Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, SUNDAY, MAY 18, 1913. 8UNHAY, MAY is, mtn. Inte red t the Post Offlrr at New York as Serond (lass Mull Mailer. Nobti rlptlnns b Mall, Postpaid. PA11.Y. Per Monlh ... . lOllfl flAIIA, frr Yuir " KI'MiAY. I'rr Vnr 3 50 DAILY ANIlSfN'tlAY, Per rar . . M AO DAILY AM' HI NDAY. IVr Montn 7S 1 Mr LVUMNO .sf.N, IVt Month a nn;i:vi:M.N(ihfN.ivrYMr a mi roxtace In fnielgn countries added. All checks, money order, rr., 10 he mad pay able lot MKSt'N. Hrnrlrr of '1 iir si n leaving town for the sum mer months cm have the morning and Sunday editions dellxned id them In any part of this lountrv rr Kurorc on the terms Hated above. Addresses i hanged as often as desired. Order Ihroueli newsdealer or directly of Publication offlrr, telephone ;,;ni prrkmaii. Published dally, Inrtiitllri c Sunday, bv the Sun Printing ami Publishing Association at ITn Nassau trfft. In the llnroiuh of Manhattan, New York. President anil Treasurer, William C ttctrk, 170 Nassau strret. Vlie-I'ildeiit, IMvsarri I. Mltrhrll, 170 Nassau street, Serrctarv, ('. II. I.uxtnii, I To rVaasau street london offlrr, Kfflncrmm House, t Arnndrl Hreet, Strand. Pari office, a Itue dr la Mlehodlfre. off flue dn Wvialre Septemhre. Washington office, !lltih building. Brooklyn offlrr, loa Livingston street tf our frUnitf vhn farnr in irla manuirrlnji nnd Ploifrartoiw for puWIrarlnn tnfi In harr wretrd ttltt$ relumed IHtv fiuif In all cajej stmt ftampi for thai purnete. I f" Why Discriminate? Tba public hi tin right ti efficiency In IU factory servants. -Srrrrlnry Hum ikmi. Why discriminate? Has not the pub llo an equal "right to eftleienoy" in its farm servants? Is then1 to bo an ofll clally created and officially enforced Btandard of industrial ollicionoy in the eteel mill, the shoe factory, the cotton mill, and in all othr-r mechanical in dustries, whilt) the farmers are to he left to pursue their present system of producing one blade of kms where they should product' two? As far as the welfare of the public fa concerned, as rep relented by its need for an ample supply of food products at a piojkt minimum rout, these are hiplily pertinent questions. Is Secretary HntKKiN out of harmony with his rnllcaRUi' on this issue? May we not listen hopefully for his voice ns Miring us that farmers who do not pro duce sixty bushels of corn, twenty-five bushels of wheat, Hio pounds of cotton or 200 bushels of potatoes to the acre will pet a dose of Hedkikld'h Sovereinn Remedy, a safe and certain euro for Industrial inefficiency? Why not? The glarint; weakness in our whole economic system, the most effective cause of the high cost of living, is tho undue cost of production on the farm. We spend millions of dollars a year through the Department of Agriculture, we boast of the superior intelligence of our farmers, of the, superior fertility of our soil anil of mechanical devices nicely adjusted to the special conditions of our farm area, yet in quantity yield to the acre and in unit cost of production we are hopelessly beaten by the people of ot her lands. We get our little average of Ki bushels of potatoes to the acre while British and German farmers average :no bushels, the Austrians 155, and the French iki bushels. Wo get an average of u bushels of wheat, while the French average 20, the Germans 30, and the British 33. We get our 30 bushels of oata, to 45 bushels for tho British and 61 bushels for tho Germans. Tho cotton average for the crop of iorj was ino.9 pounds to the acre. It is well known that many planters get twice that. The great majority aro undeniably in the inefficient class. Has the public, under the new interpretation of eco nomio laws, no right to demand their reformation and the punishment of those who shall fail, as to corn or wheat, cotton or potatoes, to produce at an officially fixed minimum of cost? Certainly the hitherto protect cd farmers are making quite as much noise about their condition under the pro posed tariff as are tho manufacturers. Why discriminate? Speak up, Mr. Houstuv. Get into tho merry game and keep the ball rolling. Newspaper Mall. In an interview recently published in Tiik SUN'n railway mail superintendent, Mr. K. M. Nonius, wild: "Of course our men are human and are just as likely to make a mistake as any one else, but these cases are not frequent. " We wonder if the mass of complaints in regard to the poor delivery ot news- nnneru nnmnu frnrn a nmiun 1,mr.nn iu that of maViug mere mistakes. It Is, as I lie Biipennteiiflent says, from a human lulling, nut is it not in a different wny irnm tnat in wnicii ho meant? Does it come in some degreo from an inhere out incapacity on tho nan of mail clerkx to regard nowspapers as lnting not much more important man circulars or ad ver tiftementH? As nowsnancrs are eliisneil under "second class" mail. flflPA till! biibtle notion get into tho minds of tho men that there is no need for hurry or despatch In handling them'y An hnnr nr fto of difference, perhaps they think, fefccB no matter in tho delivery of a newspaper. We mean this seriously. We do not refer to the railway nuiil lerks, but to the local clerks at the destination of thn newspaper, Thero Is where borne of the delay takes place. We have sometimes heard a box dis tributor nay that he hadn't "got round yet to his papers." And the subscriber has to wait as calmly as possible until lie tines get around to them. There tan be no question that If the mail service could come anywhere near to the efficiency of the news stand ser vile throughout t he country t lie prompt delivery of the newspapers sent through the post office would he promoted. Here we have another Instance of the diner em ; iM'twifii the elliiicncy of private and public enterprise. Nance for the Oatiiler. The pride and swelling port of the dethroned lords of the world surge un diminished in one faithful bosom: "T" till. I'mtnitOK I'm Sin Mr- 'Ihrro "limilil In- nit olpjoi tloti lo Ititi'lllirrnt wotnrn voiImb, tliiHo flint know wlint they are titl ing for. Hut n tfontll tiiunliri of mir untiirn cantiol rvoii write ilioir nimu-i In I'.nKlNh. tlilnk of thorn rnatliiir a witc. "t you think (lint om it nie nro help ful to the rntiiinuii rnuor'' TIimp vote aro very rnnily Mwiycil, iitnl as tho M lnlorola lluht hnrilrt Innnril flection lltno the chances are that they will urt this vote Tor a reiiinly I noulil miggrst that women who gel the niifTrnuc ihmilil first pass an examination as to their knowledge of American politic. Thin seems to tie the only friislhle way. There Is no iip In put ting siirli a weapon In the IihihI of unknow ing women 1,. N. (I. "llnoiiKl VN, Mny in " What is sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander. How many millions of male voters could pass even a very rudimentary examination in "Ameri can politics"? A man acquires tho right to vote tiot by his knowledge but by the fact that he is 21 and so forth. Thn examinations for naturalization are mighty easy: and great is the amount of ignorance displayed by candidates. The native or foreign born citizen has to show that he can read and write in some States, hut everywhere graduates a voter without being called upon to prove that he has any knowledge of American politics. Whether he ac quires the knowledge or does not ac quire it. doesn't affect his right or priv ilege. Vtiiy should more be required of woman citizens? This is aside from the general merits or demerits of woman sun rage. Promotion and r.ttlclcncv. "The Department of Commerce ex ists," airording to Mr. Rkpfiklii, "for the purpose of promoting American industry and commerce at home and abroad." The head of the Department of Com merce lays upon the inefficiency of man ufacturers their small profits and their siipjhisihI desire or necessity of redue. ing wages. 'Hie Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce will examine such cases. .Air. KKnriKl.K has given so emu notice that: ieratirts with hal equipment, with unscientific treatment of material, with antiquated methods, tn poor locations. with insufficient uipital and generally In- effective, manigement will not he esteemed a is-itlsfactory reason for reducing wages. " On that same day the Bureau of Cor porations was promoting industry and commerce by informing the country that the 1 nited Stati-s Steel Corporation is so efficient that it is making "exces sively high" profits in certain branches of its business. Inefficient industries must not reduce wages; profits of efficient industries must be cut down: thus are American indus try and commerce to be promoted. When l Drama Serious? Another theatre manager has aban doned confidence in the public and an nounced that he will offer no more serious plays to inconsiderate New York audiences that hanker onlv after the fleshmts of musical farce and oner- etta. This is after all not nearly serious a charge as it seems. To be addicted to the frivolous in the drama is regarded in some quarters as an evi dence of certain intellectual powers of a high order. It has long been a stumbling block in the tiath of the reformers of the theatre in Kngland that professors from Cambridge or Oxford usually hurry to the Gaiety or the Alhambra when they reach I London, to the neglect of His Majesty's or other more serious theatres. So it is not an irrefutable reflection on the intellec tuality of a public to accuse it of lack ing interest in the serious drama. It is not altogether true, however, that this public docs fail to enjoy serious plays. Such a charge from a manager merely means that the public did not like hit serious plays. It happened, however, to like the other impresario's and went to see them. Thero could be no greater proof of a lack of serious interest In the theatre to the man that selected the wrong plays. To regard the theatre as a means of intellectual pleasure is not tho view of most persons of culture. Nor do they lind tho mass of ephemeral fiction a means of any other than casual diversion. To tho average man of intellect one is as unimportant as the other. To such minds tho theatre means the samo as it does to tho tired business man on whoso unfortunate head so much blame lias fallen. As a matter of fact the con temporary theatre has not done much either in this country or Kuropo to at tract the public which might, bo expected to enjoy a serious drama. It may bo that Ki okne BiUEt'X commends himseir to thoughtful spectators. Among Knglish writers, are there any others than Shaw or (lAiJiWOBTllV to build tip a public for the serious drama? Pinkko is al together of the theatre, Sua w'h finely intellectual wit sometimes wins for him tho support of the great publio, as it has dono in tho case of his latest play. Rut so far it is only to special audiences that plays by tho author of "The Silver Box" have been attractive. The drama is indeed a less serious thing to tho intellectual than to other playgoers. It is not indeed a settled matter that the intellectuals have been absorbed even in tho plays of litst-.v. Serious people may have found delight in reading the plays of the Norwegian playwright, but whether they were J uiM-iiia lw.f.... iiw.v r..,l i., rLu mi-i became serious afterward Is a question that remains unanswered, just as the Imiuiry as tir whether the serious people of England caused the fogs or the fogs made the people serious. The charge of the American manager Is true so' far as it concerns serious imi tations of masterpieces, l-ncking the importance of KiiAKKHWiAiir', they np ieal to no particular public Whether the most, intellectual citizens support I the plays or not, there Is no doubt that ,n Kcniuis piay wiucn nas ciemems oi vitality is going to prove just as profit able in this country as in nny other. But it is not enough that tlio play be merely serious. It must possessptherqiiallties. The Ortlrat of .Modern Warfare, At a luncheon in Kngland recently liord lionK.in h compared the met hods of his early lighting days with those ob taining at the present time. He said: "tn mv first campaign In India Ihesoldlcrs were armed with eiaclly the same weapon ns w as ued at Waterloo miller Wem.inoton, rxrept that we hail the cap Instead of the old Dint, It was a ridiculous weapon com pared with what we have now, lint then we were all close together rolotiels, majors, captains, suhulterns we were nil In close order. I myself was an artilleryman. We went up lo the breach at Delhi within 4o yards of the city walls 1 myself breached the Kashmir bastion The thing now would tie an Impossibility. The Infantry would go up then and commence firing at forty or fifty yards. Now you are fighting at 1,000 yards. The utraln upon the Individual man under the present system Is some thing I cannot describe, 'there Is no man alongside of him, he Is separated from his comrade by ten to fifty paces; ho lies In tho open alone for hours together, creeping along, and the strain Is something extraor dinary. It does not matter In men what the country or the enemy Is like, a man Is by himself, he hardly sees his officers at all; he believes they are doing their best for him, but he has not to depend upon himself practically." N'o one has ever described more viv idly the ordeal of the deployed soldier with a long rango magazine rifle in his hands. He rarely sees the enemy, and yet hears the moan of the enemy's bul let and feels that the next one coming in his direction may kill him. What is cover and what is not he knows only by experiment. He is merely a privateand yet he must have and iw the wits of an officer. It is a case of every soldier his own commander. All the fighting men lying out in the open, or advancing and taking advantage of the cover as they move forward, must act as if by a com mon purpose, and still there come emer gencies when they have to make their own orders and execute them. It is this new condition of warfare that calls for thorough and constant training. There is no more rushing to the charge in numbers that inspire courage and seem to lessen the danger. Raw troops have charged gloriously when properly led. but raw troops are now only food for powder, however valiantly led. Kngland's Territorials are green and unfinished, as some of our own militia still are. Ird KoiiKltTS has been going up and down Kngland exclaiming that the Territorials would lo wantonly sacrificed if pitted against trained soldiers. There is a lesson for the 1'tiited States in hi, brave insistetii-e. Our limited regular i'rmy could meet the conditions uf modem warfare in a creditable manner, although there are ery few enlistisl men in ii now who were under fire in Culm and the Philip, pine in uss-inon. But what of the National Guard, improved as it lias been since the Dick law was enacted? It contains some line regiments, and some inferior ones, but mobilized in one bodv it would not be an army like the reg ' ",,,n' of "'erniany, r ranee, hnglainl and '"IMiir Nobody would expect it to oihtn,", comparison well with the t nited States army until it had had its baptism or tire and the experience of nix months of campaigning. Flying the Florida Slr.ilM. Reflor pOMi.voo Kokii.mj, who flow from Key West to Camp Columbia, Ha vana, yesterday, in an aeroplane, win ning a $10,000 prize offered by the City Council to any Cuban performing tJie feat, deserves honorable mention and a conspicuous place on the roll of aviators. No American airman has succeeded in crossing the Florida Straits. Mr. J. A. D. McCkkadv. a Canadian, made a daring essay, but his motor went wTong ten miles from tho Morro. There were no sharks about when Mr,, Mt Ckkadv launched his airship on Janu ary 30, 1911, and descended into the main; so much greater the distinction of Seflor Rosiu.o, who iM'lieved he braved the risk of an encounter with an alert "man eater." The Cubans aro mortally afraid of sharks, not holding the theory of the late Hkiimann Oixhiciis that the shark will never molest a swimmer. In lBO.s an American residing in Havana olfered to prove that the theory was sound bv swimming across the Morro entrance in midsummer, but his Honor tho Mayor wasagnast atttie idea and peremptorily forbade tho public exhibition. One begins to be almost glad that Mr. Ioiinnon didn't win as a Vice. Presidential candidate, hnitrll Cnurirr-Ciliirn. Good for you. Your point is well maun, Vtlinro have you lieen rirlins? In tho caboose,? Hut even so. don't ho too suro about your conclusion. That man Marshall is "nomo pumpkin." Philosophy, with its manifold nroblem all historically anleilating any attempt at an exact science of mind, has tended to hold Itself aioor from the psephologist's investi gation, treating them with indifference Indulgeuci) or contempt, as Hie case might seem to warrant. rnvciniuiril ffriioir. This is news In us, Has thiiro been such coldness lietween tho cloistered walk and tho experimental laboratory? We had thought that "tho ultimate truth" and "thn real and crying need for funda mentals" were working hand in hand, down life's peaceful valley. "I believe," says tho prinoipal of a Denver school, "thut teachers should attend concerts and good plays and take trips, So does my wife, but my salary necessitates choice between these things and nilslne a family We chose the latter." Hrivo. What trip lingers in the fancy? . A bllfrmilun fi.lt ....-- I l.n ttiltbtt flf rhatitamiiMti platform? And in reply ie "wo chose the latter," does tho pro. lessor know thai a French playwright does not agree with hltn, for In a recent play, so we are told, Ills entire plot con sists in answering the query whether a certain couple prefer a liuby to an auto mobile, and they decido In favor of tho motorcar liecause It Is less exensive, Tim rebuke by Secretary DANtKbs of sensational uewspapets thai mako a war scare of the Japanese controversy is well tltneil, and It Is the more linpresslvo lie cause Mr Danirls is thn proprietor of an ililliieutial tiwsaH'r in the South He cites as a sample war scum lie a pub lished story that carried these headlines: "U. S. S. .Maryland strlpied for action -Makes forced speed to Han Francisco Prepared for battle." Tho Maryland was merely testing Alaskan coal by order of the Navy Department, and of course she was not "stripped for action." The yarn was made out of wholeVloth, and tho Im posture must have lieen delilterate and cold blooded. There should lie, as Secretary DANIKLS suggests, some way of prosecuting those responslblo for such barefaced fabrica tions, and the jingo policy of the news paper printing them should lie admissible as relevant and corroborative evidence. Th I lilted Stales cruiser Montana left here to-day tor Philadelphia Denpnlch rntn Alain. How tlalibergastiugtothe jingoes when the Suez. Canal was so near! The Federal Council of the German Ktnpire is said to be considering measures to (lernmnl7.e ATsace-borrHine. And ono of them is susK'nslon of French news papers anti-German in sentiment. Thu suggestion might have eomo from the French side of the bonier, for no device could Iw lietter calculated to intensify antipathy to German rule. Sv retary of State William -Iks-sinus Urn n h is confessed to several newspaper men that he Is only second to TlltotWBK Itoishvu.T In creating "copy" for the press. Dmiwtrh from IVnnninijInii Grape juice and battleships of love aro not In the other Colonel's lexicon. The HlRtit nf the Public tn Kfllcienc) In Its loiai Sennit. To tiik KotTou or TllK Sl'N Sir Why cannot the Hon William Cox Itedfleld try his prentice hand on the Post nftleo Depart ment? He cannot find a more inefficiently managed business in the country. The spirit of the Imiuiry should be "th public Isentltled inefficiency " !. H. Maoiikk. MnnnisTows. N .1 , May 17 The Hue rt In "Ttie umliy Min." Tn Titr Km ton or Tin: Sr.v .Sir Artists a well as phlllstin-'s whom I have met in the last six months line all spoken in praise of your Sunday edition, espoialv the art section, the fine repioductions of modern and old masters, and, what Is ipilte signifi cant, they were overjoyed at the elimina tion of the i-oniie section. on are to be commended on your efforts to propagate a taste and a knowledge of the fine arts, irrespective of schools, sys tems iiiul traditions. What the public Is anxious to know I nut on much th opinion of art critjf sof academician but the ex pros- Ion and eclally the news of art In the world, the reproductions of the wck of painters, sculptors, arenitects. of interior decorators, of ittry mikers, of designers of rugs and art furniture, in fine, all that pertains to the industrial arts People are thankful that five cents buys reproductions of these works eory week, as many cannot ifford to pay ?. cents for art magalrcs or ex en th regular tniijalnss I he public is not only Interested in the features and savings of the Four Hundred, of artreses, Mllticl.ils and gtafter, but likewise about European artists and about the joung men In the 1 nited states of to dav who ate helping to create Hie future renaissance of ineric.i such men as .to l,iid-or, W (thicken, (i t.uks, a Sloan, (. 'Helljns and A U PaUe The work. the aim, th" achievement, the propaganda of these and hundreds of other American artists are Just as Interesting as the lives of the great captains of industry. , on have the thanks and the best compli ments of scores of unknown well wishers, who are silently and weekly encouraging you in your great work of propaganda I am one of them (' nr. KonsAno. Nrw Venn, May IT llr. Ileittle or New Hampshire and N'ew York. To trk Knunr. or Thi: Sr.v Sir: tf your editorial article In Till; Sr.v of May 0 refers lo Dr. W. .1. Heuttle, one statement in it shows how you have misrepresented facts. Dr. lteattle is ii registered physi cian in two of the bust States in this coun try, your State and mine. New York and New Hampshire. Mrs. W. .1. lU.ATrnt. I.itti.I'.tos, X. II . May IS, Our information was obtained from tho Librarian of the New York Academy of Medicine, For the Attention of the Ntate Departs ment. To tiik KniTon or Tiik Sr .Sir: In September, till?, the fiev. K. A. I.eeper, D. !)., preached a sermon In the ( onvregatlonnl Church. Fort Recovery, Ohio, entitled "Our Ships." The beautiful toast credited to the Sec retary of State was included in thai ser mon. W, II. I.KAVITT. llon.sKi.l,, May 17. The Mtett Domeitle I'snaeea. Do you want your maid to stay? Treat her as an cnual, You don't need lo raise her pyi Treat her as an euual, (irievances will disappear, She will smile from ear lo ear If you'll only make il clear That lieisyoureiiial! If you waul her lo behave Treat her as an euual. You've been making her a !ave; Treat her as an equal. If a game of bridge you'ee planned Ask her In to take a hand; Say her losses you will stand; Trrnl her as an equal! Ask her at your side to dine, Treat her a nil eiiual: Pour for her a glass of w ine, Treat her nr. an euual. If she brandishes her knife, If she horrifies your wife, Do mil wold her, on your life! Treat her as an equnl, Don't Insist on "sir" and "tim'am"; Treat herns an equal. I.01 her call you "Ulll" or "Sam"; Treat her lis an equnl If she wishes, let her phy Your piano half the day, Music drives dull cure awny. Treat hex as an oquii", Solve the problem of the age; Tieal her as an equal: Wiite your name on history's page: That w III be. the sequel. There should be no yawning void 'Iwlxi employer nnd employed; l.ct such barriers be destroyed! It us all be equal! R. H. TlTHBRt KUTON. nro noi Kitxm:T exhibits. A Mud) of the ew freeilom In the l.anil of l.lliert). A seeker after tiolltlciil truth and stu dent of industrial Justice was informed ons clay In the twentieth century twit lie could see two "wonderful exhibits of then' two branches of knowledge, politics and industry, If he would but visit a certain factory In Klekapoo, Kan. As ho was almost as much of a slave of the wander lust as the Secretary of Stato he left his Job and went out lo Klekapoo. Upon his arrival ho was taken to the factory whote horseradish was nvmisfactured from horse chest nuts, The manufacturer met him at the side entrance, as he said he was running this exhibit on the quiet, from which the stu dent was forced to Infer that a Utile Federal draught, not graft, made Ijhe wheels and the mare go round. Indeed, the manufacturer proved to be like Yoriek. "a fellow of Infinite jest." One thing that the student noticed was that ho wore a sort of halo or nimbus upon his brow, which was of medium elevation, neither high nor low. Then tho student was taken over tho vast plant by the queer manufacturer, 1 who wanted to explain precisely how busl- ness was run under tho Heady Recltieirt Reasoning, R-R-R, It's good for tho llfo blood of tho nation. Try It on tho office cat. Insist upon tho yellow wrapper. Guaranteed under tho Pain and Panics act of IMA. Sold only In packages similar to Hwamproot's Silver Pills. Tho manufacture of tho horseradish began up on the roof, wtiero the horso chestnuts fell direct from the tree. "I see you have no transportation cost of crude products," aid the simple stu dent. "No," replied the manufacturer, "I have merely to pay for tho labor of gathering up thn fruit as It falls on theroor Tint is my first cost " "Why, what does the tabor cost you?" "Twenty cents an hour on the office books, but thirty cents an hour when tho money is really paid." "How 1. this? How can you afford to do that?" asked the silly student, who was no I ictt er I han an econom I c n I neompoop. "My dear sir," snapped the manufac turer. "I agree to take you through my fuctory on one condition, and that is that you must not cter me with absurd nnd therefore unanswerable quest ions. Surely you know that one of the fundamental ingredients In Ready Redllolit Reasoning is that a mere fact as to cost may be only a literal fact and not an ideal fact. Ict me (piote the exact words' 'The Depart ment has undertaken to find out whether the facts do or do not justify threatened reductions. Observe that in saying the facts one does not mean merely tho facts as they are. but also the facts as they ought to be.' Well, then, you see how simple it all is. The twenty cents that appear on tho books are thn facts as they ought to be, the thirty cents that come out of my pocket are the facts as they nro, unreal facts, stage mtney, so to sieak. Do you make me, i'teve?" The student, who was more or less of a natural born ninny, htid to admit that Ready Itedfleld Reasoning was morn logical than anything in "Gulliver's Travels." So thereafter he held his tongue except to let slip one more fool question in tho manufacturer's private oftice. Silently, therefore, they went through the rest of the vast plant, whofe the student wiw shown exiensivo and intricate machinery that needed to have only one operative feed it with horse chestnuts, then it scraped them unci cut them into the rogular size strings of chopped horseradish, weighed it. put it In bottles, corked them, sealed them, pasted on the lalel, and then a packer put them in boxes for shipment to nil the palaces where lobsters cease to worry and the diners are in bhstt Finally when the student had been shown the large executive offices, where tho clerks were locked up for the d iy and let out at night, nnd cash registers were ringing up counterfeit money, the strange manufacturer took the poor bewildeied fool into his private office. "I don't think I ever saw a larger force of clerks," said he. "No," replied the manufacturer, "they come under the head of what is known as overhead cost, along with salaries paid to an army of salesmen, rents of luxurious retail stores, depreciation of machinery, all the little bags of shells in short . "Your profits must lm enormous," said tho wool gathering student. Tho manu facturer gazed at him as if he had lost his mind. "Profits? Profits?" he asked of the stu dent again and again; "my dear sir. are you quite daft? What is true of tho labor ers picking up the horse chestnuts on tho roof is true of all these clerks, managers and vice-presidents. They have to be paid salaries, 'not as they are, but also as they ought to lie.' Profits," sneered the manufacturer; "what sort of a patriot are you anyway?" "What do you mean?" asked the stupid student. "Have you come all the way out here under the Impression that I am thn sort of brute who runs a factory for profits? Do I look like a cold, calculating robber baron of the old feudal days of protection? Profits!" hissed the manufacturer. "Why, the Ready Redfleld Reasoning holds that 'the publio mind would not approve of a reduction of wages for the snko of main taining profits." Run a factory for tho purpose nf maintaining profits! Why, man, you must tie mad!" The stupefied student was about to de part, when ho said: "Pardon me, but may I ask what is that halo or nimbus upon your head?" "That," replied 'the manufacturer "is my Federal Carnegie medal, given in ex change for my consenting to forswear forover any idea about that vile word profits.' You know tho term 'manufac turer' is now obsolete; we are called tariff benefactors. We live to lose." "I was told I was to see twoGovernment exhibits," said the student. "Ho you are," said the manufacturer. "This losing proposition, otherwise called a factory, Is one; the other Government exhibit may be seen at Washington; ho is the Secretary of Commerce." (irlllna the People lo Church In Indiana. Mrllirlllt eorrtrmitenee Inillnnannits ,t u-j. 'I he people of blue nidge, Shelby county, arc much excited over Hie subject announced by the llev, r I Lewis of Hie Melhodll l:plscopi churrh of that pine for lilkKundiy nkht scram, Mr. l.ow ayi. he will speak on "The Three fe male lUpocrlles of nine lllilze," The people are wondering what three women the reeren. refers to and In what manner he win make their Identity known. Thr Would Dare llrink Kten .Irrhark. To th Ctxron up TllK Scn- Air; noes our Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of Huston drink wichel' Stuiginb NANTrcauT, Mans., May 17. Illraute Kmrlanry. To THX EDIToa or TllK Sun -.sir; What rould w-e expect from a man with tide whlskrra like Secretary Redfleld'it c. Boston, llay II, ' tiik ii,rvv n.itin:KH. MiRKcslInu to Ciimnitilrrs Mho Msnt la liel Haiti lo .Nature, 'lo'lll I'tHTor. lit lilt Sis Mr seed bov in thf window or a stoic In the spring of the year ! an Inspiration fan nnv liuiti pass it by without a thrill nf delight" Out any man gae unmoved upon those ainly packages, decorated III ereeti and brown and red and elli , filled with the wondrous seeds from which shall spring hotlines rad ish and bean, lettuce, parsnip, carrot anil ; siiuasli" Mv humble summer home Is In the toiin try, where I haea lery fine ganlen Hole I false all the vegetables needed for tm self and family, and heie I spend four mouths of j the year i purcnase i no seen- tor my garoeii per sonally, the gatdoii Itself I plant by pio It was not ever thus, for In the beginning t iicide the experiment of planting I he gar den In the soat of my brow, but I soon desisted fter four hours of good haul labor spent In raklnir the oil, letnovlng the stones and sticks and old bones and tin cam and other lelics of yostoi. year and lav ing out .itnl drilling the bed anil carefully depositing the seeds therein I ItlMirlably discovered thai the buovancy of spirit that uplifted me al the commencement of my labors bad xery perceptibly diminished. Frequently II had dlsape.iieil altogether. 1 rnrt Hftor the. Any'' work I was wholly unable lo eierlence those pleasurable s?nsatlons I had read ihout In novels as being usually enjoyed bv the honest sons of the mi!!. ! cared not for the "rich smell of the fe cund e.nth," the "primal urge" malingered; I fell lio "leaping of the blood In the Vein'," I was deaf tn the "w hipnoorw III In the gloHiiilug," "the drowsy murmurs of night" and the "shrill chirp of the lonely cricket " Ml t wanted was to get to bed, where I eonld stretch nut nnd sleep. I knew that "oniething was t.iillc.'illy wrong and I pondered upon the remedy. t last, after long and iirduous study, the light dawned, and I am now able to publish to the world tho great truth that the only way really to eiiloy planting a garden is tn get some one In do it for you. I have fol lowed this policy w it Ii infinite satisfaction, 1 -It on a bench near the woodh'd and watch mv man rake and hoe and dig and plant. He is usually young and supple and strong, and he works hard and earnestly: bu notice that he lucks my enthusiasm for sunsets, although he always appears to welcome them A philosopher following the day's work at a becoming distance could not fall to make Ibis observation- the Joy that springs from seeing an oriole flash by or a flock of blackbirds w liiglng their way to the woods, the curiosity excited by unearthing an uncommon grub, the interest felt in the niceties of measuring the beds and laying hem out artistically, the exaltation that comes from reflecting upon the divuliy of labor, all these emotions are felt more keenly by the man siding upon the bench than by thn young fellow working In the garden. 1 do not wish to have It understood that I am a mere complacent spectator. On the contrary 1 am quite busy. I do not work, but 1 dabble perVleiitly. t shower my hired man with suggestions I encum ber him with help. I build up one side of a bed, turn a corner laboriously, stake out prospective rows of corn and potatoes, run a couple of drills, always open the packages of seed, afiflx lie cover of each package to I a stick and firmly implant Ihesticl; In Hie proper bed. I do this, thai or the other thing Hint strikes my fancy I revel In the luxuries of labor; f splash In Its super fluities And when the d'iy I done I am not too tired. The work has gone on apace and I have guided II with unabated spirits, I am in the mood to read when the lamps are lighted. Simon cruel. ALIMSV. May t7. In Offence of the Maine Monument. To rm: Kditob or TUB .Si n .sir II In right. I think, that Hie million and more subwrlb-rs to the funii of the Maine monumrnt and the public In general hnuli Vnow that In conjunction with thf committee of whlrli the undf rl?ne1 Is chair men there Vss a commuter of prominent artlM acting In nn adxtfcry en parity This committee consisted of Frederick lUelman. then pret.ldent of the National Arndenu of flgn; John l- Karje. president of il.e .Society of American Artist and Hie Mural Palmer; Walter Cook, chairman of the New v.ork Chapter of the American Institute of Architect, and the well known sculptor vt II ()'I)onoa'i Out of tort-een niodK submitted three were electcd and two fcrUrd money prize These three wre of about equal architectural merit, hut the ouerlnalb el-cied wa. of obviously superior merit In fhc milter of II sculpture, and the committee ha found no rei.ci now Hut the memorial l completed, luretre Its opinion or lo regret lis choice The Art Commission nares Willi u responsi bility for the monuiiit lit and th plaelnc It In Cen tral P.irk. and also th pirk official In so far a Its stir Is concerned, it will be dedicated on Memorial Day. 1913. James Chant Wilson. Nr.w York. Ma) IS. lllx rlmlnatlon In the HoneU nf the I'.arth. To tiik HPtroa or Tnt. scv .i'. 'the Inter borough ha a method of runnlne Its cxpios trains during the nldlo ruli houi whMi appears unfair to H'rons using th Uro.id.i division. The arrangement make the yiein appear par tial to those iilng the lynox avenue illllon. I for Instance, many evening have I Mocvl on the fulton Mreel platform walling for a Mroad way enpres train to take me uptown, The i)rl express train coming In would lie marked with red and green lgnal Indicating the train was bound for the 1mox avenue dlv lton Oh. well," llioucht t, "the next train will be a Uroadway e.xpres." t was doomed lo disappointment, for the fol lowing express was also labelled wlih red and erecr hlguals. Of cou II wjs Hound for the Inox avenue dlvblon Then a Hrovdway cx piens would come along and naturally the car would be crowded to rapacity owing to the long delay, many persons eongreirailiiK on Ihe plat forms all along the route. West SIders iiflng the Broadway division feel that the Inicrhorough should be Imparihl and run rnn avenue and llroadway Irtlns alier nnlely, not double up on the train of one division to the detriment of Hie oilier division Niw York. May i: s V U. The Astor Houses nf Ihe Far i:at. To THE r.Piron of TIIK SCN -.Sir; The passing of the Asior House has been Interestingly told by TllK SCN and lis old Hire irpulatlon among Kuropran vllloi commented on, but the popu larity ot Its name among the hotel men of the Far fast ha not been mentioned and Is entitled to notice. There are Astor Houses In Hongkong, Shanghai, Hankow iburnedi, Tlenlln and Seoul. Theo re nil representative hotels and worthy of their Illustrious namesake. Scattered 'through the country In smaller towns are also alleged hotels of that name, but like II alone In that II gives the ilred traveller a pleasant start to see and hear the well known name In o many widely separaied places. C C. T. fl'LTON, May 17. The Utah! of Our Slslers "In lieromr llemnr. lUed." To tiik UnrroB or Tim scn sir: nut what, my dear Mr. Heflln, if we choose In become "de morallid," like our California sisters, "what," In the words of thr Immortal Irishman at Msnara falls, "what- to hinder"" U. Ktui.ton, N. J.. May It. Number ItNIt Kroarlna). To THR MotTOK oi" Till. Sc.v .Sir; Colonel T. Allslon nrown I wrong about the Theatre f ran. call., llr rir la regaid lo .'. Iliuadwn). Tony Pastor called II the Metropolitan, II did not re tain the name of Theatre fraiiciK KrmMi UI.BN. May 17, jlx llAKmn, Discipline. Kretiablbh Spank Pay TllK .niw, This (sentence surely should be uudrrllned. No better Implement has been ilctlgucd To teach unruly lads the way In mind, 'I han mother's slipper, well applied, behind. for children of the present diy, we Ond, Think that obedience lone hn been consigned To outer darkness -and that they re most kind II now nnd then some ordinance they mind. Ma v lie King Solomon was nut purblind: And well earnrd spanking iraiii a hoy tn find His proper social level. Never mind, The fool killer has cot his Job aligned! Gioaaa B. Upaawoop. FATHER KNICK FINDS HE LIKES TOBE GLEAN Aks, rNcnseniMt, Affri- This Ho Ho Si'oiirod Pally, Nnt flnrp n Your. KDWANDS SUES A LIGHT NYsf Side ('pilars Ait its Full of Itiilihish ns Host Side, (Honiifi's Find. The Inrse (tinntltles of rubbish ml lected by the Street Cleaning Ucp.ni menl during the city's cleanup week have convinced Commissioner lMuimlr of the need of more thorough d.tlly c lections of rubbish. Heretofore xvornnut articles of large sire have been refused by the depait ment and rather than have them re moved ut tlielr own expense house holders have tossed them Into vac up lots or back yards. Comtnlosioner l.d wards first noticed this condition while Inspecting districts In Brooklyn with Dr. .Marion McMillan last Wednesday lie found a dozen outworn bolltrs m one lot. Tim need for extensive and con. Ilnuoiis relief llko Hits was one of the Brent lessons thai Commissioner t2rn?t .1. Lcderle of the Health Department hoped would be brought out by the cleanup work. Hn bad previously urged the Street CleanltiK Department to perform this extra removing, but had been tumble to Kaln his point. It liar now been shown that the city scout era can remove, all such artlclon. The program'mo that was planned In the beginning Is now officially com pleted, but for the next ten days the dump carts will have to go over much of Jhe territory Just visited. Commli sinner Lcderle. Commissioner Edwards and Dr. McMillan have expressed their satisfaction at the work done. Tho campaign will still be carried on along; preventive and educational Hne., The work ha aroused a widespread desire for a moro fanttary metrnpulK and the Health Department. In conjunc tion with numerous private organiza tions like the City Club nnd tho Houre. wives I.chkuc, will continue to strive for better living conditions. Parents on the Kast Side will be in structed on the proper surroundings In which to brlnt? up their children and the war on the housefly will go on vis orotiisly. On the whole the workers found that the householders were only too glad to cooperate with them In disposing of their truck. This was especially evi dent on the Kast Hide. Some of the women there told Health Department agents that they hud thrown away all their old mattresses and then wanted to know when the department would give them new ones. It was found that in their steal they hnd thrown away a good deal of old furniture, with the as surance that It would all be replaced by the Health Department with new. The West Side surprised the collec tors by showing almost as much trusli as the Kast Side. In fact this region took longer to cover than had been calculated. Most of Us rubbish came from the Inside of the buildings, and was not displayed on the sidewalks as profusely as on the Kast Side. nor sror ts ci.eax a nn 1:11. Take Tin Cans. Miora nnd Dead Cai Krum Once l.ntrly ."Wpperliaii. Vonkers. -Max 17 -Tvxo hundred Scouts tried to clean the NVpperhan Klvi-r to-day in connection with week's clean city campaign. The river flows through the centre of the cltv and for yxir har. been n catchall fr rubbish of every dcscfltplon. In the days when the Indians ued to paddle down the N'epperhan niver "i their canoes to trade xvlth Dutch jailor vx ho came up the Hudson to Its niout ' the Neppcrhun vxas a pure and beautiful stream, but In live hours the boys fished out a' least ten thousand tin cana, pan nnl palls. Kcnres of bed springs, hnlf a dojei baby carrlagrs. several hundred o'd hltoe", lioxeu, barrels nnd papers galore and a half dozen dead cats, dogs nnd thickens. Tho Department of Fubl1' Works hnd men and teams ready to ill' pose of the rubbish. roxiutr.ss vavpaiox rhixxnn. Drmoernllc nllonnl Committeemen Confer With l.loj rl and roue. Washington-, May IT. The execu'.ve campaign committee of the Demuerde N.itlun.il Committee conferred to-day with Hepresentatlves Uo.vd and laRA who were elected by the Conirresclona! tMinpaUt committee to confer with members repre senting the Democratic Nutlon.il Com tnlttei with reference tu cooperation In th I'linzresslonal t'.ilnli.llen. . The lepi-cseptallvrf of the two commit tees iiKieeii tliern nouia no tnorouzn u"' harmonious action. It vvd the Judpnent of those present that the i;onrefloiwl committee should appoint a committee of live to confer with the executive campJisn conmilttie of the national committee. Meantime t'ase and l.loyd will confe" with a committee representing nienib"r o the Senate who are Interested In th coming Congressional election. Ch.ilttnan Palmer and Mr. I'cnee, the manager of th" publicity buieait uf the executive i c p.ilgn committee, were authorized to cm fer with I'.ige and l.loyd pending nts.itp l..it1on of the Congressional committee The executive campaign committee ad journed subject to the call of the ehur man. nrtv ro.i.sr Lixi:it LArxriir.it. Thr Congress la H4'J I -'J Fret bong llalra at About 8,01)0 Tana. Campfn. N. J Mny 17 The steamship Congress, building for tho Pacini: Coaid Sleumshlp Company, was launched to-day nt the plant ot the New York Shipbuilding Company She Is tho largest AnierkMii coastwise Mennicr ever const ruotud Sl" inciMires tH2 feet fi Inches over .' fi5 feet beam and Is rated tit about .rtt'" tons. The Congress wiis christened by Marx- Phelp, Jacob of New Yotk. n nlff of President W. M. Ilarnum of tho I'aolrla Coast Steamship Company. The vessel is constructed of steel and lias ten steel bulkheads. Sim has accom modations' for 110 llrst class p-wiiccr?. I nt; second class ainl 10S third clans, ant will carry a crew of 1 76. Knelt room lu an electric heater and running wui.r: The first class dining saloon Is SI 1'' feet and will seat 216 passengers. Ton boilers bupply sleain to tvvu lri" cxpunslon engines of 3.600 Indicated horbe-powcr euch, which are expected drive the vessel at alxteen and a knot.