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THE SUN, FRIDAY, AUGUST 15, 1913. 8e FRIDAY, AUGUST 16, 1913. l:ntt red it the real Office at N York at Second CUm Mall Hatter. SubscrlpHoas by Mall, rsstal DAILY. Per Wonth DULY. Per Year '.I M)AYi Per Year HAII.Y AND M'NIIAY, Per Year. i'AII.Y AND SIMMY, lrr Month, 'l III: I.VI.MMi Sl'N, l'n Month i Hi: i:vi:.MNU SUN, Per Year o M) 4M S 8 ' H aa)t ts 3B a bo I'oitaip (o foreign countries added. All i hei-Us, money orders, e to be made pay- hie im'I IlKStN. Itrsdrrs nl Thk sin letting town for the slim ier months esn have the nomine and Sunday Milling delivered to them In any part ot thli iptimrv nr t:nroiie on the terma ataiad above. Addresses chanted a often a desired. Order irnuch newsdealer or directly of Publication limn-, telephone Kuo Ueeknun. Published dally. Including Sunday, by the Sun 'ilntlng anil Publishing Association at 1J0 Nassau sirtct. In ibr llorough of Manhattan, New York. Hrsldcnl anil Treaiurcr. WllUam C. Relek, IJo Vassau street; Vice-President, IMward P. Mitchell, 'iti Nassau street: Secretary, C. K. Luitoo, 170 Vnuu street, London office, Kfflngham House, t Arundel itret. Strand. Parle office, a Hue de la Mlchodltre. off Rue du Vuatre Septerabre. Washington olBre. Hlbbs Building. Brooklyn office, 10 Livingston ttreet. It tvr Irlenit tr fator ut trim tnanutcrlpn and Itlustratlrmi for puMfcallon irlih to hart rtjtcttd mucin returned then null in all tasts tend itampi lor that purpose, Andrew Johnson and William Sulrer. The fact that Anpikw Joiixsox con tinued, tinder Impeachment, to act ns I'resldent of the United States has not the slightest bearing upon the case of Jovernor Sclzkr. The Constitution of the United States does not provide that the pow i'rs and duties of the office of I'resldent shall devolve upon the Vice-President when the President Is Impeached. They so devolve only "In case of the removal of the President from office, or of his death, resignation or inability." There would have been no constitu tional warrant for the suxnenslon of .V.ndbkw .Johnson- during bis trial. Hut the Constitution of New York iloea provide, mirf iu. alwayt prorlded, clearly ami explicitly, that In case of t lie iiuieachuicut (moaning the begin ning of Impeachment proceedings) of the CSorernor he shall lie deprived of hit functions while awaiting trial, and t lint the Lieutenant-Governor shall act In his place. In interested quarters there Is a l'lilurul desire to befog this itestiou In order to gain time in advance of a pos sible decision by the Court of Apieals. V have no illxiKwItlon to so into the inliiniiicof.onstltutlonnlarguuieul.but ; It Is proiier that our rentiers should uiiilcrstatiil bow clear the case Is r.gitlust the theory that "Impeachment" in Article IV., Section 6, means "con viction it xin Impeachment" and how absolutely without basis is the argument that the i-ixvlfic provision in Article VI., Section 13, for the suspension of 'Judicial officers" menus that execu tive officers shall not suffer that disa bility. It Is oven argued that Inasmuch us nitr State Constitution Is modelled after the Federal Instrument the cir cumstance that Andrew Johnson held his office during the trial of Impeach incut Is conclusive as to Governor Sut. zi r's constitutional status during Im peachment ! The Hrst Constitution of New York, that adopted in 1777, antedated the United State's Constitution by ten jenrs. Its twentieth article contained this provision : "In case of the Impeachment of the Governor, or his removal from office, death, resignation, or absence from the Ktate, the Lieutenant-Governor shall exer cise all the power and authority apper taining to the office of Governor until an other be chosen, or the Governor absent or impeached shall return or be acguUfed." There can be no possible doubt here as to what "Impeachment" means or as to the Intention of the framera of ihR New York Constitution to devolve upon the Lieutenant-Governor the pow ers and duties of the Impeached Gov ernor until his acquittal after trial." Now, side by aide with this plain definition of Impeachment and provi sion for superseding the lm)euched Governor until bis acquittal there ap peared in the Constitution of 1777 after which, and not after the Federal Constitution, our subsequent Constitu tions have been modelled the follow ing provision for the establishment of the court of impeachment: "A court shall be Instituted for tha trial of impeachments, and the correction of errors, under the regulations which shall 1 established by the Legislature; and to consist of the Piesldent of the Senate, for the time liclnK. and the Senators, Chan cellor and Judges of the Supreme Court, nr the major part of them ; except that when an Impeachment shall be prosecuted against the Chancellor, or either of tha Judge of the Supreme Court, the person r i Impeached shall ho suspended from exercising his office until his acquittal." Here, then, is the beginning of the special constitutional provision for tho MisiH'iihlon of Judicial officers during ImiM-aclitnenl. It referred specifically to their service on a court of lm IK in liinent or it court for the correction of errors. No one will hold that It Implied, by exclusion, that the Kxecti the was not to lie suspended during ImiK'iicliment as provided for lu the preceding quotation from tho Constitu tion of 1777, or neutralized that plain provision, or warranted a loose Inter pretation of tho word "impeachment." The next Constitution of New York, that of 1821, continued side by aide these two unrelated but entirely eou slstent provisions: "In case of the Impeachment of the Governor, or his removal from office, death, resignation, or abaenca from ths State, tha power and tfutlta of tha offlca ahall da- votvs upon the Lieutenant-Governor for the residue of the term or until the Gov ernor absent or impeached ahull return or le acquitted," "The court for the trial of Impeach ments and the correction of errors shall consist of the 'resident of the Senate, the Senators, the Chancellor, and the Jus tices of the Supreme Court, or the major part of them; hut when an Impeachment I shall be prosecuted against the Chancellor, of any Justice of tha Supreme Court, the person so Impeached shall lie suspended from exercising his office, unlit his ac . quittai. The next Constitution, that of 1846, preserved liitncl the provision of Its predecessors concerning the suspension of the Governor while tinder Impeuch raent, with a slight change of phrase ology In, the Interest of brevity; also the sauie provision, In shortened form, respecting Judicial officers In the con stitution of the court of Impeachment: "In cast of the Impeachment of the Governor, or his removal from office, death, Inability to discharge the powers and dutUa of the said office, resignation or absence from the State, the powers and duties of the office shall devolve upon the Lieutenant-Governor for the residue of the term, or until the disability shall cease." "The court for the trial of Impeach ments shall be composed of the President of the Senate, tha Senators, or a major part of them, and the Judges of the Court of Appeals, or the major part of them. On the trial of an Impeachment against the Governor, the Lieutenant-Governor shall not act as a member of the court. No Judicial officer shall exercise his office after ha shall have been Impeached, until he shall have been acquitted." The foregoing provisions are pre served Terbally unaltered In the present Constitution of 18$ 5, except that In the section about the composition of the court it Is properly added that the Lieutenant-Governor ahull not act us u member in case of his own Impeach ment. Thus It appears, with a clarity not to lie obscured by technical atld Inter ested reasoning, that from the very be ginning of the constitutional existence of this State the requirements of the organic law have lieen precisely the same, both with regard to the susieu siou of the Coventor frpm his executive functions during the period of his im- Iieachment anil with regard to the sus (tension of Judicial officers during the period of their ltnieachment. There has beeu no change of constitutional policy in either respect. The whole case of the pettifoggers rests on two assumptions. The first Is that the Constitution of 1846 changed the fundimentnl law when, Instead of cataloguing the sev eral terminations of disability, such as the Governor's return from absence from the .State or his acquittal when iniieached, It groUied them for the "' ot more wnclse KnglUh In the single phrase "when the disability shall cease." Impeachment is a disability, and hai been a disability since 1777. And there could lie no greater Insult to common sense than Is contained In the proposition that while "lniicach- ment" obviously meant Impeachment from 1777 to lStlt lu the minds of the Constitution makers, it suddenly in the latter year the same word stand ing in the same srutence and lu the same prescriptive relation came to mean not Impeachment but conviction after the trial of the impeachment. The second baseless assumption, now conceived In the Interest of an im peached Governor to throw into chaos, if iwsslble, the orderly administration of the State's affairs, is that the clause requiring the suspension of Judicial officers under impeachment the origin of which we have shown and the ikhII gree of which we have traced and the Hmlted significance of which we have exhibited was an afterthought of the Constitution framers intended to re verse the constitutional provision con cerning suspension of an imiieached Executive. As for Andrew Johnson, his case has no more bearing upon Governor Sul xEa'a than that of Warren Hastings. The Locked Door. It Is to be sincerely hoped that the Justices alttlng In the Court of Siieclal Sessions will continue to fine heavily employers who lock or bar the doors on Are exits. At last, and what a sad, awful at last It Is, we have deemed it best to have Investigations and prose cutions before and not after the lists of dead are published, "In the future," said Justice Zkixkr, speaking for the court, "It Is the Inten tion of this court to make an example of men who persist In, violating tho law. There Is not going to be another Trian gle Shirt WaUt Company Are If this court can help It." Hut there was the llliiKliamton fire lust month to prove that these kilns exist In deOance of luws, and If it took this added warning to place nearly ninety cases ou the calendar lu this city nlone we wish those helpless women and gifls could know that they had not died lu vuln. Human prog ress has grown out of human error and Iniquity, conscious or unconscious, and a good way to make tho uncon scious arouse themselves Is to punish them severely. This was the notion of the court when five of the manufac turers were admonished that t the doors of their plants were fouud locked ugaln while their ojicratlvcs were at work they would be sent to prison. We hope so, and for the limit of sentence. Tho public has little Idea of tho elastic consciences or hardened care lessness with which the Itureati of Fire Prevention and membera of the Fire Department have to deal in cases of this nature. Ono of tho men convicted caused doors on the tenth floor of a place to lie locked, but pleaded that any one could get out by simply turning a patent knob. Conceive of panle stricken beings whose safety depended upon knowing the combination on tho door knob of a fire escape! Another I had boxen of Rood ft piled against an exit, but excused himself by saying that "In au of aoHdont" other dnora ! were avnllnble. For whom? For Mm- self? Or for o titers? There were eighty-seven cases of factory law violations In this city. Only forty-six were reached. When tho reinnlndcr come up for trlnl let thin excellent met Inn out of justice con tinue. (Trouble In (be Hay State. The Hon. Atm'aira PKAnonr Garo NtR, M. C Is "nut" for the llepubllcsn nomination for Governor of Massachu setts. If Mr. McCam. has no chance or will make no effort Mr. Gardner ought to have the Job, Governor 1'oss with bis beautiful downy modesty has peeled off his Dem ocratic disguise. No longer la be a "real Democrat." Once more he la a real Itepubllcan. Anyway be la bound to have that Itepubllcan nomination, and as he has chests of money and Is an experienced, liberal advertiser he should get a lot of votes In the primaries. Bex Buti.kb was not more bashful or consistent. The only other candidate In sight. If he Is In sight, Is IUnton, Everett C, a Colonel. Gardner was throwing bricks at .Tor. Cannon before most of the later tribe of Insurgents and Progressives hud seen the error of their ways. He Is an honest Progressive Republican, who doesn't care u hang for anybody and smacks even Colouel Koosmixt ss heartily as the old fashioned school master used to breech a little wanton boy. As Hukuh Ciioate aald of John Quincv Adams, he has "an unerring instinct for the Jugular vein." There will be a flue old shindy when Augustus sails in. We applaud his vigor and contempt of consequences and even forgive hltn his father-in-law. The Political Barnstormer. While the fuslou committee was doing its utmost to nominate a ma it known and liked by the people for Mayor of this town the radical wing of the local Progressive party made loud aud threatening thunder. The Hon. Norman Hait.ooii and some of his ussoclntes blanched aud contracted their worried brows at this machine noise In tho wings. When Mr. Whit man had practically secured the nomi nation through the widespread popu lar approval behind his candidacy the Hull Moose bellowed iu the forest and the absolute announcement was made that a third party would Instantly be put forth were Mr. Whitman nomi nated. Mr. Hafcooii laid down his strong hand to us palpable a bluff as has ever been "put oer" in the history of w lltlcul poker. He allowed n. card to lie "forced" ou liim against the best Judg ment of himself and the Committee of ID". What a trump card! However, most people, Including the fusion committee, fondly imagined that the Progressives, having been given an ell. would not try to lake every inch left on the ticket. But the profit of having won by the power of n four flush was too much for them. They could not stand such prosperity: " 'We do want the office of Sheriff, how ever, and If we don't get it e will nomi nate our own candidate. We hae been very reasonable In our requests, but we do not propose to stand for the kind of cheap politics the Republicans are trying to play with tho fusion committee." said County Chairman llim." Cheap politics! Sukev put the ket tle on, also bring lu the hand mirror. lll the Hon. Norman Hai-gooh lie frightened again by falling glass "off stage"? The barnstormer Is the most familiar figure on the political stage. Yet In the present instance the audience grins while the actors take him seriously. Docs the Hon. John Piirrov Mitciim. appreciate that he Is a hero In an Interlude' Indiscreet and Hatty. Assuming that .Mr. Henry Lank Wil son bus commuted an indiscretion by commenting upon the British Foreign Office's statement explaining why and In what measure the provisional Gov eminent of General Huerta was rec ognlzed, there Is at least a modicum of palliation in Mr. Wilson's status, which Is only technically that of a diplomatic officer of the United States. He Is no longer employed in any offi cial capacity, although the resignation which the Ktate Department extracted from hint does not end a salaried connection with the Government until October. Perhaps it would have been better for Mr. Wilson to keep his counsel and nurse any grievance be might have against the Administration until ho was a free agent. Thus the diplomatic conventions would have been respected. As It Is now Secretary Bryan Is suffer ing from stage fright, apprehensive that the Hrltlsb Government may take lilm to task for a flngrant dereliction by nu Ambassador who is tersona nun grata with the Administration and has been relieved of bis functions, If be could be said to have any since tha United States hail refused to recog nize the provisional Government In Mexico. If the statement of the British For eign Office Is genuine, which Mr. Wil son Is Inclined to doubt, what Is there In It to excite him? Great Britain tnkes full responsibility for recognizing General Huerta as provisional Presi dent of Mexico, saying that It was douo "on the advice of the British Minister as being likely to assist In the restoration of order an Important consideration In view of the large Brit ish interests involved." Mr. Wilson seems to ace In the following para graph of the statemont an implication that ho was responsible for Great Brit ain's action: "The. French and German Governments also recognised President Husrta after a reception by him of the whole dlpltqaaUo at which a congratulatory speech . m mad n their tohalf by the American niMM," The Ambassador "on waiting or ders" says, rather heatedly It seems, that "the action of the Government of Great Ilrltaln was not In the slightest degree affected by the so-called 'con gratulatory speech' made by no on behalf of the Diplomatic Corps." That address, he adds, was drawn up by the Spanish and Hrltlsb Ministers "at the request of the entire resident Diplo matic Corps." In the statement to which he takes exception there Is no lutltna tion Hint Great Ilrltaln recognized HtiERTA after Ambassador Wilson's delivery of tho "congratulatory siieech" or because of It. Great Britain acted on April 1 ; doubtless by despatches received In the city of Mexico, for as early as March 11, or ubout a fortnight after President Madero was killed, the Minister of Foreign Relations announced that ho had received a cable nieasugn from the Ilrttlsh Government to the effect that General Huerta would be recognized. France followed suit definitely on May 1.1, and Germany on May 17, and the presumption Is, although the date Is not In evidence, that Ambassador Wn. bon delivered the congratulatory ad dress after the official recognition by Great Ilrltaln hud been consummated. Franco and Germany were probably In fluenced by the same consideration that moved Great Ilrltaln, the protection of the interests of their subjects In Mex ico. At any rate, there seems to lie no provocation In the statement of tho British Foreign Office for Mr. Wilson's outburst. It may be added Hint three days after the tragic ending of the constitu tional President and Vice-President of Mexico, or on February 25, Ambassa dor Wilson recommended, If Washing ton advices of that date were trust worthy, that tho Huerta provisional Government be recognized by the United States, aud In this advice he was sup ported by the entire Diplomatic Corps and by the American colony lu the city of Mexico. 1 It Is good to learn from the Portland Preit that the deputy constables seized elaht Imrrela of hard elder In Water- vllle tho otlier nlgnt. Klgnt turrets ot hard cider, fused into that disastrous and sheolic combination called ".stone fence," should be enough to tnako dryest Muine one many tracked lilack Valley Ilallroad and spread an over flow of ruin Into Quebec and New Brunswick. It Is rlesr the Progressives are out for the office of Sheriff, ami unless tle-y get It the fur Is bound to fly. .Veua of the day. Which way is it going to fly? And from where? The Bull Moose has quite a few callous spots as It Is. The winter of discontent Is coming on and ho may need all the coat he has left to warm his barked knees. Fusion has. Indeed, n other cities than New thnrn path In York, .'r irfiifi !'0!l'- Not all Idealists In sore need of a Job live south of The Bronx. The Hon. William Fmnn led the forlorn cause Of a few himself. Senator La Follktti: says that he is willing to continue the session until December to consider any legislation Important to the country, if Mr. Lt KoujrrrK will promise to help by aome brilliant flashes of sllenco perhups the session can tie ended lieforc December. The report that Manager Clark GKirriTit of the Washington baseball team will offer the Detroit club J100.000 for Mr. Tv Cobb prompts tho hope that a baseball nlavcr may yet hrlnjr as much as a stake winning racehorse. Thomas W. Lawson said here to-d.i that he had telegraphed Governor ScLisr.n of New York offering to provide 1100,000 If NULXKR would put up a flRht under Lawson's direction against Tammany Hall. Despatch from Portland, Ore. Let us hope that Mr. Lawson did not end the telegram "collect." I don't think that Li.nd's mission to Mexico city will amount to anything. It was all right to make the effort. How ever, t fear that It will be a failure. Kesafor John Downet Works. If there was ever any sap of hope In Mr. Wokkb It dried up long ago. He Is always pessimistic and dejected, his accents lugubrious. How to He Happy Tboagh Holidaying. To tui KPtToa or TBE Scs Air- There ln't the ultchteat doubt that doinettlc 'irtl('it during a vscalloa works wonder.. Sepaiate. the tons and the daughters, by all means, but ilnn'l forget the father and mother alo. lltr lirlnga abuse In ettry form, and It very often happens that people are fooUih enough to poll their holi day by fighting over every crumb of happlnew. There In no holiday to horrible at a width holiday, and 1 don't know that It la as eatv job In any cate to be happy when yon are enjojlng ourvlf for a period of two neeks or longer. Ynu feel bound to amuwe yourself, and no get honir.Irk. You work harder at play than you ever did at work, and you gtt weary of a tmlle which you think ahould never come off. As a matter of fact, the way to enjoy yourtrlf Is IP be happy In the enjoyment of other. Soli tary happiness cannot and does not exist. You mutt share your pleasure with other people, and If you can't find the other people buy a dog. He will never fall to share your happiness. Million aires give away their millions berauMt they get happiness by giving: end If one rises blithely la the morning, radiates sunshine at breakfast and lets the breakfast mood govern the day he will llnd that his vacation Is happiness Indeed. OSOOSLTN, August It, ItOVKS, A Different Point af View. To THS KPITOS or TBR Si'N-.SIr. Amid the discussion regarding the salaries of our Am bassadors there aeema to be wonderful forget fulness of the fact that although l!uroian coun tries give their Ambassadors larger salaries than Uncle Hara does America is the place where the enormous crowds of poor people come, to carp a living. Uncle fiam haa a heavy burden to oarrv. Its baa nothing to be ashamed of, but It would rsrtalnly add greatly to the dignity ot foreign countrlea If they gave less salary to their Am bassadors snd took better rare of their poor. PlTTSBDSa, August I i. ELLSN M, C tUBKON. Ceafurlas Walta. From Hit China RtpubUetn. In tha budget of the second year under tha estimate of tha Ministry of tha Interior tbera ta an Item for the expanses of tha Temple of Confucius. As the question whether there shsii ot ssrrinciai and other ceremonies In connection with the warship Is not yet decided by the National Assembly the Item will b added later oa. Flaaacial. Knlckir -Think tha treasury deposits will cause credit Inflation? Jjsoeker Nope; I atruck Smith for a Avar ysattriay and didn't gtt It, MUM AM A. Nhe mil ,nt Hrst Till Her Task in Mare den la Is Accomplished. To tub Kditor ok Tub Sun sir: With the signing1 of the treaty of Bucharest Bulgaria Is deprived of tho fruits ot her l recent victories against Turkey, Influ enced by tho accusations of her recent I allies, Bulgaria has been blamed for this second war, Tha future historian, how- over, In fixing the blame for the war will . ascribe It to tha Jealousy of her neighbors, who feared her power. As In 1ISS, Her- I via waged war to prevent Bulgaria from any Increase of power. Thanks to the aid of Greece, Itumanla and Montenegro, and even Turkey, she was ablo to accomplish her object this time. The appeal ot King Ferdinand to his soldiers, however, es presses clearly the spirit of Bulgaria and her people. Kxhaustad front her war against Turkey and beset by overwhelm ing odds she had to give In, but ahe Is neither defeated nor crushed snd sooner or later will attain her object. A nation which after five centuries of i political and racial subjection arose and gained for Itself racial freedom from the I Greeks by establishing Its own church I and schools, gained for Itself political I freedom by arousing the admiration of all Kurope by Its plucky fight against heavy odds and which in Its shorter political existence outstripped Its mors fortunate neighbors In every way, ran be defeated but not crushed. As a nation ltulgarla has short n qualities which will still make her the lender In the Balkans, and she will not rest contented till her task, tl.e political liberation of the Bul garians of Macedonia, Is accomplished. Greeks and Hervlans, not content with the military humiliation of Bulgaria, have tried by spreading exaggerated and even false reports of atrocities to deprive her of her good namo and the respect of the civilized world. Those who know the political ambitions of these two nations will not b surprised at these reports and will not give them any enrdence. That all the world may seo that these reports ure base calumnies will bo the aim of every Bulgarian, and for this we will fight till the name of Bulgurla Is cleared before tha world. D. DASKALOtr. New York, August 14. A Canadian on Panama and Nicaragua. To the Editor or The Sun Sir: As a Cnnadlnn I am amased at the narrow spirit shown by most editors In comment ing on Great Britain's refusal to partici pate In the Panama exposition. In reality j the question of the tolls does not enter Into the derision, Hut Intelligent men all over Kurope look with amazement and fear at the com placent arrogance of the I'nlted States. It Is well known that Canadian ami KiikIIsIi Interests wete actively planning to con struct a canal across Nicaragua. It is essential for the commerce of the Canada of tho future th.-tt an easy waterway should be maintained. Confident of fnlr treatment, Hrllltdi rights were surrendered on the positive assurance of e,ual treatment "f nil na tion. Not only is this solemn treaty ie pucllntcd by mf your legislators ami dls- 1 torted by others, but now the United States steps In with n treaty of bribery . with Nicaragua forever shutting that door i In tho face of Cunada should It be neces j fcary to construct u new cnnal for fair treatment. American complacency would tecelve a severe Jolt If the opinions of German. French. In fact alt nations, were understood. 1 wonder If It Is worth the price of a few tolls. Earnest W. cjiiesham. Hot'RNEUoL-Tlt, England, August 8. The Klrong-t'nltls Pnrmrnt In Fifth Atrntie. To tiik KniToa or The Sun s,r: Oa New Year's Eve, 1S97, a carriage drove up Fifth avenue from the Washington Arrli to Ninetieth street. it rontaliipd Mayor William I.. Strong and his Com missioner of Public Works, (Jeneral C. H. T. Collls. Their term of office was dol ing and they were succeeded, the following day by members of the Van Wyck ad ministration. For two .xeais pr'or Fifth avenue hail lieen ripped up. the old granite block pavement removed and two enormous water mains laid down Its roadway from the reservoir in Central Park to the arch. A great public work was completed, and over a rn.ignlfli.ent asphalt pavement they rode. Now, after oer fifteen years of hard usaue ami Initio unparalleled elsewhere lu the I'nlted Stales, this pavement, south of Twvnty-thlid street, is about to lie tepluced by a new one. The service It has tendered is a credit to that administration, ami no wonder, when one sets from the numerous openings therein now the mag nificent concrete foundation upon which It reted. I'nder the Department of Public Works of that day General Collls icpaved with asphalt most of our north and south thorougbfates. Under him the old horse cai- Urns were convened to electric power. Park avenue north of Fiftieth street waa graded and asphalted and made the beau tiful avenue It Is to-day. The energy bihI determination that he dlsplnjed at that tlm. lu the face of severe criticism, placed a standard for our hlghwaxa which succeeding officials have striven to equal and which Is a laM ing monument to the great municipal ad ministration of Mayor Sliong. New Yoiik. August 14. H. Tt. The llaronrt That Lost a Leg to a sin ark. To the KpiTon op Thk Sc.v Sli .- Let me make a contribution to the contro versy which has been carried on for some time In Tub St'N with reference to the man eating, man killing proclivities of the shark. One Brook Wutt.nu came in his fifteenth year from the Colonies which afterward became the I'nlted States to Fort Lawrence at the head of the Hay of Fundy In the province of Nova Pcntla. After staying here Tor ne or Mx year ho went to Halifax and thence to the West I ml lis. While on a visit to Havana one of his legs was bitten off by a shark while he was bathing In tho huibor. Shortly af let ward he proceeded to Iximlon, went Into busi ness, and rose to such eminence that he became Iord Major and eventually was made a baronet, He died childless in 1S03 and the title is now held by Sir William Brook Kay, his great-great-grand-nephew. A P. Smith Sackvii.i.k, N. II. August 14. firadua ad rarnatsiini. To Tnc KniToa or Tub Scn -.Sir: "John Irl suie" of Oklahoma, who contributes a letter tn the columns of Monday's Si's, sas theieln: "In the l-Mln irradus we learned that Tempers mu tant ur et lies mutamur In Hilt "' No, we didn't A grndu.s U not reader or phis be book, as "J I.." would mem in Imagine. but a dictionary of proudly designed as an aid In writing lilln or (Jreek erses containing Hie words, the iiuantlty of their llhle and their niranlnr. In any event the above limitation could not find a place In a gradus, work nothing If not strictly classical, for the lesson that It Is the product of the early part of the seventeenth cen- liirv. eomlnip In tiff timsent form from III iwn of the famous RngTlsh epigram matlst John Owen, U-t "J, I., further note that tiwen wrote "noe el" for ease of scansion nnd not "el nos." MACsvii.i.r.. N. It., August i?. A, t). surra. A Dietetic Philosopher. To the i:hitos op THE Si'.N - .Vlr: Afler reail- In it "K. 11, J.'s" opinion of corn la Tits Sun this morning I am furred to conclude that there are two personalities using the same Initials as the Manhattan Philosopher, for surely such a dog matic assertion Is unworUiy of a broad minded friend of wisdom. I am very fond of corn, for Instance, and I think I have quite a discriminat ing palate, but I hate caviar; still, r would not quarrel with the individual who differs In tasle, atUiough I might try to convert him, especially If I considered that his taste was perverted or needed cultivating. 1,. c. OUUI IIIDOE, N. J., August ll, Hurrotseh Without the Cora, TOTRREPITOROr TUB StJN-.Str? Homo with. out the Tope, Hamlet without the Prince. These perhaps. Ilul succotash without the corn I Oh, ine man is man wno tufgesta surn a thing! Nsw yosa. aiuum u. !,. m, o. His flranri. Knlrkar What ure your potltlce? Bocker I sm s rsfuilonlit. POLI TICAtj KVtlKNiCH. A Plan for the I'.xamluallonarxi Regula tion of Politician. To tub EuiTon of Tub Hum Sir: A government Is no better thnn the gov erned, but It ought to be as good. Most of the fJtutcs are passing laws regulating marriage. Is it not time, tneretore, to found a school of political eugenics and put its teachings Into practlcs In order tn prevent mesalliances between the .State and the politically unfit? A school of political eugenics woutd graduate experts with the degree ot D. I. E. In each Htnte several of these could ! be elected, subject of course to recall, to constitute n State board or examiners. The presidents of the several State boards coutd constitute, a national board, whose principal business would be to examine candidates for tho Presidency and for Cabinet and diplomats appointments. Without a certificate of approval from one or the other of these boards no per son woutd be eligible for election or ap pointment to office. One ot the Immediate benefits of this system would be a correction of direct I primary abuses, so frequently remarked 'of late. Hers In New Jersey wo now . have eighteen or twenty candidates for ! Governor. How far tbla number coutd be reduced If each candidate were com pelled to furnish a political eugenics cer tificate I leave to tha Imagination of your readers. The only drawback to the system I can sea at present woutd be the difficulty of keeping the examining boards out of poli tics. But no doubt this could be over come hy some of the statesmen who have done the same thing with the tariff. Proorbssivb. Nbwark, N. J August 14, ' Judge Foster. I To tub Editor ok Thb Sun' Sir.' The editorial paragraph In Tics Hun pertain ing to the Hon. Warren W. Foster, Judge of the Court of Oeneral Hessiops, was most pleasing to me. , 1 most sincerely hope that men of his . calibre holding such Important offices can be reelected, regardless of party affilia tions, and that the press and public will give their hearty support to this end. It certainly ought to be the aim or a community to keep in offices such as he holds men who have shown by years of service that they are honestly, Impar tially and- fearlessly administering the lawa for the protection of the public wet fare. Loots F. Mush. Staten Island, August 13. To thr Editor of Tub Sun Sir: I I . ,.. . V. . this city, and particularly In the Court of General Sessions, a number of times during the past few years, and have had invasion to note the care, caution nnd able manner which Judge Foster has exhibited both for the people and tho defendant. .He Is always courteous to members of the ' bar, and careful and painstaking In tho exetclse of his Judgment regarding per sons convicted of crime, ft has been a ,,1..,,., t inn', n liirni unilpr ttlm. i ii, u,u it .hmii.i h h.. Him nf. ill citizen 'and taxpayers to utgo the retention In cause It enables hi in to send his tner otllcc of public officials who have served chundlse to any point within a radlui of I the i-ople well, and particularly Judses I 150 miles at a cost of five cents for pack iif such Hhllltv ns Is possessed by Jud.te ages weighing a pound or less and in I'oster, Irrespective of any political party. Chaiiles l. Kose. New York, August 14. To thf Knnor. or The Pes' Sir The article concerning Judge I'oster on the editorial page of Thk HfN of Wednesday gives sufficient reasons why Judgo Wat- ren W. Foster should be Induced to run again and why he should be teelected. It Is none too often that we have men " me local post omce in me mm jt.ir I of his type In the various olllccs. Me was due In a large measure to the In ,1ms proved to be an Impartial Judge, lie- 1 auguratlon of the parcel post. Ou this I minding speedv Justice und conviction ; fact he bases a prediction that the p.r when parties were gulltv. still tempering centage of Increase for the next twelve his Judgment with clemency whenever the I months will eclipse by a good maris, n offender showed h- was vvorthv of It. , the record of any previous ear. ' The reputation he has earned for him-' Coincidental with these changes In Hi self while in tin- office recommends blm parcel post system the "bunking hy mail for renomlnatlon and reelection. Let us feature of the postal Mixings s Mem wi s not try experiments, but rather let us have adopted .veMi-rday. This allows people linen, when they are available, who have living at a distance ftoni postal mix lugs proved by their past records that they are eminently fitted to fill our offices. New York, August 14. W. K. Q. To the KniTOit or Titc Sun fir: So useful a eltlzrn ns Judge Foster should not be Hllowed to "go on the shelf " New Yor.K, August 1 1. O. W. British Tories and vv Vork I.llirarlei. ; Montreal on September 1. - and 3 it To the F.iutor of The Sr.v Sir? I .be the first gathering of th aesoeiatioi i i should like to Inuulre by whose authority 1 foreign soil. Many notable men . and on w het grounds British Tory liter-1 bo present. Among these xv 11 be is ature illteeted against home rule l now I count Haldane. tho l-ord High i tt.. - twine- lnrli,..l In till. Hhrarl.w .if fliU -In- ICellor of KllKlatUl i M. I..lbOli. I u I hnin lw,..l, o,.i,i,irl 1 1, a llhrsrlo. nt the city lately nnd have thus ln-come cog ulzant of this fact. The number of I'nlou 1st hooks and pamphlets recently ac quired by the Fifth IVvcmie Library Is unusual , but these publications are now making their appearance ex en lu the smallest. I can see no sense In this, even though the home rule side was similarly fav ored. These publications are ephemeral political pamphlets which a year hence when the home rule controv, tsy is set tled will benefit no one. Why ate the library funds so uielessly squandered? Tills question is the more Insistent from the utter paucity In our libraries of Imoks on Irclund. In the main library on Fifth avenue there N not n work by Julii Mitchell aud not a work, by Colgnn, i'e wonderful sixteenth century scholar, only recently ana nrter much expostulation wa hiitniir h ivnrk "T in Irlcl, I.'!,,,..,,, I,. the Medieval Tuttine" nut 1111 the hlv Hecently I saw a list in a copy of the de- j funct One! by O'Orowney. the late founder of the Gaelic League, of the lust twelve books on Ireland, Only six of them were In the main library. I Invite those who are Interested in Irish history and liter ature to stir themselves In HiIb matter. In most of our libraries the pioportion of Irish history to F.ngllsh Is perhaps one in iiirty, anu to M'ottiaii perhaps one ill a doie,,.' Yet Irish recotded history Isafegiiaiil for the protection ot Hie Ac ta twice the length of Ihiglish history, l'us-'t'- and Scotland was historically an almost lllltiiate province of the Irish nation, without schools, law, nit, literature or written language, apart fioni Ireland, There ought not to ho u library In this city without somo of Mrs. Stopford Green's striking win lis, "The Making of ireianu, "tristi .Nationality," "The old Irish World," nnd Jojee's histories. In particular his epoch tanking "Social His tory of Ancient Ireland," This Is surely a modest demand. IlKltniUtT O'llAltA MOUNKUX, New Yonic, August 14. The Uady lleslde the Ante Driver. From the I.oniMn Haiti) Chronicle. "No one driving a niotnr ear In the streets nf l.nndnn ought tn have a lady seated beside, hlin," deelnrefl Sir. Pliinden, the Mnrlebone Magistrate. In dismissing a tliarse or niHiisluughtcr agulnsl a motorist esterday. "The car." Mr. l'loivden added, "requires snd should reeelve the driver's undivided attention. It Is only too easy to Imagine how his attention may ba distracted In e thousand ways by a person af the opposite sex sitting beside him." Sir. l'lowden did not for tine moment suggest n young lady who was sitting beside the motorist In this ensn had anything to do with Ilia accident. hut he thought us a general rule no young woman should be seated by the driver of tmy motor car. "It is a distracting companionship," he observed, "Home Indies sre nervous, some nr inquisitive, soinu ara garrulous, and some nro attractive." A t'olonel by Marriage. To TUB i:otTOR or THK hrN- -.tin You haven't said the last word In thlst'olonel business by any means, 1 have a ftleiid who Is a t'olonel, and this la his commission! He married a Keiuurky Sdv , and Immediately became a Ctiloiml, IWsldes, his wife Is a granddaughter of n tienrral, and he really should be tienrral, I guess. Nsw Yok, Augiixt ll. o, n. Ackssut A Phrygian Hold Hug, Midas feund all he toiu-heil turned to gold, "Iinwn wlih him'" leled the economists, "ha xvlll send tha price of everything up," 20 LBS. FOR 24 CENTS BY PARCEL POST NOW Weight Limit for Distances l't, to 150 Miles Raised From 11 Pounds. SEES BENEFIT TO STOKES rostninster Expects Merchants to Mail Their Subtii'lmn Packages. The postal authorities h"re ex p. department stores will eventually mi , most of their suburban parcels by mmi as a result of the increase on th vveli.i limit of parcel post packages from n to 20 pounds, which went Into riTcet at midnight last night It Is believed, lio. ever, that this development will trim, slowly, and the Department has tint uilcld to Its quota of eleven auto trucks vrhlrh are now used to handle the heavier par cel post packages. The fsxllltl-s for handling parcels will be augmented only when the growth In the business shuts It to be necessary. Tha postal officials yestcrdav did nt anticipate a repetition to-d.iv of t!i scramble which marked the Inauguratl'm of the parrel post system lu Januarv The Interminable line of peoplu vviitttr.i to send parcels off on that occasion, they said, was attracted by the novelty of tin situation and the desire to be among u first to despatch packages. The authori ties, however, expect a gradual and sub stantial Increase duo to the appeal ths change In the regulations will make to the merchant. Boon to Department Stores. Assistant Postmaster Murphy, who Is acting chief In the absence of roitma.iter Kdward M. Morgan, said cstcrday that the Department expected the greater por tion ot the additional business to coins from department stores, which, he thinks, ul, .LU .S!nd'B.,i suburban deliveries, since the majority of packages sent out by them are now In conformity with the weight require ments. Such a system of delivery, Mr. Murphy thinks, would reduce the ex penses of the stores appreciably. Another change which went Into effect with the Increase In weight waa the con solidation of the first and second zone. I This, Mr. Murphy pointed out. is an even greater advantage to the merchant b auumonui penny tor eacn pounu over that weight. Until to-day this rate applied to pack ages sent to points within a rudlus of tiftv- tnlles, but parcels sent to points within tl e . second sone cost six cents for the llrst 1 pound nnd an additional four cents fur eacn extra pouuu. I Mr. Murphy admitted that the unusual 'growth of the general business transact! i nanus io aepuau inunej u mai.. B.4 TO HEAR T AFT OS' ll Mi U.S. Notable lien Will Be nt American Aanoclntloii'a MretliiK Xlon t rni I. When the American liar Asaocl.iln a ili, .1,1 Hu thlnv .lxth annual mtetlliK I luiltler llf tllC Ft'CIIClt ll.lT Hlld till ll.' fender of Dreyfus: the Itlght Hi Hobert 1.. Borden, Prime Minister .f Canada; the linn. Charles ,f. Uolie Minlslei- of .lusti-e and Attornev-iii eral of Canada; Kdward Douglass Win -. Chief Justice of the Supreme. Couit tho I'nlted States; ex-l'resldcnl Tat-Attorney-General James C Mc!tfn old's, Joseph II, Choate, Senator I. m limit sud many Judges of the hislur State courts. On the morning of September ' t convention xvlll open xx 1th an addiiss welcome by I'rlmo Minister Mordi t. Frank II. Kellogg, president of the soclatlon. will deliver a speech on ' Th Treaty Making rower." The Lord High Chancellor will deliver the annu.it address, on "Higher Nationality." The second day of the meeting ' !,. pii,ii im tn rtinrtH nf Ktalldltll! Colli "jmlttees. In the evening Mr Tift Xvlll speak on xv-111 speak on "ine Tenure ni juuges Tie inornlni.' of September .'I v. Ill devoted to a symposium on the general topic of "The Struggles for Simplilira Hop of Legal Procedure." The committee on Jurisprudence '"I law reform will report against the ri-se liitlnn condemning the so-called "third '! -gree" of the iiollcc. The committee In d that the present law governing the ado is- dbilltv of confessions affords a audit ie il COritf PKHMITM CUV Mil SMS. IliilldlUH nf Sunth Iteformetl on irritation tioes for f&:iO,000. The South Reformed Church, whir re ceutly erected a building at the south" t corner of Klghty-tlftli street ami l avenue, got permission yesterri.ix f' Supreme Court Justice Weeks to so property at the southeast corner of M.t l sou avenue snd Thirty-eighth slie, Kdward A. Itanunn for ISSO.iido. T building there has been leased to the F Church of Christ, Scientist, for '.' year, but under the terms Hie lease i vocalile in ninety days. The ptopei- mortgaged to the Farmers Loan a 1 T t Company for $400,000. The South Chinch's property at 11 r fifth street and Hark avenue Is $300,000 and Is mortgaged for fl.lO'i II. I.. I'll ATT OI'FHIl.S Ml Willing to Cure for Fnmll of I ' e mail Killed I'IuIiIIiik lllne Vice-President , L. Pratt of Hu Si l aril Oil Company wrote to Fire Cm sloner Johnson yesterday saying tha company was willing to provide ftu family of Fireman Kertrain Johnson w was killed while lighting a lire a' works of tho Standard oil Conn Wednesday morning. If the dead tlreimi family needed assistance, Tho Commissioner thanked Mr. Pi and said he would look Into the mat' Senate .Names I'omiulttee Chairmen. Washimitov, Aug. 14. The Sei to-dny elected Senator Chamberlain vt Oregon chairman of the Couimlltee C" Military Affairs. Senator Myers of M"" tan.i clutii inan of the Committed on t'l'h llo Lands, SciiHlor Smith of Atl.-unt ' that ou IriiKatlon and lteclauul.o' Aihl Lauds, and Senator Vanl.in.i Mississippi chairman of the I'unin on National Conservation.