Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, MONDAY, MARCH 24, 1913.
ftfam Stout MONDAY, MARCH 24, 1013. Entered at Ihe. Tout Office at New York ti Second CIiim Mall Matter. Sabtrrlptloa by Milt, roitpald. DAILY, Per Month. n to DAILY, Per Year OO SUNDAY, Ter Year IIU tiAlLY AND SUNDAY, Per Year SO DAILY AND SUNDAY, Per Month 75 THE P.VENINO SUN, Per Month 3S TftT. P.Vr.NINO SUN, Per Year a BO Postage to forelrn countries added. All checks, money orders, &f., to be made pay able toTHBSrw. Published dally. Including Sunday, by the Sun Printing and IHbllshtng Association at 170 Nassau street, In the Ilorouch of Manhattan, New York. President and Treasurer. William C. Ilclck. 170 Nassau street; Vlre-Presldent.lMwanl P. Mltrhell, IJd Nassau street; Secretary, O. V.. Liuton, 170 Najnu street. London nfBre. Effingham House, 1 Arundel atrrcl. Strand, Parli office. (I Hue de la Mlrhodlere, oR Hue du Cuatre Seplembre. Washington office, Ttlhhs nulldlng. tlrooklin office, los Livingston street. It our friends una fator us trllS mimuse rtpts and ttlustrttlent or ptiMfriKKm trM f" hnre eejtcted article returned lift must In nil cases tend stampt tqr that purpose. The Suddenness of n Vcr.r Worthy Lieutenant-Governor. Anybody that believes in a minimum wagn law for women, its wns demanded by tho Progressive national platform of 1012, is likely to believe with or without sulTicicnt or any proof that low wages are n great or tho chief cause of prosti tution. The theory booms the demand. A minimum wage law for women menus a minimum wage for other and all waRo workers, The Lieutenant-fJovernor of Illinois, accompanying the wandering Illinois ' anti-vico cotiunKMon (o Washington, implores President Wilson to call a national conference of State anti-vice commissioners. "The organizations," the Liciitenaiit-Ciovernor lelis the Presi dent, "should combine and carry on a nationwide tight for a national minimum wage law for women." Apparently the Illinois inquiry, with its honest bias and its uncoitbcious tie sire to elicit testimony to bupport its hypothesis nntl its hopes, is considered to bo sullicient and final. The duty of other States or the anti-vicious in other States is to consider that low wages are tho main or principal cause, of the social evil and to"fight"for a minimum wage law for women. Tho excellent intention of all this cannot hide the volunteer nature, the haste of procedure and the rashness of conclusion. A conference for discussion of the social evil and "white slavery "and means to diminish them is ono thing. The propaganda of a minimum wage law for women workers is a very differ ent thing. Mr. Wilson does not need to be reminded of this, but possibly a good many persons do. The War Correspondent In the Hal t kan Conflict. The late Matthew Arnold once in dulged in this stroke of satire at tho ex pense of a great man. "Dr. Kussell of the Times was preparing to mount his war horse. You know the sort of thing he has described it himself over anil over again. Bismarck at his horse's head: the Crown Prince holding his stirrup, and the old King of Prussia holBting Russell into the saddle." Mr. William Maxwell, one of the guild in this modern day of illusions shattered and hopes frustrated, tells tho story over again in the S'inctccnth Century to con trast the glory that was with the humil ity that is. Tho war correspondent, and there remain somo battlo scarred veterans who have memories, is pass ing. "For the first timu since lS.ri4," says Mr. Maxwell, fresh from futility in the Balkans, "a war is in progress from which newspaper correspondents are excluded." He is brave enough to justify tho exclusion. Russell was not "tied to the end of a telegraph wire," and described battles in his most delib erate English after they were fought. The enemy could not profit by his ob servations. A campaign might bo over when they got into type. To-day the demand is for news "hot from tho wire," and unless the correspondent's reports were unsympathetically censored he would bo a menace to any army that permitted him to go near tho front. In tho Balkan war tho correspondents, the great herd of them, hovo had to cool their heels at tho rear. An exception was made in tho case of Lieutenant Hebmeneoild WAflNKit by tho Bul garians for obvious reasons. The Turks havo allowed experienced correspondents a certain latitude; it was rendered abortive by tho censor, however. Tim war has not been re ported on either side, and tho truth about it will probably never bo told. Iing ago it ceased to have any but a languid interest for tho outside world. Even tho general staffs of tho great Powers would liko to know more about tho operations than they havo learned. With no intention to let correspon dents sco any real lighting, the Bul garian authorities, fearful of adverse public opinion in tho European press, Issued permits to all applicants, ama teurs and pretenders as well as vet erans. Later about n dozen expe rienced men wero sent on from head quarters at Slant agora to Join tho urmy at the ft out. Tho censors took caro of them. All despatches were reduced to innocuous commonplaces, and sometimes the lomnanta wero not put on tho wire at nil. But lo mislead the Turks t In Bulgarian pressagont was incited to telegraph such fictions as the desperate rotnb.it at Kirk Kiliswh, which Mr. Maxwell says was never defended at all The capture of 10,0ix) Turks with hundreds of cannon was a shameless invention, for which head quarters was responsible. Mr. Max tkll tried to get the truth through, and when he asked tho censor why ho permitted tho Interned correspondents to pond "what you know to be lies" tho reply was: "We accept no responsibility for the news of correspondents. We are hero for one purpose only -to prevent news Retting abroad that might help our enemy. It la no part or our duty lo atop Ilea that may help to demoralize the enemy." The plight of tho correspondents held at Stara Zagora would have touched a heart of stone. They wero being "beaten" by the press agent at the front, whilo headquarters was lying to them unblushingly. Often their news of slaughter nnd capitulation had no basis of fact, nnd again tho battles they fought had not even begun. Tho Bulgarians did not want theso correspondents near tho front, as was quite natural, but added outrago to injury by deceiving them. In just i Meat Ion of the restraint Mr. Maxwell is fair enough to say: "The army that would have given any sort of liberty to the horde of men who claimed i(i he cnrrcpomlcnts would have been mad, nnd have gone to certain disaster nnd disgrace " The Turks ditl not exercise so much restraint on the correspondents, and experiences with tho army in defeat antl rout, and plague stricken and desperate, havo been reported faithfully. But that is about all. Whether tho profession of war corre spondent has a future depends upon the attitudo of military authorities that have to deal with the question from time to time. It is evident that only experienced antl responsible men need apply, and those finally accepted will have to submit to restriction of their movements and to rigid censorship. The Japanese solved the problem with intelligence, firmness, and yet with con sideration, as Mr. William Maxwell testifies gratefully. The Worst of the Musical Years. Whether or not the effects of the pres ent musical season will be noticeable next year is a question which interests those who have observed the lamentable results of tho period which is soon to end. Thero has never been a time of such oversupply. Musical artists of every kind have rushed to the United States in numbers hitherto unknown. In spite of some recent experiences there evidently flourishes abroad the confident belief that tho'inhabitants of this country are capable of absorbing limitless amounts of music of all kinds and are willing to pay any amount of money to gratify this passion. Yet how many foreign virtuosi mti6t have returned to Europe during the past few years altogether disappointed and sometimes bitterly n wakened as to the actual situation that exists here. And how this number will be increased when tho small urmy now in this country re turns homeward. There has been no. proportionate increase In tho musical appetite of the communities which arc called upon to support so many visit ing artists. Communities which might with pleasure listen to one virtuoso a week aro expected to attend tho con certs of three or four. To such an ex tent has the business of music making been overdone here. In some cities permanent orchestras havo monopolized attention at tho expense of the visiting celebrities. Local prido and interest require that the home orchestra shall be supported rather than the artist who comes for one concert. Of course the musicians suffer from this competition. Then thero is opera distributed over a wide field of this continent. That is always tho conqueror when there is competition between the two forms of musical en tertainment. But the existence of these newer forms of rivalry has never served to diminish tho number of foreign musicians that have been crowding to this country in recent seasons. Tho climax was reached during the present year. Surprising stories are told of tho small publio interest in artists who had come to this country with tho usual expectations of great profit. Some parts of the country have suffered more than others and havo been sn overrun with musicians that there has been bitter disappointment for them In more than one case sudden returns to Europe havo Indicated the failure of their experience to correspond to their hopes. So decided has been tho unsuc cessful result of this season, indeed, that j it does not seom as if its liko could bo wiuivnecu iioxv wimer. it scorns impos sible, moreover, that tho facta concern ing the musical situation should any longer be concealed even from avaricious musicians by the impresarios sufficiently unscrupulous to misinform them as to tho actual conditions in this country. It is only to tho union of theso two j elements that any season so disastrous I as that which has just come to nn end i could with any justice bo attributed. The P. O. Department Ilootjack. Proud of the best in tho past and glad to find that best productive in the pres ent, The Sun salutes the Hon. Alexan der Monroe Dockert, whom it know for sixteen years a Representative in Congress, for four years Governor, for many years as a Democrat of credit and renown. Third Assistant Postmaster-General in the new Administra tion, Mr. Dockert is vital evidence to tho unterrified that tho old heroes of Dcmocratio history sharo in tho glories of tho Democratic renaissance. Yet if the humbler though all ventur ing hand of sociology may iinmix Itself in these affairs of state, may those of us who try to reconcile modern opinion and ancient usugo Bay that not tho least charm of this Third Assistant Postmaster-General is that, faithful to antique and hereditary custom now giown homely, ho tlirusls his lower logs into hoots? Hoots' Generations of Commodores antl Generals, bristling of face and truculent of aspect, iraciiud of whisker, scintillant of epaulette, rise before us, their opulent but still trim tibim sheathed in boots. Tho states men of a hundred years wore those illustrious and too neglected leather scabbards on legs which boro them nobly through memorable debates, wero majestic under Cabinet tables and adorned tho White House with no unworthy pillars. Solid "merchant princes" too, magniflcocs of a day when to havo n cool hundred thousand was to be gticd nt nnd to keep a "ker ridgo" was tho visible and undeniable token of prosperity. Bishops, orators, great shipowners, penetrators of China and all tho gorgeous East; and happiest antl proudest of nil tho calcenmentlfcr ous world, tho little wanton boys were magnificent In boots. Boots that would extrude tho trousers u liltlo below the knees, unless those slops wero tucked JeffersonJanly therein; greased boots; pollshod boots; boots of culf or cowhide; docorativo of top and lofty of heel yawning at bedtimo for tho good old brown ancestral bootjack. To tho Hon. Alexander 'Monroe Dockeuy, true to tho tlreams of his youth and one of tho last clients of the bootjack, instrument which museums of no distant day will pnVe beyond those too often sophisticated Tanagra figurincs-to Third Assistant Postmaster-General Dockery vigor and useful ness in his office and long and cornless days! The Government WurlncU. Professor Willis L. Mooni: will be missed when ho quits the Weather Bureau. Who will daro to follow him in the task of furnishing to 00,000,000 of people their principal topic of con versation? What other poet will pro scribe fair days for Presidential in augurations, regardless of the vagaries of nature? Under what other hat can be found a man so willing to make long distance forecasts whilo the elements arc discrediting his less ambitious prog nostications? Faced with the awful responsibility imposed by acceptance of Professor Moore's resignation, what can Presi dent Wilson do? He is a bold and self- reliant man, but does ho pretend that ho can pick an augur as bravo and confident as the departing Moonr.? We know of only one equal to the task, but he is beyond tho temptation of the public service. He is tho Honorable and Immortal Robert Baily Thomas, perpetually retained by the Old Farmer for his Almanac, and now at work on his unerring predictions for the year of grace 19.M. The New House. It is expected that tho new benchen in the House of Representatives will not only accommodate comfortably the larger number or members for whom seats must be provided but will also bring about a condition less disorderly ami distracting than has prevailed while the familiar desks with chairs were in use. The members now havo individual quarters in the now office buildim?. nnd do not need desks in the chamber to attend to their correspondence and per form similar duties. Yet the physical arrangements of the House chamber will not insure attention to bores or relieve men who desire the respectful consideration of their col leagues from tho necessity of knowing what they are talking about and havinir some skill in tho art of oral statement. The devotees of rhetorio will still find their rolling periods slighted and their flights of eloquence without effect on their fellows. The man who knew never had difficulty in winning a hear ing, though his delivery might not be of an orator. We look forward regretfully to the usual proportion of buncorabo and stupidity in the deliberations of the new House, regardless of its improved seating diagram. A World of a Man. In the second instalment of his en tertaining autobiographical sketches in the Outlook Mr. Roosevelt visits tho woods and wilds, recalls his difficult progress from a slight, sickly boy to an athlete and one of the healthiest of men, and compliments a lot of good fellows. Among theflc slight but gracious notices of a stirring outdoor career antl of tall men of their hands liko John Sullivan and Bon Fitzsimmons, somo readers will be especially delighted by the tributo to tho intellectual power and tho sound political thought of tuiother warrior, the Hon. Battling Nelson, who, Mr. Roose velt says in effect, on most industrial and political questions thinks as Mr. Roosevelt does. Idem sent ire do republica: there is a Ciceronian reminiscence here, or is it the Sallustian saw that having the samo likes and dislikes is tho foundation of friendship? Mr. Roosevelt implies without expressing directly tho clas sical conclusion. What interests and charms his readers, or such of them as are not prigs Irredeemable, is the frank and simplo way in which Mr. Roosevelt shows his pride In Mr. Nelson's friend ship. A continent, a world of a man is ho who can range from Dr. Annorr to Battling Nelson. Much of Mr. Roose velt'h power is in this comprehensive delight in association with all sorts and conditions of men. Adepts of reincar nation would say lliat he had lived through many forms of previous life; that ho had been a mighty son of the Fianna; a hunter in the Hcrcynian forest; that he was perhaps a Faun or a Centaur ages before ho became a preacher In Fourth avenue. Tho centenary of the hleh ti.it. nnnura this year and should ho observed solemnly anil gratetuiiy wncrover 011 civilized or on woolly Ravage heads in the midriff of Africa or Australia the cylinder of aomhra splendor rests, Front iron trunk or plllur, irom wan 1 in naiuie or art or in nis own godlike. Imagination did llio sublime Renins who designed this steeple and cupola of mini draw inspiration? If lis Hge of (Inundated pates abhors it, if the "old wool hat" is thought safer or more democratic by tunny politician, If In tho flowering pulchritude of modern man many styles' of roof are fitted to his archi tecture, none tho less let tho wonder of the world bo uttered at that marvellous invention, Who but man Is beautiful enough to wear It, strong enough to, sus tain It, graceful enough to carry It off as easily as a camel liears a Bedouin fam ily, tent and furnishings, or a blithe little Sardinian donkey a loud of grass? Who wore the first high hat? Aye, more and most of all, who wns the original "highbrow"? To thoughtless youths of nil ages we commend the example of ti, O. Wish, rail road fireman, who nuved $100 out of each $100 monthly wages, suporled his wlfo and two children, Invested his surplus shrewdly and now laughs at tho wolf An old fashioned man, with no theories; he practises what Mr. MtCAWtip.n preached: " It I up to the II reman to Just simply do like nnv other class of men. 1, ns an assistant foreman, would not expect to Ibe like .Mr. Mti'itKA or Mr. ATrnsncRT or tho general manager. If I did I would get In a hole." Mr Wise will never qualify ns n great sociologist. He Is afflicted with good sense Every city drinking water taxpayer will bo pleased to know that though his means will not permit him to buy expensive spring waters for his wife and children he can still afford a special and costly tup for the employees of the Department of Public Charities, but it is strange that the earnest supporters of the city govern ment who get on Its payroll find the ordi nary tipple of their fellow citizens not good enough for them. Th Impending Bulier-Murphy break. Standard Union. Fear not each sudden sound and shock! A statesman's staple's poppycock. Knife given to Mr- Tatt. Headline. Free of office, he can wear a knife In his pocket Instead of under the fifth rib. SUFFRAGE IS COhORA DO. The Opinions of Professional and Badness Men ai to Its Working. To this KDtTon or Thk Sun Sir; Mra, Arthur Hunter attempts to reply to the strictures of another correspondent of Thk Hum, Mr. Calvert, on tho working of woman luffrage in Colorado. I have en deavored from time to tlmo to ascertain tho facta and so far my Information np ports Mr. Calvert's contention. A year or two ago 1 wroto to two friends, one a lawyer In Colorado Springs, tho other s lawyer In Denver, asking their opinions on the aubject, .Mi the time I knew nothing whatever of their view and selected them merely aa men of education and good stand ing. The Colorado Springs, friend replied that whlla in sympathy with the cans of woman auffraga a a matter of Justice, ho was obliged to confess that in his opinion it had been a failure In Colorado and no good had been accomplished. My Denver correspondent wrote: I with I could briefly summtrlxe for you my own private opinion on the women's vote question. I think you have summed It up yourself In the vety best way In one sentence In our letter which meets with my sincere approval, namely. "Such a move nelthe,' purines nor corrupts politics, hut simply dilutes the electorate." In Its practical operation It places more women workers In the political campaigns purely tor the sake of the money there Is In such work.'and while prior to this time women were more or lets Hwd tor clerical work, yet now the proportion Is very much larger, and I cannot say that It has sny effect for good or evil. They also appear at the polls In a clerical capacity as clerks or Judges ut election, with no higher and no lower tegard for the ethics Involved In the purity of the ballot or the question of the methods of procuring of Influencing vote. To turn It up again, my opin ion Is thst whatever msy ba the condition of poll, tics, the votes of women mske It only more so. I happened to bo at Brown's Palace Hotol In Denver a few years ago whilo the Repub lican State convention waa being held there. Tha, office swarmed with delegates, whites and negroes, and among them circulated the women, about aa unattractive and tin feminine an aggregation aa I have ever seen. Feeling appeared to ba Intense, and buying the leading paper to ascertain the cause 1 found the first page, including lurid head lines, monopolized by a discussion of charges that a certain woman candidate for a Stato office had obtained her nomination by cor rupt means. Purification of politics seemed aa remote as in our own State. Mrs. Hunter quotes a ooupl of sentences from a General Hals and then falla back upon Judge I.indsey Why Is it that out of several hundred of thousands of peoplo in Colorado the suffragists can find only on satisfactory witness for themselves? SSJ However great Judge Mndaey's services may have been In the Juvenile Court, hla authority on woman suffrage seems to roe weakened by the abaurd overimportanco given by women to hla views, by the tiresome frequency with which he ia quoted and by the fact that he holds an elective position. Without In the least reflecting upon his sin cerity, such au official has In my judgment everything to gain and nothing to lose by landing the voters. The opinions of promi nent business and professional men not holding offices would be much more to the point As it is, Judge I.indsey in his auto biography published some years ago de clared that In the campaign of 1007 (I think) the women deserted him and that they ero as much mibject to corrupt political influ ences as the men. KSEDESICl DwtUHT. Ntw Vons, March 23. A Jolt Income Tax, To thb Editor or The Son Sir: Why should anybody who ha an Income be eiempt from paying his proportionate part of an Income tax? Taxation Is fair only when It la absolutely equal, each person paying his ahure, never mind how small may be the sum to be contributed. Tut this principle Into effect I Justice demands It I liealdee, do this and some people who are now advocating (he Imposition of a tax upon Incomes won't be so "keen" about It. Chicago, March 21. Fain Pur. Letters Krom the Jerseys. To Tins I'.PITOR or Tuie Sun .Mr; The Kanter vacation of one of the Hast Side klnderrarten lenchera was to be tpeut quietly In the country, bo the wrote, several tellers of Inquiry to little placea In the New Jerf y hills. Tito of these re ceivert Interesting replies, which she Is keeping . at curiosities. I "Is theie a bar'" the atked In one, wishing to avoid the regulation wavtlde hulcl. with Us noise and tumctlmes row d Urn. The wife of the Inn keeper evidently did not get her point of view, for shewrolewiih evident tplcen' There Is no bar here. We ain't that kind of folks. Hut If jou aro the drinking kind of woman there Is saloons and hotels enough In the next town." The other queer reply was to a letter asking, "What about the facilities for washing'" nils was addressed to the keeper of a boarding house, the teacher wanting to know whether there was a bathroom for her morning tub, running water with wash hatln In the room, or Just the old fash ioned waahttand. Trusting to the Intelligence of the woman, she did not go Into particulars. The letter of reply tald: "Vou are welcome tu wash out any of your clothes in tny wtcnen tuus. ' I The kindergarten teacher made up her mind ' to be more tpectno In the future, M. M, I Ukooxltn, March Winter Stars. ! TolBiEniTORorTHSSuN-.Vlr,' Atthlillme of the tear glow lug accounts are telegraphed from the Southern training ramp concerning (he "tlars" that the major league trams have 1 signed during the "Inter Orrdulout lovers of hatehsll all over the country aro led lo believe ( that new men will nil the positions which were to ably guarded by the regulars In the preceding 1 rson Hut, tad to relate, like rotes, the winter "slars spring up and men fade away and the velernnb step to the plate when the starting bell rings, nun, tne tensauonai florin that emanate from the (mining ramps rve a good purpose, they rattaie to a certain rttent the sport lover's craving for the national game. Naw Vok, Uaicb a. O'Lsuoaiiy. OVU BEST VOUEHSS VI'STOV Klf . Trade Matlsllcs Nlinw Community of Interest nltli Camilla. In the Insit five years tho tratle of the United States with tho Dominion of t'nn adu, Including both purchases nntl sales, has increased from a total of $223,000,000 to $.VjO,ooo,om. Tills development is among thn notable phenomena of our trudo expansion, Our exports havo grown from $l53,ono,om In loos to $376,000, 000 in lot:, whilo Imports have grown from $71,txio,000 to $t2!,(ioo,000. Deducting from both accounts the sales of raw cot ton, of which the United Kingdom pur chased $200,000,ioo worth in 11)12, tho Canadian account materially exceeds that of the United Kingdom. In tliut year Canada bought from us nearly $50,000,000 more than did Ocrmany, including the $163,500,000 worth or raw cotton that op !cars in our exports to that country. Canada's history Is lit large degree written in its record of Imports from this country. Tho increase in purchases of agricultural implements, from $1,000, Ooo in ions to $0,600,000 in 1012, is a mark of tho great agricultural progress of the Dominion, moro particularly in those prairie provinces to which several hundred thousand people have gone from the United States in the last few years, A record of railway development is shown in the five year increaso in purchases of steel rails from $42I,H3 in loos to $3,800,. Olio in 1012; or locomotives, from $542,000 to $029,000; and of cars, from $487,000 to $3,000,000. An interesting paragraph is written In the imports of $8,860,000 worth of American automobiles in 1012, ns com !ired with $1,115,000 worth in 100S. A considerable part of tho $45,000,000 worth of coal imported last year, ns compared with $30,000,000 in 1008, represent greater horse-power in shops and factories. The development of mechanical indus tries in Canada is only Indifferently shown by the Import statistics. The census of 1000 reports a capital of $447,000,000 in vested in such industries and producing merchandise valued nt $41,000,000, while the census of 1010 reports an Investment of $1,246,000,000 with a product value of $1,164,775,500. Yet even with that Can ada comes to us for many millions of dol lars worth of such commodities as cotton cloth, binder twine, metal working ma chinery, sewing machines, typewriters, pipes and fittings, st nictural Iron and steel, tin plates, wire, boots and shoes, furni ture nnd many others. Notwithstanding the distinct status of the Dominion as an agricultural country, the Canadians draw from this country cattle, horses, corn, wheat, flour, fruits, hops, bacon, hams, lard, tobacco and other products of field and farm to an aggregate value of many millions of dol lars. Many look to Canada ns a source of lumber supply, yet the market on this side of the lino sold to Canada last year nearly $13,000,000 worth of lumber. All points considered, Canada must be re garded as the best of our foreign custom ers and, barring raw cotton, the biggest. Its purchases from this country last year were nearly twenty times those of China, more than six times those of Japan and more than twice thoso of France. The leading article of Import from Canada is lumber, $17,000,000 in 1012 and $14,400,000 in 1008, The second in value Is flaxseed, sometimes called linseed, of which we bought $10,600,000 worth in 1012. Other articles of importance, and their value, are: bituminous ooal, $4,000,000; copper and copper ore, $8,000,000; furs and fur skins, $2,350,000; hides and skins, $6,000,000; printing paper $3,200,000; wood pulp, $1,000,000. (Should the coming session of Congress put on the free list, as it probably will, a considerable number of agricultural products, there will doubtless he material increase In our purchases of those com modities, but tho entire Canadian sur plus could come Into our market without the slightest injury to any American industry. Tho increase In sales of such merchandise will contribute appreciably to the economlo welfare of the Canadians nnd result in further increase In their purchases here. Thst, after all, is the wisest and safest kind of reciprocity. MR. "HVC.nSTOX." The Secretary of Agriculture as Seen by sn OM Friend. To trk EotTon or Tup Sc.v-Sir Of all the new Cabinet officer the personality of Mr lfou.ston Is perhaps the least known to (he general reader. I ksew him Inti mately when he was superintendent of schools at Spartanburg, hi, C, and later when no vvern both graduate students at Ilurvard. liven in thoso early days he waa recognized as h man who would go far He conies of the same blood as Sam Hous ton, thn famous Texan, but he has none of the Impulsiveness and recklessness of that doughty citizen On the contrary, he is cautious and nary, hut not timid or vacil lating, lie always follows the good old rule of thinking twice before hn speaks, and he never moves until he feels firm ground under foot. Hy nature and training he Is conservative, hut his mind Is always open to enlightened suggestion. He Is no friend of what Is fantastic or quixotic, but .when he makes up his mind that a change ought to he made he moves forward with calmness, firmness and resoluteness, I have seen him more than once break away from early training and opinions, but never with u plutter On the whole, a sane, wise, steady man, with a penetrating and progressive mind, and a talent for details and organiza tion. He is no worshipper of red tape, but he likes to see a well oiled machine working effectively. Moreover, he never hurries and lie nevr-r rests. He doesn't fret and he never loses his temper He has abundance of heat In lib vitals, but it t omes out only In the flash of his eye ami In the even Iclnesb of Ills voice. The hardened spoilsman will not find n friend in Mr Houston. No genial loafer will slap lit tu on the buck and ask for u job. It Is safe lo snv that nobody will get an appointment in tho Depattment of Agricul ture unless lie bo a man of proved capuclty and character In the old student days he used to tell me laughingly that I'd turn nut eventually to bo either a spendthrift or a minor. I am neither, bo I do not rank him high among the prophets. Prophecy, huwever. Is not a gift needful to a Societary of Agriculture. Mr. Houston bus so many shining gifts that ho mayivery well leave prophecy to the wise ones who spend their time In hotel lobbies, It may be added that his namo Is pro nounced litighslon. When he entered Har vard many of his now aciiuaintnncea found It difficult to pronounce his namo correctly. They called him Howston, Hoottonand other things, but they bad such a high respect for him that Itilaturyearatheysuggestedhlmfor the presidency of Harvard on the retirement of Mr. Eliot. What's In the pronunciation of a name anyway' A. V h, I'niM hION, N ,1., March 22 For Ambassador to c;rest tlrltsln. Tu int. Km ion or Thk Hps .sir.- How would It do for ("resident Wilson to ssk Charles 1'rancl'. Adam to. go to Orest llrltaln aa our Ambassador? ( II Nkw ona, March 2.1. Ills Regrets. Adam regretted his rib. "It wouldn't htvt been milled from a shad," h complained. snot' a 1 ni.s. An Old llfpsrtment Nlorr i:niilo)re Comes Down to llras TncUs, To the EniTon or Tnt; SCN -.S'fr- 'lhi discussion concerning the wages of shop girls, Ihe relation of pay envelope to virtue, hns interested meitreally.as I served from IS lo 28 in various New ork department stores; first as a boy in the shipping room and for two veiirs as flnorvvalkrr. I have read with nmilemeiit the articles by well I meaning people who know only one side of the counter, and It occurred tome that possi bly a line on the other side mightn't come amiss. Soverul points I haven't seen touched on. Here Is u positive fact, The rale of Immoral ity among shop glrl l higher In thn higher paid women, and that doesn't let out Ihe "huyers," I have hud girls come to me and ask for a position at thecounteis where I hey come in contact lth men, "Aw, ulve us a chance to 'cop out' a 'live one,' won't you?" flood peoplo will say, "Why ilidn'l you discharge Ihe girl?" .Simply because It would servo no good purpose, would you have her on the streets? And If il were not for the "fine" system how would you main tain discipline? Vou couldn't; the only alternative would he lo discharge the girl who broke rules. I believe that Ihe Klrls should iret higher wages. but where one girl Is worth $12 a week another does the storo il'.' n week damage. You have lo lake Ihe sheep and goats together and endeavor lo whip (hem Into a cohesive wot king force. The girl has no real Incentive lo work, to Improve constantly. I ran nwny from a good average Incomed home at is nnd worked and lived on $.1 n week. I still hale the sight of a banana; but (hey arc filling, and you can get a lot for flvo cents If you are willing to do with those witli stained skins, I went without even bananas many and many a day, but I always knew that some day It would bo chicken Maryland, so ltditln'f "grouch." But a girl's Idea Is either to add to her spending money If she lives st home or to fill in the lime until Ihe right man asks her lo change "Miss" lo "Mrs." Why should she bother lo excel at some thing that aha will never have any use for afterward? That Is one reason why girls are not paid men's wages, they are not a future asset to the firm. As to a floorwalker making a girl's Job or promotion conditional to her surrender to him, let me tell such a girl to go direct lo headquarters and Mr Floorwalker will be kicked out so hard that he'll throw a full quarter of a mile of somctsaults. I'll admit that there are cases where there is an "affair" between a floorwalker and 11 saleswoman, but It is mutual, not the result of coercion. And if men have Insulted girls dependent on their good will, has it never occurred to you, Mr. or Mr. Theorist, that girts have made advance to men In a position to promote them? Ask Old Doctor Common .Sense. 1 have no quarrel with shop girls, on the contrary, the vast majority are"tioncst and many are bright and clever and 1 some times wish I were back among them; but I have a quarrel with the theorists who are airing their views in print and ao'have the shop girls. I know many of them and am received as an equal because 1 was once In the game myself, and one of them said to me the other day: "Say, what do them women think we are, a bunch of 'sports'? (meaning prostitutes! "Let "em mlud their own business and sec that Kido gets his bawth, and I'll mind mine, so long aa the Aldermen don't shorten hatpins." By all means give the girls more money, but let us hear less of the awful misery of shop girls, The trouble Is that a certain public is "fed up" on these fifteen cent maga zines with stories written by some girl who put on an apron and worked among them and never got within a million miles of them. Don't you euppnsu "salesladies" could epot such an amateur four blocks off and around a corner? Such a woman never would "belong," and I have to roar when 1 read some of those Istorles. I'll bet the girls had a lot of fun with the lady and saw to It that she didn't lack for "terri ble" stories. Omj Salesman. KastOsanos, V .7., March 21. THE EXTRA CREW BILL. President Rea of the Praxujltanla cues Some Uoofl Advice to Governor piolzer. Mr Dsar Sir: Will you permit me to urge upon your notice the serious objections, from a publio standpoint, to the extra crew bill which ha been passed by the Assembly and favorably reported to the Senate of New York? Thla measure lays down the arbitrary rule that trains shall be manned by a speci fied number of men, regardless of the ne cessities in each case. There must be the same number of men on a passenger train, for example, whether It ia a continuous run of 100 miles or a run Involving stops at every way station, A fast freight, Involving but little work for the crew, must have Just as many men as a local freight, with con stant switching and continual work for the men, the whole regulated solely by the number of cars In the train. Such a rule adds an extra and unneces sary brakeman, arbitrarily, to a large num ber of trains. It he contributes to the safety of passengers or otheritraln employ. ees, hy all means put him on the train. But no additional security is obtained. Advocate of similar legislation have been repeatedly and successfully challenged to name any serioas accident resulting from insufficient train crews. Hills similar to that now pending In New ork were vetoed by Governors Hughes and Dlx and also by Oovernor Koss of Massa chusetts and Governor Harmon of Ohio, on the very proper ground that the various public service commissions should deal will) all such questions after full hearings ana with reference to the peculiar condi tions surrounding each ense. Such pecu liarities Include the numlver of stops a train makes, seasonable alterations in operating conditions, ainerences between through and local services, both passenger and freight, amount of switching required, and condi tions under which it is performed, and varia tions (ti grades over which trains run All such factors are legitimate determinants of the s?o of a crew '1 ho decision in such cases should be left lo the railroad manager. unless mere is an inadequate or muroner practice. In which case publio service com- missions should have power, after henrlngs, to prescribe the practice to be followed. As a msrter of fact, thero nre runs on our own road calling for even more men than aro stipulated In the unvarying rule of this bill. In other cases a smaller number of men Is quite sufficient. If then there is no additional safety and no increased efficiency in naupolfousi'rew, anil II llio piinllo inteiests are adequately safeguarded through tho 1'iibliu Service Commission, why place upon the railroads -and ultimately upon the public the burden or a lioavy and fruitless evisuiditure? How' will tho unnecessary extra emnlov ees advantage the men already working for our company, especially our lines In New York State, which do not now fully earn their fixed charges, let alone any dividends. or how will this unneconsary expouse help these lines to provide tho high character of service required by tho publio? Our records show that the Pennsylvania Railroad lias already wasted $783,016.81 in complying with the oxtra crow law which ia now being contested before the courts or tne commonwealth of Pennsylvania How will a similar waste benefit the people Ol .NOW lOrKY HAMLKI. It Y. . l'ltii.ADt.i.rBiA, March 17 Prom a Monster of Cruel!) . To thk EniiOR or Tnn Hi'Nflir. The most, sultahle and very likely the most effec tive punishment that could be meted out. to the militant suffragettes now terrorizing tugland would be to Imprison each offender In a tbreo by four room with one or more mice, and no chair to stund upon, th' num ber of mlco to bo placed In a cell being regu lated by the extent of the offence, ' Nw Yona, March 33. -" "A, H. , i K. . ' ' "l WENIGS A FEATURE OF EfT SIDE WORK Milk Committce'B Campaign Willi Nurses 'leaves Many Small Babies Yiivr s. MODEL BILL AT ALBANY Governor' Conference Derided on State Control of Milk Supply. Practical eugenics as applied In women who are about to become moth era and to those who have Just be come mothers is the brunch of its work on which the New Tork Milk Committee lays most stress in Its sixth annual report Just Issued. Details aro (riven of the committee' experiments In prenatal work whereby the women of the poorer quarters of the city am ttiught bow to care for themselves before their babies are born and how to care for their babies as well ns themselves after tbo birth, At tention Is called to the fact that cms in every six babies dies during, tlis tlrst year of llfo and that nearly one In every three of all thoi-e deaths oc. curs during the first month of life and la due to congenital catiiiec. This malignant congenital Influence 1st due, the committee points out, ti tho condition of the mothers hroticht about through Ignorance or dlseass Just before the birth. While deaths of infants from every other causa de creased In 19 12, those from congenital causes Increased. Tho committee conducted a syj. temattc campaign last year against this Ignorance on the part of mothers In six of the most congested districts of tho city. A nurso was placed In charge of each district and to her the women of the tenements about to become mothers reported through the milk sta tions. The nurses made regular visits to each case and warned the prospective mother to keep herself in as good physi cal condition as possible. The woman wns told whst she should and should not eat, what work she ought to do, and In fact, everything that women In better circumstances would be told hy their physicians. Medical attendance was provided whenever required. The committee thus dealt with 1,37.1 cases during the year, caring for each mother for a month after the birth of her baby. Aa a result deaths among these supervised children w-ere nearly one-third less in proportion than among those .born In Manhattan as a whole. Another Important activity of Uit committee mentioned in the report was the investigation of 230 of the better class eating places In the city last summer, which brought to light the fact that three-quarters of the milk sold at these places was of the poorest quality. As a result of this Investigation the Board of HeaJth Issued a regulation against the sale of this milk at public eating places. The committee alio In vestigated loose milk sold In East Side stores, Ice cream, milk adulteration. mill: Inspection, mlHc dilution, and prosecuted violations of the milk law. The committee now haa pending In the Legislature a model bill providing for,, the State control of milk supply. wnicn resulted from the conference of Governors' delegates for the ten New England and MltMIe States called by the committee. The committee also took a leading part In killing the Wheeler bill last April, which bill, th report says, "would have practically abolished milk standards In this State." TRINITY CLOCK'S EASTER HALT Ancleat Tlnsepleee Stop for First Time Since Colonial Days. Easter strollers In lower Broadway were amazed yesterday when shortly after noon some one noticed that the clock In the tower of Old Trinity had stopped at 7 minutes to 10. "Why, I never heard of such a thing'" was the horrified comment among this throng, "and on Kaster morning too." Nor had any ono else ever heard of Old Trinity's clock stopping before. Krom tho tlmo George Washington marched up Broadway at t'lie head of his troops and halted In front of th old place of wort-hip to set his watch until yesterday such an untoward thlnp had never been heard of but once In connection with this famous timepiece TO MAKE ARBITRATION' EASIER. Ilallvrar .SI en Want Congress ( Aaaend Erarnas Art. A bulletin Issued by the Railway Pu" nesa Association yesterday suggests that no more Important matter can be called 1" the attention of the extra session of Congress than the strengthen!!!? of the Fedetal arbitration machinery It urged that "the Erdman act should br amended or legislation snhstttiiten for It providing a form of voluntary arbitration so little open to valid objection as to de. prlve disputants of all reasonable excuse , for declining arbitration under the lay " The bulletin says that to postpone su-h legislation Is to Invite "widespread and perhaps national disaster at any moment " The bulletin saya that while the Mrdinsn act Is effective In averting strikes through mediation In controversies, It Is ineffective In large scale disputes when they reach tho arbitration stage, it says that the Erdman act Is becoming even more In adequate In Its small number of arbi trators and the short tinted-thirty das for investigation. "Thn burden of mediation," reads thf bulletin, "already heavy, will increase a time goes on, especially If the act Is ex tended to Includo all classes of rallrosi employees. Tho machinery of niedlatles should therefore be made adequate to tin enlarging demands on It," JERSEY CITY TO CLEAS V' Campaign Headed tr Mayor WIM penn tn Beorln nn April 3. Klfteen hundred men, women nnd Wl dreu with Mayor Otto 11. Wlttpenn a th head will begin a clean' HtyrfsmpslRn in Jersey City on April "31 AlUflty depart ments will aid. Toifacllttate tho task the foreos have been dlviad Into thres leagues, ' John Warren Is geVcral chairman "t ,n" men's league. HI 'district lieutenants are Q. It, IvObaeii.'0 Bergen : Frederick fichulti. areenvllle-. Joeph K It Ander son, lower Jersey City, and Philip rtaipi". Hudson City- Mrs, William ! Jj wards, wlfe-nof former Benator i' wards ancl,r.a prominent New Jers'. suffragette, hna charge, of tho ,r". league. John J. Murray, a pupil t" Ulcltincon lllarh School, is In charf) lM Lbqys and girls.