THE SUN,' THURSDAY, MARCH 20, 1913.
THUMHDAY, MARCH 20, Will.
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Published dallj. Int'ltiillnc Minda). hj the .Sun
T'rtnttne nmt Publishing .snt lallmi ni i;o Nassau
street, In tho llorouith of Manhattan. New Sink.
i iTNuriii nun in-n-iiiri. wnini v. not it, nit
Nassau street' VIcr-l'rrsMrtit. IMnaril I' Mlli-hi-ll.
170 Nassau street, .secretary, c i:. Linton. i?i,
.u ttree t.
i.onion emcr. iiraiiRh.ini iiniivr. i Uundfi
runs mnrr, n mir or in .iicnomrrc, on itur uu
Washington office. Illtihs building.
brook!) n ciflliT, In! MMmrstnu Mirri.
II our Iritnitt nan tarnr in trlia nanuitnplt and
Wustrattwi fur pubUtailnn irMft t hart rrjrttrti
atuelt) tttn'ittt thru null in all i n't! send slumps
let that pur post.
The Mtiiltlcn Kiiil or a Chapter of
Mnceoiful Diplomacy .
In considering the. chiiiie of Kxecu
tivo policy with regard to the open door
in China it iiium be remembered thfi'
the Ciovertunenl asked the u.-sitatu e of
the American bankers, not the bankers
the aid of the (ioveiumeiit. Pre-um-
amy me inemners oi the syndicate to ; labored for a system that would attract
which the State Department applied had young men to the army, make regulars
other possible uses for the funds in their j of ''"'' before they wearied or the rou
control. The Taft-Knox idea wns l(, i "1 them on to civil life under
keep this nation, by means of linan-inl c0",:n,'t "in-.K their service in
., . ., . . . case of mobilization for war. He did
part.C1pat'o..byour.,tIZens,nanygrea. not ,)(.,U1 ,ml tll0 pl)j8tncnt trlTn U9
huropcan loan to China, in the ad van- ; divided by Congress would be popular,
tagcou position gained by the skilful and he was sure that it. would not bo
nnd memorable diplomacy of Secretary f'"' the best interests of the army or for
Hay a dozen vears ago." The purpose 1 1,10 "'"'fare of the country,
of the Huy policy, as everybody knows, j ,.".v',.l,',,,,y. Prc,,'" '.'
as threefold: lo preserve the integ-
rity and internal order of the Chinese
Empire; to bind the land grabbing Pow
ers in a protective union by means of a
gentlemen's agreement, and to secure
for the long future equal opportunities
for American manufacturers, exporters
nnd investors in that vast field of com
merce and civilised development.
It is now said in support of the radical j regular session in December will be asked
step taken bv President Wilson, niam- """'"d the enlistment law of last
festly with Secretarv Hiivan's concur- j -vw,r- 1Hy1,1h,nl tin,P ,,w Wnr
!r . . ....... , . nient should have returns to show what
ronce if not on his initiative, that t ,r . .1 .. . , e ' ,
1 elfcct the requirement of four vears w'itb
involves no reversal of the Hay policy. I thc L.ok)rh hn, upon 1(.cn,itinK,
Our Government withdraws only from i .
tho joint negotiations for the six Power I (In the CultUallon or Friendship.
loan. The opportunity yet remains for j Intrenched behind the uinissailablo
any American who desires, without thejreeord of tact, good taste and diplo-
direct cooperation nnd approval of the matie propriety made by tho statesmen
Government at Washington, to nut his,of Hngland, the pa9 of London does
monev into Chinese securities or enter-
prlses. The policy of thc Open Door is
not abandoned, it is said, but remains ,
intact and unchanged just as it was left ,
by Secretary H t Y. 1
Whilc it may be true in the academic
senso that the principle of the Open
Door outlasts tho American withdrawal
from tho six Power loan negotiations,
there is now good reason to fear that 1011 or the British press has contributed
what remains of the principle is no 1 materially to the difficulties of a situn
morr than a grinning skeleton without ! Hon delicate from tho beginning. It has
vital organs or muscles. The progress
of events in Chitri and in her lerri-
torial environment has ben such as
to render imperative the construction of
an instrumentality to make the principle
continuously eftective under new con
ditions .Mr. Hay could not have fore
seen tho exact requirements of the new
conditions, but it Mirelyis not preposter
ous to suppose that if he had continued
to bo tho guardian of tho Open Door
he would have adopted precisely the
expedient which President Tai t and
Secretary Knox devised for the occa
sion, with the cooperation of a group
of American hankers auuated, as the
statement issued by them last night
clearly shows, by patriotic as well as
This is a matter of terious and far
reaching consequence. Maxims and
generalities and more or less sentimental
declarations of undiminished interest in
tho Chineso Republic will not put life
blood or sinew into the hand that has
undertaken to keep that door open
against tho alien interests pressing to
get themselves in and then close it.
War and Iliisnc In Mcico.
A ready inference from the news
despatches from Mexico in the last year
or two would be that political upheaval
had suspended commerce and paralyed
productive industry This docs not
ppear to be tne fact. There is nothing
In the trade figures to indicate disturb
ance of any kind The latest available
figures of total foreign commerce for a
full year are those of tin, fiscal year
Jl'.'. They show n decrease of less ilmn
10 per cent from the figures of the fiscal
year ldio on the import side and an
increase of 1.1 per cent, on tho export
side. In fact the exports of the fiscal
year 1012 were the largest in .Mexico's
history. Preliminary figures for the
first four nioutlm of the current fiscal
year indicate a continuance, up to that
linioat least, of a laige trade volume.
Tho I nitcd si a ten m'IIi, to. Mexico 11 bout
M per rent, of its import requirement s
and takes about one-half its exports.
The exports to Mexico may bo regarded
as a general indication of commercial
conditions theic On the whole there
seems lo hac been a decline, riot large
but appiccmble Tins nia.v probabh
be attributed to a natural hesitation on
the part of men. hauls to buy more
limn their Immediate requirements in
it time of ioliticnl nntertninty. lint
the import of Hill! are only iibout
ikhi.ikki below the average of the preced
ing live jew re.
.Much of the trade record sremn to
point lo the conclusion that after all
not more than a smull pereetitnue of
Mexico's population of is.uoo.otx) in in
the Held with Mr. Onozco and Mr.
As cat a and sundry otlier political
The A(litiiiiltriitltm' Armv lteero
In advocuiiiiK an army reserve Mr.
I.INIU.I.Y M. (lAliliiso.v, Hie new Kri-ru-t.iry
of War, Htands with (leneral lii:o.S
Alll Wool), the Chief of Staff, who would
like to wv a term of enlistment that
called for onlv two veain with the
the remainder of the term to
on the reserve list. Under
Piicli an arraii(;eiuciit the coilntrv would
st)on have a consideruhln number of
time expired men who would know the
I school of the soldier and be ready to
, . , , , , ,
take their places m the ranks in an
The army appropriation act which
was approved August '.'I; 1H12, lid pro
vide for a reserve, but in a leisurely
fashion. After November I, 1012, all
enlistments in the regular army were
lo be for seven years, four to be passed
with the colors and three years on fur
lough with the reserve, but after three
years in the ranks the enlisted man
might be transferred upon his applica
tion to the reserve "in the discretion of
the Secretary of War." The division of
tune did not meet with the approval of
Picident Tait and Secretary Sti.mson.
As Chief of Staff (ieneral Wood had
f!m,,.r:1 .,,., ,, ,. wnru ,, ,
..lors. three at the most.' will make the
kind of soldier who is needed to create
and replenish the reserve. The state
ment of the Secretary of War given out
at Washington is a faithful reflection
of (ieneral Wood's views which have
been published from time to time.
It may now be assumed that theSixty
third Congress when it assembles in
cr,'lit to it8 h,Khest tniditions in magni-
! fying the molehill of Secretary Uiiyan's
1 1 1t 1 1 1 rti 1 1 r.fi.1 rtt lt!al, linmn itl.t in.n
IIU)Untaill of int0n.ational offence. The
high intrinsic importance of the incident
adds substance to the inevitable deduc-
"'"' "'at British toleration for the United
States and its misdeeds has been taxed
almost to the limit of its elasticity.
Hy its attitude throughout the dis-
1 fl It o 1 vr t In, I'fi tin tivi I 'i. Mn 1 t j-IIq
sought by every art of abuse and pat
ronage to alienate the support of those
Americans who believed that the ex
emption in favor of our coastwise trado
was in contravention of our treaty ob
ligations. Was there a deliberato pur
pose to arouse feelings of animosity and
resentment for the accomplishment of
an ulterior purpose? Or have we merely
been treated to one more exhibition of
studied arrogance, nativo insolence and
Meanwhile the one hundredth anni
versary of tho treaty of Ghent ap
proaches and many respectable citizens
are preparing to celebrate a century of
peace between two nation This proj
ect is admirable and should be heartily
supported. Hut if the observance takes
tho form of a glorification of British
condescension and an exhibition of Eng
lish superiority, not a few Americans
will find it entirely possible to, forego
participation in the exercises.
The Pacing or the Fire none.
"There arc tears for things and equino
troubles touch the heart." So wo may
paraphrase tho great Virgilian lino 011
reading of the projected automobiliza
tionxif the .Vew York I'ire Department.
In Iondon the picturesque old horse
omnibus is gone, and with it its merry,
cynical driver, whoso quips have af
forded copy for Punch for two genera
tions; an occasional hansom cab still
slithers dangerously about the streets,
glazed by automobile traffic, and here
and there, a piteous relic of the past,
may bo seen a dingy four wheed
"growler" that looks as if it had strayed
out of a charitable institution for desti.
A similar process, only less conspicu
ous than in London because the horse
drawn vehicle had less of tradition
crusted around it, has been going on
in Now York and other great cities
of the world. Tho glory of tho horse
is almost departed. Only in one sphere
of city life did it remain supreme,
unapproachable. Of all the romanco
that city streets afford nothing is to
be compared to tho spectacular dash
of the lire engine drawn hy three mag
nificent straining steeds. PiKRni'H him
self would have rejoiced to guide tho
course of such an equipage.
Soon we shall hnvo looked our last
on tlm romantic sight. In fivo yours
the l'ire I)f)artmont exacts to havn
eliminated tho last horso from its activo
list and the victory of the all con
quering automobile will bo complete.
Sentiment mubt give place to efficiency,'
and tho atitomobilo can travel faster
and Is of more enduring quality than
Hie horse. Hut If we darn not allow
our efficiency to Ik; impaired by our
Hetitimcnt, at, least wo may bo Htiffcrod
to Indulge a passing tear for thc latter.
The machine driven Urn engino can
never fill the place of that picturesque
learn of galloping horses. It may
travel forty miles an hour instead of
eighteen or twenty, but it cannot, givo
the vibrant impression of racing speed
I hat wo get from tho living animals,
Nor will tho engines resond scntlently
lo the various fire calls, quivering with
excitement, ns they uro harnessed for
action, and ready, without tho given
word, to dash from tho stablo on their
errand of rescue.
A (oast to thc increased efficiency of
the l'iro Department, and another one,
drunk standing, to the gallant animals
tho end of whoso faithful service is in
.Mr. McKcnn.Vs Dilemma.
It is not surprising that tho futility of
Home Secretary McKiinna's methods
In dealing with the militant suffragettes
has been mude the subject of comment
in the House of Commons. The Home
Secretary was charged, not without jus
tice, with having reduced the adminis
tration of tho law to a farce by his
action in freeing the women who threat
ened self-starvation, nnd his resignation
was called for from tho Opposition
benches. Mr. McKknna has certainly
found himself in nn unenviable position,
and he seems to have exhibited only in
capacity to adjust himself to it. He has
fallen bet ween the two stools of leniency
and severity. Forcible feeding, if we
accept competent medical opinion, in
volves an almost revolting brutality
and may well endanger life. That is
the Home Secretary's excuse for re
leasing prisoners who hnve been sub
mitted to tho process; they are released,
he says, on grounds of humanity be
cause the further application of the tube
would put their lives in peril.
Hut here is tho inconsistency The
prisoners' lives are in danger whether
they are allowed to starve themselves
or are forcibly fed. If the choice is
really one of two evils, it seems pref
erable on grounds of humanity that
they should be suffered to commit
suicide in peace rather than be tor
tured to the point of death. That is
the dilemma that led Ckoiiok Hki:nahi
Shaw to assert publicly that for the
encouragement of other law breakers
the militants should be allowed to,
starve themselves to death, and the
Home Secretary has failed conspicu
ously to find any way out of it.
That there is a wav out cannot be
doubted; and if Mr. McKenna is unequal
to discovering u solution to the prob
lem it is only reasonable to suppose
that if tho united brains of the Liberal
Government were to concentrate them
selves on the question some means
might be found for putting a stop to a
state of things which is rapidly degener- j
ating into anarchy.
A Summit or I nqurnchahlc Flame.
If it bo true that tho Hon. VicTon
Mt'nDOCK, legitimate successor of the
Hon. Sockless Simpson, is to bo tho
Progressive candidate for Speaker,
historic and poetic justice have met and
kissed each other, and art, literature.
journalism, politics and virtue are
reconciled and one. The Hon. Victor
Ml MHiCK'8 scarlet poll possesses the
sky as thc Hon.. Joseph tit iiney Cannon
sets sourly under tho sign of the Scape
goat. Tho burning pate of the chief of
the Short Grass League of Red Heads,
as ho usedtosay, was one of thefirstand
always the fiercest of the anti-Joscph-
ites. He insurged more instantly than
any otlier insurgent. .Now C annon has
gono and Murdoch stays, if that ex
pression doesn't attribute a static quality
to a dynamic genius.
Cannon is not only "a standpatter, ho
is a standstiller": this or something like
it the purple sheep of the Progressive
flock said years ago. Tho melancholv
silences of Danvillo surround Uncle Jo-
hkphus, unreconciled yet and forgetting
what more than Egyptian dynasties of
time, though only three or four vears
of ordinary chronology, divide him from
the world of Washington which once he
bestrode like a Colossus.
In tho mere matter of standpatlisin,
howover, former insurgent Murdoch
as a loyal Progressive must bo about
equal to the Danvillo Emissary Ruck in
his standpattest days.
The Sun's interest in and veneration
for the Hon. Victor Murdoch rest on
no selfish motive. If it celebrates him
an a journalist of Wichita and Chicago,
a noot, a thing of beauty, none tho less
does it treasure his awful warning to
this town. I have a curious feeling,"
his moM famous if most sinister sen
tence runs, "that some day New York
will bo wiped from the face of tho earth.
Some day .Vow York will be
destroyed as an example to the nation."
Tho inextinguishable flame of that ruti-
lant Kansas peak is yet to consume Now
York, which waits in fear.
A Had Nehcme.
In so far as tho poliro reform bills j
devised by tho Aldermen's investigating
committee provido for the releaso of
tho Mayor from a jmrt of his responsi
bility for the conduct of the police they
are bad. They would supply means
for the continual aunoyanco of the
Mayor and the Commissioner bv an un
friendly Board of Kstimato or Board of
Aldermen. In place of the simple and
easily managed system now in forco.
which operates to tho general sat-1
isfaction of tho community, a cumber
some engine of administration would I
Under the present scheme the Mayor!
is tho responsible head of the police, 1
vllll ,;uiiij'ii-i; inil IHI'I l. ,,11011
things go wrong he must bear tho bur
den. Tho Governor's power of removal
is a relio of Republican hunger for .Vow
York city spoils and might well bo abol
ished, though it is not a really serious
matter. Wherein would the proposed
amendments better conditions?
No harm will come to New York if the
legislature ignores all the suggestions
made by tho Aldermen. The cnictment
of those that would not Injure thc town
would result in no particular good.
Tho Hon. KDWATtn E, McCai.L of thn
Public Service Commission Is as tactful as
hn Is efficient. New York is praising him.
Some of the women school teachers of
New York city seem to lie Romanticists
with a steady eye to tho main chance.
Miirphy-Hulzer hnntllltlM unconvincing.
Htrnbto l'o$t hrntlline.
Why this cynical frame of mind? Tho
"hostilities" in question would havo con
vinced and inspired the lato Sir William
H. Gilbert. ;
Tho Musica family never travels with
out sufficient money for expenses and
incidentals, including an offering to the
Mississippi, that spoiled stream Into which
so much cash has been poured. A oetlo
family; and it would be a gracious bit of
symbolism to make the Hon. Ollie Jamks
receiver of United States Hair, If there is
anything to receive.
With all trust in good omens, In thc chant
of poter birds and tho exile of overcoats,
can we approve the Hon. CIuolielmus
Maokub Edwards for proclaiming offi
cially that spring is hero? Winter is a
cruel old Ironist who loves to decolvo; and
even Tampa troatod herself to a blizzard
tho other day. Not till March has ceused
to march will the voice of the doubters
Rut no Intelllitent msn can believe thst
wlih siimmsr)' power of illsmNssl. wlih
Htlmi supervision, with sdrquatn legal
preparation of cases, ami with lateral edu
cational and social attacks, graft from vice
will flow to h small special force an It has
to the systematized police organization.
Willi 1 1, "0 members and officer to watch
nnd rheck. -Tht CUitrnt Commitlre lo .S'rna
Is Senator Waonkr lo understand that
Mayor Gat.vor and Commissioner Waldo
are not citizens and that their predeces
sors were not citizens?
Bulletins of victory at Constantinople
hHve leen rare during the war and at
no Mme impressive. Iecause they were
bo obviously manufactured nut of move
mentB of no importance. Now comes h
report of hard lighting at Tchataldja with
a triumph at ever) point for tho Turks
It goes into details and there is nn un
wonted tone of confidence in the despatch,
ns if a forward movement had really
Ix-gnn at last' with promise of success.
In this war the Turks have leen so
uniformly Immumi, thrown luick und de
moralized that until Sofia admits a re
verse at Tchataldja the official "claim"
or it great victory by tho Turks will l
received with s"eptieiin
The Semite yesterday passed Hie Mouse
tilll granting votc. lo women, 'this is the
first bill passed by the Legislature There
whs not n dissenting ote in either house
The bill eiempts women from Jury duly
Dmpatch from ,lvncait
There Could be no stronger proof of the
respect in which the comparatively few
women in Alnska are held than the unani
mous vote in the Legislature to give them
tho Ixillol. By thn same token thoy
should not have !eon exempted from
jury duty. How do the gallant Alaskans
I. II II a i.r.1 M a did not possess nearly
1 lie wealth with which he was popularly
credited. Washington Star.
Still, he was fairly forehanded A
"popularly credited" fortune is never
less than $100,000,000
Kansas I hief who paused in hi flight
to read the Bible was captured Orrgoman.
Even in their crimes and misdemeanors
the Sunflowers keep their essential and
It appears that a full train crew is not
that number of men tho responsible
operating officials of a railroad consider
necessary to sifety. but a number or
hands arbitrarily fixed by act of legis
lature. Certainly all of them should re
ceive a minimum wage established by
The post office prosecutors of get rich
quick swindlers are discouraged by the
"leniency of the courts." The courts
reflect public opinion. The "victims of
these rascals are looked on with about as
much sympathy as are those unfortunates
who patronize green goods and gold brick
The President of the Borough of Brook
lyn does not drink the sam" kind of bottled
water that the Public Service Commis
sion drinks, hut so far as the taxpayers,
who pay for both kinds, are concerned
this is a matter of minor importance.
Tbt Manhattan Philosopher on Street Clean
ing. To ti r.PlTOS or Tua Sm-Sir: Some of
the newspapers are adlilng the formation or
clubs or societies for the encouragement of any
means thai will lend to make the streets of this
This tugteallon ! puerile, and will never
have any effect.
The only proper course to adopt l for thepollee
to Issue an order that the streets mint he kept
clean and to let the people know positively that
any lolatlon of this order would mean certain
Imprisonment", first, of course, tlvlni the people
And any martttrata who refuted to carry out
this order In the spirit or the letter should be Im
peached and removed loslanter.
The people have a very wholesome fear of being
locked up, and such an order would result lu
clean streets In a day K II J.
New Yon. March IB.
.Mitrenth. Horn Meridian.
lo the Lpitob or The sun Sir. To tratlfy
mere curiosity will "P T W "please tell uswhen
Sixteenth street, Washington, 1). (', was known
as "Meridian street"? There Is a little street In
Mount rieasani. 11 1 . known ny mat name;
but Sixteenth street, never!
Will "I' T W." also enlighten us as to the
"meridian" which passes through the middle of
the street' 'I he Capitol, a mile and a half east,
Is latitude 77 On- M", pretty near being the
meridian of Washington WasniNoroMaK.
.Nrw(V(iRK, March IB.
Ilahlls of Speech.
To the KtiiToa or The sun- ,ltr. Regarding
"Habits of Speech," spoken of by Mr. lie Trent
blay In a letter In The .Sin, I would like to add
a few expressions, that I hear dally One man
when speaking of General Washington said; "Ha
was the greatest In tho world Am I right or am
I wrong?" Or "Ram I right or ram I wrong?"
Another winds up every sentence with "SceP
Another. "Understand what I mean?" I tes, es
1 Is very common. "Do ott get me?
CiRavesenp L, 1 , March 19. r, Delanet.
Take These Things ooll.
The greatest Joys are. In anticipation
It l not what we have, but what we hope.
That makes us happy, and Imagination
Will serve us well, If we but give It scop.
the sordid actuality, then, scorning. '
(If course nn true philosopher will (.cold1
On tlmllng lhal the cook, to-morrow morning.
llcllet ci thst Hot Cross Duns are better cold,
GtOBQK 11. MOaiWOOD.
W I UtC. ATS.
lo Tlte h'.rr Make an I'niirotnkeil at
tack nn Human llrl is?
To 1 its.. Kimon or Tin: m:s -sir Hid
Hrother "V. K ." fancy I tint bU old t tide
Xed was Joking when he said there was
no ease on record (scientific record, mark
you, that Is. recognized by sclcnllstal of a
wildcat (red lynx) nllncklng a tinman being
without serious provocation? No; puss
will refrain unless she Iblnlia she herself
or her kits are being nltncked, In that
ease she may fly at s man nnd scratch and
bite him. which Is not nn nllark. but n acl
of aelf-clefnce. She tears n dog, yet I
have seen her. when cortiej-etl, make savage
dash after daah Hi n big cur and mark him
well. I have also had them fly at me under
like rlrciimatnnci-s, I know of one spring
ing upon a mint's shoulder, but she was up
a tree which the man started to climb when
the cat, thinking of oiirsf only of escape,
merely used Mm as a ladder, being probably
so rrlghtened that she hardly knew what
she was doing,
In the same way a bull moose, renltv
scared half to denlh, will often run in the
hunter s direction in dire confusion, and
thc story Immediately starts on Its never
ending round of a hunter being charged by
a saag bull moose. Hut n bull moose
will, once in a very longtime, charge, though
never without being wounded or provoked,
a wildcat never
"W K, II." admits coming suddenly upon
a wildcat with her kits, mid though I con
sider it very extraordinary U the men
were attacked without their provoking the
cut. Mint Is, doing something: to make her
think her kits were In danger, nevertheless
a mother with young Is 11 very nervous
thing and a cat is very high strung. On
sfveral occasions, while i(Uletly walking
along the trail, a hen grouse (partridge)
whose little brood I hud undoubtedly,
I bough unknown to tne, stampeded, has
flown at tne with extended wings and pecked
my root or leg. According to tho common
Interpretation this might perhaps be called
an unprovoked attack, but or course It
wasn't, because the bird thought her young
In imminent danger anil her act was one of
defence, When you compare the size and
barm dealing capabilities of wildcat and
partridge I think the palm for bravery
goes to the latter
The point Is that almost every beast will
make eorno effort lo defend Its young and
even itserf when It thinks It is in danger
or Its lire, liven s btmny will bite a man's
hand w hen It Is being token from a bo trap,
at least I have been bitten that way oen.
.Vow as to wildcats I am a man or s
good deal or experience, and I know or
many who have bad nn much nnd more
than I men who know the North Woods and'
what In In Ihem thoroughly, anil who are
scientists to boot The greatest authority
on the game or Maine was Manly Hardy.
I do not bellc Hnbody would dlsputp
that statement ThevearhernreMr Hardy
died I rend In n paper of hii attack on a
man by a wildcat I w rnf for information
nnd the ninti w ho allowed that h was at
tacked said h ready to take an oath
lo the ract. I consulted Mr Hardy, ror
the fact would be scientifically important,
and his reply was that any man who would
swear to a thing like that wus a llnr anyhow'
Mr Hardy handled cats as hunter trapper
and naturalist .all hi- long life, ami he told
nie that he had never heard ot a case of a
at attacking a man He laughed at the
very Idea, He ald that a cat would attack
a fawn or a small sheep, and he Knew or an
owl swooping upon a man's bead, hut the
man wore a fur cap and the bird no doubt
took It ror 11 smad animal
When K II asserts that wildcats
"will attack human beings without the
slightest provocation" he must therefore
not be Mirprleed when old woodsmen ask
for all kinds or sworn statements, as well
as some cross-examining I am sure that
the Smithsonian would like lo know or a
case in point Frankly. I believe it not.
Positively the only wild creatures In the
North Woods that will attack man without
great provocation are blackflies, mosqui
toes and other vermin
I nclk Ntn Bcckshaw.
Annapolis Uoval. N. S . March l.
A Supplementary Opera Season ror on
subscribers. To tiik tnnon or Tm: Sin Mr The
editorial article in lith Hi v relative to a
probably lengthened season or opera in
New York moves tne to inquire whether it
might not be reaslble to supplement the
regular season with several weeks or opera
for the benefit of out of town people and
those New Yorkers who have been persist
ently crowded out in the scramble for seaja
Tor the Saturday night productions
I am not raising my voice for cheap
opera, but for productions bringing for
ward the Metropolitan best artists, and at
the regular prices too, for the sole benefit
It is a notorious fact that it is almost
useless for the visitor in New York to try
to get reasonably decent seats for the
opera. I travel about a good deal and this
Is the Impression all over the country, and
among people too who would be glad to
make a special trip to New York to attend
the opera if there were any way of their
obtaining satisfactory seats when they got
It Is true that for the regular subscrip
tion performances non-subscribers may
nearly always obtain seats somewhere in
the house, but a great many people want to
see as well as hear, and, like myself, would
like the opportunity of sitting In an orches
tra chair and at such a distance from the
stage that the singers would look a little
tees like manikins
I have made some heroic attempts this
winter in New York 10 get some Metro
politan opera at closer range thnn the
common, ordinary non-subscriber has per
haps a right to expect Klght times I
railed miserably and three times I suc
ceeded. The last attempt, n failure, was
rather remarksble The production was
"Butterfly" and I found a speculator who
had two seats, second row orchestra They
were subscription seats that had been
placed with him to sell. The price was Ui,
I offered him tv: tor one or them, but he
refused William W. Klini:.
Sinkin'0 flrniNn, Pa , March to.
Til Buffalo-Indian Fire t'ent Piece.
To the Editor or The sr.v-sir- The new
nickel It one of those solemnly funny things at
which one does not know whether to laugh or cry
If we regard It as a symbol and ask -whose
likeness and superscription" rest upon either sur
face of this piece of money we shall hate to ad
mit that we are forettr unable to "render unto
Crsr the things which are Cirsar's, for Ihe rea
son thst we have not only taken away from both
Indian and buffalo ever thing Ihry ever had but
thst even their continued existence In this land
of the fiee' Is not literally worth a nickel
And the Irony of It! Ileslde the presentment
of the fast disappearing Indian and Die almost
extinct buffalo the artist who originated the de
sign of this unique coin has placed the word "Lib
erty." Can Idiocy further gn
In my humble opinion U.s onl appropriate In
scription for rither side of the new colu would
be, "(.iioih the raen, Nevermote ' n. R, C.
NoSTnrotiT, I. I . March 10.
The Perverstl. of Steep.
To Tnr. i:pitos or Tmt Hcn ..sir. Perhsps
some of our readers may he Inclined to smile a
little over this, but I assure )ou It Is to me a very
After dinner I sit down to read the newsntDer:
and then Ihe first thing 1 know 1 find myself!
with my hands In my lap resting on a crushed I
newspaper, and my head drooping forward over
them1 1 hate fallen asleep oer Ihe paper That
Is a common experience with me. When I sli
down to read I can't krrp awake
Hut w hen I go to bed' Why, then I ran't sleep.
Then I may He awake for hours, In other words,
when I want to stay awake I go to sleep In spite
of myself, and when 1 don't naut to slay awake
1 can't go to sleep , Wo max,
Philadelphia, March IB
Do That sou Be Not Done,
To the KPITOR or The .si n (r. My dsugh
ter, aged tle esrs, when asked whai she had
learned In bunda sihool tod, icplledi "
learned the Cinldrn Rod, do unto others before
they do It lo you " L. . Tui'KSTON,
N vi let, .N j ., March it.
j rKXXSVLVASlt POLITICS.
Mb at Matthew Stanley Una) Mould ln If
He Here I.UIng.
I'llll.APM.pniA, March t.- The presence
or Theodore Itoosevelt In Philadelphia for
two days and his political actlvltr MI
here were a revelation to leaders ot all par
ties, and while they were deeply engrossed
In trying to evolve plans, schemes and de
vices by which each party may profit most
by the action or the Progressive party of
Pennsylvania, with Colonel Roosevelt, ex
Senator lieverldge, Plnchot and other out
siders taking part In the proceedings, the
political bosses are still up In the tog, un
able to see Just how the Republican or
Democratic party may gather grain or gain
trom Progressive sowing.
H Matthew Stanley guar were living he
would have taken the dnlly papers con
taining Colonel Roosevelt's earerully pre
pared maniresto and the addresses read by
lieverldge, Draper, Lewis and others, and
quietly slipped off to Atlantic City, and with
Captain Hen Sooy gone out beyond the
breakers In Captain Sooy's motor yacht,
and with his mind composed by the gentle
undulation of rippling waves Quay would
have done some deep sea thinking, so dear
and obvious to him that It would have
formed a aort of blueprint Impression on his
mind that he could hnve unfolded at wilt
There was where Quay had the best or
any or the leaders. He did his political
planning fifteen miles out at sea, nnd only
Captain Hooy the silent with him; and as
Hooy was as busy with thetllleras Quarwns
with his plans there was no Interference
with his line of thought
Having been In thc confidence of Quny
ror twenly-flve years or more I believe I
could ralrly dlaotose what his blueprint
plan or deep sea thinking over this Roose
veil presence In Philadelphia would evolve
If (Jimy were living and hehad uoneout with
Captain Sooy beyond tjie brer '(era it would
have been something on this rder
Roosevelt wants Ihe Progressive parly
to stand alone In the State, but he is not
opposed to Its confederating In localities,
provided the public welfare Is pro
moted by such an alliance, and as the
Illsnkenburg administration Is warmly In
favor of fusion with the Democratic parlj
of Phllsdelphla-and later on In the Slate
giving Ihe Democrats everything ir they
will only give the Blankenburg people the
District Attorney, thereiora would not Ihe
public interests be better advanced by thc
Republicans and Progressives agreeing
upon a ticket ror District Attorney, City
Treasurer, Tax Receiver, Register of Wills,
Magistrate, City Councilmen and election
officers to be voted for next November?
t'pon Quay's return rrom offshore think
ing to the St, Charles he would send ror
probably twenty-five political leaders ot
Philadelphia to consult with them in regard
to the political condition in Ihe city He
would probably startle them by asking.
"What would be the effect of a Blankenburg
Democratic ticket In Philadelphia next No
vember?" When the response would be,
"It would give us trouble." Quay would ask:
"Is there any way wncsn overcome It?" and
ns not a man present would venture an opin
ion, hut would look to Quay to solve the
problem, he would ask If there was any pos
sibility of Republicans and Roosevelt people
getting together, and upon what basts.
Then David H Ijne, the sage or the Re
publican party in Philadelphia, would make
answer- "The percentage or the Republican
vote last November In Philadelphia was
Tart 51, Roosevelt sf, and ir any plan Is
agreed upon It should be an equal division
or offices," and then Quay would ask ir we
could win at the general election upon such
an equitable arrangement, and In chorus
the reply would be, "With hands downl"
Quay would then end the conference with
something like this; "ir that's the case it
seems to me we would be getting out or the
rog into the bright sunlight If we were to
arrange ror some such pooling or Issues, "
As the present leaders or Pennsylvania
lack Quay's keen perception or politics I
cannot say what they will do. J W. F.
THE OLlt LE.A THE It FIRE Bl'CKET.
And a Few Itordt About the Once More
Commonly I'aed Bellows.
To Tn E KntTon or The Sun Sir I have
just seen a picture or a man blowing a fire
with n bellows. There are. to be sure, and
in the city as well as In the country, people
who still use bellows as for open fires, hut
we have no use for them In a stean heated
flat, and it Is a long time since I have actu
ally seen one. Still, I can remember a
time when we had In our houae two: one
Just a plain bellows stained red that we
used in Ihe kitchen, and Ihe other, which
was painted white and had (lowers painted
on the back, that we used in the sitting room.
And seeing that picture of a bellows re
minds me also of another old time thing
that we used to have, namely, fire buckets
VS hlle bellows sre yet to some extent used
I doubt If many people anywhere still have
In their housea those old time fire buckets
of the kind I have in mind
Plenty of people nowadays everywhere
douse fire buckets of a sort- but the modem
bucket designed for such use is a pall made
of metal and with a round bottom so that
It can't be set down anywhere except in the
frame made to aupport It. In which It Is kept
ready for use: that old time fire bucket, as it
might be found In many house, homes, was
made of leather.
It was an odd shaped bucket, tall and
rather slender, and tapering up trom its
narrow, flat bottom, growing slightly larger
toward the top. It was made or sole leather,
stitched and painted black, it had a rope
handle, leather covered. It was or course
a very stout, durable bucket Mads or
leather it couldn't dry out and rail apart,
like a wooden bucket of staves, and It had
no hoops to drop off The old lime leather
fire bucket was practically Indestructible,
People kept them In their houses lo use In
case f fire on their own premises, or to
carry water in or to lend to others to carry
water in case or fire In the house of a
We had two of those leather fire buckets,
nd It seems to me that we once had
more, the two that we had when my per
sonal recollection begins we kept hanging
on hooks in the hall. Then in the course
of time these two disappeared, lost or thrown
away Just what became of them I never
knew, but whenever something calls them
to mind now I think to tnyseir that I wish
we bad kept them I think I should be as
much pleased to have those two old time
leather fire buckets as I am to have som eof
the other things of those days that wo did
save, in the shape of old time furniture.
Nr.w aix, March 10. New Enohnd.
The I'p to Date Strolling Rand.
ToTHR r.DITOH orTHT. lt'K .'Ir The strolllnt
music business has changed, like everything else.
We do still have with us those strolling players
who go about singly, producing sounds more or
less musical on a flute, a lolln or an accordion, and
we have et with Its oomphah Ihe Instrumental
pieces in the usual manner: and then for the next
number they hurst Into song, with four voices
taking as many parts. The ghe us majbe a
popular song done In vaudeville style, or perhaps
something from an opera. Then another Instru
mental piece and then another song, oomphah,
oomphah, Ihe blessed little German band. Rut
the strolling hand up to date It organized on
mote ambitious lines and Its members sing ss
well at play
Here, for Instance, Is a band of four with the
ususi anety of instruments for such a number
They come into the couri of our flat home, tune
up and play oa-and tome of these present day
bands of strolling players who both play and
sing do both well.
We expect 10 see movies brought around to us
Naw Yoag, March It,
Oa the. Harpattam Field.
rrnm a litttr In tht .InturHuy lUriru
Can any reader live the origin of the game of
fuotbsll? is It not the old Roman game of "hnr
pastum"! A Qaeitlon of riravlt.s,
Newton had Just discovered why the apple fell,
"But," cried the anxious office seeker, "why
doeu't the plum fall!"
Tlicy Oppose to Snlzor fiir Bill
AIDS TO STEADY MAHKKT
County Association Think
That Hill at Albany Is
The committee on legislation r -h.
New York County Lawyers Association
haa sent to Gov. Sulzer and the Letts
lature a memorandum of Ita objection"
to the Incorporation of the .Vew York
Stock Kxchange. The lawyers thtnn
that tho bill la unconstitutional and w.
do a great deal of harm anyway
Samuel P. Goldman submits the mem
orandum. In It the practices known as
selling, short, buying; on margin and
manipulation of certain kinds are all
dctended as proper and necessity "to
The heading; of the Inst section of th
hilt, which reads, "Incorporation of Kx
chHngcs Itequlred After September 1
1313," means, the memorandum says
that the New- York 8tock Kxclmnsn
must Incorporate or no out of business
It Is argued that this conflicts with
Article I., section 1, of the New York
State Constitution, which provides tha'
"no member of this State shall be
deprived of any of the rights or priv
ileges secured to any citizen thereof, tin
lees by the the law of the land or the
Judsrment of his peers," and further con
filets with tho Fourteenth Amendment
to the Constitution of the United States,
which provides that "no .State shall
make or enforce any taw which shall
abridge the privileges or immunities of
citizens of the United States; nor lull
any State deprive any person of life,
liberty or property wlrhout due process
of law, nor deny fo any person within
ita Jurisdiction the equal protection of
It Is contended that tho right to con
duct a stock exchange is a common law
right and not a creature of statute, and
that there Is nothing about a stock ex
change which Is Inherently Inimical to
the public welfare. The bill In ques
tion, say thc lawyers, virtually deprives
Individuals of the. right to maintain an
exchange by making it a misdemeanor
for an Individual to transact business
an a member of an exchange tn the
form of a voluntary association.
It ia also asserted that thc act of In
corporation would deprive the member?
of the Stock Exchange of the large In
vestment they have made, as all Its
member own Ita property collectively
In the case of Incorporation the prop
erty of the Kxchange would be at once
vested In the corporation. The mem
"It Is difficult to think of a more fla
grant caao of deprivation of property
without due proceaa of law."
If the Legislature can take such a
step, according to Mr. Goldman, It can
direct the property of any other associ
ation to be turned over to a corpora
tion and can compel any Individual to
Incorporate hla business and turn over
his property to that corporation.
It Is asserted that most of the provi
sions of. the act have nothing to do with
regulating practices of members of the
Exchange that may bo subjected to
The sections requiring that no by
laws of an exchange corporation shall
be of effect until they are approved bv
the Superintendent of Banks, and that
all exchange corporations shall be open
to Inspection by that official are con
demned as unnecessary and Illegal. Th
lawyers say that these provisions would
give the Banking Superintendent the
power to examine brokers' private ac
counts, ns the Kxchange does not buy
or sell securities.
23,329, OOO CATHOLICS IX I . S.
TVenrlj- Twice mm Manr aa In the
Catholics have so Increased In num
bers here that the United States now
'ranks as one of the foremost Catholic
countries. It has more of that faith b
two to one than the British empire and
It approximates even Italy Itself. The
official Catholic directory, copyright h
P. .1. Kennedy & Sons, sets forth the
Catholic population. United States
:3,3'.'0.000; Austria, 23.7S8.000; German-.
23,821,000. Spain. 19.303.000; BrlllJh
Kmplre, 12.368.000. Italy. 30.500.00n
Since American occupation of 'he
Philippines there has been stead tni
provement In Catholic Church condl
tlons and growths In numbers, the Phil
ippines figures being 7,131,000.
Last year Catholics In continental
United States built 373 new churche'
They now have 14,312. There are 17
945 priests. About one In four of the
priests are members of Jesuits, PaullJts,
Benedictines or other orders. This pro
portion holds good In New York, the
large majority here being directly undet
Cardinal Farley, Besides priests thfie
are 6,169 young men studying In semi
naries. There are 67,000 women in re
There are more than 900 college and
academies, by far the larger number f"r
girls, and 5,206 parochial schools N'n
fewer than t14 parishes tn New York
State now have schools attached, and in
them are 223,n7n boys and girls. Civ',
dren tn Catholic Institutions In hs
whole country number 1,600,000,
Kennedy A Sons' directory will he tl'
first official one to count Pope Plu"
the present occupant or the Vatican. th
269th In line of succession from r
Poter. Pormer directories reckoned hfm
to be the 264th. Tile change, an odd
one, Is due to a recent revision of 'he
list of popes and tho ntrlklng nit' of
five of them. One of these got cawmed
twice, under two names.
States having Catholic populations ex
ceeding 1,000,000 arc New Tork, 2 7S"1
000; Pennsylvania, 1,633,000; Illinois,
1,460,000, and Massachusetts, .353.'W
New Jersey hafe 606,000.
Three New Snbmarlaet) lor Sstx.
Washington, March 19. Confs
have been signed at the Navy Department
for tho construction of three submarines 1"
the Luke Hubmarlne Torpedo Boat Com
pany of Bridgeport, Conn. One or the u-
aels Is to bo built at Bridgeport, tho other
two nt Long Beach, near Los Aug'"4.
Cal at the plant of the. Craig Hhlphuttf nc
Company. This will be the first insi in'
of any naval vessel being constructed at
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