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n THE SUN, FRIDAY, MAY 30, 1913. , 4 -it 1! . i: 'i 4 1 r FRIDAY, MAY HO, 101.J. Petered nl the Post omre l Nw Yorlf as .Seiond ClA' Mull Matter. Subscriptions by ltll, Postpaid. DAILY. Irr Month 80 lUtl.Y. Per "irur St'MlAV for oar "J ' IM1LV AND M'NDAV, IVr Yonr N SO DAILY AM) Sl'NIlAY. for Month J THK r.Vi:.S!N(! Ht'N, for Month 1 HK KVl'NINf! M N. for YoAr . . 'J ft 3 SO Fostafe tr) foreign countries added AU rhcitj. tnnnrj orders, Ac. to he made par hit to! in. . Ponders of Tnr. -Srs- leaUne tmvn fnr tho sum mer months can have the morning and .Sunday editions dcllmed m thorn tn env pirt of thts imintrv or I urope on tho torn stated above, '.ddres-es rhanced as often m desired. Order irrotish neutdealer or cltrrotly of l"uhlleatlon lve. telephone r.H) poektnnti I'uhtl'hoil dully. Including Sunday, br tbe Sun I'rlntlfli and Publishing AssociaUon t l?0 Nassau street, tn the Bornueh of Manhattan. New York. President nnd Treasurer. Ullllam C. Rolck. 170 Nuiau street: Vice-President, Edward P. Mitchell. 170 Nassau street: Secretary. C. V.. Luxton. 170 Nassau street London office. nBsfbira Home, t Arundel street. Strand. Tails oP.ro. It Pue 6e la Mlchodtere, STtuedu Cuatre so ptombro. Washington eEce, nihba Building. Brooklyn oPre. in. IJvtncfston street. tf our friends tr ho tator us tcua nanuitnpti end Uluttronons do poOlirnHon una to hart rtjreltd atue'.ts relurned Ihn must in all ca'fl stnd Mnpt tor that purpote. Hhat Is the State of the Railroads'. Ill support of their application for per mission to raise their freight rates tho railroad managers assert that UKt.Ia.t i o and administrative interference1 with the operation of their Imsinoss. ronstantly increapinp; wage prhedules and tho ris iugrostof all supplies how put a strain on their treasuries that cannot 1 met from their present ineonier. The efleet of egi(sative interferonefsajejplained in Tub St' of yesterday by Mr H O Priest of St IiuLt, who pointed out its adverse influence on investors and Kpok forcibly for manapement by the owners without deliberated nntaconL tie intervention bv the State or Federal Governments t present the employers of labor in other industries are told that if Federal legislation isalleeod bv them asa cause of slackening their activities, redlining pav and curtailing expenditures, the inquisitorial power of the (lovernment will be u.-ed to disclose the facts and to make plain exactly what support their contentions have. Tf this raurse is to bo adopt od with relation to men who haw tin public franchises, why should it not be applied in the ease of the transporta tion corporations? I'nder the interstate commerce elanso of the Constitution thx Government has power broad enough to cover any investigation that may be desirable In the Interstate Commerce Commis sion it has an agent, fully equipped to -arry on the work Through its inspec. tors the commission could gather and compile the statistics needed for intelli gent studv of the effect of all reforma tory and punitive statutes and rules. Vlierein they have resulted in waste, wherein thev have served a good pur pose; which are necessarv and which me unnecessary: the facts might be set fotth. to be utilized afterward forth" improvement and completion of the measures bv which the public exercise? Us control over the railroads. The in qutrv should be undertaken In a spirit of judicious curioitv, not to bolster a preconceive theory. It should be carried forwatd without malice, but in complete independence. Bv such a quest a mass of material of genuin value to legi-lators and administrators would be acquirerl and made available. To-rlavtio individual or institution in tho eountiy possesses the informal ion it would bring together. Would not tliH result bo of inestimable advantage to the railroads that servo the public and to tho public that sup. port1? the railroad? Put On the Brakes ! Mayor (SAY.von, speaking to his col leagues in the Hoard of Ktimato yes terday, made the subjoined serioiit btatement on a subject of the utmost concern to every resident of the city of New York : "Hoforo I vote on t his rrnpoitlnn I jro poo; to r-onililor mot earrfullv whether we oilulit tn gn Into It U nil. "We urn on the vi-rtfe of our i rnllt "1 lie iipri'intlnn of roul rtnt- value In the comltiR year will lie wiy h!lt;ht "1 tlo not see how the renl entnte (lepre Ion thnt now trWt can last for n than five yours." Not only is the city of Now York "on the verge of it credit," but Its commit ments are so vast as to hold out no promise of relief for many years to rotne. lis debt, if not crushing, has reached a we thai will compel tho most cautious and expert financing to meet tho ex penses of its service and ptovide for the udminist rat ion of t ho cil y 's rout Itic net I v ities. The condition of the real esiato market is lar fi otn reassuring. On every hand are warning signs that only blind lolly and stupidity would disregard. The time has. tome i o put tho brakes on city expenditures. The New Article In t he Simlt arr foilr The amendment to tho Saunnry Codn affecting tho inoculation of human be ings with living bacterial organisms adopted yosterduy by the Hoard of Health, while written in general terms, is admittedly designed to suspend tho operations of tho owners of Dr. I-'riku- HICII I'ltA.SY. FlllHl.MA.V.V'H ailll-lllber- t'Ulosih seniin.wlio have opened an insti tute for us administration in this cjiy. I'nder Up. iii sniion of Hie code I he II'I'M! trout Will I. nt be J,r.,M le(l ,,1,1,1 ,1 has I ' i ll silhliHtted M. j,m f HeahJi and has jeceived the apPioal of that body. This at t ion of the hoard is a logical xrrcwe. of its protects o function iii'bc- half of the community. The terms on which the treatment may be adminis tered aro neither onerous nor unduly restrictive. They arc designed to com pel tho vender of the serum to disclose to an unbiassed and competent author ity its composition and the method of its production before It shall be offered for sale to the public. , The Board of Health has done its duty and nothing more In tho matter of the Friedmann cure. Ilrlmont Tark. After a suspension of several years, which has not dono tho American thor oughbred any good nor improved the breeding of horses, and has certainly taken some color out of Ilfo in New York, racing will bo resumed to-day at Belmont Park, tho most spacious and picturesque courso in tho world. Tho brilliant colors of familiar owners will be seen at tho post, tho barrier will go up, and the thrilling shout of "They're oil ' " will be heard again. New Yorkers dearly low a horse race, from the first stride for position to the flashing of the Jockey's number past the winning line, and tho closer the finish the better they like It. In the sport Itself there is no vrm, no re proach. It stiiB tho mo. and charms the ey, and as a recreation it takes and keeps people out of doors. The racing meetings will be an ex periment In New York this season. It Is to be demonstrated whether the public likes the sport for its own sake as a spec tacle and will patronize it in spite of tho fact that bookmaking is barred. Under tho decisions of the courts wa gers between individuals are not pro hibited. They must be made orally, however, and not recorded, nor must odds be posted. Notes of bets between individuals can be made. All tho well known paraphernalia and practices of professional bookmaking are under the ban, anil tho law is to be enforced. Tho united racing associations in tend to haw clean, legitimate sport on their tracks, and the public can help them by discouraging bookmaking. Patrons can enjoy the tine racing pro vided without betting, but if they think a wager indispensable to their pleasure it is within their right under the law as the statute is interpreted. A Itcpular to Krvollltlonlt. The revolutionists who. under the banner of the Industrial Workers of the World, and Us motto, "No (Jnp. No Master," invaded Now Jersey to destroy the government and put tho citizens at the nvrcy of anarchy have been re pulsed. Their conduct estranged from them the, support of the law abiding. Their violence cost the ignorant and un happy workers whose cause they used as a cloak for their own purposes that public sympathy essential to success in any industrial dispute. No other interpretation can be put on tho present situation in the silk industry in Passaio county. Tho strikers them selves tire convinced of tho hopeless ness of their struggle under the man agement imposed on it bv Haywood and his lieutenants. The effort to coerce the ofllcers of justice has ut terly failed. Theattemptto intimidate the courts and paralvze. the police served onlv to aroue the law respect ing citizenship to an understanding of the danger that confronted it Soon the looms will be in operation again, the Industrial Workers of the World agitators will have disappeared, and nothing will bo left to remind New Jersey of their visit except n stronger and more general realization of the futile nature of that organization's as sault on socio) v, and a wider recognition of society's power and determination to protect itself. Memorial Pay. As the fiftieth anniversary of (iettys burg will be celebrated by the veterans of both armies in liitle more than a month. Memorial Day has a special sig nificance this year. It recalls the great est stnigglo in the long conflict and its efleet upon the fortunes of the Oonfed eraijy more than any other bat tie or cam paign, and the (Jettysburg survivors will naturally be conspicuous in tho exer cises, This will be a summer of preg nant recollection to the old soldiers of the North and South with Memorial Day and the joint (iettyshurg celebration coming so near together. Cook County r'rrt. Chicago is evidently under the im pression that most of tho burden of the tariff bill is to fall upon Cook county. We read that "without doubt the Stato leadsallotliers in the fight on the Dem ocratic measure." Also that "nearly every industry in the Stato insists that it has good cause for complaint." When and on what occasion did Chicago over complain unjustly or from selfish mo tives? It might just as truly bo said that Boston does good by stealth and blushes to find it fame. It seems tliat ono of Chicago's chief sources of solicitude is the duty on ele phant tusks. We understand that tho I ndcrwood bill levies 20 per cent, on tusks and .10 per cent, on the manufac t in es thei eof. Of course this Is good cause lor complaint." Wo take it that it afler ts f hat vast horde of the plain tx-ople who finger tho ivories, as The Bronx would put it, and we do not refer to dico box experts, but to those undoubted geniuses who improvise in tho flat tip- stall's. Beyond question, too, tliii un just lax on ivory falls heavily on eso teric chess players. It may even hit ; purple vented poker Nabobs pretty hard. How will the dandies on Michigan Roiilo vard stand it? Another of tho main Items, wo aro speaking seriously, that has pet tho In dustries of Cook county ugog is tho demand for a better classification of briar loses, partieularlv tho "Hosa rugoKii, indeed, we read that violent protest-! have been inndo in regard to "'bulb-', plants, trees and pineapples.'' s we lire wry tond or pineapples wo agree that "the cause for complaint is good," also juicy. Perhaps tho most overwrought co- terlo in Cook county Is the American Horticultural Company of Chicago. From what wo can learn tho causo for excitement Is that tariff framers are never choice and precise in their use of words. As an Illustration, it appears that Section 219 rates "greenhouse plants" at 25 per cent, ad valorem and Section 220 provides that "greenhouse stock" shall bo taxed IS per cent, ad valorem. Cook county lexicograph ers, whoso profession is horticultural, dcclaro that "greenhouse, plants" and " greenhouse stock" are ono and tho some thing. Once a serious student asked Professor Kittiiedob If ho thought that Siiakf.spearc's plays were written by him, and ho replied: "Yes, or by some one clso by tho same name." Our notion was that when a horticultur ist bought somo rhododendrons thoy were "greenhouso stock," but that Hie moment a customer appeared they be camo "greenhouse plants and that the only thing that'ehanged about them was the size of tho figure on tho tag. Many words are more costly than others, just as certain forms of pronunciation come much higher than others. Ask an Ital ian restaurateur In old Greenwich Vil lage for a portion of endive salad and pronounce It one way and tho price is twenty cents; pronounce It "en'dlv and he price Is forty cento. What would tho Chicago horticulturist!! have to pay If Mr. Underwood taxed pronunciation ad valorem? i Light From the West. Elsewhere on this page TnE SCN prints to-day tho message of Governor Lee CRCCE,of Oklahoma, giving his reasons for vetoing a full train crow bill similar to the measure on this sub ject passed by tho New York legisla ture at its last session and sigscd by Governor tSt'ii.Kn. We commend It to those who have regarded Oklahoma as a wild and woolly corporation baiter, that they may read and revise their opiniona. Tho good sense and sound reasoning displayed in this document need no reenforcement bv anvbodv olse. It is obvious that Governor Cnrcr. studied the arguments against the proposed law ns well as those in its favor. Can any reasonable person find fault with the position he assumes? And New York is thus rebuked br one of the youngest, of her sisters In the Union of Stutesl The Srrvlan-Hiilgarlan rrll. Peace between Turkey and the Balkan allies seems now to be assured, accord ing to despatches from Ijondon, which say "it is practically certain that Un delegates of Turkey and Bulgaria will sign Sir FDWAnn Grky's preliminary draft of a treaty to-day. Servia, Greece and Montenegro aro likely to fall into line with very little delay. The con summation would add something to the prestige of the Concert of tho Powers, which has been dimmed by checks and rebuffs and in pne case actually by a de fiance; but to call it an absolute triumph would be a little premature. There would remain the reconciliation of Hulgaria with Servia and Greece, n problem that is likely to test all the finesse and firmness of tho Powers. Bulgaria shows a disposition to leave Greece in undisturbed possession of Salonica by turning tho question of jurisdict ion over to the Powers. Greece, however, claims Salonica by right of conquest, having made no such com pact with Bulgaria as Its Government made with Servia before hostilities with Turkey began. Tho Powers could not dispossess Greece without risking a nipturo of the Conceit. It is Servia s repudiation of a treaty concluded with Rulgaria on September 27, 1012, that creates an ugly situation and gives rise to pessimistic apprehensions about the ability of the Powers to keep tho peace between them. By the terms of that compact Servia agreed that in the event of a successful war with Turkey her sphere of influence was to bo defined by a line drawn from the Turco-Bulgariau frontier near Kustendil to the northern most point of Uike Oehrid.'i, the country south of thai, line, including the towns of Voles, I'crlepe, Monastirand Ochrida, to bo in the Bulgarian sphere. At the end of tho lighting with Turkey the Servians found themselves in possession of Oyevgeli, only seventy kilometers from Salonica. All the in tervening region, including Monastir, a city of great strategic and commercial importance, wan under their flag. The. army cared nothing for the treaty, which was considered a rough draft for military purposes, and loudly clamored for tho retention of tho country occupied. In the end of April tho Government ut Belgrade was showing signs of yielding to the army, and the speech of tho Servian Premier to tho Parliament on Wednesday, in which he gave notice that the Government desired a modification of tho treaty with Bulgaria, must bo ac cepted as conclusive evidence that Ser via will not evacuate the territory taken unless expelled by Bulgaria or coerced by the Powers, Tho Concert lias hitherto been able to pool its interests and deal sanely with problems tliat tlireatened to involve Austria-Hungary and Russia in a war with dreadful possibilities, and it would therefore hcem practicable to satisfy both Servia and Bulgaria by a compro mise which would be made an ultimatum by the Powers. It may bo assumed that moral suasion has not bcon their only weapon in negotiating with tho Balkan combatants. Unfortunately Pan-SIavist influences aro at work, and Servia may tie instigated to domand more than Bul garia in her desire for peace Is willing to concede There ore othsri, for the moat part women not ot tho working cltaa, who support with apparent eurnoatnnss tho purveyori of popular fiction and biography, and eiTen patronize poetry and grnteel social philosophy,- It. A, Hcott-JaMKS in the A'orli Amtr icon litiitw. What gave you the impression that tbn women are not of the working class? To our mind any one who roads "Kentool ho cinl philosophy" for one hour must rent for tho noxt twenty-three. And have you ever put yourself on a'diet of popular fiction "with apparent earnestness and not felt that you were working overtime and should be paid for the "extras"? Some day Ihoie "women not of tho work Inn class" will be rated nt their true value They work harder, unconsciously per haps, than twwity men In the ditch with a "itrowler" handy. The report of the Senate committee on the conduct of the Washington pollco In guarding the woman's suffrage pfigcant last March Is that the police did ns welt as they could with u crowd of holiday makers beyond their power to control. Individual patrolmen of tho regular establishment nnd some of the special officers employed for the occasion were lacking In efficiency, but the force as a whole did all that could reasonably be expected. It Is plain that some of the tales told to the committee by victims of the boisterous did not command credence In their entirety. The lesson of the dis order le that first class parades should be undertaken only In first class towns. WOMEN WHO GET SEATS. Snobbtshnet In Men Anlgned fer tbe Fluctuation of Courtesy. To tbs Kditor or TnK Sc.v Sir: After reading "A Ilualnea Woman's" letter In Tne 8cm I do not oueatlon her premises. 1 decidedly question tier conclusions. It has been my observation that men never get up to give a business woman a seat Man's chivalry nowadays la only for the woman of leisure. That la the whole thing In a nutshell and that Is why man's politeness varies with the time of day. The time of day baa nothing to do with It, In my estimation. But what I hare often puzzled over Is why do men give up their seats to women shoppers and women theatregoers when they would not think of giving It up to a buMness girl either to or from work? Is It bacauaa the majority ot men are snobs? Is It because they are so narrow minded that they resent the fact that so many women go to business? U It bocauao they think that If a woman pill lieriwlf on a level with them by goine ' buMness she must enpert to receive the ame treatment a mn? I It because the women who gn to the theatre nt nlsht are better dresoil nnd more attractive than the simply dressed business cirl? Of courne, very often It Is the hulne girl herself who gets a seat at nlsht when she emerses' from her chrysalis ami be comes a butterfly. I myself am a bulness unman. If I on my nay home from the offl got ofl at the stores unci then get on a i ar with bundles In my arm", I sometimes get a sent, and smile to myself, for I feel that I am getting the M-at undr false pre fences, knowing that the man thinks that I am a lady of leisure out shopping. Now It Is my opinion that a person of that sort who travels during the rush hnurs Is the last one who might tn (ret a si-at So evi dently Justice lias nothing to do with t. What do ynu suppnse . the renl reason? I suppo-f. the tuen theme,.i could answer One thing I nm convinced of When women tot the vote thev lll all be ac corded the same treatment In the matter of seats in cars that the business girl now receives. When that day comes man's chivalry will be non-existent. That at least Is the opinion of A NOT II Kit UfSINFSt WOVAM. nsoost.TN. May r.ixcoi.X'S uETTrsnrna xmvs. First Tidings of the nattle I'amr From a Newspaper Correspondent. To Tttr. Kiiitor or TttK HfS- .Sir The near appronrh of the anniversary of the battle of ",etuburg brltn; up a good deal f discussion concerning tliRt event 'I here lias been btnulry as to hcn President Lin coln first heard of the battle i his suggests an interesting episode recorded b Secre tary Welles in bis "Diary" hs follows. July . Satuntsv- t wis called up nt mlilntrht pre!ply by a meenffir with telofrain from ll Instnn, il.itod At I!anoer Station, stating that the mftM terrifle hattle of trie war was helnff fotuht at or near Cettrstmrg That ho loft the neM nl half past a V M. with tidings and th.t oiorythlnj lioWo.i hopeful, ihc President was at tho War Heparin. ent when this tterpavh. which was ad dressed tome.was trrelvetl it wm ihr first word nf th- groat conflict Nothing had rnmo in tho War Department. There ceen's tn hae hcen pn Mstcm. nn arrangement for prompt, eonsiant nnd speedy lntelllcni e. 1 had remained at tho War Departrnonl fnr news until annul II fmne half an hour later tho despatch from Hlnetnn tn me ramo nor the Iwlros, hul nnthlng frnm any nee tn .Maninn or Ilallork Irte operator In the War Department ae ihe dopatrh tn the I'ro.ldonl, who remained, He asfced, "Who Is lljlnclon'" None In the Departrnonl l.ne anything nf him. and tho l're.-tdonl telegraphed tn llanner Ma ttnn asl.lne 'Uhn Is Uylngton"" "Ihe operator replied. Ak tho Sectotary of the Nay" I In formed the President that the telegram wa reli able. nlncum ts the edHor and proprietor of a workly paper In NnrwalW ti'enn ), acthe and stirring Is sometimes emplojed hy the New ork TriVino, and Is riniitillesa so empln oil now. The Information this mnrnlng and despatches from drncral Moadr confirm Hj In g ton's telegram. Theie la muih inntuslon In the liitelllgeni e to- ceUed. The Information Is not explicit. great and bloody battle was fought and our army has the he-t of It. hut Ihe end l not et l'erythlng. howeer. looks rni'nijraclng. The liunpnolty of the Wnr Department to receive news promptly Is emphneled all through the "Diary." K T W. Nkw York, .May :. Kt. John's Chapel. To tbk llntTor. ok Tnr. Sun .Vir 1 read with great Interest the editorial article in yesterday's Si'.v entitled "St .lolm'e Chapel." If Its fate Is In Mr. McAneuy's hands I hope lie will gtveTiecd to that timely editorial artl- cla. The chapel N, I believe, the only replica in this country of old St, Martin a In the Fields. London, Its heavy columns nnd time stained facade are very beautiful. New York can't afford to lose the line old front. Will not Trinity Corporation, with ull Its power, use It to save tho front of old St Johu'? TnE Scv gave much apace at the time Ihe chapel was closed to correspou- dentswho protested sgulnst Trinity's attl- tudefand policy Inclosing the chapel when ho many of the utteudam wished lo have tha chnpel kept open. The beautiful old organ should be preserved, I'ow people know the organ was shipped by water from Philadel phia In 111?, and Ihe vessel was raptured by a Hrltlsh frigate and taken to London. Af ter two yenrs it was returned to New York and set up In the chapel, II E. K, Nr.w York, May 2S. The Albanians. lo tub Editor or Tits Sns .Sir.- What are the Albanians? How do they differ from the Montenegrins Do the Servians and Itulgarlans speak tha aame language, and how much Is their lan guage llko Kusstan? I A Htvdrnt or Histobt, New Yore, May Memorial Day. Strew the violet, strew the purple hearts ease, Strew tha feathery plumes of the fragrant lilac. O'er the greening mounds where the brave are sleeping. These for the victors, These for those who won fn the last great battle. Conquered death, and found Ian Immortal guerdon; Flowers, not tears, bring these In the joyous Maytlme, These for the valiant! Memuiy, hold Iheui close In thy mcrrd keepingl One are they with nil of the earth's fresh rapture. Heirs of life and heirs of the olive crown of l'eace everlasting! CLINTON ScOLLiaD. PATESTX tS SV THEME COVRT. Reform Adtecated In Com re Effected t'mler F.xlstlng I,. T,i ma. f- mine nr TlfR SUN Sir." In the Jssnatogen patent case (Hauer A Cle. vs .tames O'Uonnell), decided by me unnen States Supreme Court on May 21. 1913, the court refutes the contentions of two oppms Ing groups, the enthusiasts, who have util ised the patent system to maintain price fixing schemes that otherwise might vio late the Sherman nntl-trust act, and the malcontents, who have charged the patent system with sheltering 'restraints of trade In defiance of the Sherman act. The court holds that the patent system cannot be utilized to maintain price filing schemes which If applied to unpatented goods would transgress the Sherman act. The court shows that the patent laws, as construed by the highest authority, cannot shelter any restraints of trade which If re lating lo unpatented goods would violate the Sherman act. For the third time within about sU month the United States Supreme Court has em phatically demonstrated that the existing laws, without the necessity of any new legislation, are sufficient to prevent every alleged abuse of Ihe patent system, for which Congressman Oldfleld and his fol lowers, fn Congress and outside, have for months been urging radical legislation The grounds on which the Oldfleld hill was recommended by the House Patent Committee In the last Congress were, first, that the trial of patent causes, in the courts was unnecessarily expensive and prolix; second, that the existing patent laws af forded a shelter from the Sherman aot to combinations In restraint of trade, and third, that the existing patent laws gave to manu facturers of patented articles the right to enforce fixed retail prloes which the Sher man act denied to all other manufacturers. The committee promised to prepare In the near future a bill to remedy the first practice, and offered the Oldfleld bill as the remedy for the second and third prac tices. The Oldfleld bill proposed to correct the second practice by applying to patents a sort of wholesale "condemnation" with out any of the usual safeguards of "emi nent domain " Any one who had acquired a patented Invention and had not suc ceeded In introducing It commercially within three years might be haled before a Federal District Court, sitting as a sort of "condemnatlon"court, with Jurisdiction over all vested rights In patents, mid there be compelled to grnnt a license to any appli cant, upon any terms the court tnla.it "deem Just " Ihe Oldfleld bill proposed to correct the fhird practice by forbidding manu facturers of patented goods fit retail prices, or to enforce by Infringement suit any license restriction devised for this pur pose, Wllhln half a year the I'nlted States Supreme Court, simply bv interpreting and applying existing aws, has effectually corrected each of the three practices for which Congressman Oldfleld and the House Patent Committed had urged this radical legislation In November last the court promulgated the new iuli" nf euulty practh e, whii h re formed the pro, fslure nf patent trials in every respect In which It hud been criticised In Congress This disposed nf the first preteit for changing the patent laws During the same month the court de cided the Bathtub Case iMandard Sanitary Manufacturing Co s. t.'nlted States, I' S, "jo i, which, without the complicated confiscatory device nf "cnmpul-nry license." extended over every monopolistic combina tion and restraint of trade Involving patents the pi nhihitlons and penalties nf the Sher man act "Ihe comprehensive and thor ough i barnctcr of the law is demonstrated," the court declared, "and Its sufficiency to Pi c cnl evadons of its policy by reort to any disguise or subterfuge nf form, orthecscapc nf its prohibitions by any Indirection. 'Ihe lidded element of the patent cannot confer Immunity nights nn f el red by patents are indeed very definite ami extensive, but thev do not give any more than other rights a universal license against positlveprolilbitioua. The .Sherman Uw Is h limitation of rights, rights which mav be pushed In evil consequences, and therefnre restrained " This disposed nf the second pretext for changing the patent laws. And now. In the Saniilogen patent case Just decided, Ihe court extends the rule laid down In fir Miles Medical Company vs, Park A Suns Company C'.'u 1' s, .17.11, that any attempt by a manufacturer nf un patented goods to "fix the price of an article nt general use would beagaitist public policy and void," and holds that In the patent law "there Is no grant of a privilege to keep up prl es nnd prevent competition by notices restricting the price at which the article may bit resnld and the added re hirlcliou Is beyond the protection and pur pose nf the act ' 'I his disposes nf the thltd and last pretext fnr changing tho p.itent laws Whether the Dr Miles case and the Sana logon patent case, with the sanction they aflord to "cutting prices" and ruinous com petition, expre.-s the policy that the country really wants, and whether these decisions should be nulllfled by legislation permit ting fixed retail prices, Is the practical ques tion now confronting the manufacturers of the country Hut whatever position they take nn this question, the patent system can no longer be charged with lending them ar tificial xiipport and granting them special privileges denied tn producers and dealers in unpatented gnnd To-dav the last pre text for changing the patent laws l,ns been removed "The proposal to change the law," to quote the minority members of tlm House Patent Committee who reported against the Oldfleld hill, now truly "rests on nothing at all." .li iiK.x. WasuiNOTON, D C, .May Mngo of the Mood Old I)as of Sailing ship. To tiik. KniTon or Tun Stw Sir: The editorial article "deforming Salt Speech" In Tiik Sun-Interests me as an old sailor. Tho officers nnd men of our present navy with a few exceptions know little of the order which are given aboard the old wlndjam- juers, naval or merchant marine. In "tack ing ship aboard a deep water vailing ves sel wn used to hear, "Hard up," "Hard down," "Steady your wheel," "Keep her full and by." with the weather leech of the foreroyal Just a-llftlng. These orders with many more were heard by the sallora of our navy before Ihe civil war. It Is very different nowuday. A letter to me from theenptain of a large tramp steamer on her way from England to llombay was written on a typewriter while the vessel wag steaming through the Arabian Sea. Dewey ceased firing long enuugh for his men to eat breakfast in the Manila Hay encounter. There were uo aft or noon teas for tho men with Nelson and John l'aul Jones. No supply ships followed their fleets with porterhouse steaks and ice cream. They were luoky If the "harneas cask" did not contain "salt horse," with now and then an Iron horseshoe attached to a hind quar ter Sheath knives were used to clean the teeth Instead of tooth brushes, and the ofllcers had no porcelain lined bathtubs. There was an odor of grog, profanity and tar ever present above and below decks In the good old days. Arikoton II, Carman. Patciiooue, May 28. Roadside Apple Trees, To thu I'.DiToa or Tua Si'N-.s'ir.' If Ur. George Partridge, whose witty letter appeared on Ihe edltoilal page 'IMrsday morning, would lake a motor trip through Germany he would tlnd.aa Ur. William Hlushaw said, "miles and miles of apple trees" beautifully pruned, sprayed and la perfect condition. Why Imply that the American boy la leaa honest than tho fierman boy; "the honesty of ihe people la so great that the fruit Is never nnlen"t la Germany It la a Government proposition, selling the fruit lo varloua cob tumor a and using the pniceeda lo keep the wonderful roada In perfect repair. It Is a aad coininetilary on the American fnrmri that the trees that greet our eyes la this country are as Mr. I'arlildge deacrlbea, "unsightly rowa of un trimmed fruit trees bedecked with nest, of creep ing caterpillars." 11 r. Hlnkhaw was good enough to give us a vision. Pan Uono Pdilico NawYoaa, May . UOHT FROM THE WEST. The Oklahoma fJovernnr's Vete ef the Frill Train Crew HIM. from the Wall sitttl Journal, The Legislature of Oklahoma recently passed a full crew bill which Governor Cruce vetoed. The Oovernor's message ac companying his veto follows: "I have studied thU bill from every angle, and the more I havn studied It the more 1 have become, ci uvinced that It should not receive my ap oval, In the enactment of thU bill It Is mily the railway companies and their employee that have been con sidered, The thousands ot people in this State who travel upon the railroads and ship their products and merchandise over same have not entered Into the discussion. "This fact, however, must remain after all has been said, that every dollar of ex pense placed upon ruilway corporations In Oklahoma will ultimately he paid by those who patronize the railroads. The cost of putting this bill Into operation Is estimated by tho corporation commission at some thing like I3SO.0OO, while the cost is esti mated by the railroad companies at more than 1400,000. Whether It be ttno.ooo or tloo.ooo, that amount in the end will be paid by those who use tho railroads. "Another thing I have learned to believe l that those who have made a lifetime study of railroad operations are better Judges of the proper method of operating them than 1 am, and t believe that this Is equally true when applied to a majority of the members of any legislative body. The trouble In Oklahoma Is, and has ever been, that In dealing with publlo service corporations we have assumed to know more about how properly to operate them than these who have given the matter careful atudy. "Publlo service corporations need to be regulated and need to be controlled. Okla homa ha undertaken to do this by the creation of a corporation commission and has clothed that commission with unusual authority In dealing with such matters. That commission, after having studied this question, Is better able to place suitable regulations upon the railroads than Is the Oovernor or the Legislature. "The practical effect of this bill would be to give employment to a number of railroad men without Increasing the efficiency of the service, ajid would be supplying positions for three men tn do the work that can tie doneby two It Is entirely In harmony with Ihe principle that has prevailed In this State of creating an army of officials to do the work that ought tobedoneby half the number of men "This Legislature has set Itself lo the task of reducing the number of officials drawing salaries from theState, and a herculean task It Is proving It is certainly Inconsistent while dying to curtail the number of useless public officials tn increase arbitrarily the number of railroad employees who In Ihe end must draw their subsistence from the same source that Is now drawn upon by these useless public employees." the out Asron hovse. A Proposal That Its Fine Architectural Features lie Hcprodiieecl. To tiik Km I OR or Tun Sc.v-.Sir; Hie passing of the historic old Astor House, "Ihe downtown lintel," prompts the suggestion that its familiar entrance, lobby, rotunda and second finnr corridors Hnd rooms with the grand stairway be perpetuated on the same site. If the structure replacing the old building Is to be a modern hotel. All these features are Inglcal and dearly familiar to the habit ucs of the house. ' he cafe rotunda nt the rear of the ground floor nfllce. elliptic In form, with Its graceful groined celling, Its "composltvclast.il detail nf columns and pi lasters, Is one of themost distinctively beau tiful rooms In America. Carefully repro duced with such enduring materials and handsome color scheme as mark, for exam ple, the great vaulted concourseof theOrand Central Station, this elllptin rotunda of the old Astor House would be saved us a decora tive concept of high worth In our American architecture. Ai.nm-r Win-slow cohb. Si'niMiKll'.l.n, Mass.. May 2l. Old Fashioned t'ourtesy of the i:mplores. To tiik Editor op The Si's .Sir; The pleasing notice in Tiik Svs to the effect that the old cmployeea of the Astor House ro tunda wern to continue their vocations in new surroundings recalls what to me was one of the pleasantest features of the old place, I mean the dignified courtesy of the employees to each olher ns well as to the patrons. It was unusual In a busy lunch room Did you ever notice that there were no Mikes, Jims or Pats In the Intercourse nf the employees? It was always Michael, James or Patrick when the patron climbed on his stool nnd passed the time of day with Henry or Joseph, the counter man. His order was taken and transmitted to the a-sistniit In this way Michael, bring a mm of Pass for Judge .Tones. James, a cup o" cortee. half milk, for Commis sioner Smith Dennis, sir.iwhcny short cake, plenty n' cream, for Colonel llrnwn. And Michael, James and Dennis when returning with lh order would address the inuntermnn as William or Joseph, not Ulll or Joe. 'Ilicn were the little things that helped to make Ihe surroundings pleasant and aided digestion More power to the Astnrian! May they prosper as thry deserve In their new sur roundings' Jamfs j, Durrr. PiTtsncRn, Pa , May ... A Gigantic Problem. To t nt: I'.niTon or Tiik scn Sir; I'm not a New Yorker, but I'm lor the (Hants ahs. You've got the best baseball writer In the business. HI "dope" Is al ways valuable, because It's wise and sensi ble nnd free from hysteria. Won't you ask him to tell us what awful thing It Istlmt Is wrong with the C.iants this year, considering they are practically Ihe same team thnt won two pemuints? He probably knows, W, W, K. ItCMHNO, Pa., May :o The (iradgrtnd .Spirit In These sSlatat llrplored. To i hi F.pitob or THR Scn .sir; Rome ears airo Mr W J Henderson In a criticism of "Koe ulgsUlnder" lanieuted the lacli of Imagination of the American people. It ha been the hope and wish of all good Americans that with the growing love ot music and art In thU country and the bene fll our people are deriving from travel In Kurope the Imagination ot Amerlrans might be stimu lated Into an artistic rrnllty, Hut sometimes despair shrouds one'a optimism. It does now as I road an editorial article In Trb Hl'N' about ihe attempt to destroy thai beautiful bit of architecture St, John's Chapel, and for no reason at all except Just to be a Utile more prai Ileal and have a street as straight as Mr. (irad grind's successful life. The same aultlt seems tn prevail In New Haven. If a rambling street with quaint, Colonial houses, shaded by fine elm, lilting the soul with dreams of Vllrc, St llrleux, Ituuen and other apota! that have escaped Ihe practical sclentlllc disciples of Ur. UcChoakumchlld. la found. It ta sure lo go for a treeless, blistering street of straight lines and hideous appearance. Not Infrequently some ser vice poles take the places of the trees for which there was no room. Nliosia, Naw Havik, Coon., May 2. Loblolly. ToTHirpiTOiorTmScN-iSir; If your cor respondent "W. s. 11." will consult his Boswell'a Johnson be will find that the great lexloograpber had the same dlfnrultv as I'.llhti Veddrr In under atandlng sea talk. On visiting a warship he asked the purpose of a particular opening In one ot the decks and was Informed gravely by his entertainer that In that apace Ihe lollypop rnaa kept hla lollypop. Tha Information was not sat lafactory to the Irascible old doctor, and no doub I confirmed his often expressed dislike to sailors and the sea. A ship, he used to aay, was a Jnll with the cbaace of being drowned thrown la, Loblolly I a variant form for lolli pop. Nkw Vogg, May 58. x. N, J, A Sicilian Commuter. Damocles taw the suspended sword. "I prefer It to a suspended lawn mower,': b remarked. Thus we Inferred that he lived Is Ike Mburks. GARY SOUGHT IDEAL IN BIG CORPORATION Hhs Rppn a Factor In Kpppinc Steel Trices Down, lp Testifies. OUT WAGES ONLY OM r; Followed Competitors in li f but Led Them in Mnkinir Increasef.. B. If. Oary made It plain ofeMd, afternoon that If tho Government shoul'i ever Reek for the Individual rrsponsii,:e for the policies) of the United Stales Htecl Corporation, with a view to takinr any other action than a civil suit J, dissolve the big corporation, h w,n easy to find. The particular person l whom Judge Clary referred Is himself, the chairman of the board, the chair-' man of the executive committee, thi chairman of the finance commutes, it answer to a question of Richard V, Llndabury before Ppeclal Examiner Brown ho replied: "The principal queitbns, the larxs questions relating; to all the corpora tions, have focussed In my office for a great many yearn and It wa necessary for me to know about them" The witness went further tha.i that In his explanation, for ho made It pUn that under the rules evory question nf operation, every question of policy, everything except the details of B, ministration, all came to the flnanc committee, of which he was the had. nnd by virtue of bin position lie cams near being tho centre of all powet. Except for some questions at tha morning session which related to t , formation of the Steel Corporation. nn, u few more about the extent to whici tho companies combined In 1901 com peted. Judge Oary devoted tils tltn on the witness stand yesterday to setting forth the policies, purposes and results of the orRanlwitlon of his company. With Just a suggestion here and there bv Mr. l.lndubury und nn occasional objection from Henry Colton for th (lovernment he epoke steadily, and Inci dentally he used eome letters of Andrew Carnegie ns n text for a dissertation r,f what the policies of the company wets not. It was during: the troublesome days of 1S99 and 1900, when a treat Meel war appeared Inevitable between tha Carnegie company and the newly organ ized Federal Steel Company. Mr. Car negie was over at Hklbo Castle, Scot land, and he wTote letters) to his board of managers In Pittsburg. One letter was dated December 20, 1898, and con cerned American tin plate. The Iron master spoke of an armed neutrality, If that were possible: It an advantageous arrangement could not be made, then light. He quoted Richelieu to tn managers: "First all means to conciliate! xanini that, all means to crush." He threw In a little 8hakespre about "comlnc with gentle peace tn your right hand." and added: "But after peace Is none the worst policy In the world Is 'Kentle war.'" Mr. Camefls from the nerles of lettera was ready fer peace or war. but alowc In June, 190C. ho wrote: "It Is Inevitable, and it !s to bo a question ot the survival of ti e fittest." Judge Gary read extracts from all theso letters and added emphatically "That has not been our policy. We have never proceeded upon that prin ciple. Wo have never sent our com petitors Into bankruptcy to keep o'ir mills going; we never shall." They had sought after an Ideal n the Steel Corporation, tho witness said they had not attained It. of course, but thoy were always Inbortns; toward that end. "Wo have made mistakes from tlmo to time," ho said. He added tint managers and presidents of mbsldls rles from overenthuslasm had ior things which tdioulrt not hae boon done, but ono of their policies had ever been never tn Ignore or defy run lie opinion. Ho Illustrated this In a iliSfcrtiitlon on rebates. Principles ha1 changed In the last twelve years. puM'e opinion had changed, nnd business men had to cIiuiiko with them. "Many years ugo," lie said, "we ho. camo afraid that Homes of our subordi nates might bo tempted tn accept re bates. We illf-cussod this at a meet InK of tho finance commltteo nnd as a result I dictated n letter for our presi dent, as I frequently did. requesting him to wrlto to nil tlm railroad presi dents, asking that no rebato bo given and none offered to any of our sub sidiaries. We requested that the presi dents notify us If any subordinate should demand such rebate. Copies of these letters were sent to our official! and thus It became known that the practlco would not be tolerated. I msy add that the railroad presidents were Informed that If the practlco had been Indulged In steps would be taken to stop It." Thereafter came the policy part of tho testimony. Hummed up. he declareJ that tho I'nlted States Steel Corpora tion has favored stability of business as opposed to demoralization of busl nfis. It has desired to i-ell as low as It could and to reduce prices when !' could. It has endeavored to prevent unreasonable lnoreaee In prices. It has been n. decided factor In keeping pries' down and It has prevented sudden anJ violent fluctuations in business. Stability ot business, he eald. is be' not only for the consumer but for t11 employee. The company haa reduc wages only once, but It did that onu after It had passed Ha dividend on K common stock. It first Increased wag" then restored the dividend. It has ways followed Its competitors In reduc ing and Increasing prices and In re duclng wages, but It baa led In increas ing wages. Judge Gary ovtll take the witness chair again on Monday morning. SEX ATE ACTS ON COFFEE TPVSTt Calls on Attornir-Qeneral It Iitforxaavfloa, WaiRiNOTo.v, May flenater Karffj of Nebraska presented m resolution In tM Bonate to-day calling on tho Attorfry (leneral to transmit to the Benate ths namea of persons who bought cofTeo unset the valorisation syndicate and ihe lira slltan Government Mr, Norrls offered a resolution pa May 22 asking Information as to wh" proceedings against the. trust were ct.f missed. The reply was that the case w" dismissed because the defendants prom ised lo dispose of the coffee on hsrnl Mr. Norrls contends that this pn.til was not kept. The resolution was paased without faction.