SUNDAY, JULY 27, 1913,
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Published dally. Including Sunday, by the Sun
Prlntlngand Publishing Association at 170 Nassau
street, In the Borough of Manhattan, New York.
President and Treasurer. William C. Helek, 1J0
Naasau slreetl Vice-President. rdward P Mluhell.
IM Nassau Mtcct. Secretary. C. IS, Lualon. 170
1mdon office. Effingham House. 1 Arundel
Paris office. flue de la Mlchodltre, off Rue du
Out I re Septembre.
Washington office, Hbbs Building.
Brooklyn office, 10 IJvlngston atreet.
It our tritntt tfha forir us irll mottuertpiJ "d
Clwifaflmu tor publieaiinn uW la flare ttjittlt
crtteUi relurnrd !. mux in pit coin tend Hams
fr Mat ptirpeie.
A peaceful nnd deliberate arbitration
of the claims and counterclaims of the
manager of the Eastern railroads uud
certain of their employees Is assured.
Any other course wduld hnve been bar
barous. Any other course would have
sacrificed the public to essentially prl
Tate concerns nnd considerations.
In whatever' way the dollars and
cent side turns out. this success of
arbitration N a prcnt general benefit.
Unusual Interest has centred upon
this year's play In the Davis cup
series on the famous courts at v tmble
don. scene of many 11 bitterly con
tested International tennis match. The
American team fought Its way to the
finals rather easily, but Its play against
the Australasians, tSermans and Cana
dians in the process of "coming up"
bad not beeu expected to be a search
The Callfornlan McI.oit.lin was
the pivot of American hopes, and his
defeat by Parke on Friday was a
evere setback, the one thing needed
to precipitate British confidence, which
had been in suspension, The victory
of Williams, the Harvard player," over
Dixon offset it numerically and evened
up the first day's score In singles, but
the balance remained morally with the
By losing the doubles match on Sat
urday to Mcl.oiciiu.i.v and Hackett.
the British pair. Uorr.it-Barrett and
Dixon, failed to convert this moral
advantage into a concrete superiority
on the scoreboard, and in Monday's
Ingles, Williams against Tarke and
McLol'ghlin against Dixon, they will
have to score a clean sweep In order
to win the series.
McI.oi'Giit.t. Is expected to win from
Dixon, whom he has defeated In ear
lier contents, but should he fail the
event of the series would turn In dra
matic fashion on the result of the
Williams-Parke match. Can the Har
vard man put up a stlffer opposition
than his team mate did? To-morrow
the dice will be thrown.
The week's play ended with the
United Stales In the lead. With Interest
such as has probably never before
centred on a tennis championship, for
this has been a banner year for the
friendly but arduous warfare of the
courts, the followers of the fortunes of
those whose. gage is .thrown Into the
International arena await the Issue of
Monday's play. The cup has not been
ours since lfHi.'l.
The Davis cup matches of 1013 will
not yield first claim to popular Interest
even to the Olympic meet In which the
shield of Uncle 8am surtopped the
emblems of the nations, or the polo
battles, In which a feather's weight
turned the hesitant scales In favor of
the fighting Yankees.
A Literary Upheaval.
Dally cables from London Indicate
that both Scottish and English men of
letters are growing more and more in
censed over the sale by the Liverpool
Athemeum of the filenrlddell Burns
manuscripts. Lord Bobibery described
the transaction as "Incredible and de
plorable." And now members of the
Scottish Burns Club "argue that Mrs.
CVrrie would never have lodged the
priceless manuscripts with the Athe
naeum had she not believed that they
would remain there permanently as a
' These manuscripts consist of poems
and letters, most of which are in
Bui.ns's handwriting. And while the
Athenaeum muy have had a perfect
legal right to sell such a national heir
loom, It Is a very grave question as to
the moral right. The sale was con
ducted with privacy and the name of
the American who is reported to have
.paid at least more than $25,000 for
them is as yet withheld.
'ro our mind there is a distinct dif
ference between the moral rights In
volved In disposing of art or literary
properties belonging to public and to
private collections. A private collector
or the heir of a private collector has a
legal and moral right to dispose of his
property for reasons known to himself
In whatever manner nnd at whatever
price he may see fit. When It comes
to treasures left to an Institution, how
ever, does not the donor regard his or
bar gift as In reality a trust to no
held in perpetuity for the benefit of
the particular public in which he or
he mar be Interested? Moreover. It
U stated that the Athenirtini In Liver
pool never linn been In debt. Indeed,
we understand that It has an adequate
reserve fund. Just why so rare a
manuscript nan fold, then, I a ques
tion that Is naturally helnc answered
with patriotic Indignation.
Would we want any of our historical
manuscript In Albany, In Philadel
phia, In Washington, In New York,
held by an Institution like the Liver
pool Athenreuui, subject to sate to Can
ada or to Rraztl?
A Light Pine.
On their pleas of guilty two members
of the firm of B. B. Simmer & Co., prod
uce dealers, were fined $11,001 In the
United States Court. The Indictments
charged them with defrauding the Erie
Ballrond by making false charges. A
report of the case states that:
"Assistant United States District At
torney (Iuilrr said the defendants, with
the assistance of railroad employees, to
whom they paid $n0 a week ench, had
swindled the railroad out of 138,000 in
Judge Bay said that as It was the
first egg fraud case trt come up he
would be lenient. Surely a fine of
$11,000 for having swindled a company
out of $;tS,Otm Is a stretch of the
word "lenient" to the nth degree. It
Is the Anglo-Saxon custom to be
light and easy on first offenders,
but when members of a concern
nay $.T0 a week to corrupt the ser
vants of a public service corporation
It does seem as If they knew what they
were about and that a stiff term of
Imprisonment might have tended to be
more of a warning to potentlnl offend
ers than to cogitate on the difference
between $11,000 and $3S.000. That Is
a fair return on one year's undertak
ing oven for expert.
The Salubrlated Philippines.
In Manila the death rate Is dying.
The quarterly report of the Philippine
health bureau, first three months of
101.1. by Dr. Victor (S. Hnsr.R. Direc
tor of Health, exhibits these satisfac
tory comparisons with the figures for
1012: January. ,"02 deaths; Febru
ary, 415, and March, 4S1. Instead of
t31S. 611 and 7.12. The city's death roll
In the first quarter of last year was
2.041. and for the corresponding period
of 1013 only 1,.'I0S. As imputation Is
Increasing steadily, the improvement is
so noticeable as to sticget inquiry
whether the mortality of 1012 may not
hnve beeu exceptional; but this year's
figures break "all mortality record for
Manila since American occupation" be
gan. Extensive sanitary reforms are back
of the great Improvement. Improved
water supply and a new sewer system
are the star performers, liarbage
collection and tllsposnl, successful war
fare on mosquitoes, food inspection,
milk regulation and scrupulous enforce
ment of health ordinances are giving
able support. They are making Manila
a better place to live In and less of a
place to die in.
Health reports arc not to the un
trained eye picturesque. In this doc
ument the pages of statistical analysis
are sterile beside the statement of the
campaign against plague- There were
two cases each In January and March,
four In February, all In the section of
the city north of the Paslg Blver. Half
of the eight victims were Imys un
No plague rats were found tin the
south side of the city, but of the 11.
370 captured elsewhere thirteen were
Infected. All but two of these were
taken In the Tondn district In March.
Dr. Hr.isER says:
"An Investigation made of premises
upon which plague Infected rats were
found showed that many of them were
establishments In which straw containers
used for packing: bottles against breakage
during shipment are stored. For instance,
at No. 319 Eatero Cegado It was found
that the bottling of olives, pickles, wines,
&c, which come from Spain In bulk, was
being done with bottles from Japan, and
that these were shipped In straw con
tainers that also came from Japan and
originated In places where rat plague pre
vailed. At a soda water establishment In
Tondo In which plague Infected rats were
found, Investigation showed that bottles
packed In straw containers that came
from Japan were used.
"An investigation made of goods Im
ported Into the Philippines shows that rats
are not infrequently brought In In straw
matting and In curios packed in straw
which come from Japan and India.
"From the foregoing It would appear
not Improbable that perhaps Manila haa
; been repeatedly Infected since the original
Infection was discovered, during June,
In Tondo 100 men In three gangs go
from house to house seeking the breed
ing places of the pests. Every corner
and cranny Is explored, nests are de
stroyed, the animals caught when prac
ticable, and Insecticides used to get the
possibly Infected fleas. Japanese au
thorities emphasize the danger of hol
low bamboos, but the Philippine au
thorities have only recently come upon
Instances of their being used as breed
ing places, At HO Calle Perla a man
was found dead from plngue, and a
mummified rat was discovered In the
gnawed first Joint of a piece of bam
boo In the partition. "The bamboo
was placed horizontally near the head
of the cot on which the man slept, and
It would appear probable that the
plague Infected fleas on the death nf
their host left the bamboo and at
tacked the man." Not savory, hut
comforting rending for those whose
friends and relatives seek fortune In
our Eastern empire, antidote to misgiv
ings of the would-be venturesome,
A luring headllue. In the report is
"Leper Collection." It would not be
our hobby, but we commend It for the
Philippines. There were collected and
transferred to Cullou 2tH leiers, an
inerage of ,8s a month. Cehu, with
only one-tenth of the population, pro
duces more thau half the lepers,
The first roundup in the Moro prov
Ince resulted, as elsewhere. In large I
t1llt,,HA.a s t .......... , . . I I m I
iuiwi-,r, in iivieuun (,cui lurill'll 111 an
lepers whom thorough examination dl
closed as sufferers from other diseases.
The Philippine Training School for
Nurses has recently gradunted Its third
class with n three year course, eighteen
"males" and forty "females." The
earlier graduates hnvo dnno flno n-nrW-
but If Dr HriHPtt nml hlu nauvlntoa I nator, supported by the experience of
.in 11 nr. iif.ihf.b ana nis associates ( prMldent wilson In the election of Sen
keep on as this report shows them Up.ators and the Influence of the Washing,
the school for nurses will be a super- on Administration, the question Is belli
flinty in the Philippine scheme
As the Hon. William J. Brtan
continues his peregrinations he Is "In
constant communication with the capi
tal," and he Is "ready to return at a
moment's notice If occasion demands."
Thus his troubled life Is spent, voice
and one ear for the enraptured Chau
tatiquans. the other ear attuned to the
throbhlngs of International Intercourse
as registered In Washington.
Whoever has had experience In Are
departments will recognize the differ
ence between the bunker nnd the ordi
nary redshlrt. The bunker lles In the
firemen's hall; he receives a regular
compensation; he Is on hand at all
hours to answer alarms. The ordinary
redshlrt goes about his vocations nor
mally, sleeps at home, and Is sum
moned to headquarters only In case ot
emergency. Bunkerr. exist while fire
departments are In the transitory
stage that marks their growth from
purely volunteer to professional es
tablishments. They serve a worthy
and useful purpose, nnd on them de
volves the unpleasant anil onerous
duty of keeping the apparatus clean,
the horses exorcised, the gasolene
tanks filled, the hose dry and the sta
tion floor Immaculate. The volunteer
has the excltenieut. risks his life gal
lantly to rescue others, and Is paid by
the tire, a fact that has not been with
out effect on the insurance loss In these
In the parlance of the fire depart
ment, Mr. Brtan sleeps out. hut he
draws the pay of a bunker. He es-
capes the routine tasks, but is ready
I to serve faithfully when the emer
gency arises. He will spring from his
bed.- draw on his trousers, clap his hel
met on his head nnd meet the appa
ratus at the scene of the blaze, pre
pared for any eventuality.
But has It occurred to Mr. Bryan
that, as the siectacle of the volunteer
rushing headlong through the street to
register his presence before the fire is
extinguished creates not a little ex
citement, the sight of the chief hunker
, volunteer dashing with all speed to the
neighborhood of the box from which
the alarm has been rung, buttoning his
shirt as he gallops along the highway.
narrowly escaping death from trollev
cars, nrencry irtlCKS. station Cat)S and
Invalid chairs, will scare all the old
ludle aud all the children out nf their
wits, and generally cause such a tur
. , .
moll of fear, speculation, wild reort
and dread as will do uiuci more dam
age thau eeu the most destructive of
fires could possibly occasion,
I n- . .. ..
Word comes from Washington that
there was a stir in the House when the
Bceretary of Labor asked Congress for
a $5,000 touring car for his personal
i use anu a jl'.ooo electric automobile for
personal and official purposes. The
"economy sauad" is vald to he prepar
ing; to object. L'p to the present a pri
vate automobile is supplied to the Prcs
1 ident alone. The subject by Itself may
' seem a petty economy taken In connec
, tlon with the vast and seemingly almost
inimitable budget of the nation. The
I element that must be considered In such
i cases as these Is not the one single
and comparatively siml! Item of ex-
pendlture. but the danger that it will
serve as a precedent for wide abuse.
( Once the "lid" is pried up with a pen-
Kiiue, wno can ten now long It will be
before there will be a crowbar shoved
under It? And exactly how the Sec
retary of Labor Is to seat himself In a
touring car and nn electric machine at
one and the same time we do not know.
Secretary Daniels's recommendation
that the exercise of the vote be made
compulsory on all those who have theiH'.mu'.,car Vb' " respecter ..f con.
right to use It Is likely to get him Into ''"I"' ,.;?" J'.i.Jn ?u"l!,"'"
trouble with the Indies. The favorite
argument of the suKragistB to the oh-
Jectlon of the "antis" that they don't
want to have the vote thrust upon them
wllly-nllly Is that If they don't want to
vote they needn't, hut they might allow
thnlr sisters who burn to go to the polls
to do so. If, then. Secretary Daniels's
recommendation were put Into effect we
might expect to have the curious spec
tacle of "antl" hunger strikers suffering
martyrdom rather than soil their hands
with the hated suffrage. Which only
goes to show how extremely compli
cated is the whole question of Votes for
Women nnd how careful Cabinet mem
bers ought to be before they say any
thing at all.
The "birth strike." aucrgested by Dr.
AtrsED Bernstein as a means of getting
electoral reforms tn Prussia, is an in
genious Idea, but one douhts whether It
Is quite practical. According to Dr.
Bernstein the Prussian mothers are to
announce, "We will bring no children
into the world to become citizens of this
State unless better rights of cltlzerwhlp
are accorded," and the slogan of the
striking mothers is to be "No rights, no
'citizens." But, apart altogether from
the not Inconspicuous part which human
nature plays In thn affairs of thus
world, even of Prussia, It may be asked
whether the terms of the slogan could
not fitly be reversed to run. "No citizens,
no rights." Certainly to the Imaginative
mind of Prussian officialdom It might
seem a little superfluous to give rights
where there were no citizens to exercise
Artists In the Vernacular,
To tee Rpitob or The Scn sir- "Placed him
hora de combat," read the protestor to his sum
mer class, "How would you render the expression
Handed him t knockout," one bright student
replied, while another suggested "put him on the
NEW YOSS. July?.
BUI and .lob.
To THE Rditob ir Thb SCN-iflr.- Utt year
I voted for Job Hedges and was pleased with
I do not know what Job might hive done sa
Governor, but Mr. KuUer haa nude a fine men of
I Nw YOEE.July:.
SUN, SUNDAY, JULY 27,
pexrose Axn pa emeu.
Prognostication of NeM Year's Nenatnrlal
Philadelphia, July 2t. Now that the
Democratic party of Pennsylvania has
elected so capable a man as Roland H.
Morris nf Philadelphia chairman of the
State Democratic committee, and the party
moves forward In the Interest of the Hon.
A. Mitchell Palmer for United Htntcs
tmru inrougnoui t'enneyivaiiia . i. an
Palmer defeat Penrose? As the queatlon
was asked and answered In my presence I
1 give the reply made by one of the most
conservative and consistent Republicans
of Philadelphia, Just as he made It
I have been a careful student of Penn
sylvania politics for ajmaet forty sears, nnd
the more cautiously I consider this Im
portant question the atronicer my conlctlon
becomes that Penrose cannot under any
conceivable circumstances he reelected to
the United Stales Senate. It naa not the
atrenith of colonel noose elt that produced I
such remarkable results In Illinois and Penn- ,
srlvanla so much as the shameful nenk- 1
nass of United States Senators Lnrlmer nnd
Penrose, and Penrose, In m opinion. Iihb i
been crnwlnc culpably weaker since the,
election of Taft, and as the condemnation i
of the people In l14 will t directed
atalnst Penrose the rehuke will be een
more severe than that given to th Pen- l
rose candidates tor President In 101: und
for Major of Philadelphia In 1911
The question was then asked What
can we do to save the Republican party?
The reply came deliberately, every word
I have hen considering this question dls- ,
passionately, aiming only to promote the
public welfare, and the most lareful delib
eration leads me to the belief that the mm
to lead In a progressl Itepubllran cam
paign to rslor I'enns) Ivanla to her lle
puhllcan leadership of the States of the
American Union Is the most progressive
merchant of the world. The Senatornhlp
belongs rightfully to Philadelphia, and we
have just such a progresshe rlrht'ln our
mldstesrepl when he Is doing for. the i Ity
of New Vork what he has been doing for
Philadelphia for many sears.
And that Is the candid view of a Repub
lican of the conservative brand.
EVGS BY PAItCEL POST.
Poultrmen Object tn Hating Tlirm
Neramlileil In Transit.
To the Kditor or The Sun Sir- Sup
pose the faithful hen gocw dutifully to the
bank at 10 o'clock, the morn Just at the
silver crested full of Its mounting tide;
lays her dally treasure In the farmer's
safe deposit box nnd traipses forth, sc.
rene In the consciousness of life's mission
brought up to the minute on the Instal
ment books, for an afternoon of scratch
and gossip with the barnyard sorority.
Agilcola has Jut received over the talk
ing wire a message from an urban reader
of his dally "ad": "Can ou deliver so
and so many, strictly fresh, al uch nnd
such ui address how soon?"
The teams and men arc- busy no one
to send In the car. In the bad old days
It would have been a Job for the express
company now It Is the parcel post Thus
Agrlcola: "Why, lefa see. It's la. 15 now ,
the collector R. V I), will he here In fif
teen minutes. I'll make you up a pack
age, parcel post you'll get It In the e,irly
afternoon delivery Yes I hear 'em
cacklin' this minute They'll be warm
yet when you get 'em Hood-by"
Idyllic, If pronomlnally ambiguous. A
dream of rural Utopia. Not rus In urbe.
i urns in rure;
urbs In rure; the world Is divided Into
' ruaiirban nd nrhrural. the rilererentl.i.
'Hon merely metaphysical, depending on
,wh,.th''r 'ou ?tand. M !h" 'ing or the
i paying end. rarcel post, a poem for hen
and men A vaunt thee, i old storage'
When will the Ideal and the real matrh
In the tloiden Treasury of . poultry maga
zine these words of wisdom dwell:
It Is folly for L'ncle s-vni lo hclleve that
eggs, or for that matter an of the hundred
rough treatment uan b handled like a lei .
ler or newspiper.
juice of a roasted peanut.' to say nothing
of a fresh laid egg,
As a means for the transportation of
eggs for hatching the parcel post Is a
particularly lamentable failure A Mlchl
gander ordered a consignment of chicken
seed from Ootham. A patented box was
used, but the eggs came scrambled
An Iowa poultry man saw visions of
$1,000 to $1,100 a year saved In express
charges. Parcel post brought him a "set
ting" of Single Comb White Leghorn eggs
I Th,V looked good, but only five hatched
! an1 ev'n they "hH'1 n P'tla1'' appear-
ance." In the nature of the case -spons.
blllty cannot be fixed with finality, but
competent and seemingly uuprel'idiced
opinion pronounces the verdict : "IVmgh
If the veteran of the chicken farm
sticks obstinately to older methods nf
transportation It Is assuredly not because
he'd rather pay the express company four
hits than Uncle Sam two. His Industrial
philosophy discriminates essentials and
has no heed for superficial niceties of
Uncle Samuel does not well wlfen he
Jams all the little packages Into n sack.
to be mauled and thrown on and off trains.
or even extenuation will lie listened to.
An egg Is nn egg. and It must not be
Ai.lentown. Ta., July 15.
HIS COt XTRYMEX.
A Hungarian Na The) Had Culture
Mhen Ireland Mas a swamp.
To the F-DiTor. or The Scn Sir. Why
occupy jour valued space with sporadic
letters of professional Irishmen who will
never make "citizens"? 1 see no letters
from my Hungarian countrymen, who had
culture when Ireland was a swamp, none
from the Eastern races or Saracenic
descendants; none from Scandinavians,
all of whom did much for Ireland's evo
lution. Instead of boasting of what "was."
why not tell the world how and why
such wonderful culture was lost, why
the Irish becameflrt the assassins of
their native kings and next nf landlords,
to gorge the machine political ranks of
this country and erect Hibernian monu
ments on two of the four corners of every
city block? V. Sapviloc.
New York, July Id,
A Vote for the Mayor.
To the I'ditos or The m s .sir I m foreign
born but have lived in Ilrooklyn over tvveniy
seven years, and I ihlnk we ought to be proud of
the city of New York.
According to the utterances of many politicians
more noted for wind than for any worthy urhlrvr
mant "the people" are the only persons In this
country who ought to have any say on any public
The classification set up by these gentlemen
eemt to exclude numbers of our population,
many of whom, to my mind, have dene and are
doing splendid service for our country, Hut per
haps I m one of "the people," as I -vork at i trade
and never mide over M) i week.
My verdict, with honors, Is for Mayor fiaynnr,
I am id enrolled Repi-bllran, but If I have the
chance I shall vote for him. C, I' II.
Wolves of Jamaica Bar,
To tbe Hditoe or The Scs-.Sir: If any of
your correspondents who have been w riling about
sharks would like to see some of the man raters
caught they should take a trip to Jamaica Uay,
Good sport la furnished nearly everyday by
angler who Ash here. Hardly a party gnra out
without catching one or more of the destroyers.
aUny are only using light tackle, and In lha way
fishermen may try their skill a well is pailcncr,
becauie the sharks give them some hard strug
gles trying to land them. While many are ttshlng
for sharks with light tackle others are using rrg u.
lit shark tackle and gelling them In lare num.
l - ura. Asouie.
Jamaica. L. I., July at,
Kite Per Cent, nf Her People Make All
To the EoiTon or The Sun Sir.- Hav
ing been thirteen years a resident of
Mexico and having travelled from one
end of the country to the other I beg
to state some nf the facts regarding the
situation thnt may be of Interest to the
readers of The Hon.
Onlv 11 small percentage of the Mexi
cans arc revolutionists; !5 per cent, of i
the Inhabitants are peaceful workers of
Indian origin nnd ileslm nothing more
thnn n chance to work and be let alone,
hut this great majority of the Inhabitants
arn iimn, Rminr.n- n i
iieinK Wlllioui rm.uKii iiiiii,i- ,
the matter of their welfare in tneir own
hands and stop this revolution, but let
a dozen or so reolntlonary leaders, or
ganized bandits would be a better name,
with n few thousand peons, overrun the
entire country, burn, plunder, rob. de
stroy and murder without any act of re
innnstiance upon thn part of the great
majority of the Inhnhltnnts.
All this talk about mediation, stopping
shipments of arms and nmmunltlon or
letting both sides have them Is puerile
nnd will have absolutely no effect on the
situation. Secretary Bryan might Just us
well try to stop the revolution by sending
cases of grape Juice to both Federals and
rebels. AmiB and ammunition could be
purchased abroad, and If either side could
not secure ammunition, which of course
they could, they would go on lighting Just
the same, I might better say stealing
and raiding, using the machete In place
of the rifle .
There are but two rolutlons to the
problem, and history will bear me out In
the future. Revoke the Monroe Doctrine
and let Kurope Intent-tie nnd restore or
der out of amirehy nnd rhaoa. or resort
to armed Intervention by the l.'nlted
Stntes, afterward establishing a protec
torate over or annexing Mexico. This Is
bound to be htought about It may come
to-morrow, or It may come In fifty years,
I,... .U.. .1 ..Ill .-U. ..rrlva All these
other plans nf the Administration are but
makeshifts to delay the Inevitable , but
Just as surely as the sun will rise to
morrow eventually we shall have to "cut
bait or rlh" ii-nounce the Monroe Doc
trine or tstablish order In Mexico and
Centrnl America If tint, some other na
Hon wilt do It for tis and reap the benefit.
The Mexicans, along with the bulk of
Central Americans, ate incompetent for
self-government. It Is an ethnological
problem rather than a social one. of a
decadent race Inhabiting one of the rich
est countries of th- world and not appre
ciating Its birthright.
Is It right that a small percentage of
the Inhabitants should be allowed to ruin
one of th,- fairest countrlis of this globe
and commit all manner of abuses and
. . ....... .nt.ll.t-l.,
u.siroy minion in inu,.-,.,. ( PMnnonIr- ronstantlv ran to bring her hus. .
.omplete anaichy In a country that Is , Mni1 t,r frnm a neighboring spring
destined one day to become the garden Wn, rBnr tn nt, r0M h, ,,. h(m fAlt
spot of the world, and all because of the Bnrt nn haMnnr , h), .,Manr, fnud
dog In the manger policy of the Montoe nm At the same moment she heard i
Doctrine" The inltfd States will not , ffltff nrrttr ,h. rsnnon , ,
remedy matters nor allow any other , rrom , p, ,mralnlng be could not
country to. The Mexican nation cannot. h po h H hrax, n man nf )M(1
because a great majority of the lnhabl- ,,e,n hlnfd .Nn (M th. ntr,rW Molly,
taut are Indians who lack Initiative, Rut tuing her ee upon th ofllcer "the cannon
some day rjermany or Japan or some j hn nflt t r,m(,,,d fr the want of som
other country will force our hand. j one to serve It. since my brave husband l
New York, July "' Old Resident, inn more. I win use my utmost exertions to
I avenge his death " The activity and cour-
Tl- I Tlf l'lTIIV nf ll kllll ktiE. n,lh which she performed the offlce of
"f jt.innont,r rture ,h . ,.,.,! ,h,
... . ,,. w,.. .'attention of all who wtnssed It. and
The Mixture With Ashes series as ,. of whln(!ton hlm.,lfi ,, Bft(.r.
Protect loll to Pedestrians. Iw.ird gave her the rank of llu-enant and
To THE KniTOR or THE St'N Sir- An granted her half pay during llf. Sh" wore
editorial article In TUB SUN revives at- an epaulet and was called ever after Cnp.
tent Ion tn a question which attracted much tain Molly. '
consideration nearly ;;'' "("; You cannot add to that, and what van-'
H lias l'e.-i ,iriij ,ui ...a,...,
that the so-called utilization of garbage
must be nut among the lost iirts. If. In-
iKed. It ever existed. Profitable, dividend
paying utilization of course Is meant rcj coate( whatvoumavcillems"" cj.nl 4.i"Ui women now are nullified to inl
The foregoing statement Is made upon tn a, t.p,luIeti Captain Mollv must have for l're-id. ntpil e.-tor
the nuthoiity of on- of the first of those , vt.rltab)f akyr. berserk god- An even more cogent reason i that women
persons who vv.re connected with Bar- dess of war. 'already vote nn nne-flfth nf the Sena'
ten Island. ...... ,.t.,.! ,,'re let Captain Molly rest In peace. : memberb and nue-sevcntli of the Hon-
nutiiig the ndmlnistratlnn of the late rtespect her reputation. Her fame Is Im- 1 he Congressmen from the suffrage Stat
Mavnr Strong the offer was made t o htm 1 perishable. Let no hot reeking breath even if they nre not believers In the d
In the presence of the then Street Clean- of scandalmongering cuiloslty spread Its ,rlll(, ar(, not likely to forget that they hi
ng Commissioner nn behalf of parties fou A m o iush r on nirr ths tnlrmr thnt ... ...
, ....... ... ,,t, ,.ii u
noin wiiiiiiK mm i.-.ii i" . ..v
eltv thorouchfares and collect and finally
dispose of all ashes, garbage and refuse j
nf everv character In a most sanitary nnd
inoffensive manner There wiir to be no
enforced separation of the above articles.
All would be collected together.
The result was very clear The mois
ture of the garbage dampened the ashes
and pievented Its gintuttous distribution
upon and among pedestrians, while the
ashes mixed vvlth the garbage retarded
putrefaction sufficiently to make the gar
bage Inoffensive. The city
spendlmt mote than $3,300,finn a year for
the entire work. Ihe price asked by the
above biddeis was $2,000,000. This would
have been a saving of more than $l,3ft0,
oiin a year for the entire work. Any ic
quired security was forthcoming. The
offer vva not even considered Hut that ,
was an antl-T.imm.inv reform admlnls-1
nation Su Is part of this.
You can always tell by the lavlslinesa
vvlth which the people's money Is spent,
la drunken sailor, as was said a few
uieks ago Wook at the condition of the
sidewalks and curbs on Second avenue be
tween Second and Twenty. third streets.
Nr.w York. July "A.
i"mirletl" l Adilsrcl tn Tr Mnstsnl.on the subject, and nntablv the works of
I Plaster anil Minn Milk.
To the KoiTor. or The Si'N Sir. No-
ticing In vour paper a note fiom one who
does nut sleep, signed "Atfllc'.ed." 1 would ,
say that such continuous sleeplessness
calls for the services of a good doctor,
but there are n veial i ulcs to be ohserved
In such casen. Moderate eerclse, a light ,
meiil at night, hut still sufficient to pre
vent one from feeling hungry , a glass of
warm milk sipped slowly before lying
down, help sleep, sufficient bed cover
lug to prevent the least feeling of chilli
liess, and often a
Is a help.
hot water bag at night
After the last meal take things easy;
do not attend to business or nn thing
active, nor lead much Pleasant conver
sation Is good, but retire eatly, pray to
Hod, Hnd miy He give you sleep.
West New Brighton, July Ifi.
The Mustard f'ure.
To the KntTOR of THE Si-n Sir- Per
mit me to assure "Afflicted" that the up.
plication of a mustard plaster at the back
of the neck was prescribed for me by
one nf New lorus most distinguished
physicians and brought lellef.
New York, July 22 C. Clark.
from Sir Hubert,
To the I:piiok or The M-.s Mr 1 like Tns
M'N despite and perhaps because of Its fickle
n'se lis love for Ihe lrlh appeals to me, epe
clslly asTHE Sc.s chasilseth whom It loveth The
Si'N Is awas "agin" something The Si n Is fair
-when II shines, t'sually It shines, It does
nnlhlng so well as rhasllslng It's a lovable old
crank, with so much fine philosophy and wisdom
In lis makeup as lo worm Itself Into our affections
hi spile of ourselves.
I hive been so durned mad al THE Sin that I've
vowed time and again never in look upon Its type
acalu, Once I kept that resolution for two con
secullve hours In Ihe early morning I was hit
Icrly unhappy nnd very, very lunrsome, Then I
blushlnely tlld my two cenls Inlo the black hand
of Ihe corner stand owner and felt as Ihough I had
made up after a quarrrl with my chummiest
chum. W K,
.New York, July '.'A.
Disputed ratemlly of a Wise Saying.
To THE KniTOR or THE Srs- .Sir. Vou ask:
Was II not Carltle who fald we are omnibuses In
which our grandfathers ride Hut was II not
Oliver Wriidill Holmis j. , Coke,
Boston, July ".'.v.
I'nder Ihe Cooling Sea,
First Fish Why do you want that fly?
Bacund Flab To trim a hit for my wife.
MOLLY'S LAST APPEAR A XC E .
The Heroine of Monmouth Field t'ele
lirated In Loftiest l.egrntlry.
To the Editor or The Sun Sir.' Tour
Molly coddlers are a lot of solemn peo
ple. It's a katydid controversy they
wage. The disputatious brothers Pro ami
Con never engaged In a more arid, sterile
discussion than this. They argue Molly
Pitcher to tatters In the lowlands of his
tory, when she belongs of heroic right
on the rloud tipped peaks of exalted
legend. History Is homely, legend la the
Invelv m.ilH of heaven.
Molly's case parnllels that of O. Wash
ington. "Father, t cannot tell n lie; I
did It with my little hatchet" is the sing-
song of History reciting her dull, pro
sale version of an Incident that good old
Parson Weems appraised more fairly:
'(leorte," said his fthr, "do you know
who killed that beautiful little cherry tree
yonder In the garden?"
This was a tough question, nnd (I'orge
staggered under It for a moment; but
quickly recovered himself, and looking at
his father, with the sweet face of youth
brightened with the Inexpressible rharm of
all conquering youth, he bravely cried out,
"I can't t oil a ll, pa, ou know I can't tell
a tie, t did cuMt with my hatchet."
"ttun to my arm, you d'arest bov." erled
his father In transports! "run to mv arms
fllad am I. Oeorge, thnt. you ever killed mv
tree, for you have pjld m for It a thou
sand fold. Pu'h nn net of hrolsm In
son Is worth more than a thousand
with silver nnd their
fruits of purest gold,"
Now for Mollv. Never mind whether'
I.udwlsr Is Irish or Hottentot. Henr the
legend as set down In letters all of gold
In the "Historical Collections nf the State
of New.Iersey: containing a general rnl-,
lection or the most Interesting facts,
traditions, biographical sketches, anec
dotes, Ac., relating to the history and
niitlriultlcu. with geographical descrip
tions of every township In the State.
Illustrated by 110 engravings. Ry John
W. Rarber. author nf Connecticut nnd
Massachusetts Collections Ac. and Henry
' Howe, author of "The Memoirs of Kmf-
nent American Mechanics.' dr Arm
of the State of New .lersev New York .
Published for the authors, by P Tattle.
194 Chatham Sqinre. H44" A book
with n title page like that Is a book by.
of and for heroes. At page 3tJ:
The story of n woman who rendered re- '
senllal service to the Americans In th
battle fof Monmouthl Is fniried on fait
She was a female of tnasculln mould, anrt
dreased In a mongrel suit, with the petti- ,
coats of her own sex nnd an artilleryman's
coat, cockel hat and feather The nnr- I
dote usually related Is as follows- rtefore
the armies engaged In general anion tno
of the advanced batteries commenced a
svere Are against ear other A-s the heat
was eacesslve Mollv. who was the wife of a
' ........ ...... ...r
. ,,ra., fr-, ,,. ..I,.--,!,.- ..,
pleteness" Why translate "use my ut
most exertions to avenge his death Into
..j mv ri,.,,,,!,., ci, . vviih ,i,n
. i ... .
. jiowe una naroer nom neiore us.
J.. July :s.
A Uninterested i:pert nn the Prussian
Contribution tn the Victor).
To the KntTOR ok The Sl-n Mr- Water
loo was a decisive battW. but a battle
may be decisive and yet have no perma
nent Influence on world hlstorv. New
Orleans, where Jackson soundly whipped
the British, was decisive enough,
nobody would class It among til
occisive naltles. ,nd yet. according n
the Ideas of "E. H J ." It must be r-.
carded beciuse It has been followed by al
most a hundred e.ir of peice!
The events of IM:' and 1M3 overthrew
Napoleon and so thornushly weakened
France that she had little ftirlher taste for
war and no ability to c.irry it mi ciniv
about "O.onn Frenchmen were defeated at
Waterloo, which would have hven a small
affair with Fiance fifteen sours earlier
Hut had Napoleon triumphed over bis
enemies on hi- return from Klh.i his em
pire would have fallen on nis denn m
I'll, for he ennld hnve left nn one luhtnd
anie to maintain It
Such as are Interested In the truth about
.Waterloo should consult iinv nf the mod.
ern American. Herman or Fiench wnik
Ropes and of Slo.ltie. Which m-IV be foiin.ii
'"V" ,l!hrarl''''. , no! won. viunry i- in sight and r -
Engllsh works on the sublect are gen-, a quciinn of time till the men -ernlly
worthless. The Kncllsh an-not v et v i,. .
nvtr i., (...nn, ,(11 I'liiiminu Hoannonei)
Quatre Bras, where he would have he.-n
onngen to ngnt on enu.-ii terms, and lustily
io me neisnts or Mont s , nt
Jean, a naturally strong position, whose
sliength was augmented b the art of
an astute commander These hcl;hts the
j Pi ench assailed.
i No less an authority than Emperor Will
lam nf fjermnnv rleelre.l e-
back that the Prussl
ireni anniniiatinn al Waterloo.
ni'tTAt.o, July 25. H j Jackson.
To the Epitoh or The Si .s .sir The Mayor
commission lo draft a pension law for the city
Is likely lo deliberate on the scheme for a yea'i
or imo aud ofjer reronimendallons noi neces
In vlrw of this fart ihe requests f various
members of ihe Hoard of Estimate, now hcfoie
that body, for retirement of ninerannuair I . iiv
employees ocightto be taken up and pas-ed, under
' the rules heretofore ued by Ihe board lo tnv cm
retirements; lth the proviso, however, that ihe
rules 01 me Major s rommlson when enacted
khould govern Ihoc retirements
No man can have served this city for the last
lhlrl-nve or forty ycart.undcr Its various pollil
cal upheavals unless his services weie of pre
eminent value; and these men, now- In ad va need
age, their Inlilallve and vigor declining, shnuM
be retired as an Incentive to Ihe vnunger mrn lo
eccl In ihelr work, knowing thai they will merit
like treatment for falihful performance nf ihm
s.ome 01 me men wno nave been recommended
. . , u, J ""mi.rrs ot u,e Hem of ,,,.
?rtiVi"iVi " '""I"'1"! en -
titled to distinguished consideration. - bin llicy
block thewaytoadvanccmentof Ihevoiiugerm,!,
as lone as Ihev remain In ihe r. i
last century methods. Ideas and traditions
New Yobr, July :. j ) .
The Wearing of the Feather.
io ths i.oiToa or imk St'N- .sir .some time ;
go I received on answer to a letter which I n-nt
loTHE Si- on Ihe sublect of ihe wearing nf
ilgrclteafrnm Ihe newly elected prrsldem-gcnernl
of the Daughters of tbe Vmerlcan Hevnuioii,
whose portrait, wearing a hat adorned with a ai e(.
bunch of aigrettes, appeared In a prominent nmga
ilne. This lady writes me Dial tlil, isiruali Is an
oiu one. ion uui uie aistcltes were putcliast-l
.vi.i voi.Hii..r ...mi- msingiij me picture",
III other worils, some time before It was Kcnril
.... ..m ., v ,,,,, aur.ciiesi inanca sir-
feting. I shall not know n-." she will,-,. -,.
chase feathers ihe securing of which will can!,.
CONGRESS GOT FIRST
'VOTES' PLEA IN 1869
Siiffrnffists Hnd Word '01(110"
Omitted From Fourteen th
MAXY ATTEMPTS FAILED
Next retttron Will He
sented by Couriers mi
The suffrage petition fnrn Kedem imrc
nient which will be prevented in ih i ,n.
gri"Monal committee on Thursli hv
couriers from everv Stale in the I mor i,
not the first one that hat been prejti, f
(.'oncrcs One wni Introduced u hn
houses In issri, nnd several h ive been
,s long nco as s th" flrt f.ivnrihta
report on a siiffrace amendment wa i h.
milted by Kluridge f IJiph.im, 'hnrmw
nf the Committee nn M'oman suffrage
The campaign begun nt fh eenil,
National Woman's IIIbIiIs Conveni.on m
New Vork In May, lT3. when Siimii r
Anthony declared that the war 'id
that the rUPitlon was oti" of niiinni
Most nf the women Interested In worr.n
rijhts hail given their time, encrrj- and
money to the abolition movement hut whn
the war vvaa over and the Fourteen ih nin1
ment was under discussion, Ms nibenv
and Mrs Kli.nhethl'adyStantnn learned thnt
It was proposed to put I lie vrnrd mule into
the constitution, which before tint Mm
hnd not discriminated again-l wnmen
They sent a petition lo Congress sienrd
by soo.ono iTersoiiH. The word ma w
hen the Fifteenth Amendment was hlnr
dl.cnsed the sii(Traglls made every effort
to add the word "ex" to the statement thv
the rlsht to vnte must not benbrldk-ed bv mv
State "nil ai count of race, cnlor nr pr.
lou- tnnditinn of servitude, ' but h-j
Many women then attempted tn vote on
the grnund fh.it the Fourteenth Amendment
I i-tabllhed their cltlionajilp Mrs Vlr
Klnla Miner of St I.011I. brought ult asiln"
Heove Happprsett. registrar fnr the election
district in which she lived, foi refulnc tn
place lier name on the llt of renitere.i
'voters. The defence was that the (nr..
stttiition of Mlv-ourl gave citizenship io
I male voters only.
'I he case was carried to the I'nlteil Sut
Supreme Court In IT."., nnd this decli-ioa
was handed down
"That women may be elti?en.. et nvr
having been made one of the element- of
citizenship in the I'nited State- 'I ha
the Cnntitution doc not define the prl i
lege and ImmiimtliH of citizens but tint
Mintage is not nece.arlly one nf then
lint the ginranty of a repuhllcnn form of
government I not a guaranty of unlvemi
suffrage, nnd that the Con-titiltlon of ti
1 nlted State does not confer the rUht of
suftrage upon any one, nnd that the ( on
slltutloii of the several States which ion n n
that important trtit to men alone are not
iit-t rsMirily void '
After that decision the KiifTtngist bo;Mn
work for another amendment (.onei"
after CniiL-res ha- cnnsgiicd petition 'n
the waste paper basket Hit such will not
be the fate of the prc-ent petition, since
i wu nit ii i iinsiiiuriiis.
And even the Congressmen from th
franehled State-, after hiving seen ' e
sullrage v torles this yetr (Oreson, K i
Arizona. Alaska and illmoisi. will be
to lome nut agaln.-t suffrage just oef . e
beginning their campaign-
III I.I. MOOSE ASKS WOMEX'S MO,
i:. II, llsliorne nj Feminine Votes
Must Kill Privilege.
A-si r.v I'.vf.k. N J. July ;n Mm "d
11 O-borne, candidate nf the ra lifa ' -',
nf th" rrojreive party lor the noni.
turn for llovernor of New Jer-ev, ti
an addre at the innv enttou of .
.lerey Men's League for ntrnu Ij'iln
in the H cm drove Auditorium m-,t, .
when the Progressive partv dtiiaiwd
lav nr of allowing women lo vote win-.,- s
siiflrace became u national ieiie
II will remain a national l"ue V
said, until It i--etiiisl and -enied r.gh'
We now icL-ard woman siiflr.u-e it- -n-count
ry a- a loregotic i nnclu-inii be
tinned, "for we ejt a part of the in e-
hie mnvwnieiit nr the greater deir
and for genuine popular governnp"
demand for eipial suffrage is a par' -f
movement or direil primaries f-
dim i i lection of lulled states e
mid tor real maturity rule
While Hie flirht for unman sllfrjie
what are vo'i going tn do wih tlicpi
, men who nre helping you tuht the
fnr -lift rage enpei i nil to make a ilier
and we are going to be disappoint,' I t
don't do a treat deal more III in in
swell Ihe vole '
I Mr O-horne said tint the great pr
of ihe time i privilege in ever
vvlieieliv the few exploit the many a d
loll Irom the earnings ot the laborer
' Ihe right nf private inouopnv
riulit lo ta, the rizhl to rnli, h- .-1
hope as nii nre arming for Mi
ahead ynu will make nnr fnlloMer
pnvilege ns the greatest ot join e
and cause Ihem to enlist in Ihe
Chuuplain 1. Kjlev nf Plmnfle
elecicd president of the New
Men's League to siiiceed Dr
Saunders, who declined a reelc ti-"i
dent Wil-on was made nne ol tl
honnr.irv v u e-presldeiil nf Ihe
f irrox also otu:s LEI n lilMi.
Senator Mlpa Avviiv In spenU n.lii
nt llellefnntnllic, Ohio.
WvsiiiM.TiiN, July : 1 lie tan" -tnii'iua
salute whiih has wciinmi i "
Jennings Hi mi on a thoiis.ir. I I
vv ill he wav rd to-niomm lor sen i v
I of Ohm at llellctontaine. Ohi.. I
hena,r 0.,v Joln, , )Win , ,
1 of down with the high oM of ',vi.
1 1. left the mltal for (duo wliete
, . . . ' 1 .. " ' . . .....
i "" " 1 '"""annuii leii'iic ni-.s..
Senator Hut ton has registered pc
complaint thai the Senatorial sa.'
f7,.Mi a .vear Is iuudeqil lie He ha- -slipped
nut tn llellelontinno In di'
ledlue for a share nf Ihe gate ru
Ithaca, N V., July : Slate II
Cnni.nlsslnner John N Cat lisle was ' i
In siispeud his tour of inspection
St.it highways to-d.iv whuti he Sift" 1
tin attack nf acute indigestion. M'
i,. icached Intcilakeii last rile'"
was tn have held n healing here
While tin guest nf Wlrtll Hovei ..
.,,,. ,. Wilh ,.,1,,,,, ,, , ,
,nctnis wild 111.- ailment was imi
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