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t 6 THE SUN, SUNDAY, JUNE 8, 1913. MEN BEHIND THE CARDBOARD WHO PLEASE PUBLIC Here Are Photographs of the Comic and Political Cartoonists Whose Clever Work Has Gained for Them Thou sands of Followers in the United States f i it I i t LlllllsillllllllllllllllllllflhLlllH iLIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIH Cha.rLs.3 Da,na HHHHIIIIIIIIIY 1slllllllllllllllllllHlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllfl John T JVTCttcl-iora 12- F: -c.B 6lbaon by Bjh Otclt JVL orq BTl . AI'KW month ago there was printed tn tills section of Tiik Si n a page of photographs of Now Vork'tt comic artlntx who llr.il it liuril work to be funny. After the publication of these u flood of let tor reached tiik Scn office requesting another page of pictures of artist whoso photographs were not published. Shown in the accompanying group .if men whose clever work for different New York newspaper has made their n. wiles Known In almost every hamlet In i le I ulted States. Among them are uil wht have left the Held of news paper illustrating to enter monthly magazine, book work or to take up the inoii .inns task of painting. Oiotiped In this lot are men who teach big moral lessons by their cartoons. Kembel, whose pointed picture 111 the Kvkn'IN'ii Sf.v and Siwhay Siw often tell st ry that would have taken n column of word to convey to the reader, and 'W A lingers of iiimt's HVW.' and the llrrttltt are almost a well known In Purope as they are In the t'nlted States. About a year nun the latter artist, while alighting front a street car, fell and btoke his right arm. dialing under the Inactivity caused by the bone knitting ir ices, Mr. Holier decided to draw his TRIALS OF AN Political Campaigning in the Country Attended by Many Amusing Adventures Br CONSTANCE WILLI (MS, IT is the custom at elections tn England for women to take a prominent part in the ennuis, ami the electors feel themselves de frauded if there are not one or two feminine speakers who expound such questions as free trade, tariff reform, education. Insurance, or whatever topic may be uppermost at the time. The payment for this work Is, on the whole, good, but the work Is hard, much election speaking being done out of .loors. Open air speaking Is difficult and trying for a woman, especially In the winter. At the election In Manches ter when Winston Churchill was de feated the great Idea was to hold meetings out-dde the factories at the men's dinner hour. We were a team of three or four men and myself and had come to the toivn to preach free trade. We arrived outside some big cotton mil: to find the speakers of all sorts of societies in full blast. It was dif ficult at first to find a pitch, but our captain was nothing daunted, and, se lecting a favorable position on the edge if the footpath, said; "Now, then, Hrown, go ahead." Mr. Brown took of his hat and began In a voice that shook the wall". He went on hard for ten minutes. No one txk the least notice of him ex cept thpe exceedingly dirty children and a lame dog, who stood in a row and gazed solemnly; the rest of us clapped entl; i-lastieally at intervals. "Tliis won't do." said the captain, and Mr. Itrown, stopping In the middle of a sentence, hurried tiff to a cottage to borrow a chair on which to Maud. "You'd better try' tin y told me. when the "platform" was llrmly planted In the gutter. Clutching the captain's MioulUr to i vti' i i iii .-vi i, i ut'Sdii. id i in nun I mounted the chair when there was a wild rush from the other audiences. i "It's the bUlfrasette! It's the suf- tragettes tney yeneu. an, we wen s on surrounded by a good tempered ciuwd of men and girls who listened fairly quietly to my remarks. Audiences ill remote country districts are the most long suffering, they wi.l listen silently and for hours to the dull est disquisitions on any subject. It Is dllllcult to tlud out what they really thiifl;, for the squire ami the landlord still hold sway, and for a man to bp found attending a Liberal meeting anil ! uppl. Hiding might mean the loss uf his work or expulsion from his cottage. At an election in one of the rural counties where we had been working we reached a small village later than we expected, our motor car having burst a tire en route. It was about nine o'clock, the summer night was creeping oil, there weie lights ill some of the upper windows of the cottages and the whole place seemed asleep. Drawing the motor up against the wall of the church which seemed to be the enure of the village we prepared for our meeting. Two of the company sat on the wall ami smoked, while u third made night hideous by sounding the motor horn In order to announce our presence. The captain decided that I must be gin. No sign of an audience was vis ible. The stars peeped out one by one, and a slender moon rose above the trees, while bats ilew past ami round us, and an owl hooted from among the Ivy on the church tower. It is. a .strange sen s.itioii to speak out Into the night in a sol t of monologue. Pacts ubout ex pot t and Imports, about the insurant' act or education sounded odd when mingled Willi the scent of (lowers from the cottage garden or the sleepy twit ter of an awakened bird. After a time dark forms crept to ward us from various points, upper windows were opened, and at the end of ten minutes the lamp shone on an audience of twenty or thirty. The ter ror of these villagers ut some unknown power was pathetic, A daylight meeting in the Interests of the Liberal candidate had never been possible there. "We daren't come," said one of the men; "we're marked men If we do, Why don't you always come at night?" Ami then the audience slunk away, they melted, and 1 was left addressing my remarks to a gentleman on a tall horse the squire, who hail come round to see what the unwonted nolso was about As we drove away sleepy voices called "good night;" only the owls in tlie chinch tower were Indignant at be ing disturbed. As I said before, the. rural population Is wonderfully patient and long suffering. Speaking Is not of course always con nected with the actual work of an elec tion. The vital spark of interest has to bo kept alive between times. Last winter 1 was announced to address a political cartoons with his left hand. Ills lltot attempt was a success, and the carloon was published the day after It reached the llrrnld olllce. Pvery one remember the wonderful popularity enjoyed by the Yellow Kid comic of years ago. Itlchard mitcault, the originator of the Kid mid Muster Itrown, 1 the only nrtlt who has to his credit two lilt; successes In comic cartoons. Through the medium of news paper syndicates these comics reached millions of readers In the t'nlted States, It Is said among artists that the name Yellow Kid came to Mr. Uiteault's funny boy through n mistake In the printing department of the newspaper which published the series. It seems that the man In charge of the printing press was Instructed to use an Ink of a certain color, but by a mistake used yellow Ink while "making ready." When Mr. uutcatilt saw this he quickly np pi eclated Its value, and thereafter the seile was printed under the title "The Yellow Kid." Mr. Outcault was the first artist In the world to make colored comics, und the present day newspaper colored comic supplement Is the out growth of his early work In that direc tion. Charles Dana Gibson is another nrt 1st whose work Is very welt known ENGLISH WOMAN meeting in a lemote locality In one of the London suburbs, in a chapel mis sion room. The cold was bitter, and the snow, which in London had been swept away, lay a foot deep outside the station when I arrived. As I en tered the hall I perceived by the light of one gas jet a gentleman with a pocket full of papers looking at a map of Pgypt on the wall. We glared at each other for some time. "Are you the speaker?" he asked, looking at a handbill, "Yes," I replied. "Ah.t' shivering, "I'm a reporter," and the Irony of tils tone cut me like a knife. After a great deal of stamping and puffing outside a gentleman In a top hat and wearing an Immense muffler appeared. My hopes of an audience were dashed, however, for when he had at last unwound the muffler he an nounced himself as the chairman, with many apologies for being late. No one else came, so I gave the re porter the heads of my speech and tramped back through the whirling snow to the station. I learned next day from the local paper (on our side In politics) that "ow ing to adverse meteorological condi tions the audience, who listened with keen attention, was not as numerous as might have been desired. Country work b the most arduous, as It of tin entails a great deal of walking during the day, with a meeting at the end. In one village we succeeded in col lecting a crowd In the reading room, at tracted, I am afraid, by curiosity rather than a desire for enlightenment. Every i..i.. i i . .. i IWHJ 111 HIV JUJte INllCll) uii;'osvu to our views, and we found the room packtd with noisy opponents. The captain was greeted with a storm of shouts and hoots and the singing of "We won't go home till moraine." He suicided after half an hour's un equal contest. Mr. Urown, who has the strongest voice In the party, roared at the amued crowd, who made nurc no so than ever. Then he lost hln tem per when a soft rljv tomato hit him on the side of the jaw. It Is not a bit uf UH0 lom(; yol. t0II)pep on such oc cixions1 ih' only thing to do is to wipe up the me3 ami go on, or try to. Aft?r ,i,., ,,,, , i,.,.,i. 1,1 ,u, , hls .....,..,.. alul tllml,...i S, 1(, ,,,atform at the back. 1 felt rather forlorn, when, in re sponse to a sign from the captain, I sto. d up. There was a momentary pause, it was pomethlng of a novelty to have a woman address a meet'ng on any subject but the suffrage. I was even allowed to say a few sentences, then the noise began again, a tomato Money Changing in Europe. There is one comfort about travelling In America. You c.tn go for days and days In the United States without get ting out of the country or having to change your money Into a new cur rency or hearing a new langujgu or getting used to a nuw set of postage stamps. In Kurope It Is different. You go to bed at night In Prance with a pocketful of Trench money. You wako up In Italy, say, the next morning. If you stop off anywhere In that country you have to change your Trench money Into Italian, and you always get the worst of It In the exchange. And the Italian banknotes are so unimpressive that you are always wanting to give them away. An American Isn't used to a coin smaller than a cent and when he gets a lot of tiny coppers he Is apt to lose all Idea of their actual value. Money changing Is one of the big In dustries of Purope. Around the rail way stations the money changers' signs nro thicker than those of the ticket scalpers used to be In South Clark street, Chicago. The very first sign you see entering the city of Jerusalem, by the way, Is that of a money changer. Postage stamps are nnother worry. You am buying postage Btnmps constantly and sticking them on letters without nny certainty that you are getting enough on. One American lady In Cairo, Rgypt, told a friend with a sigh of relief that she was sure her letter would get to America because she had put fifteen Sphinxes and Pyramids on the front and five on the back. Another thing that worries the American traveler on his first tour Is tho way the names of the towns have been chnnged since he studied geogra phy. He tlnds that there are no such places ns Florence, Naples, Cologne, Alexandria, Jerusalem, and so on. If he wants a ticket to one of these places ho learns that he bus to nsk for them by unfamiliar names. Florence Is "Pl rence; Naples, "Napoll"; Cologne, "Koln"i Alexandria, "Skanderleh": Je rusalem, "El Khus." &c. Then when the tourist reaches Con stantinople he tlnds that his calendar Is nine days ahead of that of the Turks, his watch seven hours behind and that he has arrived In a month that be never heard of before. both here and abroad. Ills pictures which appeared In Tilt! Sun tinder the title "The Pictures That Made Gibson Famous," drew renewed Interest to his inimitable work und were an acid test of his popularity with the reading pub lic. The peculiar Impressionistic style of Wallace Morgan, "Morg" to his friends and associates, Is always a delight to the eye. Mr. Morgan lias forsaken newspaper work and now devotes his entire time to magazine and book Illus trating. .lames T. McCutcheon Is nn artist who has enjoyed for years a reputation as a funny man. Ills pictures, which ap peared In the Chicago Tribune, met with Instant success, and he Is considered the most popular comic artist In the West. P. T. Itleffards Is a political cartoon ist not unknown to the New York news paper reading public. His pictures now appearing In the Lmltva' Hume Journal are attracting favorable comment. Orson Lowell's social cartoons In Life, James Montgomery Plagg's Illus trations and conceptions of pretty women, and George McManus's comic have gained for these artists thousands of followers who never fall to buy the publications In which their work Is presented. AS A SPEAKER Pay Is Good but the Work Hard Most of Speaking Done Outdoors. came perilously near, and an overripe pear went squash against the wall be hind me. I implored them to spare rav hat, which eomo one was kind enough to say was a pretty one. Then I told them feeble anecdotes and sjorles with little or no bearing on our propaganda, but the public Is like a child, it waits to be amused and entertained. There had been about three minutes comparative silence on the part of th" audience and I was beginning to think I might come to the point, when a large potato came hurtling through the air, well alined from the back of tho hall, liy some fluke, for I never couli field at cricket, I caught it, and tn one hand! This was a signal for wild appliuso I and shouts of "Well caught!" The cap-! tain beamed approval; but my triumph was short lived, for Just when I was getting to the subject for which the meeting was called some om turned out the Eai and there was a stampede tor the door. One of the most trying experiences of a speaker Is to be engaged for a fort night's propaganda work In some re mote rural district far from railways, where the villages are ten or more miles from the nearest station. Some times the speaker Is expected to arrive early In the afternoon and work up a meeting for the evening. I find a good method Is to bring a dinner bell and walk down the village street rlnntng It. This generally has the desired ef fect of letting the Inhabitants '-enow that something Is going forward. On an occasion of this kind we made our meeting known and a crowd of some dimensions collected, but nowhere could the key of the chapel In which we were to meet be found. Thcrj was an open window to be sure, but the portly members of the audience de clined to enter by that means. I was obliged finally to make my speech with a flat gravestone as a plat- 1 f Tin while the audience sat along the ' wall or lounged In the grass at my feet. 1 The chairman arrived Just ns the meet-1 ing was over with the missing key. which he had inadvertently taken away In his pocket. Sometimes an afternoon and an evening meeting are arranged for the same day This means motoring many miles be tween villages and often much search for the schoolhouse or barn where they are to be held. On one occasion a party of us drove In a wagonette to a village in the heart of the enemy's country. The rival candidate owned all the prop erty and no one dared let us have a room or a hall. A farmer, however, who could afford to be Independent, lent us a large barn Illuminated by flicker ing lamps and candles. I sat cnthrontd on the only chair while the audience lounged on the hay and straw or stood In a packed and silent crowd nt the back, It was a try ing meeting. No one applauded, though they listened with the deepest attention. Tho air was scarcely hostile, and yet it was not friendly. We climbed Into the wagonette at the end somewhat chas tened and depressed. "Let us," I said as we drove away In the darkness, "give one rousing cheer for Sir " (our candidate) "Just to show we are not afraid!" We stood up and made the hills echo with our shout. When we sat down we found that some enemy had deftly placed on egg on the sent where each of us had been sitting. Some of the party did not sec what had been done In time and great was tho lamentation. 1 had mine a nice fresh one for break fast next morning. Tho most difficult' meetings to ad dress ore those held In a drawing room, or worse still, in a garden; there Is so much to distract the attention of the audience. In the garden the bright sunshine and flowers are not con ducive to a deep absorption in educa tion or tho abstruse technicalities of the Insurance act. I always urge 'my hostess to have re freshments after the speeches. If tills Is not done audiences have a habit of melting away when tho tea and strawberries are finished. At Lady A 's during last summer I had succeeded In gaining the attention and Interest of nn audience of nearly three hundred, when a crash of glass and a shriek Interrupted the discourse at Its most telling point. A lady stepping back to avoid the sun's rays had sat down in the cucumber frame! She was not hurt, hut to reguln the attention of that audience was Impossible, Meetings of women only are tho most depressing and those held In a drawing room are peculiarly so. They are mostly composed of the middle class woman the working woman prefers a hall or schoolroom und can rarely be persuaded to come Into a drawing room. The ghastly depression of these occasions defies description. J ft.mea Montgomery Flgg, bbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbbsMbbb BSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSSbBSShHv slllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllKi'-' "." ibsssssssssssssssssssssssssssiiiiiiiiibW. SBsVsaHHsVrTV'' t ' rJon W A m rBW kBIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII .sbHHHIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIH LotAe.11 by Bain slllllllllllllllllllllhBMU'ica Roger.