THE SUN, SUNDAY, JULY 27, 1913.
BLAKE EXPLAINS WHY
' HE CHARGED FRAUDS
Prisons' Commissioner Anipli
flos II Ih Kruwlpy Com
mit loo Testimony.
j Ql'OTES STATE ARCHITKCT
; Snys If lie Know All tho. Fuels
(iraiul Jury Wouldn't
The following letter was sent
Albany lust night addressed to the Hdltor
of The Sun by Special Commissioner
of The Sun by Special Commissioner
tJeo.Ke W. Hlnko In explanation of his
tost'.mony bcfciie the Kraw.ey committee
Ill connection with his charges "f fraud mvp bepM B(,1(H.lC(1 wni,liut ay ,,..or, tacular manner thu Episcopal Church to
ut Oreat Meadow prison: ihnvinn hiun nm.in in n.riniii v,tu..r I day by burning his vestments and his
. "It appears that when I was a witness
lforo the Frawtey committee and asked
, on what I b.ised my statement that tho
' State had lost $50ii,iinu thiounh the con-
struetlon of the prison buildings at Ureal
, .... i .,i. Wlirn
Meadow my answers to T' ? .
uimatisractoty, uiinougn i bihhc j
' them convincing. The Inference seems
to hnvu been drawn that my charge had
no truth In It und that the purpose was
, to Injure some Innocent persons.
. i . ,,,,. ,, i
. "Of course, my mind was entirely free
of any such Idea. Then and now I have I
only one thought al-out the matter. That I
ts to cot at the precise facts In the most
' simple and direct fashion to the end that
nn old scandal bo permanently laid. I
i worked for big newspapers for many
years and wiote for them many columns
of news relating to many subjects. Dur
ing all this period I never told or wrote
a, lie wittingly and the accuracy and sln
. .verity of my work were never questioned.
1 For proof of this I refer to the many
' editors familiar with my work. Why
thero should grow up so suddenly this
doubt of my honesty It Is difficult for mo
to understand. I have remained silent
under tho attack nnd all I ask now I
for a suspension of Judgment until all
the facta In relation to the Oreat Meadur
prison arc known.
Suspicion Was t reated.
"Many of the preliminaries attending the
construction of the prison were of such
a character ns to cieate suspicion that
tho State would not get the full value of
'Some of the preliminaries were the
awarding of the contract on a percentage
bnsls without an upset price and then an
allowance of $75 a day for the use of the
contractors tools. Tho work was not
completed within the time limit and an
extension was granted and the allowance
permitted to continue.
"I have only the ordinary Information
concerning building operations, but It Is
t my Impression that a penalty Is Imposed
upon contractors who fall to keep to their
contracts In the matter of time. Hut In
this ense a reward was actually paid for
the failure the pavment of u lump sum
of 13.000 In lieu of ITS a day for the use
, of the tool. This would be a total of
" "The first bill Introduced In the Legis
lature provided for the appropriation of
S3."0,tion, or ns much thereof aa w-as
necessary for constructing buildings and a
stockade, providing heating, lighting,
water and a sewage system, und for
furnishing, equipping buildings, shops und
Coiit-net I'nllkr BUI.
"But the contract provided only for the
construction of two prison buildings. In
cluding heating, lighting, plumbing and a
"Nine mnniliB later the second bill, for
the appropriation of $738,000, was Intro
duced. Thin bill called for the completion,
equipment and furnishing of the north
i wine of the cell house and for thu con
struction, equipment and furnishing of a
cage, connecting corridors, laundry and
bath house, mess hall, kitchen, bakery,
storehouse and power house, Including
14 lighting, heating, plumbing and ft pcr-
! inanent sewage system.
i "The contract entered Into provided
' for the completion of tho north wing
of the cell house, for heating and elec
"The first contract was dated June Ifi.
' 1909. and the second contract was dated
June H. 1910. A comparison of the
' words of the act appropriating the money
, with the provisions of the contracts en-
tered Into will show that the work con-
tracted for did not Include 0,11 the work
contemplated by the measures Introduced
' "On April 9. 1910. Mr. Ware, the State
U Architect, said:
" 'When we got this appropriation of
t350,000 we attempted to proportion this
over the work we thought we could do.
JWe figured up quickly the dormitory
, building would cost so much, the cell house
would cost so much, and so much for the
J water supply, using figures furnished the
Lunacy Commission twenty years ago."
!i Architect Ware's Attitude.
J "So It appears that Mr. Ware under
stood that the appropriation was Intended
to cover the cost of at least two buildings.
Mr. Ware explained that the contractor
had been paid $269,000 and that It would
" ioBt $125,000 more for the completion of
'that portion of the cell house already
commenced, nnd nlso for the completion of
the dormitory.' besides the $81,000 left
of tto original appropriation. Mr. Ware
was also In favor of giving tho contrac
tors, If they would consent to an upset
,, price, the contract for completing the
ii work and building the cage.
"Mr. McKay of the Prison Commission
objected to having the work done on a
percentage basis because the cost was
much greater. Mr. Ware told Oov.
Hughes that percentage work would cost
10 per cent, more than by lump con
, "1 think It will be generally agreed
i that this was a very conservative estimate
' and that u "0 per cent. Increase would be
nearer the mark. It was finally agreed
that 1 17.',. 000 bo taken from the appro
priation of $738,000 nnd that $45,000 of
i this amount he used for the plumbing
"At tho request of the old Prison Com-
mission Attorney-Qencral O'Mullcy re
ferred to changes In the plans that the
commission was considering and which
i would Increase the cost of tho work. He
said that these changes had not been
contemplated when th appropriation of
$73S,000 was made and then be wrote:
j " 'As to the construction of tho north
lng it seems clear that the Legislature
Intended that this particular part of the
work should, In any event, bo constructed
"within the appropriation. Your attention
' ' Is culled to the fact that tho act uses
the woids "completing" and "completion"
when speaking of the north wing and of
the buildings already In course of con
struction. Therefore theie seems to be
no doubt that the north wing must bo
fully completed, equipped and furnished
iWlth the money appropriated by this act.'
"Ilefnro the (lormltory building was
completed It settled at one end nnd fell
"o'way fiom the roof twelve Inches. It
- cost about $(1,000 to repair this build-
...tag, (-'or doing this work the contract
or's percentagii Increased from 7 to 10
,,. per cent
, "It was tho failure in making the proper
.. borings Unit entailed this expenditure. It
was not known until after the sinking of
the building, which occuired on May 3
. and t, 1910, that them was a layer of
f ulcksund under the site of the dorral-
lory, nn well us n bod of tinstratlflcd noft
I "An engineer wan employed to nicer
1 tain why the building nettled. He made A
Ion report, which Included design for
new foundation. He declared that the
, bl of iioft blue clay extended under tho
entire building. Only one end of tho
building nettled at that time. Will thero
he other nettlcmcuta entailing the expendl
ture of other larsc immi. to correct It? t I
am strongly of the opinion that this win
Work Will Temporary.
"A great deal of the work In equip
ping the cell block nml dormitory was
only tempotury when, In my opinion, It
could have been made permanent If a
complete set of plana had been prepared
nnd the entire, prlxnu plant contracted
for and built. This would have mado
unnecessary the temporary work und
would have resulted In a largo saving.
"I have no special Interest III the con
tracts. The only thing that Interests mo
Is whether thu State got the full value,
of the money spent. I am siiro there was
I much bad work.
"A member of the old Pii&on (.'nminls-1
hIoii assures mo that the roof of thai
cell block Is not fireproof ; the dormitory
oui wuprooi oou i nave no mraiii oui
;hHt.1tn, ;'rrectlon of these mistakes will ,
WVltolThl!bull.ll.w nppears to
oui wuprooi oou nave no mraiii oui
j water could be obtained on the prison
grounds. It costs the State nearly $43,- I
Inoo to bring water Into tho prison, a dls- ,
Itance of two miles. After an analysis It
was discovered that the water was mint
.to drink. An artes an we whs sunk .
200 feet oast of the dormitory building. '
The finding of this water
I'lcures fin Not Agree.
"The total cost for tho construction of i,
. " -
lhe ,mrtn hocK tho .lormltory and
the equipment. Including tho repairs of
the dormitory, amounted to $7ST.o:tr..02.
The total contract price for building the
south cell block, tho cage ami connect
ing corridors, laundry and bath house,
mess hall, kitchen building, power house
and conduits, with the necessary equip
ment, amounts to $73)1,329.(14, or $51),-
705.98 less than for tho work of the nnith
cell block and dormitory. Vet these later
contracts call for tho construction of
buildings which are of far greater value
than those erected under the llrst two
"According to the principal keeper of
the prison, It wilt cost $100,000 for
grading. Kvldence given before the Kraw
ley committee was to the effect that only
$5,000 had been spent up to tho piesent
time, but there has been very little grad
ing done so far.
"The principal keeper testified before
me that the construction of the building
was wrong In every way.
"Since my report has been so bitterly
attacked it has become necessary to have h
thorough investigation made by u Urand
Jury and stops in that direction have
"Of course there are many things he
connection lth the construction of the
building that I do not know. If I knew
all about It thero would be no need of a
Grand Jury investigation.
InvrallKfltlon Is Needed.
"This Investigation ought to discover
the reasons for the giving of one contract
on n percentage basis without an upset
price, whether charges for material and
labor were Just charges, whether one con
tractor had to tenr down some of the
work built by another contractor and re
build It; why the first contractors got an
Increased percentage on work that had
to be rebuilt ! whether bolts wen- used In
stead of rivets, whether the main and par
tition walls ale priqierly constructed, and
all the facts about the Iron work
"There are it great many things tli.it
have to be proved, and when all Iho fuels
are known I believe the public will agree
with me tliat my stutement of the loss
to the State was not far from tho truth.
Omission From IX I mn Irs.
"Here are some extracts from a letter
from Mr. Ware dated November 31, 1910,
to the Prison Commission:
" 'The excess cost of this work Is due to
various reasons. In preparing my esti
mate showing the cost to complete from
April 1st I did not allow a sufficient
amount for certain branches of tho work ;
vlr. : tho cost of laying the front brick
work , Inside carpenter work : cost of
laying concrete floors : and plastering and
painting. Differences In prices of ma.
terlal and labor have also Increased the
cost of the woik. Some Items were omitted
from the original cstlmnto. such as sand
and gravel, because It was expected that
suitable material would be found on tho
site, but subsequently the beds failed to
yield satisfactory material, The amounts
alowed for hauling, freight. Insurance
charges, other field expenses and miscel
laneous Items were Insufficient.
"Oeorok W. ISi.akk, Commissioner."
TO FIGHT NEGRO'S APPOINTMENT
Senator Vardamnn Bitterly Opposed
tn A. K. Patterson.
Washington, July 26. Two recent ap
pointments by President Wilson have
stirred up a storm of objection In the
Senate. One is that of Adam K. Patter
son, colored, of Oklahoma, to tho place of
HeglBter of the Treasury to succeed James
Napier of Tennessee. The other Is tho
appointment of L. K. Pinkham to be Gov
ernor of Hawaii.
Southern Senators object to Putteison
because he Is a black man and many of
the Democrats are opposing Pinkham be
cause he Is alleged to be a Republican.
Senator Vardaman has voiced strong ob
jections to Patterson. Senator Vardaman
went to the White House to protest. He
will be the chief speaker ut a meeting
on Thursday evening ut which various
politicians will take steps to fight the
confirmation of the appointment.
Senator Vardamun suys he will light the
Patterson confirmation to the utmost. He
says Lincoln himself was opposed to
colored men holding office. He holds
that political equality will lead to social
Senator Vardaman said : "I think the
defeat of this nppolntment Is of mora Im
portance than the passage of tho tariff
bill and the enactment of currency legis
lation. It rises like a mountain peak above
the other questions of the day, I shall use
every effort to defeat the confirmation.
Every Senator from the South I have
spoken to on the subject has expressed his
Intention of opposing the confirmation.
"I made a trip to the White House to
oppose the nomination, and I nlso spoke
with Secretary McAdoo concerning It. It
seems that the appointment was made In
view of Patterson's campaign activities
In tho Interest of Democracy, I don't think
much of tho policy that pitys party obliga
tions at the expense of the purity of the
greatest race on the globe, I shall fight
every negro appointment that Is made. If
a colored recorder of deeds for the Dis
trict of Columbia Is appointed my protest
will be still more vehement."
llnkhum Is n dark horse, He wns ap
pointed through efforts of Congressman
Kent of California, a close friend. Mr.
Kent went to the White House In his be
Mrs. Amelia Lewis l.eroy Dead.
Special Cubit Deipntch tu Tus Bl'N,
Paris, July 26. Mrs. Amelia Lewis
Leroy, widow of ('apt. Hubert l,eroy of
New rum, died nere to-day. Hho was 83
years old. Mrs. lroy wus n (laughter of
thu late W. I). Lewis of Pennsylvania.
French Limn tn UroKnay llr'naed
Special Cable Unpatch to Turn Bcs.
Pakis, July 2fl.Tho French Govern
ment has refused to sanction tho Issue of
a loan to the Republic of Uruguay of
.,vuv,vvv traucs, or i,ivv,uvv.
m. . flinila TlnvifUnn
' 110 1(0. I itANPH . I'll, KISOll
JUnkos Attack on Episco
DESTROYS PRAYER BOOK
People's Prcneher" Was Pastor
of Holy Apostles Church,
Brooklyn, in 10.
CiiAM.OTTrsvit.t.K. Vn., July U6. Th
tPV. Charles Steele Davidson, who was
,,aBtor In 1900 of the Church or the noiy
In Brooklyn and called there
Utile minuter." fotsook In a Dec-
prayer book at the gate of Monticello,
the homo of Thomas Ji fferson. He called
the vestments "the empty emblems of
ecclcslastlclsm, the mockeries of n royat
.,"k, .,h' fc
referreil to the prayer
fetich of a false worship,
I the Idol of tho diluted word of tlod."
Mr. Davidson renounced tho Episcopal
Church as "tho haven of urlstocracy" and
announced himself hereafter as it
nreacher for the tieonle. Ho did not lYime
tM ,,nce , milke ns rcmmt.atlon.
m mis piace io mane ills renunciation.
Mo iaH Hvcd In the vicinity of Monticello
nce last October, when he was chosen
tl assistant to the Itev. Harrv II. I-e,
rector of Christ Church. Part of his work
was to look after the mission churches
In Simeon, Huck Mountain and Sylvanla
Mr. Davidson Issued a statement after
tu had burned his vestments and his
prayer book. In that statement he said:
"I charge that the Kplscopal Church Is
tho gentlemen's church In general, und In
Virginia In particular. It Is powerful
tltianclally und socially, stupid Intellect
ually, and spiritually dead. It needs a
change of heart, repentance, or utter ob
literation. It favors the rich and the cul
tured, and has no vital Interest in the
poor and the common. It either segre
gates the poor In missions on the back
streets, or relegates them In churches to
the back pews."
Mr. Davidson said that the Kplscopal
Church Is a relic of the old social feu
dalism and stands for dry rotted con
servatism. Me said that the liurch every
where is shot thr-ugh with mateitallsm:
that Its overtures In the matter of unity
are insidious anil nypercrltlc.il, After
announcing that he burned his vestments
and the pruer book at "the homo of the
aK)Stle of tho people's political freedom."
he said .
"1 renounce and repudiate the ministry
of tho Kplscop.il Church which I received
from lllsbop Itundall and all digital suc
cession and I retain tin- ministry which
I t ei elved of the Lord Jesus and which
the church never gave and c.innot take
"Hero too I pioclalm I he Hlblo us the
sufficient rule of faith nnd order, us the
sufficient guide and praer book for every
Mr. Davidson, a son of ("apt Hunter
Davidson. Is 4 ears old, Mie of his
earlier parishes was In Itrooklvn. There
he built up the Church of the Holy
Apostles. Ho then took n long vacation,
overstayed his leave, pleading 111 health
ami afterward called one or Ills critics a
"Judas Iscaiiot." He created further
trouble In the church by denouncing
endue and other games as gambling.
His church attendance dwindled.
NEW PLOT TO BURN
SING SING IS FOILED
CoiiIiiiukJ from first Vagt.
nedy's friends. Hut they sent out word
that the revolt would not end Just yet.
Harry M. Carpenter, vice-president of
the Ossluing National Hank, fell afoul of
tho prison rumpus in a statement tills
morning, In which he said: '
"Hundreds of thousands of dollars worth
of property values have been wiped out
by what has happened since the big fire
on Tuesday The prison management
here Is a disgrace to the State. This
rebellion Is nil due to Murphylsm and
Tammany Hall In the State Department
of Prisons. I regret thnt n town official
has been so nearsighted and forgetful ns
to create an impression of danger to the
He went on to denounce Sing Sing's
administration, but assured Warden
Clancy, who listened with a grimace, that
he didn't mean him. The howling In the
cell block, said Mr. Carpenter, should
have been stopped.
"How can you stop men from yelling?"
he was asked.
"Shoot "em!" was all Mr. Carpenter
could think, of.
Warden Clancy got a letter to-day
from Superintendent of Prisons John II.
Riley, In which ho wrote:
"I congratulate you upon the tact,
courago and efficiency displayed In the
trying situation of the last few dnya."
Warden Clancy was much cheered by
this complimentary letter. He filed hti
bond for $50,000 to-day and made the
First Natlonnl Hank his bank of deposit.
RIOTERS QUIET IN AUBURN.
Behavior of the Sing;
Draft Pusslr Guards.
Arnrnv, N. Y.. July 28.- If the sixty
Sing Slug convicts who were received in
Auburn prison lust nigiit intend to create
any further disturbance they have tint
shown It. The calm and good behavior of
the men worries their guards.
It is believed there will be no trouble, at
least not until section No. 2 of tho Sing Sing
rioters rent lies here next week. Warden
Itattlgnn will not Hssign the Sing Sing men
to work for several days. They were al
lowed to exercise by being marched In two
couqianles in the prison yard to-day.
MAY DEPORT 12 TEAS RESIDENT.
Trntseh Hack From Abroad) Sn.
pecfed of flavins Whit Placne.
Karl Teutsch, aged SS, or 2311 Ilroad
way, who has been a resident of this city
since he came here from Germany twelve
years ago, returned yestmVday In the second
cabin of the Hamburg American liner
Knlsorln Auguste Victoria, from a visit to
the Fatherland, and wus held up and sent
to Kills Island, suspected of having
tuberculosis. He Is not n citizen.
He displayed 11.000 tu bills, which made
no difference to the Immigration authori
ties, ns alien consumptives are barred
automatically. He said he had caught a
serious cold while In Germany. His case
will be considered to-day by a board of
special Inquiry. Hla friends will try to
have him admitted under bond that he
will not become a public charge. He la
Parman Ont of French Aero L'lnb,
Special Cable Deipatch to The Sri.
Pahih, July 26. Henry Farnian, the
manufacturer of aeroplanes and Instructor
In aviation, has resigned from the Aero
Club of France because of dissatisfaction
with the action of the club In reprimand
Inv a pupil of hla named Chevllllard,
at extraordinarily flow prices, wfili Ibe Dnefldl to-nmorrow (Moinday)
Womraeini's Skirts of white and white-aod-black striped serge and other
materials, for outing and general Summer wear, at the remarkablly low prices of
$3.50. $4.50 & $6.00
the former prices having been $8.50 to $E5.00
THE FOLLOWING SPECIAL SALES HAVE ALSO BEEN
ARRANGED FOR TO-MORROW (MONDAY):
Women 's&Misses'BathimgCostu ones
consisting off a number off high-cost and
novelty models, have been marked at greatly
A Special Offering for to-mncrrow will consist
off a limited quantity off Bathing Costumes in
a variety, off styles, representing such popular
materials as satin, moire and mohair. These
will be on sale at the following unusually
Bathing Costumes off satin or moire, including
tights . . at 37.50, 1 1.75 & 14.50
Bathing Costumes off mohair, with bloomers.,
at . . .. . $3.75, 5.75 & 7.50
Women's Sunnimeir Blouses
in an entirely new all-net model, with attach
ed underbodice, at the special price off $4.85
Also WOMEN'S LINGERIE BLOUSES, in a
number off desirable styles taken ffrom the
regular stock, at the greatly reduced prices" off
95c, $8.50, 32.85 & $4.00
Women's Knit Underwear .
in Summer weights and styles, at excep
tionally attractive prices, as follows:
Ribbed Lisle Vests, with crochet top at 35c.
Ribbed Cotton Combination Suits at 50c.
Swiss Ribbed Combination Suits, reduced
The regular stock of this department includes
complete assortments of Women's Bathing
Tights, Combination Suits and Bloomers;
Women's, Misses' and Children's Sweaters in
the latest styles and colors; and Slumber
Slips off soft wool for open-air wear.
An Additional Purchase of
Women's House and Porch Dresses
in a diversity off popular styles, made up jn
sheer Summer fabrics, will be placed on sale
at extremely low prices, as follows:
$1.35, $2.00 & $3.25
The Mourning Department
is showing, at moderate prices, a select assort
ment of Women's Mourning Afternoon and
Evening Qowns, Dinner Gowns, Tailor-made
Suits, Blouses and Separate. Skirts, in the
fashionable modes and materials.
Also Mourning Hats, Veils, Parasols, Gloves,
Handkerchiefs and all the accessories of the
Mourning Cards and Stationery.
Mourning Outfits supplied at short notice.
21 Attmmt $c
1. Altmatt & Ota
OF WOMEN'S i
M-sses & Small Women's Dep't
Additional large reductions have been made
in the prices off the remaining stocks of
Misses' and Small Women's Dresses, Tailored
Suits, Coats, Evening Wraps and Blouses, all
off which are adapted for the present season.
Included are a limited number of
Tailored Suits off Cotton fabrics, heretofore
$15.00 to 32.00 . . . at $10.50
Washable Summer Dresses, 2n various styles
and fabrics, heretofore $8.75 to $32.00
at . . . $5.00, 7.50, 9.50 & 12.75
Blouses off washable fabrics, heretofore $2.00
to $7.50 .... at $1. 10 & 2.25
Blouses of Silk and Chiffon, heretofore $7.75
to $15.50 . . . at $5.00 & 7.50
Also a number of Higher-cost Dresses and
Wraps at remarkable concessions from the
Girls' Middy Blouses
in a special selection, will be placed on sale
at ... . 65c.
The remaining stock of Qirls' Summer
Dresses (sizes up to 14 years), made of desir
able cotton materials, will be offered at the
extraordinarily reduced prices off
$1.25, $1.75 & $2.25
Men's, Women's & Children's Hosiery
offering excellent values at the
following low prices:
Men's Black Lisle Thread Half-hose
per pair ...... 20c.
Women's Silk Hose, in black, white or tan,
per pair 70c.
Women's Silk Eiose, in black or white, with
openwork instep . . per pair, $2.25
Children's Fancy Socks, in a large variety of
designs (sizes incomplete), formerly 25c,
35c. & 50c. per pair, reduced to
per half dozen pairs . . . 95c
Women's Pure Silk Sweaters
recently received from France In an entirely
new assortment, are now being, shown in
the Women's Knit Underwear Department.
These Sweaters represent an attractive variety
of the vivid colorings that are the latest vogue
in Paris; also some novel two-toned effects.
The French Lingerie Department
is showing, in the new Josephine Chemise,
an attractive novelty designed upon the
graceful Empire lines. This chemise rs
shown in the regular stock, made off sheer
nainsook and trimmed with point de Paris, at
$9.50; another style, hand-embroidered
and trimmed with Valenciennes lace, is
marked at $10.50
INTERESTING REDUCTIONS have been
made in the prices off French Hand-made
Night Robes, Chemises, Petticoats, Drawers,
Combinations and Corset Covers.
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