THE SUN, SUNDAY, MAY 18,
8UNHAY, MAY is, mtn.
Inte red t the Post Offlrr at New York as Serond
(lass Mull Mailer.
Nobti rlptlnns b Mall, Postpaid.
PA11.Y. Per Monlh ... . lOllfl
flAIIA, frr Yuir "
KI'MiAY. I'rr Vnr 3 50
DAILY ANIlSfN'tlAY, Per rar . . M AO
DAILY AM' HI NDAY. IVr Montn 7S
1 Mr LVUMNO .sf.N, IVt Month a
nn;i:vi:M.N(ihfN.ivrYMr a mi
roxtace In fnielgn countries added.
All checks, money order, rr., 10 he mad pay
able lot MKSt'N.
Hrnrlrr of '1 iir si n leaving town for the sum
mer months cm have the morning and Sunday
editions dellxned id them In any part of this
lountrv rr Kurorc on the terms Hated above.
Addresses i hanged as often as desired. Order
Ihroueli newsdealer or directly of Publication
offlrr, telephone ;,;ni prrkmaii.
Published dally, Inrtiitllri c Sunday, bv the Sun
Printing ami Publishing Association at ITn Nassau
trfft. In the llnroiuh of Manhattan, New York.
President anil Treasurer, William C ttctrk, 170
Nassau strret. Vlie-I'ildeiit, IMvsarri I. Mltrhrll,
170 Nassau street, Serrctarv, ('. II. I.uxtnii, I To
london offlrr, Kfflncrmm House, t Arnndrl
Pari office, a Itue dr la Mlehodlfre. off flue dn
Washington office, !lltih building.
Brooklyn offlrr, loa Livingston street
tf our frUnitf vhn farnr in irla manuirrlnji nnd
Ploifrartoiw for puWIrarlnn tnfi In harr wretrd
ttltt$ relumed IHtv fiuif In all cajej stmt ftampi
for thai purnete.
I f" Why Discriminate?
Tba public hi tin right ti efficiency In
IU factory servants. -Srrrrlnry Hum ikmi.
Why discriminate? Has not the pub
llo an equal "right to eftleienoy" in its
farm servants? Is then1 to bo an ofll
clally created and officially enforced
Btandard of industrial ollicionoy in the
eteel mill, the shoe factory, the cotton
mill, and in all othr-r mechanical in
dustries, whilt) the farmers are to he
left to pursue their present system of
producing one blade of kms where
they should product' two?
As far as the welfare of the public
fa concerned, as rep relented by its
need for an ample supply of food
products at a piojkt minimum rout,
these are hiplily pertinent questions.
Is Secretary HntKKiN out of harmony
with his rnllcaRUi' on this issue? May
we not listen hopefully for his voice ns
Miring us that farmers who do not pro
duce sixty bushels of corn, twenty-five
bushels of wheat, Hio pounds of cotton
or 200 bushels of potatoes to the acre
will pet a dose of Hedkikld'h Sovereinn
Remedy, a safe and certain euro for
Industrial inefficiency? Why not? The
glarint; weakness in our whole economic
system, the most effective cause of the
high cost of living, is tho undue cost
of production on the farm. We spend
millions of dollars a year through the
Department of Agriculture, we boast of
the superior intelligence of our farmers,
of the, superior fertility of our soil anil
of mechanical devices nicely adjusted
to the special conditions of our farm
area, yet in quantity yield to the acre
and in unit cost of production we are
hopelessly beaten by the people of ot her
We get our little average of Ki bushels
of potatoes to the acre while British and
German farmers average :no bushels,
the Austrians 155, and the French iki
bushels. Wo get an average of u
bushels of wheat, while the French
average 20, the Germans 30, and the
British 33. We get our 30 bushels of
oata, to 45 bushels for tho British and
61 bushels for tho Germans. Tho cotton
average for the crop of iorj was ino.9
pounds to the acre. It is well known
that many planters get twice that.
The great majority aro undeniably in
the inefficient class. Has the public,
under the new interpretation of eco
nomio laws, no right to demand their
reformation and the punishment of
those who shall fail, as to corn or
wheat, cotton or potatoes, to produce at
an officially fixed minimum of cost?
Certainly the hitherto protect cd
farmers are making quite as much noise
about their condition under the pro
posed tariff as are tho manufacturers.
Why discriminate? Speak up, Mr.
Houstuv. Get into tho merry game
and keep the ball rolling.
In an interview recently published in
Tiik SUN'n railway mail superintendent,
Mr. K. M. Nonius, wild: "Of course our
men are human and are just as likely to
make a mistake as any one else, but
these cases are not frequent. "
We wonder if the mass of complaints
in regard to the poor delivery ot news-
nnneru nnmnu frnrn a nmiun 1,mr.nn iu
that of maViug mere mistakes. It Is, as
I lie Biipennteiiflent says, from a human
lulling, nut is it not in a different wny
irnm tnat in wnicii ho meant? Does
come in some degreo from an inhere
incapacity on tho nan of mail clerkx
regard nowspapers as lnting not much
more important man circulars or ad ver
tiftementH? As nowsnancrs are eliisneil
under "second class" mail. flflPA till!
biibtle notion get into tho minds of tho
men that there is no need for hurry or
despatch In handling them'y An hnnr nr
fto of difference, perhaps they think,
fefccB no matter in tho delivery of a
newspaper. We mean this seriously.
We do not refer to the railway nuiil
lerks, but to the local clerks at the
destination of thn newspaper, Thero
Is where borne of the delay takes place.
We have sometimes heard a box dis
tributor nay that he hadn't "got round
yet to his papers." And the subscriber
has to wait as calmly as possible until
lie tines get around to them.
There tan be no question that If the
mail service could come anywhere near
to the efficiency of the news stand ser
vile throughout t he country t lie prompt
delivery of the newspapers sent through
the post office would he promoted. Here
we have another Instance of the diner
em ; iM'twifii the elliiicncy of private
and public enterprise.
Nance for the Oatiiler.
The pride and swelling port of the
dethroned lords of the world surge un
diminished in one faithful bosom:
"T" till. I'mtnitOK I'm Sin Mr- 'Ihrro
"limilil In- nit olpjoi tloti lo Ititi'lllirrnt wotnrn
voiImb, tliiHo flint know wlint they are titl
ing for. Hut n tfontll tiiunliri of mir untiirn
cantiol rvoii write ilioir nimu-i In I'.nKlNh.
tlilnk of thorn rnatliiir a witc.
"t you think (lint om it nie nro help
ful to the rntiiinuii rnuor'' TIimp vote aro
very rnnily Mwiycil, iitnl as tho M lnlorola
lluht hnrilrt Innnril flection lltno the
chances are that they will urt this vote
Tor a reiiinly I noulil miggrst that
women who gel the niifTrnuc ihmilil first
pass an examination as to their knowledge
of American politic. Thin seems to tie the
only friislhle way. There Is no iip In put
ting siirli a weapon In the IihihI of unknow
ing women 1,. N. (I.
"llnoiiKl VN, Mny in "
What is sauce for the goose is sauce
for the gander. How many millions of
male voters could pass even a very
rudimentary examination in "Ameri
can politics"? A man acquires tho right
to vote tiot by his knowledge but by the
fact that he is 21 and so forth. Thn
examinations for naturalization are
mighty easy: and great is the amount
of ignorance displayed by candidates.
The native or foreign born citizen has
to show that he can read and write in
some States, hut everywhere graduates
a voter without being called upon to
prove that he has any knowledge of
American politics. Whether he ac
quires the knowledge or does not ac
quire it. doesn't affect his right or priv
ilege. Vtiiy should more be required
of woman citizens?
This is aside from the general merits
or demerits of woman sun rage.
Promotion and r.ttlclcncv.
"The Department of Commerce ex
ists," airording to Mr. Rkpfiklii, "for
the purpose of promoting American
industry and commerce at home and
The head of the Department of Com
merce lays upon the inefficiency of man
ufacturers their small profits and their
siipjhisihI desire or necessity of redue.
ing wages. 'Hie Bureau of Foreign and
Domestic Commerce will examine such
cases. .Air. KKnriKl.K has given so emu
ieratirts with hal equipment, with
unscientific treatment of material, with
antiquated methods, tn poor locations.
with insufficient uipital and generally In-
effective, manigement will not he esteemed
a is-itlsfactory reason for reducing wages. "
On that same day the Bureau of Cor
porations was promoting industry and
commerce by informing the country
that the 1 nited Stati-s Steel Corporation
is so efficient that it is making "exces
sively high" profits in certain branches
of its business.
Inefficient industries must not reduce
wages; profits of efficient industries must
be cut down: thus are American indus
try and commerce to be promoted.
When l Drama Serious?
Another theatre manager has aban
doned confidence in the public and an
nounced that he will offer no more
serious plays to inconsiderate New
York audiences that hanker onlv after
the fleshmts of musical farce and oner-
etta. This is after all not nearly
serious a charge as it seems. To be
addicted to the frivolous in the drama
is regarded in some quarters as an evi
dence of certain intellectual powers
of a high order. It has long been a
stumbling block in the tiath of the
reformers of the theatre in Kngland
that professors from Cambridge or
Oxford usually hurry to the Gaiety or
the Alhambra when they reach I London,
to the neglect of His Majesty's or other
more serious theatres. So it is not an
irrefutable reflection on the intellec
tuality of a public to accuse it of lack
ing interest in the serious drama.
It is not altogether true, however,
that this public docs fail to enjoy serious
plays. Such a charge from a manager
merely means that the public did not
like hit serious plays. It happened,
however, to like the other impresario's
and went to see them. Thero could be
no greater proof of a lack of serious
interest In the theatre to the man that
selected the wrong plays.
To regard the theatre as a means of
intellectual pleasure is not tho view of
most persons of culture. Nor do they
lind tho mass of ephemeral fiction a
means of any other than casual diversion.
To tho average man of intellect one is as
unimportant as the other. To such minds
tho theatre means the samo as it does
to tho tired business man on whoso
unfortunate head so much blame lias
fallen. As a matter of fact the con
temporary theatre has not done much
either in this country or Kuropo to at
tract the public which might, bo expected
to enjoy a serious drama. It may bo that
Ki okne BiUEt'X commends himseir to
thoughtful spectators. Among Knglish
writers, are there any others than Shaw
or (lAiJiWOBTllV to build tip a public
for the serious drama? Pinkko is al
together of the theatre, Sua w'h finely
intellectual wit sometimes wins for him
tho support of the great publio, as it
has dono in tho case of his latest play.
Rut so far it is only to special audiences
that plays by tho author of "The Silver
Box" have been attractive.
The drama is indeed a less serious
thing to tho intellectual than to other
playgoers. It is not indeed a settled
matter that the intellectuals have been
absorbed even in tho plays of litst-.v.
Serious people may have found delight
in reading the plays of the Norwegian
playwright, but whether they were J
uiM-iiia lw.f.... iiw.v r..,l i., rLu mi-i
became serious afterward Is a question
that remains unanswered, just as the
Imiuiry as tir whether the serious people
of England caused the fogs or the fogs
made the people serious.
The charge of the American manager
Is true so' far as it concerns serious imi
tations of masterpieces, l-ncking the
importance of KiiAKKHWiAiir', they np
ieal to no particular public Whether
the most, intellectual citizens support
I the plays or not, there Is no doubt that
,n Kcniuis piay wiucn nas ciemems oi
vitality is going to prove just as profit
able in this country as in nny other. But
it is not enough that tlio play be merely
serious. It must possessptherqiiallties.
The Ortlrat of .Modern Warfare,
At a luncheon in Kngland recently
liord lionK.in h compared the met hods
of his early lighting days with those ob
taining at the present time. He said:
"tn mv first campaign In India Ihesoldlcrs
were armed with eiaclly the same weapon
ns w as ued at Waterloo miller Wem.inoton,
rxrept that we hail the cap Instead of the
old Dint, It was a ridiculous weapon com
pared with what we have now, lint then we
were all close together rolotiels, majors,
captains, suhulterns we were nil In close
order. I myself was an artilleryman. We
went up lo the breach at Delhi within 4o
yards of the city walls 1 myself breached
the Kashmir bastion The thing now would
tie an Impossibility. The Infantry would
go up then and commence firing at forty
or fifty yards. Now you are fighting at
1,000 yards. The utraln upon the Individual
man under the present system Is some
thing I cannot describe, 'there Is no man
alongside of him, he Is separated from his
comrade by ten to fifty paces; ho lies In tho
open alone for hours together, creeping
along, and the strain Is something extraor
dinary. It does not matter In men what the
country or the enemy Is like, a man Is by
himself, he hardly sees his officers at all;
he believes they are doing their best for
him, but he has not to depend upon himself
N'o one has ever described more viv
idly the ordeal of the deployed soldier
with a long rango magazine rifle in his
hands. He rarely sees the enemy, and
yet hears the moan of the enemy's bul
let and feels that the next one coming
in his direction may kill him. What is
cover and what is not he knows only by
experiment. He is merely a privateand
yet he must have and iw the wits of an
officer. It is a case of every soldier his
own commander. All the fighting men
lying out in the open, or advancing and
taking advantage of the cover as they
move forward, must act as if by a com
mon purpose, and still there come emer
gencies when they have to make their
own orders and execute them.
It is this new condition of warfare
that calls for thorough and constant
training. There is no more rushing to
the charge in numbers that inspire
courage and seem to lessen the danger.
Raw troops have charged gloriously
when properly led. but raw troops are
now only food for powder, however
valiantly led. Kngland's Territorials
are green and unfinished, as some of
our own militia still are. Ird KoiiKltTS
has been going up and down Kngland
exclaiming that the Territorials would
lo wantonly sacrificed if pitted against
trained soldiers. There is a lesson for
the 1'tiited States in hi, brave insistetii-e.
Our limited regular i'rmy could meet
the conditions uf modem warfare in a
creditable manner, although there are
ery few enlistisl men in ii now who
were under fire in Culm and the Philip,
pine in uss-inon. But what of the
National Guard, improved as it lias been
since the Dick law was enacted? It
contains some line regiments, and some
inferior ones, but mobilized in one bodv
it would not be an army like the reg
' ",,,n' of "'erniany, r ranee, hnglainl and
'"IMiir Nobody would expect it to
oihtn,", comparison well with the t nited
States army until it had had its baptism
or tire and the experience of nix months
Flying the Florida Slr.ilM.
Reflor pOMi.voo Kokii.mj, who flow
from Key West to Camp Columbia, Ha
vana, yesterday, in an aeroplane, win
ning a $10,000 prize offered by the City
Council to any Cuban performing tJie
feat, deserves honorable mention and a
conspicuous place on the roll of aviators.
No American airman has succeeded in
crossing the Florida Straits.
Mr. J. A. D. McCkkadv. a Canadian,
made a daring essay, but his motor went
wTong ten miles from tho Morro. There
were no sharks about when Mr,, Mt
Ckkadv launched his airship on Janu
ary 30, 1911, and descended into the main;
so much greater the distinction of Seflor
Rosiu.o, who iM'lieved he braved the
risk of an encounter with an alert "man
The Cubans aro mortally afraid of
sharks, not holding the theory of the
late Hkiimann Oixhiciis that the shark
will never molest a swimmer. In lBO.s
an American residing in Havana olfered
to prove that the theory was sound bv
swimming across the Morro entrance in
midsummer, but his Honor tho Mayor
wasagnast atttie idea and peremptorily
forbade tho public exhibition.
One begins to be almost glad that Mr.
Ioiinnon didn't win as a Vice. Presidential
candidate, hnitrll Cnurirr-Ciliirn.
Good for you. Your point is well
maun, Vtlinro have you lieen rirlins?
In tho caboose,? Hut even so. don't ho
too suro about your conclusion. That
man Marshall is "nomo pumpkin."
Philosophy, with its manifold nroblem
all historically anleilating any attempt at
an exact science of mind, has tended to hold
Itself aioor from the psephologist's investi
gation, treating them with indifference
Indulgeuci) or contempt, as Hie case might
seem to warrant. rnvciniuiril ffriioir.
This is news In us, Has thiiro been
such coldness lietween tho cloistered
walk and tho experimental laboratory?
We had thought that "tho ultimate truth"
and "thn real and crying need for funda
mentals" were working hand in hand,
down life's peaceful valley.
"I believe," says tho prinoipal of a
Denver school, "thut teachers should
attend concerts and good plays and take
trips, So does my wife, but my salary
necessitates choice between these things
and nilslne a family We chose the
Hrivo. What trip lingers in the fancy?
. A bllfrmilun fi.lt ....-- I l.n ttiltbtt flf
rhatitamiiMti platform? And in reply
ie "wo chose the latter," does tho pro.
lessor know thai a French playwright
does not agree with hltn, for In a recent
play, so we are told, Ills entire plot con
sists in answering the query whether a
certain couple prefer a liuby to an auto
mobile, and they decido In favor of tho
motorcar liecause It Is less exensive,
Tim rebuke by Secretary DANtKbs of
sensational uewspapets thai mako a war
scare of the Japanese controversy is well
tltneil, and It Is the more linpresslvo lie
cause Mr Danirls is thn proprietor of an
ililliieutial tiwsaH'r in the South He
cites as a sample war scum lie a pub
lished story that carried these headlines:
"U. S. S. .Maryland strlpied for action -Makes
forced speed to Han Francisco
Prepared for battle." Tho Maryland was
merely testing Alaskan coal by order of
the Navy Department, and of course she
was not "stripped for action." The yarn
was made out of wholeVloth, and tho Im
posture must have lieen delilterate and
There should lie, as Secretary DANIKLS
suggests, some way of prosecuting those
responslblo for such barefaced fabrica
tions, and the jingo policy of the news
paper printing them should lie admissible
as relevant and corroborative evidence.
Th I lilted Stales cruiser Montana left
here to-day tor Philadelphia Denpnlch
How tlalibergastiugtothe jingoes when
the Suez. Canal was so near!
The Federal Council of the German
Ktnpire is said to be considering measures
to (lernmnl7.e ATsace-borrHine. And ono
of them is susK'nslon of French news
papers anti-German in sentiment. Thu
suggestion might have eomo from the
French side of the bonier, for no device
could Iw lietter calculated to intensify
antipathy to German rule.
Sv retary of State William -Iks-sinus
Urn n h is confessed to several newspaper
men that he Is only second to TlltotWBK
Itoishvu.T In creating "copy" for the press.
Dmiwtrh from IVnnninijInii
Grape juice and battleships of love aro
not In the other Colonel's lexicon.
The HlRtit nf the Public tn Kfllcienc)
In Its loiai Sennit.
To tiik KotTou or TllK Sl'N Sir Why
cannot the Hon William Cox Itedfleld try
his prentice hand on the Post nftleo Depart
ment? He cannot find a more inefficiently
managed business in the country. The
spirit of the Imiuiry should be "th public
Isentltled inefficiency " !. H. Maoiikk.
MnnnisTows. N .1 , May 17
The Hue rt In "Ttie umliy Min."
Tn Titr Km ton or Tin: Sr.v .Sir Artists
a well as phlllstin-'s whom I have met in
the last six months line all spoken in praise
of your Sunday edition, espoialv the art
section, the fine repioductions of modern
and old masters, and, what Is ipilte signifi
cant, they were overjoyed at the elimina
tion of the i-oniie section.
on are to be commended on your efforts
to propagate a taste and a knowledge of
the fine arts, irrespective of schools, sys
tems iiiul traditions. What the public Is
anxious to know I nut on much th opinion
of art critjf sof academician but the ex pros-
Ion and eclally the news of art In the
world, the reproductions of the wck of
painters, sculptors, arenitects. of interior
decorators, of ittry mikers, of designers
of rugs and art furniture, in fine, all that
pertains to the industrial arts People are
thankful that five cents buys reproductions
of these works eory week, as many cannot
ifford to pay ?. cents for art magalrcs or
ex en th regular tniijalnss
I he public is not only Interested in the
features and savings of the Four Hundred,
of artreses, Mllticl.ils and gtafter, but
likewise about European artists and about
the joung men In the 1 nited states of to
dav who ate helping to create Hie future
renaissance of ineric.i such men as .to
l,iid-or, W (thicken, (i t.uks, a Sloan,
(. 'Helljns and A U PaUe The work.
the aim, th" achievement, the propaganda
of these and hundreds of other American
artists are Just as Interesting as the lives of
the great captains of industry.
, on have the thanks and the best compli
ments of scores of unknown well wishers,
who are silently and weekly encouraging
you in your great work of propaganda I
am one of them (' nr. KonsAno.
Nrw Venn, May IT
llr. Ileittle or New Hampshire and N'ew
To trk Knunr. or Thi: Sr.v Sir: tf
your editorial article In Till; Sr.v of May 0
refers lo Dr. W. .1. Heuttle, one statement
in it shows how you have misrepresented
facts. Dr. lteattle is ii registered physi
cian in two of the bust States in this coun
try, your State and mine. New York and
New Hampshire. Mrs. W. .1. lU.ATrnt.
I.itti.I'.tos, X. II . May IS,
Our information was obtained from tho
Librarian of the New York Academy of
For the Attention of the Ntate Departs
To tiik KniTon or Tiik Sr .Sir: In
September, till?, the fiev. K. A. I.eeper, D. !).,
preached a sermon In the ( onvregatlonnl
Church. Fort Recovery, Ohio, entitled "Our
The beautiful toast credited to the Sec
retary of State was included in thai ser
mon. W, II. I.KAVITT.
llon.sKi.l,, May 17.
The Mtett Domeitle I'snaeea.
Do you want your maid to stay?
Treat her as an cnual,
You don't need lo raise her pyi
Treat her as an euual,
(irievances will disappear,
She will smile from ear lo ear
If you'll only make il clear
If you waul her lo behave
Treat her as an euual.
You've been making her a !ave;
Treat her as an equal.
If a game of bridge you'ee planned
Ask her In to take a hand;
Say her losses you will stand;
Trrnl her as an equal!
Ask her at your side to dine,
Treat her a nil eiiual:
Pour for her a glass of w ine,
Treat her nr. an euual.
If she brandishes her knife,
If she horrifies your wife,
Do mil wold her, on your life!
Treat her as an equnl,
Don't Insist on "sir" and "tim'am";
Treat herns an equal.
I.01 her call you "Ulll" or "Sam";
Treat her lis an equnl
If she wishes, let her phy
Your piano half the day,
Music drives dull cure awny.
Treat hex as an oquii",
Solve the problem of the age;
Tieal her as an equal:
Wiite your name on history's page:
That w III be. the sequel.
There should be no yawning void
'Iwlxi employer nnd employed;
l.ct such barriers be destroyed!
It us all be equal!
R. H. TlTHBRt KUTON.
nro noi Kitxm:T exhibits.
A Mud) of the ew freeilom In the
l.anil of l.lliert).
A seeker after tiolltlciil truth and stu
dent of industrial Justice was informed
ons clay In the twentieth century twit lie
could see two "wonderful exhibits of then'
two branches of knowledge, politics and
industry, If he would but visit a certain
factory In Klekapoo, Kan. As ho was
almost as much of a slave of the wander
lust as the Secretary of Stato he left his
Job and went out lo Klekapoo. Upon
his arrival ho was taken to the factory
whote horseradish was nvmisfactured
from horse chest nuts,
The manufacturer met him at the side
entrance, as he said he was running this
exhibit on the quiet, from which the stu
dent was forced to Infer that a Utile
Federal draught, not graft, made Ijhe
wheels and the mare go round. Indeed,
the manufacturer proved to be like Yoriek.
"a fellow of Infinite jest." One thing that
the student noticed was that ho wore a
sort of halo or nimbus upon his brow,
which was of medium elevation, neither
high nor low.
Then tho student was taken over tho
vast plant by the queer manufacturer, 1
who wanted to explain precisely how busl-
ness was run under tho Heady Recltieirt
Reasoning, R-R-R, It's good for tho llfo
blood of tho nation. Try It on tho office
cat. Insist upon tho yellow wrapper.
Guaranteed under tho Pain and Panics
act of IMA. Sold only In packages similar
to Hwamproot's Silver Pills.
Tho manufacture of tho horseradish
began up on the roof, wtiero the horso
chestnuts fell direct from the tree.
"I see you have no transportation cost
of crude products," aid the simple stu
dent. "No," replied the manufacturer, "I have
merely to pay for tho labor of gathering
up thn fruit as It falls on theroor Tint
is my first cost "
"Why, what does the tabor cost you?"
"Twenty cents an hour on the office
books, but thirty cents an hour when tho
money is really paid."
"How 1. this? How can you afford to
do that?" asked the silly student, who was
no I ictt er I han an econom I c n I neompoop.
"My dear sir," snapped the manufac
turer. "I agree to take you through my
fuctory on one condition, and that is that
you must not cter me with absurd nnd
therefore unanswerable quest ions. Surely
you know that one of the fundamental
ingredients In Ready Redllolit Reasoning
is that a mere fact as to cost may be only
a literal fact and not an ideal fact. Ict
me (piote the exact words' 'The Depart
ment has undertaken to find out whether
the facts do or do not justify threatened
reductions. Observe that in saying the
facts one does not mean merely tho facts
as they are. but also the facts as they
ought to be.' Well, then, you see how
simple it all is. The twenty cents that
appear on tho books are thn facts as they
ought to be, the thirty cents that come
out of my pocket are the facts as they nro,
unreal facts, stage mtney, so to sieak.
Do you make me, i'teve?"
The student, who was more or less of a
natural born ninny, htid to admit that
Ready Itedfleld Reasoning was morn
logical than anything in "Gulliver's
Travels." So thereafter he held his
tongue except to let slip one more fool
question in tho manufacturer's private
oftice. Silently, therefore, they went
through the rest of the vast plant, whofe
the student wiw shown exiensivo and
intricate machinery that needed to have
only one operative feed it with horse
chestnuts, then it scraped them unci cut
them into the rogular size strings of
chopped horseradish, weighed it. put it
In bottles, corked them, sealed them,
pasted on the lalel, and then a packer
put them in boxes for shipment to nil the
palaces where lobsters cease to worry
and the diners are in bhstt
Finally when the student had been
shown the large executive offices, where
tho clerks were locked up for the d iy and
let out at night, nnd cash registers were
ringing up counterfeit money, the strange
manufacturer took the poor bewildeied
fool into his private office.
"I don't think I ever saw a larger force
of clerks," said he.
"No," replied the manufacturer, "they
come under the head of what is known as
overhead cost, along with salaries paid to
an army of salesmen, rents of luxurious
retail stores, depreciation of machinery,
all the little bags of shells in short .
"Your profits must lm enormous," said
tho wool gathering student. Tho manu
facturer gazed at him as if he had lost
"Profits? Profits?" he asked of the stu
dent again and again; "my dear sir. are
you quite daft? What is true of tho labor
ers picking up the horse chestnuts on tho
roof is true of all these clerks, managers
and vice-presidents. They have to be
paid salaries, 'not as they are, but also
as they ought to lie.' Profits," sneered
the manufacturer; "what sort of a patriot
are you anyway?"
"What do you mean?" asked the stupid
"Have you come all the way out here
under the Impression that I am thn sort
of brute who runs a factory for profits?
Do I look like a cold, calculating robber
baron of the old feudal days of protection?
Profits!" hissed the manufacturer. "Why,
the Ready Redfleld Reasoning holds that
'the publio mind would not approve of a
reduction of wages for the snko of main
taining profits." Run a factory for tho
purpose nf maintaining profits! Why, man,
you must tie mad!"
The stupefied student was about to de
part, when ho said:
"Pardon me, but may I ask what is that
halo or nimbus upon your head?"
"That," replied 'the manufacturer "is
my Federal Carnegie medal, given in ex
change for my consenting to forswear
forover any idea about that vile word
profits.' You know tho term 'manufac
turer' is now obsolete; we are called tariff
benefactors. We live to lose."
"I was told I was to see twoGovernment
exhibits," said the student.
"Ho you are," said the manufacturer.
"This losing proposition, otherwise called
a factory, Is one; the other Government
exhibit may be seen at Washington; ho is
the Secretary of Commerce."
(irlllna the People lo Church In Indiana.
Mrllirlllt eorrtrmitenee Inillnnannits ,t u-j.
'I he people of blue nidge, Shelby county, arc
much excited over Hie subject announced by the
llev, r I Lewis of Hie Melhodll l:plscopi
churrh of that pine for lilkKundiy nkht scram,
Mr. l.ow ayi. he will speak on "The Three fe
male lUpocrlles of nine lllilze," The people are
wondering what three women the reeren. refers
to and In what manner he win make their Identity
Thr Would Dare llrink Kten .Irrhark.
To th Ctxron up TllK Scn- Air; noes our
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company of
Huston drink wichel' Stuiginb
NANTrcauT, Mans., May 17.
To THX EDIToa or TllK Sun -.sir; What rould
w-e expect from a man with tide whlskrra like
Secretary Redfleld'it c.
Boston, llay II, '
tiik ii,rvv n.itin:KH.
MiRKcslInu to Ciimnitilrrs Mho Msnt
la liel Haiti lo .Nature,
'lo'lll I'tHTor. lit lilt Sis Mr seed
bov in thf window or a stoic In the spring
of the year ! an Inspiration fan nnv liuiti
pass it by without a thrill nf delight" Out
any man gae unmoved upon those ainly
packages, decorated III ereeti and brown
and red and elli , filled with the wondrous
seeds from which shall spring hotlines rad
ish and bean, lettuce, parsnip, carrot anil ;
Mv humble summer home Is In the toiin
try, where I haea lery fine ganlen Hole
I false all the vegetables needed for tm self
and family, and heie I spend four mouths of
j the year
i purcnase i no seen- tor my garoeii per
sonally, the gatdoii Itself I plant by pio
It was not ever thus, for In the beginning
t iicide the experiment of planting I he gar
den In the soat of my brow, but I soon
desisted fter four hours of good haul
labor spent In raklnir the oil, letnovlng the
stones and sticks and old bones and tin
cam and other lelics of yostoi. year and lav
ing out .itnl drilling the bed anil carefully
depositing the seeds therein I ItlMirlably
discovered thai the buovancy of spirit that
uplifted me al the commencement of my
labors bad xery perceptibly diminished.
Frequently II had dlsape.iieil altogether.
1 rnrt Hftor the. Any'' work I was wholly
unable lo eierlence those pleasurable
s?nsatlons I had read ihout In novels as
being usually enjoyed bv the honest sons
of the mi!!.
! cared not for the "rich smell of the fe
cund e.nth," the "primal urge" malingered;
I fell lio "leaping of the blood In the Vein',"
I was deaf tn the "w hipnoorw III In the
gloHiiilug," "the drowsy murmurs of night"
and the "shrill chirp of the lonely cricket "
Ml t wanted was to get to bed, where I
eonld stretch nut nnd sleep.
I knew that "oniething was t.iillc.'illy
wrong and I pondered upon the remedy.
t last, after long and iirduous study, the
light dawned, and I am now able to publish
to the world tho great truth that the only
way really to eiiloy planting a garden is tn
get some one In do it for you. I have fol
lowed this policy w it Ii infinite satisfaction,
1 -It on a bench near the woodh'd and
watch mv man rake and hoe and dig and
plant. He is usually young and supple and
strong, and he works hard and earnestly:
bu notice that he lucks my enthusiasm
for sunsets, although he always appears
to welcome them
A philosopher following the day's work
at a becoming distance could not fall to
make Ibis observation- the Joy that springs
from seeing an oriole flash by or a flock
of blackbirds w liiglng their way to the
woods, the curiosity excited by unearthing
an uncommon grub, the interest felt in the
niceties of measuring the beds and laying
hem out artistically, the exaltation that
comes from reflecting upon the divuliy of
labor, all these emotions are felt more
keenly by the man siding upon the bench
than by thn young fellow working In the
1 do not wish to have It understood that
I am a mere complacent spectator. On
the contrary 1 am quite busy. I do not
work, but 1 dabble perVleiitly. t shower
my hired man with suggestions I encum
ber him with help. I build up one side of
a bed, turn a corner laboriously, stake out
prospective rows of corn and potatoes, run
a couple of drills, always open the packages
of seed, afiflx lie cover of each package to I
a stick and firmly implant Ihesticl; In Hie
proper bed. I do this, thai or the other
thing Hint strikes my fancy I revel In the
luxuries of labor; f splash In Its super
fluities And when the d'iy I done I am not
too tired. The work has gone on apace and
I have guided II with unabated spirits, I
am in the mood to read when the lamps are
lighted. Simon cruel.
ALIMSV. May t7.
In Offence of the Maine Monument.
To rm: Kditob or TUB .Si n .sir II In right. I
think, that Hie million and more subwrlb-rs to
the funii of the Maine monumrnt and the public
In general hnuli Vnow that In conjunction with
thf committee of whlrli the undf rl?ne1 Is chair
men there Vss a commuter of prominent artlM
acting In nn adxtfcry en parity
This committee consisted of Frederick lUelman.
then pret.ldent of the National Arndenu of
flgn; John l- Karje. president of il.e .Society of
American Artist and Hie Mural Palmer; Walter
Cook, chairman of the New v.ork Chapter of the
American Institute of Architect, and the well
known sculptor vt II ()'I)onoa'i
Out of tort-een niodK submitted three
were electcd and two fcrUrd money prize
These three wre of about equal architectural
merit, hut the ouerlnalb el-cied wa. of obviously
superior merit In fhc milter of II sculpture, and
the committee ha found no rei.ci now Hut the
memorial l completed, luretre Its opinion or lo
regret lis choice
The Art Commission nares Willi u responsi
bility for the monuiiit lit and th plaelnc It In Cen
tral P.irk. and also th pirk official In so far a
Its stir Is concerned, it will be dedicated on
Memorial Day. 1913. James Chant Wilson.
Nr.w York. Ma) IS.
lllx rlmlnatlon In the HoneU nf the I'.arth.
To tiik HPtroa or Tnt. scv .i'. 'the Inter
borough ha a method of runnlne Its cxpios
trains during the nldlo ruli houi whMi appears
unfair to H'rons using th Uro.id.i division.
The arrangement make the yiein appear par
tial to those iilng the lynox avenue illllon.
I for Instance, many evening have I Mocvl on
the fulton Mreel platform walling for a Mroad
way enpres train to take me uptown, The i)rl
express train coming In would lie marked with
red and green lgnal Indicating the train was
bound for the 1mox avenue dlv lton
Oh. well," llioucht t, "the next train will be a
t was doomed lo disappointment, for the fol
lowing express was also labelled wlih red and
erecr hlguals. Of cou II wjs Hound for the
Inox avenue dlvblon Then a Hrovdway cx
piens would come along and naturally the car
would be crowded to rapacity owing to the long
delay, many persons eongreirailiiK on Ihe plat
forms all along the route.
West SIders iiflng the Broadway division feel
that the Inicrhorough should be Imparihl and
run rnn avenue and llroadway Irtlns alier
nnlely, not double up on the train of one division
to the detriment of Hie oilier division
Niw York. May i: s V U.
The Astor Houses nf Ihe Far i:at.
To THE r.Piron of TIIK SCN -.Sir; The passing
of the Asior House has been Interestingly told
by TllK SCN and lis old Hire irpulatlon among
Kuropran vllloi commented on, but the popu
larity ot Its name among the hotel men of the
Far fast ha not been mentioned and Is entitled
There are Astor Houses In Hongkong, Shanghai,
Hankow iburnedi, Tlenlln and Seoul. Theo
re nil representative hotels and worthy of their
Scattered 'through the country In smaller towns
are also alleged hotels of that name, but like II
alone In that
II gives the ilred traveller a pleasant start to
see and hear the well known name In o many
widely separaied places. C C. T.
fl'LTON, May 17.
The Utah! of Our Slslers "In lieromr llemnr.
To tiik UnrroB or Tim scn sir: nut what,
my dear Mr. Heflln, if we choose In become "de
morallid," like our California sisters, "what,"
In the words of thr Immortal Irishman at Msnara
falls, "what- to hinder"" U.
Ktui.ton, N. J.. May It.
Number ItNIt Kroarlna).
To THR MotTOK oi" Till. Sc.v .Sir; Colonel T.
Allslon nrown I wrong about the Theatre f ran.
call., llr rir la regaid lo .'. Iliuadwn). Tony
Pastor called II the Metropolitan, II did not re
tain the name of Theatre fraiiciK
KrmMi UI.BN. May 17, jlx llAKmn,
Kretiablbh Spank Pay TllK .niw,
This (sentence surely should be uudrrllned.
No better Implement has been ilctlgucd
To teach unruly lads the way In mind,
'I han mother's slipper, well applied, behind.
for children of the present diy, we Ond,
Think that obedience lone hn been consigned
To outer darkness -and that they re most kind
II now nnd then some ordinance they mind.
Ma v lie King Solomon was nut purblind:
And well earnrd spanking iraiii a hoy tn find
His proper social level. Never mind,
The fool killer has cot his Job aligned!
Gioaaa B. Upaawoop.
FATHER KNICK FINDS
HE LIKES TOBE GLEAN
Aks, rNcnseniMt, Affri- This Ho
Ho Si'oiirod Pally, Nnt
flnrp n Your.
KDWANDS SUES A LIGHT
NYsf Side ('pilars Ait its Full
of Itiilihish ns Host Side,
The Inrse (tinntltles of rubbish ml
lected by the Street Cleaning Ucp.ni
menl during the city's cleanup week
have convinced Commissioner lMuimlr
of the need of more thorough d.tlly c
lections of rubbish.
Heretofore xvornnut articles of large
sire have been refused by the depait
ment and rather than have them re
moved ut tlielr own expense house
holders have tossed them Into vac up
lots or back yards. Comtnlosioner l.d
wards first noticed this condition while
Inspecting districts In Brooklyn with
Dr. .Marion McMillan last Wednesday
lie found a dozen outworn bolltrs m
Tim need for extensive and con.
Ilnuoiis relief llko Hits was one of the
Brent lessons thai Commissioner t2rn?t
.1. Lcderle of the Health Department
hoped would be brought out by the
cleanup work. Hn bad previously
urged the Street CleanltiK Department
to perform this extra removing, but had
been tumble to Kaln his point. It liar
now been shown that the city scout era
can remove, all such artlclon.
The program'mo that was planned
In the beginning Is now officially com
pleted, but for the next ten days the
dump carts will have to go over much
of Jhe territory Just visited. Commli
sinner Lcderle. Commissioner Edwards
and Dr. McMillan have expressed their
satisfaction at the work done.
Tho campaign will still be carried on
along; preventive and educational Hne.,
The work ha aroused a widespread
desire for a moro fanttary metrnpulK
and the Health Department. In conjunc
tion with numerous private organiza
tions like the City Club nnd tho Houre.
wives I.chkuc, will continue to strive
for better living conditions.
Parents on the Kast Side will be in
structed on the proper surroundings In
which to brlnt? up their children and
the war on the housefly will go on vis
orotiisly. On the whole the workers found that
the householders were only too glad to
cooperate with them In disposing of
their truck. This was especially evi
dent on the Kast Hide. Some of the
women there told Health Department
agents that they hud thrown away all
their old mattresses and then wanted
to know when the department would
give them new ones. It was found that
in their steal they hnd thrown away a
good deal of old furniture, with the as
surance that It would all be replaced by
the Health Department with new.
The West Side surprised the collec
tors by showing almost as much trusli
as the Kast Side. In fact this region
took longer to cover than had been
calculated. Most of Us rubbish came
from the Inside of the buildings, and
was not displayed on the sidewalks as
profusely as on the Kast Side.
nor sror ts ci.eax a nn 1:11.
Take Tin Cans. Miora nnd Dead Cai
Krum Once l.ntrly ."Wpperliaii.
Vonkers. -Max 17 -Tvxo hundred
Scouts tried to clean the NVpperhan
Klvi-r to-day in connection with
week's clean city campaign. The river
flows through the centre of the cltv
and for yxir har. been n catchall fr
rubbish of every dcscfltplon.
In the days when the Indians ued to
paddle down the N'epperhan niver "i
their canoes to trade xvlth Dutch jailor
vx ho came up the Hudson to Its niout '
the Neppcrhun vxas a pure and beautiful
In live hours the boys fished out a'
least ten thousand tin cana, pan nnl
palls. Kcnres of bed springs, hnlf a dojei
baby carrlagrs. several hundred o'd
hltoe", lioxeu, barrels nnd papers galore
and a half dozen dead cats, dogs nnd
thickens. Tho Department of Fubl1'
Works hnd men and teams ready to ill'
pose of the rubbish.
roxiutr.ss vavpaiox rhixxnn.
Drmoernllc nllonnl Committeemen
Confer With l.loj rl and roue.
Washington-, May IT. The execu'.ve
campaign committee of the Demuerde
N.itlun.il Committee conferred to-day with
Hepresentatlves Uo.vd and laRA who were
elected by the Conirresclona! tMinpaUt
committee to confer with members repre
senting the Democratic Nutlon.il Com
tnlttei with reference tu cooperation In th
. The lepi-cseptallvrf of the two commit
tees iiKieeii tliern nouia no tnorouzn u"'
harmonious action. It vvd the Judpnent
of those present that the i;onrefloiwl
committee should appoint a committee of
live to confer with the executive campJisn
conmilttie of the national committee.
Meantime t'ase and l.loyd will confe"
with a committee representing nienib"r o
the Senate who are Interested In th
coming Congressional election. Ch.ilttnan
Palmer and Mr. I'cnee, the manager of th"
publicity buieait uf the executive i c
p.ilgn committee, were authorized to cm
fer with I'.ige and l.loyd pending nts.itp
l..it1on of the Congressional committee
The executive campaign committee ad
journed subject to the call of the ehur
man. nrtv ro.i.sr Lixi:it LArxriir.it.
Thr Congress la H4'J I -'J Fret bong
llalra at About 8,01)0 Tana.
Campfn. N. J Mny 17 The steamship
Congress, building for tho Pacini: Coaid
Sleumshlp Company, was launched to-day
nt the plant ot the New York Shipbuilding
Company She Is tho largest AnierkMii
coastwise Mennicr ever const ruotud Sl"
inciMires tH2 feet fi Inches over .'
fi5 feet beam and Is rated tit about .rtt'"
The Congress wiis christened by
Marx- Phelp, Jacob of New Yotk. n nlff
of President W. M. Ilarnum of tho I'aolrla
Coast Steamship Company.
The vessel is constructed of steel and
lias ten steel bulkheads. Sim has accom
modations' for 110 llrst class p-wiiccr?.
I nt; second class ainl 10S third clans, ant
will carry a crew of 1 76. Knelt room lu
an electric heater and running wui.r:
The first class dining saloon Is SI 1''
feet and will seat 216 passengers.
Ton boilers bupply sleain to tvvu lri"
cxpunslon engines of 3.600 Indicated
horbe-powcr euch, which are expected
drive the vessel at alxteen and a
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