OCR Interpretation

The sun. (New York [N.Y.]) 1833-1916, August 28, 1913, Image 2

Image and text provided by The New York Public Library, Astor, Lenox and Tilden Foundation

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83030272/1913-08-28/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for 2

I'ommlMi, tiulckly In-
idrnt's pew polity.
Until lit.V.'ll SUpIOt' tO tllS
V members nf t'ntigiess
fth Iff with hlftl the op-
Inn pre
While gl l lift
President. iiKiti
clearly did nol
tlnrriam v hi. h he hnd expressed In regard
It fh ultimate effect or tin new hand! off
fioiiry Tif member '( Consrvn be
lieve ihni the President's plan w in result in
llMiPsgasd d wrdei nnd more chaotic eon
riltlona hi Mexico nni tiiit n I merel)
postponing the v 1 1 da) when the United
ntataa win be obliged la take wore drastic
ffspert tlebate In onaress.
It t clear lhai Congress win dave mora
4o fh from hoa nn In regard to Mexican
affairs than II ha heretofore. B deliver"
ing hie address ihl after m Ihe Prest-
dent laid i hni'' "i lh reapnnalbll " upon
the ahonldera of the legislative branch,
ani members nt tbe i .. houaaa ere
likely to feel palled upon i" dlacuaa the
ttuatlon in detail from now on
one feature of the President', new
pollr. which i llkel) '"' rules up dlffv
oniii"" f"i tin' ttovernmenl will in- thi
desire of for' Inn Powers t" hava their
gttbjscta In Meilro protected Hhoulri
Canaris to foreigners In Mexico continue
to Increase the United Mates, under ihe I
Mofiro.' Doctrine would face Ihe alter j
na- of undertakini the protection of
theae foreigner Itaelf eiae permitting .
liter Mutton' to aend troop mi" Mexico
The question being t here now la i
Whether the European PowerX Will follow i
the lead of tin- United Htatea In advtaluti 1
their subjects to withdraw from Mexico '
and prsettcall, abandoning iheli proper
ties sa. f.M it. protection thai will be
afior'i' t ibrouah verbal threata and '
diploma .. repn ntatlon
To farj Wore Tewwfpa to Tegga,
President Wilson will laaue no prods I
mutioii putting mi" effect the embargo I
upon ahlpmenta i grtna. A proclema
Won Issued b) PreaMenl Tafi in Itll i
marie it the duty of all elvll hihI mllltar)
officials to hoiii up 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - uni.ss they
wtrf accompanied b) a gpeclal permll
from tli Pieabli nl This prot-minatioii
stands unit the Prealdenl merely will re
fuse to issue permlta under tins proela
-The military forces along th Texaa
border, however, are regarded a- Inad
egtiatc to prevent smuggling Repeated
reporte hat orne to Washington ill tin;
past few months that tin1 revolutionists
were getting supplies anil ammunition
across th border without the knowledge
f the American tTOOpB Within the next
two daya the President will rail upon the
War Department authorities for Intor
mation as to the ability of the present
forc to maintain tin embargo andt as
Commander in Chief of the Army, prob
rabiv win order rosnforcements to Texaa,
Secretary of the Navy Daniels to-night
aald lie did not intend now to order more
eessels to Mexican waters. The vessels
of the Atlantic fleet at Veru 'ruz, Tam
pteo atld other ports tire egpgjcted to sc-
nnimoriate. all Americans who wish to
depart for eeveral daya. These vessela
are In charge of Rear Admiral Pletcher,
who hue discretionary powers over the
naval operation for facilitating the de
parture of American refugees Secretary
Tlaniels eaid if Admiral Fletcher asked
for more vessels, they would be sent
Sinn, nun in Ati Iraaertearaa
Secretary of Ktnte Bryan expects that
within a week Conuress will authorize the
emergency appropriation of llOo.OOU
which he asks to aid Americans to (ret out
at Mexico. The State IVpnrtment will
not wait upon this appropriation, how
aver, to proceed with Its policy of furnish
ing pecuniary assistance to American
refugees. Money will not be sparsd
wherever It Is needed by American cltl
sens to get to the sea roast.
The Instructions which the President
ordered sent to the Consuls to-night were
emphatic on this point. The cablegram
was in substance as follows :
"Assist all Americans to depart from
Mexico. Place all on ships who can reach
ports . furnish pecuniary aid to all who
ieed it in order to reach ports. Notify
nil civil ami military offlciall that they
will be held strictly responsilile for any
damage to American property or Injury
to American eltlxena."
is evident
Amrrlran I'riiperty.
It Is evident from tties. Instructions
end from tfi Presldent'a addresa tnat
the a Imlntatnatlon! platr Is t" abandon. '
tnibj'-i I to clalnis for damages, all A no-ri - ,
ran pro pert) in Mexico wherever it can-!
not be protected through representations
to officiate. It has been estimated that ;
American holdings in Mexico amount to
1,(100. OHO. OOti. In the turmoil which the,
President expects will follow the with- 1
rirawaa of Americans from the republic
.mere N..fms little hope thai American
property rights wilt be resnsotsd.
The House of Representatives presented
aa Impressive grehS when President Wil
Son delivered his notable address. Heated
close together In the bod, of the halt were
the members of the Senate and of the
House The galleries were packed to the ,
last inch of standing ro.,n, ov.-r all was '
n air of soberness which clearly reflected i
Th seriousness with which members of
Congress viewed the situation. To many i
It brought to mind 111" seriousness and j
solemnity with Which the national I. cms- j
lature had considered matters Just prior I
10 th Kpanish war
The lloor and gallei in, or the House j
were crowded for some time before the
President's arrival Nobody, not even
thft President himself, was certain up to i
within a few minutes of the actual de ,
livery of the address that it was to be t
made. I
Mr. Wilson had been hoping all tlis i
rimming that the cables would finally Hash
the word that would announce the suc
cess of his mediation plans and relieve
him of the painful task of snnounclng to
ths world a policy of Isolation toward
the Mexican republic.
ranker Del., Imposalhlr.
The President's mind was firmly made
up, however, thut he could no lonur
yield with dignity to a further postpone
inent of his announcements. The Presi
dent knew that lluerta had sent a few
note, to Rpeclal Envoy I,lnd. but the text
of this note had not reached Washington
when the hour arrived that marked the
time limit given to lluerta
Ho eager wtui the President to give
Huerta every chance that even sfier nr
rtvlng at the Capitol he Instructed See
retary Tumulty to call up the State De
partment for the last time to ascertain
If the Huerta note had come Receiving
a negative reply the President turned
."i nit. juiih uwiflroHiuniti cuinmiiiec anil
viim iin-iii mm ,n me iiiin (,i ine moiinc.
As his figure appeared at the door there
was an outbreak of handolapplng that 1
continued for a minute It was apparent
that Congress Intended lo hearten the
President with evidence that he was sol- I
dly supported.
The President glanced for a second I
toward the executive galloiy. In which I
Mrs. Wilson and her daughter Miss I
l'.l,anor. were seated mar Secretary I
Hryan. anil .then In a calm, clear voice
began the reading of his message.
Mesleaa Charge Absent.
The rendinx of tlie incsHUKe consumed
twenty -one minutes, tihi, a- sbso-
lute silenc as he rnad Members of ?on
srees leaned forward unconsciously an
he ranie to the section where he outlined
ihe policy he had fixed upon for tlie Im
mediate present. At the conclusion there
was another outbreak of applause.
At tills Ihe President bowed and mulled
and said :
"I thank you ' He guthered up Ihe
pages of his addresN unhurriedly and
then turned to leave ihe hall with the
committer which hud escorted htm In.
Meet of the embassies and Isggtlom
were represented In the diplomatic nai
ler., although tlie MlnlstSrs and Am
bsHMadnre aru absent on vacations t'on
spa nous for hlB absence from this gallery
was Honor Klgara, the Mrxlcun Charge
4 intertaa.
President Wilson Reading His Mexican Message
Vice-President Marshall is silting beside Speaker Champ Clark of the House of Representatives.
I hiiiosrapli by Q V. Hum. Mashington. n C
Parties Approve
Policy of President
W a km p si'.tiis', Aus -Comment on
Prealdenl Wilson's mesMgs t Pongrosa
on t h .Mexican situation show to-night
that Virtually every member of both
houses approves his action and bis policy
in Its main points
There was nothing to Indicate sny at
tempt tii draw party lines. In-c.-ad it
seemed a a thou-xh regulars and radlcata I
on both Sides alike were Of one opinion, i
lan-t that was that the President was tak j
Iiik the wisest course open t him
Some members did not quite approve I
of thi I 'resident's proposal that Ameri
cans should leave stesloo at unco, and it
wn lUggeated thai under the Monroe
Doctrine the L'ntted states should protect j
other aliens In Mexico.
Senator Bacon of Oeorgts rhalrman of 1
the Foreign stelatlons Comnilttev, said
"The cordial reception ol ihe message by
Senators and Representative was strltt ,
I If ik evidence that CongTeOS was over-'
whetmlngly behind the President and was
upholding htm in his attempt to settle
this question.
i "A thing i regard as of eatrome lm-
portance1 he said, "was ths statement
bv the President thai thin wss not the !
! conclusion of the matte He Indicated I
that only actual developments would de j
termlne what the next step siiouid be.
"The President's msesags is an ad
mirable document. It sets f-irth the facts'
Without i enervation, and puts us risnt b- (
fore the world. i
I "Moreover, I believe it will have a
: calming eifed on our own people and a
soot hi nR m tlui -IK e upon publ ic expression
I In tbd I nited States An important
, feature of the meaaaKe which must be
! borne in mind is that It does not CHUN
.the iHt. does not brtns nsgnt bit ions to u
Hnallty, but leaves the situation Open for
, further deal ins in an effort to bring
about a satisfactory settlement,"
It out tlan
tprut r,.
k fork, former Sec-
Benstor Root "f N
I r.'t.in nf Stnt lifjirlllv Min,r,, .-il of th
j President's course
i "The niesaaffa i admirable li n gen '
' eral t.in and spirit," he iaid. 'I do not
I rare to uisnnn it now, iut later on l w ill
probabls ink. it up on the flooi of tbe
Henatoi O'Qornutn ! New 'r'.v. also i
a member f the Korrlgn Helatlons 'uni-l
mittee, itiad ihm comment
li i ii niiiKnlIi,.ii niHHMigi which re-'
rl-t'iM tin hol-iiiii tiiousiit and ludvment
of ail tbe American people The Prasi
i dent haa a uniid Congreas behind him. j
in our International relations, partlaan-1
shiii Htopn at the border The Republican
Henatore are as enthusiastic In iiieir sup
port "i the I'resldenl aa are uim Demo- i
urate The utterance of tue Prealdenl
to-daj was the voice ot the American
s,.at,(r ,.otlgt. f MaSSBChusetU, rank
, Hepubllcan member of the r'orsigTI
!.,, , ,. .. , ,.
..i".w - HiiHiiiiiTCi riw ii WM an e.-
oellaOl message
Its substantive tie, laratlon Is that for- 1
bidding the Hhiintieiii of arms to Mex
ico," he said. "I am In hearty agree
ment with that The I'nlted States could
not put itself In the position of adding
to the slaughter In Mexico.
"Only two courses were open to tbe
President, intervention or non -inlerven-liun,
ami I am sure that the sentiment
of the country would not tolerate Inter
vention. The Prasldsni s pollcs is that
of walling upon events and I feel that he
could now pursue nu other."
Senator fall Objects.
Senstor Kail nf New IrtSglOO made two
objections to the President's itnn.mii.
He criticised that feature of the policy j
which Invites Americans to leave Mggleo,
Senaioi Kail said he booed the President
did not assume that, when he had safe- j
guarded the Americana who are now in
the danger zone, this Qoverpmanl had dis
charged its full responsibility in the mat-1
ler. He pointed out that we owed a duty j
a a nation under the Monroe Bactrim
to protect other' foreign subject! now- In
The other objection urged bv Mr Kail I
was that the message was nut specific '
enouKh wherein It demanded protection
for American lives and property and
slated that it would hold the Mexican
authorities n- Ion ally responsible for any!
Injury that might be Inflicted on Amerl-'
can lives u American properly. Senator!
i j,
II said he would Use lo know Just how-
thin personal lespnnslhlllly was to be.
fixed, ami when. Did II mean thai the
mllltar) arm of the Oovarananl would
be extended lo gvenga an injury to Ameri
cans, Immediately Ihe Injury was inflicted
or did Ii mean that
le tlin- In the re-
n.. te future a money mil, mri'y would Ihj
dvmanded ?
gsjuttor Cbgnibsrlg4n of iirejpon x-
linvHed Hi" opinion that the President
hhould lie suetitlned by Die oountfy,
"The American people want peace, not
war." h haid.
Irnator Willi Wilson.
Mere are oilier expressions by Hena-
are oilier expression by
Works of Massachusetts, Republican :
"The President should be nncou raged and
supported In his policy tn restore jmvicc
in Mexico without iiwort to armed forie.
I believe a mistake was made in not
ranogrrlglng HUartg, W may not approve
of the circumNtiuiom under which he
came to powor In the republic, hut he le
there and the eltuatloti In that country
hus Is'en unusual Their conditions and
methodH are different from our own. it
reojntwp i stroll (? arm in dlre-i affaire
in Mexico."
Kern of Indiana, fieniocra-t- "Vary ex
cellent rneaeag. The country will gpprovs
it and tho Preaulent will have I'ougTvss
behind him in hie policy."
Williams f Mississippi, Democrat: "1
agpjje . - g
am delighted with the niiinoajrc and would
not change a single word if it If I could."
Senator La Koltatte of Wiaonnsln. Ite
publhvut. eaid that the "aplrlt of the nvM
sage wpj fine ' Further thAn that he
dooMnod to oomreanss
On the Hoium aidSJ of the apitoi tits
expressions were equally favorablo.
"It aastns to me." Apxiker Champ Clark
said, "that thta MexicAU alt nation pre
sents a caOS WhSTS silence on the p,irt
of mOBt folks Is golden It is ticklish
and grave. The lrestdor,t's (uhh.-.s., tj
ongrejs on the SUbjOOt Is a'lminible
lofty In conception, felicitous In diction "
Repi aaai native Plood of Virginia, chair
man of the HottOS PUSign Affairs n-
mlitee, said it was "an admirable mea
Bags l balls VW it Will moot With univer
sal approval"
Repressaneatl e s Cooper o vVlsjoonaini the
ranking minority mombcrr of the House
Commtitag on gVvalgn Affairs, mads this
Htatemnt :
"I hope that the President's prOphsOlSS
as to an early poans In atogJeo wHI be
realised, but that it win not be ptvu
with the ouccass of the Huerta Oovrn
meat it oertainly ought not to be."
The .nnilun Tlnies" (alls Wilson
Mriisgi Rrwlldrrlnw.
prnat rahl, lir ipatrk tn Tnl Si N
1 ."V DON
2S ITesliIi'tll W'linn'!
Uex lean situation has
attracted unlv
Is the niiiijivi
r: l Rit.ntinn here and
of (omnnnt In nil tins
mornings newspapers. The Timrn savs:
'The failure of Mr. I,lnd'a mission
I leaves American statomanshio apparently
; bankrupt The world will re id with be
i Wlldermenl Ihe President's statement 'If
Mexico can find a better wa Not
I only Mexico but all foreign residents
I there and ever) Government whose ns
Uonala possess interest In Mexico nave al-
i ready pointed out bcu,-; wa) u eon
I sists in America following tin- example
of the othei Powers and recognising
Huerta. If the notions and Ismrusge ol
; their statesmen are t.. be Judged b) the
i standards of Kngl ... speaking people, this
means an end :,, .ill rational relations
with the gouth American renubll
The 7,iii, li says I
! "II Is clear that what the l'ntted HI ites
I Government I is io..st is a polic it
seems to be slncerel) laboring under lite
impression thai II has ihe democratic
I conscience of mankind In its keeping The
only possible reason r.,r the message is
I that it is the precuraoi "f in ultimatum."
The Horning Post Interprets 'he mes-
j sag as a veiled warning thai unless pei
and ordei are speedll) restored Ihe I'nlted
states win r. , i bound to Intervene
The Daily Vhrbnttlf, while thinking
that President Wilson Is w,n advised not
I to Intervene actively, expresses the fesi
that his present policy is more likely to
Involve rather than avert intervention In
; the long run
The radical and pacifist
' and . gtfer sa ys :
'fifv Vrip
"If only the European Powers
had not stiffened Huerta'a bnc'i Preaitlcni
i Wilson's move would pi 01 e to b- as jtull
, lious as it is prudent "
'anc published .i cartoon prior to the
receipt of cables telling of the mssiigi
ill represents Prealdenl Wilson wagging
. his rlngei sdmonlshingly In the fnce of
, Mexico, represented b) a st'.ii.i anil nusk)
giant, and saying "If you don I lake
1 care Ml have to treat you m ;ne same
way that Ruropa treats the Turk."
"How's that?" ggyg Mexico "Well, I'll
nave m nesitattugi) i 'p on
i my finger at you "
Bat Meilrsn I'oniirrss Holds sprelnl
Krsalan lllscuas M. .nu, .
Kggioo citt, Aug l't rjen Huerta
dei lured iii-niBhi that President Wllimii's -iiiesHiige
to i'"nirr!K .ui the Mexican
situation saa substantial!) what he had
specti d
"l have nevei doubted the friendship
and dlslntsrested motives of the ITnlted ,
Htsteg," tin provisional Prealdenl added.
leu. lluerta seemed to take little m- 1
terest in the gews from Washington
spent the greater pan of the do al
summer residence in a suburb nf
gsnor Qambos wiiiinviv consented
receive the newHpaier m n to Whom
t i
communicateii the original moaaage r
eelved from Prealdenl Wilson, Inviting
Ihem to copv It. us he could mil xumilv
' them with copiea.
A .si i ii executive session r TollKieSS
was held this afternoon at which Minister
Qstnboa read alt the notes recently ex
ohatlged between Mexico and the I'nlted
tltates relative to the Mnd mission.
When Benor Qamboa returned to the
foreign Relations Department he found
Ihe American Charge d Affaires, Nelson
O'ShaughiioHsy. waiting for him. Mr.
O'Khiiughnessy was Immediately reoelVSd
and held a loin; conference with Mlrrlstsr
The general sentiment amoiiK Mexi
cans nnd foreigners Is thai Mr. Wilson,
while animated by good Intentions, hicks
an understanding nf the situation here.
The practicability of an armlsilce, for
example, is seriously doubted. Fully UU
per cent of the so-called rebels are
bandits, it Is declared, who have found
revolution a prontabls business.
President Wilson's demand for a fair
ami free presidential else t ion is char
ai-terixiii as rather unpractical umi
present clrcuitigtanosg Hlootlons in
Mexico never have hen taftsn .civ s--
rloualy, clthet by natlanala or foreign
era, but In the present disturbed con
ditions a genuina electoral i ontcst is held
1 lo hp nlmoflt imponnlbl. AnltV from tlM
OtMstftrtM Inddl ntal to ttl6 Ktiilt' of tlir
rOtintrTt It n pilnt'd ottl that the Chlf
rilflleiUty wonifl i- t prctenl ftpftthy of
t hi- Matter rlHwu'H, who have DCQtl thOI -
Duyhly HniUn?ionfMi of democrat tc
dreftmi nnd want nothing esoept peftce,
I Denies lie Recognised llnerta Dor.
log Hie Ambassadorship.
INDIAN APOfclgj Anir. 27 Henry l.ane
Wllaon, lulled Stales Alnlsi"ailor to
Mexico, broke silence to-night concerning
the Mexican sltuntlon for the first time
' since an official utterance of his caused
Secretary of State Hryan to send uu
' apology to Qreat BrKaln.
Referring to that part of Rsnor Oam-
, boa's letter In which the Mexican states
man alleges that Mr. Wilson, as Ambas
sador to Mexico, had recognised the gov
ernment of President lluerta. he said:
"That is a very great error on the part
of Renor flam boa which apparently has
been In some manner adopted by this Gov
ernment Recognition of regularly con-
stitiited tloverntnciit by another Clovem-
ment can only be brought about in two
ways, hist, by the delivery of the auto
graph letter of the Chief Incentive.
acknowledging tho notification from the
I Chief Executive and the Oovernment
which has Just come into existence: and.
second, by an act on the part of the I'hlef
Executive, or one of his Ministers,
which constitutes a recognition of ths sov
ereignty of the newly constituted Oov
ernment, A diplomatic officer Is not
clothed with the authority to rccogtlias a
de Jute Oovernment, but under tt" prea
I sure "f an unusual end Urgent situation
he may recognise, pending further In-
I atructtons, a da facto Oovernntoni
j This Is precisely what happened In
I the case ..r Mexico, The diplomatic corps
I thought it especially imisu-ttuit in the
i interest of preservation of order and 'o
I prevent me further destruction ot lire nnd
I property that tji, provisional Oovern-
mem should be recognised as the da facto
I Government in Mexico It is Inooncelva
I Me, considering the dangerous situation
that exlstcl then, that any one should
i have expsctsd the diplomat! rpa to
I do otherw ise than thev did '
Rseratlve in Hruinn in olaraslo
Mrlnu pprt Polley
i. Col., Au
Mexican polli s
today tte
. tit nu publli
sulent Wilson's
Hi.iii Indorsed
! h .ire her
n the i. -i ,..i hfiS
use nf i oy ernors
do nol arant war m.
Ooy Dunns "f Illinois saldi "
nl I hers
is no oooaalon for arni Inter
President Wilson's stand against
1 1 net tS
i right. Nt assassin should be
nisea ly elvllised iThiistli
"Americans should
of kfe
and let .Men;ihs liuht it
Listei if Waahlngton
UoVt Colquitt of Texaa sx-Oov Dla of
Nt w York and other Governors condenin
Prealdenl Wilson's policy in prlvats t.iiks.
rte O era tout
I. nml iriicliiirr i Vmn
lerenterai vn irnctnrr.
Ki nd. w Woolworth, who owm ths
blggeal bulldlnu In Ihe world, view sd its
golden mtnarnts from the deck if thu big
ship In the world, the Hamburg-
American liner Itnperntor, coming up the
bay yesterday afternoon. He had gone
un deck at Quarantine hoping tu ,ee the
lofty lower, bul the mist was too thick
and ths great creamy architectural shaft t
did in: materaltae from the grayneaa
until the liner was well up toward the I
for a while the passailgei! In saloon.
cabin and steerage forgot the graal ship I
to gage on the marvel anchored ashore
Mr Woolworth and Ills wife were as j
much delighted ns the rest of the gage r I
shoreward, All the scaffolding around the
shimmering lower had been torn down,
possibly, Mr Woolworth aald, because
ihey knew he was oontlng iii lo take n 1
look at I lie bulldlngi which he had not I
Seen since he left here In May.
it is Mr. oolwortn's intention '" eatab i
Hsu stores iii goo tl and and Ireland, ami
! lat'-r In Germany and France. lie ntl-
mated that he was In the very beginning
or tin- work of creating stores in Amer
ica and thai they would continue to np
pear In all places Where there seemed to
Is. a demand for them, or where a demand
for them mlRlit be cultivated.
erelnr llnnlels 0ts Itlenlleal
Ills I'riin, Three Firms.
WaaniNOTON, Aug, IT.- eoretgry of the
Navy Daniels was convlnoed that he had
obtained new evidence in support of his
argument that the Qovemmenl should
manufacture Its own armor plate to-dav,
when he received identical bids for the
plate to be used on battleship an from the
Carnegie steel Corporation and the Mid
vale and Bethlehem companies.
The Secretary Issued a statement de
clarlni! that "competition for this enormous
amount of ilovernnient buslnssa Is a
Mr Daniels said he would not award Ihe
com rai ls for some time to i onic and thai
he would not aw.nd them to nu. three
companies named on iiie bids submitted
until he had exhausted even posslbllll
of obtaining Ihe plate from nlhsi SOUiess.
lie admitted thai he had been making
Inquiries relative to purchasing the nlata
abroad. The plate will nut be needed for
a year.
28, 1918.
lllhTcllv Adtnlsslblfi in Pphi-p
Trt-Htv Afttr Victory,
Hp Savs.
Mexico Is Not to HI h imp
Prrspnt Tfiision. HfW
tarv Asserts.
xVASHtftaTON, Aug It. OfflelBl Wash
ington read with gieat Interest the reply
of tin- Mexican i lovernmen: to the Ameri
can mediation proposals, the text of which
the Prealdenl laid before fongress to-day.
Thl rcpl . which waei wrltteti by Oamboa,
the Mexican Minister of Foreign Affairs,
contains what Is almost an ultimatum
In serving mrMee upon this country thai i
recognition .,r the lluerta Oovernment j because to this date nu charge has been
Was the only condition upon WbtCtl media- J made by any foreign government accus
tom' would be considered. lln un of the above lack of compliance.
The reading f the Mexican .'ommunl- I e are punctual), meeting all of our
cation cleared up many points about which I ,r,,d,t "", ' maintain ng dlplo
, - , , ' . .math missions cordlallv accepted In al
InformaXlon has been vague thus fft (most g the countries of the world, and
The . 01111111111111111011 contains no -late-, ,. rontlmie to be Invited to all kinds
meni f Htiertt'i belief that h- AdmtitiH-
t r at tori httd nOl l'- H bH kd b the
people of the United rttnt", whtrh Prooi
denl Wilson attributed to him to-dav
This In for mot Ion muM hav boon om
eyed to bind In lupplofnonUtry tate
mentM whirh ore re mode to him at Mostco
Teal of IihiuImim ue.
Hero ie ttie tfxt ( the iamiN)H not
MKXSCO. AVdftMl N. 1!I3.
gta: on ti.e nth Instant, put sua nl
lalsgraphlc Instructions from his Govern
ment. the Charge d'AftalrsS ad interim ef
t ie I'nited States of America serbally in
formed Mr. Manual Gferaa Aldape. rtien
in charge of the Department of Korein
Affairs, of ou: expected arrival In this
republic with a mission "f naaea. for
tunately neitlier then nor to-day has there
existed ,i state of war between tile I'nited!
States of America and the I'nted Hex I-1
oan st.ites. mv Government was ,-erv I
much surprised to learn that out mission
,,u hnxi.l u ,..rr,..i ,.. - .,.. nl
Thi. ....i. , n.i
condition which tny Oovernment vcttiUTSd suspension of the struggle In Mexico, a
to demand In Its unnumliered note of the definite armistice, ' solmenly constructed
Sth Instant nddressisl to the aforesaid mid Scrupulously Observed." Is not pos
I'harge d'Affalrsa, "That If you do not see Slble, as to do this It would he necessarv
fit to pro Perl establish your official char-1 there should be some one capable of
a, l. r" your solouin coul'd not be ulea-ina 1 l'i"l"'Sin Il without causing a profound
to us 'ac-ordtns to the meanlns which
diplom itlc usage Klves to thle word.
I Fortunately, from the first Interview 1
had the pleasure to hae with you, youi
I character as confidential agent of your
I Oovernment was fully established, inas-
I much as the litter you had the kindness'
, to show nie. though Impersonally ad
, deessed, was slgltad by the President of j
the United States, for whom we enter
tain the highest respect.
It Is not essential at this time, Mr '
Confidential Agent, that I should recall ,
the whole of our first conversation I j
Will sav. however, that I found you to be
a well Informed man and animated by the I
Incerest wishes that the unfortunate ten-
I sinii or tie present relatione gstwasn your
Government and mine should resell a
prompt and satisfactory solution.
Hue I lent Ion Paid tn f. S. Mote.
lmrlng our second interview, which, j representatives of whom has lsen given
Ilk.- the fiist one ,.f the Mill Instant, was:" ear by memhers nf the United States
held at my private (Word omitted), y'ou ; Senate, what could thete be mote gratify
saw tit after all Intent honest aid Iratiki:n' to us than If. convinced of the precl-
exchange of opinion concerning the atttaP'
tudes of our respeotlvs Governments ahloh ;
did nt leiui us to any decision, t" de-1 m
liver tu me the note containing the iii
st ructions also signed by the President
nf the United states Duly authorised
r. the President of the Republics pur
suant to th unanimous approval of ths
Cablnot, srhlch eas convened for the
purpuee, i hava the honor to make a de
tailed reply to su it Instructlona
The ( loi ernment of Mexico hm tH'd
due attention to the advice end considera
tion expressed by the Uovernroent of tho
Unit d States . has dona this on account of
three principal reasons: Fir-it, because, us
Mint'-il before, Mexico entertains the iiIk'
eMt respect for the personality uf
Bxcellencj Woodroa Wilson . second, li -i
suse carts in Kuropean and A met les n
i ;i. ernment i, with which Mexico t-uiti-
.-it h the i 'us. --t relations of International
smlty, having In -t most delicate, res pact
fui way. highly gratifying to us, mads
ti.t of their noml offl. ert to the end that
Mexico should accord you heating, in
ssmuch .s you were the bearer t' a prl
.i't mission from the President of ths
United States, and, thiid. because M x
was anxious, not so much to Justify
attitude before the Inhabitants of the re
puKi' in the present emergency, tbe great
mojorlt) of whom, and by means of lm
poslni and orderl) manlfsatatlonsi have
signified their adhesion and approval, as
to demonstrate tn every way the Justice
of itH causa,
Ilnertn i illrul-j IH StatOS,
The Imputation
paragraph of your
mtalned In the nrt
lust i uctions t hat mi
s has been made toward establish
the capital of Mexico a govern
that may 1 1 j the respect and
noe of t he ieican people ll un
d iii coni radlct ion with their
Imputation, which !s not supported
men i
by any pns'fs. principally because tiu.re
are none, it affords me pleasure to refsr,
Mr. Confidential Agent, to the following
facts, which abound In evidence and
which, to a certain extent, must be
known to you by dlrict observation Ths
Mexloan Republic, Mr. Confldentlal
Agent, is formed by twenty -seven Siutee.
thus Territories and one Pederal dlstrlet,
in which the supreme powei of Ihe re
public haa its seat.
i if these SI States. II of them, the 3
territories, snd the federal district (mak
ing a total of S3 political entltlea), are
under the abaolute control of the present
Oovernment, which, aside from the gbovs,
exercises its authority over almost evsrj
port in the republic and consequently
over the custom houses therein estab
lished, Its southern frontier is open and
1st pssce Moreover, my Oovernment ha.
' an army of 10,000 men In the field with
i no other purpose than to insure complete
peace In the republic, the only national
j aspiration and solemn promise of the
I preaeni provisional President. The above
is sufficient to exclude any doubl that
HIV 1,., I I lllll' llt l- HIM III. ..I llie ,-li.-.-
atid obedience of the Mexican people, he.
cause the lalter's iiinsiderat Ion has been
gained at tn si or ins greatoei saonncs
and In spite of tin most it'll Influences.
)eflg)ltly lleellnes Aid tigered.
My Qovsmmenl falls lo understand
what the Oovernment of Ihs United gtnte,
of America megns by suylnsr that it does
not flnd Itsell' iii the same case with ref
erence to the other nations of the earth
concerning what is happening and is like
ly to happen In Mexico. The conditions
of Mexico at the present time are unfor
tunately neither doubtful nor secret j it
Is attllcted with an Internal strife which
hue been riiKinit almost tlireo yearn and
which 1 ran only classify In these, lines
as a fundamental mistake. With refer
ence to what mlKht happen In Mexico
neither you, Mr Confidential Agent, nor
I nor anyone else can prognosticate, Im
rgtlee no assertion Is possible on Incidents
which have not occurred On the other
hand, my Government (treat I v appreciates
Ihe good offices tendered to It by tlie rim -
eminent of the United gtatss of America
in the prggenl circumstances j it recog
nises that the) are inspired b ihe nohle
desire lo m i as a friend as wall
a bv
tin. wishes ,.f all the oth
III! WtSlleS ,,f Hie litheC ene, .........
hicli miiiiiil liu. UmU Ihi. i.
now"temrered 'o'ia Ve uldr have to
-i-ll a v. I., lb. flnnai nn t i.an r I in 1 B nfl
decline them In the most cntegorlral and
definite manner.
Inasmuch aa the Government of the
I'hlled States Is willing to act In the moat
disinterested friendship, It will lie difficult
for It to nnd a more propitious opportun
ity than the following:
Neutrality Alone la erded.
If It should only watch that no material
and monetary assistance la given to rebels
who nnd refuge, conspire, and provide
themselves with srms and food on the
other elds of the border ; If It should de
mand from Its minor and local authori
ties the strfctest obeervance of the neu
trulltv laws. I assure you. Mr. Confldentlal
I Agent, that the complete pacification of
this republic would be accomplished wllh
naiin a relatively short lime I Intentionally
"ri abstain from replying to the allusion that
tit la the purpose of the United States of
I America in show the greatest respect for
j the sovereignty and indepenbence of Mex
ico, because. Mr. ronndetrtlal Agent, inrrti
are matters which not even from the
standpoint of the Idea Itself could be
given an answer In writing.
Ills Rxcellency, Mr. Wilson, la labor
ing under a serious delusion when be
declares that the present situation of
Mexico Is Incompatible with the com
pliance of her International obligations,
with the development of Us own civili
zation and with tbe required malnte
nanes of certain political and economical
ndltlone tolerable in entral America.
strongly barking that there la a mistake,
f international congresses and confer-
fWinnot Cnnwlder
With regard to our ttiterloi deelo-
ineiit. the r.)iow, nk proof is sumcient. to
wit, a contract has just been slaTied with'
Helglan capitalists which means to Mexico I
the construction of something like g.ooo '
niKHiifirin ui rHiiwny. in eunciuniun. ww
full to see the evil reaulU. whlteh are preju -
dtclai only to ourselves, felt in Central
America by our present domestic War.
In one thing I do agiee with you. Mr
..nftdeiitlal Asenl. a lei It Is that the whol
or America is clamoring for a prompt
solution of our disturbances, this being e
very natural sentiment if It is borne In
mind t'-at a country which was prosperous
nnlV vesterdav has beer, suddenly caused
to suffer a great Internal misfortune.
Consequent!) MeXlC-U cannot Tor
moment take Into consideration the
conditions which his Bxoallsnc) Mr.
one j
fotl r
I n has been pleased to propose through
ou i' b uno i' a hie a nd worthy ciiai'iiiel. I must
i glvs you the reasons for It : An Immediate
offence to civilisation, to the many
1 (ins who. uiuier mis or inai
who. under tins or that P'otcxt. ate
' maraudmu toward the south and commit
Itiug tlie most outrageous depredations;
land I know of no country In the world,
jthe I'nlted States Included, which may
i have ever dared to enter Into agreement
'or to propose an armistice to Individuals
who, perhaps on account of a physiologi
cal accident, can lie found all over the
world be ond the pale of the divine and
human laws Bandit, Mr. I 'ontldcntial
Agetr. are not admitted to armistice; the
ttrst action against them is one of cor
rection, and w hen this unfortunately falls
their lues must be Severed for the sake
of the biological and fundamental prin
ciple that the useful sprouts should grow
and fructify.
Itebrla Rejected tinnest? Offer.
With reference to the rebels who style
themselves "Constltutlonaliata," one of the
to which we are twins dragged by
r. ?rntrr.rr.t Of thr'.r defeat. In a mo
I ment of reaction thev sould depose their
! rancor and add their Strength to ours, SO
that all together We WOUld undertake the
great and urgent tu.k of national reoon
I st motion? Unfortunately ihey do not
I avail themselves of the amnesty Is a
i enacted by the provisional Government
I Immediately after- it Inauguration, hut.
1 tn the oontrary, well known rebeli hold
ling elective positions In the capital of
jthe republic or profitable employments!
' left the country without molestation, not- I
withstanding the Information whtoh the i
Qovemroent had that they were going to
foreign lands to work sgalnst It Inter-
i sets, many of whom have taken upon ;
I themselves th- unfortunate task of ex-!
posing i he miseries and Infli unties from I
w ht h we are suffering, the same as any
other human congregation.
Were w to agree with them to thai
nrmlsttoe suggested, ere would, Ipso facto,
recognise their belllgen ncy, and tni j
Is Something thai cannot be done fori
many reasons whi h cannot escape the
perspicacity of th-- lovernmerrt of the
United atates of America, which to thif
(day, and publicly, at least, has classed
them as rebels .lust the same un we have.
And li ih an aecepted doctrine that no
armistice can be concerted with rebels.
Free Klrrllona tuarrd.
The assurance asked of my Government
that It Should promptly convene free elec
tions is the most e ldent proof and the
most unequivocal concession that the 0ov-
srnmeni of the i'nited states conaiders
legally and solidly constituted and thai
it Is ggerciOlng, like all those of Its class,
acts of such importance as to Indlcgti
the pei feet civil operation of a sovereign
nstlon. Inasmuch as our laws already
i provide such assurance, there is no f-ar
'that tin intteY may not be observed dur-
I lug the coming elections, and while the
j present Government Is of a provisional
I character It will cede Its place to the
I definite Government which may be elected
i b t he people.
The request that Oen Vlctoriano Huerta I
I should agree not to appear as a candtdafe
ror tne rreeiaenoy or tne iiopuDllG in me i
coming elections cannot he taken Into con- (
sldsration, because, aside from its itrangs I
and unwarranted character, there is a risk
that the same might be Interpreted as i
matter of personal dislike This point can
only Is decided by Mexican public opinion
when It may be expressed al the polls.
Mexico Vol lo Hlarae for ('rials.
The pledge that all parties should agree
beforehand to the results of the election
and to cooperate In the most loyal man
ner to support and organise the new ad
ministration is something to be tacitly
supposed and desired, and that the c. -psrlsnos
of what this Internal strife means
to us in loss of life and the destruc
tion ol property will cause all contending
political factions to abide by the results;
Inn it would be extemporaneous tu make
any assertion in this respect, even by
the most experienced countries In cl1l
matters, Inasmuch as no one can fore,
cast or foresee the errors ami excesses
which men are likely to commit, espe
cially under the Influence of political pas
sion. We hasten to slKnlfy our apprecia
tion to tho I'nlted States of America be
cause they agree from to-day to recog
nlia and aid the future which we, the
Mexican people, may elect to rule our
destinies. On the other hand, we greatly
deplore the present tension In our rela
tions with your country, a tension which
has been produced without Mexico having
afforded the slightest cause therefor.
The legality of the government of Oen.
Huerta cannot lie disputed. Article (
of our Political Constitution provides:
"If al the lieglnnliiK of a constitutional
term neither the President nor the Vice-
President sleeted present themselves or
If the election had not been held and the
results thereof declared by Pec I, never
theiess the President shnge term has eg
piled will cease In his functions, and Ihe
Mecrstgry for foreign AITalis shall Im
mediately take charge of ihe executive
luiwir In the iiii,ii:h ,,r ,
I c, ,,t ami ,r ii,..,-.. .1 i.i i. . ....
. ""
. w"',lir! '"' WrsltH AITaus, or if In
s.-i ri.inMi Aii.iua, or ir iif
Utcapacltuifd. ib Trctidtwcg I
1 fluiALild bag niuiiuoli',i.l v-
ClnXn devolve on one of tbe other Me
ridMN pursuant to the order provided
by ye law eMnbllfthlnpT thir nUffthoi
Th-.tamo procedure nhall be followed
when, In the caae of the absolute or ftm
porary abeenre of tbe Ptenklent, the Vlw
Treeldent fail to appear, when on lea
of abeence from htn pout If h' RfWUlrl
be dteoharfflnir h,?t dotlof. atid when in Ihe
UOlirti of hfll term Iho absolute nbl nee of
both functlonnrlcs ihotild oorur."
How llarrtn Brnnf Pre. dent.
Now. then, the foots Which occurred II
the following The reStffnotlon of Km ,
oltoo It-MtrOi Constitutional Pr
and Jon Murla IMno Suarex, Constitu
tional Vlot-Prosldeni of the Republic
These reals; nation having bseh ftocopd I
Pedro Lam urain, Minister for Ifoi !: i
Affairs, took charge t operation of Is w
of the vacant Rsootttlve powor( appointingt
h hn had the power to do. Qen Vlotorlano
lluerta to 1 he post of Mlniater of t he
interior Ah Mr. Laocufaln soon after
word resigned, and an his resignation wis
lmmed lately accepted by 'or,e;re.v, n.
Vlctorlano Huorta tok charge of tne Bi
OCttttVO power, alno bv operation of law.
with the provisional character and under
the constitutional promise already COflt
plied With tO issue .all for pect-w
elections As will be seen, the point of
Issue Is exclusively one of COIMtltUtlOJMl
laWt b) which no foieta.n hatloHt no matt, r
how powerful and respectable it may b
Should mediate In the least
Moreover, my Government oofitldari
that at t he prtaanl time the ' recoffnlttnn
of the Government of Qan. Huorta by that
of the United gtatos of AntoHcs ts not
concerned, InasfftUch SS farts which exist
on their own account are not and oannot
be susceptible of reoognKlon. Tho only
t ill ik which is betni dtscuased im n sua
pension of relations HI attTtOf lltsl a fid
without luaaon j abnormal because the
Atnbaaaadof of the United suites of
Anit lii'.i, In his hts;h diplomatic investi
ture and appearing; as d an of the Por
olgn IMtdomatlc Corps accredited to thi
Qovemmenl of the republic, congratu
latad Oen. rluerts upon his elevation to
the Presidency, continued to oorroapond
I who mis neparimeni uj ravana ui uippi
matiir notOOi anu on nis oepariurv i'n inn
First Hecretary of the Kmbaasy of th
United States of America .is f 'liars
i d AITairOi ad interim, and the latter eon-
1 tinuea here in the free exercise nf his
functions; and without reason, because, t
: rnM&t mm have not lven the sllahtaat
, n iipnnfl.iB tinmlllstla.
The Confldsntlal Agent may believe that
I solely because of thl
I which Ihe people and
sincere esteem In
ihe people and the GOVsrnUtant of
the I'nlted States of America are hold
by the people nnd Government of Max
I "" alio IIHTSUH oi in,- raiiaiui laie'n
I Which It has for all friendly nations
land especially In this ase for tnoSS
which have offered their good offices) my
I Government consented to tak.
into con
sideration, nnd to answer as briefly as the
matter permits, the representations nf
Which you are the bearer. I itherwlse, It
would have rejected tic m Immediately be-
cnvise of their humiliating and unusual
character, hardly admissible even In a
treaty of pence after a victory. InaamUCh
as In A like case any nation which tn the
least respects ItSelf would do likewise
It is because my Government has confi
dence that When the Justice of Its cause
is reconsidered with serenity and from
a lofty point of view by the present
President of the United States of Amer
tea. whose sense of morality ai d uprlgl '
ness are beyond Question, that he will
withdraw from his attitude and w-ill cot
tribute to the renewal "f still flrmer
bases for the relations "f sincere friend'
ship and good understanding forcibly Im
posed upon us throughout the oenturlet
by our geographical nearness, ii el lug
which neither of us .an chang
though we would so desire, be out plUtU
I Interests and b our Dhare ol scth
I iti the corn moii sense nf prosperity, we
fare and culture, m regard to whl h w
are pleased t" acknowledge that you art
enviably a head of us.
In in lion S en n 1 it gum lliH.
j with reference to Ihe final psrt
the instructions of President llsun.
which I beg to Include herewith an'i
I Which say: "if Mexico can suggest an)
. better way In which to show our friend
I ship, serve the people -f M xlcu and
meet our International obligations, wi are
more than willing to consider tie sug
gestion," that Anal part causes " lo
propose the following equslly decorous
I arrangement i One. Thai out Ambassa
dor be received In Washington Two. Thai
the i'nited states of America send us
new Ambaasador without previous condi-
i lion?.
And all this threaten! nc and distress
ing Situation Will have reached a happy
conclusion . mention will not be made of
I the oaUSSS which might carry us. it' the
i tension persists, tt no one knows what
I Incalculable extremities for two peoples
I who have the unavoidable obligation to
continue balm friends, provided, of
I course, that this friendship Is based upon
i mutual respect, ertiich Is Indispensable
between two sov reign entitles whollj
equal before law and justice,
in conclusion permit me, Mr, Conflden
tlal Agent, to reiterate to you the nssui
anoes of my perfect consideration.
Secretary for Foreign Affairs of tin its.
Insurgents nnd Regtilam Wr
Meaare Will Be Hh1 T
iIh v or Tn-morrou ,
Washington, aub Insurgent!
and ri'gulars ggrssd tOnlghl that conslii
eration of lha Administration banking ai 1
currency bin win bs concluded in th
CgUCUS to-morrow or on Prldsy. The n
SUrgentS have been beaten out of tliulr
toots atid then Is no more hi.-l
lef '
In them.
Tlie leaders had planned In keep ths
caucus In session to-night A little be
foro tl o'clock Mr Henry made t'
point of no quorum, so ad.(.
. was taken until ll o'clock ti
ui nmi-nt
i Tlie day's discussion revolved around
i the section dealing with nots Issue, and
i the provision authorizing i rt r':' I u ni
tu 3 per cent, basis of the Ooveri ment
twos now used us s. basis of circulation.
I Both Sections w. re adopted, although ths
I insurgents opposed them.
One important change was mnde with
the consent of Chairman Oioes and othsr
'memb.-rs of the Hanking and Currency
Commutes. An amendment providing ihgi
tho reserves behind ths mile Issues shall
be gold Instead of g
money" was adopted
The leaders plan tn
for debate In tlie House
They do not believe
Old and ' lawful
take up the hi!!
early next we. u
the House will
Weeks consul' "11
ilevote more than two
tion to tlie measure. They
the support of many lleptlbl
I 111 11 1 upon
HIS and a
number of the Progress Ives.
No attention will be paid lo
mauds of the bankers who in. I
cago unless there is a chang.
gramme. Tim changes suggested
i 'l
by the
hankers, the lenders say. would neccssl.
tate a rewrite of the bin ami tin aban
donment of principles thai arc regard."!
as fundamental In the pen. ting plan of
banking- ami currency reform.
Boats East 99th & 134th Si
Fm Feftworki Tum. I Thursdays
Quccasbeio Bridge Trolley Also ixrsei

xml | txt