Newspaper Page Text
THE SUN, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 12, 1913.
GAYNOR'S LIFE A LONG FIGHT ON INJUSTICE An Jurist. 'Mayor mid Writer of: Lpti.. h Noted Friend of the People. BOYHOOD WAS ON A FARM Gained First Honors by' Defeat ing Ring Rule in Flit hush and Nrooklyn. Years asn. veers before William Jay Oaynor approached his most splendid achievements. Martin W. LMMOR de scribed him In swocplna phrases "He In a Brent lawyer, a ureal Judge, ami hyond all a great man lip has Ihe moral courage of a martyr. the Ptofound learning of statesman, the consct vatlve wisdom of a Judge, the i nntrovcTsinl talent Ot a lawyer and Ihe Imperial intellect of a Mink. To Mr. Littleton ' eulogy may well he added ttilit since Hip pnd of Mr foiynor s work an Mayor. He waa thp most courageous BtMtf for popular government, the.kcencst lister of ehsm and pretence, thp tnosi outspoken champion of decency and honesty and Hip greatest frlpnd of the people whoever ruled the city of 'pv Vork " since January I, mo. when Mr Oaynor, efters reroiinl victory that stood out Mica a lightning flash gfalnal the dlaaetar thai overcame the party ahten had nominated Mm, became tlip Mavor of this city ihp Iieople, whatever thpir politiis. hid ton reived for Mr. Oajrnor such respect, ad miration and affection as waa probably never offprrd to any other KgecUtlve Flrat and toremost. hp waa, as no olhct Mayor pvpr wa, Ihff ipop1p champion. Ihp ac tual father of tba city, to whom Ml) man. howpypr humble, could go confidently for redress of wronirs In the past four yesr Ihp plmaa "Tall it to (.uyimr" bc camp vastiv more than an amuning street comment, lor thp city bad aaan ahat hap ppnpd when hundred who had been wronged, who had been the viriiins of graft or special privilege or brutality or Injuatlcp cut through " fed tape and official Mttpori.ing" and took their troubles straight to the arlae and shrewd old man in Ihp City Hall I'nrtrit City of Parllaan Politic. Thp people had moh in Tour years v hat a man of wisdom and wit arid courage could do toward stamping o.it official law lessness anil brutality, toward purging the city goyprtinipnt of partisan polltioa, toward efficiency and bualneeaUke tJitothoda and economy, toward ordor and deoency ami higher deal- in (nihil' and privute lite. Thp fiec-ple had Seen Ihp man w ho t ailed himself only a plodder w in through or boat down the organized oppoaitlOII of rings and organization and conscience leee in dlviduala who were fortified by the tradi tions of generation of plunder and mis rnlp Thpy had observed that Mr i:t.vnor. While oppressed and weighed down by the heavy burden of government, wa never thalpM ready at all time to correct petty abuses and loTfive of hi time and wisdom to any man. woman or child thai .ent or wrote to him for advti r help Largely from auch call- upon In time a these were producpd tlie erie of letter ami speeches which made Instantly lor themselves a idaee In the eieelleut literature of the tune -Iptters and speeches gleaming with homely wit, with keen knowledge of life, letlors that excoriated shammers and hypocrites, letters that abolished persons who pros pered from defaming their own city. It was these comments upon the lite of he city that made the Mayor intimately known to every one, that exhibited the sterling qualities of his mind. Often they made the whole country laugh because of their Inimitable characterization and epithets c haracterization, comparisons and epithets gleaned by the Mayor straight fromttip workaday lifp of the people. Never waa there such a method of extinguishing pettifoggers and their pettiness. Not all of the pages of Tiik Srs in thi day's issue would be sufficient for a relation of the definitely great or valauable service that Mr. Ciaynor performed for Hie iieople And for the cause of honest and efficient government in thp three years and eight and a half months that he was Mayor. One can only skim the surface of hi achievements. stopped Poller Brutality. Pe stopped police brutality and tyranny toward citizens, making the police tinder atand that they too wore amenable to law, hut on the other hand he did more than any man ever did before to help the force. His Idea waa, if you want the police to be honor able men treat them as If they were honor able men. He Mopped time serving and waste in city offices, lie made official big and little do real work for their pay. He removed dead men from the payrolls, dispensed with un necessary employees, simplified depart mental work and In one way or another saved not less than LO0o,noi) a year to the taxpayers. No loosely run branch of the city gov. ernmcnt escaped his stimulating prod. He stopped one drain on the city funds by rutting off the lavish fees paid to special commissioners and counsel in all sorts of land condemnation proceedings. He stopped excise grafting by the police. All of his savings and accomplishments were done without the aid of a single new law. simply by means of the man's determined will to get things done and to keep his promise to the people that be would give them a real business administration. est Mayor ew York F.vpp Had. Within aix months lie had made a long advance for the city's good Within thrpe years thpre waa nothing to which to compare his work. No Mayor had ever accomplished so much. Men of all parties, whether or not they liked him, admitted pretty gener ally that he waa the best Mayor New Vork ever had. More perhapa than any other man it was due to him that the long delay and wrangling over the new system of subways were ended with the signing of u contra, t that meant the beginning of digging the tubes. Attacked and vilified by unfriendly newspapers, the Mayor, standing lor what he believed to be right and necessary, was able at last to aee hit notion of subway building triumph. Supported and barked by commissioners who were selected for ability and business experience. Mr. flaynnr In his three years and threp-.iuartera as Mayor urprlPd cvpn bis well wishers by his success. The train upon the man was terrific, (if ten his sets and his motives were misunderstood and sharply criticised. Sometimes he re buked his critics in the style characteristic of himself. Sometimes he kepi unlet while Plodding ahead. Frequently he told (he people that he had made up his mind to be patient and that he guessed big shoulder were broad enough to stand Hie abuse heaped on him. A marked trait of tb Majors was his steadfast loyalty to men he believed in and was fond of. When t'liarles II Hyd. waa prosecuted on charge of bribery the Mayor consented to r, Hydg'a resign, Hon from the uffloa of city Chamberlain but he remained loyal to hi rrlend and protege. Any number of affortl were made to get the Mayor to remove Poll Uommlaaionei Waldo, Bui m Oainoi believing Itl Waldo, (,;,,?"' and capacity, ,!, declined to gV. i,. ,..! to Waldo's c nlei " " Hla subordinates fairly Idollaed him Commission,-, Will, iim H B4wwd. Jj Photos of Rajsortfr QgTj-ooVlyn A.TOav III IB J .flfll Hiv FPU of college annals, looked upon the Mayor as a father. Fire t 'ommisalotier Joaeph .lohnsini. Commissioner Waldo and other of hi staff were devoted to him. The man whoee life etuled SO atlddanly at the Vary time that the people were tin ouestion.iblv moved to demand hi eriees once more wa a little more than year of age. l ittle has been written about hi early bletOTy, and the Mayor wa not one to talk much about hitnsplf. It in dpfluitPlv known that be wa born in l'.l ihp himsc gavp that a the vear of hi birth, although some record have it that he was born in tat, on i rami at orlakany, near white-. town, Oneida county, .New Vork. His. fore bear were IfagHah and Irish His father wa an Irish farmer, Kendrick liiiynor. sometime . ailed by the more ate enl Irish given name Kleran tholltliinlst. I he elder Ogyaor wa prominent in the early abolitionist movement, and was a follower of Berlah Organ ami Oerritl smith, when tho-e stalwarts were preectftng ihe iaue of negro 'freedotu. The son wa baptbted in the Roman Catholic Church at tltlca, and to him wa given Ihe name W illiam .lav. In re ent year the Mayor contradicted persona who ggaerted that his baptlemal name was W illiam .lame He received Ins education in the Itaeutnn- liou Academy and in ihe Whiteatown tcad emy. He did farm work, He studied the oiog alth the intention, noma aay, of bp coming a priest He w put to St Hotila and wa for a tune in the christian Brother College there, tfter Ihree year it, s; Loin he vieited California, Mexico and the Isthmus1 of Panama. He returned to 'he -.s,, i.i.iKio n air a ami in wsnin I . , , . - . . " , worke.1 on a fain, and marie up hi mind toT",p ,,,',,,1"I't "'";" nominated I study law Hi Mr-t journeys among the law hook- were in the office of Ward Hunt, in I tica. in i;:t Mr. ciaynor eame to Brooklyn and worked as a reporter to support blnteelf while he studiiMl law lu 1 s 7". lie was ad nulled to the liar and went to livein Flat bush, M hi' b, a- n happened, v us very much in need of the kind of young man that Will ia m .i. Gaynor had made up in mind to be Flat bush wa a aeparata community in those days and entirely in the hands ol corrupt politician There were forty saloons in I lie v illage and the saloon keeper dominate,) the cnmmuiiit Voiing Ciaynor began to think pr,t,v seriously upon the ipievtlon that h saw all around him the disregard for law. the political misrule, the theft of public money. He began to write and to talk The plug tigltes threatened to heat him up, even talked about removing him," a phrase that meant g aegaal nation. He kepi right on He ousted tiie unlicensed saloonmen, rallied the decent neonle of the vllluipe nm or, a citizen's ticket sod elected ii ' rUUmd, madc him police commlioner and he mado Hatbush loo hot, for the crooks and thug thai had infested the place. Ilia drat ( raaagr. IliiswasMr liiiynor s first work in a long aeries of rrusadea against lawless pprsons. , Kane with haracterlstic piiprgv and In in a long series of fights for tlecency and the I telligence The result w as that McKane observance of g. Ilefore he went out ' ,, sentenced to seven vear in the pent of office as Police ( omniissioner he bad I tOAtiary, Sixteen of his follower were given Flathuah a moral scrubbing. He imprisoned. The prosecution stopped for closed up illegal madhouses on the Ocean all time the barefaced ballot fraud that Parkway, houses thut boasted that they were had disgraced Hrooklyn and the villages invuinerablP. and he sent thetr proprietors Jl . ' , ,, . yn 1 own to Brooklyn proper in IS8. and he loundhi work stretched out before him. It was a man ,s Job. no ; less than the routing of PoIIUMJ crlrninals that were loo Ing and swindling with both hands I he head of the ring was Hugh McLaughlin a very able and very un- , acrupu oua ring boss ami at that time the , absolute dictator of Democratic politics across tno rgntt Kiver. i Nobody hod dared to heard I MoUlWhUS and hla Powerfu organizations. 1 heir H-uin, icb i.rj iMi-ines nwi social 1 life us well as into politics. Mr. (laynor acting as a citizen, opposed first of all a scheme of McLaughlin's for selHug a water plant, bought for a song, to the city at an exorbitant price. McLaughlin had made a deal to sell to the city for l,.vm,0n property that had been purchased for lls.VOOti Mr. (iayuor denounced the deal aa a swindle and declared thai he would stop It. He looked around for supporters, for men brave enough to help him. Man after man tinned away from til . He was dis couraged, but not downcast. Beat the Mrl.anarhlln lllim. Finally he went to William Klegler. the ! milllonairH maniifucturnr of baking powder. I Mr. aegier gave tno use of his name. A I taxpayer's suit was begun, carried through every court to the highest, defeat,! the ring, I exiioseu tne rottenness or the McLaughlin , brand of politics and made (laynor's name i known and honored. It was a smashing victory. Vear Inter, when William Zlegler died, up inane air. tiaynor tne executor ol an Immense estate, worth 'at least 110,000,01)0, , me eiowneo railroads ot nrooklyn had always ttodged taxes and the city officials DM never sold the property for payment although the property of the 1 poor auo uiiiiinueiittai was sold promptly. Mr tlaynor .Urected hi next light against ! ... , uwnra. won again riespiui was forced mi,, prominence parily be lina powerful Mi l.aiighliu organization. 1 cause of hla championing Hrooklyn boy the member of which were heavily inter- . named Ueorge II. Duffy against what he lested in the elevated roads He made termed. Ihe Tyrannical and illegal arts of i the companies pay more than 11,000,000 Police Commissioner Iiingham and Ihe hi luxes. department, lien, lliugiieui's men bad 5 : St? t'aeiftrwC ,,, ,hJ ,7. : ,K tillon measiiremeuiH, and had apparently 'riiLm 'V.? " ,lB5"or waa hounded the lad. although a Maglst i e Ringing through Brooklyn. It atood for had been unable to ... f.'lt In hl. the Late Mayor at . h i mn r 11 Wl R R ? "a35 I ZjJBkE i At Hi 6r gXavra L I H o -m ' ' j0 r-uttf foi.j-.' e 4wrf e, f'ruc as. Courage and honeatl people began to urge inm to run for Ma. or He wouldn't have it His ambition pointed toward the bench. When the Kepnhlican and Hill lor the SupreniP Conn he so opted Hi victory w a part of the general general up. rising that swept the Mc Laughlin gang on V of power. Gaynora majority wa iu,ooo where the ting majority had been 20,001) Qayaor'a i-iuht MeKane, I he nutahing of the Mi Laufhlin ring was. however, only a beginning lor this man who Inn) .set out to do big thing In that campaign of I SOX one of the moat evil atid deaperate men in the State. John Y. McKane. the master of Coney Island, had been at hi old tritk of Padding vo'ing list, stealing ballot Mr. (iavpor bad warned linn that if he tried to deham h the ballot in the election of aM ho would be sent to prison with all of his gang McKane laughed No man had dared to dispute his power For rich prizes he threw his voles first to one party and then to another. He swaggered everywhere. He insulted decani citizens. He spat on the law Mr. Ciaynor had MoSaBO'a polling places watched. The watcher were armed with Injunctions from the SuprPtne Court. Mc- fKanc l,nd n"n assaultwl these watchers "u" "rove mem away, men i.aynor acted He got the (iovernor to appoint special Deputy Attorney-Ceneral These took the business out of the hands of the uistrici Attorney. jr. (.aynor threw linn- himself Ititn the mnrh of nnu, ,,. Un. The M(t ymr. OaynOT'a fame ringing tnrougn (lie ui, Davui II. mil asked ynor to run for (iovernor Tammany, fearing and hating (laynor, circulated Ilea and slanders, and ill spite of the fact (hat there was a widespread demand for him tt candidate Mr. (iavnor was rejected by the party organization. Bui w hen ,10 I)emocrats nominated Hill for Coventor tm,y put )laynor on the ticket as a candi-las date for the Court of Appeals He de- dined to run. The declinallou hurt the Hill ticket. It was badly beaten bv Lev, p. Morton aud tha oiher RepubliOM . an- UlCJllte Independent ol Macblnea. Mr. (laynor de, lined In run lor Mayor of Brooklyn in ihd.'i. proclaiming his mile pendence of machines. The next year he : ,MW- Many time he dlaoueaed police daa supported Mr. Bryan and free silver. He POtlsm Many time he issued injunction had come by thou to npeak out sharply designed to stop police tyranny ne of against special privilege and unfairly gotten his main contentions wa thai the police wealth. Then, as later, he never beat ta tad had no right to enter place utile armed to speak his mind, no matter who felt the with a warrant sting Then, as later, he was recognized tine ol hi celebrated decision was ihe to be a friend of the people and an moor- , Coney Island I 0001 faro case, m winch he ruptible champion of popular government. , gave the opinion t hat t he legal fare to ( ouey In the Democratic city convention of iMO'l Island was .'.cents. Later, after some riot he wus a candidate against (ieorire U log. he advised the public to uav the cilia MoClellun and received sill vote, all but I one of Ihe Brooklyn delegation. Tain-1 many again didn't want him. In 1005 the ftisionist favored him at first as 11 Mavor- ally candidate, bill the Citizens I ' n ion pro- rtOUOOed Unfavorably, After thai .Mr. (laynor declined lo make Hut race, The following year there was a large demand for liitn lo run for (Iovernor. nce more Tammany was deaf to the pop IIW appeal. Charles r . Murphy needed Hearst, or thought he needed him, and so gave the nomination to the editor. Mr. Ciaynor supported Hearst. In ivoH Wllliuni J. Bryan desired In have Mr. (I'nyrtor as his running ttiate, but oppoai- Hon developed. A year Inter he became ihe most likely candidate lor Mayor. He Various Stages of Juatlne (laynor in Mav, ttg, wrote to Mayor Mctlyjlaii charging (i. Ilingh.im with lawlmauess and characterizing him a possessed of the iuxmi dangerous and destructive delusions thai officials can entertain in a free government, namely, thai he is under no rest nun' whatever, tiur may do a hi Wllla, Inai eail of only w hat the law permit, and that only in the man ner that it pre ribes. ' Tin Inatatence on government by law and by law alone was one ot William -I Qaynor'o great eharacterletica ii marked In career a a Juetice of the Supreme Court and it emphaalaed bla great worli a- Mayot The result of his championship of Hie Huffy boy was that Mayor Mcfleilan put Qon. iiingham out of office (ten Bingham sued Mr (laynor for Ubel, but the suit was withdrawn recently rhi episode had put Mr (iavnor name in everybody mouth W hen the time can to look about for candidate he stood head "'l shoulders above Democratic aspirants, "is friend nominated lulu by petition, Tammany, distrustful and I uepll'loua a always, balked But the force of the t iavnor sentiment was lUoh that Murphy and lani- many were virtually forced (o give Dim a regular nomination. Wins isrrplnx t lelory. The race of IMtt was three cornered. Mr. Ciaynor being (he Democratic candidate, Otto T. Itannard bearing the Ketiubiican standard and William H Hear! running Indenendentlr. (iavnor victor wa sweeping. He received 110,871 votes, a compared with 177. :in lor Mr. Hannarri and l.'.4.S7 for Mr Hearst The rest of the Democratic ticket wa badly defeated, In that campaign the frieudahip between Mr. (laynor and Mr Hearst was shattered, Mr (iavnor accused Hearst of bad laith and of Jealousy Hearst, he said, had promised to support him and had broken his word ThprpaTU-r the leelmg between i the two men was verv hitter. Mr flaynor seldom losing an opportunity to cre Hearst and the method of the Hearst papers, while Mr. Hearst s editorial writers persistently attacked Mr (iavnor act and motives a Mavoi None familiar with Mr (iavnor record Justice of the Supreme Court doubled ; that he would Is- an efficient and fearless Mavor His record as a Judge w a u notable one. He as one or the verv best t. ml Judges In the Second Department. Lawyers some- times complained that he wa lacking in the "judicial temperament, " but these , were men that had been rebuked or cor ; rected. it appeared, 41 that time he labored to bring the Police Department under the fare rather than have violence. He crui- "lied courts and lawyers frequently and aomellmee spoke sarcastically of the de cision of Ihe Appellete Division. He apoke oul againsi delays in admiiiisiering Jtialii P. He came lo be known as a very able and entertaining public speaker Be fore he was elected Mayor he was oonetanl ly sought as an after dinner speaker Heprlla Tantaaaay. Once In the Mayor's chair on January i, 1810, Mr. (laynor went lo work to keep his promises to the iieople (.reedy Tammany office hunter were repelled, He selected for hla advisers and department heads able business men Tammany saw thut the Mayor would not be bossed, so Tammany accepted with poor grace and took what cm m b fell to the floor. At onoe the Mayor began to put into practice reform Ideas that be bad developed from years of experience. He gut at the bear) of mailers In a simple, direct way. He lahoraed all the time. He expected that his subordinates would do a full day's work. As month after mouth went by thousands who bad voted against him recognized hia worth. He did aay with the uaeleaa and expensive old aqueduct Commission, lie aettled the franchlae tag dlapute between His Career Whin F-ivat Clacked ta 6yTs-" Court 169 V. the Consolidated (las Company and the city. He pained commissioners of account to r.tn down graft and extravagance lis. rook the public into hi confidence, telling the people what he wac doing and why. lie Injected bueineei methods into all Ihe departments He savpd money on every hand Hp wa etertiallv Watchful of the right of plain citizen Peoplp begun to write to blm for help ('soallv thev were bPtieflleri Public Confidence in him InQTieocd tandlly Thp Mayor's simplicity, hht gsnnlne In terest in life nnd the rin.ng of meu and women, big shrpwdnes and ready wit, bis quotations from the philosophy of Rplbtatun, big fearleeanaaa- all ol thp (lung endeared blm o the public He was a figure in the life of th" city Ills I lilqae s soon a he became Mavor he begin to write letter that were wise, humorous. Witty and moetly good humored, rlthough he sometimes Blabbed wickedly with a sharpened pen fli latter collected by the Amerlreji Ifngariae, and published also iii book form showed a unique interest in the life of the people, lie Illustrated thpin with phrases and savings trom rho fireside, the farm and the streets. In the routine of answering an enormous mat! he wrote to a wakpful cltlgefl who was tormented by cats, to a Broadway actress about a plav. to a little gill about roKet skating, (on Staten Islander whose etui ken had bean Ktolen. lie quoted Don Quixote to a rat catcher, the Si ripturag to a rabbi, and the plder CatO'l treatise De Be Ruatica to a correspondent intere!ed in farming. To a little girl he Wrote "I bavp received your letter telling me that you and the little girl in your neighbor hood have no place lo play after school anil that wherever you go lo play you are phased I am very sorrv about it and I w ill see if I r an do something lor vou ' Do you know that I rceive letters daily from men and wompn who hate to see the children play In the -treets at ail. but on inquiry I And that they are people who have no children of their own Vou say you want to sknte on roller skate Maybe I can get the police up that nay to wink so hard with both eye that they won't ee you when you go by on your roller skate Qui be careful noi to run into anybody or bump into an automobile. When one sin h accident happen a lot ol' pc. u ile w rite to tne a though it w pre l lie rule instead of the exception in ihe Klchmond oorough man whose cbil ken had been stolen he w role "I sympathize with you in Ihe lo ol your culckonn Mv heurooal on Long Island ha i n entered Vou sav there are aixiy- siv policemen in your preclncl Down mv wav there are only four constables in a territory about ten limp as large as yours, with a population not much less It is preliy hard lo keep chicken thieves out of hen roosts bv policemen However, I shall see what can be done for you anil your neighbors t an vou not Induce the chickens in roosi higher'" dvlisr i o s t'lrrtisiM, lo a clergyman who complained aboip being annoyed bv boys on account of hi beard ihe Mavor wrote "Vottr letter informing me thai a vou walk aboul Hie city visiting ihe homes of vour parishioners iieople apply oppro brious name to you and throw empty cans and rubbish ai you and otherwise assault you on account of vour heard I at hand. You ak me: l it a crime in the city of New York to wear a beard.'' No, il i not I wear one myself and nobody ever takes any notice of II Have you trimmed it in some peculiar way contrary to Ihe Scriptures? ror you know the Scriptures sav. Ye shall not round the OOrnsrs of your heads, neither shall thou mar the corner ol' thy heard ' Are you certain that it i your beard which i the cause of your trouble? ' tine Of hi letters dealt with simplified spelling "I assure you that you tin not have io argue one moment With me to gel me in sympathy with your ideas of simplified spelling Our Spelling has been changing for oentUfiea and will continue to change it will not change suddenly, however, it seems to be contrary to the rules of Provi dence thai even good things should be done suddenly. Hon long He sal patiently brooding OVet this earth before it was fit' How slowly our bodies mature, and every thing about us in this luateiral world' Ihe same holds good in the Intellectual world. All good growth is slow growlh, and even the Simplification of spelling fnual have its slow growlh. " He wrote this to a socialist . ' Did you ever read that port of Ben jamin Franklin's autobiography In which he says thai the way to convince another is to stale your case moderately and ac curately, and then scratch your head or .shake it a little and say that that Is the way It seems to you hut thut of course yuu may be mistaken about It ; which causes your listener to receive what you say. ami, ns like as not, turn about and try to convince you of It, alnce you ar In doubt . but If vou go at him with a tone of pqaltlvansal and arrogance you only make an opponent of him. If you wish to he u teacher Just rood the pas sage I have mentioned from Franklin and cool off a whole lot." Kncouraareaneat to a Convict. To a convict In King Sing he wrote this : "1 am well me that many of you ate not really bad men, but unfortunate men, and that J.el msi yuu. There arc many of us who would be the same aa vou are If we had met the same troub les and obstacles In our Uvea. So do not be discouraged. I ahall not gpeak of my trouble, in view of the greater troubles t of sll of you Let us sll he patient and content." His conception of the duties and powers of his office was expressed to a complain ing person as follows: "But will you be go good as to re member that thia Is a government of lawa and not of men?" "Will yot please get that well Info your head I an not able to do aa 1 Ilka as Mayor. I must take the law Just as It Is, and you may be absolutely certain that I ahall not take the law Into my own hands. Tou say you are glad to see 'that the Mayors of many cities have 'ordered' that these pictures (Ihe Jeffrlce-Johneon prlseflght films shall not be exhibited. Indeed?' Who sent them up ss autocrats? If there be some valid law giving; any Mayor auch power, then be ran exerctae It ; otherwise Dot The growing exercise of arbitrary I power In this country by thoaa put In office would be far more dangerous, and I Is far more to be dreaded, than certain other vices that we all wish to enlnlmlse or to be rid of. People little know whstj they are doing when they try to en- j courage omciais io resort to arourary power." About political ambition he wrote this to a correspondent 1 "It does not matter much whether we get elected to some office. We all have to die In a few years and we will die Just aa happy If we have never held an office. And ) meanwhile I have a notion that we may no as muca gooo tor our leuow men as those who do hold 'office. Those who have done most for humanity did not care to hold office." Oat Ororgie Washlaglee. To s minister he wrote the following, correcting popular Impressions concerning George Washington : "The general Impression of Washington Is Isrgely mythical. We think of him as a good man who told the exsct truth al ways and never get angry and suffered everything patiently and was of great Jus tice and accuracy of Judgment, but not of genius or extraordinary ability. That Is all In the main true of him, but as a mat tar of fact he was of warm blood and prone to passion, as his contemporsrles agree He is even known to have sworn like a trooper at times. And his face was pitted and he had bad tseth and other physlcsl Imperfections " The Mayor's letters were on every con leivable subject. The Bible, ancient phil osophers, art. religion, grand Jurlea, the proper length of time to boll eggs, busy body grand Juries, professional reformers, profpssional traducers of the city, ever critical preachers, were only a few of the subjects he discussed. Sometimes he was cauatic, but at such limes m felt that his Patience was sorely tried by meddlers or b piopie who couldn't attend lo thetr own affairs. Very probably the finest of his letters, a letter that Is literature, was the one he Wrote to his sister, Mary K t iavnor, in Ctlca after he had recovered from the bul let of the insane Gallagher. For clear de. rlptlve writing It can hardly be sur passed. Telling her how he felt ai the mo ment he was shot, he wrote: My next consciousness was of a ter rtble metallic roar In my head. It filled my head, which seemed aa though It would burst open. It swelled to the high est pitch and (hen fell and roee again, and so alternated until It subsided into a con tinuous buss. It wss sickening, but ray stomach did not give way. I was mean while entirely sightless fv Sight giaduailv returned so that stter a while I could Sic the deck and the out line of the crowd around me. I became conscious that I was choking. Uloott wss ottitng from mv mouth snd I tried all 1 muld to swallow tt so mat those around me would no, gee it Hut I found I could not swallow and then knew my throat was hurt. It seemed as though it were dls located. I struggled to breathe through my mouth, hut could not. and though I whs dying of stl angulation t kept think ing all the time the best thing to do. I was not a bit afraid to die if that was Cod's w ill of me, I said to myself Just aa well now as a few years from now." The Altrnipt to Kill II Ira. The attempted assassination of Mayor (iavnor was on Tuesday. August . 140, tie was on (he point of sailing for Kurope. At in o'clock in Hie morning hp was talk ing with his secretary. Kobert Adamson, and with Health Commissioner Lederle and Water Commissioner Thomson on tin- deck of the steamship Kaiser W'llhelm der Groase. James J Gallagher, a luna tic, tired three shots at him. one of which entered bis neck from behind, a little to the right of and below the line of the car, ami split, one fragment lodging mar the point of antra nCS and one on the floor of the mouth near the angle of Ihe Jaw. i lallagher w as captured, tried later on and Anally sent ot an asylum, where he died The Mayor, after weeks of pain In st. Mary'a Hospital. Hoboken. recovered and resumed his duties, but his health had suffered irreparable Injury. hver after he spoke huskily. His throat troubled him. Ills frisnds fancied thai he waa much feebler. He never re covered from the shock of the terrible experience. 4. Practical Farmer. Km esrs Mr. (isynor was a practical farmer. At Xt. Jarnci, L. I., on his country estate, called Deepwells. the Mayor spent the summer months and as much of his time ss he could take from business and governmental affairs. Hp was an enthusiastic walker, often trudg inir ten miles or more along the country roads. The habit of pedeattianlsm clung to him In the city, and bp rarely failed to walk from his home m Brooklyn to the City Hall. Haually his dogs, of which he was very fond, accompanied him on the strolls m the country about St. James. Visitor to the farm saw him often busy over his horyes or his pigs or his poultry. The country people knew blm ns n pleasant neighbor, and one of the finest trlbutea he ever received was the spon taneous enthusiasm of the St. James folk when he was elected Mayor. Many stone are current as to the help he has extended neighbors on occasion. The Mayor loved the life at St. James. There he found the quiet and seclusion he re quired after exhausting labors. Some times visitors who tried to see him at Deepwells were sharply rebuked. town there he was Farmer (laynor to his friends and neighbors, lie wus dad gen erally In an old ault and a golf cap. Be tween tramps. In season, be helped to pitch hay and cut timothy. The pride of the Qnynor barnyard was the huge white Berkshire pigs, of which there were forty or more. A mother of the brood was culled Big Nance by the Mayor and she was trained lo come ut his call. lie was at St James in 1908 when there was a (all to blm to take the Democratic nomination for Governor. The Mayor refused, although Tajiiinauv wus willing to name him and there was a general demand for his candidacy. In llll he was ut St James when his name wus considered bb a candidate for the Democratic nomination for President. Hud Tunimany supported the Mayor's friends, he might perhaps have secured the prize, so close were the iesues at that remarkable convention. Hut Tam many would not conaldei him for a moment. The determination of Mr. Gaynor to run again for Mayor, the efforts of his friends ill his behalf, the public awaken ing In his favor are too recent matters to require space. Conservative politicians believed that he bad an excellent chanca of being elected, running as an Inde pendent candidate. The Mayor le survived by his wife and seven children. The sons are Rufua and Norman Gaynor. The daughter are Mis. William Seward Webb, Mrs. Harry Vlngut, Miss Marian Gaynor, Miss Helen Gaynor and Miss Ruth Oaynor Mr. Gaynor was married twice ' divorce parted him from his flrat wife fka Maw Wko Pat Ua EEs ! FEET I fcLaV ! I'ook for Thi Trade-Mark Pirtuss Jiy Auai 's Tmlik The Antiseptic Powder lor Trader, Trsds Mara. Aching Feel, told everywhere, lie ... anjBle FBKH. Address. ALLEN . OLMSTED, Le Bay. N. Y. GO TO Atlantic City SUNDAYS Sept em bar 14 snd 21 Round $2.50 TriP SPECIAL TRAIN LEAVES Now York. Peaasylvaala station i.oa m Hadssa Teraslaal. . . . i.ooam Jsrssy ntT jj. I.oa am fcusajeth...... . New raaswtck fwirs ("rw niiwn i . J 7 AW X.ilT AM OA AM RKTI HNIMl Leases A tlsetle City 7 no pm Tickets good only ee Sperlel train in eerb direction. Pennsylvania R. R. POLITICAL OUTLOOK IS STILL MUDDLED Confirmed from FHrit Png. of hla former chairman, William H. Win cos. Another PraMeas Vks. The question of legality turns whether the petition aaeurad in the inter eat of Mayor Oaynor could bo used for another candidate. The (laynor Leagn hae a committee on vacancies, compose of Benedict J. (Sreenhut, Herman Kidder and Charles M. Hlgglns of Hrooklyn They are qualified under the form pf petition to designate candidates to 111, vacanclee. The Question ofk legality turn upon the point as to whether Mayor Oaynor had actually been nnmln.tt1 There la no doubt that many ucre signature" hsve. been secured than the law requires, and a number Of law vers said yesterdsy that these petition In themselves constitute a nnmlnntlnn Others held thst the nomination list' not taken place because the petitions bsvn not yet been filed with tho Bonn! of Elections. In case the use of the ok' petitions Is proved to be Illegal It wnulJ still be possible to get nc-.v petitions for a third candidate prior lo October LI, the last day prescribed in the tnvv for filing. Politician of every faith were ben! yesterday upon analyzing (he Qayr. vote So as to find out v.'he'c it Would fall in rase no third candldnte takes Mayor Oaynur's place. The Mayor's stronghold w as an.-- r cnnaervettvee of all patties who ate hen tile to Tammany Hull. Added to these was a large body of municipal office holders and many ftepubllcans who COUM not swallow John PlMToy Mitch. I Tain many men argued that tha ofllceholdei i win naturally drift back Into the or ganlzatlon. Judge Mc(all bad a Strong following among antl-.Mitchel Republicans In i the present change in the gltuatlon II-' received assurances of upprt from man more yesterday. Tin great army ' (hose who blame Mltchel for bis attacks upon the subway contracts unit baileve him to be ii lianserouH radical W'dl alsg n.tturslty drift to the support of Judgi Mct'all The experience Of the Police Oepn" Rlont In the two mouths when Join Mltchel waa acting Mayor is enoogh i throw almost the entire uniformed force into the Tummanv column. I.oiika for Support. With these accessions to his strength, lie luding the army of small business men who believed in the Mayor. Judge McCal -friends believe that he will fall hell st leaBt two-thirds of the Mayor strength Tammany man were also coufU Ing upon a strong Increase of support foi their county ticket. The elimination of a third cnlum the ballot concentrates Democratic si port upon the county ticket. Admin Mayor tlaynor who would have vu id straight ticket. Including the nann fusiopists in case the Mayor hail i them there. In voting now for Judg' Call will cast their ballots also fn rest of the men on the Tammany t Conversely the election of Compl Prendergust and Borough Pregldeni Aneny Is less a certainty than when It appeared that the Mayot t put them on bla ticket. In diacuaaing the chances that a cessor would be named to Mayor (il the candidacy of Henry Ueorgi pointed to as u precise para lie M M r the death of Henry tieorge bis so his pluee on the SIllKle Taxi rs ticket ii received an infinitesimal vote The fueiomsts regard the sltual " very much simplified They have 1 that Mavor Oaynor split the i'1' many vote, and many of them lui. Ikm lieasimiatic for weeks utsiut the CHI I of their nominee. Asauming thai didate lakes Mr. tiuynor's pla e t1 Is now clean cut between fueioi Tammany Hall, except for the fai I Mltchel s essential weakness The fusiotuats will still havt 10 c the charge that Mr Mltchel Is a sill blocker and the candidate of the mil Ftislonisls admitted yesterday that element is still n dangerous factm aiitl-Tummany i ainpalgn. In gddil i the fusion -Ta mum nt tight Is the lrugV between radicals and eonaerval ven With the death of Mayor (lay mi menace of u Hearst candidacy foi M.I is in great measure removed 11 Mr. Hearst will take It into Ills run for another office on a Btru t. ami out anti-aubway pro-Mitchei another story. i ol. it t-iirr is At tat Ion Mead Washington . Sept. 11. Av alio army has been put under Ihe i n of l.leut .-Col. Samuel Reber Been an announcement at tin War llepan to-day . Col. Reber is now ri On Island. New Vork, attached to I oorss. Quotations from Contented Clients. Xo. XL "When wc first cam the CHELTENHAM asked you to plan oui vertising campaign to i not over $2500. "It was done with much care as though appropriation were times the amount." 100 Cheltenham Advertising Seivice ISO Fifth Ave. cor. 20th Telephone 4400 C HELM A