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THE SUN, SUNDAY, JULY 27, 1913.
4 fi BLAKE EXPLAINS WHY ' HE CHARGED FRAUDS Prisons' Commissioner Anipli flos II Ih Kruwlpy Com mit loo Testimony. j Ql'OTES STATE ARCHITKCT ; Snys If lie Know All tho. Fuels (iraiul Jury Wouldn't Ho Ni'cpssiiry. The following letter was sent fiom Albany lust night addressed to the Hdltor of The Sun by Special Commissioner of The Sun by Special Commissioner tJeo.Ke W. Hlnko In explanation of his tost'.mony bcfciie the Kraw.ey committee Ill connection with his charges "f fraud mvp bepM B(,1(H.lC(1 wni,liut ay ,,..or, tacular manner thu Episcopal Church to ut Oreat Meadow prison: ihnvinn hiun nm.in in n.riniii v,tu..r I day by burning his vestments and his . "It appears that when I was a witness lforo the Frawtey committee and asked , on what I b.ised my statement that tho ' State had lost $50ii,iinu thiounh the con- struetlon of the prison buildings at Ureal , .... i .,i. Wlirn Meadow my answers to T' ? . uimatisractoty, uiinougn i bihhc j ' them convincing. The Inference seems to hnvu been drawn that my charge had no truth In It und that the purpose was , to Injure some Innocent persons. . i . ,,,,. ,, i . "Of course, my mind was entirely free of any such Idea. Then and now I have I only one thought al-out the matter. That I ts to cot at the precise facts In the most ' simple and direct fashion to the end that nn old scandal bo permanently laid. I i worked for big newspapers for many years and wiote for them many columns of news relating to many subjects. Dur ing all this period I never told or wrote a, lie wittingly and the accuracy and sln . .verity of my work were never questioned. 1 For proof of this I refer to the many ' editors familiar with my work. Why thero should grow up so suddenly this doubt of my honesty It Is difficult for mo to understand. I have remained silent under tho attack nnd all I ask now I for a suspension of Judgment until all the facta In relation to the Oreat Meadur prison arc known. l Suspicion Was t reated. "Many of the preliminaries attending the construction of the prison were of such a character ns to cieate suspicion that tho State would not get the full value of the money. 'Some of the preliminaries were the awarding of the contract on a percentage bnsls without an upset price and then an allowance of $75 a day for the use of the contractors tools. Tho work was not completed within the time limit and an extension was granted and the allowance permitted to continue. "I have only the ordinary Information concerning building operations, but It Is t my Impression that a penalty Is Imposed upon contractors who fall to keep to their contracts In the matter of time. Hut In this ense a reward was actually paid for the failure the pavment of u lump sum of 13.000 In lieu of ITS a day for the use , of the tool. This would be a total of ! tin.odo. " "The first bill Introduced In the Legis lature provided for the appropriation of S3."0,tion, or ns much thereof aa w-as necessary for constructing buildings and a stockade, providing heating, lighting, water and a sewage system, und for furnishing, equipping buildings, shops und offices. Coiit-net I'nllkr BUI. "But the contract provided only for the construction of two prison buildings. In cluding heating, lighting, plumbing and a Blockade. "Nine mnniliB later the second bill, for the appropriation of $738,000, was Intro duced. Thin bill called for the completion, equipment and furnishing of the north i wine of the cell house and for thu con struction, equipment and furnishing of a cage, connecting corridors, laundry and bath house, mess hall, kitchen, bakery, storehouse and power house, Including 14 lighting, heating, plumbing and ft pcr- ! inanent sewage system. i "The contract entered Into provided ' for the completion of tho north wing of the cell house, for heating and elec trical work. "The first contract was dated June Ifi. ' 1909. and the second contract was dated June H. 1910. A comparison of the ' words of the act appropriating the money , with the provisions of the contracts en- tered Into will show that the work con- tracted for did not Include 0,11 the work contemplated by the measures Introduced nnd passed. ' "On April 9. 1910. Mr. Ware, the State U Architect, said: " 'When we got this appropriation of t350,000 we attempted to proportion this over the work we thought we could do. JWe figured up quickly the dormitory , building would cost so much, the cell house would cost so much, and so much for the J water supply, using figures furnished the Lunacy Commission twenty years ago." !i Architect Ware's Attitude. J "So It appears that Mr. Ware under stood that the appropriation was Intended to cover the cost of at least two buildings. Mr. Ware explained that the contractor had been paid $269,000 and that It would " ioBt $125,000 more for the completion of 'that portion of the cell house already commenced, nnd nlso for the completion of the dormitory.' besides the $81,000 left of tto original appropriation. Mr. Ware was also In favor of giving tho contrac tors, If they would consent to an upset ,, price, the contract for completing the ii work and building the cage. "Mr. McKay of the Prison Commission objected to having the work done on a percentage basis because the cost was much greater. Mr. Ware told Oov. Hughes that percentage work would cost 10 per cent, more than by lump con tract. , "1 think It will be generally agreed i that this was a very conservative estimate ' and that u "0 per cent. Increase would be nearer the mark. It was finally agreed that 1 17.',. 000 bo taken from the appro priation of $738,000 nnd that $45,000 of i this amount he used for the plumbing work. "At tho request of the old Prison Com- mission Attorney-Qencral O'Mullcy re ferred to changes In the plans that the commission was considering and which i would Increase the cost of tho work. He said that these changes had not been contemplated when th appropriation of $73S,000 was made and then be wrote: O'Mnllo's Opinion, j " 'As to the construction of tho north lng it seems clear that the Legislature Intended that this particular part of the work should, In any event, bo constructed "within the appropriation. Your attention ' ' Is culled to the fact that tho act uses the woids "completing" and "completion" when speaking of the north wing and of the buildings already In course of con struction. Therefore theie seems to be no doubt that the north wing must bo fully completed, equipped and furnished iWlth the money appropriated by this act.' "Ilefnro the (lormltory building was completed It settled at one end nnd fell "o'way fiom the roof twelve Inches. It - cost about $(1,000 to repair this build- ...tag, (-'or doing this work the contract or's percentagii Increased from 7 to 10 ,,. per cent , "It was tho failure in making the proper .. borings Unit entailed this expenditure. It was not known until after the sinking of the building, which occuired on May 3 . and t, 1910, that them was a layer of f ulcksund under the site of the dorral- lory, nn well us n bod of tinstratlflcd noft blur clay. I "An engineer wan employed to nicer 1 tain why the building nettled. He made A Ion report, which Included design for new foundation. He declared that the , bl of iioft blue clay extended under tho entire building. Only one end of tho building nettled at that time. Will thero he other nettlcmcuta entailing the expendl ture of other larsc immi. to correct It? t I am strongly of the opinion that this win be necensary. Work Will Temporary. "A great deal of the work In equip ping the cell block nml dormitory was only tempotury when, In my opinion, It could have been made permanent If a complete set of plana had been prepared nnd the entire, prlxnu plant contracted for and built. This would have mado unnecessary the temporary work und would have resulted In a largo saving. "I have no special Interest III the con tracts. The only thing that Interests mo Is whether thu State got the full value, of the money spent. I am siiro there was I much bad work. "A member of the old Pii&on (.'nminls-1 hIoii assures mo that the roof of thai cell block Is not fireproof ; the dormitory oui wuprooi oou i nave no mraiii oui ;hHt.1tn, ;'rrectlon of these mistakes will , WVltolThl!bull.ll.w nppears to oui wuprooi oou nave no mraiii oui j water could be obtained on the prison grounds. It costs the State nearly $43,- I Inoo to bring water Into tho prison, a dls- , Itance of two miles. After an analysis It was discovered that the water was mint .to drink. An artes an we whs sunk . 200 feet oast of the dormitory building. ' The finding of this water cldcnt. no I'lcures fin Not Agree. "The total cost for tho construction of i, . " - lhe ,mrtn hocK tho .lormltory and the equipment. Including tho repairs of the dormitory, amounted to $7ST.o:tr..02. The total contract price for building the south cell block, tho cage ami connect ing corridors, laundry and bath house, mess hall, kitchen building, power house and conduits, with the necessary equip ment, amounts to $73)1,329.(14, or $51),- 705.98 less than for tho work of the nnith cell block and dormitory. Vet these later contracts call for tho construction of buildings which are of far greater value than those erected under the llrst two contracts. "According to the principal keeper of the prison, It wilt cost $100,000 for grading. Kvldence given before the Kraw ley committee was to the effect that only $5,000 had been spent up to tho piesent time, but there has been very little grad ing done so far. "The principal keeper testified before me that the construction of the building was wrong In every way. "Since my report has been so bitterly attacked it has become necessary to have h thorough investigation made by u Urand Jury and stops in that direction have been taken. "Of course there are many things he connection lth the construction of the building that I do not know. If I knew all about It thero would be no need of a Grand Jury investigation. InvrallKfltlon Is Needed. "This Investigation ought to discover the reasons for the giving of one contract on n percentage basis without an upset price, whether charges for material and labor were Just charges, whether one con tractor had to tenr down some of the work built by another contractor and re build It; why the first contractors got an Increased percentage on work that had to be rebuilt ! whether bolts wen- used In stead of rivets, whether the main and par tition walls ale priqierly constructed, and all the facts about the Iron work "There are it great many things tli.it have to be proved, and when all Iho fuels are known I believe the public will agree with me tliat my stutement of the loss to the State was not far from tho truth. Omission From IX I mn Irs. "Here are some extracts from a letter from Mr. Ware dated November 31, 1910, to the Prison Commission: " 'The excess cost of this work Is due to various reasons. In preparing my esti mate showing the cost to complete from April 1st I did not allow a sufficient amount for certain branches of tho work ; vlr. : tho cost of laying the front brick work , Inside carpenter work : cost of laying concrete floors : and plastering and painting. Differences In prices of ma. terlal and labor have also Increased the cost of the woik. Some Items were omitted from the original cstlmnto. such as sand and gravel, because It was expected that suitable material would be found on tho site, but subsequently the beds failed to yield satisfactory material, The amounts alowed for hauling, freight. Insurance charges, other field expenses and miscel laneous Items were Insufficient. "Oeorok W. ISi.akk, Commissioner." TO FIGHT NEGRO'S APPOINTMENT Senator Vardamnn Bitterly Opposed tn A. K. Patterson. Washington, July 26. Two recent ap pointments by President Wilson have stirred up a storm of objection In the Senate. One is that of Adam K. Patter son, colored, of Oklahoma, to tho place of HeglBter of the Treasury to succeed James Napier of Tennessee. The other Is tho appointment of L. K. Pinkham to be Gov ernor of Hawaii. Southern Senators object to Putteison because he Is a black man and many of the Democrats are opposing Pinkham be cause he Is alleged to be a Republican. Senator Vardaman has voiced strong ob jections to Patterson. Senator Vardaman went to the White House to protest. He will be the chief speaker ut a meeting on Thursday evening ut which various politicians will take steps to fight the confirmation of the appointment. Senator Vardamun suys he will light the Patterson confirmation to the utmost. He says Lincoln himself was opposed to colored men holding office. He holds that political equality will lead to social equality. Senator Vardaman said : "I think the defeat of this nppolntment Is of mora Im portance than the passage of tho tariff bill and the enactment of currency legis lation. It rises like a mountain peak above the other questions of the day, I shall use every effort to defeat the confirmation. Every Senator from the South I have spoken to on the subject has expressed his Intention of opposing the confirmation. "I made a trip to the White House to oppose the nomination, and I nlso spoke with Secretary McAdoo concerning It. It seems that the appointment was made In view of Patterson's campaign activities In tho Interest of Democracy, I don't think much of tho policy that pitys party obliga tions at the expense of the purity of the greatest race on the globe, I shall fight every negro appointment that Is made. If a colored recorder of deeds for the Dis trict of Columbia Is appointed my protest will be still more vehement." llnkhum Is n dark horse, He wns ap pointed through efforts of Congressman Kent of California, a close friend. Mr. Kent went to the White House In his be half repeatedly. Mrs. Amelia Lewis l.eroy Dead. Special Cubit Deipntch tu Tus Bl'N, Paris, July 26. Mrs. Amelia Lewis Leroy, widow of ('apt. Hubert l,eroy of New rum, died nere to-day. Hho was 83 years old. Mrs. lroy wus n (laughter of thu late W. I). Lewis of Pennsylvania. French Limn tn UroKnay llr'naed Special Cable Unpatch to Turn Bcs. Pakis, July 2fl.Tho French Govern ment has refused to sanction tho Issue of a loan to the Republic of Uruguay of .,vuv,vvv traucs, or i,ivv,uvv. RENOUNCES CHURCH; BURNS VESTMENTS m. . flinila TlnvifUnn ' 110 1(0. I itANPH . I'll, KISOll JUnkos Attack on Episco pnlinn Ministry. DESTROYS PRAYER BOOK People's Prcneher" Was Pastor of Holy Apostles Church, Brooklyn, in 10. CiiAM.OTTrsvit.t.K. Vn., July U6. Th tPV. Charles Steele Davidson, who was ,,aBtor In 1900 of the Church or the noiy ,,aBtor Ir A)m8pl( " In Brooklyn and called there Utile minuter." fotsook In a Dec- prayer book at the gate of Monticello, the homo of Thomas Ji fferson. He called the vestments "the empty emblems of ecclcslastlclsm, the mockeries of n royat priesthood." He ,.,,, ,,, .,"k, .,h' fc referreil to the prayer fetich of a false worship, I the Idol of tho diluted word of tlod." Mr. Davidson renounced tho Episcopal Church as "tho haven of urlstocracy" and announced himself hereafter as it nreacher for the tieonle. Ho did not lYime tM ,,nce , milke ns rcmmt.atlon. m mis piace io mane ills renunciation. Mo iaH Hvcd In the vicinity of Monticello nce last October, when he was chosen tl assistant to the Itev. Harrv II. I-e, rector of Christ Church. Part of his work was to look after the mission churches In Simeon, Huck Mountain and Sylvanla Chapel. Mr. Davidson Issued a statement after tu had burned his vestments and his prayer book. In that statement he said: "I charge that the Kplscopal Church Is tho gentlemen's church In general, und In Virginia In particular. It Is powerful tltianclally und socially, stupid Intellect ually, and spiritually dead. It needs a change of heart, repentance, or utter ob literation. It favors the rich and the cul tured, and has no vital Interest in the poor and the common. It either segre gates the poor In missions on the back streets, or relegates them In churches to the back pews." Mr. Davidson said that the Kplscopal Church Is a relic of the old social feu dalism and stands for dry rotted con servatism. Me said that the liurch every where is shot thr-ugh with mateitallsm: that Its overtures In the matter of unity are insidious anil nypercrltlc.il, After announcing that he burned his vestments and the pruer book at "the homo of the aK)Stle of tho people's political freedom." he said . "1 renounce and repudiate the ministry of tho Kplscop.il Church which I received from lllsbop Itundall and all digital suc cession and I retain tin- ministry which I t ei elved of the Lord Jesus and which the church never gave and c.innot take away "Hero too I pioclalm I he Hlblo us the sufficient rule of faith nnd order, us the sufficient guide and praer book for every on Mr. Davidson, a son of ("apt Hunter Davidson. Is 4 ears old, Mie of his earlier parishes was In Itrooklvn. There he built up the Church of the Holy Apostles. Ho then took n long vacation, overstayed his leave, pleading 111 health ami afterward called one or Ills critics a "Judas Iscaiiot." He created further trouble In the church by denouncing endue and other games as gambling. His church attendance dwindled. NEW PLOT TO BURN SING SING IS FOILED CoiiIiiiukJ from first Vagt. nedy's friends. Hut they sent out word that the revolt would not end Just yet. Harry M. Carpenter, vice-president of the Ossluing National Hank, fell afoul of tho prison rumpus in a statement tills morning, In which he said: ' "Hundreds of thousands of dollars worth of property values have been wiped out by what has happened since the big fire on Tuesday The prison management here Is a disgrace to the State. This rebellion Is nil due to Murphylsm and Tammany Hall In the State Department of Prisons. I regret thnt n town official has been so nearsighted and forgetful ns to create an impression of danger to the village." He went on to denounce Sing Sing's administration, but assured Warden Clancy, who listened with a grimace, that he didn't mean him. The howling In the cell block, said Mr. Carpenter, should have been stopped. "How can you stop men from yelling?" he was asked. "Shoot "em!" was all Mr. Carpenter could think, of. Warden Clancy got a letter to-day from Superintendent of Prisons John II. Riley, In which ho wrote: "I congratulate you upon the tact, courago and efficiency displayed In the trying situation of the last few dnya." Warden Clancy was much cheered by this complimentary letter. He filed hti bond for $50,000 to-day and made the First Natlonnl Hank his bank of deposit. RIOTERS QUIET IN AUBURN. (iOOll Behavior of the Sing; Draft Pusslr Guards. Sln Arnrnv, N. Y.. July 28.- If the sixty Sing Slug convicts who were received in Auburn prison lust nigiit intend to create any further disturbance they have tint shown It. The calm and good behavior of the men worries their guards. It is believed there will be no trouble, at least not until section No. 2 of tho Sing Sing rioters rent lies here next week. Warden Itattlgnn will not Hssign the Sing Sing men to work for several days. They were al lowed to exercise by being marched In two couqianles in the prison yard to-day. MAY DEPORT 12 TEAS RESIDENT. Trntseh Hack From Abroad) Sn. pecfed of flavins Whit Placne. Karl Teutsch, aged SS, or 2311 Ilroad way, who has been a resident of this city since he came here from Germany twelve years ago, returned yestmVday In the second cabin of the Hamburg American liner Knlsorln Auguste Victoria, from a visit to the Fatherland, and wus held up and sent to Kills Island, suspected of having tuberculosis. He Is not n citizen. He displayed 11.000 tu bills, which made no difference to the Immigration authori ties, ns alien consumptives are barred automatically. He said he had caught a serious cold while In Germany. His case will be considered to-day by a board of special Inquiry. Hla friends will try to have him admitted under bond that he will not become a public charge. He la a bookkeeper. Parman Ont of French Aero L'lnb, Special Cable Deipatch to The Sri. Pahih, July 26. Henry Farnian, the manufacturer of aeroplanes and Instructor In aviation, has resigned from the Aero Club of France because of dissatisfaction with the action of the club In reprimand Inv a pupil of hla named Chevllllard, A at extraordinarily flow prices, wfili Ibe Dnefldl to-nmorrow (Moinday) Womraeini's Skirts of white and white-aod-black striped serge and other materials, for outing and general Summer wear, at the remarkablly low prices of $3.50. $4.50 & $6.00 the former prices having been $8.50 to $E5.00 THE FOLLOWING SPECIAL SALES HAVE ALSO BEEN ARRANGED FOR TO-MORROW (MONDAY): Women 's&Misses'BathimgCostu ones consisting off a number off high-cost and novelty models, have been marked at greatly reduced prices. A Special Offering for to-mncrrow will consist off a limited quantity off Bathing Costumes in a variety, off styles, representing such popular materials as satin, moire and mohair. These will be on sale at the following unusually low prices: Bathing Costumes off satin or moire, including tights . . at 37.50, 1 1.75 & 14.50 Bathing Costumes off mohair, with bloomers., at . . .. . $3.75, 5.75 & 7.50 Women's Sunnimeir Blouses 4 in an entirely new all-net model, with attach ed underbodice, at the special price off $4.85 Also WOMEN'S LINGERIE BLOUSES, in a number off desirable styles taken ffrom the regular stock, at the greatly reduced prices" off 95c, $8.50, 32.85 & $4.00 Women's Knit Underwear . in Summer weights and styles, at excep tionally attractive prices, as follows: Ribbed Lisle Vests, with crochet top at 35c. Ribbed Cotton Combination Suits at 50c. Swiss Ribbed Combination Suits, reduced to $1.00 The regular stock of this department includes complete assortments of Women's Bathing Tights, Combination Suits and Bloomers; Women's, Misses' and Children's Sweaters in the latest styles and colors; and Slumber Slips off soft wool for open-air wear. On TUESDAY, An Additional Purchase of Women's House and Porch Dresses in a diversity off popular styles, made up jn sheer Summer fabrics, will be placed on sale at extremely low prices, as follows: $1.35, $2.00 & $3.25 The Mourning Department is showing, at moderate prices, a select assort ment of Women's Mourning Afternoon and Evening Qowns, Dinner Gowns, Tailor-made Suits, Blouses and Separate. Skirts, in the fashionable modes and materials. Also Mourning Hats, Veils, Parasols, Gloves, Handkerchiefs and all the accessories of the Mourning costume. Mourning Cards and Stationery. Mourning Outfits supplied at short notice. aHitrtB-fflurth 0tmtv 21 Attmmt $c SPECIAL SALE 1. Altmatt & Ota July 29th OF WOMEN'S i M-sses & Small Women's Dep't Additional large reductions have been made in the prices off the remaining stocks of Misses' and Small Women's Dresses, Tailored Suits, Coats, Evening Wraps and Blouses, all off which are adapted for the present season. Included are a limited number of Tailored Suits off Cotton fabrics, heretofore $15.00 to 32.00 . . . at $10.50 Washable Summer Dresses, 2n various styles and fabrics, heretofore $8.75 to $32.00 at . . . $5.00, 7.50, 9.50 & 12.75 Blouses off washable fabrics, heretofore $2.00 to $7.50 .... at $1. 10 & 2.25 Blouses of Silk and Chiffon, heretofore $7.75 to $15.50 . . . at $5.00 & 7.50 Also a number of Higher-cost Dresses and Wraps at remarkable concessions from the original prices. Girls' Middy Blouses in a special selection, will be placed on sale at ... . 65c. The remaining stock of Qirls' Summer Dresses (sizes up to 14 years), made of desir able cotton materials, will be offered at the extraordinarily reduced prices off $1.25, $1.75 & $2.25 Men's, Women's & Children's Hosiery offering excellent values at the following low prices: Men's Black Lisle Thread Half-hose per pair ...... 20c. Women's Silk Hose, in black, white or tan, per pair 70c. Women's Silk Eiose, in black or white, with openwork instep . . per pair, $2.25 Children's Fancy Socks, in a large variety of designs (sizes incomplete), formerly 25c, 35c. & 50c. per pair, reduced to per half dozen pairs . . . 95c Women's Pure Silk Sweaters recently received from France In an entirely new assortment, are now being, shown in the Women's Knit Underwear Department. These Sweaters represent an attractive variety of the vivid colorings that are the latest vogue in Paris; also some novel two-toned effects. The French Lingerie Department is showing, in the new Josephine Chemise, an attractive novelty designed upon the graceful Empire lines. This chemise rs shown in the regular stock, made off sheer nainsook and trimmed with point de Paris, at $9.50; another style, hand-embroidered and trimmed with Valenciennes lace, is marked at $10.50 INTERESTING REDUCTIONS have been made in the prices off French Hand-made Night Robes, Chemises, Petticoats, Drawers, Combinations and Corset Covers. Qtyicig-fttlli toft