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I 44 SUNDAY, AUGUST 3. 1913. Entered at the ivi Oftucal .New Yorkahccoud rjit Mad llat'ci i- Subccrli'tleint t Mall, Postpaid. DAILY. Per Month ... 0 SO DAILY. Per Uar oo SUNDAY, l'er tar .. DAILY AND SUNDAY. Tr Year S SO DAILY AND iilNlA. l'er Month ?B THr. LVKMN'i SUN. l'er Month aft tiE 1ACNINO Sl'N. l'er Year 3 RO Pejuafc to ferelm ecintrlei. added. All cheek, money orders', Ac. to be mide ry itlc to Tuc SI N. Friders of Tun M-v leaving town for the sum- hjin ihe mm nine md hundiv ! Bier muinn tan im v irr uiutinuh ... ... . . fdltlrtii (jflhPifi !o uifm in any iwti m hub country 01 i:vropp on ihr irrm Hnifd alor AddrPMk fhnffd A often n ur?lrftl Ord'T th.oush ne, dealer or dlre.tly et Publlunlou Ottce.'telerlione iMi IVekntau. I'ubllkhed dally, mehinlnc siindiy. by the sun ( nUinUtCn I'l .Wnr.ll.Hluil. m. r.u Treanurtr. xvtiiwni o iteieu. tin sii7'"bTt c,'" ' ' ..T Prei.dent jr.tf NtMsuxrect J7D NIV(..U NaihiL Htect London edlte, r.ltlnglnm Iloue. t Arundel Iteet, S'nnd I'arlt. oBie. s ru de li Mlehodlere. off Iuc du Quatie .eptembre Washlneton offlie, Itlbbs Pulldlne trookhn offlee, w 1 Ulncfton tteet If mr frundt jfii otrt- us 'rtl" "ioiiurir'-' 0" ehilltenMt' ftt pubUiBtmn itsli In harf t!j(cw: . ffilr proportions iiitd xrfpct Mulsh en re reiirne.-t Ihtu Mu.l tit all tans itnd stenps I traitcp their mIIp illltl lllblead tliclf rer tut purpose t.,j.,,i... if i l. The Hcvolt In Venrr-tiela. With -a clerk In charge of the lega tion at Caracas, a meie votith new , a. .1. l II... . . tln.k hi ill. w nit" nmiiu, iiiMi. mi.- hen com, ..i.e.. problem, for partisans of the long baffler' dictator Chmhami Castro Have, started a revolt against the Onvern- ' ment of President .1. V. Oomiz. Vene- aueln bin ctijoiod tratt'iull condition and has prospered .din e lient'ial Casiso received a warning to expatriate him-' self. No Kui'opp.m Oovornment wants to see him restored to power, and It is certainly the policy of the l;itltcil States to support the present Admiiils trntlon lu Venezuela. Ililtl.-li. tier- man. French and SpanW1 enterprises are thriving, and for the Hist time in a generation the people of the country ore protltably emploved, education is f.l,. ...it....t...l ...t.t i.tiKIt,. -.ii'1's ,.'.. irraiih ...u' 'ivi .. ir....... ........ ... undertaken. According to nr. l.ll. losu oi.s. e.-; y,.t ., onil i,. ( ,sPf s.anely Minister of Instruction, who recently ; equipped to deceive even th 1110: in vlslted the United Stales, exiwts and : ;ittentie, may reich proportions. ipp.tr Imports are Increasing, railroads are ontly ilisipiletliig If properly liiunch?d. building, the tiovernment is iiuprov- j,, ullen thrift. enteiDrlse. s.mlt.v. lng the sanitary conditions at l.a Guayra aud other mrls. th" army ha been reorganized ami Is well drilled, cud with the prospect of the opening of the I'aunna Canal, which will bp Venezuela's opportunity to extend Its trade 10 the I'acilic Coast of both Americas, there Is no dearth f cap Itul for Investment. The .commercial Interests of the United States la Venezuela are more important llia.i Is' ;enerally oupposeil. In the value of Imports only tirc.it ltrltain led this country, nnd by a narrow margin, lu 1011. when tlie respective values were: uie.ic iMiuiiii, -i.".oi.- "'"""is . . . t.Hi...t.. .. i.ic- i. ..i i .... ... tiumm ... cuiusi. aim me c linen jm.iics ST.n-t.-i.4-t:;. In the same- year Vom- j favr:,blj di-imsy, public ilNpo-iflon ' in Mr Ciur.LEs Francis Adams un auela e.-.ported goods of a value of oil.-,!,- hi.. He. nnd when he ha- iocl;eied blustiincly propose that the Hon. Sam 72."i,ono hollv.tr- to the I'nited Stts. ( f,.,, sometime a fee twice the vl:L W-vi-kiih Mccam. shall le the can ming next with :il.'.L'.:!.-il..' with " 1-trr.l -Mid Ui-e.t k I , with H'..U...1 bolivars, t rance coming Germany Britain ine.-e traue uguro prove mat mu , united .Stales Is. np'JC concerned about j Maule trade conditions In Venezuela t !,.. -I..,- ' than any other country. During the Taft administration the,i,e murk the 11. r ro,.d sk. on tiie1!"11 1"'"'l 'kmel ami the Hon. moral support e.f the I'nited States was j ,. lltfl thf. ,,.lllrP 0,,e word no7ea Is nnd tte'gla.s o'f ,1 e Senate'bu't given to the (iovert.ment of President , from on wt ,, inlf) tllP ,.. r .f ,o di;Vr m Comm. Mr. Wii.mix h is served notice I that political adventurers like Cipbi- ANO Cvstro Will have no e-oiintenance from him. and It lias been intimated that their scheme to usurp power will;,., ......i... k f,c t,i. . ... i ii Pl,,nlJ "l-iiinsl pailli . Hie .ilLio-pltcii' -h" oi ma messages to the Veneuelau Congress uas maue me rrieuriuesi overtures to 5 the United Stale-. In one of his ines - sages be snld: "Venezuela rwognijtes the political aud economic nredomi - 1 " ' ' ," tl """ pietionn- nmf nf lha I'll la, Ui.iL.l ,m U... nance of the United States on the Amer ican continent." lu ordering the CTUlser Des Moines to l.a !u.iyr,i the Administration Is simply following precedent, and evidently Intervention Is not contemplated, There ls no reason to ilouht the abll Ity of President OoMrz to deal with the Castro revolt, which is unqti.ill fledly political and personal. The ruling class Is small in a population of less than 2,fKKl,0f)O. and Its Inter ests are better served by a Chivern ment of progress which has the sup port of nil the grtat Powers than they could possibly he by the illctatorshlp of a demagogue who has alienated every friend that Venezuela ever had and ls notoriously a promoter of his private fortunes. Unless conditions have been misrepresented President OouVz enjoys public conlldence, and the army, now a well disciplined organiza tion, ls loyal. For the welfare of Vene zuela nothing could bo more timely than the opportunity given to the con stitutional President to deal summarily with General Castro and his deluded adherents. Specific Arivlre. In a telegram of congratulation to Collector Mitciim, there occurs a sen tence full of real help which. In the language of youth, he ought "to paste In his hat" nt bis earliest convenience, The author of this profound pattern of concentrated wisdom g the Hon. Alios Pjsciiot himself. Here Is this piece of ballast which should be placed In the hold at once iMtt the ship of Fusion sink without It : "Mk your campaign real and appeal to pople on fundamentals." Xot since County Chairman Bum of tte Progressive party, declared that i thr- comltis cnr.ip.tlsrn must be wased ' on the principles of "constructive lib' ernllsui" ins there boon a more defi nite, specific nnrl helpful addition to I the sum nf liiuunn oiillclitcnmon t. .Merely I'rci-nutlnn. f-'ocralHry Bkyan's application to Congress for $1iiO,(XiO to meet the es peiif.es of assisting destlttili' Ameri cans In .Mexico tfi come home was made nt a time when both of the war-1 "P- ""'I these libellers of ape went tins factions wore inTordlna Americans j down. all the protection In their power. Dtir- The position of "Grandpa" In the In? I'le-ddent Tait's iidtnlnlstrnilon a'poeni Is tllffcrent. !Ie represents be tr.tnsport was sent to 1'aelnV seaports "efs. prejudices and hopes outrageous lo take on board American citizens j to those zealots of progress who hold who desired to leave the country, ami that everything new If there Is nny It was HisKPKtpil to Americans In the ''bins new must be good. "Orandpa" city of Mexico that It would lie well for them to return home. Those who remained went through the irvlns or- tlp.il of the Hitched battles on the streets ' ( x ... ... . . . .i wiwrrn i-eu'l I InMrpoiltP. troops and the Din, 1 1 11 " I ,f tun rill-tte. ka UmtiH.l th,., . . '.,,inl, ...1,1, hnl brief warning, o that It Is a wise pre-au-j tn to proviilr a fund to help Allied- "Itbout means to Icvp the co- . - - , try. This will be to e.irry out the Taft , 111 " Pfctl'J "' doubtless, Jto the relief of the Mexlc.ins thorn-1 i selves. The l.l.ir. When a liar's caiefullv reared edl - IUp of lies U revealed to the gtixe of the uti'-oplilstlratoil and gullible. Its ...... cldcntnls of a gieat sum of motiej $10,00n, for example and a quarrel over lt ultimate illM'o-ltion dNclixc tbeinele lhe lend adtlltlonal ltltr! . il... I 1 1 tu a wiii u ri, -nt iu,n in cu.ni'iint' nil ( ce.-aure oi oetau lar out-iotM me rune anil unilnl.-bcd piodtn t of truth. -phh nunplctloii ami llnallty, this gllstpjilng polish, in themselves warn the Intelligent, brought udUul.v Into the pic-ciice of a lie. to icgnnl It with .suspicion. The.v aroue curiosity, and U;,, to that close examination l.y'uhlch the most expeitl.v pi'epared .1" is laid ,;iro for what It i. and n-.'alnt which u clumsy lie craslie-. to the ground be- fore the liar wlio coustrttt teil It ha time to take to his heels. Fine, well done He arc not lotnmon; even the most prospcrcm of lies froijuently fall '.short of their punoso: even a 10,000 . .a. hp,,,. r ,.. ... ,r,,- f tt. ,,... ....... .. . , . . .. , ,. , lfllH Oil IIClllC .pOM'il I" tllO VIClSM- I ttides of popular Inspection, success, skill, are regarded as convinc ing proof of their possessor's wicked , and abandoned character, a mean He assailing men of thrift, men of enter- ; pri-o, men of sanity, Micce-sful men. skilful uieu may go vi f.tr. It tlndx itM-lf in a syu.pa.h,tlc medium: It spreails until it permeates the whole aud Imparts to it Its ,.wn shade and i s nr. Hoiv I: a triumi'h of a lit: a master lie: a lie. my lords, that puts tiuth. blundering dolt, to U:ilne. .lust s .hemlsts lv Iheii- fnmllhiriti with h ne..n..Ffl..s of I....M..I- I,. ' 1 , ., ,. transform a clear, transpircm lleiuid .... to ,;. itj by tlie initoductloii of o new element, so tip- liar clouds anil obM'lli'.'S .U1(1 ...., ,,f hN .ml,,,.,i t-iklti'-s . dil'l tuou. of UN annual t.il.itl-s f"r ,P" VOi,r'i I"' tll!'t h0 ls " tablished on an eminent trout which ,, ,., , taU,. (,1m. Alini The chemist run. bv the u-e of other o..nee. return his he.ikor of . . . . I I darkened iHiiiii to us pristine clarity tm. fu,m wUMl lt ..... Un fh;.t wonl's advent th n,u-- customary buo Is lVpin,'e.l by purple: his aid ami .itines. Innocent and inalb loii-. stniL-le grows str.nigeiv tragic; tlie lie cease' a, ,i(.(ennlii.v. The liar Is Peen vi.v n,lv to hrMii His proportions be Vorue Totosquo- his vinltv receives Its ! .,,.,? 1 ,.'.' 1,,' i'd.u'ie for mid -.11 bv 1 . ,t . ' '"" r" ', Ml (mo ,r1h ,(( ,vh o , (l.,s , been g vou I n millionth of the l;ior that hat; Uen spent on the liar's lie. (illlle. brass, Impudence, that rem--ird's bravado that lu Il.irs replaces manly courage; these count for noth In A liar brought to book is so weak and powerless that he would be pitiful , were he not I'ontemptlble. His solo ' monument Is a stain of slime where ' he has trod: feu- of a lie shown up not even the evil repine survives. As to " Grand p. i." The Fort runner prints these verses by CitAP.t.oTTK Pfrkins Oilman: "How long, oh Orandpa, must u growing age Be stultified and paralyzed h you1 You nio.st nui.taken, Ignoiant old sage. Who so profoundly, abjectly believed All the dark dortnnes you In vouth received, And passed them on an true! Have we no brains? New minds, new 1 furrilf.hcd, strong, To see life for ourselves and learn its laws" The things you used to think are inortly w rong , , We must think freshly, building as we S Our new beliefs on proven truths we know, Not on your ancient saws! "Because of you the young mind of to-day ls a eUrk place where lit!, and follies thtong , Old lies, old follies, long since thrown away But for our foolish reverence for bur led brain. The dead band holding all the world in chain How long, old Man, how long"" Mr. .1. . Hoi.Mr.s of this town asks ih this somewhat Ironical yiuestlou: "Was there anything inor demoralising than this ever said lnce the boyr. mocked ' ' In comparatively early rises of civil - lzatloii a denuded top was not held as It now Is n mark of Intellectual dls - ., . .... . tlni'tlon, Social authority and success In tho world. The wicked little chll - ,irn.. ...i. .i.,,i,i,,i .,,.,.nt,t At a dren who derided the prophet did mi merely from the Instinctive sHVflRery of youth. Ho was different ns to his peak then; therefore he was told tr po u wired of the paM and must be sold for rnss If nnjbody will buy hlm We ! have no sympathy for hlni. He lm lucky not to he eaten by his descend-. , , l .. . , I I.. L ..t.1 V ..... ...... nuts In the od New Zen bind manner. I Hut (!randpa. as lepresent.itlve : nf tlin tfmti1iVft tt.iut .ninut IkA til'n nu mirelv lv.etlc.tl. Hp Is a Hctlon. Hp ! will be out to-d ty. Saturday, playing golf, and he probably regards his I grandchildren. If grandchildren nrp permitted In this ige, as a coterie of Incapable ie.ictlon.iry fosMU. Old age. snys Ilr. ("H.nt.Es Sr.no- vvick Minoi. begins lu the embryo. vvick Minoi, begins lu the embryo. I The child Is horn Into this world I deiMyed. ancient as a changeling, the 'f - 'lry in;tn who remembered the oak lu the iicorn. It eems Inevitable that the older you grow the younger you get. "Orandpa" Is a beginner, coin pared with the hoary ago of his de fendants. Hp certainly looks It. He Needn't lie Torn Away From lll.. Work. T lm -n Vain Iniitrxrfan t rtrL t 11 1 "4 " 1 j0 s.iyp tho Hun IOI!. I I KRO' MlTnr, wlth beautiful sincerity. . aml 1 don't want to leave It." This devotion to th" sphere of ae-ncnFslly develops Kiom any one of tivity In which Mr. Wilson was pleased . these fourcs the water Is sufflelen' in t .i ( Mr. M.uiir... a few wwks ii8i.;?unl"; "i"1 ls 01' can b" "u,tjMe , , , , , In o,uality should be Pncour.lgcd. are preparing d-ita hafd on lb- Mr. MtTCltfL will continue to peg 1 reports of the army enplnects which will ,,..,. .,, Imnortnit work If the demonstrate that Sin Francisco can oh- awa.v ai u.s important work it tlie , un abun(Jin,., cf pure -vate r from oth.-r Heniivr.its have sense enough to re- uonilnate Mayor Oav.or. A Mtit Svvvcet Kuslonlt. I Mil.ietlc. serlou. solemn, a ffectloned, oratorical, iriuclied with melancholy. rammed with excellencies." cross',, nnsteontnc cont.de lat'.on iif this d gartered of mind, the Hon. Norm an I llir.jr,,in &eetiiu 1,n tVirt i ni- 1 r...W.. I Hatloou seems to be the very Milvotlu that th" lion. William SitAKi:srr..vnr "" ". ... . .' ............. drew. Save that, ftislonht In his very tern per.tlnent, his wealth of wisdom recalls battle between good and eU. how-.-v r and letlvoa sir Mflrrir Aaucrhrek. '"'Ich " boundaries may be broken or its ' 1 wild beauty destroyed. I 04(ij jeai.-i ago. when the fl.st ap Bj the way, what became of Colonel ' Plication was made for the use ol : Hetch OfLLALL" ' Hetchy as a fn Francisco reservoir, the I..H.LALU. e..,,, rv nf the Interim then holding Poets tie troubled, apart from the bare ned of birad, by trHr own uncertainty, and the- pn-ssure of friend.- and society. fc cmito rati . ''The I'ure of fn;nd. for a small lnn. we suppose. I'oeta nre troubled. l":'" f.r;".n thP ba.re f"ct, ihat ,n.elr iv.nh.r.1 ....n .nt .h .u. uncertainty as to the visible results of that "pressure of their friends." Society , I so apt to Huggest some more practical 1"""I1.MC- J ..,,.1 .AHl.l.)A ...1. , , 1 Instead of writing pra f vv about the green grass, pay? can they In n letter to the Rnrlnirnel.t r?.. mi hti. ,,ldjlf' for "nor "f Massachusetts j on a m riforn, Utf Humph' 1 Why doe.n t Mr. Advms run himself? Surely he is not less Intelligent, patri- - otic. Independent and Jmposslble than Mr. Mcc 'all. We greet with a full heart our trustv Hlo proposal that .July W he kept an Fathers' Day" U. worthy of that con tinent of mind, that is, if by "Fathers" he mean? "Conscript Fathers." Such a IPH no""er. migni no too severely , m,trow mueli ns It would add to the ' festiva. however, might be too severely hipplness of nil true Americans to com memorate state Jewels like .Timmt MAkTi.vi: and .Iim Reco. It would have 1,cen a '"IU"n, p'i"al to the thinker if f-'"m,,p "ni1 ",p "on- J,M 1-bwh I had recommended that April 1 be kept . ns "l'ollticiuns' Dav " "p 1 , llulw"r L'.t J . I The IIUmrlr Mnnlnnlnti. To the Lotion or 'I nr sl.n ,kir. If our reider who eomplilns of liiMnnnU and ask for a rem edy will take varatlrn, or even change hl rrM- ide - iue.andi'iw to Montane., he lll find that the 'l .heY-n'ion TaimueMhouta thouMiid lect higher than the mlel-Wcstern Statu' twinniry nrsriiuana miuewln. mum ivui ih ill eli to Jhtni't . n,tl tiiiA ' l,.4 ... , the n I fins (in- always tool cud deep Inducing end ose awakens In the mornli.c thoroughly re frerhed harm or ranch life has many p'.eacures aside from pre-tlt "The former lv a Ung and lilk wife a ipieen " The freedom of farm life Is becomlnr more apjMrcm each ear, and one ran ircurc healili, compeieme and happiness trore cully there than In the bustle and hustle- of city life The people are ho-pt.ible and open hearted and Ihere Is on entire lick of the nlOncbS and iuplrlon that characterize the older portlonh of the L'ajt. l.ihK Placid, August t VV J Nash. An Unfailing Itemedr. To the Eiuiob oi Tut M'.v ilr The brM remedy for Iniumula I kuotc of, and I have done this for jears, Is to fct up. llvh out any old novel, the tllller the betier, an 1 read a chapter out of ihe middle of the book. Tills clears sour brain, and hcn our bralr. Is at ret t sou II get your rest, HnnOKl.rN, August SIBSLCB. Sure Relief for Inknmnla, To tbe I'.ditob or Tnt bf.v-.sir As I tee you permit suggestions for a cure for Insomnia, may I o.tet the following, The speeches of the linn William Jennings Uryau IhVixiTop. Siiiih OBi.vfiE. N J , August, Another Matterplere nf Sang, ' To the t.PiTOB or Tar. scm i(r. Me,m Nearst caubmcok, win., August :, w. r. kitt. Liberal Language In Rarefied Air. from llir it l.oula liep'iblie. They ding, dang, dern, dodgant and dad blait each other In Colorado without various conseriueiH'fa. The 5a. Are poetsdccllnlng' Yes, of proof there U ample, but remember tho publhlicrt id the cumpie! kit THE SUN, SUNDAY, AUGUST THE It ETCH HETCHY ALLEY. 'An Appeal from .lotati Mnlr fur the 1 National Playground, To the KniTon or The Sun Sir; The 1 J,61"" lio': ''ark X Z'LnVt greatest ana most wonderful natlon.il j playground In California. but Itt some of llte featmes It In without a rival in the- whole world, Its silver nr nttil se-quoln for(M9, twln ,onBfu, ,.IVf)rs ,', twin Yosemltes. It belongs to the Atnerl- can people and In universal Interest ranks with the Yellowstone and the Grand Canyon of the Colorado. The headwaters of the two rivers embraced within lu boundaries are the Meice-d and the Tu lumne. Thp Yosemlte Valley Is In the Merced basin : the lleteh Hetchy Vnlley, the Orand Canyon of the Tuolumne and the Tuolumne Meadows are In the Tibi lumne basin, Excepting only the Yo Semite Valley, the. Tuolumne batln In Its general features Is the mote wondetful and larger half of the pat k The Hetch Hetchy Valley Is a wonder fully exact counterpart of the great Yo- nenilte. not only In Its sublime clltfr. and wateriaiu, unci nr peace-nil river out in I the gardens, moves, meudovvs and camp grounds on its flowery, parklike floor. . a recent session or i.onsiesa n i determined attick was made by the city of S(111 Francisco to get the rmht m u-j th Htfh H.lrhv VnlUv nrf .1 trvnlr ' thus depriving 30 ooft.000 of p.-ople fit An ft their tm-iftt nrli'. le. A rtniftenlnnn for the sake of savins -"'.in Kr.im-lsco dollars As soon as thlf tcheme became mani fest public rplrltcd cltlz-ns all over the country entered their piotests, and before tne scfslon was over the p.irK Invade r taw that they wne defeated and per mitted the bill to die without br.ni;t.m it to a vole, so as to be able to t a?am Ker ready to take advantage of b- I cloudlnn political changes, bill havlnts 'the sRtne destructive purpose hns b'en Introduced at this seMton of i'onsies. ni.d Its supportets an- spi rlously utK.ng that It should be rushed through n.' un eittr Kency mensuro when In i( dil.v noth.ng like an emeiRency exists. Ssn Frunelseo may be In Immediate need of an Increased supply of vvatei, but hr own enslnecrs admit that the prese-it supply can be mure than doubled tv adding to nearhv ources and thi3 plan In any case vlll have to h followed, for jeais will be required to bring w.iter to the city from any of the Slen.i roure-s. Tlie Ad visor v Hoard of Army Kimlneers ,,, l. - . k. . .1,.,, .VinA fl ret ...t. it of w.-itrr supply that could be obtained and used In the , ity of San Francisco and adjacent communities to I ,,i1n.Arit the nelrhv smt)llea as the snnr.'fs than the Hetch Hetchy. So Import int a bill should not he nifhed through Cengres" without mature con sideration and t;m allowed for Its op ponents to be heard. Anything less would be unjust to the American people There fore. In behalf of all who appreciate our mountain parks and believe that th-y .un..i.i u. i,.t.MMt we rill on voti to aid structlve bill until the next regular session Of t'OnRtCSS t'ver SlnOe the establishment of the Ycsemlte National raik iy art 01 on gresr. October t'Sf, constant strife h.m been going on around Its houndarle atel i. niei' to nn on as part of th" universal office emphatically dnled the light, saying "1'ienimablv the Yesemlte National Park was created such b law because of the natural objects. 01 nrjin 3 ,1 , r.leanor. and Its maje-tlc wonders, like Hetcl. Hrtchy and Y.isen.lte . . . ... '...i- f a. iv,;.t mnkM i)w Yosemlte I'ark a wonderland which th Congress of the t nlted n;ou11''" ''",.,D i1'' 'IL;.. , 'V.!. i ...n.iuton nearly as pract cable tn me eonuiuon ?'aJ 'i J. ,, m the Creator, a vorthv object of national pride and a source of healthful pleasure end rest for the thousands of people who may anninlly sojourn there In th heated months ' In behalf of a'l of the people of the nation we ask your aid in pitting an end to these a: faults on our nntlonil parks and to prevent this measure Horn being ins-bed through hefoie it can be brought to the attention of all the million-, of people w ho own this park. .Ms M' ' ncrlilent Society for the rrciervatlon of National Talks San FttAN-ctsco. July 2. An l nblnscert Opinion. Frnm Ihr forfon! Tli'ies. It certalnlv does not look at the pres ent time as If any combination enuld be made against Mayor elaynor which would render his defeat for reelection prMnble. American. To THE Editor of The Hr.v 5r- It Is Interesting to note the various opinions as ,0 whnt distinguishing name tne citizens of the Fnlted States of (North) America should he called by In this discussion however. It seems Ihat those who have already ouirossid themsees have lost sight of the fact that s'ontn America Is Just as much part of the Americas ,i: Is North America, and to siy Atii.-i Ir.i wlil not, therefore, designate tro.n whl-'i con tinent or fiom what .ountry that person hails. The South Americans Justl- resent the monopedy which the ..-aliens of thlr coun try bave made of the term "Ainetic-in." and they contend, not without reason, thai they are ns much entitled to be called "Americans" as we are. A Dralllan Is nn "American." an Argentine! Is an "American." a Chilean Is an "American," ns well as a Canadian or a resident In these United States The logical name for the citliens of this country Is "North Amerlein, ' In lieu of : term which will convey Inmiedlat.dv tbe Information by the very won! Itrvlf that that perron Is a citizen of the I'nited .States of (North) America A, T W. Chrome. N J.. August "VVI.h Ion Ho. Mere." from lAe eeiee .iro'K ,v en Get a card from Steve licit, mnrnln' d"r- gone his tieiv'lln' skin, He's up around Nlog'ry Klls a-wiltln' him ag'ln. Seems like thai boy's one flnrv l to wander fin an' flee, An' furdr otf he ell. 1 gorh. Ih" mere he n riles to m He lendn theae plclur' pnn.il cards, vlth photos hnw In' that Th' werld It iillus beautifies! -vh're vou ain't llvln' at Hli mages resds all th' fame, In letters large an' clear He nrlte.i from Mulne er Kanknk'e an' tavu "Wish you was here'" Nobody ever seenm to knoev Just when he'll go er where, tv git hl destination from th' card that ay he's there. An' he ain't more than rettled don to loaf a day er tn Till he gits thlnkln' up ih' nnmei of ec-r' one be knew, An' then with vr' doggone cent he po. My kin spare He buvs th' Unitary church, th' Dpot an- Ih' Sauare. He buva 'bout ever'thlng Ihey Is In Hath er Deltldera. Then nulls th' whole blame hutlneu home an' av "Wish you was here'" I guest he's at NIag'ry now; he was laet time h wrote, But that don't prove conclusively he ain't In Terry llae. Ha may he down In Tanama er snonnln" Tound In Nome, Nobody knows Jun where he's at eacept he ain't at hum"! I guen we'd never hear from him fer months er inebbe years If torn kind soul had not devised thee plctur' souvenirs. Te, I expect If Hteve would die he'd rl up from his bier To pen a card to all hlu friend an' cay "Wltb you waa htrtl" 3, 1918.' hex coor vachetiis. The .Vurder Merp In llrookljn, and Impudent Officers llrny Belief. To jrim KniTon or The Hon Sir: Is there any remedy for Inability to sleep and eat In one's own comfortable home on , the part of perfectly well, vigorous, good nntured people, due to the existence of Intolerable nuisances persisted In by pen- pie who hr.vo been spoken to In u pleas ant, neighborly way, reasoned with In n convincing way, and complained of four tlmen within the past venr to the floard of Health, and visited by Inspeetoie, with only one result . the removal of a pile of manure the tine of a giAid sized shed, I W'bl"h was dally added to and taken ' from, but the pile remaining" In all this Ibloek we nre troubled with files as a re sult. Principally horse files, not only in the summer but In the winter, when we must he Just ns cautious about raising a window or screen. This stable, boarding forty draft horses, Is situated 'In the midst of residences of a very good class. II Is set against the fences of pretty flower gardens, and the mi nure was most of It placed on ground not belonging to the stablemen. The hen j coup kicked up acHlnst the fence of inur yaid, and Is also em land not helonglng I to the stibltmen The hens loam nil i over the lots, the street and oppotlte side , vvalkr, during the div. although the In spi'ctor told the stablemen this was against the law. The stablemen were ! also forbidden nt mother time to spread I bedding, but It Is done every elay. i The Inspector tells me I can enter a i i omplalnt. go lo court and he will be a 1 wltntis for mej and this Is all ho can do' Then Is a Uw against more than twelve i hens. One child said, "Huh. wc have forty." Hut the inspector rays the number ls rr dni ed to twelve. There Is a law against rorsterr We are wakened every morn lot' at 1 o'clock bv three loosters. all within ri block's distance There Is a law agalnnt a hen ioop nnd runway teung within thtrt; feet of a residence, that law Ir bioken here. There Ih a law , ngnlnt a hennery being on a plot of ground (back yarH less than twenty feet lu width A neighbor has one In his vaid of lens than twenty feet, his house , being one of eight houses be has built on teven eitv lots. You would think he would titr.ilti ttoin creating a nuisance among neighbor. who have bought homes from him The tnesters tan be killed off periodi cals and after n day's lull a new lot got In. but the hens "go on foiever" They nre the uoMest, screcchlest, squawkleat hens that I e.r heaid. and all who live near agree on thin point 1 am told It Is btfause the bens are not cared for prop, crh and want to sit Thev appear to bo militant hens, squawking for their rights. i Hete ls one of the hundreds upon hun dreds of eases In this cly which might be so lie:utiful and comfortable hut for the fact that our laws are broken, and i we have no redress. Our Inspectors In- ' spect . and that's the end nf their duty. I An acquaintance of mine moved uwty out to New Jersey and built a lovely home. ' A clergyman, full of the milk of human ' kindness and probibl.x not able to live op his comfortable .tlary. has built a ti'iimiy and has twe or three hundred fowl", and their yards connect. Mv friend has now4 got to llee from that condition A nelghbot of mine after a very wakef il night ber.me of the hens, i-alled up the Uuaid of Health's office, the man echo . nnswercd the call asked very perempto rily whether the barn was on the east or west side of the strr.t (he had been called UP three times before, and must hnve known all the c!icumtances of the ease, that It was n large barn and on the south , side of the street, s.nce the stieet runs 'east and westi. my neighbor could not ' at onee recollect tlie points of the compass In retard to the stable's situation, the , mm then shouted, "Very well, If you can't 'ell me I can't help you " Ile is ,ire a terrible nuisance, a menace even t" life, slr.ee we cannot live without , sleep, and since there nr" laws sunVlent to protect us from them In an ordinary ' degree, and we are Inxed to pav men to carry out these laws, why shouldi't It b done' The Inspector tells me "It can't I be done I" Is It so? B. H. I nr.ooKLTN, August 2. TWILIGHT IX IIICHMOXI). A Pattcl nf the linliteii Clow anil l'.nteni Huet of C.r)inre Mill. To the Hpitor or The Spn- air- The morning mist which hid Manhattan be hind an lmpene'rable ve il bad been blown away bv the afternoon wind, and this had fallen to a zephyr with the closing day. As the sun went down n clow of ruddy golden hton.- shone through nenrbv ttee", In lovejv lontrnst with the black green foliage tinted dark by the evening shado- ltevond the treer. from west to north, the sky was all one gentle glow, the dark green nias nf Orvtnea Hill, with Its Ir regular outline of treetops. Its hcue roofs end cupolas defined against the glutting bron?e. which seemed translucent, penetrable bv vision and fancy tn Im mense depths novnnd the crert of a low hill, over a c.i Inst the plmviticj sk the hay was nn azure sea, bounded bv the dim yellow red wall of far Manhattan and In the midst of the azure the red hull of a tramp steimer at nnchor. her white upper work glistenlna In the evening light, her black smokestack rising against the russet eastern sky .lust al-ove the stack, like nn Intense star, shone the light of the distant Metropolitan Tower, the city's sentinel bv night Slowly the i;olden glow faded to dull red vcllow . slowlv that darkened to blue black On the dark mass of Orymcs Hill rcatlered lights appeared, The hills and the tiees became merely darker shadows against the daik skv, and the night was fu'.lv come n.vvin Waixko. Cmiton. August 5 Mile and rcmile. To nir. I niTcs or Tin: Sr- .Sir A corre .pnndeui a.-V s'o'i row lo sptU the word mein lnp a numbT of people of bnih --eves wh are cm ploji'd This word It employet ' The rule t simple, emplov ee." frrnlc. ' emplove." male, "cm-plovces.-femal-v: "emple." male employes. " hoih nnle and female This l not on opinion or a preference i Is a far! K ABSOUP Ni.w VcriK, Aucist : The Orthogmpher. To Tiir. l.mioit oi Tin. Scn- .St Pardon me, hut c.in theie liea ipi'tllon of spelling' Oh. I for cm, we are In Vmetlca Manv thing are quee llinvble here. Cermlnlv emplosre" I-, when It Is tpried with thiee e' Vour correspondent tlmuM ;e a frenih dlrtlnniry L M H. Nr.w Yokk, Austi't The I'lrm's Meulth. I'roni the ytivi'-hfu'er f!ui"ttrri At the annuil plrnb' of a Manchester firm one nf the pickers a called upun nfler dinner to propose ihe toatt to the firm. He was lather nervo'is and began tlnin: "Mr. Chalrmin and gentlemen, I hove verv great pleasure In rIMng t- propose the health of the firm, wbkh will be very brief," Menieirv, I find 1 den'l rememh'r About historic things: The dynasties of Tersla. The line of llvksns kings. . The conquests of the Unman. , Or Tvr or Sldon's fall, The war of Vandal, elnth and Hung I don't retail at all, I etsn find tome trouble nememberlng the date Of l.eslngtnn and Monmouth; I rnnrint name the States Thnt first made up Ihe Union; The truth l. I don't know Jue.1 who succeeded Jefferson, Home well, ome eai ago. Ilut I retnember clearly Those dreamy di) of June When IbiBe was ever with me, Ah vanlnhed all too soon! Oli, clearly I lemember Thote houra of sweet repoe, Tnofe hours of unlet, calm content, Belure 1 married itose, .Walts Las. t srmrAY defects. Platform' nnd Exits nt Certain Stations steverrly Crltlehrd. To the EoiTon or; The Rr.v Sir: The platforms nt the ISSth nnd 181st street stations on the Broaelway division of the subway are so far below the street level that It Is necessary to have elevators to carry peoples up nnd down. In case of accident to the elevators at the lfiltth street station there Is n stairway for Use. The elevator arrangement nt both of these , stations Is not ull It should be. I Tnke the lMh street station, for ex ample. To reach the elevators It ls first necessary to descend a night of stairs, n most unpleasant task owing to the strong draught that sweeps up, especially in the winter. Entering an elevator you take I a drop of approximately rive stories, and I then you are let out Into u passageway nbout four feet wide. As the cars catty about eighty persons. It Is easy to reatlre the crush that takes place In the passage way when people are getting out of the etevator. particularly If a downtown train Is entering the station. I Suppose that at the time an elevator Is elbeharglng nt the bottom on uptown train pulls Into the station, discharging a num ber of people who are dcilreius of getting to the surface as soon as possible. Whnt takes place- These people must wait un til the passageway Is clear of people who have Just been discharged, a matter of perhaps thtee or tour minuter Admit ting that there may be onls a dozen peo ple waiting to ride to thetirface, why In the name of common sense nre these peo- rOtt rtrif illrin'..,l In ,'oinn lm on the left 'side ami enter the elevator! on the left I side, while other . people me being ells j charged tn the right? The elevator open 'on both sides. The above relates to con ditions lu the morning. In the evening the conditions are worse, because at that time the majority of peo ! pie are bomebound and the rush Is from I the bottom tn the surface. For some un I known reason, w hich may have been the fault of the designer, the elevators elo not drop to the bottom on the level with the platform of the uptown station; but . they stop at the next floor, sort of a j mezzanine. In order to lea'di the stop- ping place It ls neces.ry to cilmb a rhort flight of stalls nnd then swing to the ' light to get Into the four foot passage j way leading to the cars. One rnr seldom 'relieves the Jam and the overflow must iw-alt In the passageway for the other car which may be nt the top unloading It ls very unpleasant rranipcil In the ! passageway Inhaling the damp, foul air, when not swept by a draught Draughts seem to be very popular at the lfiSth street station, To complicate matters, the descending car may b.-ing down ten or twelve persons, who very eiften are allowed to leave the car on the right side. To reach the platform these per sons must force a way through the Jam of people in the passageway waiting to i go up. lie-suit, a tough time on clothes nnd tempers. N'ow tnke the Hist street station Al most similar conditions prevail nt this station, If not worse. To reach the ele. vators It Is necessary to mount a (light .1 .l.u arwt k.v'l.ic- rttT In tliA 1uet I. On a very short passageway. You are brought to the top, but not to the street level In order to reach the street It Is neces sary to walk up another night of Heps, then along a promenade, you dlseovei a doorway which vou think leads to the street, but which nally opens onto a bowling nlley. Some one better acquainted with the conditions points nut another flight of stnlrs. a very long one. and by ascending these you come to iin arcade with exits on St. Nicholas nerenue and on J S 1st street. Take your pick. When oti get Into the open after all this eonfuslon vou are so mixed that you walk in the wrong direction. S V B. WASHtNOTOS! HEIGHTS. August 1. nVLGAIHA'S II Tl ni:. Wh Have American- Turned Attaln.t Her Uviriilsht? To the Editor or The Hcn Sir: It I not hard for one to draw new maps of the Balkans and write stories about "Fallen Bulgaria," as some one did re cently, but lt ls nn entirely different tiling to believe thnt these changes are to re main as a permanent reality. Bulgaria has not fallen ; others have fallen upon her, and It is still to be seen who Is to get the small end of the horn. Servla has enough already, though she dues not confess It As to f! recce, Bui ' garla hns only held a elefensive position 'with a small detachment against her ! Turkes's and Ktim.mla's Invasions nnd devastations of the country have been the real blow to Bulgarian e'oui.ige and bravery, but Tutkey Is treading on dell ente ground by defying the whole of rope, while Rumania has not even a spaik of moral right, for she has Invaded Bulgarln as a thief at night, and the po sition of a thief ts alwaya shaky Bulgaria did hope in this campaign to solve the noble problem of her national unity, but she may be disappointed agiln This, however, is not a discouragement. Peace among nations will come only by Introducing Justice among them, and Jus tlce ls alt Bulgaria wants If Europeans realls want the Balkan ejuestlon settled let them r.ert their Influence to have thnt part of Mec.donla ptedomlnantly Bulgarian go to Bulgaria , the one pre dominantly Servian go to Servla, and so regarding Onece The dividing lines are not hard to as certain. Between Bulgaria and Servla it was net cml known hut rpeciflod In the treaty bv the breaking of which Set via precipitated the present war The Greco Bulgarian line Is also en tn mark But whv not let the people decide for them selves as to which nation they pil fer" Set via nnd Oreece have repeatedly said that they want to keep what they have conquered But mere conouest etna not the obj.et of the lialkai. al'ies' w.ir ngulnst the Turk It meant tn have the thtee nations rescue their own subjects fiom Asiatic rule Orce'o and ScivIk bave much to account for because of their plotting with the Tuik against Bui garlans dm lng tbe revolution iry agita tion And now they havV come to wind up their misdeeds. It Is a pity th'it the people nf America kti'itv so little of or fuget so epiic'dy about the latest happening!; In the Bal kans, for otherwise they would not have turned overnight from having been Bui gaila'a best Mends ami .uimiieis to lie. come her opponents, ,ippirentl tnviuse n nefarious tireek plot to give this Impiea. slon has been so subtly canted out. But all this some day may serve as a looking glass for the world to see itself lu aivl learn how superficially nnd wrongly it takes matters at the Immediate moment "Bulgaria's rapid progrets in the last third of tho century his been her down fall," said one paper lately yes, ,er present enemies openly say thai Th-v could not stand to see a country half their age rise up and match forward, while Ihey remained small In most ee-y line. ' But this Is not a downfall for Bulgaria It only shows how dovvnfallen Is the world for wanting her punished for her progress ' Bulgaria Is used to nhuse. , she knows how to fight for her rlnhts, she will have to start anew and learn letrons from her mistakes and strive torwarel lo the goal of her peifrttion S, V, TsANOfr. Nlw Vosx, August 2. A Metlcan llrtrragr. To TUT KDITOB or THE KPN .Sir.- How would thlidn at a tot lid term thirst queue her, 4 la Met Icanii' One rrt aguardiente, iwo parts "Wilson, thtt's all." and a modicum of grape Juice as a cha-er, Mw Yobk, August 3. J W l' i A Pennsylvania Social 1'iinellnn, Prom Ihe South pethtel.eut fllohe Frank Appell last evening entertilned friend nt a snapper lunch In Lower p.iucnn, John Stephens wa the tnaMmaater. On the Walling LM. He Will you marry tne' She Well, you can be a fuaiou candidate. 33 FIRE TRAPS IN ONE SMALL CITYDISTRICT rnion Square Open Air Mnpt inp; Hears of Dangerous Now York Factories. FRAXfKS PERKINS SPEAKS Rose Sclinpidorninn, I,pnrW of Shirtwaist Girls, Sayn 'Strike.' The little woman who mobilized i h n. died thousand glrla of all race? inl v ,n the first giejt shirt waist strike, m Hose Schneldermin, now director of -v Women' Trade Union I.eaiU". ua th. speiker who I'aptured the sympathies if seveial hundred men and women i ten. lng patiently In the sun at the nor'h -nd of t'nlem Sepure yesterday no-in n i .p.. cit3slon of the Triangle and Blnsfhimten f,n tnry tires. The fcnsitlor.a! statement, hn-veve-, was made bv Mlas France- Perk ! f iji. State Committee on Safety, who slid tint thirty-three buildings s bad as the f,i. tory that burned In Blnghamton hid h'n found In on" smalt Hast Side dlMrlc he-.. - We st'erve to dealh. we work to dei'h. we burn to death," said Miss Schneider mm with thrilling earnestness 'That !i all our life. That is what we workri face, "The Onvemor tried to appoint as I.ahor Commissioner a lihor nun--on who knew wh it factory conditions w-re and the Ie2lsl,iture tefused to lnds John Mitchell for the plar V .sons again what they think of yo-i he'ween elections lt shows they don't think 'j have bialns enouih to protest " Ther was a rattle of hande'apping p. ne renevveei ns she said: "Strike wherever you can at the fie. tory or at the b illot box. Don t let tht: fool you by posms as jour frlcnd3. Vote the Socialist ticket I sn It's Their Own Fnnlt. "That you aren't paid enou?h to keep well on, tint you arc burned to dei'h .n Motorics Is sour own fault You a:, f ii-ce that makes things go. Whv n" a little of that power to lift ourse. ej Into safe and detent living?" Miss Frances Perkins w as the r,t i. woman speaker, the had been up -o Blmdiamton. but used what she sew - r only to point to rianeerou f acton coni. tt-irii In New York city She sild: 'Two tears after the Triangle fire there are s'dl hundreds of building) in h..- 'v m sip h .ondf.len that the Triangle fir or the Blnghamton disaster mlzht be dur ,ated here at anv time, (in the lower K-ist S'de and lower West Side are h-ir-dreds of old structures four, five and - stories high of the same constru. to, a? the Binshamton factory, with unenclosed stalrwass or else with stall w.i s ha .g flimsy wood partitions. Most of them i clothing factories. "A studv of a "mail Ent Side d!!'r"t dls-losed thlity-thrce buildings of 'n tvpe and hete aie some of the th'nis t Imperilled the lives of the wirke-s -them; Pnprotected stair wtlls w ot. sashes and wood-n lloors. doors ope n Inward, luin.tuie and m c.-nltics hlo. K r? tlie exits, lnrttmmahles In e rd.na"- em unguarded i" Jets neat 'lt.- of ' ! ' unp-ote ted s!ov--. mi 'k.ng w.thout sj'i guanls. t..' .sc-ipes that j-jp.'e.l a at1 al)ovu ground. Ileiiiniiel Ilneleisril Stulrvtoja. "New nmendmetits to the laboi la'" have exempted bullillngs four stories o less high Irom enclosing stairways nreproof partitions. This is a serinn. erroi, as tlie Blnghamton dica&ter rb s The- I.eglslatutc should attend to thtr . trton us it 1 1. -out en. s on August 11 1 I Is as bad to burn to eleath two or thr- rtoil.s above giound as a doien. I "The industrial board of the Sta'e ' Labor Uepartment will have power at -ts ! meeting on August 11 to require s. bulldlti.t to bave at least on- enclosed ! stairway. The board should be made to i do this." I Benjamin C Marsh, secretary of ts committee on conuestlon. Introduced V' sp-akers. Paul Kennady of the iu mittee for labor legislation told the crew . ' to do four things become American rt izer.s. vote a worklngmen's ticket alw.t s, . work for voter for women anil thus double their power, and strike lu tlie unsafe t.v- totles ami stay out tin tney siun made safe. lt esolut Ions Adopted. Mr. Kennaely and Miss Sehneldermin offered resolutions which tt-e.e a-.op'e i, as follows : Resolrrd, That this mafs m'-t'H s.-es In the recent fire at Blngh.imtor. v A In the conditions that p-rslrt In this ' two years after the Triangle Pr renw-d proof that to secure the right ti r without dancer to life and heil'h ' eis must rely on themselves. And fir ther. "Jenfrerf, That in the failure th' many months to apoint a Commls' '"" of Labor to enforce tbe labor lavv we ' the placing of political ndvant.igf 1 l personal patronage above the ttelfire of the workers of this -Stat, fn- which f'.b ute to protect us anil to carrv out ,i palgn promises we pledge ours 1 s m hold oui tepresentatlves te sponsible And It Is "Kejnlrcef. Thnt this mass meeting d maud the enactment bv the present - slon of the Legislature of a law ifipi g tlrepioottfil enclosure of all stall wat n lactorl-'S over one stoiv hlgli To f end we demand that the Ooveinr s -A a tpecinl m-ssage tn the Leglslc'ur ' in session, or. If he still feet il'V ' ' Legislature is not in session we rlsn-t 1 th'it he call it in special session fe- t' ls put pose." nn the committee m chirge f ' - mee'liif; were Jos.ph Bironde.s pvt-r A Btadv Fiancls W. Bird Tl""v ' ' e'uiti, .1 P i"ougblln, Pr Thomas '" llngton, th" Bev I'etCt sti -kite 'i ' John J. Hopper, Frederic i- Howe 1'it mond V Ing.-isoll. lu i a .In Samuel P. Koenig, Frederic e' Leub'ifi ' r the Bet .Vlevander Lvons. t'e ,t Howard Mebsh, D h, Ames P E. Pipehot. William .lav SehleilelT r. v Steblv.ns, Alliert James Sheldon ard 1- 5 Tomlln. 77) sirm t o.wrrx.sA tih i. rr- I'lv le Keelel a tlon rnmiiiUlnn In He. port on Lu tin I'mle-cllim lollel'- The National lte Feder'ition In l" pointed the pillowing e ommisso-iei o study tlie operation ot State- laws on r. men's cotnpeniition thiirinan, I'yiua W rhlllip. membee of the termor New York State Coran on Umploser. ' l.labiliiv, lioe he 'er N T, .1 Waltei l.oid, c b.iirmnn of the M Stale I omini-slnii o-i Kmplovei '111 t and Workmen's, i ompenra'ioii re e j appointed bv the l.overtioi of tint s' i and ihalrnian ol the IcdeiMtion's M,ii tad Slut" Council. Hiltimore. Md , Ot'.' M Lidlltz, New Yoik Uuildins Irab lm ployeii Asmiciuiioii Louis U SclueU, chnlt limn I ibnr committee, I'nited Mi " Urcwcm AscocMtlon, Brooklyn .lames 1 an. vice-president Aineiitan lilcri' "n of l.a but . ijiiinc), Mass , John Mi h t Ui"iu I'sbli'in Amete.tn 1 edeuH u. t Labor, Mount Vi iuoti, N . Ihe e niiinitsiont'!'n Iwve comnic -'a their work ill M.is-.HciiUi'elts Wheii li H roliipli'tetl they will ,n to otliei S' beKinuliu; with New Jeibt!)', Ohio, Mlt.liU'a and WUcoudIu.