiiIciiIk. The A(litiiiiltriitltm' Armv lteero Pol lev. In advocuiiiiK an army reserve Mr. I.INIU.I.Y M. (lAliliiso.v, Hie new Kri-ru-t.iry of War, Htands with (leneral lii:o.S Alll Wool), the Chief of Staff, who would like to wv a term of enlistment that called for onlv two veain with the I colors the remainder of the term to i '", ''PCIl on the reserve list. Under Piicli an arraii(;eiuciit the coilntrv would st)on have a consideruhln number of time expired men who would know the I school of the soldier and be ready to , . , , , , , take their places m the ranks in an cinerKcney The army appropriation act which was approved August '.'I; 1H12, lid pro vide for a reserve, but in a leisurely fashion. After November I, 1012, all enlistments in the regular army were lo be for seven years, four to be passed with the colors and three years on fur lough with the reserve, but after three years in the ranks the enlisted man might be transferred upon his applica tion to the reserve "in the discretion of the Secretary of War." The division of tune did not meet with the approval of Picident Tait and Secretary Sti.mson. As Chief of Staff (ieneral Wood had f!m,,.r:1 .,,., ,, ,. wnru ,, , ..lors. three at the most.' will make the kind of soldier who is needed to create and replenish the reserve. The state ment of the Secretary of War given out at Washington is a faithful reflection of (ieneral Wood's views which have been published from time to time. It may now be assumed that theSixty third Congress when it assembles in cr,'lit to it8 h,Khest tniditions in magni- ! fying the molehill of Secretary Uiiyan's 1 1 1t 1 1 1 rti 1 1 r.fi.1 rtt lt!al, linmn itl.t in.n IIU)Untaill of int0n.ational offence. The high intrinsic importance of the incident adds substance to the inevitable deduc- "'"' "'at British toleration for the United States and its misdeeds has been taxed almost to the limit of its elasticity. Hy its attitude throughout the dis- 1 fl It o 1 vr t In, I'fi tin tivi I 'i. Mn 1 t j-IIq sought by every art of abuse and pat ronage to alienate the support of those Americans who believed that the ex emption in favor of our coastwise trado was in contravention of our treaty ob ligations. Was there a deliberato pur pose to arouse feelings of animosity and resentment for the accomplishment of an ulterior purpose? Or have we merely been treated to one more exhibition of studied arrogance, nativo insolence and parochial ignorance? Meanwhile the one hundredth anni versary of tho treaty of Ghent ap proaches and many respectable citizens are preparing to celebrate a century of peace between two nation This proj ect is admirable and should be heartily supported. Hut if the observance takes tho form of a glorification of British condescension and an exhibition of Eng lish superiority, not a few Americans will find it entirely possible to, forego participation in the exercises. The Pacing or the Fire none. "There arc tears for things and equino troubles touch the heart." So wo may paraphrase tho great Virgilian lino 011 reading of the projected automobiliza tionxif the .Vew York I'ire Department. In Iondon the picturesque old horse omnibus is gone, and with it its merry, cynical driver, whoso quips have af forded copy for Punch for two genera tions; an occasional hansom cab still slithers dangerously about the streets, glazed by automobile traffic, and here and there, a piteous relic of the past, may bo seen a dingy four wheed "growler" that looks as if it had strayed out of a charitable institution for desti. lute antiques. A similar process, only less conspicu ous than in London because the horse drawn vehicle had less of tradition crusted around it, has been going on in Now York and other great cities of the world. Tho glory of tho horse is almost departed. Only in one sphere of city life did it remain supreme, unapproachable. Of all the romanco that city streets afford nothing is to be compared to tho spectacular dash of the lire engine drawn hy three mag nificent straining steeds. PiKRni'H him self would have rejoiced to guide tho course of such an equipage. Soon we shall hnvo looked our last on tlm romantic sight. In fivo yours the l'ire I)f)artmont exacts to havn eliminated tho last horso from its activo list and the victory of the all con quering automobile will bo complete. Sentiment mubt give place to efficiency,' and tho atitomobilo can travel faster and Is of more enduring quality than Hie horse. Hut If we darn not allow our efficiency to Ik; impaired by our Hetitimcnt, at, least wo may bo Htiffcrod to Indulge a passing tear for thc latter. The machine driven Urn engino can never fill the place of that picturesque learn of galloping horses. It may travel forty miles an hour instead of eighteen or twenty, but it cannot, givo the vibrant impression of racing speed I hat wo get from tho living animals, Nor will tho engines resond scntlently lo the various fire calls, quivering with excitement, ns they uro harnessed for action, and ready, without tho given word, to dash from tho stablo on their errand of rescue. A (oast to thc increased efficiency of the l'iro Department, and another one, drunk standing, to the gallant animals tho end of whoso faithful service is in sight ! .Mr. McKcnn.Vs Dilemma. It is not surprising that tho futility of Home Secretary McKiinna's methods In dealing with the militant suffragettes has been mude the subject of comment in the House of Commons. The Home Secretary was charged, not without jus tice, with having reduced the adminis tration of tho law to a farce by his action in freeing the women who threat ened self-starvation, nnd his resignation was called for from tho Opposition benches. Mr. McKknna has certainly found himself in nn unenviable position, and he seems to have exhibited only in capacity to adjust himself to it. He has fallen bet ween the two stools of leniency and severity. Forcible feeding, if we accept competent medical opinion, in volves an almost revolting brutality and may well endanger life. That is the Home Secretary's excuse for re leasing prisoners who hnve been sub mitted to tho process; they are released, he says, on grounds of humanity be cause the further application of the tube would put their lives in peril. Hut here is tho inconsistency The prisoners' lives are in danger whether they are allowed to starve themselves or are forcibly fed. If the choice is really one of two evils, it seems pref erable on grounds of humanity that they should be suffered to commit suicide in peace rather than be tor tured to the point of death. That is the dilemma that led Ckoiiok Hki:nahi Shaw to assert publicly that for the encouragement of other law breakers the militants should be allowed to, starve themselves to death, and the Home Secretary has failed conspicu ously to find any way out of it. That there is a wav out cannot be doubted; and if Mr. McKenna is unequal to discovering u solution to the prob lem it is only reasonable to suppose that if tho united brains of the Liberal Government were to concentrate them selves on the question some means might be found for putting a stop to a state of things which is rapidly degener- j ating into anarchy. A Summit or I nqurnchahlc Flame. If it bo true that tho Hon. VicTon Mt'nDOCK, legitimate successor of the Hon. Sockless Simpson, is to bo tho Progressive candidate for Speaker, historic and poetic justice have met and kissed each other, and art, literature. journalism, politics and virtue are reconciled and one. The Hon. Victor Ml MHiCK'8 scarlet poll possesses the sky as thc Hon.. Joseph tit iiney Cannon sets sourly under tho sign of the Scape goat. Tho burning pate of the chief of the Short Grass League of Red Heads, as ho usedtosay, was one of thefirstand always the fiercest of the anti-Joscph- ites. He insurged more instantly than any otlier insurgent. .Now C annon has gono and Murdoch stays, if that ex pression doesn't attribute a static quality to a dynamic genius. Cannon is not only "a standpatter, ho is a standstiller": this or something like it the purple sheep of the Progressive flock said years ago. Tho melancholv silences of Danvillo surround Uncle Jo- hkphus, unreconciled yet and forgetting what more than Egyptian dynasties of time, though only three or four vears of ordinary chronology, divide him from the world of Washington which once he bestrode like a Colossus. In tho mere matter of standpatlisin, howover, former insurgent Murdoch as a loyal Progressive must bo about equal to the Danvillo Emissary Ruck in his standpattest days. The Sun's interest in and veneration for the Hon. Victor Murdoch rest on no selfish motive. If it celebrates him an a journalist of Wichita and Chicago, a noot, a thing of beauty, none tho less does it treasure his awful warning to this town. I have a curious feeling," his moM famous if most sinister sen tence runs, "that some day New York will bo wiped from the face of tho earth. Some day .Vow York will be destroyed as an example to the nation." Tho inextinguishable flame of that ruti- lant Kansas peak is yet to consume Now York, which waits in fear. A Had Nehcme. In so far as tho poliro reform bills j devised by tho Aldermen's investigating committee provido for the releaso of tho Mayor from a jmrt of his responsi bility for the conduct of the police they are bad. They would supply means for the continual aunoyanco of the Mayor and the Commissioner bv an un friendly Board of Kstimato or Board of Aldermen. In place of the simple and easily managed system now in forco. which operates to tho general sat-1 isfaction of tho community, a cumber some engine of administration would I be substituted. Under the present scheme the Mayor! is tho responsible head of the police, 1 vllll ,;uiiij'ii-i; inil IHI'I l. ,,11011 things go wrong he must bear tho bur den. Tho Governor's power of removal is a relio of Republican hunger for .Vow York city spoils and might well bo abol ished, though it is not a really serious matter. Wherein would the proposed amendments better conditions? No harm will come to New York if the legislature ignores all the suggestions made by tho Aldermen. The cnictment of those that would not Injure thc town would result in no particular good. Tho Hon. KDWATtn E, McCai.L of thn Public Service Commission Is as tactful as hn Is efficient. New York is praising him. Some of the women school teachers of New York city seem to lie Romanticists with a steady eye to tho main chance. Miirphy-Hulzer hnntllltlM unconvincing. Htrnbto l'o$t hrntlline. Why this cynical frame of mind? Tho "hostilities" in question would havo con vinced and inspired the lato Sir William H. Gilbert. ; Tho Musica family never travels with out sufficient money for expenses and incidentals, including an offering to the Mississippi, that spoiled stream Into which so much cash has been poured. A oetlo family; and it would be a gracious bit of symbolism to make the Hon. Ollie Jamks receiver of United States Hair, If there is anything to receive. With all trust in good omens, In thc chant of poter birds and tho exile of overcoats, can we approve the Hon. CIuolielmus Maokub Edwards for proclaiming offi cially that spring is hero? Winter is a cruel old Ironist who loves to decolvo; and even Tampa troatod herself to a blizzard tho other day. Not till March has ceused to march will the voice of the doubters fall. Rut no Intelllitent msn can believe thst wlih siimmsr)' power of illsmNssl. wlih Htlmi supervision, with sdrquatn legal preparation of cases, ami with lateral edu cational and social attacks, graft from vice will flow to h small special force an It has to the systematized police organization. Willi 1 1, "0 members and officer to watch nnd rheck. -Tht CUitrnt Commitlre lo .S'rna letr Waonem. Is Senator Waonkr lo understand that Mayor Gat.vor and Commissioner Waldo are not citizens and that their predeces sors were not citizens? Bulletins of victory at Constantinople hHve leen rare during the war and at no Mme impressive. Iecause they were bo obviously manufactured nut of move mentB of no importance. Now comes h report of hard lighting at Tchataldja with a triumph at ever) point for tho Turks It goes into details and there is nn un wonted tone of confidence in the despatch, ns if a forward movement had really Ix-gnn at last' with promise of success. In this war the Turks have leen so uniformly Immumi, thrown luick und de moralized that until Sofia admits a re verse at Tchataldja the official "claim" or it great victory by tho Turks will l received with s"eptieiin The Semite yesterday passed Hie Mouse tilll granting votc. lo women, 'this is the first bill passed by the Legislature There whs not n dissenting ote in either house The bill eiempts women from Jury duly Dmpatch from ,lvncait There Could be no stronger proof of the respect in which the comparatively few women in Alnska are held than the unani mous vote in the Legislature to give them tho Ixillol. By thn same token thoy should not have !eon exempted from jury duty. How do the gallant Alaskans explain-it? I. II II a i.r.1 M a did not possess nearly 1 lie wealth with which he was popularly credited. Washington Star. Still, he was fairly forehanded A "popularly credited" fortune is never less than $100,000,000 Kansas I hief who paused in hi flight to read the Bible was captured Orrgoman. Even in their crimes and misdemeanors the Sunflowers keep their essential and inalienable Puritanism. It appears that a full train crew is not that number of men tho responsible operating officials of a railroad consider necessary to sifety. but a number or hands arbitrarily fixed by act of legis lature. Certainly all of them should re ceive a minimum wage established by statute The post office prosecutors of get rich quick swindlers are discouraged by the "leniency of the courts." The courts reflect public opinion. The "victims of these rascals are looked on with about as much sympathy as are those unfortunates who patronize green goods and gold brick dealers The President of the Borough of Brook lyn does not drink the sam" kind of bottled water that the Public Service Commis sion drinks, hut so far as the taxpayers, who pay for both kinds, are concerned this is a matter of minor importance. Tbt Manhattan Philosopher on Street Clean ing. To ti r.PlTOS or Tua Sm-Sir: Some of the newspapers are adlilng the formation or clubs or societies for the encouragement of any means thai will lend to make the streets of this city clean. This tugteallon ! puerile, and will never have any effect. The only proper course to adopt l for thepollee to Issue an order that the streets mint he kept clean and to let the people know positively that any lolatlon of this order would mean certain Imprisonment", first, of course, tlvlni the people fair warnlnc And any martttrata who refuted to carry out this order In the spirit or the letter should be Im peached and removed loslanter. The people have a very wholesome fear of being locked up, and such an order would result lu clean streets In a day K II J. New Yon. March IB. .Mitrenth. Horn Meridian. lo the Lpitob or The sun Sir. To tratlfy mere curiosity will "P T W "please tell uswhen Sixteenth street, Washington, 1). (', was known as "Meridian street"? There Is a little street In Mount rieasani. 11 1 . known ny mat name; but Sixteenth street, never! Will "I' T W." also enlighten us as to the "meridian" which passes through the middle of the street' 'I he Capitol, a mile and a half east, Is latitude 77 On- M", pretty near being the meridian of Washington WasniNoroMaK. .Nrw(V(iRK, March IB. Ilahlls of Speech. To the KtiiToa or The sun- ,ltr. Regarding "Habits of Speech," spoken of by Mr. lie Trent blay In a letter In The .Sin, I would like to add a few expressions, that I hear dally One man when speaking of General Washington said; "Ha was the greatest In tho world Am I right or am I wrong?" Or "Ram I right or ram I wrong?" Another winds up every sentence with "SceP Another. "Understand what I mean?" I tes, es 1 Is very common. "Do ott get me? CiRavesenp L, 1 , March 19. r, Delanet. Take These Things ooll. The greatest Joys are. In anticipation It l not what we have, but what we hope. That makes us happy, and Imagination Will serve us well, If we but give It scop. the sordid actuality, then, scorning. ' (If course nn true philosopher will (.cold1 On tlmllng lhal the cook, to-morrow morning. llcllet ci thst Hot Cross Duns are better cold, GtOBQK 11. MOaiWOOD. W I UtC. ATS. lo Tlte h'.rr Make an I'niirotnkeil at tack nn Human llrl is? To 1 its.. Kimon or Tin: m:s -sir Hid Hrother "V. K ." fancy I tint bU old t tide Xed was Joking when he said there was no ease on record (scientific record, mark you, that Is. recognized by sclcnllstal of a wildcat (red lynx) nllncklng a tinman being without serious provocation? No; puss will refrain unless she Iblnlia she herself or her kits are being nltncked, In that ease she may fly at s man nnd scratch and bite him. which Is not nn nllark. but n acl of aelf-clefnce. She tears n dog, yet I have seen her. when cortiej-etl, make savage dash after daah Hi n big cur and mark him well. I have also had them fly at me under like rlrciimatnnci-s, I know of one spring ing upon a mint's shoulder, but she was up a tree which the man started to climb when the cat, thinking of oiirsf only of escape, merely used Mm as a ladder, being probably so rrlghtened that she hardly knew what she was doing, In the same way a bull moose, renltv scared half to denlh, will often run in the hunter s direction in dire confusion, and thc story Immediately starts on Its never ending round of a hunter being charged by a saag bull moose. Hut n bull moose will, once in a very longtime, charge, though never without being wounded or provoked, a wildcat never "W K, II." admits coming suddenly upon a wildcat with her kits, mid though I con sider it very extraordinary U the men were attacked without their provoking the cut. Mint Is, doing something: to make her think her kits were In danger, nevertheless a mother with young Is 11 very nervous thing and a cat is very high strung. On sfveral occasions, while i(Uletly walking along the trail, a hen grouse (partridge) whose little brood I hud undoubtedly, I bough unknown to tne, stampeded, has flown at tne with extended wings and pecked my root or leg. According to tho common Interpretation this might perhaps be called an unprovoked attack, but or course It wasn't, because the bird thought her young In imminent danger anil her act was one of defence, When you compare the size and barm dealing capabilities of wildcat and partridge I think the palm for bravery goes to the latter The point Is that almost every beast will make eorno effort lo defend Its young and even itserf when It thinks It is in danger or Its lire, liven s btmny will bite a man's hand w hen It Is being token from a bo trap, at least I have been bitten that way oen. .Vow as to wildcats I am a man or s good deal or experience, and I know or many who have bad nn much nnd more than I men who know the North Woods and' what In In Ihem thoroughly, anil who are scientists to boot The greatest authority on the game or Maine was Manly Hardy. I do not bellc Hnbody would dlsputp that statement ThevearhernreMr Hardy died I rend In n paper of hii attack on a man by a wildcat I w rnf for information nnd the ninti w ho allowed that h was at tacked said h ready to take an oath lo the ract. I consulted Mr Hardy, ror the fact would be scientifically important, and his reply was that any man who would swear to a thing like that wus a llnr anyhow' Mr Hardy handled cats as hunter trapper and naturalist .all hi- long life, ami he told nie that he had never heard ot a case of a at attacking a man He laughed at the very Idea, He ald that a cat would attack a fawn or a small sheep, and he Knew or an owl swooping upon a man's bead, hut the man wore a fur cap and the bird no doubt took It ror 11 smad animal When K II asserts that wildcats "will attack human beings without the slightest provocation" he must therefore not be Mirprleed when old woodsmen ask for all kinds or sworn statements, as well as some cross-examining I am sure that the Smithsonian would like lo know or a case in point Frankly. I believe it not. Positively the only wild creatures In the North Woods that will attack man without great provocation are blackflies, mosqui toes and other vermin I nclk Ntn Bcckshaw. Annapolis Uoval. N. S . March l. A Supplementary Opera Season ror on subscribers. To tiik tnnon or Tm: Sin Mr The editorial article in lith Hi v relative to a probably lengthened season or opera in New York moves tne to inquire whether it might not be reaslble to supplement the regular season with several weeks or opera for the benefit of out of town people and those New Yorkers who have been persist ently crowded out in the scramble for seaja Tor the Saturday night productions I am not raising my voice for cheap opera, but for productions bringing for ward the Metropolitan best artists, and at the regular prices too, for the sole benefit of non-ubscriber It is a notorious fact that it is almost useless for the visitor in New York to try to get reasonably decent seats for the opera. I travel about a good deal and this Is the Impression all over the country, and among people too who would be glad to make a special trip to New York to attend the opera if there were any way of their obtaining satisfactory seats when they got there It Is true that for the regular subscrip tion performances non-subscribers may nearly always obtain seats somewhere in the house, but a great many people want to see as well as hear, and, like myself, would like the opportunity of sitting In an orches tra chair and at such a distance from the stage that the singers would look a little tees like manikins I have made some heroic attempts this winter in New York 10 get some Metro politan opera at closer range thnn the common, ordinary non-subscriber has per haps a right to expect Klght times I railed miserably and three times I suc ceeded. The last attempt, n failure, was rather remarksble The production was "Butterfly" and I found a speculator who had two seats, second row orchestra They were subscription seats that had been placed with him to sell. The price was Ui, I offered him tv: tor one or them, but he refused William W. Klini:. Sinkin'0 flrniNn, Pa , March to. Til Buffalo-Indian Fire t'ent Piece. To the Editor or The sr.v-sir- The new nickel It one of those solemnly funny things at which one does not know whether to laugh or cry If we regard It as a symbol and ask -whose likeness and superscription" rest upon either sur face of this piece of money we shall hate to ad mit that we are forettr unable to "render unto Crsr the things which are Cirsar's, for Ihe rea son thst we have not only taken away from both Indian and buffalo ever thing Ihry ever had but thst even their continued existence In this land of the fiee' Is not literally worth a nickel And the Irony of It! Ileslde the presentment of the fast disappearing Indian and Die almost extinct buffalo the artist who originated the de sign of this unique coin has placed the word "Lib erty." Can Idiocy further gn In my humble opinion U.s onl appropriate In scription for rither side of the new colu would be, "(.iioih the raen, Nevermote ' n. R, C. NoSTnrotiT, I. I . March 10. The Perverstl. of Steep. To Tnr. i:pitos or Tmt Hcn ..sir. Perhsps some of our readers may he Inclined to smile a little over this, but I assure )ou It Is to me a very sellout matter. After dinner I sit down to read the newsntDer: and then Ihe first thing 1 know 1 find myself! with my hands In my lap resting on a crushed I newspaper, and my head drooping forward over them1 1 hate fallen asleep oer Ihe paper That Is a common experience with me. When I sli down to read I can't krrp awake Hut w hen I go to bed' Why, then I ran't sleep. Then I may He awake for hours, In other words, when I want to stay awake I go to sleep In spite of myself, and when 1 don't naut to slay awake 1 can't go to sleep , Wo max, Philadelphia, March IB Do That sou Be Not Done, To the KPITOR or The .si n (r. My dsugh ter, aged tle esrs, when asked whai she had learned In bunda sihool tod, icplledi " learned the Cinldrn Rod, do unto others before they do It lo you " L. . Tui'KSTON, N vi let, .N j ., March it. j rKXXSVLVASlt POLITICS. Mb at Matthew Stanley Una) Mould ln If He Here I.UIng. I'llll.APM.pniA, March t.- The presence or Theodore Itoosevelt In Philadelphia for two days and his political actlvltr MI here were a revelation to leaders ot all par ties, and while they were deeply engrossed In trying to evolve plans, schemes and de vices by which each party may profit most by the action or the Progressive party of Pennsylvania, with Colonel Roosevelt, ex Senator lieverldge, Plnchot and other out siders taking part In the proceedings, the political bosses are still up In the tog, un able to see Just how the Republican or Democratic party may gather grain or gain trom Progressive sowing. H Matthew Stanley guar were living he would have taken the dnlly papers con taining Colonel Roosevelt's earerully pre pared maniresto and the addresses read by lieverldge, Draper, Lewis and others, and quietly slipped off to Atlantic City, and with Captain Hen Sooy gone out beyond the breakers In Captain Sooy's motor yacht, and with his mind composed by the gentle undulation of rippling waves Quay would have done some deep sea thinking, so dear and obvious to him that It would have formed a aort of blueprint Impression on his mind that he could hnve unfolded at wilt There was where Quay had the best or any or the leaders. He did his political planning fifteen miles out at sea, nnd only Captain Hooy the silent with him; and as Hooy was as busy with thetllleras Quarwns with his plans there was no Interference with his line of thought Having been In thc confidence of Quny ror twenly-flve years or more I believe I could ralrly dlaotose what his blueprint plan or deep sea thinking over this Roose veil presence In Philadelphia would evolve If (Jimy were living and hehad uoneout with Captain Sooy beyond tjie brer '(era it would have been something on this rder Roosevelt wants Ihe Progressive parly to stand alone In the State, but he is not opposed to Its confederating In localities, provided the public welfare Is pro moted by such an alliance, and as the Illsnkenburg administration Is warmly In favor of fusion with the Democratic parlj of Phllsdelphla-and later on In the Slate giving Ihe Democrats everything ir they will only give the Blankenburg people the District Attorney, thereiora would not Ihe public interests be better advanced by thc Republicans and Progressives agreeing upon a ticket ror District Attorney, City Treasurer, Tax Receiver, Register of Wills, Magistrate, City Councilmen and election officers to be voted for next November? t'pon Quay's return rrom offshore think ing to the St, Charles he would send ror probably twenty-five political leaders ot Philadelphia to consult with them in regard to the political condition in Ihe city He would probably startle them by asking. "What would be the effect of a Blankenburg Democratic ticket In Philadelphia next No vember?" When the response would be, "It would give us trouble." Quay would ask: "Is there any way wncsn overcome It?" and ns not a man present would venture an opin ion, hut would look to Quay to solve the problem, he would ask If there was any pos sibility of Republicans and Roosevelt people getting together, and upon what basts. Then David H Ijne, the sage or the Re publican party in Philadelphia, would make answer- "The percentage or the Republican vote last November In Philadelphia was Tart 51, Roosevelt sf, and ir any plan Is agreed upon It should be an equal division or offices," and then Quay would ask ir we could win at the general election upon such an equitable arrangement, and In chorus the reply would be, "With hands downl" Quay would then end the conference with something like this; "ir that's the case it seems to me we would be getting out or the rog into the bright sunlight If we were to arrange ror some such pooling or Issues, " As the present leaders or Pennsylvania lack Quay's keen perception or politics I cannot say what they will do. J W. F. THE OLlt LE.A THE It FIRE Bl'CKET. And a Few Itordt About the Once More Commonly I'aed Bellows. To Tn E KntTon or The Sun Sir I have just seen a picture or a man blowing a fire with n bellows. There are. to be sure, and in the city as well as In the country, people who still use bellows as for open fires, hut we have no use for them In a stean heated flat, and it Is a long time since I have actu ally seen one. Still, I can remember a time when we had In our houae two: one Just a plain bellows stained red that we used in Ihe kitchen, and Ihe other, which was painted white and had (lowers painted on the back, that we used in the sitting room. And seeing that picture of a bellows re minds me also of another old time thing that we used to have, namely, fire buckets VS hlle bellows sre yet to some extent used I doubt If many people anywhere still have In their housea those old time fire buckets of the kind I have in mind Plenty of people nowadays everywhere douse fire buckets of a sort- but the modem bucket designed for such use is a pall made of metal and with a round bottom so that It can't be set down anywhere except in the frame made to aupport It. In which It Is kept ready for use: that old time fire bucket, as it might be found In many house, homes, was made of leather. It was an odd shaped bucket, tall and rather slender, and tapering up trom its narrow, flat bottom, growing slightly larger toward the top. It was made or sole leather, stitched and painted black, it had a rope handle, leather covered. It was or course a very stout, durable bucket Mads or leather it couldn't dry out and rail apart, like a wooden bucket of staves, and It had no hoops to drop off The old lime leather fire bucket was practically Indestructible, People kept them In their houses lo use In case f fire on their own premises, or to carry water in or to lend to others to carry water in case or fire In the house of a neighbor We had two of those leather fire buckets, nd It seems to me that we once had more, the two that we had when my per sonal recollection begins we kept hanging on hooks in the hall. Then in the course of time these two disappeared, lost or thrown away Just what became of them I never knew, but whenever something calls them to mind now I think to tnyseir that I wish we bad kept them I think I should be as much pleased to have those two old time leather fire buckets as I am to have som eof the other things of those days that wo did save, in the shape of old time furniture. Nr.w aix, March 10. New Enohnd. The I'p to Date Strolling Rand. ToTHR r.DITOH orTHT. lt'K .'Ir The strolllnt music business has changed, like everything else. We do still have with us those strolling players who go about singly, producing sounds more or less musical on a flute, a lolln or an accordion, and we have et with Its oomphah Ihe Instrumental pieces in the usual manner: and then for the next number they hurst Into song, with four voices taking as many parts. The ghe us majbe a popular song done In vaudeville style, or perhaps something from an opera. Then another Instru mental piece and then another song, oomphah, oomphah, Ihe blessed little German band. Rut the strolling hand up to date It organized on mote ambitious lines and Its members sing ss well at play Here, for Instance, Is a band of four with the ususi anety of instruments for such a number They come into the couri of our flat home, tune up and play oa-and tome of these present day bands of strolling players who both play and sing do both well. We expect 10 see movies brought around to us neil. KLATbWBLLin, Naw Yoag, March It, Oa the. Harpattam Field. rrnm a litttr In tht .InturHuy lUriru Can any reader live the origin of the game of fuotbsll? is It not the old Roman game of "hnr pastum"! A Qaeitlon of riravlt.s, Newton had Just discovered why the apple fell, "But," cried the anxious office seeker, "why doeu't the plum fall!" LAWYERS DEFEND EXCHANGE BUSINESS Tlicy Oppose to Snlzor fiir Bill Requiring Incorporation of Exchanges. AIDS TO STEADY MAHKKT County Association Think That Hill at Albany Is I'liconstitutional. The committee on legislation r -h. New York County Lawyers Association haa sent to Gov. Sulzer and the Letts lature a memorandum of Ita objection" to the Incorporation of the .Vew York Stock Kxchange. The lawyers thtnn that tho bill la unconstitutional and w. do a great deal of harm anyway Samuel P. Goldman submits the mem orandum. In It the practices known as selling, short, buying; on margin and manipulation of certain kinds are all dctended as proper and necessity "to steady prices." The heading; of the Inst section of th hilt, which reads, "Incorporation of Kx chHngcs Itequlred After September 1 1313," means, the memorandum says that the New- York 8tock Kxclmnsn must Incorporate or no out of business It Is argued that this conflicts with Article I., section 1, of the New York State Constitution, which provides tha' "no member of this State shall be deprived of any of the rights or priv ileges secured to any citizen thereof, tin lees by the the law of the land or the Judsrment of his peers," and further con filets with tho Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which provides that "no .State shall make or enforce any taw which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor lull any State deprive any person of life, liberty or property wlrhout due process of law, nor deny fo any person within ita Jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws." It Is contended that tho right to con duct a stock exchange is a common law right and not a creature of statute, and that there Is nothing about a stock ex change which Is Inherently Inimical to the public welfare. The bill In ques tion, say thc lawyers, virtually deprives Individuals of the. right to maintain an exchange by making it a misdemeanor for an Individual to transact business an a member of an exchange tn the form of a voluntary association. It ia also asserted that thc act of In corporation would deprive the member? of the Stock Exchange of the large In vestment they have made, as all Its member own Ita property collectively In the case of Incorporation the prop erty of the Kxchange would be at once vested In the corporation. The mem orandum says: "It Is difficult to think of a more fla grant caao of deprivation of property without due proceaa of law." If the Legislature can take such a step, according to Mr. Goldman, It can direct the property of any other associ ation to be turned over to a corpora tion and can compel any Individual to Incorporate hla business and turn over his property to that corporation. It Is asserted that most of the provi sions of. the act have nothing to do with regulating practices of members of the Exchange that may bo subjected to legitimate criticism. The sections requiring that no by laws of an exchange corporation shall be of effect until they are approved bv the Superintendent of Banks, and that all exchange corporations shall be open to Inspection by that official are con demned as unnecessary and Illegal. Th lawyers say that these provisions would give the Banking Superintendent the power to examine brokers' private ac counts, ns the Kxchange does not buy or sell securities. 23,329, OOO CATHOLICS IX I . S. TVenrlj- Twice mm Manr aa In the British Emplrr, Catholics have so Increased In num bers here that the United States now 'ranks as one of the foremost Catholic countries. It has more of that faith b two to one than the British empire and It approximates even Italy Itself. The official Catholic directory, copyright h P. .1. Kennedy & Sons, sets forth the following: Catholic population. United States :3,3'.'0.000; Austria, 23.7S8.000; German-. 23,821,000. Spain. 19.303.000; BrlllJh Kmplre, 12.368.000. Italy. 30.500.00n Since American occupation of 'he Philippines there has been stead tni provement In Catholic Church condl tlons and growths In numbers, the Phil ippines figures being 7,131,000. Last year Catholics In continental United States built 373 new churche' They now have 14,312. There are 17 945 priests. About one In four of the priests are members of Jesuits, PaullJts, Benedictines or other orders. This pro portion holds good In New York, the large majority here being directly undet Cardinal Farley, Besides priests thfie are 6,169 young men studying In semi naries. There are 67,000 women in re ligious orders. There are more than 900 college and academies, by far the larger number f"r girls, and 5,206 parochial schools N'n fewer than t14 parishes tn New York State now have schools attached, and in them are 223,n7n boys and girls. Civ', dren tn Catholic Institutions In hs whole country number 1,600,000, Kennedy A Sons' directory will he tl' first official one to count Pope Plu" the present occupant or the Vatican. th 269th In line of succession from r Poter. Pormer directories reckoned hfm to be the 264th. Tile change, an odd one, Is due to a recent revision of 'he list of popes and tho ntrlklng nit' of five of them. One of these got cawmed twice, under two names. States having Catholic populations ex ceeding 1,000,000 arc New Tork, 2 7S"1 000; Pennsylvania, 1,633,000; Illinois, 1,460,000, and Massachusetts, .353.'W New Jersey hafe 606,000. Three New Snbmarlaet) lor Sstx. Washington, March 19. Confs have been signed at the Navy Department for tho construction of three submarines 1" the Luke Hubmarlne Torpedo Boat Com pany of Bridgeport, Conn. One or the u- aels Is to bo built at Bridgeport, tho other two nt Long Beach, near Los Aug'"4. Cal at the plant of the. Craig Hhlphuttf nc Company. This will be the first insi in' of any naval vessel being constructed at Lot Angeles.